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Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment

Department of Urbanism

PhD profiles


Cover: G.Verschuure-Stuip, The Arcadian landscape of Holland in the 17th century. From: Welgelegen, het ontstaan van het arcadisch landschap van Holland 1630-1730.

The doctoral study Doctoral study is a significant and successful part of Urbanism’s research output. PhD candidates carry forward the research agenda of the Urbanism Programme and play a major role through publications, conference contributions and other activities. From 2005 to 2012 60 candidates began PhD studies in urbanism and 36 have completed. The Urbanism Research Programme provides a lively stimulating environment for research studies. Candidates participate in the TU Delft Graduate School which provides doctoral education in relation to discipline-related research skills to extend knowledge in the subject area; general research skills including ‘learning on the job’; and transferable skills which assist with personal development and career development. Candidates are also strongly encouraged to participate in the wider research, education and other activities in the faculty.

PhD candidates study in a four-year programme. In the first year, the candidate prepares a comprehensive research proposal and a long paper, which is assessed by a professorial panel following a public presentation. Following the review supervisors and candidates receive recommendations on progress. Graduates from the European Masters in Urbanism (EMU), a post-master course, may proceed more quickly through the process. You will find more information on PhD study in the Faculty of Architecture on the website of the Graduate School A+BE. All applications for PhD study with the Urbanism Group should be made through this website: More advice on studying for a PhD at TU Delft is available on the main Graduate School Website:

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Water Sensitive Urban Environments. Urban landscape system design in fast-changing conditions, the Brazilian case. Keywords: urban landscape planning, urban ecology, dynamic resilience, flood risk, multifunctional infrastructure, liveability. Urbanism Department /Environmental Technology and Design | UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education /Water Science and Engineering Department Area of Research: Urbanism | Water Science and Engineering

Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin PhD started in: 2009 (UCL) / 2010 (TU Delft) Postgraduate degree MSc. Spatial Planning & Technology 2009 (Geomatics), IUAV

MArch. Architecture, IUAV


BArch. Architecture and Urbanism, UnB


Promoter(s): Prof. Dirk Sijmons Prof. Chris Zevenbergen Daily Supervisor(s): Prof. Richard Ashley

Research Summary: Urban growth and redevelopment processes and their expression in land-use patterns alter the landscape structure and function, changes that are observed in the phenomena of fragmentation and impermeabilization of the natural landscape and in the dysfunction of its water cycle. Urbanization reduces the natural drainage capacity and increases the peak discharge – which contributes to a higher magnitude and frequency of floods. As the contemporary city evolves, continuous cycles of growth, conservation, release and reorganization provide frames of opportunities to retrofit urban nature in the cultural landscape. Therefore, reflections on the reciprocal relationship between natural processes and cultural practices, in addition to the foreseeing of possible scenarios that could emerge under these territorial conditions, become critical in urbanism research and practice. The present research project aims to analyse the urban landscape in areas where the flood risk is high and, at the same time, identify future possibilities or potentials to lower the flood risk. The proposed measures result from the detailed analyses of the territorial structure and function, providing multiple values of ecosystem services that foster climate adaptation and quality of life in cities.

Email: Phone: +31 6 434 31534 Main Question: How to retrofit urban nature in the Brazilian context to enhance the adaptive capacity to flood risk and multi-value in cities.

Deliverables: A multi-scale (spatio-

Research Methodology: Multi-scalar (macro-,meso-, and micro-scale level) system analysis and temporal) framework to model the urban landscape planning & design strategies are developed according to green and blue infrastructure retrofitting of multifunctional objectives, focusing in the urban morphology/ land-use and related values of ecosystem services and infrastructures (green and blue). their dynamics of change over time. Five landscape dimensions are introduced as a paradigm or a narrative to explore the territorial conditions. The pilot case study is the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Key Publications: Bacchin, T. K., et al. (2013) A multi-scale approach in the planning and design of water sensitive environments. Novatech. Bacchin, T.K.; et al. (2011) Spatial metrics modeling to analyse correlations between urban form and surface water drainage performance. ICUD. Bacchin, T. K. (2014) Rhine Delta. In: Towards an Atlas of the European Delta Landscape, ed. by Tosi, M.C. Sun Arch., NL.

Link(s): Updated: October 24, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE]

Regional Design: Dimensions of Geographies in the Context of Regional Governance.

Keywords: Regional design, spatial planning, spatial representations, planning concepts, governance. Department of Urbanism, Chair of Spatial Planning & Strategy

Verena Balz

Area of Research: Regional Planning, Governance and Design

PhD started in: 2009

Master of Science in Architecture, Technical University of Berlin, Germany.


Promoter(s): Prof. dr. Wil Zonneveld Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. Dominic Stead

Research Summary: Over recent decades, the Dutch national government has opened up regional planning processes to the involvement of de-central governments, coalitions among these and coalitions among these and private agencies. That processes became open to interpretations has spurred the emergence of collaborative decision making practices, among them a range that were commonly labeled ‘regional design’. These practices employed spatial representations of regions in argumentations about not only spatial transformation but also territorial and political change. Despite often being government-funded only few of these practices have been assessed on their performance from a planning perspective tough. In this research I distinguish types of regional design practices based on their references to spatial development, organizational reform and political visions. This framework is used to investigate the performance of regional design in distinct cases. The research aims at an improved understanding of the variety of practices that have emerged in the Netherlands over recent decades. More broadly it seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the production and use of conceptions of geographies in regional governance processes. 

Email: Phone: +31 6 43034628 Main Question: How have the regional design practices that have emerged in the Netherlands over recent decades performed in the context of spatial planning and governance?

Deliverables: A framework to Research Methodology: The main components of this research are in-depth case studies. The distinguish regional design practices in research also incorporates several literature reviews. Reviews conceptualize regional design from a planning perspective, underpin the methodology applied in case studies and clarify the context of case the context of regional governance. studies by distinguishing governance episodes in the Netherlands.

Key Publications: BALZ, V. & ZONNEVELD, W. 2013. Regional Design in the Context of Fragmented Link(s): Territorial Governance: Studio South Wing, European Planning Studies, p.xx-xx (review submitted). BALZ, V. & SCHRIJNEN, J. 2009. From Concepts to Projects: Stedenbaan, The Netherlands. In: CURTIS, C., RENNE, J., BERTOLINI, L. (eds.) Transit Oriented Development: Making it Happen. Updated: October 8, 2013 Farnham: Ashgate.

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Complexity theory, Social segregation and urban form Keywords: social segregation, spatial statistics, geographic information systems, network analysis, urban simulation

Urbanism department, Chair of urban design, theories and methods Area of Research: Computation & Performance; Urbanism

Bardia Mashhoodi PhD started in: 2010 MSc. Urbanism,Tu Delft


BSc. Architecture, Azad university, Faculty of art & architecture, Tehran, Iran 2008 BSc. Industrial engineering, System analysis and programing. Tehran polytechnics, 2006

Promoter(s): Prof.Dr. Ir Han Meyer Prof.Dr. Juval Portugali Email:

Research Summary: The main objective of the research is to reveal the extend and the mechanism which socio-economic trends are affected by physical structure of the urban landscape. The main case study of the research is Rotterdam south. Moreover, the research aims for learning from pass to reflect on future. In this respect, it also focuses on developing decision support systems which assist the process of planning. Beside the core research project, I have involved in other researches such as airport regions, modal split of the train stations in NL and morphological studies which are beneficial to my research where my approach is based on testing/developing new methods and measures for spatial analysis.

Phone: 068-4916883 Main Question: Do socio-economic patterns have a significant physical meaning over and above their social meaning? Deliverables: New understanding of socio-economic patterns, new methodology of spatial analysis

Research Methodology: analysis of the geographic data through last two decades and finding the trends and association by means of spatial statistics; Agent based and Cellular automata simulation models


Key Publications: Urban coherence, A morphological definition (Caliskan & Mashhoodi, Forth coming, Urban design international); Complexity Theory, Urban Configuration and Residential Segregation (ISUF, 2012); Studying land-use distribution and mixed-use patterns in relation to density, accessibility and urban form (Mashhoodi, Berghauser Pont, Isuf, 2011); Where, how and why to intensify the city (7vst conference, Lisbon, 2011, Mashhoodi, Kasraeian Moghaddam, Berghauser Pont); COMBINATION OF SPACE SYNTAX WITH SPACEMATRIX AND THE MIXED USE INDEX. The Rotterdam South test case (Van Nes, Berghauser Pont, Mashhoodi, Space Syntax symposyoum, 2011); Parametric urban design (eCAADe, Beirao, Nourian, Mashhoodi)

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

The form of the ‘polder-boezem’ discharge system. The landscape architectonic potential of water structure, water pattern and waterworks in the Dutch Lowlands Keywords: landscape architectonic water design, water form, water structure, Lowlands, discharge system (polder-boezem system) Urbanism /Chair of Landscape Architecture Area of Research: Landscape Architecture

Inge Bobbink PhD started in: 2008 MSC Architecture TU Delft 1991 PostMsc Berlage Institute 1994

Promoter(s): prof. dr. ir. C.M. Steenbergen

Daily Supervisor(s): dr. I.T. Klaasen

Research Summary: The boezem network (image) and the pattern of the polder water express the genesis of the manmade Dutch landscape by adopting the form of the underlying landscape layers. By the rapid changes in the landscape, mainly as a result of an increasing demand for agricultural production, urban extensions, more recreational programme and the need of more space for water retention, the existing water system changes as well. Therefore the expression of the boezem network as a binding structure and a spatial key-element in the Dutch Lowlands is slowly fading away, as well as its spatial relation to the polder water, which is connected by waterworks. The research will help to start the discussion about the spatial value of the lowland water system and its form and will provide a scientific base for future adaptations. Research Methodology: Research by mapping and overlay of different mapping aspects = landscape analyses (green-boezem based on the natural landscape, blue-based on the cultural landscape, red-based on the urban landscape). Describing the polder-boezem system as being a design with the help of the 4-layer-form-analyses method developed by Steenbergen en Reh = landscape architectonic research.

Email: Phone: +31/6 39 25 09 46 Main Question: Which crucial structures and details can enhance the spatial- visual meaning of the polderboezem system as framework of the Dutch lowlands?

Deliverables: Form understanding of the polder-boezem system and its potential for further landscape architectonic transformations.

