BUILDING THE FUTURE TODAY: DEMOGRAPHIC, EDUCATION, AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS TOWARDS A NEW NORTEP JOINT-USE, SHARED FACILITY
By Dr. Michael Tymchak and Shuana Niessen
March 24, 2007
Table of Contents Abbreviations for References ............................................................ 3 Executive Summary ........................................................................ 4 Preamble .................................................................................... 7 The Pressures of a Knowledge Economy: An Opportunity to Include and to Prosper ............................................. 9 Demographic trends pose a threat to future socio-economic sustainability ......................................................... 9 Population Trends.......................................................................... 9 Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations ...................................... 9 Northern and Southern populations ..............................................11 Employment, Unemployment, and Labour Market Participation Rate Trends ..12 Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal.....................................................12 Northern First Nation Employment and Income Status ......................13 Encouraging Education Indicators ......................................................14 Increasing Northern School Enrolments..........................................14 With increased school enrolments there is a demand on post-secondary education, as well as, on training programs and services. ...................15 Post-Secondary Education leads to Employment which leads to Individual, Community and Provincial Prosperity ...............................................16 Lower employment and participation rates associated with lower levels of education .............................................................................16 Increased education means increased employment for First Nations and MĂŠtis people..........................................................................16 The Old Education Model ................................................................17 Inequity and Inadequacy ...........................................................17 The New Training Model .................................................................17 A Viable Framework for Education in the Knowledge Economy .............17 Some Recommendations for Rebuilding .........................................18 The Need for Post-Secondary Education in the North...............................18 New and Innovative Education Strategies are Necessary ...........................19 NORTEP and NORPAC: Successful and Innovative Strategies ....................20 NORTEP/PAC: Demonstrate the Priorities of the New Training Model.........20 Learner-centered programming...................................................20
Accessible and Inclusive programming ...........................................21 NORTEP and NORPAC are designed to address institutional and personal Barriers .............................................................................22 Aboriginal Self-Governance .....................................................22 Other Barriers are Addressed...................................................22 Innovative and Collaborative Partnerships......................................22 Responsive and Flexible Programming ...........................................23 Linked to labour market while maintaining sensitivity to cultural concerns ............................................................................23 NORTEP/PAC: positively impacting the individuals, communities and government ........................................................................23 Building Towards the Future Today: A NEW NORTEP JOINT-USE, SHARED FACILITY........................................25 Responding to the needs of the future today......................................25 FUNDING REQUEST: DESIGN PHASE ...............................................26 References .................................................................................28 APPENDICES ................................................................................29 Appendix I: Estimated Building Needs ................................................30 APPENDIX II: Memorandum of Understanding.........................................32 Appendix III: Typical Budget Scenario $20 Million Facility ........................35 Appendix IV: NORTEP-NORPAC Board of Governors â€“ Agencies ...................36 1st Printing March 2007 2nd Printing April 2007 3rd Printing July 2007
Abbreviations for References SIPP = Demographic trends and socio-economic sustainability in Saskatchewan: Some policy considerations [Public Policy Paper 19]. J. Stokes, (2003, October). Regina, SK: University of Regina, The Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy. NTM = Final report of the 2005 Training System Review Panel. A new training model for Saskatchewan. D. McArthur, et al. (2005, November). Regina, SK: Saskatchewan Learning. NSTNAR= Northern Saskatchewan Regional Training Needs Assessment Report, 2006-2007. Northlands College. (2006, March). The Northern Labour Market Committee & Saskatchewan Learning. Impact = Innovation, Determination, Impact: The Impact of NORTEP/PAC After 30 Years. Michael Tymchak (2006, June). La Ronge, SK: Centre for Northern Research and Graduate Studies Education (CeNRGe).
Executive Summary This document provides the rationale for a new NORTEP-NORPAC JointUse, Shared Facility and concludes with a request for $125,000 to support the planning and design phase for this major capital project in northern Saskatchewan. A brief outline of recent planning efforts is documented, including the formation of a widely representative Advisory Committee. The reasons that are offered for constructing the building include a wide-range of factors, opportunities and trends that are evident in northern Saskatchewan and the rest of the province. Demographic, socio-economic and educational trends and issues are, therefore, carefully examined. All of these elements are nested within the opportunities and constraints of the knowledge economy, and the New Training Model proposed by Saskatchewan Learning. It is abundantly clear that being competitive in a knowledge economy is dependent on growing and developing an educated, highly skilled, technologically proficient workforce. However, the demographic trends in Saskatchewan pose a threat to future socio-economic sustainability and prosperity. Saskatchewan’s overall population is aging, decreasing, and does not fill the demand for a future labour market. One reason for this decline is the number of young people who are leaving the province to find employment. Over half of those who leave have completed post-secondary education. This out-migration of educated youth, along with an aging and shrinking labour force, puts a strain on Saskatchewan’s ability to grow and develop a competitive labour market. Conversely, the Aboriginal and northern segments of the population are young and increasing in number. But, because Aboriginal employment and participation rates are so low, the growth in population increases pressure on the labour market and tax base, further threatening future sustainability. Still, while the problem of an aging workforce is in part associated with a trend for post-secondary-educated youth leaving the province, the North tends to retain its post-secondary educated and growing youth population. Aboriginal people are the fastest-growing, youngest and most-likely-to-stay segment of Saskatchewan’s population. Future hope is dependent upon increasing the employment and participation rates of First Nations and Métis people. Thus, while this problem is difficult and complex, the pressure of competing in a knowledge economy can also be seen as an opportunity to redress inequities and the marginalization of Aboriginal and northern populations in Saskatchewan thereby improving the quality of life for those who have been excluded from education and economic opportunities, and securing future prosperity. Saskatchewan must look to its full human resource capabilities in order to overcome the threat to socio-economic sustainability. Raising education levels is key to the future success of Saskatchewan. Those with completed post-secondary education have significantly higher employment and participation rates than those who have not completed post-
