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DEAR FRIENDS...

Supernatural Food What do you hunger and thirst for in life?

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esus addressed this issue with those who sought him after the miracle of the multiplication of the loaves. Were they simply hungry for things which satisfy the body or for that which satisfies the heart and soul? Jesus echoes the question posed by the prophet Isaiah: “Why do you spend your money for that which is not bread, and your labor for that which does not satisfy” (Isaiah 55:2)? Only God can satisfy the spiritual hunger in our heart and soul – the hunger for truth, for life, and for companionsip and love. Jesus makes a claim which only God can make: He is the true

bread of heaven that can satisfy the deepest hunger, thirst, and longing which every human being experiences in life. When the Israelites journeyed in the desert wildnerness they could find no food to keep themselves alive. They complained that God had left them there to perish. God tested them to see if they would trust in his personal care and provision for them. He gave them sufficient manna each day to sustain them on their journey to the promised land. This daily provision of manna in the wilderness could not produce long lasting satisfaction nor eteral life for the Israelites. It did however

prefigure and point to the superabundance of the unique bread of the Eucharist or Lord’s Supper which Jesus gave to his disciples on the eve of his sacrifice. The bread which Jesus offers his disciples sustains us not only on our journey to the heavenly paradise, it gives us the abundant supernatural life of God which sustains us now and for all eternity. When we receive from the Lord’s table we unite ourselves to Jesus Christ, who makes us sharers in his body and blood and partakers of his divine life. Ignatius of Antioch (35-107 A.D.) calls it the “one bread that provides the medicine of immortality, the

Upon this Rock magazine is published by EuropeAxess Media, Gibraltar.

WAT E R F R O N T restaurant

Editor Fr. Stuart Chipolina: editor@uponthisrock.eu

The Grill is open 7 nights a week

Production Editor: A. Sargent

Fresh Fish including Tuna, Sardines, Thai Jumbo Prawns, Dorada and Sea Bass.

angela@europeaxess.com Cover: RIFCOM ‘Tight Spot’ Photo: Tim Lewis

In House Aged T-bone, Rib-eye and Sirloin, with intense flavours and unsurpassed succulence.

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Ignatius was the third bishop of Antioch, succeeding St. Evodius, who was the immediate successor of St. Peter, during the reign of the Roman emperor Trajen (98-117), an unyielding persecutor of the Christian Church. What we know of him stems from his writings, in particular the seven epistles Ignatius wrote. At around the year 110 A.D., Emporor Trajen sentenced Ignatius to death by exposure to lions in the arena. In his letter to the Romans, Ignatius writes: “I am writing to all the Churches and I enjoin all, that I am dying willingly for God’s sake, if only you do not prevent it. I beg you, do not do me an untimely kindness. Allow me to be eaten by the beasts, which are my way of reaching to God. I am God’s wheat, and I am to be ground by the teeth of wild beast, so that I may become the pure bread of Christ.” In the 1st Century they fed Christians to the lions, but there are plenty of 21st Century threats that make us afraid to follow our Christian path. Stresses that may seem to us as powerful and inescapable as the jaws of a lion. antidote for death, and the food that makes us live for ever in Jesus Christ” (Ad Eph. 20,2). This supernatural food is healing for both body and soul and strength for our journey heavenward. Jesus also spoke about the works of God and what we must do to be doing the works of God, namely to believe in God’s Son whom he has sent into the world. Jesus offers a new relationship with God which issues in a new kind of life: a life of sacrificial love, selfless service, and the forgiveness of others which cor-

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responds to God’s mercy, goodness and loving kindness; a life of holiness, purity, and truth which corresponds to God’s holiness; and a life of obedience and trust which corresponds to God’s offer of abundant life, peace, and happiness. This is the work which Jesus directs us to and enables us to perform in the power of the Holy Spirit. Do you hunger for the bread which comes down from heaven and thirst for the words of everlasting life? God Bless you, Fr Stuart


Cover Story: RIFCOM (Bridging the gap between continents)

Beyond the

Africa is only a stone’s throw from the Rock, or so it seems on a clear day.

