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EC/2013/DIR/PI/1 REV.4

ANNUAL REPORT ACTIVITIES UNESCO - QUITO Representation for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela

2012 Quito Office

Representation for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization






Cooperation Agency


Confederation of Indigenous

Ecuadorian Association of Newspaper

Nationalities and Peoples of the Ecuadorian Coast

Publishers BICD

Battery of Indicators on Culture


Journalists’ Federation of Pichincha

for Development


Science, Technology and Innovation


Common Country Assessment


Institute of International Cooperation


Charles Darwin Foundation

of the German Association for Adult


Council on Evaluation, Accreditation

and Quality Assurance of Higher Edu-


Education for All



Radio Education of Bolivia

Center for Studies on Freedom of Ex-


Colombian Journalist Federation

pression and Access to Information






Center for Popular Education and ProFELAFACS


Ecuadorian Technology

Latin American Federation of Schools of Social Communication


Higher Education Council


Center for Archaeological and


Friedrich Ebert Foundation – Colombia

Anthropological Research and Admin-


Foundation for Freedom of the Press

istration of Tiwanaku


New Ibero-American Journalism Foun-


FUNDAMEDIOS Andean Foundation to Observe and



Inter-American Handicrafts and Grass-

Study the Media

Research Center for Specialty Instruction


Communication Group

Council to Develop the Nations and


Institute of High-level National Studies

Peoples of Ecuador


International Basic Science


Information and Communication





Associated Schools Plan Network



National Secretariat of Higher

Education, Science, Technology and

Inter-Agency Thematic Groups

Program IFAP

Information for All Program


National Institute of Meteorology and

Innovation SENPLADES


Hydrology INPC

National Cultural Heritage Institute


International Program for Develop-

National Development Planning Sec-


Technical Secretariat for International Cooperation

ment of Communication


University of the Americas


Japan Funds in Trust


United Nations


Program on Local and Indigenous


United Nations Program

Knowledge Systems



Man and the Biosphere Program


United Nations Country Team


Media Development Indicators


United Nations Development


Millennium Development Goals

Assistance Framework


Spanish Fund to Achieve the Millen-


United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organization

nium Goals OAS

Organization of American States


United Nations High Commissioner


United Nations Office to Coordinate

for Refugees

Humanitarian Affairs


United Nations Children’s Fund


National Media Observatory


University Twinning and Networking


International Organization for Devel-


opment Promotion and Famine Relief


United Nations System


International Hydrology Program


Private Technical University of Loja


International Basic Earth Science




Message: Irina Bokova, Director-General 5

1. Foreword



Strategic objectives of UNESCO Quito in 2012: Expected outcomes, challenges, good practices and lessons learned



Program activities and outcomes by action lines, based on results of the UNDAF


A. Education Sector


B. Culture Sector


C. Communication and Information Sector


D. Natural Sciences Sector


E. Administration Section



Inter-sector Platforms



Relations with the United Nations system. Participation in ITGs. Implementing joint programming in countries of the cluster



Mobilizing alliances. Relations with partners and interlocutors, other UNESCO offices and National Commissions


7. Publications



Office Visibility



Prospects for UNESCO – Quito



ur aims are ambitious. Attaining them will require the tenacity of the human spirit. In the past, humanists encouraged the use of the “Vulgate� to standardize the use of Latin. Today, we are also learning, with determination, about our diversity. The 2003 and 2005 UNESCO conventions on safeguarding intangible cultural heritage and on the diversity of cultural expressions are two of the tools that we have in order to work toward this end. Every culture provides a fundamental principle for understanding the world. None can be left out. It would be a mistake to think that uniformity makes understanding easier: it simply masks differences. We have already wasted natural resources, let us not squander those of the spirit. Education, Science, Culture and Communication are pillars for building a united human community and the foundation of sustainable development. There is no better investment than making them the pivot for development. This is the challenge of the approaching century, and the condition for building peace. Irina Bokova Director-General


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he UNESCO Office in Quito currently plays the role of representing the Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela), offering technical assistance and consultancy to formulate and implement programs and activities in the Organization’s sectors of competent jurisdiction: Education, Natural Sciences, Culture, Communication and Information. The mission of this Representation is to contribute to building peace, eradicating poverty, achieving sustainable development and intercultural dialogue in the Andean countries. During 2012, UNESCO-Quito, has provided technical assistance to develop and strengthen policies favoring achievement of international goals such as Education for All (EFA), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Freedom of Expression, Sustainable Development, Human Rights and Culture of Peace, taking into consideration the priorities established in national development plans. The actions implemented are based on a policy of recommendation, dialogue and promoting participation by all of society, particularly women, youth and native peoples.


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uring 2012, inter-sector work has been promoted with balance, for the purpose of providing flexible, coherent responses to today’s complex challenges, particularly at the national level. Inclusion of youth and their contribution to achieving a culture of peace and non-violence and promoting activities related with human rights promotion have been a strategy. Linking culture to development on national agendas has been a priority, as has the post-2015 debate, which already poses a key challenge for 2013. Finally, the office’s strategic contribution to backstopping Country Team activities has played a key leadership role in inter-agency thematic groups on Education intercultural relations and contributed to joint planning activities.


Inclusion of youth and their contribution to achieving a culture of peace and non-violence and promoting activities related with human rights promotion has been a strategy

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A. EDUCATION SECTOR The Education Sector, pursuant to UNESCO mandates, has the priority of working to improve equity, inclusion and educational quality for lifelong learning, to promote sustainable development and the culture of peace and non-violence, offering technical assistance to States and supporting them to meet the goals of Education for All and national and international commitments made under the human right to education. To achieve these priorities, our work has followed the UNESCO strategies oriented toward: Generating knowledge about education in the countries under our aegis, facilitating alliances and supporting policy strengthening. The Sector has been well positioned in these last few years, developing strong alliances with other national and international cooperation agencies and maintaining ongoing coordination with ministries of education and other governmental interlocutors, as with the national commissions for cooperation with UNESCO. Funding limitations have been addressed, within countries, by partnering to pursue joint activities including funding to implement certain types of activities. This has reinforced collaboration with UNAIDS, UNICEF, Flemish Development Coopera-

tion, Plan International; Norwegian Alliance, DVV of Germany, as well as national non-governmental organizations. The sustainability of activities by this Sector entail resource mobilization for extra-budgetary projects at a time when international cooperation is cutting funding for the Andean sub-region and, further, under circumstances in which governments are legally obliged to directly implement their budgets. Therefore, it is fundamental to build collaboration with Headquarters to raise resources from donors and tighten the bonds among UNESCO offices in the region to provide the capacities for technical response to demands for assistance from countries of the Cluster. Further, the political processes that countries of the Cluster are experiencing require international cooperation to make analyses aligning with countries’ interests and contribute effectively, under UNESCO’s mandates, to strengthening policies and programs under way and ensuring the right to quality education for all. The Sector activities outlined below fall into the following lines of action:


• •

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Accelerating progress toward EFA, above all at the national level, particularly by using information and communication technologies (ICTs); Creating effective, inclusive educational systems; Supporting the educational system’s responses to contemporary challenges for sustainable development and a culture of peace and non-violence; and Reinforcing EFA leadership by promotion, collaboration and monitoring activities.


The Education Sector, pursuant to UNESCO mandates, has the priority of working to improve equity, inclusion and educational quality for lifelong learning, to promote sustainable development and the culture of peace and non-violence

Supporting development of an information and indicators system to contribute to strengthening and expanding countries’ policies and programs for youth and adult lifelong education. This year, a systematization of experiences with literacy and post literacy was concluded: Contributions, challenges and new steps forward in the countries of the Andean Region. Similarly, we contributed to holding national and sub-regional events to publicize countries’ contributions and discuss policy strengthening in alliances with non-governmental organizations and other cooperation agencies. For instance, the International Meeting on Education

for Youth and Adults was supported in collaboration with the International Cooperation Institute of the Support for reforms in technical and vocational education associated with training adolescents, youth and adults, being pursued by the countries of the Cluster, particularly to facilitate alliances with other sectors involved in technical education, to contribute to disseminating the reform experiences in technical education, organization and management of statistical information, and promotion of inter-sector alliances. A study is now on hand, done this year, on Progress in Technical and Vocational Education in Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador, which will conclude in the first quarter of 2013 with the study in Venezuela.

Methodological workbook for sensitization and training, designed by UNESCO, 2012

STRENGTHENING INTER-SECTOR POLICIES ON EDUCATION Support for actions to establish alliances and stimulate integrated processes contributing to improving indicators of coverage and educational quality. Following the corresponding planning, the following actions have been taken: i) Study on experiences in formulating and implementing policies or experiences in inter-sector strategies in the countries of the Andean Region, ii) multi-thematic workshops to discuss inter-sector responsibility for Education,

Workshop on preventing HIV-AIDS and Education for Sexuality with a Human Rights, Gender and Intercultural approach, 2012


and iii) Meeting on the quality and wholeness of education, (16-17 October 2012 in Quito, Ecuador) attended by the National Development Secretariat, Ministry to Coordinate Knowledge and Human Talent, Secretariat of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Council to Evaluate Educational Quality, and Council of Higher Education.



• • •

Design and implement five training modules prepared in Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia; Develop methodological transfer of the document on Stigma and Discrimination; Training on preventing HIV-AIDS, on using UNESCO methodologies with leaders for teacher training and in communities in urban marginal zones, UNESCO Associated Schools, pedagogical and technical universities of the Ministries of Education; and, Design and implement an on-line platform for experience exchange and strengthening knowledge of persons trained at the Andean School for Training of Trainers on HIV.

