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A-169-W UNEVEN PARALLEL BAR TRAINING PAD Ideal for practicing hip circles. Only 15". Long enough to pro路 vide ample protection yet will not interfere with hand position.

TEAM 9.50

A-l70 BALANCE BEAM TRAINING PAD Added protection in learning backward rolls, hand stands, and other skills. Covers 16' 5" beam.

TEAM 49.95

A-l70-1 Same as above except 5' 5" in length for partial beam covering.

TEAM 19.95

A-170-3 Same construction as above except in three 5'5 " sections which will cover all or part of beam as required . Sections are se路 cured with velca closure .

TEAM 59.50

A-169 PARALLEL BAR PADS Ny路O路Lite filler with bonded Powerhyde cover and velcro fasteners . Lightweight padding allows bar to flex, yet gives complete protection for beginners as well as advanced performers attempting difficult routines. Set of four, five foot secti ons .

TEAM 59.95

Better Not Take Safety Standards For Granted When You Buy Gymnastic Apparatus Nissen doesn't. In fact, most new safety and convenience features for gymnasium apparatus in the last decade have been developed by Nissen. Who else would think of putting a Floating Counterbalance device in each apparatus upright to make height adjustments almost effortless? More importantly, the counterbalance prevents the parallel bar, for example, from suddenly dropping, possibly causing pinched fingers or bruised foreheads. Who else but Nissen would develop an almost unbreakable Perma-Wood top bar for parallel bars, fusing hardwood laminations together under extreme heat and pressure? Noone insisted these changes ... except Nissen. Heavier gauge materials, interchangeable parts so improvements or innovations will fit equipment in the field, streamlined, protrusion-free design - Nissen has engineered new safety into gymnastic equipment, on its own, without an outside organization requiring it. Some equipment buyers take safety standards for granted. If you're

that way, your best bet is to buy equipment from a company that doesn't. Like Nissen, for instance. Nissen Corporation, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 52406 A floating counterbalance is installed inside each upright of Nissen parallel bars to keep the pistons at static tension. Only a slight hand pressure is required to raise or lower the bar.



FROM THE EDITORS DESK .. ..... .. ... ...... ..... .. .... 4 TURNKUKEN (Rigby) .. .. ... ... ...... .... ... ... .... ..... 5 GYMNASTICS WITHOUT MEDALSThe 5th GYMNAESTRADA ... ..... ....... ..... .. 6 A GYMNAESTRADA SCRAPBOOK .. .. ... ... .. ....... 10 A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE GYMNAESTRADA ..... .. 23 MLLE G SCOREBOARD ..... .. ........... ....... ....... 26 MLLE G NAMES 'N' NEWS .... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... ... .. . 27 HELENS CORN ER .. .......... .... ...... .. .. .... .. .. ..... . 28 LETTERS .. .. ....... ... .... ... .. ...... ..... ... .. ... .. .. .. . 29 MLLE G CALENDAR ... .... .. .... .. .. .. ......... .. .... ... 30

COVER: The 5th Gym noestrado symbol filled with scenes from the 5th Gymnoestrodo.

I do not presume to fill the qualificat ions Glenn Sundby published in the January-February Mademoiselle Gymnast (that could be no one person), but a deep interest in artistic, rhythmic, modern and children's gymnastics and dance should do to support me in a desire I know so many of our readers share with me - that is, to further these activities and to provide the instructional, educational and visual data which Glenn Sundby has had t he foresight and perseverance to present in this publication. A man of high motivation and extensive energy he has many more plans for the gymnastic publ ic, and I simply wish to serve his efforts, and your interest, to keep this channel of communication and information ever open and wide and valuable. I can but reiterate earlier editorials by Glenn and Barbara Sundby . . . "This publication will be devoted to Artistic, Rhythmic and Modern Gymnastics for Women and Girls . . . emphasizing educational programs, instructional aids and current international trends in Women's Gymnastics" (July/ August 1965). "The aim of Mademoiselle Gymnast is education and inspiration" (Spring 1966). "The success of the efforts of our . . . staff will be measured to a great extent by your own active participation. Express your desires, send reports, contribute somet hing of yourself to add to and to complement our best efforts for continuing growth in a very exciting field" (Fall 1966). Plans are being worked out to have state reporters to provide more total coverage of news and to serve as a local representative of Mile G to our readers .. . gathering news, features, and offering quick contact for materials and information.

* GLENN M. SUNDBY - Publisher DENNIES BARBER - Editor A. B. FREDERICK - Assoc. Editor BARItARA B. SUNDBY - Managing Editor



To Bruce Frederick I wish to extend special appreciation for his outstanding contributions of the past and for his sensitive and imaginative reporting and observations of the Gymnaestrada presented in this issue. My gratitude goes to Glenn Sundby whose confidence supports me in this challenge and to my family who contribute encouragement, assistance and patience throughout. Your patience through my trial-and-error period in this new capacity, along with your suggestions and comments, ideas and information will be gratefully received and considered and will be of great value and assistance. One very significant contribution by every subscriber would be to encourage more of her kind . . . subscribers. No matter what they are. . . .

MADEMOISELLE GYMNAST is published by Su nd by Publications, 41 0 Broadway, Santa Manica, Ca lifo rn ia. Application to mai l at Second Cla ss Postage rates is pending at Santa Monica, Calif. Pu blished bi-monthly, Sept.-Oct., Nov.-Dec., Jan.- Feb., Mar.-April, and May-June. Price, $3.00, per year, 75c single copy. Subscription correspondence Box 777, Santo Monico, California 90406. Copyrig ht 1969. All rights reserved by Sunday Publications, 41 0 Broadway, Santo Monico, California 90401 .

"Hide not your talents; they for use were made. What's a sun-dial in the shade!"


