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Pursuant to Article 17 of the Law on the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH Official Gazette, issues no. 30/03, 42/03, 81/06, 76/07, 81/07, 94/07, 24/08) and following recommendation made by the BiH Ministry of Security, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at its 58th session held on 24th July 2013 hereby issues the following

BiH SALW Control Strategy 2013-2016

I. GENERAL

The Strategy is a comprehensive document that aims to enhance efficiency of all stakeholders in the area of SALW control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The document particularly focuses on bringing the legislations in line with international standards, improving control over internal and external trade in weapons, decreasing the rate of incidents involving illegal weapons and as well as the numbers of illegal weapons owned by the population, boosting of citizens’ confidence in BiH bodies at all levels, and reducing surplus SALW in the possession of BiH Ministry of Defence. By implementing the set strategic objectives, as well as by building on the international and regional cooperation in this field, Bosnia and Herzegovina contributes not only to advancing of general security locally, but also regionally and globally.

Pursuant to requirements, the 2001 UN Programme of Action1 and the OSCE Document

on SALW passed initially in 2000 and re-issued in 20122, as well as other international documents concerning the issue, Bosnia and Herzegovina approached the problem systematically by adopting and implementing the 2006-2012 SALW Strategy. The 20132016 Strategy is a continued effort by the BiH institutions to reduce the safety and security risks that arise from SALW.

1 UN A/CONF.192/15, New York, July 2001 2 OSCE FSC.DOC/1/00, November 2000; OSCE FSC.DEC/3/12, June 2012

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

BACKGROUND

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Presence of illegal weapons enables organised crime and terrorism to thrive, thus representing key security risk that slows down the economic growth and development of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The number of incidents involving illegal weapons is the matter of great concern. Recognition and acknowledgment of International Community’s recommendations concerning curbing of the aforementioned negative repercussions of illegal weapons entails a requirement to act in an efficient and coordinated manner in order to suppress illegal manufacture, procurement, possession, trading and smuggling of SALW, and its other negative effects.

An inter-institutional panel of experts founded by the Council of Ministers, BiH SALW Control Coordination Board, initiated the process of developing and adopting of the Strategy.

COORDINATION BOARD FOR SALW CONTROL

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Coordination Board for SALW Control was founded by Bosnia and Herzegovina Council of Ministers’ Decision (BiH Official Gazette, issue no. 72/05, 58/07) mandated to plan, coordinate, direct and supervise activities aimed to implement SALW Control Strategy and, consequently, provide safe environment.

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The Coordination Board is tasked with identifying and assessing SALW impact on the society, population’s safety and security, and economic and social development. In addition, the Coordination Board observes closely the process of implementation of the Strategy and communicates activities envisaged in the Strategy document to the public, supports the institutions in mobilising resources required for conducting of those activities envisaged, and coordinates activities among stakeholders in the Strategy implementation process.

Another task of the Coordination Board is to review and update the Strategy document in response to operational changes resulting from the implementation process. In addition, the Coordination Board is obligated to report to the BiH Council of Ministers regularly on the progress in achieving the Strategy goals, to report to the UN in line with the UN Program of Action, and to OSCE in line with the OSCE SALW Document.

In the course of its work, the Coordination Board has become aware of the clear interconnection between SALW control mechanisms defined under the UN Program of Action and the activities aimed at prevention of armed violence as described in the Geneva


Declaration on Prevention of Armed Violence and Development, signed by Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2006. The Coordination Board is responsible for implementation of the Geneva Declaration and reporting on the progress made in its implementation.

DEFINITION OF SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS (SALW) At present, there is no internationally agreed definition of the term small arms and light weapons (SALW). As a rule, the Strategy uses the following definition:

For the purpose of the implementation of this Strategy, taking into consideration the risks that SALW entail for Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Strategy also includes weapons and ammunition beyond those in the above definition. By taking this approach, the Strategy contributes to the adequate treatment of all aspects of SALW control.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

„Small arms and light weapons are man-portable weapons made or modified to military specifications for use as lethal instruments of war. Small arms are broadly categorised as those arms intended for use of individual members of armed or security forces. They include revolvers and self-loading pistols; rifles and carbines; semiautomatic rifles; assault rifles; and light machine guns. Light weapons are broadly categorised as those weapons intended for use by several members of armed or security forces serving as a crew. The category includes heavy machine guns; hand-held and mounted grenade launchers; portable anti-aircraft guns; portable anti-tank guns; recoilless rifles; portable launchers of anti-tank missile and rocket systems; portable launchers of anti-aircraft missile systems; and mortars under 100 mm calibre.“

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2008 - 2012 SALW STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION RESULTS During the 2008-2012 implementation period, the relevant BiH institutions achieved evident results in advancing SALW control. Results have been achieved in the field of legal framework improvements, setting up of SALW electronic registers, enhancing of internal and foreign trade in weapons, destruction of surplus weapons and ammunition, harvesting and destroying of weapons possessed by civilians, conducting awareness campaigns, as well as meeting the requirements for regular reporting to international organisations, i.e. UN and OSCE. Aiming to enhance the control mechanisms of foreign trade, Bosnia and Herzegovina has enacted the Law on Control of Foreign Trade in Goods and Services of Strategic Importance for BiH Security (BiH Official Gazette, issue no. 103/09).

There are twelve laws on weapons and ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These laws

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

are neither harmonized among themselves nor in the relation to international standards, which often results in different treatments and actions concerning the issue. However, there have been numerous legislative initiatives to harmonize laws on possession and carrying of weapons in BiH with the relevant EU regulations. Those initiatives resulted in the enactment of the Law on Weapons of Brčko District of BiH (Brčko District of BiH Official Gazette, issue no. 02/10). This Law has been brought in line with the aforementioned international regulations. Initiatives also resulted in passing of the RS Law on Weapons and Ammunition (RS Official Gazette, issue no. 070/07), as well as the Law Amending the RS Law on Weapons and Ammunition (RS Official Gazette, issue no. 24/09), and cantonal laws on

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weapons in the BiH Federation that are partially harmonized with international regulations.

A significant progress has been achieved in digitisation of data referring to weapons possessed by civilians. Based on Article 4 of the Agreement on establishment of electronic data exchange system for data in police and prosecutors’ records, the exchange of weapons related data is made possible. The electronic system, i.e. data exchange server is situated at the BiH Police Agencies Coordination Directorate. Also, entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brčko District Police all have electronic records of weapons. The BiH Law on Movement Control of Weapons and Military Equipment has been enacted (BiH Official Gazette, issue no. 53/09), and the electronic system has been set up to track weapons and military equipment movements in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


From 2009 until October 2012, a total of 4,522.70 tonnes of surplus ammunition and explosive ordnance was destroyed along with 30,081 pieces of surplus SALW on BiH Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces stock. The decreasing trend in weapons and ammunition destruction – as shown in diagram 1.1 – is a result of limitations concerning infrastructure, technology, personnel and budget.

Destroyed (NET Weight) tonnes

2500

2000

1855

2022 1814 1640,8

1500 1124

1115

1000

850

500

0

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Timeline (year)

In the observed period, over 5,000 pieces of weapons illegally possessed by the population were destroyed.

In 2010, a campaign to raise awareness of negative aspects of possessing illegal weapons was implemented. The campaign focused on various cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina aiming to raise awareness in population, NGO sector and media as to the dangers and repercussions of illegal weapons possession.

The Coordination Board for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been reporting regularly to the UN and OSCE on the progress in the area of small arms control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These reports largely contribute to the transparency of relevant processes, but also to Bosnia and Herzegovina’s international standing. In the latest report on small

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Diagram 1.1: Ammunition and explosive ordnance destruction trend in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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arms (Small Arms Survey 2012)3, Bosnia and Herzegovina was rated 18th out of 159 countries which presented reports on implementation of commitments stipulated in the UN Programme of Action and International Tracing Instrument.

PRINCIPLES USED IN STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT The Coordination Board for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina developed the 2013-2016 Strategy for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the development of the Draft Strategy, UN Development Programme methodology for strategic planning was applied. This document was developed through comprehensive process of consulting of all stakeholders in SALW control and is based on the BiH international commitments, experience gained through implementation of previous Strategy documents, realistic requirements of BiH institutions, identified problems that BiH is facing in this field, and defining of projects and activities to improve SALW control. The Strategy incorporates international SALW standards. In addition, all activities, including development of the Strategy, of the Coordination Board for SALW Control in BiH use guidelines contained in the following documents:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

• UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime; • UN Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their

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Parts and Components, and Ammunition;

• UN Programme of Action; • Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development; • OSCE Document on SALW; • EU Common Position on Arms Exports; • EU Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of SALW and their Ammunition.

3 Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva 2012


Moreover, this strategic document points to the issue of support and assistance to victims of SALW, the importance of an even-handed approach to males and females in the process of implementing relevant control mechanisms, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina’s clear commitment to implement adequate measures in environment protection where control processes could have a negative impact on the environment.

The Strategy includes specific projects to facilitate activities defined by Strategic Goals. In determining projects’ costs and identifying fund sources, the analog method was used to estimate costs by comparing the costs of similar projects in past to future ones; the bottomup method was used to identify required resources and estimate the costs of individual activities; and the parameters assessment – a method based on standardised parameters indicating unit cost of an activity.

The Strategy will not cause additional burden upon BiH Institutions’ budgets but it will direct relevant bodies to acknowledge the need for planning and allocating budget funds for carrying out of SALW control activities. Projects described in the Strategy that require additional funds will be funded through international assistance programs and donations.

TASK

keeping with international commitments.

VISION Bosnia and Herzegovina provides safe and secure environment for all its citizens, has a regulated system of SALW control in line with international standards and obligations while contributing to regional and global security.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

In order to improve security in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the region, and globally, institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina take measures and actions to improve all aspects of SALW control based upon the principles of efficiency, transparency, merit and professionalism – in

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SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND RISKS IN STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION Successful implementation of the Strategy will largely depend on timely identification of risks and application of risk management measures. For the purpose of this Strategy, risk is defined as the likelihood of developments that could have negative impact on achievement of strategic goals. Identified risks to the implementation of the Strategy can be divided in three main groups of aspects:

• Security • Financial, and • Political Security aspect. The growing complexity of resolving SALW issue owned both legally and illegally requires focusing primarily on security aspects. SALW and their ammunition, in themselves, pose a security risk. There is no absolute security and, therefore, a certain degree of risk is always present. The intention behind the implementation of the Strategy is to

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

reduce risks to admissible level.

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Security risk in the Strategy implementation refers especially to the strategic goals that stipulate SALW and ammunition disposal, and illegal weapons harvest campaign implementation. Furthermore, the risks include: a) health hazard and threat to lives of individuals in illegal possession of weapons and those who guard or handle stores weapons and ammunition, or are involved in surplus weapons disposal; b) risks of illegal use and illegal trade in weapons; c) risks related to weapons and ammunition storing and stock management. The risk of explosion accidents at ammunition storage sites are particularly worth considering, given the amount of dated and chemically unstable ammunition. Also, the Strategy acknowledges the risks effecting the environment and, therefore, envisages development of environment study and implementation of all activities related to management and final treatment of SALW on environmentally acceptable manner and in line with EU standards. In implementing of campaign to harvest illegal weapons, it is necessary to apply measures to prevent illegal trade in weapons and similar negative effects that can occur during amnesty period.


The Strategy underlines the importance of ensuring that adequate protective equipment is available and the highest safety standards are adhered to in the process of implementing strategic goals in order to reduce the potential for accidents.

Financial aspect. Implementation of the Strategy will significantly depend on availability of funds for realisation of strategic goals/programs/projects. This method of strategy development will provide a clear insight to the donors into Bosnia and Herzegovina’s commitment to improve specific areas defined by the Strategy.

