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contents INFORMED, ENGAGED, TRANSFORMING Message from the Chancellor 2 RESPONSIVE STRATEGY NAVIGATES TURBULENT PASSAGE Message from the Chairperson of Council 4 STRONG FOUNDATION UNDERPINS ROBUST PERFORMANCE Message from the Vice-Chancellor and Principal 6 SECTION 1 quality education … MOVING UP 12 SECTION 2 research impact … MOVING UP 26 SECTION 3 engagement … MOVING UP 34 SECTION 4 transformation … MOVING UP 40 SECTION 5 finances … MOVING UP 44



To be a leading researchintensive university in Africa, recognised internationally for its quality, relevance and impact, and also for developing people, creating knowledge and making a difference locally and globally

• To be a leading research-intensive University • To strengthen the University’s international profile • To strengthen the University’s impact on economic and social development • To pursue excellence in teaching and learning • To increase access, throughput and diversity

ISBN: 978-1-77592-156-1

Universities nurture the hopes of the world: from solving challenges that transcend borders to stimulating minds capable of imagining a world different to the one in which we live. For that, we keep moving UP.

UP Annual Review 2016 1

informed, engaged, TRANSFORMING

The student protests that swept across the higher education landscape in 2016 brought into sharp focus the significant role universities play in transforming the lives of individual students and society as a whole. As a university, we know our primary functions are to generate, transmit, apply and preserve knowledge. But we also know that this cannot be done in isolation. UP is aware that its political, social and economic context demands of it to be an active agent of transformation and socio-economic change.

Professor Wiseman Nkuhlu Chancellor

We see ourselves as a key player in our nation’s economic growth and social development, exerting influence through three major pathways: teaching, research and engagement with and service to society. More importantly, we are particularly aware of the contribution we can make in redressing pre-existing inequalities to advance social justice. In line with the UP 2025 strategic plan, and as reflected in this report, we were able to record progress in each of these pathways and I commend the management of the University for staying on course in spite of the challenging times. Continued success in the academic mission will demand a deep commitment to engagement to ensure alignment with national needs and priorities by collaborating with government, business and industry, parents and alumni far more intensively than before. Most importantly, it will require open minds and open hearts when engaging with individuals and their needs to a better life. I am encouraged to see how transformation has become central to everything that the University is achieving – from its business processes to institutional culture and curriculum reform, to its progress in facilitating student diversity, access and success. The University of Pretoria is truly a dynamic institution living up to its commitment to quality, relevance and diversity. Especially pleasing is that regardless of the challenging financial circumstances, the management has remained prudent and meticulous with an unwavering commitment to ensuring the sustainability of the institution.

Professor Wiseman Nkuhlu received the 2016 Baobab Award from the Black Business Council for his remarkable track record in the accounting fraternity and his groundbreaking role as a pioneering entrepreneur. 2 UP Annual Review 2016

This report provides an overview of the achievements of the 2016 year, showing that the University continues to advance its vision of becoming “a leading research-intensive university in Africa, recognised internationally for its quality, relevance and impact, and also for developing people, creating knowledge and making a difference locally and globally”. This vision has driven UP’s resilience, responsiveness and unwavering dedication to its core mandates in a dynamic and unpredictable environment. This report, too, is a celebration of the University’s successes in teaching and learning, research, transformation, institutional innovations and engagement with society.

UP Annual Review 2016 3



The responsiveness of our UP 2025 strategy was seriously tested in 2016, a year marked by national student protests, fuelled by funding issues. We are pleased to report that our strategic direction remains on track and we are progressing towards ever-increasing relevance while remaining committed to driving excellence in all we do.

South African universities have over the past year or so endured an environment of unprecedented volatility, characterised by student protests in respect of various demands, among them, fee-free higher education, transformation, and insourcing of outsourced campus services. The University of Pretoria did not escape this turbulence in 2016. Unresolved funding issues sparked student unrest about matters such as student accommodation, campus culture and language policy. Our long-term strategic plan, better known as UP 2025, remained our North star throughout. The University’s overarching aim to strengthen its position as a high-quality research-intensive university and within the highly competitive international arena of higher education, remains intact. Ms Futhi Mtoba Chairperson of Council

Yet, with 2016marking the final year of the 2012-2016 five-year planning period, the development of a new five-year plan gave us the opportunity to assess where institutional priorities could be re-aligned in view of the significant changes that have taken place in the University’s external environment. The new 2017-2021 plan builds on the achievements and progress of the past five years, and reaffirms UP’s strategic importance as a national asset that is responsive to national priorities and global challenges. The University’s five overarching strategic goals were reformulated in light of the seismic changes in 2016 related to affordability and resourcing of higher education in the wake of #Feesmustfall, insourcing and demands for accelerated transformation, to ensure continued relevance and sustainability. The new strategic goals are: • To enhance access and successful student learning • To strengthen the University’s research and international profile • To foster and sustain a transformed, inclusive, and equitable University community • To optimise resources and enhance institutional sustainability • To strengthen the University’s social responsiveness and impact in society.

4 UP Annual Review 2016

MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIRPERSON OF COUNCIL The 2017-2021 strategic plan will steer UP through a period that will be characterised by increasing complexity and significant financial pressures. Our primary challenge will be to navigate the changing circumstances while sustaining the essential characteristics of an excellent university in a global context that is becoming more competitive. Despite the challenges of 2016, the University showed success across all strategic platforms. The number of A-rated scientists on our staff continued to grow and our research productivity soared, reaching a milestone of more than 2 000 research output units and firmly establishing UP’s position as the most prolific research university in South Africa. The Council is satisfied that, during 2016, UP was managed in accordance with the goals and strategies set out in the UP 2025 long-term strategic plan as well as the five-year and annual implementation plans forming part of UP’s nested planning model, the requirements for good governance as set out in King III and all laws, rules and codes applicable to the University. In spite of trying circumstances brought about by various developments in the external environment, we made definite progress in pursuing the University’s strategic goals.

Leadership in high standing • Prof Cheryl de la Rey, Vice-Chancellor and Principal, was honoured by the following appointments: –– Vice-Chair of the Council of the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) –– Vice-Chair of the Steering Committee of the Talloires Network (re-appointed for a second term). • UP Council member and previous Vice-Chancellor and Principal Dr Johan van Zyl, was awarded an honorary DCom by Stellenbosch University for his leadership in transforming Sanlam into a diversified financial services group with a global footprint. • Prof Chabani Manganyi, retired Vice-Principal of UP and Research Fellow in the Centre for the Advancement of Scholarship, received the 2016 NRF Lifetime Achievement Award for extraordinary contributions of international standard and impact to the development of science in and for South Africa over an extended period of time. UP Annual Review 2016 5


Success at UP is intentional, fuelled by aspirational targets and delivered by committed people. In 2016 our intentions were not scuppered; we successfully navigated choppy waters to exceed many of our targets, making 2016 a memorable year. In a year when we could so easily have been overwhelmed by the waves of demand upon demand, some not directly related to education, we gave concerted effort to our academic mission and strategic goals. Our anchor throughout was the University’s 2012-2016 five-year plan aimed at ensuring implementation of the vision and goals of UP 2025, our long-term strategic framework that anticipated many of the socio-economic changes and gave us a strong foundation. At the end of this five-year period, we were able to reflect on significant achievements across all of the plan’s strategic priorities.

Professor Cheryl de la Rey Vice-Chancellor and Principal

UP ranking in South Africa

1st in Mathematics and Computer Science 2nd in Life and Earth Sciences rd 3 in Social Sciences and Humanities 4th of all universities * Source: Centre for Science and Technology Studies Leiden rankings * Quacquarelli Symonds world rankings

Realising the goals of 2012-2016 In research, a significant increase was achieved in the number of academic staff with doctorates, research productivity and the number of fields in which the University is recognised as a research leader. The percentage of academic staff with doctorates increased from 43% in 2012 to 63,4% in 2016, while research productivity increased from 0,7 accredited journal units per academic full-time equivalent staff (FTE) to 1,1 units from 2012 to 2016. In addition, the total doctoral graduate output increased by 51% from 200 in 2012 to 302 in 2016.

