Page 37

FRAMING THE DEBATE  19

this chapter, the authors examine the benefits and challenges of an effective engagement of indigenous groups in global environmental debates, particularly in the case of climate change. In Chapter 13, Jamal Hisham Hashim of UNU-IIGH and Zailina Hashim of Universiti Putra Malaysia look at the governance of global environmental health. Environmental problems have severe impacts on health, including global problems such as climate change and biodiversity loss. A more effective institutional framework for sustainable development could have direct positive impacts on health. The chapter discusses how the governance of environmental health needs to be changed to adapt to the pressure of global environmental problems. Chapter 14 is about the concept of the green economy in cities. The authors (Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira, Aki Suwa, Osman Balaban, Christopher N. H. Doll, Ping Jiang, Magali Dreyfus, Raquel Moreno-Peñaranda, Puspita Dirgahayani and Erin Kennedy), from the Sustainable Urban ­Futures team at UNU-IAS, argue that urbanization offers opportunities for greening the economy, because cities can offer economies of scale, knowledge and resources to move the economy to a more sustainable path. Moreover, the idea of greening the economy in cities includes decisions taken in cities that have far-reaching impacts. Thus, understanding the economic functions of and in cities, such as urban development, transportation, consumption and production, and knowledge generation, as well as ecosystem services, can provide important lessons for designing a more sustainable economy that affects the city within and beyond its boundaries. Based on the analyses and the discussions in all the chapters of the book, we can identify the main points for understanding why and how progress has been achieved in certain areas and what the obstacles are to progressing the agenda of the green economy and good environmental governance to achieve more sustainable development.

Note 1. See at 〈http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Smoke_of_chimneys_is_the_breath_of_Soviet_ Russia.jpg〉.

References Bernstein, S. and J. Brunné (2011) Options for Broader Reform of the Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development (IFSD): Structural, Legal, and Financial Aspects. Report prepared for the Secretariat of the United Nations

Green Economy and Good Governance for Sustainable Development: Opportunities, Promises and Concerns  

Debates on green growth and environmental governance tend to be general in nature, and are often conceptual or limited to single disciplines...