Two Row Times, September 20, 2023

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WEDNESDAY SEptEmbEr 20th, 2023 | | 519-900-5535 | Grand River Territory | FREE THE SPIRIT OF ALL NATIONS PM42686517 SNOWMOBILES • SIDE X SIDES • ATVS • MOTORCYCLES • JET SKIS • LAWN MOWERS SALES • SERVICE • PARTS 1264 COLBORNE ST. EAST, BRANTFORD, ONTARIO PHONE 519.759.8140 Come see us for great savings 1045 Brant County Hwy 54 Ohsweken 519-770-3628 Walking, running fundraiser for memorial park Volunteers came together this weekend to run, walk and raise money for the Mohawk Village Memorial Park, a space dedicated to acknowledge the Mohawk Institute Indian Residential School at Six Nations and its impacts on survivors and those victims who never made it home. See story inside on Page 2.

Mohawk Village Memorial Park Fundraiser brings in over $10,000

Residential School at 184 Mohawk Street, Brantford, Ontario.

Hundreds of community members walked and raised funds for the Mohawk Village Memorial Park at the blue track in Ohsweken on Saturday.

Mohawk Institute

Residential School survivors have been working tirelessly for years to raise enough funds for a memorial park to be built right beside the former Mohawk institute (now the Woodland Cultural Centre) on Mohawk Street in Brantford.

The memorial park is being constructed to honour former Mohawk Institute Indian Residential School students who attended the school as children. The park will span five acres on the grounds of the former

The Mohawk Institute was Canada’s oldest operating residential school. The schools were created in an attempt to assimilate Indigenous children into Canadian life and many students reported various forms of abuse at the church-run schools.

The Mohawk Institute, also known as the Mushhole, closed down in 1971.

The Mohawk Village Memorial Park is intended to be a place of remembrance where the human dignity of each of the thousands of survivors of the Mohawk Institute may be recognized and honoured.

The park will be open to all individuals, families, communities and those wishing to visit the park. Included in the park will be memorials, walking

paths and decorative landscaping as well as a variety of accessible park features including:


-Fire Pit/Stage Area

-Children’s Play Area

-Memorial Circle


-Water Feature/pond area

I ran from the "Mushhole" to Six Nations for the second time on Saturday to help raise funds for this


It was 23.5 km total from the Mushhole to the blue track in Ohsweken.

I did this run on very little sleep. I was already exhausted after a very long week.

Imagine how the children felt trying to run home from that hellhole every day. Malnourished. Cold. Tired. Hungry. The kids just wanted to come home.

I could only imagine the fear they felt trying to escape that place of torment to get back home. I felt alone and a bit scared myself traversing that lonely country road myself Saturday afternoon, during the day and with cars passing by frequently. Doing it alone, as a kid, or at night (to avoid getting caught and forced to return) must have been terrifying.

Survivors greeted me

with cheers when I finally arrived at the park and I was very grateful to see a bowl of corn soup offered to me at the community hall after such an exhausting run.

In the future, survivors have talked about organizing a large community run, bike, relay from the Woodland Cultural Centre to Ohsweken but they said they need more volunteers to help plan such an initiative.

A live fundraiser online has raised over $1,000 of its $25,000 goal and will remain active until March 2024.

Anyone wishing to donate to the park’s construction can visit en/charities/mohawk-village-memorial-park/p2p/ ParkRun2023/

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 2 LOCAL keeping you informed. STAFF REPORT TWO ROW TIMES To share your opinion on the proposed legislation: Learn about the proposed legislation through this video: CANADA’S PROPOSED CHANGES TO INDIGENOUS HEALTH LEGISLATION? Do you agree with Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council seeks your input before outlining our community’s position to Canada regarding the proposed health legislation. For additional information go to:
The park will be a space dedicated to the memory of Indian Residential School survivors and will be built on the grounds of the former Mohawk Institute, the first Indian Residential School in Canada. TRT


National Day for Truth and Reconciliation

A week of events honouring National Day of Truth and Reconciliation

This year marks the third year since Sept. 30 was designated a national holiday and memorial day for residential school survivors.

Known as the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation across Canada, Sept. 30 offers Canadians numerous opportunities to advance their understanding of colonial violence in Canada and how government-sponsored residential schools still affect

generations of Indigenous people and families who are alive today.

Scores of survivors and their family members from Six Nations will be making presentations at home and around the province about their experiences and across the country.

Here on Six Nations, the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation will feature a number of local initiatives, including a documentary at The Gathering Place about the former Mohawk Institute, also

known as the Mushhole.

Indigenous students from near and far were forced to attend the school in a colonial attempt to assimilate the children into Canadian culture.

The Nature of Healing - Surviving the Mohawk Institute will be screened at The Gathering Place on Sept. 21 at 4:30 p.m. It will also be screened at First Ontario Centre in Hamilton on Sept. 28 at 7 p.m.

Organizers are warning that the video could trigger some emotions

for community members and survivors and to be mindful of bringing youth to watch it.

100 percent of proceeds to the screening will be donated to the Mohawk Village Memorial Park initiative, which aims to build a serene healing space beside the former Mohawk Institute.

The Mohawk Institute, also known as the Mushhole, on Mohawk Street in Brantford, was Canada’s oldest residential school.

Scores of Six Nations

children attended the Mushhole, with many survivors still alive today. The Mushhole was closed in 1971 after operating for almost two centuries.

Award-winning dancer and multidisciplinary artist Santee Smith will be presenting The Mush Hole - Truth Embodied on Sept. 29 at McMaster University.

Smith, who was named Chancellor of the university and is a 2023 Order of Canada recipient, will share her family’s personal connection to the Mohawk


Also on Sept. 21, the Woodland Cultural Centre will be hosting a screening of the film Silent No More - A Virtual Tour of the Former Mohawk Institute, at 6:30 p.m. Brantford Native Housing is hosting an event on Sept. 30th from 1 p.m. to 6 p.m. at Mohawk Park in Brantford.

The day is a statutory holiday and will be broadcast live with events and speakers from Parliament Hill in Ottawa.

We grieve the children who never returned home, honour the survivors and fight alongside Indigenous peoples for justice.

Mohawk Mothers seek halt to excavation amid former Montreal hospital grave search


MONTREAL — A group of Indigenous women were in Quebec Superior Court trying to stop drilling and excavation at the former site of a hospital where they say unmarked graves may be located, and where McGill University is expanding its downtown campus.

The women, who call themselves the Mohawk Mothers, accuse McGill University and Quebec's infrastructure agency of failing to live up to a court-approved agreement on how the search for bodies at the site would be conducted.

The Mothers have said they have uncovered the possibility of graves, following interviews with survivors of mind-control experiments that took place in the 1950s and

Adagaidę hsraˀ

1960s at a psychiatric institute affiliated with the hospital. The government of Canada is named in a 2019 class-action lawsuit application that alleges the state funded the MK-ULTRA program, under which abusive psychological experiments were conducted on vulnerable patients at the site.

Kwetiio, one of the Mohawk Mothers who made arguments in court, said the construction companies aren't communicating with them about what they are finding at the site.

``If it was done in the spirit that it was supposed to be held to, then we wouldn't have a problem,'' Kwetiio said.

The Mohawk Mothers filed a civil suit in March 2022, and last October they obtained an injunction ordering a pause on excavation work on the university-expansion project with a judge ruling the renovations would

cause irreparable harm. After several mediation sessions, the Mothers and McGill reached a deal on April 6. Cultural monitors are also permitted on site to observe.

The agreement stipulates that if no graves are immediately found then excavation work can begin on a rolling basis and in a sensitive manner in case there is an unexpected discovery.

McGill University and the infrastructure agency told the court on Thursday that the Mothers' request should be dismissed. Both groups said the agreement had been followed as it was drafted. Construction work is being done in an area where no bodies are believed to be buried, they said, adding that the work should be allowed to continue even if adjoining zones require more investigation.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 4 Learn how to manage different chronic health conditions with trained experts & culturally relevant methods Activities and refreshments will be provided Please register by October 13, 2023 DATES: Mondays October 30, November 6, 20, 27, December 4,11 TIME: 3:00PM-5:30PM LOCATION: Orohekta’geh, 1676 Chiefswood Road FOR: Ages 55+ and those with chronic health conditions
Wellbeing: Managing your Chronic Health
R E G I S T R A T I O N I S L I M I T E D , P L E A S E C O N T A C T T H E C O M M U N I T Y E D U C A T O R Michelle Jamieson Please call or text 519-717-3960

Six Nations Cannabis Commission condemns robbery


The Six Nations Cannabis Commission is calling out banks for refusing to provide bank accounts to Six Nations cannabis retailers after one of their member stores was robbed this week.

“The Six Nations Cannabis Commission in the interest of the Six Nations community, is calling for immediate action to address the alarming issue of robberies targeting First Nations cannabis retail locations,” the commission said in a press release issued Tuesday. “The recent robbery, located on Six Nations territory, has highlighted the urgent need for banks to recognize and support the legalized cannabis industry on First Nations. A local business committed to providing safe and tested cannabis products allowing individuals to access their medication at a discounted rate suffered substantial financial losses due to the

Two of the major banks, which are located in Ohsweken, refuse to allow cannabis retailers to open business accounts.

Cannabis businesses and the commission have resorted to storing cash at secret or secure locations instead of putting it into a bank account, the commission revealed at a recent band council meeting.

The commission calls the refusal discriminatory.

Six Nations came up with its own cannabis law and regulations which were recognized by Six Nations of the the Grand River elected council in 2021, but Ontario does not recognize Six Nations’ law.

Because of those legality issues, banks have not agreed to provide Six Nations cannabis retailers with business accounts.

“The discriminatory denial of banking on our sovereign territory for First Nations cannabis businesses is not only dangerous, but also unethical,” the commission says. “The mistreatment

of Indigenous people that, for centuries, subjected us to systemic racism by the Canadian government, continues. Regrettably, this injustice persists within the cannabis industry on First Nations territories.”

The commission said, “the constant targeting of our community members with violence and crime is unacceptable. Budtenders working in these establishments are often traumatized by these incidents.”

The commission called on banks to open accounts for cannabis retailers.

“We call on financial institutions to stand by their own words and regulations, honour and provide essential banking services, including secure accounts, to protect our businesses and community members from further harm. Ending systemic racism within the cannabis industry is essential for the well-being and prosperity of First Nations communities. We urge all First Nations and allies to stand against discrimination and support our fight for equality.”

Nations council considering co-signing loan for private school

Coun. Melba Thomas supported the move saying the children and teachers are suffering. “It’s a very difficult decision, but I know we need it.”

people’s lives.”


Private School (KGPS) has asked Six Nations of the Grand River Elected Council to co-sign on a loan to help the school board begin construction on a new $32 million, shovel-ready building. The school was recently turned down for funding again by Indigenous Services Canada and is desperately trying to raise funds to get a school built. The private school is currently operating out of the second floor of the Iroquois Lacrosse Arena and hasn’t had its own building in its almost 40 years of operation.

Fall Registration 2023-2024 Season

Classes Available in: Tap, Jazz, Ballet, Lyrical, Hiphop, Musical Theatre, Acting, Modelling  Ages 2 yrs. - Adult Boys-Girls

Recreational & Competitive  Register by Email, Text, Inbox, In Person

Wednesday September 20th 4:00-8:00pm

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Saturday September 23rd. 10am-12:00 noon

Monday September 25th 4:00-8:00 1824 4th line Ohsweken Ontario

Coun. Helen Miller opposed.

Council questions addic-


treatment centre for Six Nations

Six Nations of the Grand River CEO Darrin Jamieson, who is on leave for a year, had set aside 7.1 million for a treatment centre, council’s finance committee heard on Monday.

But there are currently no plans in place to build one yet.