Success of our Strategic Plan (2012–2016)

Top 1%

UP ranks in the top 1% internationally in six fields: Agricultural Sciences Clinical Medicine Engineering Environmental Sciences/Ecology Plant and Animal Sciences Social Sciences Source: Web of Science (WoS) Essential Science Indicators (ESI)



in 2014

63,4% * Source: HEMIS submissions

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in 2016

RESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY (journal units per FTE staff*)


in 2014


in 2016



in 2014


in 2016



in 2014


in 2016

UP has remained in the top 1% of institutions internationally in six of the 22 broad ESI fields: Agricultural Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Engineering, Environmental Sciences/Ecology, Plant and Animal Sciences, and Social Sciences. The benefits of UP’s focus on areas of research strength have stimulated crossdisciplinary cooperation, research productivity, recruitment of postgraduate students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as external funding. Success in securing external research grants and contracts demonstrates research relevance and the competitive standing of UP at national and international levels. In 2016, our researchers and research partners secured R640m in funding from external funders, considerably up from the R405m in 2014. Closely linked to UP’s research performance is the strengthening of its international profile and visibility. The University’s international profile has continued to grow as demonstrated by several indicators. In 2016, there were 846 international doctoral students compared to 544 in 2012. The number of international postdoctoral fellows also increased – from 78 in 2012 to 125 in 2016, as did the number of international academic staff – from 144 in 2012 to 167 in 2016. Equally important is the growth in international co-authorships. In 2016 a total of 1 021 papers co-authored with international researchers – compared to 643 in 2012 – were published by UP researchers in journals indexed by the Web of Science (WoS). Our student success and throughput rates are among the highest in the







1 021



in 2014

in 2016

in 2012

in 2016

in 2012

in 2016

Top from left: Professor Niek Grové (Registrar), Professor Stephanie Burton (Vice-Principal: Research and Postgraduate Studies), Professor Tinyiko Maluleke (Advisor to Vice-Chancellor and Principal). Middle from left: Professor Themba Mosia (Vice-Principal: Student Affairs), Professor Cheryl de la Rey (Vice-Chancellor and Principal), Professor Carolina Koornhof (Executive Director: Finance and Business Initiatives). Bottom from left: Professor Norman Duncan (Vice-Principal: Academic), Ms Patience Mushungwa (Executive Director: Human Capital and Transformation) and Professor Anton Ströh (Vice-Principal: Institutional Planning).



in 2012


in 2016

UP Annual Review 2016 7


UP Executive

8 UP Annual Review 2016

country and have increased steadily between 2012 and 2016. In 2016, 90% of our full-time undergraduates passed their year-end exams. The educational experience of UP students has been enhanced through, among other strategies, the early adoption of a hybrid teaching model and increased use of modern technologies in teaching and learning. This proved prescient during the national shutdown of universities when our academic staff implemented online teaching and learning to ensure continued access to the curricula. A further facilitator of student success is the Fly@UP initiative introduced in 2016. We would like to see students complete their qualifications within the minimum time period, and this initiative provides students with support to attain this goal, provides academic staff with the wherewithal to improve the quality of teaching programmes, harnesses the hybrid teaching and learning approach, and uses data analytics to drive student success. ‘Fly’ stands for the ‘finish line is yours’. A consistent increase in the number of black students and staff has ensured that the University has become more diverse and inclusive. Undergraduate black contact students comprised 51,7% of our student body in 2016 (up from 45,1% in 2012) while black staff have increased to 53,8% (up from 37,1% in 2012). Of the total enrolment of 48 572 contact students in 2016, 27,1% were postgraduates, of which 58,9% (7 758) were black1. The percentage of black contact students (undergraduate and postgraduate) was 53,7% and almost all the students enrolled for distance education were black.

• The 2016 autumn graduation ceremonies marked a very special achievement when UP added the 250 000th graduate alumnus to its alumni database. • The University’s Gordon Institute of Business Science (GIBS) was again ranked first among South African and African business schools in the UK Financial Times Executive MBA Ranking in 2016, a position it has retained for more than a decade. It is positioned in the 74th place worldwide, from 87th in 2015. • The number of NRF A-rated researchers increased as from 1 January 2016, bringing the total of A-rated scientists at UP to 15. –– Prof Nigel Bennett, Professor of Zoology and the Department of Science and Technology/NRF Research Chair in Mammalian Behavioural Ecology and Physiology and the Austin Roberts Chair of African Mammalogy; –– Prof Pedro Crous, part-time academic in the Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology and the Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI); –– Prof Erika de Wet, SARChI Professor of International Constitutional Law; –– Prof Xiaohua Xia, Director of the Centre of New Energy Systems and the Exxaro Chair in Energy Efficiency; and • Prof Stella Nkomo, Deputy Dean for Research and Postgraduate Studies in the Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, was awarded her A-rating Professor Stella from January 2017. Nkomo Furthermore, enrolments in Science, Engineering and Technology fields – areas critical to the advancement of South Africa – experienced strong growth, with 53% of our students registered in these fields. In addition, the University developed important partnerships with local communities, the City of Tshwane, government, industry and international organisations. The international ranking of universities remains an important feature of the national and international landscape of higher education. These rankings influence, among others, an institution’s visibility and positioning in comparison to its peers, student choices and the overall competitiveness of an institution. Noteworthy in 2016 was the University’s inclusion in the CWTS (Centre for Science


Black includes African, Coloured and Indian students.

UP Annual Review 2016 9


Selected achievements

and Technology Studies) Leiden rankings on impact of research as one of five SA universities included among the top 800 universities globally. Our overall ranking improved from 642 in 2015 to position 512. UP was also ranked first in SA in Mathematics and Computer Sciences, second in Life and Earth Sciences (at position 174 worldwide) and third in Social Sciences and Humanities. Impact in a dynamic context The Presidential declaration in 2015 of a zero percent increase in tuition fees for 2016, and the Minister of Higher Education and Training’s announcement in September 2016 that there would be no increase in student fees for 2017 for poor students, raised concerns about the stability and sustainability of the higher education sector in general. In order to maintain financial health, the University has had to enhance income

generation from alternative sources (so-called “third-stream income”). Third-stream income is used for innovations in teaching, institutional research, bursaries for financially challenged students, and to develop infrastructure. In 2016, funds were also raised for student financial aid in the form of bursaries and loans. The demand for financial aid is growing as a result of the rising costs of higher education and the challenges faced by students from disadvantaged backgrounds. It has also become clear that traditional sources of financial support for students such as the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) cannot keep pace with growing demands. The University has created and funds its own UP-NSFAS programme to support financially challenged students. The Tuks Scholarship Fund was established in 2014 to address various funding needs of UP students, irrespective of their field of study.

We are proud of the following alumni who made headlines in 2016 Justice Johann van der Westhuizen, founding Director of the UP Centre for Human Rights and a previous member of the UP Council, retired as a judge of the Constitutional Court. He has taken up an appointment as an extraordinary professor in the Centre for Human Rights at UP.

From top: Justice Johann van der Westhuizen, Elizabeth Steinberg, Ben Schoeman, Katinka Heyns, Honey Mamabolo.

Ms Elizabeth Steinberg received an Emmy Award for graphic design and art direction at the Emmy Awards ceremony in New York. She was honoured for her work in a documentary for National Geographic entitled Future Cat, depicting how big cats adapt to our changing planet. Awardees at the annual prize-giving ceremony of the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns included internationally renowned pianist Ben Schoeman who

10 UP Annual Review 2016

received the Huberte Rupert Prize for Classical Music, and actress and director Katinka Heyns, who was awarded the honorary medal for Film Art. A travel application for public transport navigation in SA, ‘Transport Wise’ was launched by two former UP students, Tyler Hoffman and Unathi Chonco, who currently reside in Silicon Valley in California. Ms Honey Mamabolo, one of the first three black female chemical engineering graduates of UP and CEO of Thebe Unico, paid tribute to her alma mater in an interview and said that the environment at UP and the support she received from her lecturers helped her to thrive.

Source: UK Financial Times Executive MBA Ranking

No 1

GIBS is rated the best among South African and African business schools

Source: UK Financial Times Executive MBA Ranking

Indicative of the need for funding, the University awarded a total of R1,14bn in loans and bursaries in 2016, compared to R970m in 2015. Following on the 2017 fees announcement, the DHET also announced that the Ikusasa Student Financial Aid Programme (ISFAP), which will fund poor and “missing middle” students through public-private partnerships using a combination of grants and loans, will be piloted in 2017 at six universities including UP and one TVET college. UP was also among the first universities in South Africa to insource previously outsourced campus services, starting with security and food services workers. The University’s responses were not only aimed at overcoming the immediate challenges but, more importantly, to secure its long-term

sustainability as an excellent institution of higher learning. The next five years In November 2016 Council approved our new five-year plan2 for the period 2017-2021, which is a committed response to the current challenges. It foregrounds commitment to student access and success, pursuit of research that makes a positive impact on areas of great societal need, and strengthening of the country’s social and economic fabric. UP’s identity as an engaged university that is responsive to the contexts in which it is embedded, together with its history of resilience and innovation, helped us stay on course. This history also puts us in good stead to thrive in the new context.


University of Pretoria (2016). University of Pretoria Strategic Plan: 2017 – 2021.

UP Annual Review 2016 11



The ranking of GIBS’ executive MBA programme among the top 100 programmes globally

12 UP Annual Review 2016


quality education


At UP, quality drives our every action and steers our every thought. We are resolute in our intended outcome: a quality education. Our primary goal is not only to produce good graduates but also to produce graduates with attributes that go beyond mastery of their fields of study – graduates who are prepared for the challenges of a diverse and changing world.

UP Annual Review 2016 13

The University of Pretoria is one of the main contributors of skilled individuals in a broad range of fields critical to the advancement of South Africa. Almost half (49%) of our contact enrolled students are in scarce skills-related study programmes identified as crucial for the country’s socio-economic development. It is therefore of national importance that we facilitate access to – and successful completion of – tertiary education for all deserving students. We are deliberately creating an environment to facilitate this in every imaginable way. Our aptly named Fly@UP initiative is an integrated effort to help our students succeed and complete their degrees within the minimum time period.

