tomorrow. tomorrow the official magazine of lund 2012
editorial. Dear Delegates, some may believe that a Regional Session is one of the least important events run within EYP. It is, in fact, exactly the opposite. Although they are short, not that international and smaller in size than the actual International Session, they are everyone’s – and also yours – very first steps in the astonishing world of the European Youth Parliament. EYP is something completely different than other extra-curricular activities. It is definitely a life-changing experience. This is why it is our greatest pleasure to welcome you in Lund at this occasion. We hope that this magazine will keep you informed, entertained and provide you with memories that will last for a long time. Enjoy reading! Good luck and all the best, Weronika & Ulli Editors of Lund 2012
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4 european youth terms 5 putting turkey on the roast 6 unveiling pedobears, exposing privacy 7 the chairs 8 you will survive! 9 great depression 2.0 10 presidential passions 12 europe on the â€œrightâ€? path? 13 asylum ping pong 14 the city of ideas 16 a safer place to live in? 17 symbolised identity 18 blundâ€™s adventures, vol. 1 tomorrow.
european youth terms Ieva Pastare guides you through the jungle of EYP vocabulary. General Assembly (GA) The part of the Session where everyone dresses fancy, debates the Resolutions that have been written during the Session, defends and attacks them and, in the end, votes for them. Be active through the whole GA. Work with enthusiasm and make a lot of points.
a team out of the group of strangers. So.. ignore the awkwardness, participate to the fullest and have fun. Resolution A motion about a certain topic written by a Committee during the Committee Work. That is what you will be debating with your fellow Delegates during the GA.
Committee Work (CW) Time during the Session when Delegates discuss their topics within their Committee in order to write a Res- National Selection (NS) Session involving Delegates selected at the Regionolution. al Sessions (one of which you are participating right Orga – Organiser now); it is the next level of an EYP session, collecting A person who makes things happen. Usually, they are the brightest minds of Sweden. busy, running around and working hard, they are also International Session (IS) the ones in charge of the coffee breaks. This is as far as you can get as a Delegate; this year Head-Orga – Head-Organiser you can get selected either to the IS in Istanbul or John von Caprivi de Como. He is the one leading Amsterdam, each gathering 300 people from over the Orga team, mainly responsible for this session be- 30 different countries. ing so incredibly prepared. Thank him, the team and Board praise John’s beard. Consists of a President and two Vice-Presidents of Journos – Journalists the Session. They lead the Chairs team and taking Sstalkers walking around with cameras, taking notes care of the GA-debates. They are also very wise and of things happening around, having a huge smile on good looking. their faces. They are the ones who create the newspaper for the Session. The Press Team is coordinated President by the Editors – Ulrich Johannes Völker and Weronika Our Session President is Monika Seidel. Her role at the Session is to chair the Chairs. She is a strong Myck. and glorious leader, but do not be afraid of her and Chairs – Chairpersons feel free to chat with her about the weather or even Someone who guides a Committee throughout the something important . whole Session; they never sleep and are always Video Editor keen on helping you with your questions. A guy with behind the camera (or even two), who Teambuilding (TB) walks around and films everything in order to make The part of the Session when weird games are a Session video. If you see him, use the opportunity, played within your Committee. The games might make jump in the frame and do something special, making you feel awkward, but the reason for that is to form the video even cooler.
putting turkey on the roast Besides being an ugly bird and a country with a beautiful landscape and millions of tourists, what does Turkey really mean to us Europeans? Why should it (not) join the EU? Christina Daubjerg Newman takes us on a trip through the recent history of the EU-Turkey relations.
