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ISSUE N째4

MARCH 2011

UNANZ NEWS PRIORITIES FOR ACTION: UN SECRETARYGENERAL BAN KI-MOON

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PROMOTING SUPPORT FOR THE UN: MICHAEL POWLES

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CONFERENCE 2011 PROGRAMME

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ISSN 1179-8009 (PRINT)

ISSN 1179-8017 (ONLINE)


UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

ISSUE N°4

UNANZ News

Contents In this Issue

Education and Membership Campaign 2011 9

A Moment for Friends 3

UN Renewal Report 10

Priorities for Action 7

2011 Conference Programme 7 Speech Awards: Calling all Secondary Students 13

Report: Professor Dalton Visit 8

Regular Features Upcoming Events 2 President’s Column 4

Branch Reports 12 UN Youth New Zealand Update 14

News in Brief 5

Reader: Tales from Ancient China 15

March - May 2011

Upcoming Events 4 April - 5 April - 7 April - 7 April - 11 April - 11 April -

March 19 March - Village, 21 March - 21 March - 22 March - 22 March - 24 March - 25 March - 27 March - 29 March - 31 March -

Tauranga Ethnic Festival - UNANZ Stall. The Tauranga. Northern Region Secondary Schools Speech Awards. Auckland. International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Wanganui Branch Annual General Meeting, Wanganui. World Water Day. Canterbury Branch Annual General Meeting. Christchurch. Last day for all National AGM Remits or Matters for Consideration to be received by National Office - office@unanz.org.nz. Auckland International Cultural Festival - UNANZ Stall. Mt Roskill, Auckland. Tauranga Branch Annual General Meeting. 6pm Shared Dinner, 7.15pm Meeting start. 56 Robins Rd, Tauranga. Last day for all Branch Annual Reports and Financial Statements to be sent to National Office.

May 3 May - 6-8 May - 8 May - 15 May - 21 May - 28 May - 29 May -

April 3 April -

Wanganui Branch Regional Speech Awards. Christ Church Upper Room, 243 Wicksteed Street, Wanganui.

THE PEOPLE’S MOVEMENT FOR THE UNITED NATIONS

International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action. Tauranga Branch Secondary Schools Speech Awards. Tauranga Girls College, Tauranga. Wellington Branch Secondary Schools Speech Awards. 1.00pm Wellington City Council Chambers, Wellington. World Health Day. Canterbury Branch Secondary Schools Speech Competition. Christchurch Last day for all 2011-12 National Council Position Nominations to be sent to National Office.

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World Press Freedom Day National Conference- The Millennium Development Goals - Progress in the Pacific. Wellington. National Annual General Meeting - all observers welcome. Wellington. All Submissions due for May 2011 Newsletter (ISSUE 5) - office@unanz.org.nz. World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development. Tauranga Branch Model United Nations General Assembly. 9.00am, Mt Maunganui College, Tauranga. International Day for United Nations Peacekeepers

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

ISSUE N°4

A MOMENT FOR FRIENDS SHANNON STEVEN It’s been a rough start to 2011 for a number of our members. We would like to take a moment to remember George Valentine, Antony Brooke, and the 166 victims of the Christchurch February Earthquake.

George Valentine It’s been a rough start to 2011 for a number of our members. In January we heard about the death of George Valentine Regional President for Northern Region Branch. The following is from Michael Shroff, Acting President of Northern Region Branch: “We in the Northern Region branch were deeply saddened to learn of the George Valentine at the death of our Branch President George 2010 National Valentine sometime in late December. Conference held in Since joining the Branch in early Wanganui, NZ. 2010, George took an active involvement in many branch-level activities. George had a wealth of life experience from the Middle East, Africa, the United States and elsewhere, and had many an anecdote to share. One of the memorable events George participated in was the Soka Gakkai culture of peace evening at Massey University in Albany in September. George joined a panel of four and spoke eloquently about the role of the UN in promoting world harmony. George also wrote to support the submission that Auckland City be declared a City for Peace supporting the worldwide movement towards nuclear disarmament.”

Christchurch Earthquake Following this, on the 22 February, Christchurch was hit by a devastating magnitude 6.3 earthquake. The official death toll is at 166 at the time of writing this. UNANZ is sending our condolences to all Christchurch residents affected by the quake. THE PEOPLE’S MOVEMENT FOR THE UNITED NATIONS

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We encourage all who are able, to donate to the Red Cross to aid in their 2011 Earthquake Appeal - details here: http:// www.redcross.org.nz/donate. Thankfully, while shaken up, our Canterbury Branch members seem to be all accounted for and safe. We wish our members the best in the difficult months of rebuilding ahead.

Antony Brooke Antony Brook, Honorary Life Member of UNANZ, and Member of Wanganui Branch had peacefully on Wednesday, March 2, 2011, aged 98 years. He was the much loved husband of Gita, father of Celia, and Lionel. and Grandad of Jason, Lawrence, Sura, and family. Antony was a founding member of Operation Peace Through Unity, and a well known peace activist. The following is from Antony Vallyon, UNANZ Immediate Past President: “He had an amazing life story and amazing energy, along with Gita they have done a lot for our world.”

Anthony Walter Dayrell Brooke while at Eton College, Cambridge, UK, in the 1920’s

Anthony's service was held in the Christchurch Anglican Church, Wanganui, on Thursday, March 3, 2011. UNANZ passes on it’s condolences to Antony’s family and friends in the Wanganui Region. www.unanz.org.nz


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National President Michael Powles

President’s Column

Promoting Support for the UN Greetings, In this column I’m going to draw heavily on a recent report I did to the National Council. I took the opportunity of that report to look ahead at the challenges facing UNANZ this year – and emphasised a key priority – Promoting Support for the United Nations. Widespread criticism of the United Nations in New Zealand (and elsewhere in the West) may be natural. The extent to which the avoidance of global war for more than half a century may be attributable to the United Nations is open to debate. But undoubtedly that period of comparative global peace has allowed leaders and citizens alike to concentrate on other issues. The global security structure established by the United Nations Charter was regarded, at the time of the UN’s creation, as of critical importance. The stirring opening words of the Charter – “We the peoples of the United Nations - determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind …” underline the concern uppermost in the minds of the world’s leaders. Over recent decades, and particularly since the end of the Cold War, global concerns have moved away from fear of the “scourge” of global war. We worry about the environment, of course, about global inequities, and about nuclear proliferation and terrorism, but very little about global war.

