Page 1



   

 

       %

'&( *) +, -/.102

3

 !  " $#

64 5784 9 : ; <>=@?BADCFEHGIADJLKMCONP QSRUTWVMXUY[Z\T]_^`TWaWbc^dfeMg_Yihbcjij[k*glRUY[hnm'eM]_Yid\]og_d*glRUTpTeqdrhnRsd\tUuUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwxuMVUTpgldHglRUT/^_hbyg_glTv]_Y[XUw z Tvg{a/TTX|t}]_TTTvjiTvhvgl]`dfXU^~b\XUueURUdcgldfXU^v€QSRUYi^‚Y[ƒ2eUj[YiTv^2glRUbcg„apT…b\]`T…VMX†b z j[TgldVU^_T‡glRMT eURUdcgldfXU^d\tWg_RUT‚ˆS‰‹ŠŒgld‹wfb\YiX…uUYi]`Th$g-YiXM^_Yiw\Rg'Y[Xg_d>g_RUTŽVUXMY[ZfTv]_^`T z Tvt}df]`T2glRUbcgITvedhnR‘€~’{X Tv“Th$g”•glRMT]_TY[^ bjiYiƒY[gDg_dRUd–a—t˜b\] z b\hnm-YiX-g_YiƒTpa/T%hb\X‚™š^`TTc›faY[glRœeURMd\gldfXM^€žxXsglRUTSdcglRUTv] R†b\XMu‘”‘glRUTs]`Thvdfƒ z Y[X†bcglY[dfX‹dct/TvjiTvhvgl]`dfXU^xaYŸglR‡bcg_dfƒ2Y[hXVUhvjiTvYdrhvhVU]`]_Tvu… VUY[hnmj[k¡˜b\j[g_RUdfVUw\R XUd\g¢Y[XU^`glb\X•gnb\XUTvdfVU^`j[kM£$€ž¤YiXUhvT%]_b\uUYibcglY[dfXs]_Tb\hnRUT^/VU^žt}]_dfƒ¥b\jijUuMYi]_Tvhvg_YidfXU^v”•glRUTv]_Tvt}d\]_T\”a/THhb\X ]_Tvw•b\]`u~g_RUTeMRUd\gld\XU^%g_R†bcga/TId z ^`T]8ZfTg_druUb–k„Y[X‚glRUTIˆS‰‹Š¦bc^HR†bZYiXMw2df]`YiwfY[X†bcg_Tu‚t}]_dfƒ§b\X Tv“Th$glYŸZfTs^_eMRUT]`Yihbcj6^_VM]`t˜b\hvT\€QSRUY[^xYi^HmXMd¨aX…b\^%glRUT©$ªr«­¬v®¯n°Ž±²¬³Ÿ®y©$´/©–¯_®\´˜´²°$«¶µ­·¸'¹~uUTvXUd\g_Tu ºo¤U¤¹‡b\XUuB]`TeU]`T^_TvX•gl^-glRMTŽeU]`dy»`Th$glYid\X d\tWg_RUTŽuMThd\VUeUjiY[XUw‹TvedhnRBdfX•g_d>glRMTŽ^_m•k\€‹QSRUY[^Y[^ Yij[jiVU^8gl]_bcglTvu‚YiX„¼6Y[wU€¡8½¾M€[½–£$€ ¿ X„Yiƒeqdf]`glb\X•gpeU]`dfeqT]`g{kŽd\tÀglRMT'ˆS‰‹ŠYi^pg_R†bcgSYŸgWeU]`T^`T]`Z\T^%Y[g_^ z jib\hnm z duMkt}df]_ƒ,b\^WglRMT VUXUYŸZfTv]_^_T%T$Áre†bcXUuU^Wbyt­glT] g_RUTHTvedhnRd\t‘uUTvhdfVMeUjiY[XUwU€6’{X2eU]_Y[XUhY[eUjiTc”\glRMT]_T$t}df]_Tc”t}d\]¢Tb\hnRŽeqdfY[Xg dfXIg_RUTW^`mk\”fapTShvdfVUj[u-d z glb\YiX'glRUT z jÂb\hnm z druMk'^`eTvhvgl]`VUƒÃbcXUuIĆXUu-g_RUT z T^8g8¹ÄUg6glTƒeqT]lbyglVU]`T t}df]SglRMTIuUY[^`gl]`Y z VrglYid\X‘€/QSRMYi^apdfVMjiu>kY[Tjiu„glRMT'g_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_T'd\t6g_RUTIˆS‰‹ŠFb\^Hbt}VUXMhvglY[dfX~dfX glRMTS^_m•kœb\XUu-a/dfVUj[uœb\jij[d–aÅglRUTWg_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_TpÆUVUhvg_V†bcglY[dfXU^v”ÇsÈSÉyȏʖ” z T$g{apTvTXŽb\X•kIg{a/d'w\Y[ZfTvX eqdfYiX•gl^Sd\X~g_RUT^_m•k‚gld z T'uMTvglTv]_ƒYiXUTvu‘€ ¿ ^glRUTuUY[^`g_]_Y z VMglY[dfX‚d\toglRUTglTvƒ2eqT]_bcglVM]_TƆVUh$glV†bcg_YidfXM^%Y[^SdfX>b^`eURUT]`Yihb\jÀ^_VU]8t˜b\hTc”OY[gSY[^ ^`glb\XUu†bc]_u„gldœuUThvdfƒedf^`TY[gYiX•g_d^`eURUTv]_Yihb\jÀR†b\]`҃2d\XUYihv^Ë ÇsÈI¡˜ÌrͶΏ£ ÑÒ Ð Ñ ÒnÖ Ò Ò ¡ØÌrÍnÎL£ ¡8½–¾r€[½¨£ ÈLÊ Ï Ó Ê Ô ÓÕ Ô/× Ô Ò aRUTv]_T × Ô ]`TeU]`T^_TvX•gHg_RUT^_eUÒ RUTv]_Y[hb\jÀR†bc]_ƒdfXUYihv^”LÙy̐ͶÎDÚb\]`TglRUTeqdfjÂbc]WhddfÒ ]_uMYiX†bcg_T^SdfX„glRMT ^_m•k~b\XMu~g_RUThdTvÛhY[TX•gl^v” Ö Ô b\]`T]_TjibcglTvu‚gldœglRUTƒ-VUjŸglY[edfj[THƒdfƒTX•gl^v”†Ü Ë Ò†ÝÞ$ß Ò ß à$á ½ Ñ ßÖ Ò ßà Ö Ô ¡8½–¾r€ â £ Ü Ï âcãUä ½ Ô Ô Þ á b\XUu ååå ]_TeM]_T^`TX•gl^œbcX bZfTv]lb\w\TŽd–ZfTv]-ƒŽbcXk‡]`Tb\j[YiæbcglY[dfXU^€QSRUTĆ]_^8gIglTv]_ƒçY[X…g_RUTŽ^`VUƒ>” ã Ïéè ”SY[^2glRMT‹ƒdfXUdfeqdfjiT>b\XUu—hdf]`]_T^`ed\XUuU^Žg_d glRUT‹bZfT]_b\wfTg_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_Tc€¦QSRUTuMYieqdfjiT ¡ ã ½¨£œYi^ŽY[X•glT]`eU]_T$glTvuêb\^ z TYiXMwBuUVUT‹g_dBglRUT‹ƒ2d\g_YidfXëd\tg_RUT^_d\jÂb\]2^`k^`g_Tƒ ]`TjibcglYŸZfT>g_d glRMT‚Ï ˆS‰‹Š¥]`T^8gIt}]lbcƒ2Tb\XUuìYi^glRUTv]_T$t}df]_TŽb‹íxdfeUeMjiT]T$“LTvhvg€~QSRUT ãxî§â ƒ-VUj[g_YieqdfjiTv^hb\]`]`k YiXrt}df]_ƒ2bcglY[dfX1b z dfVrgSglRUTYiX•g_]_YiXM^_YihbcXUYi^`d\gl]`dfe•k1d\toglRUTˆS‰‹ŠH€ ’{X‹eU]_b\hvg_YihvT\”ObœwfY[Z\TX‹T¶ÁreTv]_YiƒTX•g%ƒTb\^`VU]_Tv^%g_RUT'g_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_TuUYŸ“LTv]_TvXUhT'd\toglRUTIˆS‰‹Š bcgg{a/d'edfY[X•gl^dfXsg_RUTS^_m•ks^`Te†b\]_bcglTvu z kœbxw\Y[ZfTvXb\XUwfj[TSb\XUusglRMTXœgnb\mcT^¢b\XœbZfTv]lb\wfTd–ZfTv]¢b\jij d z ^`T]8Z\b z jiTHjidhbcg_YidfXU^v€6QSRUTxb–Z\T]_b\wfTxY[^pmXUd–aX„b\^/g_RUTxhvdf]_]`TjÂbyglYid\Xt}VUXMhvglY[dfX‚b\XMu1Yi^/uUTvĆXMTu zk Þ á Ü2¡ØÌ\£ Ï Ç-È È ïrÌcð ñ8ò Ç-È È ïMÌ ð à ò ¡8½–¾r€š¾•£ ½ èfó


