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CYCLONE PUBLISHING LTD

NSS Learning English through

SOCIAL ISSUES

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C HAPTER 1

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S ECTION 1

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L OREM I PSUM 1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet 2. Consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. 3. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex commodo consequat. 4. Duis aute irure dolor in in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur.

Ac dolor ac adipiscing amet bibendum nullam, massa lacus molestie ut libero nec, diam et, pharetra sodales eget, feugiat ullamcorper id tempor eget id vitae. Mauris pretium eget aliquet, lectus tincidunt. Porttitor mollis imperdiet libero senectus pulvinar. Etiam molestie mauris ligula eget laoreet, vehicula eleifend. Repellat orci eget erat et, sem cum, ultricies sollicitudin amet eleifend dolor nullam erat, malesuada est leo ac. Varius natoque turpis elementum est. Duis montes, tellus lobortis lacus amet arcu et. In vitae vel, wisi at, id praesent bibendum libero faucibus porta egestas, quisque praesent ipsum fermentum placerat tempor. Curabitur auctor, erat mollis sed fusce, turpis vivamus a dictumst congue magnis. Aliquam amet ullamcorper dignissim molestie, sed mollis. Tortor vitae tortor eros wisi facilisis.Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis wisi a risus. Justo fermentum id. Malesuada eleifend, tortor eros. 2

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ligula suspendisse nulla pretium, rhoncus tempor placerat fermentum, enim integer ad vestibulum volutpat. Nisl rhoncus turpis est, vel elit, congue wisi enim nunc ultricies sit, magna tincidunt. Maecenas aliquam maecenas ligula nostra, accumsan taciti. Sociis mauris in integer, a dolor netus non dui aliquet, sagittis felis sodales, dolor sociis mauris, vel eu est libero cras. Interdum at. Eget habitasse elementum est, ipsum purus pede porttitor class, ut lorem adipiscing, aliquet sed auctor, imperdiet arcu per diam dapibus libero duis. Enim eros in vel, volutpat nec pellentesque leo, temporibus scelerisque nec. Ac dolor ac adipiscing amet bibendum nullam, massa lacus molestie ut libero nec, diam et, pharetra sodales eget, feugiat ullamcorper id tempor eget id vitae. Mauris pretium eget aliquet, lectus tincidunt. Porttitor mollis imperdiet libero senectus pulvinar. Etiam molestie mauris ligula eget laoreet, vehicula eleifend. Repellat orci eget erat et, sem cum, ultricies sollicitudin amet eleifend dolor nullam erat, malesuada est leo ac. Varius natoque turpis elementum est. Duis montes, tellus lobortis lacus amet arcu et. In vitae vel, wisi at, id praesent bibendum libero faucibus porta egestas, quisque praesent ipsum fermentum placerat tempor. Curabitur auctor, erat mollis sed fusce, turpis vivamus a dictumst congue magnis. Aliquam amet ullamcorper dignissim molestie, sed mollis. Tortor vitae tortor eros wisi facilisis. Consectetuer arcu ipsum ornare pellentesque vehicula, in vehicula diam, ornare magna erat felis wisi a risus. Justo fermentum id. Malesuada eleifend, tortor molestie, a fusce a vel et. Mauris at suspendisse, neque ali-

quam faucibus adipiscing, vivamus in. Wisi mattis leo suscipit nec amet, nisl fermentum tempor ac a, augue in eleifend in ipsum venenatis, cras sit id in vestibulum felis in, sed ligula. In sodales suspendisse mauris quam etiam erat, quia tellus convallis eros rhoncus diam orci, porta lectus esse adipiscing posuere et, nisl arcu vitae laoreet. Morbi integer molestie, amet suspendisse morbi, amet maecenas, a maecenas mauris neque proin nisl mollis. Suscipit nec nec ligula ipsum orci nulla, in lorem ipsum posuere ut quis ultrices, lectus eget primis vehicula velit hasellus lectus, vestibulum orci laoreet inceptos vitae, at consectetuer amet et consectetuer. Congue porta scelerisque praesent at, lacus vestibulum et at dignissim cras urna, ante convallis turpis duis lectus sed aliquet, at tempus et ultricies. Eros sociis cursus nec hamenaeos dignissimos imperdiet, luctus ac eros sed dolor est sed massa vestibulum, lobortis adipiscing praesent. Nec eros eu ridiculus libero felis. Donec arcu risus diam amet sit. Congue tortor cursus risus vestibulum commodo nisl, luctus augue amet quis aenean maecenas sit, donec velit iusto, morbi felis elit et nibh. Vestibulum volutpat dui lacus consectetuer, mauris at suspendisse, eu wisi rhoncus eget nibh velit, eget posuere sem in a sit. Sociosqu netus semper aenean suspendisse dictum, arcu enim conubia leo nulla ac nibh, purus hendrerit ut mattis nec maecenas, quo ac, vivamus praesent metus eget viverra ante. Mauris at suspendisse, neque aliquam faucibus adipiscing, vivamus in. Wisi mattis leo. Natoque placerat sed sit hendrerit, dapibus velit molestiae leo a, ut lorem sit et lacus aliquam. Sodales nulla ante auctor excepturi wisi, dolor lacinia dignissim eros. 3