We take for granted in the 21st century aspects of our security that the UN security structure was designed to protect. The crucial peace-making and peace-keeping work of the UN, all supervised by the UN Security Council, is generally successful and, as a result, there is less conflict in the world than there would otherwise be. This, combined with the absence of global war over a long period, leads to some complacency on the critical issue of global security. But enormous challenges remain and concerns about them grow. The United Nations is, in this respect, a victim of its own success. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in his New Year message this year: “The world looks to the UN as never before, yet the conventional wisdom is that we are not up to the job. The problems are too complicated. Resources are too few. The UN appears too divided to make the vital difference. The conventional wisdom is, however, wrong; worse, it is dangerous, for we have all seen how quickly it can take hold, distort reality, and then harden like cement.” Ban Ki-moon eloquently makes the case against the “conventional wisdom” he decries. After demonstrating that on key issues like the environment and development, the UN system has demonstrably contributed to increased global cooperation and improvement of the human condition, Ban Ki-moon concludes: “Forty years ago, a great American statesman, Dean Acheson, looked back at the excitement he felt in helping to build the post-World War II order. Present at the Creation, he called his memoir. Today, we find ourselves at an equally exciting moment, no less critical to the future of humankind. We, too, are present at a new creation. And the UN must constantly recreate itself as well. We must evolve and keep pace with a rapidly changing world. We must be faster and

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more flexible, efficient, transparent and accountable. In an age of austerity, resources are precious; we must make every dollar count. People everywhere live in growing anxiety and fear. There is near-universal loss of trust in institutions and leaders. Amid such uncertainty, our future depends on a UN that brings together the countries of the world not only to talk and debate, but also to agree and to act; that mobilises civil society, business, philanthropists and ordinary citizens to help the world's governments solve current problems; and that delivers peace, development, human rights, and global public goods - in a word, hope - to people around the world every day.” To UNANZ members, Ban Kimoon’s words may seem persuasive and even eloquent. But when the Sydney Morning Herald published his message on 31 December 2010, it also published 16 comments on the message posted on its website. They ranged from the simple “the UN will be held accountable for what they have done to people” and “the UN has outlived its usefulness” to the more strident “thoroughly corrupt and messy organisation” and “group of obsequious sycophants”. Not one comment was positive. (Would reactions be different in New Zealand? Not very, I suggest, much as we would like to think they might be.) Should we be concerned? Yes, because if there is diminishing popular support for the UN, governments will themselves have diminishing regard for it. Then the Organisation will simply wither because it has always been and will always be simply the sum of its member states. Many critics would argue that that would be no bad thing. But that is misguided and, as the SecretaryGeneral says, dangerous. The evidence for the UN’s indispensability in fields as diverse as the environment, disarmament (particularly nuclear proliferation), sustainable development, peace-making and peace-keeping is incontrovertible to

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011 supporters of the UN, just as it is dismissed by the organisation’s detractors. Supporters of the UN are clearly not winning the battle for people’s hearts and minds.

What should we in UNANZ be doing? First, I suggest we should be careful not to fall into the trap of buying into critics’ arguments. This can happen most easily when critics talk of the need for UN reform. It’s natural to acknowledge the numbers of areas, from the composition of the Security Council to the sometimes ineffective bureaucracy, that could obviously be improved. The Organisation, like the member states which make it, is imperfect. But a focus on reform can quickly obscure the enormous value of what we have now, even with its inevitable defects. It has been said many times and I believe is certainly true, that if we did not have the UN Charter and today’s nation states sat down to negotiate a global multilateral agreement that would do what we expect the UN to do, they would fail to reach agreement. In discussing the need for UN reform, self-evident though the need for it may be, I suggest we should never lose sight of the value of what we have now and the importance of encouraging maximum popular and government support for it. Second, I suggest UNANZ needs to ensure that it is both focussed and professional in what it seeks to do. The UN itself is engaged in some way in virtually all global issues. The challenge for UNANZ is to ensure that its energy and slender resources are not spread too thinly. We need to remember that there are effective NGOs in New Zealand working in such fields as sustainable development, disarmament, human rights. Of course, we should be involved in these areas as necessary, but we need to ensure we maintain a clear focus on the UN itself and on promoting support for it and for the Charter on which it’s based. Third, what might this mean in terms of specific activities or projects on the part of UNANZ?

ISSUE N°4 ‣ Some of our current endeavors do focus specifically on the UN itself and the need to rally support for it: Gray Southon’s ‘Campaign’ is a valuable project in this regard. I believe we should all take an interest in it.

Model UN activities are also invaluable in their focus on the General Assembly and Security Council and sometimes other deliberative organs of the UN. ‣

‣ It would be harmful, however, if popular assessments of the UN were based too much on public assessments of the effectiveness of the General Assembly and Security Council. (My biased view, however, is that an organisation that can bring together, regularly and on an equal footing, representatives of the entire human race is something we can continue to marvel at.) ‣ One of our most senior members has suggested the possibility of pursuing a study, or studies, with maximum publicity, of particular UN agencies, such as the FAO, WHO, UNDP, UNICEF, UN Women, IAEA, etc, with the objective of enlarging public awareness of the broad humanitarian field work on which the various agencies of the UN are engaged as they seek to implement the UN Charter. ‣ Such a project might be organised under the direction of our Special Officers, involving individual branches who wished to be involved.