Þ á aRUTv]_T ååå ]`TeU]`T^_TvX•g¢g_RUTbZfTv]lb\wfTWg_R†bcg Y[^6eqT]8t}df]_ƒTusd–ZfTv]¢b\jijed\YiX•gl^ Ìcð ñ6b\XMu Ì ð à ^`Te†bc]lbcg_Tu z k‚Ì Ï Ìcð ñ Ì ð à € QSRUThd\]_]_TvjÂbcg_YidfX2t}VUXUhvg_YidfX…¡²½–¾M€ ¾•£/Y[^W]_TvjÂbcg_Tu1gld-g_RUTƒ-VUjŸglY[edfj[Tƒ2dfƒTX•g_^ ¡8½¾M€ â £ z k Ò Ò Ü2¡ØÌ\£ Ï ½  ÑcÒ ¡ â\ã†ä ½–£`Ü  ¡˜hvdf^OÌf£ ¡8½–¾r€  £ Ò aRUTv]_ T  bc]_TglRUTsºÀTvwfTXUuM]_T-eqdfj[kXUd\ƒ2Yib\ji^v€WQSRUTsˆpd\^_ƒYih-Špb\hnmwf]_dfVMXU

u 6ÁreUjidf]`T]-¡ ˆS Š ¢£ ^lbyglTj[jiYŸglT\”Àt}df]T¶ÁUbcƒ2eUj[T\”oƒ2Tb\^_VM]_Tu…glTvƒ2eqT]_bcglVU]`TÆUVUhvg_V†bcglY[dfXU^ z T$g{apTvTXÅeqdfYiX•g_^'^`Te†bc]lbcg_Tu z k„b\eUeM]_dÁrYiƒ2bcglTvj[k½ è € ¿ eUjid\gždctLglRMT%hvdf]_]`TjibcglY[dfX-t}VUXUh$glYid\X¡²½–¾M€ ¾•£b\w•b\Y[XU^`g¢bcXUwfVUjib\] ^_Tve†b\]lbyglYid\X‘”Ìr”•a/dfVUjiuœglRMTX kYiTvjiuglRUTpˆS‰‹Š‡ed–a/T]o^_eqTh$Ò gl]_VMƒ>€@’ g@RUb\^ z TvhdfƒTžhdfX•ZfTvX•glYid\X†b\j•gld%uUYi^`eUjÂbkHglRUY[^ z keUj[d\g_g_YiXUw glRMTphd\ƒ z YiXUbcglY[dfX ã ¡ ãlä ½–£`Ü b\w•bcYiXU^8g@g_RUTWƒ-VUjŸglY[edfj[T ƒ2d\ƒ2TvXg” 㠔\aRMT]_T ã ½¨É\̐€6’{X-wfTvXUT]_b\j ” glRMT/ V†b\uM]_VUeqdfjiT g_T]_ƒ~”yhdf]`]_T^`ed\XUuUYiXMwHgld ã Ï â ”\]`TeU]`T^_TvX•gl^ b\Xb\XUw\VUjÂb\]À^`Te†bc]lbcg_YidfX'd\t‘½ ófè ” ^_d2bswfY[Z\TX~ƒ-VUjŸglYieqdfj[T\” 㠔†Yi^S]_TvjÂbcg_Tu„gldbshdf]`]_Tv^_eqdfXUuUY[XUwŽbcXUwfVUjib\]W^_Tve†b\]_bcglY[dfX z k ¡8½–¾r€f£ ã ½ Ì ó\è

4657  <…C ` P  C çE%=pNxC†JÀA  = 9 : ;  !"r=žKMC†=p!G ²A  QSRUTv]_T'b\]_Tƒ2b\X•k1eMRk^`YihbcjÀ^_dfVU]`hTv^%g_R†bcgShvdfX•gl]_Y z VMg_Tg_d-glRUTˆS‰‹Šb\XUY[^_d\g_]_dfe•k1b\XUu‚apThb\X XUd\g¢RUd\eTSgld'hd–Z\T]/g_RUTƒbcjijURUTv]_Tc$€ # TaYij[jMglRMT]_T$t}df]_Tt}dhVU^ždfX^_dfƒTd\tLg_RUTeU]_Y[ƒŽbc]`k-d\XUT^vË ½f&€ %]lbZY[glbcglY[dfX†b\j6¡ ¤MbchnRU^²'¹ #ìdfjŸt}T– £ (@Tv]`g_VU] z byglYid\XU^˞QSRUTv^_Tb\]_Y[^_T z ThbcVU^_T'bseURUd\g_dfX„ƒ2d–ZYiXMw baWbk't}]_dfƒŒb*^`jiY[wfR•glj[kd–Z\T]_uMTXU^`T%]`TwfY[dfXId\XIglRUTpjÂb\^8g6^`hbcg`glT]`YiXUw*^_VU]8t˜b\hT¡}Y € T\€oƒ2d–ZYiXMw*dfVMg6d\t b-wf]_b–ZYŸgnbcg_YidfX†bcjeqd\glTvX•glYÂbcja/Tjij£/jid\^_T^STvXUT]`w\k‚Y[X1glRUTeU]`drhvT^`^HbcXUu„Yi^pg_RUT]`Tvt}df]`T]_TuM^_RUYŸt­glTuL€ ⠀píxTXU^`Y[g{kì¡ØbcuUYÂb z bcglY[h–)£ (oT]`g_VU] z bcglY[dfXU^Ë¢glRUT'hd\VUeUjiY[XUwœd\t z b\]`k\dfXUYihƒ2bcg_g_T]%b\XUu~]lbcuUYÂbcg_YidfX hbcX]_T^`VUj[g*YiX~glRUT-hvdfƒeU]_Tv^_^_Y[dfXd\t g_RUT-]_b\uUYÂbyglYid\X‹b\^%apTvjij6b\^Hg_RUT-ƒ2bcg_g_T]€HQSRUYi^H]_Tv^_VUjŸgl^xY[X b\X„YiXMh]_Tb\^_T'YiX1g_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_Tc€ ¾M+ € *žTvjidhYŸg{k ¡˜íxdfeUeUj[T]n, £ (@T]8glVU] z bcg_YidfXU^v˂QSRUT„YidfXMYiæTvueUjÂb\^`ƒŽb>R†b\^bXUdfX¹ævT]`d‡Z\Tj[drhvY[g{kf€ ’{XUuUTvTu‘”'b\^‚a/T uUY[^_hvVU^_^~^_RUd\]`gljŸkf”*g_RUT…uUTXU^`Y[g{kêƆVUh$glV†byglYid\XU^„YiXêglRUT‡ƒ2bcg_g_T]„uUYi^8gl]`Y z VMg_YidfX YiƒeUjŸk…g_R†bcgœYŸg-aWbc^2VUXMuUTwfd\YiXUwhvdfRUT]`TX•g2df^_hvYijijibcglY[dfXU^bcgsglRMT„g_YiƒTŽd\tHuUTvhdfVUeMjiYiXMwU€BQSRUY[^ ƒd\glY[dfX ]`T^_VMj[gl^IYiXBbíxd\eUeUjiTv]^`RUY[t­gIYiX g_RUT1d z ^_T]8ZfTvuët}]`T VUTXMhvkBdctSglRUT1]_b\uUYibcglY[dfXBb\XMuÅb hd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuUY[XUwœ^_RUYŸt­g%YiX1glTvƒ2eqT]_bcglVM]_T\€ 64 57 5 E%J.-²A0/21*G!-²=/C†A354  9B: ; 6!7M= KMC†=pG!²A QSRUTHuUYi^8gnb\XUhvTHg_dglRMT*jÂbc^`g¢^_hbcg_g_T]_Y[XUwI^`VU]`t˜bchT*Y[^”gldIb'ZfTv]`k2wfddru2b\eUeU]`dÁMY[ƒŽbyglYid\X‘”•wfY[Z\TX z k glRMT2RUd\]_YiævdfX‡uUYi^8gnb\XMhT\”@^_Y[XUhTœuUTvhdfVUeMjiYiXMw>dhhvVU]_]`TuBbygIb„^_VrÛ2hvYiTvXg_j[k‡Tb\]_jŸkTeqdrhnRL€‚¼†df]b eU]`T^_^`VU]_TvjiTv^_^”OÆObcgVMXUY[Z\T]_^`T'a/T'R†bZfT'^_TTvX>g_R†bcgSglRMYi^SYi^Sw\Y[ZfTvX z 2 k  O€H9¡ 8M€ â ¾•£¶Ë :<;= Ê Ï ¾?>A@²Ê Ï Bsâ > Ê ¡8½–¾r€DC•£ ½è