ACCESS TO QUALITY LEARNING One of the immutable realities of tertiary education is that students who have a record of success or who have the potential to succeed, given additional support, benefit most from the experience. Quality undergraduate education therefore has to start with the careful recruitment of students. The University runs an extensive student recruitment programme of which our targeted schools outreach initiatives and the extensive Junior Tukkie programme, established to assist learners to make responsible study and career choices, are core components. Augmented by numerous faculty initiatives and our annual Open Day, our recruitment stratgies have contributed to the University of Pretoria maintaining its position as the university of choice for a large proportion of the country’s top matriculants. In 2016, 20% of all learners who had a 90%+ academic average in the final Grade 12 examinations in the National Senior Certificate, the Independent Examinations Board and the Cambridge examinations, enrolled at UP. Enrolments The instability and volatility which affected the entire higher education sector in 2016 resulted in our first-time entering undergraduate student enrolments not quite meeting targets. However, with 48 572 contact and 7 911 distance students enrolled in 2016, the University managed to exceed its target for total headcount enrolments by 1 830 students. Because of the increasingly dynamic and unpredictable context, enrolment management has been elevated to a strategic issue. The uptake of online registration among students has continued to grow, resulting in more than 80% of students registering online in 2016.

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QUALITY EDUCATION Online registration was vital in allowing students to register despite campus closures resulting from student protests during the registration period. A redesign and redevelopment of the online study application system was undertaken, with a view to inter alia identify top-performing students at an earlier stage. Good progress was made with the development and implementation of a student services model, due for full implementation by 2017, that will enable us to deliver an efficient and seamless experience to students during the entire process of enrolment – from recruitment to application, admission, registration, study finance and residence placement. Financial support Access to student funding remains a major factor inhibiting access to higher education. It is therefore a priority for UP as we strive to serve the national goal of increasing access to affordable university education for all deserving students. Despite the nominal increases

from government announced for 2016, these funds remain inadequate to fully address the magnitude of the challenge. UP contributed R57m to cover the shortfall after the government announced the 2016 student fee moratorium and an additional R46,6m to support students qualifying for National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) funds who could not be supported, or supported fully, from that source to fund historic debt. Our ongoing fundraising drive continued to produce positive results. The Tuks Scholarship Fund launched the #100inamillion campaign to sign up at least 10 000 donors each donating R100 per month. At the beginning of 2016, the Fund could offer 12 students from the socalled ‘missing middle’ full-cost bursaries for the duration of their studies. The Albert Wessels Trust donated a further R1,7m towards the Fund. UP receives significant scholarship funding from UP Annual Review 2016 15


Undergraduate modules available online

13 732

Diplomas and degrees awarded in 2016

philanthropic foundations for a number of specific programmes which continued in 2016. The Michael and Susan Dell Foundation contributed R12m to fund 50 students on the Dell Young leaders programme; the MasterCard Foundation contributed R26,9m for the third cohort of 43 students (16 undergraduate and 27 postgraduate) on the MasterCard Foundation Programme; and the Carnegie Foundation donated the final tranche of R13,4m towards the Master’s in IT project in the School of Information Technology. Under the long-standing Thuthuka Programme, SAICA contributed R13,2m in scholarships for 194 students and the Actuarial Society of SA (ASSA) supported 64 students with bursaries to the value of R6,4m. It was rewarding to see UP maintain its leading position overall among all universities in the SAICA ITC results. The CTA graduates maintained the highest pass rate (89%) of any Thuthuka group at UP since the inception of the programme. In addition, 96 students in IT and Marketing received BANKSETA bursaries amounting to R8,1m; the FoodBev SETA supported 72 students

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with bursaries to the value of R5,8m; and Avenade scholarships were awarded to the first five UP students, all women, to benefit from the worldwide programme. New external student funding programmes initiated during 2016 included: • The Michael and Susan Dell Foundation approved a donation of R4,4m for Year 1 of the Sikelela Scholars Project, which aims to improve student success by providing holistic support for disadvantaged SA students receiving financial aid. The project launched at UP in July 2016 with 100 students in their first year of study. • The University concluded an agreement with the Discovery Foundation for R20m to be placed into a trust account as collateral to guarantee study loans for medical students. • The Oppenheimer Memorial Trust awarded a discretionary grant of R2m to the University, and the amount will be used for postgraduate and postdoctoral bursaries. • ABSA and the Firstrand Foundation each donated R10m to help UP fund poor students and ‘missing middle’ students.


Teaching awards

STUDENT SUCCESS A student’s tertiary education success depends on a multitude of factors, some as tangible as funds and a safe place to stay; others less tangible, such as leadership potential and emotional wellbeing. Recognising this fact, UP’s response to our students’ needs is equally multifaceted and nuanced. The University enjoys a high success rate, with an examination pass rate of close on 90% for our contact students in 2016. This is in large part due to a number of interventions to ensure that our students experience a favourable outcome and our success rates continuously improve. These include innovations in the University’s hybrid teaching model and the increased use of modern technologies in teaching and learning. International research has shown that a combination of contact and online learning produces better student success than learning in one delivery mode only. We will continue to increase the online presence of more programmes and coursework as well as the training of academics and students on how to derive the best value from online learning. clickUP, the online learning management system, now has 88% of undergraduate modules available online. As a result, during the #Feesmustfall disruptions, many lecturers were able to move seamlessly into the online environment and students could continue their studies. When campus and classrooms were closed to students during the disruptions, the University negotiated with the City of Tshwane to give uncapped access to students through the City’s network and solicited free wi-fi from Telkom, which ultimately benefitted all universities. Two

Multiple awards and honours were presented to our academics for excellence in their disciplines and fields, both nationally and internationally. Three of the most prestigious teaching awards include: • Professor Stephen Coetzee and Ms Astrid Schmulian won a National Teaching Excellence award, organised by the Council on Higher Education (CHE) and the Higher Education Learning and Teaching Association of South Africa (HELTASA). • Professor Juan Bornman of the Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication (CAAC), in the Faculty of Humanities, received a Global Award for Innovative Higher Education Pedagogics Enhancing Learning and Employability at the WhartonQS Reimagine Education 2016 Conference, held in Philadelphia in late 2016. He was winner in the Africa region. • Dr Kato Plant, Department of Auditing, was named Educator of the Year for 2016 by the Institute of Internal Auditors.

Professor Stephen Coetzee

Astrid Schmulian

cellphone companies also provided free wi-fi to our students and the costs were covered by the University. Furthermore, the AlwaysOn network in malls around the country agreed to give uncapped access to UP’s URLs. Learning support A major focus in 2016 was to eliminate the discrepancy in pass rates between different groups of students. A Task Team on Student Access and Success has helped drive this commitment to achieving equity and, in the year under review, focused on mining the data on different success rates to formulate interventions.

Professor Juan Bornman

Interventions now start with the first-year experience that includes face-to-face academic orientation followed by faculty-specific online orientation. Potential at-risk students are identified early on through a Student Academic Readiness Survey (STARS) administered during orientation. The use of the STARS analysis raises awareness with individual students, and influences the allocation of mentors to students, UP Annual Review 2016 17

Green Films Pty Ltd

Star vets Six veterinary science students were the stars of a 13-part reality/documentary TV series Frontier Vets, which premiered on SABC 3 in July, depicting the daily lives of the UP students who take on the responsibility of running a rural animal clinic in a community bordering the Kruger National Park. particularly when students are also deemed at risk if they are the first members of a family to enter university or are living in a rural area. Encouraging first signs were seen in the 2016module pass rate of 83,18% (2015: 81,51%) and the reduced drop-out percentage of 5,38% (2015: 8,17%). The examination pass percentage was marginally lower at 89,74% (2015; 90,26%). Student/staff ratio A big challenge that UP continues to face is a deteriorating staff/student ratio, which suggests a mismatch between enrolment growth and staff capacity. Our efforts to recruit academic staff remain constrained by the scarcity of highly skilled people experienced by the country as a whole.


International postgraduate contact students

The University was afforded the opportunity to improve staff/student ratios through the DHET’s Next Generation of Academics Programme (nGAP) initiative, which is aimed at addressing

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the severe sector-wide underrepresentation of African, Indian, Coloured and women South African academics by developing the next generation of academic scholars. Having appointed six black academics against the seven funded posts awarded to UP in 2015 in Phase 1 of the programme, we were delighted to receive R9,3m in 2016 for a further four posts in the second phase. As a corollary, UP offers a number of opportunities to build a diverse and capable workforce that will make reaching the University’s strategic objectives a reality. Key to this is building and strengthening the pipeline of postgraduate students as future academics, developing academics and support service staff as professionals, and creating an environment in which staff and students can flourish. International profile An important dimension of tertiary education is broad exposure to varied thinking. Staff and student exchanges, as well as international postgraduate students, facilitate this. In 2016, there were 167 international academic staff in permanent and temporary full-time positions, making up 11,6% of UP’s academic staff. The number of international postdoctoral fellows at


Student awards Passing well is not the only indicator of a successful student. Performing well ouside of the UP context – and receiving external recognition for it – are true measures of a quality education. Individual student achievements during 2016 included: • Azile Nkabinde was the first Thuthuka student who passed SAICA’s ITC (the first professional exam for the CA qualification) with honours and among the top 10 performers countrywide (she was placed fourth). She was also the first Thuthuka student at UP to graduate cum laude in both the BCom and BCom (Hons) degrees in Accounting Science. • No fewer than 31 UP students featured in the Top 100 university students from across SA selected for the GradStar programme, with mechanical engineering student Paul Ssali and medical student Cyan Brown included in the Top 10. • Luïse Robbertse, PhD student in Genetics at UP, received the biennial 2016 Society of Tropical Veterinary Medicine Norval-Young award, which recognises a leading young mind in the field, for her work during her BSc (Hons) degree on ticks and tick-borne diseases. • Samantha Jamison, a master’s student in the Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, won the prize for the best Student Oral Presentation at the 2016 Seed Ecology Conference in Brazil. • Renate Schoeman, a second-year occupational therapy student, won the 2016 International Science Centre and Science Museum Day Contest, and was chosen to participate in a UNESCO conference in Paris, France, celebrating World Science Day for Peace and Development. • Karl Frenzel, a BCom (Hons) taxation student, was named by Ernst & Young as its Young Tax Professional of the Year for 2016. • Mohammad Ardekani, a PhD student in Mechanical Engineering, was presented with a Green Talent Award at the Green Talents International Forum for High Potential in Sustainable Development, hosted annually by the German Federal Ministry. • Pelly Malebe, a biotechnology PhD student, was selected as the Next Einstein Forum Ambassador for SA representing the country at the 2016 global gathering. • Our information design students won gold, silver and bronze Loeries in three different design categories of the student category at the 38th Annual Loerie Awards for advertising. • A ready-to-drink sorghum-cowpea beverage named Shoki-Nwa, developed by four undergraduate Food Science students, won an award for Best Presentation at the 18th International Union of Food Science and Technology ‘Students Fighting Hunger’ product development competition (below).