What other projects or activities would raise the profile of the United Nations, and support for it, in New Zealand? I suggest we keep this on our agenda throughout the year. ‣

Contact Michael Powles, National President at: president@unanz.org.nz Or Phone: 04 562 7878

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NEWS IN BRIEF NZ -CHILD RIGHTS On 19 January 2011, the government’s performance in implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OP-AC) was considered by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 56th session in Geneva.You can read more about NZ’s performance here: www.converge.org.nz/pma/crc56 RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has reaffirmed his commitment to the Responsibility to Protect during his 2 February 2011 speech to the Cyril Foster Lecture 2011 on "Human Protection and the 21st Century United Nations". Read his speech here: www.un.org/apps/news/ infocus/sgspeeches/statementsfull.asp?statID=1064 THE REPORT 2010 Amnesty International’s 2010 State of the World’s Human Rights Report is available to view and search online. thereport.amnesty.org/ UNANZ ON THE WEB UNANZ has just re-ranched it’s website! Check out our new design, and updated content. Facebook: www.facebook.com Twitter: www.twitter.com/unanz Website: www.unanz.org.nz

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

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PRIORITIES FOR ACTION 2011 SECRETARY-GENERAL BAN KI-MOON Statement: “The challenges we face today are many, and my resolve is strong. I am determined to make progress on the pressing issues of our time, step by step, by building on achievements along the way, working with Member States and civil society.” www.un.org/sg/priority

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaks about his priorities for action in 2011:

CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate change remains a top priority. It affects everything from the health of the world economy to the health of our citizens, from energy security to international security. Climate change is a global challenge requiring a global solution. Prompt, effective action is needed to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, protect the world’s most vulnerable populations, and catalyze lowcarbon prosperity for all. Copenhagen helped build broad political consensus on climate change and marked an essential beginning in the process leading to a comprehensive global agreement. The challenge now is to build on this consensus within the global, dualtrack negotiating process under the UNFCCC. We must also continue to press for higher levels of ambition to minimize the risks of runaway climate change. There is still much work ahead of us. Every year of delay is estimated to cost $500 billion according to the International Energy Agency. Scientists warn that if the world continues business

as usual, emissions will soar and global temperatures could rise upward of four degrees Celsius by the end of the century. In 2010, I will continue to work closely with world leaders to ensure climate change remains at the top of their agenda. In addition, I have launched an advisory group on Climate Change Financing to recommend potential funding sources to support mitigation and adaptation in developing countries. I will soon establish a high-level panel to address the interconnected issues of climate change and sustainable development.

DISARMAMENT This is a cause that has lain dormant for too long. Yet now we have vital momentum on our side. Let us be the ones who agree to banish the bomb. The historic Security Council meeting chaired by United States President Barack Obama in September 2009 shows that the will exists to change. Both the US and Russia have already pledged to cut their nuclear arsenals. We need to obtain the ratifications to bring the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force. And next May, when we review the Nuclear Non-

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Proliferation Treaty (NPT), we have the opportunity to make real progress. I remain committed to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula , and I share the desire of the international community to resolve the situation involving Iran . I also reaffirm the need for a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East.

COMBATING THE FINANCIAL CRISIS AND POVERTY National leaders manage the global economy. My job is to help manage the impact and the consequences of the global economic crisis, especially on the most vulnerable countries. It is a sad fact that the people least responsible for the global economic turmoil have been hit hardest by its effects. They are not seeing the so-called “green shoots” of recovery. Jobs and incomes remain scarce, even if some markets are rebounding. Just six years before the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the danger is growing that many countries will not achieve them. As many as 100 million people have fallen below

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011 the poverty line since the financial crisis began. That is why the UN has already taken action. We have put forward a Global Jobs Pact to encourage balanced and sustainable growth. We are creating a Global Impact Vulnerability Alert System to give us real-time data and analysis on who is being hurt, and where, so we can help them. And we will review the MDGs at a special summit next year. But the crisis cannot be solved by the UN alone. Collective leadership is required. At the G-20 summit in London, $1 trillion was promised to help the poor. Those pledges of aid and debt relief must be followed through. Trade barriers must be removed to ensure all countries have genuinely equal access to markets.

GLOBAL HEALTH The H1N1 pandemic has been a test of our preparedness. I am proud of how the components of the UN system have worked together to deal with the crisis. My role is to safeguard the interests of the poorest and, following talks with major pharmaceutical companies, we now have hundreds of millions of vaccines on hand for people who could otherwise not afford them. H1N1 is not the only health front where the UN is making progress. We continue our efforts to roll out millions of insecticide-treated bed nets to protect people against malaria, we remain vigilant in our efforts to ensure the widest possible access to affordable drugs for HIV sufferers, and we press ahead in our endeavour to rid the world of polio.

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Sudan

Sudan requires our special attention. The pace of implementing the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ending the civil war between north and south must be accelerated, and we cannot be deterred by inter-ethnic violence or any other potential threats to the pact. In 2010 the country is preparing for critical national elections, to be followed a referendum on whether the south becomes independent. The UN stands ready to ensure the people of Sudan are able to stage those votes successfully. In Darfur, the joint African UnionUnited Nations peacekeeping force has already had results, reducing the level of violence and helping stabilize the region. By the end of the year almost all of the mandated blue helmets should be in place. But the tragedy has not ended. We have to tackle the causes of the conflict as well. All the parties – the Sudanese Government, the rebel movements, civil society and countries in the region – must come together for comprehensive peace talks and make serious efforts to reach an agreement.