Quoting an American girl I once saw on YouTube: “Turkey? That’s a country? I thought it was what I ate for Thanksgiving!” But what does Turkey – which in fact is a country – and its history actually mean for us, Europeans? Turkey applied for EU membership in April 1987 and was recognised as candidate country in 1999. Accession negotiations were, yet, not opened. According to the Commission and the Council, Turkey did not satisfy the political Copenhagen criteria (defining whether a country is eligible to join the European Union). Three years later, the heads of state and government decided to give Turkey “a date for a date”, when they would decide whether it satis-
fied the criteria. In October 2005, accession negotiations were finally opened – based on a Commission report requesting Turkey to fulfil the requirements of the “Acquis Communautaire“, a charter of legal and political principles of the EU. It is split up into 35 chapters which need to be “closed“ before Turkey can join the Union. If Turkey for example recognised Cyprus as an independent state, 8 chapters will be closed. So far, 34 are still open. Several websites have conducted polls and surveys whether Turkey should be allowed to join the EU. The concrete results vary – but one opinion stands out: The country is “too far away” from Europe and cultural differences are too big. Turkey is a
secular state, with no religion being officially backed. However, 99 per cent of the Turks are Muslims, yet headscarves and other religious veilings are illegal in official buildings. Moreover, a newborn child automatically receives the father’s religion in the birth certificate. The big question is whether we can live with that in Europe. Being European gives us freedom of speech, freedom to dress the way we like, freedom to choose our religion, and freedom to live the life as we want to. Will Turkey be able to fulfil the needs of European daily life, or is it simply too far away – not just geographically but also culturally?
unveiling pedobears, exposing privacy I R U J
“Black boxes“ could solve cyber crime, but are a serious threat to the fundamental rights of individuals, pleads Ieva Pastare
Cyber crimes are committed just as you are reading this sentence. Identifying the criminals is, however, unrealistic. Often hidden behind several proxy servers, IP addresses are untraceable. Thus, the Internet is a safe environment for criminal action – hacking, phishing, Internet extortion, Internet fraud, identity theft and child exploitation, but is not safe for the innocent average user. In October, the Italian MEP Tiziano Motti presented a controversial solution: By installing a “black box“ on every device connected to the Internet, anything done online would be logged and saved. In case of any evidence of crime, an earlywarning system would identify the suspect and alarm the authorities
– for example if images of sexually – in the utopian world. But is there abused children were detected. It is a utopian world with cyber crime? hard to imagine how such a system It might just be a matter of time uncould work in real life, considering til hackers would have figured out the huge amount of data shared how to access those data and gain every second. It might work against considerable insight in any person‘s piracy, but can it stop child abuse? private life. Privacy is a fundamental And which Internet user would ap- human right. Anonymity and pseuprove that he could be d o ny mi t y monitored at any time if are effecThis might sound there are only minimal tive ways good and effective – grounds? to keep this Does this „black box“ in the utopian world p r i v a cy . system necessarily Probably, mean that any Internet user could the Internet cannot be made a safe be monitored at any time? Servers environment without threatening would be created to collect every- the privacy of individuals. Politicians one‘s personal data – and, if nec- have to decide: Is it worth that? essary, share it with the authorities. This might sound good and effective
1 Name & Country 2 Funny thing that happened in 2011 3 If you had any superpower, what would it be? 4 Random fact about yourself.
Laurens Kraima (Netherlands)
Hosting four Turks the Dutch style Low voice
Franziska Hülß (Germany)
Anja Nilsson (Sweden)
New Years Eve, hiding from fireworks
Hitchhiking in Italy
Killing with eye sight (claims it is true, be careful) Deskmate’s grandfather in the sixth generation was deskmates with Lenin
Mats Kuuskemaa (Estonia)
Gundega Elerte (Latvia)
Hiding from fireworks on a playground
Likes doing illegal things in airports
Cooks incredibly tasty potato pancakes
Supersmile Buys everything in even numbers
Kate Walsh (Ireland)
Confusing Chairs’ names during a speech at Closing Ceremony
A friend playing Irish tin whistle (somewhat similar to a flute) in Norwegian mountains
Bad with names and figures
Flying Lives in Moscow
Ingrid Sårheim (Norway)
Monika Seidel (Germany)
Herman Cain mentioning the Pokémon Movie during his suspension speech
Teleporting Her suitcase was lost for 3 weeks after she had come back from a session
Yiannos Vakis (Cyprus)
Axel Ellung (Sweden)
Met Queen Elizabeth II
you will survive! As journalists, we will help you to make the most out of this session. Christina Daubjerg Newman presents a survival guide for EYP beginners 1 / Be on time! 2 / Smile!
A smile can lighten up someone elseâ€™s day, so keep smiling. Besides, everyone looks much prettier with a smile on their face, so wherever you go, do not forget to bring a smile with you.