8


QSRUY[^~hvdf]_]`T^`edfXMuU^>g_d—b\X|b\XUw\VUjÂb\]‚^`Te†bc]lbcg_YidfXdfXêglRUT…^_m•kd\t1½ ófè ”^_dëƒ2Tb\^_VU]`YiXUwglRMT V†b\uU]`VUeqdfjiT%Yi^žT VUYŸZcb\jiTvXgžg_dIƒTb\^`VU]_Y[XUw'g_RUTglTƒeqT]lbyglVU]`THuUYŸ“LTv]_TvXUhT z T$g{apTvTX1g{a/dIeqdfYiX•g_^ bcgdfeMedf^`Y[g_TTXUuU^%d\toglRUT^`VU]`t˜b\hvTdct6jib\^`gS^`hbcg`glTv]_YiXMwU€ ¤rƒ2b\jij[T]‘bcXUwfVUjib\]‘^_hb\jiTv^D]_TeM]_T^`TX•g^`ƒŽbcjijiTv]Lj[YiXUTb\]‘^_hb\jiTv^€ ¿ ^_hbcjiT d\trh]`VUhYib\jfYiƒeqdf]`glb\XUhT Yi^¢glRUTbcXUwfVUjib\]/^`hb\j[TxdfX1g_RUTxjÂbc^`gW^`hbcg`glTv]_YiXMws^_VU]8t˜b\hT*g_R†bcgShvdf]_]`T^`edfXMuU^WgldIg_RUTjiY[XUTbc]/^`hb\j[T ]_TveU]_Tv^_TvXg_YiXUw'glRUTRUd\]_YiævdfXœ^_Y[æT%bcg glRMTg_YiƒTSd\tuUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwU€6¼†]_dfƒ ž O€%¡ 8M€ â\â £$”fg_RUYi^žYi^ w\Y[ZfTvX z k :<; ¡ @  £ Ï â >vÉ B  ”oaRMT]_TapT2TƒeUjid–k‡b„^_V z ^_hv]_Yierg2™šºo¤U¤›Dgld~uUTXUdcglTœglRUTTeqdrhnRìd\t uUTvhdfVUeMjiYiXMwU€ #êR†bcg%apT-b\hvg_V†b\jijŸk‚XUTvTuRUTv]_TYi^glRUY[^Hj[YiXUTb\]SuUYi^8gnb\XMhTI^`hb\j[Tu‹g_d2g_RUTeM]_T^`TX•g glY[ƒ2T z k‚g_RUTt˜b\hvg_df] Ö Ê¶É Ö  Ï ½  ä   ”UaRUTv]_T  Y[^WglRUT]`TuU^`RUY[t­g€ QSRVM^” :< ; ¡ @  £ Ï ¡²½ ä  £ B â >  Ï ½ ä ½   Bsâ > Ê ¡8½–¾r€ f£ aRUTv]_Txa/T'RUb–Z\TTƒeUjid–k\Tu‚glRUT*]_T^`VUj[gSt}]`dfƒ (ž]`d z j[Tƒ(¤rTvg’ *I ” xVUT^8glY[dfX½¡Øbf£$”M]`TjibcglY[XUwIglRMT HV zUz jiT'e†b\]_b\ƒTvglTv]HY[XbœÆObcgHeU]_Tv^_^_VM]_Tj[T^`^xVUXUYŸZfT]`^_TsbygxbwfY[Z\TX‹TvedhnR‹g_dŽY[g_^HeM]_T^`TX•g8¹u†bk Zcb\jiVMT\Ë BÅ¡  £ Ï BsÊy¡8½ ä  £  à ¡8½–¾r€ ó £ ’ gœt}dfjij[d–a^” glRUTv]_T$t}df]_Tc”/glRUbcgsglRUT~b\XMwfVUjÂbc]s^_TeUb\]lbcg_YidfXdfXÅg_RUT„^_m•khdf]`]_Tv^_eqdfXUuUY[XUw…g_dglRUY[^ ^_hb\jiTY[^SwfY[Z\TX졘Y[X~uMTwf]`TT^l£ z k  ½ ½ ó\è  ½

