Tha kind of fire naadad for cooking
the ability of tha tottildars.
- Construction of firaplaca and firea. - Reparation of food.
- A ltiauraly awl.
- Proptr and thorou^i cl«an-up«
6. J SLTMuffUM with «.t.r 1- c««-l«t control flaata.
building or tanding a firt. J44.4^ Ptot holdara ahould ba larga and in good oondition Oran mitta ahould ba in good aoadition alao.
to Bttild ^
s WMjrtwas^e "SS S that grow quiokly giraa a quick, hot fira.
; found.tl« fir. - Us. thm Hm» of klndOl-s to f« * A -
sr ling «nd wood until you hava the daairad fira.
TTtaaiir of fira ahould ba buriad or
Uaa juat anou^i fual for your cooking naada.
Firebuilding and Methods of Cooking
How to Build a Fire Using Charcoal
Use small twigs, tiny trench candles or fire starters to begin.
charcoal on_ top of this•
Light the fire starter or twigs and add charcoal as the fire catches.
Blow at base if necessary.
When the fire is ready, charcoal will be grey-white in daylight, red at
k. To^xtinguish fire, cover with sand or dirt or water. The charcoal can be dried out and used again.
Keep charcoal in a dry place between using.
It absorbs moisture, and is
hard to light when damp.
Quick method to start the charcoal - use a charcoal chimney placed wher
ever your fire is to be built. Using a #10 can remove the top and bottom of it. Punch holes around the bottom with a beer can opener. layer fire
barters and charcoal in can. light starters. C^la should ignite rapidly. When charcoal is ready, remove chimney with pliers.
it will be
How to Build a Fire Using Paper
Newspapers may be used to make a fire which will cook food.
erable smoke, but is usable and inexpensive.
It produces consid
The fuel is made by any of the following methods: 1. 2.
Roll paper tightly, soak in water, let dry. Roll paper, soak in water, twist tightly, let dry.
Soak paper in water, make into tightly compressed balls, let dry.
Fudgies or fire kisses - cover bottom of cake pan with sawdust.
candle ends or paraffin. or three eighths inch.
Pour over sawdust to a depth ?*««*£*«
When hard, cut in squares.
Fack in aluminum
2. ^eak^p^p^asket into splinters about 2 inches long. Tie in small bundles! Dip in melted candle ends or paraffin.
When dry pack in alum
inum foil or a tin box. Small pieces of waxed cartons.
How to Make Trench Candles
Place a narrow strip of cloth or twisted string (for a wick)
on the end of 6 to 10 layers of newspaper. Roll paper *i«Jtly» leaving 3A" of wick extending at each end. Tie roll firmly with string at *f" to 6" intervals.
Cut one inch above each tied place
and cut sections into cone shape. Pull center string to^top of cone to serve as wick.-Soak cut sections in melted was. Wn«n^
thoroughly dry these trench candles make excellent fuel to use under tin can stoves. Bits 'of candles are also practical to use as tinder for starting fires when wood is damp.
HOW TO MAKE A BUDDY BURNER
Select a small tin caxTthat will fit inside your tin can stove (a tuna fish or small
salmon can is an excellent size).
cardboard strip VVÂť wider than the height of the can and roll it into a coil that fits loosely into the can. Pour melted
wax or paraffin to fill the can and let it harden. The coil of cardboard should extend over the whole surface so that, when lighted, the flame will burn over the en tire area.
HOW TO MAKE A TIN CAN STOVE
With a pair of tin shears, cut two openings in a #10 can, one for fuel and one for a
chimney (see illustration).
3e sure to
burn and wipe lacquer off top of can before using it for cooking. Handle with care when hot.
HOW TO MAKE A CHARCCAL STOVE
Use #10 can. Cut top of can cut. Use beer can opener and make two holes on either side of can to be used to secure wire for the handle.
Make holes around bottom of can
Cut wire mesh approximately 6"
x 8", bend ends under about 3" on each side.
This is done to make the mesh stand in can thus allowing draft underneath charcoal which is placed on mesh.