Key Publications: Bobbink, I & Nijhuis, S (2010) The Making of the Dutch Landscape. In: Meijer, VJ, Link(s): Bobbink, I, & Nijhuis, S. (eds.) (2010) Delta Urbanism. The Netherlands. Chicago & Washington, American Planning Association Meyer, VJ, Bobbink, I, & Nijhuis, S (eds.) (2010) Delta Urbanism. The Netherlands. Chicago & Washington, American Planning Association Updated: October 9, 2013 Bobbink, I, Pouderoijen, MT & Wiers, JJ (2011). Renewed boezem, (re)vitalizing the boezem system in Randstad as the multifunctional backbone of the landscape. Amsterdam, Conference International Water

Bobbink I., Loen S., Water inZicht (2012) SUN. Amsterdam

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Collective space Urban streets in Chinese and French context Keywords: collective space, streets, public space, public life, urban morphology, environment behavior

Urbanism Department/ Urban Design Chair Area of Research: Urban morphology, environmental behavior study

Jiaxiu CAI PhD started in: 2012 M. Arch. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, HUST, China


B. Arch. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, HUST, China


Promoter(s): Prof. Ir. Henco Bekkering Daily Supervisor(s): Ir. Maurice Harteveld


Research Summary: The research intends to investigate the streets prosperity from the perspective of collectivity with mixed influences of spatial condition of the streets (especially the streets in block and interstice scale), people’s behavior, and the interaction of them. A cross- culture context (Chinese and French) discussion will also provide a better understanding of the underlying logic of the streets and people’s behavior in different context. Some parameters stimulating collectivity will be investigated.

Phone: 0623034299

Research Methodology: An analytical framework based on urban morphology- environment behavior studies combined with picturesque technique will be developed and applied in this PhD research. The transactional approach is crucial for an understanding of the dynamics of the personenvironment system.

Deliverables: A framework to understand the relation between the spatial condition of streets and collectivity in Chinese and French context.

Key Publications: Jiaxiu CAI, A Study on the Alley in the "LiFen" Residential Areas in Hankow Historical Colonies, take the Historical British Colony as an example Presented on the EAAE / ISUF International Conference, October 2012, TU Delft, The Netherlands

Link(s): boutaculty/departments/urbanism/org anisation/urban-design/urban-design/

Main Question: How and to what extent do the spatial conditions of streets stimulate multiple degrees of collectivity by facilitating the control of social interaction in East Central Chinese and West Central European cultural contexts?

Updated: October 17, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

How Architecture Students Learn to Design: A Theoretical Framework with a Special Emphasis on the Role of Aesthetic Judgment in the Design Process

Keywords: Design Methods, Cognitive Science, Perception, Aesthetics, Creativity, Embodiment, Expert Performance

Urbanism Architecture Design Theory and Methodology

Terrence Curry, SJ PhD started in: 2010 M. Div, Jesuit School of Theology, Berkeley


B. Arch., Pratt Institute


Promoter(s): Henco Bekkering

Daily Supervisor(s): Frank van der Hoeven

Research Summary: Architecture design is a high performance, multi-disciplinary, cognitive ability that involves several component skills, aptitudes and abilities. To become expert at this dynamic process of defining the problem, discovering possibilities and evaluating alternatives, choosing which to pursue and developing a comprehensive design solution requires the mastery of a complex skill set, familiarity with a cross-disciplinary domain of information, the acquisition of highly refined procedural knowledge and multiple means of judgment and assessment, including aesthetic judgment. Design methods and theory offers insight into how expert designers perform. However, most theories of design and methods describe the design process as primarily problem solving, with little discussion on the role of aesthetic judgment or limiting its function as one of many design criteria. Recent work in the areas of cognitive theory, perception and neuro-science suggest that aesthetic judgment plays a far more significant role in the design process. This research seeks to describe the critical role that aesthetic judgment plays, its location and its function in the design process, in the acquisition of expert performance. Research Methodology: The research seeks to develop a theoretical framework that describes how architecture students acquire design expertise based on critical reflection on 25 years teaching experience and professional practice tested against an in-depth review of design theory and methodology, cognitive theory, neuro-science, expert performance, and aesthetic judgment.

Key Publications: “Drawing, Making, Building and Tectonics: A Critical Reflection on the Concept of Construction in Design Teaching Based on Personal Experience�, New Architecture (April 2011)

Email: Phone: +31 (0) 6 81 73 90 91 Main Question: What is the place and the function of aesthetic judgment in the design process and the acquisition of design expertise?

Deliverables: several articles and publication of the dissertation


Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Hidden landscapes: The Metropolitan Garden and the Genius Loci

Keywords: metropolitan landscape, genius loci, place, enclosed garden

Urbanism / Chair of Landscape Architecture Area of Research: Landscape Architecture

Saskia I. de Wit PhD started in: 2007 MSc Landscape Architecture WUR, NL


Promoter(s): Prof. dr. ir. C.M. Steenbergen Prof. dr. E.A. de Jong

Research Summary: The thesis addresses the questions how the genius loci can be made accessible in the metropolitan landscape, focusing on the concept of place. Can place be designed? The issue is approached from the viewpoint of the enclosed garden. The thesis addresses the contemporary enclosed garden as a means to connect the metropolis to the genius loci, aiming at the definition, analysis, typology and transformation of the metropolitan garden as the expression of the genius loci. Until now no attempt has been made to research the potential and the design of the garden to address metropolitan phenomena and their relation, or the lack of it, to the genius loci. The notion of genius loci is understood as the inherent characteristics of a given site, which are perceivable as a coherent ensemble, different from its surroundings. The enclosed garden asserts the hidden qualities of the location and denotes the location as a place.


Research Methodology: In the first section of the thesis a genealogy of the enclosed garden in the metropolitan context historical development is reconstructed. Section two holds the analyses of six prototypes of metropolitan enclosed gardens. For the analyses the method of design research as was developed at the Chair of Landscape Architecture, is adapted to the specific phenomenon of the enclosed garden. The method addresses the technique of composition, based on four layers: programme form, basic form, spatial form and image form. On the scale of the garden the perception of space includes a multi-sensory component.

Deliverables: Design instruments for the metropolitan garden.

Phone: 06-41288022 Main Question: How can the genius loci be made accessible in the metropolitan landscape?

Key Publications: Velde, J.R.T. van der & de Wit, S.I. (2010) The landscape form of the metropolis. Link(s): Click here to enter text Footprint 5, 55-79. Wit, S.I. de (2011) Articulating the site. Nordic Journal of Architecture, 1(1), 18-23. Wit, S.I. de (2013). Metropolitan Gardens – gardens in the interstices of the metropolitan tissue. SPOOL - Journal of Architecture and the Built Environment. TU Delft (forthcoming). Wit, S.I. de. (2013) Suburbs and supernature: How the Wasserkrater exposes an invisible landscape. In: Zavraka, Updated: October 16, 2013 D (ed.) UrbanBLUR (forthcoming). Velde, J.R.T. van der & de Wit, S.I. (2013) Urban by nature: parks and gardens as armatures for green infrastructures. Research in urbanism series, vol. 3 (1). (forthcoming).

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Portuguese Historical Gardens –Tagus Estuary “Quintas de Recreio” Landscape Architectonic Design

Keywords: Heritage, Landscape, Design, Lisbon, Tagus estuary, Quintas de Recreio

Chair Landscape Architecture Area of Research: Design Research, Research by Design

Rodrigo Dias PhD started in: 2010 Lisbon Technical Un. Landscape Architect.


Historical Gardens 1980 undergraduate degree Promoter(s):Prof.Dr.Clemens Steenbergen

Daily Supervisor(s):Landscape Architect Prof.Saskia De Witt

Research Summary: Portuguese Historical gardens – the so-called “Quintas de Recreio”Characterization and General Overview of the “Quintas“ of the Tagus Estuary. Research, understand, and read the Quintas, and is Landscape Architectonic design. Classify the main nucleus of Quintas according to localization and geomorphologic, spatial metaphoric and programmatic goals relate that nucleus with time frames and military, economic and social criteria. Apply the Delft Methodology on Design Research and Research by Design to a detailed parallel Analysis of two Portuguese National Heritage 18th century Quintas, in the Tagus Estuary Municipality of Oeiras. The “ Quinta Real de Caxias” and the “Quinta do Marquês de Pombal “ –Other Objectives-Promote the role of the “Quintas de Recreio” in the Regional Plans for the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, in the Master Plan policies for the Tagus Estuary Region, and in cultural, economic and politic framework of the Estuary Municipalities, in Public and Private Investments. Locate this Portuguese Heritage on Global and European Landscape Architectonic Design, on Global Cultural Promotion Context, and Global University Research programs. Research Methodology: Implement the Delft methodology of design research and research by design to Portuguese historical gardens, researching four main vehicles: Basic Form, Spatial Design, Metaphoric Structure, Programmatic Options and Goals.

Key Publications: Alves Rodrigues Dias, Rodrigo ”A Quinta de Recreio dos Marqueses de Pombal Oeiras-Contributo para o estudo da arte paisagista no séc. XVIII” Oeiras 1987 (edição C.M.Oeiras)

Email: Phone:+35 1917253684 Main Question: How Highlight an unknown, global and European landscape Heritage, Sustainable Design, by putting together, Production, Recreation, Knowledge and Senses.

Deliverables: Research the Quintas heritage design, give way to new landscape sustainable designs. Learn to manage the urban agriculture together with artistic recreational Landscapes. “Senses Landscapes”. Link(s): tigacao/CITAD/GruposInvestigacao

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Remote sensing for sustainable space planning.

Keywords: Urban Heat Island, Remote Sensing, GIS, Climate Change, Resilience, buffer areas, Haaglanden, Brabantland, adaptation, urban planning, space planning, sustainable city. Urbanism department Area of Research: Climate Change

Leyre Echevarría Icaza PhD started in: 2010 MSc. Architecture. RMIT. Bouwkunde; TU Delft.


Promoter(s): Prof. dr. Prof. Dr. Ir. Andy van den Dobbelsteen. Co-promotor: Dr. Ir. Frank Van der Hoeven. Daily Supervisor(s): Co-promotor: Dr. Ir. Frank Van der Hoeven. Email:

Research Summary: The objective of this research is to create a methodology based on remote sensing and developed from the space planners perspective, to analyze the thermal behavior of cities in order to be able to provide design guidelines to adapt our regions and cities to the temperature increase.

Phone: +34 619 80 32 71 Main Question: Why do certain urban areas -within a city or a regionheat up more than others? How can we design measures to improve their thermal behavior?

Deliverables: Design adaptation guidelines in order to help the Dutch Research Methodology: Using remote sensing satellite imagery combined with GIS plans, assess on city cases to benefit as much as the UHI at the city scale and at the regional scale. At the city scale, the research identifies and possible from the cooling potential of analyzes “hotspots” with the objective of designing measures to improve their thermal behavior. At the natural location and rural the regional scale, the research identifies and analyses “coolspots” in order to design measures to surroundings. preserve and adapt them to allow the cities to benefit from their natural cooling potential. Design adaptation guidelines to improve the case cities hotspots thermal behavior. Link(s): Key Publications: http://knowledgeforclimate.climateres Echevarría Icaza, Leyre (forthcoming CPC Special Issue Urban planning measures to adapt the city of The Hague to the heat island phenomenon. Echevarría Icaza, Leyre and Carter, Jeremy (forthcoming CPC Special Issue, Regional urban planning guidelines to improve the thermal behavior in case of heat wave of the Liverpool-Manchester and Rotterdam-The Hague regions.