Azile Nkabinde

Paul Ssali

Cyan Brown

Luïse Robbertse

Samantha Jamison

Karl Frenzel

Mohammad Ardekani

Pelly Malebe

UP Annual Review 2016 19

Student team awards Student teams from UP also notched up a number of awards: • GIBS MBA students were awarded 1st place out of 80 contesting teams from top business schools in the prestigious international Zurich Enterprise Challenge. • A team of postgraduate Geoinformation Science students won the climate change category at the Durban Agrihack Talent Challenge. • The UP computer science team won the codeathon for SA university students hosted by the Investec IT Grad Programme. UP decreased marginally from 126 in 2015 to 125 in 2016. Postgraduate international contact students enrolled at UP numbered 2 297 with 1 238 from SADC countries, making up 16,5% of all postgraduate contact students at UP. Student wellbeing Student wellbeing is a core priority of the University, which is promoted through a variety of programmes. The Student Nutrition and Progress Programme supports underprivileged students at UP. Students on the programme receive food parcels and funding support on a weekly basis to sustain

their basic needs. Participation has grown from 235 students in 2015 to 422 in 2016. The Student Disability Unit provides specialised services to students with disabilities. In 2016, it helped 724 students with assistive technologies, special test and examination assistance. The Unit also supported 312 prospective students to transition from school to university, which included help in applying for financial aid. The Student Counselling Unit offers academic, therapeutic and emotional support to ensure that students make correct career choices, handle academic stress better and are equipped to be academically successful. Life skills enable students to develop holistically, ensuring wellrounded individuals and socially responsible citizens. In 2016, a multidisciplinary team of counselling, educational and clinical psychologists and social workers provided academic, therapeutic and emotional support to 8 251 students through group or individual sessions. The Student Health Services Clinics ran a number of health and wellness campaigns during the year, recording 17 995 clinic visits across the five campuses. In the residence environment, the Department of Residence Affairs and Accommodation continued to roll out the Triple L + 1 programme to promote an environment that fosters academic success, diversity and community building in the University’s residences. The programme entails conversations to achieve understanding (Listening), creating a sense of belonging and the holistic development of all residents (Living), promoting Learning, and leaving a positive and innovative Legacy. Leadership development Resident students are exposed to diversity and leadership development programmes through the TuksRes Leadership Training

20 UP Annual Review 2016


Academy, which focuses on practical leadership, eldership, women in leadership, wellbeing and employability. The Women in Leadership Programme, which was launched in 2015, continued to grow as a student-led initiative and will be integrated formally into the broader co-curricular programme offering. The thenPublic Protector, Adv Thuli Madonsela, was the keynote speaker at the certificate ceremony of the TuksRes Women in Leadership Academy, providing a strong role model for our students. Sporting prowess At UP we regard our holistic approach to education as a central component of student success. Accordingly, in the same way that we focus on academic excellence, our campus environment uniquely enables our students to pursue their sport at the highest level. We believe participation in sport teaches valuable life lessons of competing fairly and honourably, of coping with winning and losing, of work-life balance and of perseverance and commitment. UP’s focus on sport and sport development, also

through our world-renowned High Performance Centre (hpc), which collaborates with national sporting bodies such as the South African Sports Confederation and Olympics Committee (SASCOC) and Cricket SA (CSA), is a major drawcard for student athletes to study at UP.

Lawrence Brittain (left) and Shaun Keeling won Silver in the men’s coxless pair Olympic rowing finals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

In 2016, the hpc hosted the first 2016 Rio Olympic and Paralympic Global Camp, for which SASCOC expressed great appreciation. The 2016 Rio Olympic Games provided an excellent platform for our athletes to prove their mettle. An undisputed highlight was the silver medal won by Lawrence Brittain and Shaun Keeling in the men’s coxless pair rowing event. A second noteworthy achievement for UP rowers at the Games was the 4th place in the men’s heavyweight fours finals secured by a crew that included UP students David Hunt and Jake Green, narrowly missing out on the bronze medal. On the Rio athletics track, Akani Simbine took 5th place in the men’s 100m final with a time of 9,94s. He made history by being the first South African male sprinter since 1932 to qualify for the 100m final at the Olympics. UP Annual Review 2016 21

UP student Nicole van Wyk won a silver medal in the single skulls at the World Under 23 Championships in the Netherlands, thereby becoming the first SA female rower ever to win a medal at this international regatta. In other sports, Dale Whittaker took a short break from his engineering studies to win a gold medal in his class in judo at the Commonwealth Championships; Suné Luus was a member of the Protea team competing in the ICC Women’s T20 Cricket World Cup in India; and Lungi Ngidi was a member of the victorious Titans team in both the RAM Slam T20 Competition and the Sunfoil 4 Day series, and also represented the Northerns Cricket Union in the Africa T20 Cup, where he received the CSA award for the Africa Cup T20 Rising Star. UP continued its winning streak with some remarkable achievements in university competitions, of which a few examples include: • Assupol TuksCricket won the 2016 Varsity Sports Cricket Tournament, thereby again qualifying to represent South Africa in the Red Bull Campus Cricket World Finals in Sri Lanka 22 UP Annual Review 2016

as reigning champions for two years running. They made it to the semi-finals, narrowly losing to host nation Sri Lanka with two balls to spare. They also won the NCU T20 Club Competition for the fourth year running. • Tuks Young Guns were victorious in their category in Varsity Cup Rugby, TuksNetball lost to NWU-Pukke in the finals and TuksAthletics, TuksVolleyball (Varsity Beach Volleyball) and TuksHockey Men also finished in second place. • TuksSport collected four Universities South Africa (USSA) titles, with TuksRugby, TuksNetball, TuksWomen Sevens Rugby and TuksRowing Men emerging victorious. TuksGolf and TuksHockey Men and Women brought home three silver medals and TuksAthletics, TuksSquash and TuksRowing women added three bronze medals to the collection. Arts and culture We pride ourselves on our commitment to supporting the arts and culture, and nurturing the talent that propels artists and musicians to success on the international stage.

QUALITY EDUCATION High-level acknowledgement of our cultural achievements came with the announcement that South Africa and UP have been approved to host the World Choir Games in 2018. UP was also delighted to hear that Tuks Camerata was invited by the International Federation of Choral Music as one of the 24 best choirs in the world to perform at the world’s biggest conference for choral music, the World Choral Symposium on Choral Music, to be held in Barcelona, Spain in July 2017. The annual Principal’s Concert showcased our many and varied in-house musical and artistic talents and made use of pieces from UP’s own art collections as on-stage décor in a costume drama inspired by and incorporating the Promenade theme from Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition suite. Sculptor and UP master’s student in the Department of Visual Arts, Zelda Stroud, created four life-size bronze sculptures of iconic South African women for the Women’s Living Heritage

Monument. These were unveiled on Lilian Ngoyi Square in Pretoria as part of the national Women’s Day celebrations. Singer Letta Mbulu presented the first of a series of guest lectures offered by the Department of Drama in collaboration with the Living Legends Legacy project. The project is supported by the Department of Arts and Culture and aims to promote the arts and document and archive the works of SA artists who were marginalised by Apartheid.

INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT GROWING NUMBERS Good education depends on sound infrastructure, as the correct physical environment entices enquiring minds to wander towards new solutions, and prompts innovation.

UP Annual Review 2016 23

The Lesedi Complex at the Onderstepoort Campus, Faculty of Veterinary Science, houses, among others, the multidisciplinary Veterinary Skills Laboratory. It was openend by Mr Gwebinkundla Qondo, Director General of the Department of Higher Education and Training. With him is the Faculty Deputy Dean: Teaching and Learning, Professor Dietmar Holm.

