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Issue 3.0 // 006

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Mar // Apr // May '20


Our mission is to deliver value-adding products and services to the agricultural and related industries and to the communities in which we operate.


TWK RADIUS

What is the one thing that no one can take away from you? That one, very precious thing that only you can keep safe? Memories!

Some of my fondest memories as a child were driving on the back of my dad’s old Toyota bakkie, which he inherited from my grandfather, to view his crop fields. My siblings and I would play for hours in the peanut and maize crops that my dad planted so lovingly. We didn’t care if the year’s harvest was good or bad, we didn’t know any better. But climbing into the threshing machine full of maize seemed like the best idea at the time.

What memories are we creating for our generation to come? What groundwork are we laying for them? We often look at our children, thinking that whatever they are busy with, playing outside, in the veld or crop field, seems so insignificant. I can assure you, it is precisely then when the seeds get planted deep in their hearts — creating and nurturing a love of farming.

This year, TWK Agri turns 80. What an achievement! Eighty years of highs and lows, 80 years of hard work. Some days may have brought tears, but more often than not they were days of joy. However, I can tell you this: TWK will always be one of the fondest memories of my life as an adult. I love the hardships we face together as a team, the camaraderie in which we carry each other, and the spirit in which we celebrate together.

I want to encourage you to keep on creating memories. They are the only thing you can carry with you in this lifetime. Be sure to plant the heart seed deep inside, leaving a strong, comprehensive base for our next generation.

TWK Agri (Pty) Ltd. PO Box 128, Piet Retief 2380 Tel: 017 824 1000 Email: twk@twkagri.com www.twkagri.com RADIUS Editor in Chief: Dupie van Resnburg Editor: Louise Johnson Graphic design: Louise Johnson Editorial Assistant: Wilna Liebenberg Accounts: Annamarie Roodt Invest in TWK www.twkagri.com/invest invest@twkagri.com Facebook:@TWKAgri//Instagram:twkagri Twitter: @TWK_Agri//LinkedIn:TWK Agri TWK YouTube-channel: http://bit.ly/twkvideos Advertising: Ruth Shultz, (Schmiltz Media) 081 480 6413 | 083 583 5243 ruth@schmiltz.co.za Contributors: Eddie Fivaz, Mariska Oosthuizen, Chantell Gericke, Amanda du Toit, Cornelia Vermaak, Annica Venter, Johann Roodt, Brigitte Tiam, Alida Woest, Elza van de Venter, Roger Poole, Estelle Pretorius, Eugene Joubert, Jaco Jacobs, Alex von Houwelingen, Carina Pretorius, Estelle Fouché, Michael Clemente, Dr Lucy Kemp, Dirk de Vynck, Rene Wolfaardt, Riaan Snyder, Chantell Grobler, Angus Buchan. Distribution: Prosource Technologies Printing: Pinetown Print

Happy birthday TWK Agri, and in the spirit of celebrating 80 years of sustainable growth,

Editorial Enquiries: Tel: 082 322 1844 Email: radius@twkagri.com

how can we be of service to you? TWK Agri (PTY) Ltd and / Radius nor any of its officials, members, employees, agents, representatives, shareholders or directors shall not be liable for any loss, damage, or any liability of whatsoever nature which may arise to the reader as a consequence of this publication or as a result of the reader or any other person acting on the strength, accuracy or correctness of the content provided in this publication. Radius makes no representation, furnish no warranty or guarantee, actual or implied or otherwise that the content, information or data in this publication are free from errors, omissions or inaccuracies. No information, ideas, opinions, views or other data available in this publication should be regarded as professional advice or the professional opinion of Radius or any of its members, employees, agents, representatives and shareholders and all readers are informed to obtain professional advice before taking any course of action relation to anything contained in this publication.

4


TWK RADIUS

CONTENT TWK Winterton.

2019 Beste Bedryfsprestasie Tot Op Hede. The Importance Of Employment Equity In The Workplace. Mnr. RL Meyer Tree Af As Voorsitter.

Grain Production. Snippets Behind The Scenes. Where Does My Favourite Food Come From? The History Of South African Food. How To Report A Motor Vehicle Accident.

TWK Trade In Greytown Gets An Upgrade.

Autumn-Rush. Livestock Care. Pollen Alert. Highly Allergenic Ragweed Invades SA. Die Graansilo-proses.

Payroll In South Africa.

Do's And Dont's For Tyre Care.

The Rise Of ESRAs

My Companion. Beagle. Doornbult. Anglo-Boereoorlog Konsentrasiekampterrein Credit And South African Agriculture.

TWK Seedlings.

Die Skaduwee Van Die Skyndood.

06 10 12 13 14 16 18 19 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 36 38 43 53

Meal Prepping. Why So Much Effort Is Worth It.

Heavy Lifting. Hino 500 Series.

Sharing The Roads Responsibly. Tech And Gadget Upgrade For Land Cruiser 200 VX-R. GAP Cover. Is It Worth It? Slowly Rebuilding Ground-Hornbill Populations In South Africa. Market For Medicinal Mushrooms Set For Solid Growth. Autumn. A Busy Time Of The Year For Gardening Enthusiasts. Skyn, My Liewe Sonkyker.

DIY Met (Ons Eie) Riaan.

Company News.

Café Welverdiend Resepte.

Stay The Course.

5

55 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 73 74 78 82


TWK RADIUS

T

he 243 000-hectare uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park was declared a world heritage site in December 2000. This international recognition was due to the area’s unique richness in biological diversity and its endemic and endangered species, superlative natural beauty

and remarkable ‘art galleries in the rock’ that protect tens of thousands of Khoisan rock paintings. In the middle of this area lies the beautiful town of Winterton.

The Winterton community is tightly knit, and as one enters the town on the picturesque, tree-lined Springfield Road, one finds TWK Trade nestled on the left-hand side.

Winterton.

The cowbell at the

front door welcomes clients as they enter the TWK store and the three staff members greet customers by name. Here, customer service is demonstrated in the most one-on-one manner. The staff make a significant effort to attend to every client’s unique requirements.

TWK Trade, Winterton.

Even though the branch premises are medium-sized, with some outbuildings and a big storage shed, they stock everything the customers may need – from animalhealth products,

TWK Trade, Winterton.

fencing material,

fertiliser, garden and hardware tools, to pesticides, power tools, animal feed, seed, PPE, and more. The branch is a supplier of goods to seed-maize farmers, cattle farmers and dairy farmers who farm in the surrounding Winterton area.

Walking through

TWK Trade, Winterton.

the store to the outbuildings, one finds three hardworking men constantly loading and off-loading trucks and bakkies. Moses Hadebe, Ayanda By Louise Johnson

6


TWK RADIUS

Mbokazi and Sakhile Hadebe are the hands who make this yard

speaking clients, this branch also comes prepared to assist them

buzz. The team has syncronised their strategy to make the loading

in the most efficient manner possible. This is where Miriam Radebe

process as seamless and effortless as possible. This ensures that

plays a crucial role. Miriam understands the needs of the clients

the loading process actually goes much quicker, so clients are left

and she assists them in a very polite and helpful manner. These

satisfied with prompt and efficient service.

branch members strive for excellence with personalised customer service.

The second TWK division involved in the Winterton area is TWK Insurance, where short-term brokers Philip Augustyn Sr and Philip Augustyn Jr assist clients with their short-term insurance needs. The crop marketers in the area are Klasie Klopper and Gavin Muirhead.

A bit of history of Winterton and the surrounding area •

The Natal Drakensberg is one of South Africa’s most outstanding attractions and draws hundreds of thousands of visitors annually to its scenic beauty, crisp mountain air and crystal clear waters.

Linda Freese, Christoph Erasmus, Bryon De Nysschen.

The first settlement in the area was known as Springfield, hence the main street of Winterton is called Springfield Road. In 1905 Winterton was laid out on three Voortrekker farms called Nooitgedacht, Kerkplaats and Deeldrift that were bought by the Natal government. The town was named in honour of the Minister of Agriculture in Natal at the time, Mr HD Winter (1893–1927).

The settlement was laid out in plots of ‘wet’ and ‘dry’ blocks on either side of the irrigation furrow. The government sold these plots at nominal prices to soldiers in recognition of their service during th Anglo-Boer War.

Sakhile Hadebe, Moses Hadebe, Ayanda Mbokazi.

The village contains a blacksmith’s shop, the Young Store, police station, post office and hotel. The hotel was always called ‘The Bridge’ and was owned by Fred Strong. Today, the blacksmith’s shop is a display featuring tools and equipment used in the past by the town’s blacksmith. Water for the hotel was pumped by a donkey, which at the end of every day received ‘a pint’ as reward.

The first train dated from 1908. In 1980 the beautiful train station burnt down (there were rumors of ‘cooking the books’ and burning evidence) and a new building was erected.

Miriam Radebe.

Before the post office was built, all letters came from Ennersdale. The first telephone was installed on the farm

In the main building, the staff consists of two floor staff members

Glendale (Mr Stockill). The first co-op was opened in 1948 and

and the branch manager. Christoph Erasmus leads his team with

was known as Waterberg Co-op. Standard Bank opened in

passion, which is reflected in the companionship and camaraderie

1950.

of the team. Linda Freese acts as the admin clerk, but also assists on the floor as the customers start to arrive for their daily purchases.

Winterton was the first Voortrekker congregation in Natal. On

Bryon de Nysschen, the merchandiser, not only does his daily tasks,

24 November 1837 the Voortrekkers under Piet Retief crossed

but also assists at the cashier and also on the floor. For the Zulu-

the Tugela River after having crossed the Drakensberg at

7

TWK AGRI // WINTERTON


TWK RADIUS

Blydevooruitsicht. Soon after they settled, the first church

uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park

council, with Francois Retief as elder and Christiaan

Wagendrift Church ruins

Liebenberg and Roelof Dreyer as deacons, was elected. The first christening was officiated at by Rev. Erasmus Smit on 2 December 1837.

Winterton surrounds.

Interesting facts about Winterton • Winterton.

Winterton was nominated for the top five towns overall in South Africa and as the best town in KZN by Kwêla.

Attractions in Winterton and surrounding area

Winterton is the main access point to the central Drakensberg.

Drakensberg Boys Choir

Champagne Castle, Cathedral Peak and Cathkin Peak

The San (Bushmen) Gallery

Berg and Bush Mountainbike Trails

Oxpecker Trailrunning

TWK Trade, Winterton

Lube and Tube concert venue

(036) 488 2161

The Berg Show

winterton@twkagri.com

Royal Natal National Park

Address: 25 Springfield Road, Winterton, 3340.

Rugged Glen Nature Reserve

Groter tenk, groter waarde. 950L ‘compact’ nou beskikbaar!

surround Winterton.

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KRM Plastics bied aan jou hoë gehalte watertenk stoorfasiliteite. Volledige katalogus beskikbaar op AgTag.co.za

certificate 2014/462

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TWK RADIUS

O

Deur Eddie Fivaz // CFO at TWK Agri

ns resultate hierdie jaar waarin ons te midde van ’n moeilike mark omsetgroei behaal het sonder om verdienstegroei in te boet, onderstreep die doeltreffendheid van ons langtermynstrategie en ons vermoë om dit te implementeer. Ons het die afgelope vyf jaar ’n duidelike en konsekwente

langtermynplan nagestreef wat daarop gerig is om ’n sterker en meer mededingende onderneming op te bou wat ’n konstante groei in omset en verdienste lewer.

TWK se goed gediversifiseerde sakemodel dra by tot die jaar-tot-jaar-sukses. TWK se voetspoor is versprei oor ’n wye geografiese gebied wat Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, die Oos-Kaap, Wes-Kaap en Eswatini insluit. Dit verminder inherente landbourisiko's, byvoorbeeld droogterisiko. Ongeag die feit dat TWK in ’n baie goeie graanproduksiegebied geleë is, volg TWK ook die houtbeltgebied van Suid-Afrika, wat ’n groot bron van besigheid verseker.

Die sakemodel is op vyf sleutelsegmente gebou, naamlik hout, kleinhandel en meganisasie, finansiële dienste, graan, en motors en bande. TWK se sakemodel, gerugsteun deur effektiewe uitvoering van ons strategie, het daartoe bygedra dat die 2019-bedryfsprestasie die beste tot op hede is. Dit het ook tot die verstewiging van TWK se balansstaat en kontantposisie bygedra.

Die groep het gedurende die afgelope vyf jaar konstant ’n saamgestelde jaarlikse groei van 8,02% in verdienste per aandeel behaal, met dividende per aandeel wat selfs vinniger gegroei het teen 29.13% , ondersteun deur sterk kontantomskakelingskoerse. In die 2019- finansiële jaar het die groep sy prestasierekord van hoë gehalte- organiese verdienstegroei uitgebrei deurdat wesensverdienste met 26,96% tot R197 miljoen en EBITDA met 15,62% tot R431 miljoen gestyg het.

Omset styg met 3,88%, bedryfswins is 29,22% hoër, wins voor belasting styg met 27,2%. Die netto bates is R218,7 miljoen hoër, en ons netto kontant en kontantekwivalente beloop R135 miljoen, met ’n uitstekende hefboomfinansiering van 115%.

Gegewe die uitstekende prestasie kon TWK deur middel van die lojaliteitskema R42,3 m aan kliënte toeken vir hulle lojale ondersteuning.

TWK Agriculture Holdings (Pty) Ltd - 5 Jaar Oorsig Syfers in Rand

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Omset

5 307 364 539

7 016 890 054

7 016 890 054

7 464 471 240

7 753 615 098

Bedryfswins

222 712 610

304 701 135

336 278 378

342 938 301

443 139 228

Netto wins voor belasting

118 551 402

169 777 786

215 706 104

230 383 848

293 056 830

Totale bates

3 143 122 157

3 100 688 889

3 569 598 871

4 120 218 267

4 463 962 280

Opbrengs op totale bates — EBIT (%)

7,21

9,03

9,65

8,34

9,14

Wesensverdienste per aandeel (sent)

679,87

727,66

700,51

871,73

925,64

Opbrengs op begin ekwiteit (%)

10,87

13,33

11,60

13,29

13,01

Prysverdienste

1,77

3,44

4,71

4,13

4,00

Dividend per aandeel

0,50

0,64

0,92

1,15

1,39

Netto batewaarde per aandeel

54,60

60,45

65,77

72,68

83,11

Markkapitalisasie 31 Augustus

148 908 168

310 225 350

410 028 762

448 540 452

471 029 240

Die volledige finansiële state van TWK Agriculture Holdings (Pty) Ltd en TWK Investments Ltd. is beskikbaar op www.twkagri.com.

