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Uniting Victoria’s Tertiary Culture

November 2011, issue 1

Inside - Arts school audition techniques. - Technological failiures. - Best Japanese food for under a $tenner - Fashion etiquette @univoice1

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Editor: Heather Bloom Subeditor: Melissa Olrich Contributors: Tara Kenny Sam Murray Terry Schroeder John Frankland Emma Capponi Robecca Leyden Christian Bizzarri Designer: Ahmed Hanif Marketing: Pummi Sooden Photographer: AP Guru Production Manager: Lisa Stathakis Publisher: Paras Australia Pty Ltd Distributor: Arrow Distribution and Private Distributors

Disclaimer: Univoice and web due care in the preparation of the publication but is not responsible or liable for any mistake, omissions or misprints. Univoice prints advertisements provided to the publisher, but gives no warranty and makes no representation as to the truth or accuracy of any description and accepts no liability for any loss suffered by any person who relies on any statement contained herein. Univoice reserves the right to refuse, abbreviate or delete any advertisement at any time. Advertisements are responsible for advertising copy by virtue of the Trades Practices Act and advertisements are published in good faith. All logos and trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Images are for illustrative purposes only.

November 2011



Photo source: experienceyork

The problem with online study


By Heather Bloom

or many students, online courses are an attractive and convenient method of obtaining undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. However, the online study options that promise the same outcome as coursework, (and cost just as

much) often lack the essential teacher-student and studentstudent interaction. On top of an isolated learning experience, students are often given lectures uploaded from coursework programs which may not transfer to an online audience. It is easy for students to become discouraged with the lack of face to

face interaction. Professor Kerri-Lee Krause, chair in higher education at Griffith University, believes the onus is on the students rather than the facility. “Students assume it is the same as their undergrad study and don’t do their homework in terms of the kinds of chang-

es that online learning represents and they fail to connect with the university, peers and lecturers,” she says. As more universities venture into the online world, the realm of communication has widened for students and teachers. However, the use of online discussion boards aren’t utilised to their full

potential. Educators and students find the somewhat outdated system less useful than social networking sites like facebook. Knowing what options are available is a key factor in maintaining student enrolment. Online learning is not the right path for every student. Some may need the

extra motivation and inspiration you can only get from a classroom setting while others may relish the challenge of a self-motivated degree. There is a variety of different learning techniques and schools available for anyone wishing to increase their skills and improve their career prospects.

November 2011



Melbourne Uni tops the charts with MBA


he University of Melbourne has been named the best tertiary institution in Australia and has topped The Economist Intelligence Uni Report, rank-

ing 32nd on a global scale. The Melbourne Business School beat out the University of Queensland (46), Curtain Graduate School of Business (58) and the Macquarie Graduate School of Management (73). Rising 14 spots since last year, Melbourne also triumphed over the business schools in the entire Asia Pacific region. The US led the way with four of the top five business schools including Dartmouth, Chicago University, The University of Virginia and Harvard.

With post-graduate salaries tipped at (AU) $109,466 there’s no wonder the Masters of Business is such a popular course. The University of Melbourne ranks first in The Times Higher Education (THE’s) World University Ranking and also THE’s list for Engineering and Technology. The University of Melbourne has proven it’s prowess as an exceptional institution for local and international students.

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November 2011



Strong Aussie dollar deters international students Photo source:

Australia “cracks down” on illegal students

By Heather Bloom

Recent immigration department figures show that the number of students overstaying their visas has quadrupled in the last three years. In 2010, over 8,300 students remained in Australia after their visas had either expired or been cancelled by the Australian government. The latest figures are a huge leap from the mere 1,900 illegal students remaining in Australia two years ago. However, Melbourne professor Dr. Shanthi Robertson from RMIT University’s College of Design and Social Context isn’t concerned about the increasing number of illegal students. “Any temporary visa system will have a certain rate of non-compliance and this is actually quite low,” Dr Robertson remarked. The cancellation of over 15,000 students last year by the Australian immigration department contributes to the large number of students overstaying their visas, and almost doubles the average amount over the past five years. Visa cancellations were due to non-compliance of course requirements, low attendance and breaking strict work restrictions. 43

per cent of cancellations were Indian, 11 per cent. Chinese, 6 per cent South Korean, 4 percent Malaysian and 3 per cent Nepalese. The crackdown has been credited to better reporting by institutions and regulatory changes implemented by the government in April. However, international students are feeling let down by the government that has “changed the rules” halfway through their stay. Relating to recent changes to skilled migration laws, international students face even stricter rules in maintaining their visas and heavier penalties for non-compliance. In a country that relies so heavily from revenue brought in by international students, the recent changes could affect Australia’s excellent standards of education on a global scale.

By Heather Bloom


ccording to Austrade, over the past year, the number of enrolments of Chinese students’ has decreased by 2 per cent. These enrolments, which previously have increased by a massive 43 per cent, make up one-third of all international students. As the largest foreign educator of Chinese students, the Australian education

system has been hit hard since the global financial crisis. The consequential strength of the Australian dollar and the current Chinese business model is becoming increasing outdated. Causing further strain, British and American universities are now focusing their attention on China due to the improving quality in Chinese universities. America has taken a novel approach to enticing Chi-

nese students by developing working relationships with local institutions and issuing their own degrees through Chinese universities. If Australia wants to remain a leader in foreign education, A more innovative approach is needed to encourage Chinese students to enrol. Since the government refuses to either lower fees or lower admission standards, Australia’s international edu-

cation system is in danger of degenerating. To avoid lowering the high standards Australia is known for as well as keeping intact our major revenue stream, the current system requires a drastic revamp. Taking inspiration from our American counterparts may be the best option, and entering into a global market the best chance at retaining our stamp as the largest foreign educator.

November 2011





4. Perform Watch yourself in the mirror or play for friends and family. Listen to their feedback. Performers are often their own worst critics, so get an objective analysis.

