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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

November 2017


Author: Policy Forum Local Governance Working Group (LGWG)

Editor: Daniel Semberya

Illustrator: Simon Regis

Layout and Design: Jamana Printers

ISBN: 978 9987 708 28 4

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .............................................................................................................. iv CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1 Objectives of FYDP II ............................................................................................................................. 2 Salient features of the FYDP II ................................................................................................................. 2 CHAPTER 2: SITUATION ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF FYDP I AND MKUKUTA II IMPLEMENTATION ..................................................................................................................... 3 Macroeconomic Developments .............................................................................................................. 3 CHAPTER 3: STRATEGIC REPOSITIONING FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FYDP II ................ 5 CHAPTER 4: STRATEGIC INTERVENTIONS FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ........................................................................................................................... 7 CHAPTER 5: FINANCING STRATEGY ......................................................................................... 10 CHAPTER 6: IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY .............................................................................. 12 (i) Reforms to strengthen LED initiatives.................................................................................................12 (ii) Reforms to link LGAs with research and training institutions .............................................................15 (iii) Specific LGA Reform – Dar es Salaam City ........................................................................................15 The position and role of local government authorities: ..........................................................................15 CHAPTER 7: MONITORING AND EVALUATION ........................................................................ 16 Objectives of the M&E Framework ........................................................................................................16 Strategy for Implementation of FYDP II M&E.........................................................................................17 Roles and Responsibilities ......................................................................................................................17 Evaluation of FYDP II ............................................................................................................................18 RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................................................................................ 19

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Early in 2016, the government launched the FYDP II, with the intention of addressing the shortfalls within the FYDP I and to provide a blueprint as Tanzania embarks on an industrialisation SDWKLQWKHQH[W¿YH\HDUV ±  Referencing the FYDP I, the government recognized that the initial plan failed to achieve most RI LWV WDUJHWV :KLOVW WKH JRYHUQPHQW KDV GHWHUPLQHG WKDW 7DQ]DQLD¶V LQGXVWULDOLVDWLRQ LV D SULRULW\LQWKHFRPLQJ¿YH\HDUVVKRUWIDOOVZLWKLQWKHSODQPD\VHWWKHFRXQWU\XSIRUIDLOXUH \HWDJDLQLIWKHLVVXHVDUHQRWDGHTXDWHO\DGGUHVVHG 3UHYLRXVSXEOLFSULYDWHGLDORJXHV 33' FRQGXFWHGODWHLQZKLFKVRXJKWWRDGGUHVVWKH FKDOOHQJHVDQGLVVXHVZLWKLQWKH)<'3,,KDYHQRWJDUQHUHGPXFKWUDFWLRQ,QRUGHUIRU7DQ]DQLD WRVXFFHHGDQHZDSSURDFKDQGDQHZZD\RIWKLQNLQJ LV XUJHQWO\UHTXLUHG7KHVXFFHVVIXO implementation of FYDP II will require a deeper understanding of why previous attempts at LQGXVWULDOLVDWLRQKDYHIDLOHGDQGDGRSWPHDVXUHVWRHQVXUHWKRVHPLVWDNHVDUHQRWUHSHDWHG %DULQJLQPLQGDOOHIIRUWVFXUUHQWO\EHLQJWDNHQE\WKH¿IWKSKDVHJRYHUQPHQWRIHQVXULQJ7DQ]DQLD becomes an industrialized country come 2020, the Second National Five Year Development Plan; Position of Local Government Authorities whose theme is â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Nurturing Industrialization IRU(FRQRPLF7UDQVIRUPDWLRQDQG+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW¶RXWOLQHVQHZLQWHUYHQWLRQVWRHQDEOH Tanzania becomes an industrialized country in a way that will transform its economy and its VRFLHW\ 7KH 3ODQ LQFRUSRUDWHV XQ¿QLVKHG LQWHUYHQWLRQV IURP WKH SUHGHFHVVRU 3ODQ DQG 6WUDWHJ\ UHVSHFWLYHO\,WDOVRLPSOHPHQWVDVSHFWVRI7DQ]DQLD¶V'HYHORSPHQW9LVLRQ 7'9 ZKLFK aspires to have Tanzania transformed into a middle income and semi industrialized nation by  The Plan recognizes that effective development and poverty reduction need to be community GULYHQDVZHOODV/*$VXSSRUWHG Among others, the Plan aspires to: Build a base for transforming Tanzania into a semiLQGXVWULDOL]HGQDWLRQE\\HDUIRVWHUGHYHORSPHQWRIVXVWDLQDEOHSURGXFWLYHDQGH[SRUW FDSDFLWLHV FRQVROLGDWH 7DQ]DQLD¶V VWUDWHJLF JHRJUDSKLFDO ORFDWLRQ WKURXJK LPSURYLQJ WKH environment for doing business and positioning the country as a regional production, trade and ORJLVWLFKXE 3URPRWHDYDLODELOLW\RIUHTXLVLWHLQGXVWULDOVNLOOV SURGXFWLRQDQGWUDGHPDQDJHPHQWRSHUDWLRQV TXDOLW\DVVXUDQFHHWF DQGVNLOOVIRURWKHUSURGXFWLRQDQGVHUYLFHVGHOLYHU\ Thus, the visualised path for Tanzania industrialisation and human development has been informed in detail that its promotion is high in development agenda since the early days of LQGHSHQGHQFH7KHDSSURDFKKRZHYHUKDGQRWEHHQVWDEOHEHLQJPXFKLQÃ&#x20AC;XHQFHGE\FKDQJHV LQWKHVRFLRHFRQRPLFODQGVFDSH

