Delft University of Technology
Department of Urbanism
Research Programme Summary 2015 Urbanism 1
This summary of the Urbanism Research Programme gives examples of our work and publications only. Further details including full publications lists are available on the website of the TU Delft Department of Urbanism and on the various specific websites of the research themes as noted in the text. Enquiries about further details are welcome at the contact points given.
About the editors
Prof. Vincent Nadin
Prof.dr. Wil Zonneveld
Vincent Nadin is Chair of Spatial Planning and
Wil Zonneveld is Professsor of Urban and Regional
Strategy and director the urbanism programme. He has
Planning. His research focuses on strategic planning at
undertaken research on comparative planning systems,
the regional and national level and the role of concepts
planning in the UK and China, European spatial planning,
and visions in strategic.
planning and heritage.
Photos Roberto Rocco Job Jansweijer Delft, July 2015 Contact address Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment
Julianalaan 134, 2628BL Delft
Tel. 015 - 27 84225
Abbout the cover (RE)CLAIMED LAND Scenario for a democratic landscape in the polluted territory. This urbanism graduation project by ir. Francesca Rizzetto has been awarded with the 2nd prize by Archiprix 2015.
Ir. Klaas Akkerman
Klaas Akkerman is former student assistant at The Department of Urbanism. He graduated in 2015 on an integrated strategy to make the city of The Hague less vulnerable for heat by combining spatial policy with neccesary urban design solutions.
Table of Contents
Urbanism research programme
Design of the Urban Fabric
Metropolitan Spatial Structures
Regional Governance, Planning and Design
International Planning and Developing Regions
Smart Cities & Urban Metabolism
Polis (study association)
Who are we?
Strategy Urbanism research at TU Delft reflects the long-standing Dutch tradition that combines the creativity of urban design with the reasoning of spatial planning, to which we have added understanding of environmental and information technologies. We aim to achieve excellence in research, deepening knowledge in our specialisms whilst also working together in interdisciplinary teams on socially relevant research themes within the department and across the faculty. We will sustain our position as a distinctive and pre-eminent international centre for urbanism research by giving priority to projects that combine critical perspectives from a range of professions. Our objectives are
to make a lasting and visible contribution to academic understanding and practical action on the urgent challenges of urban development around the world, particularly the risks associated with climate change;
to become a key player in the development of critical intellectual debate and theorising on urbanism as well as providing practical guidance for professionals;
to build a reputation for the excellence and distinctiveness of our research in the urbanism community;
to build a flourishing and cohesive PhD research community of candidates and supervisors that contribute to shared objectives;
to build strong interconnections between the research programme and master’s and post-master’s education, making effective use of the high quality student body.
Maintaining a strong academic research culture together with deep engagement with practice requires that we give priority to certain actions. We will continue
to focus research resources around a limited number of priority specialisms and themes –and to win international recognition of our competence in these fields;
to strengthen staff competences in publication, second and third stream funding and PhD supervision;
to vigorously seek major research funding and relationship with sponsors to drive the research agenda forward and provide opportunities for PhD candidates and supervisors;
to continue to raise the visibility of urbanism research through dissemination and valorisation across the full range of media including academic and professional papers, monographs, high profile events, popular media and online learning;
to identify and strengthen relations with key research partners and networks.
TU Delft Urbanism research programmme
The Urbanism Research Programme is one of nine in the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment. The
programme contributes to specialist knowledge in urban design, spatial planning, landscape architecture and
environmental technology. The programme also works on socially relevant research themes that sustain and progress the longstanding Dutch tradition of urbanism, combining contributions from various urban disciplines. Urbanism research is organised around: •
four disciplinary sections that give depth to our specialisms; and
eight research theme groups that to some degree are multidisciplinary.
The themes are open to all staff and involve extensive collaboration with other research groups in the university, in particular the Urban and Regional Studies Group of the OTB Department. The overall research programme is led by Professor Vincent Nadin with the support of Professor Wil Zonneveld and research leaders for each theme. Not all research in urbanism is covered by the programme. We encourage staff to develop their scholarship and research on other topics, especially on innovative emerging research questions and education in urbanism. These may develop into research themes as a record of successful publication and activity builds up. Development
A major review of the urbanism research programme in 2010 gave strong endorsement to the approach taken especially
in its social relevance. The panel recommended further consolidation of research activity around specific themes and research questions. Since then the disciplines and research themes have specified their research plans more fully and activity has grown substantially with many more externally funded research projects and academic publications. Staff continue with wide involvement in major international events. PhD candidate numbers have been held steady with appointment and progression now supported by a Graduate School. A strong characteristic of research in urbanism is its international reach. Staff are involved in research projects with partners around the world. The research themes have evolved with social and political priorities, and the recruitment of new staff. The most significant changes since 2010 are •
the appointment of Arjan van Timmeren to the Chair of Environmental Technology and Design;
the move to the department of Jantien Stoter, Chair of Spatial Information Infrastructure;
the move to the Department of Wil Zonneveld, Chair of Urban and Regional Planning;
the appointment of Frits Palmboom, to the Van Eesteren Chair;
the appointment of Wouter Vanstiphout to the Dutch Ministry funded Chair in Design and Politics; and
the appointment of Rients Dijkstra to the Chair of Urban Design.
Further changes are anticipated in 2016 for the Chair of Landscape Architecture following the retirement of Professor Dirk Sijmons. There are changes elsewhere in the faculty that offer new opportunities for collaboration. In the Department of Architecture Carola Hein has been appointed to the Chair of History of Architecture and Urban Planning. In the Department of Real Estate and Housing Ellen van Bueren has been appointed to the Chair of Urban Development Management. Both have strong connections with urbanism. Other important collaborations inside and outside TU Delft are explained below.
Urbanism Research Programme
The Department of Urbanism is organised in four sections with a disciplinary focus:
URBAN DESIGN TOOLS: THE ULAB GROUP
The central domain of the ULAB program is the design and analysis of urban patterns. Changing conditions
result in increasing complexity of the character, development and use of urban areas. The aim of the ULAB research-programme is to strengthen urban design as a technical-scientific discipline with the development of methods, tools and instruments to develop innovative concepts and approaches for urban analysis and urban design. The group is concerned with changing territorial conditions such as peak oil, climate change and demographic trends and their consequences for delta
regions. The group addresses both the core principles of
Chair of Urban Compositions
the discipline and practical support tools for urban design
Chair of Urban Design
Van Eesteren chair
STRATEGIC SPATIAL PLANNING: THE RANDSTAD GROUP
In the spatial planning and strategy section there is
use comparative methods. Members of the group have
a particular interest in the form and governance of
expertise in different parts of the world including Europe,
complex urban regions like the Randstad Holland and
Asia and Latin America.
others around the world. The increasing significance of the regional scale in urbanisation, influenced by
globalization, and changing relations between the
Chair of Spatial Planning and Strategy
state, market and civil society under neo-liberal policies
Chair of Urban and Regional Planning
are very challenging for the coordination and guiding
Chair of Design as Politics
of spatial development through regional planning and design, and more broadly, territorial governance. The Randstad group is building expertise in understanding the performance of metropolitan regions in terms of sustainability, cohesion and competitiveness, and the operation of spatial planning in different forms of region. We investigate planning in many international cases and
URBAN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
The research in Landscape Architecture focuses on three
metabolism which explores the flows associated with
areas: methodology & technique, landscape studies and
the city, and waterscapes, which examines the ‘blue
urban landscapes. Methodology & technique extends
infrastructure’ of urban surface water. The specialisms
the group’s long-standing expertise on landscape
of urban landscape architecture make important
architectural methodology with new scholarship into
contributions to the main research themes.
the repertoire of knowledge-based design research and design thinking in landscape architecture. The group are
examining geo-information technology as an integrative,
Chair of Urban Landscape Architecture
analytical and graphic tool for landscape architecture and urban design. Landscape studies involves fundamental and applied research on concepts such as place-making and place-attachment from a landscape architectural perspective. Heritage environments are explored in relation to heritage policy, estate landscapes, historic urban territories and defence landscapes. Urban landscapes includes three topics: tools for understanding and mapping of metropolitan landscapes, urban
ENVIRONMENT AND MODELLING
The combination of the chairs of Environmental
on technologies underpinning geographical information
Technology and Design and 3D Geoinformation
systems (GIS), and aims at designing, developing and
offers new opportunities for the Urbanism Research
implementing better systems to model 3D cities, buildings
Programme. This new ‘technology-oriented’ section
and research discipline of the department concentrates on integrating physical and digital design and links
spatial analysis and technological innovation with urban
Chair of Environmetal Technology & Design
environmental issues. There has been successful work
Chair of 3D Geoinformation
in ‘environmental technology and design’ across the urban research programme for some time. The new collaboration will provide a platform to consolidate and deepen the expertise of both chairs. Research in environmental technology and design is directed to the design, development and combination of proven and promising techniques, infrastructures, interfaces and methods in resilient designs for a comfortable, healthy and sustainably designed climate in the living and built environment. Research in the 3D Geoinformation focuses
Environment & Modelling
Theme 01: Delta Urbanism
Delta Urbanism focuses on new approaches in the design and planning of urbanised deltas that face extreme challenges from competing claims and interests. A balance must be found between on-going urbanisation, port-development, agriculture, environmental and ecological qualities, flood-defence systems and fresh-water supply. Balancing competing claims in deltas requires new relationships to be forged between design, engineering, science and governance.
Prof.dr.ir. Han Meyer Han Meyer is professor of urban design - urban
Frits Palmboom is the â€˜Van Eesteren Chairâ€™, funded by
compositions. He studies the role of urban design
the Van Eesteren-Fluck-van Lohuizen (EFL) Foundation
in complex spatial questions. A special focus of his
and the Dutch National Delta program. A special focus
research is on the role of urban design in urbanising
of Palmboom and his team is on the design of new
delta-areas. He was advisor to the Dutch-American
perspectives for the IJsselmeer area in the Netherlands.
consortium preparing a water management strategy for New Orleans.
Prof.ir. Frits Palmboom
In deltas the tension between urbanisation and the natural environment is present in an extreme way. Urban planning and design in delta areas are forced to integrate many factors more comprehensively through multi and interdisciplinary design and planning approaches. Deltas can be regarded as interesting laboratories where designers, scientists and engineers are confronted with changing environmental and societal conditions resulting in extremely complex situations. Because of this complexity, natural and societal processes in urbanising deltas cannot be planned or controlled with great certainty. Physical and social processes must be allowed freedom for self-organization. At the same time, more sustainable urbanisation is only possible with some measure of collective intervention, especially concerning critical issues such as flood-defence and fresh water supply. The main goal of the research theme is to deliver perspectives that offer new ways of combining self-organisation with collective decision-making concerning planning, design and engineering. The research aims to ensure that urbanised deltas are more liveable (creating the conditions for enjoyment and benefit of the delta-condition), more robust (resistance to sudden disturbances), more resilient (ability to recover from disturbances) and more adaptive (capacity to adapt to structurally
Theme 01: Delta Urbanism
Urbanized deltas of the world, map by S. Nijhuis, TU Delft
To address urbanisation problems concerning water management and flood defence related to climate change, the development of fruitful relationships among science, engineering, design and governance is crucial. Therefore, urbanism collaborates closely with the TU Delft Faculties of Civil Engineering and Technology, Policy and Management, the Erasmus University Rotterdam, Wageningen University and the Dutch Water Institute Deltares, as well as with several private engineering and design firms.
How can a balance of economy, urbanisation, environmental quality and safety be made in delta areas?
How can fruitful interdisciplinary approaches of design, engineering, science and governance be created and maintained?
How can we define a new balance between planned, designed and engineered interventions in the system of the delta on the one hand, and a freedom for self-organization of natural and societal processes on the other?
The theme investigates these questions in the Dutch Delta and numerous delta areas in other parts of the world.
There has been considerable success in securing external funding to support this research theme such as grants from the Dutch National Research Organisation (NWO) and the Technology Foundation – STW. Previous and current projects include: •
Van Eesteren Chair, funded by EFL-Foundation and Delta Programme, Professor Frits Palmboom 2013 – 2016;
Kennis voor Klimaat, funded by NWO, PhD project A. Nillesen, 2011 – 2014;
Multifunctional Flood-defences, funded by STW, PhD project P. van Veelen 2011-2015 & postdoc researcher N. Brand 2012-2015;
Atelier Kustkwaliteit (Studio Coastal Quality), funded by Stimuleringsfonds Architectuur and the Dutch Delta Programme, researchers I. Kersten, M. Warmerdam 2011-2013;
Greater New Orleans Urban Water Plan, commissioned and funded by the Greater New Orleans Inc., advisor H. Meyer 2011-2013;
Kaohsiung Waterfront Redevelopment, workshop and advice commissioned and funded by the City of Kaohsiung, H. Meyer, C. Chen Kun, Peiwen Lu, 2012.
Visibility analysis Piazza San Marco, Venice by S. Nijhuis, TU Delft
3D-model Piazza San Marco, Venice by S. Nijhuis, TU Delft
Hooimeijer, F. (2014) The Tradition of Making Polder Cities: a Fine Dutch Tradition. Heijningen, Japsam books.
Meyer H., Nijhuis S. (2013) Delta urbanism: planning and design in urbanized deltas – comparing the Dutch Delta with the Mississippi River Delta. Journal of Urbanism 6(2): 160-191.
Meyer H., Nillesen, A.L., Zonneveld, W. (2012) Rotterdam: A City and a Mainport on the Edge of a Delta, European Planning Studies 20(1): 71-94.
Nillesen, A.L., (2014), Improving the allocation of flood-risk interventions from a spatial quality perspective, Journal of Landscape Architecture, 9(1), 20-31.
A special edition of Built Environment was edited by Han Meyer (2014) Delta Urbanism: New Challenges for Planning and Design in Urbanized Deltas, 40(3) with contributions from: •
Dammers E., Bregt A., Edelenbos J., Meyer H., Pel B. Urbanised Deltas as Complex Adaptive Systems: Implications for Planning and Design.
Brand N., Kersten I., Pot R., Warmerdam M. (2014), Research by Design on the Dutch Coastline: Bridging Flood Control and Spatial Quality.
Marchand M., Pham D.Q., Le T. (2014) Mekong delta: Living with Water, but for how long ? Zagare V. (2014), Dichotomous Delta: between the Natural and the Metropolitan: the case of the Parana Delta, Argentina.
Waggonner D., Dolman N., Hoeferlin D., Meyer H., Schengenga P., Thomaesz S., Van der Bout J., Van der Salm J., Van der Zwet C., New Orleans After Katrina: Building America’s Water City.
Current PhD candidates
Chenhkun Chung (2014) Transformations of an Urbanizing Delta
Anne Loes Nillesen, Delta-dynamics and spatial quality;
Landscape. The Taiwan Experience;
Xiong Liang, Pearl River Delta;
Cornelia Redeker (2013) Rhine Cities: Urban Flood Integration.