At UP we are committed to providing our staff and students with a space that can help them achieve success. A campus master plan aligned with the University’s strategic plan, UP 2025, provides a blueprint for developing an infrastructure to support the future growth of UP. Thanks to generous grants from the National Skills Fund, we could substantially enhance our campuses and surrounding facilities in 2016. Pride of place goes to the facilities built to accommodate increased intakes of medical and veterinary science students following our undertaking to the Department of Higher Education and Training to meet national economic and developmental needs. The 300-bed TuksBophelong residence for medical students on the Prinshof Campus was

24 UP Annual Review 2016

opened by the Minister of Higher Education and Training in February. The new facilities include the Tšwelopele Complex, which was officially opened by the Minister of Health in August. This houses an Administration Building, a student clinic, a cafeteria and a gym, a lecture hall building with four 400-seater lecture halls, as well as a large open study area. The Director-General of the Department of Higher Education and Training opened the new Lesedi Complex on the Onderstepoort Campus in February. The Complex houses staff offices, a student study centre, a multidisciplinary laboratory as well as the Veterinary Skills Laboratory, which is a state-of-the-art facility for teaching practical skills. In addition to the Complex, some improvements were made to existing lecture halls and to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. An additional



96-bed mixed student residence, computer laboratory and satellite clinical facilities were also built. Other interesting additions to University infrastructure were: • A Small Animal Research Facility was built at the UP Experimental Farm in Hatfield. • Construction started on the Javett-UP Art Centre on the University’s South Campus. A gallery bridge spanning Lynnwood Road will connect the Javett-UP, which will, among other collections, house the Mapungubwe Collection in a purpose-built gallery, with the Arts Square and student gallery being constructed at the south end of Tukkielaan on the Hatfield Campus. • A pedestrian bridge across Bophelo Road at the Prinshof Campus was completed, which enhanced the safety of staff, students and the general public visiting the nearby hospitals. A number of refurbishments in line with the University’s facilities maintenance plan were completed on the various campuses, including the Kollege and Taaibos men’s residences, and the Food Science Laboratories. The refurbished Letlolo Building on the Groenkloof Campus includes various new facilities such as an activity area with wi-fi and formal and informal study facilities for students, office space for the Unit for Distance Education, the Student Health Clinic and Student Support Services, and a UP Arts Archive storage area.

A total of 13 732 diplomas and degrees were awarded in 2016. This marks a significant increase in undergraduate bachelor graduates, from 6 560 in 2015 to 6 843 in 2016. The total number of master’s graduates in 2016 was marginally lower at 1 811 (compared to 1 897 in 2015) as well as that of doctoral graduates, which dropped to 302 compared to 333 in 2015. UP continues to make a significant contribution to the annual national output of graduates from South African universities (excluding the comprehensive universities and universities of technology). In 2015 we produced 27,8% of engineering graduates, 15,26% of health care professionals (excluding vets), 20% of master’s degrees and 17% of doctoral degrees. The ultimate measure of a university’s success is the quality of its graduates. UP consistently emerges as one of the top universities in South Africa in employer surveys, and our graduates are preferred by employers across disciplines and fields of study. In order to further enhance graduate success in the workplace, the Workreadiness and Entrepreneurship programme (WREn) was launched in 2016 as a co-curricular programme to acknowledge and facilitate student learning outside the formal learning programme for their degrees, thereby equipping them with attributes required for success in the world of work.

* Third- and fourth-year Bachelors (The figures below do not include graduates from the comprehensive universities and the universities of technology.)

UP produced the following percentage of degrees in the country (2015) VETS












100+0 28+72 20+80 17+83 17+83 15+85

UP Annual Review 2016 25

26 UP Annual Review 2016


research impact


UP’s primary research strategy is to pursue ‘research that matters’; research that is aligned with complex societal challenges, including sustainable development. Our focus on Africa places us at the epicentre of advancing the type of science needed to address the contintent’s complex problems while remaining globally relevant.

UP Annual Review 2016 27

There is a growing recognition that universities, as public institutions, should contribute to the growth, development and wellbeing of societies and that new ways of doing science to effectively address complex problems are needed. While UP’s areas of research strength are wide-ranging, we have particular strength and impact in Animal Sciences and Zoology, Plant Sciences, Genetics, Economics and Econometrics, Veterinary Science linked to Parasitology and Virology, Forestry and Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. Our current research focus is on 21 centuryrelevant areas. In particular, we are developing research focus areas in: Big data and digital technologies, Smart transport and Smart cities, and Food security. In our Future Africa Institute, the University aims to play a leading role in research in Africa by focusing research on challenges relevant to Africa, through the Future Africa project and by investing in research where UP is recognised as a leader in Africa. st

As a university, we are strategically placed to play a leading role in advancing the type of science needed to address the complex problems that confront Africa, its people and the environment, and to position it as the hub for continental and global research networks on major developmental and global challenges.

28 UP Annual Review 2016

AREAS OF RESEARCH STRENGTH Aligned with areas of research strength where the University has distinguished itself nationally and internationally, the focus in 2016 was on ‘research that matters’, and thematic areas that demonstrate the impact on society. Further, a key strategy in 2016 was to increase UP’s highimpact research in knowledge fields of relevance to developing regions, and Africa in particular. Thematic research areas • Research in the area of environment, natural resources and sustainability focused on forestry and agriculture, biodiversity and genetics research in plant and animal sciences, social insects and insect bio-control, energy, and food production. In addition, interdisciplinary approaches were taken to enhance the impact of the research, for example, earth observation in climate change, societal development in water security, crop genomics in plant production and disease. • In research programmes in the broad thematic field of human and animal health, the research undertaken under the auspices of the DST-NRF Chair in Sustainable Malaria Control, has focused on the biology of differentiating malaria parasites that would result in the development of transmission-blocking drugs. The work of UP researchers in this field has been central to establishing the South African Malaria Transmission-blocking Consortium, with scientists from the CSIR and the Wits Research Institute for Malaria. Funded by the South African Medical Research Council’s Strategic Health Innovation Partnership, with the Swiss-based Medicines for Malaria Venture, the Consortium is unique in Africa and has the ability to show that new antimalarial candidates that may cure infection, could also be used to block transmission of the malaria parasite from humans to mosquitoes.

RESEARCH IMPACT • Human rights, sustainable development and governance is a further overarching theme, with several examples of research at UP that illustrate the focus on ‘research that matters’. The rights of children, for example, is shown in the work of the Centre for Child Law in the Faculty of Law. The Centre contributes towards promoting the best interests of children in South Africa through litigation, advocacy, research and education, with its work frequently reported in the media. New focus areas for research In line with building upon areas of research strength, themes developed in 2016 included: computer science and digital and computational opportunities; new materials and energy; and humanities and society. Two interesting developments to improve human health were: • The Institute for Sport and Exercise Medicine Research was established in 2016, to address the risks related to inactivity, a leading cause of many of the chronic diseases of aging and civilisation, and how physical activity and sport can be an important part of disease prevention. • A Centre for Neuroendocrine Research was initiated in 2016, where modern approaches to human health and disease will be used to detect and integrate diverse external and environmental inputs with internal signal systems in the vertebrate brain. UP fields of research strength in ESI* fields ESI Research Fields

Number Citations Citations of papers per paper Agricultural Sciences 505 3 122 6,18 Clinical medicine 1 007 9 325 9,26 Engineering 915 5 244 5,73 Environment/ecology 791 8 779 11,1 Plant and Animal Science 2 858 22 833 7,99 Social Sciences, General 1 145 3 944 3,44

* Web of Science (WoS) Essential Science Indicators (ESI)

COLLABORATION AND PARTNERSHIPS UP’s strong partnership with industry and government is reflected in the number of Research Chairs funded by industry partners and government. In 2016, UP had 48 Research Chairs and Centres of Excellence, 32 of which are sponsored by industry and state-owned enterprises.

The Institute for Sport and Exercise Medicine Research was established in 2016, to address the risks related to physical inactivity.

UP also signed 192 new contracts with industry and the public sector, which is testimony to the relevance and competitive standing of research at the University. Examples of partnerships in 2016 aimed at addressing the broader needs of society are: • Enterprises University of Pretoria (Pty) Ltd (E@UP) concluded a three-year road user behaviour study for the South African National Roads Agency Limited (Sanral). The University’s School of Public Management and Administration undertook the research, which explored various aspects of road user behaviour, including international best practices. • Dr André van der Vyver of the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, together with USAID


Research partnerships across 68 countries and six continents


A-rated scientists


B-rated scientists


Y-rated young scientists

UP Annual Review 2016 29

At the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding with the South African National Road Agency SOC Limited and the CSIR are (from left): Mr Nazir Ali, Chief Executive Officer of SANRAL, Professor Cheryl de la Rey, Dr Rachel Chikwamba, Executive Director of CSIR and Professor Sunil Maharaj, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology.

Mozambique and SA Tradehub, developed a Warehouse Receipt System for the Mozambique grain and oilseed industry. The project received an Oracle Global Sustainability Innovation Award at the Open World Conference in San Francisco. • The University received funding from the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) to conduct research that will ensure that the South African dairy industry is globally competitive and to safeguard the South African bull market by making sure that the dairy breeders and producers engage in genomic technology that would help increase reliability of genetic merit predictions of potential breeding animals. UP was awarded about R8,5million to undertake this project. International partnerships and networks In 2016, a number of new or renewed memoranda of understanding or agreements were concluded, taking the total to 246 research partnerships, across 68 countries and six continents.