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but include the mountains of southern Spain and belong to the Gibraltar Arc or Alboran sea geological region. So it seems we have grounds for a common affinity, at least as human beings. Rifcom (bridging the gap between continents) is a fairly recently established charity of volunteers from Gibraltar and Spain who get involved in projects that

ited since 8,000 BC. Today it has a population of some 32million and of these; the Berbers are considered its original inhabitants. The Berber word ‘arif’wise- refers to the region in the Rif’s mountain range where they live in many small dispersed villages. Interestingly, the Rif are not part of the Atlas range,

help enhance the lives of the Berber communities. In June this year, a group of 42 volunteers left Gibraltar for a five day trip with this aim in mind. One of these was Nina Macedo, one of the youngest at 22 years who works in Associate Assurance with PricewaterhouseCoopers Ltd, and who has shared her ex-

Photos: Tim Lewis

n another day it is veiled in mist and lies tantalisingly out of reach, beguiling and mysterious. Another continent, a different culture beckons, so near we live as neighbours, but oh so far apart lie our historical, social, religious and cultural differences. Morocco, the 57th largest country in the world, has been inhab-

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Photos: Tim Lewis Text: Anne Mesilio

blue

perience with me. How did it all start? “A couple of years ago I wanted to go to Kenya to work in an orphanage, I had actually signed up and paid for it when civil unrest flared up so I had to cancel. It was a missed opportunity so when this chance came along I was eager to go”. Nina had responded to a generic email at work which invited seven people from this particular company, as well as others, to participate. “An invitation to challenge yourself and make a difference”. Nina was ready, and having raised the necessary sponsorship money she set out with the group on 10th June. Leaving the Rock at the early hour of 5.am they travelled by coach to Tarifa, then by ferry to Tangier and onwards by coach to Chefchaouen, a city forty miles south of Tetouan in the heart of the Rif Mountains. This blue city of the hills has been inhabited since pre historic times and Nina found its diverse nature intriguing. “It seemed to be very western in parts, while other parts were very primitive, for instance no flushing toilets, and then again we met children

city of the hills

who were on Facebook”. The group spent three days in town getting acquainted with the local community. “We needed to bond with the more well off in order to approach those less well off”, and during that time they helped to paint some houses. Then it was off beyond the blue city of the hills into the ancient Rif’s land of rugged mountains which descend steeply to the coast with few cultivated areas, but where fig and olive trees clung on tenaciously. They saw women working in the few arable areas as they trudged in baking heat through valleys and rivers, interspersed with green and dry areas, wading through muddy patches to a small Berber village. The inhospitable conditions in which these “Free People” exist were outweighed by the warmth of their welcome. “I remember all 42 of us crammed into one small hut drinking mint tea”. These hardy people have survived centuries of tough living and still “live with their whole family together in small mud huts and cook in clay ovens”. continued overleaf

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Photo: Tim Lewis

Cover Story: RIFCOM (Bridging the gap between continents)

continued from previous page This family closeness was a moving experience for Nina especially as they have preserved their social customs through various waves of conquest. She explained that whilst in the mountains the group ate the same food as the Berbers which was mainly bread, mint tea and crepes and this helped them get a feel of how the people lived. It

became clear that they are happy and content in their ways, don’t want to convert to western ways, but could do with some hygiene guidance. The group went to visit a women’s institute where the women were busy weaving on hand made and hand operated looms. “There is no way I would ever be able to do that”, was Nina’s immediate impression as she realised how “technology has moved us on and we in the west seem to have lost touch with basics, I’m sure we could learn something here”, she sounded thoughtful. On a visit to a school it became apparent that elementary needs only were being met, “just a building with a black-