Ì  Ï ½  ófè :'; :<¡ ;@ = Ê  £ Ï ½  ¡8½–¾r€D8•£ å

ä    t}df]   Ï ½f½ èfè €SQSRUY[^HY[ƒ2eUj[YiTv^WglR†bcg%glRMTƒ-VMj[glY[ed\jiTxhvdf]_]`T^_eqdfXUuMYiXUwgld2g_RUYi^Hb\XUw\VUjÂb\]^`hb\j[T Yi^ ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½ è £ ã   ½ èfè QSRUYi^IYiƒeUjiY[T^glR†bcg-b\XUwfVMjÂb\]^_hbcjiT^- Ì §Ì  hdf]`]_T^`ed\XUuBgldj[YiXUTb\]^`hb\j[T^Ig_R†bcg-a/T]`T © ®\³­³i°$«-glRUb\X—glRMTRUdf]`Yiæd\X—^_Y[æTbyg1uUTvhdfVUeMjiYiXMwU€Fˆpd\XZ\T]`^_TjŸkf”Hb\XUwfVMjÂb\]^_hb\jiTv^‚ Ì  Ì  ]_TveU]_Tv^_TvXgxjiYiXMTb\]SuUY[^`glb\XUhT'^_hb\jiTv^%g_R†bcg%apTv]_Twf]_TbcglTv]g_R†b\X~glRUT'RUdf]`Yiæd\X>^`YiæTbcg%glR†byg%g_YiƒT\€ QSRVU^”Wg_RUT‹uMY[“T]_TvXUhTv^ŽY[Xëg_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_T z T$g{apTvTXg{a/dBeqdfYiX•gl^œdfXëglRUT>^_m•kë^_Tve†b\]lbyglTu z k Ì ,Ì  bc]_T1uUYŸ“LTv]_TvXUhTv^ z T$g{apTvTXë]_TvwfYidfXM^Id\tWg_RUT1VUXMY[ZfTv]_^`T1glR†bcgapd\VUjiuBXMd\gsR†bZfT z TvTX  YiX„hvdfƒ2ƒIVUXUYihbcglY[dfX‚bcgSg_RUTglY[ƒ2Txdct6uUTvhdfVMeUjiY[XUw~¡˜^`YiXUhvT'j[YiwfR•gSRUb\u„XUd\g%R†b\u„TXMdfVUwfR„glY[ƒ2T*g_d gl]_bZfTjžglRUbcg'uUYi^8gnb\XUhvT2^`YiXUhvTg_RUT z Yiw z b\XUw•£$€1’{X b~^`TXU^`T\”6aRUTvX a/TŽƒTb\^`VU]_TœÆ†VUh$glV†bcg_YidfXM^ d–ZfTv]%g_RUT^`TI^_hb\jiTv^”Ua/T-b\]`Tƒ2Tb\^_VU]`YiXUwsg_RUTeM]_Yiƒdf]`uUYÂb\jqeqT]`g_VU] z bcglY[dfXU^SglR†bygHRUb–Z\TXMd\g z TvTX bc“Th$glTu z k‚eUR•k^_Y[hb\jLeU]_dhTv^_^_Tv^*byt­glT]/glRUTY[XMÆObcg_YidfX†bc]`kT]_bM€¢xX1glRUTd\g_RUT]SRUb\XUu‘”UeMRk^`Yihbcj eU]`drhvT^_^`T^hdfVMjiuR†bZfT„dfeqT]_bcglTvu z Tvg{a/TTvX g{a/dì]`TwfY[dfXU^-^`Te†b\]_bcglTvu z kë Ì  Ì  b\XUuÅa/T T$ÁreqTh$g*glRMTglTvƒ2eqT]_bcglVM]_TƆVUh$glV†bcg_YidfXM^Hd–ZfTv]Hg_RUT^`TI^_ƒ2b\j[jiT]S^`hb\j[T^%gld]_TvÆUThvgHglRUY[^€W’{XMuUTTvu‘” íxdfeUeMjiT]%Tv“Th$gl^b\]`TIglRMT-ƒ2d\^`gx^`YiwfXMY[Ćhb\X•g*hb\VU^_Tsdct glTƒeqT]lbyglVU]`Tsb\XUY[^_d\g_]_dfeUY[T^%d–ZfT]ƒIVUj glY[ed\jiT^SY[X~g_RUTI]_b\XUwfT½ èfè  ã Œ½ èfèfè ”UaRUTv]_Tb\^*glRMT-¤MbchnRU^²'¹ #ìdfjŸt}TT$“LTvhvgxY[^SglRUT'uUdfƒYiX†bcXg hd\Xg_]_Y z VMglY[dfX>g_dŽglRMTsb\XUY[^_d\g_]_dfeUY[T^t}df]*ƒIVUj[g_YieqdfjiTv^ ã ý èfè € #ìTIXUd–aŒhdfXM^_YiuMT]*g_RUYi^HjÂbcg`glT] Tv“Th$gt}VU]`g_RUT]v€ ½f½ è


64 57 E  J  =-7$A / -ADJLK QSRUTI¤Mb\hnRU^{¹'#ìdfj[t}TTv“Th$g*Y[^S]_Tb\jijŸkŽg{a/dŽhd\ƒ2eqTvg_YiXUwœTv“Th$gl^Hb\]_Y[^_Y[XUw-t}]_dfƒ(ed\g_TX•glYib\j‘eqT]8glVU] z bcg_YidfXM^bcg'jÂb\^8g^_hbyg_glTv]_Y[XUwU€œ¼6Y[]_^`g_j[k\”Db\Xìd–Z\T]_uMTXU^`TŽ]_TvwfYid\X…T$“LTvhvg_Y[ZfTvj[k—¯n±–±y³š©HglRMTeMRUd\gld\XU^ z ThbcVU^_TsglRMTvkj[df^_TsTvXUT]`w\kë¡Øbc]_Ts]_TvuU^_RMY[t­glTvuO£b\^xglRMTvkhvjiYiƒ z dfVMgd\tžglRMTw\]lbZY[gnbyglYid\X†b\joed  glTvX•glYÂbcjMapTvjij؀ž¤rThvdfXUuUjŸkf”b\Xd–ZfT]`uUTXM^_T*]`TwfY[dfXœhb\VM^_T^/bglYiƒTWuUY[jÂbcg_YidfXITv“Thvg/dfXœglRUT^`VU]`t˜b\hvT d\tžjib\^`g^`hbcg`glTv]_YiXMwU” z Thb\VU^_T-aRMTXapTsj[drd\m>bygb\Xd–ZfTv]_uUTvXU^_Tœ]_TvwfYid\X‹apTœbc]_T-j[drdfmY[XUw1bcgxb RUd\g`glTv]HbcXUu‚glRUTv]_Tvt}d\]_T'b\X~Tv“Thvg_Y[Z\Tj[ k ±yª·¸°$«WVUXUYŸZfTv]_^_Tc€ QSRUT^`TIT$“LTvhvgl^%hd\ƒ z YiXMTxgldœeU]_duUVUhvT'bsÆUVUhvg_V†bcglY[dfX~YiX1glRMTg_TƒeTv]lbcg_VU]_TcË Ç-È Ç-È Ç-È ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½f½¨£ ä È Ï È È ß