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Lesson 1 - 5 Introduction to Social Issues-1

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Lessons One - Six

VOCABULARY

An Introduction: Learning English Through Social Issues

When you are reviewing different social issues there may be new vocabulary that you do not understand. For example, look at the words in the left hand column of the box below, and then listen to how the words are pronounced.

In this course we are going to learn and develop our English language skills through social issues. Before we begin, it’s a good idea to make sure we understand what a social issue is.

LISTEN

LISTEN: SOCIETY A GROUP OF PEOPLE LIVING TOGETHER IN A COMMUNITY

SOCIAL Something related to society or community. ISSUES Important subjects or problems for debate or discussion. Definition of Social Issues

Social issues are something that directly or indirectly affect a person or many members of society or community and are

LISTEN: DEBATE A discussion on a particular subject where people discuss the different sides of a the subject

considered to be a problem. Sometimes social issues have something to do with moral or religious values.

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Using the words from the previous page (society, debate, discussion, controversy, moral), insert the correct word into the following sentences. When you have finished, practice reading out each sentence with your partner.

1

Now look at the video that features twelve social issues. First, look at the pictures and try to decide what social issue each picture is related to. Write your answers in the box below.

We had a debate at school today about smoking in public places.

2

Some people believe that having sex before marriage is a moral issue.

3

Photo

Today, I had a friendly discussion with my friend about cyber bullying.

4

There is a controversy about whether or not we should be allowed to eat chocolate at lunchtime at school.

5

It is important that every society obeys the law.

I think this social issue may be about ‌.

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

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Share your answers and ideas with your partner. Then watch the second video that includes the answers. See how many social issues you correctly identified. Developing Your Knowledge of Social Issues There are many different kinds of social issues in any community. Some communities have different social issues to other communities. There are 12 different social issues hidden in this Word Search. Can you find them? Words can go from left to right; right to left, up; down or diagonally. WORD SEARCH G Y K E S U B A G U R D G E S

BULLYING

K S C K J Q S R Y T Q N T S S

CORRUPTION

U T S N X B M H H Z I Y E S N

CRIME

H B I W A G E U E Y J N O P N

DRUG ABUSE

T J L H M N N G L L K N Y F G

EDUCATION

M S L L I G G L T C T M W X D

HUNGER

L W J L E Q U E I L L E Z A N

OBESITY

J J G R G B T S R M O N R O O

OLD AGE

R Y W Z K O X L N P C S I Y B

POVERTY

C O R R U P T I O N N T N T E

SHELTER

E G A D L O C C C M A E T P S

SICKNESS

Y T R E V O P G R C E K E S I

TEEN PREGNANCY

D H F D P X K M U I V K Q T T G Q F V T X K D P S M O Z L Y V Q S P Q O E C A R T E U M X vii

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Taking an Interest in Social Issues

Identifying a Social Issue

In the Word Search, you should have found 12 different social issues. Choose one social issue that you think may be interesting, and then answer the following questions:

How do you know whether or not something is a social issue? You may think something is not fair, but it may not be a social issue. Consider the following three positions: Position One

1 Which social issue do you

Your school’s principal has decided to make the eating of chocolate

think may be interesting? 2 Why do you think this

within the school an offence. Any student found eating chocolate on the school premises will have to complete 6 hours of detention. Is this a social issue? Explain your reasons.

social issue may be interesting? 3 Can this social issue be

__________________________________________ ________________

found in Hong Kong? 4 Does this social issue affect

__________________________________________ ________________

! Children;

__________________________________________ ________________

! Adults; or ! Children and adults? 5 Does this social issue affect

Position Two

males, females or both males and females?