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board”. She went on, “I did a music lesson with the children, well tried to anyway, I attempted to sing in Moroccan, the children in English and it was fun. Then we played games which we enjoyed”. Their guide had been to university, and while some people are quite well educated it became apparent that those in the mountains cherish their age old ways, they live simply, at one with nature. One of Rifcoms aims is to “create a source of income (micro economy) in the Rif region that is sustained by the local community….” (www. rifcom.org) and I find this heartening as President Obama said on his visit to Ghana (July 11th 2009) which I quote; “The purpose of foreign aid is to create conditions where it is no longer needed”. Some computers had been donated to these mountain schools where they had never been seen before let alone know how to use one. Was this too much too soon in areas where mules provide the transport and women, once married stay at home? (It has to be said that many new laws have been passed in Mo-

rocco, one giving women more rights.) Still, misgivings gnawed at me and I asked Nina if all this westernisation was really a good thing? “I’m aware of the destructive side of technology and how adverse an effect it can have, but if used within limits, it can only help”, well, she was candid and I appreciated that. There has been massive deforestation to make way for cannabis plantations and the regions around Chefchaouen produce one half of the worlds supply. Their guide pointed out where the King of Spain has turned an area into a nature reserve, making it illegal to grow the marijuana plant, but as Nina observed, “it grows everywhere and has been cultivated for centuries”. I cannot see this changing overnight. Nina was “really glad to have made the trip and would love to go back and see if things have changed”. So near and maybe not so far anymore there is another way of life, which, with all good intention can be enhanced for the inhabitants, with all due respect to their traditions and family values.


700 Years of Devotion to Our Lady of Europe

A new statue of Our Lady of Europe

His Lordship Bishop Caruana has commissioned a beautiful new ‘Florentine Collection’ statue of Our Lady of Europe.

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eligious and gift item distributors CBC in Newry, Northern Ireland were selected to project manage the production. Using detailed photographs of the original statue, a sculptor produced a scale model, 30cm high. A silicon rubber mold was made from this model, and a trial statue produced in a single colour. This was presented to His Lordship for approval. His Lordship found that the flowing locks of hair depicted in this first casting were too curly, and so the artist was asked to change this. A second mold was manufactured and a new prototype produced, this time with all the colouration completed. This was again submitted for approval, and when

Bishop Caruana was able to pass it, production began. Initially 1000 units have been manufactured in resin and hand painted by a Tiawanese owned company in China. The statues were shipped to Newry where each one was checked and only after it had passed a stringent quality control process, passed for sale to the public as part of a range of religious statuary in the CBC ‘Florentine Collection’ A percentage of the new statues have been retained in the UK for worldwide wholesale distribution by CBC, and the new Our Lady of Europe statue will be included in their next annual catalogue. But the bulk of the first batch are being made available to us here in Gibraltar.

While this is without doubt the most beautiful statue of Our Lady of Europe, after the original, the modern production methods mean that it can be retailed at £19.50, considering the size and quality of the item, this is a very reasonable price point and demand is bound to be high. The new statue is available from

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the Cathedral Multimedia Centre bookshop next to the Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned and from St. Theresa’s Church on Devil’s Tower Road. The statue comes very well packed in thick polystyrene and a strong cardboard box, this adds to the value of the statue as a gift, and makes it suitable for sending abroad.


On pilgrimage

The Message of Mary to

Testimony of one who knelt at the altar in the sanctuary at the Rue due Bac in Paris