    QSRUTžwf]_Ý b–ZYŸgnbcg_à YidfX†bcjy]`TuU^`RUY[t­gDY[^‘uUT$glT]`ƒ2Y[XUTu z k*g_RUTžedcglTX•g_YÂb\jyapTvjij ”yÎD”¨^_VUhnRglR†bygDÇ-ÈÉyÈ Ç UÉ  ÎLÉ > ”aRUT]`T Ž]_TveU]_Tv^_TX•g_^WglRUT%t}]_T VUTvXUhvkŽd\tÀglRMT*eURUdcgldfXU^v€ QSRUT*g_RUT]`ƒŽb\jqTv“T h$ gW Y[^Ï   V†b\X•glYŸÄ†Tu z k‚XUdcglYiXMwIglR†bygWglRUTXVUƒ z Tv]SuUTXU^`Y[g{k‚dct@eMRUd\gld\XU^"” !$#”†bcgb-w\Y[ZfTvX‚glTƒeqT]lbyglVU]`T Yi^eU]_d\edf]8glY[dfX†b\j gld>glRUT1uMTXU^`Y[g{kìd\t z b\]8kfdfXU^v%” !# '&)(6 Ö Õ  È à  ” ^_dYŸgt}d\jijid–aà^glR†byg ¾ : ÈÉ¨È Ï : & É & €/‰>df]`Td–ZfTv]”q^_Y[XUhTYiX~bœeU]_Tv^_^`VU]_TvjiT^`^*VUXMY[ZfTv]_^`T\” Ö @   b\XMu & @ Õ ”UglRUY[^ YiƒeUj[YiT^¢glR†byg : &  â : @ â :  â Îà ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½ â £ @ Ï  Ï > Ï & *HdcglYiXMw>glRUbcgIg_RUT1wf]_b–ZYŸgnbcg_YidfX†bcj/bcXUu glRMT]_ƒ2b\j¢hdfX•g_]_Y z VMglY[dfXU^IRUb–Z\T‚dfeUeqdf^_YŸglT2Tv“Thvg_^IglRMTX YiƒeUj[YiT^¢glR†bygSglRUTglTvƒ2eqT]_bcglVM]_TƆVUh$glV†bcg_YidfXM^%d\X~jib\]_w\Tb\XUwfVUjib\]W^`hb\j[T^%b\]_Tw\Y[ZfTvX z k Ç-È Îà  â Îà ½ Îà ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½–¾•£ È Ï > ¾ > Ï ¾ > 4657 + ,-xA <…C†A 3 8JLKMA 3 . 3/.04 MAD"C 0pA 3 9 : ; <>=@?BADC EHGIADJLKUCONP QSRUT… V†b\jiYŸgnbcg_Y[Z\T^_R†b\eqT…d\tIg_RUTìeM]_TuMYihvg_Tu|ed–a/T]‹^`eTvhvg_]_VUƒ d\tglRUT ˆS‰‹Š Y[^„^_RUd–aXFY[X ¼6Y[wU€'¡8½–¾r€ â £¶€QSRUYi^HYi^ z b\^_TvudfXƒduUTj[^%dct ^`g_]_VUh$glVU]`TIt}df]_ƒ2bcg_YidfX„YiX•Z\dfj[ZYiXMw2glRMTIeU]`drhvT^_^Hd\t wf]_b–ZYŸgnbcg_YidfX†bcj†YiXU^8gnb z Y[jiYŸg{ksYiXŽbIu†b\]`mƒ2bcg`glT]¢YiXrÆObcglY[dfX†b\]8kœVUXUYŸZfT]`^_Tc”†b\^pd\VMglj[YiXUTvuŽYiX1¤rTh$glY[dfX ½ ⠀ QSRMT]_T'b\]`TglRU]`TT]_TvwfYidfXM^pgldœXUd\g_T\Ë glRMT]_TY[^bIÆObcg%eUjÂbyglTbcV1t}df] ã ¦½ è ”†bseTb\m1j[drhbcglTvu bcg ã  â èfè t}dfj[jid–a/Tu z k b‹^_VMhhTv^_^`YidfXd\tj[d¨a/T]eTb\m^sb\XUuBg_RUTXBb‹u†b\ƒeUYiXMw>gnbcYij¢b z d¨Z\T ã |½ èfèfè € QSRUT‚df]`YiwfY[X d\tSg_RUT1eqTb\m^sYiXìglRUT1eqd–apTv]s^_eqTh$gl]_VMƒ Yi^'glR†byg-eU]`Yidf]'glduUTvhdfVMeUjiY[XUwU”glRMT z b\]8kfdfXMYihƒŽbyg_glTv]SYiX‚glRMT'VMXUY[Z\T]_^`T'apb\^%YidfXMYiæTvu„b\XUu„glRUY[^SYiƒeUjiY[TuŽg_R†bcgglRMT'eMRUd\gld\XU^hdfVUj[u XUd\gIgl]lbZ\Tj/t}]`TTvj[kf€’{XM^`glTb\u‘” glRMT1ƒŽbyg_glTv]-b\XMuÅ]lb\uUYibcglY[dfX z TRUb–Z\TuTv“Th$glYŸZfTjŸkÅb\^-b‹^_Y[XUwfjiT ƆVUY[u‘” aRUT]`T‚glRUT z bc]`kfd\XU^œeU]_d–ZYiuUTvuëg_RUT‚YiXMT]`g_YÂbbcXUuÅglRUT‚eURMd\gldfXM^2beM]_T^`^_VU]`T\€íxVUT1g_d wf]_b–ZYŸgnbcg_YidfX†bcjObcg_g_]lb\h$glYid\X‘”•glRUTHƒŽbcg`glTv]¢g_TXUuUTvu1gldhdfj[jÂb\eU^`T%g_d–aWb\]`uU^pg_RUT*]`TwfY[dfXU^¢d\tD^_j[YiwfR•gljŸk RUY[wfRUT]uUTvXU^_YŸg{kf” z VMg2glRUTeMRUd\gld\XeU]_Tv^_^`VU]_T]`T^`Yi^`g_Tug_RUYi^v€|QSRUY[^ŽY[Xg_T]`eUjÂbk z T$g{apTvTX glRMT eURUdcgldfXU^@b\XUu z b\]8kfdfXM^@^`Tvg@VUeIbchdfVU^8glY[h¢d\^_hY[jijibcglY[dfXU^LY[X'g_RUT ƆVUY[uIb\XMu'g_RUT/eqTbcm^@b\XUugl]`dfVUwfRM^ ]_TveU]_Tv^_TvXgg_RUT-hvdf]_]`T^_eqdfXUuMYiXUw1RMd\gb\XUu‹hdfj[u]_TvwfYidfXM^€s¡}QSRUT-ƆVUY[uYi^HRUd\g`glT]HYiX‹g_RUTIuMTXU^`T] ]_TvwfYid\XU^n£¶€ ¿ ^ža/THR†bZ\TH^`TTXL”Mƒ-VUjŸglY[edfj[T^ z Tvjid–a ã |½ èfè hdf]`]_Tv^_eqdfXUu2g_djiYiXMTb\] ^`hb\j[T^žjÂb\]`wfT] ½f½f½