Political aspect. For a successful implementation of the Strategy, commitment and effort are required from BiH authorities at all levels in order to attain the strategic goals prescribed in the document as well as political stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the process of developing of the Strategy, distribution of BiH constitutional competencies relevant to the issue, has been carefully considered. Therefore, the Strategy aims to advance coordination of activities and SALW control. In developing of Project Proposals in the Strategy’s Appendix, identifying, measuring and control of risks pertaining to all three aspects detailed above were considered.

STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION MONITORING AND EVALUATION PROCESS

Continued monitoring of implementation will be conducted by the Coordination Board for SALW Control. Project realisation success rate will be measured against previously defined indexes.

Strategy evaluation will be lead by the Coordination Board for SALW Control in cooperation with other governmental, nongovernmental and international organisations.

OBJECTIVES AND PROGRAMS The Strategy recognises areas of strategic importance for SALW control improvement in Bosnia and Herzegovina and defines them through four strategic goals as follows:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Accomplishment in SALW Control Strategy implementation will be rated through continued monitoring of project implementation and periodic evaluation of results achieved.

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Objective 1: Improvement of legal framework and SALW legislation implementation to be introduced through following strategic programs:

Harmonisation of laws on weapons internally, with Law on Border Control and with international standards

Upgrade of IT system for control of SALW

Objective 1

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade of SALW

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Improvement of control of internal and external trading of SALW

Legal framework brought in line with international standards is the basis for quality SALW control practiced by relevant authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Existing laws on weapons and ammunition in BiH are all put in place on the basis of constitutional competencies of the Republika Srpska entity; the ten cantons of the Federation BiH; and BrÄ?ko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina, respectively. Those laws are not coordinated among them. The Coordination Board for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina will work on bringing about conditions for synchronisation of BiH laws on weapons both internally and in relation to international standards. Recognising the importance of the role that both legislation initiators and lawmakers have in the process, its focus will be on entity and cantonal ministries of interior, as well as the entity/cantonal parliaments in order to promote basic requirements for coordinating the laws on weapons with the relevant international standards. Prevention of illegal trade in SALW is an important segment of SALW control. Illegal trade prevention not only contributes to BiH security but also to security in the region and beyond. Relevant BiH institutions will continue to strengthen human resources capacities through training programs and procurement of equipment needed for illegal trade prevention. Additionally, the Strategy underlines the importance of continued improvements to the legal framework and complementary mechanisms that serve as measures of control in


prevention of illegal trade in weapons that BiH is committed to. The Strategy acknowledges the requirement for closer inter-agency cooperation in implementing of the legislations concerning internal and foreign trade in weapons in order to facilitate adequate information and position exchange among different bodies involved in weapons trade control and their respective competencies.

In order to keep up with the pace of contemporary trends in information technology application, BiH institutions will advance data registries and IT systems required by the relevant implementation regulations. This especially applies to ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis systems, movement control of weapons and military equipment, and IT system for foreign trade in weapons. Objective 2: Reduction of illegal SALW presence will be introduced through implementation of the following strategic programs:

Monitoring statistical data in the area of SALW

Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

Raising awareness on SALW risks

Improvement of capacities for keeping, storage and disposal of SALW

In order to establish proper mechanisms for SALW control, it is necessary to have accurate statistical data. As statistical data are collected at different levels of government and there is no unique methodology for their collection, this Strategy underlines the importance of defining the minimum requirements for the same approach in collection of data. For that purpose, it is necessary to develop a single form for collection and monitoring of statistical data pertaining to SALW in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Objective 2

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Illegal weapons pose a security threat in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and there is an increase in number of incidents involving the use of illegal weapons. Competent police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina have recognized the need to act on this issue, and are ready to put in the procedure laws/acts on amnesty. Amnesty for voluntary submission of weapons is a prerequisite for weapons collection campaign. This Strategy underlines BiH’s commitment to launch a comprehensive campaign for collection, registration and disposal of illegal weapons in the forthcoming period.

Raising the awareness on risks of keeping the small arms and light weapons is as equally important aspect of this Strategy. The Coordination Board for Control of Small Weapons shall coordinate implementation of such campaign through cooperation with media and non-governmental sector. It is necessary to improve capacities for safe keeping, storage and disposal of small arms and light weapons. Police agencies, judicial bodies and civil protection units have limited capabilities for storage and safe keeping of weapons. There will be a comprehensive analysis of their current capacities and requirements in order to improve safety standards in the field of storage of weapons.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Objective 3: Management over small arms and light weapons in possession of competent institutions and agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina shall be carried out through implementation of the following strategic programs:

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Disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Improvement of capacities for keeping and storage of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Objective 3 Control and supervision over process of disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina


One of the greatest security challenges that Bosnia and Herzegovina is facing is a threat of uncontrolled explosions of ammunition and explosive ordnance stored in military storages. It is necessary to act urgently on resolving surplus weapons and ammunition in accordance with principles adopted by the BiH Presidency (through sale, donation or destruction). Disposal of surplus weapons and ammunition shall be carried out employing civilian and military capacities for disposal of ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina, through implementation of national and international contracts and agreements and application of strict regulations of control and supervision over the disposal process. The Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall conduct control, supervision and verification of disposal of ammunition and explosive ordnance. As additional mechanism, nongovernmental sector or other parties shall be given a chance to independently monitor the disposal process, in order to improve the transparency of the process.

The required safety standards for storage of ammunition and prevention of theft of ammunition from storages shall be improved. In order to ensure safe keeping and storage of ammunition and weapons, it is necessary to improve the safety of infrastructure in accordance with international standards. For accurate keeping of records and lists of weapons, ammunition and explosive ordnance, there will be a comprehensive IT system for stockpiles management at the Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Objective 4: International and regional cooperation and cooperation with NGOs shall be

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation regarding control over SALW

Objective 4

Cooperation with the civil society organizations

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation pertaining to control of small arms and light weapons represents an important area. Bosnia and Herzegovina shall continue meeting obligations from the United Nations Action Program and OSCE Document on small arms and light weapons. Cooperation with neighbouring countries, regional organizations (SEESAC and

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

carried out through implementation of the following strategic programs:

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RACVIAC) and international organizations shall continue for the purpose of exchanging experiences, improving standards and meeting international obligations. Non-governmental sector has its share in strengthening the control mechanisms over small arms and light weapons. The Strategy recognizes a category of “victims of small arms and light weapons”, and foresees implementation of activities regarding identification of victims of small arms and light weapons and of their needs. Special emphasis shall be given to the use of weapons in cases of domestic violence, and on different influence that weapons have

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

on men and women.

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Improvement of legal framework and implementation of SALW legislation

Reduction of illegal SALW

Management of SALW that is in possession of BiH competent agencies and institutions

International and regional cooperation and cooperation with NGOs

Harmonisation of laws on weapons internally, with Law on Border Control and with international standards

Monitoring statistical data in the area of SALW

Disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the field of control of SALW

Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade of SALW

Raising awareness on SALW risks

Control and supervision over process of disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cooperation with the civil society organizations

Upgrade of IT system for control of SALW

Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

Improvement of capacities for keeping and storage of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Improvement of control of internal and external trading of SALW

Improvement of capacities for keeping, storage and disposal of SALW

Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Diagram 2.1: Strategic goals and programs in the period 2013-2016


OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIC PROGRAMS AND RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION

(a)

C1-P1

C1-P2

C1-P3

C1-P4

C2-P1

(b)

RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION

(c)

Harmonisation of laws on weapons internally, with Law on Border Control and with international standards

BiH Ministry of Security, Ministry of internal affairs of the Republika Srpska, cantonal ministries of internal affairs in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brčko District Police

Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade of SALW

BiH Ministry of Security, BiH Ministry of Foreign Affairs, BiH Ministry of Civil Affairs, BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, BiH Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republika Srpska, Brčko District Police, State Investigation and Protection Agency, BiH Intelligence-Security Agency, cantonal ministries of internal affairs

Upgrade of IT system for control of SALW

BiH Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, BiH Ministry of Security

Improvement of control of internal and external trading of SALW

BiH Ministry of Security, BiH Ministry of Defence, BiH Ministry of Foreign Affairs, BiH Ministry of Civil Affairs, BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, BiH Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, Department for Indirect Taxation, BiH Border Police, FBiH Ministry of Internal Affairs, RS Ministry of Internal Affairs, Brčko District Police, State Investigation and Protection Agency, BiH Intelligence-Security Agency, cantonal ministries of internal affairs

Monitoring statistical data in the area of SALW

BiH Ministry of Security, SIPA, Border Police, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, Intelligence-Security Agency, entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs, Brčko District Police, BiH Ministry of Defence, Agencies for Statistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

STRATEGIC PROGRAM

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STRATEGIC PROGRAM

(a)

(b)

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

(c)

C2-P2

Raising awareness on SALW risks

Coordination Board for control of small arms and nongovernmental sector in collaboration with police agencies within the “work of police in community”

C2-P3

Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

Entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs, Brčko District Police, RS Civil Protection Department, FBiH Civil Protection Department

C2-P4

Improvement of capacities for keeping, storage and disposal of SALW

SIPA, Border Police, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection agencies, judicial bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

C3-P1

Disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

BiH Ministry of Defence

C3-P2

Control and supervision over process of disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

BiH Ministry of Defence, Parliamentary Commission for Defence and Security, BiH Ministry of Security

C3-P3

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RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION

Improvement of capacities for keeping and storage of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

BiH Ministry of Defence

C3-P4

Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

BiH Ministry of Defence

C4-P1

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the field of control of SALW

BiH Ministry of Foreign Affairs

C4-P2

Cooperation with the civil society organizations

Coordination Board for Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

Diagram 2.2: Strategic programs and institutions responsible for their implementation


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Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016


II. ACTION PLAN 2013-2016

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

No.

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Activity

Activity Holder

Competent Institutions

O.1

Improvement of legal framework and implementation of SALW legislation

1.1.

Harmonisation of laws on weapons internally, with Law on Border Control and with international standards

1.1.1.

Organise conferences / thematic workshops on the minimum requirements for the harmonisation of laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina with the Law on Border Control as well as the relevant directives of the European Union and the UN Firearms Protocol

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, cantonal ministries of interior of the Federation of BiH and police of BrÄ?ko District of BiH

1.1.2.

Commission an external expert to develop model laws on weapons and ammunition that are mutually aligned with international standards

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, cantonal ministries of interior of the Federation of BiH and police of BrÄ?ko District of BiH

1.1.3.

Individual meetings with decision makers aimed at raising awareness on the importance of harmonising the laws on weapons and methods of compliance

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, cantonal ministries of interior of the Federation


2013

x

2016

Funding Source

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Deadline for Implementation 2014 2015

21


1.2.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

1.2.1.

22

Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade of SALW Organise trainings, courses and workshops aimed at familiarisation with the specifics of the investigation and prosecution of this aspect of organised crime

1.2.2.

Procurement of appropriate equipment

1.2.3.

Organisation and participation in international conferences, seminars and symposia as well as other forms of cooperation in the field of the control of small arms and light weapons

SALW Coordination Board

SALW Coordination Board

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior


x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

23


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

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1.2.4.

Maintaining regular contact and an exchange of information with the relevant institutions of the countries in the region

1.2.5.

Continuous communication and cooperation with regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC) on the control of small arms and light weapons

1.2.6.

Support for the development of a legal framework (seminars, expert advice) in accordance with the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Ammunition as well as control measures to prevent the illegal trade in weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior


x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

Donor funding – projects

x

25


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

26

1.2.7.

Conduct training for relevant institutions and individuals in terms of the mplementation of the Protocol and the OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons

1.2.8.

Training on the general principles for the identification and tracking of weapons, in line with other international standards and duties

1.2.9.

Procurement of equipment that will allow for the tracking and archiving of data (software and hardware solutions) within the competent ministries and, following a joint decision, the purchase of a machine for marking weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior


x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

27


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

1.2.10.

28

Establishment of interregional cooperation on implementation of the Protocol through making data from the archives on labelling available and cooperation between countries in the region on the use and creation of a simple label to be placed on weapons

1.2.11.

