;/,0050+,5;0;@ 5:<7,9-694,9:79,:,5;*<3;<9, 6-1(7(5,:,(4,90*(5*644<50;@ :;69@)@,403@.3(5;65c7/6;6:)@165(;/(55.<@
Â¸3L[\ZUL]LYMVYNL[[OLWLVWSL ^OVOH]LMV\NO[MVYV\YPKLU[P[`Âš ^YV[L(SILY[8\HJOPUOPZ+PYLJ[VYÂťZ 5V[L[V[OLH\KPLUJL0UKPYLJ[VYPHS MHZOPVU8\HJOHZRLKOPTZLSMOV^ [OLPYWLYMVYTHUJLPU^V\SK YLWYLZLU[[OLZ[Y\NNSLZHUK[YP\TWOZ MHJLKI`1HWHULZL(TLYPJHUZ HJJ\YH[LS`/V^JV\SK[OL`YLSH`HSS
[OH[^HZPTWVY[HU[HUKZPNUPĂ„JHU[ ^OPSLHSZVJLSLIYH[PUN[OL[YHKP[PVUHS OPZ[VY`VM[OLPYWHZ[Z& Recognizing the difficulties faced by the many different generations of Japanese Americans, the Cultural Night producers set out to create a performance that would highlight the issue of identity in the new second-generation, the Shin-Nisei. While in the past there had been clear cut lines to
distinguish between cultures, as the recent generations grew up, it became apparent that being Japanese American didnâ€™t define the individual--the individual defined the Japanese American community. Third-year anthropology student Katherine Ma, a member of NSU, explained, â€œWe are blurring the boundaries between Japanese, Japanese American, and American. Weâ€™re not as different as we think.â€? The Nikkei Student Unionâ€™s 26th annual Cultural Night was titled, â€œOur [I] denitityâ€”Itâ€™s More Than Blood,â€? and its message was clear to all in the audience of Royce Hall on February 20, 2012. Held on the week of February 19 every year, the
Cultural Night served as a reminder of the United States’ signing of Executive Order 9066, which led to the internment of more than 100,000 Japanese Americans during World War II. Since the original intent of commemorating the past and the hardships of Japanese Americans, the Cultural Night has metamorphosed to become a night of understanding the more current struggles of the community and appreciating the experience of accepting one’s identity. To highlight various parts of Japanese American culture, the show was broken down into two acts in which each of the six groups performed at least twice. The drama performances were spread throughout the show, interwoven with the other performances. NSU’s multi-ethnic hip-hop dance group, Modern, performed two routines that showcased their varied talent and high energy. They presented the passion with which the Japanese American community had experienced a
journey--one that was constantly bringing people together as they searched for their personal identity. An important aspect of the Japanese American culture was taiko drumming, which was an art-form of ensemble drumming in which members wore traditional black robes and hachimaki, a headband worn around the head. Kyodo Taiko, the first collegiate taiko group, formed in North America, brought its cultural richness and historical spirit to the stage with five exciting different songs that highlighted aspects of the community from emotion to family to battle to college. “Taiko was one of the best aspects of the night. It kept the spirit up during the show,” said first-year political science student Dora Vang. Another of the groups, Odori, performed traditional Japanese dances in flowing garb that represented the Genroku period, considered the golden era of Tokugawa Japan. They used props that represented the cherry blossoms in spring. V-TONE, NSU’s first-ever a cappella music group, also performed its debut song, “If You’re Not the One,” during Cultural Night. The group, whose acronym stood for Vocalists to the Tune of Nikkei Enthusiasts, was inspired by the changing dynamic of the Japanese American community. They focused on modern music and a shared love for singing and a sense of togetherness that music created. Fourth-year English student Travis Lau served as editor and advisor of the drama portion of the show and was instrumental in creating V-TONE. In his final year in NSU, he wanted to continue the tradition of embracing both modernity and history. Lau said, “We have many strong traditions, but the community really changes. There are modern twists on old issues, and new things develop. The Japanese
American culture is shaped by other cultures. We just want to share our stories and experiences, because you don’t have to be a part of the community to appreciate Japanese culture.” As the evening progressed, the skit was performed by the drama crew. The drama was broken into short, five-minute scenes, which were spread throughout the show. In weaving the message of the drama in with the traditional and modern performances by the other groups, the skit made its message clear. A young Japanese American woman was struggling with her identity--was she Japanese or American?--and therefore she and her group of friends set out to understand exactly what identity, culture, and community were. In the closing scene, she said, “The perspective you add to the community is invaluable. We have to be comfortable with who we are,” epitomizing the theme of the night. The Japanese American community no longer had clear, well-defined lines and ways to separate and segregate amongst the new, changing generations, and that was perfectly fine with the students in NSU. They learned to embrace the changes and choose personally what they identified with. With that personal identification, they were ready to show the world what they thought the transforming, complex, culturally rich community of Japanese Americans in the current age. OPPOSITE | O dori (Left to Right) Devin Ferguson, Kristen Sadakane, Kamryn Ikeda, Kayleigh Setoda perform a traditional fan dance during NSU Culture N ight. The O dori members display traditional Japanese elements through clothing, props, and dances throughout the night. ABOVE | Second year student K yle Graycar (right) and second year student K yle Ichikawa (left) perform with K yodo Taiko during the annual NSU Culture N ight. K yodo Taiko performed throughout the entire night with different members rotating in and out.
