An eye on the future
MESSAGE FROM THE DEAN FALL 2013 Dear Friends and Colleagues, I hope you are enjoying good health and your respective activities wherever you might be! Since July 1, I have been honoured to serve as acting dean while Anita Molzahn enjoys a well-earned one year administrative leave. We wish her well as she focuses on several goals that will benefit our Faculty, as well as support her academic endeavors, which you can read more about later in the magazine. In September we welcomed new and returning students—more than 1,600 undergraduate and 170 graduate—to the Faculty! We were also thrilled to host a very successful Alumni Weekend and spend time with members of several graduating classes. The chatter of reuniting classmates and colleagues and their laughter echoed across floors of our building was wonderful!
uAlberta | nursing Published by Faculty of Nursing Level 3, Edmonton Clinic Health Academy 11405 87 Avenue University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1C9 Website: www.nursing.ualberta.ca Editor: Yolanda Poffenroth Photographs courtesy of Canuck Place Children’s Hospice, College and Association of Registered Nurses of Alberta & Laughing Dog Photography, Yan Doublet, Ronald Leblanc, Anita Molzahn, Yolanda Poffenroth, Resplendent Photography, Richard Siemens and Allan Stamler
Our new professors emeritae, Judy Mill (MN ’96, PhD ’00) and Katherine Moore (MN ’89, PhD ’97), retired from the faculty at the end of June. During the summer we welcomed several new additions to the Faculty, including Sandra Davidson as assistant professor, and V.J. Gibbins (BScN ’98) and Heather Correale as faculty. Many of our alumni and faculty members continue to be recognized for their excellent contributions and work. In October, Joanne Olson was inducted as Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing; Vera Caine recently received a CIHR New Investigator award and Dawn Kingston was selected for an award from the Women & Children’s Health Research Institute. In November, Shannon Scott (PhD ’06) was awarded a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair for Knowledge Translation in Child Health. You will read more about some of these accomplishments in pages that follow. There have been many meetings within the University and with government officials regarding the University’s budget reduction as we clarify the details and establish a clear and effective way forward. In mid-October I was notified that our 2014/15 budget reduction would be 6%, or approximately $1.5 million. We are confident that a number of planned initiatives and strategies will help us realize this reduction. Our goal of excellence in teaching, research and practice remains at the forefront of any decision we implement. As the holiday season approaches, I take this opportunity to thank each of you for your ongoing support to the Faculty of Nursing, our programs and faculty members. I extend my very best wishes for good health, joy and peace for the remainder of this year and in 2014!
For more information about donating to the Faculty of Nursing, contact Jessica Twidale at jessica.
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BLOOD, SWEAT AND NURSING WORDS: LESLEY PULLISHY
WHILE BALANCING SCHOOL,
Lesley Pullishy is in her second year of the MN program. Her research interests include promoting health for socioeconomic disadvantaged groups—such as low-income families—and intersectoral collaboration among university, government and community partners. In her spare time, she also enjoys cooking, walking and spending time with her beloved dog, Fernando.
WORK AND RUGBY, ALLISON FAIRBAIRN HAS LEARNED A LOT ALONG THE WAY— INCLUDING EXCELLENT TIME MANAGEMENT SKILLS. It’s not often you hear ‘nursing’ and ‘rugby’ mentioned together, but for Allison Fairbairn (BScN ’13) these are two worlds that have been colliding for the last five years. Fairbairn recently finished her fifth season with the University of Alberta Pandas Rugby as head captain, and her final semester at the University of Alberta. Although she convocated in June 2013, successfully completed the Canadian Registered Nurse Examination and is an RN, Fairbairn returned to the University campus in September. Registered as a special student in the Faculty of Nursing to further her BScN education, she also wanted one last shot to bring the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) women’s rugby championship back to Edmonton. “I wanted to come back because our 3|
team did so well in 2012,” said Fairbairn. “We won CanWest [Canada West Universities Athletic Association] and ended up with bronze at nationals [CIS].” With the 2013 Pandas Rugby roster shaping up to be more or less the same as the previous year, Fairbairn made the easy decision to return for a final season and set her goal on winning it all.
The rest is history Although formerly active in volleyball, basketball and handball, Fairbairn hadn’t considered playing rugby until her friends encouraged her to try out for her high school team. Soon after she also joined a summer club in Sherwood Park known as the Druid’s Rugby Football Club where eight years later, she’s still playing. Nursing was not yet on Fairbairn’s radar when she graduated high school;
in fact, she decided that she wanted to be a history teacher and spent a year pursuing that dream. She soon realized that it wasn’t for her and that she needed to find a new career path. When a friend suggested she think about nursing, a light bulb went off in her head. “My first thought was, ‘Why had I never considered nursing before?’ It seemed like such a good fit for my personality!” And that was it; Fairbairn applied to the Faculty of Nursing collaborative program and began her studies in September 2008. She hadn’t really considered trying out for the Pandas rugby team, but again, friends encouraged Fairbairn to go to the open tryouts. It was one of the first tryouts Fairbairn had ever been to and she went in thinking, ‘What’s the worst that could happen?’
