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The 7th FPNI PhD SYMPOSIUM on FLUID POWER


Welcome

Dear Madam or Sir, On the behalf of Fluid Power Net International, it is a real pleasure to invite you to the 7th FPNI PhD Symposium which will be held at “Pietro Manodori� Auditorium in Reggio Emilia, from Wednesday June 27 to Saturday June 30, 2012. FPNI is a worldwide community for networking in the area of fluid power and fluid techniques, whose general objectives are to promote international research cooperation and engineering education in the field of fluid power technology and related areas, and to provide information about worldwide research and industrial activities in the field of fluid power technology. The Symposium will provide a forum for scientists coming both from academia and industry to exchange ideas and opinions on current research and on future developments in fluid power technology. All Young Researchers and PhD Students around the world interested in Fluid Power are invited to present the results and the directions of their scientific activities, establishing new contacts for a broader R&D cooperation in fluid power technology and its related fields. We would like to send a warm welcome your way to participate in the 7th FPNI. We are truly looking forward to your visit as well as the interesting discussions and valuable contributions, and would like to wish you a wonderful stay in Reggio Emilia. Sincerely

Dr. Ing. R. Rahmfeld

Prof. Dr. Ing. M. Milani Prof. Dr. B. Manhartsgruber


Summary

About FPNI HySyDe The Patrons The Industrial Net The Events


About FPNI

History of FPNI The FPNI PhD Symposium History The FPNI PhD Symposium Winners The 7th FPNI PhD Symposium 2012


about FPNI

History of FPNI

Fluid Power Net International was formed in 1998 with the objective of providing the infrastructure to build an international network of researchers and facilities to carry out major projects, and to promote international research cooperation in the field of fluid power technology and related areas, provide information about worldwide research and industrial activities in the field of fluid power technology and related areas, and promote engineering education in the field of fluid power technology and related fields. Fluid Power Net International was a joint initiative of: Fluidteknikk, Institutt for Termisk Energi og Vannkraft (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway) Institute of Heavy Duty Machines (Cracow University of Technology, Poland) Department of Control and Engineering Design (Technical University of Denmark) Subsea Engineering Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Monash University, Australia) In the FPNI Forums Cracow, Poland (1998 and 2000), Ferrara, Italy (2002), and Bad Ischl, Austria (2004) and in different members meetings initiatives have been discussed and launched to establish foster and international scientific community in fluid power. Concrete outcomes have been: The publication of the International Journal of Fluid Power Since 2000, biannual PhD Symposia Several Conferences on Modelling and Simulation in Fluid power In 2004 it has been decided to adapt the objectives and the organisation of FPNI to emphasise the scientific networking rather than to be a virtual laboratory for carrying out major research projects. In a members meeting at the 4th PhD Symposium, Sarasota Florida, June 2006, new statutes have been decided and a Board has been elected. Fluid Power Net International (FPNI) is a world wide community for networking in the area of fluid power and fluid techniques. FPNI’s general objectives are to: Bring people “together” Provide information about fluid power developments and publications Strengthen the standing of fluid power and fluid techniques in industry Promote fluid power and fluid techniques as an autonomous scientific/technical discipline Promote the multi-disciplinary nature of modern fluid power systems FPNI publishes the International Journal of Fluid Power and provides literature information on Fluid Power. An important aspect of FPNI is technology transfer via Workshops, Conferences and Forums.


about FPNI

The FPNI PhD Symposium History 1st FPNI PhD Symposium Hamburg, Germany, 2000

2nd FPNI PhD Symposium Modena, Italy, 2002

3rd FPNI PhD Symposium Terrassa, Spain, 2004

1st FPNI-PhD Symposium Hamburg/Germany 2000 with over 120 guest from 13 different countries

Modena, Piazza Grande

Participants short before the fantastic Gala Dine at the Cavall Bernat in the mountains close to Terrassa

The FPNI PhD Symposium Winners Marius Gutes, Technical University of Catalonia, Terrassa, Spain, “Journal Bearing Performance in Gear Pumps” Rolf Lasaar, Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg, Germany, “The Influence of the Microscopic and Macroscopic Gap Geometry on the Energy Dissipation in the Lubricating Gaps the Displacement Machines”

Carsten Greissner, Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg, Germany, “Hybrid Pressure Control Concept for a Speed Variable AC Motor Pump in Aerospace Application”

Bernd Winkler, Johannes Keple University Linz, Austria, “Development of a Fast Low-cost Switching Valve for Big Flow Rates” Recognized papers: Michal Banas, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland Giuseppe Del Vescovo, Politecnico di BARI, Bari, Italy Gianpietro Di Rito, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy Francesco Durante, Università di L’Aquila, Roio Poggio, L’Aquila, Italy Francesca Furno, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy David Huguet, Technical University of Catalonia, Terrassa, Spain


4th FPNI PhD Symposium Sarasota, FL, USA, 2006

5th FPNI PhD Symposium Krakow, Poland, 2008

6th FPNI PhD Symposium West Lafayette, IN, 2010

Participants short before the lovely Diner at Michael’s on East restaurant in Sarasota

5th FPNI-PhD Symposium participants

FPNI Board Meeting

Changchun Huang, Purdue University, USA, “An Advanced Gap Flow Model Considering Piston Micro Motion and Elasto-hydrodynamic Effects” Recognized papers: Kim Heybroek, Linköping University, Sweden Shu Wang, Saskatchewan University, Canada Julia Leichnitz, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany Andreas Schumacher, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany

Jonathan Baker, Purdue University, USA, “Investigation of Power Losses in the Lubricating Gap between the Cylinder Block and Valve Plate of Axial Piston Machines” Recognized papers: Claus Enekes, RWTH Aachen, Germany Federica Franzoni, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy Najoua Jouini, Purdue University, USA Richard Klop, Purdue University, USA Barbara Zardin, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy

Federica Franzoni, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy “Analysis of Multiphase Multicomponents Internal Flow Fields” Recognized papers: Jonathan Meyer, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA; Aaron Enes, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA; Andreas Schuhmacher, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany; Richard Klop, Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA; Markus Resch, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria; Christopher Williamson, Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA; Joshua Zimmerman, Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA


about FPNI The 7th FPNI PhD Symposium 2012 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia June 27–30, 2012 “Pietro Manodori” Auditorium, Viale Allegri 9, 42121- Reggio Emilia, Italy

video Intro


about FPNI The 7th FPNI PhD Symposium 2012 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia June 27–30, 2012 “Pietro Manodori” Auditorium, Viale Allegri 9, 42121- Reggio Emilia, Italy


about FPNI

DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

VOLUMETRIC ORBIT PUMP CAE ANALYSIS AND PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT

10 CHAMBERS

11 CHAMBERS

INFLUENCE OF THE CHAMBER FLOW AREAS NUMERICAL RESULTS 11 CHAMBERS - CAVITATION IN CHAMER @ 7000 RPM

Fabrizio Grasselli, Ph.D. student fabrizio.grasselli@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it

IMPROVEMENTS 11 CHAMBERS


DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE ENERGY RECOVERY FROM BIOMASS/WASTES BIOMASS/WASTE DATA ANALYSIS

Total MSW Non-SC MSW

[t/year ] 323,685 279,857

SC MSW

42,175

Data from Municipalities, Provinces, and Civil Administrations. (e.g. Waste collection from Provincia di Cosenza – Sila National Park (Source: OPR for Cosenza , 2008)

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE ENERGY RECOVERY FROM BIOMASS AND WASTES Simulation of the process:

Simulation of the whole system:

BIOMASS

ORGANIC WASTES AND BIOMASS

Thermochemical process

Biological process

Air excess

Sub stoic. air

No air

Combustion Co-combustion

Gasification

Pyrolysis

Anaerobic digestion

Gaseous fuels (H2 + CO)

Solid/Liquid/Gaseous fuels

Gaseous fuels (CH 4)

Heat

Biomass/ Wastes

Anaerobic digestion

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION

Biogas Treatment

GASIFICATION/ PYROLYSIS

Biomass/ Wastes

INLET AIR

INLET AIR

BIOMASS MOISTURE

BIOMASS MOISTURE

COMBUSTION CO-COMBUSTION

Heat Recovery System

Biogas Composition: CH4 CO2 H2S NH3 H2,CO, HC, ....

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUSTION WITHIN THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER

Biomass/ Wastes

Combustor

INLET AIR

INLET AIR

Prediction of the system performance in terms of: BIOMASS MOISTURE

BIOMASS MOISTURE

•Influence of the biomass type

•Plant size (electric and thermal power output)

•Influence of the system operating conditions

•Pollutant emissions

Type and amount of biomass/waste

•Investment inputs: •Owned and financed capital •Interest rate Ecnomical assessment of the available WTE technologies

Technical evaluation of the available WTE technologies Electric and Thermal Energy produced Performance of the possible WTE technologies

• WACC (Weighted Average Cost Of Capital ) • NPV(Net Present Value) • Payback Period • EVA (Economic Value Added) • ROI (Return Of Investment)

BIOMASS / WASTES

INTEGRATED ANAEROBIC DIGESTION/GASIFICATION PLANT FOR THE SILA NATIONAL PARK

•Sludge •Organic MSW •Manure

•Combustible MSW •Woody biomass

Pretreatment

•Electric energy output •Thermal energy for the process •CO2 for greenhouses Sewage

Ash

Pretreatment

Gasifier/Pyrolyzer performance Combustor performance Saved Oil amount Avoided CO2 emissions Eel output Eth output

Calculation section

Result’s section

Post-treatment sludge and residues

Dry sludge

Digester performance

Figures of merit: •Biomass inputrate •Electrical power output •Electric energy conversion eff. •Thermal energy conversion eff. •Reduced plant size •Low pollutant emissions •Low investment const •Low environmental impact •Recyclable by-product •…

Input data section

• WACC (Weighted Average Cost Of Capital ) • NPV(Net Present Value) • Payback Period • EVA (Economic Value Added) • ROI (Return Of Investment)

Reverse workflow (From WTE technology to biomass)

Typical workflow (From biomass to WTE technology)

BIOMASS MANAGEMENT TOOL® The Biomass Management Tool integrates the numerical models developed for the simulation of the WTE technologies and allows the user to confront different possibilities for the exploitation of the biomasses and wastes. The different solutions can be compared in terms of electric energy and thermal power output, as well as in terms of economic investment and environmental impact.

Distilled water Wet residues Fertilizer

Pel [kW] TOT

Pel [kW] BIOGAS

Pel [kW] SYNGAS

Pth [kW]

ηel

ηth

716.2

170.3

545.9

830.2

24.9

28.9

Landfill

CO2 [t/y] DIGESTER GASIFIER TOTAL COST [€] COST [€] COST [€] 3,249.1

€ € € 1,115,789 4,555,934 5,671,723


about FPNI

DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

ANALYSIS OF PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS FOR INDUSTRIAL ROASTING PROCESSES NUMERICAL MODEL OF THE COFFEEAIR FLOW HEAT TRANSFER

CFD ANALYSIS

LMS Imagine.Lab AMESim rev9.1

FAST IMAGE PROCESSING

THERMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS UPPER SIDE

LOWER SIDE

SIDE

Davide Bottazzi, Ph. D. davide.bottazzi@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it

DRUM

COFFEE BEANS


DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

LCA OF A HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND POWER GENERATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE REACTION OF ALUMINUM WITH WATER

TURBINE HIGH PRESSURE HEAT EXCHANGER

CONDENSER COMBUSTION CHAMBER

ALUMINUM BAR

2Al (s) + 3H2O (g)  Al2O3 (s) + 3H2 (g) - 954.8 kJ/mol (at T = 298.15 K, p = 1.013 bar)

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT

GOAL AND SCOPE

CONCEPTUAL PROCESS DIAGRAM

INVENTORY ANALYSIS

ECODESIGN : SISTEM AND COMPONENTS

 Funtional Unit: 23.43 H2 kg  Multi-output Process  Economic Allocation  System Boundaries: “Cradle to gate”

SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS

IMPACT ASSESSMENT ASSESSMENT METHODS

HYDROGEN PRODUCTION (LIQUID INJECTION VS METALLIC POWDER)

ELECTRIC POWER (CO-PRODUCT VS. AVOIDED PRODUCT)

ELECTRICITY MEDIUM VOLTAGE PRODUCTION (ENERCLEAN VS. S.O.A. TECHNOLOGY)

Giovanni Breglia giovanni.breglia@gmail.com www.fluidpower.unimore.it

IMPACT CATEGORY

DAMAGE CATEGORY


about FPNI

DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

MODELING AND TESTING DUAL CLUTCH TRANSMISSIONS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE VEHICLES Dual Clutch

Solenoid Valve Clutch Plates Spring Actuator Even Gears Shaft Odd Gears Shaft

Drain P

Fsolenoid

Drain P

A

T

Fspring

A

Fpressure T

Experimental Testing Clutch K1 Odd Gears

Clutch K2 Even Gears

Clutch Control Plate (CCP)

Raffaele Babbone, Research fellow raffaele.babbone@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it

Syncro Actuation Plate (SAP)

FERRARI S.p.A.


DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

A LUMPED PARAMETER APPROACH FOR THE SIMULATION OF ICE COOLING SYSTEMS Pressurized liquid cooling circuits

Engine features

VM Motori S.p.A. – Cento, Ferrara (Italy)

Cooling circuit layout

Cooling circuit numerical model

Experimental validation

Flow rates distribution Cooling circuit test rig assembly Piezo-resistive pressure gauges Magnetic flow meters

Flow rate values are expressed in l/min


about FPNI

DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

STUDY OF ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC COMPONENTS FOR CNG INJECTION SYSTEMS

Velocity Field

Pressure Distribution CFD results – Velocity Field

m CNG  1.0 [ g / s]

CFD results – Discharge Coefficient

Filling Nozzle

Tank Valve Up to 250 [bar]

Thermographic Analysis

2 ÷ 7 [bar]

Injection System

Pressure Control Device

CFD results – Poppet opening influence xp = 0 [mm]

OUTLET 2 ÷ 7 [bar]

xp = 0.5 [mm]

FIRST STAGE 10 ÷ [14 bar] 3D CFD

INLET Up to 250 [bar]

Numerical results

xp = 0.6 [mm]

pSECOND

m CNG  1.0 [ g / s] xp = 0.7 [mm]

AMESim Model

Raffaele Babbone, Research fellow raffaele.babbone@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it

pIN

pFIRST


DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

NUMERICAL MODELS FOR MULTI-DIMENSION CFD SIMULATIONS FLOW FORCES EFFECTS: Moving grid (GGI approach) Hydraulic valve spool motion:

MULTI-COMPONENT FLOW: VOF approach Multi-fuel injection systems: Low pressure fuel accumulator

Fuel switch over from E21 to E100

Cd 

courtesy of

INLET

OUTLET

Tetra-Fuel® injection system Moving Mesh

0.01 mm

MULTI-COMPONENT FLOW: Transonic approach Multi-component gaseous fuel injection systems:

NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS: Herschel Bulkley approach

Tank Valve

Pressure Control Device

Filling Nozzles

Ceramic spray pump:

CAVITATION AND AERATION: Equivalent fluid approach Hydraulic valve spool motion:

SPRAY FORMATION: Eulerian approach STEAM GENERATOR

Liquid aluminum injection: ALUMINUM = ENERGY CARRIER

H2

HEAT

H2O (g)

Cavitation onset regions

H2(g) + H2O (g) H2 SEPARATION SYSTEM

Constant pressure drop:

Constant flow rate:

2Al + 3H2O → Al2O3 + 3H2

SOLID PHASE TRANSPORT: DEM approach Coffee Roasting:

SPLASH LUBRICATION: VOF approach + CHIMERA mesh Gear box lubrication and cooling:

Plenum at the roasting drum outlet

Preheating drum

ṁin,coffee = 250Nm3/h

ṁin,coffee = 350Nm3/h

ṁin,coffee = 500Nm3/h

OpenFOAM

Qin A 2p


about FPNI

DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

FLUID-DYNAMICS ANALYSIS

OF A TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR MEDIUM SIZED POWER TRACTORS

NUMERICAL MODEL OF THE TRANSMISSION

SYSTEM

PS3 55/30 PS1 46/39 PS2 37/26

Lubrication layout

Reverse 46/39 LMS Imagine.Lab AMESim rev9.1

PTO BRAKE CONTROL VALVE

CLUTCHES CONTROL VALVE

A

A

P T

P T

CLUTCH CONTROL VALVE - THERMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF THE SOLENOID

 T  I

Davide Bottazzi, Ph. D. davide.bottazzi@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it

Cristian Cremonini, Master Student


DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

AN INNOVATIVE THEORY FOR THE STUDY OF NON-IDEAL FLUIDS FOR FLUID POWER APPLICATIONS NON IDEAL FLUIDS THEORETICAL APPROACH

VISCOSITY ELASTICITY

FLUID MODEL

APPLICATION FIELDS ALIMENTARY

CERAMIC FLUID MEMORY

HYDRAULIC FLUID RELAXATION

ELASTOMERIC AND POLYMERIC

NUMERICAL RESULTS APPLICATION: FOOD INDUSTRY

APPLICATION: POLYMER INDUSTRY XANTHAN GUM / WATER SOLUTIONS VISCOSITY : NUMERICAL VS. EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON

YOGURT STRESS: NUMERICAL VS. EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON

POLYACRYLAMIDE / WATER SOLUTIONS VISCOSITY: NUMERICAL VS. EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON

Fabrizio Grasselli, Ph.D. student fabrizio.grasselli@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it


about FPNI

DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

MODELING THE AXIAL BALANCING MECHANISM OF ORBIT ANNULAR HYDRAULIC MACHINES

EQUIVALENT MASS

EQUIVALENT SPRING

EQUIVALENT INERTIA

NUMERICAL VS. EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON

DRAIN

CLEARANCES OPERATING MAP

β=0deg

β=-10deg

β=-20deg

β=0deg

β=-10deg

β=-20deg

β=0deg

β=-10deg

β=-20deg

β=-40deg

β=-50deg

β=-30deg

β=-40deg

β=-50deg

β=-30deg

β=-40deg

β=-50deg

Θ=0deg β=-30deg

Fabrizio Grasselli, Ph.D. student fabrizio.grasselli@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it


DEPT. OF SCIENCES & METHODS FOR ENGINEERING – UNIV. OF MODENA & REGGIO EMILIA HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH GROUP

OPTIMIZATION OF PACKAGING MACHINES FOR LIQUID FOOD Air Sterile System

Filling System

Lumped parameters analysis

A-Valve

Super heater detailed model OUTLET

Flow meter

HOT_INLET COLD_INLET

Regulating Valve

AMESim v.9 SL1 by

Float with pressure flange Packaging material tube

Change Over Valve

Δp = 0.1 bar T = 293 K Arif = 132.86 mm2

CFD analysis

Layout optimization of multiple machines

STAR-CCM+ v.7.02.008 by 80 deg

110 deg

140 deg

90 deg

120 deg

150 deg

100 deg

Considered Fluids: •) Water •) Milk •) Fruit Juice •) Tomato Juice

130 deg Density [kg/m3] Kinematic Viscosity [cSt] Dynamic Viscosity [cP] Bulk Modulus [bar] Temperature [°C] Pressure [bar]

160 deg

Jaw System

WATER 997 1.005 1.002 21840 15 1

Newtonian Fluids

MILK 1030 1.942 2.000 16594 15 1

FRUIT J. 1040 62.5 65.0 18919 15 1

TOMATO J. 818 220 180 19762 15 1

Experimental Analysis

Actuation Unit: Jaw System

Left hooks Test rig cooling system Supply and Control Units

Left arm Paper cutters Right arm QP = VP ⋅ nM

BASELINE LAYOUT

OPTIMIZED CONFIGURATION

Shaping phase: Double Acting Jacks

Shaping phase: Single Acting Jacks

+2162 p/h 4/3 Control Valves 3/2 Control Valves

Claudio Angeloni, Research fellow claudio.angeloni@unimore.it www.fluidpower.unimore.it

Right hooks

Cooling valve control system


HySyDe

Hydraulic Systems Design Research Group Research Areas


HySyDe

Hydraulic Systems Design Research Group

Virtual design and fundamentals investigation of Fluid Power Machines and Components. The research activity in the Fluid Power Machines and Components is mainly focused on the theoretical analysis of the multi-phase multi-component efflux of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, as well as on the development and tailoring of numerical models and tools (in particular of open source codes) for the computational thermo-fluid-dynamics analysis based on both a lumped and distributed parameter and multidimensional approaches. Main research areas are as follows: Confined flows of compressible and uncompressible fluids; Injection systems for liquid and gaseous fuels; Mixing process of industrial fluids; Aeration and cavitation phenomena; Low pressure micro-dieseling phenomena; Spark ignited and compression ignited combustion; Cogeneration systems for industrial applications. The research group is also involved in the industrial application of advanced design techniques and in the technology transfer of the competences in the development of complex numerical models for the computer aided design. The activity covers both the numerical investigation as well as the experimental measurements of the performance for the following systems: Driving and operating turbomachines; Injection systems for Internal Combustion Engines; Positive displacement motors and engines; On/off and proportional hydraulic control components; Electro-hydraulic power systems; Vehicles power transmission and handling; Internal combustion engines for stationary and mobile applications; Industrial cogeneration systems.


HySyDe

video HySyDe

STAFF MEMBERS Massimo Milani, Luca Montorsi, Fabrizio Paltrinieri PhD STUDENTS Fabrizio Grasselli, Stefano Mercati RESEARCH ASSISTANTS Claudio Angeloni, Raffaele Babbone, Davide Bottazzi, Gabriele Cagni RESEARCH FELLOWS Giovanni Breglia, Cristian Cremonini, Fabio Irato, Michele Muglia, Massimo Silvestri


HySyDe

Research Areas

Incompressible flow in turbomachinery Description Assessment of the flow on the mean plane and axissymmetric surfaces. CAE design of annular channel for ducts with and without blades. Development and validation of simplified analytical and numerical models for the confined and axissymmetric flows. Development and validation of CAE tools for the fluid-dynamics optimization of annular channels, stator and rotor blades and diffusers.

Analysis of multi-phase and multi-component flows Description Study of the flow field of multi-phase and multi-components flows under high pressure and temperature gradients. Development and validation of analytical and numerical models for the aerating and cavitating flows implemented in open source CAE/CFD tools. Development and validation of analytical and numerical models for the flow field investigation of miscible and immiscible fluids mixtures implemented in open source CAE/CFD tools.

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/turbomacchine.htm

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/CFD/multiphase.htm

Design of centrifugal pumps Description Assessment of the driven turbomachines for incompressible flows. Design of centrifugal pumps for industrial fluids (water, fluids for ceramics manufacturing, emulsions, sludges, etc‌). Design of multi-body turbomachineries. Design for rotors and diffusers for high performance dynamic machines.

Flow field analysis within small-size components Description Flow field visualization of multi-phase and multicomponent flows within small-size components. Development of innovative experimental techniques for the assessment of the fluid-dynamics behavior of complex components by means of the integrated employment of visualization tools (such as Digital High Speed and High Resolution Photography, Infrared Thermography, Laser Doppler Anemometry and Particle Image Velocimetry)

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/turbomacchine.htm

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/CFD/flowvisualization.htm


Development of numerical models for the fundamentals investigation of steady state and dynamic phenomena in industrial applications Description Development of numerical models for fundamental analysis of the steady state and dynamic behavior for industrial application. Development and validation of analytical and numerical models, implemented in licensed and open source codes, for the aerating and cavitating flows, for the transonic and supersonic flows and for the flow forces acting on moving elements in confined flows

Hydraulic control components Description Flow field analysis of the on/off and proportional hydraulic control components. Prediction of the steady state and dynamic performance. Assessment of the radial and axial flow forces under steady state and dynamic operating conditions. Development of CAE/CFD tools for the design of on/off and proportional components. Design and development of control valves with electro-hydraulic control and drive and of on/off and proportional distributors.

