parties based on nationalism such as the 'Union and Progress' party and the various other Arab movements. The end of the Islamic rule in 1924 created many artificial Muslim states that used nationalism as a basis for their very existence. However, these states were far from the 'independence' that their creators fought for against the Uthmani Khilafah State. The real intent of the West was to colonise the Muslim world culturally, but when the Islamic State came within the reach of their claws, they settled for nothing less than the physical invasion of the Muslim lands. Enshrined in article 22 of the League of Nations after the First World War is the following: "Certain communities formerly belonging to the Turkish Empire have reached a stage of their development where their existence as independent nations can be provisionally recognised subject to the rendering of administrative advice and assistance by a mandatory, until such time as they are able to stand alone." The true objective to destroy the Islamic unity under the Khilafah was mentioned by the then British Foreign Minister a few years following the destruction of the Khilafah in 1924 when he said: "We must put an end to anything which brings about any Islamic unity between the sons of the Muslims. As we have already succeeded in finishing off the Khilafah so we must ensure that there will never arise again unity for the Muslims whether it be intellectual or cultural unity."
IMPACT OF NATIONALISM IN THE MUSLIM WORLD Over the past hundred years, the western powers have exported nationalism to the Muslim world and created nation states - hoping to divide and rule. This was observed in the division of India into India and West Pakistan and East Pakistan. The effect of this incitement of nationalism subsequently turned the Muslims of East Pakistan against the Muslims of West Pakistan, and after bitter war and killing, upon the blood of innocent Muslims stood yet another state known now as Bangladesh. The impact of taking on such an idea as nationalism has resulted in our ruin, division, disunity and bloodshed. For the colonialist it has secured a foothold to comfortably rule over us. It has led to many wars between Muslim states such as the IranIraq war which was also fuelled by the western powers and the first Gulf war. One recent example of the way the western powers use division of Muslims to their advantage is during the war waged on Afghanistan. The Kuffar were happy to see the Northern Alliance standing away from the ranks of the Islamic Ummah and standing side-by-side with the Kuffar and further aided their efforts. America is an open enemy to Islam and the Muslims yet the Northern Alliance have sought her 18
Khilafah Magazine June 2003
friendship and protection while boycotting Muslims and laying siege to their towns and villages. This muddled logic is a direct consequence of the cultural colonisation and the poisoned pill of patriotism and nationalism plaguing our lands.
THE PROHIBITION OF NATIONALISM IN ISLAM Islam rejects the concept of nation states. This idea did not emanate from Islam rather it was concocted by the West, and implemented in their Christian Kingdoms in the eighteenth century. This was then conveyed to the Muslims once we had lost the very entity which unites us: the Khilafah. It is Haram for a Muslim to adhere or believe in nationalism since unity of the Ummah is a life and death matter. Nationalism is a concept alien to Islam, because it calls for unity based on family and tribal ties, whereas Islam binds people together on the 'Aqeedah, that is belief in Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saw). There are many examples in the Seerah where the Messenger of Allah (saw) had rebuked those who advocated nationalism. On one occasion a party of Jews conspired to bring about disunity in the ranks of the Muslims after seeing the Aus and Khazraj united by Islam. A youth from amongst them was sent to incite remembrance of the battle of Bu'ath where the Aus had been victorious over the Khazraj, and he recited poetry to bring about division between them. As a result there was a call to arms. When the news reached the Messenger of Allah (saw), he rebuked them and reminded the Muslims of how Allah (swt) had guided them to Islam and delivered them from Kufr. When they heard this they wept, and embraced each other. This incident clearly highlights how the Messenger of Allah (saw) rebuked any forms of tribalism. Allah (swt) then said.
"O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam. And hold fast together all of you to the rope of Allah, and be not divided among yourselves...." [TMQ AleImran: 102-103] Not only does Islam forbid people from grouping based on nationalism, but it also forbids the establishment of more than one state. The only legitimate state for the Ummah is the Khilafah State where the rules are in accordance with Islam and the Muslims are united under one leader. In a hadith narrated by Abu Said al-Khudri, he said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) had said:
"If a bay'ah is taken for two Khaleefahs, kill the latter one." Also 'Arafaja said that he heard the
Messenger of Allah (saw) say:
"If someone comes to you when you are united over one man and wants to break your strength and divide your unity, kill him." Furthermore, the obligation for having one state, and not many nationalistic states, also comes from the Ijma' of the Sahabah. When the Prophet (saw) died, the Sahabah convened to discuss the appointment of a Khalifah in the court of Bani Sa'ida. Al-Habbab ibn Munthir, one Ansari said to Abu Bakr; "One Amir from our people and one Amir from your people." Upon this Abu Bakr said; "Woe to you! It is forbidden for Muslims to have two Imams." So the Sahabah never allowed more than one ruler, and their consensus is a legitimate evidence for us. Therefore it is not allowed to accept the status quo today of a Saudi state, a Pakistani state or a Turkish state. The call should be one of unity of our lands and the Muslim army under one system and one ruler.
THE WEST HAS LOST THE INTELLECTUAL BATTLE It is plain to see that though the western powers spend their efforts to disunite the ranks of the Muslims and attempt to re-export nationalism or the concept of nation states; the Ummah has seen through their treacherous ways. The Ummah has awoken from its deep sleep and calls for unity under an Islamic State. Despite the attempt to legitimise the 'Road Map' for the creation of a Palestinian State, the Ummah has rejected such solutions. The colonial days of the Kuffar are numbered and the unification of the Ummah under a sincere leader is surely near. z
Khilafah Magazine June 2003