“I left with a black eye and swollen knee. Plus, I was called the wrong name the entire time,” she said with a laugh. “It was a disaster of a tryout! I didn’t think that I could go back, but the next day I packed my gear, just in case I changed my mind. When 3 p.m. rolled around I thought, ‘well, it’s just three more hours and then it’ll be done with,’ so I went and I’m so glad that I did.” She made the team as fly half, and never looked back.
Learning to juggle In addition to rugby now occupying much of Fairbairn’s time, her first year of nursing brought many new challenges as well. Heavy coursework, such as physiology and medical microbiology, and context based learning was a steep learning curve.
Although it took a bit of adjusting and flexibility, she began to find a good balance between academics and sports. For example, while working in home care over the summer, she found breaks during the day to train and workout. By her third year, Fairbairn had the hang of it—she juggled both rugby and school and academically, she had her most successful terms. “My instructors were really understanding and accommodating,” she said, “and many of them were really excited to hear that I was playing on a university sports team!”
Green and gold and gold! Fairbairn’s fall semester has flown by quickly. Since the end of August her schedule has been jam packed. On weekdays she spends a minimum of two hours training with her fellow Pandas,
going to classes and working if there’s a shift available. Weekends are filled with rugby practice, games, homework and maybe another shift. But that dedication has paid off. After annihilating the competition in an undefeated season, the Pandas won CanWest for the second straight year and found themselves at the CIS rugby championships in Quebec City as the top-ranked team in the nation. Things played out a little differently this year. The Pandas easily won their opening match, assuring themselves of playing for a medal in the finals. A few days (and games) later, the team capped off a perfect season by defeating the University of Guelph Gryphons 29-10 in the in the CIS championship match. With that win, the Pandas became the most decorated program in CIS rugby uAlberta | nursing
Celebrating their win!
“There was an aura of confidence that I felt from my teammates while walking into the stadium for the final match, and I truly believed in that moment we were going to win the game,” said Fairbairn. “I don’t think I could have pictured ending my Pandas Rugby career any other way I’ve never been so proud and so happy!”
history with five Monilex Trophy triumphs since the inaugural national university championship in 1998, but their first taste of gold in nearly a decade.
Mission accomplished Now that Fairbairn has reached her goal, what’s next? As for the future, she has high ambitions for both nursing and rugby. She plans to keep playing with the Druids, Team Alberta and participate in a number of tournaments, but after that, she’s open to new rugby experiences. On the nursing side, Fairbairn wants 5|
to continue garnering experience as a registered nurse. “I’m still figuring out which areas of nursing I really enjoy, so I’m planning to apply to other casual positions in different areas so that I broaden my experience,” she said. “Eventually I do think that I would like to pursue advanced practice nursing education and become a nurse practitioner.” Although it’s been a challenging road for Fairbairn, she found a career that she loves and gained confidence in herself; she dreamt big and succeeded. With files from Yolanda Poffenroth and Matt Gutsch. nx
LIFE, DEATH AND ALL THE IN-BETWEEN WORDS: YOLANDA POFFENROTH
Canuck Place Children’s Hospice
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BETTY DAVIES WAS SKEPTICAL WHEN SHE RECEIVED AN EMAIL FROM ANITA MOLZAHN, DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF NURSING, CONGRATULATING HER ON BEING SELECTED TO RECEIVE AN ALUMNI HONOR AWARD FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA. “I thought that she must have sent the message to me in error,” exclaimed Davies with a laugh. “I had no idea what she was talking about; I was certain that it was some sort of mistake!” After a few more emails Davies discovered that yes, she had indeed been selected to receive the Alumni Honor Award, which recognizes significant contributions made over a number of years by alumni in their local communities and beyond. “Once I learned that it wasn’t a mistake I was quite amazed, ecstatic and humbled at the same time!” Davies (Dip ’69, BScN ’70) shouldn’t have been surprised. As a tireless advocate for children with life-threatening conditions, and their families, she has contributed extensively to both the knowledge and practice of hospice care for children. Her work has helped nurses, other health-care workers and family members deal with one of the most traumatic experiences a human can encounter—the death of a child. 7|
Davies receiving her Alumni Honor Award from Chancellor Ralph Young at the 2013 Alumni Recognition Awards
While working at the University of Alberta, Betty Davies and colleague, Kathy Oberle (Dip ’67, BScN ’78, MN ’82), did a small research project that ended up having a huge impact. They developed the Supportive Care Model which is comprised of six interwoven but distinct dimensions, including valuing, connecting, empowering, doing for, finding meaning, and preserving own integrity. At one point, the model was used across the country for the Canadian Nursing Standards.
Canuck Place Children’s Hospice
Following her heart Since childhood, Davies’ goal in life was to become a pediatric nurse. “My mom told me that from the time I was little I was always caring for things,” remembered Davies. During her school years a passion for learning and teaching blossomed and she tweaked her childhood aspiration to becoming a pediatric nursing instructor. Davies entered the University of Alberta with her sights set on a Bachelor of Science in Nursing. She received a nursing diploma in 1969, her coveted BScN in 1970 and quickly accepted a pediatric nurse position before becoming the pediatric clinical instructor. Davies was profoundly affected by caring for dying patients during her time as a student and a pediatric nurse, which set in motion the whole focus of her future research.
