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Empowered lives. Resilient nations.


Empowered lives. Resilient nations.

This interactive document has been optimised for use on computers and tablets. To return to the table of contents at anytime please tap or click on the hand symbol (see right) located at the top of each page.

Disclaimer: The 2017 Annual Report covers essentially the period from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017. All necessary efforts have been taken to make sure that information contained in this publication is correct and not misleading. However, the possibility of errors or unintentional omissions can not be excluded. Any use of information, in full or in part, should be accompanied by an acknowledgement of UNDP Kenya as the source. For enquiries, contact: United Nations Development Programme, Kenya | UN Office at Nairobi (UNON) UN Gigiri Complex, Block M, LEVEL 3 | P.O. Box 30218-00100, Nairobi, Kenya Telephone: +254 20 762 4307 | Email: registry.ke@undp.org | www.ke.undp.org | Twitter: @UNDPKenya Facebook: @UNDPinKenya | Instagram: undpkenya All rights reserved. Š UNDP Kenya 2018


UNDP PARTNERS with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, we offer global perspectives and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. In Kenya, UNDP aims to address poverty, inequality and exclusion in an integrated and area based approach supporting communities and government to achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth. Our programmes are delivered in consultation and partnership with a broad range of stakeholders including; the Government of Kenya, civil society organisations, independent bodies, development partners and other UN agencies.

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UNDP PROGRAMMATIC FOOTPRINT SOUTH AT NATIONAL AND COUNTY LEVEL SUDAN ETHIOPIA

Mandera

Turkana

Marsabit

National

Turkana Mandera

Marsabit

Nyandarua West Pokot

Laikipia

UGANDA

Samburu

West Pokot

Samburu

Bungoma

Uasin Gishu

Busia

Baringo

Meru

Kakamega Siaya

Laikipia

Nandi

Vihiga

Meru

Tharaka-Nithi

Kisumu Nyandarua

Kericho Homa Bay Migori

SOMALIA

Isiolo

Isiolo

ElgeyoMarakwet

Trans Nzoia

Wajir

Wajir

Nakuru

Nyeri

Kirinyaga

Nyamira Kisii

Tharaka-Nithi

Embu

Garissa

Embu Garissa

Murang'a

Bomet

Kirinyaga

Kiambu Nairobi

Narok

Machakos Kitui

Tana River

Narok

Tana River

Kajiado

Kajiado

Makueni

Kitui Lamu

Lamu Kiambu Nairobi Kilifi Nyeri

Kilifi

Taita-Taveta

Murang’a

Mombasa Kwale

Machakos

TANZANIA

Makueni

Taita-Taveta

04 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

Kwale


Programmatic outcome Support to the devolution process

Deepening Foundations for Peacebuilding and Community Security

Productive Sectors and Trade

Environment, Natural Resource Management, Climate Change, Resilience & Disaster Risk Reduction

Civil Society Engagement

Number of implementing partners

33

20

6

22

34

UN Volunteers attached to the projects

4

16

2

6

-

Nandi

Samburu

Trans Nzoia

Elgeyo-Marakwet

Trans Nzoia

ElgeyoMarakwet

Bungoma

Baringo Bungoma

Baringo

Busia

Uasin Gishu

Busia

Kakamega

Laikipia

Uasin Gishu

Kakamega Vihiga

Vihiga Siaya

Nandi

Nakuru Kisumu

Siaya

Kericho

Nakuru

Kisumu

Nyandarua

Nyeri Kirinyaga Kericho

Nyamira Homa Bay Kisii

Homa Bay

Nyamira

Bomet

Murang'a Bomet

Migori

Kiambu Migori

Kisii

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 05


CONTENTS

09

14

18

24

30

36

FOREWORD

DEVOLUTION AND ACCOUNTABILITY

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY, RENEWABLE ENERGY AND LAND MANAGEMENT

06 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

PROGRAMMATIC OUTLOOK

COMMUNITY SECURITY, COHESION AND RESILIENCE

PRODUCTIVE SECTORS AND TRADE


42

LESSONS LEARNED IN 2017

44 WORKING WITH THE UN COUNTRY TEAM

46

48

54

55

REFLECTION ON RESULTS AND RESOURCES

UNDP TEAM

2017 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

PHOTO CREDITS

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 07


“

I have been fishing for 6 years at Sio Port, because it is closer to my home. However, I would like to transition to motorbikes and selling of nets and bait; these are more profitable. - Fredrick Otieno Socioeconomic transformation through innovative approaches and integrated interventions are critical to building resilience, increasing labour productivity and reduction of the unemployment rate especially for the youth.

08 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


FOREWORD: RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE incidence of poverty at 39.9 % with 14.5% of the population in extreme levels of poverty. Severe food crisis due to protracted drought, impacted communities’ coping capacities and mechanisms; exacerbating their vulnerabilities. In 2017, the government declared drought a national emergency, with 23 of 47 counties affected. 5.6 million people were reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance with 3.4 million people food insecure.

