Space Team Working in Near-space
Crimson is ...
Engineering society 1-800-333-8156 L. Lamar Faulkner National Chair, Board of Directors
Charles L. Karr, Ph.D. Dean, College of Engineering
Karen Meshad Baldwin Director, External Affairs and Development
Trudeau B. Livaudais IV Coordinator, Capstone Engineering Society
Cover Story: Students and faculty from the College of Engineering are laying the groundwork for vehicles that will one day travel to the edge of space.
Table of Contents
Mary Wymer Editor
Allison Bridges Assistant Editor
Cathy Butler Proofreader
Issue No. 35 Capstone Engineer is published in the spring and fall by the Capstone Engineering Society.
Going Where No One Has Before C o lleg e’ s space team w o r k in g i n near -space
L ea r n in g T o day t o Lead T omo r r o w
ua’s developments in cybersecurity improve society
auto and transportation research centers impact alabama
Surveying the College
Address correspondence to the editor:
College Brag Points
The University of Alabama, Capstone Engineering Society, College of Engineering, Box 870200, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0200.
Our Students. Our Future.
Laura Shill, Mary Wymer, Rickey Yanaura
Visit the College of Engineering Web site at www.eng.ua.edu.
The University of Alabama is an equal-opportunity educational institution/ employer. • MC7451
Dean’s message As we strive to follow The University of Alabama’s vision of becoming “a student-centered research university and an academic community united in its commitment to enhancing the quality of life for all Alabamians,” I thought it pertinent to share with you some of the College’s research endeavors. The College has established interdisciplinary research teams, and the roles our students take in our research projects are immeasurable. Our students have received many prestigious national awards, such as Goldwater and Hollings scholarships, much in part to the work they perform in many of the College’s labs. With our dedicated faculty mentoring and guiding, our students are leading the state with these research projects such as the near-space team’s blimp and energy-efficiency programs. As you read this issue of the Capstone Engineer, I hope you get a small glimpse of how the College of Engineering is not only fulfilling the vision of the University but also leading in hands-on engineering education. D ean C har l es L . K arr
Going Wh College’s Space Team Working in Near-Space
Students and faculty from the College of
UA’s Near-Space Engineering Research and
Engineering are laying the groundwork for vehicles that
Technology program, known as N-SERT, is working to
will one day travel to the edge of space and remain
develop such a vehicle. Faculty and students in
there for weeks or months at a time. These vehicles
mechanical and electrical engineering have designed a
will operate in near-space, a region of the atmosphere that
30-foot-long remote-controlled blimp–the High-Altitude,
is too high for aircraft but not high
Long-Operation vehicle. HALO, as
enough for satellites to
the blimp is called, will serve as a test
bed for technologies that will one day
enable the development of a vehicle
Near-space vehicles have re-
ceived a lot of attention due to
capable of hovering in the same
the realization that vehicles operating
relative location near the edge of
in near-space could provide cost-
space for extended periods of time.
effective platforms for civilian and
“The potential for near-space
military applications. Emergency responders could
vehicles is great, but so are the technological barriers,”
use these types of vehicles to restore communications
said Dr. John Baker, associate professor of mechanical
in areas damaged by natural disasters and military
engineering. “The overall goal of UA’s N-SERT program
commanders could launch vehicles to collect valuable
is to conduct the research needed to enable the
surveillance information without using satellites.
development of viable near-space vehicles.
“To be at the leading edge of a field
BAMASAT program, which produced a
with so much potential is a once-in-
free-floating balloon that traveled to the
a-lifetime opportunity for all of us,”
edge of space at an altitude of 100,000 feet
and delivered images back to the earth.
The balloon was tracked using a global
The plan is to develop HALO in a
number of incremental steps, each step
positioning system, and after reaching a
building upon the knowledge and experience gained
certain altitude, the balloon ruptured due to low pressure
during the previous steps. Currently, students are
in the stratosphere.
developing the HALO vehicle as they add autonomous
flight capabilities to the airship.
the College of Engineering through the Alton Scott
program, which was established in 2002 from an
HALO began as an undergraduate program for
UA’s N-SERT team was awarded a grant from
senior mechanical engineering students, but it has grown
$8 million endowment earmarked for the promotion,
into a much larger project. The combination of
encouragement and funding of research projects.
undergraduate and graduate research with a
In addition, the Alabama Space Grant Consortium,
multidisciplinary systems engineering problem provides
a statewide organization funded by NASA to promote
a unique educational experience for the students.
development in aerospace engineering, has funded
UA’s near-space vehicles.
The blimp is the second of two near-space
vehicles developed by UA’s space research team thus far. The first vehicle was developed through the capstone
versity of Alabama will be a studentcentered research university and an academic
“The University of Alabama will be a student-centered research university and an academic community united in its commitment to enhancing the quality of life for all Alabamians.” V ision S tatement of T he U niversit y of A l abama
Student The College of Engineering has long embraced the University’s vision to be a student-centered research university. Hands-on learning experiences are invaluable to the education of today’s engineers. Book knowledge is only a small portion of the needed skills in the rapidly changing fields of engineering. Undergraduate students also recognize the important role of research as part of their overall education. With career ambitions ranging from professors at major universities to plant managers to physicians, the following students believe their research work enhances their education and impacts the state of Alabama. These students are involved in research in the College’s energy and biology areas.
Jenna Cook − senior in industrial engineering David Reeves − senior in mechanical engineering Research Project − Alabama Industrial Assessment Center Research Advisor − Dr. Keith Woodbury, associate professor of mechanical engineering
Why does this project interest you? I am interested in this project because I want to learn ways to conserve energy to help the environment and to cut costs while working as an engineer. I want to begin working as an engineer in an industrial setting, with a long-term goal of becoming an engineering or plant manager. Understanding the basics of energy savings will help me be a more successful engineer. − David Reeves How has working on this research impacted your overall education? Working on research allows students to apply concepts learned in the classroom to real-world manufacturing operations. This experience has also strengthened my technical and communication skills. The University of Alabama Industrial c o nt i nued o n pa g e 6
t Research = L e a r n i n g
T o d a y
L e a d
T o m o r r o w
David Reeves and Jenna Cook at Montgomery Woodworks in Tuscaloosa.