secondary education. Post-secondary education leads to employment which leads to individual, community and provincial prosperity. In terms of K-12 education, there are encouraging signs in the northern segment of the population. While school enrolments are slowly declining in the south, the northern school enrolments show dramatic increases. Increased school enrolments create increased demand for post-secondary education and training programs. However, on the whole, the education system has been unsuccessful in meeting the learning needs of the Aboriginal population, and post-secondary institutions continue to cater to professional and higher income families in urban locations. As the demand for post-secondary education increases, so does the need to mobilize, to make opportunities accessible to those who are educationally and economically marginalized. In response to the demographic problems that Saskatchewan faces in a knowledge economy, a Saskatchewan Learning training review panel has made recommendations for a New Training Model. Among other priorities, this framework suggests the following: Education must become accessible, inclusive, learner-centered, continuous and progressive, flexible, responsive, innovative, supported by technology, and linked to labour force needs and employment opportunities. New strategies must be designed that recognize, strengthen, and incorporate the history, culture, language, values, and traditions of Aboriginal people. The northern segment of the population requires unprecedented and immediate actions to improve impoverished conditions due to a lack of educational and economic opportunities. One such strategy is to build upon the successful foundations of the NORTEP and NORPAC programs by recognizing the urgent need for a new NORTEP Joint-Use, shared facility. The Northern Teacher Education Program (NORTEP), and the Northern Professional Access College (NORPAC) are well established programs based in La Ronge which deliver university courses and degree programs, from both the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Regina. NORTEP/PAC have already demonstrated many of the principles that are inherent in the New Training Model, and they are continuously looking for new possibilities to serve the northern Aboriginal population. After 30 years of growing and responding to the needs of Aboriginal learners, it is evident that these programs have effected profound change in the socio-economic conditions of the northern regions of Saskatchewan. NORTEP/PAC tell a story of â€œinnovation, determination and impact; and also a story of decolonization, self-determination, and developmentâ€? (Innovation, Determination, Impact: The Impact of NORTEP/PAC After 30 Years. Centre for Northern Research and Graduate Studies Education, 2006, (Tymchak, CeNRGe, 2006, p. 1). NORTEP/PAC have literally transformed the human resources situation in the North. Their educational, cultural, administrative, and socioeconomic impact are strongly evident. They have responded to community and learner needs for role models in education. NORTEP produces teachers who are speakers of both the Dene and Cree languages, and who reflect the culture of
the students in their classrooms. A high percentage of NORTEP graduates teach in their home communities. These programs have developed by using innovative organizational and administrative solutions to navigate resistance, maintain self-determination, and to decolonize their structure. NORTEP/PAC programs reflect an understanding of the difficulties in linking the labour market, economy, and culture. While economy and employment could be construed as a colonizing influence, exclusion from economic participation and unemployment would surely be more oppressive. NORTEP/PAC recognizes that intervention strategies must be implemented to stop the drainage of resources from less populated areas, to enrich, include, and invite participation for economic benefits. For this reason NORTEP/PAC recognizes a call to respond to growing needs and further development. Three areas of critical need, linked to the labour market, are most apparent: • • •
teachers specializing in math and science secondary teachers, and careers outside of teaching
“There is a critical shortage of Aboriginal teachers at the high school level who are qualified to teach mathematics and sciences” (Final report of the 2005 Training System Review Panel. A new training model for Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Learning, 2005, (NTM) p. 143.) Thus, the new NORTEP Joint-Use, shared facility would offer courses in the area of math and science. Also, Secondary teacher education is specialized in various subject areas: English, social studies/history, math, biology, chemistry, physics, physical education/health, law, and so on, requiring an array of course options. Further, there is need for programs related to careers outside of teaching. In order to support these expanded and enhanced program offerings, however, a new facility is urgently required: specifically, the building of a new NORTEP/PAC Joint-Use, Shared Facility. The construction of such a facility represents a major capital project for the north. This project promises to create a bright new light on the horizon of university education that is readily accessible to northerners, especially Aboriginal northerners. Although based in La Ronge, the historic home of NORTEP/PAC, the programming it offers will extend throughout northern Saskatchewan. Distance delivery and satellite campuses should certainly be part of the program concept that emerges from this important initiative. A request is made for $125,000 to support the planning and design phase of the new building. The function to be served by these funds is carefully documented. An account is also provided of the steps which have been taken to create a strong, broadly representative, inter-agency advisory committee needed to support the building project.
Preamble Since its inception in 1976 NORTEP has always been housed in leased facilities belonging to another agency. The program began its life in the attic of the Old Gateway School, which belonged to the Northern School Board; shortly thereafter it moved to the old Pre Cam High School building when that became vacant and then, later, in 1984, it moved into the Mistasinihk Building in La Ronge, which belonged to the Government of Saskatchewan. At present there are two very strong constraints on this location as a home for NORTEP: a) as an educational facility the building has become seriously inadequate in many ways: its construction was never intended for educational use (so classrooms are far from sound-proofed); there are no adequate laboratory facilities; there is no lecture theatre of any kind, and there is critical shortage of classroom space; there is no proper teaching preparation centre, no cafeteria, no exercise space (much less a gymnasium), little storage room and no AV services space. b) the growth of the governmentâ€™s own agencies has itself become quite pressing, and the 1,700 sq. metres of space currently occupied by NORTEP/PAC is urgently needed for Government service agencies. Moreover, the mix of clientele between a post-secondary education agency, and a variety of governmentâ€™s agencies and departments, is far from ideal. In short, the government urgently requires more available space in the Mistasinihk Building, and NORTEP/PAC needs its own dedicated post-secondary education building suitable for universities studies. Although there has been an awareness of these needs for some time, it has recently become painfully evident that both sides of the need are now critical and demand urgent attention. In order to move things forward in September, 2006, NORTEP/PAC convened a Round Table discussion to which many agencies were invited to discuss the potential for building a joint use northern campus dedicated to post-secondary education. Many agencies responded to this call, including: the NORTEP-NORPAC Board of Governors; the Lac La Ronge Indian Band; the Northern Lights School Division; the Ile a la Crosse School Division; Creighton School Division; the Prince Albert Grand Council; and the First Nations University of Canada. Attendance at subsequent meetings also included representatives from Northlands College, the Meadow Lake Tribal Council, and the Northern Regional office of Saskatchewan Education. At a later meeting, in February, 2007, a Memorandum of Understanding was developed that is currently being circulated amongst the representatives in accordance with an amendment taken at the most recent
meeting of the NORTEP-NORPAC Board of Governors, Friday, March 16, 2007 (see Appendix II: Memorandum of Understanding). At the March 16th meeting of the NORTEP-NORPAC Board of Governors, the following motion was passed: REQUEST FOR FUNDING NORTEP FACILITY: Motion 04/03/16/07 Moved by Doyle Vermette that senior staff apply for funding for the design phase of the NORTEP joint-use education facility with additional space to support program delivery of other partner agencies. The following document provides a rationale for the new building, and concludes by asking for $125,000 to support the planning and design phase of the building. The rationale itself covers a very broad range of considerations, all of which point strongly towards the need for a new home for NORTEPNORPAC, together with ample space to support joint-use of the facility by many agencies. The rationale for this major capital construction project incorporates an analysis of economic and demographic imperatives, and well as educational needs that show promise for strongly impacting the labour market, in the north and throughout the province. All of these considerations are nested within the demands and opportunities that have been created by the knowledge economy and are consistent with, and supportive of, the New Training Model proposed by Saskatchewan Learning. This document should also be seen as complementary to, and supportive of, the Statement of Intent developed by NORTEP entitled, â€œFacility 2010: Northern Centre for University Studiesâ€? (Elie Fleury, Executive Director, NORTEP-NORPAC, March 2007).