By Heather Bloom


eaving year 12 is daunting, but what comes after is far more challenging. Students looking to voyage into the unpredictable life of a performer need to well prepared for what lies ahead. Be it drama, dance, music or circus arts, auditions are a large part of a performer’s life. The audition into art school may be your first and your most important. In order to perfect that initial meeting with prospective schools, there are a few simple rules of decorum that should be followed. 1. Prepare Forewarned is forearmed. Do your research and read testimonies about the school from previous students. Find out if the program suits your

wants and needs. There is absolutely no point going through all the stress of the audition process for a course that isn’t going to prepare you for your future career. Once you have scheduled an audition, find out exactly what is expected of you. Do you need to prepare a monologue? More than one? Are you expected to perform a song and should you bring your own accompanist? Will you be asked to dance and what clothes/shoes will you be required to bring?

2. Dress Appropriately Comfortable, clean and neat is the ideal. Don’t wear anything that may distract from your performance. Black is always a safe option. Comfy jeans and a t-shirt show off your

figure and yet ensure you are the focal point. Bring extra clothes to dance in and double check what shoes you may need. Tap, jazz or ballet shoes may all be required

Photo source: ercwttmn

3. Brush Up On Your Skills Beforehand Regardless of your level of expertise, practice is pivotal to the life of a performer. Participating in a few extra dance or singing lessons beforehand is only going to help you in the long run. Also, employing a drama coach (for the wannabe thespians) is an excellent way of getting some professional direction for your chosen monologue or scene.

5. Relax! Although it may seem an impossible task, relaxing is your best chance of showing the panel how kind, fun and talented i you are. Nerves get the better of many people and performers are notorious for

pre-stage jitters. Although there are many different methods of combating nerves, from picturing everyone in their underwear to a shot of whisky beforehand, the best method you can employ is to trust in yourself. Draw confidence from the months of preparation. Smile and be yourself. The panel want to see you. You at your best is a wonderful thing.

Photo source: Cisneros

Photo source: bossier

and you don’t want to be caught unprepared (see paragraph above).

These are all important factors that you need to be aware of to make the experience run as smoothly as possible. There is nothing worse than realising you will be asked to dance and all you’ve packed is your sexy stilettos and skintight jeans to wow the audition panel.

November 2011




inding space for another festival in a city filled with arts, culture and sport can’t be an easy task. Melbournians are spoiled for choice and revel in it. As “the world’s most livable city”, Melbourne attracts the crème de la crème of the

artistic world, and this year’s Melbourne Festival was no exception. The brilliant purple skyline met city-goers each night as world-class acts dominated the stage. The Melbourne Festival extravagantly demonstrated why Melbourne is widely

known as the city of culture by adorning the Arts Centre with colour and littering the CBD with giant baby statues. High-energy hip/hop acrobatics, stunning contemporary dance, thrilling circus acts and modern drama filled the festival program offering

an experience like no other. Tom Tom Crew ‘s insanely dangerous and entertaining acrobatic act had me in raptures as they catapulted themselves through the air at breakneck speed. They brought new life to the Forum. Aviary, an exciting new piece of contemporary dance, explored the intricate movements of bird life as its dancers mimicked avian behaviors impeccably. This production was a collaboration between by Phillip Adam’s ballet and The Australian Ballet. The highlight of the festival was the closing night concert Notes from the Hard Road. Featuring the stars of the local music industry, Paul Dempsey (Something for Kate), Archie Roach (Black Arm Band) and a variety of stellar international acts (Joss Stone and Mavis Staples), the festival lured punters out in droves, despite the unpredictable weather of our fair city. Australia is the “Lucky

Country”, and this must make Melbourne the luckiest city in the world. With so many incredible artists and undeni-

able performers ready to entertain, Melbourne has plenty to be festive about.

Photo source:

Photo source:

Melbourne Festival 2011

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At the movies:

Midnight in Paris I

n recent years, I haven’t really enjoyed Woody Allen’s films. However, Midnight in Paris was a delightful surprise, harking back to the whimsical charm Allen displayed in earlier works.

As the title suggests, the film is set in Paris. Gil (Owen Wilson), a disenchanted screenwriter from Hollywood with dreams of becoming a novelist is holidaying with his pretty but shallow fiancée Inez (Rachel McAdams) and her equally irritating parents (Kurt Fuller and Mimi Kennedy). Inez wants to shop and do the tourist thing and she quickly disappears with


friends Paul and Carol, (hilariously pompous and annoying Michael Sheen and Nina Arianda as his vacuous girlfriend). However, dreamy-eyed Gil wants to marvel at the beauty and history of the City of Light and soak up the atmosphere that has inspired so many.

Separated from Inez and the others after dinner one night, Gil goes walking. He finds himself in Montmartre as the clock strikes midnight. All of a sudden, he is transported to the Paris of the 1920s and he spends the night drinking, dancing and talking with all of his literary and artistic heroes of the era.

Kathy Bates as Gertrude Stein, Marion Cotillard as Picasso’s muse and Adrian Brody as Salvador Dali give great performances across the film. Other characters who pop in include Cole Porter, F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Josephine Baker, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, Luis Bunuel, T.S. Eliot, Henri Matisse and many others. This could easily be a farcical series of caricatures of the various personalities Gil encounters; instead, the affection shown by Allen in both his writing and direction and also by the actors in their various depictions give the sense that everyone had fun making the film as well as evoking the mood of the period. I wished that I had brushed up on the history of the time in order to fully appreciate all the witty throwaway lines. Either way, this is a charming film, well directed, wellacted, and beautifully shot and it could easily survive repeated viewings. Even if you’re not a history buff, there is plenty to look at with many famous Parisian landmarks on display. France’s first lady, Carla Bruni also makes a cameo as a tour guide.

fully, but McAdams is unfortunately stuck with a two-dimensional role. One does wonder briefly how Gil ever ended up with someone like Inez.