MR. SIDDHARTH CHATTERJEE Resident Representative, UNDP Kenya KENYA’S ECONOMIC GROWTH faced headwinds in 2017 due to a prolonged electioneering period, drought and persistence of slow credit growth because of the continued capping on bank lending rates. The National Treasury revised the country’s GDP growth projection for 2017 downwards from 5.9% to 5.1%. Kenya made significant progress on social indicators such as Education and Health but more efforts are required to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals as the country continues to face high levels of poverty as the Multidimensional Poverty Index shows, a higher

Generally, the General Election on 8 August 2017 was prefaced by a tense campaigning period characterised by elevated levels of political engagement, questions over electoral preparedness of key institutions and multiple litigations on various aspects of the elections. The prolonged electioneering period, had a negative impact on the socio-economic activities across the country. Inflation rates rose from 7.84% in May 2017 to 8.36% in August 2017, significantly affecting ordinary Kenyans. The underemployed and unemployed easily became targets for political impasse, while insecurity remained a key risk to Kenya’s development aims. Despite improved security measures across the country, there were also several reported incidents of terrorism and violent extremism.

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Looking forward, in November 2017 during his inauguration ceremony, President Uhuru Kenyatta unveiled the government’s Big 4 Agenda, focusing on affordable healthcare, manufacturing, food security and affordable housing; setting out an ambitious development plan for the government, for the next five years, in line with the Vision 2030 and the delivery of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). UNDP remains committed to working with communities, the Government of Kenya and development partners in leapfrogging human development and economic growth, with the aim of leaving no one behind; and reaching the furthest left behind first. It is my honour to invite you to this 2017 annual report, that highlights UNDP’s support towards Kenya’s development progress. n

10 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


“

The improved road network within my county has made it easy for me as a farmer to transport and sell my produce. - Jane Nyanchira Devolution as an enabler for sustainable development aims to bring services closer to the people – Leaving No One Behind.

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“

We are pastoralists and these cattle are our lifeline. The drought has been so harsh; and we have lost many of our herds and forced to take the remaining animals to other counties where the drought is not as bad as it is here in Garsen. - Hassan Duko In collaboration with implementing partners and county governments of Turkana, Kwale, Kilifi, Garissa and Tana River, UNDP Kenya is helping communities recover their livelihoods and strengthen government’s capacity at national and county level in disaster preparedness and response.

12 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


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2017 PROGRAMMATIC OUTLOOK

constitutional and legal requirements; and by October 2017, research showed that, 88% of Kenyans support devolution. Most county governments have put in place mechanisms for civic engagement; and 75% of Kenyans are reported to be aware of the roles and functions of devolved units.

AMANDA SERUMAGA Country Director, UNDP Kenya THERE WAS SIGNIFICANT progress towards Devolution and Accountability through the Support to Elections Processes in Kenya (SEPK) and Devolution projects. On Devolution, following planning and budgeting capacity development support, funded by development partners, all of the 47 county governments’ 2017/18 budgets were approved by the Controller of Budget having followed

14 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

For elections, UNDP’s SEPK through an elections basket fund, supported the IEBC to conduct General Elections and Fresh Presidential Elections. With UNDP’s technical advisory and financial support, the IEBC’s legislative and drafting capacity was strengthened and the Mass Voter Registration, resulted in 3,782,089 first time voters, 95% of the target; with the total number of registered voters at 19,611,423 (47% women and 51% youth); representing a 58% increase of registered voters compared to 2013. UNDP-UN Women partnership provided technical advisory support to 150 women candidates to participate in the General Elections as well as civic education that enhanced women’s


engagement in governance and participation in political processes. This contributed generally to the gains witnessed in the 2017 General Elections where women were elected to various posts such as; three Governors (6.38%), three Senators (6.38%), 23 members of the National Assembly (7.93%) and 96 members of County Assemblies (6.76%), increasing significantly the number of elected women from 5.63% in 2013 to 11.40% in 2017. Women’s representation in the National Assembly now stands at 21% up from 19.6% in 2013, although Kenya still falls short of meeting the constitutional requirement that not more than two thirds of any gender can hold office in elective positions or political appointments. Further, the UNDP-UN Women partnership facilitated the implementation of the Political Parties (Amendment) Act 2016 which requires that political parties promote the values of inclusion by upholding the ‘two thirds gender’ constitutional principle when seeking registration.

On Community Security, Cohesion and Resilience, 1500 households benefitted from community resilience interventions bringing the total number of people benefitting to 379,000. Through the Drought Response and Resilience project, 23 counties (49%) established operational Early Warning and Response Systems for disaster risk reduction, emergency response and conflict management; resulting in increased subnational resilience to climate change and other shocks. In addition, four counties developed action plans for Preventing Violence Extremism (PVE), which outline risk reduction and; early warning and response measures. Furthermore, 3,095 beneficiaries acquired knowledge and understanding of the pathways to radicalisation and violent extremism. To curb radicalisation in learning institutions, 2,429 students from 35 institutions gained skills on how to resist narratives that promote extremist ideologies and radicalisation; and 75 deans of students gained the capacity for early detection of

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 15


radicalisation. 1,304 correctional officers in 117 facilities increased their capacity to manage convicts and remandees to mitigate and reduce recidivism into violent extremist groups, which resulted in rights-based programmes for the treatment of offenders. Partnering with research institutions, six knowledge products were published to inform evidence based policy formulation and programming on PVE resulting in an increase in country specific knowledge on the drivers of violent extremism. UNDP continues to work closely with public institutions at national and county levels in Kenya and is committed to strengthening its’ programmatic footprint through deployment of staff and resources, while integrating SDGs in the County Integrated Development Plans (CIDPs) to address inequalities and equitable access to resources. In this report, we share progress made towards supporting Kenya’s development agenda; and, acknowledge support from the Government of Kenya, our development partners, civil society, private sector and implementing partners that play a key role in the growth of the communities that we serve. n

16 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


“

My passion is to advocate for community empowerment and self reliance for all groups of people. I’m proud that my efforts have contributed towards the establishment of schools for the mentally challenged in my county. - Elphas Palia UNDP supports community empowerment initiatives that encourage and promote engagement of People with Disabilities for inclusive local decision making.