Death, dying and bereavement Her first encounter with death was very traumatic. “We were taught that nursing was about three things: keeping people healthy so that they don’t get sick; caring for them if they do get sick; and providing comfort if they can’t get better so that they can die with dignity,” recalled Davies. “As a student, I received a lot of education, training and information on how to care for those who are sick, but very little on prevention or death.” In 1967 many people in Edmonton, including large numbers of hospital staff, fell ill during a flu epidemic. Davies, a second year student at the time, arrived at the hospital to begin her shift to discover that nearly everyone had called in sick. “There were three of us—me, a charge nurse and a nurse’s
aide—to care for 32 respiratory patients,” she said. “The nurse took half of the patients and gave us the other half.” Davies began by reading the night nurse’s report regarding one very ill patient suffering from lung cancer. “All I could think was, ‘please let her make it through the day,’ because I had no idea what I would do if she died.” While going over the report, the nurse’s aide told Davies the patient had died and they would need to prepare the body. With her voice trembling and her knees shaking, Davies went to inform the charge nurse of the patient’s death. “She was on the phone taking orders from a physician. When I told her that a patient had died, without even looking at me, she pointed and said, ‘the procedure book is up there on the shelf.’ There was one page in the procedure book that gave instructions on what to do if a patient dies and how to prepare a body.” After reflecting on her experience, Davies was interested in why no one seemed to pay attention to death and the dying. “If someone was dying, it was like they were almost forgotten about,” she said. “I didn’t know until much later that the experience I was having was being shared by many other people at the same time.” While nursing in pediatrics, her interests expanded to include bereavement. At the time, most children with cancer or other complex chronic conditions died. “I learned so much during that time,” said Davies. “When a child is dying, it isn’t the child who has the most difficulty with the concept, but the parents and the adults who care for the child.” As Davies’ interest in the care of dying children and their families grew, she pursued graduate studies at the
University of Arizona and the University of Washington. After completing a doctoral dissertation focused on sibling responses to a child’s death from cancer—some of the first research ever completed in that area—Davies packed up and moved to San Francisco to complete a post-doctoral fellowship. While working with Ida Martinson, whose research focused on grieving families, Davies became interested in pediatric palliative care. “[Martinson] developed the first home care program for children dying of cancer in the United States,” said Davies, “and it was during my time with her that I really began examining the family as a whole, when a child is dying of cancer.”
Bringing ideas to life, one brick at a time Davies was introduced to Brenda Eng by a professor at the University of Washington who recognized their shared interests in palliative care and in 1988 they began to brainstorm. “[Eng] and I got together with the thought of establishing a place that would serve dying children and their families,” said Davies. “We wanted to be able to give optimal, family-centred care and provide follow-up with a bereavement program.” They travelled separately to Oxford, England to visit Helen House—the world’s first children’s hospice—to learn everything they could. Seven years later, in 1995, their goal came to fruition and Canuck Place Children’s Hospice opened in Vancouver, and is open to all British Columbia children up to the age of 19 with a progressive, life-threatening illness. There are about 400 children and families from across British Columbia currently in the hospice program and their budget allows them to provide
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in-hospice care for up to nine children and four families at a time. “Canuck Place is something that I am extraordinarily proud of, and the staff does incredible work,” said Davies, who guided the development of the hospice program and also served as the first Director of the Bereavement Program.
“Betty has worked tirelessly over her career to make a difference in the lives of children who experience cancer and their family members. She leaves a valuable legacy for all health professionals who care for children at the end of life.”
A difficult subject
ANITA MOLZAHN, DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF NURSING
Davies has spent her nursing and academic career focused on death, dying and bereavement; what drives her passion to explore these difficult, and sometimes heart wrenching, topics? “I have an absolute deep belief that life and death are part of the same thing,” she said. “It really comes down to my distress over people’s discomfit with anything related to death, including bereavement, and how our society has contributed to that discomfort.” She also worries about how impersonal the world can sometimes be and how people can be so focused on things that don’t really matter in the end, like making a lot of money. “Having worked and been interested in death and dying since I was a nursing student, I’ve cared for many people who have died,” noted Davies. “It doesn’t matter if the person is a plumber or a president; when people are dying, they share the common denominator of humanity.” Interestingly, it’s been the experience of Davies, and many of the parents she’s interviewed, that through the experience of death people can Canuck Place Children’s Hospice
become more tolerant, compassionate and understanding. “Parents will sometimes say, ‘don’t get me wrong, I never wanted my child to die and I would not wish that on anyone, but I’ve grown from this experience in a way that I would not have had I not had [it],’” said Davies. Out of a terrible tragedy, personal growth can take root and blossom. Throughout it all, what it boils down to for Davies is her desire to help people. “I want the child to die in a better way,” said Davies. “I want the siblings to learn from the experience. When they get to be parents, I want them to teach their kids about death and how it is a part of everyday life, instead of avoiding the topic all together.”
