Jumada al-Uâ€™la/Jumada al-Thani 1423 1423 - August 2002
Cover Issue 8 Volume 15
News from around the world
1. "Heavy Handed" 2. Crazy Colonel? 3. From Suleyman the Magnificent to Ecevit the sick 4. The Indian President: More 'Hindu' than 'Muslim', 5. Turkish hospital denies treatment to patient wearing headscarf 6. The hypocrisy of the US and the International Criminal Court 7. Outcry over Man Made Laws
Au revoir Arafat?
For decades, Yasser Arafat has been a permanent piece of the Middle-Eastern furniture. He has been the Chairman of Fateh, of the greater PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organisation) since 1968 and has been at the helm of countless battles, skirmishes, conferences and agreements. ...
Address by a Member of Hizb ut-Tahrir
Avoiding the Temptations of Western Society
The effect of last year's September 11th attacks on the American psyche cannot be underestimated. In the recently published 2001 Patterns of Global Terrorism report (May 2002), September the 11th was described as the, "bloodiest day on American soil since the Civil War"..
For Muslim youth growing up in Western society it can be difficult to remain strong and avoid being led astray by the temptations that the society bombards them with. The temptations are of various types, including drugs, alcohol, crime and clubbing....
Photo Gallery March to Uzbek Embassy, July 2002
Letter from Uzbekistan
Four pages of scanned image of the actual letter received from a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir currently imprisoned by the tyrannical Egyptian regime.
25 A Muslim who grows up in Western society learns how to think and act in a way alien to Islam. Although often brought up in a Muslim household some Muslim youth are unfortunately swayed by the rotten fruits of Western society, drugs, alcohol and illicit relationships. They are tempted by these rotten fruits and end up in a downward spiral growing further away from Islam every day...
A transcript of an address by a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir whose husband is currently imprisoned in the Arab world. It was delivered at the recent conference entitled "Muslim Women and the War on Terror".
A letter from a Member of Hizb ut-Tahrir
Remembrance of Allah AIDS, Africa and the Capitalist Creed
Capitalism Inc. is corrupt
The wave of financial scandals unearthed in Corporate America is a sign of structural flaws within Capitalism itself and the value system of Liberal democracies. Reform of a system by definition, can only work if the foundations are sound, when the foundations are themselves questionable is it not time to examine the alternatives?
National Campaign by Hizb ut Tahrir, Britain
The crusade launched by the Capitalist states against Islam continues in its various forms. The illegitimate Israeli state recently dropped a one-tonne guided bomb via an F-16 jet upon an apartment block killing fourteen civilians, including nine children. Only four of those killed were in the targeted house. The rest, including the children were in neighbouring buildings...
The Colonialist plan to subjugate Pakistan's agriculture
On 25 July 2002 while inaugurating the First Economic Corporation Organisation Ministerial Meeting on Agriculture in Islamabad, President Musharraf declared that Pakistan has announced its policy on corporate farming with specific incentives with an idea to attract large private corporate sector limited companies...
July 2002 Khilafah Magazine
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Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatahu,
policies and the traditional processes of diplomatic representation.”
The crusade launched by the Capitalist states against Islam continues in its various forms. The illegitimate Israeli state recently dropped a onetonne guided bomb via an F-16 jet upon an apartment block killing fourteen civilians, including nine children. Only four of those killed were in the targeted house. The rest, including the children were in neighbouring buildings. Whilst Western leaders gave nominal condemnations they continue in their war against Islam including their continued support of the terrorist state of Israel.
The fear of the rise of Islam and the Khilafah state for the West is real. Whilst cracks are appearing in their own societies they realise the effect an alternative ideological state would have on the world.
The discussion of an attack upon Iraq has been reignited with American officials attempting to provide various justifications that are palatable to the international community. These warmongerer’s having brutalised the Muslims of Afghanistan now plan to impose their reign of terror upon the Muslims of Iraq. Their vicious onslaught on the Muslims of Afghanistan has been highlighted recently by a new documentary about the massacre at Mazar-eSharif which presents the facts on how the US troops cut the tongue’s of Taliban prisoners and used to shave off their hair and pour acid like substances upon the prisoners - these are not the eye witness testimonies of Taliban or Al-Qaeda prisoners, but the eye witness testimonies of Northern Alliance fighters, US allies in the ‘war on terror’. Unsurprisingly this documentary was disallowed from being aired in Western nations. Despite the obvious war against Islam the Western powers still attempt to paint the picture that it has nothing to do with the fact that Islam is the only alternative ideology that can provide a challenge the Capitalist dominated world. There is a need to look behind the smokescreen of justification and understand their ideological motives. These can be understood by looking at the statements of Western politicians and thinkers. Their motivation for conflict was accurately summarised by the Final Report of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Washington in March 1957 that said, “The US Government is not a charitable institution, nor is it an appropriate outlet for the charitable spirit of the American people. That spirit finds its proper instrumentality in the numerous private philanthropic and religious institutions which have done so much good work abroad. Technical Assistance is only one of a number of instruments available to the US to carry out its foreign policy and to promote its national interest abroad…. These tools of foreign policy include economic aid, military assistance, security treaties, overseas information programmes, participation in the UN and other international organization, the exchange of persons programmes, tariff and trade policies, surplus agricultural commodities disposal
Khilafah Magazine August 2002
Some of these cracks have been highlighted in recent months when the world has witnessed a wave of accounting scandals engulfing corporate America. Scandals that have unearthed a $3.8 billion gaping hole in WorldCom’s accounts which has now led to the biggest corporate bankruptcy in history, Rank Xerox overstating its profits by $1.4 billion over 5 years, Merck the giant pharmaceutical company overstating its revenues- and its costs-by some $14 billion over 3 years, not mentioning the collapse of the energy giant Enron. The resultant effect on the share market has been devastating. Although the failure of the Capitalist system is apparent, currently it remains unchallenged. As Muslims it is our duty to aid the work to reestablish the Khilafah state, the Capitalist’s worst nightmare that will demonstrate to the world an alternative system. Undoubtedly in the pursuit of this task the carriers of the Islamic Da’wa face struggle and sacrifice as the agents of the West in the Islamic lands do their best to serve their masters. The plight of the Muslims of Uzbekistan that was recently highlighted by a global march organised by Hizb ut-Tahrir is an example of the extent to which the client states will go to in suppressing the call of Islam. Following the footsteps of their masters these tyrannical regimes attempt to hide their malice. In a cheap political stunt the Uzbekistan government handed out a suspended jail term to Musharaf Usmanova, the pregnant widow of Farhad Usmanov and mother of six, who had been arrested by more than 50 members of the Uzbek Security apparatus, in an attempt to ameliorate the wave of negative opinion created by the “Who Killed Farhad Usmanov?” campaign. However all the attempts to curtail the rise of the Khilafah state and hide the crusade launched against Islam will inevitably fail. Allah (swt) says,
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News Editor Samiul Muquit
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Translation of the Qur’an It should be perfectly clear that the Qur’an is only authentic in its original language, Arabic. Since perfect translation of the Qur’an is impossible, the term ‘Translation of the Meaning of the Qur’an (TMQ) has been used, as the result is only a crude meaning of the Arabic text.
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"They wish to extinguish Allah's Light with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that His Light is perfected even though the Kuffar may detest it." [TMQ At-Taubah: 32]
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National Campaign by Hizb ut Tahrir, Britain
Beyond September 11th
The Role of Muslims in the West
Since Bush arrogantly proclaimed, "Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists", Muslims in the West have been compelled to make a stark choice - either to accept the phoney foundations of Bush's crusade or alternatively to be labelled as the enemy.
The aftermath of September 11th has brought the brutal bombing of Afghanistan, the detention of Muslims at Guantanamo Bay, the formation of US bases in Central Asia, the green light for Sharon to crush the Muslims in Palestine, the training of government militias in Philippines, the preparation for war with Iraq, and the work to eradicate Islam as a political force in the world.
In the West, there have been widespread arrests and the internment of thousands of Muslims, the negative media
portrayal of Islam, the rise of farright immigration policies, the procurement of 'Western friendly' Muslim activists and the policy to integrate the Muslims into Western society.
With the spotlight falling on Muslims and Islam, Muslims need to answer some fundamental questions. Questions such as, "How should we view the West?" "Can we live in the West maintaining our Islam?" "What should we accept from the West and what should we reject?" "How do we channel our feelings towards the global Islamic Ummah?" "How do we present a true picture of Islam?"
The reality of Western culture is plain for all to see. Capitalism overshadows our lives, promising to bring the fruits of a great 'civilisation', but in reality eroding the very core values of Islam.
The West is characterised by emptiness, escapism and the breakdown of society. In Britain one in twenty women has been raped, child abuse is out of control and drug abuse and crime have become runaway statistics. What is our duty towards this? In order to map out a clear path for Muslims in the West, Hizb utTahrir Britain will embark upon a national campaign explaining the true Role of Muslims in the West.
The September edition of Khilafah Magazine will be a special "The Role of Muslims in the West" conference edition
August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
News From Around The World
There is only one criterion for being labelled a terrorist; that is being a Muslim who knows that Islam is more than simply a religion. Dr Samiul Muquit
their mentality and concepts creates such peaks and troughs of madness and sanity that bring about such horrific crimes, whether during times of war, or in peace resulting in the rise of violent and brutal crime. Acts such as those performed by Budanov are products of the great plague known as 'disbelief'. Such is the consequences of having a discernable mind that wants to do exactly what it likes. Dawud Abdur Rahman
Gaza Hospital echoed with the cries of hundreds of Muslims, families and friends of the innocents that had been maimed by the Israeli war machine. At the latest estimate, the number of people silenced by the attack was 15. At least 140 Muslims had been injured. On Tuesday 23rd July, an Israeli F-16 jet dropped a bomb onto a Gaza apartment block housing Muslims. The target of this missile was only one man, military leader of Hamas, Sheikh Salah Shehada. The outcome was that 9 of those killed were children, one only two months old. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon had reportedly given his personal approval for the air strike. "This operation was, in my view, one of our biggest successes," he said in reaction to the result. There was little regret for the civilian deaths; simply the statement that Israel had "no interest in harming civilians". This seems hard to believe in light of the actions just taken. The reaction from around the globe was of moderate condemnation; a simple slap on the bloodstained Israeli hands. George W. Bush said that the operation was "heavy handed". EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana stated, "This extrajudicial killing operation, which targeted a densely populated area, comes at a time when both Israelis and Palestinians were working very seriously to curb violence." And Jack Straw's opinion was, "I recognise and understand Israel's need to take action against suspected suicide bombers and their accomplices," but he conceded that these deaths were, "unacceptable and counterproductive." This act by Israel is not dissimilar to the attack on the World Trade Centre. Yet we see a stark difference in reaction from the West. The US Department of Defense (DOD) defines terrorism as, "the calculated use of violence or the threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological." Why then is Israel not charged with terrorism?
From Suleyman the Magnificent to Ecevit the sick
Russia's Prosecutor General Vladimir Ustinov has lambasted a court for its lax prosecution of a Russian army tank commander being tried for the rape and murder of an 18-year-old Chechen woman Elza Kungayeva in March 2000. In his summation on 18 June 2002, Prosecutor Sergei Nazarov called on the court to drop the murder charge against Budanov, to send him to prison for three years on the lesser charges of abduction and assaulting a subordinate, and then to release him under an amnesty that entitles decorated military servicemen to walk free if they are sentenced to three years or less. How could it be that he will be set free? It must be based on technicalities. Tank commander Budanov claimed insanity, and a first examination concluded anoesis; a sub-psychotic state typified by delirium and hallucinations. A second examination ruled that he had been suffering from acute psychosis. If Budanov was in a state anoesis or psychosis, then, claims Yuri Savenko, president of Independent Association of Russian Psychiatrists, Budanov would not, for example, have been able to clear up the traces of the murder as rationally as he did. Oh how the mind must suffer with the stress from killing thousands of innocent Muslims, raping young women and a possible three year prison sentence, and an amnesty that entitles decorated military servicemen to walk free if they are sentenced to three years or less. Surely there must be more poor Russian soldiers afflicted with the same illness! After all, there were many amongst American soldiers in Vietnam. Instability in the behaviour of Kuffar, in
Khilafah Magazine August 2002
concerns, Turkey has retained its loyalty to the US, using its army to secure American interests in Central Asia and playing a neutral intermediary in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Secular Turkey has adopted both the spirit and the text of Democracy and Capitalism, but prosperity has not ensued. It is now a far cry from the Uthmani Khilafah of Suleyman alKanuni who was described by the Europeans as "the magnificent," and the Khalifah who struggled to bring Europeans into the fold of Islam. Europe now scowls at Turkey with demands and insults whilst the political elite compete with each other to acquiesce to these orders in order to be accepted into the European family. The military now frowns at any attempt to involve Islam in the political system seemingly unaware of the heights achieved in the Muslim lands when the Khalifah in Istanbul ruled with Hukm Shar'i. The argument is clear; "man knows better than God, just look at the state of the Turkish economy!"