Even though you are blessed with the finest chairs in the world, they will kill you if you are not on time. So having a watch or a mobile phone is essential.
3 / Eat well!
During an EYP session you will learn to appreciate food in a completely new way. Even surstrĂśmming!
4 / Stay awake!
Today and tomorrow will undoubtedly be very stressful and tiring. Make sure you drink a lot of coffee, water, coca cola or energy drinks!
5 / Fresh air!
When your chair gives you a small break, go outside, and breathe. Breathing through a cigarette may seem like an option, but remember that smoking is not permitted on the school grounds.
great depression 2.0 What if this time, it’s more than just a financial crisis, asks Anna Staab
In general, we could say that the origins of all crises seem very familiar. If you hide the name of the countries involved, the current European financial crisis looks astonishingly similar to the crises in Ukraine in 1994, South Korea in 1997 or Russia in 1998. In these cases the powerful elites – mostly banks and companies – overestimated their capabilities over the “good” times and in turn took too many risks; the managers counted on the governments to give them a hand when problems arose, basing on their political connections and influence. They have been proven right. During the last crises, both in the USA and EU Member States, governments were giving support. Sometimes running the country rather like a profit-seeking company,
they did not only give the economy plenty of rope – they even pitched in if something went wrong. It is not the grief that we owe the debts; it is the desperately ill political system enslaved to the financial elites. It seems that an improvement could (only?) be reached by destructing the power of such elites, in combination with restructuring the banking system. Unfortunately, this never happened. Instead, governments try to fix the problem with more loans taken by banks and companies. That way, the initiators of the crisis get the chance to pass the responsibility on to the governments, which then pass it on to the taxpayers, and, in the end, to the ECB and the IMF. Thus, the crisis of one big bank turns into the crisis of an entire country, and, in the long run, a crisis of the
ECON EU and global economy. As a result, the collapse of a single country such as Greece suddenly threatens the Euro zone. Now, it is far too late for the Greek economy to be restructured without the, in fact illegal, Euro bail-out funds, threatening both Member States‘ economies and their citizens‘ support for the European Union. Then again, by not helping Greece, the EU would not only risk the final breakdown of that particular country, but rapid similar development in Spain or Portugal. The European Union is dependent on every single of its Member States. Governments and national economies are tightly connected and highly interdependent. A solution seems to be more than difficult.
presidential passions Audrey Wamister has the honour to present an outstanding woman – the Session President, Monika Seidel from Germany
Getting to know her Monika, tell us a bit about yourself. Originally, I am from Munich. But at the moment I study Governance and Public Policy in Passau. Then, EYP takes up a very big part of my life. Nevertheless I still find some time to go snowboarding in winter and in summer I do rock climbing. I’m also a big movie fan. So what is your favourite movie? Well, there are several from different genres; for instance I really like “Fight Club”, “Casablanca” and also “A Few Good Men”.
the cities, especially Lund with its pretty Swedish houses – they’re so sweet. In addition to Sweden, I also really like Thailand with its amazing food and the beautiful beaches, however it makes me pensive to see how a lot of the people living there have to endure such poverty and political instability.
What are you especially looking forward to at this Session? I am really looking forward to meeting the Delegates. I am very excited to get to know them, to see how they are going to be. I am curious What is your favourite country? about their opinions on these curOf course Sweden, and I am not rent issues of European politics. just saying this to be popular! I like What are your aims for this Session?
My main goal is that the Chairs can go home with a feeling of having achieved something during this Session. This does not only count for the Chairs but for every participant. And what are your wishes? I wish that everyone will have a lot of fun, that they can truly enjoy themselves and nonetheless still be relaxed.
EYP If you had to describe EYP in one word, what would that be? Passion. How did you get involved in EYP? It started with my school applying for the German National Session.
