What is Malocclusion?
Malocclusion is a dental disorder that consists of a misalignment of the teeth. In normal conditions, dental arches are the result of teeth in side-by-side contact that forms a smooth curve; in this sense, maxillary teeth should contact mandibular teeth in such a way that masticatory forces are well distributed. When few teeth withstand these forces, they are prone to malformations, suffering abnormal wear.
RPA Summer 2020
Causes A mismatch between jaw and teeth (size and structure) due to skeletal disharmony of the face. Congenital causesB ad oral habits such as thumb-sucking and specific tongue movements Fractures in the jawMissing teethExtra teeth and abnormally shaped teeth
Effects Immediate effects of malocclusion include breathing issues, deterioration of heating and humidification, and inadequate filtering of the air that enters through the nose. This issue leads to the consequent irritation of the pharyngeal mucosa. Another effect of malocclusion can be anemia produced by a reduced amount of oxygen in the breathing system.
On the other hand, acute malocclusion problems are evident when the overall appearance of the face is altered. Also, in many cases, malocclusion creates speech problems such as a lisp. 17
Treatmments MALOCCLUSION REQUIRES DENTAL INTERVENTION SUCH AS SURGERY OR ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES. IT IS ESSENTIAL TO CORRECT THIS MALFORMATION NOT ONLY BECAUSE OF AESTHETIC REASONS BUT ALSO HEALTH NEEDS. THE BENEFITS OF TREAT MALOCCLUSION RESULT IN MORE RESISTANCE TO CARIES AND THE PREVENTION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE AND TOOTH FRACTURE.
Among children, severe malocclusion affects their self-perception and their relationship with their peers. For this reason, the primary prevention in dental practice aims at the promotion of normal dental development, from childhood to healthy adulthood.
RPA Summer 2020
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