buffalo - ithaca - rochester - syracuse
The horticultural hinge Whatever happened to Jackson & Perkins? A mystery grows at Chimney Bluffs FREE
Volume Eighteen, Issue Six November-December 2012
upstate gardenersâ€™ journal - 3200 east avenue - caledonia, new york 14423
Tis the Season We sell fresh cut Christmas trees, one of our most renewable resources. For every tree harvested, three seedling trees are planted in its place. For the next 10 years or so they cycle your air, provide shelter for assorted creatures and control soil erosion. Our fresh trees also provide all of the great smelling greens we use to hand craft our own wreaths. We are making fresh wreaths everyday throughout the season to ensure the longevity of your holiday decorations. There are a wide range of sizes, from petite individual window wreaths, to the estate size you’ll want to hang on the barn. Our traditional door size wreaths are lush and full and can be purchased as is or custom decorated. Fresh trees are also purposed for custom, green decora-tion indoors; wonderful arrangements, mantel pieces, garlands, door swags and more. All of these are biodegradable and can be safely thrown in your own compost to continue the cycle. Want to do one simple thing to be green this season? Shop local and get a real tree and wreath! Bring in your copy of the Upstate Gardeners’ Journal and we will give you $5.00 off any “living material” purchase valued over $20.00 Merry Christmas and Happy New Year with a special thank you to all of our loyal customers, we are ever so grateful and will continue to do our best for you each season. —Steven & Kathy Kepler and the Staff at Sara’s
30+ year Mission!
It is our greatest desire to provide our customers with top quality, well-grown plant material at a fair and honest price. We will strive to provide an unmatched selection of old favorites and underused, hard-to-find items, along with the newest varieties on the market. We will eagerly share our horticultural knowledge gained from years of education and experience. Lastly, we offer all this in a spirit of fun and lightheartedness.
Sara’s Garden Center | 389 East Ave. | Brockport 14420 | 585-637-4745
Publisher/Editor: Jane F. Milliman Art Direction: Dean S. Milliman Managing EDITOR: Debbie Eckerson Graphic design: Cathy Monrad Technical Editor: Brian Eshenaur Proofreader: Sarah Koopus
What to do in the garden in September and October......................................... 4
Western New York Sales Representative:
You ask... the experts answer.................................. 5
Carol Ann Harlos | Lynn Chimera | Marion Morse Michelle Sutton | Jonathan Everitt | Teresa Mazikowski Mary Ruth Smith | Christina Le Beau
Ear to the ground.................................................... 7
Maria Walczak: 716/432-8688 Contributing Writers:
The Horticultural Hinge......................................8-10 Calendar...........................................................12-16 Whatever happened to Jackson & Perkins?...........................................18-21 Grandmother’s Beef and Vegetable Soup............ 22 2012 Winter Photo Contest.................................. 24 A mystery grows at Chimney Bluffs...................... 25 Food pantries, real food and you......................... 26
3200 East Avenue, Caledonia NY 14423 phone: 585/538-4980; fax: 585/538-9521 e-mail: email@example.com upstategardenersjournal.com The Upstate Gardeners’ Journal is published six times a year. To subscribe, please send $15.00 to the above address. Magazines will be delivered via U.S. mail and or email (in PDF format). We welcome letters, calls and e-mail from our readers. Please tell us what you think! We appreciate your patronage of our advertisers, who enable us to bring you this publication. All contents copyright 2012, Upstate Gardeners’ Journal.
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What to do in the garden in November and December Outside
Finish any garden cleanup you still haven’t completed. Be sure to remove and discard any plant material that was diseased. Destroy pyracantha fruit to help control scab. Harvest any remaining root crops. Plant any spring bulbs now that you missed planting earlier. You can do this until the ground freezes. Newly planted trees and shrubs need adequate moisture even at this time of year. Water deeply anytime there is less than 1 inch or rain per week, until the ground reaches 40 degrees F. Once the ground is frozen, mulch the root zones of newly planted trees and shrubs and any tender perennials. Discarded pine tree branches after the Holidays are perfect for this. Wrap young trunks with trunk wraps to protect them from the nibbling of mice and rabbits. If winter scorch has been a problem on broad-leafed evergreens you can reduce the amount of water that plants, like rhododendrons, lose during the winter, by using an anti-desiccant spray or erecting barriers against the wind to prevent windburn. Erect wooden teepees to protect foundation plants from breakage when snow and ice slip off the roof. Drain hoses and turn off water spigots. Try to avoid heavy foot traffic on lawns at this time of year. This will prevent soil compaction that you will have to deal with later. If the grass is still growing it will need cutting. Don’t be afraid to mulch up the fallen leaves with the mower. The small tree leaf pieces that filter between the grass blades are beneficial to the lawn. After mowing your lawn for the last time, winterize your lawn mower. Leave the gas tank empty and have the blades cleaned and sharpened for a head start on spring. Hill the mulched leaves over roses, hydrangeas, and other plants that may be damaged by the winter cold. Remove any leaves that have fallen into your pond. Then cover it with netting to keep leaves from blowing in. Make sure the canes of your climbing roses and other vining plants are securely fastened to their supports to protect them from damaging winter winds. For marginally hardy roses, mound five to six inches of soil around the bases of roses. Use soil from another part of the garden so you don’t damage the roots of your roses by digging near them. Put protection such as wire mesh around valuable shrubs to discourage wildlife browsing later in the season. Be sure the mesh goes high enough so critters don’t sit on top of the snow to browse.
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If over wintering mums, don’t cut them back. The crowns will act as mulch and hold leaves to give further protection. Check stored firewood for insect infestations. Remember not to use or move firewood from out of your area to help prevent the spread of invasive insects like the Emerald Ash Borer. INDOORS
Plant and water amaryllis and paper white narcissus bulbs for later enjoyment. If you didn’t clean your garden tools, do so now. Don’t forget to disinfect and sharpen your tools too. Sharpened pruners, hoes and shovels make work much easier. Check any stored fruit, vegetables or tubers for rot that can spread if unattended. Keep an eye on houseplants, especially concerning their light needs. Either move plants that need more light or install florescent tubes to increase available light. Inspect them for insects or disease. Turn your houseplants weekly so they get adequate light on all sides. Reduce fertilizer application to houseplants. They need a rest too! Begin feeding non-migratory birds. Make sure your feeders have been cleaned and rinsed with a 10% bleach solution. Black-oil sunflower seeds attract the greatest number of species. Holiday Plant Care
Give holiday plants such as poinsettia adequate light and water. In general keep plants away from drafts and heat sources. Maintain even moisture and remove decorative foil or plastic pot covers that can cause root rot. Water over the sink and let the water drain out thoroughly. Then you can replace the pot covers. To ensure your Christmas cactus will flower again next year, keep it dry and at a temperature of about 55 degrees for the next 2 months. Take great care if you have real mistletoe. It can be fatal to your pets. If you did not plant bulbs for forcing you can do it now. Place them in a cold place for at least 2 months. If you plan to have a live tree for the holidays dig the hole for the tree now before the ground is frozen. It’s best to only keep the tree inside for one week then plant it outside. — Carol Ann Harlos & Lyn Chimera, Master Gardeners, Erie County Cornell Cooperative Extension
Questions and answers
You ask…the experts answer Q: “What is the best way to care for a Boston fern through the seasons?” A: Ferns enjoy being outside in the summer, in shady areas. They do not like full sun on them at any part of the day. Make sure your fern has one and a half to two inches of growing room beneath its roots. There should be some peat mixed in the soil to help with water retention. Water regularly with half-strength fertilizer throughout the summer—they do not like to dry out completely. Dry conditions are a fern’s worst enemy! In the fall, start reducing time between watering, but not the amount of water you have been giving it. If your fern is in a clay pot, you will need to water more than if you have it in a plastic pot. Do not fertilize your fern once it has been brought in for the year. Place it in an area that has bright, indirect light. If the leaves start to wither, it may not be getting enough light.