TWK AGRI

10


TWK RADIUS

TWK Agriculture Holdings (Pty) Ltd se verdienste per aandeel vir die jaar

en dié van TWK Investments Ltd op R30.80 per aandeel. Alhoewel die

geëindig 31 Augustus 2019 is 925 sent per aandeel, wat ’n groei van 6,18%

aandeelpryse van beide TWK Agriculture Holdings (Pty) Ltd en TWK

verteenwoordig. Dié van TWK Investments Ltd is 494 sent per aandeel,

Investments Ltd die afgelope paar jaar ongekende groei gerealiseer het,

wat ’n groei van 13,78% verteenwoordig. Die netto batewaarde per

is daar steeds na ons mening baie waarde in die aandeelpryse omdat

aandeel van TWK Agriculture Holdings (Pty) Ltd styg met nagenoeg

dit teen ’n baie lae prys-verdienste-verhouding verhandel in vergelyking

14% en staan op 31 Augustus 2019 op R83,11 per aandeel. Dié van TWK

met die bedryf. Die netto batewaardes per aandeel en die huidige

Investments Ltd styg met 13,2% en staan op 31 Augustus 2019 op R40,74

verhandelingsvlakke toon steeds ’n groot gaping, wat bykomende

per aandeel.

beleggingspotensiaal bied. Die raad en bestuur is van mening dat hierdie gaping sal vernou namate TWK se profiel verder verhoog en die

TWK Agriculture Holdings (Pty) Ltd se aandeelprys het die afgelope jaar

gehalte van die besigheid aan beleggers uitgedra word.

verder gestyg en staan op 19 Februarie 2020 op R39.50 per aandeel,

TWK HOLDINGS AANDEELPRYS Netto Batewaarde per aandeel

65.8

60.5 33.0

2016

2017

37.0

2015

36.0

12.0

2014

33.0

51 12.5

54.6

47.1 7.8

2013

43.2 7.0

2012

72.7

83.1

Aandeelprys op 31 Aug

2018

2019

TWK INVESTMENTS AANDEELPRYS Netto Batewaarde per aandeel

2015

26.5 17.8

7.5

4.3

14.1

23.4

26.4

33.1

36.0

40.7

Aandeelprys op 31 Aug

2016

2017

2018

2019

DIE TWK GROEP SE STRATEGIE Met ’n bosbougrondslag en ’n fokus op landbou, behels die TWK Groep se strategie ’n nou en gekonsentreerde fokus op die besigheidsegmente waarop die groep se sakemodel gebou is. TWK fokus op die ontsluiting van addisionele waarde tot voordeel van ons aandeelhouers. Die TWK Groep se strategie is dus ontwerp met aandeelhouersopbrengste as prioriteit, en berus op vier pilare, naamlik kliëntefokus, optimalisering van die waardekettings, verbetering van operasionele effektiwiteit, en optimalisering van kapitaalbestuur. Vir meer inligting rakende die mees onlangse verhandeling, besoek ons webtuiste by www.twkagri.com/investor of kontak ons by (017) 824 1587.

11


TWK RADIUS

T

By Mariska Oosthuizen

o fully and comprehensively understand the purpose and

representative forum (employment equity committee) and

meaning of employment equity in the workplace we need

supply the meeting minutes of the previous 12 months’

to have a closer look at the definition of the term according

reporting period, as well as agendas and signed attendance

to the Employment Equity Act No 55 of 1998.

registers. •

Proof of an employment equity analysis (section 19): You

What is employment equity?

need to provide a documented analysis of the workforce,

According to the Employment Equity Act Summary, the Act has the

policies, practices and work environment of the employer. The

following main purposes:

EEA12 regulation document must be used to document the

analyses.

To promote equal opportunities and fair treatment during employment through the elimination of unfair discrimination.

Proof of an employment equity plan (section 20): You need

To implement affirmative action measures to redress the

to have an implemented plan that includes the strategies

disadvantages in employment experienced by designated

and numerical targets to achieve or address diversity or

groups in order to ensure equitable representation in all

transformation. The plan must not be effective for less than

occupational categories and levels of the workforce.

one (1) year or more than five (5) years. •

Proof of income differential statement: You need to provide

The Employment Equity Act was passed in 1998 in a changing South

the most recent income differential information of your current

African political climate. The government aimed to ensure change

workforce.

and equality for all South Africans in the workplace.

Proof of employment equity reports (section 21): You need to provide the most recent EEA2 and EEA4 reports that were

Who should abide by the Employment Equity Act requirements?

submitted, and the letter of acknowledgement received from

If one of the following is applicable to your business, you need to

the Department of Employment and Labour upon submitting

ensure adherence to documentation and submission requirements:

the EEA2 and EEA4.

Are you employing 50 or more employees? OR,

Do you have a total annual turnover as reflected in Schedule

Department of Labour inspectors may at any time issue an

4 to the Employment Equity Act?

inspection notification to designated employers for the inspection of workplaces and employment records in alignment with the

Employment equity plans and reports need to be submitted by:

employment equity plans submitted.

01 October if submitted manually, by post or by fax.

15 January if submitted via the Department of Labour’s online

The EEA7 regulation document is a useful guideline for employers in

EE Submission Portal.

preparing for any Department of Labour EE inspection.

The documents as prescribed by specific sections of the Act and

Now that you are aware of the documentary requirements you

the corresponding requirements for each document are as follows:

should be able to better prepare for a procedural inspection and

have a better understanding of what to expect.

Proof of the assignment of an employment equity manager (section 24): A designated and nominated employee must be appointed as the employment equity manager. This letter

Contributors:

should detail the responsibilities of the appointed manager in

Novum Initium HR: Chantell Gericke Chartered HR Professional │ SABPP 57408035 Cell: (082) 688 8448 │ chantell@nihr.co.za

the implementation and monitoring of the employment equity plan and reporting. •

Proof of consultation (section 16): You need to have a

TWK AGRI // HUMAN RESOURCES

12


TWK RADIUS

Onderhoud gevoer deur: Amanda du Toit

Jy gaan na 23 jaar se diens as direkteur van TWK uittree. Wat hou die toekoms vir jou in? "Ek gaan my meer op my boerdery toespits en daar is ook nog baie plekke in ons mooi land wat ek graag saam met vroulief sal wil besoek."

Wat is jou beste herinnering van die 23 jaar by TWK? "Geen enkele gebeurtenis nie. Goeie herinneringe is egter die dat ons veral in die laaste jare as een span voluit getrek het."

As jy kon terugkyk na jouself 23 jaar gelede, watter raad sou jy jouself as direkteur van TWK gee? "Win ander mense se kundigheid en kennis in as jyself nie weet nie. Wees deursigtig teenoor aandeelhouers, veral in moeilike tye."

Wat is die grootste prestasie van jou loopbaan? "'n Baie belangrike gebeurtenis by TWK was dat ons op die ZARX beurs kon noteer. Dit beteken vir TWK geweldig baie. Die uitbreiding wat ons in ons kernbedryf, naamlik die houtbedryf, bewerkstellig het."

In jou 23 jaar by TWK, watter tyd was vir jou die uitdagendste? "Die jare as voorsitter van die direksie was baie uitdagend. Die destydse besigheidsongeluk het TWK onder geweldige finansiële druk geplaas. Ook het TWK se geloofwaardigheid en beeld daardeur, in die openbaar en ook onder aandeelhouers, gelei."

Wat was jou rol as direkteur by TWK? "Om doelwitte daar te stel, bedoelende om die pad aan te wys waarheen ons as TWK wil gaan."

Wanneer, na jou mening, behaal ’n maatskappy sukses? "As 'n direksie 'n duidelike beleid of doelwit daar stel, met 'n kundige en gemotiveerde uitvoerende bestuur wat daarby inkoop. As 'n maatskappy goeie koöperatiewe bestuur toepas."

Watter raad het jy vir die direkteure wat tans TWK verder moet lei en ondersteun? "'n Direkteur behoort altyd te onthou dat hy 'n verantwoordelikheid het teenoor die aandeelhouers wat hom daar geplaas het. Besef dat die personeel van TWK sy belangrikste bate is."

Baie geluk aan die volgende persone wat verskies is tot direkteurslede: •

Fanus Stapelberg: Voorsitter

Tommy Ferreira: Onder-voorsitter

Erhard Prinsloo: Raadslid

Heino Hiestermann: Raadslid

13

TWK AGRI // RL MEYER


TWK RADIUS

By Cornelia Vermaak

During the last couple of years, drought has had a significant impact on grain producers across South Africa.

S

ome areas had relatively normal seasons, while in many

under irrigation. The main reason for this is water scarcity and poor

other areas producers suffered tremendous losses due to

infrastructure at large public water sources. It should, however, be

the devastating drought. This in itself has been a reason for

noted that grain produced under irrigation delivers higher yields

producers to plan and approach grain farming differently

than that produced on dry land.

from the past. Factors that should also be taken into account and that differ Nature plays the biggest role when it comes to grain production,

from region to region include the suitability of certain grains for the

and is completely out of the hands of producers. One can

various areas, soil quality, the availability of products, and the costs

unfortunately not bargain with the weather or place an order for

involved. Other factors include whether farmers are using no-till

rain! Global warming has had a greater and more far-reaching

practices or even the ultramodern precision-planting method and

influence on agriculture than many people realise.

planters.

Heatwaves in Europe, abnormal weather patterns in the United

There are benefits to no-till as well as precision planting. It depends

States and the severe fires in Australia in January this year that had

on the producer’s own preferences and on what would work best

flowed over from December, as well as the weakened economic

for his or her farm. Small-scale producers do not have sufficient

circumstances in South Africa, will greatly influence the grain

resources, and as a result, many of them cannot afford to turn to

market.

the no-till or precision-planting options.

The agricultural sector is under significant pressure because of the

Whether a producer uses no-till or precision planting, or even an

drought, international markets and local economic influences

older method, there is still the factor of the availability of water

(including debt, with which many producers are struggling due to

and sporadic rainfall during the recent droughts, especially when

several below-average seasons and higher inflation).

thinking about dry lands. Farmers have to keep in mind what they put into the soil and what they hope to get out in return. Input costs

Unfortunately, many producers farm merely marginal land (poor

have gone up once more, and farmers will have to adjust their

soil quality) when it comes to

budgets to accommodate the higher costs.

grain production. This means that potential yields produced on this land

Due to rain having come later in many areas, for example in

are significantly lower than on land that

Mpumalanga and the Free

has been built up over a number of years, with

State, wheat production

higher fertility levels and a higher yield potential.

has gone up for the 2019–

It is always

2020 season. In the Western Cape,

important

wheat production has stayed much

to remember

the same, according to Grain SA.

that one cannot keep taking from the soil without putting

Research with

anything back.

regard to the consumption of

Only approximately 10 to

maize in

12% of the grain produced in South Africa is produced

TWK AGRI

14


TWK RADIUS

South Africa shows that 10,5 million tons of maize are consumed by South Africans, with this number set to rise to 11 million tons. This is a clear indication that maize remains a very popular and much-needed source of nutrients for South Africans and forms a crucial part of the diet of many citizens. With these numbers kept in mind, South Africa remains both an importer and an exporter of grain.

Every year there is new technology available to producers when it comes to grain production: new tractors and harvesters, new products to be used fighting pests, and even crops that are more resistant to drought. There are even newer varieties available when it comes to different seeds producing more yield per plant.

When it comes to different varieties of seed, one not only has the option to decide on the type of grower to plant (from fast growers all the way through to longer growers), but also which variety would be best suited to the soil to deliver the most profitable yield.

Grain is harvested during late autumn and in the winter months. While they are harvesting, the marketing of the grain is quite a daunting prospect for many producers. Luckily there are people in the industry who offer their assistance, and in the process help producers to get the best offer at the point of sale.

Unfortunately there are many producers who have to pay off debt that has been incurred, either from grain production or other debts with respect to their properties. It is a reality that producers do not always have the option to hold back their grain in order to wait for better prices.

On the other hand, there are producers who have been turning poor-quality, marginal land around by planting feed instead of grain. This may not be an option for many large-scale commercial producers, but it could be a solution for producers looking for an alternative for their land when grain production does not work due to the soil not being compatible or not being able to hold sufficient water. This mainly occurs when the soil is very shallow, when the soil quality is poor, or when there are problems that show up with pH-level testing. Planting feed can provide producers with an alternative means of income.

During the 1970s and 1980s, low-quality soil was turned into pasture (both with and without subsidies) so that producers could use poor grain-producing soil. In recent years, however, many of these pastures have been ploughed and are once more being planted at great financial risk, because the potential of the soil has not increased.

When planning to plant crops, whether during summer or winter, it is always a good idea to consult specialists in the area in order to work with the correct information and products. Whether it is with regard to pesticides or fertiliser, or even having to decide on the correct cultivar that is to be used, getting more information about products will ensure that the correct choice is made – a choice that can lead to a fruitful outcome.

Despite all the negative factors that are in play, whether it be drought or other economic factors, producers are still producing sufficient quantities of grain for the market. That in itself shows tenacity and faith.

Sources: Grain SA

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G

By Annica Venter

rowing and providing food are two of the primary objectives of the agricultural industry. According to National Geographic, most of the world’s food resources derive from agriculture. It would therefore be interesting to review what the end product has become after all the labour and hard work have paid off, and where

the influence for that food came from.

South African gastronomy is a unique fusion of many different cultural influences, with primarily eight other countries of note involved. These fusions have created a palette of diverse cuisine filled with textures, tastes and aromas. The first chapter of South African history starts with the Bushmen, also known as the San, a group of people from southern Africa (more specifically from the Kalahari Desert). Traditionally, they were nomadic hunter-gatherers, travelling from place to place, foraging in small groups. They are also considered to be the oldest inhabitants of the region.

According to Merriam-Webster, the first-known use of the term bushman hails from 1785. The San ate anything that was available, both animal and vegetable. This ranged from antelope to porcupine, wild hare, zebra, giraffe, fish, insects, tortoise, eggs and wild honey. As water was a scarce commodity when they were on the move, the Bushmen would collect moisture by scraping and squeezing roots.

Over the years, South African foods became more diverse with the arrival of colonists and immigrants from, among other places, Portugal, Germany, India, Britain, Holland, Indonesia and France. The arrival of South Asian slaves from Malaysia should also be taken into account, as they brought various spices with them.

One of the most significant influences was that of the Dutch people, who established a colony at the Cape in the 1600s. They were soon followed by the French Huguenots and the Germans. Together they became the Afrikaner nation of today. This combination of influences led to what is known as the Afrikaner style of cooking.

During the Great Trek, farmers in search of grazing for livestock were not able to take a lot of provisions with them. The use of dried food (such as rusks and biltong) and salt and spices became more frequent in order to preserve food. They had to hunt for food, shooting and roasting meat on open fires in the open air. This was also the origin of the well-known South African braaivleis. Some people ate their meat with griddle cakes or bread, and those who came into contact with African tribes were introduced to maize porridge or mieliepap. Pap en sheba is still a popular accompaniment to a braai even today. As the trekkers could not take many cooking pots on the journey, the one-pot meal (potjiekos) was born out of necessity, as were rusks, and of course biltong.

TWK AGRI

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Holland

The same goes for a variety of dishes found in both countries,

The Dutch ruled the country for 150 years. The Dutch cuisine

such as lumpia, commonly known as spring rolls. Foods such as

therefore had a big influence on the Afrikaner cooking style of

smoortjies, daltjies, denningvleis (sweet-and-sour lamb stew) and

today. Rice, deep-frying techniques such as that of vetkoek, and

sosaties have their roots in Indonesia (together with a Malaysian

gentle spices like nutmeg and cinnamon were introduced with

influence).