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“

Without public engagement and participation, we will not succeed. To grow a culture of community ownership of ideas and projects all of us must get involved to ensure that everyone benefits. - Muamalat Community Group


DEVOLUTION AND ACCOUNTABILITY UNDP’S WORK IN the governance sector in Kenya is aimed at building institutions and processes that are more responsive to the needs of citizens especially the poor and marginalised, and that ensure fidelity to the rule of law. UNDP supports the country’s efforts towards achieving Vision 2030’s Political Pillar, which envisions a democratic system that is issue-based, people centred, results oriented and accountable to the public. This Political Pillar gears to transform the country’s political governance across four strategic areas; ■■

The Rule of Law, Electoral and Political Processes

■■

Democracy and Public Service Delivery

■■

Transparency and Accountability

■■

Security Peace Building and Conflict Management

UNDP is working with stakeholders towards the realisation of the governance reform aspirations under each of these strategic areas anchored in the Constitution of Kenya and geared towards people centred development. n

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2017 DEVELOPMENT RESULTS

76

69

145 (69 Female) magistrates gazetted For the national elections, UNDP technical and financial support enabled the Judiciary strengthen its’ capacity to adjudicate presidential and other election petitions, with 145 (69 female) magistrates gazetted to adjudicate election petitions. This increased capacity contributed to the timely disposition of electoral matters; and to increased confidence in the judicial system.

Devolution Policy UNDP technical advisory support contributed to the design and implementation of the Devolution policy and regulatory framework to assist government agencies more effectively implement their mandates for devolved governance.

20 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

42 Counties

139 Staff Deployed 139 staff deployed to 42 counties to monitor general elections

The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights was funded to deploy 139 staff in 42 counties to monitor party primaries and the general elections resulting in greater compliance with human rights; and/or the capacity to seek accountability for violations.

County Public Participation & Civic Engagement UNDP co-financed public participation and civic engagement processes in Nyeri, Kitui, Kwale and Turkana counties and provided technical backstopping to develop County Civic Engagement Frameworks. The capacity for rights based responsive delivery of services in Kitui, Machakos and Turkana counties was strengthened through the UNDP Amkeni project HRBA skills development facility for CSOs. The project also supported the CSO network to lobby for implementation of the Public Benefits Organizations’ Act and deployed public outreach programmes reaching over 100,000 individuals indirectly.


150 women receive support to participate in the General Elections PROGRESS MADE TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY Women representation in National Assembly increases from 19.6% in 2013 to 21%

Supported by UNDP, in collaboration with UN Women, 150 women candidates received technical advisory support to participate in the General Elections.

150 Women Supported

Women representation in the National Assembly increased from 19.6% in 2013 to 21%. Other elected women include: 3 Governors and 3 Senators compared to 0 in 2013; while at ward level there was a 8.9% increase in elected women from 85 to 96 in 2017. 5 women were elected as County Assembly Speakers compared to 1 in 2013. 2016-17 2013

21.0% 19.6%

3 Governors and 3 Senators

0

85 96 Elected women at ward

â–˛ 8.9%

Women elected as County Assembly Speakers

Gender Mainstreaming With UNDP and UN Women support, County Integrated Development Plan Gender Mainstreaming Guidance Note was developed and is currently used to guide gender mainstreaming for planning and budgeting processes at the subnational level. Further, to mainstream gender responsive budgeting, the National Treasury reviewed the Standard Chart of Accounts to include specific coding on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (GEWE) which will enable tracking and reporting in budgets. ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 21


“

I’ve always hated injustice and this led me to Law School. Being admitted to the bar, is a dream come true; it is another step towards fighting injustice. - Vania Maria

22 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


Access to timely and accurate information provides members of the public with the relevant knowledge required to participate effectively in democratic processes at national and county levels.

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“

As religious leaders we are part of the local elders, whose critical role is to ensure that our communities are secure and members of our societies live in peace and acceptance of one another.

Engagement with religious organisations bolsters interfaith collaboration on Prevention of Violence Extremism as well as reduction of inter-religious tensions.


COMMUNITY SECURITY, COHESION AND RESILIENCE UNDP WORKS TOWARDS strengthening resilience against conflicts and risks of climate change and disasters in promoting national institutional and policy frameworks and infrastructures for disaster risk mitigation and conflict prevention. In conflict prevention, the strategic focus is strengthening inter-county coordination and joint response, and institution building mechanisms; focusing on governance oriented approaches to address emerging issues such as county and constituency boundary disputes, resource extraction and land related conflicts; and power sharing to enhance social inclusion, and integration of minorities and ethnic groups. A further emphasis is on scaling up peace building and conflict prevention in cross-border and area-based programmes initiated through the Resident Coordinator’s office; and leveraging on the UNDP comparative advantage in these areas. The incorporation of disaster mitigation and resilience reinforces UNDP’s focus on the regions prone to new forms of security dynamics related to the infiltrations of extremist groups from neighbouring Somalia. n

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2017 DEVELOPMENT RESULTS

100%

of the counties establish functional drought early warning systems 3 counties put in place Disaster Risk Management Policies

100%

!

