Page 1

A BRIEF HISTORY OF OUR

ANCESTORS

CREATED BY STUDENTS AT HIGHLINE HIGH SCHOOL


Name: Ariel Santana Herrera

Bartolome de las Casas

"God is the one who always remembers those whom history has forgotten"


Bartolome's biography Bartolome de las casas was a Spanish priest who fought against the treatment for the indigenous people. Something important he did was become the first resident bishop of Chiapas, he was also the first officially appointed as the 'protector of the Indians". He also helped the Native American's by going to Hispaniola in 1502 and spending his life alleviating the conditions of the native american's. Bartolome de las casas lived in sevilla in 1513. The reason why Bartolome de las casas is important is because he was the first to expose the oppression of indigenous people from the Europeans in the Americas and calling for abolition of slavery there. date of birth: (close) 1484 date of death: 18, July, 1566


Queen Boudica Queen Boudicca Queen Boadicea


Would You Doubt a Woman Leader?

Queen Boudica was not always the strong leader she was in the end. Most of her life is a mystery. In her time it was normal to be married at a young age. Soon after they had two daughters. Protagus became king or chief of the Iceni tribe. The Romans took control of southern England but let Portagus continue to be King. When Portagus died the Romans decided to rule Iceni directly. Some say Boudica was stripped and beat, while her daughters were raped. These actions caused a lot of problems for the Romans. Many from the Iceni tribe decided to rebel. Boudica became the leader. Boudica and her warriors came strong and defeated many. Finally, Boudicca was defeated by a Roman army led by Paulinus. She died a strong women leader.


Chief HUARO

Born in Guam Died February 2, 1669


Who Was He

Chief Hurao was one of the most honored leader's of his homeland, Guam. Way back in the 1600's, he and his men went to war against the Spanish. the battle happened in Guam in The 1600's. He is still important to this day because of how he fought for his country with his men. During the war, he was shot by one of the Spanish soldiers and died but it did not stop his men from fighting.


THE CONQUESTS OF KING FA NGUM


Somdetch BrhatAnya Fa Ladhuraniya Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Maharaja Brhat Rajadharana Sri Chudhana Negara better known as fa ngum, he born in 1316 dead in 1393

The traditional court histories of Lan Xang begin in the Year of the NÄ ga 1319 (the nÄ ga a mythical serpent of the Mekong and a protector spirit of the kingdom) with the birth of Fa Ngum. Fa Ngum's Grandfather Souvanna Khampong was king of Muang Sua and his father Chao Fa Ngiao was the crown prince. As a youth Fa Ngum was sent to the Khmer Empire to live as


son of king Jayavarman IX , where he was given princes keo kang ya. king souvannas khampong ( Fa Ngum's grandfather) he died in 1343 and a succession dispute for muange sua took In 1349 Fa Ngum was granyteds a army known as "Ten Thousand" to take the crown. At the time Khmer Empire was in decline (possible from an outbreak of the black death and the combined influx of tai people).


Having secured a sizable force of Lao from each territory under his domain fa Ngum move down the Nam Ou to take muang sua. Despite three attack the king of muang sua, who was Fa ngum's army and committed suicide rather than be taken alive . In 1353-4 Fa Ngum was crowned, and name his kingdom Lan xang hom khao also known as the Land of a million Elephant and The White Parasol Fa Ngum continued his conquest to secure the area around the mekong by moving to take sipson panna


and began moving south to the borders of Lanna along the Mekong. King Phayu of Lanna raised an army which Fa Ngum overwhelmed at Chiang Saen, forcing Lanna to cede some its territory and provide valuable gifts in exchange for mutual recognition. Having secured his immediate borders Fa Ngum returned to Muang Sua. Vientiane remained independent and powerful, and the growing power of Ayutthaya(Kingdom in Thai) threatened regional stability.


Gabriela SILANG Cleanne Buhain


PH Born: March 19, 1731 Death: September 20, 1763 Philippines, Santa Illocos Sur

GABRIELA SILANG First female leader of a Filipino Movement for independence against Spain during 1763.

After the death of her husband, Diego Silang, Gabriela being a very courageous woman, took over her husband's leadership. It was a rebellious group. They were fighting against the Spanish who were ruling the Philippines, Gabriela's home. The men who fought alongside her at first didn't believe she could lead them.  But in time, she proved that women are as capable of as men.