3(+@.(.(.6;56;/05.65)9<05:(:;/,@+(5*,+ -69/6<9::;9(0./;;6/,37-05+(*<9,-69(0+: :;69@)@790@(3-(+(+<
(NPYSZ[VVKVUZ[HNL>LHYPUN HIPNZTPSLVUOLYMHJLZOLJHTL HJYVZZHZYH[OLYZ[`SPZO^P[OOLY [YLUK`[VWHUKOLYWH[[LYULKZJHYM +LZWP[L[OLMHJ[[OH[ZOLKPKUV[ ZOV^HZPUNSLZ`TW[VTVMZ[HNL MYPNO[ZOLHWWLHYLK[VILQ\Z[H YLN\SHYNPYS·OV^L]LY[OLYL^HZ TVYL[VOLY)`SVVRPUNH[OLYP[ ^HZUV[HWWHYLU[[OH[ZOL^HZ /0=WVZP[P]L;OPZNPYS^HZ`LHY VSK1VZLWOPUL5HI\RLU`H:OL JHTLHSS[OL^H`MYVT<NHUKH HZHU(0+:(TIHZZHKVYMYVT[OL ,SPaHIL[O.SHJPLY7LKPH[YPJ(0+: -V\UKH[PVU[VZWLHRVUILOHSMVM [OLVYNHUPaH[PVUVMOV^<*3(»Z JVU[YPI\[PVU[OYV\NO+HUJL 4HYH[OVUUV[VUS`OLSWLKTHRL HKPMMLYLUJLPU[OLSP]LZVM/0= WVZP[P]LJOPSKYLUPU<NHUKHI\[ ^V\SKJVU[PU\L[VJOHUNL[OLSP]LZ VM/0=WVZP[P]LJOPSKYLUHSSV]LY[OL ^VYSK Tears welled up in students’ eyes, as children and young adults like Josephine and Oso, Kassidy, and D’vonte spoke about their struggles dealing with being HIVpositive—not just in terms of medications and physical limitations, but also about how the negative stigma associated with HIV/AIDS isolates them from the rest of society. When rising to their feet at 11:00 a.m. on February 18, 2012, Bruins were about to learn of the extent of the impact that they were making in the lives of HIVpositive children and of how touched they would be by the children’s stories. Dance Marathon was one of the largest student-run philanthropic events in the west coast. For the past 11 years,
students at UCLA had rallied together to literally take a stand for pediatric AIDS by fighting a personal battle: staying on their feet for the duration of the 26-hour dance-a-thon, acknowledging the battle of the children suffering from AIDS. Dance Marathon was able to raise more than three million dollars, all thanks to the hundreds of participants, musical performers, celebrities, and activists that attended every year. The number of participants increased from the previous year to at least 3,000 people, and they were able to raise a record $451,144. Addressing the distribution of the funds, Pediatric AIDS Coalition president and fourth-year psychology student Erin Ward said, “This year, we added a fourth beneficiary, the UCLA AIDS Institute. This brought the
cause closer to home, so not only were we involved in a global and national scale through the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, but now through Project Kindle and One Heartland, [two summer camp programs from HIVaffected children] and the AIDS Institute, we span the social and biological aspects of the cause as well.” Passing those 26 hours on their feet was no easy feat, but thankfully the Pediatric AIDS Coalition had arranged several activities and performances to make the hours fly by. Condom balloons from the condom jewelry station floated over the sea of dancing Bruins, as they rocked out to hip-hop and rock band 7lions and to UCLA all-male a capella group Bruin Harmony. If they wanted
to take a break from all of that dancing, Bruins could wait in line to take a picture with celebrity blogger Perez Hilton and upcoming band I Am 5 or watch BMX rider Terry Adams tear up the dance floor on his bike. When the dancers started to feel the first waves of drowsiness and pain in their feet, the DJ would not blast Metallica, but instead played classic Disney songs that everyone could sing along to. Every three-hour shift not only had a specific theme to revitalize the dancers, but brought in a bubbly and excited group of moralers who delivered that muchneeded extra burst of energy. “We came at the last three hours—the ‘crazy-eye period,’” commented moraler Sophia Hu, a first-year bioengineering student. *65;05<,+657(.,
TOP | 12:20 p.m. – Students create assortments of accessories to wear during the dance. PH O T O | JEAN BAI, DAILY BRUIN. MIDDLE | 5:15 p.m. – DJ Splyce, who has performed at the Grammy Awards, pumps up the crowd as the marathon heads into the night. PH O T O | BLAINE O HIGASHI, DAILY BRUIN. BOTTOM | 1:38 p.m. - Dancers gather around a circle and limbo dance. PH O T O | JEAN BAI, DAILY BRUIN. LEFT | 12:53 p.m. – W ith the Dance Marathon committee on stage and dancers crowded below, the room welcomed the end of the marathon’s 26 hours by belting out the final songs. PH O T O | ANNIKA HAMMERSCHLAG, DAILY BRUIN
“I can’t believe that they were so into it since they’ve been dancing for 22 hours straight at that point. I would like to think we pumped them up since we actually did sleep. But I was exhausted afterwards and took a long nap. I want to be able to do this one year.” These moralers would perform the “Moraler Dance,” a short dance that was performed twice every shift, with the participants, which created a sense of unity and strength as every single person in the Ackerman Grand Ballroom would be grooving to the same choreography. “It was super fun and really easy to pick
up,” first-year undeclared student Barbara Horne-Petersdorf commented. “It was amazing to see everyone come together, and it was a visual reminder of how strong we were together. Plus, I really liked showing off my crazy poses in the freestyle part.” And when the dancers thought that they could not stand for a minute longer, it was the dancer captains’ job to pump some energy into their tired bodies. Every participant was assigned to a color team, so that they could be mentored by a color captain, a student that had successfully survived Dance Marathon in the past. Whenever Green Team dancer captain
Michelle Dilley noticed her fellow dancers leaning on tables or busting out delusional dance moves such as the “Sleep-and-Sway,” she knew that it was time to intervene. “I pumped dancers up by maintaining my high energy throughout the duration of the event,” the peppy third-year neuroscience student said. “Enthusiasm is highly contagious and feeding off of each other’s energy makes it possible to dance for 26 hours. I also found that reminding the dancers of the cause motivates them to push through the pain and tiredness. The children with HIV/AIDS endure pain and fight stigma their entire lives, so we can push through whatever pain we many feel
“I pumped dancers up by maintaining my high energy throughout the duration of the event...Enthusiasm is highly contagious and feeding oﬀ of each other’s energy makes it possible to dance for 26 hours. “ during those 26 hours.” Aside from just aiding with the dancers with registration and pumping up their morale, these color captains were
in charge of another important aspect of Dance Marathon: the color wars. Each color team was pitted against each other through a series of competitions that occurred every shift. From doing the limbo in heels to booty shaking on stage to stripping down to underwear on the catwalk, these challenges created a sense of camaraderie within teams as team members encouraged each other to hold on and not give up. When the clock struck 1:00 p.m. Sunday afternoon, the 850 dancers collapsed on the ground, thankful that it was finally over. However, they realized that while their battle to stay on their feet
lasted 26 hours, for HIV-positive children, every day was that much of a struggle. While closing her speech, Josephine mentioned, “I only know of the running marathon, not of the dancing kind, but I hope that one day we will have a dance marathon in Uganda to educate people about HIV/AIDS and show that there is hope for the children.” OPPOSITE TOP | 15:22 p.m. – A doughnut-eating contest is held onstage. PH O T O | BLAINE O HIGASHI, DAILY BRUIN. OPPOSITE BOTTOM | 1:07 p.m. – Exactly as the clock struck 1 p.m., signaling the end of the 26 hours, dancers collapsed onto the floors and tables. PH O T O | BRIAN NGUYEN, DAILY BRUIN. ABOVE | The Dance Marathon committee reveals that the event raised $451,114 .03 to fight pediatric AIDS. PH O T O | BLAINE O HIGASHI, DAILY BRUIN.