Support institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina to participate in training programmes in the field of brokering

1.2.12

Organise training programmes in the field of brokering and the international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina in this area

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior


x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

29


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

1.3.

30

Upgrade of IT system for control of SALW

1.3.1.

Develop a list of priority equipment for forensic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.2.

Procurement of equipment and the training of personnel in the use of this equipment

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.3.

Analysis of the functionality of the TRACKER system

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.4.

Make recommendations to improve the functionality of the system

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.5.

Improve the TRACKER system

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.6.

Train staff to use the improved system

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.7.

IT interventions to improve software solutions for the registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH

1.3.8.

Procurement of equipment for the competent institutions to increase the possibility of using the registry at all levels of the relevant law enforcement agencies

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH


x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Donor funding – projects

x

31


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

1.4.

32

Improvement of control of internal and external trading of SALW Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, the BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, the Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Interior of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska, Police of Brčko District of BiH, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency and cantonal ministries of interior

1.4.1.

Organisation of thematic meetings and roundtables aimed at exchanging information and improving interagency cooperation

O. 2

Reduction of illegal SALW

2.1.

Monitoring statistical data in the area of SALW

2.1.1.

Conduct mapping of the current statistical data in the field of SALW kept by the responsible agencies

2.1.2.

Develop a unified form for the standardisation of statistical data in the field of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH


x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

33


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

34

2.1.3.

Promote the unified form with the aim of gaining acceptance by all relevant agencies when it comes to a unified method of data collection in the field of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH

2.1.4.

Collection of statistical data in the field of SALW based on the unified form

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH

2.1.5.

Data analysis and public presentation of the data

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH

2.1.6.

Compare the situation in the field of SALW with that of the previous period in order to monitor the trends

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH , Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH

2.1.7.

Monitor at least three daily media for information related to incidents in the field of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH


Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

35


2.1.8.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

2.2.

36

Prepare semiannual and annual reports on the state of SALW based on media coverage

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, OSA, entity/cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agency for Statistics of BiH

Raising awareness on SALW risks

2.2.1.

Identify the availability of sets of teaching material that are already included in the school curriculum in BiH

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.2.

Organise meetings with the ministries of education in order to inform them about the planned activities

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.3.

Organise meetings at the regional / cantonal level with principals and teachers of primary schools in order to promote and disseminate these sets

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”


x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

37


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

38

2.2.4.

Pedagogues in schools will organise meetings with teachers in order to present the Project and the teaching set in accordance with the curriculum; by using the educational set the teachers will conduct activities aimed at raising awareness on small arms and light weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.5.

Prepare school competitions with messages about the risks of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.6.

Test pupils from 6th to 9th grade and establish competing teams

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.7.

Organise school competitions

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.8.

Organise municipal competitions

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.9.

Organise competitions at the cantonal / regional level

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.10.

Organise competitions at the entity and Brčko District levels

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”


Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

39


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

40

2.2.11.

Organise a national competition

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.12.

Develop training modules for adequate media reporting on SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.13.

Training to be held in three training cycles

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.14.

Promotional material produced and disseminated to media and journalists

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.15.

Promote membership of shooting and hunting organisations

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.2.16.

Organise sports activities that include messages on the negative aspects of the illegal possession of weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Committee for the Control of Small Arms together with NGOs in cooperation with law enforcement agencies as a part of “Community Policing”

2.3.

2.3.1.

2.3.2.

Collection and disposal of illicit small arms and light weapons Conduct a comprehensive review aimed at identifying the attitudes and perceptions of gun owners in order to ensure that all requirements and factors are met

SALW Coordination Board

Entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, RS Civil Protection Administration, Federal Civil Protection Administration

Conduct an awareness raising campaign

SALW Coordination Board

Entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, RS Civil Protection Administration, Federal Civil Protection Administration


Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

41


2.3.3.

Conduct operations to locate and collect weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, RS Civil Protection Administration, Federal Civil Protection Administration

2.3.4.

Destruction of collected weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, RS Civil Protection Administration, Federal Civil Protection Administration

2.3.5.

Promote activities to build trust

SALW Coordination Board

Entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, RS Civil Protection Administration, Federal Civil Protection Administration

2.3.6.

Implementation of security development projects in selected communities

SALW Coordination Board

Entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Police of Brčko District of BiH, RS Civil Protection Administration, Federal Civil Protection Administration

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

2.4.

42

Improvement of capacities for keeping, storage and disposal of SALW

2.4.1.

Conduct field research to determine the current state of the SALW storage facilities of police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and judicial authorities in BiH

2.4.2.

Structured and semistructured interviews focused on the needs of the departments that deal with SALW

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and

2.4.3.

Preparation of a study with detailed proposals for the necessary improvements

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and judicial authorities in BiH


x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

43


2.4.4.

2.4.5.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

2.4.6.

44

Study design and printing

Presentation of the Study and its main results for beneficiaries and all other interested parties

Construction work on SALW storage facilities

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and judicial authorities in BiH

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and judicial authorities in BiH

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and judicial authorities in BiH

SALW Coordination Board

SIPA, Border Police, the Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity / cantonal ministries of interior, Brčko District Police, entity civil protection administrations and judicial authorities in BiH

2.4.7.

Installation of the new equipment foreseen in the Study

O.3

Management of SALW that is in possession of BiH competent agencies and institutions

3.1.

Disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

3.1.1.

Preparation and distribution of questionnaires to collect data on the quantities of SALW held by institutions in BiH

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.2.

Preparation of questionnaires and the testing of members of the public on civilian possession of weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.3.

Assessment of the risks weapons pose in BiH

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH


Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

x

45


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

46

3.1.4.

Preparation of a study into SALW in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their impact on the civilian population and development

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.5.

Presentation of the findings of the Study to the public and institutions of BiH

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.6.

Conduct control and technical inspections of ammunition, mines and UXO

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.7.

Announcement of ammunition for destruction

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.8.

Destruction of the ammunition

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.9.

Monitor the process of destruction and verification

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.10.

Transportation of ammunition from non-perspective to perspective storage facilities for ammunition, mines and UXO

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.11.

Stock ammunition in perspective locations in accordance with international standards

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.12.

The release of non-perspective locations for the storage of ammunition and the further disposal of such sites in accordance with the process of the disposal of immovable Ministry of Defence property

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH


x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

47


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

48

3.1.13.

Presence of verifiers during the destruction of SALW at the destruction sites

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.14.

Monitor compliance with regulations and standards for the destruction of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.15.

Prepare independent reports on the quantities of destroyed SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.16.

Presentation of these reports at the annual conference on the process of destruction and other events as well as in the media

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.17.

Visits to destruction sites using the method of open detonation for ammunition

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.18.

Overview of standard operating procedures at ranges for the destruction of ammunition by open detonation

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.19.

Insight into the working methods of ranges

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.20.

Sampling of soil, water and air

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.21.

Preparation of a study with recommendations

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.22.

Establish monitoring at sites (soil, water and air)

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH


x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x x

x x

x

Donor funding – projects Donor funding – projects Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Donor funding – projects

x

49


3.1.23.

Overview of the process of disposal of SALW through various media formats (TV, radio, print and electronic)

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.24.

Organise shows and interviews on the topic of the disposal of surplus SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.1.25.

Other types of media presentations on the results of the process of the disposal of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.2.

3.2.1.

Organisation of six thematic roundtables focused on solving the problem of surplus SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH, Parliamentary Committee for Defence and Security and the Ministry of Security of BiH

3.2.2.

Organise three annual conferences on the results of the process of solving the problem of surplus SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH, Parliamentary Committee for Defence and Security and the Ministry of Security of BiH

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3.3

50

Control and supervision of the process of disposing of surplus SALW in the possession of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

3.3.1.

Improvement of capacities for keeping and storage of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina Procurement and installation of the following equipment in warehouses for weapons and ammunition in BiH: - external and internal fences; - gates with high security locks; - protective vehicle barriers; - intruder detection systems; - outdoor lighting; - consistent marking within the site and along the outer boundaries of the site; and; - other required safety elements, in consultation with the relevant government authorities and donors.

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH


x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

51


3.3.2.

Infrastructural works on the storage facilities of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.3.3.

Procurement and installation of equipment to improve storage conditions

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.3.4.

Identify staff to attend training on the management of ammunition, mines and UXO

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.3.5.

Training of Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces staff in managing SALW stocks

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.3.6.

Testing and certification of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces staff

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3.4.

52

Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

3.4.1.

Development of software to manage SALW stocks

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.4.2.

Install the software in the organisational units of the Ministry of Defence

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.4.3.

Train staff in the use of the software

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH

3.4.4.

Procurement of hardware for the system to control SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Defence of BiH


x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Donor funding – projects

x

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Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

54

O.4

International and regional cooperation and cooperation with NGOs

4.1.

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the field of SALW control

4.1.1.

Identify conference participants concerning the challenges of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH

4.1.2.

Identify the speakers, moderators and topics for the conference on the challenges of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH

4.1.3.

Hold a conference on the challenges of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH

4.1.4.

Prepare conclusions with concrete assignments for the promotion of cooperation in the field of SALW control

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH

4.1.5.

Organisation and participation in international conferences, seminars and symposia as well as other forms of cooperation in the field of the control of small arms and light weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH

4.1.6.

Continuous communication and cooperation with regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC) on the control of small arms and light weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH

4.2.

Cooperation with civil society organisations

4.2.1.

Promotion of the Strategy for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons within the NGO sector

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

4.2.2.

Preparation and promotion of the Manual for Policy Advocacy in the area of Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons


x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

x

x

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

x

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Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

56

4.2.3.

Establishment of a network of trainers in specific areas of the control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

4.2.4.

Training for NGOs on the issue of Small Arms and Light Weapons

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

4.2.5.

Designing a uniform form for collecting data on the victims of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

4.2.6.

Training field workers to collect data on the victims of SALW

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

4.2.7.

Field data collection, data entry and analysis of the data in the database

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons

4.2.8.

Prepare reports using the methodology for the identification of the victims of SALW and data collection methods

SALW Coordination Board

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons


x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

x

Donor funding – projects

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

x

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OF SALW LEGISLATION

FRAMEWORK AND IMPLEMENTATION

1.1. Harmonisation of laws on weapons internally, with Law on Border Control and with international standards

2.2. Raising awareness on SALW risks

2.3. Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

2.4. Improvement of capacities for keeping, storage and disposal of SALW

AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONS

IN POSSESSION OF BIH COMPETENT

3. MANAGEMENT OF SALW THAT IS

1.3. Upgrade of IT system for control of SALW

2.1. Monitoring of statistical data in the area of SALW

4. INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL COOPERATION AND COOPERATION WITH NGO’S

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

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1.2. Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade of SALW

1.4. Improvement of control of internal and external trading of SALW

2. REDUCTION OF ILLEGAL SALW

1. IMPROVEMENT OF LEGAL

BiH SALW Control Strategy 2013-2016

3.1. Disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

3.2. Control and supervision over process of disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.3. Improvement of capacities for keeping and storage of SALW held by the Armed Forces of BiH 3.4. Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW held by the Armed Forces of BiH

4.1. Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the field of control of SALW

4.2. Cooperation with civil society organizations


1.1.1. Creation of conditions for harmonization of laws on weapons 1.2.1. Strengthening areas of human resources and technical equipment for combating the illicit trade in SALW 1.2.2. Strengthening international and regional cooperation in combating illicit trade in SALW 1.2.3. Establishment of legal framework and marking of weapons in accordance with the Protocol against illicit manufacturing of and trade in firearms, its components and ammunition, as a measure of control for prevention of illicit trade in firearms 1.2.4. Training in the control of SALW brokering 1.3.1. Establishment of complementary systems for ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis and improved of the existent ones 1.3.2. Improvement of the information system for the control of foreign trade 1.3.3. Improvement of the information system for the control of movement of weapons and military equipment 1.4.1. Improvement of inter-agency cooperation through organisation of thematic meetings in the area of domestic and foreign trade in SALW 2.1.1. Development of a single form for standardisation of statistical data in the area of SALW 2.1.2. Independent monitoring and analysis of data in the area of SALW accompanied with media presentation 2.1.3. Drafting of semi-annual and annual Media Monitoring Reports 2.2.1. Promotion of teaching aids and implementation of educational programs in schools on SALW risks 2.2.2. Organizing of school competitions that include messages on SALW risks 2.2.3. Program for capacity building of the media for adequate media reporting 2.2.4. Strengthening of the role of sports and hunting associations in BiH – Shoot in a sportsmanlike manner or not at all 2.3.1. Organizing of programs for collecting and registration of illegal SALW