Yuting Tai, Guangzhou urban design and water-management; Pham Quang Dieu, Mekong River Delta; Veronica Zagare, Parana River Delta;
Harry den Hartog, Shanghai Metropolitan Area and Yangtze River Delta.
IPDD - Integrated Planning and Design in the Delta, funded by NWO, Meyer/vd Burg /Nijhuis/Pouderoyen, (20112014).
MFFD – Multi-Functional Flood Defenses, funded by STW, Nikki Brand/Peter van Veelen (2011-2015)
Regional design perspectives for the IJsselmeer region, funded by EFL foundation and Dutch National Delta Program, Palmboom/Broekhuijsen/Verhoeven (2013 – 2016).
International comparison of urbanizing deltas in the world – PhD projects of Chen Kun Chung, Xiong Liang, Yuting Tai, Pham Dieu, Veronica Zagare, Harry den Hartog – funded by national scholarships. The team is active in making submissions to research programmes including for example, the NL NWO programme on The New Delta and Urbanising Deltas of the World, and the Joint Programming Initiative Urban Europe. We have entered design competitions such as Changing Courses regarding the recovery of the Mississippi River Delta.
The priority in this theme is to deepen and widen research on delta urbanism in north-west Europe and around the world.
New PhD candidates will be considered on this topic as existing candidates complete in 2015 and 2016. The theme has presented preliminary results of projects at the international conference ‘Urbanizing Deltas in Transition’ in Rotterdam, June 2014.
Delta-Urbanism makes a considerable contribution to the educational programme in four courses: Minor BSc programme: Green-Blue Urbanism; MSc Urbanism Quarter 3 Design project The Urban Region, focusing on the delta region of the Dutch Isselmeer; Interdisciplinary MSc Graduation Studio Delta Interventions; and EMU (Post-master European Masters of Urbanism) semester-project Constructing the Sustainable Delta-City.
Theme 01: Delta Urbanism
Peter van Veelen, Multifunctional flood-defences;
Theme 02: Design of the Urban Fabric
The goal of the theme of design of the urban fabric is to understand through research how urbanism can contribute to making sustainable, attractive and vital urban design. The specific contribution of the theme is to strengthen urban design as a technical scientific discipline both in terms of our understanding of the increasing complexity of urban patterns and the development of tools for professional practice.
dr.ir. Machiel van Dorst
ir. Egbert Stolk
Machiel van Dorst is associate professor Environmental
Egbert Stolk is an urbanist and researcher with an
Technology and Design, and Chair of Urbanism.
interest and expertise in urban design, design thinking,
He studies environment â€“ behavior relations for
complexity theory and cognitive science, and their
urban design interventions. The perspectives are
environmental psychology, sustainable development and community design.
Urban fabric refers to the physical urban environment (elements, materials, form, scales, density, networks), and to its psychological, socio-cultural, ecological, managerial and economic structures. The urban fabric theme studies the relations between tangible and intangible structures in different contexts, and is grounded in the Dutch tradition of urbanism. Its aim is to foster a sustainable and vital urban environment. We understand urban fabrics from a design perspective, that is, as the result of a sequence of design decisions taken by latent/professional designers at various scales. In order to understand these processes we study urbanism practices and projects, urban territories and how individuals/groups design in a complex setting. In order to understand the urban fabric itself, we investigate the dynamics that gave rise to existing urban fabrics on two levels: first, by studying (the sequence of) actual interventions and their implications for human activities; and second, by studying the dynamics of design processes before actual realisation. allows us to anticipate or stimulate changes by (evidence informed) design. In general, we study and promote two design strategies: the application of design patterns and the use of scenarios. By using design patterns extracted regularities in the urban fabric can be made operational for design purposes. By using scenarios, possible and desirable futures can be explored, supporting the design of adaptive and prospective urban fabric.
How can (re)designing the urban fabric contribute to improving the sustainability and vitality of the urban environment for our and future generations?
How do the physical environment and the intangible structures interact?
What are the dynamics of the urban fabrics and how does this relate to different design strategies?
How can patterns and scenarios support and structure design processes in a multi actor setting?
How can new knowledge responding to the above questions help us generate new or improve design tools, improving urban design & planning practice and education?
Understanding the urban fabric implies research on its nature as an object in use. We take three perspective: (1) the urban fabric as a network of places and spaces; (2) design strategies for renewal of the urban fabric; and (3) the urban fabric as a complex human-environment system.
The first perspective considers urban fabric as urban design and public space. For centuries in much of the world, the term ‘public space’ has been a synonym for government-owned spaces. They have always played an important part in social-spatial change and have been crucial to cities and their culture. However, more spaces with ‘public’ functions are becoming privately owned, confronting the user and the urban designer with new settings. The objective of this perspective is to uncover how urban designers and users shape the dynamics and meaning of public places. It includes behavioural issues like way-finding, the dynamics between public and private space, and the influence of new technology and materialisation.
Theme 02: Design of the Urban Fabric
The knowledge gained from studying the processes and the structures that manifest urban fabric
Design of the Urban Fabric
The second perspective focuses on new design strategies for the modernisation of the urban fabric. The dynamic context of the city involves governance arrangements which, together with trends in urban social and economic development, result in new policies. We build on the traditions of reconstruction, regeneration, revitalization and renewal. The reconstruction tradition has tended to assume strong government control, which is now giving way to regeneration and renewal. This in turn creates a need for new design strategies, with revised objectives, means and partnerships between government, the market and civil society. Revitalisation now often starts with actors other than government, opening doors to innovative urban design approaches. The third perspective investigates the urban fabric as a complex human-environment system. The relations between humans and environments are addressed in three ways. The environmentbehaviour approach examines the relations of human behaviour and urban fabric in terms of privacy zoning and participatory processes. The design-cognitive approach makes design proposals for the urban fabric at various scales, using professional skills and cognitive capabilities in projecting desirable future images. The complex systems approach examines human behavior and the implementation of design proposals in the context of continuous urban dynamics and the complex human-environment system. An emerging theme within the research group is the study of urban design practice. The aim is to build up a theory of practice on urban fabrics by analysing approaches and methods used by practising urban designers in design offices, government and NGOs. Overall the research theme puts an emphasis on the development of urban design tools and methods in relation to varying perspectives. The goal is to combine quantitative and qualitative tools and to test and apply them in urban design practice and education. Some examples are the research on using patterns and scenarios in urban design, geodesign tools, and the development of design and decision support systems.
The design of the urban fabric research theme has a growing record of high quality academic publications and consultancy reports, and is actively engaged in externally funded research projects from the EU Framework 7 Programme and the NWO. Staff have extensive national and international networks which have been strengthened through the hosting of the Conference on Complexity, Cognition, Urban Planning and Design in 2013. Recent externally funded projects: •
NODES – New Tools for Design and Operation of Urban Transport Interchanges. EU FP7 programme. Role: partner. Principal Researcher: Frank van der Hoeven. Coordinator: UITP International Association of Public Transport. Duration: 9/2012 to 9/2015
Better Airport Regions – Models and Development Pathways for Sustainable Urban Transformation. NWO – Urban Regions in the Delta. Role: coordinator. Principal Researcher: Arjan van Timmeren & Andy van den Dobbelsteen. Duration: 2012 to 2014
Hoeven, F. D. van der & Nes, A. van (2014). Improving the design of urban underground space in metro stations using the space syntax methodology. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 40(February): 64-74.
Portugali, J. & Stolk, E. H. (2014) A SIRN view on design thinking – An urban design perspective. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 41(5): 829 – 846.
Trip, J. J. & Romein, A. (2014). Creative city policy and the gap with theory. European Planning Studies, 22(12), 2490-2509.
Dorst, M. J. van, van der Woude, H. (2012) Community Architecture in the Netherlands. Bussum: Thoth.
Portugali, J., Tan, E., Meyer, V. J. & Stolk, E. H. (Eds.) (2012) Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age,
Current PhD candidates
Olgu Caliskan (2013) Pattern formation in urbanism: a critical reflection
Birgit Hausleitner, The spatial organisation of work in the city;
on urban morphology, planning and design;
Maarten Jan Hoekstra, De stad in woorden. Stedenbouwkundige
Maurice Harteveld (2014) Interior Public Space. On the mazes in the
begrippen in ontwikkeling;
network of an urbanist;
Egbert Stolk, Een complex-cognitieve benadering van stedebouwkundig
Fred Sanders (2014) Duurzame Ontwikkeling door Collectief
ontwerpen (A complexity-cognitive approach to urban design);
Bewonersinitiatief’ (‘Sustainable development through residents’
Jiaxiu Cai, Transforming existing cities: an integrated design tool
towards urban design with historical continuity.
Ekim Tan (2014) Negotiation and design for the self-organising city; Marjolein Pijpers-van Esch (2015) Designing the urban microclimate.
Our research priorities are deepening our knowledge on the relationship between:
the design of the urban fabric and environmental psychology;
the design of the urban fabric and economic structures;
the design of the urban fabric and climate;
visual and verbal language used in the design of the urban fabric;
the practice of urbanism and urbanism education.
In 2016/17 we plan to organise the 3rd Delft International Conference on Complexity. This edition will focus on the role of imagination and emotions in urban planning and design.
Understanding the urban fabric is crucial for education in urbanism and preparation for practice. The urban fabric theme contributes extensively to undergraduate and postgraduate programmes particularly in the master’s studios. Many graduation students take up projects that contribute to the development of research in this theme.
Theme 02: Design of the Urban Fabric
Theme 03: Metropolitan Spatial Structures
This theme is concerned with understanding the evolution and performance of regional metropolitan spatial structures in terms of economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability and social well-being. It is concerned with linking planning strategy and practice positively with improved knowledge of spatial structure and performance.
dr. Evert Meijers
dr.ir Stephen Read
Evert Meijers is a senior researcher in the Department
Stephen Read is associate professor in the Urbanism
of OTB. He studies urban and regional development
Department. His research interest is the morphology
from a multidisciplinary perspective, combining insights
of cities and regions. He uses the relational thinking of
from spatial planning, economic and urban geography,
phenomenology and (actor) network theory to develop
environmental studies and policy sciences.
models of cities and regions as sites of power and action.
The region occupies a privileged position in thinking about urban form and process. The emphasis on the region as the critical scale for understanding urban development goes back to Patrick Geddes. He replaced the city as the unit of analysis with an ‘organic’ region whose relations and dynamics included the city and its functional and meaningful surround. Lewis Mumford and Clarence Stein saw the region as the context and condition of an organic city and society of the future. Jean Gottmann saw it as an effect of a dynamic process of metropolitan urbanisation and social reorganisation. Today we understand regions as those spaces within which diverse types of agglomeration economies coexist, triggering urban synergies once only a character of the nuclear city. The metropolitan region is today a complex configuration of places, functions and movements that is by its nature polynuclear. This polynuclearity can take different forms, from the ‘monocentric’ versions where more or less complementary centres distribute power across regions. Today the metropolitan region is the frame for thinking about processes like agglomeration, centrality, sustainability, (auto)mobility and (sub)urbanisation. It is the frame for thinking about transformation under conditions of modernisation, globalisation, new movement and communications technologies, new business organisation, new global and regional economies and other regionally specific conditions of growth and development. It is increasingly employed in discussion about changing urban localities and identities, social, functional and migration patterns, and scales and institutions of governance. Our concern is with urban form and structure at all scale levels from that of the street and neighbourhood to the whole region. Smaller-scale urban structures such as neighbourhoods are contextualised and understood in relation to the region, often as problems of increasing social and spatial fragmentation. We develop models of urban and regional structuring and transformation. We use these to research the relationships between regional form and economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability and social well-being, and to model the social, economic and environmental performance of regions. We track and interpret changes in patterns of urbanisation and in regional structure in the Randstad and other regions, and compare different regions using common modelling protocols and indicators. We formulate methods and guidelines for the building of economically and socially advantageous and sustainable cities and metropolitan regions in order to bring the results of this research to planners, designers and policy-makers in usable forms. Our perspective on the region is, at least partly, a consequence of our situation in the Randstad, an archetypical polycentric agglomeration, from which we derive knowledge that may inform views of other agglomerations.
We have a strong track record of funded research, for the European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) and the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk (NWO – Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research). Our previous work also includes a number of PhD projects on metropolitan structure in relation to transport and infrastructure led by former Professors Dirk Frieling and Joost Schrijnen. Our major current funded work concerns energy efficiency related to urban form and governance (PLEEC) and the economic performance of polycentric metropolitan areas in the Netherlands (NAPOLEON). Some current funded research work is in the Pearl River Delta in China.
Theme 03: Metropolitan Spatial Structures
extreme where one centre dominates the others and concentrates power, to more ‘polycentric’
Metropolitan Spatial Strucutres
Research has been reported in many journal articles and book chapters including papers in Urban
Studies, Environment and Planning B, Progress in Human Geography and Town Planning Review. See for example
Burger, M.J., & Meijers, E. (2012) Form follows function? linking morphological and functional polycentricity. Urban Studies, 49(5):1127-1149.
Masip Tresserra, J., & Roca Cladera, J. (2012) A retrospective analysis of the Barcelona metropolitan system and its influence on the urban structure, Architecture, City and Environment, (18):100-138.
Meijers E.J. and M.J. Burger (2010) Spatial Structure and Productivity in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Environment and Planning A, 42(6), pp. 1383-1402.
Gil, J. & Duarte, J.P., 2013. Tools for evaluating the sustainability of urban design: a review. Proceedings of the ICE Urban Design and Planning, 166(6), pp.311–325.
Read, S.A. (2014) Rethinking social relations: towards a different phenomenology of places. In: S. Rau & E. Schönherr (Eds.) Mapping Spatial Relations, their Perceptions and Dynamics. Berlin: Springer, pp. 157-175.
Wandl, A., Nadin, V., Zonneveld, W.A.M., Rooij, R.M. (2014) Beyond urban–rural classifications: Characterising and mapping territories-in-between across Europe. Landscape and Urban Planning, 130 (October) pp. 50-63.
Wohl, S. (2015) Considering how morphological traits of urban fabric create affordances for complex adaptation and emergence, Progress in Human Geography (Online January, 1–18)
Current PhD candidates
Nikki Brand (2012) Patterns of urbanisation in the Randstad-Holland,
Jaume Masip Tresserra, Polycentricity and performance: planning
for a competitive, equitable and sustainable metropolitan system in
Marta Mendonça (2012) Conditions for re-conceptualising the
Barcelona – Catalonia;
contemporary urban local scale: considering communication
Jorge Gil, Urban form and the multi-modal mobility network
networks to attain conditions for space appropriation;
structure: evaluating the sustainable accessibility of urban areas in
Jeroen van Schaick (2011) Timespace matters: exploring the gap
between knowing about activity patterns of people and knowing how
Azadeh Mashayekhi, Transforming the future: an empirical study of
to design and plan urban areas and regions;
the modernisation and regionalisation of the Tehran metropolis;
Qiang Sheng (2011) Changing centralities under urban configurational
Ceren Sezer, Public visibility of Anatolian immigrants in Amsterdam
Sharon Wohl (formerly Ackerman), Complex adaptive systems and
Gerhard Bruyns (2011) Urban dispositif: an atlas of spatial
mechanisms and the contemporary urban landscape;
Jung Ying, Formation of centralities as a result of infrastructure
Camelia Mulders Kusumo (2007) Station – the new centrality, the
building: transformation of small towns in the Yangtze Delta region,
effects of urban form on the liveability of the area around the railway
Alexander Wandl, Territories-in-between: European permeability in
Evert Meijers (2007) Synergy in polycentric urban regions:
territories between urban and rural.
complementarity, organising capacity and critical mass.
