Page 1


• • •

but you probably wouldn't buy another!

It's no great engineering feat to make one product cheaper than another. You cut quality a little here, you eliminate a feature there .. . and pretty soon you have a product that can sell for a cheaper price. The same could apply to a Nissen parallel bar. For example, our exclusive Adjusto-Lock height and width adjustment feature could be replaced with the same low cost jam lock mechanism which other manufacturers use. Ordinary paint could be substituted for our present maintenance-free nickel chrome finish. Small black rubber base pads could be used in place of Nissen's unique non-marking pads with the adjustable leg leveler. Unbreakable Perma-Wood fused lamination top bars could easily be replaced with old fashion hickory bars, and on and on and on.

True, such a parallel bar would probably still qualify on an "or equal" bid, but somehow, without those important features, it just wouldn't be a Nissen. Can you afford anything less than the best?

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NOTES

. . ." . . . .搂 .

FROM THE EDITOR:

Official Publication of the United States GYl11llstics Federation CONTENTS Volume IX

November, 1967

NO.11

NOTES FROM THE EDITOR ........ Glenn Sundby CHALK TALK... . . ... ...... .. ..... . . ........ LITTLE OLYMPIC TRIALS . .. ........ Jerry Wright CANADIAN REPORT . . .. .......... John Nooney ALL-AROUND THE WORLD ..... . ... Ed Puccinell i USGF DIRECTOR'S REPORT . .. . ...... Frank Bare LITTLE OLyMPiCS .. ............. Don Wilkinson MODERN GYMNAST ART SECTION BEAUTY IN MOTION ............. Louise Pond PE NCI L SKETCH ................... Putt STYLE IN GyMNASTiCS .... .. .. John Hinds, Jr. MEXICO OLYMPIC POSTERS.. . ............ . ETCHING . ............. . ..... Herbert L. Fink THE ARTISTRY OF MILAN 路MED ....... .. Med IMAGE OF A CHAMPION ........ Mike Jacobson PASTEL ... . ...................... Bartosch WOODCUT ... ......... . ..... . . Kim Williams CONDITIONING FOR COMPETITION ... Dick Wol fe GYMNASTIC AIDS ... ... . . ... . ....... Don Tonry LET'S GO ALL-AROUND ............ Art Shurlock LET'S TEACH ROUTINES ....... . . Dr. Bil l Vincent Y-NEWS ..................... . .. Kenneth Ho llis LETTERS .................... . ............. . MG GYM CALENDAR .... .. . ... ... . . ..........

5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 25 26 27 29 29 30 32 36 36 38

COVER : Scenes from the 1967 American Gymnastic Coaches Congress in Kansas City, Mo. USA. GLENN SUNDBY ................................ ................... Ed ito r-Publisher

ASSOCIATE EDITORS A. BRUCE FREDERICK .. ................... :...................... Educotion DR. JAMES S. BOSCO ........ ...................................... Reseorcn DICK CRILEY ....................................................... .....Stotistics J IM FARKAS ........................................................ Instruction JERRY WRIGHT .................................................. Competi tion FRANK L. BARE ............................................................ USGF JESS ROBINSON ....... .. ........................ ................... Trompoli ne ROY DAVIS .................. .............................................. Judging JACKIE KLEIN UPH UES .............................................. Women KENNETH W. HOLLIS ................. .... ........................... YMCA KEN SAKODA .................................................... Art & Design JOHN NOONEY ............... .............. .... ....... .................. Conodo THE' MO DERN GYMNAST : Statement of Ownership. Management and Circu latio n as required by t he U.S. Post Office Department for second class mai ling priviledge. Owners路Glenn and Barba ra Sundby (DBA Sundby Publicatio ns, 410 Broadway, Santa Monica,Calif . 90401. Management - Glenn Su ndby, Editor-Publisher Circulation- Subscription 6,6 71. Paid Circu lation 6,6 71 Prom otional and co mplimentary cop ies d istr ibuted, 500. Total mailing 7,171 . THE MODERN GYMNAST is publ ished by Sundby Publicat ions, 410 Broodway, Sonta Monico , Colifornia 90401. ' Second Closs posta ge paid at Santo Mon ico , Calif. Published monthly except bi-monthly April , May, June and July. Price $5 .00 per year, SOc single copy: Subscription correspondence, THE MODERN GYMNAST, P.O. Box 61 1, Sa nta Monico , California 90406 . Copyright 1967 漏 all rights reserved by SUNDBY PUBLICATIONS, 410 Broadway , Santo Monico , Ca lif. All pictures and manuscripts submitted become the property of THE MODERN GYMNAST unless a return request and sufficient postage are included.

Mr. Arthur Gander, FIG Pres. and MG editor meet in Kansas City , and renew friendship from Dortmund Germ any ,where your editor took photos of Mr. Gander as he became the new FIG Pres id ent.

COACHES CONGR ESS: Gymnastics in America took a giant step forward on Octo be r 21-22, 1967 in Kansas City, Miss ouri, site of the Third Annual meeting of th e CO NGRESS OF AMERIC AN GYMN ASTIC CO ACHES. Th e USG F in its effort to bring a better Intern ational program of Gymnasti cs to th e USA went all out and gave the coaches a shot in th e arm by bringing Mr. Arthur Gander of Switze r;and , President of the Internati onal Gymnastic Federation (FI G) to the Con gress as th e featured guest spea ker an d George Gul ack, Western Hemisphere Vice- Pres. of FI Gas his interpreter. To say thi s was a success would be an understatement. . .Th e FIG structure, materia ls availa bIe from th e FI G headqua rters, code of point changes, co mpulso ry interpretation, technical ai ds, International Competitio n program, suggestion s for a better inte r-Amer ica( Western hemisphire)g ymnastic program , judges training cour se were but a portion of the topics covered by Mr. Gander. Thi s along with other special progress reports on train ing programs, camps, clinics and competition s by US co aches made th is a most historic meeting ushering in a new era of progress for Gymnastics in America. MG ART EDITION: We believe th at beautifully performed Arti stic Gymnastics in the competitive se nse of th e sport also lends itself even more to th e unlimite d art world of easel, canvas, paint, sculpture and words. Here where th e sore muscles, callou sed hands and nervous tension do not cry ouf in the pain and ecstasy of the competition, but , here in the world of art where beauty, style and th e skill of movement continue to be enjoyed long after the f inal score. With this edition of the MG we include a special Art Section that we have talked about and promi se d our rea ders for a long time. We extend to the artists and writters a greatful thanks for making this Art Section po ssible."A rtistic Gymnastics" ?, You bet it is, in more ways than one. CHRISTMAS GlFTS: Most of your favorite magazines al ways give you an oppertunity to give subscription gifts as presents at Christmas tim e. The MODER N GYM NAST has not offered this se rvice in recent years because of our past unstable publication schedul e. NOW!, with our new assured backing and regular frequ ency of publicati on we wo uld li ke to offer our many readers a ch ance to give th e MG as an excellent Christmas Gift to th eir, "What' II I get th em, hard to please friend s". Se nd th e MG as a gift, and we will send to them a bea utiful Gymnasti c Greeti ng Card so they will know " You Thought Enough To Se nd The Best" Gymnastic magazine in th e World to them as a gift. We will share with yo u their joy and also the ex pense. . . as every ex tra gift you send the price goes down, and this includes yo ur own subscription renewal or exten sion . . .But you will have to act now!, as thi s is a ONETIME OFFER which wi ll expire on midnight, December 31 st, 1967 ... Use special post paid Gift Offer return envelope inclose d for yo ur convenience(offer good in the USA onl y).


NATIONAL GYMNASTIC CLINIC The National Gymnostlcs Clinic, held annually In Sarasota, Fl Orida, promises to

l

and illustrated in the Sept.-Oct. edition of MADEMOISELLE GYMNAST. This issue also features the 1967 WOMEN'S COLLEGIATE CHAMPIONSHIPS plus many instructional articles. For copies of this edition send 75t to Mademoiselle Gymnast P.O. Box 777 Santa Monica, California 90406.

be larger, more instru ct i ve and a generally more Informative clmlc than ever

before. A new giant arena has Just been completed and will house all of the gymnastics

acti v ities.

This

year,

the

arena

will be open in the eve nings for additional training, and films will be a vailable, at

PROFESSIONAL GYMNASTICS

the same time , in va ri ou s side rooms. The basic instructional gymnastic (Durst:'

for coaches and physical educat ion instructors wi ll be taught with the use of a series of new illustrated cha rts recentl y completed by Don Tonry. Generally, the course wi ll attempt to analyze the problems of the collegiate gymnast and coach in terms of skills that may not be full y understood because of their comp lexity or uniqueness.

Besides the outline of instruction designed by Abie Grossfeld and Don Tonry, there will be additi ona l lectu res and discussions concerning the phys iology of exercise by Dr. Jon Cul bertson (member of the 1962 World Championship team) and

a

presentation

of

a

recentl y

com-

pleted study on gymnastics nomenclature by Don Tonry. The entertainment committee has de-

signed a massive evening beach party at

Lido Beach, a fishing excursion , on ofternoon train ing session at Lido Beach , and a dance.

1967 NATIONAL GYMNASTIC CLINIC MEN'S INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM by Abie Grossfeld and Don Tonry Sunday and Monday, December 24 and 25 feature open practice sessions. Tues-

day (26th) screening for instructi ona l progrOm in the morning, " Press Deyll at Lido

Beach in the afternoon. Evening Lecture / Demonstration by Fred Roethlisberger, Milan Trnka, Grossfeld and Tonry on Vaulting (emphasis on teaching techniques leading to stoops, hechts, handsprings, ya mashitas) and Horizontal Bar (techniques

leading

to

changes

involving

giants; relationship of free hip circle t o handstand , straddle so le circle to handstand, forward and backward sta lder shoots). This will be foll owed by films of the 路1968 Olymp ic Compu lsory Exercises. Wednesday (27th) morning: Basic men 's gymnastic

course

practice and

(Tonr y);

instru ction

in

afterno o n :

all

e ve nts-

FX (Vega) , R (Amerine), HB (Roethlisberger), PB (Culhane) , V (Trnka ), SH (Lascari) and a late ofternoon children's instructional practice (Trnka and Amerine). Thursday (28th): schedule as for 27th with different instructors plus evening Lectures/ Demonstrations by Lascar i, Tonry and Grossfe ld on Side Horse (techniques lead ing to regular and twisting scissors, circles, tra vels, moores, and ho ps, and

dismounts) and Parallel Bars (forwards and backward uprise skills, casts and underbar somersaults, pirouett ing skills, stutze-kehres

and

over

bar

somersau lts,

and dismounts-pirouetting, forward and backward somersaults, and with twists). Friday (29th) : schedule as for 27th with different instructors plus evening Lectures/ Demonstrations by Armando Vega, Jim

Amerine,

Jim

Culhane,

Tonry,

Lascari,

Roethlisberger, ond Grossfe ld on Fl oor Exercise (emphasis on deve loping speed and power in the roundoff and back handsp ring necessary for lifting somer-

sau lts, back some rsaults and twists, f o rward somersaults, principles of transistion,

miscellaneous ski lls) and Rings (backward moving skills from dislocate to stra ight

arm

s hoot

handstand,

forward

moving

sk ills from in locate to straight arm back uprise handstand, training procedures for

HERE & THERE Washington coach Eric Hughes reports that Mauno Nissinen, one of Finland's top gymnasts has enrolled at t eh University of Washington. Coach Hughes indicates tha t Nissinenn wilJ be available for invitational meet competitions during the 1967-68 school year. You may contact Mr. Nissinen through Dr. Eric Hughes, Dept. Intercollegiate Athletics, Univ. of Washington , Seattle, Washington 98105. GYMNASTICS RULEBOOK The Oregon Gym nastic s Association has just published an official set of rules covering high school competition for boys and girls .. The rulebook covers state and district championships, dual meets, and general rules of competition for the Olympic events. Copies ire available for just $1.00 from OGA Rulebook Editor, Harry Johnson , South Eugene High School, 400 East 19th Ave.,Eugene, Oregon 97401. QUOTES FROM FAMOUS DOCTORS Dr. Hans Kraus, 'Physical activity is not a frill. It is an essential factor in the prevention of disease.' Dr. Edward L. Bortz, ' It begins to appear that ex ercise is the master co nditioner for the h ealth y and the major therapy for the il1.' .. . So wouldn' t you say that gymnastics is a MAJOR sport? We need it for health's sake. WISCONSIN GYMNASTIC CLINIC On October 7th, American Athletic Equipment Co. sponsored a gymnastics clinic at Whitewater University, Whitewater, Wisconsin. BilJ Meade of SIU and three of his gymnasts instructed the men's se ction. Mrs. J ackie Uphues directed the women's division assisted by Mrs. Sharon Pirkl and Sarah Brumgart. There were over 1 50 gymnastic coaches and physical education instructors in attendance. The facilities of Whitewater were provided b y Mr. John Rabe, Gymnastics Coach. SANTA MONICA LOU PERSCHKE, west ern factory rep for the Nissen Co. for the past three years has left the gymnastic equipment sales field to settle down in Santa Monica as a Real Estate salesman with the Joe Henry Co . . . Lou h as been active in gymnastics for the past 15 years and had a big hand in getting the California Winter Clinic an the road. With all the help Lou has been with worksh ops, clinics, camps, Santa Monica Gym Fest etc. we doubt if he will drop out of gymnastics as h e tries to indicate.

crosses, dismounts-high straddle , twisting

flyoways, double flyaways, and support dismounts. On Saturday (30th) the Clinic Championships will be held. * * * * During the evening Lectures/ Demonstrations the discussion

will

also emphasize

sk ills pertinent to the Olympic Compu lsory

routines. The complete program of cI inic activ ities for 1967 is currently being completed . For

further

information

write

to

Frank

Wells, 21 Sandra Circle, Westfield, New Jersey.

Information Wanted The MODE RN GYMNAST magazine would like to have the dates and site of all State High School Gymnastic Championship Competition for 1968 throughout the USA. If you are in charge of a State Meet please send the data to : MG SCOREBOARD-Box 611, Santa Monica California 90406.