Middle East

The region is as complex, fragile and dangerous as it has ever been, and yet there are opportunities for reconciliation to be grasped. The deep mistrust between Palestinians and Israelis has forestalled a meaningful peace process. But a

constructive UN role within the Quartet and in support of the Arab Peace Initiative will hopefully encourage movement towards a just, lasting and comprehensive peace. We must press for a two-State solution that allows both sides to live in peace.

Iraq

Iraq remains the whole world's problem. We are all aware of the road that brought us to this point, but the UN can be instrumental in developing an inclusive political process to promote national reconciliation, in cultivating a regional environment that is more stable and in providing humanitarian assistance to innocent civilians, including the almost 4 million refugees and internally displaced Iraqis.

Haiti

Haiti today enjoys a historic opportunity for progress. Five years into the stabilization process, there is substantial reason to believe that the country is moving away from a past of conflict, towards a brighter future of peaceful development. However, the progress that has been made remains extremely fragile, and is susceptible to setbacks or reversal. Continued commitment by the Haitian leadership and people, by the United Nations and the international community more generally is critical for the consolidation of stability.

PEACE AND SECURITY We must strengthen the UN's ability to play its role to the fullest extent in conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding – these are all part of a continuum, and our approach must be integrated, coordinated and comprehensive. By enhancing our capacity for preventive diplomacy and supporting sustainable peace processes, we will build long-term solutions and respond more effectively to conflict.

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

WOMEN Gender equality is central to all of our work at the UN. But for far too many people today, the issue is still seen as “women’s concern.” We must make sure the international community is united in the struggle for women’s rights because the world will only achieve its full potential when women are empowered. A critical element to that fight is stopping the epidemic of violence against women worldwide – whether in the home, the workplace or elsewhere. It goes against everything the UN stands for, and we have to end the culture of silence that serves only to protect the perpetrators.

ISSUE N°4 concept of the Responsibility to Protect from words to deeds.

UN REFORM AND ACCOUNTABILITY Effectiveness and rationalization have to be the touchstone of how the Organization measures up to new challenges. We must simplify and streamline our rules, policies and processes, and align our practices with the best from both private and public sectors. We created the new Department of Field Support to ensure our peacekeeping missions are better served – against much

PROFESSOR DALTON VISIT LACHLAN MACKAY Wellington had the pleasure of a visit from a leading international academic on nonviolence and political theory from Barnard College, Columbia University in mid February. UNANZ members got involved through Lachlan, who coordinated Dalton's NZ itinerary as, friend from the World March for Peace (which both he and UNANZ endorsed.)

This year the General Assembly endorsed my recommendation to establish one new agency to deal with all gender issues. I look forward to setting up this body and to appointing a very powerful female leader to run it.

RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT In September 2009, the UN General Assembly adopted, by consensus, its first resolution on the Responsibility to Protect – a major advance as the international community seeks to strengthen its efforts to protect the world's peoples from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. The expression “never again” must hold real meaning. I will strive to translate the

scepticism, this has proved a smart choice. We’ve established a UN-wide Ethics Office and we’ve set up a new system of internal justice. We are pushing through new budget mechanisms. We are demanding full financial disclosure from senior managers. More women have been appointed to senior posts in the Organization than ever before; in the past three years, the number of female in such posts has more than doubled. Change inevitably brings resistance. But a stronger and more effective UN is in all our interests. That’s why we are working so hard towards it. Article sourced from: www.un.org/sg/priority Images sourced from United Nations Photo’s on Flickr -www.flickr.com/photos/un_photo/

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Many UNANZ Wellington Branch members attended two of the three events organised during his stay in Wellington: including the lecture at St Andrew’s on: ‘Active Compassion through Gandhi and King’ and the Peace Foundation hosted Wellington Peace Heritage walk with Dalton. For more information on Professor Emeritus Dennis Dalton: www.columbiaspectator.com/ 2007/10/25/retiring-professordalton-reflects-39-year-tenure csrc.asu.edu/news/nonviolentpower-action-interview-dennisdalton en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Dennis_Dalton Photo courtesy of Peter Cowley and Dr Graham Hassall.

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

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UNANZ EDUCATION AND MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN 2011 GRAY SOUTHON Campaign 2011 is underway, how far can we take it? unrenewal@unanz.org.nz

Yes, the November National Council approved the campaign that aims to: ‣ Educate the community on - The importance of the effectiveness of the UN for our future. - The potential of NZ making a substantial contribution to the UN’s development. - What people can do to support NZ’s contribution. ‣ And to attract people into membership through this activity. We are making use of the lead-up to the election campaign when people are becoming interested in national issues, and of course, there is the World Cup to highlight NZ’s position in the world. Further, we are preparing for NZ’s bid for the Security Council membership in 2015 that we need to be looking good for. However, far more important than all of these, is the need to ensure our future. NZ has a great opportunity to advance its prosperity and security by undertaking a coordinated effort in international citizenship to promote international cooperation, particularly through the UN. It will enhance international stability, and be the country that other nations respect and like to do business with.

The world is facing some very big challenges with massive shifts in power, increasing pressures on resources and the environment as well as many social and development challenges. How constructively these issues play out will depend on the world’s ability to work through the UN and other multilateral institutions to resolve many extraordinarily difficult issues. The more NZ puts into making this system work, the better will be the outcomes for us, and the better NZ will be able to benefit from these developments. This will be an effort not only for the government, but also for business, NGOs and the community as a whole. Currently few people are thinking about these issues and there is little pressure for politicians to pay attention to them. It is only with our activity will NZ’s international role become a priority that it deserves to be. This campaign is particularly important for young people as it provides an avenue for thinking and acting positively about how they can contribute to the future. We look forward to UN Youth NZ facilitating youth involvement in this campaign.

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Our website www.unanz.org.nz is under development with a new look and information to support this program. Brochures are available from the SO for UN renewal (see below) for the asking. Material will be distributed to all parliamentarians and candidates when the web site is available. There are a number of moves to coordinate interests and distribute brochures, so be in the swim. See how you can participate!!!