Networks, agglomeration and polycentric metropolitan areas: new perspectives for improved economic performance (NAPOLEON), a Kennis voor Krachtige Steden project, 2012 to 2014
Planning for energy-efficient cities (PLEEC). This is an EU 7th Framework project running from 2013-2016 that explores the link between metropolitan spatial planning and energy-efficiency.
The aim for this theme is to create a substantial regional research and modelling project involving
a number of PhD candidates focussing on the Randstad and other regions around the world as a foundation for regional comparisons. What makes this theme distinctive is that we do not just describe and explain the evolution of metropolitan spatial structure, but we also shed light on how spatial structure influences metropolitan competitiveness, environmental sustainability and social well-being. Moreover, we translate these findings into models and designs that can assist in planning and designing cities and metropolitan regions for all. Our future research agenda is strongly centred on this triangle of understanding spatial structure, evaluating its performance, and applying this knowledge to improving planning and design.
regional and metropolitan urbanisation, form and structure; models of regional form and transformation;
urbanisation and development of metropolitan regions; the evolving functional geography of regions;
the performance of regional forms;
indicators of performance relating to economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability and social well-being, including health and happiness;
the geographical foundations of agglomeration benefits and costs.
The research theme of metropolitan spatial structure has a strong relationship with the Urbanism
Mapping the public transport (blue), cycling (green) and car (red) environments in the Randstad. Image by Jorge Gil.
MSc graduation studio which builds on experience of such studios from 2001. More than 80 students have graduated since 2008, studying almost an equal number of cities around the world. Graduation projects provide a resource for comparative overview of, and a methodological approach to, metropolitan structure and performance in different global contexts. We see teaching as a way to open and articulate research questions and refine and test methods. Projects address parts of the triangle ‘spatial structure – performance – planning and design’. They develop better understanding of linkages between built urban form and interpretations of performance, and make recommendations for the planning and design of metropolitan regions.
Theme 03: Metropolitan Spatial Structures
PhD candidates will be recruited in following topics as supervision capacity become available:
Theme 04: Regional Design
This theme is concerned with the political dimension of spatial planning and urban design, and the spatial and design dimensions of politics and governance, with a particular emphasis on regional level. It takes as a starting point the sea change that Dutch spatial policies are undergoing and which will take effect over the coming decade. These changes are seen to be both specific for the Dutch situation, and therefore for the immediate context of urbanism education at Delft University, but they are also representative of transformations that we see internationally.
prof.dr. Wil Zonneveld
ir. Verena Balz
Wil Zonneveld is a full professor of Urban and Regional
Verena Balz is a teacher and PhD researcher in the
Planning. His research focuses on strategic planning at
Department of Urbanism, Chair of Spatial Planning and
the regional and national level, the role of concepts and
Strategy. She is experienced in the field of regional and
visions in strategic planning and the interplay between
metropolitan design. In her research she investigates
visioning and project decision-making.
the use of planning concepts in the context of regional governance.
The context of spatial planning, urban design and even architecture in the past half century has been determined to a large extent by public policies concerning the distribution of economy, education, culture, infrastructure and public facilities over the national territory. This was true for the Netherlands, but also for many other countries in Western Europe that subscribed to the welfare state model. We can see how this model is now being replaced with new models of governance and with new (implicit) ideas and ideologies concerning the relationship between the citizen and government. Localism and participation, or decentralization and the ‘Big Society’, or devolution and deregulation are names for a combination of policies aimed at reducing the role of the central state both by devolving power to the local administration, and by reducing government in general by stimulating civil and market parties to take on formerly public tasks, and to demand more of the individual families and communities. In this theme we wish to discover and analyse how spatial planning and urban design has been affected by the governance and political environment from where it comes; to understand how changes in this model lead to different practices in the fields of spatial planning and urban circumstances. We treat the fields of planning and urbanism therefore both as symptomatic of broader changes in society and the way it is being governed, and as active tools that can play a role in giving shape and form to these transformations. We do this in a multidisciplinary environment in which economy, geography, history and political and social sciences have an important place. We focus on different levels of scale with a particular emphasis on the regional level. The mismatch between the territorial organisation of governance and the spatial structure of cities and urban regions is particularly felt on this level. In the Netherlands this is especially the case in the Randstad. The investigation of these developments follows three lines •
the role and political position of spatial planning and design including the changing conditions for deliberative spatial policy making;
the role of design tools, instruments and methods, with a particular emphasis on the regional level;
democratic legitimisation in design and planning and the changing relationship between citizen and government in design and planning.
To what extent can regional design serve as a catalyst for territorial transformation and what are
necessary governance conditions?
The track record of the theme group includes projects financed by ESPON (European Observation Network, Territorial Development and Cohesion) and NWO. The theme also builds on the legacy of former professors Niek de Boer, Joost Schrijnen and Maurits de Hoog, that addressed issues of ‘integrated policy making’ and ‘institutional capacity building’ in the Randstad, and the role of design and visualisation. The theme is led from the section spatial planning with contributions from the chairs of urban and regional planning and design as politics.
Theme 04: Regional Design
design, and how spatial planning and urban design as disciplines and tools can adapt to changing
Regional Governance, Planning and Design Recent
CONTEXT: a NWO-VerDuS project (lead partner University of Amsterdam) focussing on the
relationship between environmental rule setting and (regional) area development. ESPON RISE and ESPON TANGO projects focussing on integrated regional strategy making and territorial governance across Europe.
Balz, V. & Zonneveld, W. (2014) Regional Design in the Context of Fragmented Territorial Governance: South Wing Studio, European Planning Studies, 23(5): 871-891.
Spaans, M. & Zonneveld, W. (2015) Evolving regional spaces: shifting levels in the southern part of the Randstad. In: Allmendinger, P., Haughton, G., Knieling, J. & Othengrafen, F. (Eds) Soft Spaces in Europe: Re-negotiating Governance, Boundaries and Borders. London/New York: Routledge: 95-128.
Vanstiphout, W. & Relats, M. (2014) Are we the world?; Randstad Holland, São Paulo, Istanbul & Rotterdam, Design and Politics #6, Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.
Waterhout, B., Othengrafen, F. & Sykes, O. (2013) Neo-liberalization processes and spatial planning in France, Germany and the Netherlands: an exploration, Planning Practice & Research, 28(1): 141-159.
Zonneveld, W. & Spaans, M. (2014) Meta-governance and developing integrated territorial strategies: The case study of MIRT territorial agendas in the Randstad (Netherlands), Planning Theory and Practice, 15(4): 543-562.
This map clearly shows that many cities in North-West Europe are clustered to form polynuclear urban regions. Planning and design is adapting to this situation. A number of projects carried out within the theme ‘Regional governance, planning and design’ do address this. An example is the ESPON project ‘TANGO’: Territorial Approaches for New Governance.
Current PhD candidates Jan Vogelij, Effective strategy making: co-designing scenarios as a tool for effective strategic planning; Verena Balz, Regional design and indicative planning: discretionary approaches and forms of control; Els Leclercq, The perception of the user on the privatisation of urban space; Nurul Azlan, Urban form and protest behaviours; Marta Relats, The comeback of industry and its physical, social and political integration in the territory through design in western industrialized countries; Daniela Patti, Multi-functional peri-urban landscapes (together with TU Wien).
The theme group is preparing the Randstad Reader: a definitive textbook on the Randstad to be
published by Routledge in association with the Regional Studies Association. Also a conference on regional design is organised together with TU München (Alain Thierstein & Agnes Förster), taking place in October 2015.
Theme 04: Regional Design
The three lines of research mentioned above serve as the primary guidance for the recruitment of PhD candidates. We have identified two key priority topics for PhD research. In various countries regional design and the ‘art’ of making spatial representations and the imagination of spatial metaphors has emerged as a powerful tool in capacity- and consensus building in multi-actor settings. It is often used as a way of overcoming conflicting rationales and images of desired spatial development and spatial futures. We would like to develop research that focus on the performance of regional design in various institutional settings in different countries and (urban) regions.
MIRT territorial agenda, policy integration and capacity building. In various regions across the
Netherlands so called MIRT territorial agendas have been developed serving different purposes: as a framework for multilevel decision-making about governmental territorial investments as well as integrating a large number of different spatially relevant strategies. We are interested in the making as well as the performance of these agendas.
The theme contributes to the Urbanism Graduation Lab and other parts of the MSc programme such as Analysis & Design of Urban Form and Spatial Strategies for the Global Metropolis. Courses are amongst others aimed at making more explicit the political intentions and the vision of a society that planning and design projects entail. The research theme underpins courses within the Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management’s SEPAM programme (System Engineering, Policy Analysis and Management) at the master’s level. The theme also contributes to the Berlage theory seminar and the European Post-master in Urbanism.
Theme 05: International Planning and Developing Regions
This theme undertakes comparative analysis of varying forms of intervention through spatial planning and territorial management in Europe and developing regions in the world. There is an emphasis on building valid methodology for international case studies, comparison and policy transfer, and in understanding how plans and strategies can tackle urgent problems in international urban development.
dr. Ana MarĂa FernĂĄndez Maldonado
dr. Dominic Stead
Ana MarĂa is a senior researcher in the Department of
Dominic Stead is Associate Professor in Urban and
Urbanism. Her latest academic publications include
Regional Development. Much of his research and
studies of ICT-related and knowledge-based development
teaching focuses on issues of policy and governance
at European level, and studies of metropolitan
related to urban and regional development. He has
transformations and housing policies in cities of Latin
published widely on sustainable urban development,
America from a spatial planning and urban geography
Europeanisation and policy transfer, spatial planning and
There is continuing demand for international comparison and cases as countries and regions seek to learn from other places in a context of increasing global integration. The need for more effective intervention through spatial planning and broader territorial governance has never been greater, whether tackling fragmented metropolitan development in Europe or the needs of widespread informal settlement in developing regions. International cases and comparisons have an important role in providing theoretical insights of overgeneralisations and domination of western theory. International comparisons can reveal the importance of national conditions otherwise taken for granted. Many researchers need to address the methodological and ethical questions arising from international working, especially in developing regions where rapid urbanisation is especially unsustainable and unfair. We work in three broad geographical regions: Europe, South-East Asia and Latin America. The theme develops comparative methodologies and understanding of the varying cultural contexts for urban development and spatial planning. We are also extending our research in territorial governance and planning tools in the more testing conditions of developing regions including the relation in terms of democracy and the struggle for rights, social justice and participatory planning.
How are approaches and tools changing to deal with critical territorial challenges, particularly risks associated with climate change, the spatial dimension of the knowledge economy and
the networked metropolitan region? To what degree are approaches converging or diverging? •
How well do spatial planning concepts travel, and to what extent are they culturally-bound? How does this affect international policy transfer and learning processes?
How can integrated territorial management be achieved under the urgent and challenging conditions of developing regions where there is rapid and urbanisation, weak governance and informal urban development?
The international nature of the Urbanism research group with staff from more than 20 countries provides a strong basis for international case studies and cross-cultural comparison. The group is involved in numerous active international research collaborations in Europe, Asia and Latin America including the Joint TU Delft - South China University of Technology Research Centre on Urban Systems (USE), the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU), the Centre for Latin American Documentation and Research (CEDLA at UvA) , and the International Institute of Urban Management of Erasmus University (IHS).
Comparative European Spatial Planning Systems and Housing: providing comparative information on the role of spatial planning systems in the delivery of new housing in five European countries, funded by the National Housing and Planning Advice Unit (NHPAU) of the UK Government in collaboration with Leicester De Montfort University (UK).
RUFUS – Rural Futures: funded by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme in collaboration with Leibniz University Hannover (Germany), INRA-SAD Mirecourt (France), University of East Anglia (UK), Lund University (Sweden), Free University Amsterdam (The Netherlands), and SPRINT Consult (Germany).
Theme 05: International Planning and Developing Regions
through the deeper examination of culture-bound concepts (such as ‘plan’) and thus the avoidance
International Planning and Developing Regions •
TANGO – Territorial Approaches for New Governance: funded under the ESPON 2013 Programme (European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion) in collaboration with Nordregio (Sweden), Polito (Italy), University of Newcastle upon Tyne (UK), Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungary) and University of Ljubljana (Slovenia).
The group is actively involved in academic networks connected to the topic. Roberto Rocco is chair of the Netherlands Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Ana Maria Fernandez Maldonado is a member of ISOCARP’s Scientific Committee.
The team has a solid track record of publication and involvement as editors or board members in key
journals including European Planning Studies, Habitat International, Journal of Planning Literature, Planning Practice and Research, and Regional Studies. Recent publications include:
Fernández-Maldonado, A. M., Romein, A., Verkoren, O., & Parente Paula Pessoa, R. (2014). Polycentric structures in Latin American metropolitan areas: identifying employment sub-centres. Regional Studies, 48(12): 1954–1971.
Nadin, V. & Stead, D. (2013). Opening up the Compendium: an evaluation of international comparative planning research methodologies. European Planning Studies 21(10): 1542-1561.
Pojani, D. (2011). Urban and suburban retail development in Albania’s capital after socialism. Land Use Policy 28 (4): 836-845.
Stead, D. (2013). Convergence, Divergence or Constancy of Spatial Planning? Connecting theoretical concepts with empirical evidence from Europe. Journal of Planning Literature 28(1): 19-31.
Van Ballegooijen, J. & Rocco, R. (2013). The Ideologies of Informality: informal urbanisation in the architectural and planning discourses. Third World Quarterly 34(10): 1794-1810.
Current PhD candidates
Jinghuan He (2015) Evaluation of Plan Implementation: Peri-urban
Che Sheng (Jason) Chiang, A spatial quality platform for city
Development and the Shanghai Master Plan;
Peiwen Lu (2014) A comparative analysis of approaches to resilience
Yutzu Lin (Keats), The role of spatial planning in climate adaptation:
in coastal metropolitan regions;
the potential for policy transfer between Europe and Taiwan;
Suwanna Rongwiriyaphanich (2014) Deltas in transition: territorial
Gabriela Rendon, The spatialisation of civic participation: an
management across planning cultures;
international comparison of Western Europe and the US;
Wei-Ju Huang (2013) High-tech space, the organisation of space and
Jacques Borg Barthet, Planning Culture and Strategic Spatial
spatial planning: a comparative analysis;
Planning: The Case of Malta.