"I know no State which is happier than this one," reported the Venetian ambassador to the Uthmani Khilafah in 1525; "it is furnished with all God's gifts. It controls war and peace; it is rich in gold, in people, in ships, and in obedience; no State can be compared with it. May God long preserve the most just of all Emperors." Political and economic ailments for beleaguered Turkey received an unwelcome jolt this month with over 50 senior lawmakers resigning from the ruling faction. They immediately formed a new opposition party and called for early elections, seeking to oust the 77 year old Turkish Premier Bulent Ecevit, who has been suffering from poor health in recent months. The leader of the new party, former foreign minister, Ismail Cem, has pledged that the new party will focus on attaining the requirements stipulated for entry into the EU. This includes economical reforms, the abolition of the death penalty and increased cultural rights for the Kurdish minority. Turkey already owes $31 billion to the IMF, and following recent crisis negotiations, is set to receive a further $16 billion. In spite of this, unemployment is now over 2 million; the Turkish lira has halved its value in recent years and with news of the resignations, hit an all time low at 1.7 million lira to $1. Despite domestic
Hani Jamal Uddin
The Indian President: More 'Hindu' than 'Muslim'
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, the noted missile scientist who catapulted India as a nuclear state and influenced New Delhi's policy to not sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, has landed his biggest job yet. He was elected as India's 12th President and India's third "Muslim" head of state. Abdul Kalam's backing by the BJP and the Mushrikeen of India reflects his character profile. The bachelor-scientist, dubbed by some in his home state of Tamil Nadu as a "poonal podadha pappan" (Brahmin without a sacred thread), is a so-called 'devout Muslim'. This is because silver-haired Kalam loves quoting from the Bhagavad Gita (one of the Hindu religious books) as much as the Qur'an. The reclusive Kalam is a vegetarian and a teetotaller,
News From Around The World
plays the Veena (a string instrument) and writes poetry in Tamil. His etiquettes prove him to be more 'Hindu' than 'Muslim' and even during his first press conference after being declared a presidential candidate, chose to quote from the Gita rather than the Qur'an. As for what he will offer the country, it will no doubt be from the Gita rather than the Qur'an. Kalam already has lofty visions for his country - freedom, development and a keen desire that India should have global influence. "Unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. In this world, fear has no place ... Only strength respects strength," said Kalam after India conducted the 1998 nuclear tests that won him the country's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna. His loyalties seem to be smitten by his love for his country and his people. The Muslims and their sufferings at the hands of his Saffron Warrior style Hindu fascist buddies do not come into the equation. Perhaps the BJP thinks this pawn will be a rally point for the Muslims of Jammu Kashmir and Gujrat. They may be able to fool their unthinking majority, but the Muslims can see beyond this façade. Ruksana Rahman
Turkish hospital denies treatment to patient wearing headscarf 72-year-old Medine Ercan was rushed to the hospital in a serious condition, requiring dialysis treatment. But despite her situation, she was turned away by the hospital staff on the grounds that she was wearing a Hijab in her medical card picture! This incredible course of events was the result of a declaration a few weeks earlier by the University Chancellor, in which he arrogantly took it upon himself to contradict the law of Allah (swt) and force women to remove their Hijabs in public. In effect, he condemned Medine, and any future patients like her who refuse to compromise their deen, to death. But why are the rulers of Turkey so eager to make women remove their Hijab, to the extent where they would deny students entry into colleges and would deny patients treatment? Clearly they have taken the rulers of the West as their masters, and adopted the Western creed of secularism as their own. It is amazing to see how eager these rulers are to imitate their Capitalist mentors,
and how dedicated they are in fulfilling the task which they have been given, that of destroying Islam and removing it from the hearts and minds of their people. Compare this to the response in the time of Khalifah Al-Mu'tasim Billah, when a single Muslim woman was captured by the Romans. The strength of the Islamic 'Aqeedah, and the unity it gave to the Muslims, drove them to take action and the Khalifah sent the army of jihad to fight the Romans. 30,000 Kuffar were killed in the ensuing battle and their land was taken, all in response to the cry of a single Muslim woman. But today in Turkey, the same country that once, as the head of the Uthmani Khilafah, implemented Islam throughout the Muslim lands and took it proudly to the world, only Kufr is implemented. Muslim women are no longer protected by the state; instead they are discriminated against for simply obeying Allah (swt). Yasir Hassan
The hypocrisy of the US and the International Criminal Court The world's first International Criminal Court (ICC) started work in The Hague on 1st July 2002. The tribunal, which has been ratified by more than 70 countries, will have the power to try individuals for crimes committed anywhere in the world. The US withdrew from the treaty and rejected it completely. This decision highlights to the whole world the clearcut hypocrisy of the United States. The US judges the whole world according to principles that are based on man-made legislation, yet it is not willing to subject itself to those same principles. This is proof of its knowledge of the true nature of the Western legal system, in that it perpetually manipulates it for its political objectives and is far from being unbiased in its adherence. This view was highlighted by the US ambassador to the UN, John Negroponte, who said, "We cannot accept a structure that may transform the political criticism of America's world role into the basis for criminal trials of Americans …" He went even further, "We will never permit Americans to be jailed." This is the nature of man-made legislation which the US knows full well and which it employs to its own political
advantage on an international scale. Islam on the other hand, rejects the use of man-made legislation domestically or in its relationships with other states. In Islam, Allah (swt) is the Legislator. The origin of the judicial system and its validity is in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. As for the Qur'an, Allah (swt) says:
"And judge between them by that which Allah has revealed" [TMQ Al-Ma'idah: 49]. As for the Sunnah, the Messenger of Allah (saw) was himself in charge of the judiciary and he judged between people. What one sees today is not only the hypocrisy of America but also the innate failure of Western legal systems. This mixture has produced the poison of injustice injected into the chalice of international politics. The inherent weakness in Western legislation has allowed its own exploitation by the world's strongest economic and military power. Surely the antidote lies outside the beaker of man-made legislation. Sajid Siddiqui
made 'justice' was punishment for an apparent illicit affair her younger brother had with a woman from the Mastoi tribe. Pakistani society had previously witnessed the horrors of honour killings, when women were sentenced by local aficionados of tribal reputation and pride to death, based on mere rumours of infidelity. Such practices still remain commonplace in remote centres of ignorance, only worsened by the concepts of self-determination and rule. Strangely, however, following the capitalist line of argument in the issues of freedom and legislation, one fails to provide a decent explanation of why such rulings cannot be implemented (in the presence of majority agreement), despite appeals from one's sanity and innate morality. Surely any ruling can be justified in one man's mind, despite the injustice apparent to another's. Definitely, the majority of Muslims must find the prospects of man-made legislation wreaking havoc and inequity in their lives as reprehensible as the evil potential of this concept.
Outcry over Man Made Laws "Do they seek the judgement of (the days of) Ignorance? And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm faith" [TMQ Al-Ma'idah: 50]. Sultan Hussain This month, the Pakistani people were rudely awakened to the true nature of village Panchayats (traditional tribal assemblies) that regularly take the law into their own hands. The incident which took place in a remote village of Meerwala in the Muzaffargarh district of Punjab outraged and shocked the entire conscience of the society. Unbelievably, a Panchayat passed a judgment to gangrape Mukhtaran Bibi, to avenge tribal "insult" inflicted on the influential Mastoi tribe by the Gujjar tribe. Mukhtaran pleaded to the village council with no avail, "I even said, 'In the name of the Qur'an, please forgive me.' I asked the whole council for forgiveness, to save my honour. But nobody listened … They took me inside. And they raped me." What crime did Mukhtaran do to deserve such a heinous punishment? This absurd and repulsive case of man-
August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
AU REVOIR ARAFAT? or decades, Yasser Arafat has been a permanent piece of the Middle-Eastern furniture. He has been the Chairman of Fateh, of the greater PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organisation) since 1968 and has been at the helm of countless battles, skirmishes, conferences and agreements. The West, especially Europe, has propped up this otherwise uninspiring figure by providing him with international legitimacy ever since 1974, when the UN recognised the PLO as, "The representative of the Palestinian people." However, is all this about to change? It would seem from a review of recent political moves in the Middle East by the major players that his days might be severely limited. If so, is this a loss for the Ummah and how should the Ummah view the demise of such a man?
The "Achievements" of Arafat Whether Arafat is replaced due to the shell of an Israeli tank or an internal challenger, his few remaining followers will have little to be proud about. During his fifty-year struggle, he and his organisation have nothing of practical value to show. Muslims in Palestine presently live in squalor, being shot at daily and bombarded by Israeli helicopter gunships; most people regularly suffer from food shortages. He has led the Ummah into the battle with the Jordanian army in 1970, Beirut in 1982 with massacres, bloodshed destruction and a death toll of 30,000, two Intifadas with thousands of orphans and widows and has the historic shame of being consigned to the annals of history as the man who sold the holy land to the Jews for free.
US shouldering out Arafat The US has been gradually paving the way for the removal of Arafat and a subsequent replacement. As early as 25/01/02 Bush has been moulding international opinion against Arafat when he stated that he was, "Disappointed in Yasser Arafat â€ŚOrdering up weapons that were intercepted on a boat headed for that part of that world is not part of fighting terror, that's enhancing terror and I'm obviously very disappointed in him." It would appear that the USA no longer deems Arafat able to sell the betrayal of Jerusalem and the surrendering of the right-to-return to the Ummah, what with rise of Islam as the single most dominant political force since the 90s. Indeed to this effect, Bush explicitly called for Arafat's head when he stated on 25/06/02 that, "Peace requires a new and different Palestinian leadership, so that a Palestinian state can be born. I call on the Palestinian people to elect new leaders, leaders not compromised by terror."
How many times was he told not to rally the oppressed, downtrodden Muslims of Palestine behind the rotten call of nationalism? Yet he persisted in his transgression. Without any shame he presented his charter in 1968 in which he stated: "Article 1: Palestine is the homeland of the Arab Palestinian people; it is an indivisible part of the Arab homeland, and the Palestinian people are an integral part of the Arab nation." This, even though the land of Palestine is Islamic land, not Arab land, liberated by none other than Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra). It brings tears to one's eyes to imagine the reaction of Salah al-deen Ayyubi, a Kurdish non-Arab, if he were to read this declaration. The very same Salah al-deen who despite being a Kurd dedicated his life to the liberation of the holy land during its occupation by the Christian crusaders. Even the youngest of Muslims know that nationalism is evil and rotten and that the Ummah is one
Khilafah Magazine August 2002
Ummah, bonded on Islam, yet Arafat persisted in isolating the Palestinians from the Ummah and transforming the Palestinian saga into a nationalistic struggle far detached from the Qur'an and Sunnah; "Article 11: The Palestinians will have three mottoes: patriotism (wataniyya), nationalism (qawmiyya), and liberation." Why call to Nationalism and Patriotism when the Prophet (saw) clearly left a way to salvation? He (saw) said:
"I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray." Unadulterated Treachery Perhaps the lowliest and most sinister treachery is the deceitful manner in which Yasser Arafat and his cronies rallied the Muslims together pretending to want to destroy Israel. They lead countless thousands of Muslims to their death, caused thousands of mothers to lose their bright sons and daughters, caused much pain and anguish and many tears to be shed, only to recognise the state of Israel thirty years later and betray the very founding principle of his organisation. In 1968 Arafat stated in his PLO charter: "Article 15: The liberation of Palestine, from an Arab viewpoint, is a national (qawmi) duty â€Ś and aims at the elimination of Zionism in Palestine." "Article 19: The partition of Palestine in 1947 and the establishment of the state of Israel are entirely illegalâ€Ś"
Whether Arafat is replaced due to the shell of an Israeli tank or an internal challenger, his few remaining followers will have little to be proud about. During his fifty-year struggle, he and his organisation have nothing of practical value to show.