*6369:(5++(5*,: (5+:(46:(:6/4@ :;<+,5;:.,;(;(:;,6-05+0(5*<3;<9,)@ ;/96>05.*6369,+76>+,9,+(;;/,09-90,5+: (5+-6,:(302,;6*,3,)9(;,/630 :;69@)@790@(3-(+(+<c7/6;6:)@(30*,30<
-PYZ[`LHYLJVUVTPJZZ[\KLU[ 2YPZ[P:\YLJLP]LKZL]LYHSZ[YHUNL SVVRZMYVTWHZZLYZI`HZZOL^HSRLK IHJR[VOLYKVYTYVVTVUL:\UKH` L]LUPUN>OPSLUVYTHSS`[OPZ^V\SK THRLOLYMLLS\UJVTMVY[HISL[OPZ [PTLHYV\UKZOLRUL^L_HJ[S`^OH[ [OL`^LYLSVVRPUNH[,]LY`PUJOVM OLYIVK`^HZJV]LYLKPUHTP_[\YLVM WPURW\YWSLHUKIS\LJVSVYLKWV^LY JH\ZPUNOLY[VSLH]LILOPUKH[\M[VM YLKWV^KLYL]LY`[PTLZOLTV]LK :\YWYPZPUNS`MV\YOV\YZHNVZOLSLM[ OLYYVVTJVTWSL[LS`KL]VPKVMJVSVY ^LHYPUNHIYPNO[^OP[L[HUR7SH`PUN /VSP^HZ[VISHTLMVYOLYJVSVYM\S HWWLHYHUJL Holi was annual festival that originates from India. People all around the country threw colored powder and even water at each other to celebrate the arrival of spring. It also commemorated events in Hindu mythology, but even though it had a religious background and cultural significance, it was celebrated today as mainly for fun without regard to a particular religious affiliation. Second-year Priya Patel, the community service chair for the Indian Student Association, thought it was a good idea to promote such cultural events on campus. “Yes, especially with such an extremely diverse campus as we have, it’s important for students to find way to connect back to their roots and celebrate their heritages,” she said. “They are also a great way to learn about other cultures represented on campus and most importantly, they’re really fun and there is usually free food involved!” A modern interpretation of Holi was that it represents equality: everybody started off wearing a white shirt, but by the end of the day, they were all covered in powder of all colors. It represented the fact that it did not matter who you were or where you were from—Holi was for everyone. Therefore to provide students the opportunity to learn about Indian culture (and have fun making a mess), the ORL and ISU held their annual Holi event at the Sunset
Canyon Recreation Center. This year Holi was labeled “A Bruin Benefit,” as a display and donation box was set up for the participants to donate to Project RISHI, which aimed to transform rural villages in India through healthcare and economic development. Eager groves of students congregated in the upper field, all of them dressed traditionally in white; however, even Holi vetrans were not ready for what was to come because as soon as the bowls of colors were brought out, the students pushed and clawed at each other to grab a fistful of that precious powder which they playfully tossed at their friends. However, even strangers could be attacked if they fell into their range of fire, and soon enough, the sky was painted red, pink, and purple by clouds of color that floated above the crowd. Once the color had settled—and the ferocious battle to attack each other with color ceased—the students laughed at how ridiculous they all looked and posed for several pictures to complete their “beforeafter” set. Fourth year physiological science student Jordan Rivera was upset at himself for
waiting for his last year to play Holi. “I can’t believe I waited this long—it was insane!” he said. “It felt invigorating as an R.A. to throw color at my residents. You should have seen the look on their faces!” Hungry from all of that throwing colored powder and squeamishly running away from each other, the students filed down to the lower field for a taste of some delicious Indian food. A mile-long line formed as these colorful, ravished students waited for their free share of samosas, pakoras, and chutneys. “I miss home-cooked Indian food so much that this is easily my favorite part of Holi,” joked second-year biology student Divya Gupta. “It’s great that my non-Indian friends finally get a chance to see why I love Indian food so much. What I wouldn’t do for another samosa, yummy!” While feasting on these delectable treats, students were able to gain an insight into another aspect of Indian culture by the performances by several of the Indian dance teams. The raas team Bataaka Nu Shaak performed a traditional Gujarati folkdance
with a modern twist by incorporating Siri, an iPhone feature, in their dance. They were followed by Bruin Bhangra, a group that performs an energetic dance that originates in Punjab. The event closed with a performance by the award-winning Nashaa, a hindi-film dance team. Su loved their energy and said, “I had no idea how many different types of Indian dance there were. I’m so happy my roommate dragged me to Holi because I learned so much today.” She added that she wanted to participate in Holi every year, but seriously joked, “It’s so much fun, but I’m really not looking forward to washing all of this colored powder out of my hair!” OPPOSITE TOP | Bruin enjoys delicious Indian food offered at H oli. Bruins were presented with the color powders, Indian food, and a Bollywood fi lm screening. OPPOSITE BOTTOM | Group of freshmen Bruins pose as they take a break from the color throwing. Bruins were decked out in white T-shirts, shorts and fl ip flops. ABOVE | Students participate in the H oli Festival held at Sunset Rec by throwing colored powder at each other. Bruins were given the opportunity to throw color powder at each other in honor of the arrival of spring.