Fire can be put out safely and quickly by pouring water on partially burned charcoal* Let dry and reuse*
SAFETY FOR USE OF CHARCOAL STOVES & BUDDY BURNERS
At least three feet should be allowed between stoves or burners. The ground where they are used should be level and clear of dried leaves and twigs. Stoves may be very hot. Do not move unless with heavy pot holders or pliers. HOW TO MAKE A REFLECTOR OVEN
The reflector oven may be purchased from most stores carrying camp equipment. However it is often much more fun to make your own.
The following ideas may
help you create your own oven:
- Cut in half diagonally and line a cardboard box with aluminum foil, shiny
Place green sticks or wires from side to side in the middle of
the box to make a shelf - cover it with foil.
Brace the box at the front
and back with rocks or sticks so it won't move.
- Take a sheet of heavy aluminum foil about 20" by lV\ Fold in half. Open up to form a right angle. Fit two pieces of-foil into each open end of the large piece of foil. Fold together the foil of the large piece and the end pieces to make the sides;
Anchor with a rock with the open oven
facing the fire. Improvise a rack to hold the fold using rocks, sticks and/or cans. The heat will reflect from the foil oven down and up toward the rack.
sticks in the ground and line with aluminum foil, shiny side toward*
^maSea a Sckdraft to reflect heat. Place food to be cooked on
a rock or other base between foil and fire.
- A collapsible oven may be made from 5 cookie sheets and twelve bolts with
^wosheets serve as sides of oven when standing on end
b) two sheets serve as top and bottom reflectors c) the fifth sheet is the tray
Measure carefully so sheets (b) which form a "V" fit very tightly and sheet
Punch holes for bolts to hold trays in place.
Bolts can be
^ovtd^rays packed flat for °^JW«X£f«m "* *— can be used to support tray (c).
Put them In at
For added fun in cooking try making your own utensils. For toasting or broiling
For frying use aluminum foil wrapped around a forked stick
A few suggestions:
HOW TO MAKE NON-LIQUID FIRE STAPTV.PS:
Break or cut household paraffin or old candles into 1" chunks.
Wrap each chunk in a piece of
wax paper and twist both ends.
Trench Candles: Cut 6-1') layers of ufiwspaper into 4-5' strips. rl&cfe a piace of twisted string or cloth for a wick and roll into candles and tie with string or twine. Dip "candle" into melted wax or paraffin and allow
Egg-Carton and Sawdust:
Fill cups with sawdust cr wood shavings.
Pour Kelt^d paraffin In each cup. A twine wick may be
Cover bottom of cake pan with sawdust. Melt candle ends or paraffin. Pour over sawdust to depth of 3/8". Wnen hard cut in squares and pack in aluminum foil or a tin can.
To waterproof matches—dip ends in clear nail polish—let dry—store in waterproof container.
Girl Scouts of Southwestern Pennsylvania Training - September 1983 -40-
MASTER PLAN FOR ONE POT MEALS FOR TWELVE PERSONS
Into one Pot put!
- hamburger brownÂŠ*
i package - dehydrated onion*
or 2 chopped fresh
1 g**fcage - dehydrated sweet pepper* or 2 chopped fresh 3 cans
- tomato soup salt and pepper
AMERICAN CHOP SUET 4 cans spaghetti
MACARONI BEEF, 1 large package of macaroni cooked separately* CHILI
1* cans of rod kidney
beans and chili, powder
1 large package of minute rice cook** separately
k cans of vegetable soup
3 cans of corn and
>i pound dloed cheese
Girl Scouts of Southwestern Pennsylvania Training
1 large package of spaghetti cooked /separately.
3 cans of spaghetti and 2 cano of peas.