c o nt i nued f r o m pa g e 5
Assessment program is partnering with Mississippi State’s team, so I get to interact with other engineering students and learn about their experiences. It’s also been beneficial to me because of the technical aspects and the professor and student interactions. − Jenna Cook
Mary-Kathryn Sewell − junior in chemical and biological engineering Research Project − Magnetic particles in hydrogel Research Advisor − Dr. Chris Brazel, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering
Why does this project interest you? The project interests me because it is challenging and multifaceted. I have always loved to figure out how and why things work. The harder the challenge is, the more I enjoy it. Also, the biomaterials group is a diverse team of students and professors in many departments from UA and UAB. As we work toward a common goal, my work is a piece of the overall picture. And because we’re looking at all kinds of applications for the system, I can see the impact of the group’s work on medical research. How has working on this research impacted your overall education? The greatest thing about my research is how much I have learned since I started. Sitting in class, listening to a lecture on theory is one thing. But going into the lab and trying to figure out exactly how it works is one of the most rewarding experiences I have had since coming to the University. There is nothing more satisfying to me than to sit down with data I have collected from one of my own experiments and decipher it into results.
Mary-Kathryn Sewell, Dr. Chris Brazel
Jennifer Phillips − senior in chemical and biological engineering Research Project − Magnetic fluid hypothermia Research Advisor − Dr. Duane Johnson, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering
Why does working on the research project with Dr. Johnson interest you? When I began looking for a Computer-Based Honors project, I searched for one that would combine my interests in engineering and medicine. Dr. Johnson’s research on magnetic fluid hypothermia cancer treatment provided the perfect combination. I am excited about our work because I see its potential to improve the lives of cancer patients by offering them an effective alternative to traditional cancer treatments.
How do you think working on research will help your career goals? Research is constantly changing the field of medicine. To provide the best possible care for my patients, I must understand this process. My undergraduate research experience will help me interpret medical research, implement its results, and contribute to future research initiatives. Tell about how working on research has impacted your overall education. Undergraduate research has been the highlight of my experience in the College of Engineering. It has challenged me to use classroom concepts to solve real-world problems and taught me to work together with an interdisciplinary team. My research group has also been a great source of advice and support throughout my college career.
UA’s Developments in Cybersecurity Improve Society
Recent advances associated with the Internet
have brought about issues concerning cybersecurity,
uses the Internet to transmit tickets directly to the
and the College has formed an interdisciplinary research
Administrative Office of Courts in Montgomery,
team to specifically address a few key areas in security
eliminating data entry of the tickets by court clerks.
informatics. UA’s CARE Research & Development
Phase one of the e-Citation program took
Laboratory is a major component in
place at the Alabama Department of
this research as it uses leading-edge
Transportation trucking weigh station in
technologies to provide advances in
Heflin, Ala. In phase two, the Motor
traffic safety, law enforcement and
Carrier Safety Unit troopers worked
with laptops and driver’s license
scanners in their cars to go mobile with
The CRDL, part of UA’s
computer science department, was
e-Citation. The project went to four
established in 1982. Today, the
counties, then seven and then statewide
lab consists of 20 faculty, students
with all motor carrier troopers. Phase
and professional staff. The original
three added the municipal courts and
product of CRDL was CARE, a data
was piloted with Tuscaloosa and
analysis software package for use
University of Alabama police
in problem identification and
evaluation. It has been used primarily in the area
of traffic safety and has been implemented in 10 states.
currently underway, and it includes expansion to all state
troopers throughout the state. Several municipalities
In the last several years, CRDL has broadened its
The latest phase in the e-Citation program is
focus to include law enforcement and homeland security.
are beginning to enroll as well. As part of the statewide
Working with law enforcement, UA’s CARE
expansion effort, the CRDL was awarded a $500,000
Research & Development Laboratory developed
e-Citation, an electronic citation application and
ticketing process. Developed in 2003, this program
“We wanted to develop a new way to produce and deliver criminal justice information directly to the point of use.”
D r . D av i d B r o wn
“We wanted to develop a new way to produce
and deliver criminal justice information directly to the point of use,” explained Dr. David Brown, computer science professor and director of development of the CRDL. “Officers in the field can find out who is driving a car and can make a positive identification of people who do not have their driver’s license in their possession. In addition, the officers can be alerted if the person they have stopped has outstanding arrest warrants.”
As a result of the success of the LETS program,
“This new technology provides us the opportunity to
a $1 million grant from the U.S. Department of
perform citation tasks with increased safety as well
Homeland Security was awarded to CRDL to develop
as speed and accuracy,” said Tuscaloosa Police Chief
a similar system to increase the information technology
projects in fighting terrorism. The Secure Homeland
Another area of cybersecurity that CRDL
Access and Reporting Environment, or SHARE,
addressed concerned the development of a system to help
was developed with this grant. SHARE is a secure
with identification for law enforcement. In 2003, UA’s
Web portal that allows reporting of suspected terrorist
CRDL developed the Law Enforcement Tactical System,
activity by officers and facilitates information sharing
or LETS, which is a secure, Web-based search engine that
allows law enforcement and criminal justice agencies to
pull millions of records, titles, registrations and photos
only fulfilling the University’s mission of research and
from the Internet to make necessary identifications.
service, but also dramatically improving the safety and
The program gives officers tools, using wireless laptops
security of the citizens of Alabama.
The College’s cybersecurity research team is not
in their patrol vehicles, to see beyond the boundaries of their jurisdictions.
portation From traffic safety to automobile performance, the College’s automotive and transportation research team impacts the state and region through the longevity and success of UA’s two main research centers devoted to these issues. The University Transportation Center for Alabama and the Center for Advanced Vehicle Technologies have addressed many of the state’s auto and transportation needs and were instrumental in helping the state lure additional auto manufacturers.
The University Transportation Center for
Alabama, or UTCA, is a collaboration of faculty, students and staff from The University of Alabama, the University of Alabama at Huntsville and the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The driving force that activated UTCA was the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, which established UTCA as a University Transportation Center of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The UTCA is headquartered in Tuscaloosa and directed by Dr. Daniel Turner, professor of civil, construction and environmental engineering.
