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são paulo - a tale of two cities

Introduction: Understanding Urban Dynamics Inside Cities The need for intra-city analysis

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he need for comprehensive, comparable and reliable information on cities and towns has long been recognized. However, it is clear that the collection and analysis of data at the city level must be augmented by disaggregated information at the intra-city level. Indeed, city-aggregated information often provides misleading information. Aggregated data averages all urban households — rich and poor — to provide one single estimate of poverty, overlooking existing pockets of poverty in the city, and consequently underestimating the urban poor and the conditions in which they live. The earlier practice of simply providing urban versus rural estimates has masked the crisis that the urban poor and slum dwellers are facing. To improve the lives of the dispossessed, local policy makers need to be informed about the consequences of vastly different living conditions experienced by slum dwellers and others in the city. There is a need to assemble and disaggregate existing indicators to describe sub-city areas and design a database capable of maintaining and updating this information. UN-HABITAT has monitored and reported on the progress of the implementation of the Habitat Agenda through its Urban Indicators Programme and connections with local urban observatories in various cities around the world. Subsequent to the Millennium Declaration in September 2000, the agency also began reporting on Millennium Development Goal 7, Target 11 (now Target 7d) by designing a global monitoring strategy that includes slum indicators and a Monitoring of Urban Inequalities Programme (MUIP). The objective of the MUIP is to enhance evidence-based formulation of urban development policies by systematically disaggregating data between urban slums and non-slum areas through the implementation of Urban Inequalities Surveys. As part of these efforts, UN-HABITAT has launched the Cities & Citizens series, which aims to produce information that helps depict

Image: Marcelo Min Fotogarrafa Agency

the situation of the urban poor, vis-à-vis their health, well-being, education, employment and housing conditions, as compared to urban inhabitants who live in planned non-slum urban areas. The Cities & Citizens series recognizes the urgent need for better data at the district, municipality and household levels in urban areas: the levels at which urban problems can be solved. It is clear that analysis of data at the intra-city level is fundamental to the development of local policy. The earlier practice of simply providing urban versus rural estimates has masked the crisis that slum dwellers are facing. To improve the lives of slum dwellers and the urban poor, local policy needs to be informed by the consequences of vastly different living conditions experienced by slum and non-slum dwellers. UN-HABITAT’s Cities & Citizens series aims to assemble and disaggregate existing indicators to describe sub-city areas and design a database capable of maintaining and updating this information in a selected number of cities. Without meaningful urban data, policy makers are rendered incapable of tackling persistent problems in their cities. The Cities and Citizens series aims to create a new framework of analysis for urban policy to produce quality information that can assist cities in becoming more livable places, where citizens enjoy better health, better education, better livelihoods, better transportation, better access to infrastructure and basic services, and better environments — in short, a higher standing on a majority of MDG indicators, in a more equitable city setting. In the long run, the publications in this series aim to develop capacity among local, national and international stakeholders to conduct policy analysis in favour of the urban poor. This book is the first in the UN-HABITAT Cities & Citizens series. It aims to present and discuss a wide range of disparities and urban inequalities evident in São Paulo using SEADE/ UN-HABITAT data, as well as data from a range of government and non-government sources. São Paulo is a logical place to begin

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Profile for UN-Habitat

Sao Paulo; A tale of two cities  

UN-HABITAT’s new Cities and Citizens series examines urban inequality in the developing world through in-depth analysis of intracity data de...

Sao Paulo; A tale of two cities  

UN-HABITAT’s new Cities and Citizens series examines urban inequality in the developing world through in-depth analysis of intracity data de...

Profile for unhabitat
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