Sadly we were not selected to take did not get selected for an Interpart. Afterwards, our teacher asked national Session. After attending a if we could go somewhere else. So very chaotic session in 2006, I dein the end we were sent to a ses- cided to start organising myself and sion in a really small town called grew fond of it. Bad Urach, that was in 2005. This is when EYP took hold of me and What kept you involved in EYP? did not let me go. After Bad Urach Definitely the people. It is very hard I went to a Polish session with a to find another place were so many friend, because I heard a lot about creative, open-minded, intelligent Polish sessions. We and even crazy were the only Gerpeople from My biggest gain man Delegates all over Europe there which was from EYP is my future. come together. was an extraordioffering a (...) It made me the per- By nary experience. platform for exTherefore, I applied son that I am now. change, we help for the German young people National Session once more. This make up their own mind on so many time I was chosen to participate, but important issues. They help them to
overcome their national limitations, their comfort zone, which keeps them thinking outside the box. What is your biggest gain from EYP? My future! Without EYP I would not have started to study what I am studying now. I would not have the experience I now have from seeing so many different places and meeting so many different people. EYP made me the person that I am now. Do you have some tips for the delegates? I hope that they see this session as an opportunity, as a chance for themselves to have lots of fun and to get into crazy discussions.
europe on the “right” path?
I I E B LI
” Afraid of offending ethnic minorities, politicians have failed to discuss immigration. ”
Extremist and populist politicians are receiving increasing attention and support. Niks Berzinš is reminded of the 1930s. We all know that today, Xenophobia is a serious problem in all parts of Europe. Right-wing extremist parties promoting hatred against immigrants and minorities are largely represented in several national parliaments. The situation is deteriorating rapidly. It feels like Europeans are losing their tolerance as they see their environment threatened after decades of comfort. Post-war Europe had one great foe and one great friend to produce unity of political purpose, even if big parties battled over priorities. Moderate right and left united against Moscow’s communist proxy parties and allied themselves to the US by creating the NATO. Nationalisms were widely suppressed by the newly founded European Communities which also weaned Europeans off protectionist economics in favour of open trade and competitive markets. In these difficult times, xenophobic positions have become part of the political “mainstream”. Right-wing parties that were ridiculed for racism, or even fascism, are starting to build coalitions – and spread subliminal propaganda. As part of a campaign, the successful Italian right-wing separatist movement Lega Nord published a poster showing a native American which says: “They also underwent immigration – now they live in reservations!”
This does remind me of the situation before the Second World War, when nationalism and thus also racism was on a rapid rise. The Euro Crisis did have similar effects. Far-right parties who never had been represented in parliaments could easily blame the moderate parties, governments and politicians for what had happened. Across the continent, the far right thus sought and found success in areas with intense economic deprivation and social breakdown. They pitched themselves as the authentic voice of the people, as representatives of the “silent majority“, daring to address issues, they claimed to have for long been ignored by politicians. We cannot deny that the political majorities themselves are highly responsible for this development. The far right thrives because mainstream politicians – afraid of offending ethnic minorities – have failed to discuss immigration, which now has blown up in their faces. Something has to be done – now. Economic instability, raising racism in both everyday life and politics, extremist and populist politicians receiving a vast share of attention and support, this reminds me of something – the “good old” 1930s. Probably, the result will not a Third World War. But something will happen, because people will not tolerate this situation for much longer.
asylum ping pong Christian Blad is longing for permanent solutions to a desperate situation
One year ago, the oppressed people of North Africa joined in the struggle for democracy and freedom. Despotic dictators desperately tried to cling onto the very last inch of power, violence ruled and protesters were killed. Violence that led into a massive influx of immigrants into the European Union. But the door was often closed. For both political and economic reasons, Member States kept and still keep sending asylum seekers back and forth – impairing their fight against injustice. European migration policy is based on solidarity and trust. It aims at fighting illegal and promoting legal immigration, and finally creating a link between migration and development. But while policies are debated, the actual interests of those fleeing from war and political instability are increasingly pushed to the background.