6

FOCUS ON OLYMPICS Focus on the Olympics will be the theme of the 1967 WESTERN GYMNASTIC CLINIC held at Tucson, Arizona on December 26-30, 1967. Glenn Wilson and Rusty Mitchell will be the Clinic Directors. NEW HOME The PROGRAM AIDS Company, Inc . has r ecently complet ed a move from their Mount Vernon , N.Y., address to a new 100,000 sq. ft. headquarters at Roosevelt Field, L.r. , N.Y. Their new address is No. 1 Physical Fitness Drive , Garden City, N.Y. 11530. BRAUSE ROUTINE The controversial Uneven Bar routine preformed by Doris Brause at the 1966 World Games at Dortmund, Germany is analyzed

The first professional Gymnastic Championships were spo n sored by the NISSEN equipment company in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, on Oct. 28-29 . The championships were staged as a double elimination tournament with 8 entries in each of the Olympic events except lang horse, which was excluded. The format of the competition involve q more endurance than conventional amateur competitions as each winner had to complete a minimum of 4 routines to win. Competitors were high in their enthusiasm and praise for the tournament which moved along at a goa d pace without time consuming judging. The championships were well received by the spect ators and the sponsors and competitors alike tatars and the sponsors and competitors alike were very optimistic about the future of professional Gymnastics. Winners in each event received 2 0 shares of Nissen stock, while second and third place finishers received 15 and 10 sh ares respectively. The first professional champions and runnersup were : FX- George Hery, Mike Jacobson,C. Ciccio. SH- Sam Bailie, Steve Doty, Russ MilJs. HB- Rusty Rock, Mike Jacobson, Jim Curzi. PB- Jerry Crowder, Jim Curzi, Mike Jacobson. R- Jim Jackson, Don Holder, Sam Bailie. THE THIRD ANNUAL

The Third Annual EASTERN GYMNASTIC CLINIC is scheduled for sunny and always )eautiful Fort Lauderdale, Florida on Dec. 2630, 1967. The past two years have seen some rather remarkable growth in this event and little wonder with such an unb eatable combination of good teaching and a great vacation land. If you desire to spend a truly memorable vacation during the holidays and also learn from a most talented staff. . . plan now on being part of the Eastern Gymnastic Clinic. This years event will be headed by an experienced duo of Bi11 Meade (SIU) and Dick Holzaepfel (Iowa-Ret.) who will b e in their third year as co-directors. CALIFORNIA GYMNASTIC CLINIC California Christmas Clinic Director, Hal Frey has formally announced that the 2nd Annual Winter Gymnastics Clinic will be held at the University of Calif. at Berkeley, Dec. 26-30, 1967. Coach Frey further stated that the '67 Clinic would stress the All-Around events and that Olympians, Dale Flansaas and Art Shurlock along with past World Trampoline Champion, Dan Millman will be among the many instructors on hand assist the Men.s director, Bob Peavy and Women's director,Don Nelson. Also there will be at least six pieces of apparatus on hand for each event.

"ACROBATICS" Specializ~d

Training

in FLOOR路 EXERCISE only

JOE PRICE co 1697 Broadway

5-8877

Su ite 302

New York City, N.Y. 10019

I


"LITTLE OLYMPICS" United States Team Selections FINAL TRIALS by Jerry W right With the International Olympic Committee somewhat dubious about the ability of Mexico to handle the '68 Olympic Games and wishin g to have more answers about the altitude problem a preliminary competition, for most sports, referred to as the "Little Olym pics" was set for October 1967 to test th e Mexican Games committee. The United States gymnastics team for this meet was selected Thursday and Friday evenin gs, Oct. 12 and 13 at Pasadena City College. Th e team selected is n ot go in g to WOW anyone in Mexico except possibly in a few individual cases on individual events. Ri chard Loyd should be very impressive on th e side horse and high bar, and if he hold s up 15 year old Steve Hu g should make th em do som e spectulating about the future of the American team. In all fairn ess to the gymnasts in this meet I would be remi ss not to po int out that most gymnasts had given up on the id ea of our sendin g a tea m to Mexico for thi s meet and, consequently, had not worked out during th e summer! The exercises, as a rule, were quite rough (due to summ er lay-off ) with almost no one able to complete a routine without a major break of from 5 tenths to 7 tenths in addition to small break s. The only exceptions bein g in individual cases on so me events. Steve Hug appeared to be in the best shape of all the con testant s which played a major role in his winnin g this meet (ex路 cept for his cross on the rin gs which he did not do on either the compulsory or optional) . In the compulsory competition Richard Loyd led after the first 2 events as he was the only performer to score over 9.0 in either FX or SH sco rin g 9.0 in FX and a fin e 9.45 on the SH. Rick Tu ck er surprised many with a fin e 8.95 on the SH compulsory. Loyd, however, lost hi s lead as he received only 6.3 on the rin gs. Scoring well on the rin gs was Fred Dennis with 9.4, Ri ck Tuck er was at 8.8 as many either mi ssed the cross or held the first handstand too long. On the Lon g Horse Roethlis berger , for m er NAAU long horse champi on, led with 9.25 followed by George Greenfield, (form er Pasa dena City College gymnast now sittin g out a year at the University of California), with 9.2, and Paul Mayer who chalked up a 9.15. On the parallels Bob Llynn led the fi eld with a goo d 9.15, close behind was Steve Co nti nued on page 35

USA LITTLE OLYMP IC TR IALS Pasadena City Coll ege October 12 & 13, 1967

Steve Hug

c 0

Bob Lynn

c

R oeth I isberger (Fred)

c

Richard Loyd

c

Fred Dennis

c

Rick Tucker

c

James Amerine

c

Greenf ield (George )

c

Paul Mayer

c

0

0 0

0

0

0

0

0

FX

SH

SR

LH

PB

HB

Total c/o Tota l

8.8 8 .8

8 .6 8.95

8.7 8.7

8.9 8 .7

9.0 8.55

8 .6 8.85

52.60 52.55

105.15

7.95 8.85

8.85 8.20

8.55 8.9

8.9 8.6

9. 15 8.7 5

9. 1 9 .05

52 .50 52 .35

104.85

8 .75 9.05

8.4 8.55

8 .6 8.4

9.25 8 .9

8.65 8.9

8.4 8 .75

52 .05 52 .55

104.60

9.0 8.95

9.45 9.2

6.3 8.05

8.55 8.65

8.9 8.65

9.2 8 .8

51.40 52 .30

103. 70

7.4 7.95

9.4 9.45

8.05 8.45

50.70 50.70

101.40

8.8 8. 7

8.4 9.1 5

8.0 8.1 7.25 7 .95

9.0 8 .55

7.90 8.45

8 .85 8 .2 8.95 7 .5

8.85 8 .6

50.1 5 50.35

100 .50

7 .2 8.45

8.6 8.25

7.9 8.9

8 .0 9 .0

8.35 8.85

8 .6 8.6

48.35 52.05

100.40

8.6 9.35

7. 15 8.15

7.55 8.25

9.2 8.85

7.85 8.15

8 .55 8 .35

48.90 51 .10

100.00

8 .6 8.8

8 .0 8.75

6.8 7.7

9 .15 9.1

7.1 8.05

7.9 7.45

4 7 .55 49.85

97.40

7


~CANADIAN

~

REPORT by John Nooney 18 Lavington Dr. Weston, Ontario

HERE AND THERE

Mr. Yaron Pl ewin ski has just been appoint ed coach at McGill University, Montreal. Yaron graduat ed in Russ ia in gy mnasti cs, coached in Israel and of course Qu ebec. Congratu lations and good lu ck, Yaron. University 0/ Ottawa Mr. Cal Girard has recently been appointed gy mna sti c coa ch at this Universi ty. Calvin , a member of our Pan American Gam es team , will I know do an outstandin g j ob in t.he yea rs to come. Congratulations Cal. Gymnastic Clinic On Dece mb er 16 and 17 a cl inic wiII be held for boys and girls at 5t. Fran cis University, Anti gnosh, N.S. und er the direction of Mr. Geza von Martiny . Geza did not wait lon g t.o ge t th e Maritim es movin g and directin g thi s clinic is his first major effort. For furth er particulars contact Geza directly at the University. Full Team at Mexico 68 The Canadian Olympic Association has finally accepted th e id ea of sendin g 6 men, 6 women, 2 coaches and 1 official to Mexi· co. This has not been won easily . . . on the contrary the e.O.A. executive was reo luctant to approve such a delegation. This is now a challen2:e and we should aim to send our best te~m ever. Looking back at previous Olympic Games delega· tions in 1948 we sent 1 official, no coaches, no gymna sts; 1952, no official, no coach, no gymnasts; 1956, 1 official, 2 gymnasts; 1960, 1 official, 3 gy mnasts; 1964, 1 offi· cial, 4 gymnasts and now in 1968 1 official, 2 coaches, 12 gymnasts. Susan McDonn ell and Syd Jensen were our Pre Olympi c representatives. Th ey brou ght ba ck a goo d deal of information whi ch should be helpful to our coaches but it is very obvious by th e results, a grea t deal of work needs to be done if we are to make a goo d showing in Mex ico.

scored 106.20 e.0. and Ri ck Kin sman of Ontario who scored 105.10 e.0. Roge r placed fir st on th e S.H., L.H .V. and P.B. and Ri ck came first on th e P.B. Syd J en· sen, last year's Junior champion, Quebec, placed third. Syd pla ced fir st on F.X. and Rin gs . . . did poo rl y on H.B. and L.H.V. whi ch dropped hi s sco re to 100.45 e.0. In the men's final s on Sa turday night Ro ger Dion again dominated and prove d him self th e champion he is. He won the F.X., S. H. , H.B. Roger ha s always been a consistent perform er and he has an excel· lent coach in M. Andre Bedard . Andre has bee n co achin g Roger for many years and it shows. Ri ck Kin sman foll owed closely (self coached) . His trampolin e ba ckground shows in hi s di smount. Ri ck has great tenacity and is gettin g stron ger year by year. Rick won the L.H.V. and P .B. , actually that was th e finest performan ce I have ever seen him give on th e P.B. Hi s Sommy dismount was fanta sti c. Syd J ensen placed fir st on the Rings and fini shed third ; attend s th e University of Michigan coached by Newt Lok en. I thought he perform ed better at the Pan Am Games. The Senior B Division was won by Jim· my Hoyle, Nova Scotia. I doubt the value of this divi sion. It mi ght be of value if we had plenty of senior gy mnasts but we had only 8 Senior A gymnasts competing for the national ti tle. Our Women's Senior A divi sion was another close race between Susan McDonnell and Sandra Hartley. Susan scored 70.27 e.0. and Sandra scored 69.17 e.0. Knockin g at the door behind them was last year's Junior champion Glenna Sebeysten with 68.09 e.0. Are our Juniors so good that in one year they can jump into a third place position in our Senior A division or are we overlooking some of our junior gymnasts ? ? ? Selection committee. In the Women's Senior A Finals the same three girls continued to dominate the division. Susan won the Vault, Un evens

SPA RCA COMMUNTTY GYMNASTTC CLUB This club ha s rr.ce ntl y opened in Nort h Vancouver for girl s in that area. Workout tim e ha s been arranged at Balmoral Juni or Hi gh School and at Sim on Fras('r Univer· sity. Th e weIl-known Mrs. Louise S traiten is H ead Cnach. Assistin g her arc four or fiv e ve ry co mpetent assistant roachf's, Mr. P eter Kopa c ( rece ntl y arrived from Yugoslavia) , Miss Kay Lister, Vanco uver, Mi ss l'v[ar· ga ret Baker, Vancouver and Mr. and Mrs. P. Kupper (recentl y of W. Germany). Assisting with the orga nizin g and direct· in g is Mr. H orst Wi lh elm . Thi s Club is lucky to ha ve such experi enced coaches, so we can be sure that thi s club will ha ve co nt end ers at our Nati onal championships and at th e B.e. provincial champion ships. Good lu ck.

1967 Canadian Gymnastic Champ'ionships at the C.N.E Toronto Over 2,000 witnessed the colorful two day competition. A total of about 72 gymnasts took part (down in numbers from last year.) This year having a Finals was a step forward but it was pretty tiring on th e gymnasts. Our Junior men looked good, es pecially Ron Hunter from B.C. Ron scored above 8 on his comp ulsories and had steady performances of hi s optional exercises. H e was the eventual champion and deservin g so. J ennifer Diachun won the women's Junior championship. She looked excell ent on the uneven s, scored a high 8.8 for her compulsori es on this apparatu s, and had her lowest score on B. Beam. A total of 24 Junior men competed and 35 Junior women all Canadian entries. It shows the growing interest of our young people in the Sport. I hope these boys and girls can get the coaching they deserve. The Senior Men A Division was a close race between Roger Dion, Quebec who

Co ntinu ed on page

34

Above : Ron Hunter, Jr. Men's Champ ion Right: Sid Jensen, Sr. Ring Champion Far right: Jenn ifer Diechun, Jr.Champion

THE 1967 CANADIAN

Centennial Gymnastic Championships Augusr 18!h 8< 19,h, 1967 CN E Toronto.On l. compulso. ie1O 8< optional.

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~ ~

ALL-ARO,UND THE WORLD

REPORT by E D PUCCINEL LI

ORGANIZATION OF GYMNASTICS IN ITALY

FRANCO MENICHELLI There is no doubt in anyone's mind just who is the top gymnast in Italy and one of the bes t gymnasts in the world. Just what is it that makes Franco Menichelli so good ? The secret is work , and a lot of it. Born in Rome in 1941 he started gym· nastics at the age of twelve when a fri end talked him into go ing to the local gym to keep him company. That was thirteen years ago and since then it has been F ranco and gymnasti cs. Physically he has an ideal build for th e sport. H e is fiv e feet three inches tall and weighs 130 pounds. His successes are in themselves a testimony to his abiliti es. I can add from personal ob· servation during a work·out of the Italian national team that he has tremendous learnin g capaciti es. I sa w him try for th e first time a piked fly· away with a full twist from the high bar. He did this without aoy spotting device or even any spotter, but und er the supervision of his coach. The first attempt, about all that can be sa id is that he made it. Th e second attempt was an improvemen t on the first. On th e third attempt the dismount was executed per· fectly and there was so me talk am ong the coach es present about usin g it in his rou · tine.