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

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KH)LYH<HDU'HYHORSPHQW3ODQ )<'3,, LVDSURGXFWRIWKHPHUJHURIWKH)<'3,DQG7KH 1DWLRQDO6WUDWHJ\IRU*URZWKDQG5HGXFWLRQRI3RYHUW\ 0.8.87$,, ZKLFKLVEXLOWRQWKUHH pillars of transformation namely Industrialization, Human Development and Implementation (IIHFWLYHQHVV The theme of FYDP II is â&#x20AC;&#x153;Nurturing Industrialization for Economic Transformation and Human Developmentâ&#x20AC;? incorporates the main focus of the two frameworks, namely growth DQG WUDQVIRUPDWLRQ )<'3 ,  DQG SRYHUW\ UHGXFWLRQ 0.8.87$ ,,  7KH 3ODQ RXWOLQHV QHZ interventions to enable Tanzania industrialize in a way that will transform its economy and its VRFLHW\ ,WDOVRLQFRUSRUDWHVXQÂżQLVKHGLQWHUYHQWLRQVIURPWKHSUHGHFHVVRU3ODQDQG6WUDWHJ\UHVSHFWLYHO\ ,W LPSOHPHQWV DVSHFWV RI 7DQ]DQLDÂśV 'HYHORSPHQW 9LVLRQ 7'9   ZKLFK DVSLUHV WR KDYH 7DQ]DQLDWUDQVIRUPHGLQWRDPLGGOHLQFRPHDQGVHPLLQGXVWULDOL]HGQDWLRQE\

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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Objectives of FYDP II The Plan aspires to: L

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Accelerate broad-based and inclusive economic growth that reduces poverty substantially DQGDOORZVVKDUHGEHQHÂżWVDPRQJWKHPDMRULW\RIWKHSHRSOHWKURXJKLQFUHDVHGSURGXFWLYH FDSDFLWLHVDQGMREFUHDWLRQHVSHFLDOO\IRUWKH\RXWKDQGRWKHUGLVDGYDQWDJHGJURXSV

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Foster and strengthen implementation effectiveness, including prioritization, sequencing, LQWHJUDWLRQDQGDOLJQPHQWRILQWHUYHQWLRQV

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Intensify and strengthen the role of local actors in planning and implementation, and

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Salient features of the FYDP II The plan has the following distinct features:

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


CHAPTER 2: SITUATION ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF FYDP I AND MKUKUTA II IMPLEMENTATION

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FYDP II 2015/16-2020/21

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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7KHRWKHUFKDOOHQJHVLQFOXGH/RZPRELOLVDWLRQRI/RFDOJRYHUQPHQWDXWKRULWLHV /*$ ¶VRZQ revenue and erratic allocation of subvention by central government; inadequate funding for SULRULW\ LQYHVWPHQWV DQG OLPLWHG SULYDWH VHFWRU SDUWLFLSDWLRQ 7KLV VWDWH RI DIIDLUV FDOOV IRU HIIHFWLYHVWUHQJWKHQLQJSXEOLF¿QDQFHPDQDJHPHQWLQWKHRQJRLQJUHIRUPV Other social economic challenges mentioned are the persistence of large disparities between urban and rural areas, regarding access and quality of water and sanitation facilities and VHUYLFHV7KHUHDUHZLGHQLQJLQHTXLWLHVEHWZHHQULFKDQGSRRUUHJLRQVLQWKHVHUYLFHVSURYLGHG E\/*$V,QDGHTXDWH¿QDQFLDODOORFDWLRQVDQGKXPDQUHVRXUFHVUHPDLQWKHSULPDU\FKDOOHQJHV KLQGHULQJIXUWKHUDFKLHYHPHQWVLQWKHSURYLVLRQRITXDOLW\ZDWHUKHDOWKDQGHGXFDWLRQVHUYLFHV On the part of good governance and accountability, the plan has outlined some improvements VXFK DV WKH UHIRUPLQJ RI SXEOLF ¿QDQFH PDQDJHPHQW V\VWHPV LQWHUQDO DQG H[WHUQDO DXGLWV ,PSURYLQJ VHUYLFH GHOLYHU\ V\VWHPV KHDOWK DQG HGXFDWLRQ  VWUHQJWKHQLQJ LQVWLWXWLRQDO GHYHORSPHQW UHJXODWRUVSROLFLHVDQGODZV DQGHQKDQFLQJDFFRXQWDELOLW\ Furthermore, are the autonomy capacities of LGAs in determining their own development SULRULWLHVLQUDLVLQJDQGPDQDJLQJWKHLURZQUHVRXUFHV+RZHYHUWKHRFFXUUHQFHVRIJUDQGDQG petty corruption, weak accountability which lead to poor quality of public services delivery, ZHDNSXEOLFV\VWHPVKDYHUHPDLQHGWREHDFKDOOHQJH Further to this, the plan is committed to empower the local communities through decentralization as it stated in its key message number four that, decentralization has not fully empowered the local communities, hence in this plan the government will work towards ensuring growth is broad-based and development is achieved through decentralization based on the principle of subsidiarity, which empowers the local communities and LGAs to sustainably utilize resources in their localities for inclusive socio-economic development.