Italy and France decided to keep security, Frontex, which has for long immigrants out. They agreed on joint been assisting the Italian authoripatrols at the Tunisian coast to block ties in Lampedusa – where 22,000 the ships heading for the island of people have arrived just recently. Lampedusa. Thus, powerful coun- Millions of euros were allocated to tries not following any migration different North African authorities policy brought about the demise of to meet the urgent humanitarian all three cornerstones of the policy. needs of people fleeing from dicThe problem of illegal immigration is tatorships. Nevertheless, all those rapidly increasing measures are no – and seriously solutions, but While policies are endangering the merely impermapeople affected. debated, the interests nent. Permanent Illegal immigrants of those fleeing from solutions – within often can‘t wait the EU migrawar and instability are for official docution policy – are ments and are pushed to the backneeded as soon forced to put their ground. as possible. fate in the hands North African of the organised Refugees are crime – human trafficking. Each year, desperately trying to find shelter several hundreds of immigrants die from violence and the risk of perseon their desperate way to Europe. cution. Illegal immigration to Europe Action has been taken by both the is not their last but their only resort. EU and its agency for borderline
the city of ideas Ludvig Helldén introduces you to one of the most beautiful and appealing cities of Scandinavia, Lund.
Situated in the Southwest part of Skåne, Lund is a beautiful city counting over 1 000 years. Over the past centuries it has gained a reputation of a place where people meet and exchange ideas. Today, with its 80,000 inhabitants, Lund is, more than ever, a meeting place for ideas and creativity. The city has it all: one of the world’s highest ranked universities, historical surroundings, sports facilities, beautiful parks and a multicultural atmosphere.
History Founded in the 11th century, Lund is the one of the oldest cities in Sweden. Even though, today, the city belongs to Sweden, it was actually the Danish who founded the city and held it until the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. Under its Danish influence, Lund became the seat of the
archbishop for Scandinavia in 1103. In the same year Lund Cathedral was founded. Today, the cathedral is one of Lund’s most distinctive landmarks. Another historically important building in Lund is the Cathedral School (Katedralskolan), founded in 1085. That makes Katedralskolan the oldest school in Scandinavia and one of the oldest in the Northern Europe. The school has been very important, with, for example, King Charles the 12th of Sweden living there. One of the bloodiest battles ever having taken place in Scandinavia happened in 1676 outside Lund, where the city was defended against the Danish. The city’s most famous institution is without doubt the University. Lund University was established in 1666 and is currently Sweden’s largest University educating over 42,000 students. Many of them live in Lund and contribute massively to the progress of the city.
Entertainment & Culture Characterised by the large student population and its traditions, the entertainment Lund has to offer to young people is often provided by the University and its Nations. The Nations – compare them with American college houses – plan events and hosts parties almost every weekend. One of the most appreciated events the University students are in charge of is the Lund Carnival. Taking place every four years since the mid-nineteenth century, it is now a great festivity for the young as well as the elderly, with a parade and activities all over Lund. All of it is concentrated at the University’s surroundings. In 2010, when the last carnival took place, the police estimated the total amount of visitors to almost 300,000. These were only the numbers for Saturday, the second day in the three days of the carnival. The music scene provided in Lund is nothing but great. At Mejeriet, artists such as Gavin DeGraw, Timbuktu and Movits! have performed. Furthermore, many celebrities have emerged and lived, namely the comedian David Batra, the actor Max von Sydow, writer August Strindberg and the singer and TV presenter Måns Zelmerlöw.
Some final words Arriving at the train station, the first impression of Lund is not that great. You will probably not have time for sightseeing during this session due to the packed programme, but I strongly recommend you to visit the city in spring, when Lund is at its most beautiful season. Stroll through the old streets, buy some fresh bread from “Mormors bageri”, chat with some students and have an old-fashion ice cream in the park. Lund is a city you will not forget easily!