glRUb\XglRUTsRMdf]_Y[ædfXbyguUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwM”L^_d‚XMd‚eTb\m^b\]_T-^`TTvX…Y[XglRUY[^*]`TwfY[dfXd\t glRMTs^_eqThvg_]_VUƒ z ThbcVU^_T1eMRk^`Yihbcj/eU]`drhvT^`^_T^IR†b\u XMd\gIk\Tvg-RUb\uìg_YiƒTœg_d‹dfeqT]_bcglTd–ZfTv]glRMT^_TŽ^_hbcjiT^v€„QSRUT Ć]`^`geqTb\m>bcg .㠁â èfè hdf]`]_T^`ed\XUuU^gldŽg_RUTsdf^`hYij[jÂbcg_YidfX„glRUbcgYi^ »`VU^`g]`Tb\hnRMYiXUw‚YŸgl^*eqdfY[Xg*d\t ƒ2byÁrYiƒ-VUƒ|hdfX•g_]lb\h$glYid\Xbygog_RUTžuUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUw%TeqdhnR‘€6QSRUY[^ob\XUwfVUjib\]À^_hb\jiTžd\tMb z dfVMgodfXUTžuUTvwf]_TvT hd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuU^g_d>b‚j[YiXUTb\]x^_hb\jiT-aYŸglRUY[XglRUTsRMdf]_Y[ædfX‡uUY[^`gnbcXUhTœbcgg_RUT-glY[ƒ2TId\tpuMThd\VUeUjiY[XUwU” ^_d-g_RUTdf^`hYij[jÂbcg_YidfXœR†bcu‚R†b\u„^_VMÛhvYiTX•gSg_YiƒT%g_dshdfƒeUjiT$glTHe†b\]`gWd\toY[gl^¢t}VUjijqhvkhvjiT\€žQSRUTdcglRUTv] eqTb\m^%ƒŽbkŽg_RUTX z TZY[Tva/Tubc^SRUYiwfRMT]SR†b\]`ƒ2d\XUYihv^Sd\t@g_RUYi^Sd\^_hY[jijibcglY[dfX‘€ *Hd–a”oY[gƒ-VM^`g z TTvƒ2eMR†b\^_Y[æTvu‡g_R†bcgglRMTsdrhvhVU]`]_TXMhTd\t/g_RUYi^xÄU]_^`g'eqTb\mbcg ) ã ,â èfè Y[^ b-m\T$k„eU]_TvuUYih$glY[dfX‚d\toYiXMƆbcglY[dfX‘€6QSRMYi^Sƒ-VUjŸglY[edfj[THY[^W^_eqThvYÂb\j z Tvhb\VU^`TY[gS]`TeU]`T^_TvX•gl^glRUT^`hb\j[T hd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuUY[XUw‚gld‚glRMTŽ©–±yªr· †±y«$µ y±y·~bcguMThd\VUeUjiY[XUwU€QSRUTœ^_dfVUXMuìRUd\]_YiævdfXYi^*uUTvĆXMTuBbc^ glRMTxƒŽb¨ÁMY[ƒ-VUƒ uUY[^`glb\XUhT*bI^_d\VUXUu1apb–Z\ThdfVUj[uŽR†bZ\Txgl]lbZ\TjiTvu1glRU]`dfVUwfR2glRUTxY[dfXUY[æTu2eUjÂbc^_ƒ2b t}]_d\ƒ¥glRUT z TvwfYiXMXUYiXUwd\tglRUT%VUXUYŸZfTv]_^_T%gldglRUT%glY[ƒ2TSd\tLuUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwM€ xV†b\X•glYŸgnbcg_Y[Z\Tj[k\”Y[gžYi^žglRMT b\X†bcjidfwfVMTsd\tpg_RUT2RMdf]_Y[ædfX…uUYi^8gnb\XMhT‹9¡ 8M€ âfâ £¶” z VMgaYŸglR‡glRUT^_eqTTvu d\tpjiY[wfR•g^_V z ^8glYŸglVMg_Tuìt}d\] glRMT'^`eTvTu>d\t6^`dfVUXUu~d\toglRUTƆVMYiu‘” >UË :  Ï Ö ¡ @`£  Ê > Ö O¡ ¡ @`@`£ £ : @ ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½  £ à ’{XwfTXUTv]lb\jؔ•glRUT^_eqTTvuŽd\tL^_dfVMXUu2Y[^žuUTvĆXMTu z k >  Ï  É & bcXUu2Y[^žb'hvdfƒeUjiY[hbcg_Tu-t}VUXUh$glY[dfX d\t/glYiƒT\”o^_Y[XUhTY[g'Y[^'^`TXU^`Y[g_Y[ZfTgld„glRUT]_TvjÂbcg_Y[Z\TuMTXU^`Y[glY[T^'d\tSƒ2bcg_g_T]'b\XUuì]lb\àuMYÂbcg_YidfXY[XìglRMT Tbc]_j[kBVUXUY[Z\T]`^_T\€ Hd–a/TvZfTv]”SY[X—b‡]lb\uMYÂbcg_YidfX¹uUdfƒYiX†bcg_TuìVUXUY[Z\T]`^_T\” |Ï & > É\¾…b\XUu >  Ï >vÉ ¾M€Qod‚b2Z\T]`k>h]`VUuUTsbceUeU]_dÁrYiƒ2bcg_YidfX‘”Ug_RUT]`Tvt}df]`T\”Y[t6a/TIglb\m\T'glRUY[^HZcb\jiVMT't}df]glRMTI^_d\VUXUu ^_eqTTvu‘”UbcXUut}VM]`glRMT]/b\^_^`VUƒ2THb^`e†bcg_YÂb\j[j[k'ÆObcg¢VUXUYŸZfT]`^_Tc”ra/T*uUTvuUVUhT%glR†byg¢g_RUT%^_dfVUXMu1RUdf]`Yiæd\X bcgIuUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwY[^I^`ƒŽb\j[jiTv]g_R†b\X g_RUT1RUd\]_YiævdfXBuUY[^`glb\XUhT1bcgIg_R†bcgIg_YiƒT z k b>t˜b\h$gldf]d\t ¾M€ QSRVU^”‘g_RUTIhvdf]_]`T^`edfXMuUYiXUw1b\XUwfVUjib\]%^_hbcjiT-d\t6glRUT-^`dfVUXUuRMdf]_Y[ædfXd\X‹glRUTI^_m•k>aY[jij z TsÌ  Ï ¾ Ì  É ¾  ½ ”À]_TeM]_T^`TX•glTvu z kg_RUTsƒ-VUjŸglYieqdfj[T ã   ½ èf ½ \¾M€QSRUYi^Y[^b\hvg_V†b\j[j[k è  Ï VUY[g_Thjid\^_Txgldsg_RUTeU]_TvhYi^`T'Zcb\j[VUTuUT$glT]`ƒ2Y[XUTu z k~b-t}VUjijLXVMƒ2Tv]_Yihb\j‘hb\jihvVUjÂbcg_YidfXLË ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½ f£ ã  Ï â èfè QSRUT~eU]_Tv^_TX•gŽd z ^_Tv]`Zcbcg_YidfX†bcjS^_Y[g_V†bcg_YidfXYi^ z T^8gŽ^`VUƒƒŽb\]`YiævTu z kÅglRUT~d z ^`T]`Z\Tueqd–apTv] ^_eqTh$gl]_b„ƒTbc^_VU]`Tu z kglRU, T #êYijimY[XU^_dfX…‰~Yih]`d–aWbZfT ¿ XUYi^`d\gl]`dfe•k ( ]_d z T~¡ #|‰ ¿ (¢£$€ÀQSRMYi^xY[^ ^_RMd¨aXY[X¼6Y[wf^€'¡²½–¾M€  £b\XUu¡²½–¾MD€ f£$€QSRUTu†bcgnbaWb\^HƒŽbcuUTeMV z jiY[hIbc^*]_TvhTvXg_j[k>b\^ fb\XV†b\]`k â èfè ¾bcXUu‚t}VU]`g_RUT]uUT$gnb\Y[ji^ShbcX z Tt}dfVUXUu~dfX‚glRMT #|‰ ¿ (—a/T z ^`Y[glTbcgË R•g_g_e‘Ë cƒ2b\e‘€ wf^`t}hc€ X†bc^lbM€ wfd–Z cYiXUuMT$Á€ R•g_ƒ2j *Hd\g_THg_R†bcgpg_RUT*^`eTvhvg_]_VUƒ,bcgWj[d–a ƒ-VUjŸglYieqdfj[T^%¡ ã F½ è £ hdf]`]_Tv^_eqdfXUuU^pg_dsb'ÆUVUhvg_V†bcglY[dfX1Y[X glTvƒ2eqT]_bcglVM]_T¢d\tOÇ-ÈÉyÈÊ  ½ è Õ  b\^oeU]`TvZYidfVM^_j[k'uUY[^_hvVU^_^`Tu‘€ž¤VMÛhTpg_d*^lbkglRUbcg@g_RUT]`TpY[^@XUd–a d–ZfTv]`aRUTvjiƒYiXUw-T$ZYiuUTvXUhTxt}df]žglRMTxT$ÁrYi^8glTvXUhTd\tÀg_RUT*Ć]`^`gpeTb\m2j[drhbcglTvu‘”rb\^WT$ÁreqTh$glTuL”Obcg ã â bcXUu~g_RUT]`TYi^S^8gl]_d\XUwœTvZYiuUTvXUhTb\j[^_d-t}df]pg_RUTT$ÁrYi^8glTvXUhT'd\tDglRUTj[d¨a/T]SeqTbcm^v€žQSRUThVU]8ZfT Yi^HèfèglRUT z T^8g8¹ÄUgg_RUTd\]_Tvg_Yihb\jƒdruUTvj €¤rY[XUhTc”ÀYiXeU]`YiXUhvYieUj[T\”Ld\XUTshdfVMjiuYiƒ2b\wfY[XUT'd\glRUTv]”ÀXUd\X¹ YiXrÆObcglY[dfX†b\]8kƒThnR†b\XMYi^_ƒ^t}df]'wfTXUTv]lbcg_YiXUw~^_VMhnRb>eqd¨a/T]^_eqTh$gl]_VMƒ>”oglRUTv^_T1d z ^_T]8ZcbcglY[dfX†b\j ]_Tv^_VUjŸgl^ z ksglRUTvƒ2^`Tj[Z\T^¢uUd'XUd\g¢eU]_d–Z\T%g_R†bcgžglRUT%VUXUYŸZfTv]_^_T%VUXUuMT]`a/TX•gpYiXMÆObyglYid\X‘€ %d¨a/TvZ\T]v”MY[g ½f½ â