Dutch cooking. Frikadelle are also Dutch in origin. Foods inspired by Dutch colonialists are beef bobotie, potjiekos, milk tart, malva

Portugal

pudding, apricot chutney (blatjang), koeksisters and biltong as we

Portuguese cuisine is known for its fiery spiciness. It involves the

know it today. Beer also came from the Dutch culture.

liberal use of chillies, especially the use of the locally grown cultivar of the chilli pepper, the ‘African red devil’: The most notable of the

French

dishes inspired by Portugal are peri-peri chicken livers and chicken,

The French brought with them their most important contribution of

espetada, calamari and Portuguese bread rolls.

growing vines and winemaking. This established the winemaking practices of the Cape. They also brought the techniques of making

India

jams and preserves. The use of mutton and cream was introduced

Indian culinary practices were introduced to South Africa with

by the French.

the arrival of labourers brought to the country in the late 19th and early 20th century. Curried dishes are popular among many ethnic

Germany

groups across the country. These include dishes like bunny chow,

The German influence was a rich and heavy cuisine with a strong

rotis, curries, samosas and chutneys.

use of fat to carry the flavour of the food, such as roast beef stew. The making of bread, including corn bread (mieliebrood) and

South African cuisine has been influenced by many foreign

wholewheat bread, served along with main courses, is also a

cultures, creating a rich and unique cuisine of its own. It has been

German custom. Sausage-making and drying of beef are the result

influenced by Western and Eastern cultures and tastes alike and

of the German heritage, and where the boerewors legacy comes

provides an eating experience for any palette.

from. References

Britain

https://buzzsouthafrica.com/south-african-foods-history-preparation/

The food introduced by the English colonial settlers was mostly

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bushman

British in origin. Even though the British culture had a routine of early

http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_bushmen.html

dinners and afternoon tea and scones, the South African heat

https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/cape-malay

created difficulties and led to a less structured routine among the

https://www.south-africa-tours-and-travel.com/portuguese-food.html

settlers. The best-known English foods include Sunday roasts, fish

https://www.sa-venues.com/cuisine.htm

and chips, shepherd’s pie and full English breakfasts. Over time

https://www.sa-venues.com/cuisine-english.php

more local flavours were incorporated into traditional English dishes,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_South_Africans

for example the adding of chakalaka and cheese grillers to a full

http://www.rainbowcooking.co.nz/history-of-south-african-cooking

English breakfast.

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/agriculture/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia%E2%80%93Malaysia_relations

Malaysia

http://chinaplus.cri.cn/news/china/9/20170710/8329.html

Malay slaves, who were excellent cooks, brought with them

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352618117302287

a mixture of pungent spices, condiments and multiflavoured masalas or mild curries. This gave an exotic, Eastern taste to many traditional dishes. Popular food among the Cape Malays of today is bredie, frikkadels, denningvleis, sosaties, bobotie and pinangkerrie. Heavily peppered and spicy stews, roasts and baked vegetables are still very prominent, as are Dutchinfluenced desserts such as milk tart and koeksisters.

Indonesia Although Malaysia and Indonesia are separate countries and independent states, they have strong cultural similarities that often cause disputes over cultural claims regarding origin.

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By Johann Roodt

Legally, in the event of a motor vehicle accident (‘accident’) you are required to call the South African Police Service (‘SAPS’) if there were injuries or fatalities, if an offence has been committed or if a state vehicle or property has been damaged. In these situations, you need to remain at the scene of the accident until a police officer has officially dismissed you.

I

f an accident is minor (and without injuries or fatalities) and

It is an offence if you do not report an accident within 24 hours, and

both parties involved decide to move on with their respective

the SAPS reserves the right to charge or fine you for late reporting.

insurance service providers, you may leave without a police

However, if you cannot report an accident within 24 hours, you can

officer’s permission. However, you must report the accident at

visit your nearest police station later at a reasonable time to report

your nearest SAPS station within 24 hours.

your accident. If you report the accident online, you have to supply evidence that you were incapacitated and could not submit the

New online NaTIS Crash Reporting system

crash report in time.

For minor damages without injuries or fatalities, you can now report an accident online via the public online service (website) of the

Online crash reporting – terms and conditions

National Traffic Information System (‘NATIS’) within 24 hours (or the

According to the NATIS website, the submission of a crash report is

next working day). However, if there are injuries or fatalities, five or

legally binding and the criteria are as follows:

more motor vehicles involved, or if the accident was a hit-and-run,

1.

All crashes must be reported within 24 hours or by the next

you still need to immediately report the accident at your nearest

working day. (Non-working days include Saturdays, Sundays

SAPS station.

and public holidays). 2.

Who must report the crash, and when?

The system will provide the user with an automatically generated crash report number (‘CRN’) for insurance claims

If you meet all the terms and conditions to report the accident on

3.

the new online NaTIS Crash Reporting system, the driver must report

The system will allow only for the reporting of minor-damage crashes.

the accident within 24 hours and the system tracks the capture

4.

Crashes that include a person or persons being injured, killed

date. Both drivers are allowed to report an accident, as the system

or involved in a hit-and-run accident/crash must be reported

will link related accidents via vehicle registration numbers and

immediately at the nearest municipal/metro police traffic

driver identity numbers.

department (‘MMT’) office or the SAPS station. 5.

What happens after a crash has been reported?

All crashes involving five or more vehicles must be reported at your neatest SAPS station.

Following the online submission, the system will provide a summary

6.

PDF document that can be emailed or downloaded by the user

The information submitted by you can be made available to your insurance service provider.

as proof of submission. The output will include an online crash

7.

The reporting of the crash service is free. The Road Traffic

report number (‘CRN’) – you must provide this information for your

Management Corporation (‘RTMC’) reserves the right to

insurance claim.

charge entities or persons to access the data at a later stage.

Are there penalties for not reporting a crash within 24 hours, or at

Source: online.natis.gov.za

all?

*This is not legal advise.

TWK AGRI // COMPLIANCE

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A

t TWK Trade in Greytown we strive for excellent customer service and to exceed the needs of our clients. We recently faced a challenge where we did not have enough space in our current shed to hold

sufficient stock for our customers. So, we brought in the guys from Rigtech to help us find a solution to our problem.

We ended up erecting a new shed in our yard, optimising the open space better by providing cover and safe storage for our products. It took only five days to put up the shed, and the guys from Rigtech did an amazing job by being professional, knowledgeable and time-effective.

We are now able to optimise our stock holding for Greytown clients and to reduce the risk of being without stock when it is needed. Visit the Greytown branch for all your agricultural needs – from fencing material to feed, seed and more.

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When you are ready, please call 033-346-0804 or email sales@rigtech.co.za


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A

By Cornelia Vermaak

s we bid farewell to the last remnants of summer, producers are hard at work during autumn preparing for the upcoming winter months. Autumn is generally a very busy season for livestock producers, who have to ensure everything is in place before winter arrives.

It is also during this period that calves are weaned, and young bulls and heifers go through certain selection phases in order to form part of the next breeding generation. As the season progresses into winter, bull selection also takes place.

Autumn can be unpredictable, with temperatures mimicking the heat of summer one day and the cold of winter the very next day. During cold spurts, products like Molatek’s Molasses Meal can be provided to animals as an additional supplement until the cold front has passed over. This product can even be given as is, by throwing it on the available grass as a quick energy source for the animals during the cold. It is always a good idea to speak to feed specialists in specific areas – they can assist you in finding the right supplements and feed that are needed.

Many producers market their spring and summer weaners during the autumn months, and the majority of these weaners are then bought by large-scale feedlots. In many instances, buyers for these feedlots and agents sourcing for them have certain criteria they are looking for. The two most important of these are quality and health. When purchases are made directly from producers, good-quality, healthy animals open the door to future business.

Healthy herds produce healthy weaners, and in the process the producer has a quality weaner market and thus earn more per kilogram produced per hectare.

Producers should always maintain a good working relationship with veterinarians in their area to ensure that they follow the right management programme for their herd. Weaners and other animals in the herd should

Questavest Afrika Huguenot.

be dosed with a broad-spectrum product, and there are also a number of vaccinations that should be done during autumn. Areas differ and what works for one producer in one region may not always work for another producer in a different region. In areas where water sources only run during summer rains, parasites could

Z. Verkes.

become a problem for livestock.

For wean shock, a significant problem to all producers, Johan Mouton, a feed specialist from RCL Foods (Molatek), gives the following advice: ‘Several days before calves are weaned, Master 20 can be given to the whole herd in order to encourage calves to learn to eat. After weaning, the Master 20 is then given only to the calves.'

TWK AGRI

Questavest Afrika Huguenot.

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Calves will eat about 0,5 kg of Master 20 per day after weaning. This

mixes, products like Lickmix 87 or Wool Master can be used). These

will help them recover from wean shock, and in the process they

supplements are given not just to assist with the overall condition

lose less weight.

of the animals, but also to help prevent wool break, which reduces the value of wool that is produced.

Winter calves start arriving in March. These calves will need as many nutrients from their mothers as possible in order to ensure that they

Animals that are in production should receive Lamb and Ewe Lick

have the optimum chance at performance during the harsh winter

or a mixture containing Wool Master in order to provide the animals

months, when nutrients are less readily available.

with higher levels of protein. With the autumn breeding season kicking off during March for many producers and with winter

When it comes to marketing weaners, producers should keep in

lambing starting, it is essential to ensure that ewes – and ultimately

mind that they are legally obligated to ensure that their herds

their lambs – are well looked after so that losses are kept to a

are branded with their registered marks in accordance with

minimum and the profitability of the herd increases.

legislation. This includes weaners that are to be sold. In the long run, this branding will in itself assist in identifying animals that have

From November, after the summer rains traditionally start, through

to be traced back to their origins. It should be kept in mind that

to May, a common internal parasite that makes its appearance

animals should always be branded and dehorned neatly in order

in small livestock is wireworm. Wireworm flourishes in wetter areas

to promote uniformity and prevent cruelty to the animal. Products

and targets both sheep and goats. Serious infestations that are left

like dehorning paste have been used for many years with great

untreated can lead to animals dying, and ultimately to a loss of

success.

income for the producer.

Because grazing deteriorates during the autumn months, to the

Another vaccination

point at which the nutrient content of winter grazing is significantly

that producers should

lower than in summer, the nutritional needs of animals will increase

remember to bring into

during winter. This is why a good herd management system for licks

their herd management

and additional feeds has to be in place. It should be kept in mind

schedule is that for pulpy

that even though grass still has a green sheen at the beginning of

kidney (enterotoxaemia).

autumn, its nutritional value has already decreased.

Every year, significant Pulpy Kidney (Angora SA).

stock losses still When additional supplements (mineral licks) are given during

occur that could have

autumn and winter, attention should be given to the consumption

been prevented if producers had vaccinated for pulpy kidney

of these supplements. If consumption increases beyond the norm

throughout the year.

for the area, producers should start looking at the available feed (the quality could be too low) and the general health of the herd

Silage and bales are significant game changers when it comes to

(internal parasites can cause significant losses when left untreated).

feed during the autumn and especially winter months. Bales made in late summer and early autumn are the most common solution for

Internal parasites can cause individual animals as well as whole

many producers looking to give additional feed during these times.

herds to consume more additional supplements in order to try

On the other hand, silage, though not as readily available, offers

and ingest nutrients – nutrients that end up feeding the internal

more nutrients and is a great add-on ingredient for rations.

parasites. Common liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) occurs more often in the cooler and wetter eastern regions of South Africa, and

Ultimately, healthy animals will produce more for the producers,

is therefore one of

and producers will benefit more. It is always good to ask questions

the most common

and seek help when you are not sure. Build healthy working

internal parasites

relationships with your local veterinarians, feed specialists,

found in livestock.

marketers and co-ops. This will ensure that you always stay on top of new information that is available. The economy is getting tighter

Sheep also have

and production needs to be optimal in order for you to remain

nutritional needs

profitable.

that producers have to keep in mind.

Source: Johan Mouton, RCL Foods

During the autumn, condition licks can be given (for home Liver Fluke (Agriorbit)

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S

cientists recently made a landmark discovery when

‘Increasing amounts of fine-powder ragweed in SA could

ragweed – a highly allergenic weed native to North

exacerbate hay fever symptoms and asthma for the estimated 17

America – was detected in South African pollen spore

million South Africans who suffer from allergies.'

traps for the very first time. ‘Given that it is highly allergenic, people who normally do not suffer

The discovery was made by Dr Dilys Berman, an aerobiologist at

from pollen allergies may develop a sensitivity to it in the future as

UCT, and Prof Jonny Peter, who heads up the UCT Lung Institute’s

the weed proliferates.’

Allergy Unit. Palynologist Dr Frank Neumann, based at Wits University, whose research focuses on the impact that climate

Common hay fever symptoms include red, itchy and

change has on vegetation, also confirmed that the pollen grains

watery eyes, a runny, itchy or congested nose,

indeed belong to the invasive Ambrosia species.

postnasal drip, etc., which could irritate and restrict the airways, making it difficult to breathe.

Prof Peter says that although the threat of allergenic plants such as ragweed migrating southwards because of climate change has

Prof Peter points out that because of the world’s

always been a concern, little did they know it was going to show

changing climate, ragweed is projected to decline

up so soon.

in some areas, as it may over time no longer be climatically suitable to grow there.

‘Ragweed is incredibly invasive, and its potent pollen has been problematic in the US for many decades. In recent years, allergy

‘Whatever way you look at it, ragweed is on the

sufferers in Europe and South America have also come

move. Once it sprouts, it can multiply and grow up

under threat as ragweed started to invade these

to 2 metres high in a matter of weeks.'

areas.' ‘Weed control boards should add it to their invasive ‘For now, KwaZulu-Natal residents are most at risk, as

weeds list as soon as possible if they have not done

ragweed pollen was recently detected at the Durban

so already, and its removal should be a priority before it

monitoring site. The counts are relatively low at this stage,

becomes impossible to control. Some studies also suggest that

but we are monitoring them daily to detect any sudden spikes. A

ragweed poses a threat to crop health. It drains the soil and

small population of ragweed was also found on the banks

oppresses plant growth, so it is definitely a weed that we should

of the Vaal River near Heidelberg, about 50 km from

keep an eye on and monitor carefully,’ he says.

Johannesburg, while the Eastern and Western Cape still remain ragweed-free.'

Source: Meropact │ Brigitte Tiam

‘Based on historical data, ragweed thrives in hot, dry environments and produces more pollen when CO2 levels are high,’ he says.

UCT aerobiologist Dilys Berman warns that ragweed has serious implications for human health.

‘It is one of the most loathed weeds in the US, causing misery for 23 Ragweed pollen – a highly allergenic weed native to North America – was detected in South African pollen spore traps for the very first time. Eradicating this invasive weed is critical as its fine pollen is highly allergenic and it also poses a threat to crop health. If you find a ragweed bush near your home, pull it out as it is incredibly invasive. Due to the changing climate, ragweed will continue its migration southward putting more South Africans at risk of developing a sensitivity to its potent pollen.

million Americans, and it is estimated that ragweed allergy rates in Europe will increase from 33 to 77 million in the next two decades. While we have not reported sensitisation in SA yet, it is a cause for concern.'

TWK AGRI

22


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Deur Alida Woest

Maak seker u is bekend met die TWK graansilo-proses vir 2020. PROSES 1

2.

’n Verteenwoordigende monster graan met ’n minimum massa

Die skoon massa kan vir die produsent ’n meer voordelige vogmassa tot gevolg hê, aangesien gifsade en vreemde

van 10 kg word uit die besending geneem. Die monster word dan

materiaal die vogpersentasie op die vrag kan verhoog.

eweredig verdeel sodat ’n werkbare monster verkry kan word,

3.

Indien graan opgeberg word om later gesif te word, is die

waarna die monster gegradeer word om die graad te bepaal.

moontlikheid baie groter om tydens versendings afwykings

Indien die graan nie aan die graderingsregulasie voldoen nie, sal

te kry, wat weer dispute vanaf kopers tot gevolg kan hê (dit

die vrag eers buite die silo gesif word.

verhoog ook die risiko tydens opberging). 4.

Graan met te veel vreemde materiaal in verhoog die kans

Bogenoemde stappe vind plaas volgens die regulasies wat uit

vir blokkasies in die masjinerie, wat weer produktiwiteit en

die Staatskoerant verkry word. Dit word gedoen deur bekwame

instandhoudingskoste kan beïnvloed.

personeel wat die vereiste opleiding by geakkrediteerde

5.

Graan wat opgeberg word en nog gesif moet word,

maatskappye ondergaan het en die nodige kwalifikasies verwerf

neem opbergingskapasiteit op wat gebruik kon word om

het.

skoon graan op te berg, en sodoende kan die maksimum opbergingskapasiteit van die fasiliteit nie benut word nie.