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/CFD/fluidefflux.htm

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/FLUIDPOWER/components.htm

Driven and operating positive displacement machines Description Development of CAE tools for the steady state and dynamic performance of driven and operating positive displacement machines. CAE design and development of hydraulic pumps and motors (such as vane pumps, axial and radial piston pumps, internal and external gear pumps). CAE design and development of mechanical, hydraulic and electro-hydraulic systems for the displacement control.

Hydraulic systems design Description Development of numerical models for the analysis of the dynamic behavior of electro-hydraulic systems for stationary and mobile applications. Design and optimization of the hydraulic systems operations for the industrial automation, for articulated arms motion, for the power transmission and control in transport and off road vehicles.

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/FLUIDPOWER/pumps&motors.htm

www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/FLUIDPOWER/industrial.htm


HySyDe

Energy Saving Description Development of numerical models for the analysis of the steady-state and dynamic behavior of load-sensing hydraulic systems for mobile applications. Optimization of the efficiency of the electro-hydraulic actuation systems for multiple applications. Definition of the control strategy for the control components under unconditioned metering and proportional metering. www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/FLUIDPOWER/enersaving.htm

Injection systems for low environmental impact fuels Description Development and validation of lumped and distributed parameter approach numerical models for the analysis of the dynamic behavior of electro-injectors and injection systems for internal combustion engines. Development and optimization of the performance of injection systems of low environmental impact fuels (such as ethanol, DME, biodiesel, methanol from biomass, methane, hydrogen and mixture of them) and of mixtures of hydrocarbons and biofuels. Study of the dynamic behavior of electro-injectors, pressure regulators and CNG injection systems. www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/ICE/injectionsystems.htm

Hydraulic applications for automotive and mobile applications Description Development and validation of numerical tools by means of a lumped and distributed parameter approach for the analysis of the dynamic behavior of the hydraulic system for the gear selection and motion, motion reversing, breaking and vehicle handling control. Study and optimization of the passive, semi-active and integrated active suspension systems. Assessment of the operations of vehicle handling and motion control systems. Analysis of the behavior, design and optimization of the performance of lubricating and cooling systems for internal combustion engines. www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/FLUIDPOWER/motioncontrol.htm

Alternative combustion engines Description Conceptual design of internal combustion engines based on alternative combustions (HCCI - Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition – PCCI – Premixed Charge Combustion Ignition – MK – Modulated Kinetics) in order to optimize the efficiency, the fuel consumption and the pollutant emissions. www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/ICE/alternativecombustion.htm


ULEV Co-Generation Systems Description Design and development of an innovative energy system, named QUADRI-GEN, based on the industrial application of the products and byproducts of the aluminum combustion with water. The system is able to generate simultaneously four secondary energy sources and constitutes a new applications called Combined Heat Hydrogen Steam and Power (H-H-S-P). www.dismi.unimore.it/macchineafluido/COGEN/quadrigen.htm


The Patrons

University Imamoter - Cnr Institutions and Territory Industriali di Reggio Emilia Club Meccatronica Assofluid


DISMI

The Department of Science and Methods for Engineering The Department of Science and Methods for Engineering (DISMI), within the St. Lazzaro Campus in Reggio Emilia, conducts research, training and technology transfer in engineering and basic disciplines that support them. In particular, the researchers of DISMI are specialized in Engineering Management, Mechatronic Engineering and Energy, in an integrated and interdisciplinary approach that includes all subjects of basic sciences.

The Department The Department of Science and Methods for Engineering (DISMI), founded in January 1999, is involved in methodological and applied researches, and education in various areas of engineering and basic sciences related to. DISMI assemble professors and researchers with a wide international range of experiences and knowledges, active in the main sectors of engineering and basic sciences applied to.

DISMI’s activities mainly cover the following areas: • Management Engineering • Energetic Engineering • Mechatronic Engineering • Basic Sciences applied to Engineering These disciplines are being developed both individually and in projects with a strong interdisciplinary’s content. This make DISMI able to provide the entire scale of needed abilities to develop innovation projects about applications and services of any kind and complexity ‘s degree.

DISMI is charaterized by an inherent inter-disciplinarity in research. Within it, a number of research group of excellence exist that span a multitude of disciplines, from physics and mathematic to information and industrial engineering, As emphasized in the individual Web pages of its constituent groups, such research activtiies are deeply integrated both with the internaThese transversal expertises and a strong tional scientific community and with the interdisciplinar approach are essentials local industrial ground. to be successful in the most modern and complex technological challenges. DISMI is able to provide dynamic and qualified solutions to any engineering need, both in its purely theoretical aspects, and in its designing, prototyping and testing. DISMI is deeply integrated in research contest both in local level and in big Nationals and Europeans projects.

Mathematical Analysis It includes competences and researches in the many facets of mathematical analysis, there included variation calculus, function theory, analytical number theory. Automation It focuses on methods and technology for signal processing finalized to plant automation, and dynamic systems in general. Organic and Inorganic Chemistry It deals to chemical properties of elements and of their inorganic composite, of natural and synthetic origins, in their theoretical and practical aspects. Electrical Machines It includes studies related to electrical machines, sensors and actuators, power electronics and converters, electrical materials. Electronics It includes competences to design, implement, and test, devices and integrated electronics circuits. Mathematical Physics It includes theoretical and applied study of mathematical physics, rationale mechanics, and system dynamics, using both analytical and geometric techniques. Experimental Physics It includes the competences necessary to perform experimental researches, in particular to investigate physical processes and the atomic and molecular composites. Industrially-applied Physics The area studies in general the fundamental and applied aspects of technical physics, applied termodynamics, applied fluid dynamics, and applied thermodynamics. Geometry It includes competences in the areas related to geometry, in particular with regard to the study and classificatioin of the property of geometrical structures and topological varieties.


The Patrons

Industrial Plants It deals with general methodologies and criteria for the planning, design, and implementation of industrial plants.

Computer Science and Software Engineering It deals with the engineering of complex software systems, with a particular attention to software engineering for pervasive and mobile computing, and for adaptive and autonomic systems.

Management Engineering The area includes the competences for the integration of design, organizational, and Systems for Energy and Environment economical aspects in the are of engineering. It incudes studies for energy conversion in its various forms, from thermo-electric plans to electro-nuclear ones and co-generation. Human-Machine Interaction The area focuses on the design and implementation of innovative user interfaces for Manufacturing Technologies control and information systems in various and Systems It studies the transformation processes relatapplication areas. ed to manufacturing products, whether based on traditional or innovative materiale, as well Fluid Machines The area focuses on problems related to as assembling, production, and recycle of thermodynamic, fluid dynamics, energy, ecol- material. ogy, as far as fluid-operated machines and Telecomunications plants are concerned. It deals with design and implementation of telecommunication systems for mobile and Applied Mechanisms It deals with the scientific and professional embedded computing, with a particular attenaspects related to the study of mechanical tion to sensor networks systems via theoretical mechanics. Operation Research Study and development of models, methods, and algorithms for support to decisions, optimization of products and processes, behavior of complex systems. Machine Design and Production Design and experimental prototyping of machines, structures, and mechanical systems. Elements for machine construction and mechanical behavior of materials. Science of Constructions Deterministic and stochastic mechanics of solids, materials, and structures, also related to their reliability and security. Science and Technology of Materials The area include the globality of aspects and culturial and professional researches related to the science and technology of mateirals.


Imamoter Imamoter is a research Institute of National Research Council of Italy (CNR). Its headquarter is located in Ferrara and it has a Unit (U.O.S.) in Turin, inside the premises of the C.N.R. Research Area. Imamoter established on 15 June 2002, it results from the incorporation of two CNR Institutes: the Institute for Earth-Moving Machinery and Off-Road Vehicles (CEMOTER) and the Institute for Agricultural Mechanization (IMA). Imamoter aims at being an excellence focus for advancement, promotion and knowledge dissemination in design, production and use of agricultural and Earth moving Machinery. Imamoter advances contribute to social development and competitiveness of the industrial sector related to mobile working equipment.

Our proposal

The Institute manages basic and applied research in different technologies used in Earth Moving Machinery (MMT). The research ranges are: the analysis of power transmission by fluid, unstructured robotics and embedded electronics, numerical and experimental structural analysis of machines and components, vibration and noise as physical agents, characterization of the active control of noise and vibration, studies in soil mechanics and, last but not least, prenormative and normative studies on safety of machinery.

Services Testing ROPS / TOPS/FOPS operator protection. With the application of safety standards and regulations (e.g. ISO 3471,ISO 3449, ISO 12117-1 and -2) we perform the most important tests for conformity assessment of protective structures in the field of construction equipment. The experience gathered and the test facility available (among the largest in the world) allow the extension of the activity to other machines such as for example Snow Grooming Equipment, according to EN 15059 standard. Survey of noise and vibration emitted by machinery and equipment. Under Italian regulations we can provide testing for: Determination of sound power from pressure measurements (ISO 3740 series) and sound intensity measurements (ISO 9614); Measurements of sound pressure level at driver; Measurements of whole-body vibration (ISO 2631) and hand-arm system operator (ISO 5349) Directive 2000/14/EC regulates the noise emission limits for industrial machinery and equipment for use outdoors. IMAMOTER has got permission Ministerial Decree of 24.06.2003 published in Official Gazette No. 144 of 07.17.2003 (and subsequent renewals) to act as Notified Body in accordance with that Directive applying the following procedures for conformity assessment: • Annex VI “internal control assessment doc. and checking “; • Annex VII Unit verification. Destructive structural testing static/dynamic. Under Italian safety regulations on construction equipment to structural tests of the cabins (ROPS and FOPS) we provide compliance testing for safety belts and their anchorages (ISO 6683) and tests on the roofs of protection driver for large industrial trucks with lift height board operator (ISO 6055). We are available to perform other tests that require application of loads under deformation control conditions. Characterization of hydraulic components (valves, pumps, motors). Imamoter research staff use the most advanced techniques in Fluid Power Design to get the best performance out of components and systems. Computational Fluid Dynamics is used in order to obtain a detailed description of the internal flows in components. Non-linear dynamics modeling, through software such as MSC-Easy5 AMESim, is applied to describe the interactions at the system level and for determining the most appropriate control strategies. The use of this software can be integrated with FEM and CFD programs to match all research needs. Electronic Design. The electronics team can design and develop embedded control systems, and it follows each step, from testing to setting up (both bench and field). Control software, both dedicated to firmware architecture with standard OS, are implemented. The programming of embedded software in C follows the MISRA-C: 2004 to ensure reliability in safety-critical systems. The development of PC applications (both stand-alone and supervising embedded systems) using the standard visual environment .NET, is geared to combine versatility and ease of use. IMAMOTER can also provide other research services, consultancy and assistance on request.


