Page 1

march 1808

31st

18th and 19th

The Mutiny of Aranjuez: destitution of Godoy, forced abdication of Charles IV and Fernando VII placed on the throne.

april 1808

10th to the 25th

Fernando VII and Charles IV leave Madrid for Bayonne (France) accompanied by their respective courts.

may 1808

Cadiz declares war on Napoleon.

june 1808

6th

Napoleon issues a Decree renouncing the Spanish crown in favour of his brother, Joseph, King of Naples.

9th

In Cadiz, Tomás de Morla orders an attack on the French squadron.

20

th

2nd

The people of Madrid rebel against the French. By the 22nd of May, the uprising has spread throughout the whole of Spain.

3rd

The French army suppresses the Madrid uprising. Firing squads conduct executions at the Moncloa.

28th and 29th

The people of Cadiz rebel, demanding a declaration of war and the surrender of the French squadron anchored in the bay since the Battle of Trafalgar. Assassination of Francisco de Solano, governor of Cadiz, replaced by Tomás de Morla.

Publication of the Bayonne Constitution.

july 1808

september 1808

january 1809

25th

The Supreme Central and Governing Council of the Kingdom is established in Aranjuez.

december 1808

1 and 2 st

nd

The Supreme Central Council abandons Aranjuez.

17 and 18 th

th

The Supreme Central Council relocates to Seville and the session opens.

9th

Alliance and treaty with England to fight against Napoleon.

22nd

The Supreme Central Council issues a Decree recognising the American territories as an integral part of the kingdom and summoning their representatives to form part of the Council.

april 1809

The Supreme Central Council issues a Decree announcing the restoration of the Spanish Parliament.

may 1809

22

nd

A Decree is issued by which the commission responsible for organising the Spanish Parliament is empowered to decide on representation of the American territories.

october 1809 7th

18th

27th

4th

A Decree is issued convening the Spanish Parliament.

january 1810

13

th

The Supreme Central Council issues a Decree announcing its removal to the Island of León (San Fernando, Cadiz).

20 and 21 th

st

The French army crosses the Sierra Morena.

24th

Marshal Victor’s army reaches the Bay of Cadiz.

29th

The French demand the surrender of Cadiz. The siege of the Island of León and Cadiz begins.

The new Cadiz Council is formed. Dissolution of the Supreme Central Council. Power is handed over to the Council of Regency.

february 1810

1

st

Marshal Victor enters Seville.

4

th

The Duke of Albuquerque’s army enters the Island of León.

28th

19

th

Battle of Bailen (Jaen).

20th

Joseph Bonaparte enters Madrid.

25th

Joseph proclaimed King of Spain, as José I.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

The Family of Charles IV (Francisco de Goya, 1800) Manul Godoy (Francisco de Goya, 1800) The Mutiny of Aranjuez Reception in Bayonne Abdications in Bayonne Fernando VII arriving at the Gate of Atocha The uprising of the 2nd of May Execution by firing squad at the Moncloa (Francisco de Goya, 1800) Francisco de Solano Joseph Bonaparte (Pascal Simon Gérard, 1808) The surrender of Bailen (José Casado del Alisal, 1864) Bayonne Constitution

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

José Bonaparte I, King of Spain and the Indies Caricature “The enigma of Napoleon Bonaparte’s ideas for Spain” Napoleon’s fury (Anonymous, 1809) Joachim Murat (Antoine Jean Gros, 1812) Francisco Espoz y Mina (Francisco de Goya, 1828) Juan Martín Díaz, “The Undaunted”, (Francisco de Goya, 1814-15) The Duke of Wellington (Francisco de Goya, 1814) Fernando VII (Vicente López Portaña, 1814-15) Allegory of the alliances between Spain and England (Francisco de Torres, 1809) Spain and Portugal share the spoils of the French Imperial Eagle

1808

1809

23

5th

The Supreme Central Council is established on the Island of León.

31st

The Supreme Central Council leaves Seville.

It is agreed to convene the Spanish Parliament on the 1st of January, 1810 and to open the session on the 1st of March.

In Bayonne, Joseph Bonaparte swears to uphold the Constitution.

november 1809

6th

may 1810

17th

The Council of Regency issues an Order on free commerce between ports in the Indies and overseas colonies and European nations.

29th

The Council of Regency moves to Cadiz, taking up residence in the Customs building.

june 1810

The Council of Regency issues a Decree convening the Spanish Parliament: “the corresponding necessary elections shall be held, the representatives shall assemble on the Isle of León in August and the session shall commence”.