Only 25 years later, without so much as an ounce of shame he stated: "I would like to confirm the following PLO commitments: The PLO recognizes the right of the State of Israel to exist in peace and security … The PLO commits itself to the Middle East peace process, and to a peaceful resolution of the conflict between the two sides …" [Letter from Yasser Arafat to Yitzhak Rabin, 9/9/1993] Verdict on Treachery in Islam
him. Yet Arafat betrayed the Ummah for not just a rash moment but for over thirty years, and still does not desist from his conniving and deceit. Conclusion Whether Arafat remains or not is not the issue at hand, since the entire PLO and its subsidiaries are a manifestation of a deadly concoction of nationalism, patriotism, deceit and betrayal. With regards to the meaning of the noble ayah the PLO fair no better:
Allah (swt) says:
"O you who believe! Betray not Allah and his Messenger nor betray knowingly your amanaat (responsibilities/duties)" [TMQ Al-Anfal: 27]. Az-Zuhri said: "[this ayah] was revealed concerning Abu Lubaba bin Abdul Mundhir when Rasool-Allah (saw) send him to Banu Qurayzah in order to obey the order of Rasool-Allah (swt). So they asked for his advice and signalled to him and he in return signalled with his hand to his throat, i.e. to indicate a slaughter. Then Abu Lubaba realised and saw that he had betrayed Allah (swt) and his Messenger (saw) and so he swore that he would not eat anything until he died or Allah (swt) forgave him. He set off to the mosque of Medina [Prophet's (saw) mosque] and tied himself to one of its poles. He lived like this for nine days until he used to faint from tiredness until Allah (swt) sent his forgiveness of Abu Lubaba to the Messenger (saw). Thus people came [to Abu Lubaba] announcing the news of Allah's (swt) forgiveness of him and they wished to free him from the pole but he had sworn that no-one would free him from it except the Prophet (saw) with his own hands…" [Tafsir Al Qur'an Al Adheem by Ibn Kathir of this Ayah] Thus the very instant Abu Lubaba realised his mistake, he immediately repented for his act of betrayal and preferred death by starvation than to face the Muslims. So sincere was he in regretting a moment of madness that Allah (swt) forgave
"O you who believe! Betray not Allah and his Messenger nor betray knowingly your amanaat (responsibilities/duties)" [TMQ Al-Anfal: 27]. Ibn Abbas explains the meaning of betrayal and what constitutes betraying Allah (swt), his Messenger (saw) and one's Amanaat: "AlAmaana: Actions that Allah (swt) has entrusted his slaves with, that is to say the Fard actions… 'Do not betray Allah and His Messenger', by abandoning his Sunnah and perpetuating sin" [Tafsir Al-Qur'an Al-Adheem, Ibn Kathir].
"O Ka'ab Bin Ujrah, may Allah give us refuge from the ruling of Al-Sufaha [The foolish]." They said: "O Messenger of Allah: what is the ruling of Al-Sufaha?" He (saw) said: "Rulers who will be after me. They do not follow my guidance, and they do not implement my Sunnah. The one who follows their lies, and helps them in their oppression, he is not from me, and I am not from him, and he will not enter my Hawd (paradise)."
Thus it is manifest from the Words of Allah (swt) and the subsequent explanation from the tabi'een and classical scholars that forming associations based on non-Islam and even further, lying to the people, deceiving them into non-Islamic causes, revealing the betrayal 25 years later and then continuing to misguide the Ummah is an act of extreme betrayal of Allah (swt), his Messenger (saw) and the Ummah at large. We seek refuge with Allah (swt) from such evil vices and people and may Allah (swt) end the reign of the traitors in the Muslim world such as Yasser Arafat and his cronies in the PLO and the leaders of the Islamic world who persist in jailing the Da'wah carriers at the behest of the USA. Ameen. Al-Hakim narrated from Jabir Bin Abdullah (ra) that the Messenger (saw) said to Ka'ab Bin Ujrah:
"It has been proved beyond any doubt that the objective of establishing the Palestinian "Liberation" Agency (Organisation) which is headed by Ahmed Al Shukairee (now headed by Yasser Arafat) is to separate the West Bank from Jordan and to establish an independent entity in it which will form another state that does not contain Jerusalem or Bait Lahem (this was before the King of Jordan surrendered the West Bank to the Jews)... This goes against what Allah has ordered of unity of all the Muslim land. Therefore, the objective of this "Liberation" agency is to commit a major sin, a Haram act and a horrendous crime. Therefore, it is Haram (sinful) for any Muslim to become a member of this agency (organisation), and it is Haram for any to work with it for this purpose even if paid, and it is Haram for him to donate any money or effort or anything else, and it is Haram to help her in any way. Whosoever does any of this, he has disobeyed Allah and His Messenger (whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he will have a taste of Hellfire)." Hizb ut-Tahrir, 19 December 1964
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AIDS, Africa and the Capitalist Creed protest overshadowed the opening ceremony of the Barcelona International AIDS Conference as activists kept up a chorus of jeers and whistles that drowned out the words of Spanish Health Minister Celia Villalobos. Some among the 15,000-strong audience walked out. Activists said they were protesting against the Spanish government's refusal of granting visas to a number of people from developing countries that planned to attend the conference. "If you are HIV positive and you can't provide proof you have medical insurance you were banned from coming", said David Miller, from the New York branch of AIDS activist group Act-Up. These are the double standards and flagrant disregard for humanity that the capitalist countries demonstrate even at the events they organise to show the world how much they care about mankind and its problems.
Twenty three million Africans are living with HIV and AIDS. AIDS has been called the greatest catastrophe to hit the African continent since slavery. A major report by the international body charged with trying to fight the spread of AIDS suggests 68 million people will die from the disease over the next 20 years. According to one recent estimate, one quarter of the population of southern Africa may die of AIDS. Businesses are losing their workers, schools are losing their teachers, and farms are losing their labourers. Why is it that children are dying of AIDS? Is it because this is an incurable disease? Is it because sexually promiscuous people are paying for their sins? Or is the real reason far deeper and more concealed than this. Should we as Muslims even be concerned regarding these facts? Why should we care about this problem and its causes? After all, most of the victims of the current AIDS crisis are non-Muslims. The disease has not affected the major Muslim population areas to such a tremendous extent.
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Questions such as these are bound to arise in the face of striking facts and figures concerning the potential death rates and treatment rates, especially in Southern Africa. When we, as the holders of the Islamic 'Aqeedah, look upon this situation we have to examine it in the light of the complete beliefs that we hold. First and foremost, we should understand that Islam is a complete way of life. Thus the teachings and doctrine of Islam are just as well suited for solving the issues of Ibadat as they are for issues surrounding contracts at work and also those pertaining to the spread and containment of a worldwide and fatal disease such as AIDS. It is with this idea in mind that we can see that Islam has to have a view on the issue of AIDS. We cannot simply put the issue of AIDS to one side and believe that it affects only the nonMuslims. Rather it is our duty as an Ummah, who will one day be the guardians and protectors of all key issues affecting mankind to address this problem. It is even more important that we do so, since we as an Ummah are the only ones on the face of this earth who have the capability to understand and fathom the causes and repercussions of the AIDS issue. We are possessors of the Islamic 'Aqeedah that forms an unequivocal standard for us based around the infinite and limitless wisdom of Allah (swt). Hence we can examine any issue surrounding mankind however small or large it may be and resolve it based on the criterion set for us by Allah (swt). Is it adequate that such a striking number of people will die from AIDS over the next twenty years? Is this disease really incurable? Some people believe the answers to these questions lie within the laboratories of the premier research institutions of the world, as they continually strive for a better drug or vaccine that would alleviate the burden of this disease. After all, the pharmaceutical giants of this world such as Glaxo (makers of AZT) have already spent millions in research and development of new
anti-AIDS medication. Another common conception is that control of sexually promiscuous habits and lifestyles will inevitably result in the eradication of AIDS. Certainly there is truth in this argument, as we know that the idea of complete sexual freedom without responsibility, which secularism encourages, is quite clearly a major cause of the spread of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. To the extent that sexual promiscuity and homosexuality greatly fuelled the disease. Also the sharing of needles between drug-users is also seen as a major contributing factor. However, AIDS has now taken on a different dimension in Southern Africa. Most of the cases in the African continent are as a result of family members inheriting the disease from other members. Cases of haemophiliacs (and other groups that are dependant upon blood transfusions) developing the disease are now rampant. This is due to the poorly controlled medical environment in these countries. Programs to control and educate the population regarding safe sexual practices have had little or no impact on the spread of the disease. Groups have worked long and hard at educating the people regarding the safe use of needles and protected sex, yet still these parties continue to try and 'shut the stable door long after the horse has bolted'. Some say that the answer lies with the programs of the numerous agencies that have been set up to tackle this problem such as the United Nations inspired UNAIDS agency, whose head Dr Peter Piot has championed the cause of the people suffering from the disease in various international circles. People also believe that bodies such as the Terence Higgins Trust and Act-Up, who act as interested lobby groups to further the cause of people suffering from the disease in the West, are a way of pushing the big players in formulating a coherent strategy against the disease. However, the cause of the colossal AIDS epidemic
that Africa faces today and the solution to this problem lies in none of these programs or institutions. Put simply this is a direct result of the system of life that has been endured by the African continent and the rest of the so-called developing world. It is this very same system that has brought nothing but pain and suffering not just to Africa but also to the whole of mankind. Capitalism is the direct cause of the fatal AIDS epidemic that Africa is facing today. The only viable solution it has is to remove itself from the yolk of this man made system, which has brought untold misery to this world. In America there are now close to a million people living with HIV. Last year only 20,000 died of AIDS, which was because the US is spending billions of dollars on drugs, healthcare and other support services to combat the virus. AIDS in America hasn't been conquered, but it has been controlled. Why then, is the epidemic spinning out of control in the developing world? Why are the drugs capable of inhibiting HIV having no impact in the countries where the virus is now rampant? This is because the people that need the latest anti-retroviral drugs in Africa cannot afford them. The drugs are very expensive, which means it is difficult for governments in developing countries to pay for them. For example, in Uganda, the cost of combination therapy is around $500 per month per person. However, this is well out of the reach of most Ugandans. Even middle income Ugandans are only estimated to earn around $400 a month. The recent Barcelona AIDS conference saw the unveiling of a revolutionary new AIDS drug, codenamed T-20, that could stop the HIV virus from entering cells. Roche and Trimeris, the firms that developed the drug, are yet to disclose how much the drug will cost; but it won't be cheap. David Reddy, head of Roche's HIV franchise, said T-20 was the most complicated drug ever made, with the manufacturing process requiring 106 steps of chemical synthesis. "It is going to be more expensive than the other HIV drugs", he said. Andrew Pendrill, an industry analyst with ABN AMRO in London, predicted a price of $10-12,000 (ÂŁ6,500 to ÂŁ7,800) per patient a year. Activists occupied Roche's exhibition stand at the Barcelona conference, accusing the firm of delaying T-20 production to avoid giving the drug away free under "early access" programs. Many other companies were present at the conference to show their wares. This abhorrent display of salesmanship was so bad that the whole event turned into a pharmaceutical equivalent of the NEC Motor Show. Each company providing unreal promises of newer and quicker drugs for consumption by their patients, or should we call them customers? What of the people that the disease affects the most? Well they would just have to be patient because, put simply, they are not economically viable to the current world order. Immune to these stark facts the people that make the necessary drugs are still unashamedly driven by a hard-headed pursuit of profit at all costs. It is not harsh to conclude that these drugs were designed to be used only in the West with the rest of
the world as a passing afterthought, since their inflated prices make their use in the developing world prohibitive. When Islam views a situation such as this, it would concern itself foremost with the distribution of the treatment and the design of the treatment such that it would become accessible to those who need it the most. Thus in an Islamic State if a disease like AIDS was threatening the population then the State would encourage the development of, and have incentives for those that formulated, a practical solution for the problem that would make the treatment accessible in all parts of the world. It would not measure the success of this solution in purely economic terms, as is the case currently in the West. The multi-billion-dollar pharmaceutical corporations of America have spent millions of dollars testing and manufacturing HIV-inhibiting drugs. They are bitter rivals in the market place, but on one key issue they've long had a common interest: using international patent law to maintain their grip on the manufacture, distribution and pricing of AIDS drugs, worldwide. Throughout the 1990s the drug companies fought vigorously to protect their privileges. Their argument was simple; infringement of intellectual property law to allow poor countries cheap access to AIDS drugs would be the thin end of a dangerous wedge. Pirating would run riot across the world; and American business would suffer. This argument that is presented by the pharmaceutical industry is the exact reason why Capitalism is so incapable of solving an issue such as the AIDS crisis. It is a system that is more concerned with protecting the profit margins of its major companies than caring about the manifest affliction that is facing the continent of Africa. Its concern is to not only protect the bottom dollar of these companies but also to keep pure its fundamental principles and ideas behind life. That is, that people should be free to pursue profit regardless of the consequences upon society. The protectors of Capitalism would like the world to think that they are concerned about the 39 % of the population of Botswana that are already affected by the HIV virus, but the reality is always made apparent by the actions of such people rather than the words used by them. This was most starkly seen in the battle over patents and pricing in South Africa. The South Africans passed a law enabling local production, or importation of cheap HIV drugs. The American pharmaceutical companies were furious, and their friends in Congress demanded tough sanctions. Even the then Vice President Al Gore, about to launch his presidential bid, warned the South Africans in early 1999 that relations between Pretoria and Washington could be damaged. In addition the rubber-stamp of corporate America, the WTO (World Trade Organization), rejected the law outright, on the grounds that it ran against intellectual property treaties.
subsidies and help, in connection to AIDS-related medicines for poor African countries. Even delegates at the recent Barcelona conference and members of the UNAIDS agency have championed this cause almost begging the pharmaceutical companies for rebates. This avenue of action is misleading; South Africa and even other African countries could well afford to produce enough drugs to treat millions of infected people. What prevents them are not production costs but the intellectual-property costs enforced by arbitrary and outdated international treaties. The international drugs companies have agreed to reduce the prices for their anti-HIV drugs, but they are still far too expensive for all but a tiny handful of Africans, and without a proper distribution system, the advancement in the development of drugs alone cannot be the whole answer. The AIDS epidemic has broken the backbone of society in Africa. There are not enough teachers for schools. It is estimated that almost one third of the teachers of South Africa have HIV. Nurses and doctors, the very people that are responsible for treating the sufferers of AIDS, are themselves greatly affected. In this part of the world it has become a downward spiral for society and still the people who claim to have the answers to solve this problem are viewing the whole issue in onedimensional terms. This however is not surprising as the capitalist creed by its very nature approaches the problem in purely economic terms or in purely social terms. Whereas when Islam views an issue such as this, we view it in totality as a human problem and hence derive a solution based on the human issue where no single concern such as economic gain is subservient to another concern such as issues of social welfare. Much has been said in the media regarding the extent of the AIDS epidemic in Africa. Many reasons have been uncovered and many solutions vaunted. No doubt the announcement of the new anti-AIDS vaccines will be much applauded. Yet these commentators and specialists fail to see one stark reality that is the undeniable role that Capitalism as a way of life has played in this great tragedy, and they will not see it because they are equally complicit in this crime. Allah (swt) has granted us the status of an honourable and elevated Ummah. We have a responsibility to bring to this world the only correct way of life for mankind, which is Islam. This is an urgent need for mankind as we are seeing today in Africa that devoid of the system of Islam mankind is slipping perilously into an abyss.