Aside fr om experi ence, physical endow· ment and n at ural ability Franco has, as one of his coaches, Arrigo Carnoli, him self an ex·olym pi c gy mnast, puts it, "that littl e extra somethin g" which gives his routin es the well polished aspect that earns th em that ex tra one or two tenth s of a point. P erh aps this "extra somethin g" is an in· herent artisti c capa bility. (His hobbies are paintin g and photography!) Even the name of th e sport itself in Italy implies artistry. The tran slation of Ginastica Artistica is literally artistic gymnasti cs. One can say that Franco is as at hom e on the air as he is on th e gro und . As was pointed out by a German newspa per, three· quarters of his free exercise routine is spen t in the air. This observation was par. ticularly startling to me when I stopped to think that trampolines are few and far between in Italy and hardly ever used. Chances are that Franco learned all of his routin e on the ground , even that three· quarters which is spent in the air. Franco works out five days a week all year around. Sunday and one other day when he feels parti cularly tired are his days of rest. H e usually works three events a day but this depend s on his meet sched· ule. About two months before a meet Franco run s wind sprints to develop hi s wind and speed. For strength Franco goes through a circuit after every workout. P eriod s before a meet he em phasizes doin g whole routin es durin g workouts. He says that he has no one favorite event and in. deed thi s refl ects a general attitude in Italy since there are no specialists. When I asked him if he did anything special for hand care he replied , " no, just work". That is what he has been doin g for thirteen years now and it has worked well for him. Franco is looking forward to the Olym· pi es in '68 at Mexico City and is thinkin g about retiring after that. H e wants to be a physical educator and perhaps co ach a team as well. Presently he is a stud ent at the Italian School of Phys ical Education and with hi s ex perience he should have no trouble in doing what he wants. Predi ctions? Well Franco thinks that the Japan ese will be the team to beat in '68 but he doesn't want to make any statements about individual champions. What about the U. S. team ? Franco says he was im. pressed by their improvement at Dortmund but since other teams are also improvin" h e still ranks th em as fifth or sixth. b

The first thin g that one must say about gy mnasti cs in It aly is that it is an ex tremely well organized sport run by dedicated m en. A simplified descripti on of th e gymnasti cs orga nization in It aly beg ins at th e top of a vast sports pyramid. In thi s position li es C.O.N.I. which is the Italian National Olymnic Committee. C.O.N.!. has under its supervis ion thirty·six different sport fed er· ations. On e of these federations is the F.G.!. which st and s for Federazione Ginastica Italiana (Italian Gymnastics Federation). Und er its supervi sion are regional commit· tees for each of the 13 regions of Italy. In ' turn these com mitt ees have under their supervi sion th e various gy mnastic societi es in their region. H er e we have reached the foundation of Italian gymnasti cs. In givin g a more detail ed description of each level it will be easier, and clearer, to proceed in the reverse order. The various gymna stics societies found in most of the citi es of Italy are basic stru c· tures of the sport. Many of these societies were already in ex istence before any na· ti onal organization was found ed . For in· stance, in Florence, one of the two gymnastic soc ieties, the Societa Palestra Ginastica Fiorentina Libertas, was found ed March la, 1887. (Grover Cleveland was President of the United States that year, remember him ?) These societies were form ed by a few dedicated ex·gymnasts who qonated their free time at ni ght as instru ctors and helped rai se the necessary fund s for a gymnasium and equipment. These societi es started off completely independent of one another and , despite their membership in the sports complex previously described, they still reo main almost entirely finan cially independ· ent. The littl e money they may receive from the F.G.I. depend s upon the number of team members who partici pate in meets. The F.G.!. keeps track of this numher and gives each society so many lire per partici· pant. This sum may reach one hundred dol· lars per year if the society has had a good participation r ecord. Neither may the society depend upon any school for finan cial aid sin ce they are completely divorced from the ed ucational system. The societies are com· pletely private organizations. Italian schools do not have gymnastic teams. In fa ct, gym· nasti cs is rarely taught in physical educa· tion classes. The coaches of these various soc ieties are still dedicated ex·gymnasts who donate their free time at night. Workouts at the Pales· tra Libertas run from seven to nin e o'clock at night for women and from nine to eleven o'clock at ni ght for men. This is for three nights a week for all age groups. The other three nights Judo classes are held. Finan· cially the society is dependent on member· ship fees and donations. Occasionally the F .G.!. may donate a badly needed piece of equipment but all too often a society has to close down because it can't meet the rent paym ents. Members are usually at· tracted to the gy mnasium by fri ends, as was the case with Franco Menichelli, or by the good name a particularly successful society may have. Continued on page 34

9


G mnastics Federation The United States V Tucson, Arizona P.O. Box 4699 ~_ ___

USGF DIRE

CTORS REPORT

Executive Director

FRANK L. BARE --= -u,':'-_ Mr. Gulack points to th~ new F.I.G. Code of Point changes that

1967 Congress of American Gymnastics Coaches . .. Kansas City, Missouri. By Frank Bare, Executive Director, USGF On the weekend of October 21-22, 1967, the Third Annual American Gymnastics Congress was conducted at the Prom-Sheraton Hotel in Kansas City, Missouri . The attendance was excellent, particularly in view of the fact that the date ,had been moved up from the usual Thanksgiving weekend utilized during the past two meetings. The 1967 Congress must be regarded as one of the most significant meetings in the history of American amateur gymnastics. It has long been the desire of our membership to hear directly from the leading international figures in gymnastics; and for so many years the need has been unfulfilled. Among the more than 80 persons gathered from every part of the U.S.A. to attend this year's Congress, were two members of the International Gymnastics Federation (F.I.G.) . . . guest of honor was Mr. Arthur Gander, President of the International Federation and accompanying him was Mr. George Gulack, Vice-President (North American) for the FIG. (The USGF's Women's Committee also attended, and in between the general sessions they managed to conduct several most significant business sessions. ) Mr. Gander . . . proved himself to be every bit a true President of the F.I.G. He was cordial, friendly , knowledgeable, well-spoken and a man of most dynamic abilities. He was called upon to stay as long as four hours (one day without a break) on the speakers podium to discuss technical subjects and to answer many questions from the floor. He covered a variety of subjects . . . the F.I.G. and its membership and functions . . . new ideas in international gymnastics . . . coaching techniques . . . scoring and training of officials. How new some of his material was became very evident when the coaches present immediately pressed Mr. Gander for additional information at every opportunity. Many of us present at this year's Congress heard for the first time about such items as Training Courses for officials and Referee Judges . . . such courses as have never been conducted in the USA and yet . . . they have been held in almost every other nation in the world. We found the Intern'a tional President was surprised to learn from those present that the interest level was so high in

10

Mr .. Gander has been discussing and put on the blackboard which will

be

In

effect for the Olympic Games

In

Mexico City.

the USA when our international performance level has been so low. He seemed genuinely pleased to speak with our coaches and administrators who were present and in every case he learned of keen interest . .. sincere desire to improve . . . willingness to work. There is not enough that can be said here for his willingness to stay with those present as long as there were questions to be answered . . . he talked with groups each night until the early hours of the morning and yet the next formal meeting found him there by the speakers table ready again to offer his valuable and long s.ought-after information. His offerings on some projected and already approved changes in format for the 1968 Olympic Games stirred great interest. Mr. Gander also spoke with blackboard diagrams about some of the new items being planned for the revised Code of points (1) a single tryon the compulsories in the comp'etitions at Mexico City in 1968. (2) A new section of the Code will include "behavior of the gymnast" . . . such as marching to and from the apparatus. (3) A gymnast ma y get a bonus of from .1 to .3 if he demonstrates 2 of the 3 areas that are provided, or .1 to .2 if he demonstrates one of the three factors . The three factors ... Risk ... Originality and Virtuosity. Mr. George Gulack did the translations for the program as the lectures were given in German by President Gander. Mr. Gulack has long been a leader and, at times, a controversial figure in our national program of amateur gymnastics. It is timely to note that Mr. Gulack has expressed a sincere interest in seeing our nation's image improve and his efforts on behalf of this year's Congress certainly represent a great forward step in that direction. The political situation in America was an item on which the Congress dwelled for a brief time. Although I believe much more will be said on this matter in future months . . . it must be stated here that I personally believe that President Gander as well as Vice-President Gulack gained considerable insight into our true situation. I will not quote Mr. Gander in this writing, nor, for that matter, will I quote Mr. Gulack. Suffice it to say that there is now a golden opportunity for amateur gymnastics in America to prosper . . . to grow and develop beyond our greatest expectations. In a few short years we can reach a level of performance that we have never known . . . it must be done.


Presid ent Gander, it must again be said , distinguished himself and th e F IG before th e very large representation fr om the USA . H e was personable, forceful .. . h one:>t in hi s presentati on . Everyone came away from th e meeting with more kn olwedge than before and with a deeper and better und erstanding of the FIG a nd its p rogr am. One ca nn ot repeat enough that it was gratifying to witness the performance of an expert teacher and administrator. There ca n be no doubt that Mr. Gander loves thi s g reat sport in whi ch each of us takes such pride. Bi ll Meade's r~por t on the p la ns for the se lecti on of the 1068 USA Ol ympic T eam . . . included the foll owi ng: First trials . . . at the U.s. AIR FORCE ACA DEMY. June 22路23rd . Select 20 men, sta y and train 2 weeks. T op six men automati ca ll y qualif y for final trials. Second Trials . . . (site unknown ) . . . August 16-17th , qualifiers 7 through 20 compete for six more places. F INAL TRIALS .. . for the 12 qualifiers (from first two trials) . . . August 20-31 . . . pick 8 men, 7 to go to Mexi co . F or more inform ation write Mr. Meade, So. Ill. U niv. Those in a tte ndan ~e at this year's Congress included the fo ll owing American coaches, equipment representatives, and college administrators . It is m y only regret th at each and every gy mnastics teach cer in the land could not have been present. Richard Aronson, Lowell Tech. Inst. (Mass.); Jamille Ashmore, Univ. of Texas, Au sti n, Texas; Sam Bailie, Uni v. of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; Bill Ballester, Waukega n High School, Illi nois; Ron Barak, U.s.C .; Ernest E. Bennett, Topeka H.S., Kansas; James R. Brown, Indi ana Unive rsity; Shirley Bryan, Kirkwood Jr. H.S., Kirkwood, Mo. (USGF Comm .); Robert P. Campbell, Winfield H.S. Kansas; Roger Counsil, Indiana State Univers ity, Terre Haute, Ind.; Vernon Elder, Washington, D.C. Y.M.C .A. ; larry Fie , American Ath .. Equip : CIl., 路Jefferson. Iowa; Harold Frey, Univ. of California. Berkeley, Below : Questions from the floor(Carl Paterson), candid shots of the old and new Coaches, East,West ,No rth & South who came and took an active ' part in the Congress. Bill Meade rep orts on the Little Olympics.. .Some of the lovel y ladies of th e USGF Women's Committee, Sharon Wil ch . Sharon Pirkl. Shirley Bryan. Judith Marr. Jackie Up hues, Judith Hall, Mildred Prchal and Terry Sendgraff .

Calif; Ed Gagnier, Iowa State Univ., Ames, Iowa; -Richard l. Gaskell, San Bernardino Valley College , Calif; Judith B. Hall, Illinois State Univ. (USGF Comm .); Tom E. Hanvey, David Lipscomb College, Nashvill e, Tenn. ; Ray F. Henry, Medicine Lodge H.S., Kansas; John W. Hinds, Jr., Col umbus Sr. H.S., Columbus, Ind; Bill Holmes, East H.S., Denver, Colo. ; Dick Holzaepfel, Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; Steve Johnson, Colo. State Univ. , Ft. Collins, Colo .; Erik Kjeldsen, Univ. of Mass. , Amherst, Mass .; Jmy Kr~witz, Central Atl antic Gym. Camp (N.J . YMCA); Dick laptad, Wichita State Univ., Kansas; Bob lockwood, Kansas Univ.; Ray lorenz, Brown Deer H.S., Milwaukee, Wi sc .; Gordon T. Maddux, l.A. State College, Calif.; Jack Mahan, Wichita Heights H.S. , Kansas ; Robert Manning, Lawrence H.S., Kansas; Grady Mathews, Denver Turners, Colo.; Bill Meade, So. III. Univ.; Rusty Mitchell, Univ. of New Mexico ; Julian McEwan, Wichita West High Sch., Kansas; Warren Neiger, Pittsburgh Univ., Pa. ; Gary Parker, Kansa s State Univ. ; A. Carl Patterson , Temple Univ., Phil ade lph ia ; Ralph A. Piper, Minnesota Univ.; Sharon Pirkl, Moline H.S., Illinois ; John Rammacher, U.S. Nava l Aca demy, Md.; Kelly Rankin, Elem . Phys. Ed. , Topeka, Kansas; Robert Rector, Kansas State Univ.; Mike Reed , Olathe H.S., Olathe, Kan .; Bill Riley, Salina H.S., Salina, Kan .; Bill Roetzheim, Proviso East H.S., Illinois ; Warren Rolek, Mankato State Coll ege, Minn .; Dennis Rorab aul';h, Lawrence H.S., Kansas; Otto Ryser, Univ. of Indiana; Karl Schwensfeier, U.S. Air Force Aca demy, Colo.; Richard Smith, Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, Ore.; Bill Sorenson, American Ath . Equip. Co. ; Glenn Sundby, Santa Monica, Calif. (MG); Margaret (Greta) Treiber, Indiana State Univ., Terre Haute; Armando Vega, North western State College, -Loui siana; Herb Vogel, So. Il linois Univ., Carbondale; Dick Walker, Porter Ath . Equip. Co. , Schiller Park, III.; Alan W. Weith, Illinois State Unive rsity; Lyle Welser, Georgia Tech. Univ. ; Gene Wettstone, Penn. State Uni v.; Harold Whitenack, Olathe H.S., Kansas ; Sharon Wilch, Jefferson Ci ty Schools, Colo. (uSGF Comm.); Glenn Wilson, Un iv. of Arizona; Frank Wolcott, Springfield College , Mass.; Wyndel E. Hill, City Gymnastics Club, Kansas City, Mo.; l. B. Hammond, Kansas City Turners, Mo. ; Joe Giallombardo , Chicago, III.; Charles P. Pond, Univ. of Illinois ... plus . .. James Curzi , Univ. of Illinois; George Szypula, Michigan State Un iv.; Ned levy, Champaign, Illinois; M. R. Clausen, Dir. Aths. Univ. of Arizona; Ernest B. McCoy, Dir. Aths. Penn. State Univ. ; Tom Darling, Nisse n Corp., Iowa; Mr. George Gulack, FIG , New York, N.Y.; Mr. Arthur Gander, Chi asso, Switz., Pre s. FIG; Russ Porterfield , Univ. of Okl ahoma: Judith Marr, Chico Stat e College, Calif. (uSGF Comm.); Jackie Uphues, Evanston, Illinois (USGF Comm .); Terry Sendgraff, Denver, Colo. (USGF Comm.); Frank l. Bare (USGF), Tucson, Arizona . * * * 1968 Meeting sc heduled for Chicago, Illinois ... si te not yet determined. Olympic Games Tour set for October 26-27th , 1968.