"That’s another need we have in the community,” said Coun. Melba Thomas. “We’re talking about saving

Coun. Audrey Powless-Bomberry said more and more people are addicted to drugs and alcohol on Six Nations. Coun. Helen Miller said there is a treatment centre, referring to Native Horizons treatment centre on the New Credit reserve, but the problem was that the centre requires people to be clean or detoxed for a few weeks before going into the program. “We need a rehab centre,” she said, where people can stay to get clean right away. Afterward, she said, people need a transition centre to get back to long-term sober living.

In the meantime, Coun. Greg Frazer said, council is exploring a long-term drug strategy to help tackle addiction on the territory.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 5 Stay home if you feel unwell If you have a fever cough and difficulty breathing seek medical attention and call in advance IF YO OUGH AND DIFFICULTY BREATHING, SEEK MEDICAL CARE EARLY 2 M / 6 FT S I X N A T I O N S M O B I L E C R I S I S S E R V I C E S The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers a 24/7 Crisis Line A person seeking crisis support will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Texting crisis response Texting is available Monday to Friday from 8 30am - 4 00pm A person seeking crisis support through text will be connected with a Crisis Response Worker an d receive messages through text The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services offers Live Chat crisis response Live Chat or Instant Messaging is done on your computer over the internet Live Chat (Messaging) is available Monday to Friday 8 30am - 4 00pm The Six Nations Mobile Crisis Services is a confidential service offering crisis support to Six Nations of the Grand River The new features run through a program which offers safe and encrypted technology to keep conversations confidential and secure 2 4 / 7 C R I S I S P H O N E L I N E 866-445-2204 or 519-445-2204 L I V E C H A T ( M E S S A G I N G ) Link on sixnationscovid19 ca under Crisis Support Live Chat T E X T M E S S A G I N G 226-777-9480 C O N F I D E N T I A L S E R V I C E S
STAFF REPORT TWO ROW TIMES STAFF REPORT TWO ROW TIMES Interested in sharing your opinions? Send us your thoughts. EDITOR@TWOROWTIMES.COM

What Canadians need to know about West Nile virus, a mosquito borne infection that can be life threatening

the Atlantic and landed in North America in 1999.

the U.S., Midwestern states have been most affected.


During the late summer of 1999, New York City recorded an unusual number of cases of encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). At the same time, the Bronx Zoo reported a massive death of birds and mammals.

The human encephalitis cases might have been attributed to a flare-up of an endemic arbovirus (a virus transmitted by a tick or mosquito bite) such as St. Louis encephalitis, but the concurrent bird and mammal deaths suggested the human illnesses warranted further investigation.

Scientists eventually identified these as the first confirmed cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in North America.

West Nile virus in North America

WNV was first reported in a woman with a fever in Uganda in 1937. An outbreak in Israel in 1957 established WNV as a cause of severe meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the spinal cord and brain) in elderly patients.

Several clusters or medium-range outbreaks were reported from Asia, Europe and Africa in the 20th century. Finally, the virus managed to cross

In 1999, the case number was limited to 62 in New York City, and there was concern about a huge surge in 2000. Fortunately, the case number in 2000 was 21, which is exceedingly low, but it had spread to New Jersey and Connecticut. The case number remained in a similar low range (only 66 cases) in 2001.

However, the virus hit hard the following year. In 2002, the case number rose to over 4,000 in the United States. The same year, Canada experienced its first cases in Ontario.

The U.S. has reported a cumulative total of 56,569 cases and 2,773 deaths, while Canada has reported 6,683 cases and about 150 deaths (I'm told by the Centre for Food-borne, Environmental & Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada), with the highest number of cases observed in the U.S. in 2003 and in Canada in 2007.

This virus spread across the entire continent very quickly, and covered most of North America by 2005. However, it took almost 10 years for the virus to show up in British Columbia. In Canada, most of the cases were found in the Prairie region (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba). In

West Nile virus is an RNA virus, a close cousin of Dengue, Yellow fever, St. Louis encephalitis and Zika virus, to name a few. It belongs to the family Flaviviridae.

Symptoms and transmission

Approximately 80 per cent of people exposed to WNV are asymptomatic. The incubation period in humans is about a week; however, this ranges from two to 15 days after the virus enters the body.

Among symptomatic individuals, all of them experience fever, and many also experience headaches, body aches, a mild rash and swollen lymph glands to varying degrees.

Although most cases go unnoticed, the virus still has deadly potential. A small number of people (around one per cent) experience severe symptoms, including encephalitis. However, over the years, the number of neurological cases has been increasing.

This virus is mostly transmitted via mosquito bites; however, very rarely it could transmit via blood transfusion, organ or tissue transplants, from mother to unborn babies and through exposure to infected animals.

A number of birds, predominantly corvids such

as crows, jays and magpies, act as reservoirs as well as amplifying hosts. When an uninfected mosquito feeds on an infected bird and then bites a healthy human, the human becomes infected.

Humans are considered dead-end hosts, meaning that even if a mosquito feeds on an infected individual, that mosquito cannot transmit the virus to another individual as can happen with the dengue virus.

Once people are severely infected with West Nile virus, they acquire longer immunity. Older people are usually at high risk for severe infection due to underlying health conditions. People with diabetes and uncontrolled hypertension have a greater risk of developing severe neurological disease from the West Nile virus.


Patients who become ill with a fever and severe headache within a few days of a mosquito bite should visit their family physician or any healthcare facility.

Because WNV is closely related to other pathogens, diagnosis is often challenging. Patient signs and symptoms, history of mosquito bites and laboratory tests are all important when assessing patients for possible infection with

West Nile virus.

The most common laboratory test is to detect antibodies against WNV in the blood. However, WNV antibodies cross-react with dengue, Zika or other flaviviruses, so if this test is positive, an additional test is required to confirm the diagnosis.

This additional test is called the Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test or PRNT for short. It requires a live virus, so it must be done in a containment level 3 (CL3) laboratory.

The laboratory can also diagnose viral RNA using molecular tests, but interestingly, the virus often disappears from the blood when people exhibit symptoms. For encephalitic patients, cerebrospinal fluid can be used to detect the virus using molecular methods such as a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test.

Preventive measures

There is no human vaccine for the West Nile virus. The most important preventive measure to avoid West Nile virus infection is to avoid mosquito bites. This seems simple but is often very challenging.

People should use common sense during outdoor and indoor activities.

Mosquito bites can be prevented by using bug spray, wearing protective cloth-

ing and avoiding areas that may have mosquitoes during the times when the species is most active, typically dusk and dawn.

A few species of mosquitoes can transmit WNV to humans. Among these, two of the most common species _ the Culex pipiens and Culex tarsalis _ are found across Canada, and their habitat is predicted to expand with climate change. Mosquitoes not only transmit WNV, but also transmit California serogroup viruses, which cause encephalitis, as well as eastern equine encephalitis viruses.

There is also no specific treatment for West Nile virus; medical management is supportive. Patients with severe symptoms often require pain control for headaches and medication and rehydration to treat nausea and vomiting.

So far in 2023, only a few human cases have been identified in Ontario. However, a few mosquito pools in Manitoba and Ontario also tested positive, and also a few WNV-positive birds were found in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

No matter how many cases we are seeing, everyone is advised to take precautions against mosquito bites to avoid these life-threatening diseases.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 6 Volume 11, Issue 6 Make advertising cheques payable to: Garlow Media Oneida Business Park Suite 124 50 Generations Drive, Box 1 Ohsweken, ON N0A 1M0 Thank you for your advertising support! Publisher: Jonathan Garlow Head of Production: Dave LaForce Editor & Social Media: Nahnda Garlow Writer: Donna Duric Website Manager: Benjamin Doolittle Senior Writer: Jim Windle Writer: Jace Koblun Advertising Sales Co-ordinator: Marshall Lank Advertising Sales Executive: Christine Patton Advertising Sales Executive: Ashley Smith Distribution Manager: Tim Reynolds Brantford Distribution: Christian Kovac Main office: (519) 900-5535 Editorial line: (519) 900-6241 Advertising line: (519) 900-6373 For advertising information: General inquiries: Website: OPINION
Interested in sharing your opinions? Send us your thoughts. EDITOR@TWOROWTIMES.COM



BelongingisatthecoreofFanshawe College’smissiontounlockpotential. Fanshaweisarichcommunityofdiverse students,employeesandfaculty,andwe arebetterbecauseofourdiverse identities.

Indigenousyoutharethefastestgrowing segmentofCanada’spopulationunder theageof30,andthenumberof IndigenousstudentspursuingpostsecondaryeducationinOntarioata collegelevelhasdoubledinthepastfive years.

StudentsfromIndigenouscommunities facesignificantanduniquebarriersto education.Toensuresuccessincollege, supportforIndigenousstudentsmustbe inplacetocoverthebroadrangeof specializedchallengestheyencounter. AnenvironmentthatincludesIndigenous waysofknowingandbeingcandirectly benefitanIndigenousstudent’s wellbeingandsuccess.


NatalieFletcheristheassistantmanager oftheInstituteofIndigenousLearning andhailsfromCaldwellFirstNation.She believesitisimportanttocreatespaces bothinsideandoutsideofthe classroomforstudentstothrive.

“It’simportanttocreatethesespacesso thatstudentscanbeauthentically themselves,sotheyknowtheyhavea placewheretheybelong,wherethey’re accepted,wheretheyfeelsafe,where theirexperiencescanhelpmoldlearning fortherestoftheCollege,”Nataliesays. “Aspacewheretheycanbe vulnerable—Ithinkthat’sreallyimportant thatweareabletobevulnerableina space,sharethoseemotionsand encouragelearningofeveryoneinthe room.Ithinkit’salsogoodtohavebrave spaceswherewecanchallengeourown biases,wherewecanlearnthat everyone’sexperiencehasaplaceinour learningjourneyandthatthistrulyisa placewhereyoubelong.”

n=:` Ohsweg,h]:n/h

2023 DEADLINE CALENDAR for / gweh?: weh

Onkwehón:we ne: Ohswekenhro:non

Feb. 1st Application Deadline for Summer semester Apply on-line!

Fall Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students.

Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing.

Winter course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

May 1st Application Deadline for Fall or Fall/Winter semester(s) Apply on-line!

Winter Marks/Progress Reports due for all funded students.

Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing.

Summer course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.

11:59 pm May 1st to 9 am July 1st - The On-line Application on the GRPSEO Website is not available.

Aug 1st Official transcripts are due from students funded for any of the three previous application periods (Summer/Fall/Winter).

For all APPROVED FALL applications - Any documentation that was requested by the Funding Advisor to be submitted to GRPSEO by August 1, (as outlined in the “Check List of Required Documentation” form provided to the applicant), and not received by this deadline date will result in CANCELLATION of the approved application and loss of funding.

Oct. 1st Application Deadline for Winter semester – Apply on-line!

Summer Marks/Progress Reports due for all continuing students.

Levels 3 & 4 (Master or Ph.D. students) provide Letter of Good Academic Standing. Fall course registration/timetable and detailed tuition fees due.



AtFanshawe,nearlyfourpercentofthe College’sstudentpopulationidentifyas Indigenous.WhetherastudentisStatus orNon-StatusFirstNations,Métisor Inuit,Fanshawe’sInstituteofIndigenous Learningprovidesacomfortable atmosphereforacademicservices, social,cultural,andrecreationalactivities forourIndigenousstudents.

FormerlyknownastheFirstNations Centre,theInstitutefirstopenedits doorsin1996andhascontinuously expandeditssupportasthenumberof Indigenousstudentsattending Fanshawegrows.Initsfirstyear,the Centresupported72registeredFirst Nationsstudents,andin2023,that numberhasgrowntoincludeover700 Indigenousstudents.

Interestedinlearningaboutwhat Fanshawehastooffer?Visit


RochelleSmithistheInstituteof IndigenousLearning’srecruitmentand communityrelationsadvisorandisfrom ChippewasoftheThamesFirstNation. “Myjobentailsgoingouttothe communitiesandbuildingrelationships withthem,”Rochellesays.“Building relationshipsis100percentoneofthe maingoalsofourrecruitment.Andwhen wegoout,wewantstudentstofeelat easewhentheytalktous,because whentheycometoseeusatFanshawe, wewantthatcommunityfeelingto alwaysbethere.”