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


CHAPTER 3: STRATEGIC REPOSITIONING FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FYDP II

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tructural transformation and human development in Tanzania are of considerable important as they have substantial contributions to the economic growth, gross domestic product *'3 LQSDUWLFXODU+LVWRULFDOO\7DQ]DQLDKDVH[SHULHQFHGDGUDPDWLFVKLIWLQHDUO\DWWHPSWLQJ RI VWUXFWXUDO WUDQVIRUPDWLRQ DQG VRFLDO GHYHORSPHQW LH LQGXVWULDO HFRQRP\ DQG KXPDQ GHYHORSPHQW VLQFH¶V This chapter presents strategic repositioning for its implementation to nurture industrialization IRUHFRQRPLFWUDQVIRUPDWLRQDQGKXPDQGHYHORSPHQWLQ7DQ]DQLD 7KHFKDSWHUIXUWKHUSUHVHQWVLGHQWL¿HGNH\OHVVRQVWKDWZLOOHVVHQWLDOO\LQIRUPWKHFKRVHQSDWK modality of repositioning the framework for implementation in light of its FYDP II orientation DVRXWOLQHGLQFKDSWHUIRXU  The visualised path for Tanzania industrialisation and human development has been informed in GHWDLOWKDWLWVSURPRWLRQLVKLJKLQGHYHORSPHQWDJHQGDVLQFHWKHHDUO\GD\VRILQGHSHQGHQFH 7KHDSSURDFKKRZHYHUKDGQRWEHHQVWDEOHEHLQJPXFKLQÃ&#x20AC;XHQFHGE\FKDQJHVLQWKHVRFLR HFRQRPLFODQGVFDSH

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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(DUOLHU¶VPDQ\$IULFDQFRXQWULHVRSWHGIRUUDSLGGHYHORSPHQWERWKVRFLDODQGHFRQRPLF growth, in which at the initial stage the performance was remarkable, Tanzania in particular from independence to the Arusha Declaration had 186 industrial establishments including construction, electricity, gas, mining and quarrying in different regions, which employed a WUHPHQGRXVQXPEHURISHRSOHDQGFRQWULEXWHGVLJQL¿FDQWO\WRWKHHFRQRPLFJURZWK SURYLGLQJ DERXW  HPSOR\PHQWV ZKLFK FRQWULEXWHG E\  SHU FHQW WR WKH FRXQWU\¶V *'3  DQG LQFUHDVHVWKHYROXPHRIWUDGHWRDODUJHH[WHQW 7KHHVWDEOLVKPHQWRI1%&%DQNLQDOVRFRQWULEXWHGODUJHO\WRWKLVVXFFHVVIXOVWRU\LQUDLVLQJ IXQGVIRUWKHLQGXVWULDOSURMHFWVWKDWFRQWULEXWHGODUJHO\LQFUHDWLQJHPSOR\PHQWRSSRUWXQLWLHV DQGVLJQL¿FDQWHIIHFWLQLQFRPHJHQHUDWLRQ 8QIRUWXQDWHO\WKHVHJRRGLQLWLDWLYHVZHUHFRQVWUDLQHGE\WKHJOREDOVRFLRHFRQRPLFDQGSROLWLFDO HQYLURQPHQWLQZKLFKEHWZHHQDQGJURZWKUDWHVZDVSHUFHQWDQGIDOOPRUHWR QHJDWLYHSHUFHQWLQWR )URP V WR V WKH *RYHUQPHQW DGRSWHG YDULRXV SURJUDPPHV VXFK DV 6WUXFWXUDO $GMXVWPHQW 3URJUDPPHV 6$3V  DQG (FRQRPLF 5HFRYHU\ 3URJUDPPH (53  ZLWK UHVWULFWLYH FRQGLWLRQVWRDGGUHVVWKHFULVHV%DVLQJRQZKDWJHQHUDWHGDQGDGYRFDWHGE\WKH6$3VDQG WKH :HVWHUQ 'RQRUV DQG WKH FKDOOHQJHV EURXJKW E\ WKHP 7DQ]DQLD QHHGV WR KDYH D VWURQJ industrial base mechanism and strategies, which will uplift the current situation into realized HQGVLHµ7DQ]DQLD\DYLZDQGD´ZKLFKOLWHUDOO\PHDQV7DQ]DQLD¶VLQGXVWULDOL]DWLRQDVDGYRFDWHG E\+LV([FHOOHQFH3UHVLGHQW-RKQ3RPEH0DJXIXOL Further, the realization of the industrialization needs strong and committed institutions which LQYROYHSULFHVDQGPDUNHWVRUJDQL]DWLRQ¿UPVDQGLQGXVWULDORUJDQL]DWLRQ¿QDQFLDOLQVWLWXWLRQV JRRGJRYHUQDQFHDQGVWDWHWRSOD\DYLWDOUROHLQVXSSRUWLQJGHYHORSPHQW )RU 7DQ]DQLD WR EH PLGGOH LQFRPH FRXQWU\ LQGXVWULDO HFRQRP\  FHQWUDO JRYHUQPHQW VKRXOG FRRSHUDWH ZLWK ORFDO JRYHUQPHQWV WR PRQLWRU LQYHVWPHQW &RKHUHQFH RI WKH QDWLRQDO SROLFLHV LHWUDGHLQGXVWULDODJULFXOWXUDOHGXFDWLRQDQGZDWHUHOHFWULFLW\DQGHPSOR\PHQWHWFLVDOVR LPSRUWDQW