Updated: October 25, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Costs and Benefits of Sustainability Measurements in Area Development

Keywords: Sustainability, Climate change, Costs and Benefits, Equalization, Cities

Urbanism/Environmental Technology and Design Area of Research: Innovation in the Management of the Built Environment

Willie Fikken PhD started in 2013 MSc Environmental Sciences, Open university NL


BSc Building Construction


Promoter(s): Prof. dr. ir. A. (Arjan) van Timmeren Prof. dr. ir. J.W.F. (Hans) Wamelink

Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. ir. M.J. (Machiel) van Dorst

Research Summary: Until now it is hard to implement sustainability measurements, due to various Email: reasons. One of the main reasons (hypothesis) concerns the equilibration and equalization of advantages en disadvantages. Every measurement has its pros and cons, which often are hard to Phone: +31 6 39 10 81 11 compare. In relation to the above mentioned (and still to be confirmed) hypothesis the right described main question can be divided in (at least) five sub questions (of which presumably some, not all, will be investigated thoroughly): How do we weigh the various impacts (positive and negative) of measurements? How do we take the various actors into account? How do we deal with impacts and actors outside the scope of the project? How do we discount short en long-term effects? How can we equalize the financial costs and benefits of measurements?

Main Question: How to improve the integration of sustainability in the design and decision making process of area development (in order to realize climate proof cities)?

Deliverables: Recommendations and

Research Methodology: The research will consist of desktop research, an inventory and analysis of possibly guidelines, or other tools. existing instruments, both in the Netherlands and in other NW European countries, and case studies. Based up on this, recommendations for improvement will be formulated. The recommendations will be validated in another case study. Link(s):

Key Publications: Until now no publications were submitted. Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Scale and Resilience: Rebinding Community and Territory

Keywords: urban resilience, complexity, scale, territorial synergy, topography and topology, cascading Urbanism Department / Environmental Technology and Design Area of Research: Urbanism

Claudiu Forgaci PhD started in: 2013 MSc. Urbanism (EMU), 2013 TUD, NL. Integrated BA. and MSc. Architecture, UAUIM, RO.


Promoter(s): Prof. dr. ir. Arjan van Timmeren Prof. dr. Yuval Portugali Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. ir. Machiel van Dorst

Research Summary: This research commences with the hypothesis that territorial synergy, in the sense that cities are the result of the interaction between topography and topology, is directly related to urban resilience. In this context, scale is considered a research and design tool in itself. Scalar concepts, metaphors are ways to refer to and learn from other disciplines, such as ecology, geography or politics, to build the research framework and, consequently, to describe urban complexity. Cascading is related to the notion of scale. Scalar systems may have different types of relationships, starting from rhizomatous configurations to nested hierarchical structures. However, resilient scalar structures might have something in common: scales, contained by and containing them, establish a certain degree of gradual transition from one scale to another. From this angle, cascading is very much a network related topic. Modeling networks of relationships together with spatial conditions (topographic and topologic), processed with computational methods following optimized cascading algorithms, could be a point of departure for creating a planning supporting tool that might improve resilience in multiple scales.

Email: Phone: +31 6 391 08112 Main Question: Can we approach urban complexity by referring to the relationship between city and territory in terms of topography, topology and scale in order to diagnose and improve urban resilience?

Deliverables: Tool(box) supporting Research Methodology: Based on the literature review on complexity theories of cities, resilience, local authorities in targeting resilience. and urban networks in the first phase, a stress-test will be developed in order to test the hypothesis and real-world crisis situations on-site, together with local authorities and stakeholders in the two case study cities chosen from Europe. Following the experience of the stress test, the project aims to develop a planning support tool.

Key Publications: Forgaci, C. (2013). Bucharest: Between North and South. Master’s thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft. Available at: [Accessed: 5 July 2013]


Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Modality Environments: Measuring the sustainable mobility potential of urban areas in the city-region

Keywords: city-region, urban modeling, GIS, network analysis, sustainable mobility, transit-oriented development

Urbanism Department / Spatial Planning and Strategy Area of Research: Sustainable accessibility of urban areas and city-regions.

Jorge Gil PhD started in: 2009 MSc. Virtual Environments, UCL, UK




Promoter(s): Prof. V. Nadin Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. Ir. S.A. Read

Research Summary: Urban areas and city-regions face serious sustainability problems linked to the current car-dependent patterns of mobility. Normative models of sustainable neighbourhood development, such as transit-oriented development (TOD), have been widely implemented but questions remain about their effectiveness in reaching the proposed targets. This project explores the urban form, structure and functional characteristics of neighbourhoods in the Randstad region of the Netherlands, to identify local and regional conditions that potentiate or hinder the sustainable mobility patterns of its residents. Using a multi-modal network model of mobility infrastructures and land-use units, each neighbourhood is measured according to a set of proximity, density and accessibility indicators found in the literature of land use and travel, sustainable urban development and urban network analysis. From these results modality profiles of the region are extracted, and compared against the observed mobility patterns of local residents. The analysis of TOD locations allows the identification of cases where the modality profile constitutes a hindrance for improved mobility, or where the mobility potential has not yet been achieved. Research Methodology: Literature review to identify relevant mobility targets and meaningful urban form indicators; GIS urban model including a multi-modal network and empirical data from the mobility survey of the Netherlands; network analysis and statistical analysis of the model; data mining and exploratory spatial data analysis for profiling and pattern identification.

Key Publications: Gil, J. & Duarte, J.P. (2013) Tools for evaluating the sustainability of urban design: a review. Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning. doi:10.1680/udap.11.00048 Gil, J., Beirão, J.N., Montenegro, N. & Duarte, J.P. (2012) On the discovery of urban typologies: data mining the many dimensions of urban form. Urban Morphology. 16 (1), pp. 27–40.

Email: Phone: +31 (0)15 27 83885 Main Question: What are the local and regional characteristics of neighbourhoods that potentiate or hinder sustainable mobility patterns?

Deliverables: A multi-modal network model of the Randstad region, a method for profiling the modality of urban areas, an evaluation of the mobility potential of TOD.


Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Structuring the coexistence of living and working for a liveable city: Case Amsterdam

Keywords: coexistence, urban morphology, urban block, micro businesses, pattern Department of Urbanism / Chair of Urban Design – Theory and Methods Area of Research: Urbanism

Birgit Hausleitner PhD started in: 2010 Advanced Master in Urbanism (EMU), TUDelft & IUAV Venice


Master in Architecture – Technical University Vienna


Promoter(s): Prof. Han Meyer Assoc.Prof. Machiel van Dorst

Daily Supervisor(s): Meta Berghauser Pont

Research Summary: The mixed-use city is one of the leading urban planning and design paradigms at present. Therefore, the aim of this research is to develop design patterns that facilitate the coexistence of living and working. The study focuses on micro-businesses (MBs) as they represent more than 2/3 of all businesses in Amsterdam and are more likely to be integrated with residential use. The research combines therefore analyses of the morphological as well as the socio-economic structure of the city. Moreover the influence of planning instruments on these conditions is investigated. Urban form is more long lasting than the urban program it is hosting, be it changing business types or changing spatial requirements of businesses. It is thus important to understand, which conditions of urban form can facilitate a diversity of program, therefore are more likely to adapt to changing program. The developed patterns are a tool to allow users of the city to negotiate space to achieve a liveable coexistence of living and working.

Email: Phone: +31 624 813846 Main Question: Which patterns of coexistence of living and working enable a liveable city?

Deliverables: Design pattern of living

Research Methodology: Quantification of the relation between urban morphological properties and and working; A framework to describe the location of individual MBs. Diachronic study of the planned and actual location of MBs in the relation of the urban structure and Amsterdam. Definition of conditions for different types of MBs through a triangulation of GIS mapping, the program of the city spatial statistics and policy analyses. Development of design patterns for the integration of MBs into residential or mixed-use areas. Key Publications:

Hausleitner, B. (forthcoming). Kleinschalige bedrijvigheid als component van vitale steden. In: Meyer et al (eds). Het Programma van de Stad. Sun Architecture, Amsterdam. Hausleitner, B. (2012). Kansen voor kleinschalige bedrijvigheid in Amsterdam. Stedenbouw + Ruimtelijke Ordening, 93jg, nr 4, Platform 31 | Nirov, Rotterdam. Hausleitner, B. (2012). Re-using the built material in Amsterdam. Potentials for programmatic change and continuity. In: L. Fabian, E. Giannotti, P. Vigano (Eds.): Recycling City. Lifecycles, embodied energy, inclusion. Report to the International Design Intensive Programme 2012. Università IUAV di Venezia, Venice. Hausleitner, B.; Nycolaas, F. (2012). Control and physical units in the urban block in Amsterdam. presented at the ISUF conference 2012 in Delft, conference proceedings forthcoming.


Updated: October 17, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

 The city in words. Urbanistic notions of the last century

Keywords: urbanistic notions, urban design analysis, etymology, cultural history Urbanism Department. Chair of Urban Design – Theory & Methods Area of Research: Urbanism, Design & History

MaartenJan Hoekstra PhD started in: 2009 MSc Architecture and Urbanism, TU Delft


MA Dutch Linguistics, University of Amsterdam


Promoters: prof. dr. ir. Han Meyer, TU Delft prof. dr. Marc van Oostendorp, Leiden University Daily Supervisors: ir. John Westrik, TU Delft dr. Marlies Philippa, University of Amsterdam

Research Summary: During the development process of the built environment there is often unclarity in the use of the main urbanistic notions by the several participants of the process, which can block good communication and smooth development. In this PhD research, notions in three semantic fields (public spaces, building types and parts of the city) will be investigated for four groups of language users: the original designers, fellow designers, policymakers and journalists. Three main hypotheses will be verified: in the first place that urbanistic notions can be dissected in words, concepts, physical abstractions and drawn objects (images) and that their interrelations can clarify the meaning of the notion, secondly that even within a period of a hundred years words can change in meaning in quite an unnoticeable way, which leaves room for misinterpretation, and finally that the different motives of the various participants lead to the use of words to a certain effect, resulting in different words being used for the same objects and in possible unclarity as well.


Research Methodology: Four case studies are being executed, all twentieth century extension plans for Amsterdam (Plan South, Buitenveldert, Bijlmermeer and IJburg), in three consecutive steps: firstly the notions of the original designers are investigated (in images and texts), secondly the notions of the contemporaries (synchronic research) and finally the development of these notions until now (diachronic research). For the first step urban design analysis will be combined with linguistic (etymological) analysis. The second and third steps are completed with cultural-historical analysis.