30 UP Annual Review 2016

Among the notable research agreements were those with the National Autonomous University of Mexico, the largest university in Latin America; Hokkaido University in Japan; the National Institute of Agricultural Technology of Argentina; the Protestant University of Congo, DRC; Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Buenos Aires; and Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. Partnerships and collaboration on the African continent Partnerships and collaboration on the African continent are a particularly important part of our 2025 strategy, with several institutes, centres and units at UP supporting research that reaches into the continent. A few examples are: The Centre for Human Rights The main focus of the Centre for Human Rights is human rights education in Africa. In 2016, the Centre commemorated its 30th anniversary by hosting a series of events on issues pertinent to Africa. The graduation of 28 master’s students

RESEARCH IMPACT in December 2016 brought the total number of graduates of this programme to 483 from countries across Africa. The African Tax Institute (ATI) The African Tax Institute in the Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences has gained an international reputation for its research on land and property tax policy, and for developing public sector knowledge and capacity in tax policy and tax administration. The focus of the Institute is postgraduate education and research, with the first PhD in Tax Policy awarded in April 2016. The Institute for Sustainable Malaria Control (UP ISMC) The UP ISMC hosts the SARChI Research Chair in Sustainable Malaria Control and a Chair in Integrated Vector Management. The Institute is also a Medical Research Council (MRC) collaborating centre for malaria research. In 2016, the Institute partnered with the Goodbye Malaria Foundation to establish a Malaria Research Centre of Excellence (CoE) at the Namaacha IRS training facility, Namaacha, near the border between South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique. The Centre aims to reduce malaria in Mozambique, which, in turn, will impact on malaria cases in South Africa. Future Africa and the Africa Science Leadership Programme (ASLP) A new campus for the Future Africa initiative is planned for completion in late 2017, which will bring together 300 young, talented people from across Africa. One of Future Africa’s current programmes, the Africa Science Leadership Programme (ASLP), exceeded expectations and planned outcomes by some margin in 2016. The experience and impact on the 42 fellows, from 34 institutions and 13 countries, have been very positive. Moreover, the success and excitement that the programme has generated have stimulated the development of similar

programmes, such as the Tuks Young Research Leader Programme.


Top 1%

33 UP researchers are in the top 1% group of scientists globally (as per WoS Essential Science Indicators)

Active partnerships with industry and government are mutually beneficial and support UP’s research productivity, infrastructure, student training, graduate employment, and industry competitiveness and growth. In 2016, some groundbreaking initiatives came to fruition, of which three are: Unique transport project The South African National Roads Agency Ltd (SANRAL), a state-owned company, entered into an agreement with UP and the CSIR to conduct a research project relating to the improvement of quality in the transport infrastructure sector by educating and training engineers in transport infrastructure and reference testing.


UP is one of 15major African research universities to be a member of the African Research University Alliance (ARUA).

The project will include a state-of-the-art reference and research laboratory facility unique in South Africa and probably on the African continent, to be constructed at UP as part of the redevelopment of the UP Experimental Farm. Once completed, a direct benefit to the country will be an increase in the availability of technical skills in transportation engineering and costs savings due to improvements in design, construction, maintenance, and management of transportation infrastructure. New Chair in Railway Safety In November, UP signed a MoA with the Railway Safety Regulator (RSR) for sponsorship of the RSR Chair in Railway Safety at UP. The partnership is the first of its kind in South Africa and is envisaged to take the country to a globally competitive level in terms of Future Smart Transportation. UP Annual Review 2016 31

2 110


New Centre of Excellence The Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology was appointed as the local partner institution and host, in collaboration with the National Nuclear Regulator (NNR), to establish the NNR Centre of Excellence for Nuclear Safety and Security for South Africa.


52,5% in 2016

The University’s profile and visibility is monitored through several indicators, the most common being the use of citations of research articles and assessing the strength of collaborative research networks on the basis of internationally coauthored papers. Productivity UP’s research productivity has steadily increased over the years, culminating in a major milestone in 2016. Achieving more than 2 000 research output units is testimony to the success of the various initiatives to support research at the University and is an important stride towards realising the goal of UP as a research-intensive University. UP steadily enlarged its international footprint by increasing its collaboration (percentage of publications co-authored with international peers) from 47,15% in 2015 to 52,51% in 2016. Encouraging too is the increase in the citations per paper indexed in the Web of Science (WoS), from 0,83 in 2015 to 0,94 in 2016.

WoS Essential Science Indicators (ESI) where the frequency of citations is used to position authors in the top 1% of scientists globally. By the end of 2016, 33 UP researchers were in this top 1% group, while 101 papers were identified as ‘top papers’ in the WoS index. Further, UP has remained in the top 1% of institutions internationally in six of the 22 broad ESI fields: Agricultural Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Engineering, Environmental Sciences/ Ecology, Plant and Animal Sciences, and Social Sciences. World rankings In 2016, UP retained its listing in two of the main global ranking systems. It was ranked 551-600 in the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) world rankings for 2016/2017 and remained at No 4 in South Africa. In the QS BRICS 2016 ranking, UP retained its overall position at No 49 and No 4 in South Africa. The 2016/2017 Times Higher Education (THE) ranking showed similar results: UP was listed in the 601-800 band, and in No 74 in the THE BRICS and Emerging Economies ranking. UP also maintained its position as one of the five top South African universities in three other rankings published in 2016: the University Rankings by Academic Performance (URAP) – positioned 459 worldwide and 5th in South Africa; the University Web Rankings and Reviews – 478 worldwide and 3rd in South Africa; and the 2016/2017 US News and World Report Best Global Universities (GBU) rankings – 523 in the world, 5th in South Africa and 6th in Africa.

International recognition is also measured in the Research outputs Publication 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016* Journal articles 1 178,61 1 277,35 1 419,16 1 468,92 1 581,03 1722,50 Proceedings 98,52 74,28 119,64 147,04 151,02 147,25 Books and book chapters 37,69 72,48 80,7 69,09 101,10 240,25 Totals: 1 314,82 1 424,11 1 619,50 1 685,05 1 844,15 2 110,25 Source: DHET & DRIS, UP *Provisional as on 10 May 2017

32 UP Annual Review 2016

In addition, in the Webometrics ranking of repositories, the University’s UPSpace was ranked the best in Africa and within the top 100 worldwide (No 73). The aim of this ranking is to promote open access initiatives and global access to academic knowledge. Institutional repositories such as UPSpace provide a wealth of research that is freely available to the public.

RESEARCH IMPACT Broadening the base of researchers Attracting, developing and retaining quality researchers and academics is central to the University’s long-term strategy, UP 2025, and to achieving the research-intensive identity we pursue. Three indicators of our success in 2016 are: • The number of academic staff who had doctoral degrees was 63,4%, an increase from 62,5% in 2015. The qualification levels of academic staff have a direct impact on the capacity for research supervision and productivity. • A further measure is the number of researchers who have achieved a National Research Foundation (NRF) rating. The number increased to 459 in 2016, from 436 in 2015. Significant were the 15 A-rated and 97 B-rated scientists, and equally important, the increase in Y-rated young scientists to 84 in 2016, from 77 in 2015. The achievement of NRF ratings is a measure of the quality and level of recognition of researchers in their respective fields. • Strengthening the pipeline of master’s and doctoral students is reflected in the enrolment figures. Doctoral enrolments have increased steadily to 2 357 in 2016, from 2 279 in 2015.

RESEARCH SUPPORT The University takes pride in the research environment it maintains to support scholarly activity, and to attract top researchers and postgraduate scholars. In 2016, all five applications to the NRF National Equipment Programme were successful, and we received R28m in funding, with the University contributing the balance of R14m. The equipment supports a broad spectrum of research at UP, with three examples being: • A CONVIRON plant growth chamber for

research into plant growth and food security under future climate scenarios. • A high speed imaging system will make possible, with smart diagnostic and prognostic algorithms, the optimal management of expensive physical assets (such as capacity losses at Eskom due to boiler tube failures, bridges, railway lines) over their lifetimes. • A droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) system for research linked to food insecurity in Africa and globally. Research funding In addition to the state subsidy income based on research outputs, researchers seek external funds to support their wide range of research activities. Success in securing external research grants and contracts demonstrates research relevance and the competitive standing of UP at national and international levels. In 2016, UP received R334m in funding from Government agencies, while UP researchers and research partners secured R306m in funding from external funders. The University contributed a further R138m of its own resources to support research, innovation and the training of postgraduate students and postdoctoral fellows.


Funding received to invest in research equipment


Total funding for research

UP Annual Review 2016 33

34 UP Annual Review 2016


engagement … MOVING UP

Our academic programmes prepare students not only for their careers but also for their roles as citizens with a civic responsibility. As an institution we model these behaviours through our engagement with our immediate and broader communities and environments.

UP Annual Review 2016 35

A university is shaped as much by what happens on campus as what happens off campus and we work tirelessly to ensure that we remain relevant by working for society, with society. We do this in a number of ways, from community engagement to community development and important partnerships with industry and government. Our efforts have not gone unnoticed. Early in 2016, the University accepted an invitation to join the new University Social Responsibility Network (USRN), an international group of 15 top universities. We are the only representative from Africa in this group.

INTERNATIONAL ENGAGEMENT Internationalisation is an integral part of UP’s identity. We need to maintain global networks and interaction to support and sustain the quality and relevance of our research and academic programmes. The central focus of UP’s internationalisation strategy is Africa. With almost 700 universities and other institutions of higher learning, Africa is home to significant academic activity. The University of Pretoria proudly links itself into this rich network of teaching and learning, both drawing on and contributing to the work of our colleagues across the continent. UP’s pioneering Future Africa initiative is rapidly becoming known for its unique concept of offering the physical infrastructure and space for a dynamic living, learning and research environment. It is developing a new generation of young scientists to undertake research relevant to Africa’s development.