In the West at the moment there is a lot of talk of
August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
AVOIDING THE TEMPTATIONS OF WESTERN SOCIETY or Muslim youth growing up in Western society it can be difficult to remain strong and avoid being led astray by the temptations that the society bombards them with. The temptations are of various types, including drugs, alcohol, crime and clubbing. However one of the main areas of temptation is undoubtedly the haram relationships between men and women.
For anyone who lives in the West it is obvious that the society promotes free mixing and illicit relationships between the sexes. Sex is promoted everywhere, from billboards, advertising commercials, magazines, and songs to television programmes. It is no wonder that the estimates of how many times people think about the subject are so high. Through primary, secondary education and beyond, boyfriend-girlfriend relationships are normalised to the extent that it is seen as strange if someone isn't 'going out' with a member of the opposite sex. Sex education in schools promotes this by explaining to the students the various forms of contraception instead of giving them the correct values related to the subject. Walking through the centre of any major city on a Friday night makes one realise that Western society has become similar to a herd of wild animals that can't control their desires. The West promotes notions of 'finding true love' or 'following your heart'; in reality what people in Western society follow is their lust. The stark reality of 'single parent' mothers left by their partners to fend for themselves and the high rate of adulterous relationships is evidence for this. A Muslim living in this type of environment needs to make sure that he or she has a strong linkage to the Islamic belief and the Islamic Shari'ah.
Realising the magnitude of the haram actions A Muslim must link his actions directly to the consequences: the rewards and punishments in the hereafter. He should visualise these even when thinking about performing any prohibited action. This consciousness of Allah (swt) and the afterlife should be a shield to protect us from sin and should encourage us to earn reward. The Prophet (saw) has warned both men and women of the consequences of their actions. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (saw) said,
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"If you guarantee me six things on your part I shall guarantee you Paradise. Speak the truth when you talk, keep a promise when you make it, when you are trusted with something fulfil your trust, avoid sexual immorality, lower your eyes, and restrain your hands from injustice" [Ahmad and Baihaqi in Shu'ab al-Iman transmitted it]. In Western societies it is common for men to look at women who they are not even married to with lust. Islam has forbidden this - the Prophet (saw) said,
"When a person commits fornication there goes out of him the Iman (belief) and it hovers like a canopy over his head and when he quits this act the Iman reverts to him again" [Tirmidhi & Abu Dawud]. Shakl ibn Humayd went to the Prophet (saw) and said, "Apostle of Allah, teach me a supplication (Du'a)." He (saw) replied,
"The adultery of the eyes is the sight, the adultery of the tongue is the talk, and the inner self wishes, desires and the private parts testify all this or deny it" [Bukhari] Allah (swt) said,
"Say: O Allah, I seek refuge in you from the evil of what I hear, from the evil of what I see, from the evil of what I speak, from the evil of what I think, and from the evil of my semen" [Abu Dawud]. Ubadah ibn as-Samit narrated that the Prophet (saw)
"Tell the believing men to lower from their gaze and to protect their private parts. That is better for them, Allah knows the details of what they do. And tell the
believing women to lower from their gaze and protect their private parts" [TMQ An-Nur: 30-31]. Unlike in the West where it is abnormal for women to step out of their homes without layers of make-up, lipstick and wearing revealing clothes, Islam forbade this for its impact on society is devastating in spreading immorality.
guidance for the whole of humankind? Don't people feel ashamed whilst they watch sex scenes or listen to lewd songs whilst Allah (swt), the Creator of the universe is watching them? On the Day of Judgement even the limbs of our bodies will bear testimony to the actions that we performed. Allah (swt) says,
It has been narrated by Abu Musa al-Ashari that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, "That Day shall We set a seal on their mouths. But their hands will speak to Us and their feet bear witness to all that they did" [TMQ Ya-Sin: 65].
"Three (persons) have a right from Allah to be helped: the Mujahid in the way of Allah, the seeker for marriage who wishes to guard his chastity and the slave who seeks funds to free oneself." Allah (swt) says,
Staying in the correct atmosphere "Any women that uses perfume and walks past men in order for them to smell her fragrance; she is a fornicator" [Tirmidhi & Abu Dawud]. He (saw) also said:
Maintaining a correct atmosphere is vital for a Muslim to be able to avoid the temptations. The type of atmosphere that exists amongst some of the youth is very corrupt, where the topic of discussion revolves around the opposite sex and 'showing off' to each other. This type of atmosphere only serves to agitate the instincts of people and potentially leads them further away from Islam.
"And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah enriches them of His Bounty" [TMQ An- Nur: 33]. Marriage is based on companionship in Islam, unlike in Western society where it is based on competition. Companionship is where one finds repose and tranquillity in the other - Allah (swt) has made marriage a source of tranquillity for both spouses. He (swt) said:
Abu Musa narrated that the Prophet (saw) said,
"Two categories of people I have not seen them (yet): some people who hold whips like the tails of the cows by which they lash the people. And women who wear (clothes) but (are) half-naked, bending (their bodies) and bending the sight of the men to them. Their heads are like the tilted humps of the camels. These women will not enter the paradise nor will they experience its smell (odour), though its odour is felt at a distance of so and so (days)" [Muslim]. The Shari'ah prevents khulwa (seclusion) between men and women. The reality of khulwa is that it makes the man and woman more sexually agitated. By prohibiting this solitary privacy a cause of corruption is eliminated, because the khulwa is one of the direct means to corruption. Jabir ibn Abdullah narrated that the Prophet (saw) said,
"Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day (AlYawm al-Akhir) let him not be alone with a woman who has not a Mahram (male relative who she cannot marry) with her. Indeed, the third (person) is al-Shaytan!" [Ahmad] Avoiding unnecessary agitation It is important to stay away from watching movies, TV programmes, listening to music and reading magazines that encourage fornication and the actions that lead to it, as these are haram according to the Shari'ah principle, 'The means to haram is itself haram'. These activities build corrupt inclinations within people to the extent that a woman is seen as an object rather than a person whose honour must be maintained. How can our feelings be more attached to corrupt films and TV programmes than to the Qur'an, which is the source of
"It is He Who has created you from a single person, and He has created from him his wife, in order that he might enjoy the pleasure of living with her" [TMQ AlAraf: 189]. "The example of a good companion in comparison with a bad one, is like that of the musk seller and the blacksmith's bellows (or furnace); from the first you would either buy musk or enjoy its good smell while the bellows would either burn your clothes or your house, or you get a bad nasty smell thereof" [Bukhari]. Marriage An obvious solution that aids in avoiding temptation from the opposite sex is to marry according to Islam. Islam doesn't deny the natural instincts of human beings; rather it channels them according to the rules revealed by Allah (swt). It is encouraged to marry in Islam, and encouragement is given to those who are unable. The Prophet (saw) said:
"And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between both of you affection and mercy" [TMQ Ar- Rum: 21].
"O you who are young. Whoever amongst you can afford to marry should marry, because it will help him refrain from looking at other women, and guard his modesty (i.e. private parts from unlawful sex). And whoever is not able to marry he should fast because it will protect him" [Muslim]. The recommendation to fast is not to suppress the procreation instinct but to build a reminder as to man's objective in life, which is to worship Allah (swt). Abu Hurairah (ra) narrates that the Prophet (saw) said:
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Khilafah Magazine August 2002
August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
away (from Him). And man is ever ungrateful" [TMQ Al-Isra': 67].
REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH he lone traveller approached the shepherd in the desert. "I am hungry and have run out of food. Could I milk one of your sheep?" The shepherd replied that he was not the owner of the sheep and could not let anyone milk them without the owner's permission. The owner would surely notice it and would not like it. The traveller had an idea. "Why don't you sell one of them to me? When the owner asks, you can tell him that a wolf killed it. Wolves attack the herds all the time. I'll satisfy my hunger. You'll get the money. We'll both profit." The shepherd retorted: "But what about Allah!" To his surprise, the traveller was pleased with this and commented, "As long as there are people like you in this Ummah, wolves won't kill the lambs." The shepherd had been unaware that the traveller he encountered was none other than the Khalifah Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra).
The response of the shepherd is the spontaneous, natural reaction that should be expected of any believer who with the 'Aqeedah of Islam continually remembers Allah's (swt) words, understands them and then acts upon them. In fact Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 Hijri) wrote, "Remembrance of Allah is to the heart as water is to the fish." Just as a fish out of water will inevitably suffer a torrid death, what good can then lie in store for the man who is oblivious to the remembrance of Allah (swt)? Indeed Allah (swt) says:
during the times of Salat, or in other such Ibadaat. Such an erroneous understanding is fatally flawed as it neglects the wider teachings of Islam. In social, economic and political affairs they continue to do as they please with little regard to what Allah (swt) has commanded. Of greater concern is the fact that many have totally lost sight of the true objective of life. With the capitalist ideology placing unwarranted importance on material acquisition and sensory gratification, many have simply forgotten what Allah (swt) has revealed. In Muslim communities, it is a sad but true reality that one can easily identify many of the youth falling victims to the ills of drink, drugs and crime. Even more harrowing is that few have shame in what they do whilst others boast a perverse pride in their disobedience to Allah (swt)! Indeed it is Allah (swt) who issues the sternest of warnings to those who choose to turn away and forget him:
"Rivalry for worldly gain distracts you until you visit your graves. Indeed you shall know! Again you shall certainly come to know! If you knew with a sure knowledge…Verily you shall see the blazing fire! And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! Then on that day you shall be asked about your delights" [TMQ At-Takathur: 1-8].
"And lo, the dhikr (remembrance) of Allah is the greatest thing in life, and Allah knows what you do" [TMQ Al-Ankabut: 45].