Deliverables: Insight in the use of urbanistic notions by different participants of the development process of the built environment and in the relationship between words and images, leading to better communication in both ways.

Key Publications: Hoekstra, M.J. (2013). Plans, words and their meanings. Full paper presented at the Joint AESOP/ACSP Congress Planning for Resilient Cities and Regions, 15-19 July, Dublin. Hoekstra, M.J. (2012). Het Plan Zuid in woorden. Veranderende stedebouwkundige begrippen en een onbekende plankaart. Bulletin KNOB, 111(4), 186-198. Hoekstra, M.J. (2009). New notions in urbanism. Changing urban form, changing language. In B. de Meulder, M. Rijckewaert, K. Shannon (Eds.), Urbanism & Urbanization. Transcending the Discipline (pp. 83-86). Leuven: KU Leuven.


Phone: +31 6 14 77 98 99 Main Question: During the design and development process of the built environment, which words are being used with which meanings by which participants, to designate the designed phenomena, and what is their relationship with (the language of) the drawn objects (images)?

Updated: September 26, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Architecture with Landscape Methods

Keywords: design theory, landscape architecture methods, theory of architecture

Urbanism Department Chair of Landscape Architecture Area of Research: Urban Landscape Architecture, Theory & History, landscape design methodology

Daniel Jauslin PhD started in: 2008 Landscape Architect State Exam Den Haag


Architect MSc ETH Z


Promoters: Prof. Dr. Clemens Steenbergen TUD Prof. Dr. Erik A. de Jong UvA External Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Philip Ursprung ETH Z

Research Summary: Contemporary architecture has been strongly influenced by the concept of landscape in recent times. A new mindset evolves that changes the core of the architectural discipline: the organisation and composition of architectural space as a landscape. Landscape has been used as a metaphor or conceptual reference for an increasing amount of excellent architectural projects in the last two decades. The scope of this PhD thesis is to investigate and understand architecture that has been designed like a landscape, to give new insights to both disciplines an their mutual relations. In projects of OMA, Peter Eisenman, Foreign Office or SANAA the building inside and landscape outside do not merely interact, but the building is designed as an artificial landscape on its own. Landscape constitutes the inside. The landscape to architecture relation is turned inside-out. To be able to better understand and critically review this substantial innovation in architecture it is important to better understand the notion of landscape in it's application on architectural design. Research Methodology: 4 crucial projects from 1990-present are analysed in CAD and GIS based analytical drawings. Each project is analysed with the 4 layer model of landscape architectonic composition from Architecture & Landscape (Steenbergen & Reh 2003) as ground form, spatial form, image form and programme form. Furthermore 4 innovative analytical methods are developed and tested that are unique to each specific project. Key Publications: Jauslin, D. 2013 Landscape is irresistible for Architects, Book Review of Allen/Mc Quade, Landform Builing and Balmori/Sanders, Groundwork in: JoLa Journal of Landscape Architecture Spring 2013 Routledge Jauslin, D. 2012 Cadavre Exquis Dutch Architecture with Landscape Methods Vol. 3 Den Haag, DasGehtJa ISBN 9789491516009 Jauslin, D. 2011 Landscape Aesthetics for Sustainable Architecture. In Aesthetics of Sustainable Architecture. Sang Lee. Rotterdam, 010 Jauslin, D. 2010 Architecture with Landscape Methods. Doctoral thesis proposal and SANAA Rolex Learning Center Lausanne Sample Field Trip, Delft University of Technology.

Email: Phone: +31 6 392 51 377 Main Question: What is the spatial composition of buildings that are designed as landscapes?

Deliverables: Documentation and Interviews with the Designers, Analytical Drawings and Computer Models of 4 cases in comparative study and special methods for each case. Link(s): rch/ir/?q=Jauslin

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Urban Design Strategies in Iranian Historic City Cores

Keywords: Historic city cores, Modernization, Regeneration, Neighborhood rehabilitation, Redevelopment strategies, Iran. Urbanism Department /Cultural History and Design Area of Research: Urban Design in Historic Areas

Azadeh Arjomand Kermani PhD started in:


Master of Architecture 2005 Art University of Tehran

Promoters: E.A.J Luiten P.H. Meurs

Research Summary: In view of rapid changes in the country, the issue of keeping a good balance between redevelopment and preservation of the historical urban environment is particularly topical in Iran today. Although the tradition of the protection of historical towns is nearly 50 years old in Iran, it relies on general declarations and widely established and accepted practices. International documents concerning the protection of individual monuments are based on works by recognized restoration specialists, but it is difficult to find any theoretical basis for principles meant to guarantee the protection of a historical urban pattern or ensemble and support a well-balanced and coherent district development. Yet a more or less objectified urban development approach is extremely important for the active preservation of a valuable and vital environment. The research focuses on analysis of the characteristics of old Iranian towns and a critical description of the recent urban redevelopment approaches and results. The outcome should be a flexible frame of references which offers parameters for a contextualized urban development in city center districts and thereby suggests a future direction for urban design in Iranian historical city cores. Research Methodology: This research investigates the formation, modernization process and transformation of Iranian cities. Recent interventions in the historical city core of Shiraz (Iran) were analyzed and evaluated. Based on these results, a framework for urban redevelopment strategies in Iranian historical city cores will be developed. Key Publications: A. Arjomand Kermani, “Revitalizing Traditional Patterns in Iranian Historic City Cores: Shiraz”, 16th Annual US/ICOMOS International Symposium, Savannah, USA, 2013 A. Arjomand Kermani, “Modernization Policies in Iranian Historic City Cores”, International conference of urban change in Iran, University College London, UK, 2012 A. Arjomand Kermani, E.A.J. Luiten, “Revitalizing Strategies in Iranian Historical City Cores, Case of Shiraz”, 26th Annual Congress of the Association of European Schools of Planning (AESOP), Ankara, Turkey, 2012 A. Arjomand Kermani & E.A.J. Luiten, “Preservation and Transformation of Historic Urban Cores in Iran. The Case of Kerman”, Environment and Development Journal, ISSN: 1790-5079, 2010

Email: Phone: +31 6 3925 1309 Main Questions: How could urban designers approach development of design instruments and strategies in Iranian historic city cores? Which design parameters can support the integrated, contextual development of Iranian historic city cores?

Deliverables: A framework for urban redevelopment strategies in Iranian historical city cores will be developed. Link: ndkermani

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Design with Heritage

Keywords: Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape Design, Heritage, History, Design Strategies Urbanism Department /Chair of Heritage & Spatial Design Area of Research: Design & History

Beata Labuhn Non-PhD research started in: 2010 MSc. and BSc. in Architecture, Delft University of Technology


Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Leiden University


Promoter(s): prof. ir. E.A.J. Luiten

Daily Supervisor(s): prof. ir. E.A.J. Luiten

Research Summary: Transformation of existing structures is a growing task. During last years there have been many experiments in renovation, rehabilitation and reuse of the existing buildings, cities and landscapes. These experiments had not been based on an theoretical framework. They had an explorative and intuitive character. Describing and reflecting on these projects appears to be very difficult for two reasons. First of all, the contemporary interventions are so diverse that the established vocabulary for describing interventions with terms like ‘conservation’, ‘restoration’, ‘reconstruction’, ‘contrast’ or ‘analogy’ do not seem to adequately describe what really happens in those projects. Secondly, there seems to be an ongoing ‘everything goes’ attitude when it comes to interventions. Due to the lack of suitable vocabulary and the lack of a normative/referential framework the evaluation of these projects is confused. Therefore the research focuses on description and positioning of contemporary projects with the goal to initiate and stimulate a discussion about the quality of transformation projects.


Research Methodology: The research focuses on the study and categorization (in terms of attitude and design strategies) of more than 400 Belvedere projects, which were executed between 1999 and 2010 being part of the Belvedere Program. Parallel to this there was a study on the historic attitudes and the historic design strategies. Both studies, the historical and the contemporary, are acting as complementary for the reflection on the way in which the contemporary designers are dealing with heritage.

Deliverables: Articulation of the current attitudes towards heritage. Description of the design strategies belonging to these attitudes. Reflection on these attitudes against the background of historic precedents.

Key Publications: Labuhn, B.A.; “When Everything Becomes Heritage Experiments with Pro-active Heritage Care and Site-Sensitive Spatial Design and Planning in the Netherlands” in peer-reviewed conference proceedings “The Limits of Heritage 2013”.

Phone: +31-(0)633049230 Main Question: How do contemporary spatial designers (architects, urbanists and landscape architects) deal with heritage (the characteristics of a place and its history)?


Updated: October 17, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Transforming the Future: The urbanization and Modernization process of Tehran Metropolis Keywords: urban transformation, urban form, social transformation, urban plans, and

Modernization, urban development Chair of Spatial Planning and Strategies and Chair of Design as Politics Area of Research: Urban form transformation and Modernization process

Azadeh Mashayekhi PhD started in: 2010 MSc. European Master in Urbanism, TUDelft, 2009 NL MA Architecture, Azad Fine Art school, 2006 Tehran, Iran Promoter(s): Prof. Dr. W.A.M Zonneveld Prof. Dr. W.A.J. Vanstiphout Daily Supervisor(s): Dr.Ir. S.A. Read

Research Summary: In this study urban growth is understood through a series of transformations from one political, social entity to another. Each of these transitions is linked to a specific vision of society and city- expressed through particular urban plans and generic ‘images’. These ‘images’ and urban plans are related to a particular historical states and conditions of modernity. The thesis asks questions about the precise and empirical ways cities transform, or are reformed from one city to another and one society to another. It aims to establish a framework for understanding urban form transformation and its link to social transformation. Therefore this thesis study the city as a series of constructive and reconstructive projects of ‘modernisation’ constrained by its relations to its present and past. In doing so this study investigates the transformation of Tehran’s urban form as a process by tracing the relation between visions, plans and spatial interventions as well as spaces produced as practical politics. Therefore this research provides a means for better and more critically understanding contemporary changing form of the Iranian city and urban society in relation to modernization processes.


Research Methodology: In this research I used the term modernity as a tool to emphasize on the incessant change in cities. This research is divided into four models of modernity that each presents historically specific urban change and how authorities, state elites and technocrats attempting to control change through urban planning, which leads to particular production of space and particular socio-spatial order. Every period is historically specific phase of change that stages the encounter between tradition and modernity, Chaos and order. The four periods roughly correspond with different autocratic rulers and their respective visions of a modern nation state and society, since the mid-19th century.

