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MUDD 21 - City Visions II

Prenzlauer Berg, Berlin

Mass Housing, Affordability, Hobrecht Berlin’s population has experienced frequent rises and falls over time. The 1862 Hobrecht Plan was produced during a period of industrialisation and fast urbanisation; at the start of the 19th century, Berlin had a population of 170,000 and 1.8 million at the end of the century. One of the main goals of the plan was to regulate city expansion. Although it had mixed results, its legacy is enormous, and there is a lot to be learnt from the processes of its design, implementation and transformation.

social cohesion, and affordable housing in neighbourhoods. The city’s policies further advocate for these goals. Berlin targets 25-33% affordable housing in all new projects (Lütke Daldrup 2015), has non-profit land ownership models (for instance, “Baugruppen” involve groups of citizens buying plots of land as well as building together to keep costs down and form strong communities), caps rent increases over a three-year period, and requires citizens to seek approval for holiday homes or home conversions. The subsidised housing stock had been in decline until recently, and Berlin has plans in place to double it by 2025. Berlin’s detailed and thoughtful planning process was set up to create well-designed socially mixed solutions to housing needs; however, this also means it struggles to keep up with the construction speed to meet housing demand.

In 2006, Berlin was named a ‘City of Design’ by UNESCO for its flourishing creative culture – and the city seeks to maintain this. Berlin’s development is embedded in a range of participatory processes, and in order to stem the tide of galloping gentrification, there is a strong focus on social mix,

Building Ordinance 1853

City divided into East and West 1949

Hobrecht plan launched 1862

1800

1900

IBA ‘57

1957

Berlin Wall Constructed

1961

IBA ‘87

1987

Global Financial Berlin Wall Reunification Crisis/accelerating torn down of Germany housing crisis

1989

1950

1990

2007

2016

1990

Hobrecht Era East Berlin Capital of GDR

Capital of German Empire

1871

1914

Gründerzeit (Wilhelminian Period)

German Empire

1920

1933

1945

Inter-war Modernism

Weimar Republic National Socialist Period

Capital of Federal Republic

1970 Post-War Modernist Period

1989 Post-Modern Period

Federal Republic and German Democratic Republic Cold War Period

2016 Post-Wall Era

Federal Republic

Current Population Forecast 2015 in relation to population projection 2011-2030

Source: http://cdn4.spiegel.de/images/image258053-panoV9-xrbs-258053.jpg

Gentrification has been expanding and is a force to consider in our project site in Prenzlauer Berg. Berlin’s highly participatory urban planning culture and rising rents have led to much community activism and protests to keep rents affordable. Source: Lütke Daldrup 2015

In 2015, population growth had exceeded the highest forecast. It is expected to increase by 400,000 (since 2011), not including refugees and 600,000 including refugees.

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Mudd folio final 02 mar 2016  
Mudd folio final 02 mar 2016  

City Visions: Method & Design Chicago | Berlin | Sydney International Studio workshops from the Masters of Urban Development & Design degree...