Wilson plays the wistful romantic innocent beauti-

While the premise is flimsy, the point of the story shows how we always

think the previous era was better than our own. In reality it was just different. If this film were a French dessert, it would be a macaroon - overall, a deliciously light and pretty piece of entertainment gone all too soon.

3 ½ stars

Written and Directed by Woody Allen Rated PG 94 minutes Owen Wilson, Rachel McAdams, Kathy Bates, Marion Cotillard


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November 2011



Gotye Kimbra “Vows” otye, you rock my world. Gotye (aka Wally De Backer) is smashing down preconceived ideas about soft rock songwriting with an album so full of life it is impossible to ignore. After five years hard slog, Gotye has finally cracked the mainstream market with a brilliant collaboration with Kiwi gal Kimbra in “Somebody That I Used To Know”. This has given him a niche and an audience all of his own.Gotye’s sound is unique, blending old school Motown, big band jazz and super modern tech and it’s exactly what the public has been looking for. While he experiments with an orchestra of sound, Gotye somehow manages to find the calm within the storm. Standout tracks on Gotye’s third album include the 60’s homage “I Feel Better” and simply joyful “In Your Light”. Focusing on how mirrors demonstrate and distort the truth, Gotye takes you on a journey through life, love and

everything in-between. Although Making Mirrors may appear contrived, Gotye’s clear love for music is evident throughout. This is not the typical look at music through the ages. Instead it has drawn influence from past music legends in an inventive way. Gotye has employed his crazy cool sonic layering skills to giving Making Mirrors depth. This is something that is missing from modern music and Gotye’s technique more than makes up for his sometimes lauded “daggy” lyrics and contrived melodies. Drive to this album. Sing along at the top of your lungs. Give to your sister, your best friend and your dad. Gotye appeals on every level and the Belgium born Aussie is bringing his own brand of cool to audiences across the globe. There’s no distortion in this mirror. Gotye is a star and his album Making Mirrors will be the highlight of the ARIA charts this year. Rating: 4.5/5 Photo source:


Photo source:

“Making Mirrors”

As you bustle through your day, the haunting vocals of New Zealand born and Melbourne adopted Kimbra will continue to flit around you. The upbeat, jazzy tunes blend beautifully with darker pieces, remining you why Kimbra has succeeded where so many other artists have failed. Her sheer refusal to be pigeonholed into cutesy

pop or indie cool makes her a standout performer in a sea of flailing, wannabe pop stars. As the lilting voice behind Gotye’s number one single “Somebody That I Used To Know”, Kimbra is a force unto herself. This is not an album for people who want your run-of-the-mill charttoppers.Her debut album, Vows, showcases the gor-

geous singer’s versatility and eccentricity. Kimbra whips you into her world like lightning with “Cameo Lover” and keeps the momentum going right through to her latest single “Good Intent”. Kimbra settles nicely somewhere between vintage soul diva Nina Simone and modern day indie-pop. Unbound by stereotype and











un-wavered by a challenge, Kimbra is a fitting example for the next generations of local superstars. It is a glorious album of so much more than “Good Intent”. Kimbra has created a stunning debut of upbeat, poptastic tunes. Vows will get the blood pumping while and the booty dancing. Rating: 4/5




November 2011



Shape Up For Summer By Heather Bloom

Photo source: Schick

Want to be bikini ready this summer?


f you’re anything like me, then you’ve been hiding indoors away from the bitter Victorian winter under layers of warm clothes and blankets. Well ladies and gentlemen, it’s time to shed those woollies and head for the beach, hopefully without any extra baggage. Spring is a great time to detox your body and spring clean your system from head to toe. And it’s not as daunting as you might think. By following some simple ideas, you can be feeling (and looking) better in time to strut your stuff on the sand.

10 Super-foods

Photo source: milligan

Blueberries Brimming with anti-oxidants and vitamin C, blueberries may help lower your risk of heart disease and cancer. Blueberries also act as an anti-inflam-

matory. Darker berries have more anti-oxidants inside. Add blueberries to breakfast or enjoy them as a snack. They’re great all year round! Extra-lean beef Increase your immunity and your iron levels all at once! Women are most commonly affected by anaemia (iron deficiency) so add some lean beef to your trolley and enjoy a guilt free steak! Fresh herbs Did you know that the anti-oxidants in oregano are 42 times greater than those found in apples? From fresh basil to coriander savour your favourite herbs and spices knowing they’re both tasty and

good for you! Legumes Not just for hippys and vegetarians, legumes are packed with fibre and nutrients and are virtually fatfree. Both filling and tasty, try chickpeas or black beans as a substitute for meat proteins. Oats Natural rolled oats are the definitive “super-food”. Filled with fibre, protein, vitamins and minerals, oats are a delicious and nutritious way to start your day. Oranges The humble orange often lurks in lunchboxes across the country, and is often used as a baseball/ weapon/cannonball. How-

Salmon With White Bean Mash

Tomatoes Tomatoes have vitamin C, beta-carotene, vitamin E and a truckload of other antioxidants to boot. This versatile fruit can be used in salads, sandwiches or cooked and stuffed for dinner. Known for their high amounts of lycopene, tomatoes are a potential agent for prevention of some types of cancer.

Yoghurt Look for natural low fat yogurts, since many are full of sugars and preservatives. When you can, go organic and enjoy this creamy delight anytime. Add it to breakfast with fruit or eat it as a snack on its own. Increase your calcium intake and make your digestive system happy with this natural probiotic.

Method 1.Heat the oil in a medium saucepan over medium heat. Add the garlic, cumin and lemon rind and cook, stirring, for 30 seconds or until aromatic. Add the cannellini beans and lemon juice, and cook for 2 minutes. Use a fork to coarsely crush. Set aside and cover to keep warm.

4. Divide the bean mixture among serving plates. Top with the salmon and the parsley mixture. Serve with green beans.

2. Combine the parsley, onion and capers in a small bowl.

Cooking Time 15 minutes

3. Heat a large non-stick frying pan over medium-high heat. Spray with oil. Cook the salmon for 3-4 minutes each side for medium or until cooked to your liking.