So what can you do? Get some brochures and give to anyone that you think might appreciate them. ‣ Browse the web site and find more about the issues facing us, what the UN is doing, and what NZ can do. ‣ Talk to your local MP and/or candidate about the opportunities that NZ has to contribute to a better future, and engage the community in doing so. We look forward to your contribution. For any questions or suggestions contact: ‣

Gray Southon Special Officer for UN Renewal unrenewal@unanz.org.nz 07 5787119

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

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UN RENEWAL REPORT GRAY SOUTHON Special Officer for UN Renewal unrenewal@unanz.org.nz

The rather slow process of the reform of the Security Council received a jolt recently when the US made a pronouncement supporting India for a permanent seat. While this seems to be an obvious choice (the second most populous country) it upset several agendas. First it upsets several countries who felt that they also warranted US support, it antagonised Pakistan, which fears India’s rise in power, and upsets the antinuclear groups who want to avoid any support of India’s rejection of the NPT principles. It also affected another agenda which is being promoted by the “Uniting for Consensus” group which argues against any more permanent members, but rather longer-term seats by which members which can be re-elected immediately for periods of up to 6 years. This is intended to ensure that the privileges of permanency are not extended, and members have an incentive to live up to the expectations of the other states. See: www.reformtheun.org/index.php? option=com_docman&task=doc_downlo ad&gid=810 An interesting publication has been produced by the Centre for UN Reform Education entitled “The Group of 77:

Perspectives on it Role in the UN General Assembly”. Anybody who has followed climate change negotiations will be aware of the prominent role of the G77 (actually 131 countries and usually grouped with China) as the representative of undeveloped countries. This publication, available on the web at http://www.centerforunreform.org/ explores the role of the G77 in the various forums, and discusses its relevance and impact. This analysis is particularly pertinent to the relation between developed and developing countries (or North and South), and the way that they act collectively. For instance, with respect to ODA: “A Nordic delegate reflects on the divide within the development negotiations: “We feel they say: ‘make it all happen for us,’ but that’s probably not what they think they say. And we say we want aid effectiveness, but they hear: ‘We don’t want to give you any ODA.’ There are a lot of misunderstandings, I think.”“ Also, the South feels that the North uses junior diplomats who need to go checking the agreements all the time, while the North feels that the South is too inflexible in their common position. The publication also makes reference to the value of the CANZ group (Canada,

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Australia and NZ) which can mediate between the two groups. Two special initiatives of the World Federalist Movement to monitor the UN are worth looking at: ‣ UNelections.org monitors the practices of managing elections in the UN with the objective of encouraging more open, inclusive election processes. One of the more problematic practices is that of regional groupings presenting a clean slate for election, giving the wider membership no choice. ‣ Together for a Better Peace <http:// www.betterpeace.org/> brings together peacebuilders from around the world to support and monitor the work of the UN Peacebuilding Commission.

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

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2011 CONFERENCE PROGRAMME ROBIN HALLIDAY wellington@unanz.org.nz The 2011 United Nations Association National Conference will be held on the 6-8 May 2011, Hosted by Wellington Branch. The topic is The Millennium Development Goals - Progress in the Pacific. The Secretary-General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,Tuiloma Neroni Slade, has agree to come to Wellington to be our guest keynote speaker. Registrations Now Open.

The Millennium Development Goals Prog ress in the Pacific UNANZ 2011 Conference Programme

6th May 2011

Friday - Beehive Theatre 1.00 Opening - Speaker to be confirmed. 1.30 Finals National Secondary Schools Speech Award. 2.30 Pacific Island Students – Aspirations for their countries. (In consultation with Winnie Laban and Vic Pacific Studies Director Victoria Univ.) 3.30 MDGs in the Pacific – A youth perspective. 4.15 Afternoon Tea 5.15 National Council Meeting for all UNANZ National Council Members, at Turnbull House, Wellington.

Friday Evening 7.30 Informal gathering, and shared dinner to welcome Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,Tuiloma Neroni Slade to New Zealand. UNANZ plans to hold this at

Connolly Hall, Wellington, with Conference delegates, Pacific Island communities and Pacific Island church reps.

Business Banking and Local involvement

3.15 Afternoon Tea 3.45 Workshops – follow on from Panels but including UN Youth classroom MUN on MDGs

7th May 2011

Saturday - Legislative Council Chamber Parliament 9.15 Welcome by Michael Powles, National President of UNANZ 9.30 Keynote speaker, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,Tuiloma Neroni Slade 10.45 Amanda Ellis MFAT NZAID Director 11.30 Barry Coates Oxfam NZ

5.15 Plenary 5.45 Summary by Michael Powles, National President of UNANZ

Saturday Evening 7.00 Conference Dinner with Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,Tuiloma Neroni Slade, UN Youth, Pacific Embassies and Reps. Delegates, and UNANZ Affiliates. Location yet to be confirmed.

