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Social Environment Snapshot of Santa Cruz County .................................................. 124 

Hate Crimes .................................................................... 133 

Social Environment Community Goals ............... 124 

Youth Activities ............................................................. 136 

Basic Needs  ................................................................ 125  Homelessness ................................................................ 126  People Served by Food Bank .................................. 130  Students Receiving Free or Reduced Cost Meals ....................................................................... 131  Racism and Discrimination ..................................... 132 

Quality of Life ................................................................. 134  People with Disabilities  ........................................ 137  Community Support .................................................... 142  Volunteerism/Charitable Giving  ...................... 143  Knowledge about Local Government .................. 145  Voting and Political Engagement  ..................... 145 

© 2011 Applied Survey Research

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Social Environment

Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Year 17, 2011

SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT SNAPSHOT OF SANTA CRUZ COUNTY INDICATOR  

MEASUREMENT

DATA

BASIC NEEDS

Percent of CAP survey respondents who went without basic needs in the past twelve months

14.0%

HOMELESSNESS

Number of homeless persons counted on a single day in January

2,771

PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

Percent of CAP survey respondents who reported that they or a member of their household had been diagnosed with a disability that significantly limits one or more major life activities

18.9%

SOCIAL ACTIVISM

Percent of CAP survey respondents who reported that in the past twelve months they had met with, emailed, called or a sent a letter to any local politician

54.4%

   

  Indicates data moving in a positive direction;

Indicates data moving in a negative direction;

Increasing (Upward) trend;

OVERALL TREND

RECENT TREND

NA

NA

Declining (Downward) trend;

Inconclusive; variable; no clear trend; NA Not applicable or data unavailable.

SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT COMMUNITY GOALS GOAL: By the year 2015, more Santa Cruz County residents will have access to housing, both rental and home ownership, that they can afford. GOAL: By the year 2015, more Santa Cruz County residents will be actively engaged in improving their community through public participation. »

» »

Community Hero: Community Hero: Community Hero:

Adrian Lemke, Community Volunteer Michelle Whiting, Santa Cruz Bible Church Triple P Practioners (Andrew Castro, Chris O’Halloran, Donica Ericsson, Celia Organista), First 5 Positive Parenting Program

GOAL: By the year 2015, county residents with disabilities will be able to obtain services needed to support increasing options, pursue goals and participate in community life at levels consistent with their ability. »

124

Community Hero:

Betsy Clark, Santa Cruz Community Counseling Center – Community Support Services

© 2011 Applied Survey Research


Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Year 17, 2011

Social Environment

BASIC NEEDS The inability to meet basic needs often underlies other social and familial issues such as educational performance, family relationships, and health status. The number of CAP survey respondents who reported needing to go without basic needs decreased from 16% in 2009 to 14% in 2011. In addition, ethnicity data showed that Latino respondents (26%) were significantly more likely to go without basic needs in the past year than Caucasian respondents (10%).

 In any given month in the last 12 months, did you find yourself having to go without basic needs such as child care, health care, food, or housing? (Respondents answering “Yes”) 40%

32.8% 23.2%

20%

13.0%

31.4%

27.7%

25.0%

13.3%

18.6%

10.1%

15.9%

13.6% 6.5% 5.8%

13.9% 9.5%

25.9%*

23.2% 15.6%

10.1%

10.0%

Overall Caucasian Latino

14.0%

10.9%

9.9%*

2009

2011

5.8%

0% 2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

Overall N: 2000=654; 2001=706; 2002=684; 2003=700; 2005=707; 2007=711; 2009=848; 2011=722; Caucasian N: 2000=442; 2001=493; 2002=478; 2003=489; 2005=495; 2007=497; 2009=593; 2011=504; Latino N: 2000=142; 2001=159; 2002=154; 2003=158; 2005=159; 2007=159; 2009=191, 2011=162. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Latino respondents were significantly more likely than Caucasian respondents to go without basic needs in any given month in the last 12 months.

 If you had to go without basic needs, what did you go without? (Selected Responses) RESPONSE Health Care (Including Dental)1 Health Care1 Dental Care1 Food/Limited Food Choices Rent/Housing Child Care

2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

00-11 NET CHANGE

41.0%

60.8%

36.1%

51.8%

63.5%

67.7%

61.8%

NA

NA

NA NA 56.6% 2.4% 19.3%

NA NA 31.2% 1.9% 12.4%

NA NA 40.8% 12.8% 6.8%

NA NA 46.2% 2.7% 7.2%

NA NA 46.7% 16.0% 12.0%

NA NA 21.1% 8.7% 12.9%

NA NA 25.9% 22.0% 13.5%

57.2% 5.1% 30.5% 14.0% 16.2%

NA NA -26.1 11.6 -3.1

Year 2011: 100 respondents offering 124 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. 1 In 2011, health care and dental care were divided up into two categories and is therefore no longer comparable to previous years.

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 If you had to go without basic needs, did you get help from a social service program? (Respondents answering “Yes”) By Ethnicity – 2011 60% 40%

43.0%

38.2%

37.8%

20% 0% Overall

Caucasian

Latino

Overall N: 98; Caucasian N: 50; Latino N: 39 Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 If you did not get help from a social service program, why didn’t you get help? By Ethnicity RESPONSE Didn’t Know Where to Get Help Caucasian Latino Applied for Public Assistance Caucasian Latino

2011 15.1% 10.7% 23.2% 40.8% 35.1% 43.5%

Didn’t Want To Caucasian Latino

22.9% 24.1% 19.5%

RESPONSE Didn’t Think I Qualified Caucasian Latino Other Caucasian Latino

2011 12.2% 12.6% 13.8% 10.5% 18.9% 0.0%

Overall N: 59 respondents offering 60 responses; Caucasian N: 28 respondents offering 28 responses; Latino N: 23 respondents offering 23 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

HOMELESSNESS In 2011, less than 1% of CAP survey respondents reported that they had been homeless in the past year, a decrease from 2% in 2009. Four percent (4%) of CAP survey respondents also reported that they had someone living at their address on a temporary basis who might otherwise be homeless, almost half (47%) of whom were immediate family members. Nine percent (9%) of students in Santa Cruz County Schools in the 2010/11 school year were considered homeless and receiving services under the McKinney‐Vento Act.28 The majority (79%) of those students were living in doubled or tripled up housing. The biennial point‐in‐time count of homeless persons provides a snapshot of the local homeless population. It offers an estimate of the number of persons homeless on any given night during the year. There was a 22% increase in the number of homeless persons counted in biennial point‐in‐ time count, from 2,265 in 2009 to 2,771 in 2011. In 2011, 21% of the homeless population was under 25 years old.

28

Please see Appendix II for definition of “The McKinney-Vento Act.”

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Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Year 17, 2011

Social Environment

 Have you been without housing in Santa Cruz County during the past year (homeless, in a shelter, on the street, or living in your vehicle)? (Respondents answering “Yes”) 10% 8% 6% 4% 2%

3.2%

3.0%

1.5%

0.9%

1.0%

2005

2007

1.6%

0.7%

0% 2001

2002

2003

2009

2011

N: 2001=706; 2002=684; 2003=702; 2005=708; 2007=711; 2009=854; 2011=722. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2001-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 Is anyone staying at your address on a temporary basis who otherwise might be considered homeless? (Respondents answering “Yes”) By Ethnicity 18%

2009

12%

2011

8.8%

6.6%

4.2%

6%

5.7%

5.0%* 1.4%*

0% Overall

Caucasian

Latino

Overall: 2009 N=851; 2011 N=719; Caucasian: 2009 N=592; 2011N=503; Latino: 2009 N=192; 2011 N=160. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2009-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Caucasian respondents were significantly more likely than Latino respondents to have someone staying at their address on a temporary basis who otherwise might be considered homeless.