TheInsituteofIndigenousLearning offersavarietyofservicestohelp studentssucceed.Supportsinclude:

•Studentsuccessservices(suchas transitionlearningadvisors, wellnesscounselor,careerplanning andsearching)

All Students (Check With Your

•Awards,scholarshipandbursary referrals



•FirstNationsStudentCouncil providesstudent-to-student supportaswellasassistsstudents incollaborativeleadershipbuilding


Witheffectiveandtailoredsupport systemsinplace,Indigenousstudents thriveintheirpostsecondarystudies.By providingthetoolsthatstudentsneedto succeedintheirstudies,theirfutures becomebrightandfullofpossibilities. ExploretheFanshaweexperienceat

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 7
Office Closed:
Apr. 10 Office Closed:
May 1 Accepting Graduate Promotion Items May 22 Office Closed: Victoria Day June 1 Summer Office Hours: Open from 8 am to 4
June 21 Office Closed: Observance National Indigenous
July 3 Office Closed: Canada Day Aug. 1 Official Transcripts Aug. 7 Office Closed: Civic Holiday Sept. 1 Back to Regular Office Hours: Open 8:30 am to 4:30 pm Sept. 4 Office Closed: Labour Day Sept 30 National Day of Truth and Reconciliation (Orange
Day) Oct. 9 Office Closed – Thanksgiving Day Oct. 31 Deadline to Submit Graduate Promotion Items Nov. 3 Fall Semester Contact Required From All Students (Check With Your GRPSEO Funding Advisor) Nov. 13 Office Closed: Observance of Remembrance Day Dec. 22 Office Closed: Christmas Closure Jan. 2, 2024 Office Reopens Please check the local newspapers, our website at FaceBook/Instagram/Twitter or give us a call at (519) 445-2219 for more information. GRAND RIVER POST SECONDARY EDUCATION OFFICE Honour. Educate. Empower.
POST SECONDARY DATES AND EVENTS 2023 Jan. 3 Office Reopens 2023 Feb. 20 Office Closed: Family Day Mar. 3 Winter Semester Contact Required From
GRPSEO Funding Advisor) Apr. 7
Good Friday
Easter Monday
Peoples Day

National Day for Truth and Reconciliation/ Orange Shirt Day

The Law Society of Ontario is marking this day by offering a free, educational program focused on reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples. This event features teachings from Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers, welcome remarks from the Treasurer of the Law Society, as well as a keynote address by Kimberly Murray, Independent Special Interlocutor for Missing Children and Unmarked Graves and Burial Sites associated with Residential Schools.

Watch the archived webcast:

Stay up to date on upcoming events:

How to get the most out of tutoring

No student’s academic career is free from challenges. Classroom challenges can help students get more out of their coursework, which can benefit them as their academic careers progress and prepare them to excel in the professional arena.

Students can sometimes overcome challenges on their own or with a little extra assistance from educators and parents. When coursework is especially challenging, students may benefit from working with tutors. Direct one-on-one communication with a tutor can help students fully understand complex concepts that parents may not understand. The partnership between student and tutor is most effective when each person fully commits to a tutoring session. Professional tutors are paid to be committed, and it’s up to students to match that commitment. Making the most of working with a tutor comes down to preparation, interest, a willingness to

Indigenous supports to guide your student journey

A strong circle of support leads to student success. The Indigenous Student Services team at Mohawk College provides:

• Cultural events and programming

• Indigenous peer tutoring

• Coaches and student success supports

put in the work, and a host of additional factors.

- Prepare for each tutoring session. Students should prepare for each tutoring session just like they do for other activities they care about, including extracurriculars. Student musicians would not arrive to a recital without their instrument, nor would athletes arrive for a game without their equipment. Prior to the beginning of a tutoring session, double-check to ensure you have all the necessary materials, including books, class notes, past and current assignments, and a syllabus for the class.

- Recognize the student-tutor dynamic is a two-way street. Tutors should not be the only ones to speak during a session. Students can prepare questions prior to each session and then ask any additional questions that come to mind during the session. Open, free-flowing communication can help students gain a stronger grasp of the material, and it’s the responsibility of both tutors and students

to keep lines of communication open. If a tutor’s approach is not resonating, speak up and ask for more clarification.

- Actively engage. Tutors may give some additional work to help students learn the material. Students should not write off such assignments because they won’t be graded. Active engagement in tutoring, both during sessions and between them, can ensure students get the most out of tutoring.

- Be patient. Tutors are typically utilized when students have trouble understanding complex subjects. That complexity means it will likely take time before students fully grasp what tutors are teaching them. Students should stay patient and not grow discouraged if it’s taking awhile to grasp material. Celebrate any progress that is made, however incremental it may be. Small steps forward can lead students down a successful path that could ultimately end with mastery of a complex subject.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 8
Explore our services Indigenous-Students
‘23, Indigenous Studies Degree pathway student


Telling Our Story at TIFF

film, Telling Our Story,

Indigenous peoples whose homelands now host Canada,” reads TIFF’s description of the film.

focuses on themes of territory, identity, spirituality and rebuilding

The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) is a permanent destination for film culture operating out of the TIFF Bell Lightbox cultural centre, located in Downtown Toronto.

One of the most prestigious and largest publicly attended film festivals in the world, TIFF was founded in 1976 and takes place each September. Included in this year’s lineup is the world debut of the English-language film, Telling Our Story, a visually stunning four-part documentary series highlighting 11 different First Nations in Quebec.

“Highlighting the histories, experiences, outlooks, and aspirations of 11 different First Nations, as told through the voices of their community members, this four-part documentary illuminates the rich cultures, the celebrated stories, and the enduring resilience of

Director Kim O’Bomsawin travelled tens of thousands of kilometres, visiting more than 30 communities to gather the perspectives of Abenaki, Anishinaabe, Atikamekw, Cree of Eeyou Istchee, Innu, Inuit, Mi’kmaq, Kanien’kehá:ka, Naskapi, Huron-Wendat, and Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) people.

The film is supported by narration from Kaniyen’kehá:ka (Mohawk) actor Kaniehtiio Horn and stunning landscape cinematography. Each episode groups these views around a single theme: “Territory,” “Identity,” “Spirituality,” and “Rebuilding.”

O’Bomsawin, from the Abenaki Nation, brought in an all-Indigenous crew to give voice to those who are often unheard or not listened to, offering them an opportunity to share their world views, beliefs, values, and long histories in this place.

“The series sees each topic unfold in a circular way — the traditional storytelling method of First Peoples — freely navigating the past, present, and future,” says TIFF.

According to TIFF and O’Bomsawin, the emotional and thought-provoking, Telling Our Story is created for many types

of viewers: Indigenous people within the country, colonized people across the world who are now looking to tell their stories, and descendants of the first colonizers who are ready to open the door to a new level of understanding.

TIFF said on its website it is pleased to recognize

the newly formed Indigenous Advisory Group. This group, composed of some of Canada’s most recognized and respected Indigenous voices, will play an integral role in how TIFF programs for, with, and about Indigenous communities.

Filmmakers Adam Piron, Danis Goulet and Tracey Deer, Producer and Programmer Jason Ryle, Executive Melanie Nepinak Hadley, imagineNATIVE Executive Director Naomi Johnson, and Elected Chief of the Mississaugaus of the Credit First Nation R. Stacey Laforme make up this advisory group and bring invaluable expertise and experience in guiding TIFF’s actions affecting Indigenous peoples.

Meeting periodically throughout the year, the Indigenous Advisory Group informs how TIFF answers questions like:

- How should TIFF select and present work by or about Indigenous people?

- What more can TIFF do to support Indigenous

film talent?

- How can TIFF better engage Indigenous audience members?

- How can TIFF improve the physical and social environment it offers Indigenous people?

- How can TIFF work better with Indigenous and non-Indigenous organizations on initiatives affecting Indigenous people?

- How best can TIFF support Indigenous staff and bring more Indigenous people into the organization?

TIFF says it strives to present the best of international and Canadian cinema and create transformational experiences for film lovers and creators of all ages and backgrounds. As Canada's premiere home of cinema, TIFF offers screenings, lectures, discussions, festivals, workshops, events, professional development and opportunities to meet, hear and learn from filmmakers from Canada and around the world.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 9
Telling Our Story, directed by Kim O’Bomsawin, highlights the histories, experiences, outlooks, and aspirations of 11 different First Nations, as told through the voices of their community members. TIFF
TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 10 Find us online at To book your rental, call (519) 449-2200 @nwmocanada /company/nwmocanada We are committed to learning and working together. Learn more about how we are developing collaborative solutions for managing used nuclear fuel in alignment with Indigenous Knowledge.

Tips for choosing high school electives Climate protest at Times Square during UN Summit

respite from the pressures of required courses.

marketing or business management, for example.

Curricula at many secondary schools are designed to provide students with the education they need to go on to higher learning and enter the workforce. While certain subjects are on the educational menu in every school, students also have opportunities to pick unique subjects that cater to their interests and potential career goals. Classes that the school requires are often listed as core classes. Those that students are free to choose are called electives. Electives exist outside of the required curriculum. Many education experts say that electives provide a great chance for students to experiment and determine if any niche subjects or topics appeal to them. According to Psychologist Regine Muradian, who works with students on learning and study skills, electives also can increase a student’s desire to learn by offering a

Schools vary regarding how many elective classes high schoolers may take each year. Electives typically are a more prominent component of upperclassmen’s schedules because they may have already completed most of the core curriculum requirements. Here are some tips for selecting electives.

- Go with what you know. Pick courses that tie into already established interests. If you love to write and get to the bottom of a story, try journalism.

- Step outside your comfort zone. Another way to pick electives is to try new things and explore classes in that way. Maybe you never thought about computer programming before, but think it could be interesting to dabble.

- Choose with a future major in mind. If you have an idea of which subject to study in college, you can select electives that align with that major. Someone who plans to major in finance may select an elective in

- Think about what colleges want. Colleges accept applicants based on academic performance, but they’re also looking for students who check an assortment of boxes. Think about which electives may help you look more attractive to admissions departments. Classes in STEM, public speaking, debate, and international affairs might help you stand out.

- Diversify your skills. Richard Detweiler, researcher and president emeritus of the Great Lakes Colleges, says a top preparatory factor to earning a six-figure salary is not one’s college major, but having taken a large share of classes outside of one’s major. Diverse courses throughout high school and college can put students on a successful path.

Choosing electives need not be complicated. Students can opt for different strategies to select classes that will complement core learning.

NEW YORK CITY — On the morning of Tuesday, September 19th, Indigenous peoples on the frontlines of the climate crisis on Turtle Island took over Times Square in New York to paint a giant mural with the message, “No Green Colonialism; Land Back NOW!”

This mural comes the day before the UN Climate Ambition Summit, where world leaders are expected to come together to make decisions around combatting the climate crisis.

“For too long, Native lands and communities have borne the brunt of harm from mining and other extractive industries. As the federal government moves to support clean energy development, this cannot come at the expense of clean water or Indigenous rights. This familiar assault on Native lands and

communities is another wave of colonialism, and we will not stand by and allow our lands to be sacrificed,” said Krystal Two Bulls, Executive Director of the national Indigenous organization Honor the Earth.

Indigenous communities are resisting mining projects that they say violate treaty rights and threaten clean water and land in places such as Thacker Pass, Oak Flat , and the Talon-Tamarak mine near the Mississippi headwaters.

In a statement the group said, “In order to truly

address the climate crisis, Indigenous peoples across the globe must be at the center of the solutions and the decision-makers.