The ultimate temperature indoors should be 65-70 degrees. Keep the fern out of cold or hot drafts. There should be some sort of humidity to keep it moist. A few ways of accomplishing this would be to place a tray of pebbles or gravel under the pot, with the water level just to the top of the pebbles. You could place it near a humidifier or even place a tabletop fountain next to your fern. (This method of course may not work as well but sounds nice enough!) Misting it a bit every day may add some humidity to the environment as well. You will lose leaves. This is is natural. Do not panic. In the spring, late March or early April, start to water a bit more frequently. At this time, use some half strength general fertilizer mixed in with your water. Begin to go back to your regular watering schedule as the weather gets nicer. Place the plant back outside when chances of frost are over. Keep on fertilizing throughout the summer.
Everything For the Holidays Christmas Trees • Wreaths • Greens Poinsettias & Other Holiday Plants Delivery Available
NURSERY & GARDEN CENTER
Monroe County’s Oldest Nursery Located near Ellison Park • Open 7 Days a Week
485 LANDING ROAD NORTH • 482-5372
This issue’s guest expert is Teresa Mazikowski, who has an Associates degree in horticulture and has been a horticulturist at Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens for 5 years, working with tropical, annual and perennial plants and setting up displays throughout the year.
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716-741-8047 • www.plantasiany.com
Ear to the Ground Happy holidays! With winter’s arrival, it’s time to get caught up on your reading. If you’ve misplaced any of your precious back issues of the Upstate Gardeners’ Journal, never fear—you can read them online. Just go to the website, upstategardenersjournal.com, click on the magazine icon, and you’ll be magically transported to issuu.com, where the past few years are stashed. We are working on a site redesign and hope to have that up in early December, so make sure to visit—you can even sign up for a free subscription delivered via email, either there or on our very active facebook page.
—Jane Milliman Publisher
GardenScape Takes a Breather As we go to press, word is that GardenScape, Rochester’s garden and landscape show, will not take place in 2013. As other news outlets have reported, the Dome Center in Henrietta is for sale—that’s where the event is usually held—and the facility’s management is not accepting reservations for any events next year. The GardenScape Pros Association will take advantage of this gap year to reimagine a brand new show, and plans to come back in new digs, better than ever, in 2014.
See the Great Gardens of England with the UGJ Our fourth trip to the Chelsea Flower Show and gardens and around London is a go for May of 2013. We have a good group already, but there is room for a few more travellers! Email jane@ janemilliman.com or visit upstategardenersjournal.com for details.
Annual Philly Trip Set Can’t quite swing England this year? Michael Warren Thomas has released the details of his annual tour to the Philadelphia Flower Show, and this year’s theme is Great Britain! We’ve only ever heard raves about Thomas’s tours, which include a stop at Longwood Gardens, too. Dates are March 6-7 or 9-10. For full details, call 585-703-9237 or visit savorlife.com and click on “Naturally Green.”
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Fresh Cut & Potted Trees • poinsettias • pine roping • wreaths
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The Horticultural Hinge Story and Photos by Michelle Sutton
Above: Royal Burgundy Okra
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ecently my Rochesterian gardener-friend Amy visited my husband and me in the Hudson Valley. She admired the coppery-red tassels of my ‘Morning Light’ maiden grasses (Miscanthus sinensis). I reminded her that she gave them to me! We reminisced about dividing one plant into five or six new plants, trying to sever—but really just awkwardly wrestling with for the longest time—the root system. Such times of trial forge bonds between gardeners. Horticulture was our hinge, our link when we were first getting to know each other. Amy is going through a painful breakup of a long-term relationship and in coming to see us was understandably seeking some refuge and distraction from the grieving process. Four years ago, I went through such a breakup, and Amy was there for me, even storing boxes of my personal things until I sorted out where I was going to live. It was so soothing at that time of upheaval to sit outside together looking out over her Morning Light grasses waving in the breeze. I also house-sat for her, and I made tomato and cheese sandwiches every night for dinner with heirloom tomatoes from her prolific little veggie plot. This was a soothing ritual during a time when life was turned upside-down and I didn’t know when it would feel righted again. Amy is someone who, while very skilled with and passionate about plants, does not bring perfectionism to her gardening. Each winter, there are many pots of sale perennials she didn’t have a chance to get in the ground, so she heels them in the piles of leaves in the way backyard and doesn’t sweat it. She doesn’t sweat anything about gardening. I love that about her. She is an extrovert who connects with others easily, especially around plants. And when some things don’t work out in her gardens, she doesn’t take it too hard, and she certainly doesn’t take it personally. On her visit here, Amy was positively transfixed by the ‘Royal Burgundy’ okra that I’d planted in swaths here and there. It’s in the hibiscus family with a gorgeous soft yellow flower and burgundy center and shiny burgundy red stems and pods. I seldom got to pick the okra before the pods surpassed
three inches long, after which they aren’t so great for cooking. But that’s ok, because they were stunningly ornamental. This gorgeous tropical-looking plant grows rapidly from seed in soil that’s pretty boney in places. Note to self: send Amy some seeds. *** Last March my Mom moved to the area from Virginia, where she’d lived for 40 years. The amount of change she faced was not easy for her, even though the move was clearly in her best interest. Talk about being “uprooted.” Her anxiety level was understandably high, and mine can run high, so we would sometimes get caught up in a looping anxiety fest—except when we went down to my veggie plot in the community garden. Then she sat and pulled spring weeds while I planted onion and leek sets and Rocket-series snapdragons in many colors. The Rockets are tall—30 to 36 inches— and make the sturdiest cut flowers imaginable. My favorite is ‘Red Rocket’, which looks like dark red velvet. One of my favorite pictures of my Mom is her holding a bouquet of these snaps last June. *** Many Rochesterians will remember Pam Hyman, who worked for many years as the Master Gardener Coordinator for Monroe County Coooperative Extension. She died at age 48 of lymphoma, and I still feel a stab of grief when I see pictures of her or drive nearby her house. Pam was the most fun garden touring companion I’ve ever had. I knew the woodies more, but she was an ace with the perennials, so we complemented each other. We both shared a slightly wicked sense of humor, one that we carefully concealed in our work lives but let loose with each other. We shared a deep-voiced chuckle that came out at such times, like when we were scratching our heads before some kind of horticultural mishigas. There are two plants that I most associate with Pam. They are the ones that we hovered over the longest when I first went to her house in Perinton: Silberlocke Korean fir (Abies koreana ‘Horstmann’s Silberlocke’) with gleaming silvery tips and a tall rue (Thalictrum rochebrunianum ‘Lavender Mist’) with, well, misty lavender flowers. The rue was in peak bloom and was a new perennial for me, and the Silberlocke was the cutest little guy, only two feet tall but glistening powerfully in the sun. Pam and I had two garden-related trips to Ithaca. The first was before she knew she had cancer. We went to The Plantsmen and Baker’s Acres and visited my friend Karen and her large farm garden. “Wasn’t that the most fun day?” we must have said a dozen times. Years later when she was in the last weeks of her life, we went back to Ithaca to see a garden Pam had always wanted to see—that of Cornell’s Nina Bassuk and Peter Trowbridge. It was hard for Pam to walk at that point,
but she was determined; my large frame came in handy for her to lean on. It was a gorgeous weekday and we had the place to ourselves. We sat often and took in the views. She said, “This is so beautiful.” On the way home, she asked if we could stop for hamburgers. About a year after Pam died, I took a trip to North Carolina to see the famous Plant Delights Nursery and botanical gardens I had always heard about, like Daniel Stowe. I had booked the trip as a kind of pilgrimage to help me work through lingering grief over Pam. Also, having been so vividly reminded that life is short, I had this sense of urgency to see things I wanted to see. My Mom was to have met me for part of the week, but she got sick. That made the touring lonely at times, reminding me of how much I valued the company of others to fully appreciate the beauty of plants. I felt emotionally unsettled for much of the trip. Pam’s death not only left a hole in my life that she’d occupied, I was also struggling with the reality of my own and everyone I love’s vulnerability and mortality. I had an epiphany when I was at the amazing Sarah Duke Gardens on my second to last day. From the woods leading to the Duke University campus emanated sounds of a marching band, and I could make out a long parade of spring-fevered students wearing white T-shirts for some cause or another. For some reason, the sounds of the music and the hoots and hollers of the students triggered deep in me a wholebody, spirit-lifting insight: “It’s all a gift. Any time any of us has, is a gift.” *** Horticulture hinged me to my dear husband Dale. We met at a New York State urban forestry conference, on a downtown Ithaca tree tour led by Nina Bassuk. Even though it makes no sense, he likes to say, “I met my wife in a tree,” because it makes people laugh. Dale
Left: Mom with Snaps Right: Morning Light Maiden Grass
UPSTATE GARDENERS’ JOURNAL | 9
is the grounds supervisor for a SUNY campus and had decided, a bit uncharacteristically, to attend the urban forestry conference. I had decided to go, too, even though no employer was paying my way. I felt compelled for various reasons. It was a chance to see my former advisor Nina—going on any tour led by her is always a treat—and I wanted to check out all the changes on campus and in Plantations. This rather rugged-looking older guy kept me company on the tour and we giggled together at how fast Nina walked and how we felt like little kids trying to keep up. I will never forget the moment he extended his hand in introduction. It wasn’t like a sense of fate or destiny. More like, “Now, he seems like FUN.” Some of the most fun we have together is walking campuses and cities, looking at trees. It’s the time when we have the most relaxed and meaningful conversations. We stand before the trees in admiration, and they provide the hinge, the link of shared interest, between us. For me, it’s not about acquiring as many plants as I can or making ever-larger gardens. I do love plants for their own sake, but more and more, I see plants and gardens as most meaningfully a vehicle for connecting people to one another. Above: Husband Dale with Snaps
Choose from our selection or bring your own design. We will carve it deep into the stone. They are used for doorstops, addresses, garden, pet memorials, and room decor. Smallest $12.50 handsized rocks with one name make excellent gifts.