PROSES 2 Indien die graan nie aan die wetlike graderingsvereistes voldoen

PROSES 3

nie, maar dit wel binne spesifikasie gekry kan word deur dit te sif, sal

Indien die besending graan aan sekere vereistes voldoen, sal die

die produsent geskakel word en daaroor ingelig word. Indien die

vrag ingeneem word. Die vrag sal geweeg en ’n hopper/aflaaiput

produsent dit so aanvaar, sal die vrag eers gesif word voordat die

aangewys word waarin die vrag afgelaai kan word. Die hoppers

volgende proses begin.

word deur die graad en tipe gewas van die betrokke vrag bepaal.

Daar is verskeie redes waarom graan verkieslik gesif moet word

PROSES 4

voordat dit vir die opbergingsproses ontvang word:

Graan wat volgens die graderingsregulasies te nat is, hou ’n baie

1.

Die werklike skoon massa kan van die produsent ontvang

hoë risiko in en kan nie veilig opgeberg word nie. Sulke graan kan

word en daar hoef nie volgens ’n teoretiese massa gewerk te

so warm word dat dit hittebeskadiging veroorsaak, of selfs aan

word nie.

die brand slaan. Hierdie hoë temperature is ook gunstig vir die

TWK GRAIN

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uitbroei van graaninsekte en die groei van verskeie swamme. Die

volle vertikale hoogte per silobuis meet en die resultate op

asemhaling van graaninsekte veroorsaak meer vogtigheid en hitte

gesofistikeerde sagteware aandui. Daar word ook op ’n weeklikse

in die graan en so word ’n sneeubaleffek verkry: meer hitte, meer

basis siftoetse gedoen om die teenwoordigheid van graaninsekte

insekte, meer swamme en uiteindelik meer beskadigde graan.

so spoedig moontlik te identifiseer. Graaninsekte kan ook tydens die opbergingsproses uitbroei, waarna die graan met ’n insekdoder

Om bogenoemde risiko uit te skakel, word die graan dus teen

herberook moet word. Graanvoorraadbestuur word deurlopend

die korrekte temperature en vir die korrekte periodes in industriële

toegepas, en ook hier word gesofistikeerde hardeware en

graandroërs gedroog totdat die gewenste graanvog verkry word.

sagteware gebruik.

Indien graan verkeerd gedroog word, word die kwaliteit van die

PROSES 8

graan ook beïnvloed.

Die laaste deel van die graansiloproses in hierdie waardetoevoegingsketting is die versending van die graan na

PROSES 5

die verwerkingsaanleg. Alvorens die graan versend kan word,

Graan wat ná die afloop van bogenoemde prosesse gereed is

moet daar ’n instruksie by hoofkantoor aangevra word, waarna ’n

om opgeberg te word, word dan na een van die kenmerkende

laaigleuf per dag aan die eienaar van die graan toegeken word

silobuise toe getrek. Graan word, soos bo genoem, per

nadat die graad en kommoditeit bevestig is.

kommoditeit en graad opgeberg. Die silo is dus ’n broodnodige stap in die hele Terwyl hierdie graan op die graanvervoerband loop, word daar

waardetoevoegingsketting om te verseker dat die verwerker

’n insekdoder in die vorm van ’n ronde pil op die graan gegooi.

’n produk ontvang wat volgens die beste opbergingspraktyke

Hierdie tipe insekdoder word teen ’n spesifieke dosis per ton graan

hanteer is en aan die nodige kwaliteitsvereistes voldoen. Van hier

toegedien en word deur gekwalifiseerde plaagbeheeramptenare

af sal die verwerkingsaanleg die nodige produk vervaardig en

hanteer. Elke plaagbeheeramptenaar is by die Departement Van

weer na hulle onderskeie groothandelaars en kettingwinkels regoor

Landbou geregistreer, wat ’n PCO- nommer (Pest Control Officer-

die land verskeep.

nommer) aan die persoon uitgereik het. Onthou, graan word nie net as voedsel gebruik nie! Mans, het julle Deur bogenoemde proses te volg, word die risiko vir die uitbroei

geweet daar is mielies in onder andere die houtskool wat julle so

van graaninsekte verminder en dit hanteer ook die kwessie van

lekker mee braai? Vroue, het julle geweet mielieprodukte word

graaninsekte wat vanaf die land in die graan beland.

selfs in julle grimering gebruik? Kinders, het julle geweet daar is mielieprodukte tot in die kleefgom wat julle in die skool gebruik – en

PROSES 6

dit is maar net om ’n paar te noem!

Tydens die hanteringsproses van graan word ’n afvalproduk deur die sif- en stofafsuigingmasjinerie in die silo gegenereer. Die afvalprodukte staan bekend as sifsels en kaf.

PROSES 7 Die graaninname is nou afgehandel, maar dit is nog lank nie die einde nie. Van hier af word die graantemperature en kwaliteit deurgaans gemoniteer. Dit word gedoen met gevorderde tegnologiese toerusting wat die graan se temperature in die

25


TWK RADIUS

A

By Annica Venter

key aspect in running a business is how much employees

year for every individual employee. The interim EMP501 is due on

should be paid and what amounts should be deducted from

the last working day of October, and the (final) annual EMP501 is

their earnings. It is critical for employers to understand their

due on the last working day of May. As soon as the EMP501 has

full responsibilities when it comes to hiring employees and the

been filed with SARS, employees are issued with their IRP5 tax

associated obligations that come with paying their remuneration.

certificates, which are used for individual tax purposes.

Any business that employs at least one employee must register with the

UIF

South African Revenue Service (SARS) for pay as you earn (PAYE).

Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF) contributions are paid into a fund and administered by the Department of Labour. This fund

South African labour legislation requires all employees to be registered

is used to provide short-term relief to workers who have become

with the Department of Labour, and it also ensures that employees are

unemployed due to predefined circumstances.

treated fairly by employers. Furthermore, the legislation details policies on compensation and employees’ rights regarding working conditions,

The amount payable by the employer and the employee is 1%

discrimination, unemployment, termination and health and safety.

each of the payment for ongoing employment services rendered, with the exclusion of commission. Currently the contribution amount

A five-day work week stretches from Monday to Friday, and the maximum

is capped at R148,72 per month. The UIF contribution is declared on

number of hours that can be worked per week is 45 hours, and no more

the EMP201 submission and paid accordingly.

than nine hours per day. In May 2018 a formal minimum wage of R20 per hour came into effect. This translates to R3 500 per month, based on a

In addition to the EMP201, a separate UIF declaration must be

40-hour work week. In terms of the employment agreement, overtime can

submitted monthly to the Department of Labour. The gross earnings,

be worked, but it is limited to three hours per day or 10 hours in a week.

the current employment status and the UIF amount contributed are

No more than 12 hours of work may be completed in a day, unless the

also declared for every employee.

employer and employee agree otherwise in a written agreement. With every remuneration period, the employee should be issued PAYE

with a payslip containing details of every contribution and

The process of withholding tax from remuneration as it is earned by the

deduction made from their salary. It is mandatory to issue a UI19

employee is referred to as PAYE, which is employees’ tax on remuneration

form to employees to use when they need to claim from the

paid or payable by an employer. The amounts deducted from employees’

Unemployment Insurance Fund.

earnings are determined by applying the pertinent tax rules. Taxes are calculated according to tax scales for the current tax year. The relevant

Skills Development Levy (SDL)

amount is declared and paid as part of the EMP201 submission.

The SDL is used to improve and develop the skills of employees by increasing training and education in the workforce to improve the

The monthly EMP201 submission is a payment declaration of a summary

skills level in the labour market. The levy is imposed on employers if

of the taxes withheld from employees for PAYE, the amount payable

the total remuneration of the organisation is expected to exceed

by the company for their skills development levy, and the combined

R500 000 over a period of 12 months. One percent of the leviable

amount due for the contributions to the UIF. The total amount payable to

remuneration, subject to exclusions, is calculated and paid to SARS.

SARS is reflected on the declaration and is payable to SARS by the 7th of the following month, or the last working day before the 7th if it falls on a

Return of earnings (ROE)

weekend or public holiday.

In terms of the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act (COIDA), all employers must submit an Return

EMP501 declaration

on Earnings (ROE) declaration to the Compensation Fund

This is a biannual declaration to SARS that reconciles monthly declarations

every year so that the amount the employer has to pay to the

made (EMP201) and the actual payments that were made during the tax

Compensation Fund can be determined. The purpose of the

TWK AGRI // PAYROLL SERVICES

26


TWK RADIUS fund is to compensate employees for injuries, disablement, diseases or death sustained or contracted from injury or disease in the course of their

An employer is also required to be registered for occupational injuries and

employment.

disease insurance (OID).

Leave

If a company should start paying an employee before the registrations

South African employees are entitled to a minimum of three consecutive

are finalised, the relevant statutory bodies will charge a penalty of

weeks of paid leave per year. Employees can take four months’ unpaid

10% plus interest of 10,5% per month for all payments that should have

maternity leave, but they can claim from the UIF during this time.

been made while waiting on the registration process. In order to make

Employees who have been working for the same employer for a period

a payment to a statutory body, the company will require registration

longer than four months are also entitled to three days of paid family

numbers, and it is therefore good practice to start the registration process

responsibility leave per year, and domestic workers are entitled to five

at least three months prior to the intended date on which the company

days’ paid leave.

will start paying employees.

Sick leave is subject to the number of days worked per week: an

Conclusion

employee who works five days per week is entitled to 30 days of paid sick

Companies or employers who do not adhere to South African payroll

leave for every three-year cycle, and an employee who works six days

policies can suffer serious repercussions and should therefore strive to

per week is entitled to 36 days of paid sick leave for every three-year

maintain payroll compliance. It is also important to understand the

cycle. During the first six months of employment an employee is entitled to

different payments that are due to employees in order to adequately

only one day of paid sick leave for every 26 days worked.

plan cash flow and avoid interest and penalties for non-compliance with payroll requirements.

Registration requirements for a company A company must be registered in order to establish a legal entity to

This article serves only for informational purposes and is not intended to

process a payroll. All companies are required to have a physical business

convey or constitute legal or any other advice. It is not a substitute for

address and local bank account. Once the legal entity is established, the

advice from a qualified professional.

company is required to complete all payroll-related statutory registrations. The following is indicative of the time required for the various registration

References

processes:

https://www.cloudpay.net/resources/understanding-payroll-in-south-africa-what-

Registration with the Registrar’s office – one to six months

global-companies-need-to-know-about-south-africa-payroll

Registration with SARS for company income tax – one to six months

https://www.activpayroll.com/global-insights/south-africa

Registration with SARS for VAT – one to six months

https://www.rsm.global/southafrica/news/payroll-taxes-and-related-declarations

Registration with SARS for PAYE, UIF and SDL – two to three months

https://www.sars.gov.za/TaxTypes/PAYE/Pages/default.aspx

Registration with the Department of Labour for workman’s compensation – one to six months

Registration with the Department of Labour for unemployment benefits – one month

CASHLESS PAYMENTS

ARD

YC FLEX PA

safe one the

nts d

Payme

!

sy way

and ea

Marno Nel (017) 824 1169 (078) 098 0120 marnon@twkagri.com

Switch your employees to our EFFORTLESS PAYMENT system.


TWK RADIUS

Do check your tyre pressure when the tyres are cold.

Do have an accurate tyre pressure gauge.

Do have tyres inspected if you notice regular pressure loss.

Do use the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended tyre Source: Elza van de Venter

pressure. •

Do check your tyre pressure before going on a long trip and inflate to the recommended pressure for the full load. After the trip, return to the pressure recommended for normal driving conditions.

Do use valve caps to protect the valve core.

Do have your wheel alignment checked in line with the manufacturer’s specifications.

Do have the alignment checked if you know that you have hit a pothole or a kerb.

Do have the wheels balanced when you feel the slightest sign of vibration on the steering.

Don’t bleed the tyres (let the air out) when they are hot.

Do inspect for remaining tread on a tyre.

Don’t rely on the gauge at the service station, as many of

Do have your wheel alignment checked when you see

them are inaccurate.

irregular wear on the tyres.

Don’t just re-inflate the tyre and hope that it will be alright.

Do rotate your tyres in line with the vehicle manufacturer’s

Don’t use 200 kPa unless it is the manufacturer’s

recommendation – they will last longer. Certain car models

recommended tyre pressure.

have different tyres in the front and rear. Under these

Don’t have just the front wheels aligned.

circumstances, it will not be possible to rotate the tyres.

Don’t climb curbs to park the car – this is one of the greatest

Do inspect your tyres every second week for damage and

causes of putting the wheel alignment out on a vehicle.

objects that may be penetrating the tyre.

Don’t just balance the fronts – balance all of them.

Do have a combination plug/patch repair kit for punctures.

Don’t drive on tyres where the tread depth is below the legal

Do use tyres that are in good condition.

Do have a spare wheel in good condition.

Do replace tyres with those that are approved for the vehicle.

Do have snap-in valves replaced when new tyres are fitted –

limit. •

repair the tyre correctly. •

the valve base does get damaged and will last for one tread •

Do reduce vehicle speed when it starts to rain, as there will

tyre is suitable for continued use, even after repair.

very slippery.

Do reduce vehicle speed on gravel roads, particularly if there

Don’t have a spare that is suspect – you never know when you will need it.

are sharp rocks and stones on the surface – you may get

shoulder damage on tyres.

TWK AGRI // PROTEA TYRES

Don’t risk your life and that of other road users on tyres that are suspect. Take the advice of professionals as to whether a

be a lot of road grime on the surface that will make the roads

Don’t use plug repairs – they are temporary and only designed to get you home.

life only. •

Don’t pull nails out of the tyre treads – go to a dealer who will

Don’t fit tyres that have a lower performance capability than those that should be fitted on the vehicle.

28


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TWK RADIUS

Arrival of the updated FSC® Pesticide Policy

T

By Roger Poole

he highly anticipated update to the Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®) Pesticide Policy in May 2019 lived up

To this end, the FSC developed the environmental and social risk

to its pre-release hype in taking a far stronger stance

assessment (ESRA) system, which will require implementation at

on minimising pesticide usage. TIPWG secretary Jacqui

three levels:

Meyer explains: ‘The new policy requires certificate holders to use integrated pest management (IPM) strategies and silviculture

1.

Internationally – ESRAs conducted by the FSC will identify and

systems that avoid, or aim to eliminate, the use of chemical

categorise pesticides, provide the minimum requirements of

pesticides. FSC certificate holders are no longer allowed to use

an ESRA and identify international generic indicators (IGIs),

prohibited chemicals (as classified by the policy) and are required

along with risk management strategies.

to prevent, mitigate and/or repair damage to the environment and

2.

human health when any pesticides are used.'

Nationally – ESRAs will be conducted by the standard development group (SDG) of that particular country. The country’s SDG will confirm the FSC pesticide listing and

Despite its firm anti-pesticide stance, the FSC does acknowledge

establish country-specific conditions for their use and IGIs,

that in certain circumstances, after other available pest

while also establishing a country-specific ESRA template for

management strategies have been considered, the responsible use

certificate holders.

of chemical pesticides may be the only feasible option for control.

South Africa’s SDG comprises:

• Economic chamber – David Everard and Karin

From hazard to risk-based assessment

The new policy brings about a marked change in the evaluation

of chemical pesticides, placing the emphasis on risk rather than

hazard (or toxicity).

