Physics 72: Chapter 24 Problem Set Name: Lecturer: Mr Carlos Baldo III
Summer 2010 Score: Section: X7-7
Encircle the letter of the correct answer. Solve each problem clearly and completely for full credit. 1.
Which of the following is correct about the capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor? A. It depends on the amount of charge on the capacitor plates. B. It is directly proportional to the separation distance of the plates C. It is directly proportional to the area of the plates D. A and B E. A and C
A 3-μF capacitor is initially connected to a 3V power supply. The voltage is later increased to 6V, what will be the new capacitance of the capacitor? A. 1 μF B. 2 μF C. 3 μF D. 6 μF E. 9 μF
Consider two capacitors C1 = 3-uF and C2 = 6-uF capacitor are connected in parallel to a 9-V battery. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the charge stored and voltage across each capacitor? A. VC1 < VC2 ; QC1 < QC2 B. VC1 < VC2 ; QC1 > QC2 C. VC1 = VC2 ; QC1 < QC2 D. VC1 = VC2 ; QC1 > QC2 E. VC1 > VC2 ; QC1 = QC2
Five identical capacitors of capacitance C are connected as shown. The equivalent capacitance across points A and B if a dielectric (κ = 2) fills the space between the plates of C2 is _______. A. (1/2) C B. (3/2) C C. (5/2) C D. (7/2) C E. (11/2) C
For the next three numbers, consider a 2-µF parallel-plate capacitor that is initially connected to a 4-V dc battery 5.
What is the net charge on the plates of the capacitor? A. zero B. ½ µC C. 4 µC D. 8 µC E. 16 µC
If the voltage is increased to 8 V, what will be the new capacitance? A. 1-µF B. 2-µF C. 4-µF D. 6-µF E. 8-µF
Physics 72: Chapter 24 Problem Set 7.
While the capacitor is connected to 8V, the area of the plates of the capacitor is doubled. What will be the value of the stored energy in the capacitor? A. 16 µJ B. 32 µJ C. 64 µJ D. 128 µJ E. 256 µJ
For the next three numbers, consider the capacitor network consists of C1, C2 and C3 connected to an ideal battery with terminal voltage Vab = 12V. 8.
What is the charge stored in C1? A. 6 µC B. 12 µC C. 24 µC D. 48 µC E. 96 µC
An isolated capacitor has an initial charge Q. What will happen to the energy density when a dielectric (к = 2) is inserted in the capacitor? A. Remains the same B. Decreases by a factor of 2 C. Increases by a factor of 2 D. Decreases by a factor of 4 E. Increases by a factor of 4
10. What is the new charge stored in C3 if a dielectric (к = 2) is inserted in C1? A. 6 µC B. 12 µC C. 24 µC D. 48 µC E. 96 µC 11. A 4μF parallel-plate capacitor is connected to a 1.5V battery. While connected, the separation between the plates of the capacitor is doubled. How much charge will be measured at the plates of the capacitor? A. 1.5 μC B. 2.0 μC C. 3.0 μC D. 4.0 μC E. 6.0 μC 12. Shown below are four different arrangements of capacitors with equal individual capacitances. Which of the following arrangements could store the largest total charge when a dc battery is connected across terminals X and Y?
Physics 72: Chapter 24 Problem Set
13. An isolated parallel-plate capacitor is carrying some charge on its plate. What will happen to the electric field across the capacitor if the area of the plates is halved? A. Halved B. Doubled C. Quartered D. Quadrupled E. Remains the same For the next three questions, consider the circuit below, where C1 = C2 = 2 µF and C3 = 1 µF. The applied potential is Vab = 4 V 14. A parallel plate capacitor has the space between the plates (with area A) filled with three slabs of dielectric, with constants shown in the figure. What is its capacitance? A. 7 εoA / 4d B. 11 εoA / 4d C. 4 εoA / d D. 7 εoA / d E. εoA / d 15. What is the equivalent capacitance of the network between points a and b? A. 1/2 μF B. 4/5 μF C. 2 μF D. 3 μF E. 5 μF 16. What is the charge on C3? A. 0.25 μC B. 0.75 μC C. 1.5 μC D. 2 μC E. 4 μC 17. What is the potential difference across C1? A. 1 V B. 2 V C. 3 V D. 4 V E. 5 V For the next two questions, a constants potential difference of 24V is maintained between the terminals of a 0.2μF parallelplate air capacitor. 18. Dielectric. A sheet of Mylar-like material (K = 3.0) is inserted between the plates of the capacitor, completely filling the space between the plates. When this is done, what is the total charge that flows onto the positive plate of the capacitor? A. zero B. 0.4 μC C. 1.6 μC D. 2.4 μC E. 3.6 μC
Physics 72: Chapter 24 Problem Set
19. What effect does the Mylar-like material have on the electric field between the plates while it is connected to a constant potential difference? A. The electric field will increase 3 times. B. The electric field will decrease 3 times. C. The electric field will increase 9 times. D. The electric field will decrease 9 times. E. The electric field will not be affected. 20. A parallel plate capacitor with vacuum between plates has a surface charge density of magnitude σ in each plate. What is the energy density stored between the plates? 2 A. εoσ 2 B. 2 εoσ 2 C. σ / εo 2 D. σ / 2εo 2 E. σ / 4 εo 21. An air capacitor is made by using two flat plates, each with area A, separated by a distance d. Then a metal slab having thickness t (t < d) and the same shape and size as the plates is placed exactly in between them, parallel to the plates and not touching either plate. What is the capacitance of this arrangement? A. εoA/t B. εoA/d C. εoA/(d + t) D. εoA/(d - t) E. εoA/2(d + t) 22. A parallel-plate capacitor has capacitance Co, with no dielectric. It is then filled with a dielectric κ. When a second capacitor of capacitance C’ is connected in series with the first one, the capacitance of the series combination is Co. What is the value of C’? A. κCo B. Co (1 + κ) C. Co (1 - κ) D. κCo / (κ - 1) E. κCo / (κ + 1) 23. What is/are TRUE regarding the effect of the presence of a dielectric between the plates of a capacitor if the charge is kept constant? I. The electric field between the plates strengthened. II. The capacitance is increased by a factor equal to the dielectric constant. III. The energy stored in the capacitor is decreased. IV. The potential difference between the plates is increased. A. B. C. D. E.
I and II II and III II and IV I, II and III II, III and IV
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