It is only when faced with calamity and destruction that these individuals then return to Allah (swt) seeking refuge and help. Allah (swt) declares:
Indeed the remembrance of Allah (swt) should be omnipresent in all aspects of our daily affairs so that man can contain his desires (nufoos), focus his efforts and channel them towards the good actions. Today we find that some Muslims have confined their remembrance of Allah (swt) to the mosque alone. Hence they only remember and glorify Allah (swt)
"And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon vanish from you except Him (Allah Alone). But when He brings you safe to land, you turn
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Ibn Kathir's Tafsir of this ayat relays the story of when Ikrimah bin Abu Jahl fled Makkah following the defeat of the Quraish by Rasool Allah (saw). He chose to flee across the Red Sea and seek refuge in Ethiopia. However, during his journey a heavy storm came and waves encircled his boat from all sides. All on the boat said "None can save you except Allah. So invoke Him." Ikrimah declared "O Allah! I promise you that if you deliver me safe from this, I will go and put my hands in the hands of Muhammad and surely I will find him full of pity, kindness and mercy." This story is of particular significance because Ikrimah had previously rejected Islam when it had been presented to the Makkan society. Only when faced with calamity and the prospect of death did Ikrimah invoke Allah (swt). When he had been living comfortably in Makkah he had rejected the Haq and pursued illicit worldly pleasures. Parallels can be drawn with today, when those who transgress Allah's (swt) limits and forget His (swt) warnings are compelled to remember Him (swt) only when faced with a calamity. Allah (swt) questions mankind in the glorious Qur'an, when He (swt) asks:
"How can you disbelieve in Allah? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the day of resurrection) and then unto Him you will return" [TMQ AlBaqarah: 28]. Consider the example of Prophet Ayub (as). The lessons to learn from him are clear. Ayub (as) did not worship Allah (swt) because of His favours; his worship stemmed from his heart and had nothing to do with material things. Hence his worship of Allah (swt) was not linked to material acquisition, status or benefit but was for Allah's (swt) pleasure; and for His pleasure alone. Indeed, the story of Ayub (as) should inspire within one an Iman that is unyielding and uncompromising, built upon the solid basis of patience and Taqwa. Ayub (as) remembered Allah (swt) with thankfulness, patience and steadfastness. Iblis had overheard the angels praising him one day and became infuriated by this. He went to Allah (swt) and declared that Ayub (as) only prostrated before him because of the benefits Allah (swt) had bestowed upon him, such as his riches. Allah (swt) allowed Iblis to remove Ayub's (as) wealth, reducing him to the status of a pauper. Iblis then whispered to Ayub (as) that his wealth had been lost because he had spent too much time praying. Nonetheless, Ayub (as) remained steadfast and continued to glorify Allah (swt), declaring "What Allah has taken away from me belongs to Him. I was only its trustee for a while. He gives it to whom He wills and He withholds it from whom He wills." Frustrated by this Iblis argued that Ayub (as) only remained a loyal slave because Allah (swt) had granted him children, so Allah (swt) allowed him to take Ayub's
(as) children. Taking them in horrific circumstances Iblis hoped to make Ayub (as) now reject his Lord. Yet, Ayub (as) stated "Whether a thing is beneficial or harmful to me, I will remain firm in my belief and remain thankful to my Creator." Iblis then asked Allah (swt) to grant him authority over Ayub's (as) body. He had argued that Ayub (as) only worshipped Allah (swt) now in the hope of regaining his wealth and producing more offspring. However, if his health were to be removed then surely he would become negligent in his worship. Again, Allah (swt) granted Iblis the authority over Ayub's (as) body, except for his soul, intellect and heart as these were the places where his knowledge of Allah (swt) and His (swt) Deen resided. Iblis proceeded to fill his body with disease until he was reduced to mere skin and bone and suffered in severe pain. He became so ill that even close friends and relatives stopped visiting him. Despite this, Ayub (as) remained patient and hopeful of Allah's (swt) mercy. Through these stern trials and tribulations, Ayub (as) remained devoted in his Ibadat and remembrance of Allah (swt). His patience and continual obedience was duly rewarded by the warm praises of Allah (swt):
"And we gave him (back) his family, and along with them the like thereof, as a mercy from Us, and a reminder for those who understandâ€ŚTruly, We found him patient. How excellent a slave! Verily, he was oftreturning in repentance (to Us)!" [TMQ Sad: 43-44] However, with the dominance of Kufr today, the environment in which all of us live is one that promotes sensory gratification and the pursuit of materialism. Consequently, when we find ourselves in the masjid it is easy to create an environment of Islam where our tongues are kept moist by the continual mention of Allah's (swt) names. But, no sooner have we left the masjid, than we see prostitutes selling their souls and dignity on the street corner. Proceed further and one is greeted by the ugly sight of empty, disease ridden syringes of drug addicts, before reaching the market place only to find oneself surrounded by indecently dressed and semi-clad women. The environment of Islam, experienced in the masjid only minutes before now seems a lifetime away. It is the environment of Kufr in society that pushes you away from Allah (swt) and towards worldly delights. Indeed Rasool Allah (saw) said,
the blacksmith's bellows then either he will burn your clothes or you will get an offensive smell from him." The society in the Khilafah will create a continual atmosphere of Islam. It is not a society where the individual will only be reminded of Allah (swt) when in the mosque but also at the bank, school or market place. Imam Shafi'i, a product of the Islamic society, was hafiz al-Qur'an by the age of five and was able to perform Ijtihad by the time he reached nine. He is just one example of the type of intellectual development children underwent in the Khilafah. We can expect our children to be subjected to a rich digest of cultural programmes documenting the glorious episodes of Islamic history such as the great battle of Badr or the events of the Isra wal Mi'raaj. Compare this with the current reality where we are subjected to a plethora of mind numbing game shows and trivial soaps that seem to dominate our screens. Our children will once again hold the Prophets and Sahabah (ra) as their role models rather than the likes of David Beckham and Eminem, who are so widely revered throughout the world today. Our children will be familiar with the speech of Allah (swt) and not the foul lyrics of gangster rappers. Only the Khilafah can create the atmosphere in society where the laws of Allah (swt) prevail and it is natural to follow them. As individuals we should naturally remember Allah (swt) in all aspects of our daily lives. The Prophet (saw) narrated numerous hadith regarding Dhikr and its importance. Among them is what He (saw) described in this hadith, narrated by Abu Hurairah (ra),
"And whoever says subhan Allah wa bihamdihi (Glorified is Allah with all praise due to Him) a hundred times during a day, will have all sins wiped off even if they were as numerous as the foam on the surface of the sea." However, man is a social being and it is in society where he finds himself most at odds with what Allah (swt) has revealed. It is only by working to revive society and reform her concepts on the basis of Islam that we can hope to achieve greater remembrance of Allah (swt). Only the Khilafah will cause society to give up benefit as her criteria and adopt in its place the Hukm Shara'. By doing so we can hope to become like the shepherd under whose guardianship no wolf could kill a lamb. Indeed Allah (swt) was most true when He (swt) said:
"Verily! In the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest" [TMQ Ar-Ra'd: 28]. "The example of a good companion and a bad companion is like that of the seller of musk, and the one who blows the blacksmith's bellows. So as for the seller of musk then either he will grant you some, or you buy some from him, or at least you enjoy a pleasant smell from him. As for the one who blows
Shiraz Maher & Sha'ban ul Haq
Capitalism Inc. is corrupt The wave of financial scandals unearthed in Corporate America is a sign of structural flaws within Capitalism itself and the value system of Liberal democracies. Reform of a system by definition, can only work if the foundations are sound, when the foundations are themselves questionable is it not time to examine the alternatives?
Capitalism's jittery track record ollowing the collapse of the Soviet Union and the tearing down of the Iron Curtain of Communism, many heralded the triumph of the Capitalist way of life. Francis Fukuyama went so far as to claim that history, as we knew it had ended, with the final ascendancy of Liberal democracies and its associated values. "(But) the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to where it started: not to an "end of ideology" or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism." Yet 13 years on from these bold assertions we have witnessed a decade in which the application of Capitalism has inflicted serious damage.
The Capitalist experiment in the former Soviet Union failed abjectly in the 1990s and was found wanting in its restructuring of the economies of the former eastern bloc. Conditions at times were said to be worse than those endured during the worst years of Communism. However, this failure has been hidden behind the belief that Mafia styled oligarchs ruined the system accompanied by a culture of bureaucratic rigidity and weak judicial systems. As we witnessed the collapse of the Tiger economies of the Far East in 1997, misery was inflicted upon the lives of millions in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Whilst the initial successes of the Tiger economies were attributed to liberal values and the Capitalist economic system, its failure was excused away by references to the culture of nepotism, corruption and cronyism in these lands. August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
Closer to home, as the late 1990s Dot Com stock bubble burst, the crisis was explained away as being attributable to industry specific factors while the fundamental tenets of the Capitalist economy remained valid. In recent months the world has witnessed a wave of accounting scandals engulfing Corporate America. Scandals such as the $3.8billion gaping hole in WorldCom's accounts which incidentally has now led to the biggest corporate bankruptcy in history. Other examples include Rank Xerox overstating its profits by $1.4billion over 5 years, Merck the giant pharmaceutical company overstating its revenues and its costs-by some $14billion over 3 years, not to mention the collapse of the Energy giant Enron. Most of the explanations for the crisis have lacked a larger conceptual framework and seem to focus on the peripheral issues. An attitude, which produces statements such as the oft-repeated one, that the crisis is the result of a few rotten apples.
Friedrich Von Hayek who argued that "To be controlled in our economic pursuits means to beâ€Ścontrolled in everything." Or to the liberal values of Robert Nozick who stated that "there is no justified sacrifice of some of us for others." The corporate culture and the ensuing malaise are no doubt the products of the value system (or lack of it) that Liberal secular beliefs inspire and which are the very bedrock of corporate capitalism. It is little wonder that people identify a 'Corporation' as being an ingenious device for obtaining individual profit without individual responsibility.
'Value-less' Capitalism to blame?
Auditors who were meant to be casting a watchful eye on behalf of shareholders and the public ended up collaborating with directors in their fraudulent activities. This is because the Big 5 audit giants are themselves huge corporations whose bottom line is also their most important concern. The lure of consultancy dollars is incentive enough for them to sign off accounts as 'true and fair' when in reality the financial reporting of their clients were far from accurate.
But how many more crises must occur and scandals unearthed, before someone discusses the most pertinent question; is not Capitalism itself the cause of these problems? Is not the system and its participants geared to produce the scenarios we have witnessed over the last few months? Is it a case of a few rotten apples or is the whole Apple Cart itself corrupt? In which case, the discussion about reform is a misnomer. Endless reform cannot fix an inherently corrupt system.
The shareholders themselves are driven with an insatiable appetite for higher and higher returns on their investments. Entranced by increased gains on the surging stock market they are more or less willing to turn a blind eye as companies to them, as long as their wealth keeps increasing. In this regard they are egged on by the mushrooming media channels that cheer the market on, creating an atmosphere where anything but exponential growth is seen as a sign of corporate timidity and weakness.
The whole philosophy that underpins Western Capitalism is geared towards the concept of selffulfilment and material benefit. As long as everyone is looking after his or her own interests the society will be sound. Values, ethics, and morals become irrelevant as each individual has his or her own conception of what this is. This concept underpinned Adam Smith's term the 'invisible hand', where people by seeking their own self-interest would ensure that the society itself will become prosperous.
Stock analysts who are meant to provide an objective assessment to the public on the corporate health of those companies they are reporting on, are more interested in their own financial wealth. The analysts working for investment banks were either promoting companies who were large fee paying clients of their banks or they were personally receiving perks from the very same companies they were recommending to the public. One case in the UK highlights this practice where shares in many companies were bought before promoting them as good investments in newspaper columns.
politicians charged with finding solutions to these problems. This is because the hold, which corporations have over the political systems in western democracies can only produce scenarios where rights and wrongs come associated with the size of a company's political donation. The billions that are poured into the political process corrupt the system that should be based on a social contract that should protect the right of all especially those who are the most vulnerable. Where the politician's role requires individuals to be selfless in serving the public they put their own selfish interests first rather than those of their constituents. President Bush's questionable business background with Harken Energy and Vice president Dick Cheney's role as Chief Executive of Halliburton should come as no surprise. The capitalist system therefore, like the communist system before it, has proved devastating for mankind. It joins the failed systems of the past such as empires, dynasties, monarchies feudalism and fascism in its complete inability to solve mankind's affairs. As the Quran states in its third chapter
'Many were the ways of life that have passed away before you, travel through the earth and see what was the end of those who rejected the truth' (TMQ Ale-Imran: 137) Examining the Options
When the major participants bring this outlook of life to the economy can anyone expect a scenario other than that which is currently being witnessed? In profiling the major players; the boardroom directors, auditors, shareholders, stock analysts, supposedly hawkish regulators and the altruistic politicians who are charged with resolving these crises, each instance points towards institutionalised corruption and malpractice that is inspired by the very values that are held to be sacrosanct. The directors are statutorily charged with delivering an increasing level of shareholder value through generating a higher share price and dividend growth. The drives for exponential growth, higher stock prices and market capitalisation have meant that age-old values that should underpin business; accountability, responsibility, ethics and a moral code fall by the way side. The fictional Wall Street character Gordon Gekko best summarised their outlook when he famously stated that 'greed is good'. Gekko's oft - repeated mantra can be traced back to the philosophy of famed liberal thinkers such as 18
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The regulators are selected from the same backgrounds that are now under scrutiny. Witness the background of the Chairman of the main regulator in the USA, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Harvey Pitt. He made his career as a lawyer representing the accounting industry, lobbying hard against tightening of any rules that harmed the profession. As a result Pitt has had to excuse himself from many of the SEC decisions this year due to conflict of interests, with at least 10 of his former clients currently under SEC investigation. Two other appointees to the 5 man SEC also come from accountancy firms. Imbued in the corporate values that inspired the American Industrialist Cornelius Vanderbilt to remark "The public be damned", can we expect regulators of the same ilk to be acting in the public's best interest when their backgrounds and future appointments lie with the same companies they seek currently to regulate? Special condemnation can be made for the
When those at the helm of capitalism produce scenarios where governments can debauch currencies, wherein companies can invent figures, where corporate directors deceive shareholders, and auditors collude in the fraud - can reform really work? The world renowned British publication 'The Economist' thinks it can, it advocates more disclosure, more empowerment for non-executive directors and seeks greater shareholder scrutiny. But these solutions have been tried before after previous scandals such as Maxwell, BCCI and Barings Bank. Indeed many of the solutions the Economist is advocating are already in place as a result of the Cadbury and Hampel Corporate Governance reports which were produced after the aforementioned scandals. Independent audit committees with nonexecutive director involvement are already in place yet this did not stop Enron or WorldCom from collapsing. Greater disclosure will add nothing to the transparency of financial results, as US accounting rules are and remain the most prescriptive in the world already. Consequently when an attitude of corruption pervades a system, when the integrity of the major participants of an economy is compromised, when hundreds of millions see their retirement savings wiped out, the time should come for those men and women of responsibility, the intellectuals, the academics and like - minded individuals, to look for serious alternatives. The least that should be demanded is a discussion on the very basis of capitalism and the viability of alternate models
rather than on the suggestion of further tired and discredited reform packages. Islam produces a harmony in society wherein investors and businessmen can pursue the goal of higher profits yet maintain ethics, accountability and equity so that equilibrium in society is not predisposed towards materialism. The Shariah law sets the benchmark of values that an economy's participants must aspire and adhere to and does not leave this to subjective interpretations. The axiom around which actions are based is accountability to the Shariah Law. Hence individuals, corporations and the state must seek legitimacy for their actions by reference to an arbitrating criterion that is not subject to persuasion or sway by powerful elements within society. As a result, those that can lobby the most or make the most persuasive case financially do not influence law making. Shariah law institutionalises the roles, rights and responsibilities of the players within the economy producing a situation that protects the rights of the individual investor, the worker and the wider society at large. Also the institutionalised separation of state and business within an Islamic State (as opposed to a capitalist system) ensures that those who do engage in corruption are then severely punished for their acts.