Nutritional information Protien: 37.00g Fat Total: 9.00g Fat Saturated: 1.50g Carbohydrate: 16.00g Energy: 1325kg

ever, this brightly coloured citrus has high levels of vitamin C, potassium and may lower the risk of breast cancer. Raw nuts A small handful of raw nuts will give you a slow burning energy boost and some excellent proteins and the “good fats” will also keep you out of the biscuit jar. They are the perfect snack! Spinach Dispelling the myth, that spinach is not packed with iron. However, it is a great source of Vitamin B and folate making it beneficial in helping to prevent certain cancers and may prevent heart disease and birth defects. Ingredients (serves 4) 1 tbs olive oil 2 garlic cloves, crushed 1 tsp ground cumin 1 tsp finely grated lemon rind 2 x 400g cans cannellini beans, rinsed, drained 1 tbs fresh lemon juice 1 cup fresh continental pars ley leaves 1 small red onion, halved, thinly sliced 1 tbs salted baby capers, rinsed, drained Olive oil spray 4 (about 125g each) skinless salmon fillets Steamed green round beans, to serve

For more healthy recipes head to Preparation Time 10 minutes

November 2011



The Classy Girl’s guide to Race Day Etiquette By Emma Capponi


will never forget my first trip to the races. I had pictured it for weeks: handsome men in suits and ties, elegantly dressed ladies sipping champagne, beautiful hats and an air of class and distinction that I’d only dreamed to be part of. I planned my outfit to the last detail, finding a 1950s dress to match the demure fashions I envisioned, a hat to conform to race wear etiquette, and gloves and a scarf to complete the look. I was excited. As I stepped off the train at Flemington, my dreams were shattered. My first sight was of a young girl, passed out and being carried fireman-style over her boyfriend’s shoulder. She was wearing a horrible short dress and her boyfriend clutched an open wine bottle. It was at that moment that the wind blew up her too short skirt to reveal a very obvious lack of panties. This was not my only moment of disappointment that day. There would be more. Girls carried shoes and guys wore outrageous costumes,

fake tans made punters look like their DNA consisted of Cheetos, with skin so chemically glowing they could guide planes in at night. I will admit, the standards my imagination set were impossibly high. The sight before me was the tackiest thing I had ever seen and I grew up in Ringwood.

outfit that can include a coat. You will be happier and more comfortable, and because you are still smiling and enjoying yourself, you will look better.

In order to avoid such scenarios as above, I have compiled a list of race wear guidelines that suit any age and budget:

Wear a hat. I’m sorry, but it does not count as race wear if you aren’t wearing a hat. Fascinators are fine, but hats are better. This is your chance to go all girly and have fun with accessories you wouldn’t normally wear. Hats, gloves and pretty hosiery are what make your more ladylike.

Ladies: Leave your shoes on. I cannot emphasize this one enough. There is no excuse for the walk of shame. Carry flats in your bag if you aren’t sure you can stand in heels all day, pack Band-Aids in case of blisters, or better still, choose appropriate shoes for the day.

Don’t wear Stilettos. The combination of super thin high heels and soft grass is not a good one. Your sexy feline walk will be transformed into the demented hobble of a crone as your shoes sink and get stuck in the mud. Stick to thicker heel types and make sure the height is manageable.

Make sure your outfit is warm enough. Shivering in spaghetti straps is certainly not attractive. It is spring in Melbourne, so chances are the weather will be fickle. It isn’t hard to put together an

Please keep hemlines at the knee. I’m sure you have great legs and that mini dress probably looks hot going out on a Saturday night, but the races are just not the place for it. This is one of the few

times women are encouraged to dress demurely. This doesn’t mean you have to look dowdy. Tailored jackets, knee length pencil skirts, and fitted waists are all very attractive while maintaining a level of decorum. Gentlemen: As the great Barney Stinson says, “Suit up”. It’s easy. Girls like guys in suits. Guys like guys in suits. Anything less than a suit and tie is underdressed and you will feel out of place. No Costumes. If you aren’t used to wearing a suit, a costume is not an alternative. It doesn’t make you look like a charming prankster. If you find suits boring and wish to experiment sartorially, try experimenting with cravats, vests, or a hat. Behave like gentlemen. This is a day where etiquette reigns supreme, so open doors for others, give a lady your arm as you stroll along the track, and whatever you do, do not ever fireman lift your girlfriend if she isn’t wearing underwear.



Bet on local designers this Spring Carnival


By Robecca Leyden

’m not really one for the flashy

this season. The cut and colour of the

Spring Racing fashion. I guess

whole collection is just stunning and I

you could say I’m more on the

am completely in love with the tattoo

understated side. The races

hosiery. Other similar local designers

conjure up images of overly tanned

include Livia Arena and Willow. All

flesh and dresses swathed with dia-

three designers are known for their

mantes. This over-the-top style just

unique, subtle and elegant designs.

isn’t for me. Most frocks look like high schools formal wear and the hats often remind me of dead birds.

The traditional look of the fascinators often look tacky and stale. They should add a touch of class and femi-

For those fashion savvy ladies who

ninity to the outfit, not make the wearer

prefer class to cleavage, here is an el-

look like she threw some tulle on her

egant guide to dressing like a lady this

Nan’s doily and slapped some plastic

Spring Racing Season.

flowers on top. When it come to headwear, check out the up and coming

Local designers offer a stunning

label Her Pony. Their stunning pieces

palate of gorgeous gowns ensuring

make me want to go to the races just

you’re the best dressed filly trackside.

to wear one. They also have amazing

Shopping locally from small boutiques

one-off garments.

also also guarantees originality. You can read more of Robecca’s The Spring/Summer collection by

favourite local designers on her blog:

Melbourne designer Dhini would be


a fantastic alternative to many of the


traditional racing dresses available







Enquiries Welcome! Ph: 1300 088 858 Fax: 1300 058 858

Inside -

Ultimate fitness device Software bug in Jaguar The bad joke How much does an iPhone cost - Pacific travels

November 2011



It turns out that the latest, the iPhone 4S, costs Apple an estimated $188 in materials. If you add a typical $8 cost for manufacturing expenses, we have a $196 grand total. If your first impression is “Hey, that’s only $4 less than what I spent” then we’d understand. But while the 16GB 4S will cost $200, don’t forget that also requires a two-year wireless contract. Buying it off-contract would require $649 for the 16GB model, $749 for 32GB, and $849 for 64GB.