NATIONAL COMPULSORY ROUTINES . . . FOR GIRLS The United States Gymnastics Federation and the Division of Girl 's and Women's Spo rts (AAHPER ) have compl eted a joint pr oject aimed at creatin g a trul y national system of compulsory routines for girls. Now in printed form , the U.S.G .F . Press announces the "NA-

TIO NAL COMPULSORY ROUTINES FOR GIRLS" ... three levels of graded routines in each of the Ol ympic events for girls. These rou tines are the same as those now being published in the new D.G.W.S. GUIDE and will be good for several years. ( Price 50c. USGF, PO Box 4699, Tu cso n, Ariz . 85717). Th e United States Gym nastics Federati on and the Athletic Institute have begun preparation of training films for women's gymnastics. The basic work was done by Vice-President for Women (USGF ), Mrs. Jackie Uphues and the routines were performed b y none other than the fin est girl gymnast in th e nation .. . Lind a Metheny. These films now being put in fin al form are based on the National Compulso ry R outines for Girls , described above and will be available almost immediatel y to aid in presenting these exc'ellent rou tines to classes or teams. Order yo ur copy of the film now from: THE ATHLETIC INSTITUTE . . . Merchandise Mart, Chicago, Illin ois. The above two proj ects r epresent a great step forward in creating a usable, well established nati onal develepomental program for girls. Now yo u can order th e printed version of the national routines (which contain the music) and also purchase the trainin g film s that illu strate the routines. D.G.W.S. and the ATHLETIC INSTITUTE , ha ve joined with us in brin gin g these worthwhile and much -needed materials into b eing . . . both should co ntribute tremendously to our national prominence in gymnastics. 11


U1TLE OL YIVIPICS . MEXICO CITY

October 15-18, 1967 MEN'S TEAM SCOR ES Japan 572.40 Russia 568.10 United States of A . 534.30 Mex ico 483.40

WOMEN'S TEAM SCORES Czechoslovakia 375.70 375.50 Russia Japan 369.15 Hungarv 356.20

MEN'S A LL路A ROUND Diamidov USSR 115.30 Nakayama Japan 114.95 Endo Japan 114.70 Cerar Yugo 114. 10 USS R 114.00 Lisitsky Kato T. Japan 113.90 Karassev USS R 113.60 Hayata Japan 113.55 Klimenko USSR 113.50 Japan 112.90 Kato S. Matsuda Japan 112.50 Soshin USSR 112.10

WOMEN'S ALL路AROUND Kutchinskava USSR 77.10 Krajcirova Czech 76.65 Petrik USSR 75.80 Noack Germ 75.30 Kubickova Czech 75.25 Voronina USSR 75.25 Karin Germ 75.00 Tajima Japan 74.80 Vorlickova Czech 74.75 Kharlova USS R '74.70 Rimnacoba Czech 74.70 Lislova Czech 74.35

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111.50

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Franc

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Koste Brodnik Dolling Meinrad Hurze ler Nissinen Roethlisberger Hug Loyd Miceli Amerine Niakdaba Lynn Suarez Rodriguez Tucker Camilli Sidney

Germ Yugo Germ Swiss Swiss Finld USA USA USA Fran USA MG L USA Cuba Cuba USA Fran Can

111.10 110.55 110.10 109,15 109.10 109.10 107.60 105.95 105.60 105.55 105.50 104.50 103.75 103.70 103.50 103.45 103.40 103.40

Shibuva Kandori Furuyama Besedina Banfai Yamagami Hashiguchi Endrodi Kutas Solveig Bourdiau Tanac Ayma r McDonnell

Japan Japan Japan USSR Hung ' Japan Japan Hung Hung Swed Franc USA Franc Cana

74.1 5 73.25 73.10 72.65 72.25 72 . 10 72.00 71.80 71.10 70.70 70.10 69.15 68.75 68.50

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Hung Hung

62.50 62.10

Photos by Don Wilkinson

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GYMNASTICS- BEAUTY IN MOTION by Louise Pond

A few thought s concernin g gymnastics(The opinions expressed in this article are mine, and not n ecessarily shared by anyone else. L.P.) The human body is the most complex, the most wondrous, and the most beautiful of God's creations. Gymnastics is the most natu ral and histori cal mann er in which to . enjoy the tot alit y of thi s beauty through movement. These opening statements readily identify me as a "p urist", one who believes in "pure gym nastics". My fir st contacts with gymnastics came too late for me to identify myself as an actual parti cipant, as a performer 0 1' as a coach. My knowledge of the sport co mes from being the wife of a coach, and thro ugh him, close contact with coaches, judges and gymnasts; and from being an avid fan of the sport. I h'ave also been most interested in the hi story of the sport which pre-dates the Greek s by at least 1,000 years. An interestin g fac t that few gymn asts know, is that during the Itali an Ren naissance, a man was not educated if he were not able to use his body in gym nastics exercises as well as use hi s mind for reading Greek and Latin . or writing poetry. Since 1945, I have watched the sport grow at a fanta sti c rate in the U.s. Today in many areas of the U_S., one will find more gym nasts and spectators attending a hi gh school meet than attended a national meet in the late 40's. Durin g this twenty year period I have observed many chan ges, not only in the caliber of gymnastics but in the events themselves. At the national AAU meet in Dallas in 1947, there were two events which sin ee have been dropped from com pe tition, th e rope climb and Indian clubs. It seemed to me that the rope climb, a timed event , ri ghtly was a track and fi eld event because s peed, not beauty of body movement was its essence_ The clubs or appartl m the Indian club event were of prime importance_ The manipulation of the clubs rather than the movements 01 the body was th e basis for evaluation. Therefore, I was not sorry to see these events removed from gymnastics. Basically and historically gym nastics is a spor t in which the movement of th e gymnasts body is the most important thin g. The apparatus is incidental. The apparati, h-bar, rin gs and horses ar e objects with which the perform er may exhibit the capability of the body to gracefully move on , over, under, or around a static piece of eq uipment. Free exercise is the event in whi ch the totality of movement possible by the human body can be displayed. Theoreti cally, free ex is suppo sed to be a peri od in which each and every part of th e body is exercised- a kind of " warm-up" period before working the apparti . Hi storicall y free ex was called calistheni cs and it has a tradition of bein g the fir st event. Today the body exercise seems to be unimportant. The judges seem to look for certain " tri cks", form breaks, and if all parts of the free ex are covered rather than the totality of the exerci se for the body. As a result, the spectator is seeing "gimmicks" and some tumblin g. To me, tumblin g is a separate form of gymn astics. Tumbling is wh at the gymnast is capable of doin g ill the air on his own power, free ex is a hi ghly skill ed and perfect "warm-up". The 14

This photo is of a Minoan Bu ll Vaulter o f about 1550 B.C. It is mode of ivory and is approximately 12 inches in size. It was found in the Pa lace at Knossos, Crete. It was probab ly origina ll y mounted on a statue of a bull with the hands on the horns. This print token from Marinatos, Spyr idon, Crete and Mycenae, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1960.

hi storical names for free ex seem to bear out this thesis: Floor exercise, Free Calistheni cs, Free exercise, Exercise alone, etc. When th e " powers that be" in gymnasti c competition removed tumbling as an event it was with reasoning I could not comprehend. I asked questions of coaches, judges and competitors and r eceived essentially the same answer, "Tumbling is a part of fr ee ex ercise." Th e " purist" in me does not agree. Free ex is exercise and tumbling is the controlled movem ent of the body placed in the air by its own power. Also, I have never heard a co ach say that fr ee ex is the basis for all gymnatics, but I have heard nearly all concern ed agree that tumbling is_ It is interesting to note that tumbling and long horse vaulting are probably the oldest events. Tuumblers were an important part of fun eral processions in ancient Egypt and " lon g horse" vaulting was done by the Minoans over live bulls a s a part of reli gious ceremonies in 1550 B.C. Trampoline is an event that is now becomin g controversial-should it be or should it not be an event? I was present at the fir st competition on trampolin e at the SWAA U meet in Dallas, Texas in 1946 and at the first national AAU competition in 1947. I found it to

be an interestin g event although I wondered if it belonged in gymnastics. After all the performer did not perform on the apparatus, rath er the ap para tus hurled the performer into the air. But let us historically remember th e Minoans. The live bull certainly must have hurled those men into the air! Since th e long horse does not, why shouldn 't we al so have an event in which the apparatus hurls the performer into the air? While I have seen some magnificent performances on the trampolin e I have also seen some performers who appear to be as dead bodies tossed into the air. This is the anti theti s of the beauty of human body movement. Control and ease of movement are the most important factors in displayin g th e total beauty of the body. I would like to see coaches, judges and competitors think more like the Minoans and to strive for the beauty of motion rather than to favor " tricks and gimmi cks"_ To me, the "perfect gy mnast", the ep itome of the gymnastics world is the allaround performer. He is the one who shows the complete co ntrol of hi s mind and body and expressed the totality of thc beauty of th e human body in motion , for which gymnastics competition is the showcase_ Alas, they are so few and so little recognized in this country.

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STYLE AND THE GYMNAST by John Hinds Style in gymnastics is concerned not with how a gymnast dresses or combs his hair but rather with how he executes a skill on the side horse, rings, etc. It is the way he performs a skill that makes it look dif路 ferent from another gymnast performing the same skill. It is the difference between a routine that just meets the requirements and one that meets the requirements but for some reason (style) often obtains a higher score. It is the difference between a World Champion and a National Champi路 on. In essence. it is the difference between a champion gymnast and a gymnast. Even though style is most closely related to form (execution), it can also be related to composition and difficulty. Style might be described as a fourth dimension in a gymnastic routine. It is that ex tra flare or something that exists, but is hard to identify . It need not be a unique quality pressent in a gifted few. All gymnasts are ind ividuals and thus all gymnasts have the potential to develop their own style. Why then, do most gy mnasts fail to develop a style of their own? One possible explanation is the overwhelming des ire of most coaches to teach gymnasts just skill s. Thus, the gym nast ro utinely progresses from one skill to another skill n ever stopping lon g enough to evaluate a learned skill or perfect it. Typically the coach has a definite, structured list of skills for each gymnast to master. Like an automated fa ctory he directs each

gymnast through the assembly line. The resulting products are gymnastic robots per~or'.ni.n g s~ill s i~ like manner without any mdlvlduahty. It IS not the author's purpose to condemn structured learning but it is the author's purpose to condemn the coach that fail s to allow his gymnasts the time to compl~tely master skills in their own way, provldmg that their way is mechanically sound and safe. . A coach may also fo ster style by allowing hIs . gymnasts the opportunity of developing theIr own routin es, guiding them only to make certain that the routine meets the composition and difficulty requirements. All too often a spectator can recognize a gymnast's coach by the similarity of hi s routin e to that of other gymnasts of the same coach. Furthermore, it is the coach's responsibility to emphasize style. In other words, mention this "fourth dimension" to your gymnasts and constantly challenge them to express themselves in the skill s they execute and the routines they perform. The coach may also help by pointin g out to his gymnasts any special talents or natural abilities that they possess and suggest skills that would be consistent with their talents or abilities. A strong tumbler should take advantage of this talent in developin g a floor exercise routine around his tumblin g and not around static movements. More than any other aspect of gymnastics, style is most closely related to form (execution) . A gymnast that lack s form will never be able to develop style. It therefore behooves th e beginnin g gy mnast to concentrate on form and not accept skills done

with poor form. Work for perfection. Execute all skills to the point of perfection . Legs that are straight with toes pointed represents good form but legs that are straight with th e knees locked-out and toes pointed to the extent that most of the muscl es are contracted represents goo d form plus style. A part-time gymnast will not have time to develop style. Hard work and constant dedication are the only way a gymnast can ma ster skills and in corporate individuality in to the skills. True perfection takes time and energy-there is no easy way to develop into championship caliber. Of additional importance to the gymnast aspiring to develop "class" or style is the opportunity to view the routines of as many different champions as possible. By viewing various champion s perform, a gymnast will be able to evaluate their routines in terms of what th ey them selves can do. They, then, can incorporate the skills they have observed in their own routines as their own personaliti es may di ctate. Thus, the gymnast is not restricted to the influence of one coach-he learns from many. Similarly clinics and camps are important to a gymnast's development of style. In conclusion, it should again be emphasized that style is a "fourth dim ension" and its importance in a routine is hard to measure, but is definite. It is equally as hard to develop style-where then do gymnasts acquire it? Even though no one can identify definitely how a gymnast develops style, it has b een the purpose of this author to attempt to identify several areas that are undoubtedly related to its developm ent.


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olympic posters reproduced here in miniature are a few of the big gymnastic posters promoting the olympic games in mexico during october of 1968, , ,these posters were presented to your editor by armando garcia of the mexican national gymnastic team

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GENERAL INFORMATION FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF TOURIST OLYMPIC GAMES Oficina de Control de Alojamientos Av. Juarez No. 89 Mexico 1, D.F. Tickets to Olympic events for tourists travel路 ing to Mexico, October 12路27, 1968 as well as hotel space in Mexico City and such nearbytowns as Puebla, Toluca, Cuernavaca, etc., during the period from October 8-31, 1968, will be regulated by the Lodging Control Office operating under the joint authority of the Olympics Organizing Committee and the Mexican Government Tourism Department. Tickets can be bought for single events or for selected groups of events. Such tickets will only be issued, however, to persons with confirmed hotel reservations or with proof of accommodation in a private home, trailer parks, etc. Individuals can make hotel reservations and purchase tickets either through their travel agencies or with the Oficina de Control de Alojamientos (OCAl. Applications by travel agencies for hotel space and Olympic tickets on behalf of specific named cl ients, can only be made to OCA through tour operators in Mexico up to June 20, 1968 after which applications can be made direct to individual hotels. Requests for large blocks of space at hotels and the Games in which no individual is named, can be handled by an agency's customary Mexico-based tour operator. Space requests after July 1, 1968 can be made directly to individual hotels, who wi ll then independently control all unallocated or unreserved space. Once applications are processed through OCA, and space assigned, that agency guarantees delivery of the hotel space at established prices. Following assignment of space by OCA (normally within 15 days of receiving the request), a 10% deposit becomes due and a further 25% deposit is payable by January 20, 1968. The full balance must be paid in Mexico by May 31, 1968. Checks should be sent to the Mexico-based tour operator. Cancellations made in writing up to June 20, 1968 (certified mailing date), wi ll be subject to a 10% service charge on the deposit. From June 21 , 1968 to September 10, 1968, the service charge is 25 %. Refund of the balance of the deposit will be made within 15 days of receipt of cancellation notice. No refund will be made on cancellations dated September 11, 1968, or later.