 How many people staying at this address might be considered homeless? – 2011 RESPONSE 1 2 3 4 Total Respondents

2009 74.1% 20.6% 3.0% 2.4% 56

2011 78.9% 17.1% 1.5% 2.5% 30

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2009-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 Relationship of this person or persons to the owner, leaseholder, or primary renter of this property RESPONSE Immediate Family (Mother, Father, Son, Daughter, Sister, Brother) Friend Extended Family (Grandparent, Aunt, Uncle, Cousin or Other Relative) Non-family Member (Including In-laws)

2009

2011

49.4% 37.0% 13.4% 8.2%

47.3% 32.6% 16.1% 14.7%

Year 2009: 53 respondents offering 59 responses; Year 2011: 30 respondents offering 33 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2009-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: This was a multiple response question so percentages do not add up to 100%.

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HOMELESS CHILDREN, SANTA CRUZ COUNTY Number of Children Who Are Homeless and Receiving Services Under the McKinney-Vento Act HOMELESS CHILDREN Percent of Students Who Are Homeless & Receiving Services under the McKinney-Vento Act Total Student Enrollment in Santa Cruz County

2007/08

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

07-11 NET CHANGE

4.9%

8.2%

8.1%

8.6%

3.7

38,132

38,279

38,502

38,971

-

Source: Santa Cruz County Office of Education (2011). 2007-2011 Homeless Education Outreach.

Homeless Children Receiving Services Under the McKinney-Vento Act by Housing Situation HOUSING SITUATION Doubled-up Homeless1 Shelters2 Unsheltered3 Motels Other Situations Unknown Total Number of Homeless Children Receiving Services

2007/08 81.3% 9.8% 4.1% 2.3% 0.0% 2.5% 1,880

2008/09 83.6% 7.1% 7.0% 2.4% 0.0% 0.0% 3,139

2009/10 66.7% 18.3% 12.8% 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 3,112

2010/11 79.0% 13.5% 6.1% 1.4% 0.0% 0.0% 3,357

07-11 NET CHANGE -2.3 3.7 2.0 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -

Source: Santa Cruz County Office of Education (2011). 2007-2011 Homeless Education Outreach. 1 The term “Doubled-up Homeless” refers to families doubled or tripled up in housing due to an inability to find permanent housing. 2 The “Shelter” count includes youth living in “Transitional Housing.” 3 The “Unsheltered” numbers do not include migrant youth living in a homeless situation.

Homeless Children Receiving Services Under the McKinney-Vento Act by Age Group AGE GROUP

2007/08

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

07-11 NET CHANGE

7.0%

9.0%

13.5%

5.7%

-1.3

Primary (Grades K-3)

28.2%

29.8%

23.2%

36.3%

8.1

Intermediate (Grades 4-6)

21.5%

18.7%

17.0%

19.3%

-2.2

Middle School (Grades 7-8)

13.8%

13.4%

14.8%

14.3%

0.5

High School (Grades 9-12)

29.5%

29.0%

31.5%

24.3%

-5.2

Total Number of Homeless Children Receiving Services

1,880

3,139

3,112

3,357

-

Pre-school

Source: Santa Cruz County Office of Education (2011). 2007-2011 Homeless Education Outreach.

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Social Environment

POINT-IN-TIME (PIT) HOMELESS CENSUS AND SURVEY Key Findings About Homelessness in Santa Cruz County CHARACTERISTIC

2005

2007

2009

2011

Point-in-Time Homeless Enumeration

3,371

2,789

2,265

2,771

Unsheltered & Sheltered Homeless Persons

79.9% Unsheltered 20.1% Sheltered

82.6% Unsheltered 17.4% Sheltered

67.8% Unsheltered 32.2% Sheltered

76.7% Unsheltered 23.3% Sheltered

Unaccompanied Homeless Persons

2,767

2,408

1,815

2,391

Persons in Homeless Families with Children

536

381

450

498

Homeless Subpopulations

1,374 Chronically Homeless1 609 Mentally Ill 1,189 Substance Abuse 464 Veterans 95 HIV/AIDS 334 Domestic Violence 38 Children (Unaccompanied)

1,151 Chronically Homeless1 1,062 Mentally Ill 161 Substance Abuse 424 Veterans 83 HIV/AIDS 407 Domestic Violence 10 Children (Unaccompanied)

842 Chronically Homeless1 663 Mentally Ill 627 Substance Abuse 272 Veterans 18 HIV/AIDS 119 Domestic Violence 17 Children (Unaccompanied)

1,004 Chronically Homeless1 696 Mentally Ill 983 Substance Abuse 275 Veterans 36 HIV/AIDS 221 Domestic Violence 88 Children (Unaccompanied)

Homeless One Year or More

59.0%

61.5%

53.9%

59.7%

Age 41 Years & Older

54.6%

63.5%

50.7%

46.2%

Gender

61.3% Male 38.7% Female

69.8% Male 30.2% Female

73.1% Male 26.2% Female 0.7% Other

66.5% Male 32.1% Female 1.4% Other

Race/Ethnicity

58.1% Caucasian 27.9% Hispanic 4.2% Multi-Race 4.2% Native American 3.7% African American 1.2% Asian/Pacific Islander

64.3% Caucasian 23.4% Hispanic 5.1% African American 3.5% Multi-Race 2.1% Native American 1.7% Asian/Pacific Islander

50.1% Caucasian 30.2% Hispanic 7.7% African American 5.0% Multi-Race 4.7% Native American 2.2% Asian/Pacific Islander

63.4% Caucasian 22.5% Hispanic 5.8% African American 4.0% Multi-Race 2.8% Native American 1.4% Asian/Pacific Islander

Santa Cruz County Resident Before Becoming Homeless

62.3%

66.9%

62.3%

67.3%

Employment

12.0% Employed 88.0% Unemployed

12.8% Employed 87.1% Unemployed

15.0% Employed 85.0% Unemployed

23.9% Employed 76.1% Unemployed

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2005-2011 Santa Cruz County Homeless Census and Survey. 1 Please see Appendix II for definition of “Chronically Homeless.”

Usual Nighttime Accommodations RESPONSE Outdoors/Streets/Parks/Encampments Emergency or Other Shelter Vehicle A Structure or Indoor Area Not Normally Used for Sleeping Transitional Housing Motel/Hotel Other Total Respondents

2007

2009

2011

07-11 NET CHANGE

34.4% 30.7% 8.0% 8.7% 6.4% 4.7% 7.1%

30.9% 28.9% 14.2% 10.6% 5.6% 4.6% 3.3%

35.7% 14.3% 22.3% 10.0% 10.0% 3.0% 4.6%

1.3 -16.4 14.3 1.3 3.6 -1.7 -2.5

424

395

498

-

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Homeless Census and Survey.

