PENN STATE! The Jerry Sandusky Saga & The Crisis at Penn State Presented by Tyler Bradshaw
THE LESSONS LEARNED
THE BOOK •Published in 2012 •Investigative Journalists who worked for the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette •“…Investigate the claims of a startling cover-up within the Penn State hierarchy that attempted to protect its football legacy, quite possibly at the expense of disenfranchised children.” (Inside Cover)
•An Unfinished Story
1 THE CRISIS “…How a beloved coach and esteemed university became enmeshed in one of the worst scandals in U.S. sports history.” (Moushey & Dvorchak, 2012)
THE COACH •Came to Penn State in 1950 as an Assistant Coach and never left. •Became the Head Coach in 1966
•Considered an intellectual thinker •Known as a “Values Coach”. To Paterno, being a good athlete was more than winning on the field. •Given an unusual amount of control and authority at Penn State
THE “PERP” •Started as a Graduate Assistant under Paterno in 1966, returned in 1969 for a full-time coaching position. •Considered a brilliant defensive coach, helping Paterno coach National Title teams. •Well respected in the community as a charitable and giving individual.
•Started in 1977 by Jerry Sandusky •Mentored troubled young boys, and also involved them in athletics in an effort to turn their life around.
•Charity gained National Recognition
At times, The Second Mile and Penn State seemed one in the same…
To everyone’s surprise, Sandusky suspiciously retires from Penn State. Granted Emeritus status by Penn State (Tenured Professor of Physical Education) Given full and complete access to Penn State facilities.
Suspicious behavior reported by mother of victim.
Both Penn State Police and Centre County District Attorney decide not to press charges.
Detective Donald Schreffler investigates.
Mother confronts Sandusky while police monitor conversation. Sandusky admits to showering with her son.
Silentâ€Ś PSU Janitors Jim Calhoun and Ronald Petrosky witness Sandusky showering with boy in the locker room while the team is traveling. Janitors witness explicit sexual activity.
Sandusky continues to use Penn State facilities.
Calhoun reports information to his supervisor Jim Witherite.
Fearing their jobs would be threatened, neither Calhoun, Petrosky, nor Witherite report the information to school authorities or local law enforcement.
Silentâ€Ś Mike McQueary witnesses Sandusky in the locker room shower with a young boy.
Curley & Schultz report the incident to President Graham Spanier. The men sanitize the details of McQuearyâ€™s narrative.
2002 CASE McQueary reports the incident to Head Coach Paterno the following day.
Paterno reports the incident to Athletic Director Tim Curley and VP Gary Schultz. Neither of these men report the issue to Campus Police.
2002 CASE Spanier approves the plan of Curley & Schultz to “instruct Sandusky to stop brining children to football facilities or programs” and ask the retired coach to surrender his keys.
Sandusky agrees to these requests, but violates them on numerous occasions without repercussions.
Curley & Schultz relay information about Sandusky’s behavior to officials at The Second Mile, but relay the sanitized version of the tale. Officials with the charity do not investigate.
THE CRISIS CI CI CI CI CI CI CE CE CE CE CE CE D D D D D D
THE CRISIS MATRIX Eugene L. Zdziarski II Michael Rollo Norbert W. Dunkel (2007)
THE CRISIS CI
THE CRISIS Where does the crisis ORIGINATE? Intentional, Human Critical Incident
What do the crisis and ensuing events on campus GROW INTO? Intentional, Human Campus Emergencies OR Even a Disaster
2 THE RESPONSE “The Board was acknowledging that the university had lost its most precious asset: trust.” (Moushey & Dvorchak, 2012)
THE 2008 TIP
Corporal Joe Leiter of The Pennsylvania State Police starts to investigate Sandusky based on a number of tips and clues.
“I did so because I thrived on testing the limits of others, and I enjoyed taking chances in danger. I allowed myself to be mischievous, but I didn’t let it get to the point that someone would be intentionally hurt…”
Interview with 15-year old high school student where Sandusky served as a volunteer football coach. Names of Second Mile participants included in Sandusky’s autobiography, entitled Touched: The Jerry Sandusky Story.
Sandusky’s very own words from his autobiography.
THE ARREST •
3-year investigation concludes.
Prosecutors file 40 charges of sex crimes with young boys against Jerry Sandusky on November 4. (These charges eventually grow to 52, and then drop again to 48.)
Sandusky arrested on November 5.
Penn State officially bans Sandusky from campus on November 6.
THE RIPPLE •
President Spanier publicly supports VP Schultz (retired) and AD Curley (placed on Administrative Leave).
Spanier asks the Board of Trustees to give him authority to be the “crisis manager” and the “voice of the university” throughout the crisis.
Spanier also asks for a vote of confidence from the board, and for the trustees to spare Paterno’s job.
The Board denies each and every one of Spanier’s requests.
THE RIPPLE •
Paterno announces his retirement at the end of the season, but the Board of Trustees decides to fire him on the spot.
President Spanier realizes his days are numbered, and resigns immediately.
Riots ensue around campus once word of Paterno’s firing becomes public.
THE RIPPLE â€˘
AD Tim Curley and VP Gary Schultz are arrested on November 6 and charged with perjury and failure to report child abuse.
CRISIS MANAGEMENT CYCLE Recovery
Eugene L. Zdziarski II Michael Rollo Norbert W. Dunkel (2007)
POORLY HANDLED: •Prevention •Response ADEQUATELY HANDLED: •Recovery •Learning NOT ADDRESSED: •Planning
THE RIPPLE •
Joe Paterno’s statue on campus is removed (after his death).
NCAA announces unprecedented fines against the school, including five years probation, a $60 million fine, and vacating all wins from 1998-2011.
School’s regional accreditation placed on “warning” status.
3 THE LESSONS LEARNED “The moral failure of every single person involved is appalling. No one did anything more than try to sweep this problem off-campus…The university has brought shame upon itself.” (From The Daily Collegian, In Moushey & Dvorchak, 2012)
is always more important
alone should not cause you to ignore
can be extremely
presents a number of unique
A UNIQUE PERSEPCTIVE…
Written by two reporters familiar with the unique culture of Happy Valley, The Joe Paterno Era, and Penn State University.
A FOUR-FRAMED APPROACH… STRUCTURAL
A SHOCKING TALE…
If you think you know everything about the Penn State scandal, pick up this book and think again.
A BIT DATED?... Even though the book is new, it’s already dated because it was published before Sandusky was convicted and sentenced, before the Freeh report was released, and before the NCAA sanctions.
â€œThis is not a case about football.â€?
State Police Commissioner
Published on May 2, 2014
As a student in EDL 660C: Crisis Management & Organizational Change, I reviewed "Game Over", a book on the crisis at Penn State, and gave a...