HUNGARIAN HOT POE if cans Canpball's
pork and beans
nTTTDQQR COOKING (cont)
vary, COCKINQ (cont)
and^ctade water for mature
water for moisture Baked Beans SALADS,
Dlanning salads which fit into a
» -tea fron the "^
are always acceptabla Fruit
Unpeeled cucumber fingers
Peeled kohlrabi sticks
Fresh pineapple wedges Cantaloupe in strips
Cabbage stalks cut in fingers
Grapes in bunches „,,-.Fresh berries dipped in sugar
Green onions v"11*01*,. _s
wedges or sUces
Lettuce or cabbage wedge
Raw shoestring beets
Raw white or sweet potato
are S-. eu88o8ti0nfl of or treats:
IAttle or No Cooking
Spread some of the
Apple MaretoaUow Sandwich (2 each for 12 pereone) dapples
Core apples 6 cut across in thin slices. marehmallow between Uj apple slices.
Make sandwich with toasted
Sooe-Morea (2 each for 12 people) MakSa sandwich of a piece of ^ocolate **££^ ™
aallow to a golden brown. Put into the "anawicn crackers) press gently together and eat. Tastes aoa
54 o. cocoa
]t to 1 c. peanut butter 2 to 3 tap. vanilla
# lb- ole
6 cups rolled oats
±1 oleo ^ completely melted
and drop fro. teaspoons onto wased
Makes 5 to 6 dozen. 3 T. boiling water 1 can fruit pie
c. soft oleo
fiiw in 8" square or 9" round cake pan.
Place iruix pie filling in b
square or ?
mixture by spoonfuls onto pie filling.
Bake o.*o ^
Sugar cookies or vanilla wafers Bananas - 3 cut crosswise
Chocolate pudding - 2 boxes instant in bottom of pan.
Prepare a mixture of brown sugar and butter
on the pointed Peel and roll
Mock Angel Food Cake (12 people)
1 loaf day old unsliced bread
2 boxes coconut (shredded)
cinnamon and sugar, instead of coconut.;
Cookies - made from cookie or cake mix. —
Follow directions on package
bake in reflector oven or grog oven.
yz c. melted butter or margarine
2 c quick oats*
dark brown sugai^
% c. dark corn syrup*: Mix starred ingredients.
^ c" °u. q,, x om buttered pan with reBake 20 minut ^ * ' with chocolate. When
flector oven close to fire. While hot springe p chopped nuts, chocolate is melted spread over surface and sprinkle witn pf
Allow to cool and break in squares.
- 169 -
Tin Can Charcoal Stove
Punch out with triangular beverage can opener
Use coat hanger wire through
Holes punched in cans and fitted with coathanger wire bails maie good camp pots.
holes punched with nail.
a Nesting tin can pot
Make a "pittilator" and hang it near the latrine for hand washing.
Coathancer wire lias endless use around camp.
forked stick, with a
notches makes a good pot
A water point can be made iron It -,al. bleach bottles. Don't use
or spray repellant
It'll take the waterproofing out of the tents!
'en \z pcur.
Try using a flattened tin can as an ax sheath
Drill holes in the ends of lengths of reinforcing rod.
Build a wash stand. in an old
sock and hang
on a string â€”
it won't fall
with a bolt.
in the dirt A loop of wire
makes an egg lifter.
35 cm film can makes a good match box if you cut
the tnatches down to fit. A "kitchen tree" is a dead tree or branch planted near the
kitchen to hang stuff on.
Cut out the bottom of a bleach for a mixing bowl. Use different sizes and nest 'em.
Roll dovm the plastic bag of biscuit nix, make a little hole in tho nix and .-.;dJ -s teaspoon of water. Stir with the t.wixer to "twix" up a biscuit. Bake it on the twixer or transfer to foil.
A pair of pliers and a bandana handkerchie: are the chuckwagon cook's favorite tools. Use a blue bandana for the nose and a red one around the fire!
More Gizmos. Gadgets,
& Gilhickiss COOKIN'
Place food in center
Fold pointed ends
loaf from turning. in diameter,
Fold top down flat
Press ends togetl
Place on coals
The barbs the
Fold top down again.
Fold top \" down,
Bring sides up
About ÂŁ"x 12".
Punch through the meat for kabob.
Flatten one side to meat won't slip,
Used :'or heat
The lower the for/..
the hotter. Whittle 30 it i'Lace
Forked Stick: Used in pairs to hold 3hiska-3tiCK,
Used for stii-ring
dovj:ii to "',~iz" up biscuits.
or meat loaf
About 2j"x 12".