Name changes on reservations previously made will be accepted without charge up to June 20, 1968. After that date through September 10, 1968, a charge is leveled for the charge equivalent to the hotel charge for one day. No name changes can be accepted on or after September 11, 1968. No minimum or maximum stay in Mexico City is required but previous Olympic experience suggests that an average stay of five nights (six days) is usual , after which most Olympic visitors add a tour to other areas of the host nation. Optional tours of Mexico, including stays in Mexico City and attendance at selected Olympic events, but extending to other points of interest in Mexico will be made available through Mexican tour operators. The itineraries are subject to OCA approval. Rates are approved by the Mexican Government Tourism Department. Folders on such packages will be issued by individual Mexican tour operators. In addition, however, the OCA is making ava ilable a de luxe colored brochure to such operators, at cost and in the quantities requested by tour operators . All olympic events are scheduled in Mexico as follows except for sailing events (October 14-25) in Acapulco Bay and equestrian contests (October 23-25) at Oaxtopec except, in this latter case for dressage events and the Prix des Nations: OLYMPIC TRANSPORTATION Downtown hotel areas will be served by 2,800 taxis operating as jitneys at fixed rates to Olympic sites and reserved exclusively for visitors with "Olympic Visitors" badges. OTHER LODGING Trailer park and private home accommodations will also be available through OCA at government regulated sites on a similar package basis, including tickets to Olympic events . CULTURAL PROGRAM In Mexico City and to some extent throughout Mexico, a series of major cultural events is planned involving many of the Olympic countries . Hitherto, cultural activities at Olympic gatherings have been those of the host country only. By extending non-competitive participation to all interested lands , emphasis is placed on the concept of world brotherhood and youth's idealism at both the physical and spiritual levels. Among events planned are a "Five Continents Ballet" staged by Mexico's Amalia Hernandez but choreographed in its parts by such figures as Russia's Moyseyev, an art exhibit of one classical and one contemporary masterpiece from each participating nation, exh ibits stressing forward steos in human knowledge in biology and in space ex-

ploration, world wide handcraft displays, child ren 's mural contests, film showings, etc. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION Your travel agent, wo rkin g with airl ines, hotel chains , Mexico Tour Operators and th e Olympics Committee. The Mexican Olympics Organizing Committee, Ave. Universidad 1330, Mexico, D. F. The Lodgings Control Office, Avenida Juarez. No. 89, Mexico 1, DJ. Any Mexican Consulate or U.S. Office of th e Government Touri sm Department or the Mexican National Tourist Council. OTHER DETAILS Athletes, officials, press: will be lodged in the Olympic Village apartment buildings to be built as part of Mexico City's basic housing plan. They will be served by 200 buses fo llowing a constant circular itinerary betwe~n lodging locations, downtown areas, and OlympIC sites. Visitors will be able to reserve space in Mexico City and in several nearby towns (Cuernavaca, Puebla, Toluca, etc.) at rates enforced by the Lodging Control Offi ce. A specific number of hotel rooms is being allocated to visitors from each Olympic Country on the basis of previous attendance experience. Operational tours of Mexico including a specified number of days in Mexico City. attending Olympic events are being organized by Mexican Tour Operators within price limits set by the Lodging Control Office. Sleeping accommodations will be made on the dates of the events that the visitor will attend-only. A minimum is exoected of one ticket per person, per day, in Mexico City or in other cities where competitions take place. Accommodations and ticket requests will be processed by means of electronic computers , on the basis of receipt by thi s office. Present hotel rates average around $10.00 for single rooms and $16.00 for double rooms . By next July formal information concerning the calendar of events, with daily and hourly schedules, diagrams of sports installations with seating plans indicating the different types of tickets available, and an official price list for tickets, etc ., will be issued . We expect prices to fluctuate between $2 .00 and $30.00 per ticket. (Hopefully this information will be sent by October, 1967). In June, 1968 a Certificate of Guarantee for accommodations and tickets, the former to serve in lieu of hotel coupons and the later to be exchanged for your tickets after your arrival and previous identification. You will surrender your certificate and rece ive your tickets. Your tickets will never leave Mexico. 19


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herbert I fink a lea ding arti st of note, chairman of th e southern illi no is unive rsity art depa rt ment his inte rest in gymnastics deve loped when he was comm issio ned to do a cover fo r the souveni r pr og ram of the 1966 co lleg iate gymnastic champ ionsh ip fo r women at s i u

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HE ARTISTRY OF MILAN MED

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milan med sculpture, sketches, pastels & oils are all a part of the artistic talents of this fine artist who has contributed much to the sport of gymnastics thru his beautiful and dynamic works published in periodicals throughout the world the art of milan med has been featured many times on the cover and on the inside of the modern gymnast and the mademoiselle gymnast magazines the studio of mr med in prague czechoslovakia is but a short distance from the national sport school the training headquarters for many of the olympic world and national champions he has immortalized on canvas

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IMAGE OF A CHAMPION By Mike Jaco bson Assistant Gymnastic Coach U.S . Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland H ow many times have yo u been to a gymnast ic meet and felt embarassed for some young stud ent of gymnastics. I am referring to the gymnast who wears the black socks with yellow diamonds down the sid es. H e is also the one with the grey· ish·white pan ts that have no suspenders and no elasti c to k eep his pants bottoms fr om dan gl in g above hi s ankles. You can also recognize him by his rounded shoulders and chin embeded chest. His eyes are usually focused on some in visible object on the gym floor and you get the feeling that he is nervo usly hoping to go unnot iced. If for some reason you have any of the above characteristics, please do not feel that my goal is to embarrass yo u. It is my intention to brin g to light some of the qualities that hel p to create a desired gym· nastic image. Gymnastics is such an artistic and in· d ividual sport that people are aware of every move you make while in a gym· nastic meet. They notice all the childish expressions, defeated looks, and it is no wonder that a gymnast can create a bad image for himself and his team. On the other hand , the gymnast who has the right attitude and looks the part of an accom· plished gymnast will create the image of a true champion and be on the right pa th towards a productive and satisfying gymnasti c career. Now the big question arises: What can a gymnast do to formulate this most desired image? I. Cond uct at meets a . Be agressive and fri endly 1. Take the initiative to introduce yourself to fellow competitors, judges and coaches 2. Get to know your fellow com· petitors a. Always greet th em in a sincere sportsmanlike way a hand shake mean s so much more than just a nod of the head b. Posture 1. Take pride in walkin g and stand· ing with your head held hi gh, chest out, and shoulders back a . Remember th at you are scored on body mechanics c. Maturity is a must 1. Never shake your head in disgust 2. Gritt your teeth and take defeat . like a mature individual d. Share your knowledge _I' 1: Be anxious to help your fellow gymnasts a. Always view their gymnastic skills and routines in h opes of helping them improve b. Be helpful to arch rivals as well as your own team members II. Knowledge of our sport a. Be aware of top national and international competitors and be familiar with their routines 1. If possible, study these great gymnasts by means of films a. You will not only learn about correct mechanics but also abo ut style b. Be aware of the many gymnastic, clinics and meets 1. Attend some of these events c. Know your ' gymnastic rules 1. Study the F.I.G. Code of Points d. K eep up to date on gymnastics by r eading the Modern Gymnast and other gy mnastic magazines III. Be a leader in gymnastic apparel a. Find out what our top national and

international gymnasts wear 1. If you can afford to, wear this popular gymnastic gear b. Meticulous grooming L Always keep your hair trimmed and neatly combed 2, Be sure you have a close shave 3. Don't be afraid to use after shave lotion and deodorant c. Have a feeling of pride towards your

uniform 1. Check and double check your uni· form before you compete The above suggestions are but a few that can be incorporated into your gymnastic work and hopefully aid you in developing the type of image that you want. Th is image will be reflected on your team and also on our sport of gvmnastics.

,""

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26


kim williams a woodcut of ncaa all around champion steve cohen by 15 year old gymnast wi ll iams a student at ba rringto n consolated high schoo l barrington illinois

gerald bartosch a gymnastic action pastel by gymnast bartosch from the university of texas who uses his artistic ability to help finance his education NOTE: If you would like an original pastel by BARTOSCH for your own they are $6.00 each($7.50 if matted). Send a photo of the skill you want illustrated or just indicate the apparatus and move desired and Mr Bartosch will do the rest. Send all correspondence to; GERALD BARTOSCH 1509 Parkway Apt. B Austin, Texas 78703

27


THE MODERN GYMNAST

P. O. BOX 611 SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA • 90406 YES, Please send me a Subscriprion

to

THE MODERN GYMNAST.

(P lease Check)

o o

l -Year $5.00 0 2-Years $9.00 0 3-Yea rs $ 12 .95 Foreign - $6.00 Per Year (Outside USA) 0 Please find $ _________ ___ for Gift subscriptions to be sent to the names enclosed .

State _ _ _ _ _ Zip Code _ __


CONDITIONING for COMPETITION Get Running by Dick Wolle Muscular endurance, or the ability to sustain seri es of contractions, is an Important problem for the gymnast and one that has been treated in previous articl es_ Cardiovascular endurance, or the ability to sustain a workload with the efficiency of oxygen transport as the crucial factor , will be the concern of this article_ According to one physiologist, there are three way s that trainin g can enhance cardiovascular endurance_ The cardiovascular endurance of the athlete can be affected by L increasing efficiency of movement and thereby reducing energy output required 2_ increasing the rate at which oxygen can be taken and transported to the muscles 3_ enduring pain associated with fatigue and oxygen debt This article is concerned primarily with # 2-increasing the rate at which oxygen can be takeri and tran sported to the muscles_ Before discussing actual training methodology, the reader must keep in mind that here, as in building muscular strength, overload is the - key. The heartrate must be raised to at least 60 0/0 of the range between resting and maximal before any improvement in conditioning occurs. However, as in any training program, progression must be achieved systematically, i.e., begin at level commensurate with your present capacity_

Basically there are four types of cardiovascular endurance trainin g, two of which I will mention. L Interval Training-a 路 system of repeated efforts in which there is an interval where the ~vork load is "low". Significant Variables: (a) distance to be run (b) length of rest interval (c) pace and speed in work interval (d) number of work cycles 2. Fartlek System-generally defined as a " freeing of the mind or spirit" for running. It follow s no particular

ordered sequ ence. One runs over G variety of terrain using different work路 rest intervals, e.g. sprint, jog, run % speed ,walk, sprint, etc. Th ese variables, of course, must be worked out according to your individual needs. Specific to gy mnasti cs, however, it would seem that ~he work int erval should be short, explosive, and all out, e.g., a 30 yard sprint followed by a rest interval- that allows the individual gymna st to ready himself for that nex t explosive bout. The number of work-rest cycles will al so depend on the individual-time, . fitne ss, mental set, etc. But as a general rule, at least 15 minutes includin g the rest intervals is necessary for significant results. Improvement is manifested in shorter rest-intervals and more work intervals, i.e., your existing fitn ess for running is directly proportional to how many 30 yard sprints you can accomplish during a 15 minute workout. Most literature indicates that three days a week is enough to produce significant gains. You may want to run following each gymnastic workout, or if you're a real individuali st, you may prefer to run before breakfast. No matter, the important thing to remember is that runnin g does improv. oxygen transport to the muscles. More ef路 ficient oxygen transport will improve your ability to sustain a work load, or gymnastically speaking, your routines will seem shorter, your dismounts stronger, and you will accompli sh more in your workouts. Don't just stand there, get RUNNING!

GYMNASTIC AIDS By Don Tonry SHOOT WITH F UL L TWI ST DISMO UNT

1-2. Obtain controlled swing. Flex hips as body swings upward so upper body is approximately horizontal and legs are about vertical before the moment of extension. 3-6. Extend hips forcefully backward (45 degrees); release one ring as full extension occurs and swing free arm forcefully across chest in direction of twist. This action will cause a downward pressure on the supporting ring. Turn head and shoulders in the direction of twist; release other ring as half twist is completed; look for landing area and extend arms sideward upon landing. BACK SOMER SAULT WITH FU L L TW IST DISMOUNT

1-4. Obtain large swing. Flex hips on forward swing and pull downward with arms. Turn f body slightly in direction of twist as near vertical position is assumed. 5-9 . Release rings; turn head and shoulders in direction of twist. The hips extend after release as the head moves backward and sideward. Attempt to see the landing area as soon as possible. 29


"LET'S GO ALL路AROUND" Before I write up these moves, let me state that I don't think that several of th e seq uence photos do justice to the possibilities of the moves presented_ Floor Exercise - Pike back dive with 1h twist UJ forward roll from a flip flop. I twisted early on this move, but I think it has excellent possibilities performed correctly. It should be done the same wayan advanced diver would do it. That would bt a high piked , stalled-out, toe-touch followed by a layout and 'h twist to forward roll. From the flip flop the feet should be snapped down at least 2'h feet from the hands to lessen the rotation. The takoff should be vertical. Pike, touch toes, layout and twist to forward roll. Remember, extreme stall is necessary to prevent overspin. Practice on soft mat or mattress. Side Horse - Reverse moore or loop mount on end of horse. Start as if to perform a double rear into center or down to end of the horse. It is essential that the right hip is placed on or

A SERIES EMPHASIZING INSTRUCTION FOR THE ALL-AROUND GYMNAST Bv Art Shurlock, Gymnastic Coach at UCLA nex t to right hand. Wait until a 14 twi st of the body is made before the left hand is placed on the end of horse. At that point the weight is shifted to the left hand. The shoulder should have a slight lean backward until the last quarter twist is initiated. Remember, do not be in a rush to put the second hand down .