Deliverables: Documentation of a

Key Publications: Published; “The persistence of Aging Bazaar in Tehran”, Volume magazine, Issue 27 Published; "Tehran as the scene of Modernity", Atlantis/ Polis, Issue 23 spring 2012 Mashayekhi. A, 2012, " Tehran as the Scene of Modernity", London, International Conference on Urban Change in Iran, University College London

Phone: +31 15 27 84430 Main Question: What is the consequence of a successive series of modernization projects for contemporary non-western city?

series of transformations of the city of Tehran and its relation to modernization processes in the form of monograph.

Link(s): ation/spatial-planning-and-strategy/ Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Stourhead landscape garden. A case study of landscape design research with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Keywords: landscape design research; GIS-based modeling, analysis and visual representation; landscape architectonic composition; geo-information technology; landscape architecture; GIS

Department of Urbanism, Chair of Landscape Architecture Area of Research: GIS in landscape architecture

Steffen Nijhuis PhD started in: 2008 BSc/MSc Landscape architecture. EMLA Larenstein & Wageningen University


Promoter(s): C.M. Steenbergen Prof.dr. E.A. de Jong Daily Supervisor(s): R. van Lammeren

Research Summary: Landscape design research is important for cultivating spatial intelligence in landscape architecture. This research explores GIS as a tool for landscape design research – investigating landscape designs to understand them as architectonic compositions. By investigating landscape architectonic compositions we can acquire design knowledge that can be used in the creation/refinement of a new design. The research aims to develop, implement and evaluate relevant GIS-based methods and techniques, so as to produce insight in the possibilities and limitations. Main topics are GIS-based modeling, analysis and representation in landscape design research. The research contributes to the development and distribution of knowledge of possible GIS-applications in landscape architecture via case study research. An exploration of Stourhead landscape garden (Wiltshire, UK), an example of a designed landscape which covers the scope and remit of landscape design, forms the heart of the work and reveals the potential of GIS in two ways: (1) by ‘following’ the discipline and developing aspects from it, and (2) by setting in train fundamental developments in the field providing alternative readings of landscape.


Research Methodology: The study is primary based on case study research. The exploration of a critical, information-oriented case can be understood as a plausibility probe, or exploratory exercise. Here the case study is considered a form of ‘quasi-experiment’, testing the hypothesis and generating a learning process which constitutes a prerequisite for advanced understanding, adapting the framework for landscape design analysis of Steenbergen and Reh (2003).

Deliverables: Contribution to the scientific development of the discipline. Implementation in education and service via knowledge transfer (e.g. publications) and applications (e.g. external projects)

Key Publications: Nijhuis, S. (2011) Visual research in landscape architecture. Research in urbanism series, vol. 2; 103-145. Nijhuis, S. (2013) ‘New Tools. Digital media in landscape architecture’, in: Vlug, J. et al. (eds.) The need for design. Velp, Van Hall Larenstein, University of Applied Sciences, 86-97.


Phone: +31(0)621254126 Main Question: The central objective of this study is to identify the role of GIS for landscape design research as a tool for modeling, analysis and visual representation of landscape architectonic compositions

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

An integral design method for flood risk protection and spatial quality

Keywords: Dutch delta, spatial quality, flood risk protection, research by design, Rijnmond Drechtsteden area. Delft University of Technology, Department of Urbanism Area of Research: Urban design

Anne Loes Nillesen Graduate degree and university abbrev.

MSc TU Delft

Promoter(s): Prof. Han Meyer

Research Summary: My research focuses on the development of an integral approach for flood riskprotection and spatial quality. The existing approaches to integrate flood-risk and spatial design mainly focus on the work-form. This means that a flood-risk assignment is often approached by interdisciplinary teams of spatial designers and civil engineers. However, in those approaches, the flood risk assignment itself remains a given fact and is defined in an earlier research stage by civil engineers. Landscape architects and urban designers only get involved in studies at a later stage, limiting their role to the task of optimally embedding a flood-risk intervention at a given location, in order to achieve the best possible spatial quality My research develops the first contours of a method that combines the perspectives of flood-risk protection and spatial quality in an early analysis stage in which choices with respect to different scales and the type of interventions within the delta are addressed. More specifically, my research demonstrates how flood risk-protection interventions, within this early research stage, can be shifted to locations were they are most suitable from a spatial point of view. This allows the spatial assignment to receive a more prominent role in the development of flood-risk strategies.


Research Methodology: Research by design, literature study.

Deliverables: PhD thesis.

Key Publications: Nillesen, A.L. (in press) Improving the allocation of flood-risk interventions from a spatial quality perspective, Journal of Landscape Architecture. Meyer, H., A.L. Nillesen & W. Zonneveld (2012) Rotterdam: a city and mainport on the edge of a delta. European Planning Studies 20(1), 71-94. Nillesen, A.L. (2012) Measuring effects of regional water-safety strategies on spatial quality on a local scale. Municipal Engineer, Volume 166, Issue ME1, 16-23. Heip, C., A.L. Nillesen (2012) Een wetenschappelijke kijk op het Deltaprogramma. H2O Magazine. Meyer, H., A.L. Nillesen (2011) Droge voeten en ruimtelijk vernieuwen; Ontwerpend onderzoek voor Rijnmond - Drechtsteden. Blauwe Kamer, Nr. 1, Feb. 2011.


Phone: +31(0)644818169 Main Question: To develop an integral research by design method for flood risk protection and spatial quality.

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Amsterdam in motion. A continuous process of change in the urban block.

Keywords: Change, urban block, actors, scale, urban development

Urbanism Department Area of Research: Urbanism

Flora Nycolaas PhD started in: 2011 MSc. Architecture, TUDelft, NL.


Promoter(s): Prof. dr. ir. V. J. Meyer Prof. ir. D. E. van Gameren Daily Supervisor(s): Ir. J. A. Westrik

Research Summary: Change in an existing city is an on-going process. Complexity theorists conceive cities as systems being continually out-of-equilibrium. This implies it is impossible to aim for a certain future situation. In this research is questioned whether a pattern can be found in the physical changes and the changes in use occurring, although cities are complex systems. To this end, I study the diverse types of change witnessed in Amsterdam during the past century. They are categorized according to the scale of change and related to the specific actors involved. The research presents a framework for the urban block to clarify the adaptability of the block. Moreover a portfolio of the city of Amsterdam is provided, which defines future possible changes. These results serve respectively in urban design and policy-making to incorporate the process of change in urban development. This is especially of importance now the roles in urban development are shifting and bottom-up processes are advocated. Research Methodology: This research uses different neighborhoods as case-studies which are selected based on the categorization of the changes that occurred in the city of Amsterdam as a whole. The changes are studied using historical maps, photos and statistics. A structural analysis of the cases is done by a plan-analysis and studying existing literature. Key Publications: Hausleitner, Birgit and Flora Nycolaas, 2012. “Control and Physical Units in the Urban Block of Amsterdam”. Paper presented at the EAAE ISUF conference ‘New urban configurations’, Delft, October 16-19.

Email: Phone: +31 6 51301986 Main Question: How can urban designers contribute to enable future development in the existing city?

Deliverables: A framework for the adaptability of the urban block and a portfolio, which clarifies possible future changes in the city as a whole.

Link(s): boutaculty/departments/urbanism/rese arch/

Nycolaas, Flora, 2013. “Actors in the process of transformation in Amsterdam”. Paper presented at the Updated: October 16, 2013 AESOP conference ‘Changing cities: spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions’, Skiathos Island, June 18-21.

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Images of The Hague: from Willemspark to Spuiforum

Keywords: cultural policy, urban planning, architecture, images, globalization

Urbanism Department (/Urban Design ) Area of Research: Urbanism

Leo M. Oorschot PhD started in: 2010 Architecture + Urban Design, TU Delft


Promoter(s): Prof. H. Bekkering (urbanism) Dr. H. van Bergeijk (history)

Research Summary: Imaging of cities gets excessive attention nowadays. This is evident by the new position cities occupy in the global urbanization process, where cities have become competitors of one another and the revolution in communication technology and digitization has exploded. This study is aimed at discovering and naming successive images of the city, which took root in The Hague between 1860 and 2010. Furthermore, the research will describe what motives, by which stakeholders, and to what extent the images of The Hague were created, as well as how they disappeared and sometimes reappeared, thereby resulting in the current fragmented image of the city. Although images in a city may differ, each image can also connect cities even though they are geographically far apart. In this way, they are part of a collective memory, a pronounced cityscape or urban ensemble which one could find anywhere in The Netherlands like in so called 'tuinwijken', 'wederopbouwwijken', 'bloemkoolwijken' or 'compacte stad'. The characteristic of cities anywhere is precisely based on another scale in the way images of the city are connected to each other, where the geomorphic surface and waterways play an important role.

Email: Phone: 0610883728 Main Question: Why cities became a patchwork of urban ensembles with different images? Research funded by:

Research Methodology: The search for city images comprises multidisciplinary research. On the one Deliverables: hand typo-morphological and image research on iconic urban ensembles, and literature and archive research on the motives and all of the stakeholders on the other hand. The result will be a new map of A description and analysis of ten city the memory of the city. images in The Hague from 1860-2010. Key Publications: 'Eine Ikone für 'Den Haag 2018' Neubau des tanz- und Musikzentrums am Spuiplein', in: Bauwelt, 3.11: 8-10 'Fussion architectuur – oude wijn in nieuwe zakken', on: ArchiNed, 13 September 2011; 'Chicago or/oder Berlin: grootstedelijk ensemble van Kollhoff en Rapp + Rapp in Den Haag', on: ArchiNed, 13 March 2012; 'De compacte stad bijna voltooid?', in: Architectuur NL 6/12: 34-37; 'Ernst Neufert, de grootste architect van de moderne wereld?', on: ArchiNed, 22 October 2012; 'Spaanse temperamenten en Haagse vindingrijkheid: de Scheveningse Boulevard van Manuel De SolàMorales', on: ArchiNed, 27 November 2012; 'Spuiforum, spagaat tussen volk en cultuur', in: Architectuur NL 3/13: 24-28; 'Het Spuiforum: de stille macht van het beeld', on: ArchiNed, 18 July 2013; 'Erasmus Campus Woudestein: placemaking als strategie', on: ArchiNed, 23 September 2013; 'Neutelings spreekt!', on: ArchiNed, 10 September 2013


Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Assessing the resilience of spatial planning in the context of climate change, flooding and uncertainty – A comparative study of Kaohsiung, Tainan and Rotterdam Keywords: Climate change, resilience, spatial planning, comparative analysis, flooding, Kaohsiung (Taiwan), Tainan (Taiwan), Rotterdam (the Netherlands)

Spatial Planning & Strategy/ Dept of Urbanism

Peiwen Lu PhD started in: Aug. 2009 MSc. Architecture, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan


Sustainable Urban Design, Lund University, Sweden


Promoter(s): Prof. Vincent Nadin Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. Dominic Stead