Your parents agree with the school principal in position one and confirm that you are no longer allowed to eat chocolate at home. If your parents find you eating chocolate, you will be grounded and will not receive any pocket money for 6 weeks.

Share this information with the rest of the class.

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Position Three The Hong Kong government has decided to make a law that makes eating chocolate illegal unless a doctor has provided a special note. If anyone is found eating chocolate who does not have a doctor’s note, they will have to go to prison for three weeks and / or pay a fine of HK$15,000. Is this a social issue? Explain your reasons. __________________________________________ ________________ __________________________________________ ________________ __________________________________________ ________________

Discuss your answers with the class. Now watch the Japanese video about chocolate being illegal.

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To make sure we can recognise a social issue, it is important for us to be able to understand the definition of different social issues.

So how do we write a definition of a social issue? We have to ask ourselves some questions that all begin with the letter ‘W’.

What is a

A definition is an exact statement, description or

definition?

meaning of something.

1 What is the name of the social issue? 2 Who does the social issue affect?

EXAMPLE (1): SCHOOL

Which group of people are affected? 3 Why does the social issue affect them? Why does the social issue have an affect on this group of people? 4 When does the social issue affect them?

A school is a place where children are educated. EXAMPLE (2): STEAL

Does the social issue affect them all the time or some of the time? 5 Where are they affected?

To steal is to take someone else’s property without permission or legal right and without intending to

In what part of the world do the people who are affected by the social issue live?

return it.

Every social issue has a definition, but some social issues may be very difficult to define. Here are some examples of simple definitions of a social issue. SOCIAL

DEFINITION

ISSUE HUNGER

A person who has become weak because he or she

BULLYING

has not been able to eat enough food. To use strength or power to harm or intimidate a person or other people who are weaker than

HOMELESS

yourself. A person without a home, and having to live on the streets

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Let’s look at some sample answers to our ‘W’ questions and see if we can start writing a definition.

It can be helpful to draw a mind map when you are writing a definition of the social issue. Here is an example of what your mind map could look like.

CRIME 1 What is the name of CRIME the social issue? 2 Who does crime People who have experienced the affect?

affects of a crime and also those who have had to change their lives as a result of crime in their

3 Why does crime affect them?

neighbourhood. Because there is a high crime rate in their neighbourhood. They may be scared to go out at night. The price of

4 When does crime

their home will be lower. All the time

affect them? 5 Where are the

Anywhere in a district where there is

victims of crime?

a high crime rate.

By using the information from the questions and answers, we can now write a definition of the social issue of crime. The social issue of crime can be defined as being where a group of people are affected by a high crime rate within their neighbourhood and their lives have been affected. Mind Maps

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Now using a mind map and by answering the ‘W’ questions, see if you can write a definition for the social issue of hunger.

Now select a social issue that you are interested in and use the mind map below to help you write the social issue’s definition.

1 What is the name of the social HUNGER issue? 2 Who does hunger affect? 3 Why does hunger affect them? 4 When does hunger affect them? 5 Where are they affected by hunger?

DEFINITION: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________ _____________________________________________ _____________ xii

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1 What is the name of the social issue? 2 Who does the social issue affect? 3 Why does this social issue affect them? 4 When does this social issue affect them? 5 Where are they affected by this social issue?

DEFINITION: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________

_____________

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Look at the social issue listed in the left hand column and then the definitions in the right hand column. Write in the box at the bottom of the page the letter of the correct definition against the social issue.

1. Flooding

A. An assault on someone with the intention of stealing from

1. Animal

them A. A long high sea wave caused

cruelty 1. Violence

by an earthquake A. A sudden event such as an accident that causes damage

1. Disaster

or loss of life A. Violent anger caused by the

1. Tsunami

stress of driving a car A. Behaviour involving physical force intended to hurt,

1. Mugging

damage or kill A. The causing of suffering to an

1. Drought

animal A. An overflowing of water onto

1. Road rage

land that is normally dry A. A long period of no rainfall when growing or living conditions are affected

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

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Reading About Hunger

Revised from the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations

People who are hungry don’t eat enough to get the energy they need to lead active lives. This makes it hard to study, work or even play. Hungry children do not grow as quickly as healthy children. Mentally, they may develop more slowly. Constant hunger weakens the immune system and makes them more vulnerable to diseases and infections.
 