Yi^žY[ƒ2eqdf]`glb\X•ggld'TƒeUR†bc^_YiævT%g_R†bcgžglRMT^_THb\XUu2]_TvjÂbcg_Tud z ^_Tv]`Zcbcg_YidfXU^ž]`TeU]`T^_TvX•gSbh]_VMhYÂbcjUglT^8g glRUbcgglRUTYiXMÆObyglYid\X†b\]`kŽ^_hvTX†b\]`YidXUTTvuUTug_d2eUb\^_^%^_VUhvhTv^_^`t}VMjij[k\€S’ tglRMTeqTb\m^HR†b\u‹XMd\g z TvTX d z ^`T]8ZfTuL”@YŸgxapd\VUjiueU]`d z b z j[kRUb–Z\Tœ]_VUj[TudfVMgY[XMÆObcg_YidfXb\^b1ƒ2TvhnR†b\XUY[^_ƒ t}df]wfTXMT]lbyglYiXMw jÂbc]_wfTn¹^_hb\jiTx^8gl]`VUhvg_VU]_T'YiX‚glRMT'VMXUY[Z\T]_^`T\€ 64 57 : A MNxC  K"xA|A   K? =1K"xA ! 0/ADC MA QSRUT„eU]`ThY[^_T„X†bcg_VU]_T‚dctHg_RUT~ˆS‰‹Šed–a/T]œ^_eqTh$gl]_VMƒéYi^s^`TXU^`Y[glYŸZfT‚gldƒ2b\X•kBhvdf^_ƒdfj[dfwfYihb\j e†b\]_b\ƒTvglTv]_^v”LYiXMhjiVMuUYiXUwglRU T ¢¹e†b\]_b\ƒ2T$glTv]_^Ht}d\]HglRMT-hdf^`ƒ2d\jidfwfY[hb\jÀhvdfXU^8gnb\X•gb\XMu z b\]`k\dfXUY[h ƒ2bcg_g_T] hd\ƒ2eqdfXUTvXg_^”•glRMT %V zUz j[Te†b\]lbcƒ2T$glT]v”Tvglhc€’{Xe†b\]`g_YihvVUjÂb\]v”U´ † ° †±–©$µ­´˜µ ±y·>±²¬´ † ° ž«n©$´ †°_ ® µi©W©–°$·M©$µ­´˜µ \°S´{±'´ †°´²±y´ ®\³ °$·M©$µ­´ s±²¬W´ †°%ª·†µ \°$«l©–°%®\· ´ †°$«l°}¬±y«n°Sµ­´}©S© M®\´˜µ˜®\³q¯$ª« y®\´Øª«l°$€ ThbcjijglRUbcgglRUTœeqdf^_YŸglYid\X…dctpglRMYi^eqTb\mY[^']`TjibcglTvu…g_d~g_RUTœ^_dfVUXMu RUdf]`YiævdfX byguMThd\VUeUjiY[XUwU” hd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuUY[XUwgldg_RUT‚ƒŽb¨ÁMY[ƒ-VUƒ uUY[^`gnbcXUhT„b^`dfVUXUuaWbZ\T~hvdfVUj[uBgl]lbZ\TjSuUVU]`YiXUwg_RUT z Y[w z b\XMw z T$t}df]_T*uUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwU€6QSRUYi^/jiYiXMTb\]¢uUYi^8gnb\XMhTx^`V z glTvXUuU^b\X1b\XUwfj[T*d\tÀg_RUTx^_m•kŽb\XUu‘”Mb\^pa/T ^lba|b z d–ZfT\”Mhdf]`]_T^`ed\XUuU^Wgld-b z d\VMgSÌ   ½ t}df]pbI^_e†byglYÂbcjij[ksƆbcgWVUXMY[ZfTv]_^`T\”MaRUTv]_Txg_RUTHg_d\gnb\j uUTvXU^_YŸg{k„Yi^ST V†bcj‘gldsglRUThv]_Y[g_Yihb\jLuUTvXU^_YŸg{kf€ *Hd–a”wfTvdfƒTvgl]`Yihb\jijŸkf”Db~Ɔbcg-VUXMY[ZfTv]_^`TŽhd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuU^IjiY[g_T]_b\jijŸk>g_db~Ɔbcg$ ” žVMhjiY[uUTbcX wfT  dfƒTvg_]`k‹b\XUuhd\XU^_Tv VMTX•gljŸkjiY[wfR•g*]_b–k^*t}d\jijid–aŒbŽ^8gl]_b\YiwfR•g*jiYiXMT-b\^*g_RUTvk>gl]_b–Z\Tj6g_RU]_d\VUwfRglRMT VUXUYŸZfTv]_^_Tt}]`dfƒ,g_RUT^_VU]8t˜b\hTdct6jib\^`gS^`hbcg`glTv]_YiXMw-gld–aWbc]_uU^dfVU]SuMTvglTvhvg_df]_^v€*¡˜¼6Yiw‚½¾M€ ó b•£$€ %d–a  TvZ\T]v”UapT^lba|YiX~¤rTvhvg_YidfX2g_R†bcg%b-hj[df^_Tvu‚VUXUYŸZfT]`^_Thd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuU^Sg_dœb-^_eURUTv]_Y[hb\j‘w\TdfƒTvg_]`kf€ ’{XŽg_RUYi^¢hb\^`T\”Mg_RUT*j[YiwfR•g¢]lbk^Wd\tLg{apd-eMRUd\gld\XU^pglRUbcg/a/Tx]`ThTvY[Z\TxhdfX•Z\T]_w\Tb\^/a/T*t}dfj[jid–a—g_RUTƒ z b\hnmŽYiX1glY[ƒ2T%gld-g_RUTjÂb\^8gS^_hbcg_g_T]`YiXUwœ^_VM]`t˜b\hvT\€/ˆpdfXU^`T VUTX•g_j[kf”†g{a/dœeURUd\g_dfXU^S^_Tve†b\]_bcglTvu>Y[XUY glYib\jijŸk z k‚g_RUT'g_RUT^_dfVMXUu‹RUd\]_YiævdfX>bcg%uUThvdfVUeUj[YiXUwœ^_V z glTvXUub„³Ÿ®\« ¸°$«Wb\XUwfj[Tg_R†b\X~YiX‚glRMT'ÆObyg VUXUYŸZfTv]_^_T-¡Ø¼6Y[wU€p¡8½–¾M€ ó z £`£$€QSRVU^v”rY[XŽbhj[df^_Tvu2VMXUY[Z\T]_^`T\”glRUT^_d\VUXUuŽRMdf]_Y[ædfX-¹œbcXUug_RUT]`Tvt}df]`T glRMT*eqdf^_YŸglYid\X2d\tLglRUT%Ć]_^8gWeqTb\mI¹œaY[jij†hd\]_]_Tv^_eqdfXUuŽg_dsbœ©®\³­³i°$« ƒIVUj[g_YieqdfjiTc€o’ tÀg_RUT*VMXUY[Z\T]_^`T Yi^hvjidf^`Tu‘”Àg_RUT]`Tvt}df]`Tœa/TœapdfVMjiu‡T$ÁreqThvg'gld~^_TvTsglRUTœjÂbc]_wfTseqTb\m‹jidhbcg_Tugld„glRMTj[Tvt­gdctpglRMT ã Ï â èfè ƒ-VUjŸglYieqdfj[T\€@Š/k„b-^_Y[ƒ2Y[jÂb\]/b\]`wfVUƒTX•g”Mt}d\]SbsXUTw•byglY[Z\TjŸk1hVM]`ZfTvu‹VUXMY[ZfTv]_^`T\”UglRMT'j[YiwfR•g ]lbk^-uUYŸZfTv]_wfTŽb\^a/T2g_]lb\hvT2glRMTƒ z b\hnmìb\XUu ^`V z g_TXUuëb>^`ƒŽbcjijiTv]'b\XUwfj[T\€„’{X glRMYi^'hb\^`T\”glRMT eqTb\mìYi^sT$ÁreqTh$glTugld z T‚jidhbcg_TuBg_dglRUT„]_Y[wfR•gsd\t ã Ï â è\è Y[tglRUT‚uMTXU^`Y[g{kÅe†bc]lb\ƒTvg_T]-Y[^ ^_Y[wfXUYŸÄ†hb\X•g_j[k‚j[T^_^%glR†bcX‹VUXUYŸg{kf€S’{Xw\TXUTv]lb\jؔqYŸg%hb\X z T'^_RUd–aXglRUbcgHg_RUT'uUTeqTXUuMTXUhvTsd\tglRMT eqdf^_YŸglYid\X‚d\t@g_RUTĆ]_^8g%eTb\m1df X |Y[^wfY[Z\TX z k ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½ C•£ ã  â è\Wè Ê HTvXUhTc” z kìƒ2Tb\^_VM]_YiXMw>glRMTŽeqdf^_YŸglYid\Xìd\tSg_RUT2ÄU]_^`g-eTb\mO”6apT1b\]_TŽb z jiTgld>ƒ2Tb\^_VU]`TŽglRMT eU]`T^_TvX•gpuUTvXU^_YŸg{kœd\tqglRUT%VUXUYŸZfT]`^_T%]_TvjÂbcg_Y[ZfTWg_dglRUTh]`Y[g_YihbcjMuUTvXU^_YŸg{kb\XUuRUTXUhvT%g_RUThVU]8ZcbcglVU]`T d\toglRUTVUXMY[ZfTv]_^`T\€¢QSRUT z Tv^`g8¹•ÄUgHZcb\j[VUTuUT$glT]`ƒ2Y[XUTu‚t}]`dfƒ #|‰ ¿ (Yi^  ¡8½–¾M€Ÿ½ f£ Ï ½ å è â  è å è ⠒{X~d\glRUTv]Wapd\]_uU^v”UglRUTwfTvXUT]`YiheU]`TuUY[hvglY[dfX‚d\toglRUTY[XMÆObcg_YidfX†bc]`k^_hvTX†b\]`YidI¹ŽX†b\ƒTjŸkf”Mg_R†bcgSglRMT gldcgnb\j¢uUTXM^_Y[g{kìd\tWg_RUT1VUXMY[ZfTv]_^`TŽgldu†bk…^_RUdfVMjiu z T2Z\T]`k hj[df^_Tgld‹g_RUTŽhv]_Y[g_Yihb\jžuUTXU^`Y[g{k¹‡Y[^ TX•g_Yi]_Tvj[kŽhdfXU^`Yi^8glTX•g%aY[g_R„g_RUTˆS‰‹Š|uUbcgnbM€ ½f½–¾