3.1.1. Making of a study the burden that SALW represents for BiH and its influence on the civilian population and development 3.1.2. Destruction of surplus SALW at the envisaged rate 3.1.3. Transport and storage of ammunition from non-prospective to prospective storage sites 3.1.4. Establishing an independent mechanism for monitoring the process of SALW destruction 3.1.5. Preparation of an environmental study on ammunition destruction by open detonation 3.1.6. Media campaign of monitoring the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW destruction 3.2.1. Organisation of round tables on the topic of solving the issue of surplus SALW 3.2.2. Organisation of annual conference reporting on the results of solving the issue of surplus SALW 3.3.1. Improvement of the infrastructure of the storage sites for prospective ammunition and explosive ordnance of the MoD of BiH 3.3.2. Improvement of the conditions of SALW storing at the prospective storage sites of the Armed Forces of BiH 3.3.3. Training programme and certification of personnel for the management of ammunition and explosive ordnance 3.4.1. Development and introduction of system for the management of stockpiles of ammunition, mines and explosive items stored in AFBiH storages 4.1.1. Regional conference on SALW challenges 4.1.2. Strengthening of regional and international cooperation

4.2.1. Strengthening of capacities of non-governmental organizations in the field of SALW 4.2.2. Mapping and identification of SALW victims in selected municipalities

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

2.4.1. Making of a study to assess the need for police agencies depositories and storage locations for SALW with recommendations 2.4.2. Improving of the police agencies storage capacities and standards for storage of SALW

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III. SPECIAL PART OBJECTIVE 1 IMPROVEMENT OF LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SALW LEGISLATION Programme 1.1: Harmonisation of laws on weapons internally, with Law on Border Control and with international standards

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 1.1.1: Creation of conditions for harmonization of laws on weapons

60

Project aim:

Laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina that are harmonised internally and with international standards.

End users:

Entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project relevance:

Bosnia and Herzegovina, as signatory to the Agreement on Stabilisation and Association Agreement, is obliged to harmonise its legislation with the acquis communautaire. There are currently twelve laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina that regulate this area in different ways, which results in different practices within the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project description:

Conferences and workshops on topics pertaining to the harmonisation of laws on weapons and ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina shall strengthen the awareness of decision makers as to the importance of harmonising the laws on weapons with international standards. This project is based on an assessment by experts and professionals concerning the basic provisions of laws on weapons that ought to be harmonised with international standards, such as Directive 91/477/EEC and 2008/51/EC, as well as with the UN Protocol on Weapons. Based on the assessment and analysis of the conformity of laws on weapons with international standards, produced by


Project description:

the United Nations Development Programme, a series of thematic workshops with representatives from entity, cantonal and BrÄ?ko District judicial and executive bodies will be held. Thematic workshops shall serve as a platform for discussion aimed at strengthening the awareness of authorities concerning the importance of harmonising the laws. A draft law on weapons and ammunition that is harmonised with the above international standards shall be developed and shall serve as a foundation for the adoption of harmonised draft laws at the entity, cantonal and BrÄ?ko District level.

Expected results:

A proposal of the draft law on weapons and ammunition harmonised internally and with international standards, bearing in mind the constitutional competencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Representatives of the ministries of internal affairs, governments and parliaments at the entity, cantonal and BrÄ?ko District level will become familiar with the need for harmonisation of the laws on weapons and ammunition internally and with EU Directives. Draft laws put into procedure. Organise conferences and thematic workshops on the minimum requirements necessary for harmonisation of the laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina with relevant EU Directives and the UN Protocol on Weapons. Hire an external consultant to develop examples of laws on weapons and ammunition that are harmonised internally and with international standards. Individual meetings held with decision makers aimed at strengthening awareness on the importance of harmonisation of the laws on weapons and the methods of harmonisation.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

18 months

Estimate of required funds:

25,000 BAM

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

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Programme 1.2: Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade of SALW Project 1.2.1: Strengthening areas of human resources and technical equipment

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

for combating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons

62

Objective:

To improve the capacities of the police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Intelligence-Security Agency, Indirect Taxation Authority and prosecutors’ offices and ensure that they are equipped to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.

End users:

Police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Intelligence-Security Agency, Indirect Taxation Authority and the prosecutors’ offices.

Project relevance:

In order to achieve their goals, criminal organisations are coming up with new ways to conduct the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. It is necessary to ensure permanent training and education for law enforcement agencies in this field, provide equipment for their work and more efficient cooperation on preventing and fighting the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.

Project description:

Organise interactive training, courses and workshops aimed at familiarisation with the specificities of research and processing of this aspect of organised crime, with a focus on education on the applicability of special investigative enquiries. The project should meet the actual and most urgent needs of the competent institutions in BiH in their fight against the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. There will be a list of required equipment for this purpose.

Expected results:

Improved efficiency amongst competent agencies and institutions in BiH to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, which will be reflected in greater numbers of investigations and prosecutions.

Project implementation activities:

1. Organise training, courses and workshops for familiarisation with the specificities of research and the processing of this aspect of organised crime. 2. Procurement of proper equipment.


Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

85,000 BAM

Project aim:

To improve control over the import and export of weapons and military equipment and collaboration with the competent agencies and institutions of the countries in the region.

End users:

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, BiH Border Police, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, NGOs and the media.

Project relevance:

In order to prevent the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons it is necessary to strengthen cooperation between the competent institutions within the region and globally. By adopting best practice and benefiting from external experiences by joining initiatives at the regional and global level that deal with the control of weapons and military equipment Bosnia and Herzegovina shall improve its own standards in this field. Bosnia and Herzegovina shall also be able to offer its own experience and know-how to other countries.

Project description:

Organise international conferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Through close cooperation with competent institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the countries of the region ensure better access to information concerning the regional and global flows of the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Affirm the achieved results through participation at international and regional conferences.

Expected results:

Increased number of seized illegal weapons, cutting of smuggling and trafficking flows and processing cases of the

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 1.2.2: Strengthening international and regional cooperation in combating illicit trade in small arms and light weapons

63


Expected results:

illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Improved cooperation and exchange of information at the regional and international level.

Project implementation activities:

1. Organisation of and participation in international conferences, seminars and symposiums as well as other forms of cooperation in the area of the control of small arms and light weapons. 2. Regular contact and exchange of information with the competent institutions of the countries in the region. 3. Permanent communication and cooperation with regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC) regarding control over small arms and light weapons.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

30,000 BAM

Project 1.2.3: Establishment of legal framework and marking of weapons in accordance with the Protocol against illicit manufacturing of and trade in firearms, its components and ammunition, as a measure of control for prevention of illicit trade in firearms

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project aim:

64

To meet the obligations from Article 5 of the Protocol requiring the introduction of appropriate legislation, and the obligations pertaining to Article 8 that require a comprehensive marking system incorporated into the phases of manufacturing, trade and tracking. To establish a sustainable system of marking and provide instruments for such a system through the development of capacities, which includes the procurement of equipment and the training of personnel.

End users:

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Project relevance:

In addition to meeting its international obligations Bosnia and Herzegovina will achieve a better position in the region and ensure closer cooperation within the region through the tracking of marked weapons and ammunition; this will result in a strengthening of institutions and the overall system for the removal of weapons that find their way into communities through the illicit trade and provide for easier and more simple monitoring of the trade in weapons and their components.

Project description:

“In its main intention, the Protocol is designed in such a way as to assist member countries to promote and strengthen cooperation in their fight against the illicit trade in weapons and their components and ammunition.�

The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, which is responsible for regulation of the area of manufacturing of weapons and military equipment and their external trade, is responsible for implementation of the Protocol. The Ministry is currently in the process of submitting a proposal to the Council of Ministers for adoption of a legal act that will enable implementation of obligations from the Protocol. Since the Protocol stipulates as basic guidelines the establishment of closer cooperation amongst country signatories to the Protocol in the fight against the illicit manufacturing of and trade in weapons, its components and ammunition this can be taken as a good foundation for its implementation. In regard to compliance with the guidelines defined under Article 8 of the Protocol and in accordance with Article 5, paragraph (3), both of which regulate the marking of weapons, it is clear that this issue should be quite high on the priority list for our country. The project will rest on legislation that has yet to be developed, which is an obligation from the Protocol, and on supporting instruments still to be created, i.e. regulations that will enable that the obligation from the Protocol referring to the marking and tracking of weapons be implemented.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified the Protocol against the illegal manufacturing of and trade in small arms, their components and ammunition (hereinafter the Protocol) on 1 April 2008, seven years after the Protocol was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 8 June 2001. Component 1. Adoption of legislation. Component 2. Procurement of equipment and training.

65


Project description:

In addition, the legal framework, when adopted, must contain appropriate instruments that will make implementation on the ground possible. Within further activities it will be necessary to establish a functional filing/archive system created in such a way that it is easy to consult and simple to access information. Furthermore, being guided by the framework introduced earlier and guidelines from the Protocol, it is necessary to procure equipment that will facilitate the implementation of the Law. Upon obtaining expert advice through coordination with the appropriate authorities, modalities for the conduct of training should be identified so that appropriate bodies can achieve a working capability within the newly established legal framework as well as be able to use the archive and equipment for tracking marked weapons. Then the process of implementation of the obligation to the operational level will follow i.e., oversight of companies that are obliged to do the marking. Thus, once the training has been completed the marking of items and their tracking will start both within the national territory and internationally if exported. The Protocol also contains the guideline that whatever is done must rest on a simple system which will be easy to put into operational use. This is a clear provision that has to be adhered to within the implementation of project activities.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

In view of the above stated, the below stages of the project can be identified.

66

a. Development of a legal framework b. Adoption of bylaws, rules and regulations that will serve as instruments for the implementation of the Protocol c. Procurement of equipment (software and hardware) d. Training 1 – about the Protocol, the new Law and implementation instruments e. Training 2 – use of equipment for marking, tracking and archiving f. Training 3 – instruction on the marking and tracking of weapons in accordance with other international standards (e.g., OSCE Document on SALW). Expected result:

The legal framework for the implementation will be established, which is the main obligation from the Protocol, and the following obligations will be fulfilled:


Expected result:

• marking and tracking of weapons and components; • filing/archiving of the received data. Organisations and individuals gain an increased capability to implement the Protocol, which is primarily the responsibility of the Ministry, namely MoFTER, and all services that deal with the supervision of production. Authorised personnel in the police agencies and border police are introduced to the modalities of implementation of the Protocol and the use of available instruments. Increased cooperation on the issue of weapons and component tracking in the region will be achieved through the establishment of contact and joint activities in a field that is new to BiH. This will be built up in a complementary way to the existing models of cooperation with neighbouring countries on the issues of arms smuggling and border security. At the same time, the practice of marking weapons and components will contribute to an easier way of identifying weapons within the territories of the neighbouring countries and thus facilitate a more efficient effort to have illegal weapons removed from communities. Training about the marking and tracking of weapons in accordance with other international standards conducted. Support the creation of a legal framework (working seminars and expert advice). 1. Conduct training of responsible institutions and individuals in the implementation of the Protocol and OSCE Document on small arms and light weapons. 2. Training on the general principles of marking and monitoring of weapons in accordance with other international standards and obligations. 3. Procurement of equipment that will facilitate the tracking and archiving of data (software and hardware equipment for the responsible ministries) and, once a joint decision has been made, the further procurement of a marking machine. 4. Establishment of regional cooperation pertaining to the implementation of the Protocol by making data on the marking contained in the archive available and through cooperation amongst the countries in the region on creating simple weapon signs to be used.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

67


Location:

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

18 months

Estimate of required funds:

250,000 BAM

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 1.2.4: Training in the control of SALW brokering

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Project aim:

Improve capacities in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the suppression of the illegal trade in SALW and control of weapons brokering.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republika Srpska, BrÄ?ko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency, Intelligence and Security Agency of BiH and the cantonal ministries of foreign affairs.