28th

A new Regency is appointed. November 1810

10th

A Decree establishing freedom of the press is enacted.

The Council of Regency leaves Cadiz for the Island of León (San Fernando).

december 1810

22nd

24th

The Council of Regency assembles the representatives at the Island of León Town

23.m Canary Islands Grenadiers 23.n Distinguished Volunteers of Cadiz (Guacamayos) 23.o Tenerife Grenadiers 23.p 87th Regiment, The Prince of Wales’s Own 23.q 20th Portuguese Regiment 23.r 79th Regiment, The Cameroon Highlanders 23.s Defensive Line Regiment, Veterans for the Homeland 23.t Royal Spanish Guard 23.u Valencia Light Infantry Regiment, Albuquerque 23.v Provincial Regiment of Guadix 23.w Fernando VII Regiment of Dragoons 23.x Regular battalion of the Canary Islands

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

october 1810

september 1810

Uniforms of the Spanish, Portuguese and English corps which formed the Cadiz garrison in 1810:

23.a Distinguished Volunteers of Cadiz (Guacamayos) 23.b Volunteers of Cadiz (Cananeos) 23.c Distinguished Artillery of Cadiz 23.d 88th Regiment of Foot, The Connaught Rangers 23.e English Artillery 23.f Volunteers of the Island of León 23.g Distinguished Volunteers of Cadiz (Guacamayos) 23.h Voluntary Artillery from outside the city 23.i Regular Battalion of the Canary Islands 23.j Cadiz Grenadiers 23.k Fernando VII Regiment of Patriots 23.l Queen’s Guard Infantry Regiment

18th

hall. The representatives are sworn in at the Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. The Spanish Parliamentary session opens in the Teatro de Comedias and a proclamation on National Sovereignty and the Division of Power is issued.

23rd

A commission is appointed to draw up a constitution.

february 1811

9th

Parliament issues a Declaration on American territory representation in the Spanish Parliament.

20th

The Spanish Parliamentary session at the Island of León closes, and removes to Cadiz.

24th

The Spanish Parliamentary session opens in the Chapel of San Felipe Neri (Cadiz).

Swearing in the Spanish Parliamentary representatives at the Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul on the Island of León, San Fernando (José María Casado del Alisal, 1863) The Spanish Parliament in the San Fernando Teatro Real, December 1810. Act 29-1-1810. The Creation of the Regency. Diego Muñoz-Torrero. Evaristo Pérez de Castro. Marshal Victor (Georges Rouges, 1835) Map of the French positions, May 1810 (Federico Joly Höhr Foundation) Decree no. 1 of the Spanish Parliament. Decree IX. Political freedom of the press.

1810


march 1811

january 1812

5th

Battle of Chiclana.

A new Regency is appointed.

23rd

Bombardment of Cadiz with Villantroys mortars.

april 1811

22nd

6th

The Spanish Parliament issues a Decree abolishing manorialism.

25th

Debate begins on the text of the Constitution. The Commission continues its deliberations until the 15th of October, 1811.

december 1811

25th

Debate on the text of the Constitution concludes..

march 1812

The Spanish Parliament issues a Decree abolishing torture.

august 1811

21st

26th

The draft of the Constitution is read. Speech by Agustín de Argüelles.

18th

The Constitution is signed by the representatives, ratifying two manuscript copies, one for the Spanish Parliament archives and the other for the Regency.

19th

The representatives and the Regency endorse the Constitution in the assembly hall of the Spanish Parliament. The Constitution is proclaimed to the people of Cadiz. One month later, on the 25th of April, the regular session of the Spanish Parliament is convened for the 1st of October, 1813.

june 1812

17

th

The Spanish Parliament issues a Decree on requisition and confiscation, which now also applies to the Church.

33 Battle of Barrosa, Torre del Puerco 34 Map of the Barrosa Campaign 35 Bombardment of Cadiz from La Cabazuela 36, 37 and 38 Villantroys mortars (Palace of Whitehall, London) 39 José Mejía Lequerica 40 Agustín de Argüelles 41 Vicente Morales Duárez 42 Count of Toreno 43 Proceedings of the members of the Commission on the Constitution 44 Proceedings of the Commission on the Constitution

1811

july 1812

february 1813

20th

Treaty with Russia: The Russian Emperor recognises the Spanish Parliament at Cadiz and the Constitution.

august 1812 11th

Promulgation of the first Decree on offences of disloyalty, in particular as regards public employees. This would be followed, on the 8th of April, 1813, by the Decree on military disloyalty.

14th

The Constitution is endorsed parish by parish, in accordance with the Decree of the 18th of March, 1812.