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HOLIDAY HOME TOUR 11 AM - 4 PM Featuring 7 historic homes in Canandaigua $22 advance, $25 day of event Call 585-394-4922 for details and reservations
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Calendar BUFFALO REGULAR CLUB MEETINGS 8th District Federated Garden Clubs of New York State Inc. Adrienne Pasquariello, District Director: 716/681-1047; gardenclubsofwny.com. African Violet and Gesneriad Society of WNY meets the third Tuesday of each month, September June, at 7:30 pm, LVAC Building, 40 Embry Place, Lancaster. email@example.com; gesneriadsociety. org/chapters/wny. Alden Garden Club meets the second Wednesday of the month (except July & August) at 7 pm, Alden Community Center, West Main Street, Alden. New members and guests welcome. Plant sale each May. 716/937-7924. Buffalo Area Daylily Society. East Aurora Senior Center, 101 King Street, East Aurora. 716/ 6498186; firstname.lastname@example.org.
Western New York Iris Society meets the first Sunday of the month in members’ homes and gardens. Information about growing all types of irises and complementary perennials. Shows. Sale. Guests welcome. Pat Kluczynski: 716/633-9503; patrizia@ roadrunner.com. Western New York Rose Society meets the third Wednesday of each month at 7:30 pm, St. Stephens-Bethlehem United Church of Christ, 750 Wehrle Drive, Williamsville. November 14: The Anatomy of a Rose. wnyrosesociety.org. Wilson Garden Club generally meets the second Thursday of each month at 7 pm, Community Room, Wilson Free Library, 265 Young Street, Wilson. Meetings open to all, community floral planting, spring plant sale, local garden tours. 716/751-6334; email@example.com. Youngstown Garden Club meets the second Wednesday of every month at 7 pm, First Presbyterian Church, 100 Church Street, Youngstown.
• November 24 – 25: Visit with Santa, 1 – 4 pm. Santa will be glad to pose for pictures with children and adults of all ages. MENNE • November 25: Pine Cone Holiday Craft, 11 am – 1 pm. Ages 4-10. Included with admission. BECBG December 1: Decorated Boxwood Tree, 9 – 11 am. Design your own boxwood tree. $25 members; $30 non-members. Registration required. BECBG December 1: Make & Take – Fresh Evergreen Wreath, 10 am. Learn how to construct and decorate a 20-inch evergreen wreath. Materials included; additional decorations available for purchase. $25. Registration required. MENNE December 1: Design a Welcoming Entry, 10 am. Find inspiration in a container, swag, wreath or basket in several different styles. $10. Registration required. LOCK December 1: Make a Candle Ring, 11:30 am. Use fresh greens, berries and faux materials. $20. Registration required. LOCK
Garden Club of the Tonawandas meets the third Thursday of the month at 7 pm, Tonawanda City Hall, Community Room.
December 1: Make a Door Handle Basket, 12 pm. Use fresh greens, berries and faux materials. $20. Registration required. LOCK
Garden Friends of Clarence meets the second Wednesday of the month at 7 pm, September – June, Town Park Clubhouse, 10405 Main Street, Clarence. firstname.lastname@example.org.
BECBG: Buffalo & Erie County Botanical Gardens, 2655 South Park Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14218. 716/827-1584; buffalogardens. com.
December 1: Fresh Conifer Wreath, 12 – 2 pm. Create your own conifer wreath, approximately 14”. $25 members; $30 non-members. Registration required. BECBG
Hamburg Garden Club meets the second Wednesday of every month at noon, summer garden tours, Hamburg Community Center, 107 Prospect Avenue, Hamburg. 716/648-0275; droman13@ verizon.net.
LOCK: Lockwood’s Greenhouses, 4484 Clark Street, Hamburg, NY 14075, 716/649-4684; weknowplants.com.
• December 1 – 2: Visit with Santa, 1 – 4 pm. See description under November 24 – 25. MENNE
Niagara Frontier Orchid Society (NFOS) meets the first Tuesday following the first Sunday (dates sometimes vary due to holidays, etc.), September – June, Botanical Gardens, 2655 South Park Avenue, Buffalo. niagarafrontierorchids.org. Niagara Frontier Pond & Koi Club meets the second Friday of each month at 7 pm, Zion United Church of Christ, 15 Koenig Circle, Tonawanda. nfkpc.org. Orchard Park Garden Club meets the first Thursday of the month at 12 pm, Orchard Park Presbyterian Church, 4369 South Buffalo Street, Orchard Park. President: Beverly Walsh, 716/662-7279. Silver Creek-Hanover Garden Club meets the second Saturday of the month at 2 pm, First Baptist Church, 32 Main Street, Silver Creek. Sue Duecker, 716/934-7608; email@example.com. South Town Gardeners meets the second Friday of the month (except January) at 10:30 am, Charles E. Burchfield Nature & Art Center, 2001 Union Road, West Seneca. New members welcome. Western New York Carnivorous Plant Club meets the first Wednesday of the month at 6:30 pm, Menne Nursery, 3100 Niagara Falls Blvd., Amherst. November 7: Getting Your Carnivorous Plants Ready for Winter. firstname.lastname@example.org; facebook. com/pages/WNY-Carnivorous-Plant-Club.
MENNE: Menne Nursery, 3100 Niagara Falls Blvd., Amherst, NY 14228. 716/693-4444; mennenursery.com.
CLASSES / EVENTS • Indicates activities especially appropriate for children and families. November 8 – 11: Christmas Open House, 10 am – 5 pm. Chicken Coop Originals, 13245 Clinton Street, Alden. 716/937-7837; chickencooporiginals.com. November 15 – 18: Christmas Open House, 10 am – 5 pm. Chicken Coop Originals, 13245 Clinton Street, Alden. 716/937-7837; chickencooporiginals. com. November 17: Holiday Open House, 10 am – 4 pm. Preview holiday gifts and décor, refreshments, music, prizes. LOCK November 18: Thanksgiving Centerpiece Workshop, 1 pm. Professional florist Mary Trifunovic will teach technique and design to create an original centerpiece using real flowers and natural materials. Hands-on. $40. Registration required. LOCK November 19: Fresh Thanksgiving Arrangement, 6:15 pm. Hands-on workshop. $30 members; $35 non-members. Registration required. BECBG
Western New York Herb Study Group meets the second Wednesday of the month at 7 pm, Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens, 2655 South Park Avenue, Buffalo.
November 23 – 25: Christmas Open House, 10 am – 5 pm. Chicken Coop Originals, 13245 Clinton Street, Alden. 716/937-7837; chickencooporiginals. com.
Western New York Honey Producers, Inc. Cornell Cooperative Extension of Erie County, 21 South Grove Street, East Aurora. wnyhpa.org.