Since its inception in 1999, the UTCA has
initiated more than 200 research projects and published articles in some of the most prestigious transportation
journals throughout the country. In addition, UTCA’s
and low-emission and high-energy efficiency
pre-college outreach program reaches nearly 1,900
engine designs to noise and vibration analysis and
students annually. UTCA’s annual research budget is
dynamic modeling, the CAVT projects enhance industrial
nearly $2.3 million with projects in areas such as bridges,
partnerships and encourage further investment in research
education, safety, technology transfer and
and development activities at the University.
sponsored almost 30 projects with $2.3
One of the UTCA’s projects
For the past five years, the CAVT has
included a seatbelt promotion program that
million in research funding plus $1.3
saturated the media with safety messages
million from UA cost share. For each U.S.
encouraging seat belt use. The campaign
Department of Transportation dollar
helped increase seatbelt use to about 82
($3 million), $3 is added from the
percent in Alabama, the most dramatic increase and the
University, partners, spin-offs and other research initiation.
highest level at that time. Other projects have included
As the state continues to lure automotive manufacturers, it recognizes the important partnerships that can be gained with research centers at the Capstone.
development of a bridge testing manual for the Alabama Department of Transportation; development of a riskbased decision-making foundation for bridge inspection, rating and maintenance; and identification of high-risk older drivers and recommending guidelines to diminish the number of accidents attributable to them.
As the state continues to lure automotive
manufacturers, it recognizes the important partnerships that can be gained with research centers at the Capstone.
A recently funded project that the CAVT
The University of Alabama was part of the original
will be coordinating will investigate a biodiesel hybrid
presentation to Hyundai as the automaker sought a site
bus research program. The U.S. Department of
for a new U.S. facility. The University’s presentation
Transportation awarded the CAVT almost $1 million
focused on the UTCA and the Alabama Institute for
for the one-year project. The project addresses advantages
to biodiesel hybrid electric buses, which can have
positive results in the state with many metropolitan
areas considering this type of technology.
The College’s auto and transportation research
teams will continue to positively impact the state and
gies, known as the
region for many years to come. From making our roads
CAVT, has two
safer to driving more efficient automobiles, UA’s
engineering researchers are leading the way.
vital to the state of Alabama. Advanced propulsion technologies and vehicle structure technologies impact the various automotive industries throughout the state and entire southeast region. From research on advanced reciprocating engines capstone
Belonging to The Capstone Engineering Society. W h y
c o nt r i bute
Increase the prestige and value of your engineering or computer science degree. Help us achieve higher rankings through increased alumni participation. Provide much-needed financial support for our students and the College. Receive updates and information about the College. Receive the Capstone Engineer. Receive invitations to the homecoming football pre-game event. P S T O N
I N E E R
Call 1-800-333-8156 or visit the website at
w w w. e n g . u a . e d u .
College Receives Scholarship Funds from Chevron Chevron company representatives visited campus
Eastman Chemical Assists College with Scholarship Funds
and presented the College with scholarship funds in mechanical and chemical engineering and for the Society of Women Engineers and the National Society of Black Engineers. Gregory Singleton (seated
Jerry G. Bush (left), Eastman Chemical Co. principal staffing representative, visited with Gregory Singleton, director of engineering student services, and presented a check for scholarships in chemical right), director of engineering student services, accepts
engineering and the Multicultural Engineering Program.
a scholarship check from Brian Campbell (seated left), Chevron operations routine maintenance team leader, J. Brandon Sanders (standing left), project engineer, Sharon Wyatt (standing center), process engineer, and Scott Harper (standing right), process controls engineer.
3M Supports the College with Scholarship Funds
Honda Manufacturing Donates V-6 Engine Honda Manufacturing of Alabama donated a Honda Odyssey V-6 engine to the Department of Mechanical Engineering for use with the engine firing cart project.
Dr. Gary April, department head of chemical and biological engineering, accepts a check for scholarship funds from David G. Courington, 3M operations manager. 3M annually supports chemical and biological engineering scholarships. capstone
a p p r e c i a t e
C o ll e g e
s u p p o r t
o u r
r e c e n t
E n g i n e e r i n g o u r
p a r t n e r s
f a m i l y
s t u d e n t s
a n d
f o r
UA ’ s
t h e i r
p r o g r a m s .
• The Blount Foundation Inc. for support of the Ray D. Bass Endowed Engineering Scholarship
• Mr. and Mrs. E. Sorrell Lanier for establishing the Nell and Sorrell Lanier Endowed Scholarship
• Mr. and Mrs. W. Paul Bowers for establishing the Double “A” Endowed Scholarship
• The McAbee Foundation for continuing support of the McAbee Foundation Scholarship
• Dr. Robin B. and Mr. William Paul Buckelew for support of engineering scholarships
• Price McGiffert Construction Co. Inc. for continuing support of the David G. McGiffert Endowed Engineering Scholarship
• Chevron for continuing support of the Chevron Mechanical Engineering Scholarship • Mr. and Mrs. William E. Crowder Jr. for continuing support of the William E. Crowder Endowed Engineering Scholarship in aerospace engineering • Eastman Chemical Co. for continuing support of the Eastman Chemical Co. Engineering Scholarship • Mr. and Mrs. Robert H. Haubein for continuing support of the Mr. and Mrs. Robert H. Haubein Endowed Engineering Scholarship • Mrs. Mildred R. Hire Fleming for continuing support of the Hire Design Clinic Laboratory Endowed Support Fund • Honda Manufacturing of Alabama LLC for continuing support of the Council of Partners • Mrs. Betty Johnson for establishing the Sam A Johnson III Endowed Scholarship
• Mr. Alsey C. Parker Jr. for continuing support of the Alsey Clements Parker Memorial Endowed Engineering Scholarship • Col. and Mrs. Dayton Robinson Jr. for continuing support of the Dayton Robinson III Memorial Endowed Scholarship in memory of their son, Sonny • Mr. Warren R. Ross for continuing support of the Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics Endowed Scholarship • Mr. Michael C. Simmons for establishing the David W. Gilbert Endowed Scholarship • Mr. and Mrs. H. Kenneth White for establishing the Sandra E. and H. Kenneth White Endowed Scholarship • Volkert & Associates Inc. for continuing support of the Volkert & Associates Inc. Endowed Engineering Scholarship
Bass Honored in Tuscaloosa
Engineering Dedicates Design Laboratory
The University of Alabama College of Engineering held a dedication ceremony in honor of naming the James Massey Hire Jr. and Mildred Ray Hire Design Clinic Ray Bass, retired chief engineer for the Alabama
Laboratory on Friday, March 23. The James Massey
Department of Transportation, was honored in
Hire Jr. and Mildred Ray Hire Design Clinic
Tuscaloosa. The event, held on Sept. 27, was hosted
Laboratory, located in Hardaway Room 109, was made
by the BASS Committee (Building Alabama Safe and
possible by a generous donation from Mildred Ray
Sound) and the Alabama Sheriffs Association. Bass
Hire to honor the memory of her husband, Jim.
was recognized for his dedication and legacy in the
dedicated to operating the
transportation industry. In appreciation for his
mechanical engineering design
contributions to civil engineering, an endowed
clinic, upgrading laboratory
scholarship has been established in his name at the
equipment, promoting the
University of Alabama College of Engineering.