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


CHAPTER 4: STRATEGIC INTERVENTIONS FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

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his chapter recognizes the need to rally people behind the implementation of the plan to DWWUDFWDQGPDLQWDLQFLWL]HQ¶VVXSSRUWIURPDOOOHYHOV7KLVZLOOHYHQWXDOO\IXO¿OOWKHWDUJHWVRI WKHSODQDQGH[SHFWDWLRQVRXWOLQHGLQWKH7DQ]DQLD'HYHORSPHQW9LVLRQ The FYDP II has mentioned 10 important messages as lessons learnt when implementing the SUHYLRXV)<'3,DQG0.8.87$,,VRWKDWWKH\DUHFRQVLGHUHGIRUVXFFHVVIXODFKLHYHPHQWVRI WKHFXUUHQWSODQ For the purpose of local governance, the message is number four which is â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Decentralization DQGORFDOHFRQRPLFGHYHORSPHQWKDYHQRWVXI¿FLHQWO\EHHQHPSRZHUHGORFDOFRPPXQLWLHV´

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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based on the principle of subsidiarity, which empowers the local communities and LGAs to VXVWDLQDEO\XWLOL]HUHVRXUFHVLQWKHLUORFDOLWLHVIRULQFOXVLYHVRFLDODQGHFRQRPLFEHQH¿WVIRUDOO A wide description of the term industry encompasses activities such as mining and quarrying; manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and distribution of air condition equipment, water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities, and construction, manufacturing has EHHQVSHFL¿HGXQGHUWKLVSODQOHDGVWRWKHLQGXVWULDOL]DWLRQSURFHVV Through this plan, Tanzania upholds this reality because of national and international reasons such as: Historically, the sector has been an important driving force to economic development; KDVEHHQDNQRZOHGJHLQWHQVLYHVHFWRURIWKHHFRQRP\DQGUHFLSLHQWRIWHFKQRORJLFDOSURJUHVV It also exhibits higher productivity and scope for innovation; and that competitiveness of PDQXIDFWXULQJLVRQHRIWKHEDVLFGHWHUPLQDQWVRIORQJUXQVXVWDLQDEOHJURZWK 7RDWWDLQWKHVSHFL¿FWDUJHWVIRUPDQXIDFWXULQJVXEVHFWRUWKH3ODQZLOOLPSOHPHQWWKHIROORZLQJ SURMHFWV L