The Pressures of a Knowledge Economy: An Opportunity to Include and to Prosper Demographic trends pose a threat to future socio-economic sustainability Saskatchewan has systematically and quickly responded to rapid globalization and the increased competition of a knowledge economy. This global economic environment calls for diversification and development of knowledge-based economic sectors. Demographics in Consequently, there is need to develop a Saskatchewan are negatively larger, highly-skilled, educated, and affecting the condition of the technologically proficient workforce. workforce, health care However, Saskatchewanâ€™s future system, education, and raceprosperity and socio-economic relations, threatening longsustainability are threatened by the term socio-economic demographic structure of Saskatchewan, sustainability in the province. and a shrinking labour market. â€œDemographics in Saskatchewan are negatively affecting the condition of the workforce, health care system, education, and race-relations, threatening long-term socio-economic sustainability in the provinceâ€? (Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Sustainability in Saskatchewan: Some Policy Considerations, The Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy SIPP) (p. 1). Saskatchewan must look to its full human resource capabilities in order to overcome the threat to socioeconomic sustainability. The search for new, innovative, and profitable ideas, so essential to a knowledge-based economy, must extend to the problem of marginalization, exclusion, inequity, and the inaccessibility of educational and economic opportunities for Aboriginal and northern people. Labour force participation by Aboriginal people is now widely seen as essential to the economic future of Saskatchewan, but it is also essential to the political viability of Saskatchewan as a modern democratic province embracing values of inclusion, prosperity and social development (Policing the Future: The Changing Demographics of Saskatchewan, The Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy, p. 2)
Population Trends Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations Saskatchewan is characterized by an overall declining, and aging population. Compared to other provinces, Saskatchewan has a low population
density. These factors place heavy demands on the tax base and negatively impact the ability to grow and develop a labour workforce that can meet the pressures of a global economy and secure future prosperity. The non-Aboriginal segment of the population is in decline because of several factors: • •
Figure 1: Potential Labour ForceAboriginal and Non Aboriginal
A lower number of births than deaths A higher number of out-of-province migrations than immigrations.
Saskatchewan also has an aging population caused by three factors: • • •
An increase in life expectancy, the number of baby boomers moving into the 3554 age-group categories, the number of young people migrating out of the province to find employment.
“The senior population in Saskatchewan is overwhelmingly (96 per cent) nonAboriginal” (SIPP, p. 2). The province of Saskatchewan has the largest percentage of seniors. Not only is this aging, decreasing non-Aboriginal segment of the population unable to fill the needs of the growing labour market, but also, even more jobs will open up due to retirements, and many of these jobs require post-secondary education. Figure 2: Age Distributions in 2003
Saskatchewan’s “baby boom” and ‘bust’ populations are smaller than other provinces because of out-migration. But the ‘echo’ is larger because the growth in the Aboriginal population coincides with the ‘echo’. (SaskTrends)
Saskatchewan has both the largest population of seniors and the largest population under 15 years of age. (SaskTrends)
As one considers the opposite demographic trends for the Aboriginal population, hope emerges. First Nations and Métis populations are growing dramatically.
According to the 2001 Census, the total Aboriginal population in Saskatchewan increased 17 % between 1996 and 2001, and represented approximately 14 % of the total provincial population.
Continued growth in the in the Aboriginal population is expected. •
The Aboriginal population of 2001 is expected to increase to 21% by 2025 (Final report of the 2005 Training System Review Panel. A new training model for Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Learning. (NTM), p. 35), and is further expected to grow to be one-third of the provincial population by 2050 (SIPP, p. 4).
“Saskatchewan Health projects 38% growth in the next 15 years” (Northern Saskatchewan Regional Training Needs Assessment Report, 2006-2007, The Northern Labour Market Committee & Saskatchewan Learning. (NSTNAR), p. 13).
The following charts graphically illustrate the projected growth of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations. Figure 3: Projected Growth from 2003 to 2023 –Aboriginal % growth in population 2003 Total =995,000 Aboriginal = 14%
2013 Total =994,000 Aboriginal = 17%
2023 Total =988,000 Aboriginal = 20%
Northern and Southern populations The majority of northerners are of Aboriginal heritage: •
23% of Saskatchewan’s Aboriginal people reside in the North, and make up 83.6% of northern Saskatchewan’s population (NSTNAR, p. 11).
Figure 4: Demographic Population Polarizations – Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Dem ographic polarizations: Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal
The northern population is growing quickly:
60% Based on 2001 Statistics Canada Census Data
40% 20% 0% 3.0%
-20% % Senior (65 + )
% of population
population % change
“Between the years 1998 and 2005 the northern region population grew by 5.8% compared to a provincial decline of 1.1%” (NSTNAR, p. 12).
A large portion of the population in the northern region is young. •
44% of the population in the northern region is under age 20 as compared to 27% under age 20 in the whole of Saskatchewan. (NSTNAR, p. 11).
This means there will be a larger population in the child-bearing age-group, and an even greater potential increase to population in the North. Aboriginal and northern population growth will place a greater demand on both K-12 and post-secondary education and training programs (NSTNAR, p. 4). So, while southern Saskatchewan is characterized by high out-migration patterns in the younger population and an aging non-Aboriginal population, the northern portion of the province is experiencing a young, rapidly increasing Aboriginal population. Northern Aboriginal people are the fastest growing, youngest segment of Saskatchewan’s population.
Employment, Unemployment, and Labour Market Participation Rate Trends Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Disturbingly, Aboriginal populations in Saskatchewan experience much lower employment and participation rates than non-Aboriginal populations, especially First Nation people.
The employment rate of the Aboriginal people, which includes both First Nation and Métis people, was 30.2 per cent lower than nonAboriginal people in 2004/2005.
The unemployment rate of Aboriginal people was 24.7%, 16.3 per cent higher than non-Aboriginals. Also, “First Nations people experience unemployment rates of 25% and higher” (NTM, p. 43).