As original stewards of the land who stand on the frontlines of climate chaos, Indigenous people have a roadmap that can lead the world out of the harmful systems of capitalism, colonialism, and white supremacy that are the root cause of the climate crisis. The first tangible, concrete order of business is to return Indigenous lands to Indigenous hands. “


The Ontario Arts Council (OAC) recognizes the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation as a day to honour the innocent First Nations, Inuit, and Métis children who were harmed and whose lives were lost at Canada’s residential schools and the healing journey of survivors and their families.

In support of the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, OAC seeks to advance reconciliation through its support of Indigenous artists and arts organizations and expand its ongoing relationships with Indigenous communities. OAC affirms its commitment to Indigenous artists and communities in Ontario through programs and initiatives that specifically aim to support their creativity, collaboration and success.

Indigenous artists, arts groups and organizations can apply for funding through any OAC program to create new works, present arts activities, and more. There are also several programs designed to meet the specific needs of Indigenous artists and groups, where applications are reviewed by fellow Indigenous artists and arts professionals:

Indigenous Artists in Communities and Schools Projects: deadline October 18, 2023

Indigenous Arts Projects: deadline October 18, 2023

Curatorial Projects: Indigenous and Culturally Diverse: deadline October 11, 2023

Indigenous Visual Artists’ Materials: This program runs from September 2023, to January 31, 2024.

Some programs have the option for your application to be reviewed by Indigenous organizations: Exhibition Assistance (Ojibwe Cultural Foundation and Woodland Cultural Centre), Recommender Grants for Writers (Kegedonce Press and MUSKRAT Magazine) and Recommender Grants for Theatre Creators (Native Earth Performing Arts).

For more information on these and other OAC programs and how to apply, visit, call us at 416-961-1660 (toll-free in Ontario: 1-800-387-0058) or email


TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 11
Illustration by Hawlii Pichette of Urban Iskwew.
Protestors took over Times Square in New York City ahead of the UN Summit. SUBMITTED

How to help student-athletes balance academics and athletics

The rigours of academia demand every student’s utmost devotion. For some, the challenges in the classroom are accompanied by the thrill of competition on the playing field. Multi-tasking may be most associated with modern professionals, but many might have learned how to balance multiple responsibilities at once during their days as student-athletes.

- Practice time management over the summer. Summer vacation provides a much-needed respite for all students, but it also can serve as a time management trial run for student-athletes. Over the course of summer break, create a schedule of activities and allot a certain amount of time to devote to each. In the spirit of summer vacation, these activities need not be rigorous, but the schedule can lay the foundation for the hopefully successful management of time that will be necessary when the school year begins.

- Take steps to avoid burnout. Burnout can affect student-athletes in the classroom and on the field. Work with parents, coaches and school staff, including a nutritionist if one works for the school’s athletic department, to devise a meal plan that will help to energize the body and reduce injury risk. In addition, follow a consistent sleep schedule that helps to overcome mental and physical fatigue. According to guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 should sleep eight to 10 hours each night.

- Avoid distractions. Student-athletes who are finding it hard to get at least eight hours of sleep each night might be too distracted during the day to get everything done so they can go to bed at a reasonable hour. Smartphones ensure distractions are never too far away, but student-athletes can take a proactive approach and turn off app notifica-

tions once a new school year and season begins. In addition, pick a quiet homework room in the house without distractions like a television or the hum of outside noise.

- Set academic and athletic goals. Coaches typically establish goals for players before the season and then again during end-of-season exit interviews. Such goals can help athletes maintain their motivation, and a similar strategy can be employed in the classroom.

Parents and student-athletes can meet with teachers to establish study goals to keep them striving toward academic achievement. Clearly defined goals can improve student-athletes' focus, and that can make it easier to balance their responsibilities.

Student-athletes face a balancing act once a new school year or season begins. Various strategies can help young people successfully juggle their academic and athletic obligations.


Medicines from the Land showcases at Toronto Queer Market

Hunter Cascagnette and Beze Gray were at the Toronto Queer Market last weekend representing their small business in-between drag queen and drag king performances at Barbara Hall Park.

Cascagnette (Euro settler/ Georgian Bay Metis) and Gray (Anishinaabe/ Lunaape/ Oneida) co-own Medicines from the Land, a 2SLGBTQ+ Indigenous-owned and family-run small business located in southern Georgian Bay, specializing in local herbal medicines, maple products, antler jewelry and deer hides.

“We do various aspects of hide tanning, sugar bushing, growing and harvesting for the business with our hound dog

Bashkwegin aka Bucky,” reads the About Us section on the business’ website.

“Beze makes labels and posters for the business. Hunter makes our herbal products and antler jewelry. Hunter is training in clinical herbalism to better serve the community.”

The Toronto Queer Market was started by queer designer and entrepreneur Ashley Champion to create more spaces for 2SLGBTQ+ artists and vendors to sell their wares.

"Our market is held monthly at Barbara Hall Park at 519 Church Street in Toronto from May to October,” says Market organizers. The Market boasts a roster of more than 40 vendors who exhibit their wares alongside music hosted by local DJs and performances by local drag queens and kings.

The duo says their herbal products are all made

from plants harvested from their gardens or sustainably wild harvested in relationship with the land and according to the health of local ecosystems.

“We don't outsource any plant medicine used in our products. All the plants are freshly harvested by us to offer you the freshest possible herbal medicines,” said Cascagnette. “Our antler is naturally shed and locally sourced. The antler jewelry pieces are all cut, sanded, buffed, drilled, oiled and assembled carefully by hand.”

The co-owners said they enjoy working on all the different stages that go into creating unique, handmade and authentic products.

“When you support us, you're supporting 2SLGBTQ+ Indigenous lifeways. Thank you for your support,” they said.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 13
TWO ROW TIMES Hunter Cascagnette (left) and Beze Gray (right), co-owners of Medicines from the Land, showcasing a sampling of their handmade products at the Toronto Queer Market held on Sept. 16 at Barbara Hall Park. JACE KOBLUN

SIX NATIONS POLICE Constable - Contract Position

Applications for a contract position for Constable with the Six Nations Police are now being called for.

All applicants must fill out a standard application form available at the Six Nations Police Station.

CRITERIA for applicants are as follows:

Minimum Requirements to be considered for a career in First Nations Policing with the Six Nations Police Service, you must:

- Be 19 years of age or over and able to provide an official birth certificate or proof of age;

- Be physically and mentally able to perform the duties of the position having regard to your own safety and the safety of members of the public

- Have successfully completed at least 4 years of Secondary School education or its equivalent (official transcripts and diplomas will be required)

- Be of good moral character and habits, meaning that you are an individual other people would consider being trustworthy and having integrity, with no criminal record;

- certified by a physician to be fit for duty as a front line Six Nations Police Constable and able to pass physical tests which are required in the recruiting process

- Possess a valid driver’s license with no more than 6 accumulated demerit points, permitting you to drive an automobile in Ontario with full driving privileges

- Be able to pass a security clearance as well as background investigation, credit card and reference checks

If you have any criminal convictions under a Federal Statute you must obtain a pardon.

Special Requirements – for the Six Nations Police Service, in order to address the unique and at times urgent needs of the Six Nations of the Grand River Community and Haudenosaunee culture, additional requirements include:

- Extensive knowledge of the unique social dynamics of the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory

- A sound understanding of Haudenosaunee culture, customs, traditions and social political issues of the Six Nations of the Grand River

- Six Nations of the Grand River Band Membership/Citizenship and residency is considered a preferred asset and

- Membership or extensive working experience with any Indigenous Nation will also be considered an asset

Desirable Qualifications:

• Six Nations Band member preferred


• Previous policing related experience

• Law and security courses, etc.

Closing Date: Applications must be received by 3:00 p.m. September 28, 2023.

Applications in complete form are to be mailed or hand delivered to:

Six Nations Police P.O. Box 758 2112 4th Line Road Ohsweken, Ontario

N0A 1M0

Attention: Policing Administrator

For further information, please contact the Policing Administrator at 519-445-4191.

COVID-19 Restrictions will be exercised.

Man convicted of killing Indigenous woman with trailer hitch released on day parole



A man convicted of manslaughter in the death of an Indigenous woman after throwing a trailer hitch at her from a moving vehicle in Thunder Bay, Ont., has been released on day parole, two years into his eight-year sentence.

A written decision by the Parole Board of Canada says 24-year-old Brayden Bushby was granted day parole in August for a period of six months, but he was denied full parole.

The board says Bushby's day parole conditions include not consuming alcohol or drugs, following a

substance treatment plan and not having contact with the victim's family.

Bushby was sentenced in 2021 to eight years in prison for killing 34-yearold Barbara Kentner in 2017 by throwing a trailer hitch at her after drinking heavily with friends.

Kentner was seriously injured in the attack and died several months later in hospital.

The case drew condemnation from Indigenous people in Thunder Bay and beyond as it made national headlines.

The parole board decision says that Bushby has a low likelihood of reoffending but that he will have to maintain his sobriety, manage his emotions, and restrain his impulses

consistently outside of prison in order to receive full parole.

Opportunity: Program Head – Outdoor Education Programming

All Applications will be received through Indeed Visit to apply.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 16 Reliable Solar solutions 1342 Chiefswood Rd +1(519)209-3917
Orange Shirt Day SEPTEMBER 30
Today we honour the survivors of Residential Schools, their families and communities, and recommit to Reconciliation.
Brayden Bushby has been granted day parole in August for six months. FILE

National Day for Truth & Reconciliation

September 30, 2023

We honour our ancestors by continuing to learn and practice our teachings and our culture, and to share those teachings amongst each other, with our nonindigenous colleagues, friends and families.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 17 SIX NATIONS SIX NATIONSThis message is brought to you by the Six Nations Police Service

Families of slain First Nations women disappointed by meeting with cabinet minister

OTTAWA — The families of two First Nations women whose remains are believed to be in a Winnipeg-area landfill say they were left feeling disappointed by a meeting with a Liberal cabinet minister in Ottawa.

The remains of Morgan Harris and Marcedes Myran are suspected to be in

the Prairie Green Landfill, a private facility north of Winnipeg, and families have been calling for provincial and federal leaders to fund a search. Their families, who travelled to Ottawa from Manitoba, say they expected Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Gary Anandasangaree to tell them the federal government would fund the search when they met with him Monday.

Harris instead called the meeting a retraumatizing experience, and said the federal government has not yet promised to help.

``It was clear today _ the precedent was set _ that reconciliation is dead,'' she said.

Jeremy Skibicki has been charged with first-degree murder in the deaths of Harris, Myran and two others _ Rebecca Contois, whose partial remains were found in a different landfill last year,

and an unidentified woman Indigenous leaders are calling Mashkode Bizhiki'ikwe or Buffalo Woman.

Families, supporters and organizations including Amnesty International Canada marked Monday as an International Day of Action to Search the Landfills, in an effort to pressure governments to do more. Rallies were scheduled to take place in at least 17 cities, including Winnipeg.

Harris said it was ``vile''


that Anandasangaree would call for a meeting with the families and their supporters on a day set aside for action.

``I don't think this government realizes that if they do not search that landfill, we have a whole load of community (members) who will go in there with excavators, and we will go and we will retrieve our loved ones,'' she said.

By not committing to a search in the landfill, Harris said the minister sent a message to others that Canada is content to ``leave Indigenous women and girls in the dump.''


Geraldine Shingoose, an elder and residential school survivor who was present during the meeting, declined tobacco that Anandasangaree offered her.



Three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member

Presenting a ceremonial gift of tobacco to Indigenous Peoples is a sign of respect. That the offering was declined shows how poorly attendees felt the meeting went.

Three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member

NOMINATIONS for three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member will be held on SATURDAY, September 23, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL (Blue #1738 Fourth Line) from 9:00AM-12:00 noon.

NOMINATIONS for three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member will be held on SATURDAY, September 2 3, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL (Blue #1738 Fourth Line) from 9:00AM-12:00 noon.

Eligibility Requirements of All Candidates

a) Be a registered band member of Six Nations of the Grand River.

