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Challenging a set of circumstances or dominant narrative can take the form of a frontal attack or a subtle modification. The more entrenched are the problematic identities, narratives, actors, or institutions, the harder a direct opposition will be, and the choice will shift to indirect attack and modification/negotiation, or simply acceptance.

• Strategy & tactics require each other > in strategy:

approaches can coexist

Strategies are internally complex. They pursue different things with different approaches and tools. Strategies for the long run rely on a diversity of tools which are not always tightly linked to the main strategic narrative, and they lean on tactics, short term responses, which might also be loosely linked to the main story. As discussed previously in this guide, all strategy relies on tactics for implementation, and tactics are much more productive and targeted when part of greater strategy. Approaches can coexist in different ways and to different degrees. A comprehensive vision for the community can never be underpinned by one sole encompassing narrative or ideology. No one vision can understand and coordinate everything. Ideological, idealized rightwing and left-wing distinctions are best forgotten when strategizing, and whatever works and fits the governance path can and should be considered. Not all approaches can coexist, but strategies for combining and framing complementary, or even potentially contradictory, approaches can be discerned in path analysis and strategizing. Only the community itself can decide how cohesive its strategy has to be, how problematic it is to combine elements of different ideologies and narratives, and the different forms of regulation and visioning associated with them. False oppositions and rigid distinctions (e.g. green has to be left wing) are best discarded when considering what can work together within community governance.

• There are varying degrees of comprehensiveness

possible > beware of ideological totalities

Resilience will mean something different for each community. Governance for resilience in communities plagued by violent ups and downs, in the Canadian West and elsewhere, must be based on selfanalysis, in addition to external analysis. A strategy for resilience can be more or less comprehensive, ambitious, coordinated, far-reaching, cohesive. The idea of resilience itself can differ widely, linked to the self- understanding of the community. We would say that very comprehensive strategies might be possible, but do have to keep a

Part VII: Learning in and from the Canadian West

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Profile for University of Alberta Extension

Boom & Bust: A Guide, Managing Ups and Downs in Communities  

Boom and Bust: A Guide is the result of a collective effort at the University of Alberta to better understand the dramatic ups and downs whi...

Boom & Bust: A Guide, Managing Ups and Downs in Communities  

Boom and Bust: A Guide is the result of a collective effort at the University of Alberta to better understand the dramatic ups and downs whi...

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