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n the 18th July, 1830 at 11.30 in the evening I heard someone calling me “Sister, Sister, Sister.” I awoke and looked in the direction that I heard the voice coming from, I saw a little child

dressed in white who appeared to be about 4 or 5 years old. The child said to me “let us go to the chapel. Get up quickly and go to the chapel, The Blessed Virgin is waiting for you.” These thoughts came to me but I was worried

that someone would hear me. The child told me “do not worry, it is 11.30 in the evening and everyone is asleep. Come, I am waiting for you.” So I arose and dressed quickly while the child waited for me at the foot of the bed. He shone brightly and illuminated the path we were taking. This astonished me greatly, but I was even more surprised as I entered the chapel and found that the door opened at the child’s touch. My amazement was made complete when I saw that all the candles and lights in the chapel were illuminated, as if for midnight mass. I did not yet see The Blessed Virgin. The child led me into the sanctuary to the chair where the Sister Director always sat, I fell to my knees and the child remained with me. I heard a rustling like the sound of a silk dress, I doubt-

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ed at first that this was The Blessed Virgin, but there she was sitting on the chair. She pointed to the foot of the altar with her left hand and said that it was there, I was to open my heart then I would receive all the consolation that I needed. She explained everything to me, I do not know for how long I stayed there, all I know is that when she left she suddenly was gone in the same way that she arrived. I believe that this child was my guardian angel. The greatest message that she left was: “Come to the foot of this altar, I will pour special graces on you.” I can testify to that because when I went to the chapel and knelt at the foot of the altar, I felt my heart fill with a mother’s love. The love that only a mother can give. From that moment I knew I had a mother who loves me. I feel so loved by her that I know she is with me all the time. When I left that church with the illumination, I knew without a doubt that at the alter you receive the maternal love of Our Blessed Mother.


Saint Catherine Labouré

THE MIRACULOUS MEDAL

Mrs Domi Ellul kneels at the altar where Our Blessed Mother appeared to St. Catherine Labouré

There I also experienced why the Pope called St Catherine “The Saint of Silence”, because she kept everything in the silence of her heart. Testimony of anothers on the same pilgrimage: “My experience at the foot of the altar was unforgettable. As I went there full of worries and anxieties and some personal problems and Our Lady, together with her Son took them all and I came back a much more carefree and happier person.”Anonymous Nuestra visita a la Virgen Milagrosa

Soy Pepi Lopez y pertenezco al Rosario de la Milagrosa. Siemre se hablo de ir a visitar el lugar donde aparecio la Virgen y porfin este año lo conseguimos. Este viaje a sido una experiencia inolvidable, llena de fe y de paz que recomendaria y a su vez me encataria repetir. The Miraculous Medal Group meets every Tuesday at 10.30 a.m at the fellowship room at the Catholic Community Centre to pray the Holy Rosary. Anyone wishing to join us is more than welcome.

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Book Review

We Never Walk Alone The Third Man Factor: How those in dire peril have felt a sudden presence at their side, inspiring them to survive

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leep-deprived, starving and gasping for air, former RAF pilot Frank Smythe was alone on Mount Everest. One by one, his fellow mountaineers had turned back, frozen and exhausted, and the British Everest Expedition, which had begun as a large, military-style assault, had been reduced to just one man. The date was June 1, 1933, the era of high altitude climbing was in its infancy and Everest, the world’s highest peak, had yet to be conquered. Smythe was now in the so-called

‘death zone’ - the area above 26,000ft where the amount of oxygen in the air is insufficient to sustain human life. ‘Weak as a kitten’, he pressed forward, but with each step he sank deeper into the snow. The summit was only 1,000 feet higher, but it might have been 1,000 miles. Smythe was ‘overcome by a feeling of hopelessness and weariness’. His limbs trembled and he felt like he was suffocating. He made one last attempt to press on, but standing for a few moments ‘at the very boundaries of life and death’, at an eleva-

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tion as high as any man had ever reached, he finally concluded that the summit of Everest ‘was not for mere flesh and blood’. Smythe had already earned a place in the history books. But what happened next made his story one of the most talked about endeavours in climbing folklore. Weak and desperately hungry, he reached into his pocket for a slab of Kendal mint cake. ‘This I took out of my pocket and, carefully dividing it into two halves, turned round with one half in my hand to offer to my “companion”.’ Smythe was a man entirely