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Regarding the natural resources management, environment and climate change, the Plan focuses on protecting wild life and participatory climate change adaptation measures at local level as ZHOO DV GLUHFWLQJ ODUJH SURMHFWV WR FRPSO\ ZLWK DSSURYHG HQYLURQPHQWDO LPSDFW DVVHVVPHQW (,$  DQG DXGLW UHJXODWLRQV 7KH NH\ SURMHFWV DVVRFLDWHG WR WKLV IRFXV LQFOXGH &RQVHUYDWLRQ of natural resources, enhancing community based natural resources management systems, SURPRWLRQRIUHQHZDEOHJUHHQHQHUJ\WHFKQRORJLHV :LWKUHJDUGWRJURZWKDQGLQGXVWULDOL]DWLRQWKH3ODQKDVUHFRJQL]HGWRXULVPDQGWKHQHHGWR SURPRWHGRPHVWLFWRXULVP,WFUHDWHVHQDEOLQJHQYLURQPHQWIRUWKHVHFWRUVRWKDWLWLQFUHDVHV DJJUHVVLYHSURPRWLRQDQGPDUNHWLQJRI7DQ]DQLDDVDXQLTXHWRXULVWGHVWLQDWLRQ 7KHVHFWRULVDQWLFLSDWHGWRFRQWULEXWHWRWRWDOHPSOR\PHQWE\E\\HDU)RUWRXULVP WRÃ&#x20AC;RXULVKLQ7DQ]DQLDWKHSODQGHYRWHVHIIRUWVWRLPSURYHLQIUDVWUXFWXUHWRDWWUDFWWRXULVWWUDLQ KHUSHRSOHWRWDNHXSUROHVDQGPDLQWDLQLQWHUQDWLRQDOVWDQGDUGVLQWKHLQGXVWU\ 0RUHRYHUWKH3ODQXQGHUSLQVKXPDQGHYHORSPHQWDVDFHQWUDOIDFWRUIRUWKHUHDOL]DWLRQRIJURZWK DQGLQGXVWULDOL]DWLRQ,WDOVRLQWHQGVWRIRVWHUHGXFDWLRQDSSURSULDWHVNLOOVDQGLPSURYHPHQWRI KHDOWKFRQGLWLRQVIRUHDFKLQGLYLGXDODQGVRFLHW\DWODUJH,WLVXQGHUWKLVVWUDWHJ\WKDWVRFLDO VHUYLFHVSDUWLFXODUO\DWORFDOOHYHOZLOOEHHI¿FLHQWO\LPSOHPHQWHG ,QHGXFDWLRQIRULQVWDQFHWHDFKHU±SXSLOUDWLRDWDOOOHYHOVWHDFKLQJDQGOHDUQLQJHQYLURQPHQW will be improved, and students at tertiary level will increasingly access the loans, use of ICT in teaching and learning will be expanded and remuneration as well as housing for teachers LPSURYHG The plan also displays health intervention such as strengthening primary and referral health systems, equipping hospitals with modern equipment and offering training to health staffs and management to non-communicable diseases, improving remuneration and housing of health personnel as well as a deliberate focus on preventive medicine and effective control of HSLGHPLFV,IWKLVLVGRQHXQGHU¿YHDQGPDWHUQDOPRUWDOLW\UDWHZLOOEHVLJQL¿FDQWO\UHGXFHG OLIHH[SHFWDQF\LQFUHDVHGWR\HDUVDQGSUHYDOHQFHRI+,9$,'6UHGXFHGWRRQO\ In support of the above, the plan is set to advance mechanisms for water supply and improved sanitation in that it will conserve and protect water resources and sources, construct water harvesting infrastructure and water laboratories, Construction of sewerage treatment plants, storage, treatment ponds, sewer lines; Rehabilitate water supply and sewerage infrastructure; DVZHOODVEXLOGVNLOOVFDSDFLW\RIVWDIIDWDOOOHYHOVRIUHTXLUHPHQW KDUYHVWLQJWUDQVPLVVLRQ GLVWULEXWLRQDQGELOOLQJ  7KH SODQ KDV D QXPEHU RI VWUDWHJLF DFWLYLWLHVSODQV WR SURWHFW WKH YXOQHUDEOH JURXSV DQG HQVXULQJ IRRG VHFXULW\ IRU ERWK UXUDO DQG XUEDQ UHVLGHQWV ,W DOVR IROORZV WKH SULQFLSOHV RI good governance, which includes the rule of law, democracy and all other elements of good JRYHUQDQFHVXFKDVHIIHFWLYHQHVVDFFRXQWDELOLW\SUHGLFWDELOLW\WUDQVSDUHQF\ LHDOO/*$VSRVW their public budgets, revenue and actual expenditures are easily accessible in public notice ERDUGV  SDUWLFLSDWLRQ DQG SURWHFWLRQ RI KXPDQ ULJKWV WR DOO DQG LQ SDUWLFXODU WKH YXOQHUDEOH JURXSV Ensuring national, personal security and safety of properties, promoting and preservation of WKHFXOWXUHRISDWULRWLVPKDUGZRUNPRUDOLQWHJULW\DQGVHOIFRQ¿GHQFHZKLOHLPSURYLQJSXEOLF VHUYLFHGHOLYHU\WRDOOZLWKDFFHVVWRMXVWLFHUHPDLQFHQWUDOWRWKH3ODQ¶VPLVVLRQ Therefore, the chapter sets a clear path to enabling environment for industrialization and human development through maintenance of economic stability, provision of good infrastructure and SRVVLELOLWLHVIRUHDVHRIGRLQJEXVLQHVVDVZHOODVSXWWLQJUHDVRQDEOHHIIRUWWRDGYDQFHÃ&#x20AC;DJVKLS SURMHFWV³WKDWFDQFDWDO\]HWKHDVSLUHGWUDQVLWLRQWRZDUGV7DQ]DQLD¶VLQGXVWULDOL]DWLRQDQGVRFLR HFRQRPLFWUDQVIRUPDWLRQ´DFURVVWKHFRXQWU\

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CHAPTER 5: FINANCING STRATEGY