Kaohsiung, Tainan (Taiwan) and Rotterdam (the Netherlands) Research Summary: The thesis examines how resilience has been used in planning in the context of flood risks related to climate change. Planning, in the study, is considered as the process of interaction and collaboration between actors to guide spatial development. The study distinguishes six characteristics of planning which can help to promote resilience. These characteristics are important to measure changes over time for policy and practice. Six case studies are presented four in Taiwan and two in the Netherlands. The comparative analysis has both a national and international perspective, comparing cases within Taiwan and between Taiwan and the Netherlands. Three conclusions are drawn. First, the interpretation of resilience is dependent on the actors’ views or interests, which changes over time and can be unearthed in the episodes identified in the study. Second, the importance of the planning characteristics varies from one case to another. The tradition of spatial planning is critical in directing local policy-making. This is relatively stable and not always easy to change. Third, when there is a collaborative framework for planning involving multiple actors, this often results in more comprehensive strategies for dealing with flood risks. In strategies involving collaborative framework, these characteristics are more prominent. Research Methodology: The study is a qualitative research following the approaches of case study and comparative analysis. Multiple cases are used to increase the reliability of the empirical evidence. Key Publications: LU, P. & STEAD, D. 2013. Understanding the notion of resilience in spatial planning: a case study of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, Cities (SSCI) TAŞAN-KOK, T, STEAD, D and LU, P. 2013. Conceptual overview of resilience: history and context. In: ERAYDIN, A. and TAŞAN-KOK, T. (eds.) Resilient Thinking in Urban Planning. Springe

Email: Phone: +31 619499982 Main Question: How has resilience been used in planning in the context of flood risks related to climate change? Deliverables: To develop a theoretical framework to assess the characteristics of spatial planning which can help to promote the notion of resilience in coping with flood risks at both the national and international levels

Link: ruimtelijke-planning-en-strategie/list-ofphd-topics/peiwen-lu/

Updated: October 24, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Designing the urban microclimate A framework for a tool for the dissemination of knowledge on the urban microclimate to the urban design process

Keywords: urban microclimate, urban design, physical well-being Architectural Engineering + Technology and Urbanism Departments Area of Research: Green Building Innovation and Urbanism

Marjolein Pijpers-van Esch PhD started in: 2006 MSc Urban Design TU Delft


Promoter(s): Arjan van Timmeren Daily Supervisor(s): dr. Truus de Bruin-Hordijk Machiel van Dorst

Research Summary: An urban microclimate is the distinctive climate in a small-scale urban area, and is constituted by the influence of the built environment on the larger scale climatic conditions. The atmospheric variables in a microclimate can deviate substantially from the conditions prevailing over a larger area. In other words: the design of a city and its components sets the conditions for its microclimates. These urban microclimates have a significant influence on the physical well-being of people, as they affect several body functions, such as thermoregulation, blood chemistry, etc. The urban environment thus creates conditions for the physical well-being of its users through its influence on the urban microclimate. This PhD-research tries to find out how the design of urban neighborhoods contributes to microclimates that support physical well-being, and furthermore, what type of information the urban designer needs to make decisions regarding such urban microclimates. The result will be a framework for a tool for the dissemination of knowledge on the urban microclimate to the urban design process.


Research Methodology: First, an inventory is made of urban design aspects that are important with regard to urban microclimatology. Furthermore, a field research among Dutch urban designers is carried out to gain insight into the ways urban designers collect information and which forms of information presentation they prefer. Second, the effects of the built environment on its microclimate, as well as the impact of the urban microclimate and its constituents on physical well-being are studied by means of literature review and some numerical studies. Finally, the two research parts come together in a framework for a tool for the dissemination of knowledge on the urban microclimate to the urban design process.

Deliverables: A framework for a tool for the dissemination of knowledge on the urban microclimate to the urban design process.

Key Publications: Esch, MME van, Looman, RHJ & Hordijk, GJ. (2012) The effects of urban and building design parameters on solar access to the urban canyon and the potential for direct passive solar heating strategies. Energy and Buildings, 47 (pp. 189-200) Esch, MME van. (2009) Knowledge on Urban Microclimates in the Urban Planning and Design Process. In A. van den Dobbelsteen, M van Dorst & A van Timmeren (Eds.), Smart Building in a Changing Climate (pp. 187-200). Amsterdam: Techne Press.


Phone: +31 6 4212 8182 Main Question: How can the design of urban neighborhoods contribute to microclimates that support physical well-being and what type of information does the urban designer need in order to make decisions regarding such urban microclimates?

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE]Graduate School

City and water in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Multi-scale design of water networks as tool for climate change adaptation in delta-cities Keywords: Mekong delta, layer approach, climate change adaptation, flood risk, water management, research by design Department of Urbanism /Theory and methods Area of Research: Delta Urbanism

Dieu Quang Pham PhD started in: 2009 MSc. Architecture and urban Planning 2004 HCMC University of Architecture, Vietnam B.A. Architecture


Promoter(s): Prof.Dr.Ir. V.J. Meyer Daily Supervisor(s): Ing. Steffen Nijhuis

Research Summary: The Mekong Delta is a water - saturated delta region. This region struggles with extreme consequences of natural disasters. In the past three centuries, an extensive network of canals showed its important role in the delta’s developing history. The urban pattern of the Mekong delta is strongly related to this network. The Mekong Delta currently is one of the largest riceproducing areas of the world. Flooding is still an annual event over large parts of the delta. It brings not only benefits such as new sediments and nutrients to the fields, counterbalancing sea level rise but also main threat. Moreover, increasing salt-intrusion from the sea, on-going industrialization and intensification of rice cropping are reasons to construct or heighten dikes along the rivers and to consider dams or barriers in the river mouths. The long-term sustainability of this approach can be questioned since natural sedimentation processes will be disturbed and water levels in the main rivers will increase. Other approaches should be investigated. Therefore, this research concerns the future role of the urban planning in contemporary flood risk management and how to combine these different fields to long-term sustainability of the delta. Research Methodology: The complex character of the urbanizing Mekong Delta is analyzed by mapping the relationship between three layers (substratum, networks, and occupation). Three scales (delta, sub-region, and city) are investigated. Based on this acknowledgment and current adaptation, I draw some solutions and offer suggestions for future of the delta-city to adapt to floods. Key Publications: D. Q. Pham & Han Meyer (2013), Urbanizing Mekong Delta: the challenges of urban expansion adapting to floods. Urban Design and Planning (submitted). M. Marchand & D. Q. Pham (2013), Mekong Delta: Living with floods, but for how long? Built Environment, edited volume, (submitted). S. Balica, Q. Dinh, I. Popescu, T. Q. Vo, D. Q. Pham (2013), Flood impacts in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Journal of Maps Phone:+31 6 390 83776 Main Question: How can goals of safety against floods be integrated with strategy of urban expansion?

Deliverables: Framework and method on how to delta-cities expand adapting to floods.

Updated: October 17, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Unfolding Citizen Participation in Low-Income Neighborhoods: Urban Policy, Socio-Spatial Restructuring and Local Action Plans in the Randstad Holland and New York City Keywords: Citizen Participation, Housing Renewal, Displacement, Urban Governance, Gentrification, Community Initiated Plans

Urbanism/Spatial Planning and Strategy

Gabriela Rendon

Area of Research: Neighborhood Planning and Housing Renewal PhD started in: 2009 MSc Urbanism TUDelft


Bachelor of Architecture, ITESM


Promoter(s): Prof. Vincent Nadin Dr. Ir. Paul Stouten Daily Supervisor(s):

Email: Research Summary: Low-income neighborhoods dealing with housing and urban decline, population shifts, unemployment, crime and illegal practices have been increasingly targeted by the City for urban and housing renewal plans. Citizen participation has been desired by local governments Phone: and demanded by residents and local groups. However, and despite the increasing devolution of Main Question: How effective are power to lower government levels, there have been some concerns with the question of public policy, programs and local redistribution. Most of the times large urban and housing renewal plans take place without the instruments facilitating citizen consensus of those being affected by such developments. In fact, residents don’t only are excluded participation in local action plans to but often get displaced by those plans. This study aims to investigate the objectives and outcomes of generate inclusive urban restructuring processes in low-income neighborhoods policy, programs and instruments encouraging citizen participation looking at socio-spatial restructuring processes and local action plans in two specific neighborhoods in Rotterdam (NL) and in Rotterdam and Brooklyn? Brooklyn (USA). The ultimate goal is to unfold the power citizens are able to exert among the politics, practices and constrains involved in neighborhood planning while recognizing potential instruments and avenues for participatory planning. Deliverables: A comparison of Research Methodology: This study compares through secondary source research local policy and policies, programs and local instruments assisting in the inclusion of programs, governance structures, and local action plans taking place in two low-income districts; citizens in local planning in both Tarwewijk (Rotterdam) and Bushwick (Brooklyn). In addition, it analyzes through in-depth interviews, countries (USA and NL), along with a discussion groups, participant observation and workshops the position and involvement of residents comparative analysis of the limitations and local groups in local plans and policy and program development. and potential tools for participatory planning in low-income neighborhoods. Link(s):

Key Publications: Rendon, G. (2011) Policies, Practices and Constraints of Socio-Spatial Restructuring in Low-Income Neighborhoods: the Case of Tarwewjik, in Qu, L. and Hasselaar, E. Making Room for People: Choice, Voice, Liveability in Residential Places. Amsterdam:Techne Press. Rendon, G. (forthcoming) Housing the Community: Unfolding Urban Renewal Strategies in Bushwick.

Updated: October 24, 13

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Understanding territorial management from a cultural perspective:

Influences of culture on spatial planning regarding management of flood-related issues in urbanised delta regions Keywords: Culture, Spatial planning, Delta region, Flood management, Formal and informal institutions

Department of Urbanism (Chair of Spatial Planning and Strategy) Area of Research: International planning and developing regions

Suwanna Rongwiriyaphanich PhD started in: November 2008

Graduate degree and university abbrev.

Master of Infrastructure Planning (MIP.) University of Stuttgart

undergraduate degree B.Arch Promoter: Prof.Vincent Nadin

Daily Supervisor: Dr.Roberto Rocco

Research Summary: This study proposes a conceptual framework that integrates relevant theories and ideas exist in various disciplines, including spatial planning, cultural studies, organisation and management sciences and institutional studies. It is employed for empirical analysis to explore ‘what are the influences of culture in spatial planning in delta regions?’ Understanding influences of culture in territorial development processes and its implications in spatial planning is important, as evidence has shown that decision-making in territorial development processes are influenced not only by formal planning. Many studies have pointed to the significance of culture in this process. The subject of floodplain management in delta regions is used in this study as a pilot issue for investigation. The case studies are the Rhine-Meuse delta region in the Netherlands and the Chaophraya delta region in Thailand. The framework helps explain and understand relationships between cultures and territorial planning and practice from both synchronic and diachronic perspectives. The study aims at better understandings, both theoretically and methodologically, for analysis of public policy in relation to roles and influences of culture in territorial development processes and its implications in spatial planning and practice.