Researcher at heart For nearly half a century, Davies has dedicated her life to nursing and academia, but ‘retirement’ isn’t a word you’ll find in her vocabulary. In 2009 she left the School of Nursing
at University of California, San Francisco—where she had spent the last decade as department chair and professor of Family Health Care Nursing—and moved to Victoria, British Columbia. Davies has been a professor and senior scholar with the School of Nursing at the University of Victoria since that time. “I absolutely love my new role,” she enthused, “I’ve now retired from academic responsibilities and I’m able to focus on my research. I haven’t been able to give my research as much attention as I’ve wanted to, so I have a lot of catching up to do!” When asked what accomplishments she’s most proud of, Davies remains humble and grounded. “Having an impact on individual students, nurses, parents or children is so much more significant to me than publishing numerous articles or books. I can be proud of those things, but they come and go. Feeling like I’ve made a difference in someone’s life makes everything worthwhile.” nx
A MAN OF VISION WORDS: YOLANDA POFFENROTH
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Eric Martin was a third-year apprentice electrician when something sparked his desire to go to university. He earned his bachelor of science degree from the University of Alberta in 2009, but still felt something was missing. After experiencing the health-care industry first hand while working as a psychiatric aide at Alberta Hospital Edmonton and volunteering as an orientation leader at the University of Alberta Hospital, Martin realized that nursing might be the piece missing of the puzzle. “I was surrounded by nurses and other healthcare professionals and I really enjoyed being a part of an interdisciplinary team,” said Martin. But what sealed the deal for his future in nursing? “When I really thought about it and looked at nursing as a whole, I loved the balance between the science of nursing and the art of nursing.” With that, he decided to return to the University of Alberta, this time to the Faculty of Nursing.
The eyes have it While in his first year of the two year after degree program, Martin co-founded a student initiative called iCare, an education and screening program that helps detect early signs of visual impairment in inner-city schoolchildren, with Ravin Bastiampillai. “In Alberta, the cost of eye exams for children under 19 years of age is covered by Alberta Health, but many
people are unaware of the free service,” noted Martin. “Part of the iCare initiative and mandate is creating awareness by promoting this information to parents.” The program, which any undergraduate student on campus can join, began in 2010 by targeting a specific group of elementary schools in Edmonton’s inner city. “Essentially, we contacted the selected schools, informed them of who we were and what we wanted to do,” said Martin. “Every school that we contacted was incredibly excited about our program and 100 per cent on board.” Once a month Martin and iCare volunteers would head out to a different school and screen every student in Grades 1, 2 and 3. “The first part of the day focused on educating the children on the importance of maintaining good eye health and detecting signs of early vision defects; the second part involved the actual screening. A preliminary visual acuity exam was given to each child, screening them for any noticeable visual deficits and refractive error, with an emphasis on seeking professional assessment by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. Once completed, a letter was sent home with the child informing the parents of the presence of any vision problems noticed during the exam and
reminding them that children under the age of 19 are eligible for one free eye exam per year.” According to research, up to 80 percent of learning is visual, thus ensuring children can see properly can help them reach their full potential in the classroom. It wasn’t a surprise to Martin that elementary school teachers were some of iCare’s biggest supporters. “They were thrilled for us to visit to their classroom. Sometimes all it takes is a group like iCare to come in and create awareness for a parent or guardian. It’s a wonderful opportunity to get the ball rolling and have a baseline of visual acuity on record so that the parents and teachers can limit any potential issues with developmental delays.”
Strength in numbers
Martin has always been passionate about health care and promoting health, and he’s not alone. Since its inception in 2010—and under Martin’s leadership— the iCare Initiative has grown from an 10 members to over 200, and has expanded its program to elementary schools all over Edmonton. The initiative has already aided countless youth in the last few years, and Martin feels a sense of pride in the difference it has made in those young lives. He says his personal experience
Eric Martin won the Canadian Nursing Students’ Association’s Award for Community Education and Promotion, being recognized on a national level for his work with the ICIUA program. 11 |
with visual acuity deficits, and those of some of his family, motivated the focus of his work. “These types of things pushed me and developed more of a personal aspect to helping out in the community,” said Martin. “I find that it’s easily preventable and fixable with the right tools in the community and knowing the options.”