So in 18 months, Apple was able to upgrade to the A5 dual-core processor, improve the camera (particularly through the backside illumination sensor, which lets in more light), and pack in dual GSM/ CDMA world phone capabilities for only 49¢ more.

Ph- 1300 088 858 Fax-1300 058 858




Ph- 1300 088 858 Fax-1300 058 858

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Photo source:


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WWW.TECHNOLOGYMARKETS.COM.AU Wyndham Leisure Centre, 80 Derrimutt rd, Hoppers Crossing YMCA (Darebin Community Sports Stadium), 857 Plenty Rd Manningham Function Centre, 699 Doncaster Rd Geelong Clearance Centre, 42 Corio St Sunbury Centre, Elizabeth WyndhamCommunity Leisure Centre, 80531 Derrimutt rd,Drive Hoppers Crossing Town Hall, Cnr Nepean Hwy & South Rd. YMCA (Darebin Community Sports Stadium), 857 Plenty Rd Town Hall, 1022 Whitehorse Manningham FunctionRd Centre, 699 Doncaster Rd Geelong Geelong Clearance Clearance Centre, Centre, 42 42 Corio Corio St St

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Do you feel like you’re being taken to the cleaners? Just keep in mind that Apple is a business designed to make maximum profits on their products. No company is going to break even or lose money on a piece of hardware unless they’re placing a higher priority on digital content sales (the Kindle Fire and Nook Color are examples of this). Apple sells content too (the App Store, iTunes, iBooks, etc.), but that’s more of a side business for them. It’s a lucrative side business, mind you, but their primary target for profits is on the sales of devices like the iPhone 4S.

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Of course that doesn’t mean that the new parts cost less than 50¢. Rather, it’s because identical parts from the iPhone 4 are now less expensive than they were in June of 2011 when the iPhone 4 was launched. The display is an estimated $5.50 less now, for example, and the

flash storage is about $8 less for the same 16GB as it was for the 2010 iPhone.

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The most expensive single component in the 16GB model is that “Retina” display, which costs about $23 in parts (the touchscreen adds another $14 to that). The NAND flash memory rings up at $19.20 in the base model, grows to $38.40 for the 32GB edition, and adds $76.80 when you’re buying the 64GB iPhone. The $188 bill of ma-

terials is nearly identical to the same estimate placed on the iPhone 4 in 2010. Its total came up as $187.51.


he iPhone 4S is off to a great start in terms of sales. As with every other iPhone launch before it, fans and casual users have been quick to snatch up the latest and greatest from Apple. They’re selling like hotcakes, but have you ever wondered just how much each iPhone costs Apple to make?

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How much does the iPhone 4S cost Apple to make? T



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Toshiba develops 6.1 inch 498ppi Robot creates its own spray foam body then starts walking LCD capable of 2560 x 1600 A team at the University or through different terrain Without going into the oshiba Mobile Display of Pennsylvania is experiand obstacles. deep technical speak that T has already impressed menting with something the team uses to explain us this week by unveiling a 4.3 inch display that has a higher pixel density than the iPhone 4s Retina Display. But little did we know the company had another even more impressive display ready to show off a day later.

called foam synthesis-the process of creating solid foam “body parts” from a compact spray package. It could create a new generation of self-forming robots.

The screen you see above is a 6.1 inch LCD Toshiba hopes will make its way into tablet devices. That’s an unusual size for tablets, which are typically 7 or 10 inches. However, some manufacturers may want to consider using it due to the resolution and image quality the LCD panel can achieve.

Students and researchers working out of the Modular Robotics Laboratory at the university looked at the fact that traditional robotics development was problem based; a group of experts eyeball a task to be done, then work with engineers to create a robot for that specific purpose.

Toshiba has managed to squeeze 498 pixels per square inch (ppi) into this panel. It can display images at a resolution much higher than 1080p, more specifically it tops out at 2,560 x 1,600. Imagine how good your photographs would look on this thing. Add to that viewing angles of 176 degrees both horizontally and vertically, a contrast ratio of 1000:1, as well as a 61% NTSC color gamut allowing for 16.7 million colors.

Development like that is static and the robot is used just for that purpose and nothing else. What about situations where you cannot predict what problems need to be overcome?

the Foambot, it is a pretty simple thing to understand. Basically, there are 4 (or more) modules, plus a parent robot armed with spray foam. The operator can assess what shape the robot needs to be to fit the task and then use the foam spray to create the appropriately-shaped parts around each module. As the foam builds up it hardens, allowing for the creation of limbs that are connected to each other in a makeshift foam body. Combine that process with movement, and you have a robot that can change shape and then travel over

The clever bit isn’t just the use of foam to create structures, though. The robot has software on board that analyses how the modules are positioned and where the joints are. It then uses that information to figure out how to make it move efficiently. This method allows the ultimate in flexibility since the robot can be designed on the fly, making it useful for the situation the operator is in. The video below shows the team creating both a four legged robot, and a worm/snake out of the hardened foam.

This is where the foam synthesis enters in and the team’s creation of the Foambot .

How does the iPhone 4S camera compare to a dSLR?