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Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Year 17, 2011

Primary Causes of Current Episode of Homelessness (Top 5 Responses in 2011) RESPONSE Lost Job Alcohol/Drug Use Argument/Family or Friend Asked Them to Leave Family or Domestic Violence Illness or medical problem

2007

2009

2011

07-11 NET CHANGE

30.2% 10.8% 6.6% 5.9% 5.6%

29.9% 15.6% 6.5% 4.0% 4.5%

25.2% 17.0% 12.4% 8.7% 4.9%

-5.0 6.2 5.8 2.8 0.7

427

398

493

-

Total Respondents

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Homeless Census and Survey.

CALWORKS REQUESTS FOR HOMELESS ASSISTANCE Number of Requests Received for Homeless Assistance1 RESPONSE

2000

Santa Cruz County California

179 48,687

2002 170 68,056

2004

2005

174 65,159

134 55,001

2006 110 49,025

2007

2008

2009

2010

00-10 % CHANGE

168 51,622

1742

152 57,447

144 54,604

-19.6% 12.2%

57,1832

Source: CalWORKS Homeless Assistance Program (2011). 2000-2010 Monthly Statistical Report. 1 Please see Appendix II for definition of “Homeless Assistance.” 2 Data exclude requests made in the month of April in Santa Cruz County due to Santa Cruz County not reporting.

PEOPLE SERVED BY FOOD BANK While services are not a good proxy for need, this indicator helps identify the scope of efforts to fight poverty and hunger. Data indicated that the number of people served by the Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Cruz County increased considerably, from 32,618 in 2003 to 52,400 in 2010.

Number of People Served by the Second Harvest Food Bank, Santa Cruz County 60,000 40,000 20,000

32,618

40,075

45,205

45,754

48,161

48,612

2006

2007

2008

2009

52,400

0 2003

2004

2010

Source: Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Cruz County (2011). 2003-2010 Personal Correspondence.

Number of People Served by the Second Harvest Food Bank by Jurisdiction JURISDICTION

2003

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

03-10 % CHANGE

Capitola Santa Cruz Scotts Valley Watsonville Unincorporated

897 9,548 889 11,258 10,026

899 11,403 1,363 13,112 9,930

1,241 13,611 1,494 16,246 12,613

916 19,010 1,197 15,294 9,337

1,516 15,165 1,363 18,285 11,832

1,344 11,848 2,137 17,955 15,328

1,540 12,582 1,675 23,585 13,018

71.7% 31.8% 88.4% 109.5% 29.8%

Santa Cruz County Total

32,618

36,707

45,205

45,754

48,161

48,612

52,400

60.6%

Source: Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Cruz County (2011). 2003-2010 Personal Correspondence.

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Social Environment

Percent of People Served by the Second Harvest Food Bank by Ethnicity ETHNICITY

2003

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

03-10 NET CHANGE

African American Asian Caucasian Latino Native American Pacific Islander Other

3.4% 2.4% 33.0% 59.0% 1.6% 0.1% 0.5%

3.9% 2.1% 29.3% 62.8% 0.8% 0.3% 0.6%

4.4% 3.9% 28.5% 58.7% 1.6% 0.9% 1.9%

2.4% 2.3% 34.7% 57.0% 0.9% 0.4% 2.2%

2.2% 3.4% 29.2% 63.0% 0.5% 0.3% 1.4%

1.8% 2.0% 25.9% 67.8% 0.8% 0.3% 1.4%

1.9% 2.0% 27.8% 65.9% 0.7% 0.3% 1.4%

-1.5 -0.4 -5.2 6.9 -0.9 0.2 0.9

Santa Cruz County Total

32,618

36,707

45,205

45,754

48,161

48,612

52,400

-

Source: Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Cruz County (2011). 2003-2010 Personal Correspondence.

Percent of Low-Income Children Who Are Underweight (<5th Percentile) AGE GROUP Children Under 5 Years Santa Cruz County California Children 5-19 Years Santa Cruz County California

2000

2002

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

00-09 NET CHANGE

5.0% 5.3%

5.1% 5.3%

7.0% 5.3%

8.2% 5.3%

7.1% 5.5%

6.5% 5.4%

5.3% 5.6%

6.9% 6.2%

1.9 0.9

1.6% 2.8%

1.9% 2.7%

1.1% 2.6%

1.2% 2.5%

0.9% 2.5%

2.2% 2.4%

1.0% 2.4%

2.4% 2.5%

0.8 -0.3

Source: Center for Disease Control (2011). 2000-2009 Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance, Growth Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age. Note: The data are collected from participants in the Child Health and Disability Prevention Program, which serves Medi-Cal recipients and children/youth with family incomes up to 200% of the federal poverty level (FPL). These data on overweight/obesity capture approximately 22% of low-income (up to 200% FPL) children in California.

STUDENTS RECEIVING FREE OR REDUCED COST MEALS There was a 15% increase in the percentage of students receiving free or reduced cost meals29 from 36% in 2000/01 to 51% in 2009/10. The Pajaro Valley Unified School District had 71% of students in 2009/10 receiving free or reduced cost meals, the highest percentage in the county.

Percent of Students Receiving Free or Reduced Cost Meals 80% 60%

46.8%

48.7%

40% 36.4%

38.6%

2000/01

2002/03

49.7%

51.1%

51.0%

51.2%

53.7%

43.5%

45.1%

43.8%

44.6%

47.1%

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

55.9%

Santa Cruz County California

50.9%

20% 0% 2009/10

Source: California Department of Education (2011). 2000-2010 Educational Demographics Unit.

29 Please see Appendix II for definition of “Free or Reduced Cost Meal.”

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Percent of Students Receiving Free or Reduced Cost Meals by School District SCHOOL DISTRICT

2000/01

2002/03

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

2009/10

00-10 NET CHANGE

Bonny Doon Elementary Happy Valley Elementary Live Oak Elementary Mountain Elementary Pacific Elementary Pajaro Valley Unified San Lorenzo Valley Unified Santa Cruz City Elementary Santa Cruz City High Santa Cruz County Office of Education Scotts Valley Unified Soquel Union Elementary

0.0% 8.7% 34.4% 11.7% 25.3% 53.9% 13.3%

0.0% 13.6% 39.1% 11.9% 26.1% 58.2% 12.2%

1.3% 11.9% 43.5% 11.7% 28.1% 64.2% 10.6%

1.7% 7.7% 42.3% 9.0% 24.3% 63.3% 10.5%

0.0% 8.7% 47.0% 9.9% 32.7% 60.6% 17.4%

2.3% 8.5% 42.0% 7.3% 37.7% 63.3% 15.2%

4.8% 7.8% 45.3% 7.5% 34.9% 67.3% 16.2%

4.8% 10.9% 55.2% 3.8% 42.9% 71.3% 18.8%

4.8 2.2 20.8 -7.9 17.6 17.4 5.5

38.0%

39.3%

40.4%

40.9%

43.7%

40.3%

41.4%

43.4%

5.4

11.6% 0.0%

14.0% 12.7%

19.1% 65.4%

22.5% 35.1%

25.9% 24.0%

26.2% 37.6%

25.8% 32.8%

29.2% 31.2%

17.6 31.2

5.9% 23.9%

4.6% 26.0%

6.0% 28.8%

7.0% 28.7%

6.8% 29.2%

7.3% 24.0%

7.7% 29.7%

12.7% 36.5%

6.8 12.6

Santa Cruz County California

36.4% 46.8%

38.6% 48.7%

43.5% 49.7%

45.1% 51.1%

43.8% 51.0%

44.6% 51.2%

47.1% 53.7%

50.9% 55.9%

14.5 9.1

Source: California Department of Education (2011). 2000-2010 Educational Demographics Unit.