Bass, who passed away on March 22, received
The donation was specifically
academic excellence of students in the College of Engineering, and purchasing necessary
a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from Auburn
materials for student design projects.
University in 1959. After graduation, Bass worked as
an engineer for Lowndes, Montgomery, Dallas and
greatly benefit from the laboratory, and the projects
Tuscaloosa counties. Bass worked for ALDOT as assis-
designed in the lab resemble those that occur in
tant director, director, chief design engineer, and chief
“real-world” environment. Senior mechanical
engineering. He retired in 2005.
engineering students will use the lab to design projects,
such as shingle lifting devices for Habitat for
Those who have benefited from the leadership of
Bass and wish to donate to the scholarship fund may do so by contacting Karen Baldwin, director of external affairs and development, at (205) 348-7594 or 1-800-333-8156.
Student engineering projects are expected to
Humanity to reduce work-related injuries and ride-on toys for children attending the RISE Program who have motor skill limitations.
The Hires also endowed a scholarship that
provides assistance to students pursuing degrees in mechanical engineering.
You madE a CarEEr EnginEEring things that last. hErEâ€™s anothEr ChanCE. Our university continues to build upon its tradition of excellence through generous, long-range gifts from private donors. Please remember the College of Engineering in your will, trust, or other estate plans. For more information about giving opportunities without obligation, contact our professional staff toll-free at 1-888-875-4438, (205) 348-4767, or visit giving.ua.edu. Our StudentS. Our Future.
surveying the college c o l l e g e s a y s
w e l c o m e s
g o o d b y e
n e w
f a c e s
l o n g t i m e
a n d
e m p l o y e e
Hong Named as New Drummond Chair in Electrical and Computer Engineering
Vice Retires from Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
The College of Engineering named Dr. Yang-Ki Hong as
Vice, administrative secretary in the civil, construction
the Elbert Allen (Larry) Drummond Endowed Chair in
and environmental engineering department. Vice began
electrical and computer engineering.
her service at the University in 1978.
As the Larry
Drummond Endowed Chair, Hong will work
The College recently celebrated the retirement of Nell
Livaudais Joins Capstone Engineering Society
to advance research in
Trudeau Bartholomew Livaudais IV recently was named as
areas such as nano-
the Capstone Engineering Society coordinator. Livaudais
and submicron scale
will be responsible for organizing activities of the CES
with the goals of executing fund-raising campaigns,
and developing a strategic
plan for future growth in
Most recently, Hong
served as a professor of materials science and engineer-
the College’s annual fund.
ing at the University of Idaho. His previous experience
includes work as a senior vice president and research and
University of Alabama,
development director of OCI Conglomerate Group Co.,
Livaudais worked as an
now known as DCC, in Seoul, South Korea. He also
assistant portfolio manager
served as an assistant professor at Auburn University and
and primary securities
as a research associate at the University of Minnesota
trader at Whitney National
Before arriving at The
Bank in New Orleans. Through this role, he gained
extensive experience evaluating, managing and executing
Powell Joins UA Cooperative Education Program
long-term plans for millions of dollars for Whitney’s Trust Department clients.
Naomi Powell joined UA’s Cooperative Education
Livaudais received a bachelor’s degree in journalism
Program as the assistant director. Her previous
from The University of Alabama.
experience includes five years as a human resource specialist at Mercedes-Benz U.S. International, Inc. Prior to Mercedes-Benz, Powell worked as the office manager at UA’s Co-op Program for nine years. capstone
surveying the college
UA Scores High in Academics with Four Hollings Scholars
chemical plant was designed for Solvay and was being shipped to Marietta, Ohio. The class watched as the reactor and rough separation unit were loaded for transport. The reactor weighed approximately 409,000 pounds.
Left to Right: Dylan Whisenhunt, Michelle McGaha, and Crystal Lowe
Four students at The University of Alabama have received the prestigious and highly competitive National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Ernest F. Hollings Undergraduate Scholarship. Three of the four students are engineering majors: Crystal M. Lowe, chemical and biological engineering; Michelle McGaha, industrial engineering; and Dylan Whisenhunt, chemical and biological engineering. The reactor and rough separation unit are being lowered.
The scholarship provides $8,000 per year for
full-time study during the junior and senior years and $6,500 for a 10-week internship at NOAA or an NOAA-approved facility during the summer between the junior and senior years. Some 101 students were chosen nationally this year.
ChBE Students Visit McAbee Construction Leroy McAbee, owner of McAbee Construction, invited the chemical engineering thermodynamics class to watch the partial disassemble and loading of a prefab chemical plant for the production of polyethersulfone. The
The chemical engineering class watches as the reactor is moved.
surveying the college
ChBE Student Scores Perfect ACT Kurt Barry, a freshman majoring in chemical and
ME Student Receives Scholarships from the Coca-Cola Foundation
biological engineering, made a perfect score on the ACT college entrance exam. Barry, from Romney, W. Va., chose UA over many scholarship offers from other prestigious schools.
opportunities offered by UA’s Computer-Based Honors Program strongly influenced my decision,” said Barry. “The real secret
The University of Alabama and the Coca-Cola
to my success is my thirst for knowledge, which has
Foundation recently honored 12 UA freshmen as
spurred me to both pay attention in school and learn on
recipients of the Coca-Cola First Generation Scholarship
my own over the years. I just like to learn and do well.”