TURNKUKEN (Gymnastic Cookie) Rigby

GYMNASTICS WITHOUT MEDALS THE 5th GYMNAESTRADA (BASEL, JULY 2-6) A. B. Frederick An American at a Gymnaestrada might be adequately compared with an Eskimo in New York. It would take at least a dozen modes of expression from our own culture, combined into a single event, to begin to understand the spirit and color of what happened in Basel last July. Think of a State Fair but add 800 flags representing the counties and cities of, for example, Pennsylvania. Add to this number at least another 1,000 symbolizing gymnastics in its purest form, its Gymnaestrada form; that is "Gymnastics without medals." Think of the famous Mummer's Parade in Philadelphia on New Year's Day or the Rose Parade in Pasadena. Some of the flavor of these events are part of word picture you should have to color your imagination as you read and look at the black ond white images we present in this issue of Mlle. G. Think of a family reunion with its beer, hot dogs and children. In Basel the international gymnastic family, represented by at least 10,000 actives, a universal term for practicing gymnasts, and many more who just came to see and be a part of it all, were reunited through the efforts of the F.I.G. and its most capable host, the Swiss Gymnastic Federation. For 500 years Basel has served as a trade, fair and convention center at a point where three great countries converge and the mighty Rhine River, sprinting out of the Alps, takes a sharp turn northward carrying with it commercial shipping from and to the North Sea. Think of the United Nations and its General Assembly. The counterpart in Basel was the General Assembly of the F.I.G. The politics, motions and decisions that we understand in our own State political conventions was a part of whole picture. The 1969 Basel Assembly will, no doubt, have a tremendous effect on the future of gymnastic organization in the United States since a Commission embodying both the USGF and the AAU will henceforth be recognized by the international gymnastics body. Think of a national convention, for example the annual meetings of the American Assoc. for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. In Basel an International Scientific Symposium convened in the days preceding the festival proper. Under the direction of the Sportsmaster of the University of Basel, Dr. F. Pieth, the attendees considered the complex problem ... "The requirements of men and women in sport." The United States was represented by Dr. Ernst

Cartaans appearing in laca l Swiss paper during the Gymnaestrada.


spectators. The night before, a superlative double back trom the horizontal bar by Dave Thor had evoked the same sound. Children as young as three worked with their young German mothers and " Old Timers" from Holland, a group of 190 ladies, showed their stuff on t he Landhof. There is nothing in our own world of sport or physical education to compare with these kinds of European work. Perhaps we will be wise enough at some future date to recognize that physical education and its foundation stone, gymnastics, is a lifetime activity. Unless an American can pay an exorbitant tuition , preschool and postschool gymnastics and physical education are not available. As schools in our communities assume more of a comprehensive role in community life we may yet see the day when we use our school resources adequately enough to form a parallel with the typical European sports club. But this will only come when our mania for special ization subsides a bit and physical education is upgraded and appreciated as much as, for example, competitive basketball for girls in Iowa. Movement education in our own country today is approaching the status that it received in Germany in the years before World War II. Although the Turnerbund and the Gymnastikbund * were not unified in those days in Germany and all but eliminated during the Nazi regime, they nonetheless paved the way to a better gymnastics in postwar Germany and elsewhere. Consider for example the tremendous influence of Laban. He had been director of one of the leading German "movement schools." Three special cultural evenings were arranged for attendees at the Gymnaestrada. The Germans, the Swiss and the Scandinavians each had a program of nationalistic dancin g and choice displays typifyin g their special gymnastic activity. We might see some of the same kinds of things at a " Polish-American" wedding, or perhaps, at a convention of the Sons of Italy. How does one even attempt to ma ke an assessment of a Gymnaestrada? What, in fact, does gymnastics mean to you? The Gymnaestrada represents free expression in gymnastics. To the founders it was a plastic concept, a thing that would change and grow as movement and life themselves progress. Does your gymnastic mind have a place for swimming, basketball or a clown act? All of these activities were a part of the scene at Basel. If you doubt for a minute that such things should be incorporated in a gymnastic festival, you cannot

Bruce and the SCATS baarding street car in Ba sel

Jokl (University of Kentucky), who joined an international staff of lecturers from Holland, Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The Trade Center, known as the Mustermesse, also provided a special film theatre where one could view current films on gymnastics and other topics from a number of countries. Now, if you will, imagine the color of fifteen bands of the largest colleges gathered together on a single football field . Take away their instruments; dress them for gymnastics and have them move together in the performance of a simple series of calisthenics. Imagine our impression as 1,500 girls of the Swiss Gymnastic Federation opened the Gymnaestrada at Stadion St. Jakob. They marched in along the sideline of the soccer field and once they were all assembled they crossed its width. The green grass almost disappeared as it was covered with blue leotards and beautiful legs. The Landhof (athletic field), quite near the demonstration halls of the Mustermesse, was the scene of at least six different performances each involving 300 or more gymnasts. On the subject of clapping .. . all Americans have heard the rhythmic clapping of baseball fans. Such clapping is common when the local crowd senses or hopes for a rally of runs which will result in a favorable score. International gymnastic crowds also participate in rhythmic clapping, but the claps coincide with the walking, skipping or marching gait of the performers. The clapping begins as the gymnasts appear to perform and if their work is especially appreciated, the volume at the close of a performance is audibly louder and more unanimous. On one special evening performance this clap of appreciation belonged to an American girl; the one the Germans nicknamed "Turnkuchen " (Gymnastic cookie), our own Cathy Rigby. A regular feature of the Gymnaestrada is an evening devoted to performances of world class gymnasts. Champions from Russia, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Japan, Jugoslavia, Switzerland and the United States performed optional routines. It is a tribute to the great Cerar of Jugoslavia to have been selected for the third straight time to perform at a Gymnaestrada "Night of Stars." But Saturday evening, July 5, 1969 belonged to Cathy (also nicknamed "Wirbelwind " - whirlwind). The throng of witnesses she had delighted on the beam and bars refused to 3top clapping until she stepped forward for a second bow. Her single arm walkovers on the beam and cast off, full turn catch to glide kip on the low bar, drew the heavily whispered "Heeeey" of the

*"Gym na sti kbund" identified movement people in Ge rmany and sepa rated them from the Turners.