With UNDP’s technical and financial support to the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA), 100% of the counties established functional early warning systems; 3 counties put in place Disaster Risk Management (DRM) policies. The National DRM policy was approved and, Kilifi and Kwale counties completed hazard atlases to inform evidence-based policy and programming.

9

counties improve disaster coordination & response

9 UNDP technical and financial support also improved coordination and response capacity for disasters with 9 counties achieving functional Disaster Risk Management coordination platforms. 26 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

of counties establish drought early warning systems

3

counties put in place Disaster Risk Management Policies

13

counties gain skills to respond to, and mitigate, impact of drought

UNDP provided financial and technical support, through NDMA, to 13 counties which gained skills to update and use drought contingency plans to respond to, and mitigate, the impact of drought.


Conflict early warning & response mechanisms in 47 counties through UWIANO. The UWIANO Platform for Peace received UNDP technical and financial capacity and implementation support to strengthen subnational peace mechanisms by establishing conflict early warning and response mechanisms in 47 counties to facilitate high level political engagement through a National Peace Platform and Steering Committee; and, convene multi-sector dialogue to foster social cohesion and promote peaceful coexistence through 47 County Peace Forums during electoral period.

5000 (2000 women) people engaged in violence reduction dialogue forums in 34 counties PROGRESS MADE TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY

327

56%

UNDP scaled up support to implementation of the Kenya National Action Plan on (United Nations Security Council Resolution) UNSCR 1325. As a result, 5000 (2000 women) people were engaged in violence reduction dialogue forums in 34 counties.

327

women (56%) and 257 men 257 (44%) supported in 44% economic empowerment

UNDP significantly contributed to women’s engagement in economic activities, peace building and DRR. 327 (56%) women and 257 (44%) men were supported in economic empowerment, as a result, women are involved in spaces and trades previously considered a male domain.

3095

(45% women, 55% men) PVE capacity enhanced

Capacity in PVE for 3,095 (45% women, 55% men) people was enhanced, enabling women to play a critical role in addressing radicalisation and violent extremism. Policies and bills developed have mainstreamed gender.

1393

45%

1702

2000

People engaged in violence reduction dialogue forums

3000

Support for women leaders in general elections enhanced Support for women leaders in the general elections and nomination in party lists was enhanced through advocacy with political parties and the media. In collaboration with UN Women, UNDP produced a report on the performance of women in the party primaries and the 2017 general elections.

55% ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 27


Gender inequalities manifest as the lack of equitable access to; decision making, assets or finance. Resilience building initiatives designed to reduce communities’ vulnerability require gender-sensitive livelihoods and economic interventions. In Turkana County, members of the Nawoyawoi irrigation scheme have equal stake in decision making and land ownership.

28 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


“

We urgently need to address inter-community tensions that emerge from our political differences, and encourage tolerance among members of our society. - Joseph Kunguru

Local level infrastructure for peacebuilding and conflict prevention supports cohesion and peaceful citizen participation in electoral processes.

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“

I’m a member of Muliru Farmers Conservation. We are an agroforestry conservation group of 30 members that reaches approximately 360 outgrowers. Our main focus is promotion of forest conservation by encouraging farmers to use smart agriculture techniques that help reduce pressure within the forest area. - Member, Muliru Farmers Conservation Group


ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY, RENEWABLE ENERGY AND LAND MANAGEMENT UNDP SEEKS TO SUPPORT Kenya meet its’ obligations to international environmental agreements while enhancing the contribution of natural resources and environment towards poverty reduction and sustainable socio-economic development. UNDP supports the government to develop appropriate policies, strategies, tools and innovative programmes that integrate environment into national planning and budgeting processes, as well as promoting effective management of natural resources for production and income diversification. In addition, UNDP assists Kenya with the domestication of Multilateral Environment Agreements and Conventions through development of projects that build capacities at grassroots, county and national levels. UNDP focuses on four main environmental areas namely; ■■

Climate Change (both adaptation and mitigation),

■■

Natural Resource Management (Sustainable land Management),

■■

Forestry and Biodiversity/Wildlife),

■■

Sustainable Energy Access (both at upstream policy levels and downstream community levels)

In the recent past, UNDP has been working to develop projects around sound chemical management through the Global Environmental Facility (GEF). ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 31


2017 DEVELOPMENT RESULTS

5

policies, action plans, legal frameworks & knowledge products

x5

Policies

Improved policy, regulations and knowledge about environmental sustainability, land and natural resource management at the Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) and the Ministry of Environment (MoE) with the completion of 5 policies, action plans, legal frameworks and knowledge products through UNDP’s financial and technical support.

Knowledge Products

Action Plans

Legal Frameworks

Technical and advisory support to the KWS enabled an increase in conservancies within Amboseli National Park by 121,520 Km2;

2.5% 121,520 Km increase of conservancies 2

2.5% population increase in elephants, buffaloes, giraffes & zebras Poaching and illegal trade in wildlife products was reduced resulting in an annual 2.5% population increase for elephant, buffalo, giraffe and Grevy’s zebra species. 32 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

Amboseli and Chyulu National Parks

Management effectiveness @ 67%

and improved the management effectiveness scores for Amboseli and Chyulu National Parks from 66% to 67%. UNDP also supported MoE with technical advisory support to submit the Nagoya Protocol first Interim Report on Access to Benefit Sharing (ABS) of Genetic Resources for the protection of indigenous and local communities’ interests.