Horizontal Bar-Straddle turn stalder. The should ers remain on the near side of the bar until the straddle turn is completed. The hips should be held high throughout the turn. Once the turn is completed the hips drop straight down and the thighs should be pulled close to th e armpits. Drop hard so that maximum momentum can be developed. The hips lead on the opening and the arms push powerfully and straight against the bar until the handstand is reached. Long Horse- Front pike with full twist (Side Horse). This vault should be practiced first on a

side horse. The pike with full twi st should be learned on the trampoline. This makes it much easier to learn when vaulting. Try for a high piked front handspring. This is achieved by a powerful push-off of the arms from the h orse. Next, go for pike front with 1h twist. The twist is always started once the extension of the body from the pike is started. Next step is to go for the full with good spotting. High pike front , extend, and throw left arm across chest and turn head to right if twist is to be perform ed to the ri ght. Keep head turning until eyes can spot the wall in front. Parallel Bars-Moore to straddle L. From easy backswin g lift hips up to straddle L handstand on outside bar. Keep turnin g with straddle until both bars are regrasped. Lower to straddle L. Rings-Back lever to front lever Hold level back lever, let body drop freely, pull body into pike position, extend body and dislocate at same time, catch in front lever.


WESTERN GYMNASTICS CLINIC December 26·30 1967 UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA at TUCSON,ARIZONA FOCUS ON OLYMPICS Theme: The theme of the enti re Clinic wil l center on the 1968 OL YM PIC GAMES to be held in Mexico. I Compulsories: Olympic Compulsory routine parts wi ll be taught as individu al sk ills(so all benefit)as well as in total for those who are eager to prepare themselves for Inter· national Competitions. I Staff: This years WESTERN CLINIC will have the largest staffof its seven yea r history . • Apparatus: There will be a lot of equipment available for the Clinic, several pieces for each event with an instructor at eve ryone. I Instruction: There wil l be instructors for all age and skill levels· Beginning,lntermediate and Advanced for BOTH Boys & Girls. I Skills: Individual Gymnastic Skil ls will be taught accord· ing to a definite time schedu le ... examp le: If you wish to learn a Sta lder on the HB, Peach on the PB, Moo re on the SH,etc ... just look up that skil l in the schedu le pro· gram and atte nd that session. I Coaches: There will be sessions in spotting and coaching techniques at all leve ls of instruction coverir.lg both old and new ski lls for all coaches. I Judging: The ABC's of judging will be taught with the latest International rules covered in detail. Also practice judging sessions and tests'. I Clinic Directors: Glenn Wilson,and Rusty Mitchell will be the hard work,irg action Directors for this year~ Clinic. I

December

26th

0

o o December

27th

0

December December December

28th 29th 30th

0 0 0

Registration 0 Instructors Meeting Workout time 0 AII -Clihic Lecture Special films 0 Christmas party (28th and 29th also) will be teaching all day plus films and demonstrations. Clinic Dance Big Annual EAST-WEST Competition Olyrrpic Compulsory Competition for Men & Women. Clinic completed by noon Friday)

REGISTRATION: Just $10 for thi s big five day GY MNAST IC ACTION CLINIC! LODGING: Housing Headquarters will be at the Flamingo Motel. Rates from $3.00 up. (depending on how many in a room). Address all lodging inquiries to : Flamingo Motel, 1300 NOrth Stone Ave. Tucson. Arizona 85705. (be su re to mention you are with the Gymnastic Clinic in order to get the Special Clinic Rate. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION WRITE: Glenn Wilson, 617 No. Keen Place Tucson, Arizona 85710


by Dr. William Vincent Gymnastics Coach San Fernando Valley State Coll ege Note: This is the fourth in a series of articles designed to help teachers in the secondary schools organize th eir gymnastics curriculum to include simple routines rath er than unrelated skills. Horizontal bars, like parallel bars, are common to most gymnasiums. H owever, teachers usually neglect th em except for testin g chin ups, and teachin g a few simple sk ills such as skin the cat and bar snap. They are usually very popular out in the sand pit wh ere interested and tal ented youn gsters learn kips, kn ee and hock circles, f1yaways , u prises, and even giants without instruction or spotters. Some of these skills are certainly within the ran ge of ability of the typi cal secondary pupil and should be in cluded in our formal cur· riculum , rather than in an unorgan ized fashion on the playground. Instruction on horizontal bar should al· ways begin with a few comments on safety. Indeed, this is the proper start for instruc· tion in all events. Safety instruction in all of the han ging and grasping event s (paral· leIs, Horizontal bars, rin gs) should includ e the foll owing three points : grip, chalk, and spotting. We will di scuss them here as they pertain to the horizontal · bar. Th e grip

th e foll owing beginnin g skills whi ch have been found to be success ful in mo st teachin g situ ations. The bar is usually placed about eye level at first and may be moved up on ~o mc stunts as indicated later in this articl e. The bar snap: From a sid e stand frontways with the hands in an over grip, the stud ent jumps upward ~o' about a half, straight ann support. Durin g th e jump, he bend s his hips and pl aces his shin s or ankl es near the opposite sid e of the bar. As th e body swin gs forw ard and und er th e bar, th e perform er vigorously extend s hi s hips and pushes away fr om the bar with hi s arms, shoo tin g th e legs and body into an arch, resultin g in a sid e stand rearways Upon mastery of th e snap from a stand, th e action may be initiated from a front leanin g support above th e bar. From thi s position th e pupil pushes the bar down toward hi s thi ghs and th en rotates backwa rd whil e slidin g th e bar down hi s legs from thighs to shin s or angles. The skill is then completed as described above. This skill can be used as a di smount at the conclusion of a seri es of moves, or it ca n be used as a testin g device by measurin g the distance between the bar and the performers heels or landing. Pull over : This common skill is excell ent for developin g strength in th e arm s, shoulder and abdom in al area. It is a conven ient beginnin g move because it can be learned with. the bar at eye level first and then with the bar at hanging height. At eye level, with an over grip, th e student begins by swinging one leg under and over th e other

ward so that the hips di senga ge the hal' by about four to six in ches. Tbis feintin g ac· ti on sets the beg inn er for proper executi on, but after ma stery, th e skill should imm ediately fo ll ow th e pull over with no extra swing. As th e hip s again cnll;all;e the bar a ft er th e feint, the kn ees and hips are both fl exed so th at tb e body fold s up around th e bar. As rotation beg ins, th e head is thrown backward and th e kn ees come over th e bar ; the perform er th en shifts hi s hand s und er and around th e bar so that he can push down to ass ist in returninll; to hi s support positi on. Contact between the hips and the bar must be maint ain ed or the hip s will fall a\~ay and the performer will not be abl e to. make a co mplete circl e. Spotters ca n prevent this and assist in the rotation by usin ll; th eir hand s in a manner similar to the pull over. As th e legs swing und er th e bar, one hand is placed on the back of th e thi gh to assist rotati on and the other is placed behind the lower back to prevent the hips from fallin g away. As the move· ment is compl eted, th e hands can shift to should er and forearm to help maintain th e support position. Cast with half turn. to mixed g:rip: This is a tran siti on man euver that cimta·ins a 180 degree turn and is executed in a manner very simil ar to the bar snap from above th e bar. Th e perform er begins by castin g hi s legs und er the bar from a front support position just like the beginnin g of a bar ;;na p, except that the legs cast sli ghtly to the left instead of straight ahead. As they ca,t dia gonally left , th e ri ght hand is released and the body executes a one-h alf

should always be of the opposable type ; that is, the fin gers and thumb should be pointin g in the opposite direction. Al so, with a few exceptions (such as the forward hip circle to cast off) the thumbs should point in the direction of rotation of the body around the bar. This keeps the hands from peeling off as the body swin gs. Chalk is a must on horizontal bar as it assists in maintainin g a good grip on th e apparatu s. Contrary to som e op inion, chalk does not reduce the possibility of blisters; rather, it increases the coeffi cient of fri ction between the hand s and bar, thereby redu cin g the possibility of slippin g. Be sure to instruct pupils to place the chalk heav ily on the hands, and between the fin gers, es pecially on the crotch between thumb and forefin ger. Spotting should be tau ght by th e instructor, and practiced by the instructor and pupils. IVlany books have been written on this subj ect and the reader is referred to them for furth er discussion. Comments on specific spotting techniques will be included in thi s article where appropriate. After these basic safety aspects have been covered, the instructor can introdu ce

side of the bar. At the sam e time, he executes a chin up and hold s him self in this position until his hips contact the top of the bar. As he joins his legs together, he should attempt to contact the bar as far up on the pelvis as possible, so that he may con tinue his rotation around to a front learning support .shifting the hands to a position above the bar during thi s final step will assist in attaining the fu ll support. Spotters may assist by standin g on the sid es and placing one hand on the lower back, and the other on the back of the thi gh at the start, and then shift both hands to the shoulder and for earm after th e hips are on the bar to help in the final rise to support. As a beginning routine, this skill may be combined with th e bar snap in one continuous action. On a tall bar, the student must fir st chin himself, th en hold the chin position while he pulls his legs up and over the bar. Backward !lip circle : Th e hip circle is simil ar to the pull over in the last sta ges, but starts from a front leanin g support on the bar. In the beginnin g, th e student should learn the skill by swingin g hi s legs u!\der the. bar, and then cast sli ghtly back-

turn co unterclockwi se around the left hand which is still in cont act with the bar. Th e right hand . reg rasps on the other side 'of th e left hand , and th e body swin gs forward in mixed I grip with the left hand under and th e right hand over. Students should be ca utioned to keep the hips close to the bar during preliminary rotation so that the turn and th e extension of th e hips can coincid e in a smooth movement, all owing th e right hand to regrasp before the body r eaches mid po int on the forward swin g. The entire maneuver can be executed in reverse direction .Spotters u se hand positions simil ar to those u sed for th e ba ck hi p circle, but the spotter on the performer's left places hi s thigh hand over th e legs and under the right thigh and the other spotter places his ri ght hand under th e legs and one th e sid e . of the left thi gh. With thi s hand position, th ey can assist in keepin g his hips close to the bar, and also main tain control as the performer completes hi s turn. When the turn is compl eted, both spotters shift the hand that was on the back keepin g hips up, to the fr on t of th e hips cir abd omen to control the forward swin g. T o properly . execute th e cast with

LET'S TEACH ROUTINES HORIZONTAL BAR

32


one half turn , the bar mu st be hi gh enough to all ow the perform er to swing und er it with a rela tively straight body. Ei ght or ten in ches above the head should be suffi cient. Single knee rise,' With an over grip ,. and on e kn ee hooked on th e' bar between the. hand s, t he stud ent swin gs back and forth und er th e bar. On one of th e backward swin gs, he vi gorously ki cks hi s free leg down and ba ckwa rd and at the sam e tim e lea ns over the bar with hi s head and should ers. After a qui ck shift of th e hand s to a posi ti on a bove th e bar, th e stud ent halan ces in a support pos iti on with one leg in front and one leg behind the har. The ki ek of th e fr ee leg is th e action that r eo suits in correct performance of th e skill , and care should be taken to keep thi s leg strai ght and make the kick co rrespond to th e backward swing the body. Without a strong coordinated kick , the skill cannot be performed properly. Spotters should place on e hand behind the buttocks and th e other on front of th e kn ee on the free leg. As the perform er kicks, they push backward with th eir knee hand and lift wi th the other. Th e kn ee hand should shift to the other side of the bar and hold the u pper arm of the .performer as he completes the movement , so the performer will not fall forward over the top of the bar. After mastery of this basic move, the skill can be performed from an und erswin g. As th e body swings forward, one fo ot is passed between the hand s so that the kn ee can hook th e bar. Th en, as the body swings back, the fr ee leg kicks and the performer rid es up and over the bar. .complete mastery of all these sk ills is not r eq uired before combining them into a routine. Spotters can stand by and assist as needed , with appropriate deduction of points if a grade is bein g assigned. In this manner the entire class can perform the routin e and be scored, whether they can do all of the stunts by th emselves or not. The suggested ' routine as indicated by accompanying pictures is.as follows : From a sid e stand with the bar about six inches above the head and hands in an over grip, pull over to a front leaning support. Con· tinue backward to a back hip circle. Cast und er and in front of the bar ,vith one· half turn counterclockwise ar ound the left hand to a mixed grip. Swing forward and pass the right leg between the hands and execute the sin gle leg rise with the mixed grip. Without r eleasing the left hand , turn the body 180 degrees counterclockwise, reo leasin g the right hand and regraspin g in over the grip on the other sid e of the left hand . Swing the left leg over the bar to the front lean in g support and execute the bar snap dismount to the side stand rearways. As indicated previously, such a combin· ation of moves may be performed with or without assistance from spotters, but in either case, th e entire exer cise should be the basis for gradin g, rather than individual skills perform ed in isolation. Th e routin e can be mad e more difficult by r equirin g straigh t legs on the back hip circle and sin gle knee rise, or by substituting a rear swin g rise (uprise) for th e pull over as a mount. Judges should be aware of form and grace primarily, since all of the students are performing the same skills. In structors may find some other modifi· cations of the movements which will be more beneficial to their classes, and are encouraged to add or delete as they desire. The routine listed here should serve as an example from which various devi'ations may emerge. Teach ers may want to encourage their students to develop their own routines and grad e the m on ori ginality, difficulty, and form . Check on e of the better textbooks in the field for other examples of begin· ning, intermediate and advanced routines, and watch this column for other events.

PAN-AM PHOTOS By

Let them be your ticket to the Gymnastics Events of the

Don Wilkinson

1967 PAN-AMERICAN GAMES An Illustrated Catalogue of this Sports Spectacular is available at a cost of $1.00refundable on purchase of $5 .00 or more worth of pictures. This catalogue contains over 3,000 pictures of the sports of the games- including over 500 pictures of the gymnastics events.

Write DON WILKINSON , 1013 8th Ave. Greeley, Colorado· 80631 In addition, a catalogue is available for the 1964 Olympic Games (pictures of 14 sports are included). The Olympic catalogue is 50c- contains over 1200 pictures-170 illustrated.

Cost of Slides 1 to 9 slides ................ 50c each 10 to 24 slides ............ 47c each 25 to 49 slides ........ .... 45c each

50 to 99 slides .................. .40c each 100 to 249 slides ..... ... .38c each 250 or more ...... ...... 35c each

Sets of slides are available, made up of slides of my selection. Order forms and list of sets are sent on request.

Cost of Black and White Prints 5 x 7 - $1.00 each - set of 10 prints $ 9.00 - set of 25 prints $20.00 8 x 10 - $1.50 each - set of 10 prints $14.00 - set of 25 prints $32.50 11 x 14 - $4.25 each - set of 10 prints $39.25 - set of 25 (price available on request) Because all my pictures are on 35mm film it is impossible to make la rger than 11 x 14 prints and hold any print clarity and quality.