RACISM AND DISCRIMINATION Social indicators like racism and discrimination are important to measure because they adversely affect mental and physical health.30 In 2011, approximately 11% of overall CAP survey respondents felt racism was a big problem in Santa Cruz County and nearly 12% felt discriminated against or treated unfairly in the last 12 months.

 How much of a problem is racism in Santa Cruz County? (Respondents answering “A Big Problem”) By Ethnicity 100%

2009

80%

2011

60% 40% 20%

12.8%

10.6%

13.9%

8.0%*

15.6%*

8.3%

0% Overall

Caucasian

Latino

2009 N: Overall= 794, Caucasian=555, Latino=176; 2011 N: Overall=669; Caucasian=461; Latino=158. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Significantly more Latino respondents than Caucasian respondents said racism was a big problem in Santa Cruz County in 2011.

30 Berkman L., Kawachi I Krieger N. (2000). Discrimination and health. Social Epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 36‐75.

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 Have you felt discriminated against or treated unfairly in Santa Cruz County in the last 12 months? (Respondents answering “Yes”) By Ethnicity - 2011 30%

Overall Caucasian Latino

22.1% 18.7%

20%

13.8% 10%

18.3%*

18.2%

14.3% 11.6%

16.3%

12.0%

11.8%

9.2%

8.7%*

2009

2011

0% 2005

2007

Overall N: 2005=707; 2007=706; 2009=851; 2011=720; Caucasian N: 2005=495, 2007=493, 2009=594, 2011=502; Latino N: 2005=159, 2007=160, 2009=191, 2011=162 Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2005-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: Question was asked slightly different in 2011. *Significance testing: Significantly more Latino respondents than Caucasian respondents felt discriminated against or treated unfairly.

 If you have felt discriminated against or treated unfairly, for what reason? (Selected Responses) 2005

2007

2009

2011

05-11 NET CHANGE

Ethnicity/Race Language Age

51.8% 2.1% 6.4%

48.7% 22.9% 12.2%

46.7% 13.3% 12.1%

51.1% 10.7% 14.7%

-0.7 8.6 8.3

Socio-economic Status Appearance Gender

16.7% 16.0% 6.4%

9.6% 6.8% 3.9%

11.5% 7.5% 7.1%

13.4% 5.8% 9.5%

-3.3 -10.2 3.1

RESPONSE

Year 2011: 82 respondents offering 106 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2005-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

HATE CRIMES Data from the California Department of Justice show that, between 2000 and 2009, Santa Cruz County saw an overall increase in the number of hate crime31 events. However, the number of hate crimes has recently decreased from 28 in 2008 to 16 in 2009, a decrease particularly evident in crimes motivated by religious or racial bias.

Number of Hate Crime Events by Bias Motivation BIAS MOTIVATION

2000

2002

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Religion Race/Ethnicity Sexual Orientation Gender Physical/Mental Disability

2 4 5 0 0

3 10 7 0 0

2 9 6 0 0

1 14 6 0 0

4 10 10 1 0

6 13 9 0 0

15 8 5 0 0

6 3 7 0 0

Santa Cruz County Total

11

20

17

21

25

28

28

16

Source: California Department of Justice (2011). 2000-2008 Bias Motivation Report. Note: Data presented are the most recent available.

31 Please see Appendix II for definition of “Hate Crime.”

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QUALITY OF LIFE Two‐thirds (67%) of CAP survey respondents reported being “very satisfied” with their overall quality of life in 2011. Over three‐quarters (80%) of Caucasian respondents reported enjoying their life “to a great extent,” as compared to less than half of Latino respondents (48%), a statistically significant difference. According to the telephone survey, the number one factor that has contributed to their quality of life in Santa Cruz County since 2000 is the scenery, geography, and climate of the region.

 How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life? 2009 2011

100% 80%

72.0%

66.6%

60% 40%

31.4%

26.5%

20%

2.0%

1.5%

0% Very Satisfied

Somewhat Satisfied

Not at all Satisfied

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2009- 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life? By Income – 2011 $34,999 or Less $35,000 to $65,499 $65,500 or More

100% 80% 60%

58.5%*

67.5%

74.1%* 39.3%

40%

30.6%

24.9%

20%

2.2%

0% Very Satisfied

Somewhat Satisfied

1.9%

1.0%

Not at all Satisfied

N Overall=722; $34,999 or Less= 276; $35,000 to $65,499= 137; $65,500 or More= 247. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Significantly more respondents with incomes of $65,500 or more per were very satisfied with their overall quality of life year compared to respondents with incomes of less than $35,000 per year.

 How much do you enjoy your life? (Respondents answering “To a great extent”) By Ethnicity – 2011 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

72.0%

79.5%* 47.5%*

Overall

Caucasian

Latino

Overall N=716, Caucasian N=500, Latino N=161 Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: Question was not asked in 2009. *Significance testing: Caucasian respondents were significantly more likely than Latino respondents to say that they enjoy their life to a great extent.

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 Generally speaking, what contributes most to your quality of life in Santa Cruz County? (Top 5 Responses) 2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (65.7%) 2. Family/ friends/ friendly people (25.7%) 3. Community/ low population/ slow pace (8.9%) 4. Quiet/ peaceful (7.5%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (67.8%) 2. Community/ low population/ slow pace (12.4%) 3. Family/ friends/ friendly people (10.2%) 4. Social climate (9.7%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (59.3%) 2. Family/ friends/ friendly people (14.3%) 3. Community/ low population/ slow pace (8.7%) 4. Social climate (8.5%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (61.6%) 2. Family/ friends/ friendly people (12.8%) 3. Social climate (10.2%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (70.8%) 2. Outdoor recreation (12.1%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (73.0%) 2. Family/ friends/ friendly people (15.2%) 3. Diversity of people (12.3%)

4. Clean air (8.6%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (76.2%) 2. Family/ friends/ friendly people (17.0%) 3. Community/ low population/ slow pace (15.5%) 4. Social climate (14.9%)

1. Scenery/ geography/ climate (75.2%) 2. Family/ friends/ friendly people (20.9%) 3. Community/ low population/ slow pace (18.0%) 4. Social climate (14.4%)

5. Diversity of people (6.3%)

5. Outdoor recreation (6.2%)

5. Outdoor recreation (7.6%)

5. Quiet/ peaceful (8.4%)

5. Quiet/ peaceful (7.5%)

5. Quiet/ peaceful (6.8%)

4. Community/ low population/ slow pace (8.7%) 5. Quiet/ peaceful (7.7%)

3. Community/ low population/ slow pace (10.8%) 4. Family/ friends/ friendly people (10.8%) 5. Diversity of people (8.7%)

Year 2011: 696 respondents offering 1,011 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: This was an open-ended survey question which allowed the respondent to provide any answer. Due to variance in coding, data should be compared by top responses rather than tracking individual responses over time.