12.30 Lunch 1.15 Panels on MDGs in the Pacific: (Some of this will be based on the Select Committee report on the Pacific Released Dec 2010)

8th May 2011

Sunday 9.00 Annual General Meeting

Eliminating Poverty

1.00 Lunch

Education and Gender Equality

1.30 National Council Meeting

Health Issues Child Health Maternal Health HIV/AIDS

4.30 National Executive Meeting

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

ISSUE N°4

BRANCH REPORTS BRANCH PRESIDENTS UNANZ has active regional Branches in Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Wanganui, Wellington, and Christchurch. The best way to get involved in UNANZ is through your nearest regional branch. Akld: auckland@unanz.org.nz Wkto: waikato@unanz.org.nz Tga: tauranga@unanz.org.nz Wnui: wanganui@unanz.org.nz Wgtn: wellington@unanz.org.nz Chch: canterbury@unanz.org.nz

Acting President Michael Shroff

Northern Region

We in the Northern Region branch were deeply saddened to learn of the death of our Branch President George Valentine sometime in late December. Since joining the Branch in early 2010, George took an active involvement in many branch-level activities. He had a wealth of life experience from the Middle East, Africa, the United States and elsewhere, and had many an anecdote to share. One of the memorable events George participated in was the Soka Gakkai culture of peace evening at Massey University in Albany in September. George joined a panel of four and spoke eloquently about the role of the UN in promoting world harmony. George also wrote to support the submission that Auckland City be declared a City for Peace supporting the worldwide movement towards nuclear disarmament. This is an initiative of Laurie Ross, NRB Committee member. On 15 February Auckland Council hosted a workshop for council officers and representatives from peace groups to discuss the new declaration for Auckland as a peace city. George’s contributions and his enthusiasm will be sorely missed. Over the period, branch members welcomed a number of visitors to

Auckland, viz. Judith Parker and Kate Smith. Judith Parker is the Western Australia branch president and the lead organiser of the UNA Australia national conference 2011, while Kate Smith is the President of the Wanganui Branch. At our last meeting in December, Emily Chai, the President of UNYANZ, came to speak to us about the busy programme planned for 2011, including the National Youth Declaration and the High School Model UN. Looking ahead for this year, we will hold our AGM on 9 March and our Secondary School Speech Awards in the week of 21 March. Our branch is also looking forward to participating in the International Cultural Festival in Mt Roskill on 27 March. This festival, which brings together many communities in Auckland and even boasts a soccer competition, was not held last year but fortunately returns this year with the blessing of the Auckland Council.

Branch President Gray Southon

Tauranga

Our Lecture series in November 2010 commenced will with a brilliant talk on the 10th by Ian MacLean, a specialist in de-mining techniques who had applied

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science to using dogs to detect mines. He presented an engaging talk from considerable experience within UN programs, and used a live demonstration. Unfortunately Roslyn Noonan, the NZ Human Rights Commissioner, could not talk on the 17th, so instead we had Jeremy Pope, one of the other HR Commissioners. Jeremy spoke from his very practical experience in negotiating Human Rights issues in a variety of countries. He presented interesting insights into the politics of Human Rights. The last talk had to be cancelled as the Indian High Commission was not able to send a speaker. Two youth events were held over the holidays, one just to talk informally about the future, and the other to plan for youth activities for the year, as part of the branch as well as independent initiatives. Chennoah Walford and Lucas Davies have joined the executive, replacing Miles Jones and Ashton Scott who have moved on to University. 2011 Branch program commenced on the 4th February with a joint meeting with the local Labour Party Branch. Phil Twyford first joined a group of youth in an informal chat over a barbecue, and then spoke to a public meeting. He

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UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011 related his experiences in working with the UN as Oxfam campaign director, describing some of the surprising anomalies of the UN bureaucracy. There were major problems with the UN which had to be addressed, and he felt that NZ had a contribution to make in improving it. We look forward to a busy year with strong youth involvement supported by UN Youth NZ.

Branch President Kate Smith

Wanganui

The branch held its Welcome to the New Year Brunch on Sunday 13 February. This was well attended in spite of several other activities including the Masters Games final day making it difficult for some members to attend. We also had several people joining us for the first time. The group was a nicely balanced mixture of young and old, including two students who attended the DPI/NGO conference in Melbourne. The guest speaker, Mark Christiansen, was speaking about the nutritional and environmental benefits of heritage plants and trees. He is part of the Central Tree Crop Research group which carries out research on old varieties of trees and plants. Then it produces seedlings which are distributed freely around the area. This is to encourage both the health giving properties of the fruit or vegetable, as well as providing a history of the plant and its usefulness. It is also ensuring that these species will continue and spread further. The Monty’s Surprise apple trees are the best known products and several of these formed part of the Trees for Peace Campaign in 2010.

ISSUE N°4 New York in September. Twelve strong they were led by Dr Divya Dhar Young New Zealander of the Year former UN Youth and now Director of P3 a youth poverty action NGO they met with Helen Clark and prepared an entertaining DVD – Pass the Jandal – which should inspire young people to focus on the delivery of Millennium Development Goals Wellington members were able to hear Keith Suter speak in October and to join with others to celebrate UN Day at a reception at Premier House – see November Newsletter. Human Rights Day in December was acknowledged with an End of Year lunch and an address by Jeremy Pope Human Rights Commissioner on Human Rights Developments in the Asia/Pacific region. The Branch Committee has met this year and is planning their AGM in March and the Regional Speech Award in April .Committee members will be assisting the National Executive to organise the National Conference in May. Following on from the Conference theme of focussing on the Pacific we will hold a further series of lunch hour forums focussing on Tonga the Solomons PNG and possibly Fiji. Members are invited to other related functions held by sister organisations including a Youth Perspective on Nuclear Disarmament, Technology and the International year of Chemistry, the Charter of Compassion and the International Women’s Day Breakfast. In late March the National Consultative Committee on Disarmament are holding a Seminar on Afghanistan – Exit then Engagement. It promises to be a busy and interesting year.

with over 50 ethnic groups in Christchurch taking part. On the 24 March the branch is holding the AGM and Natasha will be our speaker. The Speech award will be held on the 14 April, which gives students time to research the material for their speeches. We hope to have many schools taking part. We hope to again hold a Save our World Series in the second term. The Branch is pleased to have Natasha working for us and we hope to get closer relationship with the UNA youth

Branch President Mano Manohoran

Waikato

No report was received for the JanuaryMarch 2011 period.