Left to right S/Ldr Smythe - pilot, Sidney Meadowcroft, Keith Falconer, Tim Yates - W/Op, Peter Scott -R/G, F/O O’Connor Photo Source: Peter D Scott Photo believed to be taken in Dec or early Jan 1941, likely BU-P Stirling N2800 in background

alone, in one of the most inhospitable spots on earth. But astonishingly, throughout the solo part of his climb, he’d had a strong sensation that he ‘was accompanied by a second person’. And so real did this person seem that Smythe believed he, too, would need sustenance. At the moment he held out the piece of mint cake, he described the presence as ‘so near and so strong’ that it was ‘almost a shock to find no one to whom to give it’. Smythe later revealed that the ghostly companion had joined him almost as soon as he had parted company with his last remaining comrade. But after finally making it back to base camp, he was initially too embarrassed to talk openly about the phenomenon for fear of ridicule. Indeed, he entered his experience on the official record only after much persuasion from the expedition leader. He wrote: ‘All the time that I was climbing alone, I had a strong feeling that I was accompanied by a second person. The feeling was so strong that it completely eliminated all loneliness I might otherwise have felt.’


The explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton made a legendary escape from Antarctica in 1916 after his ship Endurance was trapped in and subsequently crushed by the ice of that unforgiving land. Shackleton and two of his men were on the final leg of their journey, having to cross an uncharted mountain range on South Georgia, a sub-Antarctic island, to reach help at a whaling station. During the crossing, each of the three men had the sense that there was another “presence” with them, helping them on the arduous journey. This fourth presence which inspired T.S. Eliot to include it in his 1922 poem, “The Waste Land,” changing the number to ask, “Who is the third who walks always beside you?” This experience became known among climbers and other explorers as the “third man factor.” For those of us of Faith, there is no need for explanation, but the Third Man Factor is a biography of a phenomenon that seems ‘spooky’ to many people. That people at the very edge of death, often adventurers or explorers, experience a sense of an incorporeal being beside them who encourages them to make one final effort to survive. If only a handful of people had

ever experienced the Third Man, it might be dismissed as an unusual delusion shared by a few overstressed minds. But the amazing thing is this: over the years, the experience has occurred again and again, to 9/11 survivors, mountaineers, divers, polar explorers, prisoners of war, solo sailors, aviators and astronauts. All have escaped traumatic events only to tell strikingly similar stories of having experienced the close presence of a helper or guardian. The mysterious force has been explained as everything from hallucination to divine intervention. Recent neurological research suggests something else. In The Third Man Factor John Geiger combines history, scientific analysis and great adventure stories to explain this secret to survival, a Third Man who — in the words of legendary Italian climber Reinhold Messner — “leads you out of the impossible.” “Call it a guardian angel, call it hallucination…it’s fascinating. Geiger’s account combines history, scientific analysis and true-life tales to haunting effect. I couldn’t put this down, and when I did

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I couldn’t sleep for thinking about it.” – The Bookseller We may or may not agree with the conclusion of the book, but according to one reviewer, “With his new book, author and explorer John Geiger heads into the mystic, shedding new light on an ‘angelic’ presence... Geiger attempts to get to the heart of this third man, explaining how and why the benevolent (non) being exists using both history and science as analytical tools. Geiger is uniquely qualified to do so.”


Pausing for Reflection Angela Sargent

In the Presence of God

Mary Ward assimilated the Truth, and in this new book we can learn more about her spirituality.