a safer place to live in? Christopher Proctor examines the controversial impasses of nuclear energy
Getting rid of nuclear energy is not generation nuclear energy and its about the nuclear disasters of the going to happen overnight, even if consequences, 4 000 people die past. Although the accident of Fukuyou want it to. For long, supporters from the same amount of energy shima was caused by a combination and opponents have been arguing produced from coal, of two exwith vigor. Mostly, discussions end- thus putting nuclear traorSupporters and ed up in impasses. Arguments for power at the botdinary opponents have been and against are strong, and there tom of the list of ennatural are many. This makes comprises ex- ergy sources causing discussing with vigor – d i s a s t e rs tremely difficult. death? and a famostly, discussions One could argue in favour that at There is no need to cility litended up in impasses. the moment, nuclear power is the deny that the biggest tered with only susp ro bl e m faults, it still Fukushima still shows with nuclear power is shows that such a catastrophe is not tainable and ef- that such a catastrophe the waste produced. It impossible. fi ci e n t is radioactive, it is im- However the political discussions is not impossible. energy mensely toxic and it is may proceed, one question has to s o u rce here to stay. Although remain central: How can we make that does not direct contribute it often seems to be the only legiti- a safer and better place to live in? to global warming. Did you know mate reason to give up the use of that for every person killed by the nuclear energy, but let us not forget
symbolised identity T L U C
Audrey Wamister explores a cultural conflict between religion, secularisation and human rights
In March 2004, French legislature any objections to the pupils’ relipassed the “bill on wearing sym- gious beliefs – could be justified by bols and garb showing religious the requirements of protecting the affiliation in state primary and rights and freedoms of others. secondary schools“. Based on the The request of Muslim girls to principle of separation of church wear their religiously motivated and state, any religious symbols veil at school has been a controwere banned from public schools. versial issue in several western After had been excountries since the pelled from classes 1980s. But such Are these for not having folveil is not the only lowed the new law, “accessories“ wearable symbol pupils went to the really necessary of religious distincEuropean Court of tion. Others include to obey a cerHuman Rights. Particuthe Sikh kirpan, the larly referring Article tain religion? Jewish kippah and 9 of the ECHR, the even ostentatious applicants complained about the versions of the Christian cross. ban constricting their freedom of The question arising is: Are these religion. The Court held that the “accessories“ really necessary to ban – rather than being based on obey a certain religion? For in-
stance, the Muslim community itself is sharply divided about whether or not veiling is required as a matter of religious doctrine. Veiling was widely regarded as a cultural rather than a religious practice until the 19th century – which has changed drastically since then. Another example are the Orthodox Jewish men who keep their heads covered with the kippah at all times, whereas non-Orthodox Jews just wear the kippah during prayers. Thus, it remains difficult to draw a line between what is completely essential to follow within one specific religion – and what is merely up to the moral of individuals.
blundâ€™s adventures, vol. 1 Blund, a 7 years old Bear from Hamburg, arrived to Sweden with our beloved Editor Ulli. He was so excited about his first journey abroad that he left all of his clothes at home. Since he does not want to miss a single part of the session, he is now a bit worried if he is going to be able to attend GA. Still, he is not going to let this ruin his stay. While his owner is occupied producing the best newspaper the EYP world has ever seen, Blund managed to steal off and checked out the facilities, the Chairs and Organising Team â€“ he just did not notice that he was followed.
Now he was flirting with other bears ...
planking a lot while organisers were actually trying to work ... and copying some parts of his body ... Orgas even lend him a sweater because it was so cold outside ... the Orgas served him coffee ... he even met a real President ... and the head-orga John even tried to pick him up ...
Now he is eagerly waiting for the delegates to arrive, while it is getting darker and colder outside.
credits. our sponsors:
tomorrow. the official magazine of lund 2012
was brought to you by:
Audrey Wamister (CH) Ieva Pastare (LV)
Spegel Spegel Ludvig HelldĂŠn (SE)
Anna Staab (DE)
special thanks to:
Christina Newman (DK)
Niks BerzinĹĄ (LV)
Sing a song spontaneously using the word “Rulleboir”
Come 3 minutes early from a coffee break
Tell John von Caprivi that he has a nice beard
Compliment Monika (the Session President)
Learn how to say good morning in 3 new languages
Get your chair’s autograph on your body
Let’s play a game. Rules are simple, if you manage to do things in a line horizontally or vertically before the committee work starts, you know that you have a true EYP spirit inside you. If you manage to complete the entire scoreboard, we can guarantee you a high five from one of the Editors.
Hug 5 strangers who enter your committee room
Call your mom and tell her that you are okay
Take a picture with Find out the name 3 people you did of the President not know before of EYP Sweden
High five 3 journos
Participate in a group hug (more than 8 people)
Get a picture with Blund (the session mascot)
Hug an organiser
Take a photo of you and someone making coffee
Troll someone who is talking to his/her mom by screaming “Darling, get back to bed!”
"tomorrow" is the official magazine of Lund 2012, First Southern Regional Session of EYP Sweden. Edited by Ulrich Johannes Völker and Weroni...