As iCare has grown, so too have Martin’s goals. “I think that we can change government policy,” he said determinedly. “There needs to be yearly screenings by groups like iCare in every school, no matter the location of the
school—urban or rural—in Alberta, and eventually the country. If children were screened every year, we would greatly limit any visual acuity deficits or other eye abnormalities that may negatively impart a student’s ability to learn and excel in school.” Martin is also dedicated to ensuring the next generation of nurses is educated about the importance of vision health awareness. “Hopefully early next year, we’ll actually make the initiative part of the Faculty of Nursing in their community health program,” he said. “We’re trying to make more of a push and a global connection between faculty, the students’ association and volunteers here on campus.”
promoting the iCare initiative. With a full-time job in Alberta Health Services at RAAPID North (a critical and urgent care line), planning a wedding for next summer and his continued side-work expanding iCare’s relationships in the community, he says another return to the UAlberta for graduate work in nursing or an MBA is in the cards. “Beyond that, in 10 years’ time, who knows,” said Martin. Would you like to learn more about the iCare initiative? You can visit their website, http://theicareinitiative.org or send an email to the.icare.initiative@ gmail.com With files from Jamie Hanlon. nx
To infinity...and beyond On a blustery November 19, as his parents and fiancée looked on, Martin walked across the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium stage to collect his BScN degree. As he transitions into his next career beyond UAlberta, Martin is passing the torch to other nursing students he says have already demonstrated their skills in
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FACULTY NEWS Over the last few months, I have received a few email messages asking, â€œWhere on earth you are and what you are doing?â€? I am spending much of my time on the west coast, where my children live and work. It has been wonderful to have more time to sleep, exercise, cook, travel, write, and of course, to reflect! Part of the work
Where in the world is Anita Moltzahn?
that I am doing during my administrative leave is to examine the best practices and strategies of leading nursing relating to research and scholarship, teaching/workload, simulation, metrics/ benchmarks, recruitment/retention of faculty and fundraising. These are all issues that I have been working on and thinking about.
Vizcaya Museum in Miami
In Miami with Kara Schick Makaroff
I started my leave in July with a visit to Prague to attend the meeting of the International Network for Doctoral Education in Nursing (INDEN) which was followed by the Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Research Conference. The focus of the INDEN meeting was on quality of doctoral programs, so this was a great fit with my goals. In addition to an interesting program, I had the opportunity to meet and network with our partners from other countries. I heard that our presence and partnerships are highly valued and we are held in the highest of esteem, comparable to the top nursing schools in the United States and United Kingdom. In September I visited the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, in Philadelphia, which is currently the top-ranked private nursing school in the United States, and Emory University in Atlanta. In addition to the academic goals, it has been fun to visit these historic cities. I also plan to visit several other universities in the United States and United Kingdom in coming months. I appreciate the strong leadership of Joanne Profetto-McGrath and other members of the Administrative Team during this time, and I am in regular contact with them as issues emerge. Despite the budget challenges, they are moving forward on implementing our strategic plan. Proposed changes for a redesign of our undergraduate curriculum have been approved and will be implemented in the fall of 2014. I look forward to seeing you all again soon and I hope that you have a wonderful holiday season! Warmly,
Emory University in Atlanta
Joanne Olson with her husband, Dr. David Olson
That’s the way the fortune cookie crumbles… In recognition of the importance of the research currently underway in nursing education, the Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing (CASN) offers an annual award to an established scholar with a strong program of research in nursing education. This year, Joanne Profetto-McGrath (PhD ’99) was chosen to receive the 2013 Pat Griffin Nursing Education Research Scholar award, which was created to support and promote research in nursing education being carried out by a distinguished Canadian scholar through inquiry, mentorship and dissemination. Profetto-McGrath, who dedicates her program of research to scholarly inquiry into nursing education with a focus on critical thinking and knowledge utilization, was blown away when she learned that she had been selected for the award.
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FACULTY NEWS American Academy of Nursing announces 2013 Class of Fellows The American Academy of Nursing recently welcomed the 2013 Cohort of Fellows at the Academy’s 40th annual meeting in Washington, DC. Joanne Olson, a professor with the Faculty of Nursing, was among the 172 nurse leaders from 19 countries selected for induction this year. “It is an honour that my American nursing colleagues, a group of outstanding nurse leaders, selected me for membership in the Academy,” Olson said. “Selection for fellowship in the Academy is one of the most prestigious honors in the field of nursing,” noted Academy president Joanne Disch, “and I congratulate all of the new Fellows.”
Olson’s clinical expertise is in the area of community health nursing and her research has focused mainly on nurse-client communication, spiritual aspects of nursing and health care, and nursing and interdisciplinary education. “The most exciting aspect of membership in the American Academy of Nursing is to now be part of a powerful group of nurse leaders who continue, through this organization, to use nursing knowledge to transform health care policy and practice,” said Olson, the only Canadian to be inducted in 2013. “I very much appreciate that this organization is more than an honor; it is a way to collectively use nursing expertise to affect government policy.”
Selection criteria include evidence of significant contributions to nursing and health care and sponsorship by two current Academy Fellows. Applicants are reviewed by a panel comprised of elected and appointed Fellows and selection is based, in part, on the extent to which the nominee’s nursing career has influenced health policies and the health and wellbeing of all. The Academy is composed of more than 2,000 nurse leaders in education, management, practice, policy, and research. The Academy Fellows include hospital and government administrators, college and university administrators, and renowned scientific researchers.
