CURO Symposium 2017 Book of Abstracts

Page 107

Abstracts homeless, but also businesses and the local economy. Atlanta already has transitional housing programs that put homeless people in shelters that give them skills to prepare them to go back in the workforce and become home owners. Still, there are not enough resources available to reach the total homeless population. There are three policies that can positively aid in the reduction and prevention of homeless people in Atlanta: tax breaks offered by the state & local government for businesses who hire homeless people for at least 6 months; increased taxes on citizens and businesses that make $1 million or more a year and use the revenue to increase the reach of the current initiatives to reduce homelessness; and housing homeless people in the 46,000 vacant homes in Atlanta. Housing homeless people will prove to be best in reaching the total homeless population and is the most cost-effective and efficient out of the three policies. Atlanta should move to use its vacant homes to house homeless people and thus reduce the many costs that homeless people bring on the city.

Characterization of Antibody Response and Cell-Mediated Immune Response to Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Connor Grady, CURO Research Assistant Dr. Ted M Ross, Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine Influenza virus infection is a disease of global concern, causing significant morbidity and mortality in many individuals. Annual seasonal influenza vaccination is the most effective way to reduce the risk of acquiring infection and is recommended for all individuals 6 months and older. A robust cell-mediated immune response to influenza infection is necessary for viral clearance and recovery. The purpose of this study is to quantify the frequency of CD154/CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, CD27 memory B cells, CD138 plasma cells, CD107a Natural Killer cells, CD11b+ myeloid-lineage cells, and immunoglobulin lymphocytes derived from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells before and after influenza vaccination of a split inactivated tri/quadrivalent intramuscular vaccine. By using flow cytometry, cell populations can be analyzed by comparing cell frequencies before vaccination and 21 days post-vaccination. These cell populations can then be compared to antibody titers, determined by hemagglutination inhibition assay, against the strains included in the vaccine along with historical influenza strains to determine if there is a correlation between humoral and cellular immune response. Based on prior studies, it is expected that the frequency of all cells assessed will increase in response to influenza vaccination and that HAI titers will positively correlate with immune cell populations.

Performance on a Measure of Multitasking is Related to Executive Function in Older Adults Maria Granros, CURO Research Assistant Dr. Steve Miller, Psychology, Franklin College of Arts and Sciences Current research suggests that cognitive training may retard decline in attention, memory, and executive functions in older adults. Age related decline is normal for both mildly cognitively impaired and healthy older adults. Executive functions are the skills necessary for organization, execution of goals, and inhibition of compulsory actions. Specifically, executive dysfunction demonstrates difficulty in multitasking activities of everyday life. To examine the relationship between executive functions and performance on a task representative of multitasking abilities, a sample of older adults (n=20) played Neuroracer, a video game customized to train, challenge and measure multitasking ability over 12 visits, completing 20 trials each visit. The game required participants to drive a vehicle on a road while periodically and simultaneously responding to interjected symbols on the driving screen field. The difficulty level of each trial run changed specific to each participant using an algorithm that considered performance

Reducing Homelessness in Atlanta Ammishaddai Sully Grand-Jean Dr. Christopher Cornwell, Economics, Terry College of Business There are over 6,000 homeless people who reside in the City of Atlanta. Each homeless person costs tax payers about $40,000 a year, which includes emergency visits, prison, and police activities. Since homeless people do not own homes, it is difficult for them to obtain jobs and, as a result, they are trapped in the cycle of poverty. Homelessness doesn’t only negatively affect the 102