Project relevance:

Brokering services for the trade, import and export of weapons is an area of business that requires restriction. It is necessary to additionally strengthen the capacities of institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in control mechanisms for the monitoring of brokering services and in the international standards and obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina in this area.

Project description:

This project will provide support to the responsible institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in acquiring new knowledge in the area of arms brokering. It will ensure that they participate in regional training programmes, with training also taking place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Special attention during the training will be placed on the obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina towards international organisations in this area and the standards laid down in international documents that Bosnia and Herzegovina has joined.


Expected results:

1. Improved control of SALW brokering in BiH. 2. Reduced risk of the illegal trade in SALW and illegal SALW brokering.

Project implementation activities:

1. Provide support to institutions in Bosnia and Herze-

govina for their participation in related brokering training programmes. 2. Organise training programmes in the area of brokering and the international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina in this area.

Location:

Regional training centres, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

24 months

Estimation of funds required:

50,000 BAM

Programme 1.3: Upgrade of IT system for control of SALW

Project aim:

Provide support to the ballistic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina in achieving international standards and best practice in the area of ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis, thus becoming an example of quality ballistic scientific practice and consequently an important factor in reducing the number of incidents committed with the use of firearms. Establish complementary systems for ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis in Bosnia and Herzegovina and improve the existing capacities. Analyse the possibility of providing mutual services amongst the forensic and ballistic institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina so that they can be of use to all interested parties.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 1.3.1: Establishment of complementary systems for ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis and improved of the existent ones

69


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

70

End users:

State Forensic Agency of BiH, Centre for Forensic and Information Support of the Police Department of the Federation of BiH, Forensics Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republika Srpska and the cantonal forensic laboratories.

Project relevance:

Establish modern and compatible capacities that will improve the investigative capacities of BiH institutions and enable an efficient exchange of information between similar institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the region and wider.

Project description:

The project should meet the actual requirements of the ballistic laboratories in order to contribute to the improvement of the investigative capability of judicial authorities in BiH, thus also increasing the percentage of identified perpetrators of crimes and offences committed with firearms. To this end it is necessary to make a list of equipment required by the existing ballistic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. When making this list and also later when procuring the required equipment special attention will be paid to the compatibility of equipment amongst the responsible institutions as well as with the neighbouring countries, namely in the region. Thus, the equipment must facilitate an exchange of information and best practice between cooperating institutions and also provide mutual services amongst institutions. Furthermore, possibilities will be sought for using the existing resources and those yet to be procured across Bosnia and Herzegovina, based on submitted requests for services; this would contribute towards compatibility and would also reduce the resources required for the procurement of equipment for each institution individually. It is also necessary to ensure that the procurement of each item of equipment is accompanied by training provided by the supplier/manufacturer; this will be given special consideration when conducting the bidding process.

Expected results:

Equipment for ballistic and mechanoscopic analyses will be procured and it will be compatible with that in the responsible institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, thus enabling the mutual provision of services and information exchange. When procured and put into use, this equipment will enable better grounds for the investigative and security activities of the responsible


Expected results:

institutions as well as ensuring the required level of safety at work for officers conducting ballistic tests.

Project implementation activities:

1. Create a prioritised list of equipment for forensic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2. Procure equipment and train staff in the use of such equipment.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

350,000 BAM

Project aim:

Improve the existing information system for the control of foreign trade in SALW.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, Directorate for Nuclear and Radioactive Security of BiH, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police , Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republika Srpska, BrÄ?ko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency and the Intelligence and Security Agency of BiH.

Project relevance:

The existing electronic system for the control of foreign trade (so called TRACKER) requires improvement. The TRACKER system is an important tool for the process of controlling foreign trade.

Project description:

This project will provide an analysis of the efficiency of the existing electronic system for the control of foreign trade. On the basis of this analysis the required modifications and improvements will be made to the existing system so that the system can become fully functional. Once the system is improved, personnel will be trained in how to use it.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 1.3.2: Improvement of the information system for the control of foreign trade

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Expected results:

Improved electronic system for the control of foreign trade in SALW. Improved control of foreign trade in SALW.

Project implementation activities:

1. Analysis of the efficiency of the TRACKER system. 2. Development of recommendations to improve the system’s efficiency. 3. Improvement of the TRACKER system. 4. Training of personnel to use the improved system.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

120,000 BAM

Project 1.3.3: Improvement of the information system for the control

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

of movement of weapons and military equipment

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Project aim:

Improve the system of electronic tracking and control of the movement of weapons and military equipment.

End users:

Ministry of Security BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project relevance:

Based on the Law on the Control of the Movement of Weapons and Military Equipment, an electronic system has been developed for the tracking and control of the movement of weapons and military equipment. In order for the system to be fully functional it is necessary to procure additional equipment for the responsible institutions.

Project description:

The registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment is an important segment of maintaining records on the movement of weapons and equipment in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as across its borders.


Project description:

Although the electronic registry has already been developed it requires intervention in terms of additional improvement of the information base software. In addition, some of the institutions in charge of monitoring such movements do not possess adequate equipment for this purpose.

Expected results:

The electronic registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment will be improved and additional equipment for the use of the registry procured.

Project implementation activities:

1. Information intervention to improve the software for the registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment. 2. Procurement of equipment for the responsible institutions to improve access to and of use of the registry at all levels of responsible police agencies.

Location:

Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project duration:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

40,000 BAM

Project 1.4.1: Improvement of inter-agency cooperation through organisation of thematic meetings in the area of domestic and foreign trade in small arms and light weapons Project aim:

Improve the exchange of information and inter-agency cooperation in the area of the domestic and foreign trade in small arms and light weapons.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, BiH Directorate for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Programme 1.4: Improvement of control of internal and external trading of SALW

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Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

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End users:

BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of RS, BrÄ?ko District Police, State Investigation and Protection Agency and the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency.

Project relevance:

The trade in small arms and light weapons is an area of business that requires restriction. Several agencies are involved in the process of clearance issuance. The system of information exchange and cooperation between agencies needs to be improved to allow for more frequent direct contact and discussion on various subject areas. Cooperation and the flow of information will be improved through the organisation of thematic meetings.

Project description:

Ensure exchange of information and close cooperation between the responsible agencies for the control of the domestic and foreign trade in small arms and light weapons by means of organising periodically thematic meetings. At present there is no mechanism for the systematic organisation of cooperation between the agencies monitoring the trade in small arms and light weapons. By organising meetings the system of information exchange will be improved and this will ensure that relevant decisions are made in a coherent manner and that they are in line with polices and plans of the agencies involved in this process.

Expected results:

The information exchange system is improved and clearances and approvals for the domestic and foreign trade in SALW based on information that is immediately available and exchanged amongst the responsible agencies.

Project implementation activities:

Organise thematic meetings and roundtables with the aim of exchanging information and improving inter-agency cooperation.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

30,000 BAM


OBJECTIVE 2 REDUCTION OF ILLEGAL SALW Programme 2.1: Monitoring of statistical data in the area of small arms and light weapons Project 2.1.1: Development of a single form for standardisation of Project aim:

Standardise the keeping of statistical data in the area of small arms and light weapons.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, State Intelligence and Protection Agency, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project relevance:

Statistical indicators are an important segment in the creation of policies in the area of small arms and light weapons. Given the fragmented responsibilities in this area and the fact that different institutions keep statistical indicators in different ways it is currently impossible to make a comparison of statistical indicators in Bosnia and Herzegovina at various levels of authority. This fact makes the monitoring of the area and the creation of policies that will improve the prevention of incidents involving SALW more difficult.

Project description:

The project adopts an analytical approach towards the current statistical indicators for SALW so that an insight can be gained into the ways in which statistical data is kept in the field of SALW. Based on an analysis, a single form will be developed which will represent a single methodology for the collection of data in this area. Once the form has been developed it will be launched and the adoption of this method of data collection advocated for in order that trends in this area can be more easily monitored and as a result reporting to the responsible international institutions improved.

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statistical data in the area of small arms and light weapons

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Expected results:

Statistical data in the area of SALW will be kept on the basis of a single methodology throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina at all levels of authority.

Project implementation activities:

1. Create a map of the current statistical data on SALW kept by the responsible agencies. 2. Develop a single form for the standardisation of statistical data on SALW. 3. Promote the single form with the aim of ensuring that all responsible agencies adopt the single methodology for data collection in the area of SALW.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

25,000 BAM

Project 2.1.2: Independent monitoring and analysis of data in the

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area of small arms and light weapons accompanied with media presentation

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Project aim:

Continuous independent monitoring and analysis of statistical data in the area of SALW with the aim of comparing media reports with official police statistics.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, State Intelligence and Protection Agency, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project relevance:

In addition to the official reports of the police and other agencies on statistical data related to SALW incidents it is necessary to ensure independent monitoring of data concerning SALW. In this way the responsible institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina will be supported in improving transparency in the area of SALW and the public will be better informed about the current situation in this regard.


Project description:

With support from the non-governmental sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina the independent monitoring of statistical data on SALW incidents will be ensured as well as activities by the police agencies on the prevention and sanctioning of perpetrators. Through detailed reports on statistics and the operation of police agencies an independent picture will be gained as to the situation in the area of SALW and their prevention and or sanctioning. Reports will be sent to the relevant media in Bosnia and Herzegovina so that they can inform the public.

Expected results:

Semi-annual reports on the situation concerning SALW, presentation of statistical indicators to the public and an independent evaluation of the work of the responsible institutions in this area.

Project implementation activities:

1. Collect statistical data on SALW based on a single form. 2. Process and present data to the public.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

36,000 BAM

Project 2.1.3: Drafting of semi-annual and annual Media Monitoring Reports Project aim:

To monitor media reports on SALW incidents in at least three dailies/news portals in order to acquire an additional indicator of the situation in this regard.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District Police.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3. Compare the situation concerning SALW with the situation during previous periods of time so that trends can be monitored.

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Project relevance:

Drafting reports on media reporting represents an additional mechanism to the official statistics compiled by the police agencies for monitoring the statistical indicators on SALW. In this way a complete overview of the situation in this field, necessary for creating future policies for action, would be ensured.

Project description:

A Media Monitoring Report on SALW is made on the basis of the RMDS methodology for monitoring media reporting. The methodology includes categories related to SALW incidents. In order for the analysis to be comprehensive a report is based on the monitoring of at least three dailies situated in different geographic areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina. An analysis of data collected on the basis of monitoring is carried out and published semi-annually and annually. The report is in addition to the official reports issued by the authorised bodies.

Expected results:

Completed semi-annual and annual Media Monitoring Reports on SALW containing clear indicators as to the situation in this regard.

Project implementation activities:

1. Monitoring of at least three dailies for data on SALW incidents.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

2. Drafting of semi-annual and annual reports (MMR) on the SALW situation based on media reporting.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

12,000 BAM


Programme 2.2: Raising awareness on SALW risks Project 2.2.1: Promotion of teaching aids and implementation of educational programs in schools on SALW risks Project aim:

To raise awareness amongst children, parents and teachers on SALW risks.

End users:

Pupils, parents and teachers in primary schools in BiH.

Project relevance:

With the raising of awareness amongst young people and children on SALW risks it is to be expected that they will influence their elders (parents and elderly persons) to turn over and illegal weapons they possess to the authorised institutions and thus reduce the danger they pose.

