MUDD 21 - City Visions II
Prenzlauer Berg, Berlin
Mass Housing, Affordability, Hobrecht Berlin’s population has experienced frequent rises and falls over time. The 1862 Hobrecht Plan was produced during a period of industrialisation and fast urbanisation; at the start of the 19th century, Berlin had a population of 170,000 and 1.8 million at the end of the century. One of the main goals of the plan was to regulate city expansion. Although it had mixed results, its legacy is enormous, and there is a lot to be learnt from the processes of its design, implementation and transformation.
social cohesion, and affordable housing in neighbourhoods. The city’s policies further advocate for these goals. Berlin targets 25-33% affordable housing in all new projects (Lütke Daldrup 2015), has non-profit land ownership models (for instance, “Baugruppen” involve groups of citizens buying plots of land as well as building together to keep costs down and form strong communities), caps rent increases over a three-year period, and requires citizens to seek approval for holiday homes or home conversions. The subsidised housing stock had been in decline until recently, and Berlin has plans in place to double it by 2025. Berlin’s detailed and thoughtful planning process was set up to create well-designed socially mixed solutions to housing needs; however, this also means it struggles to keep up with the construction speed to meet housing demand.
In 2006, Berlin was named a ‘City of Design’ by UNESCO for its flourishing creative culture – and the city seeks to maintain this. Berlin’s development is embedded in a range of participatory processes, and in order to stem the tide of galloping gentrification, there is a strong focus on social mix,
Building Ordinance 1853
City divided into East and West 1949
Hobrecht plan launched 1862
Berlin Wall Constructed
Global Financial Berlin Wall Reunification Crisis/accelerating torn down of Germany housing crisis
Hobrecht Era East Berlin Capital of GDR
Capital of German Empire
Gründerzeit (Wilhelminian Period)
Weimar Republic National Socialist Period
Capital of Federal Republic
1970 Post-War Modernist Period
1989 Post-Modern Period
Federal Republic and German Democratic Republic Cold War Period
2016 Post-Wall Era
Current Population Forecast 2015 in relation to population projection 2011-2030
Gentrification has been expanding and is a force to consider in our project site in Prenzlauer Berg. Berlin’s highly participatory urban planning culture and rising rents have led to much community activism and protests to keep rents affordable. Source: Lütke Daldrup 2015
In 2015, population growth had exceeded the highest forecast. It is expected to increase by 400,000 (since 2011), not including refugees and 600,000 including refugees.
Published on Apr 26, 2016
Published on Apr 26, 2016
City Visions: Method & Design Chicago | Berlin | Sydney International Studio workshops from the Masters of Urban Development & Design degree...