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cities & citizens series - bridging the urban divide

MAP 4: Connection to the main water network in MSP (2000) Map courtesy of The Centre for the Study of Violence - University of São Paulo (NEV/USP) www.nevusp.org

from favelas and cortiços, reveal that 93 per cent of all households are connected and receive monthly bills for water usage. While approximately 20 per cent obtain their potable water from individual or collective wells (or collective taps), 80 per cent were directly connected to a street water supply. Virtually no one took water from rivers or reservoirs, and not even half of 1 per cent purchased

One noteworthy difference in the data from the MRSP and the MSP is that 90 per cent of those in the MSP are linked directly to the street mains supply... water from private water trucks. In terms of reliability, 65 per cent reported that they never had water shortages, while a further 30 per cent said water shortages were rare. Only 5.5 per cent reported that water shortages affected them every day or most weeks. Approximately 30 per cent of those households questioned drank the water supplied directly from the source (tap or well), while more than 44 per cent used a filter in their

homes and another 26 per cent drank bottled water for personal use. The data shows only small differences in water ‘outcomes’ between the MRSP and the Municipality of São Paulo (MSP). Considering the wide-scale sense of polarity between the centre and the periphery in different aspects of living conditions, this finding may be surprising; it reflects the success of the state utility agencies in maximizing access to people in previously irregular or illegal settlements such as favelas. One noteworthy difference in the data from the MRSP and the MSP is that 90 per cent of those in the MSP are linked directly to the street mains supply, and no one reported using water from rivers, reservoirs or trucks. Considering the prevalence throughout the MRSP and MSP of densely populated favelas, illegal allotments, unregulated developments and urban sprawl — all included in the sampling frame of the SEADE/UN-HABITAT survey — the high levels of access to improved water reflect the high level of investment and state commitment in the sector. The fact that there are limited differences in water outcomes of

Profile for UN-Habitat

Sao Paulo; A tale of two cities  

UN-HABITAT’s new Cities and Citizens series examines urban inequality in the developing world through in-depth analysis of intracity data de...

Sao Paulo; A tale of two cities  

UN-HABITAT’s new Cities and Citizens series examines urban inequality in the developing world through in-depth analysis of intracity data de...

Profile for unhabitat
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