The dSLR in these samples is a Canon EOS 5D Mark II. It packs a whopping 21.1 MP, and is a top choice for professional photographers. The $2,500 price tag we mentioned is for the body alone, and lenses will cost hundreds more. It sounds ridiculous to even think of comparing a smartphone camera to such a piece of equipment,

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e know that the camera in the iPhone 4S is something special. Unless you’re a professional photographer, it could probably replace any camera you already own. But how does it stack up next to a $2,500 dSLR? We have some side-byside pictures for you to decide for yourself.

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iPhone 4S

but the 4S’ shooter is strong enough that it’s worth looking into. The photographer of these samples used the iPhone 4S with the


Camera+ app, which uses software filtering to adjust color and exposure (no additional post-processing was done though).

While the shots have key differences, the one taken by the iPhone isn’t exactly looking bad.

The colors in the iPhone 4S image actually look deeper and there may be a little more contrast. The iPhone’s biggest drawback

is that the shadows lose some detail, and the dSLR shot has a more natural overall look to it. Can the iPhone 4S replace a dSLR? If you’re a pro and know how to use the full capabilities of a camera like this one from Canon, then of course you aren’t going to trade it in for an iPhone. But for everyone else, it’s amazing how close the iPhone 4S comes to being a professional-quality camera.

Finally, you should definitely check out the link below. Not only does it show off the 4S camera, it also gives comparisons to all previous iPhones. You may be quite surprised to see just how bad the original iPhone camera was.

November 2011

November 2011



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Motoactv revealed as $249+ “ultimate fitness device”

meaning incoming calls and texts can be received. Link up with and it will track and chart your calories burnt, miles covered and overall pace. As well as the website, you can view such data on your phone using the Motoactv app, which also has training advice and fitness plans to follow.

Like the latest nano, the wrist-friendly Motoactv sports a touchscreen display. There’s a 600MHz CPU providing internal muscle and enough storage to hold around 4,000 of your favorite workout tracks. It’ll hold up to exercise-related, environmental abuse since it’s sweatproof and rain-resistant. Gorilla glass keeps the screen scratch-free too.

For those of you who like to kick it “old school” there’s a built-in FM radio (also like the nano). It’s also got Bluetooth connectivity on board. There’s one other small difference between the Motoactv and the nano: price. The Motoactv is expected to sell for $249 for the 8GB version and $299

Motorola has built in a virtual trainer that whispers sweet motivational nothings into your ears as you run, walk, cycle or par coeur your way to fitness, all while being monitored by a pedometer, heart rate monitor and GPS tracker. Another nice feature is the ability to sync with an Android smartphone

for the 16GB. Comaprable nanos sell for $129 and $149, respectively. Is the addition of GPS, pedometer, heart rate monitor and fitness coaching enough to attract consumers? Possibly, but when there are other options that offer those features — like the Nike+ watch powered by TomTom at $199-the Motoactv seems like a tough sell. But it does have Android under the hood, so maybe the dev community will bake up some interesting mods that make the Motoactv a bit more attractive.

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ere it is folks, Motorola’s selfproclaimed “ultimate fitness device”. It’s launching as the Motoactv, and we’d seen it previously rumored as the Motorola KORE-and the correctly-spelled MotoActive. And yes, it does look an awful lot like an iPod nano.

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November 2011




Apple quietly upgrades the MacBook U

sually Apple updating one of its line of products comes with a mass of media attention, a keynote, and people scrambling to order the new device. That’s not the case with Apple’s latest product refresh, which seems to have been rolled out quietly earlier today or late last night. If you visit the Apple Store you may notice the MacBook Pro options looking slightly different. That’s because Apple has upgraded the internals of each model with new processors, graphics cards, and storage options. First up, even though the internals have been upgraded, the price of each model has stayed

the same. Whether you see that as a plus depends on how expensive you think Apple products are to begin with, but at least they haven’t become even more so. The MacBook Pro 13-inch model now has a 2.4GHz Core i5 or a 2.8GHz Core i7 processor, both of which are dual-core chips. The standard hard drive options have also been increased to 500GB and 750GB respectively. So more speed and more storage for the smallest Pro. The 15-inch model now has 2.2GHz and 2.4GHz quad-Core i7 options, plus the 2.4GHz option ships with an AMD Radeon HD 6770M and 1GB RAM. The 17-inch model also sports

the 2.4GHz quad-core i7 and 6770M GPU. Of course, you can upgrade each of those laptops to suit your needs, but then it will obviously cost you even more. Prices start at $1,199 as it is, going up to $2,499 for the base 17-inch model. Adding more memory and an SSD can easily take that past $3,000. At those prices you may be drawn to something cheaper, maybe the MacBook Air? I’m sure Apple wwwon’t mind which you buy.


ar manufacturer Jaguar has had to recall nearly 18,000 of its X-Type cars after a serious software bug has been identified in the on-board system of the vehicle. The bug potentially stops a driver from turning off the cruise control system, which is more than a little dangerous.

The good news is there have been no reports of this happening in an XType as of yet beyond the Jaguar employee who identified it in his own car.

hicles have been recalled. If you own an X-Type that was manufactured during that period and has a diesel engine, expect Jaguar to be in touch.

Luckily for Jaguar, it only affects a subset of their X-Types, notably those produced between 20062010 and having a diesel engine. In total, 17,678 ve-

All that needs to happen is a software update be applied to the engine management control software. There is no hardware that needs replacing.

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Software bug in Jaguar X-TYPE

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MicroSD Card Reader Watch


he MicroSD Card Reader Watch features a built in microSD card reader that you can hook up to your computer with a USB cable to read microSD cards.

It also features a stainless steel bezel, and a rubber watch band, the watch is water resistant and shock proof, and it features a three year battery life.