Gaspar Yanga

By Elijah Allen


Who

Gaspar Yanga a person of royalty. year of birth 1545, date of death unknown sometime between 1609-1623

What

He was a leader of a group of slaves who defended an attack from the Spaniards.

How

By escaping his own capturers and went back home to rule. He ruled and got together a group to stop an incoming Spanish attack.

Where When

In the Highlands near Veracruz, Mexico(known then as New Spain)

The time was around 1608-1609 when they defended the attack.


DON MIGUEL GREGORIO ANTONIO IGNACIO

HIDALGO By Abisai Sanchez 

Birth May 8 1753-Death July 30  1811


He was a professor at the Colegio de San Nicolรกs Obispo in Valladolid and was ousted in 1792. He served in a church in Colima and then he served in Dolores, Dias. After his arrival, he was shocked by the rich soil he had found, he tried to help the poor by showing them how to grow olives and grapes, but in Mexico, growing these crops was discouraged and prohibited by authorities due to Spanish imports of these items. In 1810 he gave the famous speech "The Cry of Dolores", he marched across Mexico and gathered an army of nearly 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians who attacked and killed both Spanish Penisulares (born in Spain), and Criollo (pure Spain blood) elites. Even though Hidalgo's troops lacked training and were poorly armed. These troops ran into an army of 6,000 well trained and armed Spanish troops. Most of Hidalgo's troops fled or were killed at the Battle of Calderon Bridge.


Miguel Hidalgo  Y Costilla Y Costilla

by Junior Moreno


Don Miguel 8 May 1753 – 30 July 1811 Don Miguel was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence. Don Miguel grew up in PÊnjamo, Mexico but he became a profeser at the clegio de san nicolas obispo and and was ousted in 1917. In the War of Independence he gathered many people to fight against colonialism and he convinced them with his famous speech "Cry Of Dolores" and he also fought against the Spaniards in that war.


Colonialism colonialism is a bad thing if you're getting colonized because that means all your land and natural resources are going to be shared with the country taking over your country but in return they protect you.


Jayavarman VII 1120-1215

Made by the beautiful Nyla Krouch


The Greatest King of Cambodia Who is Jayavarman VII? Jayavarman VII was born in 1125 and died in 1215, he was over 90 years old and died of old age, but his legacy still lives. The king was born into the royal family of Ankor. Jayavarman was a firm believer in buddhism. He is more generally known as "The greatest king of Cambodia" as he was Cambodia's most productive king. He expanded the empire to its greatest territorial extent and engaged in a building program that made many temples (including Angkor Thom), highways, rest houses, and hospitals.

What are Jayavarman's achievements? He built a large number of new temples, including the Bayon, a distinctively Mahāyāna Buddhist central pyramid temple designed to serve as the primary locus and also as his own personal mausoleum; personal funerary temples, which were dedicated to his mother and father; and a series of local temples, which held replicas of the Royal Buddha. He rebuilt the city of Angkor, now known as Angkor Thom, and rebuilt and extended the system of  highways, which spread across  the Bayon and the royal palace and reached far into the many cities . He has also constructed more than 100 rest houses along these roads and built more than 100 hospitals, which he dispersed throughout his kingdom and placed under the protection of Baiṣajyaguru Vaiḍūryaprabhā, the Great Buddha of Healing.


Jayavarman VII quote

"The suffering of my people, is my suffering" Jayavarman VII


la Malinche By: Laura Perez


WHO WAS

La Malinche ([la maˈlintʃe]; c. 1496 or c. 1501 – c. 1529), known also as Malinalli [maliˈnalːi], Malintzin [maˈlintsin] or Dona Marina [ˈdona maˈɾina], was a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, acting as an interpreter, advisor, lover, and intermediary for Hernan Cortes. She was one of twenty women slaves given to the Spaniards by the natives of Tabasco in 1519. Later, she became a mistress to Cortes and gave birth to his first son, Martin, who is considered one of the first Mestizos (people of mixed European and indigenous American Ancestry.

