more commonly known as mustard gas. Another suffocating chemical agent used was phosgene. Not only did Nazi Germany wish to further its use of chemical warfare agents on its enemies, it also needed to find a method of treating burns caused by chemical warfare agents used by its enemies.55 To conduct chemical warfare agent tests at Natzweiler, wounds were deliberately infected on camp inmates. Then, mustard gas was applied to the wounds. The application of mustard gas on open wounds resulted in swollen, extremely painful wounds. Other inmates were forced to inhale mustard gas, drink it in liquid form, or be injected with mustard gas. In a phosgene experiment, a group of approximately forty weak, middle-aged, and malnourished Russian prisoners of war were exposed to the deadly gas, then treated with an experimental anti-phosgene drug. After administering this drug, four of the forty men died. The thirty-six who survived suffered severe edema and had large amounts of fluid in their lungs.56 In total, approximately two hundred twenty Russian, Polish, Czech, and German inmates were used as involuntary subjects in chemical warfare experiments. Of this group, roughly fifty died as a direct result of the experiments. With the exception of being able to analyze the effects of chemical warfare agents on the human body, no medical advances came from these specific experiments.57 Incendiary bombs became a common weapon used on the by many militaries during World War Two. Due to their widespread use, the amount of wartime injuries resulting from incendiary bomb attacks increased dramatically. In an effort to mitigate the effects of the burns
55 Spitz, Doctors from Hell, 135-136. 56 Spitz, Doctors from Hell, 136. 57 Spitz, Doctors from Hell, 136-138.