The 2004/05 labour market participation rate for Aboriginal people is 24.7 per cent lower than non-Aboriginals. “The Saskatchewan Chamber of Commerce and Sask Trends Monitor note that labour force participation issues may work against the opportunity that the young Aboriginal population holds for the Saskatchewan workforce” (SIPP, p. 9).
Northern First Nation Employment and Income Status •
In 2001, First Nations people off-reserve had labour market participation rates 18% lower than non-Aboriginal, and First Nations people on-reserve had the lowest rates, 43.1%, a gap of 26.2%. Over half (55.8%) the people registered to a northern Saskatchewan First Nation live on reserves.
“The employment and income status of reserve residents is so unacceptable as to call for unprecedented action” (NTM, p. 46). Figure 5: Demographic Employment Polarizations – Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Dem ographic polarizations: 2004/05 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
te ra n tio pa e ci at rti tr Pa en m oy pl m e at ne U tr en m oy pl
The long-term unemployment rate in northern Saskatchewan is more than 4 times that of the province (Health Indicators, 2004 p. iii).
The First Nation population’s average employment income is less than 50% of average income of Non-Aboriginals, an extreme inequity (NTM, p. 45).
Figure 6: Average Income—Aboriginal, First Nations, Métis, Non-Aboriginal Average Income
First Nations $13,247
Because Aboriginal employment and labour market participation rates are so low, the growth in population increases pressure on the labour market and tax base, further threatening future sustainability. Future hope lies in increasing the employment and participation rates of First Nations and Métis people. Thus, while this growing, young segment of the population offers hope for future socio-economic prosperity, extraordinary efforts must be given to including and making accessible employment opportunities, particularly in the North where there is a job and skills/education shortage, rather than a labour market shortage. Studies show that raising education levels is key to raising employment and participation rates.
Encouraging Education Indicators Increasing Northern School Enrolments In terms of education, there are encouraging trends occurring in the northern segments of the province. School enrolments are increasing: •
“Since 1998/9, total enrolments increased by 3% across the North. Most of the growth has been in middle years and high school enrolments and in First Nations schools” (NSTNAR, p. 15).
The following chart illustrates the percent change in student enrolments using a best case scenario of 100% retention rate. The First Nations Schools and schools of the Northern Region show significant increases unlike the steady decline in the southern region. Figure 7: First Nations, Northern Region and Rural School Divisions % Change Note: while student enrolment decreases in the southern portion of the province, the northern student enrolment shows significant increases.
250% 200% 150% 100% 50% 0% -50% -100%
Grade and Grade 12 Year
Sources: SaskLearning and SaskLearning Northern Region Office from stats provided by INAC, Funding Services, Saskatchewan Regional Office.
First Nations, Northern and Rural School Divisions % Change 2005/06 % Change in SD 113 Northern % Change in FN Schools % Change in SD 205 Rural % Change in SD 208 Rural % Change in SD 210 Rural
Declining numbers of southern Grade 12 students put pressure on the labour market.
The falling off in enrolment for 2018 shows a province-wide trend of fewer numbers of children enrolled in Kindergarten.
With increased school enrolments there is a demand on postsecondary education, as well as, on training programs and services. •
Saskatchewan Education Indicators 2004 show that northern students are taking more Grade 12 credits than a decade ago. Northern students also increased the average number of Grade 12 credits earned by almost 2 credits (NSTNAR, p. 16).
Further, there are more students from the northern region going on to university and technical schools than before. “An informal survey found that 33% of the 290 graduates of northern high schools in 2005 went on to university or technical training programs in the autumn – and most attended southern institutes” (Northern Region Office, Saskatchewan Learning) (NSTNAR).
Another hopeful trend exists in the northern population. While the problem of an aging workforce is associated with a propensity for postsecondary-educated youth to leave the province (about 50 % of youth that are out-migrating have post-secondary education), the North tends to retain its post-secondary educated and growing youth population. •
“The projected increases in northern populations are [partially] due to Aboriginal peoples, who make up the majority of the northern population, being not nearly as likely to leave the North and the province, as others in the population” (NTM, p. 37).
These trends show there is increased interest in education for northern Aboriginal people and there is more chance of retaining northern graduates with completed post-secondary education.
Post-Secondary Education leads to Employment which leads to Individual, Community and Provincial Prosperity Lower employment and participation rates associated with lower levels of education The lower rates of employment and participation in the labour market in the Aboriginal population are, in part, associated with lower levels of completed education. To create future socio-economical sustainability, Saskatchewan must “raise education levels in the population generally and the Aboriginal population specifically to enable an increase in participation rates” (Sask Trends, p. 19).
Increased education means increased employment for First Nations and Métis people. Employment bridges the gaps in the distributions of income and prosperity. •
“for the off-reserve Aboriginal population… persons with some postsecondary education or less, as well as those with completed postsecondary education, have experienced improved labour market outcomes since 2001” (Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey data NTM, p. 43).
The following chart demonstrates the difference Post-Secondary Education has on employment, unemployment and participation rates in the labour market: Figure 9: The Difference Post-Secondary Education has on Employment, Unemployment and Participation Rates The Difference Post-Secondary Education has on Em ploym ent, Unem ploym ent, and Participation Rates (Age Category 25-64)
60.9 Source: 2001 Statistics Canada Census
22.2 10 40.9
1 Employment Unemployment Participation Rate Rate Rate
Have not completed post-secondary education Have completed post-secondary education
Employment rate among this cohort is 20% higher for those with completed post-secondary education
Unemployment rate is 7.6 % lower for those with completed postsecondary education
Participation rates in the labour market are 21.3 % higher for those with completed post-secondary education.
These data clearly indicate the positive impact of post-secondary education on labour market outcomes. Note, for example, how the Aboriginal population with completed post-secondary education more closely resembles the labour market outcomes of the non-Aboriginal population (NTM, p. 43). Education and employment are linked inextricably; thus education must be seen as a major part of the solution to the problems of developing and growing a labour market that can prosper in the competitive knowledge economy.
The Old Education Model Inequity and Inadequacy Despite many renovations and improvements, the education system struggles to deconstruct its industrial, colonial model and efforts to eliminate institutional barriers such as exclusion, inflexibility, standardization, and uniformity have been insufficient in addressing the inequities and marginalization of Aboriginal and northern populations. •
University education, located in urban locations, “disproportionately serves young people from professional and higher income families”(NTM, p. 71).
As the demand for post-secondary education increases, so must the ability to mobilize, to make accessible its opportunities to those who are economically and educationally marginalized.