Wrap biscuit dough around in a spiral.
About i'x 12"
Use to spear meat from fire
Whittled down sticks can be fashioned into tongs to fish plates out of hot rinse water
- 172 -
Builder's plastic can be used for ground cloths and to improvise tents and flies. Tie a sr^ail stone in the corner with the tent rope. It won't easily rip out.
Film cans make good personal z: & pepper shakers. Close the t: with tape - stick it on the si:
Dip with toothpick
Cuber of 1'eiotex or short rollc of n-^.-M'xir, dipped in paraffin ~ake ,-oou
paraffin in a pan of water to pre
A "tennis racket" broiler iz a great way to broil a small steak or
Rooe is expensive and here's how to conserve it.
Cut rope into 15 ft..
20 ft., and 2S ft. lengths, Whip the ends. Paint the whippings or. the J< ft. Wthz with rei caint. Three letters in red - each letter stan for five ft. Paint the 20 ft. le^ths with blue (U letters x p fj-^ feet), and the 25 ft. leasts with green paint. Set the standard ,hc. rope is n-ver cut - tuc. in what you don't need or get a shorter piece.
Scouts caTTinV-antly identify the lengths and you'll probably wear the rooe out before it's all cut up!
for safety, your file should have a
A hole drilled in a short
stick and a scrap of leather do a fine job.
Resources (Make copies of this page and the following page to hand out to Scouters.)
Observing Scouting Anniversary Week The Boy Scouts of America will mark its 77th anniversary on
Feb. 8, the date in 1910 when the organization was formally incorporated. The week that includes that date—Feb. 8-14—will be Scouting Anniversary Week.
Your troop may observe the anniversary by:
• Attending church or temple in groups and in uniform on Scout Sunday, Feb. 8, or Scout Sabbath, Saturday, Feb. 14. In some churches and temples, Scouts are asked to take part in the service or act as ushers.
• Doing a Good Turn for the chartered organization (sponsor).
A see'n'do live demonstration is recommended because it will attract more attention than a window display. Your see'n'do might be given in a shopping mall or shopping center parking lot, a town square, or even a vacant lot Show your Scouts in action, doing the kinds of Scoutcraft suggested in See'n'Do, No. 18-931. Involve the audience as much as possible by inviting passersby to try their hand at the skills demonstrated. Have a sign identifying the troop and its chartered organiza tion, and giving the troop's meeting place and time and the name and phone number of a Scouter who can be called for further information.
Static window displays are less effective than a live demonstra tion, but they will attract attention, too. Make arrangements early with the store manager to use a window, and be sure to send a letter of thanks afterward. Your window display might include merit badge projects, camping items, photos of troop activities, and the troop and US. flags. Be sure the troop is clearly identified, and have a phone number to call for information.
• Staging a live demonstration or having a store window display of Scouting.
TWIXER CM1O4EN WIRE
EASY BISCUIT MAKING. Roll down the plastic bag of biscuit mix, make a little hole in the middle and pour in Vz teaspoon of water. Stir with the twixer to twix up a biscuit. Bake it on the twixer or transfer to foil.
STOVE, OVEN, AND ROTISSERIE, all from 5-gallon cans. Use clean cans; don't use one that contained poisonous substances. To make charcoal stove at top, cut can in half and smooth sharp edges with file and emery doth. Grill is made of coat-hanger wire. Reflector oven is made the same way but turned on its side. Cut a can as shown for the chicken rotisserie. Wire skewer holds the chicken.
CHARCOAL BAKING-ROASTING STOVE. Cut one end from an old baking pan, or cut from side of 5-gallon can. Drill holes for chicken wire and coat-hanger brace. Replenish charcoal through opening in top. Stove can be used for roasting or baking with reflector oven as shown.
Many "indoor- recipes are equally goodjor^qutdoor cooking.