Cathy Rigby performin g at "Night of Stars"



Balance Beam performers at "Night of Stars"


number of private schools devoted to rhythmic gymnastics for girls and women. It was especially appropriate therefore that a special exhibition was organized and entitled "Women in Sport." One hall was completely devoted to art work, statues and mannequin displays depicting the role of women in sports through the ages. We will devote some of our pages to a more thorough treatment of this remarkable display in a future edition and include in our scrapbook here just a few photographs. An Austrian said it best .. . "I've seen too much yet not enough!" If you plan, even at this ea rly date, to be a part of Gymnaestrada VI (rumored to be Essen, Germany), you will not be disappointed if you remotely identify with the gymnastic world or the words of F.I.G. President Arthur Gander.... "For the fifth time, we shall be having the pleasure of experiencing this attractive manifestation created in 1953. We hope that, once again, it will prove that gymnastics are a physical and moral means of education, even without prizes and medals - and this in spite of the hectic life we lead today, constantly seeking to break records."

appreciate that deeper, unsung meaning which pervades the Gymnaestrada mind. Even an attitude expressed as, "I don't call this gymnastics!" evokes the question, "What then do you mean by gymnastics?" At least one Canadian, Jack Charteris, has attempted his definition in a recent book, entitled This Is Gymnastics (Stipes Publishing Co., Champaign, III. $6.90). A Gymnaestrada calls upon each interested party to define the term, to express it to others and by sharing viewpoints, carryon the tradition established by the F.I.G. and its Gymnaestrada founding father, Enric Sommer. The assistant to the director of the U.S.G.F., Mrs. Jackie Uphues, was impressed by the "sans medals" spirit of the international festival .. . "How can so many people gather together just to enjoy gymnastic work?" Her expression of amazement at this mass participation was shared by all of us who had not previously had the opportunity to view this kind of spectacle. Mrs. Uphues believes that within ten years Gymnastique Moderne will be very popular with our own girls and women. She was impressed with the gymnastic modern work of the Czechs (as were we all) and the single performances of the world' s champions in this relatively new competitive form, the Bulgarian girls. (Some photographs of the Bulgarians are found in our scrapbook in this edition.) She commented further that she believes Gymnastique Modern to be a natural competitive form for girls in Modern Dance and that since there is a minimum of strength required, more girls might be attracted to this completely feminine sport. A case in point ... Mary Prestidge, daughter of our good friends, Jim and Pauline Prestidge, who direct the Ladywell Gymnastic Center in London, has always been interested in dance, although she has had training for gymnastics as well. During the tour following the Gymnaestrada she performed a delightful modern dance number at the National Recreation Center in Crystal Palace, London, during one of the SCAT performances in England. It is safe to say that Gymnaestrada activity as we know it today has a ratio of two females for every male participant. Perhaps this is due to the larger number of women who participate in rhythmic gymnastics or because there are a greater

Our ex perience in Basel, making new friends, renewing old acquaintanceships cannot adequately be described in words or in pictures for that matter. You are bound by the particular biases of this reporter and his meagre selections. To fully appreciate a Gymnaestrada, you must become a part of it. As we receive news of special periodicals and reports we will list them for you in the next edition. Two periodicals you might like to have are: SC HWEIZER ILLUSTRI ERTE Nr.. 28, 7 Juli 1969. Write for information on obtaining a copy of this issue contain路 ing many color phatos to 5.1. - Ringler & Co. AG, 4800 Zafingen, Switzerland. DEUTSCHES TURNEN 17 Juli 1969, Heft 15. Seven separate reports, including "Cathy - der Liebling " (Darling Cathy) written by our friend, Joseph Gahler, Ed. of Olympische Turnkunst, and two excellent photograph s are found in this issue. Write to D.T., Pohl-Druckerei und Verlagsanstalt Otto Pohl, 31 Celie, Postfach 103.


AGYMNAESTRADA SCRAPBOOK Even the flag outside the Rundhof of the Mustermesse danced in anticipation of the festival's opening at the St. Jakob Stadium (Figs. 1 & 2). Inside one of the halls a group of French girls were practicing with a very unusual piece of hand apparatus .. . a hoop that could come apart to form interesting new shapes such as loops and spirals (Figs. 3 & 4). In the days preceding the opening ceremonies we took time to see the exhibition, ''Women in Sport." Having passed a ''White Maiden" (Fig. 5) we entered the center of the museum in Hall 8 where we contrasted the equestrienne (Fig. 7) with her gymnastic counterpart of years ago. The wooden horse in Fig. 6 might be traced back as far as Nurenburg in 1713 or to ones of later vintage used by Vieth in the late seventeen hundreds. The Swiss had prepared a masterpiece of organization for the 5th Gymnaestrada. Even the trip across town to St. Jakob's Stadium seemed effortless, and many of us were amazed at the way the stadium was emptied. The host of people, some 20,000, just seemed to disappear for the feeding


路1 0路


of 10,000 and more at a single time, and with uncommon speed considering the enormity of the operation, gave the impression that the Swiss in Basel were ready .. . and then some. The march of nations into St. Jakob was preceded bv the heralds who performed their regal duties os the symbolic flag of the Gymnaestrada was carried in. The gymnast's march was alphabetical (French) and South Africa (Afrique du Sud), having weathered through a Soviet objection to their participation, pa ssed through the "Marathon Gate." We were impressed with the rich green color of the blazers worn by the South Africans (Fig. 8). An equally impressive West German delegation followed, consisting of 28 separate groups (German Flag Bearer - Fig. 9; German Girls - Fig. 10, and German Boys - Fig. 11). A Brazilian girl (Fig. 12) moving her country's flag in a snappy "Figure 8" gave a hint of the quality she and her ten rhythmic si sters would display in their performances later in the week. These girls produced with their leader, Ilona Peuker, one of the most popular demonstrations. We include a few photographs of their work later in the scrapbook. The Danes marched in headed by girls in folk costumes (Fig. 13). Some Danish girls waved (Fig. 14), and as they lined up later on on the field, they inspired the special treatment of a photo called "Danish Black and White." The delegation of the United States followed . We could see the SCATS and members of the Gymnaestrada Tour who followed them . Kerry Bartlett smiled (Fig. 15) as she passed with "Old Glory." The Bear of California (Fig. 16) was right ot home in Basel since it is so symbolic in Europe. (For example, Bern, Switzerland, or Berlin both named in honor of the bear.) John Cress , well-known high school coach from Illinois , watched as the British delegation marched past (Fig. 17). Closest to John is Ray Taylor, secretary of the British Amateur Gymnastic Association . He didn't know it then , but weeks later in London Mr. Taylor would present him with the official pennant of BAGA that he would carry back for the Illinois High School Gymnastic Coaches Association: Sweden, with groups in a number of age brackets and styles of dress, entered. Both youth and persistence may be seen in the Swedish standard-bearers in Fig. 18 . Some marched in "jump suits" (Fig. 19); some paraded in a group of 500 "old-timers" (Fig. 20) while the remainder presented themselves in more conventional gymnastic apparel (Figs. 21 & 22). The Norwegians appeared with a similar number of marchers and heading their group was a trio of darlings who