One of her quotes were... "las emociones se viven, se sienten,se reconocen pero solo un parte de ellas se puede expresar, en palabras o conceptos"


Malinalli was introduced to the Spanish in April 1519, when she was among twenty slave women given by the Chontal Maya of Potonchan (in the present-day state of Tabasco) after the Spaniards defeated them in battle. At this time, she was probably in her late teens or early twenties. Cortes kept her by his side for her value as an interpreter who spoke two native languages— Mayan and Nahuatl. Malinche’s image has become a mythical archetype that Hispanic American artists have represented in various forms of art. Her figure permeates historical, cultural, and social dimensions of Hispanic American cultures. In modern times and in several genres, she is compared with the figure of the Virgin Mary, La Llorona (folklore story of the woman weeping for lost children) and with the Mexican soldaderas (women who fought beside men during the Mexican Revolution) for their brave actions.


A VIETNAMESE HERO

TRAN

HUNG DAO 1228-1300

BY: NHAN LUONG


english version -Who was TRAN HUNG DAO? Tran Hung Dao known as Grand Prince Hung Dao.. His real name was Tran  Quoc  Tuan. He was born in 1228 and died in 1300.. During Tran Dynasty of Dai Viet (which is ancient Vietnam), he was a statesman and military commander.

-What did he do?  He commanded the Dai Viet armies repelled three major MongolChinese invasions in the 13th century. His multiple victories over the Mongols and Yuan Dynasty invade under Kublai Khan are considered among the greatest military feats in Vietnamese history. The Mongols and Yuan dynasty forces were successful on land, but they struggled heavily with heat and diseases.    During this time, Mongols succeeded in conquering most Central Asian and Eastern Europe. In 1257, Mongols invaded Dai Viet, making the first invasion. During three Mongols invasion, he supported the withdrawal of the capital city of Thang Long, using "empty house garden". The enemy in the empty capital without food.  They crazily destroyed the capital  Lack of food, backed by our armies, less than a month, their armies are consumed.    Borrowing a way used by general Ngo Quyen in 938, he command armies plug spike into the Bach Dang River. The Mongols armies into the river just as the tide was starting to leave, their ships had stuck on the spike and their way to the sea had been blocked by large warships. Unable to return or escape to the sea, the entire 400 craft was sunk and burned by fire arrows. The rest of Mongol armies retreated to China.

-Where did this happen?

Dai Viet (ancient Viet Nam) and on the Bach Dang River.


English version -When did this happen?       1285-1288

-Why is he important to my topic?     He is the important character in Vietnamese history. The victory over the greatest armies - who conquer the most Asia was the greatest military feats in Vietnamese history.. That shows he is an intelligent general and proves Vietnamese is not easy to be conquered. There are many temples and statues revered him as hero in Vietnam. He was in the list "top ten military general all time" with general Vo Nguyen Giap. He is the proudness of our nation.


Vietnamese version -Trần Hưng Đạo là ai?

Trần Hưng Đạo hay còn gọi là Hưng Đạo Vương. Tên thật của ông là Trần Quốc Tuấn. Ông sinh năm 1228 và mẩt năm 1300. Ông là một nhà chính trị, quân sự, tôn thất hoàng gia Đại Việt(tên gọi cũ của Việt Nam) dưới thời Trần. Ông nổi bật với việc chỉ huy quân đội đánh tan 3 cuộc xâm lược Mông-Nguyên năm 1285-1288.

-Ông đã làm được những gì? Ông chỉ huy quân đội đánh bại quân Mông Cổ (một đội quân hùng mạnh lúc bấy giờ đã chiếm đóng hầu hết Châu Á và các nước Đông Âu ) vào thế kỷ 13. Chiến thắng của ông là một trong những cuộc chiến thắng vĩ đại nhất trong lịch sử Việt Nam, Trong suốt ba cuộc kháng chiến quân Mông-Nguyên, khi thế giặc mạnh, để bảo toàn lực lượng, ông đã đứa ra kế sách "vườn không nhà trống" để tiêu hao sinh lực kẻ thù. Sau khi tiến vào kinh thành Thăng Long( Hà Nội ngày nay), không một bóng người, không một chút lương thực, quân giặc điên cuồng tán phá kinh thành. Thiếu lương thực, lại bị quân nhà Trần tấn công, chỉ sau một tháng, quân Mông Cổ không còn lại bao nhiêu, một số phải tháo chạy về nước. Biết giặc sẽ tân công vào đường biển thêm một lần nữa nên Trần Hưng Đạo đã sử dụng chiến thuật như Ngô Quyền năm 938, cắm cọc xuống biển chờ khi thủy triều xuống, thuyền của giặc mắc cạn trên các cọc gỗ khiến thế giặc bế tắc, quân ta xông ra tiêu diệt hầu hết quân Mông Cổ khiến số còn lại phải tháo chạy về nước.