4<:0*(3(5+*64,+0*;(3,5;0479,:::7905. :05.(<+0,5*,:65*,469, :;69@)@,403@.3(5;65c7/6;6:)@165(;/(55.<@
*YV^KPUNPU[V[OL3VZ(UNLSLZ ;LUUPZ*LU[LYVU-YPKH`4H` <*3(SV]LYZHSSSVVRLK MVY^HYK[VHUPNO[VMJVTLK` [HSLU[HUK)Y\PUWYPKL:WYPUN :PUN<*3(ÂťZHUU\HST\ZPJHS[HSLU[ JVTWL[P[PVU^HZVULVM[OLTVZ[ ^PKLS`HU[PJPWH[LK[YHKP[PVUZVM[OL ZJOVVS`LHY In 1945, the first official Spring Sing event was held in Royce Hall Auditorium, and it only took one show for Spring Sing to become a lasting tradition. The attendance levels soared, and UCLA quickly had to find a new venue for the demanding audience. After moving around to several different locations, Spring Sing was discontinued until 1978, when students and alumni awakened the tradition from its decade-long dormancy. The Student Alumni Association took up the task of hosting Spring Sing in 1986 in an effort to return the show to its former grandeur. Since then, the SAA had been working year-round to bring a better show to the Bruins who patiently awaited Spring Sing every year. Their work
force was broken into talent, stage crew, and Company, who all worked to make the structure of the show just as impressive as the talent. Company, a group of 13 students, created skits, songs, dances, and videos that they performed in between each of the 17 competing groups. â€œCompany is my favorite part of the show, actually. They really move the show along and make jokes that everyone in the audience understands. Their performances make me feel what a tightknit community we have at UCLA, even if itâ€™s a large school,â€? said third-year marine biology student Peter Foster. Their skits ranged from songs about the Flyaway bus shuttle to a spoken word performance of comments about Covel Dining Commons to videos about â€œCollege Baby,â€? â€œThe Genie Awards,â€? and more, which were all UCLAoriented jokes that had the entire audience erupting in laughter. The group of students certainly was not shy about getting in front of the enormous crowd and making themselves look ridiculous in order to amuse the audience. Celebrity guest judges included Candace Cameron Bure, best known as DJ Tanner from Full House, Michael Strahan,
former NFL New York Giants football player, music group Pentatonix, and Real Housewives of Beverly Hills housewife Taylor Armstrong; the most highlyanticipated celebrity judge was one who won Spring Sing twice in her time as a UCLA student: Sara Bareilles. As she came out on to the stage, she had her iPhone in hand, recording the screaming fans and her leading the entire arena in an 8-clap. The Bruin pride at that moment was nearly tangible, as audience members turned to each other with excitement and posted statuses on Facebook about their personal moment with the Grammy-nominated star. Another tradition at Spring Sing was the presentation of the George and Ira Gershwin Award, which was awarded to a person who had made a profound impact on the music industry and served for more than 20 years. The 2012 recipient, Bruce Lundvallâ€”a notable record company executive and president of several record labelsâ€”could not attend the event for health reasons, but addressed the crowd in a video in which he gave advice to the students and thanks to the award directors. *65;05<,+657(.,
LEFT | Spring Singâ€™s Company close spring sing with their final song sketch. Company kept Bruins entertained in between musical performances. ABOVE | The Ten Thousand performing â€œLeave H omeâ€? during Spring Sing 2012. Despite best efforts, The Ten Thousand lost to Alto in the bands category. RIGHT | Alto celebrate as they cleaned up major awards during Spring Sing. Alto won Best Band Performance, Bruin C hoice Award and Best O verall Performance.
Receiving the award in Lundvallâ€™s honor, Quincy Jones, the famous music producer, gave a speech that inspired, touched, and excited the crowd, and noted that he could not think of anyone more deserving of the award than Lundvall. Among the 17 performances, the TDB Step Squad and NSU Modern performed for exhibition, and both impressed the crowd with their perfectly in-sync motions and passionate high energy. The a cappella groups performing were Bruin Harmony, Signature A Cappella, and Random Voices. They all opted for a change from their traditional colors and costumes, as the men of Bruin Harmony sported red vests, the ladies of Signature all wore different, bright colors, and the Random Voices
women shone in gold. Of the three groups, Bruin Harmony took home the award for Best A Cappella Entry and also for Best Overall Participation, which was given for presenting the highest level of involvement in Spring Sing production. For solo/duet performances, Halle Charlton, Courtney Randall, Andy & Toby, and Nick Valentini all blew the audience away with their original music and lyrics. Each performed with their own unique styles that seemed inspired by musicians such as Taylor Swift, Gavin DeGraw, and Ingrid Michaelson. Courtney Randall, who performed her original song, â€œWildâ€?, won Best Solo Entry. Randall, a second-year psychology student, won the same award in 2011, as well as claiming the award for Best Overall Entry in 2011.
Randall was dethroned in 2012 by an indie-folk band named Alto. With what some called a pixie quality and a folk music style, the three ladies playing viola, violin, and bass, accompanied by their male guitarist, struck all the right chords with the audience as soon as they began playing. The emotion in the arena changed instantly, as everyone became silent and clapped along automatically, as if the music were speaking to each audience member personally. As Alto finished their performance of their original song, â€œVocableâ€?, the audience went wild. The Bruinsâ€™ Choice Award--determined by the most votes via texting at the end of the show--would go to Alto, there was no doubt. Second-year environmental sciences
student Sara Vetter said, “Alto was my favorite because it was so different, and I liked that they used strings. They seemed so professional and worked so well together. You could tell they had practiced a lot to get so in sync.” In the band category, The Ten Thousand, Alto, Arianna & the Roomies, Yuki A Band, and Six Feet, Off the Ground all performed their own original music, with genres ranging from folk-inspired to rock to acoustic. Of these, Alto took the award for Best Band Entry, in a group with tough competition of varied styles: there were xylophones, bass solos, acoustic guitars, and keyboards on which all the bands played music that excited the crowd. Winning Bruins’ Choice Award, Best Band Entry, and Best Overall Entry, Alto
swept the competition. “That entire night was incredibly surreal. We have never been the type of band to win popularity contests. Our overall sound and instrumentation is very different from most bands, so the fact that our fellow Bruins and the celebrity judges liked us is truly mind-blowing,” said Jessica Jones, the bass player, a third-year music performance student. Jessica met Nicolette Yarbrough--the violinist--at their freshman orientation and began playing together, and became Alto when Veronica Rogers--the viola player--and Joseph Lorge--the guitarist-joined them last year. They pride themselves on their unique sound quality and instrumentation, and winning the award opened doors for them to record
more songs and have their music heard more widely. Thinking about the attention Alto received from celebrity guest judges including Sara Bareilles and others tweeting about Alto’s impressive performance, Jones said, “It’s insane. I think we all feel that we are going to wake up from a particularly excellent dream.” OPPOSITE TOP | Arianna of “Arianna and the Roomies” performs her solo part of “ O wn the Moment.” Arianna Afsar, Forrest Mitchell, Kiefer Shackelford, Ryan Thomas and Erik Shiboski are all ethnomusicology majors with an emphasis in jazz performance. Although the band has formed fairly recently, each member is extremely passionate about the group. TOP | Bruin H armony perform their rendition of “ H old it Against Me” by Britney Spears. Bruin H armony was winner of the U C LA Prytanean Alumnae Award for best A C appella Entry and Gold Shield Alumnae Espirit de Corps Award for Best O verall Participation. ABOVE | Signature A C appella performing “Love is Born This W ay.” Lea Reizman of Signature A C appella was awarded the Best Group Director Award.