SPEECH AWARDS CALLING ALL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS! UNANZ Branches are now holding regional finals for our 2011 Speech Awards Competition. Theo poic this year is How Can Youth Promote Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals?  The National Finals for 2011 will be during the National Conference in Wellington (6-8 May), and is open to the public and schools to attend. Participants speak on a UN related topic for just 5-8 minutes (in this case it's the MDG's.

Branch President Robin Halliday

Wellington

Branch President Mary McGiven

In October Wellington Branch held a debriefing session on the DPI/NGO Conference in Melbourne which focussed on Health related MDGs. Lachlan McKay, John Morgan and Robin Halliday from the Branch reported back along with Dr George Salmond (IPPNW) We heard too from two members of the youth delegation to the MDG Summit in

The Branch will be once again taking part in the Culture Galore event at Ray Blank Park on Saturday 12 March. Natasha our project worker /intern is now getting together UN Charters and other relevant UN materials for our stall. The event is always a very colourful day

Canterbury

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Researching the MDG's is really easy if you have access to a computer - there's a ton of information out there - for starters check out some of the links on our website. www.unanz.org.nz/National/ SpeechAwards www.unanz.org.nz


INVESTOR UNANZ NEWS NEWSLETTER MARCH 2011 ISSUE N°3

ISSUE FALL N°4 2008

UN YOUTH UPDATE ALEX SINCLAIRE Vice President for Communications - alex.sinclaire@unyouth.org.nz Hello UNANZ, I’m Alexandra Sinclair, National Vice-President for Communications for UN Youth. There has been a lot going on with UN Youth at the moment- the most obvious is the fact that we have now completed the rebranding of our organisation. We have a new website, new promotional materials and most obviously a new name. We are now ‘UN Youth’ rather than UNYANZ. The vegetable puns are now permanently behind us! To implement the brand we have also appointed a national design team ably lead by Alliv Samson. This is a very busy time of year for UN Youth. Our newest flagship event Youth Declaration is being held in Auckland between the 15th and 18th April. Students from around the country will spend a weekend producing a document that reflects what the youth of New Zealand think about the state of New Zealand and how it can be improved. The students work in groups focused on education, health, trade or international relations and produce statements about what they believe New Zealand should be doing in those areas. Then all the students will vote on each proposition and all the propositions that ‘pass’ will be compiled into one document, this is the New Zealand Youth Declaration 2011. This document will then be presented to New Zealand’s Governor-General and selected students will be flown to Wellington to present the Declaration to various New Zealand ministries. This weekend will also include eminent speakers and many workshops to get students thinking critically about the laws and government policies we have in New Zealand. Anton Smith is this year’s Youth Declaration Coordinator and we are very excited about this event. On May the 21st and 22nd we are having our second annual National Conference and our first as UN Youth. This conference will be held in Wellington and is a chance for all our officeholders from across the country to see each other and pass on institutional

knowledge to others in the organisation. We will do strategic planning, look at innovating and also do practical workshops in relation to the finances of UN Youth or how to better evaluate events. It is also a chance to have social events and spend quality time in the company of one another. Our traditional flagship event is New Zealand Model UN 2011 and this year is looking to be as good as ever. It is being coordinated by Scott Summerfield and has the addition of a half day on which the students go out into the community and participate in a community project for an afternoon. This is a great example of not just talking about ‘global citizenship’ but actually showing the students who belong to UN Youth how they can be effective global citizens. As well as this, New Zealand Model UN will also have all the same high level debate and selection of the New Zealand Secondary School’s delegation to THIMUN. We will have a delegation going to Adelaide in July to attend UNYC and preparations are now beginning for New Zealand Universities Model Security Council which will be held by the Otago region in September. We have 4 healthy regions (Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Dunedin) all holding between 5 and 10 events for high school and university students each year. Additionally, they are all being proactive at reaching out to other parts of New Zealand. Wellington is holding the second annual Central North Island MUN, Christchurch has held Tasman MUN and West Coast MUN and Auckland is establishing strong relationships in the Waikato. The National Executive had their first annual National Executive retreat in January in Waiheke which was an opportunity for bonding and strategic planning. President Richard Evans has been busy overseeing national events and working daily with our partner organisations. He recently attended a

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dinner held by the government in recognition of influential young New Zealanders. Ben Land-Maycock as VicePresident for Governance has revolutionised our applications process. We now have large amounts of people applying for all our positions which reflects the current strength of the organisation. Ben has also done a lot of work on the UN Youth National Manual which is a valuable resource to all UN Youth officeholders. Chris Park our treasurer has been working hard preparing the organisation for the next audit and creating resources which make it much easier for officeholder to use our financial systems themselves. Chloe Muggeridge is our secretary. She is responsible for our fantastic database of members. She has also been in charge of creating the UN Youth review. This is a publication you will all soon get to see. It is an overview of all aspects of our organisation and will be a fantastic tool for better explaining our mission and purpose to potential sponsors and partners. Elizabeth Chan is VicePresident for Education. She has created many incredible education resources on behalf of UN youth. These have been distributed to schools and are used by the Auckland Faculty of Education. She is about to present about Model UN education in schools at the SOCCUM conference. I am Vice-President of Communications. I have been involved in trying to better promote UN Youth through the use of press releases and better media contacts, and social networking. UN Youth is going through a period of incredible change and innovation. The organisation is very strong and we are looking forward to what the rest of 2011 will bring. We hope that 2011 is an equally successful year for UNANZ and we truly value the relationship these two organisations have. I hope this bulletin finds you well and that none of you or your families have been tremendously affected by the Christchurch earthquake. WWW.UNANZ.ORG.NZ


UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

ISSUE N°4

READER: LEGENDS AND TALES FROM ANCIENT CHINA MARY GRAY vinmary.gray@paradise.net.nz Bi-lingual Chinese/English reader, with CD rom stories read in Mandarin (Modern Standard Chinese), Cantonese, and English. Available from New Zealand Chinese Language Association Inc Sale Price - $25.00