• November 23 – December 30: Garden Railway Exhibit, 10 am – 5 pm. Presented by Western New York Garden Railway Society. Included with admission. BECBG
Western New York Hosta Society. November 11: Perennials to Accompany Hostas in the Garden, Oscar Cross of Hilltop Farms, Missouri, 1:30 pm. East Aurora Senior Center. 716/941-6167; email@example.com; wnyhosta.com.
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November 23 – December 30: Poinsettia Show, 10 am – 5 pm. Thousands of poinsettias fill the Gardens. $9 adults; $8 seniors & students; $5 kids 3-12. BECBG
December 2: Decorate your Mantel or Sideboard, 1 pm. Floral design professional David Clark will demonstrate holiday designs using fresh and seasonal natural materials. $10. Registration required. LOCK December 6: Make & Take – Fresh Evergreen Wreath, 6:30 pm. See description under December 1. $25. Registration required. MENNE December 6: Make a Wreath, 6:30 pm. Sally Cunningham will guide participants as they make a wreath using natural greens. $25. Registration required. LOCK December 8: Make & Take – Holiday Door Swag, 10 am. Learn how to put together a swag of fresh evergreens and decorate it for the season. Materials included; additional decorations available for purchase. $25. Registration required. MENNE December 8: Holiday Wreath Workshop, 10 am – 12 pm. Horticulturist Nellie Gardner will guide participants as they design a wreath using simple methods and natural materials including yew, boxwood, cedar, rosehips, red chili peppers, celosia, amaranth, other dried flowers, seed pods and cones. Materials included. $44 members; $54 non-members. Registration required. Darwin Martin House, 125 Jewett Parkway, Buffalo. 716/856-3858; darwinmartinhouse.org. December 8: Design a Wreath, 10:30 am. Use mixed greens & berries. Led by Sally Cunningham. $37. Registration required. LOCK • December 8 – 9: Visit with Santa, 1 – 4 pm. See description under November 24 – 25. MENNE December 9: Boxwood Tree Workshop, 1 pm. Floral designer Mary Trifunovic will guide participants as they create a 15-inch tabletop tree using boxwood cuttings and miniature decorations. $40. Registration required. LOCK December 12: Design a Wreath, 6:30 pm. See description under December 8. $37. Registration required. LOCK
December 15: Kissing Ball Workshop, 10:30 am. Make a traditional English kissing ball using boxwood cuttings, berries, pine cones and bows. Led by Sally Cunningham. $35. Registration required. LOCK December 20: Fresh Holiday Arrangement, 6:15 pm. Hands-on workshop. $30 members; $35 nonmembers. Registration required. BECBG December 23: Christmas Centerpiece Workshop, 1 pm. Floral designer Mary Trifunovic will guide participants as they create a centerpiece using fresh flowers. $40. Registration required. LOCK
ITHACA REGULAR CLUB MEETINGS Adirondack Chapter, North American Rock Garden Society (ACNARGS). Free and open to all. acnargs.blogspot.com. Windsor NY Garden Group meets the second and fourth Tuesdays of the month at 10 am, members’ homes or Windsor Community House, 107 Main Street, Windsor. windsorgardengroup.suerambo. com.
CLASSES / EVENTS • Indicates activities especially appropriate for children and families. November 7: Lecture: The Garden of Six Friends: Designing a contemporary East Asian garden, 7:30 pm. Landscape architect Marc Peter Keane will discuss his ongoing project to design a contemporary garden for Cornell Plantations that is based on the cultures of China, Japan and Korea. Statler Hall Auditorium. Cornell Plantations, Ithaca. 607/255-2400; cornellplantations.org. December 1: Landscape Your Yard with Native Plants, 10 am – 12 pm. Workshop will cover site analysis, site design and creating a master plan combined with information on using native plants and lessons from nature to create a native habitat. $20 members; $24 non-members. Registration required. Cornell Plantations, 1 Plantations Road, Ithaca. 607/255-2400; cornellplantations.org. December 9: Holiday Workshop, 1 – 3 pm. Make your own holiday decoration. Choose from the following: evergreen wreath, boxwood tree, evergreen center piece, evergreen/boxwood kissing ball, decorated apple basket, make your own tea bags. Materials extra. $8 adults, $4 children under 12. Registration required. Bakers’ Acres, 1104 Auburn Road (Route 34), North Lansing. 607/533-4653; bakersacres.net.
ROCHESTER REGULAR CLUB MEETINGS African Violet Society of Rochester meets the first Wednesday of each month, September – May, at 7 pm, St. John’s Home, 150 Highland Avenue, Rochester. All are welcome. Bob or Linda Springer: 585/413-0606; blossoms002@yahoo. com. Bonsai Society of Upstate New York meets the fourth Tuesday of the month at the Brighton Town Park Lodge, Buckland Park, 1341 Westfall Road, Rochester. 585/334-2595; bonsaisocietyofupstateny.org.
Fairport Garden Club meets the third Thursday evening of each month (except August and January). Accepting new members. fairportgc@ gmail.com; fairportgardenclub.org. Garden Club of Brockport meets the second Wednesday of every month at 7 pm, Clarkson Schoolhouse, Ridge Road, east of Route 19. Speakers, hands-on sessions. Kathy Dixon: 585/431-0509; firstname.lastname@example.org. Garden Path of Penfield meets the third Wednesday of the month from September through May at 7 pm, Penfield Community Center, 1985 Baird Road, Penfield. Members enjoy all aspects of gardening; new members welcome. gardenpathofpenfield@ gmail.com. Genesee Region Orchid Society (GROS) meets every month from September through May at the Jewish Community Center, 1200 Edgewood Avenue, Rochester, on the first Monday following the first Sunday of each month (dates sometimes vary due to holidays, etc.). The GROS is an Affiliate of The American Orchid Society (AOS) and of The Orchid Digest Corporation. geneseeorchid.org. Genesee Valley Chapter of the North American Rock Garden Society (GVC NARGS) meets monthly from April through October. Information: email@example.com; gvnargs.blogspot.com. Newsletter: firstname.lastname@example.org. Genesee Valley Hosta Society meets the second Thursday of January, March, May, September & November at Monroe County’s Cornell Cooperative Extension, 249 Highland Avenue, Rochester. 585/538-2280; sebuckner@frontiernet. net. Genesee Valley Pond & Koi Club meets the first Friday of the month at 7 pm, Rochester Civic Garden Center, 5 Castle Park, Rochester. email@example.com. Gesneriad Society meets the first Wednesday of each month, September – May, at 6:30 pm, St. John’s Home, 150 Highland Avenue, Rochester. All are welcome. Bob or Linda Springer: 585/413-0606; firstname.lastname@example.org. Greater Rochester Iris Society meets Sundays at 2 pm, Cornell Cooperative Extension of Monroe County, 249 Highland Avenue, Rochester. Public welcome. 585/599-3502; eschnell@rochester. rr.com. Greater Rochester Perennial Society (GRPS) meets the first Thursday of each month at 7 pm, Monroe County Cornell Cooperative Extension, 249 Highland Avenue, Rochester, except in summer when it tours members’ gardens. December 6: Rock Gardening, featuring Jerry Kral & Art Trimble. January 3: Kathy Shadrack, The Book of Little Hostas. email@example.com; rochesterperennial.com. Greater Rochester Rose Society holds monthly meetings at the Rochester Civic Garden Center, 5 Castle Park, Rochester. Public seminars, June rose show, garden adventures. 585/621-8780; info@ rocrose.org; rocrose.org. Henrietta Garden Club meets the third Wednesday of the month (no December meeting) at 6:30 pm, Riparian Conference Room at Rivers Run, 50 Fairwood Drive, Rochester, 14623. Open to all interested in gardens, flowers, and sharing information about plants. November 14: Garden Design with Megan Meyer. henriettagardenclub. org; firstname.lastname@example.org. Holley Garden Club meets the second Thursday of the month at 7 pm, Holley Presbyterian Church. 585/638-6973.