CASH WITH ORDERS PLEASE The MG SCOREBOARD receives many reports of gymnastic meets in the course of a year, so many that a backlog accumulates as we attempt to compile the results for publication. In attempting to cope with the deluge of information we are asking that ALL meet results be sent to us in the follow ing format rather than as sheafs of dittoed results. NAME OF EVENT: SITE: DATE : MEET DIRECTOR: REPORT BY : SUMMARY - No longer than 200 words (should include highlights of performances of the outstanding individuals and all-around winners- report may run onto an additional page);

Photographs may be of any size, preferably with a simple background that show winners in action(especially the all-around). RESULTS(List first three places only): Team standing : 1. -teamAll-Around: 1.

FX:

abr.-

2. _____ _

3.

score

2.

3.

PB :

SH:

HB:

SR:

TU :

LH:

TR:

Winning routines included: yes no Additional Forms Available on Request


Continued from page 8

and F.X. and Sandra won th e B.B. and Glenna was either 2nd or third on all ap· paratus. Patti Sebeysten , also from Saskatch ew an, and her sister, Glenna, were both coached by their father, Chuck Se beysten (what a contributi on thi s family has made to Cana· dian gym nast ics). Patti won the Sen ior Women's B divi sion. Meet Ma ster, Mr. J an Wa ldau and Meet Marshall, Mr. D. Kerr. See results.

Continued from page

9

The Organization of Gymnastics in Italy

C.O.N.1.

ITALIAN NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE

r 35 OTHER SPORT

Annual Meeting C.G.A. 1967 This Meeting was held prior to the Na· tional Championships in Toronto and was attended by provincial chairmen and dele· ga tes. Below are so me excerpts from thi s Meet ing. Meets: Olympic Trials and the 1%7 National Championshins wi ll be held in Quebec City the first week in July. The North Ameri ca n are tentatively se t for Vanco uver at U.B.C. aro und the last week in March or first week in April. Crests: Full information can be had from Lew . Waller, Na tional Sec. 357, Duke of Kent, Pointe Claire, Qu ebec. Technical Committee : Tours and trips should always be opproved through th e F .I.G. and through the Canadian Gymnastics Association. Results of Meets: Must be sent to the National coach and national officers, es pecially the provincial championships. Compulsories fo r Men: Will ie Weil er, our National coach, has now mad e up compulsori es for Argo, Tyro, Novice Junior. This ;" a bi g step forward. It is now hoped that all will use th em imm ediately and al so our hi gh schools. For copies of thi s very excel· lent booklet, writ e W. Weil er, 51 Coquitlam Rd., Vedder Crossi ng, B.C. Price 50 cents. National fudging Chairman's Report (J. Chou in ard, Univ. of Montreal) : At the Con· tin ental F.I.G. Judges Course ( Pan Am Games) the following nine people obtain ed their F.I.G. certificates thus making a total of eleven certifi ed F.I.G. judges in Canada , also 6 more are eli gible for re-examination. Here is the list of the eleven people (Certifi ed at Winnipeg) : J. Tutte, B.C. ; J. H oyle, N.S.; Gus Biblheimer, Manitoba ; J . Nemeth, Manitoba; J. Nooney, Ontario ; J. Mowat, Manitoba; S. Stefenchuk, Manitoba; A. Dip pong, Ontario; H. Wilhelm, B.C. Prior to this examination Jacque Chou in ard and Cal Girard were certified at a European co urse. As well as the above F .I.G. judges, there are 19 National judges. Recommendations from National Judging Chairman: Establish the duties of the Na· tional chairman; establish a permanent Jury of Appeal; seek uniformity of events so that we know the number of judges needed for important events; develop uniform tabulation sheets; initiate a permanen t judges record book; work towards an allowance for uniforms and crests, etc.; hold a National Jud gin g Clinic every year. Women's T echnical Committee A report by Maria Medvazhy, 5609 Kin gs Rd. , Vanco uver. Junior National compulsories will be the Pan American Games compulsories F.X., Beam, Unevens with some modification, H orse Vault Hand spring. Mrs. Savage, the Nai tonal Coach will subm it compulsory routines shortly, for Novice T yro and Argo. Th ese will be sent ou t to the Provincial Technical Chairman as soon as poss ible. Women's Jud ges dress will be a white dress and n avy blue blazer.

34

F.G.I.

FEDERATIONS

ITALIAN GYMNASTICS FEDERATION

The next level of the structure is the regional co mmittee. This committee is elected at a general meeting of the various societies within their regions . .The function of the regional committee is to set up meet schedules for its own region and also for inter-regional meets. The committees also act in a supervi sory capacity within their regions and make reports to the F.G.I. At the third level, The Italian Gymnastics Federation (F.G.I. ), represent atives are elected by the thirteen regional committees. The F.G.I. has several basic and im portant tasks to fulfill. First, it acts as a general supervisor over the whole system. One of its specific tasks is keeping track of all the better gymnasts in Italy. Basically, it does this by keeping a close watch over regional and inter-regional meet results. Before Christmas it selects about thirty of the most promising young gymnasts and invites them to Rome for a two day period during the holidays. Here they work out together and F.G.I. national team coaches note their strengths and weakn esses. When these gymnasts return home to their various societies, analysis and advice is sent to their home coaches. Among these thirty, fifteen who show exceptional promise are invited to return to Rome for a ten day period in the summer. This ten day period is similar to U.S. summer gy mnasti cs camps, the greatest differences bein g that the participants are selected and that expenses are covered by the F.G.I. Th e F.G.I. is also in charge of establishing a judging system and the training of new judges. It also handles the publication of a monthly gymnastics magazine, Il Ginnasta. Last but not least, it is also the level at which international meets are organized and which is in charge of maintaining and coaching the Italian National team. A word must be said about the apex of the organization pyramid, C. O.N.I. This body is the central or ganizer of all sports activities in Italy. It is also the finan cier of each of the thirty·six sport federations. The question s now arises as to how C.O.N.I. is finan ced. This is an intri guin g point and requires a little explanation. It should be emphasized that it is not subsidized by the government. In effect it is subsidized by the sport fan s of Italy. How so? Well . . .

Soccer is the major sport in Italy as in the rest of Europe and most of the world. Profess ional soccer tea ms here in Italy are comparable to professional football team s in the U.S. Every Sunday there are matches all over Italy. All week lon g before the matches Italians engage in a form of legal. ized bettin g on th e outcome of thirteen prechosen matches. It costs about a quarter to submit two sets of thirteen predi ctions as to the results of win, lose or draw. The winner may receive millions of lire depend· ing on the number of winners. The proceeds of Totocalcio, as it is .called, go to the national government and to C.O.N.I. so th at in effect the Italian people are supp ort in g their own sports system. Despite a good organ ization , gymnastics in Italy has several major problems. All of them occur at the grass roots level. One probl em is that of lack of spectators although excellent television coverage of sports activiti es is helpin g thi s situation . Next, th ere is the problem of participant interest. Not only are children attracted to the maj or sports, like soccer or cycling, but since the societies are divorced from th e educa tional system, Italian gymnasti cs is denied thi s road of introd uction to its youth . One thin g that Italy does not seem to lack in its gy mnastics organization is the dedication n ecessary to keep the whole struct ure operatin g und er adverse condition s and at the same time produce olymp ic cham pions lik e Franco Menichelli. In all of my contacts with Italian gy mnastics coaches, from Mr. Ribizzani of the Palestra Libertas of Florence to Mssrs. Monetti and Carnoli of the Italian Olympic team I was impressed by their kn ow ledge of the sport and th e efforts they constantly made to promote gymnasti cs in Italy. In brief, what is materially lackin g (facilities, etc.) is often made up by the efforts made by the men, throughout the system. The system itself was made by these men and in dividin g it into these three levels, F.G.I., regional committees and socie ties have so organized the sport as that it may constantly keep tabs on the individ ual gymnast. In the end , is it not he who mak es gymnastics the sport that it is and who will propa ga te it in the future?


Continued from page 7 Hu g at 9.0 and Loy d at 8.9. On th e high bar it wa , a matter of eith er hittin g fairl y well or blowin g it co mpl etely as Loy d led with 9.2, Lynn had 9.1 , Denni s had 9.0, and several were right around 8.0 or below. At th e end , however, it was 15 year old Steve Hu g who led the scorin g with a low 52.60. Tn th e optional com petition Steve Hu g and Fred Roethli sberger ti ed with 52.55 whi ch enabl ed Steve to stay in first pla ce and Fred to st ay in 3rd place. Bob Lynn, who lo oks as thou gh he is startin g to recover from a back operati on lour yea rs ago to co rrect an aggravated birth defect, main tain ed a stron g 2nd place throughout th e two days of co mp etiti on (B ob had to stay away from gy mnasti cs com pl etely for a year after th e operati on). In th e FX optiona ls George Gree nfi eld stoo d out lik e a sore thumb with a 9.35, closest to him bein g Fred with 9.05. On th e sid e horse Loyd again looked grea t but suffered a .2-.4 break on his sc issors combination still scorin g 9.2. If I am not mi staken Loyd and Hu g used about th e same mount: a go od B C combination 0 I German (or Loop) to uphill downhill tra vel:

+

+

SMOG Steve Hu g was a happy yo un g man and Jim Amerine was an unhappy yo un g man ( mi ss in g th e Pan Am erican tea m by fini shing 7th and mi ss in g thi s tea m by fini shin g 7th ) and 5 others got ready to tr avel to th e land of gastro路 intestinal troubl e. In addition to th e usual write up it see ms appropr iat e at thi s tim e to point out so me of the ma jor probl ems enco untered, by th ose gymnasts ri skin g life and limb in thi s mee t, with th e cO lllPulso ry exercises. FLOOR EXERCISE: N o one did back di ve t o handstand-ev er yone did va r y ing degrees of backhandspringcrash d irection f or this are jum p backwa rd s to handstand (do not h old ) lower t o fr ont leaning rest. The fro nt tumbling r outine left much to be desired except f or Roethli sberger.