Eligibility Requirements of All Candidates

b) Be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

a) Be a registered band member of Six Nations of the Grand River.

Long Plain First Nation Chief Kyra Wilson, who was also present, said the federal government has a responsibility to work with First Nations.

``Don't bring us into a meeting to tell us again that you have no commitment,'' she said. If the federal government isn't willing to work with them, Wilson said, they'll consider legal action.

``We continue to be in discussion with the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and the Long Plain First Nation on next steps. We are committed to this ongoing dialogue and moving forward with work that would address the complexities and findings of the feasibility study.''

The federally funded feasibility study found a search of the landfill is possible, but toxic materials and asbestos could pose a risk to workers.

An Indigenous-led committee that produced the study consulted with experts on best practices for mining a landfill, including one who participated in the search of serial killer Robert Pickton's pig farm in British Columbia.

The search could take up to three years and cost $184 million with no guarantee of success. But the report said forgoing a search could be more harmful for the women's families.

``We have proven _ more than proven _ not only our worth, but that my mother is more than worth searching for and that it is absolutely feasible,'' said Harris.

Jordan Myran, the sister of Marcedes Myran, spoke at a rally outside Anandasangaree's office. She said she shouldn't have to continuously beg politicians to care about her sister enough to fund a search.

b) Be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

c) Be a resident on Six Nations of the Grand River for a minimum of one year prior to election.

d) Possess a minimum of a high school diploma or GED.

c) Be a resident on Six Nations of the Grand River for a minimum of one year prior to election.

e) Must demonstrate previous and current community involvement.

f) All candidates must be nominated by two (2) eligible nominators.

d) Possess a minimum of a high school diploma or GED.

e) Must demonstrate previous and current community involvement.

Harris pointed to all levels of government for their ``beating around the bush and pointing fingers'' instead of committing to fund a search of the landfill.

``It's disgusting that it's been 10 months,'' she said. ``My sister was human. My sister deserves a proper burial.''

ADVANCE VOTER’S POLL 1 – SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21st, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 2 PM for the Election of three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member.

f) All candidates must be nominated by two (2) eligible nominators.

ADVANCE VOTER’S POLL 1 – SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21st, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 2 PM for the Election of three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member.

ADVANCE VOTER’S POLL 2 – SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28th, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 2 PM for the Election of three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member.

She said Anandasangaree informed the group he still had questions about the feasibility study that was conducted to see if it was possible to search the landfill.

ADVANCE VOTER’S POLL 2 – SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28th, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 2 PM for the Election of three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member.

GENERAL VOTER’S POLL – SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4TH, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 6 PM for the Election of three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member.

GENERAL VOTER’S POLL – SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4TH, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 6 PM for the Election of three (3) Community Resident (On-Reserve) Board of Trustee Member.

If you have any questions call Melanie Bomberry, Trust Coordinator at 905 -765-1236 or email

A statement from Anandasangaree said the situation is ``heart wrenching, and is part of the sad reality of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls,'' but fell short of committing to a search.

``I understand the frustration of families and communities as they seek progress,'' the statement said.

If you have any questions call Melanie Bomberry, Trust Coordinator at 905 -765-1236 or email

In Manitoba on Monday, that province's premier said she stands by her previous decision not to search the landfill.

``This is a very difficult decision that needed to be made,'' Premier Heather Stefanson said at a press conference. ``We don't want to put any lives at risk in the search of the landfill.''

Dozens of people rallied outside the Manitoba legislature wearing red and ribbon skirts, holding signs calling for politicians to greenlight a search of the landfill.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 18

Southern Baptists expel Oklahoma church after pastor defends his blackface and Native caricatures

The Southern Baptist Convention has ousted an Oklahoma church whose pastor defended his blackface performance at one church event and his impersonation of a Native American woman at another.

The Executive Committee of the nation's largest Protestant denomination voted Tuesday that Matoaka Baptist Church of Ochelata ``be deemed not in friendly cooperation with the convention'' _ the official terminology for an expulsion.

The church's pastor, Sherman Jaquess, dressed in blackface for a 2017 church Valentine's Day event, in which he claimed to be impersonating the late soul singer Ray Charles. Jaquess wore dark facial makeup, a large Afro wig and dark glasses and smiled broadly as he sang a duet. Some in the crowd can be heard laughing during the video of the performance.

The video was brought to light earlier this year by a Tulsa community activist, Marq Lewis.

Another Facebook photo, published by the Examiner-Enterprise of Bartlesville, also surfaced, showing Jaquess dressed as a Native American woman at a ``Cowboys and Indians'' night at a church camp. The photo shows a man dressed as a cowboy, holding an apparently fake gun to Jaquess in jest while a boy dressed as a cowboy is poised with raised fists next to him.

In a Facebook post earlier this year, Lewis wrote: ``He didn't just mimic Ray Charles, he distorted the features and culture of African Americans and also Indigenous Americans with his offensive Pocahontas caricature. He is promoting the hatred that sees African Americans and Indigenous Americans as not only different but less than. ''

Jaquess said in an interview that it's ``repugnant to have people think you're a racist,'' especially when he said he was paying tribute to Charles.

``If it had been done in a derogatory or hateful manner, that would be one thing, but the church was full of people. Nobody took it as a racial slur,'' he said, contending that people drudged up the years-old posts after he spoke against drag shows in Bartlesville.

Jaquess, who became a Christian in a Southern Baptist church at age 13, also said that he's part Cherokee and he wasn't attempting to caricature Native people.

He said the denomination reached out a few months ago about how they would send a packet ``where I would have to prove I wasn't a racist.''

Jaquess said he never received anything until Friday when notice of the pending vote and his lack of cooperation arrived. He said he called but couldn't reach anyone.

His church, he said, may appeal the ouster to the SBC's full annual meeting next year, as is its right.

Now, ``I don't know if I want to be a part of a denomination that would make a judgment about you without even talking to you,'' said Jaquess, who said he committed his life to ministry in Southern Baptist churches. ``The only thing I see that they do well is cash my check.''

But Lewis praised the Executive Committee's action.

``For him (Jaquess) to not apologize, and double down on it, to me I felt this is a pastor that needed to be exposed,'' Lewis said in an interview. ``I'm grateful that the Southern Baptist organization said, `We don't want to have anything to do with this.'''

Blackface performances date back to minstrel shows of the 1800s, in which performers darkened their faces to create bigoted caricatures of Black people.

Since Southern Baptist churches are independent, the convention can't tell a church what to do or whom to have as a pastor, but it can oust a church from its membership.

The SBC's constitution says a church can only be deemed in friendly cooperation if, among other things, it ``does not act to

affirm, approve, or endorse discriminatory behavior on the basis of ethnicity.''

The conservative denomination has in recent years expelled churches for various reasons _ most prominently Saddleback Church, the California megachurch ousted earlier this year for having women pastors.

In 2018 and 2022, the Executive Committee ousted a Georgia church and a New Jersey congregation amid concerns over alleged

discriminatory behavior.

Other reasons for ouster include a failure to address sexual abuse and for acting to ``endorse homosexual behavior.''

Separately, the committee faced its third leadership setback in a matter of months when its anticipated appointment of an interim president fell through.

Retired Kentucky pastor Dan Summerlin, who had been recommended by the committee's officers, with-

drew his candidacy, saying Tuesday that he wouldn't have time for the job while caring for his wife during cancer treatment.

The committee was meeting for the first time since its interim president, Tennessee pastor Willie McLaurin, resigned in August after it came to light that he had falsified his educational credentials on his resume. McLaurin had been the leading candidate to become the permanent president after

the committee failed to approve the nomination of its former chairman, Jared Wellman, as president in May.

The committee said in a statement Tuesday that based on an internal investigation, it concluded that ``McLaurin engaged in both academic and professional fraud.'' But it said no evidence was found ``of wrongdoing or direct financial harm to the Executive Committee.'' It did not elaborate.



ONE (1) Elected Chief and TWELVE (12) Councillors

NOMINATIONS for one (1) Elected Chief and twelve (12) Councillors will be held on SATURDAY , September 23, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL (Blue #1738 Fourth Line) from 9:00AM -12:00 noon.

Eligibility Requirements of All Candidates

a) Be a registered band member of Six Nations of the Grand River.

b) Be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

c) Be a permanent resident on Six Nations of the Grand River for a minimum of one year prior to election.

d) Possess a minimum of a high school diploma or GED.

e) Must demonstrate previous and current community involvement.

f) All candidates must be nominated by two (2) eligible nominators.

ADVANCE VOTER’S POLL 1 – SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21st, 2023 at the COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 2 PM for the Election of one (1) Elected Chief and twelve (12) Councillors

ADVANCE VOTER’S POLL 2 – SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28th, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 2 PM for the Election of one (1) Elected Chief and twelve (12) Councillors

GENERAL VOTER’S POLL – SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4TH, 2023 at the SIX NATIONS COMMUNITY HALL from 9 AM – 6 PM for the Election of one (1) Elected Chief and twelve (12) Councillors

If you have any questions contact Lori Harris, Chief Electoral Polling Officer 905-902-5477

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 19

Manitoba Tories pledge millions for First Nations run drug treatment centre

WINNIPEG — Manitoba's Progressive Conservatives are promising millions in capital funding to go toward the development of a new First Nations-operated

addiction centre if re-elected in next month's provincial election, as all three parties said they would be opposed to forcing those with severe substance use problems into treatment.

The Tories committed to providing up to $10 million for the construction of the Winnipeg-based Quest

Health Recovery Centre if re-elected on Oct. 3.

``We know that recovery happens when individuals struggling with addictions feel that they're supported,'' Progressive Conservative Leader Heather Stefanson said at an announcement on Monday.

``Now more than ever,

In the 11th hour of the right time, we are here with you.

we must focus on collaborative relationships to move us forward and to help people get their lives back when it comes to addictions.''

The facility would be an extension of the Quest Health Centre in downtown Winnipeg, which provides accommodations

The Final Deed Ever to be Written in 1784 upholds the Sacred Covenant and Spiritual Instructions that all our relations in North, South and Central America have shared since Time Immemorial held by the Grand River Mohawks; Land of the Flint; People of the Sun.

It is with the Purity of Love that Grand River Mohawks have stayed the course as Great Warriors of Patience and Great Warriors of Time knowing without fail that there would be a day when we all would unite.

It was not our place or position since the beginning of time to make decisions for or instruct anyone what to do .................and it is not our place now. The choice is yours.

Our shared home on the Earth Our Mother and the preservation of Our Natural way of living is the responsibility of all our relations in the North to the South and East to the West.

It is pure strength and determination each generation carried in hopes of replenishing and restoring what's been broken but not lost or forgotten.

Grand River Mohawks Do Not have any Treaties with Canada or the United States of America.

"All lands were to be restored to their Original State; before the wars broke out."

In Lieu of this years' 239th Annual Haldimand Proclamation Dinner on Wednesday October 25th, 2023.

A 3-day fire will be held; beginning on the 24th-26th available for all to stop in on their own time; for love is not a Victory March.


At Kanata Village (Our Village; Village) 440 Mohawk Street Brantford Ontario

Speaking From Our Ancient Gifts to Yours.

In Peace, Freedom, Truth and Friendship

and other medical services to First Nations people who are sent to the city to receive treatment. Operations at the centre and a nearby medical clinic are led by four northern First Nations in the province.

The new facility is set to include 180 mixed-gender addictions treatment beds for both on- and off-reserve clients.

The centre will be home to a 12-week program that will integrate evidence-based western treatment options as well as traditional wisdom and cultural protocols from First Nation communities, said Chief Clarence Easter of Chemawawin Cree Nation, one of the First Nations involved with the project.

``We developed this solution in order to be effective and produce sustainable long-term health outcomes. First Nations of Manitoba require a model that's trauma-informed,'' he said.

Easter added, when questioned by reporters, that he is supporting the Progressive Conservatives in this election.