An invitation to Intellectual discourse with Hizb ut Tahrir Hizb ut Tahrir, the Islamic political Party has been engaged for almost 50 years in the work of establishing the Islamic Political system. At the heart of our work is the presentation of Islam as a system of life for the whole of humanity, a system that was implemented for over fourteen centuries over Muslims and Non-Muslims alike. Within this context we invite a debate upon what we see as the fundamental failures of not just American capitalism but all forms of capitalism (European, East Asian) and in our view the only viable alternative ideology; Islam. In particular a discourse on Islam's views pertaining to the basis of a true economic system, company structures, a sound monetary standard, ethics in business, labour laws and trade policy. We view the Islamic system as a challenge to Francis Fukuyama's statement from the End of History; "The triumph of the West, of the Western idea, is evident first of all in the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism."
ADDRESS BY A MEMBER OF HIZB UT-TAHRIR The following is a transcript of an address by a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir whose husband is currently imprisoned in the Arab world. It was delivered at the recent conference entitled "Muslim Women and the War on Terror".
Bismillahi ar-Rahman ar-Raheem ssalamu Alaikum my dear sisters of this noble Ummah,
I address you in the name of Allah (swt), and I urge you to listen carefully to what I have to relate. I address you as your sister and as a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir requesting you to take heed of the humble advice that I have to offer. Make no mistake, my dear sisters, that America is your greatest enemy and will not cease before it has extracted the very last drops of your blood by waging a vicious war against you in the name of combating terrorism. It has been reiterated throughout this conference about how the devious despotic rulers have no regrets and mercy in the barbaric styles of attempting to silence all those who rally around the truth in their crackdown against the sincere carriers of the Da'wah by ransacking their homes, arresting them, imprisoning them, abusing their families, scoffing and laughing at them as they brutally torture and attempt to psychologically ruin them. Indeed my dear sisters we know that they do not even rest at that but have in numerous cases killed the sons and daughters of this Ummah. May Allah grant these brothers and sisters Jannah.
Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain 25 Jumada al-Uâ€™la 1423 Hijri, 5th August 2002 www.mindspring.eu.com
Living amongst the comforts and luxuries here in Britain, such terrifying realities presented in the talks may seem far detached from the daily lives that we lead. I myself did not fully appreciate the pain suffered by the Da'wah carriers until Allah (swt) chose to test me with what sincere Muslims have been experiencing since the very dawn of Islam. I would like to relate to you my experience, a live reality, where I was also exposed to the tyrannical State Security officers of a tyrannical regime in the Muslim world who tried to silence my husband, myself and many others who were working to revive Islam in the hearts of the people. I pray that you, as
I did, learn from this experience and it is for this reason that I wish to share it with you. Islam touched my heart and enlightened my mind at the age of fifteen when I became convinced that Islam was not merely a religion, rather it was an ideology requiring of me to carry it to others and I joined Hizb ut-Tahrir in the struggle against all other ideologies and its objective of bringing the light of Islam back into the darkness of the world as we witness it today. It is because of these very thoughts that I carry that I found myself suffer at the hands of one of the most ruthless, arrogant, and dangerous regimes the Ummah has ever witnessed. Earlier this year the State Security officers barged into our home in the middle of the night. Twelve armed police guards entered our home at 2 am demanding that they wanted to search our house. Terrifying my husband, myself and our 1-year-old son they mercilessly took my companion in life and father of my child in front of our very eyes, not even giving him a chance to exchange salaams or to kiss his son goodbye. Armed with semi-automatic machine guns, grenades and various bombs they destroyed and uprooted our family leaving me and my son stranded in a land where I could not even speak the language. They ripped the phone line out of the wall leaving me in the middle of the night without a phone to make calls for help and lied to me about where they were taking my husband. Such are the deeds of the oppressors. Only recently have I come to know what became of my husband and the manner in which they treated him and the others that they also seized that night. They were taken to what they described as a 'torture dungeon, commonly known as the State Security headquarters. It was here that they met their fate, just like those Da'wah carriers that came before them met their fate at the hands of the merciless torturers. Blindfolded and handcuffed for four days they were made to listen to the blood curdling screams of their brothers being tortured by being threatened, beaten August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
senseless, threats being made to their families, they could hear the electricity rod crackling as they carried out electric shock punishment, and many other evil methods that our rulers and their regimes plot and scheme night and day. And this was continuous for four whole days while they waited their turn, all the while, blindfolded and handcuffed to be called into the torture dungeons to meet their torturers and the test that Allah (swt) had chosen to test them with. When my husband was brought before his torturer and the guard that brought him in asked the torturer? Shall I make him sit or stand? The torturers reply was "let's wait and see what he does, is he quick to get tortured or not?" As we speak my dear sisters our beloved brothers are systematically tortured and abused, enduring the wrath of these people who have no fear of Allah (swt). And what was my husband's crime you may ask, for him to arrested and tortured in such a way? This was none other than him upholding the truth and carrying the Islamic Da'wah. This was enough for our despotic rulers to show their unrelenting hatred for my husband and those who joined him in working with Hizb ut-Tahrir. This was enough for the despots to go to the lengths of torturing them. This was enough for the oppressors to rip them away from their families and to imprison them and continue to imprison them forgetting their pain and anguish, leaving them to languish in these prisons, and throwing away the key. This is not an isolated incident my dear sisters, I personally know of the plight of two others who also have children, who faced the same ordeal and who are present in the audience today. And Allah (swt) is our witness that we know of the similar, if not more gruesome, plight of Da'wah carriers around the world. You may wonder, has this affected our commitment and determination? Has it made us weaken in our conviction of carrying the Da'wah, weakened our resolve, and has it scared us into silence? I can confidently say that instead of weakening us, it has strengthened us like no other experience in our life has strengthened us. I would like to quote from a letter I received from my husband in May 2002, in which he says: "I will not allow sadness to creep into my heart for every time I read the Qur'an I am reminded of how only the foolish tread the path of Iman without being tested; I can assure you that my Iman is now stronger and I understand a lot more now then i ever did before". So you see sisters, sacrifice should be part and parcel of daily life - if it is not then where is our test and the opportunity to attain the rewards? How else is it that we enter the highest level of Jannah if we face no hardship? The beloved Prophet (saw) described this life for a Muslim: Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (saw) said,
"This life for the believer is like a prison and for the disbeliever like a paradise". Let us not deceive ourselves into thinking that we 20
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will live forever, rather let us work tirelessly to secure the honour of this Ummah and the re-establishment of the Khilafah as though we will die tomorrow. My dear sisters let us seek out the sacrifices we can make in terms of our time, our wealth, our families, our beloved husbands our children and indeed our very lives. Allah (swt) says in Surah Taubah:
"Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and property in return for the price of Paradise" [TMQ At-Taubah: 111] We should not fear for a loss of these things as they are all temporary and have been given to us as an amanah, a trust, and Allah (swt) will take them from us when He (swt) chooses. The fear that we have should not be for a loss of livelihood, or a loss of a loved one but rather the fear of displeasing Allah (swt) in neglecting our duties to him. By Allah (swt), even if they were to take my son from me or my parents from me I would not give up this noble work, even if I had one last breath it will be for Islam and the praise of Allah (swt). Alhamdulillah. It is not these tyrannical rulers that cause our misery or sadness, rather it is the absence of Islam that brings the tears to my eyes, the absence of a system that will bring justice and unlock the rusty doors of the prison cells that my husband and all the other Da'wah carriers inhabit. A system that will liberate all those who live in fear and oppression.
the front line in this duty, We should be amongst those who send their husbands, sons, and daughters in the path of working to re-establish the Khilafah, We must strive our best to be akin to the likes of Umm Ummarah, Sumayyah and Asma bint Abu Bakr (ra), who risked their lives for the establishment of Allah's (swt) Deen. The future of Islam is our responsibility and we are in a fortunate position as it is easy for us to carry leaflets, attend circles and indeed this very conference here today and not be arrested, tortured and killed because of it as our dear brother Farhad Usmanov was. Our test is present in the ease that we have living in this society and the complacency that we may have due to this. Let us realise this opportunity, and avail every second that we have to fulfil our duty and spread the message of the Khilafah. Our brothers and sisters who dwell in the prisons of this world are waiting for you and me to increase in our work so that they may be liberated from the oppression they face at the hands of the current rulers. These tyrants will not destroy our vision of the return of the Khilafah that has been promised to us by Allah (swt), and be sure that Allah (swt) will never break His promise. Soon we will see the current humiliation of our Ummah turn to a humiliation of our current rulers, and soon we will see their power and authority transfer to those who deserve it, the Ummah of the Haq. Allah (swt) is sure to restore the power, authority, dignity, and honour once again to this noble Ummah and this Deen of Islam. Allah (swt) says in Surah An-Nur:
These despotic rulers are sadly mistaken if they think that for one minute they will be able to demotivate and dishearten us. Let them know that this Ummah will not be prevented from speaking the truth even if it means that we have to give up our lives. O you cowards and criminals! O you cursed Karimov, Mubarak, Arafat, and the likes of you tyrannical rulers. Do not be deceived into thinking that you can silence the truth that we the Da'wah carriers proclaim. Your imprisonment, torture and murder of the Da'wah carriers will not prevent us from carrying the Da'wah and winning the hearts of the people in the lands that you claim to be your kingdoms and republics. The bravery and courage of this Ummah is unmatched and you will come to know what will be your destiny when this Ummah establishes the Khilafah and rules by the supreme law of Islam. Know that we will never kneel before you, for our loyalty is only to Allah (swt). Never have I for one moment regretted working with Hizb ut-Tahrir; never have I regretted the thoughts that we carry in order to change society and never have I wished that my husband had not been arrested. I am honoured that my husband has been chosen to endure such a test and to be amongst those who Allah (swt) has blessed with this great opportunity to reap reward. I am honoured to engage in the work of the Sahabah and Sahabiyat and indeed the previous Prophets, which is that of sacrificing to make the authority of Allah (swt) the Highest. Dear sisters we should be amongst those who run to
"Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion, the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: `They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me.' If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked" [TMQ An-Nur: 55]
Alhamdullilahi Rabbil 'Alameen
LETTER FROM UZBEKISTAN ll praise be to Allah (swt), the Creator of all worlds, the Lord of the Judgement Day, Who provides sustenance in this worldly life to both believers and unbelievers, but in the Hereafter only to the believers.
sion. We were heading to see my husband when we saw him being carried in a stretcher. His condition was poor. If that was a much better condition of his, I do not know how he was when he had just been brought in. During the meeting he told me the following:
"I was incarcerated into a punishment cell for praying and not begging the President's pardon for the period of two months - from March 2nd to May 2nd. There was another member of Hizb - Muzaffar from Kokcha (district in Tashkent). While I was there, two members of operative service - lieutenant Ali and lieutenant Saitboy - came by and requested that I wrote a clemency letter. I rejected and said it is not permitted, after which they had beaten me very cruelly. As the result of it, my body temperature jumped and I got diarrhoea. Then I was put into hospital, but nobody looked after me. When my condition got poorer, the administration decided to send me over to Sangorod. However, I was stuck for two weeks in isolation ward in Nukus. The ward was very dark and moist, and all this time I got medication (through a dropper) only three times. Two weeks later we went to Tashkent. I was accompanied by five or six other Muslims. May Allah (swt) be pleased with them, they took the best care all way long".