UNA Members:  I know you aren't Town Councillors needing to heed the words of the Mayor who says learning a new language is good for your brains.  However, as someone who has been doing this all my life - seriously with five languages, and yearly at holiday time when we were visiting a country with a language I didn't know, I thoroughly agree that learning a language is good brain exercise and brings you much more than just a way of surviving well in a strange country.  Learning a language can't really be done without learning the culture as well. Your life will be all the richer, the more cultures you know.  The NZ Chinese Language Association has produced a bilingual reader with a CD Rom which will do just this for you, following the new idea about language learning which stipulates that you must listen, listen, listen to a new language before you try to learn it.  Your brain needs to know the sounds before it can make head  and tails of the other intricacies of the language.  After all it is the way babies learn their parent's tongue. A recent VUW PhD thesis has brought a new idea to the acquisition of foreign languages by emphasising how important a knowledge of the sounds of

a language are before any attempt is made to study the language. For Chinese this can be done by means of the NZCLA’s bilingual Chinese reader, Legends and Tales from Ancient China, because each of the 25 stories is read aloud on the CD rom in Putonghua (Mandarin), Cantonese, and English. Before you look at the printed book, listen to the sounds of Chinese so that your brain knows what new vocal sounds it is going to have to deal with. You can put it on while you are doing other things – washing dishes, even studying something else, getting dressed – anytime that you have the means of listening to a CD rom. After a few sessions just listening, you are ready to open the book and you will see that each story has a double page spread. At the top of the left hand page the story is written in the simplified characters which the PRC introduced to the language in the early 1950s, following the recommendations of many academics over many years. Underneath the characters, the story is printed in Pinyin which is the alphabetised form of the characters. At the top of the right hand page is a translation of the story, with a few vocabulary words underneath. So after listening to the stories lots before you look at the book, then, as you listen

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to the CD Rom look at the Pinyin so that your eyes will now give you a written form which you can feel comfortable with. Listen to the story as you read this written version. After a few sessions that way, listen again, and this time look at the characters. You will soon see that there are frequently used characters which you can notice. Then you can look at the English version and learn what those frequently used characters mean. I am not saying that this is a way to learn Chinese. This is just an introduction to the language and I hope it may take away some of the misconceptions people have about how difficult it is to learn Chinese.  The biggest advantage that it has over European languages (including English) is the lack of complicated grammar - there are no definite or indefinite articles, and plurals needing agreement, and no changes to verb forms. In Chinese “I eat today” I eat yesterday.” And “I eat tomorrow”. Think of the changes needed in English to make the second and third sentences correct English. I found, when I went to live in China, that I could pick up survival oral Chinese which was more correct than the survival French or German you could pick up similarly in Europe. WWW.UNANZ.ORG.NZ


UNANZ NEWS MARCH 2011

ISSUE N°4

UNANZ

National Council and Affiliates National President Michael Powles Immedate Past President Antony Vallyon National Vice Presidents Mary Davies-Colley and Graham Kelly Treasurer Robin Haliday

Branch Presidents Northern Region: George Valentine Waikato: Mano Manoharan Tauranga: Gray Southon Wanganui: Kate Smith Wellington: Robin Halliday Canterbury: Mary McGiven UNYANZ Inc: Richard Evans Honorary Life Members

Special Officers Natasha Barnes - Peace and Security John Morgan - Human Rights Gray Southon - UN Renewal Jean-Paul Bizoza - Humanitarian Affairs Gray Southon - WFUNA Liaison Cherie Jameson - Sustainable Dev. Lynette Hardie-Wills - Model UN National Council Representatives Izolda Kazemzadeh and Margaret Arnold Ordinary Members Margaret Arnold, Alyn Ware, Ivan Demsen, Marie Nissanka Affiliate Representatives Bradley McDonald, Beryl Anderson, Joy Dunsheath

Gwen Ryan, Margaret Knight, Dame Laurie Salas, Robin Halliday, Lady Rhyl Jansen, Joan Morrell, Grace Hollander, Ivan Demsem, Carrick Lewis, Patricia Morrison, Diana Unwin, Clinton Johnson, Antony Brooke, Gita Brooke, Mary Gray, Colin McGregor Affiliate Members National Council of Women NZ Humanist Society of NZ NCCD NZ Assn of Rationalists & Humanists NZ Council of Trade Unions Operation Peace Through Unity Soroptimist International SW Pacific UNIFEM Zonta Club of Wellington

UNANZ Membership: Name: ___________________________________________________________ Address: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Phone: _______________________Email:________________________________ Region of choice:

Membership Fee:

❍ Canterbury

❍ Tauranga

❍ Individual/Family - $30

❍ Wellington

❍ Waikato

❍ Student/Unwaged - $20

❍ Wanganui

❍ Northern

❍ Affiliated Oganisation - $50

❍ Corporate Member - $100

Send to:

PO Box 24494, WGTN

THE PEOPLE’S MOVEMENT FOR THE UNITED NATIONS

ABOUT THE UNANZ NEWS The UNANZ News is the quarterly publication of the United Nations Association of New Zealand. UNANZ News welcomes articles, short letters, and images from outside sources. If you would like to submit something for consideration, please send it to the newsletter editor Shannon Steven.

CONTACT PO Box 24494 Wellington Central New Zealand (04) 496 9638 office@unanz.org.nz

PATRONS: Rt Hon Helen Clark - Administrator UNDP HE Sir Anand Satyanand - Governor General of NZ

WE THE PEOPLES FOUNDATION Trustees: Pamela Jeffries, John Hayes, Russell Marshall. To make a donation or bequest to the We The Peoples Foundation for the benefit of UNANZ please contact office@unanz.org.nz. Charities Commission CC38918 Incorporated Societies 215914 WWW.UNANZ.ORG.NZ

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2011 03 UNANZ Newsletter