The cartwheel t o back handsp ri ng calls f or the back handspring t o be shoulder hig h and very, v er y few came cl ose It IS also Interesting t o no te that almost eve ryone did the back

~~~~~~~ ~~~:~fgng

",,' ~~4~

~;::~=~ ~~~~4~~ 4-~~~拢

Start with German

The still rin g competitIOn really brought out th e condition, or lack th ereof, of th e contestants as they had very simple mini mum difficulty routines (ma ny back levers - A moves included) , and quite a bit of trouble holding crosses, those that tried. Fred Dennis was good路 at 9.45 but shaky on hi s hold s. No one else scored over 9.0, but Bob Lynn looked very impressive on his shoot to handstand and giant to handstand . Even his strength parts were well executed losing bi g points only on hitting the rin gs on his di smount. Th e Lon g H orse co mpetition was indicative of a trend , I think. It seems our U.S. gymnasts are stickin g their heads in the sand and pretendin g the long horse event will go away (side horse work at the sam e time is improvin g tremendou sly) but it will not. I believe a concerted eff ort will be n eeded between now and October '68 or the U.S. will suffer greatly in the Olympics on long horse as they did in '66 at the World Games. Ri ck Tucker, at 9.15, wa s again a surprise in this event a s only 3 of 24 scores were 9.0 or over. With almo st everyone mounting with a peach to hand stand and mi ssing it the parallel bar event suffered grea tly . Sure could use some variety on mounts here like Roethlisberger cast % turn which helped him n et an 8.9 in sp ite of a fi ve tenths break. Bob Lynn looked good on a back over bar somersault to handstand but suffered many minor breaks Oli a good lookin g routine. Everyone tri ed to give it all away on the HB as th ere were many major break s (.5-.7) by almost everyon e in contention and, as a result, Bob Lynn was the on ly one to score over 9.0. After 2 days of un seasonal competition and 3 days of record breaking Los Angeles

from

b~th

feet

(no t

a

_\~

Nl

~b

PARALLEL BARS: The m ount on the PB 's is going to be a problem a s it must be through a handstand . ' The jump into the mount should be at least higher than the bars.

The usual.

front

uprise

should

be straighter than

one-foo t

\:f A1 ;f~\ \/:/ fC(V~ ~f\ The dismount, o f round-off, back handspring , back somersault la you t , was an extremely weak area -probabl y beca use o f the v er y short run permitted.

SIDE HORSE : M os t gy mnasts will suffer the same agonies on the side horse: sm oo th transiti on fr om undercut (right after mount) to sing le leg

Straight body here The back uprise V2 turn is, of course, the heart of this routine as the stunts fr om here on are worth 2.8 o f the 10.0 points, miss the . V2 turn o r do it low and you will probably miss the dismount. The handstand posi ti on must be reached before the % turn is sta rted on the dismo unt and the landing must be in a' straight line with where the last hand left the ba r:

czech:

楼1~4!$f~ Fro nt pick up into reverse d oub le leg circle s in the middle of the routine:

Reaching back o r ahead for support or extra pu sh on the crown , stock l i, or inverted stock Ii dismount. This will probably call for an automatic fi v e-tenths deducti on.

STILL RINGS: It seemed as though the gy mnasts could not make up their minds whether t o ho ld the f irst handstand or not. The first handstand

HORIZONTAL BAR: The mount on the HB is the ma in consideration for thi s routine. The sw ing under the bar must be in a straight line, the swing must be carried high in the front and back and the straddle " L" must be verticle:

is not a h old , however , the g ymnast has to , at the same time , make it fairly clear that he co uld have held the handstand .

High rev erse kip prior to the cross (many missed the cross but I do not expect to see that later in the year).

~lt Dislocate before the dismount must be at. least as high as the rings and straight body.

The rest of the routine centers primaril y around completing the turns before the handstand positio n and making the turns straight. The dismount is supposed to be a straddle but will probably turn out to be a stradd le hecht.

35


Di ck Zuber and Mr. Cren sh aw of th e Nissen Corporation; Miss S andy K ent of Dallas, T e xas; M ary Ann Wa gon er ; M r. and Mr s. S am H ester , Glen Brown, an d Gene Cha se of the W estsid e Y.M.C.A. T o all the above, we owe a great debt of gr atitud e.

ETTERS

Kenneth Jr. HoLLi& I; you have "Y路NEJrS" that should be in the MG .. . Send it direct to Kenneth W. Hollis. 3881 W. 25. Cleveland. Ohio. 44109.

"Y-NEWS"

SPEAKING OUT Dear Mr. Sundby, I too h ave been dissa ti s fi ed w ith th e cover age of Eas t ern even t s a nd people so I decided to say a few wor ds about Ea s tern h a pp eni ngs. One li ttle lady w ho hasn 't gotten enough p ub li c ity is Doris B rause. D ori s is perh a ps the

fin es t

u n even

p- b a r

,varkel'

in

th e

world. H e r wo rk on thi s p iece r esembles m en 's hig h ba r work. Her cast goes t o a h a ndstand , h er f orm is excell en t (both of t h ese qua li t ies are sometimes lacking in "top " r outi nes). a.n d sh e ex hi b it s m uc h origin a li ty . Doris was a nea r finalist in '60, '62 , a nd '66 (sh e was th e a lternate (!) in '6 4 ). W it h some mo re nationa l and inter na tional pu blicity, perh a ps Doris w ill b e recogn ized as t h e g r eat per fo r mer' s h e is a nd, with excell ent co mpul sory an d op ti ona l r outin es, w ill ma k e the fin a ls in ' 68.

The Westside Y.M.C.A. Tulsa Alternates (Ed. note: Here is a success story that should stimulate all of us who are interested in promoting competitive gymnastics.) The Tulsa Alternates Gymnastic T eam was form ed about three years a go at Park Elementary school whe n Mr. S am H ester , the physical educati on te acher , discovered several of his stud ents had gymn astic interest and ability. ' These girls, alon g with other inter est ed girls, practiced in the school gymnasium on the tumblin g mats b efore and after school. The m a ts wer e the only availabl e pieces of equipment at the tim e. Mr. H ester and some inter ested fa th er s made th e first set of ba rs. a balan ce beam and a vaultin g b ox. Later , the W estside Br anch Y.M.C.A. b egan spon sorin g gymnasti cs and obta ined more and be tter equipment. Due to a lack of qualified instructors in our area , we went to some gymn asti c meets to le arn rather th an to w in . W e sent a few girls to some clinics with the unde rst andin g that they would p ass th eir kn owle dge on to the on es n ot able t o attend . As we improved , we went to m or e m eets in other states. This past year we won first place a t the Southwest Area Sports Festival in Tulsa ; fir st place at the Gulf A.A.U. Invitati onal tournament held in Huntsvill e, T exas; first place at the Junior Olymp ics at Ba rtlesville, Okl ahom a; and first place at an A.A .U. Invitati onai tournam ent held in Me m phi s, T ennessee. Once a year we h old a gymn astic clini c to stimulate interest in our locale. This year we had approx imately 100 attend our four-day clini c. W e are very appreciative of the help given our group by the instruc tors at o ur clinics: Mr. Arnold DiDomenica , Mrs. Marg aret. Powell and three dem on strator s from the Powell Gymnasium in Baton Rouge, L ouisiana ; Mr . Pat Y eager , coach from Houston University ; Mr. Nance coach of the Okl ahoma Twisters;

36

F or q uit e a f ew year s n ow Bi ll Coco h as b een doing an excell ent coachi ng job in the P hil a delph ia area. Hi s g irl's team , t he Man n e t tes fr om Mann Rec. Cent"r in P h ill y. a re pr esently Ju nior Tat ional ch ampion s. Several of h is girls placed hi gh in t h e a ll- arou nd a t t h is m eet . T h e Ma nn ettes (Phila . Dep t. of R ec. ) h ave been champi on s fo r man y yea r s, a lso. B ill is r espons ible fo r t h e form a tion of t h e Easter n Gym nast ics Clini c w hi ch is h eld every s u mmer a t Camp D eer h ead ,

Han cock, N.Y. T h is is a n excell e n t c li n ic

with a staff t h e caliber of wh ich is h ard to fin d elsewh ere. Members of Olym pi c , W orld Games. a nd Pan-Am t eams a nd out sta nd ing college gym nas t s m a k e u p t h e staff. Sm a ll g roup in s tru c ti on , emph as is on a ll- a round. a nd good organi zation 111 a.k e t hi s c lini c a ver y ed u catio n a l exp er ie nce . Th an k s fo r t h e oppor t unity to speak out. I h ope mor e r epor ts from t he Eas ter n states w ill be com ing yo ur way to eq u a lize th e coverage. Sincerely, Fred Turoff P hila d elphi a. Pa. ED. We wi" be looking for more Eastern reports . . . for reports on

Doris

Brause,

with film drawings of her uneven bar routine at the World Championships in Dortmund, Germany , 1966 - see Mademoiselle Gymnast Sept.-Oct. 1967, (pages 18, 19, 20 & 21)* both available at 75c a copy from MG Back Edition. Dept. , Box 777, Santa Monica , Calif. * Or Oly mpi sch e Tu r nkun s t A ugust, 19 67 (pages 6, 7 & 8) . OLYMPIC PINS! Dear Mr, Su nd by, T h e Czech s have a ll k ind s of co mmem Ol'ative oly m pic p ins fo r t h e 1968 Mex ico Olympics. ' Vh ere is it possible to obta in a s im ila r pi n in the Un ited States Or a ny s im ila r pa tri ot ie p in for exam ple of the A me vican fl ag? I s it possible to donate to t h e oly mpi c fu nd a nd ob tain a pin if so, w h e r e? I a ,vai t yo ur r e pl y. . Sincerely, J. A. Sterba ED. Write the United States Olympic Comm ittee , Olympic House 57 Park Ave. , New York City, N.Y. 10007:

,

MISSING MGs D ear S ir: I have not r ece ived the Jun e -JUl y, Aug us t a nd Septe m ber issues of th e Mod ern Gym nas t. W HAT HAPPE NED? Te'r r y Boys F a rmi ngton, Mich igan 48024 ED: Have you noticed your postman doing handstands or flips lately ? According to our records your address plate is in our files and used with each mailing . (We are sending you the copies , you did not get, and hope you get them this time).

INSPIRATIONAL AND BEAUTIFUL Dear Sir : Ju st a word on your mag . It路s rea ll y g r eat to h ave a n in spira tio n al m agaz ine as yours a r o und . Wh e n you 've jU Ht ml HRed 3 bac k cat ch es on th e P 's yo u ca n look a t m aybe, Di omi dov t hrow one a nd pres to you r s is back . 'We ll anyway, keep u p t h ~ good work , a nd r en1em b e r you ' ve a lway s got on e t hi ng g.o lng fo r you, you a r e coveri ng t h e mos t bea u tifu l spor t in th e world. Sin cer ely, Davi d Gen es t 589 Willia m s St. P itts fi eld , Mass. 01 201 MG PAN AM ERROR Dear Mr . J ohn Nooney: I j ust r ece ived my copy of th e Modern Gymnast a nd r ead you r r eport on t h e Pan -Ams. I' n1 afraid you , ver e in error conce r ning the All- A r ou nd resultR. T he r e waH, in fact, a t ypograp hi cal en o r In th e fir st ta ll y, but t h e ac tua l r esul ts h a d Rothli sberger in w in ning , Va ll es second Co hn in third p lace, w it h 109 .1 0 a n d Thor in fourth place with 109.00. S in cerely yours, Mark S. Coh n P hilade lph ia, Pa. .E D: Mr. Nooney ~ends his regrets . .. it IS our error, we dId not double check the results . Fact is, to this date we have yet to receive the complete Pan Am placlngs.

A Brief Resume of the Men's1968 Olympic Gymnastic Program GYMNASTS QUALIFY by scoring 104.00 points. (compulsory and optional) in National Championship meets and other authorized meets by the Olympic Gymnastics Committee Examples of such meets will be the National AAU Championships to be held in Long Beach California, April 11-13, and the NCAA Championships at University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, April 4-6,1968. FI RST TEAM TRIALS to be held June 21-22 at teh Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Twenty gymnasts will train for two weeks with the top six gymnasts advancing to the Final Trials. SECOND TEAM TRIALS will be held for the remaining 14 !lymnasts at which time an additional 6 men will qualify for the final Trials, August 16-17. FINAL TEAM TRIALS arE: to be held in the Los Angeles-Long Beach area on August 29-31 The top 8 gymnasts will qualify for final team training. OLYMPIC TRAINING CAMP will be held for the top 8 gymnasts September15-30 at tf)e Air Force Academy. DEPARTURE for Mexico October 1,1968 for 7 Gymnasts, Coach and Manager. OLYMPIC GYMNASTIC COMPETITION begi ns October 21, 1968 MG CLASSIFIED SECTION

WANTED: Tumbler for Circus Act. Will be trained to do flying trapez and Teeterboard work. Send photo and qualifications(weight. height and turrbling ability, to : Bob Yerkes, P.O. Box 838 Brandon, Florida 33511. POSITION WANTED : A university assistant professor is looking for a new position.Coached the U.S. fencing and gymnastics team . ForHungarian waterpolo player. Had ranking teams in gymnastics (men - women), fencing (m-w), volleyball (m-w), swimming and diving (w), waterpolo (m) , Author of the Scien tific Approach to International VolleybalL Taught for eight years : skill and theory of gymnastics, fencing, volleyball , trampoline, waterpolo, kin esiology, physiology of exercise, corrective phy . ed., & health. Please send request for resume' to : GM 20465 Almeda St., Castro Valley, California 94546.

BOX

" JU ST PENNIE S A W ORD" MG CLASSIFIED: 611, SANTA MONICA, CALIF.

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In cooperation with the publishers of OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST. the International Gymnastic magazine of the F.I.G. edited by our good friend (MG, contri路 butor) Dr. Josef Gohler, we are able to make a special subscription offer to MG subscribers only. Just $4.00 for a one year subscription to OL YMPISCHE TURNKUNST (regular USA rate $5.0OJ. OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST is an ideal International supplement to your regular M.G. subscription . (We just do not have the space in the MG to print all of the F.I.G. reports and International Gymnastic news available.l OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST features beautiful color covers with large photos throughout plus technical articles and illustrations. OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST articles are published in German and French (the official FIG language) with a summary of each article in English. ORDER NOW! P.S. If you have not already guessed it, we of the MG staff think the OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST is GREAT! And recommend it highly . to our readers and suggest that you subscribe if you possibly can. If you're in Gymnastics we guarantee you won't be sorry. O拢C".; 31 J IC}67 THIS SPECIAL OFFEI%100D~IN THE USA ONLY AND EXPIRES OCTOBffi dls+,-t967 (CANADA, MEXICO AND OTHER FOREIGN MG SUBSCRIBERS MAY SUBSCRIBE TO THE OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST THROUGH OLIR U.S.A. OFFICE, BOX 777, SANTA MONICA, CALIF. 90406 FOR $5.00 PER YEAR .) OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST (MG special) Box 777 Santa Monica, California 90406 Enclosed please find $4.00 for a one year MG Special subscription to OLYMPISCHE TURNKUNST.

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ADDRESS ....................................................... _.. CITY ........................ STATE .............. ZIP ........... . OLYMPISCH TURNKUNST back editions available on a limited supply for $1.00 each. Order from O. T. Back editions, Box 777, Saitta Monica, Calif. 90406.


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NEW ENGLAND GYMNASTIC CLINIC. Thanks· giving vacation. Springfield College. Write AI Bickham, Waltham Boy's Club, Massachusetts. NEW JERSEY TEACHER'S CLINIC The NJ DGWS 2nd annual Teacher's Clinic will be held at the D'Angola Gym of Newark State College,Union, New JerseY,Nov, 24-25,1967 Beginner,1 ntermediate plus advanced skills Coaching techniques and judges courses will be offered this year. An Invitational - Clinic Championships will be held on Nov. 24th at 6:30 pm. For Info: Marvin Speidel, 708 Dianne Court, Rahway, New Jersey 07065. EASTERN GYMNASTICS CLINIC will be held on Nov. 24-25 at Abington High School Abington, Pa. Robert Stout, Carl Patterson, William Coco,rJlilan Trnka,Abe Grossfeld Don TonrY,Muriel Grossfeld,Mike Jacobson are but a few of the staff that will be on hand, For further Info: Walter Zwickel, 1180 Lindsay Rydal, Pa, 19046.

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THANKSGIVING CLINIC & CAROUSEL The SCATS will hold their annual Clinic and Carousel Show Nov. 24-25 at Lakewood High School,Lakewood, Calif. Bud Marquette Dir. The Clinic will feature Judging Techhiques, Jr, and Sr. Compulsories, conducted by Mrs.Dale Flansaas. I nfo : Bud Marquette,262 Coronado. Long Beach, Calif. 90803. DEC . 1967-EXHIBITION AND ClINIC-Doris Fuchs Brause for junior and senior high school boys and girls. Place: 1. F. Kennedy High School, Kennedy Way and Levit! Pkwy., Willingboro, N.J. Director and Manager, Mrs. Lois Musg rave, 38 Merribrook Circle, Willingboro , N.J . 08046 . MISSOURI GYMNASTIC WORKSHOP - CLINIC: December 9, 1967, University of Missouri, emphasis on intermediate-a dvanced skills. Staff: Mr. Herb Vogel and SI U team members. For completeinfo,rmation write Mariorie Met£dith. Woman's Gym, Uni versity of Missouri, Colum· bia, Missouri 65201.

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MIDWEST OPEN - December 16, Chicago, III . LONG ISLAND GYMNASTIC ClINIC: December 15 & 16. First Annual Long Island Gymnastic Clinic. Smithtown High School, Smithtown, New York. For information write, Clinic Director, Peter Bacon, Director of Physical Education, Indian Head School, 5th Ave ., Kings Park, New York. GYM MEET. . Wisconsin Open Gymnastic Championships. February 17, 1968, Brookfield East Gymnasiu'm, Brookfield, Wisconsin.

Physical Education Supervisors in schools Land other organizations, please write us on your letterhead for special price list. Complete Dance Costume and Accessory catalog also available on request.

LOUISVILLE INVITIONAL January 13,1968 Six divisions of Competition for Boys & Girls Junior, High School and Open. Time : 9 :00 am Place : Crawford Gym, U of Louisville,Ky. For Info : Bob Watson,coach,U of L, Louisville Ky. 40208. NJAAU SENIOR WOMENS GYMNASTIC Championships will be held at Montclair HS Montclair, New Jersey , on May 25th, 1968. MG MGMG MG MGMG MG MGMGMG

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Designed for Champions (and Safety, too)

Providing a comprehensive athletic program for all students, plus championships for your school, requires great coaching, plus top quc:lity equipment. American builds gymna'stic equipment to Olympic specifications . . . crafted for champions .. . . with the exclusive margin of safety coaches and parents appreciate. Wire today for our catalog and details on our free gymnasium planning service. American Athletic Equipment Company, Jefferson, Iowa 50129


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Profile for USA Gymnastics

Modern Gymnast - November 1967  

Modern Gymnast - November 1967