‘This is something the South African forestry sector has pushed for,’

Kirkman • Environmental chamber – Steve Germishuizen and David Lindley • Social chamber – Jeanette Clarke and Cathy Sutherland

continues Meyer, ‘as the impact of chemical pesticides on the environment and/or human health is the result of both hazard and

They will confirm the FSC pesticide listing and establish

exposure (risk), and not just their inherent properties (hazard alone).’

country-specific conditions for their use and IGIs, while

By moving to a risk-based approach, potential hazards are no

also establishing a country-specific ESRA template for

longer considered in isolation but in the context of that hazard

certificate holders. It is the national SDG’s responsibility

realising. This can then be mitigated and managed – something

to provide a list of pesticide chemicals that appear on

that cannot be done using hazard-based criteria.

the highly restricted and restricted highly hazardous

However, moving to a risk-based approach means that an

pesticide (HHP) lists that can be used in South Africa, and

assessment that considers the intrinsic environmental and social

the conditions for their use.

hazards as well as the likelihood of exposure to them is now

3.

required.

Management-unit level – certificate holders will conduct ESRAs, unless they can demonstrate that ESRA requirements have been met by other systems already in place. In order to identify the lowest risk option and any mitigation measures that may be required, the certificate holder is also responsible for incorporating the ESRA results into its operational plans or prescriptions for implementing mitigation measures at a site level.

Risk-based Assessment.

TWK AGRI

30


TWK RADIUS

Africa’s environmental management committee, proposing that ESRA – how it is done

the TIPWG be appointed by the SDG to conduct national ESRAs.

The fundamentals of the ESRA concept proposed by the FSC, as illustrated in the diagram below, are not dissimilar to the current

The TIPWG will fulfil the national ESRA requirements as stipulated

IPM approach adopted by the South African forestry industry.

in the pesticide policy before going a step further and creating a

However, there are a number of distinct differences that need to

TIPWG approved pesticide list (APL) based on the ESRA outcomes.

be accounted for. These are covered in the six basic principles that

This APL will stipulate conditions with which certificate holders will

guide ESRAs and their implementation:

have to comply at a management unit level. Furthermore, the APL will act as an alternative to ESRAs at a management-unit level, by

1.

The assessment is risk-based, therefore:

ensuring ESRA requirements have been followed by other systems already in place.

The prioritisation of criteria and categorisation of HHPs

result in the prohibition or restriction of their use

according to the risk they pose to human health and the

If the TIPWG APL is accepted by the FSC as a suitable

environment. In this context, risk is a function of toxicity

management-unit ESRA alternative, it will make life easier for South

(hazard posed – a global constant) and local exposure.

African certificate holders. They will no longer have to produce individual management-unit level ESRAs for every chemical

In certain instances, as a result of the associated

pesticide they use, as long as they show compliance with the

exposure, a more hazardous alternative may present a

TIPWG APL.

lower social and environmental risk than a less hazardous

option.

2.

With the proposal and funding approved by Forestry South Africa,

An ESRA must be undertaken by different stakeholders at

national ESRAs are currently under way.

international, national and management-unit levels to identify:

Lower-risk alternatives

Conditions for chemical pesticide use

Adequate mitigation and

To keep up to date with this process, go tow newsletters.

monitoring measures 3.

As risk increases, efforts to reduce or mitigate risk must also increase.

4.

Under the same conditions of effectiveness and risk, the less hazardous pest management alternative must be selected.

5.

The FSC considers the risks associated with using FSC-prohibited HHPs to be unacceptable due to their high toxicity, even at low exposures.

6.

If a chemical pesticide is not included in the FSC list of HHPs, it does not mean that it is deemed safe. Before using a chemical pesticide not listed in the FSC list of HHPs, the certificate holder must undertake an ESRA.

The role of the TIPWG As a collaboration of South African forestry industry pesticide experts, the TIPWG submitted a proposal to the South African SDG and Forestry South

31


TWK RADIUS

Small, compact and hardy, beagles are active

companions for kids and adults alike. Canines

it can take up to a year to fully house train some beagles.

in this dog breed are merry and fun-loving, but

Crate training is absolutely recommended. •

being hounds, they can also be stubborn and

Beagles can get bored if left alone in a house too long. If left in a backyard, beagles will start finding ways to

require patient, creative training techniques.

amuse themselves, usually by howling, digging, or trying to escape.

Their noses guide them through life, and they

are never happier than when they are following

The most common reason beagles are turned over to rescue groups is because either their owners or their owners' neighbours got tired of their baying. Be prepared

an interesting scent. The beagle was originally

to work with your dog to control excessive barking and

bred as a scent hound to track small game, like

howling.

rabbits.

I

Beagles can be difficult to house train. Some people say

Beagles are targets for thieves who steal them and perhaps sell them to research laboratories for use in experiments. Supervise your beagle when he is outdoors and be sure to

t is difficult to resist the appeal of a beagle's dark brown or hazel

have him microchipped!

eyes, with his soft, pleading expression. They are happy, outgoing

Since they are scent hounds, beagles will wander off if they

and loving – characteristics more than balanced out by their hound

catch an enticing smell in the air. Their noses control their

nature, which is inquisitive, determined, and focused on food.

brains, and if they smell something interesting, nothing else exists in their world.

The most important thing to know about the beagle is that he is a

Although they are loving and gentle, beagles can have

scent hound. His nose is the most important part of his anatomy and

an independent, stubborn streak. Obedience training

his head is always down to the ground, searching for an interesting

is recommended, but be sure the instructor of the class

trail to follow. Beagles have approximately 220 million scent receptors,

understands the hound personality and favours using food

compared to the paltry 5 million or so in people, which makes them

as a reward (which few beagles can resist).

very good at picking up scents. Humourist Dave Barry once described

his in-laws' beagle as ‘a nose with feet.’

Do you remember how the famous cartoon beagle Snoopy worried about his food bowl? Beagles are ‘chow hounds’ and will overeat if given a chance. Monitor the amount of

Because of their small size and gentle temperament, beagles can

food you give them and be sure to keep your cupboards

do well in apartments if their people are willing to walk them on a

closed and your trash cans secured. Otherwise, your

lead several times a day in all kinds of weather. They need plenty of

beagle will sniff out the foods he likes the best.

exercise, about an hour a day if possible. If left alone and unexercised,

beagles can become destructive.

With regard to food, your beagle will probably take its food bowl pretty seriously. Teach children to respect your beagle while he is eating, and not to approach it or tease it with food.

10 - 15 years

TWK AGRI

13,6 kg

33 - 38 cm

Beagles are not good protection or guard dogs because they are usually friendly towards everyone they meet.

32


TWK RADIUS

Personality

corner of the eye. Your vet may need to remove the gland. •

Beagles are gentle, sweet, and funny. They will make you laugh,

Glaucoma: This is a painful disease in which pressure in

but that is when they are not making you cry because of their often

the eye becomes abnormally high. Eyes are constantly

naughty behaviour. Beagle people spend a lot of time trying to

producing and draining a fluid called aqueous humour – if

out-think their dogs, and they often have to resort to food rewards

the fluid does not drain correctly, the pressure inside the eye

to lure the beagle into a state of temporary obedience.

increases, causing damage to the optic nerve and resulting

Like every dog, the beagle needs early socialisation – exposure to

in vision loss and blindness. There are two types of glaucoma:

many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences – when they

primary glaucoma, which is hereditary, and secondary

are young. Socialisation helps ensure that your beagle puppy grows

glaucoma, which is a result of inflammation, a tumour, or

up to be a well-rounded dog.

injury. Glaucoma generally affects one eye first, which will be red, teary and squinty, and appear painful. A dilated pupil will

Health

not react to light, and the front of the eye will have a whitish,

Not all beagles will get any or all of these diseases, but it is

almost blue cloudiness. Vision loss and eventually blindness will

important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

result, sometimes even with treatment (surgery or medication,

Intervertebral disk disease: The spinal cord is surrounded by

depending on the case). •

the vertebral column, and between the bones of the vertebral column are intervertebral discs that work as shock absorbers

disorder that eventually causes blindness from the loss of

and allow normal movement of the vertebrae. The discs

photoreceptors at the back of the eye. PRA is detectable

are made of two layers, an outer fibrous layer and an inner

years before the dog shows any signs of blindness.

jelly-like layer. Intervertebral disc disease occurs when the

Fortunately, dogs can use their other senses to compensate

jelly-like inner layer protrudes into the spinal canal and pushes

for blindness, and a blind dog can live a full and happy

against the spinal cord. Compression of the spinal cord may

life. Just don't make it a habit to move the furniture around.

be minimal, causing neck or back pain, or it can be severe,

Reputable breeders have their dogs' eyes certified annually

causing loss of sensation, paralysis, and lack of bowel or

by a veterinary ophthalmologist and do not breed dogs with

bladder control. The damage done by the spinal compression

this disease. •

may be irreversible. Treatment is based on several factors,

Distichiasis: This condition occurs when an additional row of

including the location, severity, and length of time between

eyelashes (known as distichia) grow on the oil gland in the

the injury and treatment. Confining the dog may be of some

dog's eye and protrude along the edge of the eyelid. This

use, but surgery is often needed to relieve pressure on the

irritates the eye, and you may notice your beagle squinting or

spinal cord. Surgery is not always successful.

rubbing his eye(s). Distichiasis is treated surgically by freezing

Hip dysplasia: This is an inherited condition in which the thigh

the excess eyelashes with liquid nitrogen and then removing

bone does not fit snugly into the hip joint. Some dogs show

them. This type of surgery is called cryoepilation and is done

pain and lameness in one or both rear legs, but others do not

under general anaesthesia. •

display outward signs of discomfort. (X-ray screening is the

Epilepsy: This is a neurological condition that is often, but not

best way to diagnose the problem.) Either way, arthritis can

always, inherited. Epilepsy can cause mild or severe seizures

develop as the dog ages. Dogs with

that may show themselves as unusual behaviour (such as

hip

dysplasia should not be bred, so

running frantically as if being chased, staggering, or hiding)

if you are buying a puppy,

or even by falling down, limbs rigid, and losing consciousness.

ask the breeder for proof

Seizures are frightening to watch, but the long-term prognosis

that the parents have

for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is generally very good. It is

been tested for hip

important to take your dog to the vet for proper diagnosis

dysplasia and are

Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): This is a degenerative eye

(especially since seizures can have other causes)

free of problems.

and treatment.

Cherry eye: This is a

condition in which the

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is a disorder of the thyroid gland. It

gland under the third

is thought to be responsible

eyelid protrudes and

for

looks rather like a

conditions

cherry in the

such as epilepsy, alopecia (hair loss),

33


TWK RADIUS

obesity, lethargy, hyperpigmentation, pyoderma, and other

for beagles is tricolour with a black saddle (the area across the

skin conditions. It is treated with medication and diet.

back), white legs, chest and belly, and a white tip on the tail, and

Beagle dwarfism: This is a condition where the dog is smaller

tan on the head and around the saddle.

than normal. This condition may or may not be accompanied by other physical abnormalities, such as extremely short legs.

The second most common colour combination is red and white in an Irish spotting pattern on the face, neck, legs and the tip of the

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you

tail. Whatever their colour, beagles typically have a white tip on

health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Health clearances

their tails so that hunters can see them when they are hunting in tall

prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular

grass.

condition. Beagles have a smooth, dense double coat that is resistant to rain. In beagles, you should expect to see health clearances for

They should be brushed with a medium-bristle brush or a hound

hip dysplasia (with a score of fair or better), elbow dysplasia,

glove (a rubber mitt with nubs on the palm area) at least once a

hypothyroidism, and Von Willebrand's disease; for thrombopathia;

week to loosen and remove dead hair and encourage new hair

and certification that the eyes are normal. Contact the Kennel

growth.

Union of South Africa (KUSA) for more information (www.kusa. co.za).

Beagles shed, but because their hair is short, it isn't too noticeable. Their coats tend to get thicker in the winter, so they shed more in

Care

the spring. They are clean dogs (unless, of course, they have found

A fenced backyard is a necessity with a scent hound such as

something appealingly stinky to roll in) and generally do not require

a beagle. When outside, your beagle should be on a lead in

frequent baths.

unconfined areas, or securely confined and supervised. He is a wanderer by nature, so in case he escapes – a common

Since beagles are drop-eared dogs, air does not circulate well

occurrence with beagles – be sure he is microchipped and wearing

inside their ears and they can get infections. Check their ears

identification tags on his collar so he can be returned to you.

at least every two weeks for signs of infection or waxy build-up. Check them also if you notice your beagle shaking his head a lot or

Some people prefer to use an underground electronic fence, but

scratching at his ears. Never allow water or oils to enter his ears.

this type of enclosure does not prevent other animals from coming

Brush your beagle's teeth at least two or three times a week to

into your yard. Besides, if a scent is enticing enough your beagle will

remove tartar build-up and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Daily

be more than willing to risk a momentary shock to follow it.

brushing is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Like all dogs, beagles benefit from obedience training. Positive reinforcement techniques work best because beagles will simply

If your dog does not wear them down naturally, trim his nails once

switch off when treated harshly. Most beagles are more than happy

or twice a month

to do anything for a tasty treat.

If you can

hear the nails clicking on the floor, they are

too

long. Dog toenails have blood vessels in

Adolescent beagles are full of energy and need a lot of

to prevent painful tears and other problems.

them, and if you cut too far you can cause

opportunities to work it all off. They love to go for walks with their

bleeding – and your dog may not cooperate

family, or, even better, a good run across a field to hunt down

the next time he sees the nail clippers come out.

rabbits (not recommended unless you have trained your dog to

So, if you're not experienced in trimming dogs’

come back to you). They will enjoy jogging with you, but wait until

nails, ask a vet or groomer for

they are 18 months or older before starting them on a repetitive

pointers.

exercise like this. Begin accustoming When mature, a beagle can become fairly lazy, and are

your beagle to

content to lie about the house all day, getting up for meals

being brushed

and perhaps an occasional scratching of the ears. Since

and examined

this is a breed prone to obesity, do not let this happen.

when he is a puppy.

Coat colour and grooming

Handle

The breed standard for beagles says any hound

his paws

colour is acceptable. The most common colour

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frequently – dogs are touchy about their feet – and look inside his

addition, beagles tend to be ‘mouthy’, grabbing things, including

mouth. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and

your or your child's hand, with their mouths to play. They do this in

rewards, and you will lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams

fun and can be trained not to do it.

and other handling when he is an adult. As with every breed, you should always teach children how to As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as

approach and touch dogs, and supervise any interaction. Teach

redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth,

your child never to approach any dog while he is eating or

and eyes, and on the feet. Eyes should be clear, with no redness

sleeping, or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog, no matter

or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential

how friendly, should ever be left unsupervised with a child.

health problems early. Because of their pack-dog heritage, beagles enjoy company and Children and other pets

do not like to be left alone. Another dog or even a cat will help

Beagles bond with everyone in the family, especially children. They

meet their companionship needs.

can be rambunctious when playing, however, so they need to be properly socialised and supervised with very young children. In

Source: www.dogtime.com


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Jesaja 38:56 - “Ek het jou trane gesien…”

H

Deur Estelle Pretorius // Die Erfenisstigting

ier in die troostelose landskap staan die besoeker

die museumversameling en die ontwikkeling daarvan as ’n

versteld vasgenael ten aanskoue van duisende

toerismebestemming – binne die riglyne van die Wet op Nasionale

geroeste, tasbare herinneringe aan ’n skrikwekkende

Erfenisterreine van 1999. Opmeting en kartering van die terrein,

oorlog – blikke, metaalhoepels, draad, hoefysters,

argeologiese opgrawings en die oprigting van ’n museum langs die

kookgerei desperaat uit draad en blik geprakseer, ook bottels,

begraafplaas is deur die Erfenisstigting hanteer en befonds.

keramiek-inkpotte en glasskerwe, dolosse, knopies, tabakpype, kinderspeelgoed, gebreekte potte, stukkies porselein ... Dis

Honderde en honderde vroue, kinders, bejaarde mans en

aandoenlik om vandag nog die tekens van tentvloere te sien waar

swart helpers, hoofsaaklik uit die Suid-Vrystaat, is sedert April

2 668 Boerevrouens en kinders in ongeveer 350 tente te midde van

1901 deur die Britte van hulle wonings af hierheen weggevoer.

honger en siekte in bittere koue, versengende hitte, stofstorms, reën

Hulle moes aanvanklik in die winter onder die oop hemel en

en droogte ’n daaglikse stryd om oorlewing moes voer.

later in beknopte, tydelike tente slaap, voordat die kamp na ’n beter ligging verskuif is. Doornbult is op 1 Augustus 1901 as ’n

’n Put wat kinders en vrouens met hulle hande gegrawe het, is nog

permanente konsentrasiekamp erken, met E Nowers as die eerste

te sien. Al hierdie gegewens word deur briewe bevestig. Uit hierdie

kampkommandant. Daar was ook twee isolasiekampe – een vir

put moes hulle water in blikke of wat ook al beskikbaar was na hulle

persone met aansteeklike siektes en een vir nuwe aankomelinge.

tente aandra. Die Doornbult-terrein is uniek omdat die name van swart gesinne Doornbult is een van die mees ongeskonde Anglo-

wat saam met Boerefamilies hier afgelaai is, nagespoor kon word.