(0905.6<;;/, +09;@3(<5+9@ ;/,*36;/,:305,7961,*;.0=,: =0*;04:6-:,?<(3()<:,(5+ /(9(::4,5;(36<+=60*,;/96<./ (+0:73(@6-*6369-<3;:/09;: :;69@)@790@(3-(+(+<c7/6;6:)@90*2@@<
5V[VUS`^LYL[ZOPY[ZHZ[HWSLPU TVZ[JVSSLNLZ[\KLU[Z»JSVZL[ZI\[ [OL`^LYLHMVYTVMZLSML_WYLZZPVU! [OL`JV\SKKLWPJ[^OH[[`WLVMT\ZPJ [OLZ[\KLU[SPZ[LULK[V^OH[OPZ VYOLYWLYZVUHSP[`^HZSPRLVYOV^ ^P[[`[OLZ[\KLU[^HZ/V^L]LY[OL [ZOPY[ZOHUNPUNPU+PJRZVU*V\Y[ K\YPUN^LLRLPNO[VMZWYPUNX\HY[LY ^LU[IL`VUKQ\Z[ZLSML_WYLZZPVU! [OL`NH]L]PJ[PTZVMZL_\HSHI\ZL HUKOHYHZZTLU[H]VPJL “I don’t know how many people hurt me. They shared me and laughed about it. But I am NOT what happened to me. I am a survivor.” “No! That word does not mean I am selfish...You’re not entitled to my body!” “ When I think of you I feel DIRTY. You raped me in my own dorm room.” “ I just wanted to be daddy’s little girl, but you didn’t have to molest me.” These messages were just amongst a few on the 800 colorful t-shirts that the Clothesline Project hung in the Sunken Gardens. Strategically and respectfully pinned from clotheslines strewn between trees, the t-shirts were located where UCLA students, faculty, staff, and the public could easily walk through and read the mesmerizing messages. Each color represented a different type of abuse or violence, ranging from surviving from incest/child sexual abuse, to assault because of sexuality, and even to in memory of a loved one who was murdered as a result of this. Some of the messages were angry, some were upsetting, some were vulgar, some were forgiving, but every shirt was a real story. The Line was a quiet place, but it was undeniable that these silent protests were horribly loud and screamed of pain, betrayal, and unjustness. Emotionally moved by such a display of human resiliency, curious students approached members of the Clothesline Project who were working at
the tables nearby with questions. Sometimes someone would confide to the workers that they were a survivor and would like to make a t-shirt in the tent that they had set up. Even those who thought they were affected by this had strong and sometimes emotional reactions. Fourth-year student Alin Papazian said, “I remember that the first time I saw the Line my freshman year. I was shocked and upset by the number of women, many of which go to this school, who had suffered through sexual violence. Even today—four years later—I still have the same reaction. It’s truly a sad thing.” It was evident that the Line is a depressing sight, but that is exactly why third-year psychobiology student Taysa Bowers chose to be director of the project this year. “The Line creates a feeling that students don’t like—uneasiness. This is why people don’t talk about issues like domestic
up, the group hosted a “Take Back the Night,” a vigil event of survivors sharing their experiences and how it has affected their lives. This was truly when the impact this project had beyond the campus was particularly salient as members from the surrounding community came to tell their stories. These women shared preventative steps for dating, arguing that no one should be treated the way they were, and stressed to never protect the rapist by silence. The atmosphere was moving and disbelief filled the hearts with every member of the audience as they shockingly listened to these women relay tales of their life. There was not a dry eye in the crowd when UCLA alumni
“I don’t know how many people hurt me. ey shared me and laughed about it. But I am NOT what happened to me. I am a survivor.” “No! at word does not mean I am selﬁsh...You’re not entitled to my body!”“ When I think of you I feel DIRTY. You raped me in my own dorm room.” “ I just wanted to be daddy’s little girl, but you didn’t have to molest me.” violence and sexual abuse. As a protest, The Line is a way to show the campus and the world the physical, tangible impact sexual violence has. Sexual violence is a vastly under-reported crime, so I hope the Line reaches out to some students and shows them that they are not alone.” She emphasized that even if survivors cannot muster up the courage to talk to close friends and family, she highly recommended going to the UCLA Counseling and Psychology Center and the Santa Monica-UCLA Rape Treatment Center to facilitate their healing process. One of the aims of the Clothesline Project is to break the silence surrounding sexual violence by creating dialogue that dispels myths and stereotypes about sexual violence. On the last night the Line was
from the class of 1998 Emma Cramp, sang “Don’t,” and the repeated chorus of “You had no right” was forever etched in their brains. Cramp is a singer/songwriter and said, “It took me approximately eight to ten years to heal from my encounter with that man. Even today, I’m still not okay, but I use my music to help me heal. I want to let everyone woman or man that has suffered that they are not alone.” Afterwards, a few brave souls from the audience came up and shared their stories. It was truly an event were women expelled their fear and took back the night. At the end of the day, the Line was not supposed to impose a message of fear, anger, or depression; it was supposed to radiate the feeling of hope, not only through the positive messages on some of the shirts, but through the knowledge that it raised awareness about
sexual abuse and changes will be made because this is an issue that effects everyone. “Chances are you know a survivor,” Bowers said. “Sometimes they think that it can’t happen to me, but if it doesn’t sadly it probably happened to someone you know. This problem is not a small one, but people don’t think about it because they can’t see it, because the crime is such a private one.” Ultimately the Clothesline Project wanted to change that and give survivors a voice by airing out the perpetrators’ dirty laundry, one shirt at time. OPPOSITE | A legend is displayed at the entrance of the sinking gardens detailing what each color shirt meant. The event was held for an entire week for all of U C LA to see. TOP | T-shirt detailing someone’s experience with child molestation. Victimis of sexual abuse wrote in detail what happened to them on the shirts for others to hear their story. LEFT | T-shirts of various colors hang from rope during week 8 of spring quarter. C lothesline Project gave victims of sexual abuse and harrassment a voice.