Ikebana International Rochester Chapter 53 meets the third Thursday of each month (except December and February) at 10 am, First Baptist Church, Hubbell Hall, 175 Allens Creek Road, Rochester. 585/872-0678; 585/586-0794. Kendall Garden Club meets the first Wednesday of the month at 7 pm, Kendall Town Hall. 585/6598289; justadesignabove.com. Rochester Dahlia Society meets the second Saturday of most months at 1 pm, Trinity Reformed Church, 909 Landing Road North, Rochester, except in the summer, when it tours members’ gardens. Visitors welcome. 585/249-0624; 585/865-2291; email@example.com; rochesterdahliasociety. com. Rochester Herb Society meets the first Tuesday of each month (excluding January & February) at 12 pm, Rochester Civic Garden Center, 5 Castle Park, Rochester. June-August garden tours. New members welcome. Rochester Permaculture Center, meets monthly to discuss topics such as edible landscapes, gardening, farming, renewable energy, green building, rainwater harvesting, composting, local food, forest gardening, herbalism, green living, etc. Meeting location and details: meetup.com/ rochesterpermaculture. Soil, Toil & Thyme Garden Club. 585/589-1640; firstname.lastname@example.org. Valentown Garden Club meets the third Tuesday of each month; time alternates between noon and 7 pm. Victor. Kathleen Houser, president: 585/3016107.
Frequent hosts BRI: Bristol’s Garden Center, 7454 Victor Pittsford Road, Victor, NY. 585/924-2274; email@example.com; bristolsgardencenter.com. LET: Letchworth State Park Interpretive Program, 1 Letchworth State Park, Castile, NY 14427; 585/493-3625. RCGC: Rochester Civic Garden Center, 5 Castle Park, Rochester, NY 14620. 585/473-5130; rcgc.org. RPM: Rochester Public Market, 280 North Union Street, Rochester, NY. 585/428-6907; cityofrochester.gov; pmarket@cityofrochester. gov. WAY: Wayside Garden Center, 124 Pittsford-Palmyra Road (Route 31), Macedon, NY 14502. 585/223-1222 x100; firstname.lastname@example.org; waysidegardencenter.com.
CLASSES / EVENTS • Indicates activities especially appropriate for children and families. November 3: Indoor Fairy Gardens. Participants will make their own whimsical fairy garden using a choice of base sizes, plants and finishing touches. Fee based on materials selected. Registration required. BRI November 7: Bringing Nature Home – Preserving Biodiversity in your Yard and Surroundings, 7 – 9 pm. Drawing from Douglas Tallamy’s book Bringing Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in our Gardens, Jim Engle will explain the
UPSTATE GARDENERS’ JOURNAL | 13
role of native plants in supporting local wildlife, best plants to use, ecological role of insects, and a few basic landscape principles that can be put to use to help support nature locally. Reading the book is highly recommended but not a prerequisite; it’s available in the RCGC Library. $22 members; $32 non-members. Registration required. RCGC November 8: Make Your Wedding Magical, 7 – 9 pm. Floral designer and wedding planner Alana Miller will demonstrate quick and easy techniques for making boutonnieres, corsages, and nosegays. Learn how to set up dessert stations, preserve flowers and more. $20 members; $25 nonmembers. Registration required. RCGC • November 10: Kids’ Workshop – Peanut Butter Pine Cone Bird Feeders, 2 pm. Materials included. Registration required. WAY November 10 – 11: Holiday Sale, 10 am – 5 pm. Shop seasonal floral arrangements, wreaths & decorations. Demonstrations with floral designers Alana Miller and Charles Lytle. RCGC November 11: Big Tree Tour, 10 am – 1 pm. Included in this tour is the site of one of the park’s biggest oaks. The tree fell in August 1993 due to fungi decaying its 150-year-old base. Car tour & short walks. Bring lunch. Meet: Castile entrance. Free. LET November 14: Old Growth Forest Visit – Trestle Woods, 10 am – 1 pm. See forest trees more than 100 feet in height and 150 years old without their leaves to better appreciate their forms. Brush &
steep terrain; 1-2 miles. Bring lunch. Meet: Visitor Center. Free. LET November 14 & 17: Conifer Identification, November 14, classroom instruction, 6 – 9 pm; November 17, outdoor session, 10 am – 12:30 pm. Learn to distinguish the main groups of conifers in our area. Hands-on class with naturalist Carol Southby. $45 members; $55 non-members. Registration required. RCGC November 15: Create an Autumn Centerpiece, 6:30 – 8 pm. Sue Lang and Sheryl Roets of Gallea’s Greenhouse & Florist will guide participants in making an autumn centerpiece using fresh greens and flowers that will last through the holiday season into January. $50. Registration required. RCGC November 17: Thanksgiving Centerpiece, 11 am. Participants will create their own long-lasting centerpiece formed in oasis that will last through the holidays. $15. Registration required. BRI November 18: Old Growth Forest Visit – Museum Woods, 10 am – 1 pm. See description under November 14. Brush & steep terrain; 1-2 miles. Bring lunch. Meet: Visitor Center. Free. LET November 24: Old Growth Forest Visit – Dehgayasoh Valley Woods, 10 am – 1 pm. See description under November 14. Brush & steep terrain; 1-2 miles. Bring lunch. Meet: Visitor Center. Free. LET • November 25: Kids’ Wreath or Swag Making Workshop, 3 – 5 pm. Materials provided; extra decorations available for purchase. Must be accompanied by adult. Free. Registration required. WAY
November 27: Low-Maintenance Trees and Shrubs to Jazz up Your Landscape, 6:30 – 8:30 pm. Learn what can be done with tried and true favorites, along with new introductions, in this slide lecture with designer and RCGC director Christine Froehlich. $22 members; $32 non-members. Registration required. RCGC November 27: Create a Boxwood Christmas Tree, 7 – 9 pm. Using fresh boxwood, floral designer Alana Miller will guide participants through the construction of a long-lasting Christmas tree. Materials and decorations provided; or bring your own decorations. $38 members; $48 nonmembers. Registration required. RCGC November 28: Outdoor Holiday Welcome Arrangement, 6:30 – 8 pm. Sue Lang and Sheryl Roets of Gallea’s Greenhouse & Florist will guide participants as they design a custom arrangement for the front entrance using fresh greens and decorative materials in a holiday pot. $65. Registration required. RCGC November 29: The Sharpest Tool in the Shed, 6 – 8 pm. Join professional gardener Nellie Gardner as she discusses cleaning, oiling, and sharpening garden tools in addition to tips on the best tools to have and where to get them. Participants may bring tools to sharpen in class. $22 members; $32 non-members. Registration required. RCGC December 1: Holiday Greens Workshop, 8:30 am – 12 pm. Casey Park Lodge, Ontario. $30. Registration required. CCE Wayne County, 1581 Route 88 North, Newark. 315/331-8415; counties. cce.cornell.edu/wayne. December 1: Old Growth Forest Visit – Bishop Woods & Dark Woods, 10 am – 1 pm. See
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description under November 14. Brush & steep terrain; 1-2 miles. Bring lunch. Meet: Visitor Center. Free. LET December 1: Pressed Leaf Art, 11 am. Participants will be guided through the process of making a design in a picture frame. Many frame sizes available. $5-$25. Registration required. BRI December 2: Holidays at the Market, 9 am – 3 pm. Holiday trees, wreaths, fresh garlands, art, crafts, decorations, holiday foods, gift items and stocking stuffers. Visit Santa; horse-drawn sleigh rides. RPM December 2: Indoor Ed-Venture – Evergreens, 2 pm. Dozens of evergreen trees inhabit the park, study their boughs and cones by comparison of samples. Meet: Visitor Center Conference Room. Free. LET December 4: Organic Composting, 6:30 – 8 pm. Learn how and where to set up your compost bin as well as a few simple steps to speed up the process of achieving a humus-rich medium in this class with garden professional Jarmila Haseler. Examples of different home-made composting bins and commercial composters will be shown. $19 members; $22 non-members. Registration required. RCGC
November 14. Brush & steep terrain; 1-2 miles. Bring lunch. Meet: Visitor Center. Free. LET
SAVE THE DATE
December 9: Holidays at the Market, 9 am – 3 pm. See description under December 2. RPM • December 11: Kids’ Workshop – Peanut Butter Pine Cone Bird Feeders, 2 pm. Materials included. Registration required. WAY December 15: Holiday Centerpiece, 11 am. Participants will create a centerpiece formed in oasis that will last through the holidays. $15. Registration required. BRI December 15: Terrariums, 1 pm. Participants will choose from two different size containers as well as add-on décor such as figurines to make their own terrarium. $25-$35. Registration required. BRI December 16: Holidays at the Market, 9 am – 3 pm. See description under December 2. RPM
SAVE THE DATE...