“It was an honour when Florence the depth of scholarship in nursing to provide the best care possible to Myrick [PhD ‘98], the inaugural award education that we have.” patients/residents/clients in a variety recipient, said that she was nominating One of Profetto-McGrath’s primary of settings.” me,” noted Profetto-McGrath. “Actually, goals is to conduct research with a Profetto-McGrath, acting dean of the about a month before the decision was variety of providers, specifically student Faculty of Nursing, has always been announced, my husband and I went out nurses, registered nurses, nurse passionate about nursing education, no for Chinese food. Normally I don’t pay educators and clinical nurse specialists matter her role. “If we educate the next attention to things like this, but the to build capacity, i.e. knowledge, skills generation of nurses well, they will in fortune cookie message was, ‘You and dispositions. “Building turn—regardless of the setting they are will receive some prestigious capacity facilitates the in—have a positive impact on patient You wil prize or award within the creation of new care, the profession and the discipline.” l re cei month.’ And sure enough, knowledge, as ve som within a month CASN called to well as ep tell me that I had been selected for res tig the award!” iou sp “We are all very proud Joanne, she is shape riz eo an outstanding educator, scholar and providers’ ra wa administrator,” said Anita Molzahn, dean abilities and rd wit of the Faculty of Nursing. “It is commitment to use hin wonderful to have two Pat Griffin research and share it with the mo Nursing Education Research Scholar colleagues and other health nth recipients in our Faculty; it really shows professionals with the ultimate aim
Translating knowledge to benefit kids’ health In November, the Government of Canada announced that top researchers at universities across the country will receive nearly $109 million in funding to pursue world-class research across all disciplines to improve the quality of life of Canadians. Included in this list is Shannon Scott (PhD ’06), who received a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair for Knowledge Translation in Child Health.
With files from Michael Brown.
“Through programs such as the Canada Research Chairs, we are supporting cutting-edge research at Canadian universities and fostering innovation by helping researchers bring their ideas to the marketplace, benefiting Canadians and improving their quality of life,” said the Honourable Rona Ambrose, Minister of Health. How is Scott’s research helping Canadians? She studies the process that guides research evidence from the lab to pediatric clinical practice, also known as knowledge translation. Scott says the failures of this important process are affecting the health outcomes of Canadian children and are resulting in unnecessary health-care costs. “This research has the potential to yield large dividends for lifelong health and quality of life of Canadian children.” The Canada Research Chairs Program
was created with an annual budget of $300 million to establish up to 2,000 research professorships across the country and to position Canada as a world leader in postsecondary research. The program currently supports researchers, in more than 70 Canadian postsecondary institutions, who are conducting research in natural sciences and engineering, health sciences, and social sciences and humanities disciplines. “The program is a magnet for expertise, talent and creativity,” said Janet Walden, chief operating officer of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and member of the Canada Research Chairs Steering Committee. “Through teaching and mentorship, the chairholders foster research excellence among the next generation of scholars.”
Retirements JUDY MILL (MN ’96, PHD ’00) “I have been gradually shifting my priorities from professional to personal and from work to leisure. During my retirement I plan to spend more time with family—including our five grandchildren—travelling, gardening in the summer and quilting in the winter. For the first time this past summer, I was able to spend several weeks with my husband, Tom, at our cottage on Georgian Bay in Ontario. We were very excited that four of our grandchildren joined us for two fantastic weeks at the cottage, and look forward to next year when the fifth will be old enough to join us! In early 2014, Tom and I will be leaving on an extended trip to Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos that we have planned with good friends from Calgary; I am hopeful that I can still plan and execute a complicated itinerary!” Mill joined the Faculty of Nursing in 2000 as an assistant professor, was promoted to associate professor in 2004 and professor in 2010. She spent two years as associate dean of graduate studies before taking on the role of associate dean of global health for five years.
KATHERINE MOORE (MN ’89, PHD ’97) “I may be retired but haven’t quit! They say retirement is the best kept secret, and I agree. Although I greatly miss the social contact with my former colleagues, I now have the time to do what I want! In addition to visiting the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy to catch up with friends, I am also busy with Pilates, yoga, golf (in the summer) and volunteering with the Old Strathcona Foundation and the International Continence Society. I have continued my research links on urinary continence with the University of Southampton and I find that I’m so busy, I don’t know how I ever fit working at the Faculty into my day!” Moore joined the Faculty of Nursing as an assistant professor in 1997, and was promoted to associate professor in 2003 and professor in 2006. She spent several years as the associate dean of graduate studies and one year as acting vice dean of the faculty.