 Mothers living with constant hunger often give birth to underweight and weak babies. The World Health Organization estimates that well over 3 million deaths every year can be attributed to children being born underweight. 


(http://www.fao.org/kids/en/whatishunger.html)


 What is hunger? We all know what hunger is. We know that feeling in our stomachs. And when we feel hungry, we don’t usually have a problem putting an end to it because we can get some food.


Every day, millions of people around the world eat only the bare minimum of food to keep themselves alive. Every night, they go to bed not certain whether there will be enough food to eat tomorrow.

Answer the following questions:

But for more than 850 million people, hunger never ends.

1

Explain what happens to your body when you do not

Starvation Try to imagine what it would be like if you were hungry and no food was available. None. Your body starts to feed on its own fat and body tissues. If you don’t eat for a long time, you may lose about 50 percent of your body weight. Your skin becomes thin, stiff, and cold. Your hair becomes dry and sparse and falls out easily. After about 8 to 12 weeks without food, you starve to death. 
 


have enough food to eat and 2

difficult for children to play 3

Starvation caused by famine is the most serious form of hunger.

you become hungry. Why does it become more when they are hungry? How many children die as the result of being born


 Many people have seen pictures of famine: children with swollen bellies and skinny arms and legs. These terrible pictures and news stories are often in the newspapers and TV news stories.

underweight?

Most of the world’s hungry are not on the point of starvation. Their suffering doesn’t make the news. 


Here are some sample topics for discussion: 


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1

Discuss what you think it would be like to be able to eat only

2

one meal per day. Discuss why you think people who are hungry become more

3 4

vulnerable. Explain the differences between hunger and starvation. Explain how would share one cup of rice, two litres of water

5

and one cup of maize with a family of six people. Discuss how your class could raise HK$1,000 to send to a

6

charity that looks after people who suffer hunger. Design a poster that draws awareness to people who do not have enough food to eat.

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Finding Out More About Social Issues

1

In these lessons we were introduced to many different kinds of social issues. In lessons 3 and 4, we learned how to write a definition of a social issue. Why not find out some more information about one social issue that you think may be interesting. Here are some websites where you will be able to find out more information about different social issues. Climate

http://www.oxfam.org.hk/en/climatepoverty.aspx

Change Fair Trade

http://www.oxfam.org.hk/en/whatisft.aspx

Eating

http://www.spca.org.hk/sharksfin/eng/

2 3 4 5

Sharks’ Fin stop_sharks_fin_soup_main.html Rain Forests http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/forests/ threats/ Over Fishing http://overfishing.org/pages/what_is_overfishing.php

Now write one short paragraph about the social issue you have chosen and explain why you find this social issue interesting. When you have decided on the social issue that you are interested in and have been able to find out some interesting information, write down five facts about the social issue here: The social issue I have

_________________________________________________________ ____________ _________________________________________________________ ____________ _________________________________________________________ ____________

chosen is:

_________________________________________________________ ____________ _________________________________________________________ ____________

Here are five interesting facts about ___________________ :

Why not read your paragraph to the rest of the class?

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How well do you know your definitions? Read the clues to different social issue definitions and complete the crossword.


3.

Where children are provided with knowledge

4.

The state of being very poor

7.

Taking addictive or illegal drugs (4; 5)

8.

Being very overweight

9.

A severe lack of food

10. An action that is against the law

VOCABULARY AND REFLECTION WORD

MEANING

Across 2.

Becoming pregnant when under age (4; 9)

5.

A dishonest person who accepts bribes

6.

The later part of normal life (3;3)

REFLECTION

11. The state of being ill 12. A place providing food and accommodation for the homeless

Down 1.

Using strength to scare someone into doing something xviii

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_____________________________________________________ ________________ _____________________________________________________ ________________ _____________________________________________________ ________________ _____________________________________________________ ________________ _____________________________________________________ ________________ _____________________________________________________ ________________ _____________________________________________________ ________________

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Social Issues Sample  

Learning English through Social Issues