The MicroSD Card Reader Watch is compatible with Windos 98, 2000, XP, Vista, Windows 7 and Mac OS X 9.1 and above, if you want one they are available for $15.99 from

November 2011

November 2011



When Technology Doesn’t Deliver By John Frankland


Having said that, if you are ever stupid enough to ask some people which they prefer, Android or iPhone, PC or Mac, PS3, Xbox or their Wii, be prepared to have your ear talked off. God help you if you don’t agree, or worse, happen to be on the opposing technological camp. Friends who I assumed had no concept of technology suddenly turn glassy eyed and violently vehement if I question their new choice of mobile phone. Part of the issue is the investment that people place into their tech of choice. As they try to justify their purchase to the world at large, they try to show that they didn’t pour thousands of dollars away on technology that is useless, poorly made or outdated by the mere act of purchasing it. I am a total gadget junkie. I try to moderate my spending on garbage technology. I try to wait out the release dates and

weigh my scenarios and only buy things that are going to be productive pieces of technology. I have to be honest. Those days are few and far between. Even when I do buy older technology, I end up purchasing shiny looking, smooth talking duds. I would love to give a quick run down of things I have owned in order to bolster my geek street cred but there isn’t enough room in this paper.

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echnology has always somehow managed to evoke a religious-like fervour in those who wouldn’t expect it within themselves. There is the cult of Apple, the Windows fan boys, the very subversive political Opensource and Linux Communities. This is even before stepping into the neverending console wars and its camps of followers. Convergent technology and cross platform integration and compatibility is at its highest ever. Through the magic of wireless networking, it is now possible to access and control large desktop systems from smaller handheld devices like the iPhone or an android handset (http:// Obiwan22 ( com/user/obiwan222222) created methods for playing his Wii streamed onto multiple portable devices including the iPhone, his Android Tablet and PSP. This borders on magic, knitting technology in an unprecedented way.

Without any further ado, who here remembers PALM? What? Three of you? OK, no big surprise. Palm was a Pocket organiser manufacturer that had to shut down its pocket organiser division in 2007 when the iPhone was born. Palm devices were reliant on stylus input and had an incredibly cramped Qwerty keyboard which forced PALM to halve the screen size. I can testify that a 2 x 2 inch screen is a pretty ugly thing to have to squint at. Once the iPhone was introduced with its slick easy to master multi-touch controls, PALM were rendered useless and quaint. I used to own a ZODIAC tapwave gaming organiser. I purchased it two years after the first version’s release just to be safe. The device had a mini joystick, dual SD card slots, shoulder triggers like a PSP and a four button D-pad. It was an underutilised, unsupported piece of rubbish. I bought it because I was enticed by the “it can do everything” promises of its marketing and design dept. It was touted as a competitor to the PSP and Gameboy Advance, but aimed at the businessman who wanted an organiser with the markets most used software. Its game library was pitiful, consisting mostly of board

or card games, ports of old DOS games including Doom, an emulator for the original Nintendo, and an awful 3D car racing game. Its organiser functionality was crippled by the fact that it was trying to be a gaming device. For a very small time, being able to play solitaire with a stylus while listening to MP3s in 2005 made me feel trendy and hip. Like all pocket devices of its era, it would wipe all of your personal information, stored contacts, data, and games if you were silly enough to let its battery run flat. To avoid this you would have to plug it into AC power every 4 or 5 hours to be FULLY recharged. The device was superior technology for its day, but it still wasn’t a useful alternative to pen and paper, a deck of cards and a Walkman. Its existence proved

that the world was moving towards an integrated technological future capable of making me part with my hard earned cash in the hope of a better tomorrow. Next month: Apple’s Walled Garden and the Android vs. iOS debate.

November 2011



Quotes The quality of a University is measured more by the kind of student it turns out than the kind it takes in.

November 2011


Food and Wine

Top Ten Budget Bites in Melbourne 10. The Cornershop 03 9689 0052 11 Ballarat Street Yarraville, VIC

5. Proud Mary

Yoyogi, 211-213 Swanston St, CBD By Tara Kenny

03 9417 5930 172 Oxford Street, Collingwood, VIC 3066

9. Naked For Satan

4. I Love Pho 264

9416 2238 285 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy 3065

03 9427 7749 264 Victoria Street Richmond, VIC 3121

8. Lucky Coq

3. Moroccan Soup Bar

03 9525 1288 179 Chapel Street Windsor, VIC 3181

03 9482 4240 183 St Georges Road , Fitzroy North, VIC 3086

7. Babka Bakery Café

2. Pellegrini’s Espresso Bar

03 9416 0091 358 Brunswick Street Fitzroy, VIC 3065

03 9662 1885 66 Bourke Street Melbourne, VIC 3000

6. Shanghai Village Dumpling

1. La Belle Miette

03 9663 1878 112 Little Bourke Street Melbourne, VIC 3000

03 9024 4528 30 Hardware Lane, Melbourne, VIC 3000


he world is in the grips of a global debt crisis. Some very irresponsible European nations have been living a champagne life on a beer budget, so to speak, and now they must face the consequences. Comparatively, Australia has fared well resulting in perks such as amazing conversion rates and some unbeatable bargains on ASOS. None the less, the doom and gloom state of the global economy has got me thinking about consumption. Alcohol and food rank alarmingly high on my list of expenditure, and I have nothing nothing to show for myself aside from a “cute” paunch and a palate to rival any Masterchef brat. Undoubtedly, living in a city as culturally rich as Melbourne has its gastronomic perks, with the next tasty abbacchio of goat on the bone or high end quesadilla always just around the corner. Keeping up with the Calombaris’s is both delicious and seemingly attainable. Although a good nosh and a bottle of vino at the latest “it” place will always be cheaper and less self indulgent than a shopping spree, such a lifestyle can take it’s toll on one’s hip pocket. With a new found desire to practice frugality, I made

it my mission to find an equally delicious and super cheap meal in the city while avoiding food poisoning. My friend Steph had come straight from work and she looked far too Wall St to try the $6.00 Hare Krishna meal on Swanston. I steered us towards Yoyogi on Swanston St- Japanese at its cheapest and quickest. Let’s just say Yoyogi’s stony-faced army of employees aren’t going to be winning the People’s Choice Awards for friendliest staff of the year. We were pointed abruptly in the direction of upstairs and were left to fetch our own menues and water. It’s an exchange. The staff aren’t being paid minimum wage for niceties. After much deliberation I ordered a sushi platter and miso, whilst my dining companion opted for california rolls and chicken skewers. Clearly the notion of sharing a meal is lost on Yoyogi. Steph was half-way through her meal before mine arrived. The miso never arrived. However, the sushi was delicious and fresh the water was pre poured and free. The Taylor Swift and Rihanna playlist was appreciated. We overstayed our welcome making our $18.50 work on a cost per minute basis. The best things in life are indeed free, or at least under a tenner a head.