I do not exactly know when my husband Hikmatov Husniddin joined Hizb ut-Tahrir. I suppose it was sometime in 1993 or 1994, not later. Since October of 1999 he has been out of home in order to escape the arrest, but on January 12th the Interior Ministry arrested him. He had been interrogated for five months in the basement of the ministry. His statement during the trial of him being unable to consume and digest food for fifteen days and kidney bleeding due to the severe beatings was not taken into consideration by the Tashkent municipal judge Abdujabborov Marat. During both interrogation and court trial, my husband rejected his guilt and proved that Hizb ut-Tahrir is neither an extremist nor terrorist organisation according to both religious and secular laws. Despite insistent requests of all five defendants being tried to bring to the courtroom the experts, the judge decided to withhold their request and continue the trial, which was contrary to law. Even though my husband's guilt was not proven, he had been sentenced to 17 years of imprisonment. The trial lasted from June 4th until October 24th of 2001, and on January of 2002 he was deported to Jaslik prison number 64/71 in Karakalpakstan. On February 11-13th 2002 we had a two-day meeting with him. I saw the bruises left by truncheons all over his body and asked for the reason. He told me he was battered and beaten, because he did not ask the President for a pardon and did not sing the anthems of Uzbekistan and Karakalpakstan. However, in his record book the administration wrote that he violated internal rules, because not singing anthems or begging pardons is not considered a violation of rules. After three months on May 16th, he had been brought to Sangorod (prison hospital in Tashkent). The next day we were informed about that. Two days later, on May 19th, I went to Sangorod, but was not allowed to see him even for a short term. When I asked why, they explained it as follows: "He is infectiously diseased, to see him you would need the chief physician's permission. He accepts visitors every Wednesday". When I asked the diagnosis of the disease, they told me it was hepatitis. On May 22nd we visited the chief physician. He told us, that when he just had arrived his condition was poor and that now he felt much better, so he gave his permis-
His condition during the meeting was very poor, his body was extremely thin, and he was so exhausted, that I hesitated to even talk. On Friday, when we went to find out how he was and brought necessary drugs, the doctors informed us that he got worse. My mother-in-law decided to go to Internal Affair's municipal department and ask their permission to treat him in a civil hospital. There she was told, that a special commission would be set up to consider his case, and if the prisoner was found fit for amnesty, they would settle her request. My mother-inlaw left them our phone number. On May 24th at around nine o'clock in the morning, someone from that commission called us saying he has given the amnesty and had been put to infectious hospital number 5. When we arrived to the hospital, there already had been the officers of Internal Affairs. A little while later the head of Sobir Rakhimov district Internal Affairs department and local police officer arrived and entered the room to greet my husband. Next day, May 15th two more police officers also visited my husband to "greet" him. However, according to the chief physician, he did not let them in. The next day, when we again visited him, he was unconscious and getting worse. So we decided to bring him home and at 9 o'clock brought him home.
Upon receiving this news, the chief physician of Sangorod's 5th department came to our house with his nurse. He said: "Keep your hopes, I myself saved two men from such condition". They were together with us until my husband died (approximately around 3 o'clock pm). When he died, no one noticed how they disappeared. As soon as the news of his death spread, police officers surrounded our hose in a big radius. They recorded registration plates of all automobiles, which came to our house. I called a representative from a human rights organisation. A woman came, but representatives of city mayor's office, who stayed at the doorsteps warned us to send that person back if we were to settle everything peacefully. Our men did not let her in. We were later told that police officers would show completely opposite directions to those who asked about the burial ceremony of ours. One more thing he mentioned when we met for two days was that he had undergone an exercise of push-ups while he was made to fully undress in a cold and moist place for the sole reason of not asking for the President's pardon and not singing the national anthem. According to the physicians of infectious hospital number 5 his kidneys, liver, gall bladder and intestines were completely damaged and did not function. Obviously, it was due to the cruel beatings. One needs to imagine how inhumanely a person must be treated to get such traumas. Unacceptable conditions, specifically the environment of Nukus isolation ward contributed to the worsening of his condition. To the Tashkent municipal judge Abdujabborov From defendant Hikmatov Husniddin Sharafovich Testimony before the panel of judges
Bismillahi Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem All praise is to the Creator of all worlds, the True Lord of the Judgment Day, Allah Almighty (swt). Peace and prayer is to our Messenger Muhammad Mustafa (saw), his family, companions and those, who carry the burden of Islamic call until the Judgment Day as he (saw) did. Mr. Judge, I request that my testimony be not interrupted, that I be allowed to freely speak, fully take advantage of the rights prescribed to me by article 101
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of criminal procedural code (CPC) as well as the statement of part II, chapter 7 article 26 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, namely: "A person being accused of committing a crime must be openly tried according to law, in full compliance with the presumption of innocence, provided he makes a full use of all legal conditions to defend him\herself", and the trial be just and fair according to law and I use all legal means to protect myself. I deem the whole accusation conclusion as a slander, which I will prove article by article. First of all, it states I pleaded partial guilt, however I signed a testimony stating I reject all the charges. Second of all, as for the statement saying that I have no socially useful occupation, in fact, this is a common charge for the majority of my colleagues; it intends to present the members of Hizb ut-Tahrir as unemployed saboteurs. However, I personally entered polytechnic institute right after completing secondary school, graduated from it in 1989, having served in the army for two years during that time. I worked as a dispatcher at "Tashrozsnab" company, and between 1991-1996 as an electrician at ESIS organization, simultaneously working as a carpenter. In a similar manner, among my colleagues there are regular workers and farmers, doctors and scientists, many students and others. More importantly, they are engaged in the best work - conveying the call of Islam, ordering Maroof and prohibiting Munkar and proudly carry its burden. As for the accusation of "endeavouring to change the current political system of the Republic of Uzbekistan and seizure of the power in contradiction with constitution", article 1 of the constitution states "Uzbekistan is a sovereign democratic state", article 2 - "State expresses the will of people and serves their interestsâ€Ś". Democracy is a Latin word, where demos means people, cracy - governing (administering). State expresses the will of people means whatever the political system is chosen by people, the state must implement it. Whether people choose presidency, emirate or monarchy (as in Saudi Arabia and Britain), or Khilafah, the state must implement that system. Hizb ut-Tahrir is engaged in changing the system into Khilafah through ideological (intellectual) and political struggle, which is not contrary to constitution. Whereas the constitution bans solely the armed attempts to change the system. Therefore, it is people, who are the source of authority, whereas the state is the implementer. So the change sought by the Hizb is not only legal, but obligatory. All the time - both during interrogation and during trial - we are being asked if we were against the current constitution. This contradicts the CPC's article 102, which prohibits the use of implied questions. However, the right to negate the constitution is fundamental, which is expressed in article 29 of the same constitution stating: "Every person has a freedom of thought, speech and faith. Every person has a right to search, gather and distribute any information". For instance, in a country deemed democratic - Russia - there is the Liberal Democratic Party and its leader Zhirinovskiy or the Communist party and its leader Zyuganov, who oppose the current political system. However, none of them is arrested because of their opposing the policies of president Putin - because this would be deemed to contradict the democratic principles and constitution. I have absolutely no intention to imply that we support democracy. There is no question that democracy is a system of Kufr. What I am trying to highlight is that the government of Uzbekistan, which implements the system, does not itself respect it.
Khilafah Magazine August 2002
The conclusion further says that we acted as an illegal organised criminal group - Hizb ut-Tahrir - and pursued its interests such as the establishment of the Khilafah system. Hizb ut-Tahrir is a party founded in compliance with the following verse of the Holy Qur'an, which says:
"Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong" [TMQ Ale-Imran: 104] All sincere Muslims gladly accept this call and in conveying this obligation they seek no one's permission, especially that of Kufr, just like what they do when establishing a prayer. It is enough that the party is legal before Allah (swt). The party has its own goals and objectives and also it has enough members. So it is up to the government to register it or not - Hizb does not need it. Moreover, the democracy itself is the system of Kufr, which is illegal before Allah (swt). The Hizb does act in the interests of not only Muslims, but also all of mankind. This is found in the objectives it pursues: 1. Resuming the Islamic way of life 2. Conveying Islam as a Da'wah to the whole world 3. Guarding the thoughts and sensations of the Ummah These objectives by themselves clearly show that authority is not an objective by itself, but pursued as the means of governing the Ummah and serving its interests. The Hizb members remain in the party even after attaining the ruling authority and continue pursuance of the above goals. If material interests drove the party, its leaders such as Nosirov Hafizulloh and others would not be in prison, whereas others such as Saidaminov Nu'man were executed by the National Security Service. Instead, they could have fled the country just like the leaders of "Erk" and "Birlik" parties, which are built upon temporary values. Therefore, it is obvious that the members of this party tried to fulfil their obligation before Allah (swt) as He (swt) Almighty prescribed, paying no tribute to selfish material interests. The conclusion also states that we "colluded with young men, who do not possess their own viewpoint, and poisoned their minds with ideas of the Hizb". Regarding the possession of own viewpoints, if a person is not firm in his ideas, if his ideas constantly change, we say that person does not possess his own viewpoint. However, members of Hizb ut-Tahrir, stating the necessity of an Islamic mabda (ideology) and Khilafah state, who are ready to bear any persecution, damage, destitution and tyranny in this way with patience, distinctly illustrates that they are the ones who possess their own viewpoint. As for charging us with criminal collusion with young men, I say that the Hizb does not discriminate between different layers of society based on age or status, conveying its Da'wah to the society as a whole. The ages of Hizb members vary from 15 to 70-80. As for criminal collusion, who deserves the accusation people fulfilling the obligation entrusted upon them by the Lord of mankind, life and universe or the government, which persecutes believers seeking the pleasure of Allah (swt), torments them, executes and sentences to long-term prison terms, violating its own laws, let
alone the laws of Allah (swt)? Before laying a charge "poisoned with ideas of Hizb", one should first of all get to know those ideas. Any reasonable and wise person, who acquaints himself with the ideas of Hizb, shall inevitably come to the conclusion that these ideas are not poison, but a cure, and that democratic systems of Kufr, based on the separation of religion from life lead to a constant increase of vice and immorality, bribery and corruption, prostitution and homosexuality, theft and other real crimes, that ultimately drive humanity to the brink of disaster. The states of Kufr employed the democratic ideology to poison the minds of Muslims and lead them astray. So only the Islamic ideology and culture can cure the Islamic Ummah now. In the meantime, the Hizb is trying to cure the Ummah with that Islamic ideology and culture, since science does not influence the way of living whereas thaqafa (culture) changes the lifestyles. As for the statement saying "They spread slanderous ideas that the current democratic legal system of Uzbekistan is false", I would like to draw your attention to the origin of democracy. At the end of the sixteenth century CE, Christianity had tormented the people of Europe and Russia. As a result of this a long lasting battle between the clergy and philosophers and thinkers ensued, and finally the clergy was defeated. Some philosophers and thinkers would negate the religion, while others would acknowledge it but required it be separated from public life. Ultimately they all agreed on a compromise, which separated the religion from state. This separation resulted in the freedoms of person, faith, thought and property. In other words, people started to issue laws based on current reality. This is deemed Kufr before Allah (swt), which is confirmed by His (swt) following words:
"If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are Unbelievers" [TMQ Al-Ma'idah: 44] Therefore, when we said that democracy was Kufr we were totally right and righteously distributed these ideas. This system does not fit Muslims and is being forcefully imposed over them. As for the accusations stating that we distributed such ideas as "the necessity to administer the state affairs according to Shari'ah", "the necessity to establish an Islamic state - Khilafah, that Khalifah be the head of state", I would answer them with Allah's (swt) words:
"If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will of the losers" [TMQ Ale-Imran: 85]
"If anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men of Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge!" [TMQ An-Nisa: 115]
its Islamic method.
"Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion, the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: `They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me.' If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked" [TMQ An-Nur: 55] And the Prophet (saw) says:
"Whosoever dies whilst there was no bay'ah (allegiance or a pledge) on his neck (to a Khalifah), he dies a death of Jahilliyah" There are a host of other proofs for the governing by the Shari'ah and the necessity of the Khilafah, but in my opinion these are enough. Regarding the aspect of my activities contained in the accusation conclusion, I admit that from 1997 until my arrest I was engaged in the way of establishing a Khilafah state with all my diligence thanks to Allah Almighty (swt). I was charged with some authority as well. However, I did not "receive from foreign sponsors via fax different literature, translate and publish them". The reason is that this kind of activity requires that one perfectly knows Arabic. The majority of Hizb members are charged so simply because the prosecution has a draft accusation containing all charges, in which only the names of people change. Therefore, they are totally baseless. In addition, the accusation states "disguised under the mask of teaching Shari'ah laws and principles". Every one knows that the very first book Hizb ut-Tahrir teaches in its concentrated study circles is "The System of Islam". If we look at the contents of this book we will see the following chapters: "The way to belief", "AlQadaa wal-Qadar", "The intellectual leadership of Islam", "The way to carry Islamic Da'wah", "The Islamic Civilisation", "The Islamic System", "Hukm Shar'i", "The types of ahkam Shari'ah", "Sunnah" and "Morals in Islam". Is there another basis of Islam and are there other ahkam of Shari'ah?! The Hizb has never cultured people with other things in its circles. The mentioned "change of legally elected or appointed authority bodies" is not prohibited by the constitution, which bans only armed attempts. It is allowed to change the authority bodies through the procedure of impeachment or referendum. Therefore, in the meantime such change is not only allowed, but obligatory. As for the statement "The breakdown of territorial integrity contrary to the constitution", the Republic of Uzbekistan is divided into regions, cities, districts and villages, which is fixed in the constitution. The Hizb does not intend to break away any region or city and nor does it want to occupy them from abroad. The Hizb has never used the above anti-constitutional methods such as the armed attempt and deems them contradictory to
Based on the above evidence we can say, that CPC articles number 159 and 244-1 part three clause "z", article number 244-2 part one are not applicable to members of Hizb ut-Tahrir, and up until now they were the basis for accusation solely depending on the conclusions extracted from linguistics experts either due to their ignorance or through the use of duress (seemingly more by duress). As we have mentioned above, Hizb utTahrir considers armed material activity as a method to establish the Islamic State as haram. Moreover, the accusation on separatism is not applicable either, because it contradicts the method of the Hizb in trying to unite all the Muslims under one Khilafah state. The charge of dogmatism is also wrong, because dogmatism means carrying multiple beliefs and faiths. Another meaning of dogmatism implies compelling others into some dogma. The members of Hizb are firm in their faith and do not compel anyone to accept it. They see this way as prohibited. Since the majority, namely 85% of the Uzbekistan population is Muslim; Hizb ut-Tahrir started conveying its call here. The reality clearly shows, that in carrying the message of Islam it does not resort to extremism, separatism or dogmatism. As for the "intimidation of people", people who recognize the Da'wah carried out by Hizb as their own are frightened and intimidated not by their call, but rather by the persecution, pressure, torments and execution applied against members of Hizb ut-Tahrir. "Breaking the peace and order of citizens" is the crime committed not by Hizb, but by the state. Islam invites people to good, relationships with relatives and the help of the needy. Our Prophet (saw) says:
"A believer does not humiliate another believer, does not leave him without help and does not coerce him" At the same time the state arrests and kills via torture Muslims with the hands of others, encourages some of them to spy on the others under the disguise of vigilance, which inevitably lead to the disorder. We are charged with disseminating slanderous ideas. Is it not a slander that Muslims are insulted, tortured and executed by the NSS, interior ministry and department's personnel? Show us any evidence that our books or leaflets contain any trace of a slander! We consider lie and slander as prohibited. We call Muslims a Muslim, Christians a Christian and Jews a Jew. Is not it the state that accuses us of crimes not committed, slanderously naming us the extremists, separatists and dogmatists!?