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uring the last year, I have had the privilege of being involved in the production of a book, written by Ursula Dirmeier and first published in German. It had been translated by Julie Clinton and further readied for print by a team in Gibraltar, former Loretto Convent headmistress Aoife Hynes and a

good friend of mine, Dorothy Prior. The title of the book, ‘In the Presence of God’ is not a phrase that we found ourselves bandying about overmuch as we worked. In fact we found we referred to the project as ‘The Book’ or in my case, in computer files and documents relating to the production work, the rath-

er unattractive acronym IPOG. Thus I fell into the trap of not using the G word, almost as if we were back in the Old Testament times again, and too afraid to use God’s holy name. When I was a teenager I had a feeling there was some secret, some truth, some theory of everything that I was missing, What is the Point of it all? I found myself asking. I was sure there was some mystical force that if only one could tune in one would be enlightened. But where was it to be found?

At various times in my life I have been gradually enlightened in very small degrees, and its what Dom Sebastian Moore, the much published monk of Downside calls the ‘Tolle moment’, aluding to the moment of awareness that Ekhart Tolle describes in his book, ‘The Power of Now’. Eckart Tolle is a very modern prophet, who finds a home in the Buddist spirituality, but he has discovered ‘It’ that very thing I was searching for. So imagine my joy when reading this book which deals with the spirituality of a woman who lived 4 centuries ago, when I had not got more than 18 pages into the book before discovering that she too, had discovered ‘it’ as professed by the title of the book, she had assimilated the truth, the importance of living in the presence of God. But what do we mean by this? I had not read the book in full until after it was published, but while typesetting the text and paginating the pages I was teased by the Chapter Headings and sub headings which seemed to speak to me in type that was bolder than

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Sarah Cumming

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Praying for our Priests

ust over a year and a half ago I made a promise to pray for our priests daily. (This was something which I figured I should have been doing since I was born!) At first I started with “adopting a priest” (www.pray4apriest. com) just to get into the routine of it and then it grew slowly to praying the rosary for priests (see note below). Doing this has brought a new found appreciation for the amount of selfless giving, sacrifice and hard work put into our diocese by our priests. What effort is there on our behalf to say an extra prayer a day for them, say thank you or give them a little gift just to quietly say “I appreciate everything you are doing”? I am nobody to tell you who and what to pray for, but I just want to encourage each one of us at the beginning of this World Year for the Priesthood the density of their ink alone. The words seemed to have a life, and as I worked through them with my daughter, we were both struck how certain phrases would require our attention, one that comes to mind is ‘This is the work of a lifetime’. We’ll talk about it more next month. This text was first broadcast on GBC Radio ‘Pause for Reflection’ Monday 15th June. Angela Sargent is a graphic designer who avoids writing but has been encouraged by her peers to reproduce her Pauses for Reflection in this magazine.

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and let you know that there are unnumbered blessings awaiting us, when we just open our hearts and prayer time for our priests. Lots of love and continued prayers, Sarah The Rosary for Priests can be obtained at the offices of Upon this Rock magazine, please call to arrange Tel:20079335


Catholic Tradition

THE ASSUMPTION OF A BELIEF SINCE APOST The Assumption is the oldest feast day of Our Lady, but we don’t know how it first came to be celebrated.

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The Assumption of Mary. Peter

Paul Rubens. Flemish Baroque.

ts origin is lost in those days when Jerusalem was restored as a sacred city, at the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine (c. 285-337). By then it had been a pagan city for two centuries, ever since Emperor Hadrian (76-138) had levelled it around the year 135 and rebuilt it as ‘Aelia Capitolina’ in honour of Jupiter.

For 200 years, every memory of Jesus was obliterated from the city, and the sites made holy by His life, death and Resurrection became pagan temples. After the building of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 336, the sacred sites began to be restored and memories of the life of Our Lord began to be celebrated by the people of Jerusalem. One of the memories about his mother centred around the “Tomb of Mary,” close to Mount Zion, where the early Christian community had lived. On the hill itself was the “Place of Dormition,” the spot of Mary’s “falling asleep,” where she had died. The “Tomb of Mary” was where she was buried. At this time, the “Memory of Mary” was being celebrated.