December 6: Make a Knock-out Holiday Wreath that Lasts All Winter, 6 – 8 pm. Horticulturist Nellie Gardner will guide participants as they make their own wreath using an assortment of mixed greens embellished with natural materials including herbs, chili peppers, rose hips, pods, dried flowers and cones. $38 members; $48 non-members. Registration required. RCGC December 8: Old Growth Forest Visit – Cabin Bank Woods, 10 am – 1 pm. See description under
March 6 – 7: Bus Trip to Philadelphia Flower Show. Travel by motor coach with Michael Warren Thomas to see the Philadelphia Flower Show, 2013 theme: Great Britain, and Longwood Gardens. All expenses included except dinner at Flower Show & lunch at Longwood. $395 double; $450 single. 585/703-9237; savourlife.com. March 9 – 10: Bus Trip to Philadelphia Flower Show. See description under March 6 – 7. $395 double; $450 single. 585/703-9237; savourlife.com.
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May 18 – 27: England 2013: Poetry in Planting. Visit London, Windsor Castle, the Cotswolds & Hidcote Manor Gardens, Oxford & Blenheim Palace, Chelsea Garden Show on Member Day and more. Travel with Upstate Gardeners’ Journal Publisher, Jane Milliman. Marjorie Case, Tour Director, 585/261-1144; travelbuds.net.
SYRACUSE REGULAR CLUB MEETINGS African Violet Society of Syracuse meets the second Thursday of the month, September – May, Pitcher Hill Community Church, 605 Bailey Road, North Syracuse. 315/492-2562; email@example.com; avsofsyracuse.org. Central New York Orchid Society meets the first Sunday of the month, September – May, St. Augustine’s Church, 7333 O’Brien Road, Baldwinsville. Dates may vary due to holidays. 315/633-2437; cnyos.org. Gardeners of Syracuse meets the third Thursday of each month at 7:30 pm, Reformed Church of Syracuse, 1228 Teall Avenue, Syracuse. Enter from Melrose Avenue. 315/464-0051. Gardeners in Thyme (a women’s herb club) meets the second Thursday of the month at 7 pm, Beaver Lake Nature Center, Baldwinsville. 315/635-6481; firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Habitat Gardening Club of CNY (HGCNY) meets the last Sunday of most months at 2 pm, Liverpool Public Library. HGCNY is a chapter of Wild Ones: Native Plants, Natural Landscapes; for-wild. org. Meetings are free and open to the public. 315/487-5742; hgcny.org. Koi and Water Garden Society of Central New York usually meets the third Monday of each month at 7 pm. See web site for meeting locations. 315/4583199; cnykoi.com. Syracuse Rose Society meets the second Thursday of every month (except December and February) at 7 pm. Public welcome. Reformed Church of Syracuse, 1228 Teall Avenue, Syracuse. Enter from Melrose Avenue. Club members maintain the E. M. Mills Memorial Rose Garden, Thornden Park, Syracuse. email@example.com; syracuserosesociety.org. Williamson Garden Club. On-going community projects; free monthly lectures to educate the community about gardening. Open to all. 315/524-4204. firstname.lastname@example.org; growthewilliamsongardenclub.blogspot.com.
CLASSES / EVENTS
CLASSES / EVENTS
• Indicates activities especially appropriate for children and families.
• Indicates activities especially appropriate for children and families.
November 10: Simple Soap Making, 11 am – 12 pm. Learn how to mix herbs to create your own soaps. $7 members, $20 family; $10 non-members, $30 family. Registration required. BWNC
• November 10: The Nature of November, 10:30 am – 12 pm. Explore nature in November and the preparations underway for winter’s arrival. Program will begin indoors then venture outside for a one mile hike. Dress accordingly. $3 individual; $5 family; children under 5 years free. Registration required. PINE
November 10: Art Gallery Reception, 2 – 4 pm. Enjoy artworks in a variety of media & shop for unique holiday gifts. Free. BWNC November 23 – 24: Gift Shop Sale, 9 am – 4 pm Friday; 10 am – 4 pm Saturday. Shop for natureand garden-related gifts. BWNC November 25: Urban and Suburban Meadows, 2 pm. Movie by author and videographer Catherine Zimmerman, based on her book Urban & Suburban Meadows, Bringing Meadowscaping to Big & Small Spaces, covers meadows and how to bring them to the home landscape. Sponsored by Habitat Gardening in Central New York. Free. Liverpool Public Library, 310 Tulip Street, Liverpool. hgcny.org; ourhabitatgarden.org
BWNC: Baltimore Woods Nature Center, 4007 Bishop Hill Road, Marcellus, NY. 315/6731350; baltimorewoods.org.
PINE: Albany Pine Bush Discovery Center, the best remaining example in the world of an inland pine barrens. 195 New Karner Road, Albany, NY. 518/456-0655; albanypinebush.org.
Buffalo and Erie County
• November 24: Nature’s Gifts, 1 – 2:30 pm. Choose from a variety of nature-inspired crafts including twig coasters, pine cone picture frames and leaf prints. $3 individual; $5 family. Registration required. PINE • November 25: Nature’s Gifts, 1 – 2:30 pm. See description under November 24. $3 individual; $5 family. Registration required. PINE December 9: Discover the Pine Bush, 1 – 2 pm. Journey into the Albany Pine Bush, experts will guide a one mile hike over rolling sand dunes. Wear sturdy walking shoes and bring drinking water. $3 per person; $5 per family. Registration required. PINE
Deadline for Calendar Listings for the next issue (January-February) is Friday, December 21, 2012. Please send your submissions to deb@ upstategardenersjournal.com.
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Whatever happened to Jackson & Perkins? By Mary Ruth Smith
ABOVE: The Jackson and Perkins Rose Garden in Newark in the 1950s.
n the middle of the twentieth century, Newark, NY was the Rose Capital of America. Some even called it the Rose Capital of the World, all because it was the headquarters of Jackson & Perkins, the world’s largest rose grower at the time. I remember receiving their glossy color catalog every year and drooling over all the beautiful roses. Their display garden in Newark covered seventeen acres, contained 36,000 rose bushes, and attracted up to half a million visitors a year. You can still get a J&P catalog and order roses, but they no longer hybridize or grow their own roses, and they are long gone from Newark. This is their story. The company was started by Charles H. Perkins and his father-in-law, Albert Jackson. It began in 1873 as a small market garden and expanded to grapevines, fruit trees, and other plants as their
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interests in horticulture broadened. As the business grew, they hired a plant propagator who had worked for the Ellwanger and Barry Nursery in Rochester John Zornow, a Newark history buff, told me that Mr. Perkins decided to make the growing of roses his life’s work after reading E.B. Ellwnager’s book “The Rose.” By the time Mr. Perkins retired in 1910, the business had expanded tremendously, and its roses were becoming famous worldwide. The first J&P rose to achieve fame was ‘Dorothy Perkins’, created in 1908 and named after the founder’s granddaughter. It was the first modern rose to be named after a living person and began a tradition that J&P followed for many years. This rose, a pink climber, received a prestigious award from the National Rose Society of England and was planted all over the world. It has been seen at Windsor Castle in England, in Norway, Germany, Australia, and China, as well as throughout the US and Canada. Unfortunately, it is no longer available commercially. After Mr. Perkins retired other members of the Perkins family ran the company. A cousin, another Charles H. Perkins, became president in 1928 and remained until his death in 1963. What I heard from people in Newark was that Charlie, as he was called, was a force of nature, and it was under his energetic leadership that J&P attained its greatest heights. During its first half-century, Jackson & Perkins was a wholesale nursery. In addition to roses and perennials, it produced tree lilacs, hydrangeas, and clematis. Around 1930, gardens were laid out behind the Perkins home where thousands of varieties were tested. The people of Newark discovered these beautiful gardens and began wandering in to look, disturbing the workers, so J&P decided to invite the public to visit on weekends and holidays, but without small children and dogs. They built a retail building to sell roses during the peak of the rose season the last two weeks of June,
where the Newark Garden Club served tea. A record crowd of 15,000 people came on one Sunday in 1939. That same year, Jackson & Perkins was invited to have a rose garden at the New York World’s Fair. At the fair, they introduced one of the first floribunda roses to America: ‘World’s Fair’. The response was so great that J&P took 40,000 names, made up a mailing list, and sent out their first catalog in 1940, becoming the first mail-order retail rose nursery in the nation. At about that same time, the Rose Festival became an official event in Newark. The Rose Parade featured floats decorated with roses and other flowers by organizations and merchants, a mini version of the Pasadena Rose Parade. It brought thousands of visitors to Newark, including many celebrities. The first Rose Queen was crowned in 1942 by Mrs. George C. Marshall, wife of the famous general. In 1950, organizers changed to choosing a Rose Princess from among local grade-school girls. The Festival and parade were all sponsored by J&P. Mr. Zornow said that the young people of Newark, who helped build and decorate the floats and rode or marched in the parade, thought it was second only to Christmas for excitement. The Newark Garden Club held their annual Flower Show at the Festival, and national rose experts gave talks and judged exhibits. In the mid-forties, the crowds attending the Rose Festival grew so large that J&P created a new garden of seventeen acres on South Main Street, where 36,000 bushes of the principle varieties in commerce were displayed. It was the largest rose garden in North America. There were formal beds, but also areas designed to show homeowners how to use roses in their gardens. A Girl Scout Garden and Story Book Garden appealed to children. A hillside amphitheater at the rear of the garden hosted many public events. A building at one end served as retail outlet, flower show venue and meeting space. Admission was free, and in the peak years of the fifties and sixties, up to half a million visitors a year came to the small village of Newark, with a population of less than ten thousand, to see the roses. Among the celebrities who visited were Governor Rockefeller, President Nixon, and the movie star Greer Garson. In 1953, an administrative building was built across the street from the new rose garden, and several other locations in and around Newark were used for propagation, storage, and shipping. Most of the roses were grown on 7500 acres in California and Texas, but were also tested in Newark and in the gardens of rose testers all over the country. It took about ten years to bring a rose from the hybridization stage to the market, as the company was very particular about quality.