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were photographed everywhere they went (Fig . 23). Once the Yugoslavs were on the field the marching was over, and the gymnasts stood at attention for the raising of the Gymnaestrada banner and following this the Swiss national anthem. A portion of what we saw from the very top section of St. Jakob is found in Fig. 24. Standing before this group of thousands were the standard-bearers from all of the countries representatives from 27 nations. Having left the stadium's grounds the Gymnaestrada participants retired to watch performances of the Swiss Gymnastic Federation. Swiss men showed coordinated, rhythmic work on the side horse and parallel bars. A touch of folklore was added by a group of girls who performed a round dance. Five hundred girls from Ticino performed to the music of Tchaikowski and Suppe. Then as the grand finale 1,500 girls and women of the Swiss Women's Gymnastic Association under the direction of Nelly Buser produced patterns of gymnastics on the soccer field . We have reserved a page of our scrapbook for this wonderful gymnastic evening with the Swiss. We looked forward eagerly to the beginning of the demonstrations which began the next morning, July 3, at the Mustermesse.







At this point it is necessary to delimit a bit much as we hate to do so. Naturally, certain things were particularly attractive to this reporter, and so some excellent work, I'm sure, was either missed or neglected. Even with the halls being close together (see map) as they were in Basel, an absolute necessity for a successfu l Gymnaestrada, it was still possible to miss a thing or two. Each demonstration was scheduled twice, and some, such as the best of the rhythmic girls' schools and the best of Swiss, German and Nordic evenings, were given an additional time period on the closing day. The scene outside the Mustermesse complex is shown in Figures 25, 26 and 27. Inside the "Festwirtschaft" one passed through an open courtyard (Fig. 28 & 29) to the dining area with its pennants and people (Fig. 30). The next four days were filled with action in all the halls from nine in the morning until six in the evening.



If the Gymnaestrada will survive as an international festival it will be in no small way related to the interest of many countries in providing sound physical education for its youth. When does this begin? German mothers showed how preschool gymnastics might be carried on with their own children . We found one such group resting after their demonstration. (Fig. 31) Another group of slightly older children,





with hoops held ready, waited intently (Fig. 32) and then performed a circuit of interesting activities. (Fig. 33) Having completed their work we watched a little " clapper" applaud their efforts in the rhythmic style of the Continent. (Fig. 34) I think whatever might be said about children on gymnastics is adequately displayed pictorially by a little Norwegian girl and a group of Yugoslavian boys. (Figs. 35 & 36) (We will describe the unique ladders used by the Yugoslav boys in the future in the Modern Gymnast becau se of their uniqueness and the creative ways they might be used.) The creative use of another unusual piece of apparatus was demon strated by Yugoslav girls. Entitled "Composition at a Round Table," (in Fig. 37 a table 4 meters in diameter is made ready for the girls) the girls posed on and around the table; jumped from it and crawled over and around it showing its utility. As we looked on we thought that in the absence of such a table, some of this work might be done with a trampoline. (See Figs. 38-41 ) The predominance of girls and women at the Gymnaestrada might be the the result of an increased use of rhythmics and what we now call Gymnastique Modern. Quite a f ew demonstrations had an aesthetic or artistic appeal. The best we saw in thi s category were the Bulgarian girls. There was some objection that they did not perform as a group but programs were marked by many people in a special way so as to remind them of this outstanding group of indi-


vidual , competitive routines in Gymnastique Modern. Several of the girls were also asked to perform in the program known as "The Night of the World's Best." No one was di sappointed. We have devoted one page of our scrapbook to the Bulgariennes.


40 15路



Gymnastique Maderne performances by the outstanding Bulgarian team

42 45


" A ballet fantasia or gymnastics " was the question posed by many of the press representatives who saw Performance # 144a of Czechoslovakia. (There were 250+ newspapermen and journalists in BaseL) The girls moved perfectly to impressionistic mu sic. Graceful scales and lunges (Figs. 42 & 43) combined with dynamic leaps (Fig. 44) were rewarded with enthusiastic applause. Harmony, grace and charm under lights describe the famous, Swedish "Malmo Girls." (Figs. 45 & 46) Their exercises were swinging and elastic, rhythmically perfect. well executed and original. A group of eight Norwegian girls outfitted in beautiful, white leotards set off by a light blue " V" (Fig. 47) performed under the animated Gymnaestrada symbol. The Norwegians showed


very popular and many people were disappointed that they were not given an apportunity to repeat on the final day. There were 149 groups performing at the Gymnaestrada so it is quite understandable that thi s feeling applied to other groups as well - including our own SCATS. Wearing black leotards set off by white ''V'' necked bibs forming a turtleneck at the top, we see in Figures 50-54 the Brazilian girls as they performed in HailS. The music was typical of South America and the use of their special hand apparatus, especially the bells, made listening as enjoyable as watching. Scotti sh girls (Fig. 55) also made good use of Highland music during their demonstration; if only they had worn plaid leotards!