The main actions under this project have been: •

Disseminate and use the findings of Andean studies on the status of education for sexuality and prevention of HIV early on in teacher training; Two studies on cultural patterns regarding sexuality in Afro and indigenous population (Colombia and Bolivia); Develop the project for itinerant training, called the Andean School for Training of Trainers, mainstreaming gender and the culture of peace;

EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (ESD AND REDUCING THE RISK OF DISASTERS) This project in Ecuador is part of the Regional DIPECHO Project coordinated by UNESCO-Santiago. The purpose is to contribute to Strengthening Early Warning Systems for Tsunamis on the Southeast Pacific Coast. It is closely coordinated with the National Risk Management Secretariat, Ministry of Education, Naval Oceanography Institute and Geophysical Institute; strategic alliances have also been established with municipalities in the coastal zone, universities, teacher training institutions and schools.

Forming and providing technical backstopping for the Inter-institutional Coordinating Committee of the Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System in Ecuador (comprising the National Risk Management Secretariat, Naval Oceanography Institute and Geophysical Institute) is one of the most important strategic actions, along with preparing the protocol for inter-institutional coordination to cope with Tsunamis in Ecuador which is in the process of being signed by the National Risk Management Secretariat, Naval Oceanography Institute and Geophysical Institute. Other significant actions are: • •

Holding the national workshop on the Tsunami Early Warning System; Holding the campaign by students for tsunami warning in the coastal province of Esmeraldas in coordination with the National Risk Management Secretariat, Ministry of Education and the International Organization for Development Promotion and Famine Relief (OXFAM); Technical assistance to prepare the basic document for risk management planning in Ecuador for 2013-2014; Organizing the Workshop to Strengthen

tsunami response planning in coordination with UNESCO-COI; Supporting and participating in the workshop to coordinate with technical scientific institutes for emergency situations and risk management; and Technical assistance to create the National University for Education in Ecuador, facilitating participation by rectors of pedagogical universities and experts to advise on preparing the priority project for the Ecuadorian Government.

STRENGTHENING THE ANDEAN TEACHER TRAINING AND ESD NETWORK; AND COORDINATING: THE TRAINER-EDS NETWORK This line of work continues with an extra-budgetary project that closed last biennium. It is supported by and directly involves ministries of education, universities, teacher training institutions and educational networks. The main activities have supported knowledge exchange and alliance strengthening and coordination among stakeholders in education for sustainable development and teacher training. • There has also been an Education for Social, Community and Productive Development Workshop in Bolivia.


the National Meeting of the Andean Network for Teacher Training and Education for Sustainable Development in Venezuela; The International Forum on The Challenges of Teachers’ Work, Research and Sustainable Development in Ecuador. And the National Meeting of the Andean Network for Teacher Training and Education for Sustainable Development in Colombia.


Workshop with teachers on HIV-AIDS prevention and education for sexuality, 2012.

This project began in Ecuador in 2005 and picked up again in 2010 to conclude a study on educational experiences Afro-descendant peoples in Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador, which was presented in Bolivia during the Week of Intracultural, Intercultural and Multi-Lingual Education. In 2013 the book will be presented in Ecuador and Colombia and the project will end. EDUCATION AND GENDER

Art contest in schools belonging to the RedPEA Associated School Network, during “Forests and I” Cultural Week, 2012.

Along with the Flemish Development Cooperation Agency and in coordination with the Ministry of Education of Ecuador, which facilitated the making of two important tools to support inclusion of the gender approach in education, we have prepared:

a) a study about incorporating the gender equity approach in educational texts and in the basic education curriculum of Ecuador; and b) indicators to incorporate the gender approach in basic education. QUALITY SCHOOLS AND NETWORK OF SCHOOLS ASSOCIATED WITH UNESCO Technical workshops and events among schools have analyzed national and international norms on the right to education approach, in coordination with national organizations, international cooperation agencies and the Ministries of Education of the Cluster. Support for and strengthening of the network of schools associated with UNESCO (RedPEA) Program, through workshops to exchange and generate knowledge about UNESCO’s areas and topics of work (culture of peace and non-violence, human rights, Nature and sustainable development, intercultural dialogue and role of the United Nations - Model UN). Workshops to systematize innovative experiences in schools from educational networks; painting contests for Environment Day in alliance with FAO; workshop on applying play and creative strategies to UNESCO’s flagship topics in these schools; workshops on integrated risk management and prevention, in alliance with Plan International

Workshop on the culture of peace and gender “Learning to Live Together”, with teachers, students and families, 2012.

Participation of the RedPEA Network in the Ecological Project Fair, Quito, Ecuador, 2011.


and Alliance Mission; meetings and cinema forums with students, teachers and coordinators of the RedPEA to promote inclusion of gender, a culture of peace and non-violence;support for participation by schools from the RedPEA of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, in intercultural dialogue by exchanging articles written by girls and boys in basic education for the Intimag magazine of the French GreeBees Foundation.


PROJECT TO SUPPORT DEVELOPING TECHNICAL CAPACITIES FOR INTER- AND INTRA-CULTURALITY AND MULTI-LINGUALISM IN BOLIVIA This project is coordinated by UNESCO-Santiago and the topic of developing intra-cultural and inter-cultural relations and multi-lingualism is under the responsibility of the Education Sector. Accordingly, the Week for Intra-cultural, InterParticipation by schools from the RedPEA of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, in intercultural dialogue by exchanging articles written by girls and boys in basic education for the Intimag magazine of the French GreeBees Foundation.

cultural and Multi-lingual Education included three major events: •

• •

Continental gathering of Afro-descendant peoples from Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela; Meeting on education with Amazonian peoples; and International Symposium on Intra-cultural, Inter-cultural and Multi-lingual Education in Latin America.

Three studies are being prepared to contribute to policy-making and strengthening for Bolivian education: a) Study on international and national legislation on inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations and multi-lingualism; b) Systematization of educational experiences with an intra-cultural, intercultural and multi-lingual approach in Bolivia and support for preparing the Strategic Plan of the Multi-National Institute of Languages and Cultures; and c) State of the art of accumulated ancestral knowledge and native pedagogies of the indigenous, rural and Afro-Bolivian peoples.

In 2013, the project in this component will address capacity-building for policy-makers regarding intra- and inter-cultural and multi-lingual policies; constructing indicators for educational quality with an intra- and inter-cultural approach; and supporting development of institutes of languages and cultures, among other important actions. UNESCO CHAIRS The Office has provided support for the process of approving the UNESCO Chair on Peace Education and Culture at the Private Technical University of Loja (UTPL) along the Ecuador-Peru border.

Inauguration of Intra- / Inter-cultural and Multilingual Education Weed and Continental Meeting on Education of the Afro-American Peoples (La Paz, Bolivia 12-16 November 2012).

B. CULTURE SECTOR The Culture Sector works to protect and promote heritage and cultural expressions, and works to integrate culture and intercultural dialogue into development policies, to foster a culture of peace and non-violence. It also provides support for Member States in the Cluster to design and develop their cultural policies and industries. The strategy and activities associated with the first sectoral priority highlight the way heritage contributes both to sustainable development and to social

Education Meeting with Amazonian peoples, Bolivia 2012



cohesion, whereas the activities associated with the second center on incorporating the principles of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue into national development policies to ensure the indispensable conditions for social cohesion, development and peace. PROTECTING AND CONSERVING CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE BY ENFORCING THE 1972 CONVENTION 20

40 Years since the Convention for Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

Project to preserve and conserve Tiwanaku and the Pyramid of Akapana, Bolivia

40 YEARS SINCE THE CONVENTION FOR PROTECTION OF WORLD CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE. To celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Convention and Europe Day, the European Union Delegation in Ecuador, the Embassies of Germany, Spain, France, Italy and the United Kingdom, and the UNESCO Office in Quito presented, at the Mindalae Museum in Quito, the photography show on “Marvels of Europe” (9-14 May), including sites declared World Heritage by UNESCO in Europe. The European Union has always played a leading role in implementing this international treaty and is the region with the most sites registered on the List of World Heritage. Special mention was reserved for the city of Quito, the first cultural site declared as

World Heritage in 1978, and relations with the European Commission were reinforced. PROJECT TO PRESERVE AND CONSERVE TIWANAKU AND THE PYRAMID OF AKAPANA, BOLIVIA (JAPANESE FUNDS) This project was decentralized to this office in 2008 as part of the UNESCO General Directorate decentralization program. From 27 to 29 August 2012, a meeting of experts laid the guidelines for continuing the project on the basis of decisions by the World Heritage Committee. Supreme Decree 1004 of 11 October 2011 created the Archaeological, Anthropological and Administration Research Center of Tiwanaku (CIAAAT) and began actions to protect, conserve, research, promote and disseminate the cultural heritage left by the Tiwanacota culture. The experts’ reports are now being compiled for the site’s Conservation Plan requested by the Committee and then, on the basis of recommendations by the mission in August, the project document will be evaluated.

San Francisco Monastery, Quito, Ecuador (Italian Cooperation).

SAN FRANCISCO MONASTERY, ECUADOR (ITALIAN COOPERATION) Italian cooperation has funded a sustainable management plan for the St. Francis Convent, one of

San Francisco Monastery, Quito, Ecuador.


the most famous monuments in Quito’s Historical City Center.