Email: Phone: +31 (0)61 8610199 Main Question: what are the influences of culture in spatial planning in delta regions?

Deliverables: An integrative conceptual framework for analysis of territorial management policy regarding implications of culture on spatial planning and practice

Research Methodology: This study uses a comparative method with multiple-case studies to seek explanation and generalisation from the similarities and differences of the case studies. Comparison is based primarily on narrative analysis, supported with quantitative methods for analysis of secondary data. Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

A complexity-cognitive approach to urban design The case of the province of North-Holland

Keywords: complexity, cognition, urban design, design thinking, spatial quality Department of Urbanism/Chair of Environmental Technology and Design Area of Research: Urban Design process

Egbert Stolk PhD started in: 2006 MSc Urbanism TU/d, NL


BSC Architecture, Urbanism and Building 2001 Sciences TU/d, NL Promoter(s): Prof. dr. ir. Arjan van Timmeren Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. ir. Machiel van Dorst

Research Summary: This research brings together three notions: 1) SIRN (synergetic interrepresentation networks) that was originally developed as a complexity theory approach to cognition, cognitive mapping and urban dynamics; 2) CLT (construal level theory), a psychological theory that explores the relation between psychological distance and degrees of abstraction, and 3) design thinking which is a field or research that studies the general process of design as it is implemented in domains such as engineering, architecture, urban design, crafts, arts and more. The aim of this research is to develop a conceptual framework for the domain of urban design, which is dealing with large-scale collective environments. From this perspective, the policies and instruments used by the province of North-Holland are evaluated. The goal is to give a new understanding and recommendations for the implementation of the concept of ‘spatial quality’ in their policies and organization. Part of this research is done in collaboration with Prof. Juval Portugali. It is partly funded by the Province of North-Holland. Research Methodology:. Several literature reviews are conducted in order to develop the complexity-cognitive framework for urban design. The province of North-Holland serves as a case study in this research. A series of semi-structured interviews and a close evaluation of policy documents and other design-related products are studied, in order to test, improve and finalize the conceptual framework. Key Publications: Stolk, E. H. & Portugali, J. 2012. A SIRN view on urban design - the case of Almere Hout. In: Portugali, J., Tan, E., Meyer, V. J. & Stolk, E. H. (eds.) Complexity Theories of Cities have come of Age. Heidelberg: Springer. Portugali, J. & Stolk, E. H. 2013. A SIRN view on design thinking – An urban design perspective. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. Stolk, E.H. 2014 Een complex-cognitieve benadering van stedebouw – casus provincie Noord-Holland [PhD thesis, forthcoming]

Email: Phone: +31 15 27 84171 Main Question: How to understand the concept of ‘spatial quality’ in the province of North-Holland from a complexity-cognitive view on urban design?

Deliverables: A conceptual framework for urban design; recommendations for the implementation of the concept of ‘spatial quality’ in the Province of North-Holland. Link(s):

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Towards a Morphological Approach for Water Sensitive Spatial Transformations - the case of Guangzhou, the Pearl River Delta, China Keywords: spatial transformations, morphological approach, urbanization, water sensitive delta cities, the Pearl River Delta, Guangzhou

Urban Design - Theory & Methods Area of Research: Urban Morphology

Yuting Tai PhD started in: 2009 MSc. Urban Design & Planning. SCUT


B.E. Urban Design & Planning. NJFU


Promoter(s): V.J. (Han) Meyer

Daily Supervisor(s): dr. Lei Qu

Research Summary: Urbanized deltas are vulnerable to changes driven by natural forces and human interventions, such as climate change, subsidence, population growth and economic development. Among others, flood risk is one of the most common issues all over the world. However, the lack of integration of current spatial planning and water management undermines water sensitive spatial quality for densely populated delta cities. The situation is even worse for Chinese delta cities where extremely rapid urbanization is taking place. The research is targeted to better understand the process of urban transformation and the impacts of urban development on water sensitive spatial quality of Guangzhou in the Pearl River Delta of China. The historical analysis is expected to contribute to sustainable strategies in dealing with flooding issues for current and future urban development towards a better living environment. Research Methodology: The research adopts a layer approach in the framework of urban morphology, which includes three major layers: Landscape Layer, Infrastructure Layer and Urban Occupation Layer, with special focus on the interactions among three layers as well as the analysis on different scales and timelines.

Key Publications: Tai, Y. (2011) Water System and Urban Form of Guangzhou in Times of Climate Change-Towards a Smart and Sustainable Development Approach. Subtropical Cities Conference 2011Urbanism Beyond Climate Change, Florida. Tai, Y. (2012) Towards an Integrated Perspective of Urban Development and Flood Management Strategies in Guangzhou Based on Morphological Study. 19th ISUF, Delft. Tai, Y. (2012) Delta-scale Strategies for Sustainable Urban Development and Flood Mitigation. International Conference on Spatial and Social Transformation in Urban China, Hong Kong.

Email: Phone: +31 (0)15 27 84430 Main Question: What are the impacts of rapid urbanization on water sensitive spatial quality in delta cities?

Deliverables: A framework to better

understand the impacts of rapid urban development on water sensitive spatial quality in urbanized delta cities. Link(s):

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Livable low carbon cities

Keywords: Energy transition, scenario planning, livability, urban planning, landscape architecture Urbanism / Architectural engineering, Climate design and Sustainability Area of Research: Urbanism

Nico Tillie PhD started in: 2009 Courses in landscape urbanism, Berlage post graduate laboratory for architecture


Master in Landscape Architecture and Masters in Plant breeding & Botany, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

1997, 1999

Promoter(s): Prof. Dirk Sijmons Prof. Andy van den Dobbelsteen Daily Supervisor(s): Dirk Sijmons & Andy van den Dobbelsteen

Research Summary: Cities are responsible for approximately 75% of CO2 emissions. With few or no systematic urban planning approaches around to reduce emissions and tackle quality of life issues it is difficult to take effective steps. Before 2005, energy and CO2 were rarely part of urban planning at higher scales such as, districts, cities and regions. Energy was almost entirely treated as a system of its own with a predominantly centralized supply. Due to changing factors in techniques, CO2 emissions, energy efficiency and production of renewable energy, classical energy supply and demand patterns are changing and interacting more with urban planning. As energy and CO2 are more abstract than infrastructure, public space and housing, CO2 issues and energy principles need to be translated to spatial, urban principles such as mapping and scenario planning to make energy and CO2 a major theme in urban planning so effective policies and actions can be put into practice.


Research Methodology: This project proposes to investigate the research questions through a series of case studies. In four case studies transitions to a low carbon city as well as liveability issues will be studied. Baseline studies for carbon emissions and liveability will be used in scenario planning and planning approaches. The outcomes will be validated with area assessment tools and greenhouse gas scenario instruments.

Deliverables: Systematic planning approach and scenario plans at level of cities to make the transition into low carbon cities with a high quality of life.

Phone: +31653968511 Main Question: What is an effective urban planning strategy to transform cities into liveable low carbon cities


Key Publications: Tillie, N, Dobbelsteen, van den A., Carney, S. A Planning Approach for the Transformation into Low-Carbon Cities, Earthscan book, Low Carbon Cities (approved) Updated: October 24, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Transformation Parks: A Theory and Methodology of Process-based Compositional Praxis in Contemporary Brownfield Parks

Keywords: design theory, transformation theory, brownfields, landscape architecture methods, theory of landscape architecture Chair of Landscape Architecture Area of Research: Urban Landscape Architecture, Theory & History, landscape design methodology

René van der Velde PhD started in: 2010 MLA: AA, Amsterdam NL


BLA: University of Greenwich, London GB


Promoter(s): Prof. Dr. Ir. C. M. Steenbergen TUD Prof. Dr. E. A. de Jong UvA


Research Summary: Landscape architectural praxis in the urban park design tradition has been traditionally grounded in the foundations of creative praxis: the generation of new physical realities from a synthesis of situation, programme, material and form. The consequence of this for park design praxis is that it has also been driven – and historically understood – as a compositional problem similar to a building and thus motivated, as architecture is, by a quest for originality through the creation of wholly new entities with their own unique composition. By contrast the transformation project involves the modification of an existing spatial condition - in this case obsolete (industrial) site - to another condition, with the awareness that both the site’s past and future is not static. Insights and elaborations of site specificity and hermeneutics have in recent decades lead to a waning of interest in landscape architectonics and in some cases the dismissal of form and composition altogether. This development threatens to compromise the tradition of park design and the park typology, at a time when its application and popularity is again on the rise. The central question for the research is what role architectonics play in transformation park praxis. Research Methodology: Descriptive analysis of key projects between 1980 and 2010. Designtechnical analysis using the layer model of landscape architectonic composition. Comparative analysis and conclusions.

Phone: +31 6 3925 1090 Main Question: How do Brownfield Parks contribute to transformation theory and methodology in landscape architecture?

Deliverables: Descriptive and designtechnical analysis of three cases; comparisons and conclusions.


Updated: October 16, 2013

Key Publications: Velde, J.R.T. van der & de Wit, S. (2013) Urban by nature: parks and gardens as armatures for green infrastructures. Research in urbanism series, vol. 3 (1). (forthcoming) Velde, J.R.T. van der, (2012). Tracing the development of contemporary park-city relationships: Parc de La Villette and Parc André Citroën. EAAE/ISUF international conference ‘New urban configurations’. Delft: Delft University of Technology.

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Welgelegen / Well-situated Research to the development of the composition of house, garden and landscape of historic villas and estates in Holland 1630-1730

Keywords: Estates, Villas, Landscape architecture, typology, heritage, identity, GIS Urbanism, Landscape architecture/ Heritage and space Area of Research: Urbanism, Design & History

Ir G.A. Verschuure-Stuip PhD started in: 2007

MSc. Architecture and conservation strategies, TU Delft, NL.


Promoter(s): Prof. ir E. A.J. Luiten Daily Supervisor(s): Dr R. Rutte

Research Summary: During the 16th and 17th Century, beautiful estates with their stately houses and well-cut gardens, were spread over the transforming landscape of the lowland of Holland. This expansionism of the aristocratic ideas of the regents of the city, led to extensive garden structures on the shores of rivers, in dried lake polders and on the sides of the dune landscapes. Transforming polder landscapes into Arcadian landscapes for recreational purposes. Nowadays, many estates were preserved as green monuments in an urbanized landscape, some became parts of parks or other green structures. How can these estates be defined, understood and used in future transformation processes? The relation between these estates, the landscape and the city is not only explored on the scale of the macro-cosmos of the Arcadian landscapes but also on the micro-cosmos of the gardens in the landscape. How can the large diversity of 17th century plans be understand from their position and connection to the landscape?