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FACULTY NEWS New Faculty LISA CRANLEY The aim of my program of research is to develop and implement sustainable facilitation (coaching) interventions to support healthcare providers in their decision-making, and use of best practice knowledge in their daily care. I am also interested in examining family members (of nursing home residents) involvement in healthcare team decision-making in residential long-term care. In my free time I enjoy scuba diving and sailing—I’m actually a certified captain with the Canadian Yachting Association! SANDRA DAVIDSON After spending nearly a decade in the United States in senior academic leadership positions, I returned to Canada in 2013. My current research explores the concept of teacher formation applied to nursing education, and the development and exploration of programs and practices that support new nurse educators. I am also interested in emerging pedagogy that enable innovative educational practices (simulation, game based learning, narrative and relational learning) in healthcare education. Outside of work I enjoy traveling with my husband and cooking gourmet meals for family and friends. NICOLE PITRE (PHD ‘11) My research program focuses on family functioning and well-being in conditions of diversity and vulnerability. My current research priority is to examine the ways mothers and fathers experience trust, distrust, and loss of trust while encountering various degrees of personal, parental, or socially-constructed challenges. I am particularly interested in exploring the ways that trust-related experiences influence individual and family well-being and functioning as mothers and/or fathers interact with sources of social and institutional support. ANNA SANTOS SALAS (PHD ‘06) After working in the academic and health sectors in Chile, I joined the Faculty of Nursing in 2012. In my research program I seek to advance a critical understanding of inequities and illness burden in vulnerable populations and of practice interventions that will correct these inequities and ease the illness burden. Palliative care and global health are the two primary research foci of my program and my study populations include terminally ill people and communities affected by severe global inequities. SARAH WALL (BSCN ’86) My research interests are around understanding, defining and enabling professional nursing practice. At the heart of this are philosophical questions about what constitutes nursing knowledge, how nurses identify what they know and how they know it, and what they perceive to be their unique contribution to health care. An ability to address fundamental questions about nursing has relevance for defining the kinds of roles that nurses can fill and what, if any, the limits to the scope of nursing practice are. nx
REACHING FOR THE MOON, BUT TOUCHING THE STARS Shirley Mogale (PhD ’13) shares her story WORDS: SHIRLEY MOGALE & YOLANDA POFFENROTH
Mogale with Solina Richter
I made a promise to my aunt that one day I would have a bachelor’s degree. Little did I know that both she and my father would live to see the day that I obtained a PhD from the University of Alberta Faculty of Nursing. Mogale with Vera Caine, her daughter and husband at their family home in South Africa
Born in South Africa during the 1960s, apartheid and racial segregation were an everyday part of Shirley Mogale’s life; but they never stopped her from dreaming. Growing up in Limpopo, the northernmost province in South Africa, Mogale witnessed how Black African women experienced numerous forms of violence against them and she knew she wanted that to change. She received a bachelor’s and master’s degree in nursing from the University of Pretoria in South Africa and worked extensively in community nursing. In 2001, one year before receiving her master’s degree, she co-founded a non-governmental organization (NGO) in the rural community where she grew up. “I realized the pressing need to focus my work on violence against women.” The encounters Mogale had with the criminal justice system when she accompanied victims of violence against women from her NGO to the courts raised many questions that she wanted answered. “I was puzzled by the way the cases were handled in courts, irrespective of the new and progressive legislation in South Africa,” she said. “I came to realize that there was minimal—if any —knowledge about the culture of prosecuting cases with violence against women.” That realization ignited her desire for doctoral studies, and she knew what she wanted to research.
With the support of her husband, Kutume Molefe, and children, Thabang, Thuto and Mpoe, Mogale moved more than 15,000 kilometres to Edmonton. “I could never have lifted my wings and flew away from Afrika if it was not for Kutume,” she noted with a smile. “He always says ‘I do’ to my unusual endeavours.” Alone in a new country with only her daughter (her two sons remained behind in South Africa with their father), Mogale joined the Faculty of Nursing as a doctoral student in 2007. She quickly found friendship and support from her supervisors—Drs Solina Richter and Kaysi Kushner (BScN ’78, PhD ‘2001)—fellow graduate students and professors. The years that followed were difficult for Mogale. “Obtaining a PhD is a lonely, emotional and painstaking journey that puts your resilience to a test of time.” But she persevered and spent six years building on the experiences she had with her NGO to create new knowledge and scholarship, which would refine and improve good practice
uAlberta | nursing
Mogale at age 5
related to prosecution of violence against women. Mogale’s research revealed that the cultural scene in which prosecution of violence against women occurs represents power, while at the same time inducing fear in the victims. Her dissertation, An exploration of the culture of prosecution of violence against women in South African courts, revealed that the linguistic patterns employed are value laden, with an arbitrary prosecution approach that de-centers women. The cultural processes involved in the prosecution were found to be insensitive, yet the legislations that guide prosecution have endorsed sources of evidence, such as the medico-legal form and the use of intermediary facilities, intended to make prosecution of violence against women victim-friendly. “Regardless of the definitions of violence against women in documents from the United Nations and legislation in South Africa,” said Mogale, “the study found that male and female prosecutors as cultural actors tended to define violence against women according to their gender orientation.” Additionally, a difference in the definition itself was also noted around the historical-political era in which the prosecutors completed their education. “Findings from this study can inform efforts to contribute to the best practices in violence against women prosecution, in relation to future evaluation research, policy
development and amendments in health and justice departments.” Why is this important in nursing? “Nurses contribute to the front line reporting of violence against women and it is necessary to have improved standards for reporting and documentation at this front line of care especially in this era of technology.” The diagnosis and treatment for the victims was recorded on the medico-legal forms but they weren’t completed for testimonial and legal purposes as expected by the criminal justice system. “It will be of particular importance for nurses to revisit the existing health screening, identification, care and reporting protocols in these situations, as appropriate reporting improves the quality of care and establishes connections on health issues that are related to violence.” Mogale believes that it’s important to think beyond the boundaries of nursing and health care; to consider inter- or trans-disciplinary program initiatives in which faculties of health studies collaborate with other faculties that are involved in the production of knowledge on victim care and management. “I wish that I could have embarked on my doctoral study earlier,” said a sombre Mogale. “If I could have gained a better understanding of what was and is happening in the criminal justice system, perhaps I could have affected the prosecution culture and altered how the victims cases were handled.”nx
“My dissertation is dedicated to women who are the survivors of violence worldwide and to those who died while their cases were still under the jurisdiction of State institutions. Wherever these women are, I salute their suffering and unfortunate deaths with pride as they have situated the status of African women on a pedestal of hope.”