12

health centres in 4 counties baselines on health care & solid waste management

With UNDP specialised technical support to MoE, Kenya improved harmful medical waste management by establishing baselines on health care and solid waste management in 12 health centres in 4 counties and designing action plans for the reduction of Unintended Persistent Organic Pollutants (UPOPs).

x12 Solid Waste Management

Technical support towards mainstreaming of climate change in policy making UNDP technical support to MoE also enabled the ministry to ensure the Budget Policy Statement affirmed the importance of mainstreaming climate change; and to launch a climate change planning and budgeting course.

64

SMEs: 5 women, 9 People Living with Disabilities & 50 men trained

Through the UNDP Switch Africa green programme, 64 SMEs participants (5 women, 9 People Living with Disabilities and 50 men) were trained in cost cutting, record keeping and product innovation and diversification. The women have acquired new skills to diversify their projects.

Healthcare centres

Health Baselines

PROGRESS MADE TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY

x5 x9

Women

People Living with Disabilities

x50

Men

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 33


“

With the spread of the mobile network and the availability of solar power to charge our phones; we are able to remain in contact with other game rangers, and our families. This has considerably improved our effectiveness in countering poaching and illegal trade in wildlife.

- Dalmas Nasine and Nangida Seremon

34 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


The Kakamega forest is the only tropical rainforest in Kenya of the Guineo-congolian type that once stretched across from West to East Africa. It has over 360 species of birds, 380 species of plants, 400 species of butterflies and 7 species of primates. 80% of the forest plants are of medicinal value that locals use to cure many common ailments.

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 35


I’m satisfied with the work of my hands. My family is well fed, housed and I can take care of my children’s school fees. The best part is I’m no longer begging for assistance.

- Pamela Omondi Addressing widening inequalities such as access to finance and skills alignment by engaging women and youth in alternative livelihoods such as; small business enterprises will help individuals lift themselves out of poverty.


ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 37


PRODUCTIVE SECTORS AND TRADE UNDP KENYA WORKS towards reduction of poverty and acceleration of progress with the aim of achieving Sustainable Development Goals by supporting pro-poor economic growth and inclusive market development in Kenya. In support of inclusive growth, UNDP has been working at the policy level to create an enabling environment and has supported catalytic interventions at county level through establishment of business development centers. Under this programme, UNDP seeks to address economic and social exclusion and inequality in Kenya through an integrated approach focusing on promoting inclusive growth by mainstreaming and promoting inclusiveness through the implementation of policies, strategies and programmes that support sustainable development; empowering the poor
as economic agents by developing
their entrepreneurial and labour market skills, integrating them into value chains and promoting goods and services for the poor;

38 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

and ensuring
that legal, policy framework and institutional capacity is in place
to effectively support sustainable management of the Extractives sector. Given Kenya’s vibrant private sector and the economic significance of the informal sector, UNDP recognises the institutionalisation of high-level and sector-specific public-private dialogue and value chain development approaches as fundamental to better harnessing the contribution of the private sector to development. UNDP is also supporting Kenya’s Extractives sector through its regional capacity and collaboration, with the African Minerals Development Centre and the regional multistakeholders’ hub for Extractives at the African Development Bank’s (AfDB) East Africa Resource Centre in Nairobi. These activities will be implemented jointly with the relevant GoK ministries. n


“

My work as a Lapidarist involves sorting and cutting out gemstones supplied by local artisanal miners. This value addition process ensures that the gems are of high quality and of more value before they are sold.

- Denis Oredo Ntabo

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 39


2017 DEVELOPMENT RESULTS National Investment Policy With UNDP support, KenInvest finalised and launched the National Investment Policy to guide and support local and international investments in Kenya.

7

Mining Regulations enacted

Through UNDP’s embedded technical advisory support at the Ministry of Mining (MoM), the MoM enacted 7 mining regulations, to support the implementation of the Mining Act (2016) .70% of the MoM Cadastre, a web-based e-Government system for industry participants was reconfigured; and, will enable industry participants to interact with the MoM in a transparent, efficient and equitable manner.

African Mining Vision (AMV) domestication Domestication of the African Mining Vision (AMV) was initiated through steps towards developing a Country Mining Vision (CMV) through completion of a gap analysis and development of a roadmap, which outlines the activities towards the development of the CMV 40 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

34

(15 Female) County Business Development Centres members trained

In partnership with the Kenya National Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Ministry of Devolution and Planning, 34 (15 Female) County Business Development Centres Board members received skills development in management of business centres which serve as one-stop-shop facility for the empowerment of Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) at the County Level. This strengthened capacity enabled greater local business access to advisory services.

PROGRESS MADE TOWARDS ACHIEVING GENDER EQUALITY

Association of Women in Energy and Extractives registered Through the Ministry of Mining, the Association of Women in Energy and Extractives in Kenya (AWEIK) was registered to increase the participation of women in the Extractives sector with UNDP support. AWEIK is an organisation that provides women with opportunities for equitable professional and economic development within Kenya’s Extractives industry.


I learned how to sew back in 1990 but at that time I didn’t have a sewing machine. In 2017, I joined this women’s group to revive my passion and perfect my skills. As you can see, I’m still learning from my colleagues.