-Cuộc kháng chiến sảy ra ở đâu?

Đại Việt (Tên cũ của Việt Nam dưới thời Trấn) và trên sông Bạch Đẳng.


Vietnamese version -Sảy ra khi nào? Năm 1285-1288

-Tại sao ông ấy lại quan trọng với chủ đề của bạn? Trần Hưng Đạo là một nhân vật quan trọng trong lịch sử Việt Nam. Sự chiến thắng với đội quân hùng mạnh đã xâm chiếm hầu hết Châu Á đã cho thấy ông là một đại tướng tài giỏi và chứng minh rằng dân tọc Việt Nam không thể dẽ dàng bị xâm chiếm. Dân tộc Việt Nam tôn kính ông như một người hùng của dân tộc. Ông lọt vào danh sách " 10 vị tướng tài ba của mọi thời đại". Trần Hưng Đạo là một niềm tự hào của dân tộc Việt Nam


Francisco Ignaco Madero Gonzalez was a Mexican writer and statesman who served as the 33rd President of Mexico from 1911 until he was assassinated in February 22nd, 1913. He overthrew the entrended dictator Porfirio Diaz by kick starting the Mexican Revolution. He lived in a city in Mexico called "Coahuila". He Is Important because he saved Mexico by taking away Diaz's Spot as president. He was born in 1873 and died in 1913 by getting shot by a man named Victoriano Huerat Who Served Diaz.


Jordan Moa

Martin Luther

"God doesn't love us because of OUR WORTH! We are WORTH because God LOVES US" -Martin Luther


WHO?

WHEN? Around 1515 -1530 Born 1447 Died 1546

Martin Luther

WHAT. Tried to get Germany more involed in actual biblical teachings. Treid to bring more of god into Germany. Add subheading Considerd to be a sword cause he faught unture teaching

WHERE? Eisleben, Germany

HOW? Wrote a translation of the whole bible into german


Jaiden Jongjitirat

MONGKUT


Mongkut was born on October 18, 1804, he was the second son of Prince Isarasundhorn and Princess Bunreod. In 1824 at the age of 20, he became a Buddhist monk. The same year, his father died. Mongkut should have been crowned king but Prince Jessadabodindra was crowned instead. Mongkut remained a monk until April 2nd 1851, when he was crowned as king of Siam. During his reign as king, neighboring countries were being colonized by the French and British, Mongkut prevented Siam from being colonized by accepting western innovations and modeling Siam off of a European state.


Who was Mongkut? Mongkut was the fourth monarch of Siam (Thailand)

What did Mongkut do for Siam? Mongkut protected Siam from British and French colonization. (Colonialism/Colonization is where a country takes over another country for their resources.) He prevented colonization by accepting British and French innovations and starting the modernization of his country.

When did this happen? Mongkut was born on October 18th, 1804. He was the king of Siam from 1851 to 1868. He died on October 1st, 1868.

Where did this happen?

Mongkut ruled over and lived in Siam, On June 24th, 1939, Siam was changed Thailand.

Why wasn't Siam colonized? Siam wasn't colonized by the British or the French because Siam morphed into the model of a European state, another reason was because Siam was used as a buffer between the British and French so they wouldn't fight over land.


NIKOLA TESLA BY : DRAGANA PLACKOV


NIKOLA TESLA Born and raised in the Austrian Empire, Tesla received an advanced education in engineering and physics in the 1870s and gained practical experience in the early 1880s working in telephony and at Continental Edison in the new electric power industry. He emigrated to the United States in 1884, where he would become a naturalized citizen.


WHAT DID HE DO ? WHEN AND WHAT? Nikola Tesla was born an ethnic Serb in the village Smiljan, Lika county, in the Austrian Empire (present day Croatia), on 10 July . 28 June] 1856. His father, Milutin Tesla (1819–1879),[15] was an Eastern Orthodox priest In 1873, Tesla returned to Smiljan. Shortly after he arrived, he contracted cholera, was bedridden for nine months and was near death multiple times

roughout the 1890s, Tesla pursued his ideas for wireless lighting and worldwide wireless electric power distribution in his high-voltage, highfrequency power experiments in New York and Colorado Springs. In 1893, he made pronouncements on the possibility of wireless communication with his devices.