 What do you think takes away from your quality of life in Santa Cruz County? (Top 5 Responses) 2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

1. Traffic (30.4%)

1. Traffic (34.0%)

1. Traffic (30.7%)

1. Traffic (32.3%)

1. Traffic (31.1%)

1. Nothing takes away (18.6%)

1. Nothing takes away (19.3%)

2. Cost of living/ housing (22.7%) 3. Overcrowding (15.5%)

2. Cost of living/ housing (21.6%) 3. Overcrowding (18.8%)

2. Cost of living/ housing (23.5%) 3. Overcrowding (15.3%)

1. Cost of living/ housing (26.9%) 2. Traffic (23.3%)

2. Cost of living/ housing (20.1%) 3. Overcrowding (10.7%)

2. Traffic (13.8%)

2. Traffic (15.7%)

3. Overcrowding (9.2%)

2. Cost of living/ housing (23.2%) 3. Overcrowding (12.6%)

3. Gangs/ crime (15.2%)

4. Low wage/ poor economic opportunities (10.1%) 5. Road conditions (6.8%)

4. Nothing takes away (8.0%)

4. Government (5.5%)

4. Nothing takes away (6.8%)

4. Government (6.7%)

4. Gangs/ crime (9.7%)

3. Cost of living/ housing (13.5%) 4. Gangs/ crime (11.3%)

5. Low wage/ poor economic opportunities (5.8%)

5. Homeless (5.4%)

5. Low wage/ poor economic opportunities (6.4%)

5. Gangs/crime (5.5%)

5. Homeless (9.4%)

5. Overcrowding/ unplanned growth (9.5%)

5.

4. Cost of living/ housing (14.4%)

Overcrowding /unplanned growth (9.0%)

Year 2011: 666 respondents offering 771 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2001-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: This was an open-ended survey question which allowed the respondent to provide any answer. Due to variance in coding, data should be compared by top responses rather than tracking individual responses over time.

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 What do you think takes away from your quality of life in Santa Cruz County? (Top 5 responses) By Ethnicity – 2011 CAUCASIAN

LATINO

1. Traffic (18.2%*)

1. Nothing Takes Away (35.7%*)

2. Nothing Takes Away (14.7%*)

2. Gangs/Crime (22.9%*)

3. Cost of Living (13.8%)

3. Cost of Living (17.4%)

4. Gangs/Crime (13.7%*)

4. Traffic (6.7%*)

5. Overcrowding/Unplanned Growth (9.5%)

5. Overcrowding/Unplanned Growth (6.2%)

Caucasian: 481 respondents offering 559 responses; Latino: 134 respondents offering 148 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Caucasian respondents were significantly more likely than Latino respondents to say that traffic takes away from their quality of life in Santa Cruz County and significantly less likely than Latino respondents to say that gangs/crime took away from their quality of life; Latino respondents were significantly more likely than Caucasian respondents to say that nothing takes away from their quality of life in Santa Cruz County.

YOUTH ACTIVITIES After school activities provide a safe and positive environment for youth. Overall, the percentage of CAP survey respondents who felt that their child had enough activities after school and on weekends decreased from 89% in 2000 to 75% in 2011. In addition, Caucasian respondents (85%) were significantly more likely than Latino respondents (66%) to believe that their child has enough activities after school and on weekends.

 Does your child have enough activities after school and on weekends? (Respondents answering “Yes”) By Ethnicity 100%

96.2%

Overall 87.2%

89.2%

85.9%

82.5%

79.3%

80%

78.8% 78.1%

72.4%

87.0% 77.0%

86.6%

Caucasian Latino

77.9% 75.3%

78.3% 69.7%

85.4%*

71.5%

60%

62.2% 52.1%

53.3%

2001

2002

64.9%

67.4%

66.4%*

2009

2011

40% 2000

2003

2005

2007

Overall N: 2000=185; 2001=180; 2002=177; 2003=169; 2005=184; 2007=127; 2009=213; 2011=178; Caucasian N: 2000=108; 2001=84; 2002=92; 2003=90; 2005=77; 2007=64; 2009=106; 2011=77; Latino N: 2000=64; 2001=78; 2002=71; 2003=68; 2005=94; 2007=48; 2009=90; 2011=88. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Caucasian respondents were significantly more likely than Latino respondents to believe that their child had enough activities after school and on weekends.

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PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES It is important for every society to provide the resources necessary to allow all individuals to participate fully in their community, regardless of their physical, mental, or developmental disability.32 CAP survey respondents who have a disability, or whose family member has a disability, said that persons with a disability needed additional services to increase their involvement in community life including specialized transportation/mobility device (38%) and job development/employment training/coaching (34%).

 Have you or a member of your household been diagnosed by a physician with a disability that significantly limits one or more major life activities? (Respondents answering “Yes”) 40% 20% 0%

16.7%

21.6%

18.9%

2007

2009

2011

N: 2007=706; 2009=847; 2011=714. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: In 2011, respondents were allowed to provide a response for each member of their family.

 How many people in your household have been diagnosed as having a disability? RESPONSE 1 2 3 4 Total Respondents

2009 82.9% 16.6% 0.0% 0.5% 183

2011 84.0% 16.0% 0.0% 0.0% 135

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2009-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: Survey question was not asked until 2007.

 What is/are the age(s) of the person(s) diagnosed as having a disability? RESPONSE 0 to 5 Years 6 to 18 Years 19 to 24 Years 25 to 34 Years 35 to 44 Years 45 to 54 Years 55 to 64 Years 65 to 74 Years 75 to 84 Years 85 Years & Older

2007 0.4% 2.4% 14.4% 3.8% 12.7% 12.7% 18.7% 10.3% 28.3% 7.9%

2009 0.7% 5.1% 3.3% 2.6% 11.2% 14.4% 22.3% 19.8% 21.1% 9.9%

2011 2.8% 4.5% 3.8% 7.9% 6.4% 10.9% 32.6% 16.9% 14.7% 10.5%

07-11 NET CHANGE 2.4 2.1 -10.6 4.1 -6.3 -1.8 13.9 6.6 -13.6 2.6

Year 2011: 135 respondents offering 150 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: This was a multiple response question so percentages do not add up to 100%.

 Is the person with a disability participating in community life at the level he or she desires? (Respondents answering “Yes”) 80% 40% 0%

63.1% 2007

57.4% 2009

58.3% 2011

N: 2007=178; 2009=185; 2011=154. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. 32 Please see Appendix II for definitions of “Mental Disability,” “Physical Disability,” and “Sensory Disability.”

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 If the person with a disability is not participating in community life at the level he or she desires, in what areas would you/they like to increase their involvement? RESPONSE Social Events/Activities Work/Donating Time All Aspects of Life Limited Mobility to Get Around/Get Out More Continued Education Other

2007

2009

2011

07-11 NET CHANGE

34.4% 15.3% 5.4% 28.2% 5.5% 11.2%

23.8% 22.4% 13.3% 10.9% 7.4% 29.5%

26.4% 10.0% 9.7% 23.0% 3.3% 23.0%

-8.0 -5.3 4.3 -5.2 -2.5 11.8

Year 2011: 57 respondents offering 66 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: This was a multiple response question so percentages do not add up to 100%.