- Dorothy Hadulu Bocha

We have a membership of 20 women and our business runs on local orders. Sewing is enabling us to supplement our income; now, one of the key areas we are looking at is improving how we operate, to ensure that we are attracting more business and become self reliant.

- Margaret Kapune Rolly

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 41


“

Addressing the development challenges is a collective responsibility that involves; county and national government, local communities and their leaders; and, development partners. UNDP places emphasis on building and maintaining strong partnerships, with both state and non-state actors; at both national and county levels with the aim of promoting consensus around analysis and effective interventions, to development challenges. - Amanda Serumaga, Country Director

42 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


LESSONS LEARNED IN 2017 1. Working at three levels (National, County and Community) has proved useful in ensuring programme ownership by beneficiaries and more effective vertical coordination. As such the CO will roll-out area based development linked to integrated programming in a bid to reach the marginalised segments of society. 2. A strengthened focus on sub-national engagement while refining national policy advisory support towards strengthening devolution and macro-economic issues is critical to ensure rapid socio-economic development and uplifting communities with a long-term net effect on improved progress towards realisation of national development priorities. The CO will strengthen its programme advisory support at national and sub-national levels to ensure strategic programmatic interventions at both levels.

Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and the private sector are important partners to ensure increased engagement with right holders and inform policy dialogue with duty bearers. Through partnerships and closer engagement with CSOs, the private sector and other partners, the CO will facilitate increased engagement and accountability between both the duty bearers and rights holders in policy implementation. n

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 43


WORKING WITH THE UN COUNTRY TEAM THE COUNTRY DIRECTOR co-chaired the internal UNCT UNDAF discussions and prioritisation for the political pillar, and chaired the external stakeholder discussion with GoK and non-state actors resulting in agreed UNDAF programming priorities. The Country Director also chaired the Strategic Result Area on Governance on behalf of the UNCT. In the design of the Joint UNDP SDG3 platform for Universal Health Care, the Country Director and Governance Team Leader conducted the due diligence review for prospective partners. The Head of Programmes, Governance Advisor and Governance Analyst were active members of the UN Programme Oversight Group, Chair the UN Devolution Working Group, and Co-Chair of the UN Gender Equality and Women Empowerment Working Group respectively; ensuring UNDP knowledge sharing and positioning. The UNDP Strategic Policy and Advisory Unit, led by the Economics Advisor, chaired the UN SDGs Working Group and supported the Government to develop the first National Voluntary Report for Kenya (2017).

Led by UNDP, the UNCT also engaged with newly elected Members of Parliament ‘Kenya Parliamentary Caucus on SDGs’ resulting in a framework agreement for a partnership on Agenda 2030. UNDP also made a presentation on SDGs at the Senators’ Induction Workshop resulting in agreement for continued capacity support by the UN on SDGs. For national planning the UNDP programme team supported prioritisation for the draft MTP III, analysis of the country context and global obligations on SDGs during the UNCT UNDAF Strategic Prioritisation Retreat and UNDAF II Think-tank Workshop. The DCD Operations chaired the Common Services Management Team (CSMT) and ensured the implementation of BOS activities in line with the QCPR. UNDP also organised the Macro HACT Assessment on behalf of the UNCT. Operationally, UNDP also led the ICT working group and continued to be an active member of the UN Common Services Budget and Finance Committee, Human Resources Working Groups, the Procurement Working Group as well as the UN Communications Working Group.


UNDP provided support to the One Programme, and led various UNCT engagements on the development of the new UNDAF. These included, UNCT UNDAF Strategic Prioritisation Retreat and UNDAF II Think-tank Workshop and the UNDAF stakeholders’ validation meeting. UNDP provided support to the Operating as One SOP in the areas of Human Resources initiating the harmonised rental subsidy threshold, with the Head of ICT providing ICT

working group leadership. UNDP supported HACT implementation by launching the Macro Assessment which informs the public finance operating environment for the new UNDAF 2018-2022 in Kenya, and provided overall leadership of the Common Services Management Team which saw the consolidation of BOS and Common Services planning and reporting as part of streamlining DaO operational activities for reduced transaction costs. n

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 45


“

We are alive to the challenges that Kenya continues to face; youth unemployment, security threats including terrorism and radicalisation; challenges of accountability, inequality and exclusion made worse by poverty, gender inequality, climate change, budgetary constraints among others. However, it is important for us to consolidate the gains we have collectively made, so that we continue to uphold the implementation of the Constitution, while responding to the needs of Kenyan citizens, especially the most vulnerable, to ensure that no one is left behind. - Siddharth Chatterjee, UNDP Resident Coordinator

46 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


REFLECTION ON RESULTS AND RESOURCES UNDP KENYA MOBILISED 80.6% of regular resources from bilateral partners including the EU in 2017 compared to 69% in 2016. This was because of the CO’s effective electoral assistance programme in 2017, which attracted partnership with the Governments of Italy and Germany. Peace building and conflict prevention benefited from partnership with DFID, SIDA and EU. Engagement of indigenous and local communities in forest ecosystems attracted partnership with the World Bank. UNDP’s leadership in electoral assistance and devolution proved critical in leveraging flexible funding and partnership with other UN Agencies such as UN Women on gender mainstreaming and Office of the High Commission on Human Rights (UNHCR) on human rights programming. Whereas regular resources declined by 8% from 2016 to 2017, the amount received enabled the CO to provide catalytic support to new interventions such as Countering Violent Extremism. Regular resources also enabled the office to leverage GEF funding at 9% of total income in 2017. The CO has mobilised US$ 131,000,000 of the CPD target of US$ 200,000,000 representing 65.5%.