The project’s main aim is to prepare an integrated management plan, with several components to ensure balance among conserving the monument, sustainable tourism, commitments by and training of all parties involved in implementing it, from the National Government to the Franciscan Community. The operating plan was signed on 16 November 2012. Implementation is expected to begin by late January / early February 2013. REINFORCING PROTECTION FOR CULTURAL ASSETS AND PREVENTING THEIR SMUGGLING BY ENFORCING THE CONVENTIONS OF 1954, 1970 AND 2001

of stolen goods to their countries of origin, actions focusing on sales by Internet and other international treaties. Experts attended from Interpol of France and other experts from Switzerland and Chile. Ecuador has expressed interest in holding a meeting on smuggling during 2013, emphasizing the penalties that can prevent this crime. Moreover, Ecuador and Bolivia are making bilateral cooperation agreements to implement actions against cultural smuggling by optimizing control, inventory and registration systems. A proposal for funding for a public official exchange between the two countries has been sent to Headquarters requesting emergency funds for the Culture Sector. Implementing the 2001 Convention

IMPLEMENTING THE CONVENTION TO FIGHT ILLICIT TRAFFICKING IN CULTURAL GOODS We participated in the International Seminar on Police Strategies regarding crimes against Cultural Heritage and Works of Art, organized by the Government of Ecuador through the Commission against Illicit Trafficking in Cultural Goods (Quito, 17- 20 April). Over 80 police officers were trained, and issues were discussed regarding the 1970 Convention, restitution

We attended the international seminar on Underwater Archaeology: Approaches and Prospects, organized by the National Cultural Heritage Institute (INPC) of Ecuador to exchange information on research and study new methodologies, while reinforcing international cooperation for protection of underwater heritage. The specialist responsible for implementing the 2001 Convention at the Havana office attended the seminar, as did professionals and students involved

with underwater archaeology, anthropologists, archaeologists, specialty divers, marine biologists and staff from national institutions involved with marine and environmental activities. During 2013, a series of meetings will promote ratification of the Convention in the countries of Latin America. SAFEGUARDING INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE BY ENFORCING THE 2003 CONVENTION Over 250 persons were trained in intangible cultural heritage in Ecuador (4 workshops), Bolivia (3 workshops) and Colombia (2 workshops). Public officials and other stakeholders in the Convention (non-governmental organizations, communities, etc.) were offered tools to take measures to ensure the safety, transmission, dissemination and promotion of intangible heritage. The program included information about the benefits and obligations of the Convention, measures for safeguarding, the role of the State in managing intangible cultural heritage, sustainable development related with intangible heritage, submission of candidacies for the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage and the role of communities in sensitization and management.

Safeguarding the Kallawaya Culture, Bolivia (Japanese Funding)

The Organization’s Culture Sector and Headquarters, in collaboration with the Ministry of Cultures of the Pluri-National State of Bolivia, are reviewing the project, which aims to ensure that this knowledge and lore will be preserved by being passed down to coming generations.




Reinforcing capacities to implement the 2003 Convention in the Andean countries, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela (Japanese funding).

The main aim of this project is to transmit and safeguard ancestral techniques, emphasizing transmission of knowledge. In recent years, the traditional Kallawaya way of life has been jeopardized by acculturation, which may allow this extraordinary body of medical knowledge to disappear. The Culture Sector and UNESCO Headquarters, in collaboration with the Ministry of Cultures of the Pluri-National State of Bolivia, are reviewing this project, designed to guarantee transmission among generations to preserve this culture’s knowledge and know-how. REINFORCING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT THE 2003 CONVENTION IN THE ANDEAN COUNTRIES. (JAPANESE FUNDS). With funding approved in 2012 to implement the Convention in the Andean Region, this project includes methodologies for training and publicizing the Convention in the countries of the Cluster. Countries have set their needs and the project is completing its last phase of development.

Implementing the Convention to Fight Illicit Trafficking in Cultural Goods.

SUSTAINING AND FOSTERING DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS BY ENFORCING THE 2005 CONVENTION YOUTH FORUM FOR DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS During the week of 24 November 2012, the Consultant was in Quito who is responsible for organizing the Youth Forum for Diversity of Cultural Expressions. She met with partners (Ministry of Culture, Latin Union and promoters of the Forum) to define workshops and select promoters. The Forum will be held the week of 1 April 2013 in Ibarra, Ecuador. The Ministry of Culture will fund part of the Forum and volunteers from Latin Union will provide the support team. To disseminate the 2005 Convention, a Youth Meeting for Diversity of Cultural Expressions is being organized. The event will be attended by youth ages 13 to 16 years from different population groups in Ecuador who generate cultural expressions. The meeting of-


fers the opportunity for the youth’s creative work to become a tool to disseminate and understand the diversity of cultural expressions.


Ceremony to present the Battery of Indicators in the Craftspersons Hall of the National Institute of Cultural heritage (4 December 2012)

The project has support from the Spanish International Development Cooperation Agency (AECID), the Ministry of Culture of Ecuador and Latin Union as the main collaborators. Methodology will include play-based activities, workshops and visits, and will cover such topics as cultural diversity, creativity and cultural expressions, cultural policies and cultural solidarity and cooperation. Promoting the role of culture in development at a world, regional and national level. BATTERY OF INDICATORS ABOUT CULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT

Battery of indicators about culture and development.

After the initial testing phase of the Battery of Indicators on Culture for Development in Colombia, in late 2011 the project began in Ecuador with support from 13 national institutions and in collaboration with the Ministry to Coordinate Heritage. On 4 December 2012, with the presence of Ms. Melika Caucino from the Division for Diversity of Cultural Expressions from Headquarters, the final data were presented from the seven dimensions of the BICD

Battery of Indicators on Culture for Development (BICD). The purpose was to publicly discuss the findings and recommendations to strengthen national cultural policy. This ceremony was attended by authorities from the Ministry to Coordinate Heritage, the INPC, representatives of 12 governmental entities who collaborated in applying the Battery, and AECID and the European Delegation in Ecuador, who have funded the Battery in different parts of the world. Ecuador has proven to be quite open to applying them, and in the future will organize, with partners, work groups to prepare for the final publication of the document on indicators in 2013. For the next phase of the project by UNESCO in different countries of the world, Bolivia has expressed potential interest in participating.


Gustavo Salas, winner of the Recognition for Crafts Excellence in the Andean zone, 2012.

SUPPORT FOR EXCELLENCE IN CRAFTS The foundation has been laid for a cooperation agreement with the Inter-American Center of Handicrafts and Folk Arts (CIDAP) through which the two institutions commit to working to link handicrafts with culture and development. UNESCO will provide technical assistance in different aspects regarding handicrafts work by CIDAP. The Office participated in

Inauguration of the Festival of Handicrafts from the Americas (CIDAP), 2012.


the Festival of Handicrafts from America (1-4 November) with a stand for artisans who received Recognition for Excellence in Handicrafts. It was agreed to take joint actions and create strategic alliances to enable implementation of projects involving cultural industries. CIDAP will be a strategic partner in holding the second Recognition of Excellence in Crafts in the Andean zone, to be held in 2013. Other countries of the Cluster have expressed their willingness to collaborate in publicizing it. PROGRAM BY THE SPANISH FUND TO ACHIEVE THE MILLENNIUM GOALS (MDG-F) The purpose was to promote revaluation of culture, social inclusion and intercultural dialogue to bridge social gaps generated by discrimination and exclusion for cultural and ethnic reasons. It

was implemented in the provinces of Chimborazo, Esmeraldas and Sucumbíos; where there is great cultural diversity but also higher poverty indicators. 28 cultural productive undertakings were promoted in the areas of food sovereignty, handicrafts, music, gastronomy and community tourism. Design of public policies to promote exercise of individual and collective rights, increase political participation, reduce discrimination and promote equal opportunities was also included. During the closing ceremony, the productive undertakings were presented and different discussion groups worked. The Ministry to Coordinate Heritage decided to extend the Program to other provinces with the Ecuadorian Government’s own funding. PROMOTING INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE, SOCIAL COHESION AND THE CULTURE OF PEACE AND NON-VIOLENCE RABINDRANATH TAGORE, PABLO NERUDA AND AIMÉ CÉSAIRE PROGRAM: RECONCILING UNIVERSAL VALUES This Program arose from celebrations of the International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2010). Its aim is to promote projects to translate, edit, publish and create projects related to these


three authors. It will also facilitate dissemination and adaptation of their message and humanistic values.


The photography exposition entitled “End of the World. Pablo Neruda and France” was inaugurated in September 2012 to begin commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the Chilean poet’s passing. The event received collaboration from the French Alliance and the Chilean Embassy in Ecuador, as well as the Andean University and the Central University of Ecuador. For a month, lectures were given on Neruda as a humanist, as a poet, as a person and his special relationship with UNESCO. Dissemination of this Program and the three poets will continue during 2013. ROVING SHOWING AND MEETING ON DIGITAL CINEMA FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS OF THE SOUTH ANDEAN IMAGES OF KIDS’ MOVIES The Office supported the film festival to encourage gathering, dialogue, creation of proposals and commitments to new audiovisual narratives from the perception of children and adolescents from various social groups from three provinces of Ecuador: Azuay, Cañar and El Oro. These films were shown in towns, rural areas and indigenous communities

in the above three provinces, enabling intercultural dialogue, disseminating the culture of peace and enabling participants to interact with some of the directors of the movies shown.

C. COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION SECTOR The goals of Overall Program V “Communication and Information� are to promote freedom of expression and information and encourage communication and information capacities for universal access to knowledge in order to narrow the digital divide. This way, the Sector has focused its efforts on commemorating World Freedom of the Press Day in the Andean countries; providing technical assistance and financial support to apply the Media Development Indicators in the countries of the Andean Region; technical and financial monitoring of Program activities implementation, particularly the International Program for the Development of Communication (IPDC), the Information for All Program (IFAP), and Japan Funds in Trust (JFIT); and provide technical assistance to formulate projects in the countries of the Andean Region to consider extra budgetary sources such as IPDC, the Ford Foundation, OCHA and others.


Community Radio Workshop, 2012.

Nearly 200 journalism students attended the forum on ”Freedom of the press in times of change”.

The greatest challenge in 2012 was working with a smaller budget, 8.15% of the budget granted for the previous biennium. This was all used in 2012, so there are no resources for activities during 2013, except for celebrating World Freedom of the Press Day. Further, the Communication and Information Adviser was transferred to the Bangkok office. Her position in Quito was frozen, and in her place an interim Adviser was appointed (until the end of the biennium) who works in the Montevideo office. For these reasons, the staff responsible for this Sector does only technical and financial monitoring for current projects.