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Later it was to become our feast of the Assumption. For a time, the “Memory of Mary” was marked only in Palestine, but then it was extended by the emperor to all the churches of the East. In the seventh century, it began to be celebrated in Rome under the title of the “Falling Asleep” (“Dormitio”) of the Mother of God. Soon the name was changed to the “Assumption of Mary,” since there was more to the feast than her dying. It also proclaimed that she had been taken up, body and soul, into heaven. That belief was ancient, dating back to the apostles themselves. What was clear from the beginning was that there were no relics of Mary to be venerated, and that an empty tomb stood on the


MARY TOLIC TIMES edge of Jerusalem near the site of her death. That location also soon became a place of pilgrimage. (Today, the Benedictine Abbey of the Dormition of Mary stands on the spot). At the Council of Chalcedon in 451, when bishops from throughout the Mediterranean world gathered in Constantinople, Emperor Marcian asked the Patriarch of Jerusalem to bring the relics of Mary to Constantinople to be enshrined in the capitol. The patriarch explained to the emperor that there were no relics of Mary in Jerusalem, that

“Mary had died in the presence of the apostles; but her tomb, when opened later . . . was found empty and so the apostles concluded that the body was taken up into heaven.”

In the eighth century, St. John Damascene was known for giving sermons at the holy places in Jerusalem. At the Tomb of Mary, he expressed the belief of the Church on the meaning of the feast: “Although the body was duly buried, it did not remain in the state of death, neither was it dissolved by decay. . . . You were transferred to your heavenly home, O Lady, Queen and Mother of God in truth.” All the feast days of Mary mark the great mysteries of her life and her part in the work of redemption. The central mystery of her life and person is her divine motherhood, celebrated both at Christmas and a week later (Jan. 1) on the feast of the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. The Immaculate Conception (Dec. 8) marks the preparation for that motherhood, so that she had the fullness of grace from the

Fr. Clifford Stevens: ETWN first moment of her existence, completely untouched by sin. Her whole being throbbed with divine life from the very beginning, readying her for the exalted role of mother of the Savior. The Assumption completes God’s work in her since it was not fitting that the flesh that had given life to God himself should ever undergo corruption. The Assumption is God’s crowning of His work as Mary ends her earthly life and enters eternity. The feast turns our eyes in that direction, where we will follow when our earthly life is over. The feast days of the Church are not just the commemoration of historical events; they do not look only to the past. They look to the present and to the future and give us an insight into our own relationship with God. The Assumption looks to eternity and gives us hope that we, too, will follow Our Lady when our life is ended. The prayer for the feast reads: “All-powerful and ever-living God: You raised the sinless Virgin Mary, mother of your Son, body and soul, to the glory of heaven. May we see heaven as

our final goal and come to share her glory.” In 1950, in the Apostolic Constitution <Munificentissimus Deus>, Pope Pius XII proclaimed the Assumption of Mary a dogma of the Catholic Church in these words: “The Immaculate Mother of God, the evervirgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heaven.” With that, an ancient belief became Catholic doctrine and the Assumption was declared a truth revealed by God. Father Clifford Stevens writes from Tintern Monastery in Oakdale, Neb. Provided Courtesy of: Eternal Word Television Network5817 Old Leeds Road Irondale, AL 35210 www.ewtn.com

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GLobaL DIRECTIons. LoCaL KnoWLEDGE.

Whatever or wherever the challenge, we can provide the solutions. In an ever-changing world, new challenges frequently arise in our personal lives and in the corporate and commercial world. Whether it’s advice, structures, planning or strategies that need resolution, Hassans has the expertise to meet clients’ exacting requirements. Our diversity means we are adaptable and flexible. We are innovative, cosmopolitan, multi-lingual and above all client focused.

Hassans – International Lawyers www.gibraltarlaw.com

16 · Tel (+350) 200 79000 · Fax (+350) 200 71966 · Email info@hassans.gi 57/63 Line Wall Road, PO Box 199, Gibraltar


Upon This Rock 98 August 2009