Key success factors include: ■■

Improved results reporting by demonstrating quality, delivery and sustainability;

■■

Sustained implementation of POPP and SOP guidelines resulting in 100% unqualified NIM and DIM audits;

■■

Increased communication and visibility through high quality and diverse communication products;

■■

A positive CPD mid -term evaluation; and

■■

Active and professional participation in sector and development partner working groups.

On the contrary Kenya suffered from drought and a protracted electioneering period in 2017. These hampered the ability to mobilise resources for all areas of intervention. There was increased focus by government and donors on humanitarian support and elections. In 2018, the CO intends to leverage support to focus areas such as; inclusive and accountable governance, Devolution focusing on frontier counties, UN cross-border programme and UNDP’s offer on policy and advisory support through the SDGs Platform. n

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 47


2017 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE 6,438,674

16%

4,149,889

11%

4,058,258

7,094,927

10%

18%

INCOME (USD)

39,399,675 3,320,394

8% From the People of Japan

8,026,628

20%

80,622

EUCOMM

Denmark

1%

298,662

Germany

1%

2,441,496

6%

Italy

1,094,143

Netherlands

1,062,251

3% 3%

MPTF 847,102

2%

486,630

1% 48 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


RPA 214,121

1%

277,130

1%

420,479

SEPA 182,275

1%

Netherlands

2%

118,054 1,090,799

Italy

4%

1,903,649

7%

Germany

Ireland

From the People of Japan

Denmark

116,760 90,793 58,502

2,036,994

7%

EUCOMM

3,193,720

12%

4,651,871

17%

EXPENDITURE (USD)

27,220,201

4,493,828

4,150,004

17%

15%

4,221,223

16%

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 49


“

In our commitment to supporting Kenya to improve policy, legal and institutional frameworks for sustainable management of environment and natural resources; and to catalyze transformation towards a green economy closing the energy gap, UNDP will optimize strategic opportunities to support climate smart development pathways for improved livelihoods, including initiatives that will help increase access to renewable energy technologies at industrial and household levels, in urban and rural areas.

50 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 51


ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AfDB

The African Development Bank

AGPO

Access to Government Procurement Opportunities

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AMV

Africa Mining Vision

BC BOS BPPS

Biashara Centres Business Operations Strategy Bureau for Policy and Programme Support

CCA

Climate Change Adaptation

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CFA

Community Forest Association

CIDP

County Integrated Development Plan

CIPS

Chartered Institute of Procurement and Supply

CO CPD CSOs DaO DCD-O

Country Office Country Programme Document Civil Society Organisations Delivering as One Deputy Country Director Operations

DfID

Department for International Development

DIM

Direct Implementation Modality

DOCO

Development Operations Coordination Office

DPC

Direct Project Costing

DRM

Disaster Risk Management

DRR

Disaster Risk Reduction

EA

Environmental Assessment

EC

European Commission

EEP

Economic Empowerment Programme

ESARO RDT

Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office Regional Directors Team

EU

European Union

EWS

Early Warning Systems

FPE

Fresh Presidential Elections

GCF

Green Climate Fund

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

52 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT

GEF GEWE GES GPEDC GSS HACT HDR HIV HLM

Global Environment Facility Gender Equality and Women Empowerment Gender Equality Strategy Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation Global Staff Survey Harmonised Approach to Cash Transfers Human Development Report Human Immunodeficiency Virus High-Level Meeting

HQ

Head Quarters

HR

Human Resources

HRBA

Human Rights Based Approach

ICF

Internal Control Framework

ICT

Information and Communications Technology

IEBC IFI IGAD IP IUCN

Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission International Financial Institution Intergovernmental Authority on Development Implementing Partner International Union for the Conservation of Nature

IWP

Integrated Work Plan

JSA

Joint Staff Association

KELIN KenInvest

Kenya Legal and Ethical Issues Network on HIV and AIDS Kenya Investment Authority

KFS

Kenya Forest Service

KWS

Kenya Wildlife Service

LDP

Leadership Development Pathways

LTA

Long Term Agreement

M&E

Monitoring and Evaluation

MAPS

Mainstreaming Acceleration Policy Support

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MoM

Ministry of Mining


MoU

Memorandum of Understanding

SEPK

Strengthening Electoral Processes in Kenya

MTP

Medium Term Plan

SIDA

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

NAMA

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

NASA

National Super Alliance

NCAJ

National Council on the Administration of Justice

NEPHAK

The National Empowerment Network of People living with HIV/AIDS in Kenya

NGO

Non-governmental Organisation

NIM

National Implementation

NIP

National Investment Policy

NSDP

National Skills Development Policy

SLM

Sustainable Land Management

SME

Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

SOP

Standard Operating Procedures

SSC/TC

South-South Cooperation and Triangular Cooperation

TICAD

Tokyo International Conference on African Development

ToC TRAC

Table of Contents Target for Resource Assignment from the Core

OAI

Office of Audit and Investigations

ODA

Official Development Assistance

UK

United Kingdom

OECD

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

UN

United Nations

OMT ORPP PAC PAGoDA

Operations Management Team Office of the Registrar of Political Parties Programme Appraisal Committee Pillar Assessed Grant or Delegation Agreement