 What types of additional services are needed to allow you/them to increase involvement? RESPONSE Social/Recreational Services or Supports Personal Attendants Specialized Transportation/Mobility Device Financial Planning/Management Job Development/Employment Training/Coaching Academic Counseling/Tutoring Don’t Know

2007

2009

2011

07-11 NET CHANGE

36.3% 33.9% 36.6% 30.4% 34.8% 27.8% 15.4%

44.4% 35.2% 31.0% 30.4% 23.9% 18.0% 17.7%

34.1% 26.6% 38.3% 30.3% 33.6% 22.2% 6.4%

-2.2 -7.3 1.7 -0.1 -1.2 -5.6 -9.0

Year 2011: 39 respondents offering 82 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2007-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: This was a multiple response question so percentages do not add up to 100%.

People with Any Disability by Age Group and Gender, Santa Cruz County AGE GROUP/GENDER

2008

2009

2010

08-10 NET CHANGE

Under 5 Male Female 5-17 Male Female 18-34 Male Female 35-64 Male Female 65-74 Male Female 75 & Older Male Female

0.5% 0.2% 0.3% 7.0% 3.5% 2.5% 9.6% 5.2% 4.4% 40.0% 19.2% 20.8% 13.6% 7.6% 6.0% 30.4% 10.0% 20.4%

0.4% 0.4% 0.0% 9.4% 6.5% 2.9% 13.5% 6.5% 6.9% 39.4% 18.6% 20.8% 9.0% 3.6% 5.4% 28.5% 9.1% 19.4%

0.5% 0.0% 0.5% 8.2% 6.0% 2.2% 13.0% 7.5% 5.5% 40.8% 20.5% 20.3% 12. 6% 7.2% 5.4% 25.1% 9.9% 15.2%

0.0 -0.2 0.2 1.2% 2.5 -0.3 3.4 2.3 1.1 0.8 1.3 -0.5 1.0 -0.4 -0.6 -5.3 -0.1 -5.2

Santa Cruz County Population With Any Disability Percent of Santa Cruz County Total Population with Disability

23,078 9.2%

20,875 8.2%

24,009 9.3%

0.1

Source: U.S. Census Bureau (2011). 2008-2010 American Community Survey, Disability Characteristics.

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Adult Population (Ages 16-64) Employed 2008 11,677 5,450 6,227 165,877 139,008 26,869 46.7% 83.8%

With a Disability Worked in the past 12 months Did not work in the past 12 months Without a Disability Worked in the past 12 months Did not work in the past 12 months Percent of Disabled Workers Percent of Able Workers

2009 11,349 5,125 6,224 166,961 133,180 33,781 45.2% 79.8%

2010 13,719 4,815 8,904 171,511 130,846 40,665 35.1% 76.3%

08-10 %CHANGE 17.5% -11.7% 43.0% 3.4% -5.9% 51.3% -

Source: U.S. Census Bureau (2011). 2008-2010 American Community Survey, Disability Characteristics.

Special Education Enrollment Rate per 1,000 Students 150 122.7

126.4

123.7

121.5

126.8

126.2

Santa Cruz County California

100

107.9

108.2

108.1

108.0

108.5

109.9

Dec. 2004

Dec. 2005

Dec. 2006

Dec. 2007

Dec. 2008

Dec. 2009

50 Source: California Department of Education (2011). 2004-2009 Special Education Division and Educational Demographics Office.

Special Education Enrollment Rate per 1,000 Students by Disability Type1 DISABILITY TYPE Autism Santa Cruz County California Emotional Disturbance Santa Cruz County California Hard of Hearing Santa Cruz County California Mental Retardation Santa Cruz County California Orthopedic Impairment Santa Cruz County California Specific Learning Disability Santa Cruz County California

Š 2011 Applied Survey Research

DEC. 2004

DEC. 2005

DEC. 2006

DEC. 2007

DEC. 2008

DEC. 2009

04-09 NET CHANGE

3.6 4.6

4.5 5.5

5.2 6.3

6.5 7.4

6.9 8.5

7.0 9.6

3.4 5.0

2.5 4.4

2.2 4.4

2.5 4.3

2.8 4.3

3.3 4.3

3.6 4.4

1.1 0.0

2.8 1.2

3.1 1.3

3.0 1.3

3.0 1.4

3.2 1.4

3.4 1.5

0.6 0.3

6.0 7.0

5.9 6.9

5.6 6.9

5.5 6.9

5.3 6.8

5.2 6.9

-0.8 -0.1

3.7 2.4

3.4 2.5

3.2 2.5

3.0 2.4

2.8 2.5

2.7 2.5

-1.0 0.1

59.0 51.9

56.6 49.9

56.5 48.8

55.4 47.5

54.3 46.6

54.0 46.5

-5.0 -5.4

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Special Education Enrollment Rate per 1,000 Students by Disability Type1 (Continued) DISABILITY TYPE

DEC. 2004

DEC. 2005

DEC. 2006

DEC. 2007

DEC. 2008

DEC. 2009

04-09 NET CHANGE

37.5 27.9

38.4 28.7

39.1 28.4

40.4 28.1

39.6 27.6

39.8 27.1

2.3 -0.8

1.2 0.8

1.1 0.8

1.1 0.7

1.1 0.7

1.0 0.7

0.8 0.7

-0.4 -0.1

4.8 5.6

4.8 6.3

5.6 6.9

6.8 7.5

7.7 8.1

8.2 8.7

3.4 3.1

1.2 0.9 4,708

1.3 1.0 4,684

1.4 0.9 4,708

1.3 0.9 4,818

1.4 0.8 4,830

1.4 0.8 4,882

0.2 -0.1 -

122.7 107.9

121.5 108.2

123.7 108.1

126.4 108.0

126.2 108.5

126.8 109.9

4.1 2.0

Speech or Language Impairment Santa Cruz County California Visual Impairment Santa Cruz County California Other Health Impairment Santa Cruz County California Multiple Disability Santa Cruz County California Santa Cruz County Total Special Education Enrollment Santa Cruz County Rate per 1,000 California Percent Rate per 1,000

Source: California Department of Education (2011). 2004-2009 Special Education Division and Educational Demographics Office. Note: Disabilities with less than 20 students were not included as small numbers are unstable and can be misinterpreted. All disabilities are included in the total. 1 Please see Appendix II for definitions of these disability types: “Autism,” “Emotional Disturbance,” “Hard of Hearing,” “Mental Retardation,” “Multiple Disability,” “Orthopedic Impairment,” “Other Heath Impairment,” “Specific Learning Disability,” “Speech or Language Impairment,” and “Visual Impairment.”