Las Soldaderas Petra Herrera Kimberly Ocampo


What are soldaderas? Soldaderas were women in the military who helped fight in the Mexican revolution. But they also served as nurses and to feed or clean for the man that fought in the battles, but Petra Herrera was one that fought in battles.

Petra Herrera's life Petra was born in La Escondida, Zacatecas, she was a soldadera who disguised herself as a man going by the name of Pedro. She fought in many battles, one of the battles she fought in was the 2nd battle of Torreon in May 30, 1914 with 400 other soldaderas. Petra after establishing a good reputation by showing her leadership later announced she was a woman. After this Pancho Villa didn't promote her to general because she was a woman, so she left the force and made her own all-women brigade. She didn't let any men near and if they got close she would shot them. After the revolution the group separated. Petra later died in 1917 people don't really know how she died but people think she was shot by a group of men and later died because of her injuries. Others say she was shot in a crossfire between the federals and the rebels.


Prithvi Narayan Shan            1723-1775

                By: Babita Rai           


Prithvi Narayan Shah was the first king of Nepal. He was born in Gurkha Municipality, Nepal and he became king at age of 20 (1743). The reason he was known as the first king of Nepal was because he created Nepal. Prithvi was interested in politics and he also had interests in both visiting and defeating other countries since he was young. After he took over the throne he started to enlarge his territory by defending the other territories around Gurkha. He fought and took over the three Malla kingdom's of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhadgaon in 1769, he combined all the kingdoms to create the modern state of Nepal. He also moved his capital from Gurkha to Kathmandu. It wasn't easy for him to take over Three Malla kingdoms because the king of Kathmandu got support and help from the East India Company in 1767 and defeated Prithvi Narayan Shah. The East India Company was also known as the British East India Company. Two years later after the East India Company forces were called back Prithvi took that chance to take over  Kathmandu. Then he increased his territory in northern India, but it got taken back by the East India Company and Nawab of Bengal. After all this, he covered his borders and refused to make any trade with the British. He died at age of 52 in Devghat.


By: Melisa Franco


Who was Comandanta Ramona? Ramona took control of the city of san cristoval and she one of the seven women in charge of directing an army. Ramona lived in Chiapas, Mexico. She was one of the Zapatistas (Zapatista is a person or a supporter of a Mexican Revolutionary Force) Ramona was born in 1959 and died January 6, 2006.

"Queremos un Mexico que nos tome en cuenta como seres humanos, que nos respete y nos reconosca nuestra dignidad, un Mexico donde todos tengamos un lugar digno."


Colonialism

Colonialism is when a country takes over other lands, regions and turning them into a colony. Usually the country that takes over is more powerful and richer and takes control of smaller less powerful lands or regions.


J U A N A  I N E S

DE LA CRUZ

By. Ashlley Lopez


Juana Ines De La Cruz was know for being a women's rights activist and writer. She was born on Nov 12 , 1651 and died on April 17 in 1695 by catching the plague when she was treating her fellow nuns.  She taught  herself to read and write due to it being forbidden for girls to get educated. She learned to read and write in her  grandfather’s library. At the age of 12 she moved to Mexico City and asked her mother for permission  to disguise herself as a boy in order to continue her education.  In 1669 she became a nun where she continued to study and write. While she was there she helped teach the other women.


"I DON'T  STUDY TO  KNOW   MORE,  BUT  TO  IGNORE  LESS."  

In 1690 a Portuguese priest had published criticism saying that he agrees with her criticisms but believed that she as a nun should devote her life to praying and give up writing.


"I will tell you something about stories…They aren’t just entertainment. Don’t be fooled.  They are all we have, you see, all we have to fight off illness and death." —Leslie Marmon Silko

A Brief History of Our Ancestors: Volume 2  

A history of counter-stories created by 10th grade students from Burien, Wa.

A Brief History of Our Ancestors: Volume 2  

A history of counter-stories created by 10th grade students from Burien, Wa.

Advertisement