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


7KH*RYHUQPHQWLVSODQQLQJWRVSHQGLQWKHPDUJLQVRIWRSHUFHQWRIJRYHUQPHQWEXGJHW IRUGHYHORSPHQWDFWLYLWLHVVWDUWLQJZLWK7=6WULOOLRQGXULQJ)<ZLWKH[SHFWDWLRQV WKDW WKLV ¿JXUH ZLOO ULVH XS WR 7=6  WULOOLRQ GXULQJ )<  ZLWK LPSURYHG UHVRXUFHV PRELOL]DWLRQ In order to meet these targets, concerted reforms have been earmarked to facilitate the enhancement of domestic resource mobilization from current sources as well as through H[SDQGLQJ WD[ EDVH ,QYHVWPHQW SURPRWLRQ KDV EHHQ HPSKDVL]HG ZLWK D YLHZ WR LPSURYLQJ SURMHFWLGHQWL¿FDWLRQDQGSUHSDUDWLRQWRZRRSULYDWHFDSLWDOERWKWKURXJKGLUHFWSDUWLFLSDWLRQ DQGLQSDUWQHUVKLSV $FFRUGLQJO\WKH3ODQLQWURGXFHVQHZ¿QDQFLQJSROLFLHVDQGVWUDWHJLHVLQRUGHUWR L

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According to the Plan, the government will actively facilitate LGAs to put institutionalize mechanisms and practices to elevate property tax as key source of revenue by establishing comprehensive valuation rolls, setting realistic rates and reviewing them regularly; instituting performance linkages between enforcement of property taxes and transfers from the centre to LQFHQWLYL]H/*$VWRWUHDWSURSHUW\WD[HVDVSULQFLSDOVRXUFHRIUHYHQXH Government will review the existing retention schemes with a view to harmonizing them and LQWURGXFLQJ LQFHQWLYHV IRU 0LQLVWULHV 'HSDUWPHQWV DQG $JHQFLHV 0'$V  to actively pursue VXVWDLQDEOH JURZWK LQ 1RQ7D[ 5HYHQXHV 175  )XUWKHUPRUH WKH   *RYHUQPHQW ZLOO VHW up appropriate schemes that would incentivize LGAs to pursue revenue collection as a key SHUIRUPDQFHLQGLFDWRUERWKIRULQGLYLGXDORI¿FHUVDQGIRUUHOHYDQWGHSDUWPHQWV

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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CHAPTER 6: IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

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o ensure the engagement of Local Government in the implementation structure, the Plan has outlined the following:

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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In addition to that, the Plan recognizes that effective development and poverty reduction need WREHFRPPXQLW\GULYHQDVZHOODV/*$VXSSRUWHG$FRPPXQLW\EHJLQV/('VWUDWHJ\SODQQLQJ process by identifying the people, public institutions, businesses, community organizations and RWKHUJURXSVZLWKLQWHUHVWVLQWKHORFDOHFRQRP\ The skills and resources that each of these stakeholders bring to the strategy planning process SURYLGHDFULWLFDOIRXQGDWLRQIRUVXFFHVV/*$VDQG5$VZLOOEHUHVSRQVLEOHIRUHQVXULQJFRQGXFLYH ORFDOEXVLQHVVHQYLURQPHQWSDUWLFXODUO\IRU060(VLVLQSODFH3URJUHVVLQWKLVDVSHFWZLOOEH HYDOXDWHG WKURXJK ORFDO EXVLQHVV HQDEOLQJ HQYLURQPHQW %((  VXUYH\ 7KH *RYHUQPHQW ZLOO IDFLOLWDWH UHGUHVVRIFKDOOHQJHV UHODWHGWR ¿QDQFLQJ /(' VLQFH PRVW /*$V RIWHQKDYH OLPLWHG UHVRXUFHVWRGHOLYHURQ/('VHUYLFHV 7KURXJKWKLV3ODQWKH*RYHUQPHQWZLOOLQFUHDVHUHVRXUFHVDOORFDWLRQWR/*$V7KLVZLOODOVRHQWDLO a need to devise an appropriate formula for LGAs subventions from central Government sources and putting up mechanisms of safeguarding LED expenditure from being out-competed by other H[SHQGLWXUHLWHPVLQRUGHUWRHQVXUH/*$/('EHFRPHVDYHKLFOHIRUORFDOWUDQVIRUPDWLRQ Sources of funding for LED initiatives include: D /RFDODXWKRULW\UHYHQXHUDLVHGIURPWKHXVXDORZQVRXUFHVZLWKFDUHEHLQJWDNHQWRDYRLG IDOOLQJLQWRWKHWUDSRILQWURGXFLQJQXLVDQFHWD[HV E &HQWUDOJRYHUQPHQWWUDQVIHUVHJWKH7=6PLOOLRQIRUHDFKYLOODJH F 'RQRU JUDQWV ± LQFOXGLQJ LQWHUQDWLRQDO 1*2V IRXQGDWLRQV HJ WKRVH DOLJQHG ZLWK HQYLURQPHQWDOFRQVHUYDWLRQ G 3ULYDWHVHFWRUIXQGLQJVXFKDVIXQGVIURPFRUSRUDWHVRFLDOUHVSRQVLELOLW\ H )RXQGDWLRQVHVSHFLDOO\IRUHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQVHUYDWLRQDQGLPSURYHPHQWVKXPDQUHVRXUFH LQLWLDWLYHVDQGSRYHUW\DOOHYLDWLRQ I :KHUHDSSOLFDEOH/*$VDQGRWKHUDFWRUVDWWKHORFDOOHYHOZLOOEHHQFRXUDJHGWRLQWURGXFH RZQ LQLWLDWLYHV WR DFFHVV ¿QDQFLDO UHVRXUFHV EH\RQG WKH VXEYHQWLRQV IURP WKH FHQWUDO JRYHUQPHQW$QG J ,QWURGXFLQJ UHJLRQDO GHYHORSPHQW FRUSRUDWLRQV DV OHJDO HQWLWLHV ZLWK VLPLODU IXQFWLRQV WR 1DWLRQDO'HYHORSPHQW&RRSHUDWLRQ 1'& LQRUGHUWRPRELOL]H¿QDQFHVIRUSURMHFWVLQWKHLU DUHDVRIMXULVGLFWLRQ To ensure effective monitoring and evaluation of LED initiatives, LGAs will be facilitated to FRQGXFWWKHORFDOEXVLQHVVHQDEOLQJHQYLURQPHQW %(( 6XUYH\VLQRUGHUWRREWDLQLQIRUPDWLRQ RQFLWL]HQV¶SHUFHSWLRQVRIORFDOFRQGLWLRQVDQGUHJXODWLRQVWKDWDIIHFWWKHPDQGORFDOEXVLQHVVHV with the goal of informing policies and practices that hinder business development; as well as LGHQWLI\LQJNH\FRQFHUQVDQGLVVXHVIDFLQJWKHLUORFDOLWLHV 7KH 0LQLVWU\ RI )LQDQFH DQG 3ODQQLQJ LQ FROODERUDWLRQ ZLWK WKH 3UHVLGHQW¶V 2I¿FH 5HJLRQDO $GPLQLVWUDWLRQDQG/RFDO*RYHUQPHQWZLOOGHYHORSDJXLGHIRUUROOLQJRXW/('DSSURDFK7KH guide will include, among others, approaches to measuring performance of local initiatives being implemented at Regional and LGA levels so that the citizenry can be informed of their local GHYHORSPHQWVWDWXV%((6XUYH\ZLOOEHRQHRIWKHWRROVIRUHYDOXDWLQJORFDOLPSOHPHQWDWLRQ SHUIRUPDQFH Effective performance of LED will, in aggregate, diversify the economies and revenue sources RIUHVSHFWLYHJRYHUQPHQWVDQGJUDGXDOO\WKHUHIRUHUHGXFHRYHUGHSHQGHQFHIURPWKHFHQWUH Increased pace of development in local areas will also reduce push factors of rural-urban

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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CHAPTER 7: MONITORING AND EVALUATION

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ĆŹ 7KH3ODQÂśV0 (VWUDWHJ\DLPVDWEXLOGLQJDV\VWHPWKDWLVrobust, comprehensive, fully integrated, harmonized and well-coordinated to monitor the implementation of national development initiatives as well as evaluating their outcomes and impacts. 7KH 1DWLRQDO %XUHDX RI 6WDWLVWLFV 1%6  KDV D OHJDO PDQGDWH WR SURYLGH JXLGHOLQHV WR DOO 0LQLVWULHV'HSDUWPHQWVDQG$JHQFLHV 0'$V RQKRZWRUHWULHYHDGPLQLVWUDWLYHGDWDIURPWKHLU UHVSHFWLYHVHFWRUV)RUDOO0'$V/*$VDQGRWKHULPSOHPHQWLQJDJHQFLHVDÂżYH\HDUPHGLXP term programme will be developed WRUHĂ&#x20AC;HFWWKHSULRULW\DUHDV7KHSURJUDPPHZLOOLGHQWLI\ clear terms involved in developing data systems, coupled with sector databases starting from lower levels up to the national level

Roles and Responsibilities In assigning roles and responsibilities, FYDP II recognizes earlier efforts of institutionalizing M&E functions in Government, including establishment of M&E units in the directorates of policy and planning in all ministries7KH*RYHUQPHQWZLOObe required to introduce M&E policy and legislationDVVKDOOEHGHHPHGDSSURSULDWH The roles and responsibilities of key institutions as in the Plan and Budgeting Manual are as follows: 1.