The Patrons Institutions and territory

History With the arrival of the Romans, at the beginning of the II century b.C., Reggio Emilia (Regium Lepidi) became an urban centre as part of the road network built along via Emilia, while the surrounding plain was drained and settled. Scattered remains testify to a period of intense economic activity for the entire imperial period until the barbaric invasions. From the 8th century, the continuity of civil powers and the permanence of the urban structures were guaranteed by the Bishop. In the 11th century the heart of Matilde’s domain was the Reggio territory, fortified by an imposing series of castles. In 1077 one of the most famous episodes in the war of Investitures took place within the city walls of Canossa: the Emperor Henry IV, in the guise of a pilgrim, appeals to Pope Gregory VII for the annulment of his excommunication. Meanwhile, the free municipalities are being born on the ashes of feudalism: Reggio is among the first. At the beginning of the 15th century, it comes under the powered of the Este Family. Prominent figures mark the Renaissance period of Reggio: from Matteo Maria Boiardo, the Count of Scandiano, the great poet of Orlando Innamorato, who was governor of Reggio towards the end of the 15th century, to Ludovico Ariosto, the great poet of Orlando Furioso, born in Reggio in 1474. The 17th and 18th centuries were tormented by wars, plagues and the plundering of works of art. In intervals of peace, the creativity of Reggio citizens expressed itself in the construction of sumptuous palaces and many religious buildings, prominent among which is the striking Basilica della Ghiara, erected in the first half of the seventeenth century with the contribution of exceptional artists and the amazing development of silk art. On 7 January 1797, Reggio, the first site of the Italian parliament, on the occasion of the birth of the Cispadane Republic, saw the birth of the “Tricolore�, the future Italian flag. The spirit of resistance lived on in Reggio during the twenty years of fascism, culminating in the fight for liberation. In recognition of the part played by the city in the reconquest of freedom, the Reggio Emilia standard was decorated with the gold medal for military valour.

Alessandro Tiarini, Autoritratto, Olio su tela, 48,5 x 35,5cm Bologna, Galleria Savelli


Squares and places of history Piazza Prampolini is the main city square and is often called “piazza grande” (the big square). From left to right you can find, the Baptistry, the Bishop’s Palace (the facade facing the square was commissioned by bishop Bonfrancesco Arlotti in 1481), the Cathedral, the Canons’Hall (built by Antonio Casotti, 1446) the Town Hall (whose building started in 1414 and finished before the end of the century, including the tower in Via Toschi, commonly called “Torre del Bordello” (the Brothel Tower), taking its name from the nearby building which was used as a brothel, the Palazzo del Podestà (which dates back to the fifteenth century, between Via Palazzolo and Casa Malaguzzi), the palazzo delle Notarie (the offices of the Board of Notaries who had their desks under the arcade until the middle of the fiftheenth century, which was restored in the eighteenth century) and the main facade of the Palazzo del Monte di Pietà. To one side of the square you can find the statue of Crostolo, which came from the Ducal Villa of Rivalta, where it was found in1754.

Il campanile della chiesa di San Giorgio - Comune di Reggio Emilia Foto di Gianluca Tanferri

Tricolour Hall Inside the Town Council is the historical Tricolour Hall. Designed in 1774 by Ludovico Bolognini, Public Engineer of Reggio Emilia town council, it was originally the premises of the municipal archives, which were later transferred to Palazzo San Giorgio. The building is remembered today for the meeting, which was held on the 7th of January 1797, between the representatives of the cities of Reggio, Modena, Bologna and Ferrara for the proclamation of the Cispadana Republic and the adoption of the tricolour flag (green, white and red, originally in horizontal stripes with the coat of arms of the Republic at the centre). In 1848 this flag was chosen as the national colours. Next door to the Tricolour Hall you can find the Tricolour Museum where evidence and relics which make it possible to follow the historical events regarding the origin of the Tricolour flag can be found.


The Patrons

Places of culture and performances Valli Municipal Theatre The majestic theatre complex, surrounded by the public gardens, characterizes the town centre. The complex was built between 1852 and 1857 according to a design by Modena architect Cesare Costa. It’s dedicated to Reggio Emilia actor Romolo Valli. It hosts a prestigious opera and concert season, as well as a rich programme of ballet. Ariosto Theatre Built between 1740 and 1741 on a design by Antonio Cugini and destroyed in 1851 by a fire. It was rebuilt in 1878 respecting the original project and dedicated to Ludovico Ariosto, the great poet born in Reggio Emilia in 1474. In mainly hosts prose performances. Cavallerizza Theatre The Cavallerizza Theatre is the third public stage of Reggio Emilia and is mainly used for theatre performances or contemporary music shows. The name of the building derives from its Interior Cavallerizza theatre oiginal destination. Civic Museum The premises of the Civic Museum have been situated in San Francesco Palace since 1830. On display are archaeological collections (Roman Mosaics, Chierici Museum, Roman section in the marble Gallery, Roman Museum, Prehistory Museum), Ethnography, Art History (Fontanesi Gallery, Mazzacurati Museum, medieval section in the marble gallery, medieval Mosaics), Natural History (Spallanzani Collection, zoological, anatomy, botanic, geo-mineralogy and palaentologic collections), Town History (Industrial Art Museum, showcases of Reggio Emiliaborn scientists). Reggio Emilia, Chiesa dei Santi Pietro e Prospero, Chiostro piccolo Fototeca della Biblioteca Panizzi

Parmeggiani Gallery The Gallery brings together the art collection which belonged to Luigi Parmeggiani. It includes: European arms and cutlery, goldsmithery, enamels and jewels, European costumes from the XVII


to the XIX century, sculptures in stone and polychrome wood, Italian, Spanish and Flemish paintings, and other artistic objects. Tricolour Flag Museum On display are documents, objects and relics concerning the history of the national flag, its origin and further developments until Italy’s Unity. Places of worship The Cathedral Built on pre-existing Roman ruins around 857, the Cathedral was progressively adapted first to the Roman then to the Renaissance style, according to the solution proposed at the end of the sixteenth century by Prospero Sogari, called Prospero the Clement, realized only for the lower order (as can be seen in the important wooden model in the Public Museums). Prospero Sogari called the Clement is also the creator of the sculpture of Adam and Eve, which can be seen under the lunette of the main door. The famous artist Bartolomeo Spani, who worked from the end of the fifteenth century to the middle of the sixteenth century, created the sculptures of the Madonna in trono con il Bambino e i coniugi Fiordibelli (Virgin Mary on a throne with the baby Jesus and the Fiordibellis) in gold plate and embossed copper which decorates the octagonal tower above the façade. The Sanctuary of the Basilica della Ghiara Designed by the architect Alessandro Balbi from Ferrara construction work on the Basilica supervised by Francesco Pacchioni from Reggio starting in 1597, the Basilica was built and decorated in the first decades of the seventeenth century and is a splendid and homogeneous piece of Emilia Baroque culture, which has recently been restored. The interior, in the form of a Greek cross with apsidal extensions, preserves an extraordinary number of frescoes and altarpieces, works of art by the best Emilian artists of the seventeenth century. The artists who worked on the frescoes include Luca Ferrari,

La Basilica della Ghiara - Tela del Guercino Archivio fotografico IAT Reggio Emilia


The Patrons

Lionello Spada, Camillo Gavassetti, Pietro Desani, Alessandro Tiarini and Carlo Bononi. Furthermore, in the second chapel on the right (called “the chapel of the Virgin of the Ghiara”, a famous fresco has been painted depicting the Blessed Virgin of the Ghiara, painted in 1569 by G. Bianchi called the Bertone, based on designs by Lelio Orsi who witnessed the miracle of the deaf and dumb Marchino. Among the most important altar pieces, Madonna con il Bambino (The Madonna and Infant) and Saint Francis by Alessandro Tiarini, 1629 (first chapel on the right) and by the same artist, L’Annunciazione (The Annunciation), 1629 c. (third chapel on the right), Saint Filippo Benizzi and l’Addolorata (Our Lady of Sorrows) by Orazio Talami, 1673 (third chapel on the left), I Santi Giorgio e Caterina condotti al martirio (Saint George and Saint Catherine suffering martyrdrom) by Ludovico Carracci, 1618 (third chapel on the left, The Crucifixion with the Madonna, Magdalena, Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Prospero by Guercino (second chapel on the left, the chapel of the Reggio Community), Saint Francis and the Saints Lucy, Apollonia and Agatha before the Blessed Virgin with the infant by Alfonso Chierici, 1847-54 (First chapel on the left). The Basilica of Saint Prospero Founded in 997 probably in order to guarantee a safe refuge for the relics of the city’s patron saint, the church was seriously restored for the first time at the beginning of the sixteenth century. It was on this occasion that the six lions in Red Verona marble were installed (probably pieces from the late Roman period). A few years later the church was completely restored, with a project which ended in 1527. The facade on the other hand (recently restored, along with the interior of the church) dates back to the eighteenth century and a work by Giovanni Battista Cattani. Reggio and Contemporary Art The three bridges designed by the Catalan architect Santiago Calatrava are the new doorways to the town of Reg-

La Torre della chiesa di San Prospero - Comune di Reggio Emilia Foto di Riccardo Varini


gio Emilia, and are visible to the car drivers who go through the Autostrada (Motorway) del Sole. It is also possible to see the connection between Art and Architecture through the project Invitation to... by Claudio Parmigiani, in which 5 artists have created permanent works located in historic urban places. Reggio and the Future Reggio is to host the TAV highspeed railway station for the midPo valley. The logo of the station, resembling a series of waves alternating from one end to the other, the three bridges that link the station to the by-pass roads, and the new motorway exit are designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. Products Parmigiano Reggiano cheese is the most important typical product of Reggio Emilia and the key ingredient in the local cuisine. It is mentioned in the recipes of well-known culinary treatises of the past and is appreciated for its peculiar properties. The traditional Balsamic Vinegar of Reggio Emilia is obtained from cooked must from local grapes which has to undergo a very long aging process (at least twelve years), in a set of barrels of different woods and in decreasing size order, transferred annually and periodically filled to the brim. The result of so much patient knowledge is a syrupy, dark brown liquid with a penetrating smell and an inimitable. Tortelli - Cappelletti bitter-sweet taste. Pig farming is also deeply rooted in the history of Reggio Emilia, from which fresh pork and a variety of delicious cured meats and salamis are obtained. Erbazzone - Salamis and Cured Meats Brasadela - Torta di riso - Spongata.

La Basilica della Ghiara - Comune di Reggio Emilia Foto di Gianluca Tanferri

Wines Lambrusco Reggiano, certified since 1971, is a light tasting and extremely versatile wine that goes well with a variety of dishes. Bianco di Scandiano, certified since 1976, is a delicately fruity, sparkling, sweet, semi sweet or dry wine.


The Patrons

Tour in the surroundings The Renaissance courts Correggio/Novellara/Guastalla/Gualteri/Boretto/Brescello The route through the plains to the north of the city, which takes you to the River Po, gives you the chance to see interesting works of art throughout the area. A visit to the more consolidated and qualified town planning centres gives you an idea of the historical significance of the small but prestigious Renaissance courts, rich in important architecture. Although situated to the south of the city of Reggio, another destination can be included in this route visiting the Renaissance court: Scandiano. Matildian Castles Rossena Castle, named after the serpentine volcanic rock on wich it is built, is one of the best-preserved Matildian Castles. Canossa Castle, the place of the famous meeting in 1077, between the Emperor of Germany Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, promoted by the strong-willed Countess Matilda herself. Just a few ruins are left (evidence of a history of wars and fighting which over the years destroyed the building). Sarzano Castle, was built around the year 1000 AD, by one of the Attoni, the old rulers of Canossa. Carpinete Castle, one of the Countess Matilda’s favourite residences, is characterised by the strong keep. Castellarano Castle, in the Secchia Valley is an important and well-preserved medieval town, characterised by the use of river rocks in building. The Rocchetta is from the Renaissance period, a small fortress protected by a ditch with an old drawbridge, characterised by a central tower and two others to the side. Particolari dei ponti di Santiago Calatrava Foto di Gianluca Tanferri


Veduta di Reggio Emilia - Comune di Reggio Emilia Archivio fotografico della Provincia di Reggio Emilia


The Patrons

The Association of Entrepreneurs of Reggio Emilia “Associazione Industriali di Reggio Emilia” represents approximately 750 manufacturing and service enterprises based in the province of Reggio Emilia (amounting to 38.000 employees). Founded in 1945, Industriali Reggio Emilia is a voluntary association of companies which aims to represent, protect, promote and develop member companies and their interests. t is the expression in the territory of Reggio Emilia of the Association of “Confindustria” (the Association of the Italian Entrepreneurs. It brings together various sectors, from electrical to mechanical (machines and equipment), food, textile, ceramic tiles, rubber and plastic, construction and real estate, services. The associated enterprises are mostly small and medium size enterprises (75% of them have from 1 to 50 employees). Industriali Reggio Emilia to its associated firms offers Services: The Association promoted in the 2004 the “Club of Meccatronica”. The Mechatronic cluster in Reggio Emilia and the Club of Mechatronic The cluster of mechatronics as a model of synergistic combination of mechanical, electronic and software engineering The mechatronic cluster in Reggio Emilia represents a peculiar evolution of the mechanical manufacturing cluster and specialisation in the area. The mechatronic cluster encompasses basically small and medium sized firms with a high level of specialisation in the production of machines and devices integrating mechanics, computer science, electronics. Large firms, though representing a great contribution to the industry and dynamics of innovation of the area, is a minor actor in the definition and functioning of the mechatronic cluster. 80% of the total turnover originating from mechatronics, comes from the sale of final products (specific mechatronich equipment or devices), thus revealing a concentration of firms belonging to the strategic tier of industrial supply. Mechatronics is a “territorial asset” in that 65% of the cluster firms find suppliers in the area, confirming the idea of a production requiring a high capacity for joint design and industrial development frequently associated with territorial proximity. The territorial milieu of the cluster has been enriched over the years by the opening of a University of Engineering and the creation of a Degree course in Mechatronics for which the setup of a Doctorate in mechatronics is envisaged. Over the last 6 years local institutions have focused their attention on the fostering of the cluster supporting the integration of provincial actions (Mectron Lab) to regional strategies for the development of high technology and mechanics (Hi- Mech district).


