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are mentioned in the dignied second place: after the jurist and before readers of the Qurån, the ͨfs and the ascetics of all sorts.29 Wuå of twelfth-thirteenth century Syria were, as we shall see, men aliated with the jåmi, the mu‚allå, the madrasa and the court; namely, part and parcel of the religious elite of Ayy¨bid Syria. Most of the Zangid and Ayy¨bid rulers had cordial relationships with preachers: they arranged for majålis al-wa and often attended them in person. N¨r al-Dn, for example, invited the popular preacher of Irbil, Ab¨ Uthmån al-Muntajab b. Ab Muªammad to Syria, to join him on a raid, oering him a large sum of money for his preaching (which the preacher piously, or perhaps typologically, refused to accept). Saladin and his sons would come to the assemblies of the Óanbal preacher Zayn al-Dn Al b. Ibråhm b. al-Najå, or al-Najiyya (d. 599/1203), and treat him with overt respect (wa kåna lahu jåh am wa-ªurma zåida). One of the greatest honors conferred upon him was the permission to deliver the rst wa sermon in the al-Aq‚å Mosque after the liberation of Jerusalem in 583/1187. Ibn al-Najiyya did not shy away from material tokens of appreciation as well, and the generous emoluments that he is said to have received from his royal patrons allowed him to lead a lavish lifestyle quite openly.30 Al-Malik al-Muaam established a deep and enduring friendship with the most important preacher of his days, Sib† ibn al-Jawz. The two of them shared a zealous devotion to the Óanaf school of law, which they both had adopted in adulthood, turning away from the madhhab traditional to their families.31 The wåi Sad b. Al Ab¨ al-Maål al-Wåsi† (d. 625/1228) was honored by the ruler of Irbil. The long period of his residence and preaching in that town—fty years, most of them under the same ruler—speaks for itself.32 Nå‚iª al-Dn ibn al-Óanbal (d. 634/1236), who traveled from his native Damascus to Cairo, Aleppo, Irbil, Medina, Jerusalem and Baghdad on preaching tours, is said to have been respected by dierent rulers, particularly of the Ayy¨bid clan

29 Yajtamiu fhi al-dunyå min al-ulamå wa-l-fuqahå wa-l-wuå wa-l-qurrå wa-l-‚¨yya wa-l-fuqarå min kull ‚inf  (Sib† ibn al-Jawz, Miråt, 8:671; Ibn Khallikån, Wafayåt, 4:119). 30 Sib† ibn al-Jawz, Miråt, 8:515; Ab¨ Shåma, al-Rawatayn, 1997, 2:380; Dhahab, Tarkh, 50:398–340. 31 See Sib† ibn al-Jawzs long and aectionate eulogy of al-Malik al-Muaam (Miråt, 8:644–652). 32 Dhahab, Tarkh, 63:228–229.

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Jsrc 007 talmon heller islamic piety in medieval syria mosques, cemeteries and sermons under the zan  

Jsrc 007 talmon heller islamic piety in medieval syria mosques, cemeteries and sermons under the zan