Boereoorlogterreine in Suid-Afrika, met ’n bywonershuis, waterputte,

Die konsentrasiekampbegraafplaas is in 1998 omhein. Daar is 17

klipkrale, militêre versamelpunte, skanse, forte, kanonpaaie, ’n

grafte buite die formele begraafplaas, en binne die omheining is

hospitaal en die konsentrasiekamp vir wit en swart mense (suid van

210 grafte met leë, platgekapte blikke as merkers. Die vroue het

die Britse hospitaal en kamp). Daar was ’n enorme Britse kamp

dikwels self die klippaadjies in die begraafplaas gepak en die

wat in een stadium bykans 16 000 Britse troepe gehuisves het

grafte gegrawe. Oorsake van die sterftes was veral longontsteking,

wat daar vergader het om uiteindelik die Vrystaat binne te val.

masels, buikloop, ontwatering, ondervoeding, witseerkeel en kroep.

Die konsentrasiekamp was tydens die Anglo-Boereoorlog (1899

Volgens oorlewering is tot ses kindertjies in een graf begrawe, en

tot 1902) ongeveer een kilometer van die Oranjerivierstasie en

ook wit en swart volwassenes en kinders in dieselfde graf.

nagenoeg drie kilometer van die Oranjerivier af geleë. Die spoorlyn van De Aar na Kimberley loop noordwaarts oor die Oranjerivier,

Volgens Britse rekords het altesaam 207 inwoners in die kamp

wat destyds die grens tussen die Kaapkolonie en die Oranje-

gesterf. Dit is egter onduidelik waarom daar meer as 300 grafte

Vrystaat was.

op Doornbult is. Voor Augustus 1901 en ná Mei 1902 is geen rekord gehou nie. Die name van baie jong kinders, asook doodgebore

Die plaas Doornbult in die Noord-Kaap waarop die Oranjerivier

babas, is gewoonlik nie aangeteken nie.

Konsentrasiekamp geleë is – agt kilometer oos van Hopetown, op die R369-roete na Petrusville – is die eiendom van Lemmer

’n Besoek aan Doornbult is ’n onvergeetlike ervaring. Ten einde

en Rina Wiid. Rina Wiid is sedert 1996 besig met restourasie- en

die terrein se ongeskondenheid te beskerm, word slegs begeleide

bewaringswerk en die selektiewe herwinning van oppervlakvondste

toere aangebied. Belangstellendes wat met Rina Wiid (wat ook

vir uitstalling in die museum, en het reeds 14 boeke oor verskeie

beperkte gasteverblyf verskaf) in aanraking wil kom, kan haar

aspekte van die terrein se geskiedenis geskryf. Die Erfenisstigting

kontak by tel. 053 203 8105, of e-pos rinawiid1@gmail.com.

(Pretoria) het in Junie 2005 ’n ooreenkoms met die eienaar van die plaas gesluit met die oog op die gesamentlike bewaring

Hierdie artikel het oorspronklik in die Maart 2018-uitgawe van Konteks verskyn en is met toestemming gepubliseer. 

van hierdie terrein met sy ABO-oorblyfsels, die ordening van

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Oral op die barre konsentrasiekampterrein kan vandag nog gesien word waar die tente 117 jaar gelede gestaan het (Foto: Alan Woodman)

Die konsentrasiekampbegraafplaas, waar die vroue self die grafte van hulle geliefdes moes grawe (Foto: Alan Woodman)

Die voorwerpe in die museum op Doornbult vertel die verhaal van die lewe in die kamp (Foto: Erfenisstigting-argief)

Glas, porselein en metaalvoorwerpe in die veld (Foto: Erfenisstigtingargief)


TWK RADIUS

Let us start with agriculture’s direct contribution to South Africa’s GDP: it was a little over 2% at the last count. This figure is sometimes used for political reasons to downgrade the importance of agriculture in the South African economy.

T

By JH Eugené Joubert // CP(Int) CMP(Int) MCE(USA) M.Inst.D FICM(SA & UK)

ragically, this is very simplistic thinking and does not show the full picture: agriculture does not operate in a vacuum. It buys from and provides raw materials for manufacturing and purchases a host of services. But that is not all: related sectors are agribusiness, farming operations, input manufacturers, suppliers and co-ops; food processors, distributors and

traders, to name a few. Research shows that agriculture and its related sectors actually contribute more than 15% of South Africa’s GDP when all related and second-stage industries are taken into account.

Agriculture plays an important role in the process of economic development and can contribute significantly to household food security. The National Development Plan sets out a broad vision of eliminating poverty and reducing inequality by 2030.

If we have to define agricultural credit, we would possibly define it as a type of financing used to provide funding for agricultural producers. This may be in the form of letters of credit, loans or banker's acceptance documents. This is generally used to provide investment from outside resources to the farming sector.

The answer to the question of why a farmer requires credit is simple: credit is needed in every type of business and agriculture is no exception. There are numerous reasons for needing credit: the capacity of farmers to save and invest is very low. Agricultural productivity is low due to the low use of inputs. Production suffers from weather risks. Farmers therefore need credit to increase productivity and efficiency in agriculture. This need increases over the years with the rise in the use of fertilisers, mechanisation and increasing prices. Agricultural labour is often under-employed.

The need for agricultural credit also becomes more important when a farmer moves from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture.

The role players in credit and financial assistance are not always clearly defined, but the six major sources of credit for farmers are banks (56%), agricultural cooperatives and agribusinesses (9%), the Land and Agricultural Development Bank of South Africa (the Land Bank) (30%), private creditors (3%), and other creditors and financial institutions (2%).

Access to credit for smallholder farmers remains a challenge in most developing countries. This is evidenced by the trend and pattern of bank credit granted to smallholder farmers in South Africa, both before and after the attainment of a democratic government. Analyses show that bank credit granted to smallholder farmers is, and continues to be, a small fraction of the total credit to the private sector and constitutes a very small proportion of GDP. The smallholder farmer sector is observed to face the same constraints with respect to credit as SMEs, a category of enterprises to which smallholder farmers also belong. In view of the importance of agriculture in general and

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smallholder farmers in particular to South Africa's poverty alleviation and

Let us explore some of the reasons why farmers need agricultural credit

food security drive, important policy implications are involved.

in more depth:

The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries was disestablished

Purchase of new inputs

in June of 2019. The agriculture function was incorporated into the new

Farmers need finance to purchase new inputs, which include seeds,

Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development, while

fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation water, etc. If the seed of high-yielding crop

the forestry and fisheries functions were incorporated into the new

varieties and other modern inputs are made available to the farmers

Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries.

they can increase the productivity not only of land, but also of labour.

This vision for this new department is supported by ideas such as decent

Purchase of implements

employment through inclusive economic growth, comprehensive rural

Farmers require credit to purchase tractors, threshers, harvesters, water

development and land reform, and protecting and enhancing our

pumping sets, etc. The use of the appropriate machinery in fields will

environmental assets and natural resources.

increase production, as more than one crop can be grown on the same piece of land at the same time.

According to Statistics South Africa’s General Household Survey of 2018, only 14,8% of South African households were involved in some sort of

Better management of risk

agricultural production activities during the reference period. While

Credit enables farmers to better manage the risks of uncertainties of

37,1% of the households in Limpopo and 29,3% of the households in the

price, weather, etc. They can borrow money on rainy days and pay

Eastern Cape engaged in some agricultural activity, participation was

back the loans during peak crop years.

much lower in the Western Cape (2,5%) and Gauteng (4,0%). Of the households that were involved in agriculture, 10,1% cultivated farmland,

Permanent improvement of land

while 90,3% created backyard gardens.

Credit also helps the farmers to make permanent improvements to their land like sink wells, reclaim land, practise horticulture, rotate crops, etc.

Nationally, more than three quarters (75,6%) of the households that were involved in agriculture were attempting to secure an additional

Better marketing of crops

source of food. Provincially, 88,7% of the households in Limpopo, and

If timely credit is available to farmers, they need not sell the produce

78,8% of the households in Mpumalanga were engaged in agricultural

immediately after the harvest is over. At that time the prices of

activities as a way to augment their existing sources of food.

agricultural goods are low in the market. Credit enables the farmers to withhold the agricultural surplus and sell when prices in the market are

By comparison, 41,4% of the households in the Western Cape practised

high.

agriculture as a leisure activity. Since agriculture is not so common in Gauteng, this finding might point to the fact that many households

Facing crisis

engage in agriculture as a last option.

Farmers require credit to face crisis. The crisis can be caused by the

Of the households that were engaged in agricultural production, 50,6%

failure of their crop, drought or floods.

cultivated grains, and 53,3% grew fruit and vegetables. Livestock were produced by 48,7% of the country’s households, while 36,6% produced

In conclusion, should we carefully venture into improving credit to the

poultry. Only 10,0% of the households involved in agriculture reported

agricultural sector of our economy, we could enhance employment

getting agriculture-related support from the government during the

opportunities through inclusive economic growth. Furthermore, it should

year preceding the survey.

lead to a more comprehensive rural development and land reform strategy to protect and enhance our environmental assets and natural

The only provinces where significant support was provided for farming

resources, resulting in more food security. ď Ž

households were the Eastern Cape (25,1%) and Northern Cape (17,3%). Nationally, slightly less than two per cent (1,3%) of the households reported receiving training, and 6,3% received dipping/livestock vaccination services.

According to Stats SA, the percentage of persons who experienced hunger decreased from 29,3% in 2002 to 11,3% in 2018. The percentage of households who were vulnerable to hunger reflects the same pattern, as it declined from 24,2% in 2002 to 9,7% in 2018, including a spell during which the percentage increased to 13,2% in 2008 before continuing its decline.

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Sebenza Ngokholo, Sebenza Ngokholo, Sebenza Ngokholo! TWK Agri's Groen Genade song has been launched. Scan the QR below to listen to Groen Genade on TWK's YouTube channel. Loofgroen blare, ruik die reën kom. In sy are klop die Winterson, Groen Genade! Op sy knieë vir sy mense, elke treë vir die dag wat kom. By TWK is hy die man, hy’s jare deel van ’n gedigte span. Hy dra die liefde op sy mou, en sy trane kom, as Groen Genade blom! In sy oë leef sy drome, goue lande tot teenaan die horison. By TWK is hy die man, hy lees die donderweer soos niemand kan! Hy dra sy liefde op sy mou en sy trane kom... Groen Genade! Saai jou drome in die wind, lig jou hande, seën jou land! Groen Genade! Mag jy in jou velde sing, mag jou kinders vrede vind. Sebenza Ngokholo, Sebenza Ngokholo, Sebenza Ngokholo!

TWK AGRI // GROEN GENADE

40


FI

Krediet Financing

N A N C IN G Month Account Month accounts are offered for the purchase of products and or services at any TWK trading branch.

This facility is used for the purchase of agricultural land, with a maximum repayment period of up to 10 years.

C

IN

G

Term Loan Facility

FI

N

A

N

Forestry Loan

Forestry loans enables foresters to re-establish and maintain plantations within the forestry industry. Asset Financing

Asset financing enables consumers to acquire farming equipment and vehicles for a period of up to 60 months. Production Facility This facility enables farmers to acquire agricultural products/ services from the TWK-trading branches for their farming requirements.

HOW CAN WE BE OF SERVICE? Claudine Klingenberg  claudine@twkagri.com  (072) 479 5419

Paul Ziervogel  paulz@twkagri.com  (066) 485 5569

All offers subject to credit-assessment and finance approval. TWK Agri (Pty) Ltd is an Authorised Financial Services (FSP45055) and Registered Credit Provider (NCRCP6849).


TWK RADIUS

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Kinderstorie deur Jaco Jacobs Illustrasies deur Alex van Houwelingen

Op Basjan-hulle se plaas is ’n boom. ’n Groot ou boom met digte blare. Dis die perfekte boom om kaalvoet in rond te klouter. En in hierdie boom is Basjan se boomhuis. Basjan se boomhuis is die beste plek op aarde om te speel, skatte weg te steek, te dagdroom, planne te maak … of weg te kruip as Ma jou roep om huiswerk te kom doen! Vandag is Saterdag. Basjan het nie huiswerk nie. Maar hy probeer vanoggend kliphard planne maak. Volgende week is die skool se markdag. Almal moet aan planne dink om geld te maak. Daar is lekker pryse vir die deelnemers met die beste geldmaakplanne. Basjan wil graag ’n BRILJANTE idee vir die markdag kry. Maar tot dusver kon hy aan net mooi niks dink nie. “Strepies, kan jy nie aan ’n slim plan dink nie?” vra Basjan. “’n Plan waarmee ek sakke vol geld kan maak en ’n prys kan wen!” Maar dit lyk of Strepies nie eens vir Basjan hoor nie. Hy is besig om ’n akkedissie te bekruip wat daar naby op ’n tak sit. Basjan sug. Muishonde is baie slim en oulik, maar hulle is nie regtig baie goed daarmee om jou te help planne uitdink nie. Daar is voetstappe onder die boom. Strepies piep omgekrap toe die akkedissie skrik en wegskarrel. “Haai, Basjan!” roep ’n vrolike seunstem. “Is jy daar bo?” “Natuurlik is hy daar bo, slimjan,” brom ’n meisiestem. “Wie anders se vuil voete hang daar tussen die takke uit?” Basjan glimlag. Dis Nandi en Neville! “Klim op!” roep hy. “Julle is net betyds om my te help planne maak.” Nandi en Neville is ’n tweeling. Hulle pa boer op die buurplaas. Dit is glad nie ver nie – die tweeling kom kuier amper elke dag by Basjan in sy boomhuis. “Met watse planne is jy besig?” vra Nandi toe sy en Neville bo in die boomhuis is.