Roy Mierop (2011)Organisatorische condities voor een wendbare overheid: de case van het ruimtelijke ontwikkelingsbeleid [Organisational conditions for responsive government: the case of spatial development policy]; Flavio Janches (2010) The significance of public space in a divided city: concepts for an urban design strategy in the slums of Buenos Aires.
The theme is concentrating on three of the many international projects in urbanism:
projects Models of spatial planning – a project to update the fourfold typology of spatial planning in western Europe (CEC 1997) to embrace territorial management practices across the world and provide a basis for international comparisons. Global Compendium/Atlas of Spatial Planning: using many international cases to explain the role of Theme 05: International Planning and Developing Regions
spatial planning/territorial governance in the transformation of metropolitan regions. Informality in the urban development of developing regions, and understanding the links between slum upgrading strategies and urban planning in tackling informal urbanization.
Our priority questions for new PhD research are:
What is the comparative effect of neoliberal politics on territorial governance and what is the role for strategic planning in a context where the market plays a dominant role in the development process?
What is the meaning and role of ‘spatial planning’ in the context of extensive informal settlement and poverty?
How can comparative typologies or classifications of spatial planning and territorial management assist in evaluating the operation of planning?
How can plans, designs and strategies assist in the regions of rapidly growing economies to address the interactions of planned and unplanned, formal and informal and legal and extralegal urban development?
Urbanism research on comparative planning and international cases provides a rich source of knowledge for master’s students and particularly the graduation studio where we examine Education
‘complex cities’ with both Dutch and international students. This theme also plays a key role in the metropolitan regions semester of the European Post-master’s in Urbanism. Students from many countries contribute to the stock of cases and apply methodological lessons on comparative planning.
Theme 06: 3D Geoinformation
Our living environment is an interchange of spatial processes that are continually changing and becoming more complex and therefore dynamic. Three-dimensional geoinformation, both outdoor and indoor, is extremely valuable for understanding, predicting and managing this complex reality.
Prof.dr. Jantien Stoter
Dr. Sisi Zlatanova
Jantien is leader of the 3D Geoinformation group.
Sisi Zlatanova is associate professor in the 3D
Her research interests are 3D modelling, automated
Geoinformation group. Her research interests are 3D
generalisation and information modelling. She
modelling, 3D data integration and 3D indoor navigation.
combines her professorship with research positions at
She is chair of ISPRS WG IV/7 3D indoor modelling
both Kadaster and Geonovum. She chairs the EuroSDR
and navigation, vice-chair of the Open Geospatial
Data Specifications Commission and is vice-chair
Consortium Standard Working Group IndoorGML
of the Open Geospatial Consortium 3D Information
and co-chair of DATA Project of ICSU programme
Management Domain Working Group.
Integrated Research on Disaster Risk.
The 3D Geoinformation research theme studies the technologies that deal with spatial data, and specifically the modelling, structuring, maintenance, analysis and dissemination of large amounts of (3D) geoinformation about urban areas. 3D geoinformation can make a key contribution to the design and planning of interventions in the urban environment. Thus, serving the needs of practice is extremely important and we develop solutions in close collaboration with users such as experts in noise, wind and emergency evacuation simulations. Geoinformation also contributes to other themes of the urbanism research programme, and plays an important role in the Amsterdam Metropolitan Solutions Initiative (AMS). Because smart and intelligent urbanism is being promoted as vital for the future of cities, the development of spatial data technologies has become more significant in urban research themes than just using these technologies to help to understand urban problems. The position of this group within the urbanism programme provides a new possibility for research in debate with the disciplines that make use of these techniques.
3D geoinformation infrastructure: how to collect 3D information and use it for many different applications;
3D indoor modelling and navigation;
data structure and algorithm for 3D modelling.
The 3D GeoInformation group is recognised nationally and internationally as one of the frontrunners for research in the 3D geo-domain. The research group has completed many projects, published hundreds of publications on this topic, and has a history of successful collaborations with the industry that have led to better tools and standards for the management of 3D geographic information. Research results have had concrete effects on the workflow of these industry partners. Four key examples are: •
Safe Software includes since from 2015 the open-source 3D validator (developed by Hugo Ledoux and freely available at https://github.com/tudelft3d/val3dity);
the European Location Framework (an EU project: http://www.elfproject.eu/EU) uses the open-source project pprepair to help in harmonising the European datasets; and
ESRI provides automated generalisation software (available since 2011) based on further development of the results of the EuroSDR generalisation project led by Stoter. The Kadaster has implemented a fully automated generalisation workflow in 2013, replacing its interactively generalised production workflow, also based on Stoter’s earlier research projects;
Bentley Systems is implementing a two-level approach for indoor navigation developed by the group.
The theme group has leading researchers in the international 3D community. Professor Stoter was awarded the KNAW/ NCG Prof. Tienstra prize, and her book is the standard text for many countries that are now stimulated to develop 3D Cadastre. She is leading the ‘3D Pilot’ a collaboration of more than 100 academic, public and private organisations which has produced a national 3D standard based on the international standard ‘CityGML’ and attracted much international attention and awards. Stoter is leading an international 3D special interest group to take the 3D research forward within the European Spatial Data Research organisation. Dr Zlatanova is the co-chair of the OGC Standard Working Group on Indoor GML for the development of an international standard for indoor navigation and a long record of applying geoinformation in crisis management. She has been awarded the ISPRS Shermerhorn Award and is a member of the steering committee for the ICSU programme for Integrated Research on Disaster Risk.
Theme 06: 3D Geoinformation
The topics that we work on are:
The on going projects and research activities in addition to the above include:
STW/NWO (Dutch Science Foundation) Vidi 5D, with two PhD candidates, two postdocs, and 1 FTE permanent staff. It studies the integration of 3D space, time and scale in one model.
STW/NWO Simplification of digital terrain models using feature-based three-dimensional methods, investigating novel 3D techniques for smartly generalising the AHN2 data.
Netherlands’ 3D Special Interest Group NL, a network of 650 members working together to push 3D applications and to solve open 3D issues, led by Jantien Stoter, all other researchers are involved, see http://www.geonovum.nl/onderwerpen/3d-geo-informatie.
EuroSDR 3D SIG, a European collaboration project in which ten national mapping and cadastre agencies define research topics of common interest.
GeoSamen. Collaboration of government, industry and science to develop and strengthen the national geoInformation infrastructure to produce an accessible, actual, multi-scale 3D geo information provision with the complete Netherlands as living lab.
EScience/NWO Big data analytics in the geospatial domain, database extension for new data types (voxels)
GPS-like indoor navigation, Bentley Systems Inc. funded project for indoor navigation.
Developing of international standard for Loss data: ICSU/IRDR/JRC cooperation for developing hazard peril classification and human loss data standard.
China Indoor standardisation: NGCC and CAS funded advisory for developing three indoor standards for China.
STW/NWO projects on 3D indoor modelling and navigation.
STW/NOW Design and implementation of an SDI for integrated environmental modelling in 3D. We investigate the efficient storage of billions of triangles and the dissemination of massive 3D city models.
Recent key publications include
Arroyo Ohori, K., Ledoux H. and Stoter, J. (2015) An evaluation and classification of nd topological data structures for the representation of objects in a higher-dimensional GIS. International Journal of Geographical Information Science. In Press.
Biljecki, F., Ledoux, H., Stoter, J. and Zhao, J. (2015) Formalisation of the level of detail in 3d city modelling. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 48: 1–15. 2015
Brink, L. van de, Stoter, J. and Zlatanova, S. (2013) Establishing a national standard for 3d topographic data compliant to CtyGML. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 27 (1): 92–113.
Ledoux, H. (2013) On the validation of solids represented with the international standards for geographic information. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering 28 (9): 693–706.
Wang, Z. and Zlatanova, S. (2014) A data model for route planning in the case of forest fires. Computers & Geosciences 68 (July 2014), pp. 1–10.
Patent: Zlatanova has registered a patent US8504292 (Indoor localization based on ultrasound sensors). The patent is on the name of several people from the Bentley Systems Incorporated and TU Delft. The patent is property of Bentley Systems Incorporated.
Current candidates Ken Arroyo Ohori, Higher dimensional data models; Filip Biljecki, Level of detail in 3D city modelling; Liu Liu, Two-level indoor navigation; Ravi Peters, Simplification of digital terrain models.
The objectives of the 3D geoinformation theme group are
to develop and implement 3D geometry types in database management systems;
to develop and improve standards for 3D geo-information;
to undertake 3D geometry validation and automatic repair of 3D models;
to disseminate large 3D datasets and the use of them in different applications;
to develop solutions for higher dimensional modelling;
to integrate 3D Geoinformation in other domains such as BIM, CityGML; Voxel-object; underground-above ground; indoor-outdoor; and physical- administration.
The 3D Geoinformation group contributes to the Master’s in Geomatics for the Built Environment and teaches in a range of
courses on geographical information systems & cartography; modelling of the built environment; spatial decision support for planning and crisis management; and datasets and quality. We are also involved in the inter-university master’s on GeoInformation Management with the University of Twente, University of Utrecht and Wageningen University.
QH QH QE
QS Sensing Hotterdam is a projects carried out under the 3TU.Bouw Lighthouse Projects 2014. In this project the relation between indoor and outdoor temperatures in Rotterdam is investigated and related to the city’s urban heat island. Responsible researchers are dr.ir. Frank van der Hoeven, DI Alexander Wandel and prof.dr.ir. Bert Blocken (TU Eindhoven). In their book Hotterdam, van der Hoeven and Wandl, present the relation between urban form, urban heat and aspects of human health and well-being and present adaptation measurers, which can be implemented by private and public actors.
Theme 06: 3D Geoinformation
Theme 07: Smart Cities & Urban Metabolism
This theme is concerned with understanding the metabolism of urban environments and its relationship to landscape systems theory. We investigate the performance of infrastructures, environmental technology and systems in relation to spatial quality, environmental sustainability, liveability and the social wellbeing of future cities.
prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons
prof.dr.ir. Arjan van Timmeren
Dirk Sijmons is professor of landscape architecture and
Prof. Dr. ir. Arjan van Timmeren is the Chair of
director of H+N+S landscape architects. He was curator
Environmental Technology & Design. His research
of the Rotterdam Biennale (IABR) 2014 on the subject
concentrates at the role of environmental technology,
urban ecology and environment behavior. Main research topics concern urban metabolism, urban resilience and smart cities and citizens.
The metaphor of a city or living environment as a living organism with a collective urban metabolism can be traced back more than 150 years. More recently, the concept of urban metabolism has been used as an analytical tool to understand energetic and material exchanges ‘between urban environments and the rest of the world’. The ‘urban metabolism perspective’ is strongly related to industrial ecology and opposed to traditional urban planning in which social, cultural, political and technical dimensions of the environment dominate over the biophysical dimension. Hence, it synthesizes environmental and biological science into the urban planning discipline. The theme focuses on developing future urban systems that are less damaging to the environment by making them more efficient in terms of energy, material cycles, waste management and the effectiveness of related hard and soft infrastructure. determined by societal norms rather than natural laws, creating cities that are not as simple as the predictable physical laws of large biological entities or ecosystems, but driven by more complicated rules. This includes the ‘irrationality’ of societies and their environmentally damaging choices in regard to material and energy flows, including water and nutrients. However, one important and positive difference is that societies are able to adapt human settlements to environmental conditions. In contrast to many natural entities a human settlement is managed by people who are self-aware of their actions (and the effects of those actions), and can adjust behaviour if necessary and desired. Therefore, the theme also targets the spatial quality and liveability/social well-being of cities and urban regions. Metabolism tools can help to assess and aid the growth (and decline) of cities in developing regions towards more resilient systems based on reciprocal relations between cities and hinterlands, culture, nature and ecology. Landscape is a medium that can respond to transformation, adaptation and succession, thus recommending it to the open-endedness, indeterminacy and change of contemporary metropolitan conditions. Urban metabolism can be identified at multiple scales, from buildings, estates and cities, to large metropolitan urban regions. Our research aims to get a grip on (aspects) of flows and urban metabolism and how they canbe used in policymaking, planning and design. In this we work towards informed decision-making in cities with a practical approach and toolbox for landscape architects, infrastructure designers, urban planners and policy makers. Research will develop theory and empirical studies, and describe and evaluate urban metabolism research methods, tools and techniques. We will also reflect on the practical application of the notion of urban metabolism in practice. The main topic areas include: datasets, inventory & baseline studies, scenario planning, simulation, tools, flow & infrastructure planning and design, environmental performance & GIS area profiles, visual analytics and info graphics.
This is a developing research theme closely related to the new Amsterdam Metropolitan Solutions Institute, and with a growing list of funded and non-funded research projects and outputs which include: •
SUME (Sustainable Urban Metabolism for Europe) EU 7th Framework project concerned with the use of resources in urban development and the role of urban policies in making the use of these resources more efficient.
SUPER-CITIES (Sustainable Land Use Policies for Resilient Cities) exploring the robustness, transferability and sustainability of recent land-use policy instruments for managing urban change (funding: URBAN-NET).
Small Energy Atlas was commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, H+N+S Landscape Architects, in collaboration with SenterNovem to investigate the spatial footprints of eight methods of generating electrical energy.
Theme 07: Smart cities & Urban Metabolism
The theme also addresses the social dimension of urban metabolism. Human behaviour is
Smart Cities & Urban Metabolism
CityZen project (EU 7th Framework project ) focuses on introducing a smart energy transition of existing urban areas.
Energy-Potential Mapping study for the environmental region Holland Rijnland and the Nijmegen VeurLent/rivierpark research project within the Ruimte voor de Waal project, led to a series of publications.
The GreenBlue Cities project funded by JPI Urban Europe undertakes research in Zwolle, Innsbruck and Kiruna is based on an urban metabolism approach to urban change; with publications on sustainability approaches, urban metabolism, green-blue metabolism methodologies.
Hara, Y., Hooimeijer, F., Nijhuis, S., Ryu, M. & Timmeren, A. van (2014). The Impact of Historical Geography and Agricultural Land Development Processes on Wetland Restoration Methods Used to Create Ecological Networks: A Comparison of Japan and The Netherlands. Nakhara Journal Vol.10 NK10-06.
Hoeven, F. D. van der, & Wandl, A. (2014) Amsterwarm: Mapping the land-use, health and energy-efficiency implications of the Amsterdam urban heat island. Building Services Engineering Research & Technology, 36(1) pp. 67-88.
Sijmons, D., Hugtenburg, J., Feddes, F. And Hoorn, A. van (2014) (Eds) Landscape and Energy; Designing Transition. Rotterdam: nai010.