Cabrillo College’s Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS) Enrollment by Type of Disability TYPE OF DISABILITY Learning Disabilities (LD) Psychological Disabilities Mobility Impaired Acquired Brain Injuries (ABI) Developmentally Delayed Learners (DDL) Deafness or Other Hearing Impairments Blindness or Other Significant Visual Impairments Speech & Language Programs Other Health Impairments Total Number of Students Enrolled in DSPS

2005/06 39.0% 12.9% 12.4% 12.4% 9.8% 3.1% 1.6% 0.4% 8.5% 1,641

2006/07 37.7% 13.0% 13.0% 12.7% 10.1% 3.4% 1.4% 0.4% 8.2% 1,651

2007/08 35.7% 14.9% 13.4% 11.8% 9.3% 3.7% 1.5% 0.4% 9.4% 1,698

2008/09 35.7% 14.9% 13.4% 11.8% 9.3% 3.7% 1.5% 0.4% 9.4% 1,698

2009/10 37.0% 14.0% 12.1% 12.0% 8.4% 3.3% 1.4% 0.3% 11.5% 1,855

2010/11 34.2% 15.0% 11.8% 11.7% 7.6% 1.7% 1.5% 0.6% 16.0% 1,784

05-11 NET CHANGE -4.8 2.1 -0.6 -0.7 -2.2 -1.4 -0.1 0.2 7.5 -

Source: Cabrillo College. (2011). Personal Correspondence.

UC Santa Cruz Disability Resource Center (DRC) Enrollment TYPE OF PRIMARILY DISABILITY Learning Disabilities (LD) Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Psychological Disability Acquired Brain Injuries (ABI) Chronic System Condition Asperger’s Syndrome or Disorder, Autism Spectrum Mobility or Orthopedic Impairment Blind or Low Vision Hearing Impairment, Hard of Hearing, or Deaf Other Functional Disability Total Number of Students Enrolled in DRC

2004/05 40.3% NA1

2005/06 36.4% 21.2%

2006/07 29.2% 26.3%

2007/08 26.3% 26.9%

2008/09 28.3% 25.0%

2009/10 24.1% 26.8%

04-10 NET CHANGE -16.2% NA

NA1 NA1 NA1 NA1 11.6% 2.5% 3.2% 41.8%

15.5% 2.0% 4.2% NA1 14.5% 1.2% 1.2% 3.7%

15.9% 2.8% 4.0% NA1 12.7% 1.5% 1.3% 6.4%

18.9% 2.7% 4.4% 46.7% 11.4% 0.8% 1.3% 5.7%

18.6% 2.2% 7.2% 2.8% 9.6% 2.4% 2.0% 2.0%

22.6% 0.8% 7.2% 2.8% 11.3% 1.7% 1.7% 1.4%

NA NA NA NA -0.3% -0.8% -1.5% -40.4%

404

401

472

475

544

725

-

Source: State of California Postsecondary Education Commission (2011). 2004-2010. 1 Until recently these categories were included in “other.”

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Santa Cruz County Mental Health Services: Unduplicated Client Count by Primary Diagnosis PRIMARY DIAGNOSIS Mood Disorders Schizophrenia Adjustment Disorders Anxiety Disorders Childhood & Adolescence Substance-Related Disorders Delirium, Dementia Impulse Control Disorders Personality Disorder Eating Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Mental Disorders Sexual & Gender Disorders Sleep Disorders Other Disorders Santa Cruz County Total Mental Health Services Clients

FY 2006/07 1,423 1,028 929 645 673 182 11 15 14 8 1 1 1 2 1 550 5,484

FY 2007/08 1,513 981 942 725 638 147 13 15 14 8 3 0 4 3 1 757 5,764

FY 2008/09 1,616 997 934 694 677 131 56 22 13 7 2 1 1 1 0 781 5,933

FY 2009/10 1,725 991 749 662 701 156 80 24 18 4 3 NA NA 1 2 707 5,823

FY 2010/11 1,678 999 712 662 701 94 93 18 20 5 2 1 2 4 0 806 5,797

Source: Santa Cruz County Mental Health Services Agency (2011). 2006-2011.

Number of Clients Served by San Andreas Regional Center (SARC)1 by Diagnosis and Age Group DIAGNOSIS Autism Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Chronic Major Medical Condition Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Cerebral Palsy Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Epilepsy Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Psychiatric Disorders Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Mental Retardation Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Other Developmental Disorder Under 18 Years 18 Years & Older Santa Cruz County Unduplicated Total

OCT. 2008

SEP. 2009

181 132 49 393 90 303 125 41 84 197 41 156 171 18 153 713 207 506 120 49 71 1,248

194 142 52 400 87 313 124 41 83 190 38 152 163 16 147 738 224 514 119 46 73 1,265

Source: San Andreas Regional Center, 2011. Note: While the total number of clients served is unduplicated, the client count for each diagnosis may be duplicated. 1 Please see Appendix II for definition of “San Andreas Regional Center (SARC).”

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COMMUNITY SUPPORT Slightly more than 45% of CAP survey respondents reported feeling that people in their neighborhood “often” help each other. Significance testing shows that Caucasian respondents were significantly more likely than Latino respondents to feel that people in their neighborhood “often” help each other.

 How often do you feel that people in your neighborhood help each other? (Respondents answering “Often”) By Ethnicity 100%

2009

80%

2011

60%

50.5%

45.4%

55.0%*

50.0% 34.2%*

40%

33.4%

20% 0% Overall

Caucasian

Latino

2009 N: Overall=834, Caucasian= 588, Latino= 182; 2001 N: Overall=711, Caucasian=499, Latino=161. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Significantly more Caucasian respondents than Latino respondents felt that people in their neighborhood helped each other often.

 How often do you feel that people in your neighborhood help each other? (Respondents answering “Often”) By Income 100%

2009 2011

80% 60% 40%

44.7%*

51.1% 39.7%

44.8%

12.9%*

51.2%

20% 0% $34,999 or Less

$35,000 to $65,499

$65,500 or More

2009 N: $34,999 or Less=161; $35,000 to $65,499=192; $65,000 or More=219; 2011 N: $34,999 or Less=274; $35,000 to $65,499=133; $65,000 or More=243. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Significantly more respondents with incomes less than $65,500 per year felt that people in their neighborhood never helped each other compared to those with incomes greater than $65,500 per year. Significantly more respondents with incomes greater than $65,500 or more felt people in their neighborhood helped each other often compared to those with incomes less than $35,000 per year.

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VOLUNTEERISM/CHARITABLE GIVING Volunteerism and charitable giving are measures of people’s sense of ownership of, and responsibility for, their community. The percentage of CAP survey respondents who indicated that they regularly do volunteer work in the community decreased from 47% in 2009 to 41% in 2011. The percentage of respondents who reported regularly contributing money to charitable organizations decreased from 74% in 2007 to 65% in 2011. Overall, charitable giving was highest in those aged 65 or older (78%), and volunteering was highest in adults 45‐65 years old (51%).