21st

Battle of Vitoria.

18th

18th The Spanish Parliament issues a Decree on the reform of convents and monasteries.

22

nd

8th

Inauguration of the new Regency: Don Pedro Agar, Don Gabriel Ciscar and the Archbishop of Toledo, Don Luis de Borbón.

9th

The Spanish Parliament names Wellington general in chief of the Spanish armies.

The Regency orders the expulsion of the Papal Nuncio from the country, for opposing the Spanish Parliament.

june 1813

Cadiz pays tribute to Wellington.

45 46 47 48 49 50 51

31st

september 1813

may 1813

24th

august 1813

march 1813

september 1812

december 1812

The French abandon Madrid.

Battle of San Marcial.

Following two and a half years of siege, the French abandon Cadiz.

22nd

th

A Decree is issued abolishing the Inquisition.

The Spanish Parliament declares that the Decree abolishing the Inquisition shall be read in the parishes, and that the conduct of those church authorities who have disobeyed the rulings of the Spanish Parliament shall be examined.

25th

26 -27 th

20th

The General and Extraordinary sessions of the Spanish Parliament close.

26th

The Regular Spanish Parliament is constituted, in accordance with the new fundamental law of the Constitution.

october 1813

1st

Inauguration of the Regular Spanish Parliament in Cadiz.

13th

5th

6th

The Spanish Parliament issues a Decree on agriculture and cattle farming.

(San Fernando), in order to resume them in Madrid on the 15th of January, 1814.

The Spanish Parliament and the Regency remove to the Island of León due to an escalating outbreak of yellow fever in Cadiz, taking up residence in the Convent of the Discalced Carmelites.

november 1813

29

The Spanish Parliament decrees the suspension of its sessions on the Island of León

april 1814

Treaty of Valençay, between Napoleon and Fernando VII, whereby Napoleon recognises Fernando and his successors as legitimate Monarchs of Spain and the Indies.

The king enters Valencia and receives the Manifesto of the Persians.

8th

19

th

The Regency and the Spanish Parliament travel from the Island of León to Madrid, arriving in Madrid on the 5th of January, 1814. Parliamentary sessions begin on the 15th.

february 1814

2nd

19th

Regular Parliamentary session closes.

1st

may 1814

16th

1st

Inauguration of the Spanish Parliament and removal on the following day to the Convent of the Calced Augustinians, Madrid.

4th

Following receipt of the Regency’s report, the Spanish Parliament issues a Decree whereby the king will not be recognised nor rendered obedience until he is sworn in by Parliament, in accordance with article 173 of the Constitution.

Regular Parliamentary session recommences.

Copy of the London Gazette announcing that the Siege of Cadiz by Napoleonic troops has been lifted “The promulgation of the 1812 Constitution” (Salvador Viniegra, 1911-12) Advance of the 3rd, 5th and 6th Divisions of Wellington’s army in the Battle of Salamanca Battle of Salamanca. Charge of Sir Edward Pakenham and his 3rd Division. First page of the manuscript of the Constitution of Cadiz Cover of a copy of the Constitution of Cadiz Pages showing the beginning of Section I of the Constitution of Cadiz

1812

Fernando VII leaves Valençay accompanied by the princes Don Carlos and Don Antonio.

december 1813

march 1814 rd

13th

Fernando VII issues a Decree in Valencia revoking the work of the Spanish Parliament. Night of the 10th to the 11th Repression and detention of the regents, ministers and representatives. Dissolution of the Spanish Parliament.

13th

Fernando VII arrives in Madrid and starts governing as absolute monarch.

1813

52 Battle of Vitoria 53 The Passage of the Bidassoa (J. P. Beadle) 54 Spanish caricature. Joseph Bonaparte and the French expelled from Spain, shown as an enraged bull 55 Caricature. Defeat of Napoleon and Joseph Bonaparte in Spain 56 Thematically decorated fans 57 Lottery ticket for the 3rd September, 1813, in Cadiz. 58 Receptacles for miniature copies of the Constitution 59 Chateau of Valençay, residence of Fernando VII and some of his family during Napoleon’s occupation of Spain 60 Fernando VII signing the Treaty of Valençay 61 Cover of the Manifesto of the Persians 62 Engraving satirising the 1812 Constitution 63 Design of the name plaque hung in the “Plaza de la Cons- titución” (Constitution Square), now the Plaza de San Antonio (Museum of the Cadiz Parliament, Cadiz) 64 Constitutional Hallelujah, approx. 1821

1814

Guía del PIB  

Guía del Punto de Interpretación del Bicentenario - versión inglés

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