Silvester, S., Kumar Beella, S., Timmeren, A. van, Bauer, P., Quist, J., Dijk, S. van (2013) Exploring design scenarios for large scale implementation of electric vehicles; the Amsterdam Airport Schiphol case. Journal of Cleaner Production, 48(2013): 211-219.
Tillie, N., Dobbelsteen A. van den, and Carney, S. ( 2014) Planning for the transition to a low carbon city: a new approach. In: Lehmann S. (Ed.) Low Carbon Cities: Transforming Urban Systems, London: Earthscan: 173-190.
The main research question for the future is what are effective strategies to influence urban
metabolism in such a way that cities can accelerate their transitions into sustainable living environments with a high quality of life? To channel activities in this field, the aim is to create a substantial research and modelling project involving researchers focussing on different urban scales and regions. It will involve scenario development and comparisons within the framework of landscape systems theory. The objective is to develop the relationship between urban metabolism and urban, infrastructure and landscape systems theory and to show how metabolism influences spatial form, environmental sustainability and social well-being. By extension, the research will translate these findings into models and designs for future cities and metropolitan regions. To summarize, we focus on six priorities that connect urban metabolism with urban planning and design. •
People: In some of the world cities access to the flows can make the difference between life and death, and for all open the way to wellbeing. In mature cities, ‘smart’ arrangements of flows can determine not only the quality of life but also the climate for business.
Environmental performance and how a focus on flows can produce ways of enhance performance and making cities smarter.
The potential of smart planning instruments which might be ‘formative’ to cities in an indirect way.
The infrastructures of flows which are often neglected design challenges.
The role of GIS and (open) city data and how to data can inform policy and design.
Practical implications and best practices on three levels (project level, neighbourhood, city, metropolitan
PhD candidates will be invited in the following topics : •
landscape ecology and urban metabolism;
metabolism and resilience of developing mega-city regions;
the performance of urban metabolism models i.r.t. sustainability indicators;
sensing, data and GIS related metabolism and resilience models at different spatial scales;
metabolism of city regions in Europe.
Current PhD candidates
Willie Fikken, Co-investing in sustainable urban development projects;
Nico Tillie, Developments in park design and park-city relationships;
Claudiu Forgaci, Resilient urban form in Bucharest;
Bob Geldermans, Urban Metabolism;
Ulf Hackauf, Farm city: metropolitan agriculture as urban tool;
Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, Performative nature: urban landscape
Daniel Jauslin, Architecture with landscape methods;
infrastructure design in water sensitive cities;
Steffen Nijhuis, Landscape, architecture and GIS;
Loriane Icibacci, Material metabolism of the built environment.
IABR_Urban-by-Nature 2013-2014. Prof. ir. Dirk Sijmons, was curator on the (6th) International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam in 2014. The theme, URBAN by NATURE is focussed on the relationship between city and nature and the role of the infrastructure linked to the urban metabolism of the large metropolis. Landscape architecture was used as the ‘lens’ for this prestigious international event as the discipline ideally positioned to mediate between culture and nature in our urbanising world.
Linking City Data to smart cities and urban metabolism 2014-2016 funded by the World Council on City Data, Exploring how city data can be optimally used in urban planning using (3D) GIS and scenario planning tools.
Celsius City 2013-2017: Development and integration of District heating and cooling in the urban system and up scaling to other cities using energy potential mapping, urban metabolism & scenario planning. Funded by the European Commission, DG Energy FP7.
Kwh/M2_Designing For Energy Transition 2013-2014
JPI Urban Europe ‘GreenBlue Cities’
Urban metabolism is also one of the leading themes in the Urbanism Graduation Lab, and in the developing AMS education program related to Urban Pulse and Urban Design of advanced metropolitan solutions. The theme contributes to the joint TUD-Leiden University Industrial Ecology Master, and the master’s course Sustainable Engineering of Urban Territory (SUET). It is also part of the - Flowscapes Graduation studio, and of the electives AquaTerra and Smart Infrastructure & Mobility (SIM).
Theme 07: Smart cities & Urban Metabolism
Theme 08: History and Heritage Vector
This research theme in the Urbanism Programme is a multidisciplinary collaboration with the Design and History Research Programme led by the Chair of History of Architecture and Urban Planning in the Department of Architecture, Professor Carola Hein.
ir. Gerdy Verschuure
Prof.dr.ir. Carola Hein (department of Architecture)
Gerdy is an assistant professor Landscape architecture
Carola is professor and head in the Chair History of
and Heritage. Her work is addressing the connection
Architecture and Urban Planning in the Department of
between the physical and narrative aspects of heritage
Architecture. Her current work explores the historical
sites for future developments. She focuses on estate
construction of heritage as part of dynamic global
landscapes and defence landscapes and specifically
economic networks. She focuses on port cities and
global landscapes of oil.
The contribution to the theme from urbanism focuses on the growing attention to cultural heritage in the dynamic context of urban planning and landscape architecture. The History and Heritage Vector studies policy, theory and methods related to tangible and intangible aspects of our (historic) urban landscapes. It explores how these spaces can be assessed, (re)defined, and used in urban and regional development plans. Over centuries, buildings, cities and landscapes have experienced extensive transformation. Due to recent, major changes in our society, such as migration, growth and shrinkage of population, new movement patterns, there is a growing demand for an integral approach to the reinvention and reprogramming of our environment. Connecting the historical and cultural qualities of our cities to new technologies can result in a high quality environment. In recent years, a growing number of people have emphasised the cultural heritage of our environment as a meaningful way of identifying approaches and methods that combine the (historic) narrative aspects of cities and landscapes in order to change development plans into well-elaborated regional and local plans fusing the identity of cities and landscapes. The main issue is to connect the history and cultural values of smaller monuments with large-scale landscape architectural structures. The basis for this research programme was the chair Heritage and Space as part of the Belvedere initiative. Within the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, there is a multidisciplinary collaboration on issues of heritage. Led by Prof. dr.ing. Carola Hein (department of Architecture), the research program Design and History connects various research groups and themes in the realm of architecture, urbanism and landscape architectural design and merges them in a unique and innovative joint venture. Together, the Design & History group studies the built environment as a palimpsest of cycles of design, transformation, preservation and interpretation of local and global contexts, and evolving political, economic, social, cultural and religious settings. This collaboration and its broad multi-disciplinary orientation brings together academics and practitioners from the fields of heritage, history, technology and design of all various scales. The multidisciplinary collaboration allows for identifying cultural landscapes, cities and buildings, choosing appropriate methods and conservation technologies and preparing the ground for new design initiatives. As part of the Design & History group, the History and Heritage Vector consists of a group of researchers and teachers within the Urbanism department who are focusing on the history and heritage of cities and landscapes. Researchers within the History and Heritage Vector explore the changes in the urban landscape on various topics and on various scales, exploring inner cities, urban enclaves, industrial zones and large-scale heritage landscapes. The vector studies spatial issues as well as the management of fundamental pressures on the physical and intangible cultural heritage of historic towns. Research is also focusing on both the tangible and intangible essence of (large scale) heritage landscapes, like estate, defence, water and industrial landscapes.
How can questions about essential characteristics and identity contribute to the essence of the
place (place theory)? What is the meaning of place and place identity, and how are intangible aspects and history being part of this discussion? What is the essence of heritage landscapes? What is the cultural value of inner cities? What elements of the built heritage can accelerate spatial development and contribute to a regional driven identity? How can heritage and spatial planning be connected in theory, by research and in policy?
Theme 08: History and Heritage Vector
and connecting people to cities and landscapes. This attention has led to a growing number of
History and Heritage Vector
This overall research group is closely working with the OSK, the Dutch research school on history and heritage and in the LDE collaboration between Leiden University, Erasmus University and Delft University of Technology on heritage. We also collaborate on funded research projects and proposals with other universities in particular, in Italy, Ireland, Norway, the UK, and with other organizations such as Heritage Europe,
A growing number of staff across the faculty collaborate on heritage issues, and the group was recognised by the National Research Agenda (2012). Examples of recent publications:
Hein, Carola (2011). Port Cities: Dynamic Landscapes and Global Networks. London: Routledge.
Janssen, J. Luiten E.A.J., Renes, H. & Rouwendal, J., Heritage planning and spatial development in the Netherlands: changing policies and perspectives, in: International Journal of Heritage studies, 2012.
Van der Velde, R. & De Wit, S. (2015). Representing Nature: Late Twentieth-Century Green Infrastructures in Paris. In Nijhuis, S., Jauslin, D., & Van der Hoeven, F., (eds.) Flowscapes. Research in Urbanism Series, Volume 3. Delft: TU Delft & Delft Infrastructure and Mobility Initiative (DIMI).
Verschuure-Stuip, G.A. , B. Labuhn, Urbanisation of former city fortifications in the Netherlands 1805-2013 in: C.A. Brebbia, C. Clark, Defence Sites II, Heritage and Future, WIT press, 2014.
Hoekstra, M., Het Plan Zuid in woorden. Veranderende stedenbouwkundige begrippen en een onbekende plankaart, in; Bulletin KNOB: 4, 2011, 186-198.
Current PhD research
Kees Geevers, (2014) Stedenbouwkundige waardestelling van
Azadeh Arjomani Kermani, Urban design strategies in Iranian
Saskia de Wit (2014) Hidden landscapes: The Metropolitan gardens
Inge Bobbink, Landscape architectonic reading of the Dutch
and the genius loci;
discharge system, form and structure of water network, water pattern
Nilan Cooray (2012) The Sigiriya Royal Gardens, analysis of the
and water work in the lowlands;
landscape architectonic composition;
Gerdy Verschuure-Stuip, Well situated, villas and estates in Holland
Nikki Brand (2012) De wortels van de Randstad. Overheidsinvloed en
stedelijke hiërarchie in het westen van Nederland tussen de 13de en
Rene van der Velde, Transformation Methodologies in Brownfield Park
Design and the Renewal of the Park Design Tradition; Wout van der Toorn Vrijthoff, Dutch strategies for the historic urban core, (Management of the Built Environment Departement); Els van der Laan, The legend of the landscape-style.
SHUC: A Sustainable Future For Historic Urban Cores (2013-2015) funded by the JPI Heritage Pilot Programme, The project is to establish a collaborative network of researchers with a common interest in changing practices in urban planning and management of historic cities. In cooperation to Newcastle University (United Kingdom), University college Dublin (Ireland), and heritage bodies.
PICH: The impact of urban planning and governance reform on the historic built environment and intangible cultural heritage (2015-2018) Funded by JPI Hertiage Plus. In cooperation with Newcastle University, Università IUAV di Venezia, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. This project has a senior researcher in each of four institutions investigating the response of government to radically changed conditions for heritage planning.
Estate zones in the Netherlands. (2015-2017) This goal of this research is to make an inventory
The main goals of this theme are: Research agenda
To develop research on theory and methods of heritage transformation of urban landscapes, historic city centres, urban patterns and heritage landscapes like estate zones, waterscapes and industrial landscapes.
To develop knowledge on policy and process of heritage, transformation and spatial planning.
To develop methods of teaching and researching methods on the physical and narrative aspects of cultural heritage of the urban landscape in relation to place- theory.
To use this knowledge in bachelor and master courses on heritage and transformation of landscape and urban areas within the master track landscape architecture and urbanism as well as a cooperation in education with Leiden University and Erasmus. The strong connection between research, teaching and practice is important.
The history and Heritage vector makes a wide contribution to the educational programmes in the BSc, MSc and EMU, for example we are involved in: Education
The minor in the BSc program: Heritage and Design; the design project for landscape and identity (multidisciplinary cooperation between AE+T, Architecture (history); the Urbanism.Elective MSc 2 landscape architecture: heritage landscapes, which is focussing on the transformation of a cultural landscape; the EMU (European Post-master’s in Urbanism) focusing on theory and methods for transformation of urbanism and landscape architecture. Within the MSc 2 elective, the connection between research and practice is worked out in many workshops, published in ‘Atelier Notes on Heritage, City and Landscapes’.
Theme 08: History and Heritage Vector
of the specific estate landscapes and their spatial and narrative essence.
Key output Selection of books
Hoog, M. & Balz, V. (2012). De Hollandse
Meyer, V.J. & Zandbelt, D.D. (2012) High-rise
Farini, E., & Nijhuis, S. (2013). Flowscapes:
metropool: Ontwerpen aan de kwaliteit van
and the Sustainable City, Amsterdam:
Exploring landscape infrastructures. Pozue-
interactiemilieus. Bussum: Thoth.
lo de Alarcoﾌ］, Madrid: Francisco de Vitoria University, Architecture Department.
In Meyer, H., & In Nijhuis, S. (2014). Urban-
Woude, H. & Dorst, M. (2012). Community
Timmeren, A., Henriquez, P. M. & Reynolds,
ized deltas in transition. Amsterdam:
architecture in Nederland. Bussum: Thoth.
A. (2015). Ubikquity & the Illuminated City:
From Smart to Intelligent Urban Environments. Delft: TU Delft.
Amsterwarm Gebiedstypologie warmte-eiland Amsterdam TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Climate Proof Cities
Hoekstra, M. J. (2015). Dorp, stad, land:
Van der Hoeven, F. & Wandl, A. (2013).
Zonneveld, W., De Vries, J., Janssen-Jansen,
De Lage Landen in woorden. Amsterdam:
Amsterwarm: Gebiedstypologie warmte-
L. (2012). European territorial governance.
Uitgeverij Atlas Contact.
eiland Amsterdam. Delft: TU Delft, Faculty
Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Meyer, H., Morris, D., & Waggonner, D.
Bobbink, I. (2011). Water in zicht. Amster-
Hooimeijer, F. (2014). The making of Polder
(2009). Dutch dialogues: New Orleans,
dam: Sun Architecture.
cities: A fine Dutch tradition. Heyningen:
Netherlands : common challenges in urban-
JAP SAM Books.
ized deltas. Amsterdam: SUN.