36 UP Annual Review 2016

A highlight in 2016 was the launch of the first Science Leadership Programme Clinic under the auspices of the African Science Leadership Programme (ASLP), an initiative of the Future Africa project. This was attended by 13 ASLP fellows from 11 institutions in seven African countries. Other efforts to strengthen our participation in Africa-based and Africa-focused research networks include: • At an international BRICS conference held in Russia in May, UP became a signatory of a Memorandum of Agreement to establish a scientific and educational research centre on labour relations in BRICS countries. • USAID is funding an international programme, which is a joint initiative between UP’s Institute for Food, Nutrition and Well-being (IFNuW), the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Michigan State University, in partnership with Malawi’s Ministry of Agriculture, to bring researchers and the media together to drive policy change in food security. • The Vice-Chancellor and Principal, accompanied by Prof Tinyiko Maluleke, delivered a keynote address at the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) conference of university leaders in Accra, Ghana, and hosted the first UP alumni event in Accra, which was attended by 42 alumni and guests. Africa also came under the spotlight at a conference organised by UP’s Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa and the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. Titled ‘The Implementation of Modern African Constitutions’, it was attended by law-makers, legal practitioners, constitutional activists, judges and legal scholars from more than a dozen African countries. International profile Complementing the contribution of international

ENGAGEMENT staff and students are the numerous highprofile visitors, conferences and events that the University hosts. Some examples in 2016 were: • Then-Minister of Finance Pravin Gordhan opened a conference co-hosted by UP’s African Tax Institute and the Vienna University of Economics and Business’s Global Tax Policy Centre. This brought together more than 150 delegates from an estimated 25 countries on UP’s Hatfield Campus. • The UP School of Public Management and Administration (SPMA) hosted the 9th annual International Conference on Public Administration and Management, which was addressed by SA’s Ambassador to Chile and UP alumnus, HE Dr Hilton Fischer. • Several high-profile writers attended an international literary conference held at UP in October, which was opened by worldrenowned SA author Breyten Breytenbach. • The Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology hosted an international workshop and summer school on 5G and cognitive radio networks funded by the NRF and the United States National

Science Foundation. • UP’s Institute for Sustainable Malaria Control hosted the second SA Malaria Research Conference at the Groenkloof Campus, which was attended by visitors from 17 countries. Community engagement The University’s community engagement projects are a continuous source of pride and inspiration for us. On the one hand, they link the research and teaching skills of staff and students to the specific needs of a community. On the other, staff and students are enriched through their community service and engagement. Our successful community engagement programme is embedded in the undergraduate and postgraduate curricula. All faculties and some support departments are involved in community engagement and community development. In 2016, just over 13 000 students undertook community engagement for credit while a further 10 000 volunteers made the projects sustainable across about 1 500 community sites of learning.

Pravin Gordhan

Breyten Breytenbach

23 000

Students involved in community proects, or volunteering.

1 500

Community sites of learning

A group of 125 veterinary science students were involved in weekly clinics at Makapanstad village in the North West Province.

UP Annual Review 2016 37

primary animal health care. In the process they gained valuable experience in handling farm animals while vaccinating, dehorning, branding, ear tagging and bleeding hundreds of cattle and goats belonging to small-scale community farmers.

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT The University is also actively involved in continuing professional development through courses offered by Enterprises University of Pretoria (Enterprises UP). A total of 214 courses were registered in 2016 for Continuing Professional Development points in the Engineering, Built Environment, Health, Education, Information Technology, Social Sciences and Veterinary Science professions. Enterprises UP also sponsored the flagship corporate social investment initiative, the “Leadership Development Programme for School Principals” for the third consecutive year.

The Faculty of Health Sciences delivers a range of essential health care services at the Daspoort Polikliniek.

Curricular community engagement overlaps in many instances with work-integrated learning (WIL) and practical work, as is the case with Health Sciences and Education. Often the same sites were used for community engagement, WIL and practical work in order to provide a more integrated service to the community. Illustrating an initiative integrating community engagement, WIL and practical work, is the visit to Makapanstad village in the North West Province. In the first half of 2016, a group of 125 veterinary science students, accompanied by officials of the North West Provincial Department of Rural, Environmental and Agricultural Development, helped raise awareness about

38 UP Annual Review 2016

In addition, a number of partnerships were secured to offer training in various areas, for example: • Toyota SA sponsored the training of 120 executive committee members and 120 staff members of various taxi associations over a period of three years. • The Education, Training and Development Practices Sector Education and Training Authority (ETDP SETA) sponsored a Programme in Mentoring and Coaching for School Educators in partnership with the Departments of Education, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal. • A partnership with Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA) saw 640municipal officers being trained in Municipal Finance Management.


SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT The University’s commitment and efforts in 2016 to enhance social cohesion had a broad reach. One event that profiled UP extensively was the 14th Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture for 2016, which we hosted in July. The lecture on the theme ‘Living Together’ was delivered by renowned philanthropist and entrepreneur Bill Gates in a packed auditorium on UP’s Mamelodi Campus. The UP SRC launched a fundraising drive, the #UPSRC_R10mGame – Get in the Game!, to raise R10m to support students facing financial difficulties. Some of the key contributors to the initiative were ABSA (R2m) and City of Tshwane (R250 000). Given our locality, we particularly value our healthy relationship with the City of Tshwane. In

May we signed an agreement for a Substance Abuse Intervention Project involving UP’s Department of Family Medicine and the UP Community Oriented Primary Care Research Unit (COPC). One project that had a very real impact on the community, was the development of the Hatfield Precinct Project whose main goal is to revitalise the Hatfield area near the University precinct. Through this project, UP is taking the lead as an anchor institution in building ‘community wealth and wellbeing’ in partnership with the City of Tshwane in order to contain, and reverse, the creeping urban decay in the Hatfield area, as a pilot for similar initiatives in the communities around its other campuses. Since the project was initiated, cleanliness and security in Hatfield have improved and relations with residents and the local business community have strengthened.

Top 15

UP is the only representative from Africa in the new University Social Responsibility Network (USRN), an international group of 15 top universities.

Below: Dignitaries who attended the Nelson Mandela lecture – Bill Gates, Professor Njabulo Ndebele, Graça Machel, and Professor De la Rey.

UP Annual Review 2016 39

40 UP Annual Review 2016


transformation … MOVING UP

Transforming a space as integral as a tertiary institution is a journey that requires all driving mechanisms to be aligned. Focus on just the systems and the alignment is out, derailing progress and delaying arrival at the intended destination. At UP we work hard at aligning mindsets, behaviours and cultures and involve our staff and students in co-creating the way to drive this process.

UP Annual Review 2016 41


Diversity and inclusivity are crucial underpinnings of UP’s sustainability. We strive to be a fully inclusive University community where students and staff from all social and economic backgrounds feel welcome and valued.


Overall, 2016 was a year of significant progress in our transformation journey. An Institutional Transformation Committee was established to drive culture change at the University, nurture an institutional culture that promotes inclusivity and respect for fundamental human rights, and help create an environment where staff and students will thrive.


10,9% Black* 2010

55,3% White

44,7% Black 2016

46,3% White

53,7% Black


Black = African + Indian + Coloured

Through transformation lekgotlas and work streams, staff and students engaged openly about their views, experiences and concerns regarding transformation. Equally, various initiatives were implemented to steer UP towards realising our goal of being a transformed, inclusive and equitable university community. Numerous student campaigns, including, #Feesmustfall, #Rhodesmustfall, #Afrikaansmustfall, #Afrikaanssalbly, and #Outsourcingmustfall, reinforced the importance of transformation at universities nationwide. Protest action initially focused on demands for the insourcing of outsourced campus services, but soon escalated to include issues pertaining to student funding and matters like student accommodation, campus cultures and language use.

Language Senate and Council approved a new University Language Policy whereby English has become the language of instruction and assessment at UP. Afrikaans is maintained as a language of scholarship, while the development of Sepedi to a higher level of scientific discourse will be supported and resourced adequately. The new language policy will enable UP to respond to the changing student demographics, facilitate the success rate of our students, and help prepare students for a globalising world while also promoting social cohesion. Afriforum’s court challenge to find the new language policy unconstitutional did not succeed. A full bench of the Gauteng High Court found in favour of UP when they heard the application to set aside the policy at the end of 2016 and Afriforum was refused leave to appeal. Curriculum After University-wide consultations and a series of external reviews, we finalised a curriculum transformation framework. The framework identifies social and belief influences, and places renewed emphasis on teaching and classroom practices as well as promoting an institutional culture of openness and critical reflection, as key drivers of curriculum transformation.

While the transformation journey at UP has been under way for many years and the University values diversity, inclusivity and equity as central to realising our vision, the 2016 focus was intense, demanding expedited action.

An important component of the University’s commitment to transforming its curricula was a public lecture series titled Curriculum Transformation Matters: The Decolonial Turn. The lecture series sought to animate interest and facilitate participation in the formal curriculum transformation process. Since the series started in July 2016, prominent speakers have given six lectures.

Through a number of transformation work streams we focused on the University’s Language Policy, curriculum transformation, institutional culture and residence culture.