The Faculty of Nursing notes with sorrow the passing of the following graduates. (Passings occurred in 2013 unless otherwise noted.)
Janet Anderson (neé Park), Dip ‘61 Marion Baker, Dip ‘52 Phyllis Beairsto (neé Fraser), Dip ’47, in 2012 Gladys Carbonaro, BScN ’78, in 2011 Margaret Cawsey, Dip ’66, BScN ‘69 Cassie Chuklinski, BScN ‘90 Joyce Clark, Dip ‘63 Shelia Clark (neé Seldon), Dip ’54, BScN ’55, in 2012 Dorothy Cochrane, BScN ’82, MN ‘86 Anne Evans (neé Gair), Dip ‘41, Dip ’47 Elizabeth Fletcher (neé Wilson), Dip ‘64 Jean Green (neé Toutant), Dip ‘51 Beverly Holmes (neé Dahl), Dip ‘45 Patricia Holmes (neé Alcock), Dip ’46, BScN ‘47 Margaret Jones (neé Fawcett), Dip ’54 Dianne Kahlke, Dip ‘72 Nazira Kassam, BScN ‘92 Sharon Kottbauer (neé Burwash), Dip ‘55 Marjorie Lewis (neé Coxon), Dip ‘48 Alice Maddison (neé Dudman), Dip ’55, BScN ‘56 Eleanor May (neé Abell), Dip ’50, Dip ‘51 Betsy McLuhan, Dip ’52, in 2012 Sylvianne Morgan, BScN ‘77 Helen Raboud, BScN ‘47 Rosemarie Riddell, BScN ‘79 Marguerite Schumacher, Instructor Inger Sorensen, Dip ‘53 Barbara Swanson, Dip ‘44 Ester Taskey (neé Devine), Dip ‘56 Elma Thomas, Dip ‘69 Violet Wasylynchuk (neé Fyk), Dip ‘61
If you are interested in setting up a memorial fund, please contact Jessica Twidale, Director of Development and Public Relations, at 780.492.5804.
The 2013 Reunion Weekend Open House & Nursing Simulation Centre Tour was held September 28 at the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy. More than 100 alumni and friends attended the events to reconnect with each other and tour the nursing labs and history room. Class of 1948
n Molzahn in May 2013
Class of 1956 with Dea
Class of 1957
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Class of 1948 in the Nursing Simulation Centre
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Upcoming Alumni Events All alumni are invited to attend the Annual Alumni Dinner! Date: Time:
Class of January
1963 in June 2013
Tuesday, May 6, 2014 Cocktails 6 p.m. (no host bar) Dinner 7 p.m. Location: Calgary Golf and Country Club 50 Avenue & Elbow Drive SW Calgary, Alberta Cost: $45 Please RSVP by April 29, 2014 to Fiona Wilson by phone (780.492.9171) or email (fiona. email@example.com). Please RSVP by April 29, 2014 to Fiona Wilson by phone (780.492.9171) or email firstname.lastname@example.org
eptem Class of S
in June 20
Class of 1964
Acting dean Profetto-McGrath and Harriet Younie (Dip ‘39)
Heidi De Lange (BScN ‘03) and her daughter—perhaps a future nurse!
Class of 1968
Class of 1988
Acting Dean Profetto-McGrath and alumnae
Catching up in the History Room
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Congratulations to… SHANNON MACDONALD (PHD ’13) Recipient of the the Genevieve Gray PhD Medal in Nursing, which is awarded annually to the PhD graduate in Nursing with the highest academic standing and clinically based research.
MATTHEW JUBELIUS (BSCN ‘08) Recipient of the 2013 Rising Star award from Lethbridge College. Jubelius is currently the manager of Health Simulation Learning Centre at Medicine Hat College where he leads, directs and implements health simulation to a variety of programs within the Division of Health Studies.
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MacDonald celebrating with her mother, Jean Muir-Golden
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MAKING A DIFFERENCE...
Elly de Jongh, one of 315 contributors to the Faculty of Nursing’s Chair in Aging and Quality of Life, with Dr. Wendy Duggleby (MN ‘90), the first holder of the chair.
To help a student in need or create a gift that keeps on giving, please contact: Jessica Twidale | 780.492.5804 | firstname.lastname@example.org uAlberta | nursing | FALL 2013