Email: Phone: +31 15 2784082 Main Question: How was the 17th Century estate in Holland influenced by landscape or city and vice versa? Based on the composition and position in the landscape, can these estates be placed in several groups?

Research Methodology: This research explores the influences, position and connection of estates to landscape and cities and vice versa. This connection will be examined on two scales: The scale of the estate landscape , using GIS for mapping and on the scale of the garden layouts to explain the diversity in garden plans of estates in Holland and their connection to the position in the landscape in a grouping.

Deliverables: Maps of 17th Century estate landscapes (GIS), drawings and typology of estates in Holland

Key Publications: G. Verschuure, Een vermaekelijke uitzicht, Landschap en compositie in het


ontwerp van Hollandse buitenplaatsen/ A pleasing view, landscape and composition in the design of Holland’s country estates, in: Over Holland 12/13, Van Tilt, Nijmegen, 2013, p. 81-98 (Dutch and English) I G. Verschuure, Drie lagen in het landschap in: M. Lameris, R. Norel, De buitenplaats en atie/medewerkers/employees/gerdyhet Nederlandse landschap, W- books Zwolle, 2012, p. 19-2 I G. Verschuure, Veen P., P van Baaren, M. Zondervan, G. Verschuure, Gids landgoederenzone, Noord en Zuid Holland, Plantijn Casparie, Amsterdam, 2007


Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Territories-In-Between: A European Cross Case Study on the Planning of Areas Between Urban and Rural

Keywords: dispersed urban development, strategic regional planning, urban form and performance Urbanism /Spatial Planning and Strategy Area of Research: Urbanism

Alexander Wandl PhD started in: 2010 Advanced Master in Urbanism (EMU), TU - Delft & IUAV Venice


Master in Landscape Architecture and Planning – University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna


Promoter(s): Prof. Vincent Nadin Prof. Wil Zonneveld Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. Remon Rooij


Research Summary: Europe is largely made of “middle landscapes”, or "hybrid geographies". These Territories-in-between (TiB) are areas where new functions, uses and lifestyles arise as a result of the on-going interaction of urban and rural elements. They cannot solely be explained as an intensification of urban functions in the rural environment, but have specific spatial and programmatic features that set them apart. Concepts like sub-urbanisation, urban-rural relations or peri-urban do not reflect the diversity and complexity of these territories. The key hypothesis of the research is that the network characteristics of territories-in-between determine their spatial development and performance.

Phone: +31644674326 Main Question: How do different planning responses relate to the spatial form and performance of Territories-inBetween?

Deliverables: Atlas of TiB in Europe;

Research Methodology: This project proposes to investigate the research questions through a crossA GIS based spatial classification national comparison of the form and performance of TiB. The investigation includes first the analysis method for TiB; Assessment of the of ten cases to achieve an overview of the variety of spatial structures and performance of TIB in permeability of TiB across Europe. Europe and second the analysis of related spatial policy responses in the cases in order to investigate relations between form, performance and policies. Link(s):

Key Publications: Wandl, A. Nadin, V. Zonneveld, W. Rooij, R. (2013) Putting Territories-in-between on the Map. Landscape and Urban Planning. (Accepted for Review) Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Water Infrastructure as Inter-scale Design Tool for Spatial Strategy Making Dike System in Pearl River Delta as Case Study

Keywords: Scale, Infrastructure, Spatial Pattern, Landscape, Pearl River Delta, Research by Design

Urbanism /Urban Design - Theory & Methods Area of Research: Urbanism

Liang Xiong PhD started in: 2009 M.Sc. Landscape Architecture, Peking University.


B.Sc.Ag. Landscape Architecture, China 2007 Agriculture University. Promoter(s): Prof. dr. ir. V.J. Han Meyer Daily Supervisor(s): Steffen Nijhuis

Research Summary: Delta region is one of the most essential urban territories because of its high ecosystem richness, water venerability, and population density. The Pearl River Delta is the fastest urbanizing delta regions in the last 30 years in terms of population and built-up area growth. With the goal of economic growth, the way of the urbanization expansion and industrialization has threatened the ecosystem, urban life and water safety. The region is searching for effective spatial tools to promote social, economic and environmental sustainability in multi scales. The dike system has been the oldest water infrastructure in the region that helps the citizens shaping their land with water. And it still playing an important role in the fast urbanization of the delta area. With its inter-scalar characteristic, the water infrastructure might be a good design tool to understand the Pearl River Delta area and contribute to a more sustainable spatial pattern. Research Methodology: Layer approach from Landscape Ecology is introduced to decompose the complex territory into layers of landscape, infrastructure and occupation. Historical maps and archives on occupation and dike construction are organized and analyzed in a temporal- spatial scales model. The changes of both spatial and governmental characteristic scales are used to explain the spatial intervention and interaction among the layers.

Email: Phone: +31 6 14969490 Main Question: How to use water infrastructure to understand the spatial pattern and prepare for the future challenges in a fast urbanizing delta like the Pearl River Delta?

Deliverables: Perspective on understanding and promoting integrated spatial strategy in multi scales in the delta region.


Fund: China Scholarship Council-Delft University of Technology Joint Program Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

The Changing Role of Small Towns in China’s Urban Regionalisation: Exploring Diving factors of The Transitions of Small Towns in the Yangtze Delta Region Keywords: small town, town-region relations, regional structure, interplay between global and local factors

Urbanism Department /Spatial planning and Strategy Area of Research: Regional structure and regional planning

Jun Ying PhD started in: 2010 MSc. Urbanism TU Delft, NL MSc. Architecture SEU, China B.A. Architecture SEU, China

2006 2003


Promoter(s): Prof. Vincent Nadin

Daily Supervisor(s): Dr. Ir. Stephen Read

Research Summary: Since the 1980s, there has been an upsurge of discussion in China about respective roles of small towns and big cities in Chinese urbanisation. This discussion continues in today’s regionalisation and globalisation context. I assume that the structure of regional space matters for our understanding of the whole regional development and transformation process, and the roles of small towns in the region. Therefore, I stress the interplay between internal and external factors in the delineation of regional development process, and explore the transformation trajectory of small towns in the Yangtze Delta across time. It aims to better understand roles and performance of small towns in current regional development, and to explain the transformation process of small towns and underlying factors. This study fits into the long-standing discussion about roles of small towns in Chinese urbanisation. This also contributes to the theory of path-dependent trajectories of urban development in studies of large city-regions in general. Both points provide an input for future regional planning and strategies. This independent research is funded by NFP PhD Fellowship 2010-2014.

Email: Phone: Main Question: How have the roles of small towns in the Yangtze Delta Region changed?

Deliverables: Models of regional

Research Methodology: I use related town-region theories from economic and political perspectives structures and factors for regional as conceptual tools to explore the balance among these regional patterns for the organization of transformations regional structures across time, and how this balance changes under the interplay between external and internal factors. I apply methods including mappings, literature review and interviews to explore this long-term development process of small towns and regional transformation. Key Publications: Ying, J. (2013) The transformations of roles of small towns in regional development in

China: the case of the Yangtze Delta after 1949. Paper presented in the 5th Joint AESOP-ACSP Congress, Dublin. Ying, J. (2012) Transformations of small towns and their roles in regional development in China after 1949: the case of the Yangtze Delta Region. Paper presented in International Conference on Spatial & Social Transformation in Urban China, Hong Kong. Ying, J. (2012) The historical transformations of small towns and their roles in regional development: the case of the Yangtze Delta Region in China part I. Paper presented at Regional Studies Association 2012 European Conference, Delft.

Link(s): http://www.spatialplanning.bk.tudelft. nl/

Updated: October 16, 2013

TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, [A+BE] Graduate School

Metropolitan processes and Delta territories: comparative study and planning strategies. The case of Parana Delta (Argentina). Keywords: urban planning, urban deltas, coastal areas, governance, climate change.

Department of Urbanism Area of Research: Delta Urbanism

Verónica M.E. Zagare PhD started in: 2009 MSc. Urban Economics Torcuato Di Tella University (UTDT, AR).


Architect (cum laude) University of Belgrano 2000 (UB, AR) Promoter(s): V.J. Meyer (Han) Email:

Research Summary: Throughout the history, some delta cities have expanded turning into metropolitan areas and entering to the global network of worldwide interrelations. The aim of this thesis is to explore the relation between deltas and the metropolitan condition assuming that the historic evolution of the deltas in the context of urban growing processes of the influential cities contains valuable information for understanding the complexity of the present situation and plan future interventions in the area. Through a comparative study of the cases of the Parana River Delta and Rio de la Plata’s coasts (Argentina), the Rhine-Meuse Delta (the Netherlands) and the Pearl River Delta (China), general knowledge on the subject will be developed. After that, the case of the Parana Delta will be analysed to assess the extent to which those metropolitan dynamics and natural processes might affect local reality creating specific conditions. The Parana Delta struggles within the natural condition and the rapid advances of the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Region marked-based dynamics of residence, consumption and production. In this context, local regulations and land policies are not enough to pre-empt the unsustainable use of the land. This project aims to search for an integral solution within the scope of spatial planning to balance demands for development with the necessity to protect the environment of the area.

Phone: +54 9 11 6620 8448

Research Methodology: General knowledge will be developed through a comparative study of qualitative and quantitative variables of three Deltas: Parana Delta (Argentina), Rhine-Meuse delta (the Netherlands) and Pearl River Delta (China). Then, one of the cases (the Parana Delta) will be studied in detail from the local perspective to explore the relationship with the metropolitan scope. Finally a set of strategies will be delineated for the case.

Link(s): ation/staff/employees/zagare/

Key Publications: Zagare, V. (forthcoming, Built Environment) Dichotomous delta: between the natural and the metropolitan. The case of the Parana delta, Argentina. Zagare, V., Sepúlveda, D., Massin, T. (forthcoming, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy) Scenarios for an integral approach to urban and environmental dimensions in the Lower Parana Delta (Argentina). Zagare,V. (2012). Spatial Analysis of Climate Change Effects on Urbanized Delta Territories as a Tool for Planning. The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses. Vol 3: 4, 19-34.

Updated: October 16, 2013

Main Question: How to understand governance and management of deltas in the context of metropolitan growth? How do the metropolitan processes affect local scale in delta territories and vice versa? Deliverables: A framework to understand the complexity of metropolitan processes in delta territories and their relation to the local scope. Planning guidelines for the Argentine case at different levels.

Department of Urbanism TUDelft Julianalaan 134 2628BL Delft Tel: 015 - 27 84430

PhD profiles Urbanism TUDelft 2013  
PhD profiles Urbanism TUDelft 2013