excellent taste in the selection of uniforms and dress as did many other groups including our own SCATS. We will encourage " Bud" Marquette to have his girls pose for a gymnastic fashion show in a future issue. Balls, ropes and hoops are common at a Gymnaestrada because they are the kinds of hand apparatus which have commonly been associated with rhythmic gymnastics and its competitive form Gymnastique Modern. Rhythm bands consisting of drums and other percussive instruments were used by the Argentine girls. (See Fig . 48 in which a girl from Argentina poses with her drum.) Unusual hand apparatus was employed by the Brazilian girls (see Figs. 49 & 50) bringing a special touch of Brazil to Basel. Their demonstration was




It was standing room only on Thursday and Saturday

for the SCATS' performance in Hall 7. The spectators had already had a "sneak prevue" of the Southern California Acro Team at their practice sessions and word spread quickly about a special dril l which was one of the most talked about Gymnaestrada presentations. Two th ings in particular were eagerly awaited . .. the tumbling drill at the end of the performance and the synchronized uneven bar routines featuring individual optionals by some of the girls including "Turnkuken," Cathy Rigby. In the tumblinq drill, sixteen of the better SCAT tumblers performed difficult work such as aerial cartwheels and side-by-side r路ound-off, flip flops. But most impressive was the finale in which all sixteen converged on the central portion of the area and performed dove rolls in many directions and at several levels. It seemed as though the girls must certainly co"llide and yet they emerged intact to the amazement and joy of the crowd. (Fig. 56 & 57) (Selected photographs of the SCATS will be found in Figs. 58-61 .)



On the Fourth of July the SCATS had a day off. We started early though to celebrate Independence Day as the SCATS were led by fifer A. B. Frederick on the way to breakfast at the Mustermesse. We entered the great dining hall singing "Yankee Doodle" and "California, Here I Come." (See Fig. 62) Close on the heels of the piper was Bud Marquette, coach of the SCATS and a leading figure in American gymnastics. In addition to his current batch of SCATS, the history of this man's unselfish contributions to a host of gymnasts, many of whom have represented the United States in the Olympics, must be one of the most impressive in the short period of time gymnastics for women have been developing in our country. He is respected as a coach on the international level. And he's tough! The bear on the flag of the great State of California (see Fig. 64) just as well reflects a bit af "Bud's" personal ity. He believes in himself and his girls and will probably, one day, bring an Olympic gymnastic medal to hanq on the walls of the Queen Marv in Lonq Beach. As he

65 64 lay awake in the girl's high school in Basel (Madchenoberschule) where the Americans and Czechs were housed, even at 2AM, he was making silent plans for Munich in '72. (Fig. 65) Thus far we have not said much about apparatus. Except for individual performances of the "World's Best" at the three times assigned and certain few in the Halls during the week, the Gymnaestrada produced more group-type apparatus work. Here, too, the objective was to show individuals who work towards a common group goal. A good example was the German group of twelve trampolinists who did an excellent bit of simultaneous somersaulting on the bouncing beds. (See Fig. 66) Another excellent show, one paralleling the creativity of the Yugoslavs, was the Czech group which performed on and around four balance beams. (Fig. 67) Three arrangements af the four beam s were utilized and many ideas for classwork were stashed away by gymnastic teachers. The German "Gymwheelers," boys and girls, performed to music on their Roenrads. (Figs. 68 and 69) Those of us who

saw this work for the first time were fascinated at the wide variety of movements on this unusual apparatus. As an English girl dove to a high swing on the high rail of a set of unevens (Fig. 70) under the watchful eye of her leader we are also reminded of another use of apparatus at the Gymnaestrada. Many of the groups arranged different kinds of apparatus on the floor. Performers then showed interesting ways these combinations could be traversed. The Swiss under direction of the internationally famous Swiss coach, Jack Gunthard, combined mini-tramp with horizontal bar. Often there were two men on the bar simultaneously. It looked like fun and judging from the content of many foreign texts we might conclude that combining apparatus for fun often results in highly motivated students or it can be a useful break for those who are competitors. A Gymnaestrada is a total experience in gymnastics. Even the symbolic flag seemed to stimulate movements. (Figs. 71-73) The last, great thrill was reserved for the Swiss. At the closing ceremony came the announcement that Meta Antenen, a twenty-year-old Swiss Pentathlon athlete, had broken the World's distaff record in that event by 23 points, amassing a total of 5046. The Swiss certainly deserved something nice to happen to them since they had made the Gymnaestrada such a gala event for their foreign visitors. They turned off the rain for the entire week and even supplied us with warm sunshine. We were somewhat sad when it all ended and our feelings seemed to be shared even by the weather for once again there was rain in Basel. The 5th Gymnaestrada had closed but we came away with the knowledge and a feeling that what we had seen, gymnastics without medals, is gymnastics. 70







~~ ~. ~~

,. .......


• Essen "1.1

Ten years later thousands of gymnasts returned to Stockholm for an international display. The physical and cultural aspects af the 1 949 meeting were greatly successful, but the Lingiad was a financial tragedy. A personal tragedy alsa marked the occasion when , unable ta bear up to the situation created by a lack of funds, the organizing secretary took his awn life. In an attempt to preserve much of the good resulting from international meetings of this kind, the administrative head of the F.I.G., Charles Thoeni and his technical chief, Enric Sommer, shortly thereafter made a thorough study of the problems inherent in such gatherings and decided to encourage the F.I.G. to consider similar international meetings in the future .





Vie t'l11.Q. let l.S

In 1950, Basel was the site of an International F.I.G. riiiJi!-~~~'~'~:!:iiii' Congress preceding the World Gymnastic Championships.