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“Planne vir volgende week se markdag,” sê Basjan. “Het julle al aan iets gedink?” Die tweeling kyk vir mekaar en sug. “Nee,” sê Neville. “Dis juis hoekom ons vir jou kom kuier het. Ons het gehoop jy kan ons help om aan ’n oulike idee te dink.” “Ons drie kan as ’n span inskryf!” sê Nandi opgewonde. Basjan glimlag opgewonde. Dis ’n uitstekende plan! “Dan kan ons saam aan ’n plan dink om geld te maak by die markdag,” sê Basjan. Hy begin weer dink. Hy dink so hard dat dit voel of daar enige oomblik rook by sy ore gaan begin uitborrel. Strepies steur hom min aan die planmakery. Hy het weer die akkedissie raakgesien. Met platgetrekte ore begin hy dit bekruip. Neville vryf oor sy ken. Dit lyk of hy baie hard dink. “Mmm …” brom hy. “Mmm …” “Hou op,” raas Nandi. “Ek kan nie dink as jy die heeltyd ‘mmm’ nie.” Basjan proes van die lag. Nandi en Neville is nou wel ’n tweeling, maar hulle kan partykeer vreeslik lekker stry! “Ek het dit!” sê Neville, so hard dat Strepies wip van die skrik. Die akkedissie skarrel weer weg. “Wat?” vra Basjan. “Ons kan my ma vra om koekies te bak, dan verkoop ons dit,” stel Neville voor. “Sy bak die lekkerste koekies op aarde.” Nandi rol haar oë. “Vervelig!” sê sy. “Ek wed jou omtrent elke

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tweede kind in die skool gaan koekies verkoop. Ons moet aan iets oorspronkliks dink, iets waaraan niemand anders sal dink nie.” “Soos wat?” brom Neville. Nandi byt ingedagte op haar lip. Nou lyk dit weer asof SY die een is wat baie diep dink. Sy dink so lank dat Basjan later gaap. Strepies het weer die akkedissie raakgesien, en dié keer lyk hy vasbeslote om dit te vang. “’n Hondesalon!” roep Nandi meteens uit. Die akkedissie vlug weer verskrik. Strepies piep vies en gluur vir Nandi kwaai aan. “’n Hondesalon?” vra Basjan. Nandi knik. “Ja, ons kan ander mense se honde bad en borsel en mooimaak.” Neville skud sy kop. “Nee dankie!” sê hy. “Sê nou mense bring vir ons kwaai honde om te bad? Of sê nou party van die honde het vlooie? Ek wil beslis nie die hele dag lank honde bad en droogblaas en pienk strikkies in hulle hare bind nie.” Basjan skud ook sy kop. Kwaai honde, vlooie en pienk strikkies? Dit klink vir hom glad nie na ’n lekker plan om geld te maak nie. Nandi vou haar arms voor haar bors. “Nou dink julle dan maar aan iets.” ’n Rukkie lank is dit tjoepstil in die boomhuis. Almal dink kliphard. Gorrr! Dit is Basjan se maag wat so grom! “Mens kan nie aan goeie planne dink as jy honger is nie,” sê Basjan. “Kom ons gaan kry eers iets om te eet.” Basjan en die tweeling klouter ondertoe. In die kombuis is Basjan se ma besig om skottelgoed te was. Sy glimlag toe die kinders ingestap kom. “Ma, ons is honger!” kla Basjan. “Is hier asseblief iets om te eet?” Strepies piep met ’n jammerlike stemmetjie, asof hy wil kla omdat hy nie sy ontbyt van vars akkedis gekry het nie. “Ek is ook honger!” sê ’n stem. Dit is Basjan se pa. Hy kom ook by die kombuis ingestap. Basjan se ma lag. “Ek het nog nie eens die ontbytskottelgoed klaar gewas nie, en julle is al klaar weer honger!” sê sy kopskuddend. “Nou toe, waarvoor is julle lus?” Voor Basjan kan besluit wat hulle wil eet, sit sy pa iets op die kombuistafel neer. Dit is ’n

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paar groot geel mieliekoppe. “Kyk net hoe mooi is die mielies,” sê hy. “Ons kan volgende week begin stroop.” “Ek weet wat ons kan eet,” sê Basjan opgewonde. “Springmielies! Sal Ma groot asseblief vir ons springmielies maak?” Sy ma maak altyd die lekkerste springmielies met gesmelte botter daarop. “Nou goed.” Sy ma glimlag. “Maar dan moet julle my help. Basjan, kry die springmielies en die olie uit die spens, ek kry solank die kastrol.”

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’n Paar minute later is die pot springmielies op die stoof. Basjan en die tweeling wag in spanning. PLOP! spring die eerste mielie teen die kastrol se deksel. PLOP! PLOP! Die mielies begin al hoe vinniger spring. Dit klink soos haelkorrels op ’n sinkdak. PLOP! PLOP! PLOP! PLOP! Strepies piep verskrik en vlug onder die kombuiskas in. Basjan en die tweeling lê soos hulle lag. “Strepies, dis net mielies wat spring,” sê Basjan. “Dis nie nodig om bang te wees nie!” Skielik kry Basjan ’n plan. “Ek weet!” sê hy opgewonde vir Nandi en Neville. “Hoekom verkoop ons nie springmielies by die skool se markdag nie? Dis goedkoop en lekker en maklik om te maak.” Nandi frommel haar neus. “Uhm … jammer, Basjan, maar dis óók nie regtig ’n baie oorspronklike idee nie,” sê sy. “Ek is seker baie kinders gaan springmielies verkoop.” Neville kreun. “Nandi, jy hou nie van één van ons idees nie!” Basjan sug. “Nee, Neville,” sê hy. “Nandi is reg. Springmielies is ’n bietjie vervelig.” Hy lag toe hy sien hoe Strepies onder die kas uitloer en bekommerd na die kastrol op die stoof staar. “Behalwe as jy ’n muishond is. Ek kan sommer sien Strepies dink glad nie springmielies is vervelig nie!” Basjan kyk hoe sy ma die warm springmielies in ’n bak skep. Skielik kry hy NOG ’n plan. “Wag ’n bietjie,” sê hy. “Wie het gesê ons moet gewone, vervelige springmielies maak?” Nandi en Neville kyk vraend na Basjan. Basjan grinnik opgewonde. “Ons gaan springmielies maak soos niemand nog ooit gesien het nie – regte egte MONSTERSPRINGMIELIES!” Strepies skarrel weer met ’n verskrikte piep onder die kas in. Die volgende Vrydagmiddag sit Basjan, Nandi en Neville in die boomhuis. Hulle lag en gesels vrolik. Tussen hulle op die vloer van die boomhuis is ’n hele sak lekkergoed wat hulle vanoggend by die skool se markdag gekoop het. “Aauwww, my maag pyn!” kla Neville.

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“Dis omdat jy al amper ’n ton toffies geëet het!” sê Nandi. “Maar dis die lekkerste toffies op aarde!” kreun Neville. “Ek kon dit nie help nie.” Basjan het ook soveel lekkers geëet dat dit voel of sy maag wil bars. Die markdag was groot pret. Hulle het allerhande speletjies gespeel, op die waterglybane gegly, sakke vol lekkergoed gekoop … en hulle drie se stalletjie het toe sowaar ’n prys gewen! “Die prys vir die oorspronklikste idee!” sê Nandi ingenome, asof sy dit steeds nie kan glo nie. “Basjan, jou plan was briljant!” Basjan glimlag. “Dis als te danke aan jou, Strepies,” sê hy en vryf oor die muishond se kop. “As jy nie bang was vir die springmielies nie, sou ek nooit die plan vir die mieliemonsters gekry het nie.” Basjan se ma het hulle gehelp om gekleurde springmielieballe te maak. Daarna het hulle die balle soos allerhande monsters versier. Dit het fantasties gelyk! Die kinders by die skool was mal daaroor. Die mieliemonsters het soos soetkoek verkoop! Hy en Nandi en Neville het lekker sakgeld verdien. Die sak lekkergoed ritsel. Basjan sien verbaas hoe Neville sy hand in die sak steek en nog ’n toffie uithaal. “Neville!” raas Nandi. “Jy het dan nou net gekla jou maag pyn.” “Ag, dis net een ou toffietjie,” sê Neville en prop dit in sy mond. Basjan bars uit van die lag. “Vergeet van mieliemonsters,” sê hy. “Neville, jy’s ’n regte toffiemonster!”

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Maak jou eie Mieliemonsters! Dit is prettig en maklik om jou eie springmieliemonsters net soos Basjan-hulle te maak. Dit is ’n effens morsige resep, maar dis vet monsterpret! WAARSKUWING: Moenie self die stoof, warm pot of warm malvalekkermengsel hanteer nie – vra ’n grootmens om te help.

Jy benodig: • 5 koppies springmielies (reeds gespring) • 1 groot pak malvalekkers • voedselkleursel • ¼ koppie botter • waspapier • verskillende lekkers vir versiering Wat om te doen: 1. Vra ’n grootmens om die malvalekkers saam met die botter in ’n groot pot te smelt. Voeg voedselkleursel by – enige kleur wat jy graag jou monsters wil hê. 2. Laat ’n grootmens die warm malvalekkers oor die springmielies gooi en dit deeglik meng. 3. Wag tot die mengsel koud genoeg is sodat jy dit maklik kan hanteer. Smeer nou jou hande met botter, en maak verskillende monstervorms met die springmielies. Sit dit op waspapier neer as jy klaar is. 4. Gebruik verskillende soorte lekkergoed om jou monsters te versier. Jy kan byvoorbeeld wit sjokoladeknopies vir die oë gebruik, of selfs jellietonge of -tande om jou monster lekker grillerig te laat lyk! 49


TWK RADIUS

10 Totally a-MAIZE-ing Facts! Maize (corn) is part of the grass family. Different varieties of maize include sweet corn, popcorn, flour corn, flint corn and dent corn. Flint corn and dent corn have a hard outer shell and are typically used as animal feed, to make processed food or to manufacture chemicals. On average, a cob of corn has 800 kernels, arranged in 16 rows. The kernels on a cob of corn are always arranged in an even number of rows. People first planted maize for food in Mexico nearly 10 000 years ago. Apart from being used as food for humans, maize is also an important source of food for livestock. It is also used to produce certain chemicals, and it can be turned into fuel. We typically think of maize as yellow, but it is also found in a variety of other colour variants, including white, orange, blue, purple, pink and even black. Maize is used to produce corn syrup, a popular sweetener used to manufacture many kinds of food, such as soft drinks and candy. South Africa typically produces more than 10 million tonnes of maize each year. Most popcorn kernels pop when they reach a temperature of 180 degrees Celsius.

TWK AGRI // SEEDLINGS

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TWK RADIUS

LOL! Why should you never tell a secret in a field of corn? There are too many ears! What does Baby Corn call his dad? Pop Corn. What happened to the popcorn who joined the army? They made him a kernel.

Riddle

First you throw away my outside and cook my inside, then you eat my outside and throw away my inside. What am I? Corn on the cob.

Mixed Grain The names of 6 kinds of grains have been mixed up. Can you shuffle the letters to find the different types of grain?

YLERBA

TEWAH

IZAME

GROSUMH Popcorn The word popcorn appears in the grid 12 times.

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SOTA Answers Mixed grain RICE, BARLEY, MAIZE, WHEAT, SORGHUM, OATS

ERIC

Blokraai 1. RYS 2. STROPER 3. KORING 4. MEEL 5. SKEP 6. BROOD 7. SOMER 8. MIELIEPAP 9. DEEG 10. BAARD 11. AAR 12. BAKKERY


TWK RADIUS

POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN

O P O C P O C R P R O C R O N P

P O P C O R N R P O P C O R N O

O O C A P P O P N R P R C O O R

P C C P C P R P O P O C O R C C

R O R R O O C C P O P C O R N P

P R N C R P R R O P O P C R C P

P O O R N R C O R C O O O P N O

O R P N P O P O C O N P R O C P

P C O C P O R N R R P C C P O R

C O R P O P C O R N P O O O N O

R R C R P R N N C O O R N R R N

P O P C O R N P O P C N P O P N

POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN

POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN

POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN • POPCORN

How many times can you find the word “popcorn” in the letter grid?

Springmielies! My springmielies wil nie spring nie! Ek weet nie wat gaan aan nie. Die kastrol staan net daar, tjoepstil. Ek kan dit nie verstaan nie. My springmielies wil nie spring nie! Ai, ek wonder wat is fout. Is my mielies miskien ’n bietjie moeg of is die stoof te koud? Ma sê ek moet wag, maar my geduld raak regtig op. Wanneer gaan my mielies dan begin te POP! POP! POP!? Skelmpies haal ek die deksel af en loer in die kastrol. Eensklaps spring my mielies WOEPS! die hele wêreld vol!

GRAPJAS

Wat het agt bene, sit in die fliek en maak “girts, girts, girts”? Vier kinders wat springmielies eet. Wat is geel en vol pitte en het agt wiele? 1 3 6

4

5

7 8

9

10

’n Mielie op rolskaatse.

2

11

12

TWK AGRI // SEEDLINGS

1. Dié graansoort kom oorspronklik van China en is die stapelvoedsel van meer as helfte van die wêreld se bevolking. 2. ’n Masjien wat gebruik word om graan te oes 3. ’n Soort graan waarvan brood gewoonlik gemaak word 4. Fyngemaalde koring of mielies 5. Bekende sêding: As dit pap reën, moet jy …. 6. Bekende sêding: Die een se dood is die ander se …. 7. Seisoen waarin mielies groei 8. Dié mieliemeelgereg is in Suid-Afrika gewild as ontbytkos – of saam met die braai! 9. ’n Rou mengsel van hoofsaaklik meel en water waarvan onder meer brood en pizza gemaak word. 10. Die harige deel van ’n mieliekop word só genoem. 11. Dié deel van ’n koringplant klink amper soos iets waardeur bloed vloei. 12. ’n Winkel wat produkte soos brood en koek verkoop

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TWK RADIUS

A

s daar een mens in die wêreld gelukkig moes gewees het, sou jy gesê het, dan was dit Gideon. Hy was jonk en fris, in die bloei van sy lewe en krag. Hy had ’n vrugbare plaas onder vaste water en geen skuld daarop nie. En hy had ’n allerliefste vroutjie. Jy kon hulle maar gedurig bymekaar kry, vir haar daarbuite by sy werk, vir hom hierbinne by hare; en waar hulle loop, loop hulle hand aanmekaar. Twee ewigdurende vryers. En hy was ook gelukkig, Gideon. Maar daar was ’n skaduwee oor sy lewe en nou

en dan het die skaduwee donker geword en dan het dit al Bettie se liefde gekos om hom deur die stryd te help. Hulle dokter het niks gesê nie, maar hy het sy kop geskud en jammer gevoel in sy hart vir Bettie. Want Gideon – hy was oortuig daarvan – Gideon sou maar vroeër of later na die kranksinnigegestig moet gaan.

’n Dertig jaar vantevore het oom Jakob en tant Sannie daar gewoon. Toe sy siek word, was ook Jacob buite sy sinne van angs. Hulle was maar net hulle twee – hulle had nie kinders nie. En na jare van getroude lewe het daar onverwags ’n belofte gekom. Daar sou ’n kindjie wees vir hulle oudag! En toe word tant Sannie siek. In daardie dae was daar geen dokter binne bereik nie. Soos in ’n droom het oom Jakob afskeid geneem van haar en haar sy laaste soen gegee en haar oë gesluit. Die gewoel van die skare wat na die begrafnis gekom het, was vir hom soos die onwerklikheid van ’n droom. Toe hulle die kis in die graf laat sak, word daar van binne geklop. Tant Sannie was maar skyndood gewees ... ’n Week daarna is die kindjie gebore. Dit was Gideon. En toe hy ’n dag of vyf oud was, is tant Sannie dood. Asof hy ’n moeder was, het die vader die wesie verpleeg. Die kindjie was sieklik; niemand kon dink hy sou ooit die lewe hou nie. Maar die waansinnige vaderliefde het oor die dreigement van die dood gesegevier; Gideon het sy suigelingsjare deurgekom en langsamerhand sterk geword. Toe hy agtien jaar oud was, was dit oom Jakob se beurt. Maar die ou man kon met rustigheid en onderwerping die roepstem gehoorsaam. Gideon was fris en sterk en vlytig, gesond en verstand en rein van gedrag. Hy sou met Gods hulp sy lewensweg self kon vind.

