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são paulo - a tale of two cities

of São Paulo as compiled by the State Data Analysis Foundation (SEADE). The Gini for the state as a whole is currently 0.50, while the central area of the municipality of São Paulo has a Gini coefficient of 0.57. Some administrative regions within the state have Gini scores as low as 0.35 (Região Administrativa de Central), while most are below 0.50 and the MRSP is 0.54. Clearly, just as the HDI within MRSP varies from district to district, so too do the Gini calculations belie the heterogeneity of income within the region. However, the spatial and social segregation in São Paulo indicates that certain areas, particularly in the periphery, are overwhelmingly populated with low-income households, while other areas are dominated by high earners. Despite high levels of inequality, São Paulo has improved significantly on its social indicators, including literacy rates, infant mortality, basic education and health. It is these that the following sections will now explore. Additionally, a more nuanced deprivation analysis of the city, taking relative deprivation into account, will show the extent of gaps between actual the situation in the city and the aspirations of its residents, including measurement of discontent and aspects of distributive justice.

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Children of mother Rosalira, living in a hole in the bridge of Casa Verde. After a feature report for local newspaper, Folha de São Paulo, that highlighted their living conditions, the family won a house from a TV show and have since moved. Other families that lived under the bridge in this small favela occupied a designated risk area and were resettled by the municipality into new units provided by CDHU. One of many examples of positive intervention by the municipality. Image: Marcelo Min Fotogarrafa Agency

Profile for UN-Habitat

Sao Paulo; A tale of two cities  

UN-HABITAT’s new Cities and Citizens series examines urban inequality in the developing world through in-depth analysis of intracity data de...

Sao Paulo; A tale of two cities  

UN-HABITAT’s new Cities and Citizens series examines urban inequality in the developing world through in-depth analysis of intracity data de...

Profile for unhabitat
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