Program. The scholarships were part of a $1 million
scholarship donation made by the Coca-Cola
In addition to academics, he has become
immersed in the best UA has to offer. Barry is a
Foundation to UA’s “Our Students. Our Future.”
member of UA’s student chapter of the American
campaign. Timothy Kyle Aldridge, a freshman in
Institute of Chemical Engineers, is a member of the table
mechanical engineering, is one of the 12 students
tennis club and participates in Shen Lung Kung Fu.
who will receive $5,000 each year for four years at the University.
UA Engineering Helps with Habitat for Humanity Homecoming Shed Build As part of homecoming activities, UA students built a storage shed that was delivered to the local Habitat for Humanity chapter for use in their building program.
The shed was built on
campus in front of Hardaway Hall and exhibited as a float during the homecoming parade. capstone
surveying the college
COE Faculty Instrumental in Industry Conferences
CCE Professor Named Fellow from the ASCE
From traffic safety to stormwater runoff, College of
The American Society of Civil
Engineering faculty have been instrumental in numerous
Engineers honored Dr. G.
Edward Gibson Jr., the Garry
Neil Drummond Chair in civil,
Dr. Edd Gibson, professor of civil, construction and
environmental engineering, helped organize and was the
construction and environmental
keynote speaker at a workshop titled, “Front End Plan-
engineering, with election to
ning, Construction Industry Best Practice for World Class
the grade of fellow. Fewer than
Performance” that was sponsored by the St. Louis Council
six percent of ASCE members achieve fellow grade.
of Construction Consumers.
Gibson came to UA in 2006 as the director of the
newly established Construction Engineering and
Dr. Robert Pitt, professor of civil construction and
environmental engineering, was the keynote speaker at
a symposium sponsored by the University of New Hampshire’s Stormwater Center and organized by the New England Water Works Association and the Ground Water Protection Council.
UA Engineering Professor Elected President of CUTC
Dr. Dan Turner, professor of civil, construction
Dr. Daniel S. Turner, professor
and environmental engineering and director of the
of civil, construction and
University Transportation Center for Alabama, and Dr.
environmental engineering and
David Brown, professor of computer science and director
director of the University Trans-
of development of UA’s CARE Reserach & Development
portation Center for Alabama,
Laboratory, were key in planning “Safe Home Alabama,”
has been elected president of the
a traffic safety summit focused on Alabama’s strategic
Council of University Transportation Centers. Turner
highway safety plan.
specializes in traffic safety, highway design and
transportation management and policy. During the
Brown and Dr. Allen Parrish, professor of
computer science and director of UA’s CARE Research
past 20 years, he has conducted 98 research projects for
& Development Laboratory, were instrumental in
approximately $34 million, written 293 books, articles
planning Alabama’s eighth annual Criminal Justice
and technical reports, and developed or conducted 67
surveying the college
UTCA Awarded U.S. DOT Grant The University Transportation Center for Alabama,
U.S. DOE Selects UA as Regional Industrial Assessment Center
headquartered at UA, was chosen by the U.S. Department
The University of Alabama has been selected by the U.S.
of Transportation as one of 20 transportation research
Department of Energy to operate a regional industrial
centers to receive grant funding. The UTCA will receive
assessment center. The Alabama Industrial Assessment
$860,000 to advance the nation’s transportation system
Center, one of 26 centers throughout the country, will
through education, research and technology transfer.
assist small- to medium-sized manufacturing plants to use energy more efficiently.
CAVT Awarded U.S. DOT Funding for Biodiesel Hybrid Bus Research The University of Alabama Center for Advanced Vehicle Technologies recently received funding from the U.S. Department of Transportation for a biodiesel hybrid bus research program. UA’s CAVT will receive $964,260 for the one-year project.
Faculty and student teams will make assessment
visits to selected manufacturers in the state and provide a detailed report of recommendations, including waste minimization, energy conservation and productivity.
The assessment visits are at no costs to the manufacturers.
Manufacturing facilities interested in assessments can contact Dr. Keith Woodbury, professor of mechanical engineering, at (205) 348-1647 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
“We are excited to receive this funding as we
investigate a project that could have positive results in the state of Alabama through emissions reductions utilizing biodiesel hybrid electric vehicles,” said Dr. Clark Midkiff, director of UA’s Center for Advanced Vehicle Technologies and professor of mechanical engineering.
collegebragpoints t h e
u n i v er sity
Co l l e g e
E nginee ring
• UA 23,878
• AEM – 6%
• COE 2,116
• ChBE – 13%
• COE 9% of UA student population
• CCE – 23%
• COE Undergraduate 1,858
• CS – 9% (does not include A&S)
• COE Graduate 258
• ECE – 15% • IE – 4% UA
• ME – 21% • MTE – 2%
• 474 engineering students in honors programs
• Undesignated – 7%
(total in Honors College is 2872) • COE makes up about 17% of Honors College • About 26% of the total of engineering students
are in honors
• Asian – 2%
• About 40% of the freshmen are in honors
• Black – 13%
• Hispanic – 3%
National Merit, National Achievement, National Hispanic • 43 in COE • 198 total for UA • 22% in COE
• Male – 82% • Female – 18%
• International – 1% • Native American – 2% • Unknown – 1% • White – 78%
MT 2 MN 2
IA 1 IL 5 CO 1
AK 1 MS 7
OH 2 KY 8
AL 1,631 GA 35
MA 1 NJ 2 DE 1
VA 10 NC 4
LA 15 FL 15
Research Awards Source of COE Awards 2004/2005 Total Expenditures – $14.3 million Federal – 62% Industry – 2% State Agencies – 36%
Source of COE Federal Awards 2004/2005 National Science Foundation – 33% Department of Transportation – 24% Department of Energy – 21% NASA – 21% Department of Defense – 1%
Our Students. Our Future. TTL
H o n o r s
e n g i n e eri n g
c i v i l
e d u c at i o n
Kilgore realizes that, as a senior, he will soon
school, but for our communities and our state. This
enter what he refers to as the “real” world. However,
is why providing scholarships for as many students
he thanks the College of Engineering’s hands-on
as possible is our top priority. Today, we are poised to
curriculum for preparing him for a career. “These
take The University of Alabama to a level of national
classes have provided me with a sturdy educational
prominence and recognition in academic excellence
foundation that I can build upon when entering
by embarking upon the “Our Students. Our Future.”
my job,” said Kilgore. He feels that the education
capital campaign. Our campaign focuses on the
provided by UA will lead to a smooth transition into
University’s most important
his engineering career.
resource – our students. Its
success will have a profound
for having gained personal
impact that will be felt for
experience with Saiia
generations to come.