Ministry of Finance and Planning:

Its responsibility is coordinating the implementationRI0 (IUDPHZRUNMaster plan including funding mechanisms ZLWK GLIIHUHQW DFWLYLWLHV LQFOXGLQJ UHSRUWLQJ ,Q WKLV UHJDUG WKH\ ZLOO EH responsible in producing the following reports: L

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Engagement Report on dialogues held on policy and the implementation of the various LQWHUYHQWLRQV

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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SDGs Performance Reports

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This is responsible for ensuring availability of requisite human resources to operationalise FYDP ,, DQG LWV 0 ( VWUDWHJ\ LQ FROODERUDWLRQ ZLWK 0R)3 FRPPHQVXUDWH ZLWK FDSDFLW\ QHHGHG WR GHOLYHURQ)<'3,,DQGLWV0 (VWUDWHJ\ 3.

MDAs and LGAs:

The key implementing agents are central for reporting day to day and timeline implementation SHUIRUPDQFH DV ZHOO DV UHSRUWLQJ RQ SURJUHVV DJDLQVW SODQQHG PLOHVWRQHV LGAs will be responsible for reporting on progress of implementation and achievements of planned outputs at local levels. This involves focusing on implementation constraints including tracking of the implementation VSHFLÂżFORFDOHFRQRPLFGHYHORSPHQW /(' SODQVIRUWKHLUORFDOLW\ 4.

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Development Partners can VXSSRUW WKH 0 ( VWUDWHJ\ E\ SURYLGLQJ ÂżQDQFLDO DQG WHFKQLFDO assistance and assist in capacity buildingWKHHIIHFWLYHXVHRI0 (SURGXFWV 5.

National Bureau of Statistics:

NBS will provide core statistics and data that are critical for the monitoring and evaluation RI WKH 3ODQ JRDOV DQG VWUDWHJLF LQWHUYHQWLRQV ,W ZLOO HQWDLO VFDOLQJ XS DQG GHHSHQLQJ RI WKH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQRIWKHH[LVWLQJ6WDWLVWLFDO0DVWHU3ODQ 6.

Private sector and other strategic partners:

The private sector and other non-state actors are: L

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Providing information needed for reviewing policy and implementation modalities that enable or hinder the development of businesses and investments of their interest and OHYHOVRIÂżQDQFLQJWKH\DUHFRQVLGHULQJWRSXWLQWKHSRWHQWLDOLQYHVWPHQWV

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)RUPDMRULQYHVWPHQWVDQGZKHUHVXSSRUWIURPWKHSXEOLFVHFWRULVUHTXLUHGWKH\ZLOOEH obliged to disclose their investment action plans and implementation milestones in order WRLQIRUPVFKHGXOHRIVXSSRUWDFWLRQVE\WKHSXEOLFVHFWRU

Evaluation of FYDP II There will be three categories of evaluations: DQQXDOPLGWHUPDQGÂżQDODWWKH3ODQKRUL]RQ The mid-term and the end of period evaluations will be undertaken by an independent evaluator outside of Government machinery to observe transparency and objectivity The Annual Internal Evaluation will involve production of Annual Progress Report (APR), PER and sector Annual reviews in order to stimulate dialogue and inform the plan and budgeting process.0LGWHUP(YDOXDWLRQZLOOEHFRQGXFWHGDIWHUWZRDQGKDOI\HDUVLWZLOOUHFRPPHQGany changes required and introduce a â&#x20AC;&#x153;FYDP II Presidentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Summitâ&#x20AC;? at mid-point to see whether DQGKRZWRDGMXVWWKHFRXUVHLIGHHPHGQHFHVVDU\7KH)LQDO(YDOXDWLRQZLOOEHFRQGXFWHGDIWHU four-and-a-half years which will constitute parts of the main analytical report to inform ways to FRRUGLQDWHLPSOHPHQWDWLRQRIWKHVXEVHTXHQW)<'3,,,

18

National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


RECOMMENDATIONS L

The Central Government should broaden the tax base by improving the capacity of LGAs to collect taxes, introduce modern tax revenue administration systems in LGAs and WD[DWLRQRIWKHLQIRUPDOVHFWRU

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The Central Government should deliberately strengthen the autonomy of LGAs in determining their own development priorities, and in raising and managing their own UHVRXUFHV

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The Central Government should ensure adequate and timely disbursement of funds DOORFDWHGWRWKH/*$6IRULPSOHPHQWDWLRQRIGHYHORSPHQWSURMHFWVDQGHIIHFWLYHVRFLDO VHUYLFHGHOLYHU\

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The government in collaboration with relevant stakeholders should devise a fast track PHFKDQLVPWRLQFUHDVHSURGXFWLYHFDSDFLWLHVDQGMREFUHDWLRQHVSHFLDOO\IRUWKH\RXWK DQGRWKHUGLVDGYDQWDJHGJURXSV

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The Central government should effectively implement its commitment to empower the local communities through decentralization which empowers the local communities and LGAs to sustainably utilize resources in their localities for inclusive socio-economic GHYHORSPHQW

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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

19


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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?


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National Five Years Development Plan II (FYDPII): How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Authorities?

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National Five Years Development Plan II: How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Au  

National Five Years Development Plan II: How Do We Improve Implementation in the Local Government Au  

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