The New Training Model A Viable Framework for Education in the Knowledge Economy The pressures and difficulties of competing in a global knowledge economy, while difficult and complex, can be seen as an opportunity to redress inequities that have existed in the education system and, consequently, in the
labour market. Without the full participation of First Nation and Métis people, particularly the youth, and the full financial support of both provincial and federal governments, “the Saskatchewan economy has little hope of realizing its potential” (NTM, p. 13). The labour market’s efforts at generating and distributing income to include Aboriginal people, while showing minor increases, are inadequate. Raising educational attainment levels is necessary for Saskatchewan to be able to compete in the knowledge economy. Equally important is the need to bridge the gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal employment and education opportunities, raising the income status of First Nation and Métis people. In response to this problem, a training review panel has outlined recommendations in the Final Report of the 2005 Training System Review Panel: A New Training Model for Saskatchewan (Saskatchewan Learning, 2005). The New Training model presents a viable framework to construct a new and innovative educational system in a global economic and democratic climate. These priorities are essential to redress inequities in the system; increase education, employment, and participation rates among Aboriginal peoples; and meet the threat to Saskatchewan’s prosperity.
Some Recommendations for Rebuilding Among other priorities, this framework suggests that education must become accessible, inclusive, learner-centered, continuous and progressive, flexible, responsive, innovative, supported by technology, and linked to labour force needs and employment opportunities.
The Need for Post-Secondary Education in the North In applying the New Training Model, particular attention should be paid to the northern portion of the province where poverty, unemployment, and participation rates are entirely unacceptable, and where the population increases are most significant. Accessible Post-secondary education opportunities are required for northern Aboriginal people to qualify for new jobs that will be opening up.
Job Forecasts in Major Northern Industries include: Mining: Trades like power engineers, instrumentation technicians, mechanics Professional and management like geologist, mine engineers, supervisors Oil and Gas: There is a strong demand for workers with higher level training as engineers project managers, geoscientists, trades, and mechanics at oil sands projects. Health and Education: Workers for the health sector including licensed practical nurses, lab and X-ray technicians, special care aides, food service workers, as well as professionals such as nurses, social workers, and physicians. Secondary Teachers with specialty qualifications in such areas as high school sciences and math, computer science, practical and applied arts, and French immersion (NSTNAR, pp. 5-6). Further, 61,000 job openings are projected for the whole of Saskatchewan, 36,500 opening from retirements, and 24,500 new jobs due to diversification and development. Figure 10: Projected Job Openings in Saskatchewan
If Saskatchewan can increase the participation rates of Aboriginal peoples, then “the Aboriginal labour force could increase by 138%,..with a notable 200% increase in the First Nations portion from an estimated 23,000 in 2001 to 68,500 by 2025” (NTM, p. 46).
New and Innovative Education Strategies are Necessary To increase education, employment and participation rates among First Nation and Métis people, and to meet the labour market demands, new strategies are necessary. The New Training Model suggests that “new strategies must provide support systems which recognize, strengthen and
incorporate Aboriginal culture and traditions in the deliver of training programs. The unique history, culture, values and traditions of Aboriginal peoples and their learning needs”( NTM, p. 144). Building on the proven and successful foundations of NORTEP and NORPAC, by expanding their program offerings through a new NORTEP JointUse, shared facility would appear to be an excellent strategy for building future prosperity in northern Saskatchewan.
NORTEP and NORPAC: Successful and Innovative Strategies A significant effort, demonstrating many principles of the New Training Model, and alert to the hopeful possibilities for the Aboriginal population, is already effecting profound change in the northern regions of Saskatchewan. The Northern Teacher Education Program (NORTEP) is an accredited course of study by both the University of Saskatchewan, and the University of Regina. In 1989 another program, the Northern Professional Access College (NORPAC), was created to accommodate the growing needs of Northern people to access other professional careers. The NORTEP and NORPAC programs have developed over thirty years in response to Aboriginal education and employment needs. This story is documented in a recent report: Innovation, Determination, Impact: The Impact of NORTEP/PAC After 30 Years. “It is a story of innovation, determination, and impact; and also a story of decolonization, self-determination, and development” (Tymchak, CeNRGe, p. 1). NORTEP and NORPAC have transformed the human resources situation in the North. Their educational, cultural, administrative, and socio-economic impact is readily discernable.
NORTEP/PAC: Demonstrate the Priorities of the New Training Model Learner-centered programming NORTEP/PAC were designed to meet specific community and learnercentered needs. First, there was a costly 30-40% teacher turnover rate, meaning disruptions for pupils, schools, and communities. Also, the children entering northern schools were Cree or Dene speaking, and the teachers who greeted them spoke neither language. Aboriginal children did not have role models to demonstrate the possibility to enter the teaching profession. •
Before NORTEP, less than 1% of certified teaching staff was of Aboriginal ancestry while Aboriginals made up 75% of the population. Now, most of the 308 graduates of NORTEP have remained in the North (Impact, p. 6).
NORTEP has also impacted teacher turnover rates. Of NORTEP graduates, 56% are working in the same community since graduation and 91% of NORTEP graduates have elected to stay in northern Saskatchewan.
“Even after 30 years, 84% of all NORTEP graduates still occupy teaching or teaching-related positions” (Impact, p. 6).
By selecting northerners with a preference for Cree and Dene speakers, NORTEP has created a graduate population that is 90% Aboriginal.
Further, NORTEP graduates who are speakers are better able to serve the learner needs by reflecting the culture and language of their students.
Accessible and Inclusive programming NORTEP and NORPAC provide training in an accessible northern location close to many reserve residents, redressing the problems of exclusion, accessibility and inequity of opportunity. •
Before NORTEP professionals were imported into northern communities, reinforcing the perception that professional careers were reserved for people from outside of the North.
Economically and politically, the salary payroll tended to exclude northerners, especially Aboriginal northerners.
There was a growing awareness that the education system was an alien to northern life, and the institution had no “compelling, long-term meaning for the personal lives of the pupils” or the community it served.
NORTEP opens access to the beneficial aspects of the “dominant” society, while preserving and affirming Aboriginal language and culture. Keith Goulet describes this “bi-cultural” philosophy best when he described NORTEP’s attempt to “draw on the best from both cultures”(Impact, p. 10). This entails preserving the language and culture in the context of envisioning and creating a new North. This vision “marshals valued traditional elements in the task of addressing underemployment, poverty, and marginalization” (Impact, p. 10).