In 1953, they employed approximately 2000 people, 1200 of them in Newark. Some of those were guest workers brought in for the seasonal work from Puerto Rico and housed and fed by the company. German POWs also worked there during WWII. Carolyn Van Ness, head librarian at the Rochester Civic Garden Center, was one of the students hired by J&P in their perennials department, pollinating delphiniums by hand. Over the years when J&P was hybridizing roses, it employed some of the top hybridizers in the world, including Dr. J.H. Nicolas and Eugene Boerner. Two of the Perkins family homes remain in Newark. The home belonging to the founder is now the Vintage Gardens Bed and Breakfast. It was built in 1844 and bought by the Perkins family in 1864. George Perkins extensively remodeled it in the 1880s and again in 1920. All of the greenhouses and growing fields that surrounded it are gone, but Kimberlee and Michael Meeks, the current owners, have built their small greenhouse on part of the still-visible foundation of a J&P greenhouse. They are restoring the house and gardens to its 1920 plan, and eagerly share the history of J&P with their guests. When Charlie Perkins took over the company, he built a house on Maple Street, the most expensive house that had been built in Newark up to that time. It is often open to the public for historic house tours. The years of Charlie Perkins’ presidency of J&P were the Golden Days of Newark. That company was to Newark what Kodak was to Rochester, and
ABOVE: A float in the Rose Parade in the 1950s.
UPSTATE GARDENERS’ JOURNAL | 19
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sadly with nearly the same result. After Charlie died in 1963, other family members tried to carry on, but nobody could fill his shoes. Three years later, their world-famous hybridizer Eugene Boerner also died, and the company began a fairly rapid exit from Newark. In 1966, it was bought by Harry & David, the fruit growing operation out of Oregon. At first folks in Newark were hopeful that Harry & David would keep everything going and bring the company back to its premier position among rose growers. But three years later, they closed down operations in Newark, sold most of the buildings and land, and moved the operation west. Some of the employees moved to Oregon, and many others were helped to find jobs at other Newark companies, mainly C.H. Stuart, parent company of Sarah Coventry jewelry. The Rose Garden and Festival continued to exist until 1971. Locals had formed a committee to try to save the Rose Garden and keep it in Newark, developing a financial plan and presenting it to the town. But it was voted down, a move regretted by many to this day. The roses were put up for sale in 1971, and 4300 of them went to Sonnenberg gardens in Canandaigua, where many can still be seen. Local people were invited to take what they wanted, and then, I was told, a huge hole was dug and the rest were buried. The land was sold a couple of times and was eventually developed into an apartment complex for senior citizens, called the Newark Rose Garden apartments. The site of the amphitheater and some of the walkways are all that remains of the once-famous J&P Rose Garden. Harry & David continued to operate J&P until 2007. They hired new hybridizers to carry on the work begun by Mr. Boerner, and grew and introduced roses to the market, including many prizewinners such as the aptly named ‘First Prize’. In 2007, J&P was sold to a Florida businessman who also operated Wayside Gardens and Park Seed, both in South Carolina, but the growing fields in California were not included in the sale, so all of those roses were lost. In 2010, that company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and was bought by a venture capital company, which specializes in turning around under-performing companies. They hope to revive the fortunes of all three mailorder nurseries, but given the current economic conditions, that is far from a sure thing. They are all up and running, but J&P is now a distributor of roses developed and grown by others. The rose industry as a whole has faced tough times in recent years. Many small growers have gone out of business. “People don’t have time for such demanding
hobbies as rose-growing,” says Eugene Noto, consulting rosarian from Webster. They want the easy-care roses, if they plant roses at all. His chapter of the American Rose Society has had difficulty attracting new members. The downturn in the housing market meant fewer new homes to be landscaped. The only sure thing is that there will be fewer rose-growers in the future as mergers continue, and many of the roses for which J&P became famous will be lost to us, a sad ending for a once-great icon of Western New York.
ABOVE: The former Perkins home is now the Vintage Gardens B&B.
In addition to the people mentioned in the article, I would like to thank Chris Davis, director of the Newark/ Arcadia Historical Society, which has a wonderful exhibit of J&P memorabilia in its museum, Helmuth Reinhardt, former manager of physical facilities for J&P, and the librarians at the Newark Public Library for helping me research this story.
UPSTATE GARDENERS’ JOURNAL | 21
From the garden
Grandmother’s Beef and Vegetable Soup Makes 5 quarts 1 28 oz. can tomatoes 2 quarts water 1 Tablespoon sugar 2 teaspoons salt 1 stick unsalted butter 1 garlic clove, minced 1-½ cups finely cut celery 2 cups chopped onion 1 cup diced carrots ½ cup chopped celery leaves 1 cup diced green beans 1/3-cup pearl barley 1 cup finely shredded cabbage 1 10 oz. package frozen peas
1. Place beef shank in large pot with water, salt, garlic, onion, celery leaves and barley. Cover and simmer for 3 hours or until meat is tender. 2. Remove meat and bones. Skim foam from broth. Add tomatoes and sugar. 3. Melt butter in sauté pan and add all remaining ingredients, except peas. Cook about 7 minutes, stirring frequently. 4. Add vegetables to soup and simmer 20 minutes. 5. Cut meat into bite size pieces and add with peas to soup. 6. Refrigerate overnight. Before reheating, remove fat and add salt and pepper to taste. Recipe courtesy of Marion Morse, Allyn’s Creek Garden Club
Lockwood’s Greenhouses CHRISTMAS OPEN HOUSE
Saturday, November 17, 10am-4pm Food, Music and Shopping Fresh Wreaths and Trees Gifts and Classes www.WeKnowPlants.com 4484 Clark St., Hamburg, NY 14075 716-649-4684
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Holmes Hollow Farm
2334 Turk Hill Rd, Victor, NY 14564 • (585) 223-0959 firstname.lastname@example.org • www.holmeshollow.com
Amanda’s Garden Specializing in Woodland Wildflowers
For free catalogue and information, contact: Amanda’s Garden • 8410 Harpers Ferry Road, Springwater, NY 14560 (585) 750-6288 • email@example.com amandagarden.com
Directions: from Turk Hill turn on Whisperwood, go 100 yds, turn R on gravel rd, L past greenhouse and down hill.