The federations of Holland and Jugoslavia proposed that an international meeting be organized using the Lingiad for a model. The congress was in agreement that Holland would be responsible br preparing the first site for this new F.I.G. venture. Holland was especially appropriate since Enric Sommer was then head of the technical committees of both the

• ZQ.%l"'etr ICfS"7 F.I.G. and the gymnastic federation of his native Holland. During the fifth Gymnaestrada in Basel, Mr. Sommer discussed the origin of the term, "gymnaestrada": "On a sea rch for a name for this world gymnastic festival, I took the first half of the Dutch word "GYMNAstiek." And, because I was of the opinion that such gymnastic meetings are to help to bring the gymnastic to a higher level, an "ESTRADA," the word " GYMNAESTRADA" was created . Some people have changed the pronunciation by omission of the "E" in the new word (hence "strada " or street or way). With such an omission the translation becomes " The Way of Gymnastics," which is not wrong either." Therefore in 1953, Rotterdam became the first city to host a Gymnaestrada. It had recovered from its devastation of the war and now had a principal artery permitting speeds of 45 miles per hour in the center of town making for con-

ABRIEF HISTORY OF THE GYMNAESTRADA The concept of an international meeting of gymnasts for the primary purpose of displaying current practice in gymnastics, physical education and physical culture may be traced to Stockholm. In 1939 a century had passed since the death of Per Henrik Ling, an educator who was the acknowledged "Father of Swedish gymnastics." Teachers of the Ling system of gymnastics could be found throughout the world. Most of them had their training at the Royal Institute of Gymnastics in Stockholm so it was not surprising that an international, commemorative meeting should be arranged. It was immensely successful. Those present committed themselves to future demonstrations which would serve the gymnastic community by the dissemination of knowledge of modern methods practiced in each of the countries represented.

· "



venient transportation to the various sites. Even in 1953 observers from the Swiss Gymnastic Federation could begin to respect some of the problems of detail and organization which would fall wholly into their hands 1 6 years later. The second Gymnaestrada was awarded to Yugoslavia . In spite of meagre participation by countries of the North and West due to political discord in Hungary. (This was 1957, a year after the Melbourn Olympiad during which many Hungarians defected to the United States and other countries.) Eastern-bloc countries came to Zagreb in droves, and the F.I.G. could decla re that the Gymnaestrada was, overall , a success. In 1961 the industrial center, Stuttgart, became host for the third Gymnaestrada. This was a significant year for gymnastics in Germany since it marked the 1 50th anniversary of the founding of the Turnplatz in the Hasenheide by Turnvater Jahn in 1811 . Organization for the event was in the best German tradition and paralleled that of the 1936 Berlin Olym piad. The Nordic influence in gymnastics was beginning to give way to a more fluid and vital gymnastic form. The world of gymnastics was beginning to see some value in adopting bits and pieces of all sorts of gymnastic systems rather than strictly adhering to the stubborn, nationalistic forms of the past. The Germans especially ex panded movement dynamics in the form of exercises and demonstrations showing tech niques of rela xation, rhythm, music and percussion accompaniment for gymnastics. One hundred thousand spectators witnessed the closing ceremony in the Neckar Stadium which testified to the strong influence of Gymnaestrada work. Four years later the fourth Gymnaestrada convened in Vienna . The F.I.G. could once again declare that gymnastics without medals solidifies the objective of gymnastics for all. The number of participants, reportedly 15,000, more than doubled the number who had demonstrated in Stuttgart. But more than size and numbers, the spirit of gymnastics in its purest form saddened some Americans attending who knew that such a gathering for the ex pressed purpose of stimu lating new ideas and gymnastics for its own sake would be impossible to organize in their own country.*';'

The Gymnaestrada committee learned at least one lesson from Vienna ; that future · sites for the Gymnaestrada should be selected so as to provide ma ximum opportunities for observers to see most of the presentations and not be confronted with the frustration of impo~sible planning to seek out demonstrations in every corner of a great city, as was necessary in Vienna . And so they came to Basel and the Mustermesse in 1969. Some of what took place is recorded in this issue pictorially and with a few words. In a single phrase the fifth Gymnaestrada could be described as a masterpiece of convenience and organization. The Swiss Federation of Gymnastics has provided, in both f acility and hospitality, the model for the Gymnaestrada of the future. ' Liberal amounts of material fo r th is paper have been t ranslated from Education Phy· sique , the official publ ica tion of th e Swiss Women's Associat ion of Gymnasti cs and per· sonal inter views with key federatio n personnel.

(", "' See report by Jock Beckner - Modern Gymnast, Sept.-Oct. 1965, pp. 14-25.) Th e scope of Vienno is also recorded in the first issue of Mille. G.


MLLE G FRIENDS AT THE GYMNAESTRADA: Above: Paul Leenheer (Holland), (?), Leo Staal (Holland) and A. Bruce Frederick, - USG F Directors Frank Bare and Jackie Uphues; Lower Left : Jim Prestidge (British Gymnast Editor), Photographer Alan Burrows (London), levan Parry and John At ki nson (English Schools Gymnastic Association)


MLLE GSCOREBOARD COPA de LAS AMERICAS The first Cup of the Americas meet was held in Mexico Ci ty June 12-1 5, 1969, with teams en tered from Ca nada, Cuba, Mexico and the Uni ted States. The membe rs of the Un ited States women's team we re Diane Boli n, Ja net Boyd, Cleo Ca rver, Linda Metheny, Joyce Tanac, Lorna Woodard, and coach Donna Schaenzer. All Around 4. Jennlter Diachun, Canada 5. Sondra Hartley, Canada 6. Nancy Aldama, Cuba

35.05 35.00 34.95

1B.70 18. 15 17.70 17.45 17.45 16.90

Vaultin2 1. Jenn ifer Diochun, Canada 2. Joyce Tonoc, U.S.A. 3. Glenna Sebastyn, Canado 4. Lindo Metheny, U.S.A. ~. Jeannette Boyd, U.S.A. 6. Sondra Hartley, Canada

18.30 17.72 17.67 17.50 17.25 17.22

18.55 18.30 18.30 17.95 17.77 17.70

Unevens 1. Lindo Metheny, U.S.A. 2. Joyce Tonae, U.S.A. 3. Jeonnette Boyd, U.S.A. 4. Jennifer Diochun, Canada 5. Mirian Villocian, Cuba 6. Sondra Hart ley, Canada

