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al-Dn ibn Wå‚il (d. 667/1285) of Óamåh. He was closely related to the court, and served as diplomat, administrator, tutor and qå under several Ayy¨bid rulers.47 His contemporary, Izz al-Dn ibn Shaddåd (d. 684/1285) had also served in the Ayy¨bid chanceries, until compelled to ee from the Mongols to Cairo.48 Ibn Shaddåd’s al-Alåq al-Kha†ra, a comprehensive topography and history of Syria and the Jazra, is particularly informative regarding religious architecture and the history of religious institutions. Together with sections dealing with urban topography in the earlier Tarkh al-Dimashq of Ibn Asåkir (d. 571/1176) and in the later compilations of al-Nuaym (d. 927/1521) and Ibn ¨l¨n (d. 953/1546),49 it supplies data regarding the establishment of mosques, madrasas, ͨf homes and sacred shrines. While the lacunas in these lists are often frustrating, they do provide a fair amount of data information. Kamål al-Dn ibn al-Adm (d. 660/1262), author of the rather concise chronicle Zubdat al-Óalab f Tarkh Óalab and the voluminous biographical dictionary Bughyat al-alab, which also focuses on his beloved Aleppo (dened within very generous borders)—probably enjoyed an even closer acquaintance with local life and politics. He was born in Aleppo, to a renowned and wealthy family of religious scholars and functionaries, and spent his life there. His lengthy quotations from non-extant sources add historiographical value to his work, but for our purposes his rich presentation of individuals from among his contemporaries is even more valuable. Ibn al-Adm’s intellectual curiosity is nicely illustrated in an anecdote concerning an investigation he conducted on an ancient inscription he had spotted in a madrasa in Damascus. He interrogated a mudarris who used to live there, and found out that it was a eulogy of Diocletianus, inscribed in Greek. He then searched for information about that last Roman emperor, and summarized it for his readers.50 Ibn al-Adm, who liked to travel and to spend time in his family’s summer resort in one of the villages

47 El-Shayyal, “Ibn Wå‚il”; Hirschler, “Social Contexts,” 317–323. See some personal memories of his and of his father’s in Ibn Wå‚il, Mufarrij, 4:108–218. 48 Sourdel, “Ibn Shaddåd.” 49 Nuaym, al-Dåris, Ibn ¨l¨n, al-Qalåid. 50 Ibn al-Adm, Bughya, 1:458. For more on the author and his work, see Morray, Ayyubid Notable, 1–19; on his 52 (!) sources, see Eddé, “Sources arabes.”

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Jsrc 007 talmon heller islamic piety in medieval syria mosques, cemeteries and sermons under the zan  

Jsrc 007 talmon heller islamic piety in medieval syria mosques, cemeteries and sermons under the zan