NORTEP and NORPAC are designed to address institutional and personal Barriers Aboriginal Self-Governance The NORTEP and NORPAC programs are designed to address the institutional and personal barriers to higher Aboriginal participation, as mandated by the New Training Model (NTM, p. 143). They have given space for Aboriginal involvement in the decision-making process. NORTEP/PAC have created a space and a capacity within the Aboriginal community for northerners to have this conversation, to make decisions about core funding, appointment of faculty and employment of staff, amongst other challenges, and to exercise self-determination. In this environment, both instructional and educational policy formation are strongly influenced by First Nation and Métis people themselves. From a holistic point of view, the necessary complexities that exist on an organizational level can be seen as the price of selfdetermination and decolonization, and used as a measure of the underlying forces and tensions. NORTEP/PAC governance and self-determination is supported by the New Training Model: “there is considerable evidence in the research to support the importance of Aboriginal-governed institutions in improving outcomes for Aboriginal people” (NTM, p. 139). Other Barriers are Addressed: There is relevant programming developed in response to northern needs; it is located geographically accessible to northern people, and therefore involves built-in community support for its students; it provides incentives for retaining students by being relevant and linked to employment.
Innovative and Collaborative Partnerships The governance and program authority for NORTEP/PAC are characterized by complexity. Novel and creative organizational and administrative arrangements have been adopted out of necessity to navigate resistance, maintain self-determination, and decolonize its structure. NORTEP’s infrastructure belonged to a school board, while its academic program belonged to the participating universities, a unique division of authority based on the Education Act and the Universities Act (Impact, p. 18). The northern population itself consists of deep political and racial divisions; Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal, First nation, Métis, and Non-Status. In this complex environment, NORTEP/PAC programs are designed so that “all have a distinctive place, and often with a distinct legal framework within the larger northern umbrella” (Impact, p. 20). In time, NORTEP transitioned to a larger, more inclusive Board of Governors that embraced all northern people groups in a collaborative and balanced coalition. 22
Responsive and Flexible Programming NORTEP AND NORPAC demonstrate responsiveness and flexibility. While NORTEP offered the opportunity for northerners to become teachers, it was clear there was a significant number of northerners who wanted careers outside of education. Thus, NORPAC was created to offer opportunities for students to take university arts and science courses, and to see careers other than teaching. NORPAC has made a variety of careers possible. Careers “represent a world of salaried employment, responsibility, and leadership opportunities for northern Aboriginal people-in a wide variety of fields and vocations-unheard of in 1976 when NORTEP first began” (Impact, p. 15). Linked to labour market while maintaining sensitivity to cultural concerns NORTEP/PAC reflect an understanding of the complexities and difficulties involved when combining labour market, economy, and cultural concerns. NORTEP was developed to meet the labour market demand for teachers, then grew to include other programs through NORPAC. NORTEP/PAC recognizes an uneasy tension that exists between economy and culture. And while economy and employment could be construed as a colonizing influence, exclusion from economic participation and unemployment would surely be more oppressive. The socio-economic conditions in the north are characterized by poverty, a rising dependency on social assistance and transfer income, and a higher number of lone-mother families. These conditions are known to contribute to incidences of delayed vocabulary, social, and psychosocial impairment in children. “Clearly, one of the most effective means of addressing poverty is through human resource development that creates access to wage and salaried careers”(Impact, p. 30). NORTEP/PAC: positively impacting the individuals, communities and government Intervention strategies must be implemented to stop the drainage of resources from less populated areas to enrich, to include, and to invite participation for economic benefits. The impact that NORTEP/PAC has had on the northern socio-economic environment demonstrates that this program provides a support system, which recognizes, strengthens and incorporates Aboriginal culture and traditions as recommended by the New Training Model. The impacts of NORTEP/PAC are both direct and indirect. The existence of these programs in the North has been remarkably effective in creating benefits for primarily Aboriginal peoples, with 91% of graduates remaining in the North. But this also benefits community economic conditions because increased salaried employment means increased spending, increased demand for good and services, and increased quality of life, for students, professionals, and communities. Also, the indirect benefit of increased quality of life, means an avoidance of additional social cost. Thus, from a taxation and core funding 23
perspective, the “government currently derives a 220% return on their investment in NORTEP/PAC” (Impact, p. 40). Had NORTEP/PAC not been in existence, the losses to individuals, communities and government revenues would be significant. When the direct benefits are combined with the indirect benefits, this creates “an impact that can only be described as truly massive” (Impact, p. 40). Yet, while NORTEP/PAC have done much to improve conditions in the North, there is still an urgent call for further development in response to the needs of northerners, as well as the future needs of the labour market.
Building Towards the Future Today: A NEW NORTEP JOINT-USE, SHARED FACILITY Responding to the needs of the future today NORTEP/PAC recognizes the call for northern post-secondary education to expand and grow, just as it has in other provinces, such as Manitoba, Alberta, and British Columbia. These provinces have dedicated colleges to the needs of their northern populations. NORTEP/PAC, with an exceptional achievement record, recognize that the time has come to incorporate enhanced institutional status, with an expanded choice of options for students. â€œThere is a critical shortage of Aboriginal teachers at the high school level who are qualified to teach mathematics and sciencesâ€? (NTM, p. 143). Thus, the new facility would address the need to develop and offer courses in the area of math and science. Also, Secondary teacher education is specialized in various subject areas: English, social studies/history, math, biology, chemistry, physics, physical education/health, law, and so on. This option requires an array of course options. Further, there is need of programs related to careers outside of teaching. With the anticipated labour market shortages, the development and growth in both the mining and petroleum industries, and the health and education sectors, there is an urgent call for NORTEP/PAC to grow and develop in the areas of math and science, secondary teacher education, and arts and sciences. To continue in its responsive, flexible learner-centered role NORTEP/PAC must grow and develop. The dramatic increases in K-12 school enrolments suggest that the time to act is NOW. Clearly, the next step is the building of a new NORTEP-NORPAC JointUse, shared facility with enhanced program offerings to serve the university education needs of the North, specifically its Aboriginal peoples.