Construction through UA’s
Co-op program. “The Co-op
In 2002, TTL Inc. chose
Kilgore also is grateful
to honor their CEO and
program has been absolutely
chairman of the board, James
paramount in preparing me for
C. Bambarger, by endowing
the work force,” said Kilgore.
a student scholarship in his
“I have had a chance to work
name. Since then, TTL and
hand-in-hand with project
James C. Bambarger have been impacting the civil
managers on a wide range of jobs, thus giving me a
engineering profession by educating UA’s best and
good scope of knowledge of the engineering world.”
Our students are our future, not only for our
I m pa c t s
For the past four years, Zackery A.
The James C. Bambarger scholarship aids full-time, undergraduate students pursuing
Kilgore, a senior from Rainsville, has been
civil engineering. Recipients are selected
a recipient of the Bambarger scholarship.
based on scholarship, leadership criteria
Kilgore described himself as a hard working
and potential success in the civil
student in high school, and he says he has
continued to strengthen this work ethic
Support UA engineering by
while at UA.
contributing to the legacy and tradition of the Cap-
“The Bambarger scholarship that I received as
stone’s engineering scholarships. If you would like
an incoming freshman has played an influential part
to discuss specific areas of the “Our Students. Our
in my college experience as it provided a chance for
Future.” capital campaign, contact Karen Baldwin,
me to attend The University of Alabama,”
director of external affairs and development, at
(205) 348-7594 or 1-800-333-8156.
alumninotes J o b s • Pr o m o t i o n s • A w a r d s
( L e f t t o r i g h t ) C a r r o ll and G r ace D a i le y , L ut h e r and D o t Gause , D o nald and A nn L ee , E u g ene and He i de C r o x t o n and A ub r e y B lac k well
Jack MacKay, B.S.A.E. ’35, recently celebrated his
Robert Barnett, B.S.C.E. ’68, M.S.C.E. ’71, engineer
wife’s 91st birthday and their 68th wedding anniversary.
and principal of Barnett Jones Wilson LLC, was recently named a UA Department of Civil, Construction and
Environmental Engineering Fellow.
The chemical engineering class of 1952 gathered at the Capstone during homecoming week to reminisce and
Dr. Daniel Turner, B.S.C.E. ’68, M.S.C.E. ’70,
exchange stories. The group has gathered annually for the
professor of civil, construction
past seven years. During their three-day visit to Tuscaloosa,
and environmental engineering at
the group toured the Warner Museum, the Battle-
The University of Alabama, recently
Friedman House, UA’s President’s Mansion and Bryant-
received UA’s Department of Civil,
Construction and Environmental Engineering Keith-Woodman Award for 2006.
1962 Mack B. McCarley, B.S.C.E. ’62, was named the 2006
Tennessee Outstanding Engineer of the Year by the
James C. Bambarger, B.S.C.E.
Tennessee Society of Professional Engineers. McCarley is
’70, retired chairman of the
chairman, senior vice president and northwest regional
board of TTL Inc., received UA’s
manager for QORE Property Sciences.
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Keith-Woodman Award for 2005.
Charles M. Rampacek, B.S.Ch.E. ’65, was elected to the Board of Directors of Enterprise Products GP, LLC.
Tom Kilgore, B.S.M.E. ’70, was
Rampacek was named a UA Distinguished Engineering
appointed chief executive officer of TVA. Kilgore had
Fellow in 1988 and was elected to the State of Alabama
served as acting CEO since March 31, 2006. He joined
Engineering Hall of Fame in 1998. He serves on the
TVA in 2005 when he was named president and chief
College’s Leadership Board.
position, Cash helps lead the organization responsible for
Robert A. “Pete” Black Jr., B.S.C.E. ’78, executive vice
the manufacture, assembly and operation of the primary
president and general manager of Alabama River Pulp
shuttle propulsion elements: the main engines, external
Co., was recently named a UA Department of Civil,
tank, solid rocket boosters and reusable solid rocket
Construction and Environmental Engineering Fellow.
motors. (Image credit: NASA/MSFC)
David S. King, B.S.C.E. ’78, senior
vice president eastern hemisphere of
Mike Davidson, B.S.Mt.E. ’82, has
Halliburton Energy Services Group,
been promoted to superintendent of
was recently named a UA Department
the pipe-fitting foundry at American
of Civil, Construction and
Cast Iron Pipe Co.
Environmental Engineering Fellow. 1983 1979
John H. Campbell Jr., B.S.Pet.E. ’83, was appointed
Bill Guin, B.S.C.S. ’79, B.B.A.
to the Board of Directors of High Plains Energy Inc.
’79, was promoted to senior vice
Campbell is managing director of Quantum Energy
president of the applied
Partners, which is a significant shareholder of Action
technologies group at Life Cycle
Energy Inc. High Plains Energy recently acquired all
Engineering in Charleston, S.C.
shares of Action Energy.
Joseph A. Tarver, B.S.C.E. ’79, principal and executive
Robin Henderson, B.S.I.E. ’83, was
vice president of England-Thims & Miller Inc.,
awarded the Presidential Rank Award for
was recently named a UA Department of Civil,
Meritorious Executives, the highest honor
Construction and Environmental Engineering Fellow.
attainable for federal government work. Henderson is the associate director of
NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.
David A. Gray, B.S.C.E. ’80, general manager for global
(Image credit: NASA/MSFC)
business development, EDI Division of Weatherford International, was recently named a UA Department of Civil,
Dr. George W. Prigge, B.S.M.E. ’83, received his
Construction and Environmental Engineering Fellow.
doctorate in educational leadership and higher education from the University of Nebraska-
Alan D. McElroy, B.S.C.E. ’80, vice president of fleet
Lincoln through their distance
services of Duke Energy, was recently named a UA
education program. In addition, he has
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental
been promoted to assistant dean for
administration and finance at Georgia State University’s College of Law.
1981 Stephen F. Cash, B.S.C.E. ’81,
has been appointed to the senior
Brian C. Davis, B.S.C.E. ’85, third division engineer with
executive service position of deputy
the Alabama Department of Transportation, was recently
manager, Shuttle Propulsion Office,
named a UA Department of Civil, Construction and
at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight
Environmental Engineering Fellow.