18.70 18.30 18.20 17.95 17.70 17.05

1. Lindo Metheny, USA. 2. Joyce Tanac, U.S.A. 3. Jeannette Boyd, USA.

36.75 36.02 35.25

Ba lance Bea m 1. Joyce Tanac, U.S.A. 2. Zulemo Bregado, Cuba 3. Lindo Met heny, USA. 4. Jeonnette Boyd, U.S.A. 4. Tereso MocDonell, Canoda 5. Naney Aldama, Cuba Floor Ex erc ise 1. Lindo Metheny, U.S.A. 2. Zulema Bregodo, Cuba 2. Naney Aldoma, Cuba 3. Jeannette Boyd, U.S.A. 4. Joyce Tanae, U.S.A. 5. Sondra Hartley, Canada

SANTA MO NICA GYM FEST: Scenes from Annua l Labo r Day Weeke nd SM Gymfest Women's Co mpetition which had a good tu rnout, with Miss Stephanie Stromer the top all arou nd awa rd wi nn er (p ictured doing splits on Ba lance Beam) and Ca thy Rigby on hand to give a crowd pleasing Floo r-Ex and Uneven Bar demonstration.

MLLE GNAMES 'N NEWS SPECIAL COURSE The Panzer School of Physical Education and Hygiene of Montclair State College offered a special course in the German approach to physical education thi s summer. It was taught by Irma Nikolai and Anneliese Schmolke, both professional associates of Liselott Diem of the Deutsch Sporthoch sch ule in Cologne. The course offered a rare opportuni ty for physical educators to get new ideas, methods and technique s (all part of a continuing program at Panzer to present different approaches to physical education . . . two years ago a teacher from Denmark spent a semester at the colleqe giving instruction in Danish methods.) Th e course carried a credit of two semeste r hours covering five principal areas of study : 1) basic and progressive methods in gymnastics with and without apparotus for elementary and high school level; 2) gymnastics in partner and group work; 3) training in fundamental rhythmical movements; 4) individual creative work, and 5) folk dancing. While the course was designed primarily for physical education teachers and those preparing to teach in this field, classroom teachers were also encou raged to participate. The visit by the two German teachers was the outgrowth of a trip Dr. Ha zel Wacker, director of the Women 's Division of Panzer, made to Cologne in 1965 to attend the International Congress on Physical Education at the Sporthochschule. She was impressed by the methods used there, which, she observed as being more pupil -centered than those in thi s country, affording more freedom and more opportunity for the stud ent to discover things for himself. Professor Diem, who is president of the International Congress, is a recogn ized authority on the German method and the author of several books, including the well -known "Who Can?" a series of cha ll enges for chi ldren. A former Olympic team member and gymnastics champion, Professor Nikolai ha s been at the Spo rthochschule since 1947. She specializes in ba sic funda mentals and exercises in gymnastics and tumbling for all levels of skill. Professor Schmolke has also been at the Spo rthoch schule since 1947 and has headed its dance department for most of that time. She specia li zes in dances for children and folk dances and has written a number of books and articles in thi s field .

TEXAS MLLE G: Kathy Moore, 16-year-old 1969 Texas State High School All Around Champion.

INTERNATIONAL GYMNASTICS LEARNING CENTER in New Haven Headed by Muriel Grossfeld, Don Tonry and Abie Grossfeld, is a nationally qualified staff selected to provide the best instruction at each ability level. Included are olympians, national cham pions and top coaches to provide inspirational demonstrations as well as the very best in coaching,

Mrs. Irma Nikolai of the Deutsche Sportochschule, Cologne, Germany, gives instruction to three of the more than 60 participants in the Physical Education Around the World workshop at Montclair State College, Upper Montclair, N.J., in July. Her stu dent s are, left to right, Miss Gretchen Sun derland of Glen Rock, N.J.; Miss Janet Hicks of Ea st Oranoe, N.J.: ond Mi ss Susan Um stead of White Plains, N.Y. Mrs. Nikolai directed the course with Mrs. An nelie se Schmolke, also of the Sporthocnschule. (Photo by Gene Washnik)


J{elen ~ Corner By Helen Sjursen



If all you beginners would concentrate on developing good leg form, you'd be surprised how quickly you could move on to the intermediate class. If you are anxious to learn a back straddle, but are too afraid to start, build up your confidence by taking it in stages, assuming yQU have use of low parallettes. Place the parallettes in front of the low bar so that the unevens low bar will become the high bar and the one rail of the parallette will become the low bar as shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4

can reach over the high bar to help pull ·the gymnast over the bar. On a first attempt most gymnasts will actually sit on the high bar with straddled legs, grip between thighs, and fall back to a bent hang. To avoid this, more stress should be placed on a take-off high enough to clear the bar, and a faster and farther rear movement of the upper body. (After take-off, when assuming the straddle "L" position, tilt upper body slightly forward and look for high bar. This will eliminate any possibility of a gymnast starting a back summy over the high bar.) If, 'after the first few. tries, you still find yourself sitting on the high bar, concentrate on springing from the low bar, passing the FEET over the high bar, and dropping them to the floor at a spot where your back spotter is standing. (Disregard any poor form on landing, since the high bar is not at its regulation height.) The "low practice" of the back straddle builds confidence and aids in learning to pass the feet over the high bar without touching the legs or feet. If, after take-off, you have sufficient rear movement of the upper body, but find that your feet graze the high bar in passing, then on take-off you will have to raise the legs still higher when going into the straddle "L" position. Raise from the hips, do not bend the legs, and use your stomach muscles to help you do so. Practice at this lower level until you are sure of your take-off and ability to grip the high bar with both hands, feets clearing bar. When trying it on the regular uneven high bar, you will be amazed at the ease with which you will pass over the high bar, since you were practicing with a wider spread forcing you to develop a stronger spring. An overhead rig is ideal for use in spotting skills such as the back straddle when the uneven rails are at the regulation heights. Otherwise spotters should stand between the high and low bars and also on the outside of the high bar facing the back of the gymnast as she straddles.