These are the activities the Sector has implemented to promote an environment enabling freedom of expression to foster development, democracy and dialogue for a culture of peace and non-violence: •

In the framework of celebrating May 3rd, this Office and the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in collaboration with the Simón Bolívar Andean University, launched in Quito the book Freedom of expression: debates, scope and new agenda.

Nearly 200 journalism students attended the forum on “Freedom of the Press in Times of Change” (La Paz, 27 April 2012), organized for World Freedom of the Press Day by the National Press Association in collaboration with University Mayor San Andrés. Top-rate Bolivian journalists took part. Discussion centered on freedom of the press in Europe, Latin America and Bolivia and emphasized journalistic practice in times of conflict; ethics and security for journalists; Violation of the rights to information and expression.

World Press Freedom Day was commemorated in Bogotá with an event organized by the Writing Council and the Antonio Nariño project (grouping Andiarios, FESCOL, FLIP, FNPI and Media for Peace) with support from the Javeriana University and Fundamundo. Seventy persons attended to discuss legal initiatives affecting freedom of the press in Colombia: the so-called Lleras 2.0 Law, criminalization of slander and defamation, and the draft statutory Law on transparency and access to public information.

In the framework of celebrating May 3rd, this Office and the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in collaboration with the Simón Bolívar Andean University, launched in Quito the book Freedom of Expression: Debates, Scope and New Agenda. The event took place at the Andean University on 25 April 2012 and involved government authorities, parliamentarians, journalists and scholars.

The School of Communication at the Salesian Polytechnic University, UNESCO-Quito and an NGO, Radialistas Apasionadas y Apasionados, held seven workshops to reflect on freedom of the press in such fields as free information and communication technologies, communication for peace, grassroots communication, intermediation radio and critical reception of news. This work concluded with a free participatory radio program dis-

Workshop held by UNESCO-Quito and the NGO, Radialistas Apasionadas y Apasionados, 2012.

Community radio workshop, 2012


sion is that the work done by ONADEM is satisfactory, showing a high degree of professionalism and striving for balance. The institution worked in a context of sharp polarization about this topic.

cussing the most significant aspects of each workshop, lessons learned and the challenges of practicing communication from diverse scenarios and media. To strengthen free, independent, pluralistic media, citizen participation and communication at the service of sustainable development, taking into account the disparities between men and women, the following activities were carried out: 34

The National Media Observatory (ONADEM) of the UNIR Foundation carried out a study on application of the Media Development Indicators in Bolivia. The study sought to establish the characteristics of the overall framework in which the information media and journalists operate in that country, comparing them with relevant international standards on freedom of expression and the right to information. The finding is a “snapshot” of the current situation, offering a balanced picture of the situation based on diverse consultation with personal, institutional and documentary sources. Application of the Media Development Indicators in Bolivia was reviewed. The conclu-

Therefore, the effort and results are even more noteworthy, having considered the opinions of a broad range of stakeholders.

The University of Lima held the IberoAmerican Meeting of UNESCO Chairs for Communication under the 14th Meeting of Communication Departments, held in Lima in October 2012. The aim was to propose the possibility of reinforcing bilateral activities or whatever will gradually bring the UNESCO Chairs together in joint efforts to encourage dynamic dialogue and experience exchange.

The Bolivian Evangelical University implemented the Master’s Program in Journalistic Communication based on the UNESCO Model Journalism Curriculum project. Its activities included adapting the existing M.A. program to transform it into a Master’s for students with little or no prior journalism training or experience. This called for a train-

ing plan for professors and thesis supervisors from the M.A. Program (12 courses), preparation of instruction guidebooks for each instructional module, buying ten computers to set up a newsroom at the University’s Communications School, and purchasing 72 new journalism books proposed in the bibliography of the Model Plan for the School library. •

The project Strengthening the Women’s Network of the Colombian Federation of Journalists (FECOLPER-Mujer) promoted the media as a platform for democratic discourse by conducting analyses, debates and good practices in gender equality among Colombian journalists. A national meeting was organized with approximately 30 delegates to reflect and formulate an action plan to advance gender equality for media professionals in Colombia. Five workshops on “Journalism with a gender perspective reached approximately 90 women journalists from all types of media (press, radio, television and Internet) from five regions of the country. The Medianálisis Civil Association conducted the project Contributions by the media to democracy in Venezuela through plurality of


information sources, citizen participation and media accountability. The aim was to apply UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators in Venezuela, and train professional journalists and students of social communication through the process of applying the MDIs. In view of the country’s complicated political situation, Medianálisis was unable to complete the project, which had to be canceled. 36

Project Workshops FECOLPER, 2012.

The Andean Foundation to Observe and Study the Media (FUNDAMEDIOS) carried out the project on Training in security, legislation, access to information and selfregulation for journalists working in highrisk zones. The purpose was to contribute to developing the abilities of journalists who work in high-risk zones in Ecuador, so they can use security techniques to protect their lives in cases of violence, riots or intentional aggression. At the same time, they were provided with knowledge about legal instruments, both national and international, that guarantee their rights and enhance the quality of their work. The training consisted of workshops comprising four modules on security, laws for journalists, access

to information, ethics and self-regulation. However, the institution did not completely implement the activities planned during the contract period. •

The Latin American Federation of Schools Social Communication (FELAFACS) is pursuing a project on Training teachers for M.A. programs in the Andean Region with emphasis on strategic use and social appropriation of ICTs. The project will design a training plan for professors at the Master’s level in the Andean Region on key topics of the UNESCO Model Journalism Curriculum. Part of its activities includes designing virtual courses on its Website, on-site training on four subjects in the three countries and purchasing the literature recommended by the Model Plan. FELAFACS has now structured the courses and prepared their contents, announced the first course and interviewed possible professors, with the selection process under way. In January 2013, an activity of virtual sensitization for faculty will cover strategic use and social appropriation of ICTs. The first on-line course will be given between February and March 2013.


Workshops and training, 2012.



Project Workshops (ERBOL), 2012.

Educaciรณn Radiofรณnica de Bolivia (ERBOL) is implementing the project on Educating grassroots communicators for the Afro-Bolivian nationality, which will provide training for 12 Afro-Bolivian grassroots communicators (at least 7 women) from the Yungas zone in La Paz about communication and democracy, computing, radio journalism, and digital journalism. They will also purchase six laptop computers, 12 digital cameras and 12 portable audio recorders to use in the workshops. As a result, participants will produce radio contents, reports and other journalistic pieces to broadcast on the Aymara Network, the ERBOL digital newspaper and Radio Yungas. Finally, a communication project for the AfroBolivian community will be formulated to apply for a frequency under the Telecommunications Law. A first workshop on democracy and the right to information was carried out in La Paz, in November 2012, for the purpose of building capacities and abilities to manage radio, journalistic and technological resources with 12 communicators on topics such as gender equity, educational media, the right to information, the right to communication, freedom of expression, and ethics.


FNPI Workshops, Colombia 2012.

The results of this activity are preliminary programming for Afro-Bolivian Radio, an analysis of the relationship among the media, the audience and communicators, collective decisions about the right to information and freedom of expression, socio-drama practice focusing on gender issues, and four radio spots with educational contents on health, gender, violence and discrimination.


The Foundation for New Ibero-American Journalism (FNPI) is implementing in Colombia the project on Investigative Journalism about Drug Traffic and Mechanisms for Self-Protection for Journalists.

This training in BogotĂĄ for 15 journalists from Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela who cover drug traffic and organized crime and work in border zones or cities with high

violence and insecurity, covers investigative journalism and mechanisms for self-protection. This training also focuses on handling of confidential sources, to reveal the facts without harming the safety of other persons, and strategies to cover drug traffic and organized crime from various angles. Finally, trainees receive assistance to prepare two investigative journalism projects on drug traffic and organized crime involving at least two of the three countries, to be written by the journalists participating as part of the workshop outcomes. The workshop was attended by 17 journalists who cover topics involving drug traffic. This activity enabled reflection and production of new contents on this topic in the border zones of the three countries involved, with heavy emphasis on updating, discussion and contributions of pre-existing ideas about journalists’ traumas in situations of conflict. The topics addressed were strengthening of abilities and special investigation powers, compiling news, stories, networking and self-protection. As a result, it was agreed to prepare a special issue about drug traffic on the borders of Ecuador and Venezuela, to be published and broadcast by the “Red Harvest” network of Argentina. This special issue will be prepared in early 2013. The individual work being prepared by participants will be published in the media outlets they work for.


Workshop on media self-regulation, CPP & AEDEP, 2012

The Federation of Journalists of Pichincha (CPP) and the Ecuadorian Association of Newspaper Publishers (AEDEP) are conducting a project on Training in self-regulation and

gender for management and journalists. The project targets 40 participants from the country’s main print media. The first workshop, held in Quito (November 2012), centered on the benefits of self-regulation, using codes of ethics, editorial guidelines and guides for professionals. Guidelines were also provided to create an “ombudsman” and press councils. The second workshop will be on covering gender issues ethically. A complete guide will be published on selfregulation for the country’s print media, with a specific chapter on covering gender topics. •

The ILLA Education and Communication Center is implementing the project on Training community communicators in ICTs and gender, consisting of two workshops targeting 50 communicators from community radio stations in Peru belonging to the ARI Association, on topics of gender equality and using ICTs. As a result, the participants will produce six radio reports. They will also establish an online platform to upload information on the training. The first progress report is scheduled for late February 2013. The first workshop will be held the last week of January 2013. Trainers have been identified


and invitations have been sent to 30 potential participants. •


The Bolivarian University of Venezuela is conducting the project for a Diploma Course to strengthen training of alternative and community communicators. This project proposes to adapt four subjects of the UNESCO Model Journalism Curriculum for a diploma program for alternative and community communicators at the University: Investigative journalism, coverage and writing, ethics, and legislation. The professorsto-be of the Diplomate will be trained in the above topic areas by four on-campus workshops, and one distance training course. The teacher guides will be prepared for the subjects in collaboration with the professors, 60 students will be selected for the Diploma Program and 40 new books on journalism will be provided (suggested by the Model Curriculum) along with 50 computers for the newsroom of the UBV Program for Training in Social Communication. The first progress report is scheduled for mid-February 2013. Five national projects and regional project were formulated and submitted for consid-

eration by the International Program for the Development of Communication (IPDC) in 2013. •

At the request of the IPDC Secretariat, a consultancy evaluated four projects implemented in the Andean countries under UNESCOQuito supervision. The work consisted in an analysis of the implementation process, identifying outcomes and challenges, and outlining future prospects for each project.