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(Z1LZZPJH3LL^HSRLKKV^U[OL /PSSMYVTOLYKVYTYVVTZOLOLHYK T\ZPJLJOVPUNHJYVZZ[OLPU[YHT\YHS ÄLSKHUKZH^KVaLUZVM^OP[L[LU[Z SPUPUN[OLLKNLVM[OLNYHZZ`HYLH
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THZZP]LJYV^K0[»ZHTHaPUN[VOH]L HUL]LU[VM[OPZZJHSLQ\Z[HTPU\[L»Z ^HSRMYVTT`YVVT¹ZHPK3LLH ZLJVUK`LHYWZ`JOVIPVSVN`Z[\KLU[ A tradition dating back 26 years, the music festival held every Memorial Day Weekend made some important changes while maintaining the vibe that students loved. A staff of approximately 40 students organized JazzReggae Festival, and worked this year to make the event more sustainable and eco-friendly while continuing to bring the best upcoming and already famous jazz and reggae artists to Westwood. One of these upcoming performers, India Carney, had won UCLA’s Battle of the Bands, and performed the opening act of Jam Day on Sunday. Carney, a first-year vocal performance student, took the stage like a seasoned jazz musician, playing with a band that used bongoes, guitars, and keyboards to create a soulful, full-bodied sound that seemed more like a headliner than a first-year student. Carney said, “I finally got my taste of reality—this was me doing it on my own for the first time. I’ve performed with groups at places like the Kennedy Center, but never as India Carney.
It was such a new experience.” On Jam Day, highlights were Gary Clark Jr., a unique sound in the blues world, Booker T. Jones, a legendary R&B musician, and The Roots. Many festival-goers came specifically to see The Roots, who had been popular for many years for their alternative sound in the hip hop and jazz industries. “I’m really excited to see The Roots because I have listened to their music for so long and now I get to see them in person for free. I’m sure they’ll be awesome,” said fourth-year civil engineering student Chris Schaeffer. Reggae Day featured artists such as Tarrus Riley, a Rastafarian reggae musician, and Shaggy, whose most famous songs include hits from the turn of the century including “Boombastic” and “It Wasn’t Me”. During the two-day festival, vendors sold Rasta-themed merchandise, cooked food--ranging from Jamaican to Hawaiian to Thai to Chinese to Belizean--and displayed handmade crafts and jewelry. These vendors came from all over Los Angeles and some had been coming year after year. Joseph, the man behind the name of Joe’s Jamaican Cooking, had come with his cooking crew to cook at JazzReggae every year since it began, 26 years ago. Taking a break from grilling Jamaican Jerk chicken on kebabs, Joe simply said, “People like us, so we come back every year.” These traditions aside, the committee of students organizing JazzReggae wanted to improve a few things. The sustainability of the large event had a top position on the priorities of the staff. In past years, some initiatives had taken the first steps toward a greener event. Rather than selling water bottles, the festival had two water refill stations (and reusable water bottles for sale
for those who didn’t bring their own) at opposite sides of the field. The oil used by vendors was picked up by Inland Grease Company and turned into biofuels, which decreased the waste from the event by a massive margin. Third-year English and psychology student Simona Erlikh, wanted to make sustainability an obvious aspect of the weekend. “It’s an abstract idea--being sustainable. But it needs to be a life habit, and it’s important that we adapt our lifestyles to the growing topic,” said Erlikh. She saw the impact Global Inheritance made at an Outside Lands festival, and decided to get them involved in JazzReggae for the first time. Global Inheritance’s role in the event served to make the move to a greener weekend evident to all festival attendees. Located near the water-filling station, a large fenced-in Energy Playground housed stationary bicycles and see-saws. If patrons spent five minutes playing on one of their machines, they charged a lithium ion battery energy well, which produced a snow cone. This free way to get a snow cone encouraged visitors to learn more about alternative energy in the process. In addition to the presence of Global Inheritance, the bike valet allowed festivalgoers to bike into the event—bypassing the always-horrible LA traffic and parking costs—and reducing their own carbon emission and pollution. Associate Dean of Students and Associate Director of Innovation for Recreation Kenn Heller had served as the adviser for JazzReggae in each of its 26 years. Heller always worked with the student committee to improve on years past, asking himself and the staff, “Could we have done things better or smarter?” He continued, “Since we’re working all year on this one large project, it’s a big sense of accomplishment at the end. I advise it every year because it’s a great Memorial Day Tradition that 20,000 plus people enjoy and look forward to.” OPPOSITE | Gary C lark Jr. performs at the 26th annual JazzReggae Festival. W hile Monday was dedicated as Reggae Day, Sunday was Jam Day with performances such as the Roots. PH O T O | TIM BRADBURY, DAILY BRUIN. TOP | Sunday’s crowd took to its feet and clapped as The Roots performed. Jazz Reggae has increased in numbers in the last few years. PH O T O | TIM BRADBURY, DAILY BRUIN. CENTER | Anna W ise of the group Sonnnymoon performs early Sunday afternoon. Aside from music, attendees are emerged in the culture with the art, food, and various activites available at the festival. PH O T O | TIM BRADBURY, DAILY BRUIN. BOTTOM | Jamaican artist Shaggy performed an hour-long set which included hits from the 1990’s and 2000’s, more recent material and extended instrumental breakdowns. Reggae artist Shaggy headlined Sunday’s segment of the JazzReggae Festival, closing the two-day event with an hour-long set. PH O T O | LEXY ATM ORE, DAILY BRUIN.
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Reaching its legal limit of $14.294 trillion of debt, the United States faced an impeding debt crisis as lawmakers scrambled to resolve the issue and restore confidence in the American economy. After an intense, political agenda-driven impasse, Congress enacted the Budget Control Act of 2011 on August 2, alleviating the burden of the obstructing debt ceiling. While the nation avoided sovereign default, the summer’s events jolted global financial markets and left many underlying issues unresolved.
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Violence erupted in the streets of Tottenham on August 7, 2011, after several clashes invoked protesters. The public demonstration began on August 6 as a march to the Tottenham Police Station to protest the death of a local man killed by police. The event soon escalated into an unprecedented level of widespread riots, arson and looting throughout London as well as other cities in England, including Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool.