The Club Meccatronica was launched in 2004 by a group of businessmen belonging to the Reggio Emilia Industrialists’ Association to be a meeting ground that is open to those who are active in mechatronics and advanced mechatronics, such as businessmen, technicians, university teachers and students, and anyone with an interest in this field. The Club is intended to support the expansion of mechatronics technologies and promote the specific skills of local companies, which are leaders in this field in Italy. It is also designed to facilitate cooperation between companies and assist in the creation of joint research projects embodying highly advanced knowledge from Italy and around the world. At present, the Club has 75 members. The Club offers not only a stimulating opportunity for increasing technical know-how, but is also a place where local industry can interface with the most advanced experiences in the field, both in Italy and around the world. In doing so, a network of relationships is enhanced which is essential for developing a local production system that is distinguished by a strong propensity for offering increasingly sophisticated, “smart” mechanical products. Club Meccatronica was born to network the different experiences and initiatives in order to make them coerent and useful for the development of the whole mechatronics cluster. Club Meccatronica was founded on two basic principles. The first principle is our wish to network skills and knowledge pieces scattered through the local and regional production frame. Such need becomes even more stringent when considering the Emilia Romagna region project to create the Hi-Mech district, a network of specialised Centres and Laboratories for supporting and promoting product innovation in local SMEs. The second principle results from a willingness to find a meeting and sharing place for all those subjects who, despite their different professional origins, contribute to the development of different advanced mechanics solutions for several applications. Different subjects may indeed find it difficult to meet despite their common production, commercial or technical/scientific interests, since they work ‘separately’ within their own reference field. Therefore, the group of entrepreneurs and managers who started the Club Meccatronica had the main purpose to valorise a relationship network which is transforming the local productive system, characterised by a strong tendency towards increasingly advanced, intelligent mechanical products.

Club Organization Office: Segreteria Organizzativa del Club Meccatronica Via Toschi 30/A 42100 Reggio Emilia Tel. +39 0522 409722 Fax +39 0522 442759 e-mail: clubmeccatronica@assindustria.re.it www.meccatronica.org


The Patrons

The commitment to strengthen our leadership Club Meccatronica aims at contributing to valorise further the competitive skills and abilities of a unique entrepreneurial system laying its foundations on a deep, thorough knowledge of mechanics which managed to adapt itself successfully to the new mechatronics challenge.

The term mechatronics was first used by the Japan’s Yaskawa Electric Company in 1960 to refer How to join the Club Club Meccatronica is open to people (entrepreneurs, managers, technicians, etc.) operating in companies, universities and research, as well as anybody wishing to have a deeper knowledge of mechatronics issues.

The Club is aware that success in the mechanical industry will depend Members of Club Meccatronica may be: on its ability to innovate and produce new machines and components Ordinary members: all members operating in companies associated able to perform several functions. Finally, the Club is willing to conto Industriali Reggio Emilia; tribute to the system’s technical, productive, and cultural development. Associated members , that is people collaborating with companies not associated to Industriali Reggio Emilia, professionals, professors, Objectives students, and so on. Becoming a meeting point to share informations and experiences Based on our Articles of Association, only ordinary members may be about the numerous and various mechatronic issues vested with membership titles. Strengthening networking between Enterprises and University Fostering/promoting partnership among members What mechatronics is Promoting the growth, development and knowledge in the mechatronic district, with particular reference to Reggio Emilia territory (improve A product of Mechatronics is a mechanism/device whose control is technical culture by training courses, etc) guaranteed by an electronic component integrated in the product. Promoting the Reggio Emilia Emilia’s mechatronic cluster around the The term control implies the capacity to adapt to external conditions, world. (National Prize for mechatronic international partnerships, etc.) achieving high levels of performance through program-based techPromoting activities, meetings, travels in Italy and abroad, aimed nology. The high level of integration between mechanics, computer at spreading a better knowledge of the several application fields of science, electronics is the distinguishing feature of a mechatronic promechatronics; duction1. Formulating proposals for all the subjects involved in defining regional, The term mechatronics was first used by the Japan’s Yaskawa Electric national and European industrial policies. Company in 1960 to refer to mechanical systems characterised by a synergy between mechanics and electronics, both involved in the Members: creation of mechanical systems which performance quality could be 75 organisation/Companies enhanced by jointly and coordinately applying such technologies. 100 Businessmen, managers e technicians of industrial enterprises Students, university teachers and researchers Other interested people BOARD President: Aimone Storchi - Comer Industries spa Directive Board: Emilio Benati - Fast spa Ciro Barberio - Landi Renzo spa Stefano Brevini - Brevini Power Transmission spa Vittorio Cavirani - Elettric 80 spa Giuseppe Duri - Lombardini srl Matteo Guerra - Argotractors spa Leandro Mazza - C.O.B.O. spa Claudio Ognibene - Ognibene spa Alberto Rocchi - Walvoil spa Rolando Vezzani - Corghi spa Ettore Zoboli – OM spa Luca Bergonzini - Bucher Hydraulics spa


ASSOFLUID is the Italian Association of Manufacturing and Trading Companies in Fluid Power Equipment and Components. Our headquarters are in Cinisello Balsamo (MI). In the 50s, some companies in the sectors started to work together. In 1962, CETOP - European Oil Hydraulic and Pneumatic Committee, was formed. Approximately six years later, in February 1968, these companies decided to unite founding ASSOFLUID. In more than forty years of activity, the Association has grown significantly going from the 13 founding members to the present membership of 195 companies. These companies represent 70% of the Italian market and employee approximately more than 14,000 people. ASSOFLUID joins Confindustria, the leading organisation representing manufacturing and service companies in Italy, and Federmacchine - National Federation of Associations of Manufacturers of Capital Goods intended for Industrial and Handicrafts Manufacturing Processes - which represents eleven associations of machinery manufacturers. ASSOFLUID members are the leaders in the industry and are exporting their products around the world more than ever before. The Association’s principle objectives are to coordinate, protect and promote technical and economic interests in the hydraulic and pneumatic fields.

In particular, we propose to: Meet to discuss the important matters that are interesting for all the members or group of members. Represent the members at institutes, agencies and national and international organizations. Study and solve the technical, economic, legislative, fiscal and customs problems in the interest of our members. Encourage knowledge and increase the diffusion of the techniques in the field and the products manufactured by our members. This means that we are also promoters at exhibitions and conventions in Italy and abroad. Develop technical and professional instruction by publishing manuals, organizing and managing courses and promoting all forms of collaboration between our members and universities and technical and professional schools. Proceed to gather and develop statistic data and economic information and to study the market.


The Industrial Net

Brevini Fluid Power

Rei

Bsim-Lms

Cd-Adapco

Bucher Hydraulics

Simulation X

Casappa

Tecnord

Walvoil

Tecniche Nuove

Santimone srl

Gluemedialab


The Company Brevini Fluid Power was established in 2003 in Reggio Emilia where it has its head office. Brevini Fluid Power is among the top manufacturers in Italy of hydraulic components and is a major player in Europe and in the world thanks to its extensive range of products.

Product Lines In accordance with the Company’s Mission whose purpose is to make a global business, the solution is to offer customers throughout the world a complete application packages both for the mobile and for the industrial sector. This is why the product lines are numerous and well-structured ready to meet any demand

Hydr-App Product Line: Hydraulic power packs and mini hydraulic packs (whether standard or customised), cartridge valves and solenoid valves, gear boxes and transmission components. S.A.M. Hydraulik Product Line: Axial piston pumps and motors for medium and high pressure, orbital motors. Aron Product Line: Directional, flow, onoff and proportional pressure control valves. Modular and cartridge valves, subplates and blocks. Brevini Product Line Hydraulics: Proportional directional valves, joysticks and electronic modules BPE Electronics Product Line: Sensors, load cells, boards and electronic controls via CAN, display units, planarity indicators. VPS Brevini Product Line: Mono-block and modular mobile valves. OT Oiltechnology Product Line: Gear pumps and motors, flow dividers. International Presence Brevini Fluid Power operates internationally through its branches and production facilities. There are 13 branches in major countries: Italy, France, Germany,English, Romania, Holland, Finland, China, India, Singapore and the United States. The production facilities are located throughout Reggio Emilia, Ozzano Emilia (BO), Noceto (PR), Novellara (RE), Yancheng (province of Jiangsu, China) which was inaugurated in 2009 and became operative since 2010.


The Industrial Net

video Brevini

Milestones The story of Brevini Fluid Power cannot leave out mentioning the companies who helped build it. Thanks to companies like S.A.M.Hydraulik, Hydr-App and Aron, the Italian hydraulic sector has been distinguished throughout the world for its innovation and quality. The story from Reggio Emilia started forty years ago: 1973 S.A.M. Hydraulik was created 1974 Luciano Brevini founded Hydr-App and turned-over the management to Werther Campaldi in 1976 1978 Aron was created 1995 Brevini Hydraulics was founded 2001 - 2002 Hydr-App acquired Oleodinamica Reggiana and Aron 2003 Brevini Fluid Power was established consisting of Hydr-App; Brevini Hydraulics and Aron 2009 The facility of Yancheng (China) was inaugurated 2009 The acquisition of BPE Electronics of Novellara (RE) was completed 2010 The acquisition of OT Oiltechnology of Noceto (PR) was completed 2011 Vito Bonafede takes on the role of Managing Director of Brevini Fluid Power 2012 Sam Hydraulik is merged in Brevini Fluid Power The Technical and Management School – TMS – was opened

Brevini Power Transmission S.p.a. Via dei Gonzaga, 71 42124 Reggio Emilia tel +39 0522 9281 fax +39 0522 928200 http://www.brevini.com info@brevini.com


Engineering and simulation of mechatronic systems 1d solutions to any engineering problem BSIM ENGINEERING started since passion of its founders for 1D simulation, with over 10 years of experience. We gained our competences through numerous engineering projects, having supported customers from the earliest stages of product assessment to complex consultancy in 1D fluid dynamics, thermal, mechatronics and automation. BSIM is based in Turin, Italy, and is activealloverItalythankstoaPartnerandAreaManagernetwork., assuringacontinuous and fast Customer support. BSIM is also a technical partner of LMS International and distributes LMS Imagine.Lab AMESim in Italy: this is a comprehensive software package that allows for 1D simulation to model and analyze multidomain intelligent systems and predict their performance, thanks to more than 4500 mathematical models and 25 years of research and development. Model components are described using validated analytical models which represent the behaviour of hydraulic, pneu- matic, electrical, thermal or mechanical system. 1D-multidomain simulation software LMSImagine.Lab AMESim Consulting and technology-transfer for our customers, training Over 10 years of experience in the fields of hydraulics, thermal management, electro-mechanics and automation 25 years of sw development thanks to over 800 worldwide consulting projects Industrial collaborations and partnership with relevant university research centres Over 4500 validated mathematical models that offer solutions for automotive, aeronautics, shipbuilding e industrial fields BSIM ENGINEERING offers a unique portfolio of solutions and swsimulation environment for mechatronic design. BSIM is a reference point for many companies in Italy, thanks to the 1D simulation with AMESim: this sw is known and used since more than 15 years in our region by leading companies in the automotive, aerospace and industrial fields.