Project description:

Within this project a survey will be carried out in all primary schools in BiH with the aim of gathering information in connection with the implementation of the curriculum (the part that pertains to mine awareness and SALW awareness) and the availability of teaching aid sets. Workshops for headmasters and pedagogues of primary schools in BiH will be organised in each canton/region/BrÄ?ko District in order to promote teaching material and the importance of implementing educational programmes on the risks associated with SALW; this will be followed by the distribution of teaching aids sets to all primary schools in BiH. School pedagogues will organise meetings with teachers in their respective schools to inform them that teaching material for classes on the risks associated with SALW, as foreseen in the curriculum, have been made available to schools, while teachers will give lectures on the negative impact and dangers of landmines and SALW during the class consultations.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

This project will achieve a reduction in the use of weapons primarily amongst children and young people. The project will raise awareness amongst the said population about the dangers associated with SALW and influence a reduction in the number of casualties of SALW.

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Expected results:

Primary schools in BiH will possess sets of teaching aids and material for education on mine awareness and SALW awareness. Education is carried out in primary schools in accordance with the current curriculum and using the sets of teaching aids and material. Reduction in the use of SALW by young people. Reduction in the number of casualties of SALW.

Project implementation activities:

1. Identification of the availability of teaching material sets that are already included in the curriculum in primary schools in BiH. 2. Organisation of meetings with the ministries of education with the aim of informing them about the planned activities. 3. Organisation of meetings at the regional/cantonal level with headmasters and pedagogues of primary schools with the aim to promote and distribute the educational sets.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

4. In their respective schools the school pedagogues will organise meetings with teachers in order to present the project and the teaching sets. Teachers will then implement activities on SALW awareness using the educational sets in accordance with the curriculum.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

24 months

Estimate of required funds:

500,000 BAM


Project aim:

Through school competitions, at all levels, children adopt knowledge, exchange experiences and accept safe practices with regard to the dangers of SALW.

End users:

Primary school pupils from the 6th to 9th grade, teachers and parents.

Project relevance:

Sports activities present an excellent opportunity for raising awareness amongst children and young people. Sports competitions will be organised under slogans that point to the risks that SALW pose to society. This will be a preventive action aimed at children and young people, while the contest will have an educational character in the form of additional education for children and young people on this specific issue.

Project description:

The project will be led by an Organising Board for competitions which will prepare the material for competitions (rules and tasks). This material will be submitted to the ministries of education for approval and agreement upon implementation of the project. Once approved the promotional material will be prepared and printed. During the competitions school children will be tested and competing teams will be formed to participate in other levels of competition (municipal, regional/cantonal, entity, BrÄ?ko District and state). By involving the media in the promotion of competitions this problem will be placed in the public eye. Monitoring will be carried out at all levels of competition by the Organising Board, which will carry out an analysis and prepare a report at the end.

Expected results:

During one year 3,200 pupils will be directly involved in competitions, while over 100,000 children will be involved indirectly through testing. Reduction of the use of SALW among young people. Reduction in the number of casualties of SALW.

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Project 2.2.2: Organizing of school competitions that include messages on SALW risks

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Expected results:

Primary school children are made aware of the dangers of SALW through competitions and promotional material. The SALW issue is in the public eye.

Project implementation activities:

1. Preparation of competitions. 2. Testing of pupils from 6th to 9th grade and forming of competing teams. 3. Organisation of school competitions. 4. Organisation of municipal competitions. 5. Organisation of cantonal/regional competitions. 6. Organisation of entity and BrÄ?ko District competitions. 7. Organisation of the state competition.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

93,000 BAM

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Project 2.2.3: Program for capacity building of the media for adequate media reporting

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Project aim:

To improve the knowledge of journalists and the media in general as to the importance of the SALW control issue in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as methods for adequate media reporting.

End users:

The media and public in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project relevance:

Reporting by the media on SALW related issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina is very often sensationalist and such media reports can disturb the public and create a wrong perception of the real issue.


Project description:

Programme of training for the media and journalists to improve their knowledge on SALW control methods and activities aimed at strengthening control. This project is based on a training programme that contains different topics related to SALW. The project will gather media and journalists from the whole of BiH and ensure that the media is informed about the manner of reporting SALW incidents, but also on the activities carried out by authorised institutions in BiH.

Expected results:

Journalists from 20 media outlets successfully complete training on adequate media reporting on SALW. Promotional material on the challenges of reporting SALW drafted and distributed to journalists and media outlets.

Project implementation activities:

1. Creation of a training module on adequate media reporting on SALW. 2. Training to be carried out in three training cycles.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

25,000 BAM

Project 2.2.4: Strengthening of the role of sports and hunting associations in BiH – Shoot in a sportsmanlike manner or not at all Project aim:

Promoting the role of sports and hunting associations in the SALW control system as a legal alternative for citizens interested in keeping and using weapons.

End users:

Sports marksmanship clubs, hunting organisations/associations, NGO sector.

Project relevance:

This project will enable citizens interested in weapons to satisfy their interest through sports and hunting associations.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3. Promotional material drafted and distributed to journalists and media outlets.

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Project description:

The project offers an alternative for those citizens interested in keeping weapons to use them within sports and hunting associations. Negative consequences of the improper handling of weapons and inadequate keeping of weapons will be pointed out to citizens through the organisation of sports competitions. Another objective of the project is to raise the awareness of citizens about the negative aspects of the illegal possession of weapons.

Expected results:

Raised awareness of citizens concerning the negative aspects of illegally possessed weapons.

Project implementation activities:

1. Promotion of enrolment into marksmanship and hunting organisations. 2. Organisation of sports activities with messages on the negative aspects of the illegal possession of weapons.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

35,000 BAM

Programme 2.3: Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 2.3.1: Organizing of programs for collecting and registration of illegal SALW

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Project aim:

To contribute to reducing of the damaging influence of illegally owned weapons on society through a reduction in their number, better prevention of their misuse and building of post-conflict trust.

End users:

Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Interior of RS and Brcko District Police.

Project relevance:

These activities represent an integrated intervention with the aim of collecting and destroying illegally owned weapons.


Project relevance:

It will increase the capacities of law enforcement agencies and authorities to prevent future incidents and conflicts involving the use of weapons and to reduce violence. The aim of this initiative on collecting weapons is not simply to transfer the illegal weapons from the hands of citizens to the hands of official bodies but is intended to contribute to the overall objective of reducing the damaging influence that SALW have on society. This will be achieved by reducing the number of SALW, better prevention of their misuse and through reconciliation and trust building measures. Thus, the collection of weapons will be a development programme striving to achieve the aforesaid goals.

Project description:

A successful weapons collection programme consists of five main elements: understanding the factor of demand, use of appropriate incentives, raising awareness and changing attitudes concerning ownership of weapons, the timing and duration of weapons collection and destruction campaigns.

A successful weapons collection campaign requires a preliminary assessment of the problem that needs to be resolved. Otherwise it would be impossible to set clear standards for success. The factor of demand will be approached through a comprehensive assessment aimed at determining the attitude and perceptions of weapons owners. This assessment will be made before collecting weapons begins. In order for the collection of weapons to be successful the security of citizens needs to be maintained. Over the past two years measures for improving the perception of security through building better relations between citizens and the police, such as police community work, have had positive results throughout BiH. Consequently, the campaign to collect weapons will be tied to the broader theme of security and reform of the justice system, in particular to the work of the police in the community and community security programmes.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

This programme is an initiative based on amnesty. At present owning an unregistered weapon is a criminal offence and is punishable by law in most of BiH. With the aim of establishing an appropriate legal framework, government in BiH will adopt decisions on amnesty for a predetermined period of time during which citizens will be able to voluntarily turn in weapons without sanction. After the period of amnesty has expired there will be a period of strict implementation of the law, which will in turn be followed by another decisive period of amnesty.

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Project description:

The concept of a balanced collection of weapons will be applied. The balance will be achieved between individual and collective motivation. Individuals will be motivated through a lottery system through which individuals will receive lottery tickets for turning in weapons. Individual motivation to turn in weapons will also have a social aspect. The choice of lottery prizes will be based on a prior assessment of the needs of the people. Collective motivation will also be based on offering development programmes in exchange for weapons.

Expected results:

Reduction in the number of illegally owned weapons. Increase in the number of registered weapons.

Project implementation activities:

1. Conduct of a comprehensive assessment with the aim of identifying the attitudes and perceptions of weapon owners in order to ensure that the demands of all actors are satisfied. 2. Running a campaign to raise awareness on this issue. 3. Carrying out an operation to find and collect weapons. 4. Destruction of the collected weapons. 5. Promotion of trust building activities.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

6. Implementation of security development projects in selected communities.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

18 months

Estimate of required funds:

750,000 BAM


Programme 2.4: Improvement of capacities for keeping, storage and disposal of SALW Project 2.4.1: Making of a study to assess the need for police agencies Project aim:

The objective of the project is to make a study that will provide a detailed overview of the current state of storage facilities for weapons, weapon components, ammunition and explosive materials (B materials), or facilities used for this purpose.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and BrÄ?ko District Police.

Project relevance:

Police agencies in BiH possess limited capacities for guarding and storing SALW. The existing capacities do not meet security and other standards. Thus there is a need to improve SALW storage facilities in accordance with security and fire safety standards. This project will provide an overview of the situation in this regard with the aim of providing detailed recommendations for the improvement of security standards at storage facilities.

Project description:

The state of SALW storage facilities will be assessed in accordance with the standards for security, fire safety and the capacity to store B materials. At the same time the study needs to determine practical proposals and ways as well as proposed equipment to clearly, on the basis of structural proposals, state what is necessary to be invested in order to bring the said facilities up to the required level. The study should also contain a detailed financial plan for the modernisation of these facilities. The teams that will work on the study should carry out the below tasks.

1. A thorough inspection of the facilities and current conditions for storage, followed by a determination of the possibilities for improvement. 2.Determine the precise cost estimate for improvement of the facilities.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

depositories and storage locations for SALW with recommendations

87


Project description:

3. Determine a proposal for the equipment necessary for improvement, on the basis of local and international standards. 4.Determine whether there is a need for individual training within the process of improvement and installation of new equipment.

Expected results:

The study on the current state of SALW storage facilities of the police agencies in BiH, possibilities for improvement and the funding required for this.

Project implementation activities:

1. Field research to determine the current state of SALW storage facilities of the police agencies in BiH. 2. Conduct structured and semi-structured interviews on the needs of those departments that deal with SALW. 3. Conduct of the study, including detailed proposals for improvement. 4. Study design and printing.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

5. Presentation of the study and its main results to the end users and all other interested parties.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

6 months

Estimate of required funds:

15,000 BAM


Project 2.4.2: Improving of the police agencies storage capacities Project aim:

To improve security standards and storage capacities for the storage of SALW.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of interior and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project relevance:

This project represents the implementation of the findings of the study to assess the current state of SALW storage facilities. Police agencies in BiH possess limited capacities to guard and store SALW and the existing capacities do not meet security and other standards. Thus, there is a need to improve the facilities for SALW storage in accordance with security and fire safety standards.

Project description:

This project is to carry out the procurement and installation of equipment and ensure civil engineering and other improvements intended for the improvement of storage conditions for SALW. This will be done in line with security standards and in accordance with the findings of the study to assess the state of SALW storage facilities.

Expected results:

The result of this project will be an improvement in the conditions for the storage of SALW and B material, which will have an impact on the security situation within the institutions and departments that deal with this issue.

Project implementation activities:

1. Construction works on SALW storage facilities.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Duration of project:

18 months

Estimate of required funds:

110,000 BAM

2. Installation of new equipment, as determined by the study.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

and standards for storage of SALW

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OBJECTIVE 3 MANAGEMENT OF SALW THAT IS IN POSSESSION OF BIH COMPETENT AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONS Programme 3.1: Disposal of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project 3.1.1: Making of a study the burden that SALW represents for

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Bosnia and Herzegovina and its influence on the civilian population and development

90

Project aim:

To prepare a study on the amount of military and civilian weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the impact of these weapons on social development.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of interior and BrÄ?ko District police.