You will notice that the spread . between the parallette rail and the unevens rail, now the high bar, will be greater than the regulation spread of the uneven bars. The greater spread will be to your advantage when practicing the back straddle since you will have to spring harder to pass your feet over the high bar. If successfully learned at this low level, straddling over the uneven high bar will be easier.

NOW AVAILABLE WOMEN'S GYMNASTIC JUDGES CORRESPONDENCE COURSE The "Women's Gymnastic Judges Carrespondence Course", based on the 1968 official FIG Women's Cade af Points, has been issued to help ease your way to learning the art of judging. The descriptions and deductions for errors, coming out of the FIG courses in Rome, Canada and USA are all included in this course, along with those listed in the Code of Points. There are 60 deductions listed under the uneven bars event, 50 under the floor exercise event,S 7 under the balance beam event and 46 under the vaulting event. learn the FIG system of evaluating an exercise. Use this course for an advance preparation for an official examination in your area, or use to train judges in your area. Coaches may refer to this course to learn what errors will draw a heavier penalty, which in turn, will imprave her caaching. New coaches can use this course as a means ta educate themselves on the requirements af all events and can also improve her coaching by knowing what errors the judges will be looking for, since the description of the errors are all listed. Gymnasts, who have na coaches, can also use the course to learn the various errors and attempt to correct those she is in the habit of doing. Included with the course is a test for self examination, on the honor system. Answers are also included for self grading. This course is an excellent reference for judges, prospective judges, coaches and gymnasts. Cost $3.18 (includes postage) - mimeographed.

Fig. 2·3 Stand on the low bar, and, of course, with feet together, legs straight and together (always remember form) , left arm extended forward, right arm rearward in an under grip on the .high bar . (Place palm of right hand on top of high bar and close fingers). Now bend knees slightly in preparation for the spring upward and backward. A spotter should stand on the floor in back of the high bar facing the back of the gymnast. Fig. 4 Spring off both feet directing the tape-off upward and rearward straddling legs wide and raising legs to a straddle "L" position. On the take-off right arm momentarily straightens to help raise body while left arm moves downward, palm down, fingers curled in readiness for the contact with high bar. As body passes over bar, the right hand grip is released and joins left hand to grip high bar between thighs in a regular grip. As the gymnast jumps to the back straddle, the spotter

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Dear Editor: Thank you so much for the wonderful coverage you so graciously provided in the March-April issue of your magazine of our National Collegiate Chompionships. Needless to say, we were quite pleased with the mechanics of the meet along with the final results. We thought the cover of that issue was great also. Again, our deepest thanks and appreciation for all you continue to do for the sport of women's gymnostics. Mimi Murray Women's Gymnastic Coach Springfield College, Massachusetts

Deor Sir: I am most interested in color reproductions "by Med." I think they are super. Miss J. C. Abrahams South Africa

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Deor Mr. Sundby: I am writing to let you know that we are very interested in possible repraductions of Mr. Milan Med's paintings on art in gymnastics. Pauline Tebbit Librarion Physical Education Association of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

WOMEN'S OLYMPIC DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOP Dick Mulvihill, Director with Olympic member staff: Linda Metheny and Diane Bolin

Dear Mademoiselle Gymnost: Yes, I would be interested in color reproductions by Med. Renee Hendershott Lakewood, Ohio

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Dear Mr. Sundby: Yes, I would be interested in large reproductions of Mr. Med's paintings. Mrs. M. DeMarco Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Dear Editor: Of course, Med reproductions would be welcome. The joy of gymnastics is instantly savored upon viewing one. Mrs. Diane Massad Warrensville Heights, Ohio

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Dear Mr. Sundby: Please let me know if color reproductions "by Med" become avoilable. They're beautiful, and I'd most certainly be interested in ordering some. Hope you can arronge for such reproductions. Sondra S. Mull Maryville, Missouri

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Mademoiselle Gymnast: I would be interested in a color reproduction "by Med" as this will help to create interest in the art of acrabotics and gymnostics. Jan Bellman Gym-Dandy Studio Davenport, lowo ED: Mile G readers' response has been enthusiastic from all corners. We hope to have reproductions available soon. Watch future editions for announcement.

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MLLE G Calendar



The foll owi ng IS a bnef re sume of events taking place In th e United States or othe(nations that concerns Amencan gymnastics programs.


October 17-18-19, 1969. Pre-World Championships for men and women. Ljubjlana. Yugoslavia. Three-day event utilizing world's games compulsories. U.S.A. will send men's and women's teams. November 1-2, 1969. USGF Coaches Congress, Denver, November 8, 1969. United Stat es Military Academy Gymnastic Cl inic, West Point, New York. For coaches and gymnasts (men only) November 20 to Dec. 2, 1969. U.S.A. invited to send three women gymnasts, two competitors, and one Coach/Judge for the first Invi tational or Elite Women gymnasts ... Tokyo, Japa n, U.S.A. will take part if the event takes place .. . U.S.S. R., Germany, Japan, U.S.A. November 28·29, 1969. NEW ENGLAND CLINIC. U.S. Coast Guard Academy, New London, Conn. November 28-29. Midwest Open, Mt. Prospect, Illin ois. November 28-29. Eastern Gymnastic Clinic, Abington, Penn· sylva nia. _.


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December 5·6, 1969. Gymnastic Workshop for Men and Women, University of Missouri.

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December 13. Iowa Open Gymna stic Meet, U. of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. December 25-31, 1969. Nationa l Gymnastic Clini c, Sarasota, Florida. December 26-31. Eastern Gymna st ic Clinic, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. December 26-31. California Win ter Gymna stic Clinic, Berkeley, Ca liforn ia. December 26·31. Western Gymnastic Clinic, Tucson, Anzona. December 26-31. Texas National Gymnastic Clinic, Corpus Christi, Texas.

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Profile for USA Gymnastics

Mademoiselle Gymnast - September/October 1969  

Mademoiselle Gymnast - September/October 1969