UN Habitat UNCT

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme United Nations Country Team

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDAF

United Nations Development Assistance Framework

PMD

Performance Management and Development

PMU

Programme Management Unit

UNDG

United Nations Development Group

PoPP

Programme and Operations Policies and Procedures

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

The United Nations Environment Programme

PRODOC PSO RC RCO ROAR

Project Document Procurement Support Office Resident Coordinator Resident Coordinator Office Results-Oriented Annual Report

RR

Resident Representative

RSC

Regional Service Centre

SAI

Supreme Audit Institutions

SCoK

The Supreme Court of Kenya

SDGs

Sustainable Development Goals

UNFCCC UNON

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change The United Nations Office at Nairobi

UNV

United Nations Volunteers

USA

United States of America

USAID USD WG

The United States Agency for International Development United States Dollar Working Group

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 53


UNDP KENYA TEAM 2017 ABDI KAGWA » AGNES MWANGI » ALEX NDEGWA » AMANDA SERUMAGA » ANABEL SIONGOK » ANDREW ONYANGO » ANNE ROMANI » ANNE-ROSE KOGI » ANTHONY AGYENTA » ARIF NEKY » ASFAW KUMSSA » ATHANAS MALENJE » BERNADETTE NDEDA » BETTY AMBUNDO » BOKAYO SORA » BONIFACE KIINI » BONIFACE KITILI » CARLFREDRIK BIRKOFF » CATHERINE MASAKA » CECILIA KARAGU » CHRISTINE KIURA » COLUMBUS EPETET » DAVID EKAI » DAVID GITHAIGA » DAVID MAINA » DICKSON MAGOTSI » DIMITRI LERMYTTE » DORA WERE » DOROLETTAH KENANITORORI » EKITELA LOKAALE » ELIAS MIKKO ILMARI KAHLA » EMAN YARROW » EMMANUEL OLE SAYIORRY » ERASTUS ETHEKON » EUNICE ONYANGO » EVELYN KOECH » FAITH OGOLAH » FATUMA HUSSEIN » FLORA NJOGU » FRANCIS GITONGA » FRANCIS MATHEKA » FRANCIS MAUNDU » FREDRICK OBADE » GEOFFREY OMEDO » GEORGE GITONGA » GEORGE OWAK » GORDON ONYATA » GRACE THUO » IMRAH MUGHAL » INGER HAUGSGJERD » ISAACK OTIENO » JACKSON MUKIRI » JACQUELINE ANYONA » JAMES KASURA » JAMES WAGALA » JAMILA ABDI GABOW » JANE LIKIMANI-GACHANJA » JANE SERWANGA » JANET NDENGA » JANE NJOROGE » JANETY NYAMBU » JOAN VWAMU » JOHN ANDEGA » JOHN GATHUYA » JOHN ONYANGO » JORAM RUKAMBE » JOSEPH IMONI » JOSEPH OSIRO » JOYCE DELOGE » JOYCE SOILA » JOYOUS BEGISEN » JUDY MUGO » JULIUS CHOKERAH » KATHRA SHARAMO » KEVIN ODHIAMBO OCHIENG » LILY MUREI » LINET LUGOGO » LISA PALFART » LUDFINE BUNDE » MARGARET MBUGUA » MARIAM IBRAHIM » MARTHA MATHENGE » MARY NJOROGE » MARY NYERERE » MWENDWA KIOGORA » NEHEMIAH NDAR » NGELE MWARIMBO-ALI » NICHOLAS RIBAI » PATRICK MAINGI » PAULINE ODHIAMBO » PEGGY MMATA » PER KNUTSSON » PETER GICHARU » PIUS HANDA » PRISCILLAH MUISYO » RAPHAEL MUTITU » RISA ARAI » ROGERS DHLIWAYO » SABINA LITO » SCHOLASTICA MARENYA » SHEILA NGATIA » SIDDHARTH CHATTERJEE » SILAS KINTALEL MALOE » SYIAD ABDI » SYLVAN OJALLA » TANIA MUTUKU » THEOPHILUS POISHO » TIMOTHY COLBY » TIMOTHY RANJA » TOM NYAWANDA » VERONICA NDERITO » VICTOR OCHIENG’ OLUOCH » WAMBUA KITUKU » WASHINGTON AYIEMBA » WARIKO WAITA » WILMOT REEVES » ZACCHAEUS SOIT » ZEINABU KHALIF

54 | UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT


PHOTO CREDITS

UNDP KENYA/Amunga Eshuchi

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Amunga Eshuchi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Amunga Eshuchi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Kevin Ouma

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

UNDP KENYA/Allan Gichigi

ANNUAL REPORT 2017 UNDP KENYA | 55


United Nations Development Programme United Nations Office at Nairobi UN Complex Gigiri, Block M, Level 3 P.O. Box 30218-00100, Nairobi, Kenya Telephone: +254-20-7624307 Email: registry.ke@undp.org Web: www.ke.undp.org Twitter: @UNDPKenya Facebook: @UNDPinKenya Instagram: undpkenya

Empowered lives. Resilient nations.

UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT  

In Kenya, UNDP aims to address poverty, inequality and exclusion in an integrated and area based approach supporting communities and governm...

UNDP KENYA 2017 ANNUAL REPORT  

In Kenya, UNDP aims to address poverty, inequality and exclusion in an integrated and area based approach supporting communities and governm...

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