FUNDING REQUEST: DESIGN PHASE At its regular meeting of the NORTEP/NORPAC Board of Governors on March 16, 2007, the following motion was passed: REQUEST FOR FUNDING NORTEP FACILITY: Motion 04/03/16/07 Moved by Doyle Vermette that senior staff apply for funding for the design phase of the NORTEP joint-use educational facility with additional space to support program delivery of other partner agencies. NORTEP currently occupies 1,700 sq metres of space in the Mistasinihk Building in La Ronge. All indications point to the fact that Provincial Government services need this space for the growing needs of the services delivered by Government. By the same token, NORTEP’s educational needs are reaching a critical point. A current estimate prepared by NORTEP indicates that recognition of a full-service program, including adequate laboratory space, a library, cafeteria, lecture theatre, student services area, exercise room, and administration offices, would require 4,597 sq meters. At $6 sq meter, the cost of such a building would be $25 – 30 M (see Appendix I: Estimated Building Needs). The design phase required for such a building is estimated to cost in excess of $100,000. Given the need to assess the suitability, and variable costs for several possible sites in La Ronge, in addition to accommodating the normal, rather complex needs of a university education facility in a northern setting, NORTEP/NORPAC, therefore, requests funding for the planning and design phase of this capital project in the amount of $125,000. An inter-agency Advisory Committee has been active for approximately six months. A Memorandum of Agreement has been developed and is currently being circulated to the participants (see Appendix II: Memorandum of Understanding). The Committee will continue to evolve as responses are received from the other parties with a vital interest in the project. There will be differentiated roles in the development, but preliminary indications are that there is considerable interest in the ‘joint-use, shared facility’ concept. A great deal of work remains to be done, including a wide range of considerations and decisions. Project expertise is now required to address such items as: • •
selection of a lead consultant (probably an architect, or engineer) conduct a comprehensive needs assessment (taking into account the data assembled in this document)
• • • • • • • • • • • • •
identification of dedicated space needs, and those with potential for shared usage location of potential site(s) in La Ronge, and selection of the best option identification of revenue sources exploration of possible partners, both public partners (such as the Lac La Ronge Indian Band), and private partners, such as CAMECO conduct a phase 1 environmental assessment of chosen site develop site lay-out, possible building orientation and determination of the site development that will be needed develop building concept, and prepare preliminary drawings identify, and possibly choose, the principle contractor identification of equipment and start-up furnishing costs identification of legal issues, and necessary legal instruments (contracts, memoranda of understanding, mortgages, etc.) development of time lines, consolidation of funding assessment of risk factors liaise with all interested parties, and assist with developing the terms of reference and procedures for the Advisory Committee.
It is recommended that NORTEP be regarded as the lead agency for the project, and that its Board of Governors (which is very broadly representative of northern agencies, see Appendix IV)) be regarded as the legal entity responsible for the funding being requested. Within NORTEP, the Centre for Northern Research and Graduate Studies Education (CeNRGe) has been asked to help coordinate and support project data collection and management (such as the writing of this proposal). For information purposes a sample of the expenditures that would be typically associated with a building of (approximately) the size being proposed, is attached as Appendix III: Typical Budget Scenario $20 Million Facility, and the agencies represented on the NORTEP/PAC Board of Governors is included as Appendix IV: NORTEP-NORPAC Board of Governors - Agencies.
References Elliot, Doug. (2005, October) Population and Demographic Trends Sask Trends Monitor. Irvine J., & Stockdale D. (2004). Northern Saskatchewan health indicators report 2004. La Ronge, SK: Athabasca Health Authority & the Keewatin YatthĂŠ and Mamawetan Churchill River Regional Health Authorities, Population Health Unit. McArthur D., et al. (2005, November). Final report of the 2005 Training System Review Panel. A new training model for Saskatchewan. Regina, SK: Saskatchewan Learning. Northlands College. (2006, March). Northern Saskatchewan Regional Training Needs Assessment Report, 2006-2007. The Northern Labour Market Committee & Saskatchewan Learning. Stokes, J. (2003, October). Demographic trends and socio-economic sustainability in Saskatchewan: Some policy considerations [Public Policy Paper 19]. Regina, SK: University of Regina, The Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy. Turpel-Lafond, Judge M.E. (October 2006). Policing the Future: The Changing Demographics of Saskatchewan [Briefing note: Issue 16]. Regina, SK: University of Regina, The Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy. Tymchak, Dr. Michael. (2006, June). Innovation, Determination, Impact: The Impact of NORTEP/PAC After 30 Years. La Ronge, SK: Centre for Northern Research and Graduate Studies Education (CeNRGe).
Appendix I: Estimated Building Needs New NORTEP-NORPAC Joint-Use, Shared Facility ROOM CAFETERIA 1 cafeteria seating for 100 @ 3,641 sq ft LECTURE THEATRE 1 lecture theatre seating for 200 @ 3000 sq ft 1stage coat check 1 toilet (male) 1 toilet (female) 1 retail area 1 projection / sound / control 1 equipment storage CLASSROOMS 1 classroom to seating for 50 15 classrooms - seating for 30 @ 760 sq ft
TOTAL # PEOPLE
3,000 1,000 60 120 160 100 250 300
15 attached classroom storage @ 60 sq ft ea. 1 toilets (male) 1 toilets (female) 1 storage for computer equipment network racking, printing, photocopying network administrator's office LABS 2 computer labs @ 675 sq ft each biology lab chemistry lab physics lab language lab 4 storage rooms @12% each lab LIBRARY circulation counter / 2 employees 80 sq ft 5 computer research terminals @ 20 sq ft lounge seating for 10 @ 20 sq ft table seating for 20 @ 16 sq feet each 10 electrified carrels @ 30 square feet each 2 research journals stacks @ 12 sq ft 5 reference stacks @ 12 sq ft 30 collection stacks @ 12 sq ft 1 AV work room / duplication @ 200 sq ft librarian's office work room bookstore bookstore office store room 5 small classrooms
11,400 900 120 160 100 80 120
1,350 968 968 968 968 465
160 100 200 320 300 24 60 30 200 120 200 625 120 300 500
board room STUDENT SERVICES program counsellorâ€™s office registrars office joint medical office housing office storage for archived student records day care student lounge GYMNASIUM exercise room gym storage for equipment locker / change room /showers ADMINISTRATION OFFICES 2 accounting clerk's offices accounting archives secretary-treasurer's office reception - 3 people administration archive office supply storage director's office 10 faculty offices 5 sessional offices faculty and staff lounge mechanical system elevators, ramps and stairwells janitorial storage wheel chair accessibility loading dock parking landscaping public areas TOTAL COST @ $600 PER SQUARE FT