Project relevance:

For the first time in BiH, the study will merge all data on the amount of weapons currently available in BiH and assess the threat that these weapons pose to the civilian population and the development of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project description:

The project includes the preparation of a study encompassing available data on the amount of military and civilian weapons in BiH. On the basis of the collected data, a risk assessment will be made into the threat that such weapons pose to the civilian population and development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The assessment process will take into account the different impact that weapons have on men and women. A risk assessment of ammunition and landmines and explosive ordnance possessed by the Ministry of Defence of BiH will be based on the age of the ammunition and the probability of an uncontrolled explosion. The inhabited areas in the vicinity of military ammunition storage sites will be taken into consideration and the impact that an uncontrolled explosion would have on such areas.


Project description:

In addition, a risk assessment of the weapons possessed by citizens and data on SALW incidents will provide a picture indicating how these phenomena affect the development, economic prosperity and international reputation of BiH. The study will not only be useful for those stakeholders in BiH that make policies for the fight against the negative effects that SALW have on the population and development but also for those NGOs that suggest directions that these institutions should take in order to improve the situation in this field.

Expected results:

The completed study indicating how SALW burden Bosnia and Herzegovina and their impact on the country’s civilian population and development.

Project implementation activities:

1. Preparation and dissemination of a questionnaire aimed at collecting data on SALW possessed by institutions in BiH. 2. Preparation of a questionnaire and a public opinion survey on weapons possessed by civilians. 3. Risk assessment on the influence of weapons in BiH. 4. Preparation of the study.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

8 months

Estimate of required funds:

18,000 BAM

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5. Presentation of the findings of the study to the public and institutions in BiH.

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Project 3.1.2: Destruction of surplus SALW at the envisaged rate

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

and capacity of destruction

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Project aim:

Destruction of high risk and conventional ammunition and complex weapons systems aimed at preventing uncontrolled explosions at ammunition and explosive ordnance storage sites.

End users:

Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH possesses over 17,000 tons of surplus ammunition. The average age of this ammunition is in excess of 30 years. The risk of an uncontrolled explosion of the ammunition is very high. Uncontrolled explosions take lives and cause considerable material damage to both military and civilian facilities.

Project description:

Destruction of surplus ammunition and explosive ordnance prevents the uncontrolled explosion of chemically unstable ammunition. Considering the large amount of such ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina it is necessary to expedite the process of ammunition destruction by using all available military and civilian capacities for ammunition destruction in BiH. The primary methods of destruction will be decommissioning and the methods of open detonation and open incineration as required. Although approximately 1,000 tons of ammunition is destroyed each year in BiH the estimated optimum capacity for ammunition destruction is between 2,000 and 2,500 tons per year. In this regard, this project will ensure the use of all available capacities and expedite the process of ammunition and explosive ordnance destruction. During ammunition destruction the risks that can have a negative impact on the environment shall be minimised and strict control and oversight by the Ministry of Defence, civilian parliamentary authorities, international institutions and the NGO sector shall be ensured as will full transparency during the process.

Expected results:

Quantity of destroyed ammunition amounting to approximately 6,000 tons


Project implementation activities:

1. Carrying out an inspection of the technical features of ammunition and explosive ordnance. 2. Advertising ammunition for destruction. 3. Ammunition destruction. 4. Oversight and verification of the destruction process.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

6,000,000 BAM

Project 3.1.3: Transport and storage of ammunition from Project aim:

To transport prospective ammunition of the Ministry of Defence of BiH from non-prospective ammunition storage sites to prospective storage sites, thus making the non-prospective ammunition storage sites available for further use in accordance with the procedures for solving the issue of immovable defence property.

End users:

Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

In addition to surplus weapons, the Ministry of Defence of BiH has prospective ammunition intended for the future needs of the Ministry. The prospective ammunition includes combat kits amounting to approximately 7,500 tons of ammunition. Some of the ammunition is stored at non-prospective ammunition storage sites and should be transported to the prospective ones.

Project description:

With the aim of disposing of non-prospective ammunition storage sites it is necessary to transport prospective ammunition in order to systemise the process of managing the ammunition and explosive ordnance stockpiles.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

non-prospective to prospective storage sites

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Project description:

The standards for managing the ammunition stockpiles shall be complied during the transportation and the prospective ammunition shall be stored at the prospective storage sites in accordance with international standards and good ammunition storage practices. Thus, the non-prospective ammunition storage sites will be made available for further use in accordance with the process of the use of immovable defence property. A long-term goal of this process, along with surplus ammunition destruction, is to relieve the budget of the requirement to allocate funds for safekeeping and maintenance of non-prospective ammunition storage sites.

Expected results:

Around 3,000 tons of ammunition transported from nonprospective to prospective ammunition storage sites.

Project implementation activities:

1. Transportation of ammunition from non-prospective to prospective ammunition and explosive ordnance storage sites. 2. Storing ammunition at the prospective sites in accordance with international standards.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3. Making non-prospective ammunition storage sites available for further use in accordance with the procedures for the use of immovable defence property.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

480,000 BAM


Project 3.1.4: Establishing an independent mechanism for Project aim:

To establish an independent mechanism for monitoring the process of SALW destruction, aimed at enhancing the transparency of the process.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Parliamentary Committee on Defence and Security.

Project relevance:

SALW destruction shall be carried out in the presence of the commission for the verification of SALW destruction or other responsible commissions and or representatives of the responsible institutions in BiH. However, it is necessary to improve the control process by establishing an independent procedure for monitoring and verification of SALW destruction.

Project description:

With the aim of enhancing the transparency of the process of SALW destruction this project shall establish an independent mechanism for monitoring and verification of SALW destruction. The continuous presence of independent verifiers at the SALW destruction sites shall further strengthen the mechanism for monitoring and verification. The verifiers shall certify the amounts of destroyed SALW and monitor compliance with SALW destruction standards. The reports on SALW destruction, which shall be made on a daily, weekly and monthly basis, shall include all necessary details on the destroyed quantities. The reports will be used as a supplementary mechanism for monitoring and verification, in addition to the official reports of the responsible institutions in BiH.

Expected results:

The amount of destroyed SALW verified by an independent verifier/ agency. An independent report prepared and presented to the responsible institutions in BiH and the public.

Project implementation activities:

1. Presence of verifiers at SALW destruction sites. 2. Monitoring compliance with the regulations and standards during SALW destruction.

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monitoring the process of SALW destruction

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Project implementation activities:

3. Preparation of independent reports on the destroyed quantities of SALW. 4. Presentation of the reports at annual conferences and to the media on the destruction process and other events.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

144,000 BAM

Project 3.1.5: Preparation of an environmental study on

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

ammunition destruction by open detonation

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Project aim:

To prepare a study on ammunition destruction by open detonation with the recommended measures for environmental protection aimed at diminishing the negative environmental impact of the process of ammunition destruction by open detonation.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

Ammunition destruction by open detonation can have a negative environmental impact if not in compliance with the strictest standards for environmental protection. Considering that the destruction is carried out by open detonation it is necessary to assess the method of ammunition destruction by open detonation and prepare recommendations to reduce the negative impact to the greatest possible extent.

Project description:

An environmental study on ammunition and explosive ordnance destruction by open detonation represents an important segment in the process of surplus SALW destruction. The study will provide an insight into the process of SALW destruction by open detonation and offer recommendations for additional capacity building of the Armed Forces of BiH to apply international standards for ammunition destruction by open detonation in an environmentally friendly manner.


Project description:

Although the Ministry of Defence already monitors the process of ammunition destruction with a focus on environmental protection the findings of the study will provide a basis for further improvement of operational procedures and establishing a legal framework for environmental protection in the processes of SALW destruction.

Expected results:

Preparation of the study on the application of environmental standards in the process of ammunition destruction by open detonation.

Project implementation activities:

1. Visits to the sites for ammunition destruction by open detonation. 2. Review the standard operating procedures at the ranges for ammunition destruction by open detonation. 3. Provide an insight into the methods of work at the ranges. 4. Soil sampling.

Location:

The ranges for open detonations in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project duration:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

50,000 BAM

Project 3.1.6: Media campaign of monitoring the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW destruction Project aim:

To raise public awareness on the significance of the process of surplus SALW destruction from the aspect of the security of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the wider region.

End users:

The general public of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

5. Preparation of the study with recommendations.

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Project relevance:

The process of solving the issue of surplus SALW has great significance for the improvement of security in Bosnia and Herzegovina. With the aim to appropriately inform the public about the process and its significance it is necessary to launch a comprehensive media campaign and make the public aware of the process. This will additionally enhance public confidence in the defence and security institutions of BiH.

Project description:

Through various media formats, this project will inform the public about the significance of the process of surplus SALW destruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina from the aspect of security of the country and the wider region. The media campaign will strengthen public confidence in the responsible institutions through the transparency of the process.

Expected results:

The public made aware of the significance of the process of solving the issue of SALW from the aspect of security and the international reputation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project implementation activities:

1. Presentation of the process of solving the issue of SALW through various formats (TV, radio, print and electronic media).

2. Organisation of programmes and interviews on the topic of solving the issue of SALW.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3. Other forms of presenting the results of the process of solving the issue of SALW in the media.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

28 months

Estimate of required funds:

70,000 BAM


Programme 3.2: Control and supervision over process of disposal

of surplus SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina Project 3.2.1: Organisation of round tables on the topic of Project aim:

Exchange of information on the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW and an improvement in inter-agency cooperation within this field.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH, Parliamentary Committee on Defence and Security, Ministry of Security of BiH and the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH.

Project relevance:

In terms of the exchange of information and improvement of inter-agency co-operation, the organisation of thematic roundtables is a very special method of cooperation. Several agencies are currently engaged in the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW and they will be provided with opportunities to exchange views and information on specific areas related to solving the issue of surplus SALW during the roundtables. The exchange of information will result in improved cooperation and decisions makers will benefit from better inter-agency cooperation.

Project description:

The project will arrange thematic roundtables on six different topics as follows: surplus ammunition destruction, surplus ammunition sale, surplus ammunition donation, control of the export of surplus SALW, the capacities and legal framework for solving the issue of SALW, and the sale of secondary raw material produced during SALW destruction. The participants of the thematic roundtables will be representatives from the responsible agencies, the NGO sector and the institutions that carry out civilian oversight over the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW.

Expected results:

Improved transparency of the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW through improved exchange of information and closer inter-agency cooperation.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

solving the issue of surplus SALW

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Project implementation activities:

Organisation of six thematic roundtables on topics crucial to solving the issue of surplus SALW.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

12,000 BAM

Project 3.2.2: Organisation of annual conference reporting on

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

the results of solving the issue of surplus SALW

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Project aim:

To present the results of the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

It is important that the Ministry of Defence presents the results of the process of solving surplus SALW. Annual conferences will provide a platform for the presentation not only of official reports but also the reports issued by nongovernmental and international agencies. The conferences will also be used to present the future plans of the Ministry of Defence in this area.

Project description:

The project will enable the organisation of annual conferences on the results of the process of solving surplus SALW. The conferences shall be organised by the Ministry of Defence of BiH. Results and future plans shall be presented at the conferences. The conferences will serve for the identification of good practice and lessons learned over the past period aimed at improving the process in the future.

Expected results:

Results of the process of solving surplus SALW presented by the Ministry of Defence of BiH on an annual basis.


Project implementation activities:

Organisation of three annual conferences on the results of the process of solving surplus SALW.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

8,000 BAM

Programme 3.3: Improvement of capacities for keeping and storage of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project 3.3.1: Improvement of the infrastructure of the storage sites for prospective ammunition and explosive ordnance of the Project aim:

Lessen the risk of SALW proliferation and improve standards for the physical security and management of stockpiles through the improvement of the security infrastructure for weapons and ammunition storage sites.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

SALW storage sites need to be improved. In accordance with the OSCE Document on small arms and light weapons (2000) and the Document on conventional ammunition stockpiles (2003), Bosnia and Herzegovina committed itself to improve the management and security of its stockpiles.