¤rVUhnRÅbcX b\XUb\j[k^_Y[^t}dfjij[d¨a^xt}]`dfƒ eUVM]_TjŸk‡wfTd\ƒ2T$gl]_Y[hb\j6hdfXU^`YiuUTv]lbcg_YidfXM^bcXUuìhb\X XMd\g z k Y[g_^_Tvj[tkYiTj[u YiXMt}d\]_ƒ2bcglY[dfX—dfX g_RUTuUY[“T]`TX•g„hd\XU^`g_Y[glVMTX•gl^~d\tglRUT‡ƒ2bcg_g_T]1hvdfX•glTvXg~d\t'glRMT VUXUYŸZfTv]_^_Tc€ %d¨a/TvZ\T]v”LaRUTXg_RUTsˆS‰>Š¦u†bcglbŽYi^%hdfƒ z YiXUTvu>aYŸglR>g_RUTI^`VUeqT]_XMd¨Zcb\TIu†bcgnbœglR†byg a/T‹uUY[^_hVM^_^_Tvu YiX—¤rTh$glY[dfX CM”/]_Tv^_VUjŸgl^^_VUhnRêb\^œglRMdf^_T>^_RUd–aXY[X—¼6Y[wf^€ ¡8½–¾M€ C•£sb\XUuF¡8½–¾r € f£ b\]`TŽt}dfVUXUuL€B¼†df]g_RUT1t˜bZfdfVM]_TuZcb\jiVMT1d\t Ï è å C Å¡}^_TvT‹¤Thvg_YidfX Cf£$” glRUT z Tv^`g8¹•ÄUgsgldglRMT u†bcglb1Yi^*t}d\]  = Ê ÏÃè å 1b\XMu  = Ê ÏÃè å ¾M€'QSRUYi^xY[^b\j[^_d‚hd\XU^_Y[^`glTvX•gaY[glRg_RUTsYiXMuUTeqTXUuMTX•g uUT$glT]`ƒ2Y[X†bcg_YidfX>d\tžglRUTsuUTvXU^_YŸg{k d\t¢u†bc]_m~ƒŽbcg`glTv]xuUTuMVUhTvu…t}]`dfƒ wfb\jÂbyÁk~hj[VU^`g_T]uMkX†bcƒ2Y[h^” b\^uUY[^_hVM^_^_Tvu‹Y[X‹¤Thvg_YidfX‡½ è ”UaRUT]`T'YŸgSaWbc^t}d\VUXUu„glR†bcg  = Ê  è å ¾M€ QSRVU^”Àgld‚hvdfXUhvjiVUuUTc”DbŽhd\XUhdf]`u†b\XUhvTœƒ2duUTjod\tžglRMTsVUXU Y[Z\T]`^_TsR†b\^Tvƒ2Tv]_wfTvu‘”LaRUTv]_TsglRMT uUTvXU^_YŸg{kYi^2hj[df^_T‹g_d glRMTh]`Y[glY[hb\juUTvXU^_YŸg{kf€ xXUj[k½ d\tg_RUTƒ2bcg_g_T]ŽY[X—glRMTVUXUYŸZfT]`^_TY[^ ZYi^`Y z j[T\”r¾ è  Yi^pY[XŽglRMT*t}df]_ƒ!d\tDu†bc]_mƒŽbcg`glTv]¡ z d\g_R z b\]`k\dfXUY[hb\XUu‚XUd\X¹ z b\]8kfdfXMYih–£/b\XUu1glRMT ]_TvƒŽbcYiXUY[XUw è !Yi^Shd\ƒ2eU]`Yi^`Tu„d\t6bœƒkr^8glTv]_Yid\VU^hdf^`ƒ2dfj[dfwfY[hb\jqhdfXM^`gnbcXgHdf]Su†bc]_m1TvXUT]`w\kf€

½f½ 

ASTM108 Cosmology Lecture 13 (QMUL)  

ASTM108 Cosmology Lecture 13 (QMUL), astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, general relativity, quantum mechanics, physics, university degree,...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you