specifically the area of jurisprudence. Despite this, the religious expert defines terms such as extremism, separatism and dogmatism, which are beyond the scope of his knowledge. This is a violation of CPC articles 68 and 172. During preliminary interrogation, the interrogator Zakrullaev A. grossly violated the CPC article 179: he did not inform us of our rights while appointing and carrying out the expert examination. Also, the CPC article 187 was violated when the judge and interrogator evaluated the expert conclusion. The expert's conclusion is evaluated based on its relevance and definitive importance, whereas the relevance is measured when compared to other available evidence. However, the reality is that neither interrogation nor court trial proved that our activities fall under the terms of extremism, separatism or dogmatism. And they will never fall under those terms in the future simply because Hizb ut-Tahrir deems such activities to be contrary to its method. As for the definitive importance, it is defined by the participation of the defendant during the appointment of expert examination. The evaluation of the expert conclusion has been made in violation of the CPC article 187, i.e. the conclusion is derived from CPC article 244 with the use of disposition method word by word. This in turn violates the CPC article 176 stating: "If expert conclusions are dubious, if evidence is not sufficient or procedural rules are broken it shall necessitate another expert examination". Our request to appoint the new examination was unfoundedly rejected, thus the CPC articles 11, 14, 17 and 31 were grossly violated. It all shows that so-called law enforcers themselves are the ones breaking their own laws and constitution. Therefore, we without any hesitation assert that laws created by men shall never suit mankind. They will be the laws left in the pages of books unfit to regulate people's relations. Who is wiser and righter than Allah (swt) in judging? I pray to Allah (swt) and beg to give us enduring faith, firm courage and iron strong will. May Allah (swt) be pleased with what we do and give us His (swt) support in conveying His (swt) call. We beg Him (swt) to make us one of those deserving His (swt) victory and joining under the flag of one Khalifah. Ameen!
Hikmatov Husniddin Sharafovich (deceased)
The state charges us with "breaking firmly established societal moral norms". Let us say, that of all these norms result from the system being applied. Only the correct system results in the correct moral norms. Never has the false system resulted in the correct moral norms. The clearest evidence is our today's life. And the flaws of the ruling system are the natural result of the system of Kufr. Based on the above, we may conclude that all allegations are nothing but not proved and contrary to the reality. The accusations as per CPC articles 244 and 159 are solely based upon the expert judgements of N. Abdulhasan, an expert at the Religious committee under the cabinet of ministers. However, basing of the accusation on the basis of an expert's conclusion fully contradicts the CPC. Because the expert should not have addressed the issues beyond his expertise area,
August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
A LETTER FROM A MEMBER OF HIZB UT-TAHRIR
The following was received from a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir currently imprisoned by the tyrannical Egyptian regime.
Khilafah Magazine August 2002
The Colonialist plan to subjugate Pakistan's agriculture n 25 July 2002 while inaugurating the First Economic Corporation Organisation Ministerial Meeting on Agriculture in Islamabad, President Musharraf declared that Pakistan has announced its policy on corporate farming with specific incentives with an idea to attract large private corporate sector limited companies. Indeed, on 16 July 2002, a high-level government meeting took place to discuss the introduction of corporate farming throughout Pakistan. The meeting was attended by the Food Minister, the Labour Minister and the Chairman of the government's Board of Investment (BOI) as well as senior federal and provincial officials. In an interview about the meeting, Pakistan's "Business Recorder" reported that the Food Minister, Khair Muhammad Junejo, insisted that corporate farming "needs special focus to get roots in Pakistan." Furthermore the report said that "the minister said corporate farming would bring a radical change in Pakistan and help fight out poverty from the farming community." However, contrary to the government's claims, throughout the world corporate farming has replaced domestic ownership by foreign, colonialist ownership, resulting in more expensive food and clothing and driving local farmers out of business. Now, the colonialists have turned their full attention to become the owners and controllers of Pakistan's agriculture.
The colonialists have targeted ownership of Pakistan's agriculture because Pakistan is already one of the foremost agricultural powers and is fully capable of becoming even more powerful. The World Bank's Report No. 23916-PAK of April 3, 2002 states that "Even though (Pakistan's) agricultural growth has exceeded the average for low and middle -income countries in the 1990s, there is considerable unexploited potential." Apart from food, Pakistan's cotton production is so strong that America has refused Pakistani textile exporters fair access to its own markets because it fears the loss of demand for America's own cotton. In the words of First Vice President of the American Cotton Shippers Association (ACSA), Mr. Dunavant, "Pakistan already is the number one producer of cheap textiles. Increasing the amount of textiles they can export into the country will limit how much US cotton domestic mills will buy." Furthermore, the colonialists realise that Pakistan has the ability to help the Islamic Ummah become self-subsistent in terms of food and clothing. Not only can Pakistan feed people well beyond its borders, it has easy access to the Islamic Lands of the Middle East, Iran, Afghanistan and the Central Asian Republics. Colonialist institutions such as the World Trade Organisation, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have therefore insisted on corporate farming so that Pakistan exposes its agriculture to ownership by foreign companies. The colonialists are using corporate farming to exploit the immense agricultural wealth that Allah (swt) has bestowed upon Pakistan and to prevent Muslims from challenging the colonialist economic hegemony. As for Musharraf's government, it works to make foreign, colonialist ownership of Pakistani soil easy, with not even true investment in return. The government's Board of Investment (BOI) brochure for Corporate Agricultural Farming outlines the government's commitment to establish the foreign domination of Pakistan's agriculture. The wealthy foreign Trans-National agribusiness Corporations (TNCs) can now buy up as much of Pakistan as they want because the BOI promises there will be "no ceiling on land holding" and "state land can be purchased, or leased for 50 years, and extendable for another 49 years." Also, the foreign landowners can easily increase their advantage over domestic
August 2002 Khilafah Magazine
producers by importing agricultural tools cheaply and easily. The government has confirmed that there will be "0% customs duty on import of agricultural machinery, equipment and implements." And even though Pakistan is giving up its agricultural sovereignty, there will be no true investment in Pakistan. Pakistan will not benefit from the advanced farming methods because the colonialists jealously guard such technology using means such as patent laws. Nor will Pakistan benefit from the immense profits made by the foreign exploitation of its soil because the colonialist companies will take the profits out of Pakistan. The government has guaranteed that "remittance of capital, profits, dividends (is) allowed." The government is fully collaborating in the colonialist plan to maximise exploitation of Pakistan's agriculture at minimum cost to the foreign companies. Not only will there be no real investment in Pakistan, corporate farming will completely cripple Pakistan's ability to feed and clothe itself. Small local farmers will not be able to compete with the governmentassisted foreign companies. As has happened already all over the world, corporate farming will pressurise the small farmers to sell what land they have, further increasing the grip of foreign occupation of a country's soil. Furthermore, foreign multinational companies are only interested in maximising their profits in global markets and so ignore a country's own domestic needs. So, cultivation of tobacco and coffee has preference over wheat and rice, even though such cash crops will not deal with hunger or nakedness. In the long term, the loss of diversity in crops will expose Pakistan to famine, as already experienced by Sudan. And just as the introduction of private electricity power producers led to price rises and a crippling of Pakistan's domestic industry, corporate farming will wreck Pakistan's domestic agriculture and make food and clothing even more expensive. Instead of fighting poverty, corporate farming will destroy Pakistan's food security and its potential to liberate Muslims from economic hegemony.
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Khilafah Magazine August 2002
Despite the great danger to Pakistan, the government continues to defend corporate farming by actually claiming it will improve Pakistan's economy. And it is not as if the government is unaware of the damage to agriculture by corporate farming. As well as many independent agricultural experts, the government's own experts have warned Musharraf for some time about corporate farming but Musharraf has turned a blind eye. In May 2001, the News reported that the Deputy Chairman Planning, Dr Shahid Amjad Chaudhry, "pointed out to the President General Musharraf that this new policy was â€Ś the negation of government's existing policy of alleviation of poverty from the rural areas." The News also described that Dr. Chaudhury was "fully supported by Chief Executive Advisor on Agriculture M Shafi Niaz who also expressed similar views." By pursuing corporate farming regardless of expert advice, Musharraf has again put the colonialist agenda first and Pakistan and the Muslims last by working with the colonialists to break Pakistan's economic backbone, agriculture. O Muslims of Pakistan! Your corrupt ruler is imposing the colonialist agenda of destroying every field by which the Muslims can become strong and independent. Your own ruler undertakes all efforts to hide the colonialist mischief of invading your soil so as to dominate and control your every affair. You cannot wait silently whilst the colonialists work tirelessly to subjugate you completely. You must work to uproot the colonialist agenda by re-establishing Islam's ruling system, the Khilafah. It is the Khilafah alone that will protect the assets of the Ummah from foreign exploitation. It is the Khilafah alone that will bring true investment in agriculture, without giving up economic sovereignty. Allah (swt) revealed,
"But seek the abode of the Hereafter in that which Allah has given you, and do not neglect your portion of worldly life, and be kind even as Allah has been kind to you, and seek not corruption in the earth. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidoon (those who are mischief makers, corrupted)." [TMQ Al-Qassas: 77]
Hizb ut-Tahrir, Wilayah Pakistan 2 August 2002
Quotes "All I'd like to say is that, again, what I found from day one with the President is he understands the bigger picture and that at the end of the day, peace and stability for the Middle East has been at the forefront of his mind. And so we have many areas where we find common base to be able to move the region forward." King Abdullah of Jordan talking about President Bush "Indeed, it's become clear that Bush is so eager for this war that his administration is willing to go it alone, outside of international law, apart from the United Nations, in defiance of our closest allies. That's the opposite of humble. That's the working definition of arrogance." James Pinkerton, Newsday.com, on possible war with Iraq "The problem is, fighting thought with thought is much more difficult than using force and requires constant efforts and patience. That's why not everybody [in the government] wants it. As Russians say, 'If you have force, there is no need for brains.'" Furkat Yakvalkhodyaev, Uzbek journalist "We are not going to war to bring back the Emir of Kuwait because that does not deserve a single American life" US Senator Bob Dole, on the Gulf War "Our jobs, our way of life, our own freedom and the freedom of friendly countries around the world would suffer if the greatest oil reserves (i.e. Saudi Arabia), fell into the hands of Saddam." Former US President, George Bush Senior "We are in the process of destroying an entire society. It is as simple and terrifying as that. It is illegal and immoral." Dennis Halliday, Former UN humanitarian coordinator for Iraq "I was taken aback by the decay and damage. [The coalition forces] very deliberately set about destroying the civilian infrastructure of the country. They went way beyond the military. They destroyed schools, and hospitals and bridges, and roads, places of employment, factories, consumer, industry and so on. That's left massive unemployment to this day. They destroyed railways, domestic airports, including not just the production of oil which they bombed and missiled again and again, but they also wiped out Iraq's capacity to produce potable water, the sewerage systems were heavily damaged, water treatment plants were damaged. It was a very all-comprehensive attack. And that is still rather apparent today." Dennis Halliday, Former UN humanitarian coordinator for Iraq