Profile of staff and students UP is committed to becoming a gateway of opportunity for the full diversity of South Africa’s population, and to increasing the diversity of our

42 UP Annual Review 2016

62,9% White

37,1% Black


46,2% students and staff. In 2016, noteworthy progress was made in this regard. Since we regard diversity in the composition of our staff corps as an important aspect of ensuring excellence in order to meet the needs of our increasingly diverse student body, meeting employment equity goals for academic staff is a priority. The measures implemented to improve the staff profile of the University have started to deliver results over the last few years. Overall black representation1 has grown from 37,1% in 2012 to 53,8% in 2016, with black representation on the academic staff growing from 19,94% to 25,21%. Some of the strategies for further improving staff diversity include ensuring that the aspirant academics who are appointed and mentored in the Next Generation of Academics Programme (nGAP) of the DHET are all black; using the DHET Research Development Grant for academic


development of emerging researchers to diversify the pool of young researchers at UP; and the Vice-Chancellor’s Academic Development Programme, specifically established to help academics complete their studies towards higher degrees or to relieve them of other duties to enhance their research career profiles.


53,8% Black

Of the total enrolment of 48 572 contact students in 2016, 27,1% were postgraduates, of which 58,9% (7 758) were black. Alumni An exciting new development on the alumni front was the formal launch of OuTuks Connect, a group of about 150 prominent black alumni. It was initiated as a WhatsApp group and has become a recognised alumni interest group. The group of loyal UP alumni aim to play a prominent role in facilitating the active involvement of increasing numbers of alumni in furthering the interests of the University through fundraising and advocacy.


Black students who enrolled as postgraduates in 2016

SA citizens, permanent and fixed term contract appointments only excluding student appointments

UP Annual Review 2016 43



44 UP Annual Review 2016



‌ MOVING UP The financial management of the University is focused on the support of its strategic objectives, including its financial stability. The zero percent increase in tuition fees for 2016, and the announcement that there would be no increase in student fees for 2017, has tested the sustainability of the higher education sector in general. UP took many steps to maintain its financial health and secure its long-term sustainability as an excellent institution for higher learning. UP Annual Review 2016 45



INCOME AND EXPENDITURE The University’s total income increased during the reporting period by R5m to R6 411m. The single main source of income remains the block grant received from government, together with earmarked grants in respect of veterinary sciences, clinical training, foundation year programs, research development and teaching development initiatives. The block grant of R1,73 billion in 2016 (2015: R1,65 billion) represents an increase of 4,8% on 2015. The second main source of income, tuition fees, decreased by R30,28m (2015: increased by R262,97m). Following the #Feesmustfall campaign, the Minister of Higher Education and Training announced a zero percent increase in tuition fees for 2016. This resulted in a decline in tuition and accommodation fee revenue. To fund the shortfall, the Government paid an amount of R132,1m, as an additional subsidy, which was 70% of the total loss of revenue. The University funded the remaining 30% from its own reserves. The following table provides a summary of the University’s sources of income:

TOTAL INCOME OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA – 2016 AND 2015 Income (Rm) Government grants Tuition fees Accommodation and meal fees Investment income – profits on disposal Interest/dividend income Net interest income on defined-benefit plans Income from contracts and services Donations and gifts Other income Total

2016 2 098 1 588 422 194 302 81 1 458 267 1 6 411

2015 1 882 1 626 414 561 287 33 1 414 180 9 6 406

Change 216 (38) 8 (367) 15 48 44 87 (8) 5

Operating expenses increased by 11,5% (2015: 8,1%), from R5,2 billion in 2015 to R5,8 billion in 2016. The main contributing factors to this increase in operating expenses were staff expenses, insourcing of previously outsourced services, depreciation of assets, provision for bad debts and increased operational expenses related to increases in utilities, rates and taxes, and licences. 46 UP Annual Review 2016

FINANCES The University has a diversified investment portfolio that is governed by the Investment Committee of Council. The figure below sets out the structure of the University in relation to investment matters:



Investment Committee


Management Committee




Investment managers

Investment consultant

The University’s investment funds are designed to serve three purposes, namely: • Meeting part of the short-term requirements of the University – these liabilities have a maximum term of 24months. The risk profile emphasises the need for capital protection over such short periods, and a high degree of liquidity needs to be provided. • Meeting the long-term liabilities (five years and more) of the University – the main requirement here is a good return relative to inflation over the long term. • Addressing a special class of the long-term liabilities in respect of post-retirement medical aid benefits. The University aligns its investment philosophy to the term of the liabilities and the risk profile. To this end, three investment portfolios have been established, namely: • Money Market Portfolio • Long term Capital portfolio • Continuation Medical Aid Portfolio. The University follows an investment strategy that rebalances between Long Term Capital and Money Market portfolios according to the cash flow requirements of the University, based on a rolling working capital budget, which accounts for the cash flows of major projects over a rolling 15months period. UP Annual Review 2016 47

The graph below gives an indication of the University’s well-diversified investment portfolio over the past three years:



n SA Equities n SA Absolute


n Other n SA Listed Property

2016 0%






n SA Money Market

CONCLUSION The University of Pretoria has reported adequate results for the financial year ended 31 December 2016. The difficult economic conditions remained challenging in 2016. Disruptions during 2016 by the #Feesmustfall campaign made 2016 a very challenging year from a financial sustainability perspective. The insourcing of previously outsourced services, the weakening of the Rand, the required VAT charge on media have also increased the cost of academic books, electronic media, software licences and research equipment. Despite the challenging economic environment, the University has managed to break even by limiting the growth in operational costs, instituting a number of cost-saving initiatives and by utilising investment returns and other third-stream income to fund the shortfall.

48 UP Annual Review 2016


UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA and its subsidiaries

SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION at 31 December 2016 2016 Rm ASSETS Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment Intangible assets Available-for-sale investments Investment in associate companies Defined benefit pension plan asset Defined benefit medical plan asset Defined contribution provident plan asset Non-current loans and receivables

2015 Rm

13 329 4 367 125 8 263 2 251 284 3 34

13 166 3 992 197 8 152 6 453 311 24 31

2 069 20 375 1 674

2 065 18 363 1 684


Total assets

15 401

15 231


12 801

12 702

1 842

2 020

4 314 6 636 9

4 080 6 598 4

Current assets Inventories Receivables and prepayments Cash and cash equivalents Non-current assets held for sale

Non-distributable reserves Available-for-sale investment revaluation Reserve funds Restricted funds Council designated funds Unrestricted funds – education and general Non-controlling interest Non-current liabilities Group life assurance liability Deferred income Current liabilities Trade payables, accruals and other liabilities Deferred income Student deposits Agency funds Total funds and liabilities



889 – 889

884 38 846

1 714 655 765 242 52

1 646 675 658 260 53

15 401

15 231

UP Annual Review 2016 49

UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA and its subsidiaries SUMMARISED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT for the year ended 31 December 2016

2016 Rm Operating revenue Less: Operating expenses Personnel costs Other operating expenses Depreciation and amortisation

2015 Rm

5 833 5 747 2 956 2 506 285

5 516 5 204 2 618 2 305 281



Income from investments Net interest income on defined benefit/contribution plans Other non-recurrent income Other non-recurrent expenses

495 81 2 (96)

849 33 8 (25)

Surplus before tax Less: Tax

568 –

1 177 (2)

Surplus for the year


1 175

Surplus for the year attributed to: University of Pretoria Non-controlling interest

568 571 (3)

1 175 1 164 11

Net surplus from operations

50 UP Annual Review 2016


UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA and its subsidiaries


2016 Rm Surplus for the year


2015 Rm 1 175

Other comprehensive (loss)/income for the year



Remeasurements on defined benefit medical plan Remeasurements on defined benefit pension plan Remeasurements on defined contribution provident plan Remeasurements on group life assurance

(40) (248) (2) (4)

74 322 3 9

Items that may be subsequently reclassified to profit and loss Fair value adjustment on available-for-sale investments



Total comprehensive income for the year


2 061

Total comprehensive income attributed to: University of Pretoria Non-controlling interest

96 99 (3)

2 061 2 050 11

UP Annual Review 2016 51

UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA and its subsidiaries CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY for the year ended 31 December 2016

Unrestricted operating fund Rm

Council designated and restricted funds – other Rm

Council designated and restricted property, plant and equipment funds Rm

Restricted student accom­ modation fund Rm

Total Rm

6 440

4 420


10 652

4 82 – (78)

1 749 931 885 (67)

299 27 – 272

(2) 125 – (127)

2 050 1 165 885 –

Balance at 31–12–2015: credit Non–distributable reserves Council designated funds Restricted funds – other

4 – 4 –

8 189 2 020 5 199 970

4 719 – 1 399 3 320

(210) – – (210)

12 702 2 020 6 602 4 080

Balance at 31–12–2015: credit


8 189

4 719


12 702

5 26 – (21)

(386) 409 (472) (323)

269 1 – 268

211 135 – 76

99 571 (472) –

9 – 9 –

7 803 1 842 5 228 733

4 988 – 1 408 3 580

1 – – 1

12 801 1 842 6 645 4 314

Balance at 31–12–2014: credit Net (decrease)/increase in funds Net income – surplus Other comprehensive income Net transfers (to)/from other funds

Net (decrease)/increase in funds Net income – surplus Other comprehensive income Net transfers (to)/from other funds Balance at 31–12–2016: credit Non–distributable reserves Council designated funds Restricted funds – other

52 UP Annual Review 2016

Photography: Eyescape Corporate Photography, web images, and as per individual credits

UP Annual Review 2016  
UP Annual Review 2016