 Do you regularly contribute money to charitable organizations? Do you regularly do volunteer work in the community? (Respondents answering “Yes”) 100% 80%

62.8%

71.9%

73.4%

65.6%

72.4%

74.4%

69.1%

64.8%

60% 40% 20%

39.8%

34.2%

2000

2001

33.1%

35.5%

35.5%

39.9%

2002

2003

2005

2007

46.7%

Yes, I regularly contribute money Yes, I regularly do volunteer work

41.1%

0% 2009

2011

Contribute Money Overall N: 2000=656; 2001=704; 2002=681; 2003=701; 2005=707; 2007=707; 2009=850; 2011=719; Volunteer Overall N: 2000=656; 2001=706; 2002=684; 2003=698; 2005=707; 2007=709; 2009=853; 2011=719. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 Do you regularly contribute money to charitable organizations? (Respondents answering “Yes”) By Age Group AGE GROUP 18-24 years % Respondents 25-44 years % Respondents 45-64 years % Respondents 65 or older % Respondents

2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

00-11 NET CHANGE

28.3% 92

55.7% 76

41.7% 54

35.5% 109

18.0% 62

45.6% 35

28.6% 58

30.6% 54

2.3 -

58.3% 278

63.3% 214

66.0% 251

57.9% 228

66.5% 221

73.1% 163

56.7% 221

49.7% 185

-8.6 -

76.4% 191

77.2% 258

79.4% 255

77.2% 252

81.7% 270

73.0% 282

75.2% 355

72.7% 283

-3.7 -

81.7% 93

83.3% 154

91.0% 120

84.2% 111

87.0% 152

80.7% 219

82.6% 210

78.3% 194

-3.4 -

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

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Social Environment

Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Year 17, 2011

 Do you regularly do volunteer work in the community? (Respondents answering “Yes”) By Age Group AGE GROUP 18-24 years % Respondents 25-44 years % Respondents 45-64 years % Respondents 65 or older % Respondents

2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

00-11 NET CHANGE

31.5% 92

27.0% 76

15.8% 54

27.7% 108

18.2% 62

26.9% 35

63.8% 58

22.4% 54

-9.1 -

41.4% 278

33.0% 217

26.1% 253

35.3% 227

35.1% 221

27.4% 163

36.0% 221

28.7% 185

-12.7 -

40.0% 190

37.9% 258

38.7% 255

37.9% 250

39.1% 270

39.9% 282

53.9% 355

51.4% 280

11.4 -

43.6% 94

33.7% 154

43.1% 120

37.9% 113

36.7% 152

51.6% 221

41.1% 213

42.8% 196

-0.8 -

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 If you contribute money, will you give: RESPONSE Less than last year More than last year About the same as last year Total Respondents

2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

00-11 NET CHANGE

7.8% 22.6% 68.0%

11.6% 20.1% 66.1%

17.3% 17.7% 64.3%

24.2% 16.4% 57.8%

13.1% 19.1% 67.8%

22.1% 17.4% 60.5%

32.3% 10.3% 57.4%

22.4% 13.2% 64.4%

14.6 -9.4 -3.6

412

506

503

458

490

512

576

457

-

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

 If you volunteer, where do you volunteer? (Selected Responses) RESPONSE School Church/Spiritual Organizations Service Organizations Youth Organizations

2000

2001

2002

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

00-11 NET CHANGE

38.7% 20.7%

23.0% 18.6%

19.4% 27.3%

22.6% 22.6%

21.3% 31.1%

29.0% 26.5%

23.5% 22.1%

20.2% 21.9%

-18.5 1.2

10.3% 11.9%

13.9% 14.3%

10.9% 10.0%

8.3% 10.2%

14.3% 5.8%

16.7% 7.5%

12.3% 8.7%

9.1% 9.8%

-1.2 -2.1

Year 2011: 288 respondents offering 379 responses. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2000-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey.

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Social Environment

KNOWLEDGE ABOUT LOCAL GOVERNMENT Most CAP survey respondents (80%) indicated they were “very” or “somewhat” knowledgeable about local government issues and decisions.

 In general, how knowledgeable are you about local government issues and decisions? (Respondents answering “Very” or “Somewhat Knowledgeable”) By Ethnicity – 2011 100%

85.8%

80%

90.3%* 79.5%

2009 2011

86.3%* 70.1%* 57.8%*

60% 40% 20% 0% Overall

Caucasian

Latino

N: Overall=713; Caucasian=498; Latino=162. Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2009-2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. *Significance testing: Caucasian respondents were significantly more likely than Latino respondents to feel they were very or somewhat knowledgeable about local government issues and decisions.

VOTING AND POLITICAL ENGAGEMENT Registered voter turnout during all elections has been consistently higher in the county than the state. Almost 66% of registered voters turned out during the November 2010 general election, the highest of all previous non‐Presidential election years since November 2000.

Percent of Registered Voters Who Voted in General Elections 100% 80%

63.2%

59.0%

60% 40%

51.9%

50.6%

Nov. 2000

Nov. 2002

Santa Cruz County

86.7%

84.3% 64.8% 76.0%

79.4%

66.0%

California

59.6%

56.2%

20% 0% Nov. 2004

Nov. 2006

Nov. 2008

Nov. 2010

Source: California Secretary of State, Elections Division (2011). 2000-2010.

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Voter Registration and Registered Voter Turnout, General Elections VOTERS Registered Turnout % Santa Cruz County Turnout % California Turnout

NOV. 2000 GENERAL

NOV. 2002 GENERAL

NOV. 2004 GENERAL

NOV. 2006 GENERAL

NOV. 2008 GENERAL

NOV. 2010 GENERAL

00-10 % CHANGE

145,214 78,878

135,554 80,023

146,157 123,275

142,415 92,236

148,364 128,555

148,501 98,037

2.3% 24.3%

63.2%

59.0%

84.3%

64.8%

86.7%

66.0%

--

51.9%

50.6%

76.0%

56.2%

79.4%

59.6%

--

Source: California Secretary of State, Elections Division (2011). 2000-2010.

Voter Registration and Registered Voter Turnout, Primary Elections MAR. 2000 PRIMARY

MAR. 2002 PRIMARY

MAR. 2004 PRIMARY

JUNE 2006 PRIMARY

FEB. 2008 PRIMARY

JUNE 2008 PRIMARY

JUNE 2010 PRIMARY

00-10 % CHANGE

134,997

127,582

132,307

141,370

136,415

139,834

146,974

8.9%

Turnout

79,746

62,317

74,671

45,762

91,133

54,848

55,084

-30.9%

% Santa Cruz County Turnout % California Turnout

59.1%

48.8%

56.4%

32.3%

66.8%

39.2%

37.5%

-

53.9%

34.6%

44.3%

31.5%

57.7%

28.2%

33.3%

-

VOTERS Registered

Source: California Secretary of State, Elections Division (2011). 2000-2010.

Voter Registration and Registered Voter Turnout, Special Elections VOTERS

OCT. 2003 SPECIAL

NOV. 2005 SPECIAL

MAY 2009 SPECIAL

03-09% CHANGE

129,901 94,759

142,889 81,368

147,054 49,900

13.2% -47.3%

73.0% 61.2%

56.9% 50.1%

33.9% 28.4%

-

Registered Turnout % Santa Cruz County Turnout % California Turnout

Source: California Secretary of State, Elections Division (2011). 2003-2009.

 In the last 12 months, have you done any of the following? By Ethnicity - 2011 RESPONSE

OVERALL

CAUCASIAN

LATINO

71.2%

73.6%

53.0%

Met with, e-mailed, called or sent a letter to any local politician

54.4%

55.8%

33.3%

Attended a town meeting, public hearing or public affair

46.0%

44.8%

58.7%

Joined an on-line political advocacy group

29.4%

31.8%

4.3%

Joined a protest or demonstration

18.1%

17.7%

15.4%

Other Political Action

4.4%

3.6%

4.6%

Joined a political advocacy group

4.2%

4.2%

0.0%

Vote

2.6%

2.9%

2.4%

434

347

50

Signed a petition

Total Responses

Source: Applied Survey Research (2011). 2011 Santa Cruz County Community Assessment Project, Telephone Survey. Note: Multiple response question totals may not add up to 100%.

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