Vanstiphout, W., Relats, M., Emmerik, M.,
Dﾃｼhr, S., Colomb, C. & Nadin, V. (2010)
Meyer, H. (2014). Nieuwe perspectieven voor
Ballegooijen, J. & Deutinger, T. (2014). Are
European Spatial Planning and Territorial
een verstedelijkte delta. Amsterdam: Must
we the world?: Randstad Holland, Saﾌバ
Corporations. Oxford: Routledge
Paulo, Istanbul & Rotterdam. Rotterdam: Uitgeverij 010
Selected landmark books
De Polderatlas van Nederland is een monument
Clemens steenbergen Wouter reh steffen Nijhuis Michiel pouderoijen
voor Nederland als polderland. de overweldigende vormenrijkdom van het polderlandschap wordt in deze atlas door de ruim 300 luchtfoto’s, kaarten
en tekeningen op een schitterende manier in beeld gebracht. 0
de meer dan 9000 poldereenheden waaruit het Nederlandse laagland bestaat zijn hier voor het eerst systematisch gecatalogiseerd. op 35 kaartbladen zijn alle polders getekend, met hun kenmerkende waterstaatkundige en ruimtelijke eigenschappen. In een uitvoerig register zijn al deze poldereenheden benoemd, en met behulp van hun coördinaten kunnen ze op de kaartbladen worden gevonden. Zeventien voorbeeldpolders, waaronder bekende historische polders als de Beemster en de schermer, minder bekende als de Bethunepolder en de tzummerpolder en gloednieuwe als de Noordoostpolder en Zuidelijk Flevoland worden uitvoerig besproken en mede aan
- 4.00 meter 0 = Nieuw Amsterdams Peil + 10.00 meter
de hand van tekeningen geanalyseerd. B
In deze atlas staat de landschapsarchitectuur centraal, de scheppende arbeid die de Nederlandse kolonisten door de eeuwen heen hebben verricht om het water
te overwinnen en van het nieuwe land, verkregen poldervlak geometrisch raamwerk A. Purmerend
veenstroom veen kwelder middeleeuwse getij-afzetting (klei)
B. Schermerhorn C. Oosthuizen
door bedijking, drooglegging en ontginning, een bewoonbaar, kenmerkend en bijzonder cultuurland schap te maken. De Polderatlas van Nederland is een zeer waardevolle en unieke bron om het bijzondere Nederlandse polderlandschap zowel te begrijpen alsook verder te ontwikkelen.
de polder atlas VaN Neder laNd
Clemens steenbergen Wouter reh steffen Nijhuis Michiel pouderoijen
Pantheon der Lage Landen
Steenbergen, C. M. et al. (2009) The Polder
Cullingworth, B. & Nadin, V. (2006) Town
Portugali, Y., Meyer, V.J., Stolk, E.H. & Tan,
Atlas of the Netherlands: Pantheon of the
and Country Planning in the UK, London:
R.E. (2012) Complexity Theories of Cities
Netherlands, Bussum: THOTH Publishers.
Routledge. [Chinese edition 2012]
Have Come of Age, Berlin - Heidelberg: Springer – Verlag.
Kern van de
Since the nineteenth century, the field of urbanism has become increasingly wider and its
boundaries towards other disciplines has blurred. The series “The core of urban design in the
perspective of the twenty-first century” returns to the core of the discipline and redefines its foundations in four books edited by staff of the Department of Urbanism.
Heeling, J., Meyer, H., Westrik, J., & Sauren, E. (2002). Het ontwerp van de stadsplattegrond. Amsterdam: SUN.
Meyer, H., Josselin, . J. F., Hoekstra, M.
Meyer, H., Westrik, J., Hoekstra, M. J., &
Meyer, H., Westrik, J., Hoekstra, M. J. (2014).
J., Harteveld, M., & Cosijn, B. (2006). Het
Berghauser, P. M. (2008). Stedebouwkundige
Het programma en ruimtegebruik van de
ontwerp van de openbare ruimte. Amster-
regels voor het bouwen. Amsterdam: SUN.
stad. Amsterdam: SUN.
Research in Urbanism (RiUS) is an indexed peer-reviewed book series that deals with dynamics,
planning, and design in contemporary urban areas. RiUS is aimed at designers, researchers,
planners, consultants, decision-makers, and politicians.
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Schaick, J. van & Spek, S. C. van der (eds)
Nijhuis, S., Van Lammeren, R. & Van der
Nijhuis, S., Jauslin, D. & Van der Hoeven, F.
(2008) Urbanism on Track: Application of
Hoeven, F. D. (2011). Exploring the Visual
(2015) Flowscapes: Designing infrastrucutre
Tracking Technologies in Urbanism, Am-
Landscape: Advances in Physiognomic
as landscape, Delft: TU Delft.
sterdam: IOS Press.
Landscape Research in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Until 2015 The Why Factory (T?F) made part of the Urbanism Research Program. The Why
Factory provided a think-tank and research institute exploring the development of our cities by focusing on the production of models and visualisations for cities of the future. The Why factory was run by MVRDV and Delft University of Technology and led by professor Winy Maas.
Maas, W., Salij, T. (2012). The Vertical village:
Maas, W., Madrazo, F. (2012) City Shock.
Maas, W., Salij, T. (2015) We want world
Individual, Informal, Intense. Rotterdam:
Rotterdam: NAI Publishers.
wonders. Rotterdam: NAI Publishers.
Volume 00 Issue 0 August 2009
Coherence and Sameness in Well-formed and Pairwise Well-Formed Scales Norman Carey
3 – 18 Volume 00
Sieves and Metabolae: Music-Theoretical Challenges in Xenakis John Rahn
19 – 33
Hyperbolic and Parabolic Diatonic Theory Robert Peck
34 – 48
Fourier-Transforms of Chords and Scales: Maximally Evenness and Wellformedness Revisited Emmanuel Amiot & Thomas Noll
49 – 64
Coherence and Sameness in Well-formed and Pairwise Norman Carey
65 – 71
Sieves and Metabolae: Music-Theoretical Challenges in Xenakis John Rahn Hyperbolic and Parabolic Diatonic Theory Robert Peck Fourier-Transforms of Chords and Scales: Maximally Evenness and Wellformedness Revisited
Issue 0 August 2009
72 – 77 78 – 96 97 – 102
Volume 00 Issue 0 August 2009
Planning Practice and Research
Journal of Design Research
~ Planning Practice and Research
Formerly edited by Ina Klaasen
students and published four times a year
celebrates its 30th anniversary in 2016! ~
Vincent Nadin, Editor-in-chief
Atlantis is a journal edited by urbanism
Published by Inderscience Publisher
by the study association Polis. Atlantis
four times per year.
provides a forum for discussion of urban
Alex Wandl, Editorial manager
design and planning as well as landscape
Ana Maria Fernández-Maldonado, editorial
architecture, especially current trends
within practice and academia.
Dominic Stead, editorial board member
Published by Taylor and Francis-Routledge five times per year.
Open access journals
European Journal for Spatial Development
Journal of Water and Climate Change
SPOOL is a new open access journal
Wil Zonneveld, co-editor-in-chief
Fransje Hooimeijer, editor
initiative published in urbanism with a focus
Andreas Faludi, editorial board member
on the science of architecture, climate
Published by IWA Publishing Open
proof cities, energy efficient building, and
Published by Nordregio and OTB Research
urban Europe. It is sponsored by the Dutch
Institute, Delft University of Technology.
National Research Organisation (NWO).
Built Environment (2012)
Built environment (2014)
Volume 38, Number 1
Volume 40, Number 2
Evaluating the New Charter of Athens 2003
Delta Urbanism: Challenges for Planning and Design in Urban Deltas
Editors: Ina Klaasen & Wil Zonneveld
Editor: Han Meyer
‘The European Council of Town Planners
This issue of Built Environment is dedicated
(ECTP) is conﬁdent that in the 21st
to ‘Delta urbanism’, addressing the need
century Europe will advance decisively
to find special approaches and solutions
towards the goal of integration. Within this
for spatial planning and urban design in
developing framework, the ECTP presents
delta regions. The series of recent floods in
a common and widely shared Vision of the
urbanized delta areas (New Orleans 2005,
future of European cities’, so reads the
Japan 2011, Bangkok 2011, New York 2012,
introduction to the New Charter of Athens.
etc.) shows the need for a fundamental
The editors and contributors to this issue
reconsideration of urban development
of Built Environment set out to evaluate
in delta, coastal and river plain areas.
the ECTP Charter, looking speciﬁcally at
However, with ‘delta urbanism’ we do
the underlying assumptions about how
not mean that we should focus only on
European society is developing and how
the effects of climate change and on
according to the Charter spatial planning
the question of improving flood defence
and spatial planners should respond.
Most publications from Urbanism are available from the TU Delft repository. repository.tudelft.nl/ Many books are available from Delft Digital Press https://www.scribd.com/Publikatieburo PhD dissertations are available for download from the open access A+BE PhD thesis series. http://abe.tudelft.nl Other publications can be found on ISSUU http://issuu.com/urbansimtudelft
Urbanism’s researchers teachers and students are exhibiting work around the world. The examples below are major exhibitions curated by urbanism staff. 20 April-7 July 2012 Design as Politics exhibits in the 5th IABR Theme of the 5th International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam (IABR) was ‘Making City’, accompanied by three so called Test Sites: Sao Paolo, Istanbul and Rotterdam. As part of the biennale, whose main activities were in NAI, Design as Politics installed her exhibition in the MiniMall Hofbogen, a new collection of shops and galleries inside the recently remodeled former railway station Rotterdam Hofplein. With this exhibition Design as Politics made both a statement for more political engagement in urbanism and architecture, and a presentation of alternative visions for the three test cities that are explicitly based on political positions. Chair holder Design as Politics: Wouter Vanstiphout.
16 May - 5 June 2012 Porous City – Opening the Tower by T?F in BK City TU Delft The first ‘Porous City – Opening the Tower’ of the year was in Delft. The exhibition presented two sets of experiments exploring different aspects of porosity on two significantly different scales. Built with approximately one million white LEGO bricks – 676 towers on scale 1:1000 and 16 towers on scale 1:100 – goal was to investigate development of possible new relationships between mass and void in large-scale architecture. The LEGO brick towering was a result of a design studio led by The Why Factory and supervised by Winy Maas, Alexander Sverdlov and Ania Molenda in fall 2011. The collaborators were: The Why Factory, Arup, Lego Group, KRADS. The LEGO towers were exhibited later the year at the 13th Architecture Biennale in Venice, Italy (26 Aug-10 Sept), the Helsinki Design Week, Finland (11-16 Sept) and the 10th Business of Design Week (BODW) at the Hong Kong Design Centre (HKDC) (3-8 Dec). They were accompanied by workshops and lectures by Winy Maas and other T?F members. It was the most popular event of T?F in 2012, widely published in print-media and internet around the globe. 21 May 2013 Kustdebat (Coastal Debate) The research project ‘Atelier Kustkwaliteit’ (Studio Coastal Quality) organized the ‘Weeks of the Coast’ with a series of final events to discuss the final results of the research in May and June 2013. Each event was a combination of an exhibition of a large model of the Dutch coast, showing the chances for new developments for coastal defense and spatial development, and a public debate. At May 21 this event took place in the Orange Room of the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment. The debate was focused on the necessity to develop a new collaboration between civil engineering and urban design, in order to be able to develop new approaches concerning coastal defense in relation with spatial development. This new collaboration has consequences for the educational program of the MSc Urbanism and the MSc Hydraulic Engineering of the Faculty of Civil Engineering. Participants of the debate were members of the Atelier Kustkwaliteit, students and teachers of the Delta Interventions graduation studio, politicians and civil servants of several coastal cities and provinces, and civil servants of the Dutch Delta Program. Venice Biennale 2014, Curatorship of the Iranian pavilion The pavilion examined three periods in the 20th-century to understand the process of remaking the past in so as to lay the foundation for future debate about the development of architecture and urbanism in Iran. The UK Guardian newspaper reported that ‘it rewards close looking, with intelligent curation’ by Azadeh Mashayekhi. Urbanism staff and PhD candidates contribute to more than 100 national and international conferences every year. The examples of events given here give a flavour of the contribution that urbanism makes to the organisation and delivery of conferences.
New Urban Configurations International Seminar on Urban Form, May 2012 (ISUF) Urbanism cooperated with the Department of Architecture and the ISUF and the European Association for Architectural Education to bring the annual conference to Delft. The conference concentrated on the impact of economic globalisation and â€˜endless flows of people, information and goodsâ€™ on the transformation of urban form, and the concentration and dispersal of economic activities and social groups. Questions were also asked about the potential of urban form to promote more sustainable living and mobility patterns. Keynote speakers included Professors Michael Conzen of the University of Chicago and Jean Castex of ENSA Paris Versailles. From Control to Co-evolution AESOP Congress 2014 More than 700 academics from 40 countries made the 2014 Congress of the European Schools of Planning (AESOP) a great success. The Congress was jointly hosted by TUD and Utrecht University and involved presentations of 500 papers across 17 tracks from urban design to planning theory; two keynote sessions with the pre-eminent academics Daniele Archibugi and John Urry; eight full day mobile workshops; 18 roundtable sessions; a film festival and many meetings for editorial boards and AESOP groups. The conference theme examined the changing nature of planning from technocratic control to a more dynamic and reciprocal participatory process. The main contributors from TU Delft were Vincent Nadin vice Congress Chair working with the Chair, Luuk Boelens); local organising committee members Tuna Tasan-Kok and Wil Zonneveld; track chairs Peter Boelhouwer, Willem Korthals Altes, Han Meyer, Remon Rooij Dominic Stead and Cor Wagenaar; mobile track organisers Peter van Veelen, Tom Daamen, Yawei Chen, Fred Hobma and Erwin Heurkens; and roundtable organisers Andreas Faludi, Charles Yan Gore, Roberto Rocco; Ceren Sezer and Verena Balz.
173rd dies natalis of TUDelft
Dies Natalis (TU Delft Foundation Day) celebration TU Delft celebrated the universityâ€™s 173rd anniversary in January 2015 with a celebratory event on the theme of Intelligent Cities, addressed by Professor Arjan van Timmeren. The event asked how can we keep our future megacities safe, sustainable and at the same time fun to live in? van Timmeren explained that in intelligent cities technology is a catalyst for social, economic and ecological development. The event explored the role of research in brining forward the advantages of intelligent cities. New Urban Languages 2015: Tales and Images of Social Justice Justice and fairness in urban development must be continuously and critically discussed, or else we risk failing to meet the social dimension of sustainability. Spatial planners and designers have a highly central role in achieving justice, as shapers of innovative spatial and institutional relationships between civil society, the public sector and the private sector and designers of sustainable structures and processes.This conference - a joint initiative of the Politecnico di Milano, the Politecnica of Madrid and TU Delft attracted young scholars from Austria, Bangladesh, Belorussia, Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Poland, Sweden, the Netherlands, Uganda, UK, US, Uzbekistan, and others. AESOP 2015 PhD Workshop Thirty-seven PhD candidates from more than 20 countries attended the PhD workshop at Buitengoed de Uylenburg near Delft between 5 and 8 July 2014. The intensive and entertaining week brought PhD candidates together with mentors to tackle the factors that will lead to a successful PhD. It was organised by Ana Maria FernĂĄndez Maldonado, Akkie van Nes, and Vincent Nadin. The mentor team included Professors Stefanie DĂźhr, the Netherlands; Karl Fischer, Australia; Tuna Tasan-Kok, TU Delft; Karel Maier, Czech Republic; Kristina L. Nilsson, Sweden; Paolo Pinho, Portugal; Cecilia Wong, UK; and Wil Zonneveld, TU Delft. Ageing Cities, 6th International conference of the Urban Systems and Environment Research Centre, SCUT, TU Delft, April 2015-07-04 Cities are ageing, both people and systems. The fabric of cities, from construction materials to urban form, is constantly outdated by new demands and technological advances. Ageing affects both fast developing regions of Asia, and the established and relatively stable cities of Europe. The conference considered current and future challenges of transforming the built environment in ageing cities with academic, practitioner and government viewpoints across urbanism, planning, architectural design, civil engineering, technology policy and urban management. The conference was an initiative of the joint South China University of Technology and TU Delft research centre on Urban Systems and Environment. A parallel conference will consider the ageing cities in the Pearl River Delta in November 2015.