Finally, the Sector’s contributions to empowering citizens by universal access to knowledge and preservation of information, including the documentary heritage, were the following: •

In collaboration with the Foundation for the Americas, the Report on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in education for persons with disabilities was published in English and Spanish. This study was conducted in South America, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean. The publication has been distributed in Latin America, the Caribbean and different units at Headquarters, in addition to having been officially launched during the forum

on Diverse Talents, Equal Rights, held in Lima (October 2012) with co-funding from UNESCO-Quito. •

The status of freedom of expression in the region was reviewed (2011-2012) and the methodology formulated by the Center for Studies on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (CELE) of the University of Palermo with IPDC funds in 2010 was updated.

The project on Access to information, accountability and transparency in the Andean Region worked to promote the use and application of ICTs to reinforce access to information and development of e-government strategies. Two activities were conducted during 2012:

Analysis of the media landscape in Peru. The study, entitled “Digital TV: There are still opportunities for it to be a tool for diversity and social inclusion”, summarizes the main aspects of regulations and public policies implemented to date regarding the transition toward open land-based digital television, and analyzes the relationship with general



• •

• • •

standards and principles regarding requirements for diversity, pluralism and equal opportunities for access to the media for full exercise of freedom of expression and the existence of a democratic media system.

Preparing, publication and distribution of the final report on the project (2010-2012) in English and Spanish. It includes a CD containing the studies conducted by several institutions during implementation: Progress and opportunities in use and application of mobile telephony in the Andean Region. Recommendations to implement e-government in Bolivia. Guide on standards for participatory design and implementation of municipal e-government in Bolivia. Transparency in munici¬pal budgeting. Proposal for municipal governments (Bolivia). Citizen guide on public budgeting (Bolivia). Guide for processes of sensitization regarding ICTs, access to information and e-governance (Bolivia). Proposal of categories to analyze implementation of e-government in municipalities (Ecuador).

How to measure the level of e-government? Manual of standards for local governments in Ecuador: Standards for governmental Websites. Mapping experiences on standards for governmental Websites (Ecuador). Proposed standards for governmental Websites. Guaranteeing access to public information (Ecuador). Proposed standards for governmental Websites. Application manual (Ecuador).

The project on Strengthening community radio stations in Colombia was funded by the Government of Japan, UNESCO, the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies of Colombia and the Colombian Agency for Reintegration. The aim was to build community radio station’ capacity in the municipalities most affected by the armed conflict, to contribute to consolidating peace, and producing radio contents to address dialogue, integration and reconciliation with groups of demobilized persons. The main results of the project have been the following: •

Training on the dial for peaceful coexistence provided local and national training, with a guide for regional coordinators.

Three local training-for-trainers workshops, with 98 participants from 20 municipalities, on basic aspects of radio production to generate knowledge about the policy of reintegration and reconciliation. 20 local workshops to popularize the project among the public and identify topics to produce six radio micro-programs for each of the 20 municipalities involved (316 persons trained). 40 training workshops (two at each radio station involved), with a total of 168 participants on digital editing and 217 on project formulation. 120 radio programs on topics of reinsertion, demobilization and peaceful coexistence, produced by the community radio stations involved. They are all included in a CD which has been widely distributed throughout Colombia. Publication and distribution nationwide, with counterpart funds, of the brochure entitled Training for peaceful coexistence on the radio dial, describing the project’s training strategy and results. Production and dissemination of an institutional video, paid for with counterpart funding, on project experiences.


Project closing ceremony, Strengthening community radio stations in Colombia, held at the Ministry of Information and Co¬mmunication Technologies in Bogotá, Colombia on 12 June 2012

D. NATURAL SCIENCES SECTOR The Natural Sciences Sector has based its actions in 2012 on the biennial Sector Priorities: •

• Man and the Biosphere Program.


Using science to sustainably utilize natural resources and renewable energies, improve energy efficiency, reduce natural disasters, and attenuate their effects.

Strengthen science, technology and innovation systems and policies for sustainable development, eradication of poverty and a culture of peace and non-violence. Use science to sustainably utilize natural resources and renewable energies, and for energy efficiency, reducing natural disasters and attenuating their effects.

Pursuant to the Sector’s mandate in the Andean sub-region, including the components of technical assistance and institutional and personal capacity-building, to promote sustainable development strategies, we have worked in the fields of action identified as priorities, covering the sector’s two overall working areas: science, science policies, innovation and indigenous knowledge; and environmental sciences for sustainable natural resource use. Considering the budget situation that UNESCO is experiencing, the Sector adapted its working strategy, seeking partners with whom to implement actions and activities at no cost to the Organization. At the same time, the search for extra budgetary resources to reinforce the Sector’s action has been a constant priority during 2012. Accordingly, alliances with international, national, governmental, and non-governmental institutions, indigenous associations, academics, organized civil society groups and others have made it possible to participate in and support actions in the Sector’s fields, including the Program on

Man and the Biosphere (MAB),the International Hydrology Program (IHP), and the Program on Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems (LINKS), the most active in the Andean sub-region. This period coincided with conclusion of a number of extra budgetary projects from previous years, such as the Program for Conservation and Sustainable Management of the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve, funded by the Government of Spain, which was a national priority for the Ecuadorian Government. Close relations with the National Commissions for Cooperation with UNESCO, Permanent Delegations to UNESCO, and National Committees and Focal points for the MAB Program have been maintained. A strategy was designed for information, discussion, communication and visibility, holding events focusing on reflection and debate regarding priority issues for the sector and disseminating them on the Office’s Website and its page on Facebook. The Sector and its activities have also been present in the press in Colombia and Ecuador.

POLICIES ON SCIENCE, INNOVATION, AND INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SCIENCE POLICIES AND INCORPORATING ANCESTRAL KNOWLEDGE INTO THE CLASSICAL CONCEPT OF SCIENCE The Natural Sciences Sector had planned a Regional Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) in 2012, following up on the sub-regional forums held in previous years, including, in the Andean sub-region, Bolivia and Ecuador, which are world leaders in promoting and incorporating ancestral knowledge into their overall development strategies and the science policies in particular. For example, the concept of Living Well - sumak kawsay (the term in the Kichwa language) has been incorporated into the Constitution of Ecuador, and its current National Development Plan is called the National Plan for Living Well - 2009-2013. The Constitution of Ecuador is the first in the world to recognize that Nature holds rights, beyond the people’s right to live in a healthy, ecologically balanced environment. The sub-regional proposal to be brought to the Latin American and Caribbean platform is precisely to incorporate “S” (for ancestral “saberes” = lore, wisdom, know-how, making a transition from STI


Logo of International Year for Sustainable Energy for All - 2012

to STI-S), recognizing the transcendence of involving ancestral knowledge. For budgetary reasons, the Regional Forum was postponed. The main outcome from consensus-building at the Andean level is precisely to add the component of ancestral knowledge to traditional STI. Additional actions by the Sector to position these issues include information sessions and lectures. EVENT ON SCIENCE EDUCATION


Using science for sustainable use of natural resources and renewable energies, as well as energy efficiency, reducing natural disasters and mitigating their effects.

Workshops were organized with the Education Sector on quality and wholeness of education in Ecuador (October 2012) in coordination with the National Development Secretariat (SENPLADES), the Ministry to Coordinate Knowledge and Human Talent, the National Secretariat of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation (SENESCYT), the Ministry of Education, the Council for Evaluation, Accreditation and Assurance of Higher Educational Quality (CEAACES), the Council on Higher Education (CES), the Institute of High-Level National Studies (IAEN) and the Research Center for Specialty Instruction (CIENESPE). It was attended by rectors, academic and pedagogical directors from universities, high schools, pedagogical institutes, officials from ministries, researchers and teachers. Several lectures addressed

science education, developing human talent, ancestral knowledge and inter-cultural relations, as well as the basic sciences approach to higher education. BUILDING CAPACITIES IN BASIC SCIENCES, PARTICULARLY THROUGH THE INTERNATIONAL BASIC SCIENCE PROGRAM (IBSP), ENGINEERING AND USING RENEWABLE ENERGIES. CELEBRATING INTERNATIONAL YEAR FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL - 2012 With the Appropriate Technology Foundation (FEDETA) and the University of the Americas (UDLA), lectures on the topic of sustainable energy for all were given in Quito, Ecuador. The result was presentation of information and the possibility to discuss with university professors and students, fundamentally in environmental engineering, positioning topics of the international year declared by the United Nations General Assembly. Encouraging ample participation in sciences, technology and innovation. COMMEMORATING INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE DAY FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT

Celebrating International Year for Sustainable Energy for All – 2012. Universidad de las Américas, Quito.