Center in Huntsville. In his new
alumninotes Sasa Tomic, M.S.C.E. ’94, M.S.C.S. ’98, Ph.D. ’98, senior
1986 Robert M. Lightfoot Jr., B.S.M.E.
vice president and global product development manager
’86, was awarded the Presidential Rank
of Wallingford Software Inc., was recently named a UA
Award for Meritorious Executives,
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental
the highest honor attainable for
federal government work. Lightfoot is the manager of the Space Shuttle
Propulsion Office at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight
Rodney Chester, B.S.C.E. ’95, M.S.C.E. ’97, principal
Center. (Image credit: NASA/MSFC)
and partner at Gresham, Smith and Partners, was recently named a UA Department of Civil, Construction and
Lisa A. Riedle, M.S.C.E. ’86, Ph.D. ’88, associate dean
Environmental Engineering Fellow.
and professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Platteville, was recently
named a UA Department of Civil, Construction and
W. Jackson Bryant III, B.S.C.E. ’96, M.S.C.E. ’98, was
Environmental Engineering Fellow.
appointed as an associate at LBYD Inc. He is a registered professional engineer in Alabama.
1987 Robert Andy Hill, B.S.Ch.E. ’87, was promoted to
plant manager for Praxair’s Garland, Texas, facility.
Bradford O. Sutton, B.S.Pet.E. ’97, joined BPI Energy’s engineering staff.
1988 Robert M. McKenzie, B.S.Mt.E. ’88, joined Mueller
Fittings as a quality assurance manager. He is located
Kelly Sutton, B.S.Ch.E. ’99, joined BPI Energy’s
in Covington, Tenn.
Dr. Karen Elizabeth Harwell, B.S.A.E. ’93, was
Stephen Graham, B.S.C.E. ’00, passed the examination
appointed director of undergraduate research at the
for licensure as a professional engineer in Alabama.
Georgia Institute of Technology. She will lead the
He is employed with Barge Waggoner Sumner &
Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program in
Cannon’s Birmingham office as a civil engineer.
the Office of the Vice Provost for Undergraduate Studies and Academic Affairs.
2004 Mindy Coronado, B.S.C.E. ’04, joined LBYD Inc. as a
Clint Andrew Hill, B.S.M.E. ’93, opened Century 21
design engineer in the structural engineering department.
Professional Services located in Orange Beach. He specializes in residential sales throughout South
Grant Martin Davis, B.S.C.E. ’04, is a lieutenant colonel
Alabama, and he is licensed by the Real Estate Commission.
in the U.S. Army and is serving in the Office of the Secretary of Defense at the Pentagon. He passed the profession-
Jason Sturdivant, B.S.C.E. ’93, was hired as the
al engineering exam and is now a registered professional
county engineer for Washington County, Alabama.
engineer in Virginia.
Philip D. Sullivan Jr., B.S.M.E. ’94, joined Power
Sarah Allen, B.S.C.E. ’06, joined LBYD Inc. as a
Partners Inc. in Athens, Ga., as a process engineer.
design engineer. capstone
Engineering Alum Testifies That Seeing is Believing (Abridged version of an article by Gary Massaro in the Rocky Mountain News.)
Lew Flowers, B.S.A.E. ’74, is a pilot for United Airlines, based out of Denver. In his spare time, he’s a volunteer pilot
plane as a medical school. In back is a fully operational operating room, and in the front is a classroom for 30 foreign doctors. Flowers was in ROTC at the Capstone, and he joined the Air Force after graduation. He was a pilot on air tankers, otherwise known as flying gas stations. He retired as a lieutenant colonel in 1996, and United hired him to
with the nonprofit Orbis
be a trainer at its facility
organization dedicated to ridding the world of
Flowers was training
pilots in flying DC-10s, which Orbis uses, so the
“I’ve been around the world about four times with them,” Flowers said. “I went around the world
organization asked him ORBIS Volunteer Pilots: Flight Engineer Jim Bevier (left), FedEx Express; Captain Lew Flowers (center), United Airlines; and Captain Carl Hakenen (right), retired United Airlines.
earlier in October. We flew to Dubai to pick up an airplane. Then we flew to Calcutta and on to Da Nang in Vietnam. I came back on United from Saigon to Hong Kong.” Orbis sends volunteer doctors aboard its Flying Eye
to join in 1999. Flowers makes about three trips
a year in the Flying Eye Hospital. This is what he said keeps him coming back: “When you see something like this for the first time, when you see a child who can see for the first time, it softens you up to where you want to keep doing it.”
Hospital jet to Third World countries, using the
DC 10 landing – photographer: Kiran Ridley
you know Coach Bryant’s stats just like you know pi to the 100th decimal. you average the gymnastics scores before the computer finishes. you set your watch by Denny Chimes. you measure land in relation to the size of the Quad. you know where MIB is. you calculate the height, arc and length of time the ball was in the air after every free throw in Coleman Coliseum. n you know how to cast an iron elephant. n your closest food source for four years was the Ferg. n n n n n n
But you know you are a UA engineer when . . . n you help shape the future of UA Engineering by supporting your College financially.
There are many ways to help—become a member of the Capstone Engineering Society, or donate gifts of cash, appreciated property or equipment for labs. Take pride in the knowledge that your contributions make UA’s College of Engineering stand out in the eyes of the nation. For more information, call us at 1-800-333-8156.
THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Box 870200 Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0200 1-800-333-8156 • (205) 348-6400 • www.eng.ua.edu
inmemory Louis J. Cherubin Louis J. Cherubin of Schenectady, N.Y., died March 16, 2006. Cherubin received a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from The University of Alabama and a master’s degree from the University of Florida. He worked for General Electric for 35 years as a health physicist.
Donald A.B. Mills Donald Alexander Barnes Mills died August 8, 2006. He received a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from the Capstone in 1959. While at the University, he was president of Phi Delta Theta fraternity. Mills later attended the University of Florida and received a master’s degree. After college, he worked for Hercules Power Co., and then he returned to Selma to form a partnership with his father, who was also a civil engineer. In 1975, Mills founded Goodwyn and Mills Consulting Engineers in Montgomery. Mills retired in 2001. In 1988, Mills was named a Fellow of UA’s Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.