November 2011



Pacific Jewels The effortless beauty of the New Zealand landscape is rivaled only by the glorious sparkle of the nation’s natural jewels, reveals Heather Bloom.

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rimming with nature’s finest riches, New Zealand offers gemstones from its every corner – from the deep blue of its coastline to the inland riverbeds embedded between steep mountains, there will be a unique piece of New Zealand fi t to adorn the most discerning of jewellery wearers. From pounamu, blue pearls and papa shells to esteemed collections of gold, diamonds and other precious gems, New Zealand is a treasure trove of jewels waiting to be discovered.

Each carving of pounamu is unique and its differing styles of carvings are said to have different meanings, such as the fishhook indicating strength and determination, the koru or spiral shape representing new beginnings and the twisted pounamu depicting friendship or the unifying of lives.

Many jewellers and galleries throughout the country stock pounamu. BLUE PEARLS In 1986, a remarkable piece of jewellery appeared on the market. It had the properties, lustre, smoothness and beauty of a pearl, except for its shimmering blue colour. There is no other jewel in its class or of its colour anywhere in the world and it is found only in the clear, deep waters of New Zealand. Ranging from blue to violet, green and pink, the blue pearl has the capacity to evoke all the colours of the rainbow. The unique colour comes from the climate of the Pacific Ocean, which produces a specific type of abalone, which in turn produces the blue pearl. Depending on the grade, the pearl can range from anywhere between NZ$500 and $20,000, and is loved by locals and international buyers alike. Eyris Blue Pearls has been setting the standard for the New Zealand blue pearl industry since the very beginning, and has become a treasured piece of New Zealand history. Roger

Beattie, managing director of the company, perfected the process of culturing pearls after visiting Australian and US pearling farms, and is now producing perfect mabe (half round pearls) that can be polished into a glorious luscious blue hue. Eyris Blue Pearls supplies New Zealand with 90 percent of its high fashion pearl jewellery, and is creating a stir among international buyers. Currently in negotiation with jewellery institution Tiffany & Co, Eyris Blue Pearls has already received the approval of former chief gem buyer, George Kunz, who says, “The perfect abalone pearl is among the most valuable of gems.” Sapphire rings in white gold. PAUA The abalone isn’t the only living organism harvested for its natural treasures; the paua, native to the shallow coastal waters along New Zealand’s rocky shorelines, is also cultivated for its beauty. The paua itself is part of the sea snail family and is recognised world-

Roger Beattie MANAGING DIRECTOR OF EYRIS BLUE PEARLS Why are buyers so drawn to Eyris Blue Pearl?

The Eyris Blue Pearl is the bluest of all the pearls and has the greatest range of colour. There are four base colours for the blue pearl, from green/gold/pink to green/blue, blue/green and blue/violet. The blue pearl reflects all the colours of the rainbow. How has the company grown over the last decade? We began experimenting with farming blue pearls in 1995 and officially launched Eyris Blue Pearls in 2000. Most of our sales come from the local New Zealand market, but we have had some success with Italy and the US before the global financial crisis. We are currently in the process of expanding Eyris Blue Pearls to the UK and are planning for intergenerational success along the same vein as Paspaley’s in Australia. What makes the Eyris Blue Pearl so special? If you have a pearl with incredible lustre, colour, brightness and smoothness it can reflect the whole room on its surface. A pearl we sold for NZ$20,000 in 2008 was nicknamed ‘Luscious’ for its fantastic lustre.

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POUNAMU Also known as greenstone or nephrite jade, pounamu (which is the traditional Maori name) is New Zealand’s most revered natural gem, as it is steeped in history and holds as many stories as it does unique patterns. The colour of pounamu can be either light or dark green. The Maori appreciation of this rare stone comes from inclusions in the stone that conjure up images of the forest, rivers and clouds. The most prized pounamu is the flower jade, which is

filled with pale green and ochre clouds. Only found in boulders and in streams of the South Island, pounamu has been part of Maori culture since they first landed here around the 12th century. Uses of the precious stone include making weapons, ornaments, tools and jewellery. The deep spiritual meaning associated with pounamu makes it an incredibly special piece to give or receive. The hardness of the stone means it is especially difficult to carve and the laborious efforts of pounamu artists led to the belief that the stone would absorb the spirit of the artist. It is also believed that the power and strength of the wearer or handler of the pounamu is passed through the stone to the next recipient.

wide for its rich mythology and medicinal properties. The paua shell bears similarities to the mother of pearl shell; however, it has brilliant iridescent beauty and is the most colourful of any abalone shells farmed. The colour and patterns vary. Green, pink, blue and on rare occasions gold and crimson tones similar to that of the Australian opal have all been produced. When given as a gift, the paua shell represents peace, prosperity, good luck and health. Also believed to have medicinal qualities, the paua has been used by the Maori tribes for centuries in encouraging fertility, protection and in the treatment of hearing disorders, calcium deficiencies and dysfunction of the spinal canal and nervous system. For a beautiful jewel that sparkles no matter which way you look at it, it’s hard to go past the paua, which adorns all types of jewellery from necklaces and earrings to brooches and bracelets. (Originally published by Welcome To, Niche Media, 2010)

November 2011


University magazine, Victorian university magazine, technology magazine.