The UNESCO General Conference decided in 2001 proclaimed 10 November as World Day for Science for Peace and Development. The purpose of this day is to renew commitment, both national and international, to science for peace and development, emphasizing responsible use of science to benefit societies, eradicate poverty and improve human security. This day also aims to heighten awareness of the importance of science and bring it closer to society. Accordingly, a student forum and contest was organized in organized in November along with the Ecuadorian Museum of Natural Sciences and CIENESPE. Several sessions were organized, for


high schools in Quito, and for high-school graduates from schools in the Metropolitan District of Quito. The students presented ideas and proposals that had previously been discussed with their respective professors and classmates about how to achieve a more sustainable world using science and natural resources properly. To position the topic among scholars, students and general public, lectures were also organized in collaboration with SENESCYT and CIENESPE. 50

THE SCIENCE BUS In the framework of the Participation Program with the National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO in Bolivia, a project began called the Science Bus, for the purpose of playfully bringing science closer to vulnerable communities.

Commemorating International Science Day for Peace and Development Ecuadorian Museum of Natural Sciences, Quito, 2012.


In the framework of the Regional Program on “Water and Culture” of the International Hydrology Program (IHP), for the purpose of meeting the urgent need to recognize the cultural dimensions to find sustainable water solutions, the Atlas of Water Cultures of Latin America and the Caribbean. This project consists of compiling the region’s diverse cultures, from the most ancient to current ethnic groups, highlighting their different strategies and technological alternatives applied to use and preserve water resources, emphasizing cultural, ethnographic, ecological and economic aspects related to water resources. The atlas is active in Andean countries, and the national components of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela are being implemented, to gradually incorporate into the regional atlas. WATER SUSTAINABILITY INDEX ON SMALL ISLANDS In collaboration with specialists from the International Hydrology Program who have developed the Watershed Sustainability Index, we are promoting creation of a Small Island Water Sustainability Index to apply on a pilot scale in Galapagos, especially on Floreana, and other islands of the region.

EXPOSITION: WATER – HERITAGE THAT CIRCULATES FROM ONE HAND TO THE NEXT The exposition entitled “Water: – heritage that circulates from one hand to the next”, which has already been shown in Bogotá and other cities of Colombia, and in Lima, Peru, is organized by the Colombian Embassy in Ecuador and other associated institutions, including UNESCO-Quito, and inaugurated in this city in December 2012. The Sector coordinates the scientific component of the activities related to the exposition, positioning the Atlas of Water Cultures of Latin America and the Caribbean and the International Year for Cooperation in the Sphere of Water – 2013, and promotes access for children and youth to the exposition, through RedPEA (Network of Schools Associated with UNESCO) and other colleagues from Quito and nearby places. The exposition gathers information on Colombian and Ecuadorian watersheds, placing special emphasis on the Amazon basin shared by the two countries. One of the objectives of the exposition is to raise public awareness of the importance of conserving the Andean and Amazon regions.





Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela belong to the group of 17 mega-diverse countries on our planet, and include especially vulnerable sites such as coral reefs, mangroves and páramos. Additionally, their biological diversity is accompanied by multiple manifestations of cultural diversity, for example through indigenous and Afro-descendant nationalities and peoples. Countries in the Andean sub-region have their main ecosystems represented with sites duly recognized in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, with island, coastal, Andean and Amazonian sites.



Support for countries of the sub-region to have their national committees or focal points duly accredited by the MAB Program and the Network of MAB Com-

mittees and Biosphere Reserves of IberoAmerica and the Caribbean (IberoMAB). A dialogue has been established with the National MAB Committee of Venezuela and other entities to promote holding of the first meeting of lberoMAB in Venezuela in 2013, pursuant to the Resolution of the meeting held in 2011 in Tumbes, Peru. The meeting will make it possible to revitalize the IberoMAB network and position the reserves of Venezuela and the Andean sub-region in the Ibero-American and Caribbean context, in addition to strengthening the presence of Venezuela in future cooperation activities, for example in issues of sustainable management of natural resources related to biosphere reserves.

Provide technical assistance and advisory support to manage biosphere reserves in the Andean sub-region. Promote networking, systematization, experience exchange and lessons learned. Support the work of thematic networks, such as the Network of Amazon Biosphere, Reserves, comprising sites from every country in the Andean sub-region.

Every country has enormous potential to work on the biosphere reserve concept to coordinate strategies to conserve biodiversity and sustainable development in new sites, both within countries and in trans-border areas, including Lake Titicaca and the coastal Colombia-Ecuador border. The Offi ce has provided support for the preparation of new biosphere reserve proposals, for re-zoning and evaluation and review of existing reserves. In 2012, the Area of the Massif of Cajas in Ecuador was proposed formally as a biosphere reserve.

Using mangrove resources in Tumbes, Peru, 2012.

BIOSPHERE RESERVES AND SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF VULNERABLE ECOSYSTEMS The Sector has worked on sustainable development strategies, conservation of special ecosystems such as islands and mangroves, and their integrated management. A project proposal on mangroves in the countries of the Andean sub-region was approved with UNESCO emergency funds implementation, involving

Sea lion, Galapagos, 2012


key stakeholders at the national and local level for implementation. Exchanges have been promoted between technical staff from biosphere reserves and national parks, such as the Juan Fern谩ndez (Chile) and Galapagos (Ecuador) archipelagos, in collaboration with the Chilean Embassy in Ecuador, and among local stakeholders in mangroves in border zones between Colombia and Ecuador, with the Colombian Embassy in Ecuador. 54

Frigate bird, Galapagos, 2012.

This popularization makes it possible to reinforce cooperation relations between these countries and exchange successful experiences and lessons learned for sustainable management of the corresponding ecosystems and their natural resources. SPECIAL CASE: GALAPAGOS

Blue-footed booby, Galapagos, 2012.

Actions have been taken for the case of especially vulnerable ecosystems, such as the Archipelago of Col贸n Biosphere Reserve (Galapagos), where the Sector represents UNESCO on the Board of the Galapagos Fund to Control Invasive Species (FEIG) and as a Governing Member of the General Assembly of the Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF), contributing to overall management of this site.

NATIONAL SYSTEM OF PROTECTED AREAS IN BOLIVIA Under the Participation Program with the National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO in Bolivia, the Sector is collaborating with the National System of Protected Areas for the purpose of improving management and promoting sustainable development. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO THE GRASSROOTS EDUCATION AND PROMOTION CENTER, ECUADOR Pursuant to Clause Two of the corresponding agreement, the Ministry of Environment and EcoFondo designated as a Secondary Beneficiary the Grassroots Education and Promotion Center (CEPP) to handle the technical, pedagogical and operational design of the Vocational Training Program for staff working with conservation of Protected Natural Areas and wildlife (park rangers and others). The Sector supports this initiative, which will contribute to building capacities by systematic, sustained professional upgrading. WORLD NETWORK OF GEOPARKS The central idea of a geopark is to promote territories with outstanding geological features, integrat-


Visit to the Chicamocha Canyon Geopark Project in the Department of Santander, Colombia, 2012.

ing preservation of significant examples of geological heritage into a local strategy for conservation and sustainable socio-economic and cultural development. As of 2012, Latin America and the Caribbean has a single site registered in the World Network of Geoparks: Araripe in Brazil. The Andean countries have expressed interest in developing geoparks, such as the Chicamocha Canyon in Colombia and Mt. Tungurahua Volcano in Ecuador. 56

They are also promoting experience exchanges and networking with the Araripe Geopark, with Geoparks in Spain and France and with the K端tralcura Geopark project in Chile (in coordination with the Chilean Embassy in Ecuador). Additionally, consultations are under way to implement a bi-national geopark in Lake Titicaca, by Bolivia and Peru. This has contributed to highlighting the concept of geoparks in the Andean sub-region and positioning it as a possibility for international nomination for sites of excellence because of their geological heritage and potential for sustainable development.

Foundation, a cycle of movies with subject matter suited for the general public, children or adolescents. After showing a documentary about the corresponding world day, there was a presentation and discussion. The experience was successful and replication is beginning in Cuenca, in association with the University of Cuenca and the French Alliance of Cuenca. This activity has made it possible to show issues such as pollution of the Amazon region, deterioration of the mangrove ecosystem, recession of Andean snowcaps, or the devastating effects of human beings on the planet from a standpoint of climate change, as well as making the Sector more visible and closer to the general public. UNESCO CHAIRS We have collaborated in disseminating the guidelines and modalities for participation in the UNITWIN and UNESCO Chairs Programs in the areas where the Natural Sciences Sector is active, among interested institutions. CROSS-CUTTING ISSUES INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

To commemorate world days with environmental themes, we organized in Quito, along with the French Alliance and the Ciento Ochenta Grados


Under the Program on Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems (LINKS) the Sector has accompanied and provided technical assistance for preliminary work led by indigenous representatives of Latin America, with special emphasis on Colombia and other Andean countries, to propose a new international nomination of sites to UNESCO, the Spiritual Reserves of Humankind. The intention is to make it possible to recognize sites with special spiritual value, beyond their cultural wealth, biodiversity or potential to implement models of alternative development. We have promoted exchanges among Latin American indigenous authorities, and supported the preliminary preparation of the proposal, which must then be publicly discussed in an iterative process of enrichment, and validated by the representatives of the participating indigenous peoples. LIFE PLANS Life plans by indigenous peoples are fundamental documents based on their own world-view and social, cultural and economic reality, acknowledging their ancestral knowledge and their own traditions. We have promoted discussion forums and reflection events to construct in a participatory manner, respecting each people’s own processes and dynamics, integrated documents, involving develop-

ment plans, physical planning, sector plans, etc., compiling the essential elements, such as the relationship with Nature, use and management of their territory and natural resources, their cultural identity, their particular conceptions of well-being and development, and also more situational priorities such as production projects or some other type of undertakings. In this context, we provide technical support to government entities and indigenous associations to prepare and implement life plans, with special emphasis on peoples and nationalities on the Coast of Ecuador. In cooperation with the Development Council of the Nations and Peoples of Ecuador (CODENPE) and the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities and Peoples of the Ecuadorian Coast (CONAICE), we have supported preparation of life plans with the Awá, Chachi and Épera nationalities, as well as the Manta people. ENVIRONMENTAL STORIES With the decentralized autonomous government of Puerto Limón and other local stakeholders, in the province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas in Ecuador, the oral memory of the Tsáchila Nation-