Planning and designing with water for sustainability, 2015 summer school.
The annual urbanism summer school invites students to understand the theories and practices that bring together water management and urban development and to apply this knowledge in the elaboration of a vision and a spatial strategy in Rotterdam (2014) and Den Haag (2015). The aim is to explore the Dutch tradition of planning and designing with water and the integration of water management with urban development in The Netherlands. Participants come from all around the world, with special input from the International Forum for Urbanism (IFOU); the National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan; South China University of Technology and other international partners. Summer school includes site visits, meetings with government officials, professionals and researchers; and many interactive learning activities. We are very grateful for the support of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, Den Haag Municipality and the many speakers who make the summer school so enjoyable. Shaping regional futures Mapping, designing, transforming! October 2015 The Chair of Spatial Planning collaborates with the Chair of Urban Development at the Technical University of Munich on this international conference that discusses the performance of regional design. The key question is how imagination and envisioning of spatial futures of regions enhances spatial planning. The conference will consider perspectives from theory, practice and education. It will be held in Munich and is supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
Discussion during lunch at the New Urban Languages-conference
Planning History Workshop, 2015 and International Planning History Conference 2016 Professor Carola Hein of the Architecture Department Chair of the History of Architecture and Planning, organised a three-day workshop exploring the emergence of planning history, its disciplinary roots, core theories, methods and writings, its key people, institutions, and practice. Notable planning historians from around the world gave presentations including Robert Freestone (UNSW, Australia), Andre Sorensen (University of Toronto), Bishwapriya Sanyal (MIT), Abidin Kusno (UBC, Canada), Irina Kukina (Siberian Federal University), Susan Parnell (University of Capetown) and Stephen Ward (Oxford Brookes University). The workshop looked forward to publication of a Handbook on Planning History, and the 17th International Planning History Conference: History, Urbanism, Resilence to be held at TU Delft in June 2016. The conference will engage with the way cities around the world have demonstrated an astounding resilience as they have prepared for, responded to and recovered from natural and man-made disasters. iCities 2017: International Forum on Planning Education iCities is an international network that provides a platform for international exchanges on planning education. The event combines series of forums and studio poster exhibition for exchanges of planning education and research ideas that involve both teachers, researchers and students. The first letter ofâ€œiCitiesâ€? stands for three important planning adjectives: integrative, innovative and
Other events and collaborations
Platform for Urbanism; the study association for Urbanism and Landscape Architecture
Polis, the Platform for Urbanism, is the study association for urbanism and landscape architecture masterâ€™s
students of the Faculty of Architecture at TU Delft, and for everyone involved or interested in the urban environment.
Polis aims at examining contemporary urban issues and trends and gives space for creative dialogue. Polis
is seeking possible answers through knowledge and experience-sharing among an ensemble of interdisciplinary participants. Our goal is to bridge education with practice and real life by organizing workshops, lectures, trips and events in order to give possibilities for growth to students and chances to get in contact with fresh ideas from the university for professional members. In 2015 the association celebrates its 25th anniversary and there will be a series of special events to raise the visibility of Polis and celebrate success. Over the years, Polis has made a major contribution to communication between students, academics and professionals. Many alumni remain members of Polis.
Embedded in the framework of the Polis study association is the Atlantis journal which is edited by urbanism
students and published four times a year. Atlantis provides a forum for discussion of urban design and planning as well as landscape architecture, especially current trends within practice and academia. It juxtaposes the work of students, academics and professionals. Benefiting from the richness of international students and faculty members at the TU Delft, Atlantis encourages critical reflection and knowledge exchange between the faculty-based education and international practice.
The Urban&LandscapeWeek, formerly known as the Urbanism Week, is an established tradition of Polis
which provides international lectures and workshops on a topic that is interesting and relevant for the Urbanism and Landscape Architecture community. It aims to understand routes, practices and issues of contemporary urbanism, while trying to find future possibilities. In a five-day intensive programme, Urbanism Week provides a forum for lively dialogue and discussion.
The Urbanism Week 2014 hosted lectures and workshops on the theme â€œ The Scale Factorâ€? with international speakers, designers and planners. In a five-day program Urbanism Week tries to understand routes, practices and problems of contemporary urbanism and to find solutions for the future. 55
Major Collaborations Van Eesteren-Fluck & Van Lohuizen Foundation (EFL)
The Foundation has jointly created the Van Eesteren Chair with TU
Delft to contribute to the debate on the spatial development in the IJsselmeer area of the Netherlands. This is in the context of the 2009 Netherlands Delta Programme to prepare for future challenges related to water safety and freshwater supply and the impact of spatial development. The aim of the Chair is to combine and integrate land use, urban planning and landscape architecture with engineering and water management. This challenge to integrate is very demanding in the IJsselmeer area, where the Delta programme is underway. Urban Systems and Environment Joint Research Centre (USE)
This joint research centre on urban systems and environment is a major
initiative of TU Delft and South China University of Technology (SCUT). It is concerned with the challenges of creating high quality living environments through smart urban systems, infrastructure and planning. The faculties of architecture of each institution are central to the project which was launched in November 2012. Urbanism is a key player in the project in cooperation with the Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management and the Faculty of Civil Engineering at TU Delft. USE is supported by the Boards of TU Delft and SCUT. In the first 30 months of operation USE has involved more than 40 staff, engaged thirteen Phd candidates, established a double PhD degree PhD programme, made more than 20 combined external funding proposals and organized seven joint conferences.
Locations of intenrationally based collaborations (green) and research studios (blue).
Urban Knowledge Network Asia (UKNA)
The Urban Knowledge Network Asia is a research network funded
by the EU IRSES programme and spanning China, India, Europe and the US and led by the University of Leiden. It aims to develop more policy-relevant knowledge of urbanisation and â€˜urban managementâ€™ in Asia, in the context of the unparalleled growth of Asian cities and the growing complexity of urban planning. IFOU organises an annual conference, supports mobility of staff and students between partners, organises joint studios, schools, PhD workshops and professional training events, and is supporting the development of a common education programme. The eighth IFOU conference on the True Smart and Green City took place in Korea in 2015. Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS)
Urbanism has a central role in the joint TUD, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology and Wageningen University initiative: the Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS). The Institute was initiated by the Municipality of Amsterdam and is located in the city. AMS is an ambitious scientific institute where science, education, government, business partners and societal organizations are working together to create solutions for the complex challenges of metropolitan regions like Amsterdam. AMS uses Amsterdam as a living lab with test beds to understand the flows and characteristics of the urban environment. The first three AMS research and valorization projects are underway: Rain Sense, Urban Pulse, and Urban Mobility Lab.
Who are we? Chair of the
Dr.ir. Machiel van Dorst is the Chair of Urbanism and member of the
management team of the Faculty of Architecture. Machiel specialises on people-environment studies and sustainable urbanism, with research on the relationship between liveability and sustainability, and the implications of territorial behaviour in the living environment. The Urbanism Department is balancing and connecting the research programme with education (including the master tracks in urbanism and landscape architecture, and the European post-master track). Over the years 2010 â€“ 2015 Urbanism has achieved a significant growth of external funded projects and externally funded PhD students, all in relation to the research programme.
Professors at the Department
Prof.ir. Rients Dijkstra holds the chair of
Prof.dr.ir. Han Meyer is head of the Chair
Prof. Vincent Nadin is head of the Chair
Urban Design. His research and teaching
Urban Design - Urban Compositions. His
Spatial Planning & Strategy. He undertakes
focus on the huge impact that current
research concentrates on delta-cities and
research on the Europeanisation of spatial
developments such as the revolution in
â€˜delta-urbanism,â€™ relations between cities
development and planning and cross-
transport, the need to make cities inherently
and water, urban waterfronts and port-
national comparative spatial planning
sustainable or the desire for a better quality
of life are having on the performance of existing and new cities.
Who are we?
Prof.ir. Frits Palmboom occupies the Van
Prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons holds the Chair of
Prof.dr. Jantien Stoter is head of the chair
Eesteren Chair, dedicated to the Design
Landscape Architecture. His specialism
Spatial Data Infrastructure. She combines
of City and Region. The research concerns
is research in the field of environmental
this professorship with jobs as researcher
urbanism in relation to the physical
design in relation to architecture, with the
at both the Kadaster and Geonovum.
conditions of the Dutch Delta landscape.
fields of activity theory, methods and tools
Her research group studies and develops
for designing, materialising and managing
techniques to model, maintain, analyse and
urban-landscape space and objects.
disseminate 3D geoinformation.
Prof.dr.ir. Arjan van Timmeren is head
Prof.dr. Wouter Vanstiphout holds the Chair
Prof.dr. Wil Zonneveld is professor of
of the Chair Environmental Technology &
of Design as Politics. His research explores
Urban and Regional Planning. His research
Design. His research concentrates at the
and defines the boundaries, commonalities
focuses on strategic planning at the
role of environmental technology, urban
and tensions between the fields of politics
regional and national level, the role of
ecology and environment behaviour. Main
concepts and visions in strategic planning
research topics concern urban metabolism
and the interplay between visioning and
and urban resilience.
Who are we?
Ir. Kristel Aalbers - Sustainable urban
Dr. Nikki Brand - Water-management
Drs. Ing.Willie Fikken - Institutions shaping
planning and architecture with a focus on
strategies and urbanisation including
willingness to co-invest in sustainable
(spatial integration of) water. Also senior
multifunctional flood defences.
urban development projects.
Ir. Paul Broekhuisen - Urban Design –
Claudiu Forcagi - Linking urban form and
Research & Analysis of the IJsselmeer
urban resilience. Case study on Bucharest.
advisor urban planning at the water board of Delfland.
Ir. Ken Arroyo Ohori - Geographic
Region – Drawing & Sketching as Tools for
Information Systems and geometric
Design – Morphology & Typology
modelling. Spatial data repair.
Arch. Ali Guney - Cognitive architecture of architectural wisdom (CAOAW);
Ir. Leo van den Burg - Urban design and
epistemology, ontology, metaphysics,
Ir. Nurul Azlan - ‘How politics shapes
analysis techniques. The dividing line
scientific philosophy, semiotics;
and governs public space in postcolonial
between urbanism and architecture; the
(declarative, procedural, tacit) knowledge
societies, and how social media is
building in its urban context
and knowledge representation.
CAI Jiaxiu— urban morphology, pattern
Dipl. Ing. Ulf Hackauf - Metropolitan
language, urban design, integrated design
Agriculture as Urban Tool. Data-based
Arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin -
tool, design with historical continuity,
design and design-based research.
Performative Nature: Urban Landscape
environmental behavior, mapping
redistributing power and reshaping public sphere.’
Ir. Maurice Harteveld - Interior public space Dr. Ir. Luisa Calabrese - Urban design in
in relation to outdoor space.
Ir. Verena Balz - Metropolitan & regional
relation to architecture and infrastructure,
design and planning from a network city
techniques and aesthetics of transport
Dipl.Ing. Birgit Hausleitner - Spatial
perspective, the role of planning concepts
organisation of coexistence of living
in discourse on strategic planning interventions.
Ir. Els Bet – Mapping: linking data based
and working. Milieus for different micro Ir. Francisco Colombo - Regional planning
businesses and the resilience of urban form
and design, strategic planning and planning
towards changing types of coexistence.
praxis and design.
and design based mapping methods as well
Ir. Bert van den Heuvel - The spatial
as innovation in analysis & design tools on
Dr. Marcin Dabrowski - Cities and climate
integration of water into new city-
the urban scale.
change, governance of urban regions,
landscapes. The Dutch water city.
multi-level governance and EU regional and Filip Beljecki - Level of detail, quality, and
territorial cohesion policy.
error propagation in 3D GIS.
Ir. Maarten Jan Hoekstra - The language of the city.
Ir. Leyre Echevarria Icaza - The use of Ir. Inge Bobbink - Landscape architecture
remote sensing for sustainable urban
Dr. Ir. Frank van der Hoeven - Urban design,
as a link between scales through design.
planning and developing urban planning
mixed-use development, underground space
Understanding the site (the genius loci),
adaptation measures to urban heat islands.
technology, multifunctional and intensive
technique, pattern, network and form of (surface) water.
land-use, transit-oriented development, Ir. Mike Emmerik – Key issues on the
high-rise urban areas and climate change.
intersection of urban design and policy. Ir. Teake Bouma - Urban design on a
Dr. Fransje Hooimeijer - History, theory and
micro scale with a focus on the design of
Dr. ir. Ana Maria Fernández-Maldonado -
techniques of urban design. The relation
urban blocks in relation to public space,
Research tools and methods for urbanism.
between the natural and human systems
the transition of private to public space,
ICT in cities. Planning and housing in
as expressed in sustainable urban form and
building regulations and parcelling.
developing countries and Latin America.
Who are we?
Ir. Azadeh Arjomand Kermani - Urban
Bardia Mashhoodi - Complexity theory,
Ravi Peters MSc â€“ Smart simplification of
design strategies in historic city cores,
social segregation and urban form.
3D point cloud.
intangible cultural heritages and urban
Dr. Akkelies van Nes - Spatial feasibility,
Ir. Denise Piccinini - Design of open spaces
spatial analysis methods, spatial impact
en/of public spaces on different scales,
assessment, urban spatial sustainability
from urban squares to polders. Process
and space syntax.
of transformations, analyses methods,
identity, sense of place, tangible and
MSc. Liu Liu - Indoor Semantic Modelling to Support Path Finding.
concepts and design tools. Ir. Steffen Nijhuis - Geographic information
Dr. Hugo Ledoux - Data structures and
science (GISc) in landscape architecture
Michiel Pouderoijen - Mapping landscape
algorithms for modelling and analysing 3D
and regional planning. History of garden
architecture, geographic information
and landscape architecture. Geography of
the Dutch landscape, geo-visualization and Ir. Frits van Loon - How to make the
visual impact assessment.
creative process of students more efficient?
Dr. Lei Qu - Housing and urban transformation. Housing provision and
Ir. Anneloes Nillesen - Urban deltas â€“
spatial planning systems, residential
knowledge for climate
integration and social sustainability.
Ir. Marjolein Overtoom MSc -
Dr. Ir. Stephen Read - Urban spatial form,
Azadeh Mashayekhi - Transforming the
Environmental psychology, architecture,
movement and process, social-spatial form
Future-The urbanization and Modernization
and (sustainable) behaviour in a spatial
and transformation, urban spatial evolution,
process of Tehran Metropolis
urban spatial modelling and design.