BSim Srl Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, 32 • 10123 Torino Tel./Fax +39 349 7263031 www.bsim.it • info@bsim.it


The Industrial Net

Who we are Reggio Emilia Innovazione S.c.a.r.l. (REI) was founded in 2003 by Chamber of Commerce, Province and Municipality of Reggio Emilia, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and Local Entrepreneurs Associations. The purpose was supporting the companies in their innovation paths, by taking care of Science and Technology Transfer, Industrial Research and Technological Services . REI is Centre for Innnovation, Laboratory for Industrial Research and Technology Transfer of Emilia Romagna High Technology Network (HTN). In particular is the portal of the Technopole of Reggio Emilia. HTN consists of 10 Technopoles throughout the regional territory, where industrial research laboratories, innovation centres, new technolo gy businesses incubators, structures for technology transfer, and research laboratories for companies will be installed. The foundamental goals of HTN will be the support to companies networking, the development of competitive benefits at district level, the shift “from productive districts to technological districts”, the creation of structured co-operations with the research system and the promotion of new innovative enterprises. The Mission Innovation, research and technology transfer are REI keywords to make services available to all enterprises. In particular we have the following three main targets Supporting the innovation processes of the companies in the Province of Reggio Emilia, by promoting the communication and the collaboration between University/Research, Province board and the Industry; Promoting and valorising the competences of the research carrying out activities aimed at science and technology transfer of innovative technologies. Partecipating and contributing to national and international projects aimed at improving the science and technology transfer networks. The Activities Innovation & Technology Transfer: as support to company innovation processes and to the valorisation of research laboratories’ competences Industrial Research: REI has five laboratories (EMC–FPM-HMI–Energy control-Energy power ) where it performs directly research in electromagnetic compatibility, fluid power, human machine interface, power and battery management systems for automotive and mechatronics. Technological Support: as consultant and verification tester of innovative products at its own laboratories

Human Machine Interface Laboratory

Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Laboratories

Endurance Laboratory


…the Technology Group today “An innovative and internationally leading provider of hydraulic systems and controls, providing specialised know-how and advanced technical capabilities by our leading Competence Centers”

video Bucher

video slide show se non viene una schifezza del pdf


The Industrial Net

Headquarters: CASAPPA S.p.A. 43044 Lemignano di Collecchio - Parma (Italy) - Via Balestrieri, 1 Tel.: + 39 0521 304111 - Fax: + 39 0521 804600 www.casappa.com info@casappa.com

Consolidated Turnover 2011: 101 Mil (78% Export) Forecast Turnover 2012: 113 Mil Number of Employees Worldwide 2011: 641 Quality is one of our absolute goals: that’s why all of Casappa products are thoroughly tested with constant monitoring including data analysis and traceability.

video Casappa

Further, specific tests on machines are performed in the field to verify the effectiveness of the products in their actual environment. Casappa is worldwide recognized as a highly specialized manufacturer of hydraulic components: Hydraulic gear pumps and motors Fixed and variable displacement axial piston pumps and motors Hydraulic filters

Our passion for high performance in hydraulics drives us. Constant evolution and passion for hydraulics. This is the key leading Casappa since 1952 into today’s business enterprise. The holding company “Finrel”, owned by the Casappa family, has direct control over 9 subsidiary companies, and is also a stake holder of Walvoil and its related companies operating in the same line of business. Thanks to the services and skills of our workforce and to investments made in research and development, we are able, with a wide range of products synergistically combined to the solutions proposed by the partner Walvoil, to design and produce the main hydraulic components for several sector applications: constructions, industrial vehicles, material handling, agriculture, forestry and industry. Further great advantages of energy saving are allowed by the new variable displacement products with on board electro-hydraulics controls. These controls interact with the engine leading to a complete system optimization. We listen to and work with our customers, from the development of a new idea to after-sales service, worldwide. Thanks to the use of the most modern design engineering, simulation and lab testing technologies, we are ready to quickly adapt our offer in order to meet market and customer demands. From the beginning we are oriented to the research and the development of new products, to the optimization of production processes and to the promotion of technical innovation; we began to cooperate with University research center in 1964. In the last ten years we have invested more than 3,5% turnover per year in R&D activities, which are considered strategic.


video Walvoil

Our world is driven by passion, innovation and togetherness Walvoil as we see it today, is based on the same set of values as defined at its very inception. Over nearly forty years in business, we have strongly contributed to the growth of the hydraulic sector and turned passion, knowhow and values into actual expertise, offering support to our customers worldwide. Comprehensive solutions, flexible manufacturing and customized products are our daily commitment to provide on-going performance and control enhancement, for mobile machinery and equipment. We achieve this through in-depth market knowledge, environmental consciousness and concern for cultural differences, with a view of building and sharing an increasingly fairer and more sustainable development. Talents and ideas serving innovation. At Walvoil we are aware of the strategic and key role played by Research & Development investments. For this reason, in the last years we have allocated 4 Million Euros of our resources to new innovative research projects, to the optimization of existing projects and to explore a new frontier: mechatronics. These investments would not be so effective if we could not count on talented, skilled and motivated people. A team of 52 engineers employed in Italy and other 12 in the various Walvoil’s branches worldwide, are our resources. Energy Saving Our R&D teams are pursuing a 4-year product plan with basic innovation on Energy Savings including: • Load Sensing Directional Valves • Smart open centres systems with electronic controls • Motion Control Valves with selectable working conditions.


The Industrial Net

The main savings will come from the capability to manage the whole system. That’s why Walvoil offers subsystems and modules optimized for energy consumption and our R&D works closely with our partner company Casappa (pumps and filters manufacturer). Moreover, several components have being redesigned in order to reduce pressure drops caused by oil flow. Our Electronics for Safety and better Control We pursue automotive control innovation by developing specific electronic components - sensors, human interfaces, electronic control units, etc. – that in conjunction with our hydraulic products are due to satisfy new functions not existing yet. The software we develop will allow our electro-hydraulic components to integrate in the vehicle network (CANbus, CANopen, SAE J1939, ISOBUS). Projects becoming innovation ‘Executive’ core of the R&D area, the Walvoil Test Department is in charge of all Walvoil’s experimental activities from functional to reliability tests for new products, validation of new materials and processes, applications on customers’ vehicles and competitor analysis. Thanks to its skills and testing capabilities in hydraulics and mechatronics, from Dec. 2011 Walvoil Test Department is part of the regional network of certified labs (“Emilia-Romagna High-Tech Network”), belonging to the “Mechanic & Materials Platform”. As part of the network, we can offer test services to all kind of industries. We are partners, we operate in co-design Our products are part of an integrated offer dedicated to all mobile machinery and equipment: • Directional control valves • Control Valves • Pilot and control devices • Hydraulic integrated circuits (HICs) The world is our market “Customer focus” is the aim that Walvoil has been pursuing since its early beginning. That’s why it has been investing without pause on its branches and its presence close to its customers worldwide. Walvoil Fluid Power Australasia, Brazil China, India, Korea, France and Usa are the subsidiaries providing effective services on the main International markets together with a Master Distributors sales network. Intuition and togetherness, the authors of our results

Sales 2010*

Sales 2011*

Walvoil Spa: WFP (branches total): Consolidated Sales:

85 32,70 96

121,50 47,60 136,50

2010**

2011**

760 210 970

824 308 1132

*(in million of Euro) Walvoil Spa: WFP (branches total): Total personnel wwide: **Personnel

Headquarters: WALVOIL S.p.A. 42124 Reggio Emilia (Italy) - Via Adige, 13/D Tel. +39.0522.932411 - Fax +39.0522.300984 www.walvoil.com


The Industrial Net

video Adapco

CD-adapco: Engineering Success CD-adapco’s purpose is to inspire innovation while reducing customer costs through the application of engineering simulation Our purpose is to ensure the customer’s success through the use of engineering simulation Enable & inspire innovation Reduce engineering time & costs We provide successful engineering simulation solutions Software products like STAR-CCM+ that are accurate, efficient, and easy to use Flow, Thermal and Stress simulation in a single tool. Local dedicated support Engineering services: technology transfer, burst engineering resources, custom software tools We are a growing and successful engineering simulation company 20% growth in FY2011 global software sales $138m End User Spend in fiscal year 2011 >500 employees in ~25 offices 40% of employees involved in Research and Development activities >8000 users worldwide Our independence breeds engineering success Largest independent CAE/CFD provider Heavily invest in employees Continuously invest in development of new technology


CD-adapco FY2011 Industry Sector Breakdown

Global Locations

STAR-CCM+ Multiphysics 3D engineering simulation platform: Flow, Thermal, Stress, Electromagnetism

Customers from Across the Industry


The Industrial Net

ITI GmbH - Company Profile Founded in 1990, ITI is now one of the leading software and engineering companies for system simulation. SimulationX is our multi-domain simulation tool for the physical modeling and dynamic analysis of complex fluid technical systems with transparent and customizable models and libraries for the fields of mechanics, multi-body systems, power transmission, hydraulics, pneumatics, controls, thermal, thermodynamic, magnetic and electronics. Amongst others we support our customers in: the modeling of hydraulic-mechanical components and systems the design of virtual prototypes Hardware-in-the-loop and Software-in-the-loop simulation the optimization of energy-efficient drives for mobile machines and vehicles the dimensioning of machine controls. SimulationX offers various interfaces to other CAD/CAE programs and supports Modelica® language. The software is applied by more than 700 well-known companies, such as ACE, Baker Hughes, Bosch Rexroth, Buerkert, Cameron, ETO Magnetic, HAWE, Hänchen, Hitachi, Husky, KYB, Moog, Norgren, Eugen Seitz, Rausch & Pausch, Schuler, CNH, Liebherr, Siemens, ThermoFisher, ThyssenKrupp and Voith Hydro. SimulationX is also widely used in academic and research worldwide. Overview graphic of our SimulationX libraries and our supported industries

For further information please visit www.simulationx.com

Contact

ITI GmbH Webergasse 1 C/2 D-01067 Dresden Tel: +49 351.260 50 – 0 Fax: +49 351.260 50 – 155 Email: info@itisim.com Web: www.itisim.com

Handling system with pneumatic suction sup and pneumatic drives

Axial piston pump

Simulation of a handling system with pneumatic suction cup and pneumatic drives


video Tecnord

Company Profile Our Quality Policy Since 1982, the perception of the potential benefits derivIdentification of Customer needs and requirements, both ing from the integration oh Hydraulics and Electronics, has stated and implied, to ensure that Customer been guiding our choices towards the development of innovative Product lines that have become widely accepted Design of innovative, cost effective products to satisfy Customer needs and requirements Standards in the Hydraulic Industry With two manufacturing Locations in Modena-Italy and Rockford, Illinois-USA as well as strong International Distribution network in visrtually every corner of the world, we can assure focus on your pojects for a perfect balance of preliminary estimate, problem solving and production roll-out

Continuous Improvement Programs Value Imporvement Program First-Pass Qualification Rate Corrective Action Team Lab Product Audits

Internal Quality System Audits Customer Feedback Returned Goods Analysis On-Time Delivery Performance

Adherence to manufacturing processes that will ensure compliance with all design and performance specifications Verification of the performance and dependability of all Product

Meeting your Needs Tecnord is proficient in design and manufacture of cutting edge Products and Systems. Our Products are extremely rugged and versatile and find use in large Construction Equipment as well as Medical Devices. We supply some of the biggest names in the mobile markets. So whenever your projects require electro-hydraulics that help turn, dig, haul, shift or lock, Tecnord Producst and Systems are ready to enhance efficiency, productivity and safety of your equipment.