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Former Egypt President Hosni Mubarak was on trial under suspicion of killing
over 850 protestors. These now murdered protestors were part of 18-day uprising that called Mubarak to step down. Besides these murderous accusations, Mubarak was also guilty of accepting large sums of money unduly generated by his high status.
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Following the September 11th attacks, the US hoped to eradicate terrorist group al-Qaeda and in October launched a war in Afghanistan. Called Operation Enduring Freedom, the war was certainly been enduring for troops and citizens alike. The battle which has raged on for 11 years strong has claimed hundreds of lives. With no end in sight, this ongoing war witnessed a record Augustine day, with the death of 30 soldiers.
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A remembrance ceremony held in New York on the ten year anniversary of the September 11 attacks was marked by a dedication of the National September 11 Memorial, located at the World Trade Center site. A national tribute of remembrance and honor to the men, women and children killed in the attacks, it features two reflecting pools in the footprints of the original towers, complete with waterfalls on all sides and inscribed names of all 2,982 victims.
Congress made the last minute decision to end the debt crisis and prevent default. The agreement accounted for an increase in the debt ceiling and 2.4 trillion dollars in spending cuts. The bill was a misfit product of party politics, public disapproval, and acute media coverage. In an evaluation of Congress’ budget, Standard and Poor downgraded the United States’ triple AAA rating to AAPlus. According to the index, if the United States’ still does not cut approximately six billion dollars out of federal spending, the nation’s rating may plummet even lower.
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With protests in almost 100 countries and over 600 neighborhoods, the Occupy movement captured the entire world. Referring to the imbalance of wealth, specifically the saturation of money in the top one percent, the protesters coined the phrase, “We are the 99%”. Protests started in September and continued throughout the first half of 2012.
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Against opposition from the United States and Israel, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas formally requested on September 23 that the United Nations accept Palestine as a member state. Exuberant Palestinians hoped the bold move would result in genuine change, but at the time it was uncertain how much support the bid would receive as many speculated statehood could only be accomplished through direct negotiations with Israel.
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During a speech delivered on September 25, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia granted women the right to vote and run in future elections. The announcement signals a significant shift for a kingdom that strictly enforces gender restrictions and segregation. It also demonstrates an attempt to address longstanding demands and ensure political unrest did not spread to Saudi Arabia.
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Apple’s visionary and creative genius, Steve Jobs, passed away on October 5 after a lengthy battle with pancreatic cancer. He had resigned as Apple CEO in August but remained Chairman of the Board. The company’s co-founder and brilliant inventor is widely recognized as a pioneer of the personal computer who also revolutionized consumer electronics with devices such as the ipod, iphone and ipad.
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In one of the largest prisoner swaps between the two sides, Israel freed hundreds of Palestinians on October 17 in return for the release of Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier held captive for over 5 years. He was reportedly the first captive Israeli soldier to return home alive in 26 years. The agreement, brokered by Egypt, also included a promise to later release an additional 550 Palestinians.
A planned 48-hour strike by Greek union workers began on October 19. Tens of thousands of protesters organized to demonstrate against an austerity package that was approved in a vote by Parliament to stave off bankruptcy and ease the Greek crisis. Though it started largely as a peaceful rally, the demonstration soon devolved into street fights between riot police and angry citizens.
Revolutionary fighters captured and killed Libyaâ€™s longtime dictator, Muammar Gaddafi, on October 20 as he tried to flee his hometown of Sirte after an intense battle. His death culminated months of chaos as Libyan rebels grew increasingly hostile against Gaddafiâ€™s government. Though the facts remain relatively uncertain, reports and video footage document grisly treatment of the rejected leader both before and after Gaddafi died.
Palestinians gained membership to UNESCO on October 31, winning another victory in their quest for full acceptance as a member state by the United Nations. The decision was made after a vote at the 36th General Conference, making Palestine the third member of the special international agency that is not yet admitted into the UN.
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The Occupy Wall Street movement that started in September of 2011 quickly spread to other cities across the United States, including Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco. In the following months, hundreds of protesters were arrested, a result of violent protests and police raids of occupied areas.
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An earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale devastated Eastern Turkey on October 23. Survivors and rescue teams quickly responded to save others from the rubble. Described as the most powerful quake to hit the country in ten years, it caused hundreds of buildings to collapse, leaving over 270 dead, more than 1,300 injured, and thousands homeless as numerous aftershocks continued to affect the area.
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The civil war between Gaddafi loyalists and rebel forces officially ended on October 23 with the National Transition
Council declaring the liberation of Libya. The provisional government then began the process of developing a new constitution and elected government as the foundation of its new democracy, but an insurgency and clashes between local militias vying for power hindered progress in the aftermath.
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The NBA offseason became a contentious legal battle between players and owners vying for revenue. After over 140 hours of negotiation failed to produce a new collective bargaining agreement, the NBA Players Association disbanded on November 14. Locked-out players filed a class-action antitrust lawsuit the following day. However, the two sides reached an agreement soon after and a shortened season began on Christmas Day.
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Joe Paternoâ€™s record-setting legacy as coach of the Penn State football team was tarnished as he was fired on November 9 in the wake of a sexual abuse scandal. The sudden change in leadership was a move by the Board of Trustees to halt damage caused by the scandal involving former assistant coach Jerry Sandusky and left the campus in a state of shock.
56=,4),9 ;/(03(5+-366+: Thailand was hit with disaster when severe flooding occurred during the monsoon season. The result of extraordinary rainfall, slow-moving floods spread down the overflowing Yom and Nan Rivers, eventually reaching Bangkok in mid-November on its long, destructive trip towards the ocean. Thousands fled to evacuation centers as much of the region remained submerged for an extended period.
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Walt Hazzard, UCLA alum and basketball star, passed away on November 18 at the age of 69. He led the Bruins as co-captain of John Woodenâ€™s 1964 national championship team and went on to help the United States win a gold medal in the Tokyo Olympics that same year before begin drafted by the Los Angeles Lakers in the first round. He played in the NBA for ten years and returned to his alma mater to coach for four more years.
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Republican presidential candidate Herman Cain faced a brutal string of sexual assault allegations during his campaign for the Republican nomination. He was accused of sexually harassing or assaulting at least four women in the 1990s, including Sharon Bialek, who provided public details on November 7 that devastated Cainâ€™s bid for office.