Warren Griswald Payne Warren Griswald Payne of Charlotte Harbor, Fla., died August 5, 2006. He earned a bachelor’s and master’s degree in engineering from the Capstone. In 1947, he moved to Port Charlotte, Fla., and quickly became involved in many civic organizations. He was the director and chairman of the board of Port Charlotte Bank and Trust, later SunBank. He also was president and chairman of the board of the Port Charlotte Cultural Center, involving himself in planning, construction, growth, and adult education. In addition, Payne was a president and lifetime member of the Port Charlotte Kiwanis Club, a charter member of the Charlotte Harbor Yacht Club, a charter member and elder of First Presbyterian Church of Port Charlotte, and a former chairman of the Charlotte County Library Board. Payne was a charter member of the Denny Society. The Denny Society is The University of Alabama’s recognition society that is reserved exclusively for those alumni and friends who have named the college or the university in their will or other estate plans.
Jack Willis Jack Willis died August 25, 2006. Willis earned a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from The University of Alabama in 1963. He worked for the Mississippi State Highway Department in Grenada County for four years before establishing Willis Engineering in 1967. Throughout his career, he served many towns, cities, counties and rural water associations.
Tuscaloosa Alumni Gather at Almon Associates
Retired CEO of Mirant Speaks with UA Students
On Sept. 14,
Marce Fuller, retired CEO of
Mirant, spoke with UA students
gathered at Almon
on Oct. 30 in Shelby Hall. She
Associates. More than
was once ranked fifth in For-
35 alumni attended and
tune magazine’s list of the 50
enjoyed listening to UA College of Engineering
Most Powerful Women in Busi-
retired faculty members.
ness. Fuller’s presentation was part of the Dean’s
Madison County Alumni Meet with Potential UA Students
Leadership Series: “So, You Want to be a CEO?”
2006 Homecoming Tailgate Party
An alumni and student reception was held on Oct.
More than 300 people enjoyed the CES tailgate
18 in Madison County. It was sponsored by the
party on the Quad before the game on Oct. 28.
Madison County UA Alumni Chapter and held
Engineering alumni and friends relished fried fish
at the Huntsville Botanical Garden. More than 50
and barbeque provided by Bottomfeeders while
guests enjoyed meeting with Dr. Robert E. Witt, UA
discussing old times and awaiting victory over the
president; Dr. John Wiest, associate dean for research
Florida International Golden Panthers.
and graduate studies; and Dean Chuck Karr.
Talladega Superspeedway Designer Meets with UA Students William “Bill” Moss, CEO of Moss Enterprises Inc. and designer of the track at Talladega Superspeedway, spoke with UA students as part of the Dean’s Leadership Series: “So, You Want to be a CEO?” The event was held on Sept. 14 in Shelby Hall.
Site 2007 Dates Set Bridge The College will be hosting 80
capstone engineer 31 capstone engineer 29
Site 2007 Dates Set The College will be hosting
College Hosts Luncheon Honoring McAbee Scholars
80 rising juniors and seniors
The College of Engineering hosted a luncheon on
in a weeklong residential
Nov. 1 honoring Leroy and Ruth McAbee. Each
program designed specifically
year, the McAbee Foundation supports about 10
for students interested in
science, mathematics and engineering. UAâ€™s Student Introduction to Engineering (SITE) program incorporates mini-courses, teaming and communication exercises, a plant tour, design competition, and panel discussions with professional engineers. There are two sessions scheduled: July 8-13 and July 15-20. For more information about SITE or to receive an application, contact Gregory Singleton at (205) 348-1447 or gsingleton@eng. ua.edu.
Engineering Day On Oct. 5, the College of Engineering hosted Engineering Day, or E-Day, an open house for high school students and their families. E-Day hosted more than 750 prospective students wanting to gain a realistic view of the College of Engineering.
Seated (Left to Right): Leroy and Ruth McAbee and Dean Chuck Karr. Standing (Left to Right): David Holt, Mark Michelson, Charles Hays, Aundrea Lollar, Jacob Bonander, and Kenneth Nichols. Student scholars not pictured: Michael Brown, Todd Everett, Sydney Flowers, and Emily Lloyd.
GolfTournament # The
P S T O N
Capstone Engineering Society I N E E R
The Seventh Annual Capstone Engineering
The format for the tournament is a modified four-person scramble with a shotgun start. The registration fee of $125 includes green fee, cart, range balls, beverages, meals and a tournament golf shirt. Registration starts at 10:30 a.m., and the tournament begins at 12:00 p.m.
is scheduled for Thursday,
You may participate in the following ways:
Bent Brook Golf Course.
Society Golf Tournament
April 26, 2007, at the beautiful
Players: • Team Level ($500)–Team of four with all registration amenities • Individual Level ($125)–Single registration
Corporate Sponsors: • Ace Level ($2,500) • Eagle Level ($1,000) • Birdie Level ($500) Proceeds from the tournament will benefit the Capstone Engineering Society’s efforts to provide engineering and computer science students with a superior educational experience. Sign up today by calling 1-800-333-8156 or e-mailing tlivaudais@eng. ua.edu.
Crimson is... An Inspiring Environmentalist Working to Engineer Solutions in Aquatic Ecosystems
Crystal Lowe’s research in chemical and biological engineering has allowed her to focus on environmental issues concerning aquatic ecosystems. As a Hollings Scholar, Crystal will intern with Channel Islands Marine Sanctuary, where she will work to protect the natural and cultural resources found in Southern California’s waters. She is just one of the best and brightest at The University of Alabama who walk the College’s halls every day. Her achievements
C ry s ta l L o w e J un i o r , C h em i cal and B i o l o g i cal E n g i nee r i n g N at i o nal Ocean i c and A tm o sp h e r i c A dm i n i st r at i o n E r nest F. H o ll i n g s U nde r g r aduate S c h o la r s h i p
are witness to the generous scholarship support she has received. Your generosity can help our students and our future shine a little brighter.
To learn of ways you can support the College of Engineering, contact Karen Baldwin, director of external
affairs and development, at (205) 348-7594 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Capstone Engineering Society College of Engineering Box 870200 Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0200
Nonprofit Organization U.S. Postage PAID Tuscaloosa, AL Permit 16