Page 136



world news, a discussion of questions of faith and proper religious practice, an entertaining anecdote, and best of all—scenes of tearful penitence and dramatic conversions. One could mix and mingle with a large crowd of fellow-men, including high ranking ulamü and members of the ruling elite, and perhaps catch a glimpse of the intricacies of local politics and power relations. Narrative descriptions tell us that majülis invariably opened with a session of Qurün-recitation; a prologue intended to build up the liturgical and aesthetic dimensions of the occasion, and arouse pious sentiments and expectation in the audience. An anecdote, primarily told to demonstrate the sense of humor of the Baghdüd preacher Muªammad b. Munajjiª Ab¨ Shujü (d. 581/1185), reveals something of the importance of Qurün recitation on such occasions, and the prestige of professional reciters. During Ab¨ Shujüs visit to Wüsi†, the towns people, who obviously enjoyed his preaching, asked him to double the number of his performances per week. Ab¨ Shujü, attered, tried to comply, but whenever he xed a day for an assembly, the Qurün reciters claimed that they were too busy to come. Had I known, joked Ab¨ Shujü, I would have brought over a day from Baghdad!14 Lacking a full description of the program of the majülis of Syrian preachers (not even that of the renowned Sib† ibn al-Jawz) let us look at the model followed by his grandfather, the great Baghdüd preacher Ibn al-Jawz (d. 597/1200). His assemblies always opened with Qurün recitation, conducted skillfully by the best readers in Baghdad. When they were done, Ibn al-Jawz would say words of exaltation and praise for God and His Prophet, and recite a supplication (duü) on behalf of the caliph and his subjects. Only then would he begin his speech, with exegesis (tafsr) of the Qurünic verses that were recited at the opening of the gathering. A question-answer session came next, oering the audience an opportunity to be heard as well. During the admonition, the part properly called wa or tadhkr (literally: reminder), Ibn al-Jawz prompted the faithful to live by

14 Dhahab, Tarkh, 59:129. Note   majĂĽlis "        O ,n contrast with#   ,   $   ,   os by the %   '  ( , " "  " $  $  )             (      *  

 "       "+*     $      $) t    

   (Murray, Religion, 296).

Profile for Uomodellarinascita

Jsrc 007 talmon heller islamic piety in medieval syria mosques, cemeteries and sermons under the zan  

Jsrc 007 talmon heller islamic piety in medieval syria mosques, cemeteries and sermons under the zan