E. ADMINISTRATION SECTION ality is under way. The idea is to recover legends and stories with an environmental component from Tsรกchila communities, systematize that information, prepare a bilingual publication in Spanish and Tsafiqui (the Tsรกchila Nationality language), distribute it in the communities and elsewhere, and use that material as a tool for environmental education. CLIMATE CHANGE 58

During March 2012, a climate change contest was held in the Central University of Ecuador, to raise awareness, change attitudes and elicit commitments from the university community regarding the impacts it causes on climate change. At the same time, the initiative aimed to strengthen bonds among university students, professors, researchers and public services. The Sector was on the panel of judges for the contest, giving more visibility within university circles, and attended other events on these topics, such as lectures on Rio+20, in response to various invitations. Finally, the Sector is collaborating at a distance with different interagency processes in the Andean sub-region, and in the particular case of Ecuador, in addition to participating in different fields of United Nations system coordination, and is co-director of the Inter-Agency Thematic Group on Sustainable Development.

The main responsibility of this Section has been to operate the office properly and make optimal use of allocated funds. For this purpose, monitoring activities have been carried out to enforce regulations and contractual obligations on behalf of the Organization, within the timeframes and conditions stipulated in contracts. As a result of this careful monitoring, the monthly balance sheet has been done properly without any delay or discrepancy at all. The office facilities have operated adequately, providing appropriate maintenance, by hiring competent suppliers of products and services. The office has been equipped and the personnel trained according to the security standards required by the United Nations system. Regarding human resources, contract types have been standardized, and a pay scale has been implemented according to the activities performed by each collaborator. Better oversight mechanisms have been established to enforce obligations stipulated in the contracts of local personnel, and better internal control to ensure continuation of support provided by the Administrative Section to the other Sectors. For example: a) optimizing utilization of space, conside-

rably reducing rental cost; b) sub-contracting office cleaning and photocopy service has generated significant savings in purchasing cleaning and office supplies; and c) creating a data base to monitor telephone calls, which has lowered the phone bill. To make better use of staff time in some administrative processes, mission reports, applications to reserve meeting rooms and monitoring of the online diplomatic pouch have been systematized. Major efforts have been made to keep staff up-todate on administrative provisions and processes.


During this last year, measures have been implemented to reduce costs and improve internal control to ensure the continuity of the support provided by the administrative section to other sectors.

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PROMOTING THE CULTURE OF PEACE AND NON-VIOLENCE nder UNESCO’s 2012-2013 Biennial Program and its Inter-Sector Directive on promoting a culture of peace and non-violence, the Office obtained funding to implement the project on Promoting a culture of peace, non-violence and intercultural dialogue through the local media, teacher training institutions and schools. This project will be implemented in border areas and/ or contexts of vulnerability in the countries of the Andean Region, to deepen learning, teaching and dissemination of communicational products and messages promoting respect and full enjoyment of Human Rights and a Culture of Peace. It will work with teacher training institutions, community media and others, as well as with schools that are in the selected areas. Journalists working in these zones will also participate in training on security to enable them to prevent and cope with the risks they might be exposed to. Project implementation will continue in 2013 with participation by the Education, Natural Sciences, Culture and Communication sectors.

Girls, boys and youth express their hopes of world peace and solidarity in their drawings.

Promoting a Culture of Peace, Non-Violence and Inter-Cultural Dialogue through local media, teacher training institutions and schools.


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A. UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION FRAMEWORK (UNDAF 2010-2014 n line with the country’s international commitments, with emphasis on international human rights standards, on the Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), on the Objectives of the National Development Plan and on those proposed by the Development System contained in the new Constitution of the Ecuadorian Government (2008), the five areas of strategic concentration for UNDAF during the 20102014 period are: • • • • •

Capacities, potential, quality of life and life expectancy of the population Production, employment, food sovereignty and the solidary economic system Environmental sustainability and risk management State reform, participation, justice and human rights Development, peace and border integration in the Northern Zone of Ecuador.

The cross-cutting themes of UNDAF are: a) human rights, b) gender equity, c) inter-cultural relations. UNDAF has a planning horizon of five years (2010-2014). A review will be done regarding progress at mid-period and another at the end of the cycle. In coordination with the Government, an independent evaluation is conducted of outcomes obtained. The authorities of the Technical Secretariat for International


Cooperation (SETECI) and the National Secretariat of Planning and Development (SENPLADES) of Ecuador have shown great openness to the current UNDAF process and have recommended a presentation to the National Government, through its seven coordinating ministries, of a joint vision of the work done by the UN in Ecuador. For this purpose, a workshop is proposed, to publicly discuss the findings of the progress report, and present the calendar for the new process.

In 2013 (penultimate year of the current cycle) the UN system in Ecuador must do the following: • •

• 64

On 6 November 2012, UNESCO-Quito participated in a meeting called by UNDP and SENPLADES to move forward in preparing the third MDG Report. Further, the census and statistics information has been reviewed and updated to obtain the final findings for the Third National Report on the MDGs. At the end of 2011 the Bolivia Country Team concluded their UNDAF process. A new document was signed with governmental authorities that will be in effect for the 2013 – 2017 period. In Colombia an extension was made, which was signed this year. In Ecuador, this is year three of implementation (2010-2014) and it is foreseen that the United Nations system will prepare a progress report between November 2012 and February 2013. This report is mandatory at least once during the program cycle.

Final evaluation of the 2010-2014 UNDAF. Country assessment (CCA) if the UNCT so decides, because documents already existing in the country can also be used as the assessment (e.g., for 2010-2014 the assessment documents used were the country’s MDG Reports). The new UNDAF for the 2015-2019 programming cycle.

B. COUNTRY TEAM (UNCT) In Ecuador, the UNESCO Office in Quito plays an active, well-recognized role at Country Team meetings. In Bolivia, Colombia and Venezuela, our capacity for intervention has been limited due to the lack of human and financial resources.

C. INTER-AGENCY SUPPORT In Ecuador, this Office leads the thematic group on Education and Inter-cultural relations and participates as alternates in HIV-AIDS (UNAIDS), Sustainable development, Gender, Governance and Human Rights.

The ITG on Education has regularized its operation, with regular meetings, actions shared among agencies, relations with the highest authorities in the educational system – as the United Nations group, and publication of an ITG newsletter. The Office participates actively in supporting the UNS in working with the Government to survey the Map of Inequities in Ecuador and to design and implement the National Strategy on Equality. The UN Country Team has praised the work of the ITG on Education, which has been used as a good practice in the System.

• • •

• •

This Office participates regularly in the other ITGs, contributing with specific actions, information and communication materials and intervening in joint actions such as preparation of UNAIDS country reports. • In Bolivia and Colombia, the Office participates in inter-agency exchanges by video conferencing and takes advantage of missions by colleagues on the technical team to hold coordination meetings. This way, the Office has remained present in UNDAF processes. Other UNS activities the Office has taken part in are:

In education, support for preparation of a newsletter. In gender issues, communicational and operational support for activities and forums. Support for preparing UNAIDS country reports in the represented countries, except for Bolivia, which has no direct representation. Participation in inter-agency technical consultation to prepare the Map of Inequities in Ecuador. Participation in UNDAF processes regarding education in Ecuador, Colombia and Bolivia. Support for reporting on implementation of the Agreement against Discrimination in Education and compliance with the ICESCR, and coordination of the visit by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education. Informative talks to university students, blue helmet personnel, and civil-society organizations about the status of the MDGs, the work of UNESCO and Human Rights. Participation in preparing the Post 2015 Development Agenda – A guide to foster Dialogue in Countries – What future do you want? This Office will be in charge of consulting with indigenous and Afro-descendant population groups.


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A. EDUCATION he Office has established multiple alliances with other United Nations system agencies, bilateral cooperation agencies, international and national non-governmental organizations, and local units of the ministries of education and municipalities to expand its field of technical assistance. As mentioned in the description of activities and projects, technical and funding alliances have been made to pursue research, organize events, reproduce materials, etc. with UNICEF Bolivia and Ecuador, Plan International, Norwegian Alliance, Flemish Development Cooperation; The Secretariat of Education of Cauca Valley; Pedagogical University of Colombia, IBIS of Bolivia; Social Contract for Education in Ecuador, and other partner institutions.

B. CULTURE At present, the Sector’s positioning in all countries of the Cluster remains a key factor to ratify alliances and achieve biennial objectives. During 2012 the Sector established strategic alliances with different partners in each country to enhance the impact of the activities carried out. The Organization’s financial situation has prevented carrying out all activities planned at the beginning of the bien-

nium, but thanks to support by national authorities in the different countries, most of these actions have materialized. Relations were strengthened during signing of the Integrated Management Plan, Capacity-building and Creating a Sustainable Tourism Strategy for the San Francisco Convent, funded by the Italian Government through UNESCO, which includes, to guarantee implementation, national partners such as the Franciscan community, the National Cultural Heritage Institute (INPC), the Municipality of Quito, Quito-Tourism and this Office.

C. COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION Alliances have been established by signing cooperation agreements with the Foundation for the Americas (headquarters in Washington) to publish the Report on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in education for persons with disabilities in English and Spanish. Further, we co-organized and co-funded the international forum on Different Talents, Equal Rights, for persons with disabilities in the Andean Region.