The Industrial Net

About the Group A simple sentence can explain the philosophy that inspires the activity of the group Tecniche Nuove: more weight to the specific. Tecniche Nuove has always believed in specialism and has always worked in order to give him voice, culture, interchange... strenght. Of course, strenght, because an adequate information, finalized to the promotion of the contacts between offer and demand of technology can constitute an effective instrument of growth. Founded in Milan in 1960 by publishing specialized magazines, Tecniche Nuove has then modified and extended its structure, has achieved the new instruments of communication, has overcome the limit of the “unique media”, has widened its field of presence and intervention... but has always been faithful to its “mission”.

ISSN 1122-5017 - Mensile - Anno LIII - Poste Italiane SpA - Sped. in abbonamento postale - D.L. 353/2003 (conv. in L. 27/02/2004 n. 46) art. 1, comma 1, DCB Milano

5 maggio 2012

applicazioni

Idroformatura di tubi e lamiere ad alta pressione

La parola all’azienda Schemi pneumatici a portata di click

anniversario

Trent’anni di attività, guardando al futuro

Today even the numbers give reason to this choice: 88 510.800 1.280.250 800 35 13 6.750 450.000 15 20

specialized magazines copies each month contacts each month books in the catalogue thematic series fairs expositors visitors congresses websites

This numbers represent, better than any other argumentation, the leadership of Tecniche Nuove in the field of industrial information and give also an idea of which number of opportunities are at the disposal of each company in order to give around one’s own message. With all its specialized magazines, the technical publications, the area exhibitions and with thousands of aimed ventures, Tecniche Nuove is today able to give voice and visibility to thousands of big, medium and small companies that find in its coordinated media an important instrument, often unique, in order to reach with power to one’s own public of reference and even to find new spaces that has not been considered before. After 50 years of activity and an important trend of growth, Tecniche Nuove can assert with pride that it has contributed to the growth of the “specific weight” of many industrial areas.

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o il nuov LUID, o PNEUF disegn i d a ta gramm omple


6 giugno 2012

ISSN 1126 2737

Bimestrale - Anno LII - N° 3 - Maggio 2012 - Poste Italiane SpA - Sped. in abbonamento postale D. L. 353/2003 (con. in L. 27/02/04 n.46) art. 1, comma 1, DCB Milano

iSSn 1126-3377 - Mensile - Anno XXXiii - Poste italiane SpA - Sped. in abbonamento postale - D.L 353/2003 (conv. in L. 27/02/2004 n. 46) - art. 1, comma 1, DCB Milano

06

ISSN 0392-4823 - Mensile - Anno XXXII - Spedizione in abbonamento postale - D.L. 353/2003 (conv. in L. 27/02/2004 n.46) art. 1 comma 1, DCB Milano)

ORGANO UFFICIALE

it’s natural

it’s Vuototecnica

INTERVISTA

Il cuore dell’informazione quantistica

pag. 4

I computer del futuro useranno i fotoni – la luce – per funzionare e non più gli elettroni.

Carlo Maria Rozzi de Hieronymis

I

n collaborazione con alcune aziende emiliane ho di recente messo a punto un dispositivo oleodinamico che genera alta pressione e ha il pregio di miniaturizzare attrezzature già esistenti. Si tratta di una variante di una tecnologia nota e tuttavia è una sfida alla legge della non compenetrazione dei corpi, vale a dire riuscire a far stare tutto dove prima era solo una parte del tutto. L’idea e la forma risolutiva hanno dimostrato già da tempo di essere validi, ma la battaglia dell’affidabilità è lungi dall’essere vinta. Recentemente discutevo con uno dei responsabili del progetto di come debba essere possibile ottenere una pulizia accurata, dopo lavorazione di foratura profonda, senza affidarsi esclusivamente alla capacità delle maestranze e immediatamente il discorso ha imboccato una strada diversa e più generale. Non è possibile dicevamo vincere sui mercati internazionali la battaglia dei costi mantenendo la “way of life” cui l’Italia si è abituata. Però nessuno di noi può più accettare uno stile di vita orientato solo al lavoro. E’ vero inoltre che il made in Italy si è distinto nel dopoguerra per la qualità oltre che lo stile dei prodotti. Non possiamo e non dobbiamo dunque di fronte alla crisi cercare la facile strada dello scadimento della qualità, della riduzione dei costi a scapito della affidabilità del prodotto. L’esempio di altri partner europei che vendono prodotti migliori dei nostri a prezzi maggiori ci dovrebbe essere di esempio. Non esiste una via di mezzo fra la qualità del prodotto tedesco e di quello cinese, il nostro obiettivo deve essere comunque e sempre l’eccellenza.

LIVELLO

TECNICA

“Primi passi” di un refrigeratore

Pick and place, smistamento, pallettizzazione e affini richiedono sistemi rapidi e precisi.

Le fasi di collaudo di un chiller con compressore a vite controllato da inverter integrato.

pag. 14

MANUTENZIONE

Qualità dei materiali e corretta installazione allungano la vita ai cuscinetti

I

l cuscinetto è il cuore della macchina e ogni cuscinetto ha un’aspettativa di vita precalcolata. Tuttavia, ricerche industriali mostrano che, per diversi motivi, non tutti i cuscinetti raggiungono il loro ciclo di vita ottimale – comportando tempi d’inattività e sostituzione di parti che potrebbero essere facilmente evitati seguendo una corretta e semplice installazione e una manutenzione di routine. Senza dubbio la chiave di volta, per massimizzare la vita di un cuscinetto, è la selezione di un prodotto di elevata qualità e con alte specifiche fin dall’inizio. L’acciaio usato per i componenti dei cuscinetti dovrebbe idealmente combinare alti livelli di purezza con buona temprabilità, alta resistenza a fatica di contatto a rotazione e alta resistenza all’usura. Negli ultimi anni si è assistito a sviluppi efficaci nei materiali usati per i cuscinetti industriali. Alcune

1

07/05/12

inCHiESTA La cura giusta? Precisione spinta

APPLiCAZioni Quando la tavola fa la differenza

ASSOCIAZIONE ITALIANA PROGETTISTI INDUSTRIALI

giugno 2012

15:31

Primo piano Scopriamo tutti i pro e i contro del Cloud Computing e cosa ne pensano le più note software house

14/02/12 12:48

pag. 20

■ EDITORIALE

Uno stile di vita dedicato all’eccellenza

RifO1_63x88.indd 1

Manipolazione ad alta velocità

082.R Cop_MU_Tebas_AV1.pdf

FLUID Trasmissioni di Potenza – Maggio 2012

ATTUALITÀ

PRoDuZionE Lean production: qualche idea

LAVoRAZioni Criogenia: uno stato dell’arte

3

Sviluppo prodotto Una procedura di calcolo permette di prevedere l’effetto d’intaglio nei componenti sollecitati a fatica

Materiali Col cold spray è possibile riparare elementi danneggiati: un caso applicativo

1

aziende hanno portato avanti lo sviluppo di acciai ultra-puliti per gli anelli e gli elementi rotanti dei cuscinetti che, quando combinati con trattamenti termici appropriati, hanno mostrato di allungare la resistenza alla fatica da rotolamento dei cuscinetti – spesso anche di molte volte a rispetto agli acciai degassati. I più moderni cuscinetti sono prodotti con acciaio al cromo con alto tenore di carbonio che sono degassati a vuoto e contengono solo minime parti di inclusioni non metalliche. I cuscinetti moderni sono generalmente trattati termicamente per migliorare la durezza dell’acciaio, mentre leghe come cromo, molibdeno e nichel, aggiunte al mix acciaio/carbonio assicurano che la durezza sia uniforme in tutto il componente, quindi eliminando aree di debolezza. Pag. 24

C

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CONNESSIONE

SICURA

controlliamo ogni vibrazione

Dialoghi sensoriali

PRESSIONE TEMPERATURA POSIZIONE VELOCITÀ FLUSSO

EUROSWITCH S.r.l. via provinciale, 15 25057 Sale Marasino (BS) Italy Tel. +39 030 986549 Fax +39 030 9824202 info@euroswitch.it www.euroswitch.it

MU_2012_006_COP@001.indd 3

Euroswitch progetta e produce sensori per ogni tipologia applicativa in grado di fornire risposte affidabili in ogni condizioni di esercizio. Euroswitch produce con sistema di qualità UNI EN ISO 9001-2008 e di gestione ambientale UNI EN ISO 14001-2004.

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The Industrial Net

Organization & Media Partner Santimone srl is a firm specialized in meetings and events organization and tecnhical support. For the The 7th FPNI PhD SYMPOSIUM on FLUID POWER, Santimone srl was envolved on a wide range of different jobs: from the secretariat organization, to the production of all graphic and communication items; from the audiovideo and lighting system on site during the conference meetings, to the accomodation and receptionist services. In partnership with Gluemedialab, ha curato l’edizione e la pubblicazione di questa ezine a supporto e corredo del convegno.

www.santimone.com mail: info@santimone.com www..gluemedialab..com mail: info@gluemedialab.com


The Events

Welcome Event Casappa - Walvoil Gala Dinner at Golf Club Matilde di Canossa Concert Carmina Burana Cena Filippini Cultural Programme


Welcome Event Casappa Walvoil

video welcome walvoil

Welcome. It is a real pleasure for our company to welcome all the participants attending the 7th FPNI PhD Symposium. Casappa and Walvoil, partners since the early beginning of their activities are strongly involved in education, longlife training and R&D. That’s the reason why are really pleased and proud to welcome you all sharing our experiences in Hydraulics and Mechatronics and opening the doors of Walvoil Test Department, recently developed and already part of a regional network of high-tech certificated labs. Our technicians and researchers will be at your disposal for any question or information about both our activities and products. Hope our ‘welcome event’ will help to transfer the spirit of the area as well, well known for its attitude to hospitality, authenticity and togetherness. Without forgetting the pleasures of life: good food and good drinks. Wish you will be part of the group! Enjoy your stay in Reggio Emilia and the richness of ideas the Symposium will certainly offer!

Headquarters:

Headquarters:

CASAPPA S.p.A. 43044 Lemignano di Collecchio - Parma (Italy) - Via Balestrieri, 1 Tel. +39.0521.304111 - Fax +39.0521.804600 www.casappa.com

WALVOIL S.p.A. 42124 Reggio Emilia (Italy) - Via Adige, 13/D Tel. +39.0522.932411 - Fax +39.0522.300984 www.walvoil.com

Worldwide: • Casappa Corp (U.S.A.) • Casappa GmbH (Germany) • Casappa Sarl (France) • Casappa Hydraulics LLc (Korea) • Casappa Hydraulics Co., Ltd (China)

Worldwide: • Walvoil Fluid • Walvoil Fluid • Walvoil Fluid • Walvoil Fluid • Walvoil Fluid

Power Power Power Power Power

Australasia Pty. Ltd Do Brasil (Shangai) Company Limited France (India) Pvt. Ltd.


The Events Gala Dinner at Golf Club Matilde di Canossa

video slideshow foto Gala

Amidst the rich context of the magnificent Matilda territories you will discover the Matilde di Canossa Golf, Spa & Hotel Resort, a unique location combining relaxation and wellness, sport and culture. A prestigious Hotel, with a Spa and exclusive residence village, here it is possible to stay far from the stress of the city, surrounded only by first-class services. Right next door to the village is the Matilde Golf Club which, with its 18 holes, 72 par and equipped with Driving Range, Putting and Pitching Green, offers players superb hospitality in an elegant and peaceful setting. The location chosen for celebrating the 7th FPNI Gala Dinner is the Restaurant Il Concilio, a beautiful place where you can savour and experience the delicious cuisine of Reggio Emilia: the experience and creativity of the cooks combine together with a magical setting in order to pamper and delight your palate. Il Concilio is specialized in high quality food that interprets tradition, innovation and internationality. A rich dinner along with an entertainment program awaits you in an elegant atmosphere!