Earlier in the day, Stefanson, along with the leaders of the Liberals and New Democrats, took part in a 90-minute radio debate on CJOB, where they were questioned about each party's stance on mandatory addiction treatment.

Each leader said they're not in favour of forcing people with severe drug addiction into treatment -- a move that has garnered attention in other parts of Canada.

Alberta's United Conservative government has been considering introducing a law that would allow a family member, doctor, psychologist or police officer to petition a judge to issue a treatment order, which advocates in the field have pushed against.

Liberal Leader Dougald Lamont and NDP Leader Wab Kinew acknowledged there is a drug crisis in the province that has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, while Stefanson stopped short calling it ``significant challenge.''

Stefanson said her party is looking at a preventive model and doesn't sup-

port sending drug users to treatment without their consent. She also said the party has not changed its stance on supervised consumption sites -something they have long opposed.

``The other parties are talking about keeping them on their addictions.

We don't think that that's right.''

Manitoba is the only province west of the Maritimes without a supervised consumption site.

Kinew said the focus should be on ensuring job security for those who leave treatment instead of forcing them to go.

He added supervised consumption sites should be considered.

``When you don't have a supervised consumption site in Manitoba, what ends up happening is that the bathroom at Tim Hortons ends up becoming an unsupervised consumption site,'' he said.

``It should be part of our provincial-wide strategy to respond to addictions ... along with a commitment to treat this issue for what it is -- a health-care issue.''

Lamont said the drug epidemic in the province is the worst he's seen, but that involuntary drug treatment doesn't work in the long run.

``We fully support overdose prevention centres, and that's what they are. It's about keeping people alive and giving them a chance at another date that they might be able to recover.''

The Tories also made a promise to address healthcare staffing shortages on Monday after having focused much of their campaign so far on highlighting a string of tax-cut promises.

The party promised $120 million over the next four years to meet present staffing needs and to fill future positions at new facilities.

Heath care has been a centre point of the NDP's election campaign.

The NDP made a new announcement promising to reduce emergency room wait times by adding 12 more beds at the Grace Hospital in Winnipeg if elected.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 20

When I was a college student, I worked at the Charlevoix Astronomical Observatory in Quebec.

It was a pretty decent summer job, as I got to observe celestial bodies until the dead of night, talk to astronomy buffs about space exploration and watch children be amazed by Saturn's rings.

Over the dozens of astronomy nights I've hosted, one question has consistently come up:

``Does life exist anywhere else?''

Answering this fundamental question, articulated by the first philosophers, which has transcended time and eras and still remains at the heart of our rational thinking, was a big assignment for me as a CEGEP student at the time.

I merely offered a simple ``most likely,'' before adding a surprising

Discovering the universe from

``and if that's the case, the answer lies here, on Earth, in places called `planetary analogues.'''

Planetary analogues are locations on Earth that replicate one or more extreme conditions found on another celestial body. For example, temperature, pressure and solar radiation.

Both for technical and financial reasons, carrying out several space missions per year, manned or unmanned, is simply not realistic, especially as these missions take several years to complete.

Yet the Earth, our magnificent blue planet where life thrives, has some extreme, dangerous and cruel places. These places can reproduce certain conditions found in the arid deserts of Mars or the suffocating atmosphere of Venus.

What if these places were, in fact, habitats where life has developed?

Lakes under ice

For example, consider Europa, one of the moons of Jupiter, which, along

with Mars, is one of the top contenders in our quest for extraterrestrial life. Its surface is covered in a dense layer of ice about ten kilometres thick, beneath which lies? an ocean. An ocean of? liquid water!

It turns out that in Antarctica, almost 400 lakes exist in similar conditions, that is to say that they lie below a permanent ice blanket, protected from everything that happens on the surface. These are known as ``subglacial'' lakes.

Such is the case of Lake Vostok, the largest and deepest lake in Antarctica. It was in the 1960s that scientists first suspected the presence of a lake beneath a four-kilometre thick layer of ice.

This icy barrier deprives the lake of gaseous exchanges with the atmosphere or exposure to solar radiation, making it a permanently dark place that is poor in nutrients and subject to enormous pressure _ not very hospitable.

own backyards

However, the water at the surface of the lake is concentrated in oxygen, the key chemical element for living metabolism.

A love for extreme conditions

In 2008, analyses of the ice covering Lake Vostok revealed the presence of micro-organisms! This essentially means that life can indeed adapt to hostile environments that would otherwise be fatal for most organisms. These super-organisms, or ``extremophile,'' are able to tolerate these extreme conditions.

As a result, the waters of Lake Vostok, isolated from the Earth's surface for millions of years, could well contain life too _ an ideal planetary analogue.

Studying Lake Vostok, and its possible extremophile life forms, is almost like being on Jupiter's moon Europa. And it's almost like studying its ocean. Were Lake Vostok able to develop life, why not the ocean on Europa as well?

Subglacial lakes such

as Vostok are just one example of the dozens of planetary analogue sites that have been identified. For example, in order to study certain Martian craters, the Earth's deserts are the perfect playgrounds. Scientists are exploring the Mojave (United States), Atacama (Chile) and Namib (Africa) deserts, which are dry and arid. Their soil also contains extremophiles, the study of which tells us about the development of life in hot environments where water is limited.

Preparing for space missions on Earth

As well as providing a better understanding of life and its emergence, investigating planetary analogues has another advantage: preparing and simulating space missions.

Just think _ if we're developing a new technology to sample a rock on Mars, it would be wise to try it out first, wouldn't it? And not just inside NASA studios, where the parameters are controlled. We must step out and go

to remote, uncomfortable regions.

That's what the Apollo astronauts of the 50s and 60s did (those who aimed for the moon). They went to meteorite impact craters, volcanoes, deserts, all over the Earth, for months on end. All so they could practice their techniques with a variety of adapted tools, all slowed down by their space suits.

It all begins on Earth Space exploration and the understanding of our solar system begin on Earth. At first glance, this idea may seem counter-intuitive, but it actually makes a lot of sense when you consider the remote, almost inaccessible and extreme environments our planet contains.

Astrochemistry and astrobiology have emerged in this same way, as multidisciplinary fields that equip us for our research into the evolution of Earth and life.

Now, if I were asked the question _ ``Does life exist anywhere else?''

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 21 For mental health support, call Hope for Wellness at 1-855-242-3310. Visit for more information. Haven’t heard back about your claim? You may have missing information. Call the Administrator at 1-888-221-2898 for a status update.



TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 22 Job descriptions are available at GREAT Weekdays...Monday through Friday from 8:30-4:30pm 16 Sunrise Court, Ohsweken Phone: 519.445.2222 Fax: 519.445.4777 Toll Free: 1.888.218.8230 Position Employer/Location Term Salary Closing Date Position Employer/Location Term Salary Closing Date
Transitional Support Case Manager Child & Youth Health, Health Services Contract TBD September 20, 2023 Probationary Fire Fighter Fire, Core Services Full Time TBD September 20, 2023 Registered Social Worker Family Health Team, Health Services Contract $38.42/hr- September 20, 2023 $40.74/hr Resource Consultant Assistant Child Care Services, Social Services Full Time/ Permanent TBD September 20, 2023 Transitional Support Case Manager Child and Youth Health, Health Services Contract TBD September 20, 2023 Probationary Firefighter Fire and Emergency Services Full Time TBD September 20, 2023 Community Dietitian, Community Community Health and Wellness, Health Services Contract TBD September 27, 2023 Health & Wellness Registered Early Childhood Educator Early Years & Child Care, Social Services Contract TBD September 27, 2023 SNAP Worker Child & Family Services, Social Services Full Time $52,900 September 27, 2023 Palliative Care Nurse Clinician HCC, Health Services Full Time $70,400 September 7, 2023 Youth Outreach Worker Child & Youth Health, Health Services Contract $52,900 September 27, 2023 Knoha:’ah (My Auntie) Child & Youth Health, Health Services Contract $70,400 September 27, 2023 Haknos?h (My Uncle) Child & Youth Health, Health Services Contract $70,400 September 27, 2023 Registered Social Worker Diabetes Wellness Program, Health Services Full Time $70,350 to September 27, 2023 $77,855 Communicative Disorders Assistant Therapy Services, Health Services Contract $49,500 September 27, 2023 Alternative Care Resources Team Member Ogwadeni:deo Full Time/ Permanent TBD Until Filled Unit Assistant Ogwadeni:deo Full Time & Part Time TBD Until Filled Child Protection Worker in Care Ogwadeni:deo Full Time/ Permanent TBD Until Filled Child Protection Worker Family Ogwadeni:deo Full Time/ Permanent TBD Until Filled Family Engagement Supervisor Ogwadeni:deo Full Time/ Permanent TBD Until Filled Maintenance Worker Iroquois Lodge, Health Services Part Time TBD Until Filled Speech Language Pathologist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time TBD Until Filled Occupational Therapist Child and Youth Health, Health Services Full Time $75,000 to Until Filled $85,000 Financial Assistant Finance, Core Services Full Time TBD Until Filled Maintenance Staff Housing, Built Environment Full Time $25.63/ Hour Until Filled SIX NATIONS
Computer/Projector Technician Grand Erie District School Board Full Time/ Contract $34.04/ Hour September 18, 2023 Student Recruitment & Liaison Officer Six Nations Polytechnic Full Time TBD September 19, 2023 GREAT Client Services Specialist Grand River Employment and Training Full Time TBD September 20, 2023 Asset Management Technician First Nations Engineering Services Ltd. Full Time TBD September 21, 2023 Community Center Caretaker Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ Contract TBD September 21, 2023 Kindergarten Assistant Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ Permanent TBD September 21, 2023 Elementary Teacher – Physical Education Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ TBD September 21, 2023 and Health K-8 Contract Registered Practice Nurse – Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time TBD September 21, 2023 Childcare (RPN) Permanent Governance Coordinator-Policy Analyst Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ Permanent TBD September 21, 2023 Registered Practical Nurse – Childcare Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ Permanent TBD September 21, 2023 Governance Coordinator-Policy Analyst Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time Permanent TBD September 21, 2023 Youth Lodge Counsellor Ganohkwasra Family Assault Support Services Full Time $55,000 September 21, 2023 Intake Worker Ganohkwasra Family Assault Support Services Full Time $55,000 September 21, 2023 Service Canada Programs and Grands River Employment and Training Full Time TBD September 22, 2023 Services Team Lead Residential Services Worker Haldimand-Norfolk REACH Full Time/ TBD September 25, 2023 Permanent Maawdoo Maajaamin Child Care - RECE Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ TBD September 28, 2023 Contract Anishinaabemowin Instructor - Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ TBD September 28, 2023 Ekwaamjigenang Children’s Center (ECC) Contract Registered Early Childhood Educator Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Full Time/ TBD September 28, 2023 (RECE) – Lloyd S. King Permanent HVAC Technician Grand Erie District School Board Full Time/ TBD September 28, 2023 Permanent Locksmith Grand Erie District School Board Full Time $28.02/ Hour September 28, 2023 Carpenter/Facilities Maintenance Grand Erie District School Board Full Time $28.02/ Hour September 28, 2023 Mechanic (FMM) Millwright Grand Erie District School Board Full Time $28.02/ Hour September 28, 2023 Classroom Facilitator Haldimand-Norfolk REACH Full Time/ TBD September 29, 2023 Permanent Employment Ontario – Employment & Grand River Employment and Training Full Time TBD September 29, 2023 Training Coach Shelter Counsellor Ganǫhkwásra Family Assault Support Services Full Time $55,000 September 29, 2023 Back/Front of House Positions Burger Barn Full Time TBD September 30, 2023 Finance and Administrative Assistant Ohsweken Speedway Full Time/ TBD October 4, 2023 Permanent Automotive Service Technician GER Automotive Full Time TBD September 30, 2023 Chief Financial Advisor (CFO) Grand River Employment and Training Full Time TBD October 6, 2023 Kitchen Help/Customer Service Petro Plus Part Time TBD October 31, 2023 Baker’s Assistant Burger Barn Full Time TBD October 31, 2023 Store Clerk Mohawk Trading Post Full Time TBD Until Filled Customer Service Representative Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time $19.23 to Until Filled Development Corporation $28.85/ Hour Cook Ohsweken Speedway Full Time TBD Until Filled Custodian Brantford Native Housing Part Time TBD Until Filled Community Liaison Coordinator Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ $54,400 to Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent $81,600 Kawenní:io/Gawęní:yo Teacher Kawenní:io/Gawęní:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled Resource Center Manager Property Management Staff Six Nations of the Grand River Full Time/ $18.00 to Until Filled Development Corporation Permanent $25.00/ Hour Reflexologist de dwa da dehs nye>s - Part Time/ TBD Until Filled Aboriginal Health Centre Contract Custodian Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $15.50/ Hour Until Filled Lab Technician and Developer Six Nations Polytechnic Part Time TBD Until Filled Kanien’kehá:ka Teacher Assistant for Kawenni:io/Gaweni:yo Full Time TBD Until Filled Elementary Classroom Positions Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Casual $16.90/ Hour Until Filled Kitchen Help Sade:konih TOJ TBD Until Filled Gas Bar Attendant Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Part Time TBD Until Filled Supply Cook Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation Contract/Casual $16.90/Hour Until Filled The
GREAT Job Board is brought to you by Employment Ontario and
Canada. Only local positions are posted in the paper. For more positions in the surrounding area, visit our job board at! To apply for funding, book your intake appointment with an ETC by calling 519-445-2222 (Toll-Free long distance at 1-888 218-8230 or email us at

know the score.