Progression in food
^LratioTlike are based on a girl's readiness and preparation like all all other other toT*Torrr^asl<m fo: experience*
SIMPLE ONE POT HEAL3 (Us* one big pot or 3-lb. or 1-lb. shortening or coffee can depending on portions to be cooked)
(Simple One-Pot Meal)
Recipe for 12
if Tablespoons nargerlne if Tablespoons flour
l(31b 3oa)or 5(10*4 ox)cans ooncentrated Tomato Soup
# lb. diced cheese Salt and pepper
24 slices toast or crackers
Melt margerine and blend in flour. Add undiluted soup and heat thoroughly. Add cheese and heat until melted.
Sem on toast.
OTHER SIMPLE ONE-POT MEALS INCLUDED ON SEPARATE SHEET.
POT OF GOID
(More advanced one-pot)
Recipe for 8
Mix 2 cups Bisquick with water to make a stiff dough. Makt ball, with piece of cSeseTcenter of each. Heat 2 cans of tomato soup and 2 can. of milk (or water, 1# cans) to boiling.
Cover and simmer for 15 minmtea.
CHICKEN STEW (More advanced one-pot)
Recipe for 8
Heat in large covered kettle 1 can chicken noodle soup^or1 canchicken £" eouP* stew.
Cover and simmer 15 minutes.
RdG-TUM-DIDDY (More advanced one-pot)
Recipe for 12
1 lb. bacon diced
2 (1 lb. 3 oz) can tomatoes
2 (1 lb* 3 oa) can corn
Recipe for 6
1 ». choppy bologna or luncheon meat
2/3 cup pickle relish
OTHER ALUMINUM FOIL DDJNEflS MAY INCLUDE:
1. Hamburger, 1 slice onion, 1 slice potato, 1 slice carrr* (20 minutes)
lslice of ham or Spam, 1 ring pineapple, 1 teaspoon tr.jwn sugar (10 minutes)
I! 1 £tce chic£n°* to^ato,TIarVot sliced, 2 tablespoons ainuf rice, salt and **.
1 potato (cut large potato in half) 30 ndnutea
Outdoor Recipes - oont'd.
MEAT ON A STICX Mix beef, egg, crumbs and season* Using 1 tablespoon of mixture, form
2 lbs. ground beef 1 egg beaten # cup bread crumbs
small balls and thread on sticks*
3 inches from heat*
Salt, and pe?per
Tomato wedges, pieces of onion or
Insert a candy stick in whole orange which has been rolled to make it juicy. SOME MORES
Place 1 toasted marshmallow and 1 piece chooolate bar'between graham crackers* BANANA BOATS
Peel inner curve of banana* Cut out 3-1 inch sections* In cavity place a marehmallow with a square of sweet chocolate on each side* Cover with peeling or wrap in aluminum foil* Heat slowly until .soft* MOCK ANGEL FOOD CAKE
Cut unsliced dry bread in 1#' cubes*
Roll, in sweetened condensed Hi^r
ijx shredded coconut or cinnamon sugar*
Toast on sticks*
If bread is cut in
sticks 1#» x 3" it may be toasted on grate of charcoal stove. "BAKED APPLES IN ALUMINUM FOIL
Core apples, fill centers with raisins and sugar*
Wrap 1a foil.
Cook 15-20 ndn.
MORE ADVANCED DESSERTS
APPLESAUCE AND GINGERBREAD
Mix prepared .gingerbread * little stiff. Beat 2 cans applesauce to boiling in large kettle, add.gingerbread.-. Cover* Beat slowly for ft hour* Use £ recipe for 31b. Crlsco can.
FRUIT COCKTAIL AND CASE
Use white cake mix - follow^iaatwwtionfl. for Applesauce & Gingerbread cake* CRUSBED PIKEAPPIE AND*GIN3IBBREAD Prepare as applesauce and gingerbread CRUSBED PINEAPPLE AND CAKE
Add oleo and brown sugar to pineapple AM yellow-cake, battep-to .hot .mixture*, CBERB3T FILLING AND CAKE
Use canned sour cherriea with sugar add*d*^A»d-*hifce-cake SLICED PEACBES AND SPICE CAKE
Use frozen or canned peaches and «pjff» ca&a. mix.
Girl Scouts oX Southwestern Pennsylvania 'raining