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communicate on them, while others, such as ISO 14001 and ISO 50001, help promote good practice in environmental and energy management. (ISO)

trends ■ Organizations, regulators, companies and cities need tools to address climate change, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and manage mitigation and adaptation. But how can you judge the suitability of an emissions reduction plan when everyone is working away in their own little corner? That’s where voluntary standards come

in – standards produced collectively by users, for users. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has produced over 570 environment-related standards, including those that monitor climate change, quantify GHG emissions and promote good practice in environmental management and design. These

standards can help stakeholders address climate change and support the efforts of developed and developing countries in relation to mitigation and adaptation. For example, ISO has a family of standards, including ISO 14064 and ISO 14065, that help organizations to quantify their greenhouse gas emissions and

■ China's auto industry was quick to take up automation, but other industries are rapidly catching up. From assembling keyboards to sticking on labels, factories across China are replacing workers with robots in the ongoing government-backed, automationdriven industrial revolution. With costs rising and profits shrinking, Chinese

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has welcomed the recent UN General Assembly decision to proclaim 2016-2025 as the Third Industrial Development Decade for Africa. UNIDO’s Director General, Li Yong, recalled that in September 2015, UNIDO, together with the African Union Commission, the Office of the Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General on Africa, and the UN Economic Commission for Africa, called for this decade as “a way to place the African continent irrevocably on the path towards inclusive and sustainable industrial development.” Noting that Africa remains “the poorest and the most vulnerable region in the world”, the UN highlighted the need for the continent to take “urgent action to advance sustainable industrialization as a key element of furthering economic diversification and value addition, creating jobs and thus

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reducing poverty and contributing to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. The resolution calls on UNIDO “to develop, operationalize and lead the implementation of the programme for the Third Industrial Development Decade for Africa.” Also in July, the African Development Bank (AfDB) approved an Industrialisation Strategy for Africa 2016-2025 and mobilized up to US$56bn as part of efforts to scale up Africa's economic transformation. The AfDB will support African countries by championing six flagship programmes namely fostering successful industrial

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BUSINESS MATTERS A new drive to industrialize Africa

policies, catalyzing funding in infrastructure and industrial projects, growing liquid and effective capital markets, promoting and driving enterprise development, promoting strategic partnerships and developing efficient industry clusters.

Last December, President Xi Jinping of China pledged US$60bn in development assistance to Africa. Speaking at the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Johannesburg, Xi promised to help nations industrialize and to elevate China’s relationship with the continent beyond one centred on the extraction of raw materials.


Making It: Industry for Development #21