Project description:

The project will result in an improved security infrastructure for prospective weapons and ammunition storage sites in BiH in accordance with best practice concerning small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition. The objective of the project is also to adopt the prevailing standards for an improved storage sites infrastructure as part of the system of physical security and stockpile management.

Expected results:

Achieve a considerable reduction in the risks that a proliferation of weapons and ammunition would pose to the population of BiH, military personnel and the environment

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Expected results:

by improving conditions for the safe management of state stockpiles of small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition. Support to the Ministry of Defence of BiH aimed at improving control over small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition. Capacity building for managing small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition belonging to the Ministry of Defence of BiH through an improvement of the appropriate standards for physical security and stockpile management.

Project implementation activities:

Purchase and installation of the following equipment at the weapons and ammunition storage sites in BiH: 1. Outer and inner fences; 2. Gates with security locks placed in high positions; 3. Protective obstacles for vehicles; 4. Burglary detection systems; 5. Exterior lighting; 6. Appropriate marking within the site and along the outside boundary line;

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

7. Other security elements as necessary, through consultation with the appropriate state bodies and donors.

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Location:

Prospective weapons and ammunition storage sites of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

870,000 BAM


Project 3.3.2: Improvement of the conditions of SALW storing

at the prospective storage sites of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina Project aim:

To improve the conditions of SALW storage at military storage sites.

End users:

The Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

SALW storage sites need to be refurbished and the infrastructure improved. The conditions for the storage of SALW are not appropriate for the quantities of ammunition and weapons held by the Ministry of Defence of BiH. Improvement of storage conditions will reduce the risk of the uncontrolled explosion of unstable ammunition.

Project description:

In 2010 and 2011, the Ministry of Defence of BiH in cooperation with international organisations prepared three studies on the current conditions at ammunition and weapons storage sites. This project will improve storage conditions by means of construction works on the infrastructure of ammunition storage sites, the purchase and installation of equipment for regulating moisture, air temperature and other elements.

Expected results:

Improved conditions of SALW storage at the two prospective ammunition storage sites and two weapons storage sites.

Project implementing activities:

1. Construction works on the infrastructure of storage site facilities. 2. Purchase and installation of equipment for the improvement of storage conditions.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

28 months

Estimate of required funds:

1,500,000 BAM

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

The activities shall be carried out in accordance with the abovementioned studies into the conditions at ammunition and weapons storage sites.

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Project 3.3.3: Training programme and certification of personnel

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

for the management of ammunition and explosive ordnance

104

Project aim:

To train and certify Ministry of Defence personnel in managing SALW stockpiles.

End users:

Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

SALW management requires well trained personnel and these personnel must be certified to carry out this activity. Currently, there is a need for additional training and certification of about 60 officers of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH.

Project description:

Implementation of training programmes covering SALW inspections, SALW storage, storage facility management, transportation, SALW destruction and other related topics for personnel of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH. The training, which will aim to educate and certify cadre in this field, will be conducted in cooperation with a certified institution from within the academic community or international organisations. The training will be conducted through three different training modules on the above topics. Training activities will be focused on both high level management within the Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces and personnel at the operational and tactical level. The training will include both theoretical and practical programmes. At the end of the training there will be a test on the topics covered and certificates will be issued to those students who successfully pass. The training will attempt to include as many female personnel from the Ministry of Defence of BiH as possible in order to contribute to the balanced inclusion of female and male personnel in the training process.

Expected results:

Up to 60 employees of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH trained and certified for SALW stockpile management.

Project implementing activities:

1. Identification of personnel that will attend the training. 2. Training of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces personnel in SALW stockpile management.


Project implementing activities:

3. Testing and certification of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces personnel.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

18 months

Estimate of funds required:

120,000 BAM

Programme 3.4: Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW held by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project 3.4.1: Development and introduction of system for the management Project aim:

To install an electronic system for the management of stockpiles of ammunition, landmines and explosive items stored at AFBiH storages.

End users:

Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Project relevance:

The Ministry of Defence does not have an electronic system for SALW management. The SALW quantities are recorded in several stock lists. This project will integrate computer centres and enable the digitalisation of data with the aim of improving SALW stockpile control.

Project description:

Software for electronic SALW stockpile management will be procured through this project. In this way, SALW stockpile data will be digitalised and SALW management done electronically. This will further improve control over SALW stockpile management and the accuracy of the SALW stock lists of the Ministry of Defence. The project will ensure that personnel of the Ministry of Defence are trained in using the software. Hardware required to use the software for the electronic management of SALW stockpiles will be procured.

Expected results:

System for the electronic management of stockpiles of ammunition, landmines and explosive items installed at the

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

of stockpiles of ammunition, mines and explosive items stored in AFBiH storages

105


Expected results:

Ministry of Defence and control of SALW stockpiles upgraded.

Project implementation activities:

1. Development of software for SALW stockpile management. 2. Installation of the software in organisational sections of the Ministry of Defence. 3. Training of personnel in the use of the software.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

4. Hardware procurement.

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Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

24 months

Estimate of required funds:

560,000 BAM


OBJECTIVE 4 INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL COOPERATION AND COOPERATION WITH NGO’S Programme 4.1: Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the field of control of SALW

Project aim:

To hold a regional conference on SALW challenges.

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of RS, BiH BrÄ?ko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency and the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency.

Project relevance:

Efficient control of SALW is possible only if regional cooperation mechanisms are put in place, because SALW issues stretch beyond the borders of a country. This project will encourage countries in the region to establish better cooperation in the field of SALW control and together to strongly resist this negative social phenomenon.

Project description:

The project will bring subject-matter experts from Bosnia and Herzegovina and countries in the region to a conference aimed at the improvement of regional cooperation and exchange of good practice in the area of SALW between the countries of the region. The conference will aim to reach concrete conclusions that can lead to improved regional cooperation and a systematised exchange of good practice in this field.

Expected results:

Good practice pertaining to SALW control will be exchanged with countries in the region. Regional cooperation in the field of SALW control will be improved.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 4.1.1: Regional conference on SALW challenges

107


Expected results:

1. Selection of conference participants. Selection of speakers, moderators and conference topics. 2. Organisation of the conference. 3. Drafting conclusions that contain specific tasks for the improvement of cooperation in the field of SALW control.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

3 months

Estimate of required funds:

15,000 BAM

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 4.1.2: Strengthening of regional and international cooperation

108

Project aim:

To improve control over the import/export of weapons and military equipment by exchanging experiences, information and use of best practice as well as by keeping abreast of and taking part in initiatives at the regional and global level.

End users:

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, BiH Border Police, BiH Indirect Taxation Authority, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies in BiH, non-governmental organisations and the media.

Project relevance:

In view of the fact that in some cases legally exported weapons end up on the illegal market there is a need for verification of end user certificates and to obtain a receipt for the goods delivery to the final destination as well as for screening of all those involved in the weapons trade. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a network of institutions that deal with these issues both within the region and globally. Improvement of regional and international cooperation will strengthen the capacities of institutions in BiH and make them more capable of providing an adequate response to the challenges inherent to the control of small arms and light weapons at the state and regional level. By adopting best practice and exchanging experiences and by taking part in initiatives pertaining to the issue of the control of weapons and military equipment at the regional


Project relevance:

and global level Bosnia and Herzegovina will improve its own standards in this field. Through the exchange of experiences BiH will also be able to offer its knowledge and experience to other countries.

Project description:

Affirm the results achieved and advocate for support in implementation of the projects contained in this Strategy by taking part in international and regional conferences. Organise international conferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina covering the topic of small arms and light weapons control.

Expected results:

Improved level of cooperation and exchange of information and affirmation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s position both regionally and internationally as a result of its active participation.

Project implementation activities:

1. Organisation and participation in international conferences, seminars, symposia and other types of cooperation in the field of small arms and light weapons control.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

30,000 BAM

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

2. Regular communication and cooperation with regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC) regarding the issue of small arms and light weapons control.

109


Programme 4.2: Cooperation with civil society organizations Project 4.2.1: Strengthening of capacities of non-governmental

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

organizations in the field of SALW

110

Project aim:

To have active and capacitated non-governmental organisations working in the field of small arms and light weapons control.

End users:

Non-governmental organisations.

Project relevance:

At present the number of non-governmental organisations that deal with issues related to SALW is limited. Institutions in BiH should have credible partners from within the non-governmental sector working in this field. The nongovernmental sector should be strengthened to be better able to advocate certain policies. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the capacity of the non-governmental sector so that it can take a more active role in the field of SALW control.

Project description:

The project will make the non-governmental sector stronger by means of the active participation of NGOs in the work of the SALW Control Coordination Board. There will also be programmes to present the Strategy with the aim of encouraging the non-governmental sector to become more actively involved in this field. The project will present a Guide to Advocacy of SALW Policy. The guide will be made available to the non-governmental sector for its use and will contain all the tools required for the active inclusion of organisations interested in this field. The guide will be presented through various training activities and at Coordination Board meetings. In addition, the project will aim to establish a network of trainers in specific fields pertaining to small arms and light weapons control in order to strengthen the human capacities of the non-governmental sector.

Expected results:

Improved capacities of the non-governmental sector in the field of SALW control. Larger number of non-governmental organisations involved in SALW control.


Project implementation activities:

1. Presentation of the Small Arms and Light Weapons Strategy to the non-governmental sector. 2. Development and presentation of the Guide to Advocacy of Policy on small arms and light weapons control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 3. Formation of a network of trainers in specific fields pertaining to small arms and light weapons control. 4. Education of non-governmental organisations in small arms and light weapons issues.

Location:

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

36 months

Estimate of required funds:

90,000 BAM

Project aim:

To develop a database of SALW victims and their needs in selected municipalities in BiH (pilot project).

End users:

Selected municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, SALW victims and the non-governmental sector in BiH.

Project relevance:

Incidents resulting from the use of SALW occur regularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the number of victims is getting higher every day. SALW victims are a socially marginalised group. The number of victims as well as their needs is unknown.

Project description:

This pilot project will estimate the number of SALW victims in the selected municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The municipalities will be selected based on pre-determined criteria. Data on the victims will be obtained by going directly to the competent institutions.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 4.2.2: Mapping and identification of SALW victims in selected municipalities

111


Project description:

Within the project, a standardised form for the collection of basic information on victims as well as their basic needs will be developed. The form will be used by workers gathering information in the field. These field workers will have received training on information gathering. Based on the results of the field work and information gathered in this way, a report describing a precise methodology for the identification of SALW victims and their needs will be developed. While developing the methodology different needs of female and male victims will be taken into account and an equal approach to and treatment of females and males will be ensured.

Expected results:

SALW victims in selected municipalities will be identified. Using statistical data on victims attention will be drawn to the problem of the presence of large quantities of SALW in BiH.

Project implementation activities:

1. Development of a standardised form for gathering data on SALW victims. 2. Training of field workers in gathering information on SALW victims.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

3. Gathering field data and recording and analysing the data in a database.

112

4. Development of a report along with a methodology for the identification of SALW victims and methods for data gathering. Location:

Selected municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Project duration:

12 months

Estimate of required funds:

120,000 BAM


INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS CONTRIBUTING TO DEVELOPMENT OF THE SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS CONTROL STRATEGY STATE, ENTITY AND BRČKO DISTRICT INSTITUTIONS

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA) Border Police of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republika Srpska Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Police of Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina Indirect Taxation Authority BH Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) Red Cross Society of Bosnia and Herzegovina Centre for Security Studies, Sarajevo Human Security Centre, Banja Luka RS Amputee Association (UDAS), Banja Luka LMAS, Tuzla INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) European Union military mission (EUFOR)

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

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Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013-2016  

The Strategy is a comprehensive document that aims to enhance efficiency of all stakeholders in the area of SALW control in Bosnia and Herze...

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