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On November 2, the U.S. Department of Defense awarded $4.5 million to researchers at UCLA to strengthen carbon nanotube yarns and sheets, over 500 times as strong as steel. The multi-functional materials hold great promise for advancing satellite technology and also have properties valuable in nanotechnology, electronics, and optics.
After heated debate, Congress on November 14 blocked a proposal by the Agriculture Department to overhaul the nationâ€™s school lunch program in attempt to improve nutrition. The new rules would have addressed childhood obesity by adding more fruit and green vegetables, reducing the amount of potatoes and sodium, and redefine what counts as a vegetable serving. As the current rule allows, a slice of pizza is considered a serving of vegetables if it contains a quarter-cup of tomato paste.
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NASA launched a new Mars rover from the Kennedy Space Center on November 26, described as the most elaborate Martian exploration vehicle to date. Known as the Mars Science Laboratory or Curiosity, the rover is slated to land on Mars on August 6, 2012. Its objective is to explore the red planet and determine its habitability for past or present life forms.
In a video posted on YouTube November 28, security researcher Trevor Eckhart revealed hidden software installed on smartphones that logs numerous details about usersâ€™ activities. He claimed that the background software logged text messages, phone numbers, internet searches and more before reporting the information to the phone carriers.
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Wind gusts of up to 167 mph were measured on December 1 as a Santa Ana wind storm wreaked havoc on communities throughout California. Hundreds of trees and power lines toppled, resulting in debris damage. Over 300,000 in Southern California were left without electricity, even forcing some schools to close for the day.
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The United States formally declared an end of the Iraq War on December 15. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta joined diplomats and military leaders gathered at the Baghdad International Airport for the occasion, which took place nearly nine years after the first American forces invaded the country. According to Pentagon statistics, over 4,000 Americans were killed in the conflict and more than 32,000 were wounded.
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AT&T and T-Mobile USA announced on November 24 that they had withdrawn their application to the Federal Communications Commission to join their cellular phone operations. Though both sides were still interested in the transaction, the decision was made after the U.S. Justice Department filed a federal antitrust lawsuit to stop the merger.
On December 16, Severe Tropical Storm Washi struck the island of Mindanao and swept across the Philippines, resulting in over ten hours of torrential rainfall. The rain caused flash floods and mudslides, sweeping away cars and homes as residents evacuated. The storm was later called the deadliest storm of the year, with a toll of over 1,000 lives lost.
Kim Jong-il died of a suspected heart attack At 08:30 while traveling by train to an area outside Pyongyang. He had been in power since his fatherâ€™s death in 1994 and his ambition with nuclear weapons created a major threat. While North Koreans mourned the death, his third and youngest son, Kim Jong-un, was hailed as the Great Successor of the communist country.
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North Korean state TV reported that Supreme Leader Kim Jongil had died on December 17.
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The fatal shooting of a boy in Florida exploded into national media, highlighting issues of race, guns and social justice. On February 26, a neighborhood watch volunteer named George Zimmerman shot and killed a 17-year-old boy in a gated community. The news led to public demands for Zimmermanâ€™s arrest and intense debate over laws allowing deadly force in selfdefense.
On February 11, the eve of the Grammy award show, Whitney Houston was found submerged in a bathtub filled with water at the Beverly Hills Hilton. Her death came hours before she was scheduled to perform at a Grammy party. A coronerâ€™s report concluded she drowned accidentally, though drugs were listed as contributing factors.
Former UCLA basketball coach Gene Bartow died on January 3 after a lengthy battle with cancer. He succeeded John Wooden as head coach with a two-year record of 52-9 before creating the athletic program at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Coaching for over 30 years, Bartow was inducted into the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame in 2009.
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Queen Elizabeth II celebrated 60 years on the throne of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms on Accession Day, February 6. The Queenâ€™s Diamond Jubilee features a series of events throughout the year. She is the longest-serving monarch after Queen Victoria.
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After 244 years, Encyclopedia Britannica ceased production of its iconic multi-volume book sets on March 13. Print sets totaled a mere 1% of the companyâ€™s total sales. The discontinuation is a natural part of the its evolution with the company focusing solely on its digital encyclopedia and education tools.
Despite scorn of the international community, North Korea launched a long-range rocket on April 13, but the attempt failed as it broke up after only a couple minutes of flight. Despite insisting failed launches have actually been successful in the past, North Korean state media uncharacteristically admitted the nation was not able to put a satellite into orbit as originally intended, though other nations doubt that was the real intention of the rocket.
On May 29, Presidential candidate Mitt Romney secured the delegates needed to clinch the Republic National Committee’s official nomination. 58 delegates away, the former Massachusetts governor secured his nomination with a win in the Texas primary. Outlasting Rick Santorum, Newt Gingrich, and many other GOP hopefuls, Romney will be named the party’s official nominee at the upcoming convention.
Invisible Children, Inc. released a short film titled Kony2012 on March 5, 2012. The film, created to raise awareness of atrocities committed by Joseph Kony and his rebel group in East and Central Africa, spread virally across the Internet. Though met with criticism and controversy, the attention and support demonstrated how activism can quickly spread through social media.
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Days before President Obama arrived in Cartagena, Colombia for the Summit of the Americas on April 13, U.S. Secret Service agents had reportedly engaged in misconduct with prostitutes. Hotel workers of Hotel Caribean and Colombian police reported the matter to the U.S. Embassy, followed by an investigation that revealed 21 U.S. personnel were involved in the scandal altogether. As a result, many of those involved had their clearances revoked, were placed on administrative leave, or fired.
Proposition 29, a $1-per-pack tax on cigarettes was placed on California’s June 5 primary ballot. The tax was designed to raise an estimated $870 million a year for research on tobacco-related diseases and prevention programs. Although polls showed that the public initially favored the tax, support dwindled and the results fluctuated for weeks until final results showed the measure failed.
As part of the Diamond Jubilee, Coronation Day was held on June 2, the anniversary of the Queen’s Coronation Oath to serve her people. To celebrate, Queen Elizabeth II attended the Coronation Cup race in Epsom, England. The occasion marks only the second time in history that the United Kingdom celebrated the Diamond Jubilee of a ruling monarch.
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The Supreme Court largely upheld President Obama’s health care law, the Affordable Care Act, in a mixed decision on June 28. The surprise of the ruling was the shift of conservative Chief Justice John Roberts, who joined the court’s four more liberal members to support the President’s overhaul. He ruled that while the individual mandate failed under the Commerce Clause, the fine is actually considered a tax that the government is allowed to do.