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Table 2—Average Annual Return of Adult Salmon to Indian River Table 2 provides a comparison YEAR PINK RETURNS CHUM RETURNS COHO RETURNS of pre-contact returns with the 20th11 pre-contact ~1,000,000 ~750,000 ~10,000 century returns of adult salmon in the 1934-1982 67,300 14,700 1,300 Indian River (Fedorenko and Shepherd 1984; Knudson 2000; TWN 2014). 1987-2013 94,500 76,500 1,050 While returns for pinks and chum have recovered somewhat from the mid-20th century, they remain low compared to pre-contact numbers. At least a portion of the recent increase may be the result of habitat restoration actions in the Indian River undertaken by the Tsleil-Waututh Nation in accordance with our Marine Stewardship Program.

Western grebe

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E . Eric Knudson (2000) suggests a multiplier of 10 to estimate historic magnitudes. This multiplier was applied to the 1987-2013 returns.

Assessment of the Trans Mountain Pipeline and Tanker Expansion Proposal

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Profile for Tseil-Waututh Nation Sacred Trust Initiative

Tseil-Waututh Nation Assessment of the Trans Mountain Pipeline and Tanker Expansion Proposal  

Landmark independent assessment by the Tsleil-Wautuh Nation of Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain Expansion Project. The assessment applies TWN'...

Tseil-Waututh Nation Assessment of the Trans Mountain Pipeline and Tanker Expansion Proposal  

Landmark independent assessment by the Tsleil-Wautuh Nation of Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain Expansion Project. The assessment applies TWN'...

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