Concerto Carmina Burana

video slideshow foto concerto

The chorus of the University of Modena

and Reggio Emilia formed in October 2001. The chorus was born as cultural activity promoted by the students themselves in order to enable youth socialization and gathering and to develop the local culture through musical expression, both instrumental and vocal ones. Since April 2002 the chorus is officially a cultural and student association with various participants also among professors and staff members og the university. The chorus has 101 members, divided in six vocal sections: SOPRANOS MEZZO-SOPRANOS CONTRALTOS TENORS BARITONES BASSES

The orchestra

FLAUTO TRAVERSO OBOE CLARINETTO SAX TENORE SAX CONTRALTO VIOLINO VIOLA VIOLONCELLO CHITARRE BASSO ACUSTICO PERCUSSIONI MISTE PIANOFORTE THE CHAMBER ORCHESTRA Soloist SOPRANO MEZZOSOPRANO MEZZOSOPRANO

WHO CAN JOIN THE CHORUS? Federica Chiappori Francesca Leasi Silvia Orlandini, Krzysztof Krzyzewski Patrick Nava Alessandro Codeluppi Giulia Malagoli Alessandro Cannizzaro Davide Berselli Gaia Ferri Luca Cattani Gianluca Pantaleoni Adriano Lasagni, Lorenzo Rotteglia Andrea Gualtieri, Elisa Montipò Federica Chiappori Costanza Gallo Martina Belli Keely Rodhes

All the students of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; All the professors of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; All the staff members of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Any other music and singing fan Per further informations contact Antonella Coppi [coppi.antonella@unimore.it] or Letizia Musto [musto.letizia@unimo.it].


The Events The historical Filippini’s Restaurant,

video slideshow foto Cena Filippini

Immersed in the green hills close to the ancient castle of Montericco which offers an unforgettable panorama, awaits you!


Cultural Programme Cultural Programme for Accompanying Persons The cultural programme, which is still to be confirmed, requires registration (minimum number of participants must be met).

Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Discovering Reggio Emilia Tricolore Room / Tricolore Museum / Basilica of Saint Prospero / Magnani Palace In the morning, a short shuttle bus ride will take you from the “Pietro Manodori� Auditorium to the Tricolore Room and the Tricolore Museum. For those who love the Tricolor and all that it has represented in the modern history of the Italian country, the Tricolore Room in Reggio Emilia will become a mandatory destination. A visit to the Tricolore Room and the annex Tricolore Museum is absolutely necessary for discovering the true spirit of the city, a rebellious side that fought to rid itself of ancient servitude and to gain control of its future, a future of freedom and equality. The Italian flag was created in Reggio Emilia on January 7, 1797. That day, representatives from the four cities of Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna and Ferrara met in a Congress proposed by Giuseppe Compagnoni, and they officially adopted the red, white and green tricolor as the national banner of the Cispadane Republic, the new state created under the protection of the French army. This historic meeting took place inside the Municipal Palace, in the great room with splendid neoclassical architecture, which was built between 1772 and 1787, following a plan by Lodovico Bolognini, to house the general archives of the Duchy. Later the great room would be named the Congress Room and then the Tricolore Room. Now it is the headquarters of the Municipal Board and of the most important civil events of the city. Near the historic Room, the Tricolore Museum documents with innovative historiographical criteria the historical and political context in which the Italian flag came to be. Along with historic documents, there are also modern audio-visual instruments which make reading the documents easier. The exhibition on the Risorgimento in Italy has two parallel themes: the history of the national flag, from its origins to the independence and unification of the country, and the history of the political happenings in Reggio Emilia, from the creation

La Sala del Tricolore - Comune di Reggio Emilia Foto di Gianluca Tanferri

Musei civici - Comune di Reggio Emilia Foto di Gianluca Tanferri


The Events

of the Reggiana Republic in 1796 to the documentation of the aid offered by Reggio Emilia’s people in the battle for national liberation. “Reggio Emilia today is not only the Capital of the Tricolor, but also a vital central part – through conviction and passion – of the effort to reinforce and re-launch the historic heritage of national Unity”. (G. Napolitano – January 7, 2011 – during the 150th celebration of Italy’s Unification). In the afternoon, we will visit the Basilica of Saint Prospero, an ancient church consecrated in 997 and dedicated to Bishop Prospero, proclaimed Holy Protector of the town. It was completely rebuilt in the 15th century and the façade dates back to the 17th century. The Basilica and tower of San Prospero form an extraordinary scenic background when entering the town's most characteristic square where the traditional market takes place (Tuesday and Friday in the morning). When filled with stalls the space enclosed between the Cathedral apse, and the façades and arcades of sober palaces are brought alive. The interior of the Basilica is arranged in three naves in a Latin cross with a large dome. In the absidal bowl-shaped vault you can see the series of frescoes by Camillo Procaccini (artist from Bologna) depicting the "Last Judgement". With its refined craftsmanship, the valuable wooden choir stall (by the De Venetiis brothers in 1546), inlaid with country scenes, still lifes, city scenes, constitutes a masterpiece in the art of inlaying and marquetry which developed in Reggio Emilia from the middle of the 1400s. Six large columniferous lions from the beginning of the 1500s decorate the parvis, forming a valuable single group; they are attributed to Gaspare Bigi. And then, a visit to the Magnani Palace, today seat of exhibitions and events, where you can see a Reggio landmark, a Renaissance sculpture of two-faced Janus, looking in the past and future from his post on a corner of a palace. Meeting Point: 8.30, foyer of the “Pietro Manodori” Auditorium Lunch: 13.00 - 14.00, foyer “Pietro Manodori” Auditorium Returning: 17.00

La statua del Crostolo in Piazza Prampolini - Comune di Reggio Emilia Foto di Gianluca Tanferri


Cultural Programme Cultural Programme for Accompanying Persons The cultural programme, which is still to be confirmed, requires registration (minimum number of participants must be met).

Thursday, June 28, 2012 Matilde of Canossa’s Lands Bismantova Stone / Canossa Castle / Bianello Castle Departure for the municipality of Castelnuovo ne’ Monti where you will be welcomed by the incredible Bismantova Stone, a single block of sandstone with a flat top and sheer sides smoothed by 30 million years of erosion, mentioned by Dante Alighieri in the 4th Canto of the Purgatory. Just over 1000 meters in height, the Stone seems impossible to climb but is in fact the favorite training ground of Emilia’s mountain climbers, so path and many rock-climbing routes run through it. Then we carry on with a visit to the Canossa castle, one of the main fortresses of Countess Matilde’s defensive system. Canossa has been the scene of a particularly memorable medieval episode, the meeting between Pope Gregory VII and the emperor Henry IV at the castle of the countess Matilde. All that remains of the castle is a tower and the crypt of the fifteenth-century temple of Sant’Apollonio. Yet the few ruins clinging to a white rock remain a precious piece of the past and provide a plausible setting for the historic episode. Coming back to Reggio Emilia, stop in Quattro Castella. Forming an incredible natural setting, Mounts Zane, Lucio, Bianello and Vetro, all more or less the same height. On the four heights the Canossa family built as many fortresses starting from the 10th century – three of them are ruins, while Bianello Castle still exists in its seventeenth-century form of an aristocratic residence. Bianello, one of Matilde’s favorite residences, was the place where she received the investiture of the imperial vicar in 1111 – her coronation is marked by a magnificent commemoration of the historical event in which 600 walk-ons in medieval costumes take part, that takes place every years the last Sunday of May. Meeting Point: 8.30, foyer of the “Pietro Manodori” Auditorium. Lunch at “La Lanterna” Returning: 17.30

La Pietra di Bismantova Foto di Gianluca Tanferri


The Events

Castello di Rossena e la Rossenella - Comune di Canossa Archivio Fotografico della Provincia di Reggio Emilia

Canossa (veduta interna) - Comune di Canossa Foto di Giuseppe Maria Codazzi


Cultural Programme Cultural Programme for Accompanying Persons The cultural programme, which is still to be confirmed, requires registration (minimum number of participants must be met).

Friday, June 29, 2012 Visiting Mantua and Sigurtà Gardens The Ducal Palace / The Te Palace / Sigurtà Gardens The morning is dedicated to the discovery of Mantua. We begin by visiting the Ducal Palace, the main residence of the Gonzaga family, lords, marquises and finally Dukes of the city. The palace was built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy. The buildings are connected by corridors and galleries and are enriched by inner courts and wide gardens. The complex includes some 500 rooms and occupies an area of c. 34,000 m². Although most famous for Mantegna’s frescos in the Camera degli Sposi (Wedding Room), they have many other very significant architectural and painted elements. The Gonzaga family lived in the palace from 1328 to 1707, when the dynasty died out. Subsequently, the buildings saw a sharp decline, which was halted in the 20th century with a continuing process of restoration and the designation of the area as museum. In 1998, a hidden room was discovered by Palace scholars, led by musicologist Paula Bezzutti. The room is thought to have been used for performances of Monteverdi’s music in the late 16th century. Then, we move on to one of the most beautiful villas in Italy and a masterpiece of the Mannerism: the Te Palace, a square building, constructed by Giulio Romano between 1525 and 1535, as a suburban residence for Federico II Gonzaga. The four exterior façades have flat pilasters against rusticated walls, the fenestration indicating that the piano nobile is on the ground floor with a secondary floor above. The East façade differs from the other three by having Palladian motifs on its pilaster and an open loggia at its centre rather than an arch to the courtyard. The facades are not as symmetrical as they appear, and the spans between the columns are

Mantova Palazzo Ducale pianta

Mantova Palazzo Ducale interno


The Events irregular. The centre of the North and South facades are pierced by two-storey arches without portico or pediment, simply a covered way leading to the interior courtyard. Few windows overlook the inner courtyard (“cortile”); the colonnaded walls are decorated on all sides by deep niches and blind windows, and the intervening surfaces are spattered by ‘spezzato’ (broken and blemished plaster) giving life and depth to the surfaces. Once the shell of the building was completed, for ten years a team of plasterers, carvers and fresco painters labored, until barely a surface in any of the loggias or salons remained undecorated. Under Giulio Romano’s direction, local decorative painters such as Benedetto Pagni and Rinaldo Mantovano worked extensively on the frescos. These frescoes remain today and are the most remarkable feature of the Palazzo. The subjects range from Olympian banquets in the Room of Psyche and stylized horses in the Horses salon to the most unusual of all — giants and grotesques wreaking havoc, fury and ruin around the walls of the Giant’s Room. In the afternoon, visit of one of the most beautiful gardens in the world: the Sigurtà Gardens that extend over 125 acres at the edge of the moraine hills that form the southern border of the Garda Lake, just 8 kilometers from the town of Peschiera. They began life as the “brolo” or walled garden (1617) of the Villa Maffei, designed by V. Pellesina, a student of Palladio, and in 1859 became for a time the headquarters of Napoleon III. Through over forty years of loving care, Carlo Sigurtà, benefiting from an ancient right to draw water from the river Mincio below, performed the miracle of turning an arid hillside into luxurious greenery. The plans for the existing park where then laid down by his grandson Enzo Sigurtà. The park and gardens opened their gates to the public in 1978 and from then its conservation has been due in great part to the love of its visitors who have found it to be a true temple to nature itself. The Sigurtà Gardens are now considered one of the most beautiful gardens in the world and they can be toured on foot, by bike, or aboard the panoramic train which transports passengers along the 7km long “Itinerario degli Incanti” route. Meeting Point: 8.30, foyer of the “Pietro Manodori” Auditorium. Lunch at “Masseria Restaurant” Returning: 17.30-18.00 Mantova Palazzo Ducale



FPNI 2012