Six Nations Chiefs capture Mann Cup over New Westminster Salmonbellies




The Six Nations Senior ‘A’ Chiefs made the trip to the Queen’s Park Arena in New Westminster, B.C., for the final Mann Cup series against the New West Salmon-bellies on September 8. After a season of hard-work, they would ultimately return with the top prize, the Mann Cup, just days later.

Game 4 took place on Tuesday, September 12, with the Chiefs going in after an impressive 3-0-0 record.

The tone of the game ignited with a strong push by the Salmonbellies, who scored 48 seconds into the first period, closely followed by a second goal. The Chiefs shoved back with a goal from Sam Leclair from Dhane Smith. Cole Bryan swept in a minute later with a single from Shayne Jackson. The Salmonbellies offered another, before Lyle

Thompson and Brendan Bomberry hustled to score within seconds of each other to maintain the lead. Their opponents mustered another, but Larson Sundown maintained a 5-4 lead for the Chiefs, scoring with one second left.

In the second period, the Salmonbellies opened with two goals, securing the lead. Sam Leclair tied the game again, while the Salmonbellies offered another moments later.

Dhane Smith came through with his second of the game from Cody Jamieson, who scored one of his own to close the period 8-7 for the Chiefs.

In the third period, the Salmonbellies kept up the persistence and scored to start the final 20 minutes of game play. Cody Jamieson came through with another goal, but the Salmonbellies scored twice within 10 seconds, giving them another lead. Fighting back and forth, Lyle Thomp-son secured another goal. But the Salmonbellies closed

the game with the final 1011, earning their first win for Game 4.

Cody Jamieson was awarded a first rank star for his performance by the Western Lacrosse Association with two goals and four assists.

Game 5 offered the Chiefs one nights rest before returning to the arena floor for their second chance to close out the series with a lead of 3-1-0. Ben Mcintosh started the period off with a goal fed from Dhane Smith. The Salmonbellies offered two for their side, before Mcintosh went for his second, fed from Lyle Thompson. The Salmonbelllies scored again to close the period with a lead 2-3.

In the second period, Dhane Smith led the assault for three consecutive goals, with Cody Jamieson and Shayne Jackson supporting singles. The Salmonbellies offered one more, before Shayne Jackson took off with two goals back-toback to end the period 7-4

Arena Lacrosse League opens for 2024 registration

for the Chiefs.

In the third period, the Salmonbellies hustled to earn three consecutive goals themselves to bring the game closer. But the Chiefs were unrelenting, as Bryan Cole scored from Larson Sundown followed by another from Cody Jamieson. Dhane Smith and Ben Mcintosh secured a four goal lead, leaving the Salmonbellies to fight for a tie. They mustered two more goals by the last 28 seconds, closing the game 11-9 for the Chiefs, and finalizing the series.

Dhane Smith was awarded a first rank star for his performance by the Western Lacrosse Asso-ciation with two goals and three assists. The award for the Most Valuable Player of the Mann Cup run was given to Cody Jamieson, who earned 22 points in 5 games and reportedly his fourth career Mann Cup. Chiefs Head Coach John Tavares has now won the Mann Cup nine times, with this win as his first as a coach.

SIX NATIONS — The Arena Lacrosse League opened again for registration in men’s, women’s and U22 divisions late last month.

The men’s ALL is open to players born in 2005 and older. The cost to play in the ALL is $400 plus applicable taxes. Returning Players in Ontario are to register at the: 20232024 ALL East Player Registration. Draft eligible players or free agents are to register at the: 2023-24 ALL East Free Agents and Draft Registration.

The ALL Women's Division Registration is open to players born in 2005 and older.

The cost to play in the ALL Women's East Divi-

sion is $225 plus applicable taxes if paid prior to October 1st, $250 plus applicable taxes if paid after October 1st. To register please visit the: Women's Division Registration

The ALL U22 Division is also open to players born in 2002, 2006 and 2007. Teams will play 10 full games under ALL rules with a 3 referee system. The cost to play is $400 plus applicable taxes. To register please visit: Junior ALL U22 Registration. It should be taken into consideration that goalie spots are limited and will include tryouts. The U22 Division currently only operates in Ontario. Team Entries are welcome and those interested are encouraged to contact Mike Hainer for more information at

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 23 SPORTS
BRITISH COLUMBIA — The Six Nations Chiefs went into Game 4 last night with a 3-0-0 record over the New West Salmonbellies in the Mann Cup final series. The best-of-seven concluded with a Game 5 win for the Chiefs 11-9 last Wednesday. The award for the Most Valuable Player of the Mann Cup run was given to Cody Jamieson, who earned 22 points in 5 games. While Chiefs Head Coach John Tavares has now won the Mann Cup nine times, with this time his first as a coach. NIA:WEN TO OUR SUPPORTERS!
ALL registrations open for all divisions.

Two Haudenosaunee inductees announced for the Order of Sport

Nine athletes and two builders were selected to receive the Order of Sport – Canada’s highest sporting honour. The class features individuals and trailblazers who are renowned in the sporting community and instrumental in the growth of their respective sports.

From Six Nations, Phyllis Bomberry will be inducted posthumously in the Athlete category during a ceremony that will be held next month on October 19 in Gatineau, Quebec.

According to the Order of sport website; over a rewarding career lasting nearly a quarter of a century, Phyllis Bomberry pioneered her own revolutionary road to unparalleled excellence in Canadian softball. Bomberry was born in 1942 as member of the Cayuga Nation and Wolf Clan. Emerging as a star athlete in the 1950’s, she defied limiting postwar gender roles and a pervasive assumption that team sports were an inherently masculine practice.

As a Haudenosaunee girl growing up in the

Residential School era, Bomberry faced additional magnitudes of racial discrimination. Still, she took up ice hockey, football, volleyball, badminton and lacrosse at school.

Her father played amateur baseball, and softball quickly became her chosen sport when she be-gan catching pitches for her father and brother at the age of seven. Playing women’s intermedi-ate softball with the Ohsweken Mohawks, Phyllis helped the team win back-to-back provincial Intermediate B championships in 1960 and 1961. After moving to Toronto to complete high school, she was quickly recruited to play catcher for the Carpetland Senior ‘A’ Team in the On-tario Senior Women’s League.

She endured and played through racial insults and prejudice throughout her career. Still, helping the Carpetland team win Canadian Softball Championships in 1967 and 1968, Bomberry was named Top Batter, All-Star Catcher, and most valuable player (MVP) in 1967, and All-Star Catcher again in 1968. Breaking new ground, in 1968, she became the

first female recipient of the Tom Longboat Award. Her winning ways continued with a Gold medal performance at the first Canada Summer Games in 1969, where she was once again named Canadian All-Star Catcher and MVP. Resolutely committed to excellence, she continued playing softball at the highest level in Canada for many years, winning a Gold medal at the Ontario Summer Games in 1976 before a knee injury forced her retirement from competitive sport.

Returning to the home she always held in her heart at Six Nations, she became an inspiration and a respected craftsperson known for beautiful bead and leatherwork. Since her passing in 2019, Bomberry received recognition as a trailblazing softball superstar whose story of resili-ence, grace, and grit is finally reclaiming the space it deserves in the history of Canadian sport.

Another Haudenosaunee inductee for 2023 is Oren Lyons, 93, a member

of Onondaga Nation from the state of New York. He is one of two individuals being inducted into the Builder category.

Lyons co-founded the Haudenosaunee Nationals lacrosse program back in 1992. The program, which includes players from Canada and the United States, has competed at numerous interna-tional tournaments at various age groupings since then.

As can be expected, each inductee has gone “beyond the win” to build more opportunities for those who came after them and continue to give back to the community much like both Bomberry and Lyons.

According to the Order of Sport website, each inductee was selected from over 222 public nom-inations by a committee comprised of sports broadcasters, writers, academics and athletes. The criteria for their induction was chosen for their ability to lead and inspire both on and off the field of play, for their sports accomplishments and in recognition of their continuing role in building Canada through sport and the value they return to their communities.

“Canada's Sports Hall of Fame is a registered charitable organization and has been a vital cultur-al institution in Canada for more than 66 years. As Canada's only national museum of sport, the organization's mandate is to celebrate Canada's sport heroes who have reached the pinnacle of their careers and are going "beyond the win" and making monumental contributions to our socie-ty – helping to build Canada through the transformative power of sport. Through three guiding pillars; curation, education, and recognition, Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame is driven by a purpose of inspiring the leaders of tomorrow through the invaluable lessons of sport. In the community, in the classroom, and in recognizing role models,” reads the Order of Canada website.

Over 700 Hall of Famers have been inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame since 1955 and as of 2019, the Order of Sport, Canada's highest sporting honour, is awarded as part of Induction to Canada's top athletes and builders for their ongoing role in building Canada through the power of sport.

Indigenous presence shown in PWHL inaugural draft

The Professional Women’s Hockey League (PWHL) conducted its inaugural draft on Monday, September 18, marking another step in determining the rosters for each team.

The six general managers concluded the second phase of assembling their squads, choosing from a pool of 268 draft-eligible players from the PWHPA, PHF, NCAA, U Sports, and interna-tional circuits.

The draft included 15 rounds and was conducted in a snake format — meaning the team with the last pick of the first round (Montreal) had the first pick of the second round and all subse-quent even-numbered rounds.

Among those chosen

in the draft were Métis Jocelyn Larocque selected for Toronto as 2nd overall in round 1, Métis Jamie Lee Rattyray was selected for Boston as 15th overall in round 3, Victoria Bach of the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte was selected for Toronto at 38th overall in round 7,

New York also signed Abby Roque of the Wahnapitae First Nation as a returning free agent.

Roque was the first Indigenous player to compete for the U.S. National Women’s Team at the Olympics, and earned a silver medal with the team last year.

The 25-year-old from Sault. Ste. Marie, Michigan, also won three World Championship medals including 1 Gold, and 2 Silver, and two under-18 age group medals, 1 Gold and 1 Silver, with Team USA.

Roque played her National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) career with the University of Wisconsin Badgers, where she earned a National Championship in 2019. She later finished in the top-10 for NCAA scoring as a senior in 2020, achieving top-three recognition as a finalist for the Patty Kazmaier Award.