Ir. Marco Lub- How to teach urbanism until the year of 2035?
Staff Urbanism 2015
Who are we?
Ir. Marta Relats, MPhil - Political
Egbert Stolk Msc. - Spatial quality in policy
MLa. René van der Velde - Contemporary
philosophy, studies on the imbalance
and design, visual quality plans; design
landscape architectural practice, design
of politics, economics and the built
review; aesthetic quality; measurement;
methods for urban landscape architecture
environment; its effect on urban planning,
norms; space-syntax, 3D-isovist analysis;
as well as history and theory of public space
design and quality of life.
cognitive architecture of architectural
wisdom (CAOAW). Dr. Roberto Rocco - New economic
Ir. Saline Verhoeven - Landscape
geography (spatial economics), network
Dr. Ir. Paul Stouten - Urban design related
Architecture - Research into design
theory applied to urban planning. Urban
to architecture, urban transition and
strategies for the IJsselmeer region
development and urban development
processes of urban regeneration related
strategies in Third-World cities.
to social, cultural and economic processes
Ir. Gerdy Verschuure-Stuip - Transformation
and re-use of existing buildings, landscapes
Dr. Ir. Remon Rooij - Urbanism of networks,
or urban structures in new designs,
the role of sports (events) in urban and
Yuting Tai - The ‘value system’ approach
combining different scales such as interior,
towards balanced spatial strategies for
architecture and the (Dutch polder)
delta cities; historical and morphological
Dr. Diego Sepúlveda Carmona – Analysis
studies of spatial transformations.
of and strategies to integrate marginalized
Dipl. Ing. Alexander Wandl - Territories in
areas into metropolization processes,
Ir. Nico Tillie – Urban metabolism, liveable
between urban and rural. GIS in regional
with an emphasis on design and planning
low carbon cities, energy planning and the
planning and design.
perspectives and tools.
role of landscape architecture. Ir. Saskia de Wit - Landscape architectural
Ir. Foteini Setaki – Acoustics. Noise
Dr. Alexandra Tisma - (visiting researcher
design on all scales, public space design,
reduction. Parametric design. Additive
from PBL) Metropolitan design, landscape
garden design, Dutch polderscapes,
characterisation and urban planning.
the history of landscape and landscape architecture, and planting.
Dr. Ir. Stefan van der Spek - Connectors,
Ir. Lidewij Tummers - Decentralized housing
intermodal transfer points, the human hub –
& renewable energy networks, participatory
Ir. Daan Zandbelt - Spatial effects of
research by design.
design and a gendered perspective of
intervention from the scale of the network
spatial planning. Coordinator of the
to architecture. Programmatic interventions
European Co-housing research network.
and new types of envelopes.
in relation to spatial planning and transport
Ir. Peter van Veelen - Design challenges of
Dr. Sisi Zlatanova - 3D modelling, 3D data
policy and pan-European comparative
multifunctional flood defences as well as
integration and 3D indoor navigation.
research on spatial policy.
spatial concepts and planning methods for
Dr. Dominic Stead - analysis of policies and policy-making processes, particularly
the integration of flood risk management in urban development and design.
Annemieke Berger MA
Linda de Vos
Margo van der Helm Daniëlle Karakuza Astrid Roos Karin Visser
Who are we?
PhD Research Opportunities for PhD research in the Urbanism Programme are generally advertised on the department and faculty websites – as a ‘call for PhD candidates’. We have limited supervision capacity and much demand so we provide information on various topics to help potential candidates in their applications. Applicants must write proposals in response to the topics on which we have capacity to supervise, and applications must demonstrate competence to undertake research in the topic, preferably including success in academic publications. Occasionally there are opportunities to work on externally funded projects and thus receive an income, but generally this is not possible. Most of our candidates come with their own funding in the form of national or international scholarships and are given ‘hospitality’ in the department. We may provisionally accept candidates subject to them securing funding. We may be able to advise but the primary responsibility for finding funding rests with the candidate. The A+BE Graduate School provides extensive support to those applying and completing a PhD at TU Delft Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment. All PhD candidates must complete a programme of doctoral education to obtain 45 credits or 15 credits per year. You can obtain credits through successful completion of specialist courses, generic courses on transferable skills and through ‘on-the-job’ activities including publication, conference presentations and teaching. All applications should be made through the Graduate School and the website will also direct you to other resources for prospective PhD candidates. http://www.bk.tudelft.nl/en/research/graduate-school-a-be/ 100% Research is a team that develops strategic projects to the benefit of the research community of the Faculty of Architecture at TU Delft. It also provides regular support services regarding research and the graduate school.
The Creation of a Module for Generative
Large Urban Projects and Social Actors.
The Significance of Public Space in a
Urban Design Based on Shape Grammars
Forces Supporting and Opposing the
Divided City: Concepts for an Urban Design
and Design Patterns
Production Process of the Retiro Project,
Strategy in the Slums of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires 1991-2001 Meta Berghauser Pont and Per Haupt
Taeke de Jong
Spacemate: the Spatial Logic of Urban
Machiel van Dorst
A Sustainable Liveable Neighbourhood
James Kennedy Arthur van Bilsen
Paul van Eijk
Structures for the Displaced: Service and
Mathematical Contributions to the
Renewal wíth Water: a Participative
Identity in Refugee Settlements
Development of a Scientific Body of
Strategy for the Urban Environment
Knowledge for Urban Design
Joost Kingma Dave van Eijnsbergen
Lasting Appeal: Garden-city
Semi-public Space in Multi-use Complexes
Neighbourhoods of the 1930s
Patterns of Urbanisation in the Randstad-
Ina Klaasen J. M. Evans
Knowledge-based Design: Developing
The Comfort Triangles: a New Tool for
Urban and Regional Design into a Science
Dispo_za_tif: Spatial Mechanism and the
Ping Kong Maurice Harteveld
Social Quality in the Conservation Process
Interior Public Space: on the Mazes in the
of Living Heritage Sites
Reweaving UMA: Urbanism Mobility
Network of an Urbanist
Camelia Kusumo Jinghuan He
Station – the New Centrality, the Effects
Camillo Pinilla Castro
Evaluation of Plan Implementation: Peri-
of Urban Form on the Liveability of the
Intervention in the Contemporary Urban
urban Development and the Shanghai
Area around the Railway Station: the
Field; Pondering, Planning and Emergence
Master Plan 1999-2020
Nature as a Cultural Statement
Sustainable Housing in Indonesia
Landscape: an Historic Examination
Ana Maria Fernández Maldonado
of Dealing with the Impacts of Climate
Post-Romanticism and the Template of
ICT-related Transformations in Latin
Change, the Example of the Kaoping River
The Tradition of Making: Polder Cities
Urban Sprawl and Planning: Confronting
to Engage Contemporary Demands
Chenkun Chung Transformations of an Urbanizing Delta
Delta in Taiwan.
Camilla Pinzon Cortes Morphologies of Fragmentation and Continuity
the Challenges in a Context of Social Xiaoxi Hui
Urban Renewal and Socio-spatial Nilan Cooray The Sigiriya Royal Gardens
Marta Mendonca Conditions for Re-conceptualising the Contemporary Urban Local Scale
Arjan van Timmeren
Organisatorische Condities voor een
The Mobile City
Paulien van Roosmalen
Town Planning in Indonesia between 1905
The Transformation of Cities with a Colonial
Globalization and the Andean Urban
Wendbare Overheid: de Case van het Ruimtelijk Ontwikkelingsbeleid.
Rami Nasrallah and Amin Amin Urban Peace-Building Patterns and Future Scenarios: the Case of Jerusalem
Systems in the South of Peru:
Flora Nycolaas Malleability of Cities Demands Planning at
Jeroen van Schaick
Space Meets Time â€“ Integrating Time-space Use in Urban Design and Planning
Marginalization or Resistant Spaces?
A. M. van Vliet Independent Living
Leo Oorschot Conflicten over Haagse stadsbeelden. Van
Willemspark tot Spuiforum
Changing Centralities under the Urban
Scale-structure: Investigating the Spatial
Path Planning Avoiding Moving Obstacles
Ernesto Philibert Petit
Conditions for Emerging Shopping Areas
Connectivity-oriented Urban Projects
Saskia de Wit Hidden Landscapes: The Metropolitan
Marjolein Pijpers-Van Esch
Designing the Urban Microclimate; a
Duurzaamheid van de Stadsvernieuwing
Framework for a Tool for the Dissemination
Garden and the Genius Loci
of Knowledge on the Urban Microclimate to
Stefan van der Spek
Planning the New City for People: the New
the Urban Design Process.
Connectors, the Way Beyond Transferring
Town Cases of Beijing, Shanghai, Almere and Milton Keynes
An Urban Geography of Globalisation:
Social Housing Policy in Chile since 1980:
New Urban Structure in the Age of Hyper-
Actors and Products
Connectivity Ekim Tan Alkistis Paraskevi Rodi
Do Not Plan: Play the City!
Creating the Creative Block: Towards a Design Tool for Urban Regeneration
You will find more information on PhD study in the Faculty of Architecture on the website of the Graduate School A+BE. All applications for PhD study with the Urbanism Group should be made through this website: http://www.bk.tudelft.nl/en/research/graduate-school-a-be/ More advice on studying for a PhD at TU Delft is available on the main Graduate School Website: http://tudelft.nl/en/research/graduate-school/
Selection of 2014 dissertations
Dissertations in 2015 until July
Egbert Stolk, Een complex-cognitieve benadering van stedebouwkundig ontwerpen (A complexity-cognitive approach to urban design).
Steffen Nijhuis, Landscape, architecture and GIS.
Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, Performative nature: urban landscape infrastructure design in water sensitive cities.
EMU is a four semester joint post-master programme that is closely related to the research
programme in Urbanism at TU Delft. Students spend the first two semesters at TU Delft, the third at
one of our partner universities (KU Leuven, IUAV Venezia and UPC Barcelona) and the fourth back in
Delft to complete the graduation project. EMU students have already completed a related masterâ€™s degree or equivalent and have some experience of practice. They must be ambitious and dedicated. Graduates of EMU are critical thinkers and reflective practitioners. They bring together a breadth of knowledge and skills to resolve real world problems with viable solutions grounded in theoretical and practical understanding. They can operate in the international sphere, provide direction and innovation where there is great uncertainty, and mobilise interests through persuasive communication skills. Many go on to senior positions in practice or continue with research in PhD studies. During 2015-16 EMU is introducing a â€˜global dimensionâ€™ that will allow study of one semester in other Historic centers
countries including Argentina, China and the UK, the US and others.
EMU works with the Delft Model of Urbanism that blends knowledge and skills from design, the social and physical sciences, and environmental and spatial technologies. We value sound reasoning and seek to combine creativity with rationality. We develop technical know-how alongside an appreciation of competing values and culturally sensitive designs and plans. We promote collaborative inclusive approaches and use design as a means to mediate conflicting interests. We are conscious of the operation of power in urban development and the need for accountability. We advocate the precautionary principle in urbanism recognising the uncertainty and inevitable unintended consequences of intervention. Contact and application www.emu.tudelft.nl Dipl. Ing. Birgit Hausleitner, EMU Coordinator Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment PO Box 5043, 2600 Delft, The Netherlands
The urbanism research programme is closely tied to the graduation studio for master’s students.
Each year, between 60 and 100 students complete master’s graduation projects which are now
linked to urbanism research programme. Thus master’s students make an active contribution to research activities including seminars and debates with researchers and the PhD community; whilst developing their academic and professional skills. The graduation studio includes lecture series delivered by the research groups where researchers and guests present current issues and their latest results and experiences. Master classes are dedicated to improving students’ skills in areas such as spatial analysis and visualization. Students also take the lead on symposiums and workshops according to their own interests. The link between research themes and graduation projects ensures that many researchers and PhD candidates are actively involved in the education programme. It provides a more stimulating learning environment for students and delivers benefits for research groups as students contribute to empirical work often testing ideas in different settings. Urbanism research benefits hugely from the international character of the master’s student community. International and Dutch students are engaged in graduation projects in many countries and provide a window to urbanism practices around the world. We also hold specific graduation studios where groups of staff and students can investigate urbanism practice in many different countries with colleagues from local institutions.
Planning and designing with water for sustainability, 2015 summer school.
The annual urbanism summer school invites students to understand the theories and practices that bring together water management and urban development and to apply this knowledge in the elaboration of a vision and a spatial strategy in Rotterdam (2014) and Den Haag (2015). The aim is to explore the Dutch tradition of planning and designing with water and the integration of water management with urban development in The Netherlands. Participants come from all around the world, with special input from the International Forum for Urbanism (IFOU); the National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan; South China University of Technology and other international partners. Summer school includes site visits, meetings with government officials, professionals and researchers; and many interactive learning activities. We are very grateful for the support of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, Den Haag Municipality and the many speakers who make the summer school so enjoyable.
2009 : Delft, The Netherlands, Randstad Challenge exploring the metropolitan model and its potential,
in cooperation with VROM, IFoU, Beijing Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tsinghua
University, Taiwan National University, Chinese Hong Kong University, Instituto Polytecnico de
Catalunya & Milan Institute of Technology. 2009: Beijing, China, Transforming old housing schemes in central Beijing, in cooperation with IFoU, Beijing Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Tsinghua University, Taiwan National University, Chinese Hong Kong University, Instituto Polytecnico de Catalunya, Beijing Planning Bureau. 2009: Urban Emergencies in Venezuela, El Salvador, Ghana, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Philippines. Three months in the field action research on the role of urbanists on post-disaster responses. In collaboration with Cordaid, IFoU, and others.
2010: Sichuan, China, IFOU workshop; Long-term vision integrating socio-economic, cultural and physical renewal, in collaboration with IFoU. 2011-2013: Buenos Aires, Argentina, Exploring socio-spatial integrative strategies through the new integrated environmental plan for Buenos Aires, in cooperation with CONICET, UN Habitat, Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires, SD Harvard University, Institut pour la ville en mouvement, Ministry of Environment, municipalities of Buenos Aires, Avellaneda and Lanus, and Puerto Madero Directorate, urban developers. 2012: Port-au-Prince, HaĂŻti, Urban Emergencies; Crisis as an opportunity â€“ a spatial approach to coordination. In collaboration with Cordaid, UN Habitat, Red Cross, Shelter Centre, and others. 2013-15: Shenzhen, China, Complex Cities Graduation Studio in cooperation with the International New Towns Institute (INTI) and other partners in Shenzhen and Hong Kong on regional planning, design and governance for more socially and environmentally viable development. 2013-15: Buenos Aries, Houston, Randstad, Globalisation Free Choice Studio: a comparative analysis of regional planning and governance of urbanism in the Mississippi (USA) and the Parana (Argentina) Deltas in the context of knowledge from the Rhine-Maas Delft.
Department of Urbanism, 72 2015
This publication outlines the research programme of the Department of Urbanism at the TU Delft.