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Pudgie’s Lawn & Garden Center Everything for your Holidays! Gift Baskets • Poinsettias • Trees Fresh Centerpieces • Wreaths Special order holiday decorations welcome! 3646 West Main St., Batavia, NY 14020 585/343-8352 www.pudgieslawnandgarden.com
2012 Winter Photo Contest GRAND PRIZE (on cover) “Winter Herbs” Cicero, NY, Jamuary 2012 by Pat Haywood Prize: One night’s stay in Trumansburg’s MacLallen House, a delightful B&B decorated in the Arts & Crafts style and operated by horticulturist and landscape architect Deirdre Cunningham.
OVERALL RUNNER-UP (top left) “Small Window of Winter” Dartmouth Street, Rochester, NY Prize: A gift basket from the Rochester Public Market. The market, in operation since 1905, is considered one of the best in the nation.
WINNER: PLANTS CATEGORY (top right) Untitled Ithaca, NY By Danielle Kisloski This image was taken with an iPhone and a D.I.Y macro lens. Prize: $50 gift certificate to Cayuga Landscape, one of shoppers’ favorite spots on our annual Odyssey to Ithaca bus tour.
WINNER: SCENES CATEGORY (middle left) “Taughannock Frosting” Taughannock Falls, Ulysses, NY By Judy Lombardi-Newell Prizes: $35 gift certificate to Higbie Farm Supply in North Chili, which has an amazing birding department and great garden accessories, and a $35 gift certificate to the Asa Ransom House Country Inn in Clarence, a B&B that also serves up elegant dinners.
WINNER: ENHANCED CATEGORY (middle right) “Saturday’s Snow” Ithaca, NY By Danielle Kisloski Prizes: $35 gift certificate to Bakers’ Acres, another favorite Ithaca-area destination (great for perennials), and $35 gift certificate to Amanda’s Garden, a native plant nursery in Springwater that provides plants and consulting services.
WINNER: FACEBOOK’S MOST POPULAR (bottom) Untitled Letchworth State Park By Mary Shelsby Prizes: $35 gift certificate for Shrub Coat products (shrubcoat.com)—“The Ultimate Winter Plant Protection”—and $35 for QB Daylily Gardens in Caledonia, with over 1300 registered varieties of hemerocallis on display and over 700 for sale. 2 4 | novembe r - decembe r 2 0 1 2
A mystery grows at Chimney Bluffs Chapter 3: “Department of academic ghosts” by Jonathan Everitt Illustration by Steve Smock
Shuffling across the quad, Professor of Botany Irving Seger looked up at the vast
curtain of gunmetal clouds pushing their way across the Upstate New York sky. Halloween had blown away the blazing trees and brilliant blue, and now the air was filled with lost ghosts. He paused, adjusted the worn leather satchel on his shoulder, pulled his cap tighter, and zipped his wool jacket. His gray beard twitched. Irving reached the Biology department as dusk fell. Streetlamps illuminated the brick walk that led to the old granite building. He turned his key in the front lock and walked in. Passed by the faculty mailboxes in the small lobby and stepped into the main hall. Breathed deep the century’s worth of floor wax, coffee pots, disinfectant, and chalk dust. He’d miss those old friends in the new facility rising across campus. But there was no time to mourn. Upstairs, a roomful of forgotten artifacts had to be sorted and packed this weekend. Moving day was near. He climbed the stairs to the third floor, where a storage room sat undisturbed. The unofficial Department of Academic Ghosts, Irving called it. A landing spot for everything nobody wanted, yet shouldn’t be thrown away. The door to the old room still bore some crackled gold lettering on its window: “Profess_r Mori_rty, Bot_nical Studies.” Once inside, Irving turned on a desk lamp that cast broad shadows across the space. He reached into his satchel for his reading glasses and sterling silver flask. Cognac. He sipped, then studied the room.
There were shelves strewn with abandoned things. Papers and jars. Framed photos. Pressed flowers. An old clock above a book case had stopped years ago at 3:35. The minute hand pointed perfectly to the bottom drawer of a file cabinet, open and overstuffed. And with no other rational starting place, Irving shrugged to himself and knelt by the beckoning drawer. He pulled a folder from the cabinet, settled into the creaking Windsor chair, and gave the papers his professorial sniff. His eyes widened as they fell across a title: “The Narcissus Enigma explained.” He’d only heard legends. But the nautical map and the dates suggested there was truth to the long-dismissed rumor of the Chimney Bluffs. Footsteps in the hall caught him mid-thought. The door cracked open. A young woman’s voice whispered from outside. “Professor, you’re too late.” Unstartled, Irving tilted his flask toward his mouth once again, letting the spice of it warm him. This would be no ordinary Winter Break. To be continued
UPSTATE GARDENERS’ JOURNAL | 25
Food pantries, real food and you By Christina Le Beau
was shopping with my daughter in the grocery store, buying items for a local food drive. After I threw a few bags of brown rice in the cart, Tess asked me why brown and not white. “Because it’s healthier,” I answered, “and it’s what we eat.” Then I told her that we help people not only by donating food, but by making sure it’s healthy food. Food we’d actually eat ourselves. Logic even a kid can understand. So why don’t more of us get it? White rice is the least of it. Most donations to food pantries are chemical-filled, non-nutritive, far removed from real food. They’re whatever’s cheapest, on sale and, let’s face it, the rejects in the back of our cabinets. Some Girl Scout councils even encourage people to buy Girl Scout cookies and donate them to local food banks. Call me a killjoy, but I think that’s absurd. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, almost 15% of households had trouble getting enough food at some point in 2011. And Feeding America reports that the number of people seeking emergency food assistance has increased 46% since 2006. So, yes, I know. Any food is better than no food. But calories-in-lieu-of-nourishment isn’t sustainable. And it isn’t moral. Especially when you’re in a position to do something about it. So when we were shopping with a list from the food pantry that requested specific taco kits and other heavily processed foods, I found myself returning box after can after bag to the store shelf. It was seriously depressing to read the ingredients labels and know I would never feed them to my daughter. There was no way I was buying
them for someone else’s child, either. Which meant I shopped how I’ve been shopping for food pantries for years. Simple staples like the brown rice, dried beans, tomato sauce, vegetable stock, natural peanut butter, oatmeal. But this time Tess was along, and darn if her questions didn’t make me mull questions of my own. Did going off-list mean my donations would be wasted? Was I forcing my values on other people? Would my little contribution even matter? The truth is, I don’t know. But I do know that since then — spurred in part by that aisle soulsearching — I’ve been donating cash instead of goods. Food banks take cash and buy in bulk or get companies to underwrite the cost, thus stretching those dollars up to tenfold. Those economies of scale make cash donations the best way to support the cause. Still, OK, there is appeal in selecting and donating tangible goods. And there is something especially satisfying about donating fresh produce. Especially when you’ve grown it yourself – as you can through the Garden Writers Association’s “Plant a Row for the Hungry” program. Or when you’ve volunteered to glean at a local farm, harvesting crops left at the end of the season. A growing number of food banks now accept fresh fruits and vegetables – organizations you can find through AmpleHarvest.org. That’s the kind of food I’d be happy to feed my child. And yours. Christina Le Beau lives in Rochester. She writes about raising food-literate kids at www.spoonfedblog.net. A version of this essay originally appeared on Spoonfed.
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Visits to London, The Cotswolds, Oxford & More! Windsor Castle
poetry in planting
Tour of London with Expert Guide Special Guest—Upstate Gardeners’ Journal Publisher,
Departure Date: May 18, 2013
Return Date: May 27, 2013
Departure City: Rochester
Program Length: 10 days/ 8 nights
Royal Horticultural Society Membership Hampton Court Palace Chelsea Garden Show—Member Day Great Dixter Gardens Oxford & Blenheim Palace Day trip to Cotswolds and Hidcote Manor Gardens
For all the fabulous details go to www.travelbuds.net Click on ITINERARIES, and then click on English Garden Tour 2013 Or call Marjorie Case, Tour Director, at 585-261-1144
Upstate Gardeners' Journal November-December 2012