D. SCIENCE The Sector’s action strategy in the countries of the Andean subregion includes interaction with a series of stakeholders, partly mentioned above in the description of activities, including: •


• •

Units at Headquarters such as the Secretariat of the MAB Program, the Program on Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems (LINKS), Geoparks, Scientific Policies, and Renewable Energies The Regional Science Office – UNESCO Montevideo, International Hydrology Program, MAB Program, Scientific Policies and Indigenous Knowledge, Geoparks, Renewable Energy Collaboration with the sub-regional offices of Havana, Cuba, and San José, Costa Rica Interaction with the UNESCO offices in Lima and Santiago, Chile

Examples of governmental stakeholders: Exposition: Water - Heritage that Circulates from One Hand to Another, 2012-2013.

• •

National Service of Protected Areas in Bolivia Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development in Colombia • Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy in Ecuador • Ministry of the Environment in Peru • Ministry of Grassroots Power for Science and Technology in Venezuela Other stakeholders involved in actions include non-governmental organizations, foundations, and associations of different types, such as the National Park of the Chicamocha Corporation, Santander, Colombia, CODENPE and CONAICE in Ecuador, universities, etc.


Regular Assembly of CONAICE in Esmeraldas, Ecuador, 2012.

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Inter-cultural routes: Study on Education with Bolivia and Colombia.

Andean Region.

Study on the transition from 7th to 8th years of


Methodological Workbook on Stigma and Discrimination Associated with HIV, 2nd edition.

Final report on the IFAP project Access to information, accountability and transparency in the

basic education. •

Afro-descendant population groups in Ecuador,

cations on the Yasuní Program were completed.

Teachers and the challenge of educating for a sustainable world. Study on incorporating the Edu-

Distribution and dissemination of different publi-

Book: Landslides: Effects, Evaluation and Risk

cation for Sustainable Development approach

management - Lessons Learned from Latin Amer-

into teacher training in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecua-

ica and the Caribbean. 71

dor, Peru and Venezuela


Book: Freedom of expression: debates, scopes and new agenda, published jointly with the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Ecuador.

Comic-book Guide for access to public information for the Andean countries.

Report on the Use of de Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Education for Persons with Disabilities, jointly with the Foundation for the Americas (OAS cooperation).

Educational module to design, apply and evaluate projects with an ESD approach (Yasuní).

Publications, UNESCO - Quito, 2012.

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ommunicational initiatives by UNESCO-Quito may be classified into four categories: institutional visibility, community relations, presence on social networks, and Website.

A. INSTITUTIONAL VISIBILITY Regarding the Government and civil society, this category is directly related with the work of each Sector and the institutional relationships they establish, which have been described above. As for presence within the UNCT, participation in ITGs and the GCOM, keeps UNESCO in constant interrelation with other agencies of the United Nations system.

World Water Day, 2012.

B. EVENTS WITH THE COMMUNITY The Office participates regularly in events open to the community, which are considered to be valuable as opportunities to publicize the Organization and its activities. In 2012 we participated in three major events with our own stands: World Water Day In March 2012 in Quito, the First Artistic and Cultural Fair for World Water Day was held. The Of-

World Water Day, 2012.


fice participated with an information stand and play-based activities. During the event, prizes were awarded for the contest on Illustrated Messages: “I Love Water�. QuitoFest


International Book Fair, 2012

This is the largest youth music festival in the city of Quito, attended by nearly 40 thousand persons. This year, the tenth, in August 2012, the sectors of this Office, along with the UNS, were present with a stand providing educational games, distributing material, and answering queries regarding the projects on education for sexuality, prevention of HIV and AIDS, intercultural dialogue, incorporating information technologies (ICTs), etc. International Book Fair

International Book Fair, 2012

From 9 to 18 November 2012, the Office was present at the Fifth International Book Fair in Quito, with a stand in the international section. The goal was to establish closer bonds with the community, make UNESCO more visible in Ecuador, distribute the publications that were stored in the Documentation Center, position ourselves as a referent in education, science, culture and communication and inform people about the activities we do.

C. COMMUNICATIONS CHANNELS AND SOCIAL NETWORKING The official social network accounts are used mainly to publicize institutional news. The Office has the following channels on social networks: • Facebook ( This space is mainly used to publicize the Office’s activities, giving reminders of important dates and linkages with other organizations


• Twitter (@UnescoQuito) This account is automated to tweet about all publications on Facebook. This account is automated to tweet about all publications on Facebook. Here we upload videos related with specific projects, such as the DIPECHO Program, or institutional productions.

D. WEBSITE Used as a channel to publicize institutional news and information.

QuitoFest, 2012.

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or 2013, the Education Sector, following the approved programming, will concentrate on the following actions: disseminating the findings of studies that have been conducted; organizing technical events with ministries de education and other stakeholders involved to use the information generated to formulate and/or strengthen educational policies; including agreements that have been made in countries’ educational planning; supporting strengthening of alliances among countries of the Cluster, networks and other stakeholders regarding educational policies on the right to a quality education for all.

It will be a challenge to position Culture as a driver of sustainable development and link it to attaining the Millennium Development Goals, as an important part of citizens’ lives and of the Post2015 Agenda.

Four Andean meetings are planned under Program activities: 1) Education of Youth and Adults; 2) Reforms in Technical Education, 3) Development of the inter-sector approach in Education, 4) Andean Work Group for educational quality. It is fundamental to design a communication and dissemination strategy for the Sector’s activities along with the actions of UNESCO-Quito, taking advantage of alliances with media and optimizing the different forms of dissemination to improve circulation of activities and the contribution they make. It is also essential to collaborate more closely with other UNESCO offices, with UNS agencies and other national and international cooperation agencies to enhance the Sector’s work and find resource mobilization opportunities.

Activities planned for this biennium will continue, including safeguarding intangible heritage, disseminating and implementing the 2005 Convention, and supporting Andean countries in their fight against smuggling and for the protection of cultural goods. Projects will continue regarding conservation of World Heritage. Further, as the lead agency on the ITG on Inter-cultural relations, we will coordinate actions with other United Nations agencies on this issue. We will work together with the Humor and Life Foundation on a project regarding motivation in principles of human security through culture. This institution has contacted UNHCR, RED and other specialized non-governmental organizations. In view of the project profile, the proposal will be sent to OCHA in March 2013, considering the alliances that could be made to give this project greater visibility.




Jointly with NGO Radialistas Apasionadas and Apasionados and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO), we are supporting organization of the Second Congress on Free Culture, to take place in Loja, Ecuador, in May 2013. The thematic themes of this year’s congress involve several UNESCO lines of action: access to culture, copyright, sustainable development, open educational resources, free and open software, open access to science, freedom of expression, and media and informational literacy, so we are evaluating the possibility of linking this event with commemoration of World Press Freedom Day 2013. We have received an invitation from Headquarters to replicate the project on Empowering local radio stations with ICTs in the Andean countries, which is currently being implemented with great repercussions in seven African countries. This project provides a broad range of training for journalists working with local radios, such as: social services, networks of local correspondents, producing news that is relevant to the audience, using ICTs for radio programming, editorial work, communication and interaction, radio broadcasting, financial planning and management, using Internet to inform about specific issues, integrating cell telephones in media production, technological variants, and open-code software. The Office is currently in the process of

identifying possible partners and national coordinators to formulate and implement a similar project in the Andean Region, which would begin by late 2013 or early 2014.

D. NATURAL SCIENCES Globally, the 2012-2013 biennium brings to a close the 2008-2013 sexennial period and UNESCO’s corresponding Mid-Term Strategy, with its global and strategic priorities and objectives. The Sector will continue with the Program designed and approved for the biennium, capitalizing on achievements to date, and will attain the expected outcomes. For example, the 2008-2013 Action Plan from Madrid for Biosphere Reserves has come to an end. However, regionally it is being complemented by the IberoMAB 2010-2020 Action Plan. It will hard work to design and implement an action strategy taking into account the Organization’s budgetary situation for the 2012-2013 biennium. The current situation for governments in the Andean countries often entails implementing most of their funds without contributions to the United Nations system. Further, part of international cooperation prefers to implement through other channels, such as their own projects or directly through governmental institutions. Therefore, the Sector has participated

strategically in various inter-institutional alliances in 2012 to implement actions within its mandate and priorities, even without having funding to administer or budgets to implement. In this context, to be able to think in terms of sustainable processes and achievements, it is indispensable to conceive of actions that involve governmental entities and act in areas defined as national priorities. With pilot projects or concrete actions in the field, sustainability is induced by promoting, from the outset of actions, participatory approaches and empowerment of local stakeholders.

limiting factor that the Sector’s involvement will be at a distance. We are also promoting showings of the exposition: Water – heritage that circulates from one hand to another in other cities de Ecuador, in the framework of celebrating World Water Day (22 March) and of the International Year for Cooperation in the Sphere of Water. In terms of the MAB Program, in addition to holding the IberoMAB summit meeting in Venezuela in 2013, actions will continue to promote sustainable management of existing biosphere reserves, participatory processes of sustainable development, and preparation of new biosphere reserve proposals.

In these circumstances, we have promoted actions linked to processes rather than specific activities. They must form links in larger chains, to achieve the expected results. Tools such as networking, strategic alliances, promoting exchanges of successful experiences and lessons learned, integrated approaches such as in the geoparks initiative or in integrated mangrove management, and supporting the use of science for sustainable development by appropriately using natural resources, will remain the mainstays of the Sector’s action in 2013. In 2013, we will promote extension of the environmental film cycle to other cities in Ecuador and to other countries in the Andean sub-region, with the

Environmental Film Festival, 2012.


Annual Report Activities UNESCO - Quito 2012  
Annual Report Activities UNESCO - Quito 2012  

The UNESCO Office in Quito currently plays the role of representing the Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela), offerin...