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muse | film & tv

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE in film

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hen thinking about artificial intelligence, two key points of view often emerge. There are those filled with fear, imagining a world in which robots have complete control over the human race. Others are more optimistic and long for the day when a robot can become their helper and companion. Computer scientist John McCarthy first coined the term “Artificial Intelligence”(AI) in 1956, to refer to machines that are capable of human-like reasoning, problem-solving, abstract thought, and self-improvement. Films have always portrayed a specific type of robot when portraying AI, choosing not to distinguish between the three calibers of AI that actually exist. The first one is Caliber 1-Artificial Narrow/ Weak Intelligence (ANI), that is designed to help us in our day-to-day lives. These take the form of simple programmes such as the calculator on our smartphones. Then there is Caliber 2-Artificial General/ Strong/Human-Level Intelligence (AGI), which can perform any intellectual task that a human being can. It is yet to be created, but can be seen with the robot TARS in Interstellar or R2-D2 in Star Wars.

Finally, Caliber 3-Artificial Superintelligence (ASI) has an intellect that would surpass even the smartest of our lecturers. ASI is usually seen in older films, like HAL in 2001: A Space Odyssey and ARIAA in Eagle Eye. ASI leads to what is known as “technological singularity”, a situation where normal rules no longer apply and our technology’s intelligence exceeds our own. In the decades since John McCarthy started work on AI, the public’s attitude towards it has changed drastically.. We may think that artificial intelligence is a relatively new phenomenon in film, but the first mention of AI in film was in Metropolis, which was released in 1927. The film follows an evangelical figure named Maria, who advises desperate fac-

Amber Doig-Thorne discusses the portrayal of artificial intelligence in films PAGE 52

Profile for Pi Media, UCLU

Pi Magazine, Issue 713 - Re:Generation  

Our third issue of 2015-16 explores our generation of millennial, and our collective identity. Why is our generation the way it is - what ex...

Pi Magazine, Issue 713 - Re:Generation  

Our third issue of 2015-16 explores our generation of millennial, and our collective identity. Why is our generation the way it is - what ex...

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