Roque’s professional career consists of two PWHPA seasons in 202021 and 2022-23. She will return to New York after being part of the first-ever professional women’s hockey game played at Madison Square Garden in February 2021.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 24
Phyllis Bomberry will be inducted posthumously into the Order of Sport - Athlete category. The title is the highest sporting honor in Canada.



(One Year Contract Training Position to Possible Permanent Positon)

Ontario First Nations (2008) Limited Partnership (OFNLP2008) is seeking a qualified individual to fill the position of Office Manager Trainee, with advancement opportunities to Executive Assistant.

OFNLP2008 is a special entity that was established in 2008 to distribute the funds that it receives from the Province of Ontario to the First Nation Partners. OFNLP2008 also manages and directs several major initiatives as mandated by the First Nation Partners. OFNLP2008 is a major, high profile organization among Ontario First Nations and operates in a highly dynamic environment. OFNLP2008’S head office is located on the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, southwest of Hamilton, Ontario.

As an Office Manager Trainee you will be trained to fulfil a key support role within the Administration and Management within the organization. This position provides the successful candidate an opportunity to broaden office administration and management acumen, gain experience in office procedures and understanding of key organization functions.

Under the general and direct supervision of the Executive Assistant the Office Manager Trainee will train to perform a wide range of administration and executive support related to tasks. Administrative and management duties requiring a thorough knowledge of organizational procedures and precedents; provides support and assistance to office staff, Board of Directors and technical advisors; performs related work as required. This position requires the ability to work independently and work as a team member with other employees, Board of Directors while exercising judgment and initiative. Maintains confidentiality at all times.

Candidates must have completed the twelve (12th) grade and have two (2) years proven experience in an organization performing duties comparable to those of a Office Manager; and/or

• Graduation from an accredited and recognized community college with a Diploma or Certificate in Office Management

• Candidates must have experience, skill and have proven high efficiency in Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Access

• Basic understanding and working knowledge of accounting/ bookkeeping

• Candidates must be able to provide own transportation and willingness to utilize own vehicle as needed in connection with employment and be willing and able to travel.

• Candidates should also be aware of and have respect and sensitivity for Aboriginal culture, heritage, traditions and protocols.

• Compensation for this position will be in the $25.00 to $31.00 per hour range subject to salary guidelines, qualifications and experience.

• Candidates must be able to work up to 37.5 hours per week (9:00am to 4:30pm), Mon-Fri, subject to change and fluctuations

A detailed Job Description is available. While we thank all qualified candidates for their interest, only those selected for an interview will be contacted.

Interested persons must submit a resume and covering letter with two current letters of work references, no later then Friday, October 13, 2023 by 2:00 p.m.

Ontario First Nations (2008) Limited Partnership

New Credit Commercial Plaza 78 1st Line Road, Suite 204 HAGERSVILLE, ON N0A 1H0

Attention: General Manager

For Further Information, please visit or call 1.905.768.7557, Toll free 1-800-208-0884. Applications will be accepted electronically to, or by facsimile.1.905.768.7667.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 25 25 SEPTEMBER 20TH, 2023 TWO ROW TIMES ATTN: send notices to ATTN: send notices to ATTN: send notices to Container Sales Help Wanted After Before 2023 Spring/Summer Services FOR A FREE ESTIMATE, CALL 519-209-5658 * F u l l y I n s u r e d * F o r A F u l l L i s t O f S e r v i c e s , E m a i l m u d c a t m i l l i n g @ g m a i l c o m Laneway Repairs/Installations Tree Removal/Trimming Stump Grinding Land Clearing Grading M u d c a t M i l l i n g & F o r e s t r y S e r v i c e s

ATTN: send notices to

HILL: Vincent Carlo “Vinny”

November 7th, 1966 to September 13th, 2023

It is with gentle tears and heavy hearts we announce the passing of our dearest Vincent “Vinny” Hill at the age of 56, on September 13th, 2023.

Loving father of Lauren “Skin” (Jordan), Karen “Karener” (deceased) and Peter “Petey-Pie” (Emilee) and their mother

Laura Day (Jeff).

Proud grandfather of Peyten, Emmett, Aiden, Thaddeus, Sullivan and Baby Pete. Predeceased by his parents Peter & Hilda “Betty” Hill, brothers Erlind & Kenny, sister-inlaw Phyllis and nieces Justine, Sarah, Lana Jane and Jeannine. Survived by his step-mother Christine. Forever the baby brother of Rosemary, Bryan, Jenica, Flo, Sharron (Rick), Mark (Janice), Lulu, Leenie (Mike) and Pete as well as his sisters-in-law Nandell and Missy (Mike). Cherished and sadly missed by 100+ nieces and nephews. Also his loving Aunt Betty Johnson, Uncle Frankie Winnie, cousins and friends. Special family of the late Peter Montour, Jerry & Diane Montour and their families, as well as his loving Sault family.

Vinny rested at his sister Leenie’s home at 2344A Cayuga Rd. Ohsweken, after 6pm on Saturday September 16th, 2023. Funeral was held on Monday September 18th at 11am. Arrangements by Styres Funeral Home, Ohsweken.

Donna Marie Sault

Mini Barns & Picnic Tables For Sale

6ft. Spruce Picnic Tables, Sanded & ready for paint/stain $275.00 Free delivery Six Nations & New Credit 1911 First Line. See Fred. 289 - 253 - 8866

Coming Events

Open Jam At Chiefswood Fellowship 506 4th Line – 5KM west of Ohsweken, Six Nations

Sat. Sept. 30 1PM

Door Prizes, Silent Auction, Fun, Food, Fellowship. Bring a friend and your instrument and enjoy the best in local talent –Nashville North Potluck Lunch

Info…Phil…905 768 5442

Garage Sale

Huge Garage Sale

Sat & Sun Sept 23 & 24 9 - 4 184 Chiefswood Household items, clothing, furniture etc.

CR MacNaughton Logistics

Now Hiring: AZ Company Driver for shiftwork in Hagersville/Brantford, Ontario

• Monday to Friday, 10-12 hour shifts

• Paid Percentage, Direct Deposit, Bi-Weekly

• 3/4 a.m./p.m. starts

What We Offer:

• Dedicated Conestoga Trailer - NO TARPING

• Well-Maintained Equipment

• Home Every Day & Every Weekend

• Medical, Dental and Vision Benefits

• Shared Contribution Pension Plan

What We Need:

• 2+ years of proven Commercial Driving experience (48-53 tractor-trailer combination)

• 6 months to 1+ year of Flatbed/Rolltite Experience required

• Steel, Heavy Haul, and Oversized Freight experience a highlighted asset

• Knowledgeable and experienced in Load Securement (strapping, chaining, tarping) required

• Valid AZ Driver's License

• Acceptable Personal and Commercial Abstracts Benefits:

• Dental care & Extended health care

• Employee assistance program

• Life insurance

• On-site parking

• RRSP match Work Location:

Hagersville -> Nanticoke-Hamilton-StoneyCreek Brantford-> Oshawa-Cambridge-St.Thomas

Send resume to or call/text 519-770-8349

Dance and Modelling Registration

Fall Registration 2023-2024 Season

Classes Available in: Tap, Jazz, Ballet, Lyrical, Hiphop, Musical Theatre, Acting, Modelling  Ages 2 yrs. - Adult Boys-Girls Recreational & Competitive

1 866 KID-TIPS (543-8477)


Register by Email, Text, Inbox, In Person michellefarmerfuller@

Wednesday September 20th 4:00-8:00pm Thursday September 21st 4:00-8:00pm

Saturday September 23rd. 10am-12:00 noon

Monday September 25th 4:00-8:00 1824 4th line Ohsweken Ontario


TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 26
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1. Type of cat

6. Weaponry

10. Western Christian Church service

14. Significant eruption of pustules

15. Baltic nation

17. Start of American holiday season

19. Unhappy

20. Maintains possession of

21. Metrical foot of one long and three short syllables

22. Mountain pass

23. Vestments

24. Type of dish

26. Escaped quickly

29. Zoroastrian concept of holy fire

31. Wings

32. Political action committee

34. Touches lightly

35. Stood back from

37. Philippine Island

38. Popular winter activity

39. Type of amine

40. Small freshwater duck

41. Filled with love

43. Without (French)

45. Vetch

46. Swiss river

47. Describes a sound

49. Sign language

50. Hair product

53. Have surgery 57. Quality of being imaginary 58. Far-right German party

59. Drove

60. Former French coin of low value

61. Hard, durable timbers


1. Body art

2. Middle East military title

3. Actor Pitt

4. Container

5. Speak incessantly

6. Relating to algae

7. Jacob __, journalist

8. Rock TV channel

9. Boat’s cargo

10. Most wise

11. Within

12. Chinese industrial city

13. Scotland’s longest river

16. Not capable

18. Footwear

33. A passage with access only at one end

35. Breathing devices

36. Employ for wages

37. Kids’ TV channel (abbr.)

39. Popular Boston song

42. Made amends

43. Selling at specially reduced prices

44. Atomic #18

46. With fireplace residue 47. Unleavened cornbread 48. Draw out 49. Southwestern Alaska island

50. Where the Pyramids are

People of Nigeria 52. Smaller quantity 53. Destroy the inside of

City 55. Chivalrous figure (abbr.) 56. No (Scottish)

ARIES – Mar 21/Apr 20

Your compassion takes you many places, Aries. This week you may be compelled to reach out and do more volunteer work for a nonprofit that you hold dear.

TAURUS – Apr 21/May 21

Taurus, your friends need you to be steady this week, and that’s just what you will give them. You like being in a leadership role and someone others can depend on.

GEMINI – May 22/Jun 21

Right now your to-do list is very small, which means you have loads of free time for recreational activities if you choose. Otherwise, you can simply bask in having nothing to do.

CANCER – Jun 22/Jul 22

Cancer, you are in a frame of mind to learn some new skills, and this is just the week to get started. Begin slowly with a hobby or something that interests you.

LEO – Jul 23/Aug 23

Leo, it can be challenging to remain low-key when others are excited all around you, but you must be serious with this new venture you are considering. There will be time to celebrate later.

VIRGO – Aug 24/Sept 22

Virgo, while others may want the spotlight, you are content to work behind the scenes for the time being. There is nothing wrong with being a supporting character.

LIBRA – Sept 23/Oct 23

Take a few moments this week to go over spending, as you may determine that you have to reel in your budget a little more than you had expected, Libra.

SCORPIO – Oct 24/Nov 22

Scorpio, family responsibilities may continue to weigh you down a bit more than usual, leaving little time for romance. Try to make time when you can.

SAGITTARIUS – Nov 23/Dec 21

You are interested in changing your living space in the days to come, and redecorating is at the top of the list, Sagittarius. Find out ways you can do it without breaking the bank.

CAPRICORN – Dec 22/Jan 20

Capricorn, you may be holding back on conversations for fear of not getting the answers you desire. Everything won’t go your way, but failing to act is not the way to go.

AQUARIUS – Jan 21/Feb 18

You are ready to make some solid choices for your family and future, Aquarius. They may not align with what others feel is necessary, but stay true to your beliefs and needs.

PISCES – Feb 19/Mar 20

While you are prone to giving all of your energy away to others most of the time, this week you focus mostly on you, Pisces. It’s a welcomed change that you deserve.

TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 27 SEPTEMBER 20TH, 2023 27 TWO ROW TIMES SUDOKU Answers for September 20th, 2023 Crossword Puzzle Container Sales and Modi cations Service Since 2007 Paul LeBlanc Owner 90 Morton Ave. East, Unit 1-B • Brantford, ON N3R 7J7 Cell: 519.754.6844 • Tel: 519.751.1651 • Fax: 519.751.3328 • Email:
22. Savings account 23. Capable 24. Vaccine developer 25. Tax collector 27. Fencing swords 28. Native religion in China 29. Promotional materials 30. A shot in a film production 31. Afflict in mind or body
TWO ROW TIMES September 20th, 2023 28
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