500 120 120 150 120 300 11,612 500 300 1,150 100
240 100 120 360 80 80 150 1,200 500 300
current square feet (Mistasinihk Place) 25% increase in space in square feet RTEP REQUIREMENT) total square feet new facility total square metres new facility increase in square feet in new facility total % increase in new facility total cost of new facility at $600 per sq ft
18,292 22,865 49,460 4,597 31,168 170% $ 29,676,144.00
CONVERT SQ METRE TO FEET # SQ M X 10.76
APPENDIX II: Memorandum of Understanding Memorandum of Understanding between Parties with an Interest in Establishing a New NORTEP/PAC Joint-Use, Shared Facility Preamble We the undersigned Parties share a common vital interest in the construction of a new NORTEP/PAC Joint-Use, Shared Facility dedicated to university education in northern Saskatchewan. We support this initiative and are agreed to participate in the furtherance of this objective in a variety of ways. Consistent with our commitment is the recognition that our agencies will likely play different roles in the promotion and development of the facility, just as we have different needs and anticipate somewhat different uses. In general, however, we recognize needs that include a comprehensive facility dedicated to the delivery of a wide range of university programs and academic courses. We intend this Memorandum of Understanding to be instrumental in supporting the first phase of the project’s development. Once the concept of the facility is further elaborated, and the roles and commitments of the various agencies are more clearly defined, we anticipate that a second phase memorandum will be required. Differing needs and uses: A. Some of us envisage the facility becoming our primary home, including occupancy and use of: offices, administrative space, large lecture theatre, classrooms, scientific laboratory(ies), A/V Services facility, ICT lab, library, program counselling rooms, learning materials preparation space, gymnasia and/or exercise room, cafeteria, student lounge, faculty lounge, and the like. B. Others of us do not anticipate becoming primary residents, but we do anticipate using, or sharing in the use of some, or all of: • • • • • • •
library classrooms scientific laboratories ICT laboratories learning material preparation centre(s) gymnasia/exercise room …..and the like
C. In addition to sharing in the use of facility space, we may also be prepared to consider the possibility of sharing some core functions; these include but are not limited to: • • • • •
registration joint course scheduling accounting, payroll and financial management maintenance, and custodial services ……and the like
Notwithstanding our recognition of these possibilities, we state clearly that the participation of our agencies in the use of a new facility, or any of the core functions, is and shall remain voluntary. We name the possibilities in this Memorandum of Understanding simply for the purposes of exploration and consideration. Differing Roles: Besides differing needs and uses, we also recognize that as the project proceeds, we may play different roles. The variety of such roles may include, but is not limited to: • • • • • • •
Planning Contributing to the capital construction cost Becoming an owner, or a co-owner Assuming managerial responsibility Renting or leasing space Serving on a users’ management advisory board ….and the like
Notwithstanding the possibility of our playing different roles, we are mutually committed to the vital importance of constructing a major, new NORTEP/PAC Joint-Use, Shared Facility dedicated to the post-secondary educational needs of northerners. We share in common the view that this need is urgent, and vital to the interests of northerners. We also share a commitment to the notion that although this facility will become the new home of NORTEP/PAC, it will also be a joint-use and multi-purpose resource for many agencies. We agree, therefore, to support the development of this facility and urge appropriate levels of government - provincial, federal and First Nation(s) - to recognize the funding necessary for its construction and its operation. In signing this MEMORANDUM, however, although we indicate support in principle for the concept of this building, our agency does not commit to sharing the capital costs of the project.
Advisory Board: The agencies whose signatures appear below agree to serve on an ad hoc â€œNORTEP/PAC Joint-Use, Shared Facilities Advisory Boardâ€?. Although not signatory to this Memorandum, it is understood that a representative from the Government of Saskatchewan, Northern Region Office of Saskatchewan Learning, will be included as an ex officio member. The Advisory Board may add, or delete, members at its discretion on the basis of need (e.g., of broader consultation), or evidence of interest and commitment (e.g., non-participation in meetings).
________________________________ Northern Teacher Education Program
____________________________ Lac La Ronge Indian Band
_____________________________ Prince Albert Grand Council
_____________________________ Meadow Lake Tribal Council
____________________________ Northern Lights School Division
______________________________ Northlands College
____________________________ Ile a la Crosse School Division
_______________________________ Gabriel Dumont Institute
_____________________________ First Nations University of Canada
______________________________ Creighton School Division March 24/07
Appendix III: Typical Budget Scenario $20 Million Facility*
Construction Costs New Construction 5,000 m2 x $3,500/m2 $ 17,500,000.00 Total Construction Cost (no GST) $ 17,500,000.00 Design, Engineering, Consultant and Management Fees Functional Programming $ 75,000.00 Concept Plan and Functional Program $ 10,000.00 Prime Consultant, SAA Standard Sliding Scale $ 1,400,000.00 Prime Consultant Disbursements (including reimbursables, printing, travel) $ 150,000.00 LEEDâ€™s Certification $ 50,000.00 CBIP Modeling Consulting Fee (hourly rates) estimate $ 10,000.00 Land/Legal Survey $ 16,000.00 Geotechnical Survey $ 13,000.00 Testing and Inspections $ 15,000.00 Thermographic Testing $ 10,000.00 Design Fee Subtotal $ 1,749,000.00 Land Acquisition Land Purchase $ 250,000.00 Site Services $ 100,000.00 Sasktel Servicing $ 2,500.00 SaskPower Connection (usually waived in consideration of future revenues) $ 0.00 SaskEnergy Connection (usually waived in consideration of future revenues) $ 0.00 Land Subtotal $ 352,500.00 Contingencies Design/Inflation Contingency 5% of construction cost $ 875,000.00 Construction Contingency 5% of construction cost $ 875,000.00 Contingency Subtotal $ 1,750,000.00 Taxes/Grants GST 6% $ 1,281,090.00 PST Allowance on Professional Fees 30% x 5% $ 25,425.00 Taxes Subtotal $ 1,306,515.00 TOTAL PROJECT CONSTRUCTION COSTS $ 22,658,015.00
VALUE FOR PLANNING PURPOSES $ 23,000,000 Equipment and Furnishings (5% of Construction Cost) $ 875,000.00 Total Equipment and Furnishings $ 875,000.00 TOTAL PROJECT COSTS $ 23,533,015.00
VALUE FOR PLANNING PURPOSES $ 24,000,000 *Source: ADOBT Architects, Saskatoon, sample only
Appendix IV: NORTEP-NORPAC Board of Governors â€“ Agencies
9 Members, NORTEP Council Inc. and 1 Representative from each of the following agencies: Lac La Ronge Indian Band Prince Albert Grand Council Meadow Lake Tribal Council Ile-a-La Crosse School Division Creighton School Division
A proposal for a Northern Facility for education of northerners.