Op oom Jakob se begrafnis het die eerste teken gekom van die skaduwee wat oor Gideon se lewe sou hang. Wat daar met sy moeder gebeur het voor sy geboorte kon regstreeks oorgeplant gewees het in sy siel; of dit kan wees dat toe hy dit as kind verneem het, daar so ’n geweldige indruk op sy jeugdige verbeelding gemaak is dat sy eienaardigheid daarvandaan gekom het – wie kan sulke dinge bepaal? Maar wat ook die verklaring mag wees, toe hulle oom Jakob se lyk uit die huis dra, vlieg Gideon skielik by en hy druk die draers met mag en geweld weg. “Laat staan my vader,” sê hy. “Hy is nie dood nie. Julle wil hom lewend begrawe.”

Hulle moes hom vasbind; en saam met die geraas van sy aaklige geskree daar in die huis het die kluite op die ou man se kis geval.

Daarna het Gideon nooit weer ’n begrafnis bygewoon nie. Maar sodra hy hoor van iemand wat dood is, het die geestesontsteltenis hom maar bevang. Somtyds was dit ’n floue aanval, somtyds ’n hewige, namate sy verhouding tot die oorledene nouer of wyer was. Maar eintlik rasend het hy nie weer geword nie. Bettie het hom met haar troos en liefde deurgehelp soos alleen ’n vrouehart weet om dit te doen. En sy het naderhand ’n gebruik daarvan gemaak om sterfgevalle vir hom weg te steek tot lank na die teraardebestelling verby was. En so het hulle tweetjies, Gideon en Bettie, hulle huweliksjare met ’n groot mate van geluk deurgebring en die skaduwee op die agtergrond gehou. Maar hy was altyd daar.

Toe het die swart Oktober van 1918 gekom. Toe ons eers van die uitbreek van die griep hoor, daar vêr in die Kaap, was dit niks besonders nie. “Net maar ’n swaar verkoue – pas jou twee,

drie dae op en jy is daar deur.” Maar toe begin die mense te

sterwe. Om

van doktersbehandeling nie eens te praat nie – daar was, veral op die buiteplase rond, huisgesinne waarvan die laaste een plat lê, sonder sorg of verpleging. En dit was nie te verwonder nie dat daar paniek onder die mense gekom het. Van die wat nog fris was, het sommige hulle hekke gesluit en nie daaruit gegaan nie en niemand daarin laat kom nie, om maar die dood buitekant te hou.

Bettie was byna wanhopig van angs om Gideon se ontwil. Diep in haar binneste hart was daar maar vrees, hoe sy dit ook vir haarself

53


TWK RADIUS weggesteek het – Gideon sal maar nog van sy verstand af raak. En hier was nou dood rondom hulle: begrafnisse, begrafnisse dag vir dag. Maar wie sal ’n mens se siel deurgrond? Eendag was Gideon opsy. Ure lank het sy hom gesoek en nie gekry nie. “Hy het alleen gegaan,” dog sy, “want die stryd is weer op hom; en hy het gedink om dit maar alleen deur te veg omdat hy jammer is om my die verdriet daarvan aan te doen.” Dit was al ’n paar uur na middag toe Gideon huis toe kom. En hy kom met ’n glimlag op sy gesig en omhels haar met blymoed. “Bettie,” sê hy, “ek laat nou my kar inspan en ek ry dorp toe. Ek wil die dokter gaan spreek en medisyne by hom kry en verneem wat die behandeling is. Ek kan nie die mense rondom my heen laat sterwe sonder raad of hulp en ek sit hier fris en gesond in my huis nie.”

Deur die volgende veertien dae het Bettie maar min van Gideon gesien. Somtyds bly hy drie, vier dae aaneen weg; dan weer, as hy kom, kom hy laat in die nag en vertrek weer die volgende oggend voordag. Maar hy kom met ’n glimlag en hy gaan met ’n glimlag. Daar was geen stryd in sy hart nie, maar vrede.

Op die Maandag van die derde week het hy by die arm huisie gekom. Daarbinne was drie lyke, ’n vader en twee seuns. Twee as al drie dae dood; die een die nag tevore. En dan was daar die lewendes, almal in die kloue van die siekte. Een spoeg al bloed; nog een yl; die ander se koors was op die hoogte wat die verswakking voorafgaan. Die naaste bure was besig om doodkiste van growwe planke aan mekaar te spyker. “Vriende” sê Gideon, “die huis is dodelik verpes. Ons hoef nie almal aan te steek nie; ek sal die kiste inneem en doen wat nodig is en hulle weer uitbring met behulp van die wat nog leef. Bly julle buite.”

En een van die byna sterwendes het vir Gideon gehelp met die dooies. En daarbinne het hy die kiste toegespyker; en nog een het opgesukkel en hom help uitdra. Buite had hulle ’n waentjie met ’n lang lyn daaraan; en met nog lang lyne is die kiste in die graftes neergelaat. Toe Gideon die nag by die huis kom, was daar geen glimlag op sy gesig nie. “Bettie,” sê hy, “oor twee van hulle bekommer ek my nie. Hulle was al aan’t ontbind. Maar die derde een – hulle sê hy is maar verlede nag dood. En ek het hom begrawe ... Sê nou, Bettie – is dit nie ’n aaklige gedagte nie? – sê nou daardie jong man ... En ek het hom begrawe...”

Die derde dag was Gideon in die bed met hoë koors. Bettie het nooit ’n oog toegemaak nag of dag nie. As die liefde van ’n vrou die dood kon weghou – daar is diegene onder ons mansmense wat nooit sou sterwe nie.

Op die longontsteking het bewusteloosheid gevolg. Maar voor die tyd het Gideon nog sy opdrag gegee. “Bettie, ons was baie gelukkig en ons het mekaar baie liefgehad. Maar ek het jou bittere verdriet aangedoen – soveel bitterder om rede van jou liefde. Maar glo vir my, Bettie; dit was nie my skuld nie: dit kom daar vêr vandaan. Glo my, liefste, ek het my teëgesit, ek het gestry en geveg – ek kon dit nie help nie. Vergewe my. En nou my versoek; en jy sal my heilig besweer dat jy daaraan sal voldoen. Vir die dood is ek nie bang nie; as ek moet sterwe – nou ja, ons almal moet sterwe. Die dood vrees ek nie. Wat ek vrees is daardie aakligheid; die ontwaking, die ontdekking, die worsteling in die kis onder die grond ... Gee jou handjie hier, Bettie.” Hy vat haar hand en sit dit op sy hart. “Hoe hulle jou ook verseker dat ek dood is ... nou ja, wat kan die kwaad dan ook wees? ... voor hulle my begrawe sal jy my sakmes neem en hom hier indruk so diep as wat jy kan, tot drie maal toe ...”

En Bettie het gehuil en gesmeek, maar hy het haar gedwing. En sy het hom beloof en ’n eed daarop gesweer. En daarna het hy bewusteloos geword. Die nag voor hy moes begrawe word –dit was net voor dagbreek, want Bettie het die hele nag deur met haarself geworstel omdat sy nie sovêr kon kom nie – het sy opgestaan en met haar kers na die kamer gegaan waar die kis gestaan het. Dit was nog nie toegeskroef nie. In haar hand het sy Gideon se sakmes, oop.

Sy skuif die deksel weg. Die gesig hier voor haar is kalm en skoon soos van ’n slapende kind. En lank het Bettie daar gestaan en in die gesig van haar beminde gekyk. Tot sy skielik deur die venster sien dat die dag breek. Netnou sou die ander mense begin roer. Dit was nou of nooit. Met ’n vinnige beweging ruk sy die witte doodskleed van haar man se bors af weg en druk die mes in tot by die hef. Gideon maak sy oë oop. Op sy lippe kom die ou glimlag. “Dankie, Bettie,” sê hy. “Dag, my hartjie. Soen vir my, Bettie.”

TWK AGRI // SEEDLINGS

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TWK RADIUS

P

reparing and planning your meals ensure that you stick to your meal plans and follow an overall healthy diet. When you’ve got your meals prepared, you know exactly what you are eating for the week, and all the hard work, planning and

thinking are done. Try to prepare lunches and dinners for the working week and then put them in the fridge or the freezer. All that is left to do is heat them.

Preparing your meals eliminates one of the most significant barriers to achieving your goals and to getting so much more out of your day. It will teach you about nutrition and cooking! Personally, if I know there is a healthy, nutritious meal waiting for me, I find it so much easier to avoid mindless snacking between meals. It also makes portion control so simple – it is all premeasured to give you exactly what your body needs!

Following a nutrition plan and preparing meals will help to minimise binging. You can work your ‘cheat meals’ into your weekly plan, whenever you want or need one (which can be one or two cheat meals a week, depending on how far you are from your goals). You will find that you will have so much more willpower to resist last-minute indulgences because you will know that you are working your way towards a delicious meal that you have carefully selected. You will also enjoy these kinds of meals more than ever before. You will not feel guilty for indulging now and then, because you will know that your nutrition and exercise habits are healthy, well balanced and setting you up for success.

HOW TO PREPARE YOUR MEALS •

Step 1: Create A Shopping List

Once you know what meals you will be eating for the week, create a shopping list that includes the ingredients you will need for the whole week. Many people opt to keep their meals quite repetitive and straightforward to make this process a little easier. You can also set up a weekly shopping list in advance, so you can get your shopping and meal preparation done to prepare for a successful week!

Step 2: Cook Your Meals

The key here is to have plenty of containers! The best thing about meal preparation is the automatic portion control, so make sure you have a good supply of containers that are an appropriate size and sealable for easy access to your meals. Separate your meals into the correct portion

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TWK HEALTHY HABITS


TWK RADIUS sizes once they are cooked. Do not forget to pack your snacks and

a day or even a week. There is a lot to learn about using proper

breakfast servings as well!

nutrition to fuel your body, and meal preparation really does help you grasp the basics. The longer you track your macros, the easier

Use your free time over the weekend to get your meal preparation

it will become and the more creative you will get. All the while,

done. This will leave you with more time during the week to focus

you will be following a diet that is full of highly nutritious food that

on your training and goals! Meal preparation takes only about an

supports you and your goals!

hour or two and the more you do it, the better you become at it. So, spend an hour or two in the kitchen once or twice a week, and

A treat meal is a purposeful and planned break from restrictive

take the time to learn about nutrition by creating meals to fuel your

eating. Many refer to this as their ‘cheat’ meal, but we prefer to

body.

treat over cheat, as you don’t feel you need to ‘cheat’ on your nutrition plan. We wholeheartedly believe in nutritional quality and

Step 3: Freeze/Refrigerate And Enjoy!

value. A healthy and balanced diet will support your health, your

The hard work is done, now you get to reap the rewards. Make

body and your goals. However, enjoying the odd and balanced

sure you store your food safely! If you have prepared for the whole

indulgence in foods that may not be so nutritious can also be very

week, ensure your meals are frozen and kept cold until you reheat

beneficial, so this is where treat meals come in. When you have a

them.

goal of fat loss and muscle gain, you will have a reasonably specific calorie budget to work with.

What if you do not want to eat the same thing all week? Yes, it is true, counting your macros and preparing meals are easier when

Besides, healthier foods are going to help you get closer to your

you allow a bit of repetition. To many people, this is a small price to

goal, while unhealthy foods will not. Whether or not you want or

pay for the results you will get, but if you feel the need to spice up

need a treat meal is completely up to you and your goals, and

your meals, there is a way!

may change from day to day or week to week. If you are new to a more nutritionally balanced diet, most of you will find that

You could use a food database app that will help you to swap

you get cravings and miss the less nutritious foods you are used to

out foods on the basis of their nutrient content. This allows you to

consuming. Treat meals are a way to help ease those cravings,

compare protein, carbs and fat sources while ensuring you have

without feeling deprived or too restricted.

the right amount so that you do not exceed your calorie goal. It is important to remember that many of these apps have user-

The benefits of treat meals:

generated content, so they may not be 100% accurate. They work

Restocking of muscle glycogen stores

as a convenient guide that gives you a good idea of what foods

Avoiding metabolic slowdown

are comparable.

Avoiding a sense of restriction/deprivation

Helping to understand the value of balance

Ensuring that no food is ever completely off the menu

Meal preparation requires planning and patience to achieve your goals in the long run. It is not something that can be mastered in

TWK HEALTHY HABITS

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TWK RADIUS

work. You may say ‘I am having my treat early this week’, but all that will happen is that you end up having two treats – or more. Choose the day, the time, and the menu and then stick to it. Treats are not transferable! •

Buy enough food for only a single treat (or treat meal). The nutritional law of possession states that if you buy it, you will eat it. Yes, you may be able to avoid temptation for a day or two, but eventually you won’t, and you will eat what you were saving for your next treat. Buying smaller portions means you can eat only a limited amount and are therefore less likely to overeat and derail your progress inadvertently. When you are full, either dispose of the leftovers or, if you must keep them, seal them in an opaque container out of sight.

Never

treat alone. While you might feel more

comfortable scarfing down a ton of junk food alone, you are less likely to go junk-food crazy in the company of others. Use this peer-pressure phenomenon to help you control the size of your treat. Choose whom you indulge with carefully – you don’t want to be around an unhealthy eater who will encourage you to overindulge! •

Treat-yourself tips In a perfect world, we

Schedule your treat for later in the day. If you indulge early in the day, you have the rest of the day to keep on indulging – it

would not feel the urge to

indulge, but we are only human! Breaking away from your plan or

can be hard to stop once you have started. In contrast, if

nutritional guidelines can make it hard to return to your plan after

your last meal of the day is a treat, you will be off to bed in a

you have strayed. So, here is a guide to indulging, without the full-

couple of hours, and that makes it harder to continue eating. •

scale blowout.

Workout first, treats after. Exercise increases insulin sensitivity and depletes glycogen and may also reduce your appetite.

The further you are from your goals, the less often you should

This combination of events means that the best time to

cheat. If you have more than five kilos to lose, aim to limit your

indulge is right after a strenuous workout. Precede your treat

treats to once every seven days or every two weeks. This may

with some HIIT or a full-body strength workout to maximise

sound hard, but you still have some way to go, and diverging

insulin sensitivity and the use of muscle glycogen, and minimise the negative effects of your treat.

from your plan too frequently will impair your progress. In terms •

of results, the leaner you are, the more flexible you can afford

Eat your greens. Make sure you have a serving of veggies

to be with your meals.

either before your treat meal, or with it. This will increase your

Plan your treat meal. Decide when you are going to have

feeling of fullness, so you are less likely to go overboard on

your treat and what it will consist of. Random treats do not

the naughty stuff. It will also give your body the right amount of nutrient-dense food to help keep it on the recovery path, even though the rest of your meal may not be so nutritionally valuable. •

Make your next meal nutritionally perfect. Once your treat meal is over and done with, make sure your next meal is nutritionally complete and conforms to whatever diet you are currently following. Don’t skip a meal, don’t have a semicheating second meal – get right back on the horse and comply with your diet accurately.

Contributors: Estelle Fouché // Gym and Lifestyle Coach at Life at Stell's Fitness //

H E A L T H Y H A B I T S

(082) 302 7227

ENCOURAGING HEALTHY CHANGE

Carina Pretorius // HR Officer at TWK Agri (Pty) Ltd

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TWK RADIUS

THE 500 SERIES OFFERS CUSTOMERS LEGENDARY FUEL AND OPERATING EFFICIENCY. THERE IS A HINO 500 FOR ALMOST ANY PURPOSE, NO MATTER HOW TOUGH.

W

ith its proven quality, durability and reliability,

‘We see the new additions appealing to municipalities, removal

combined with the class-leading chassis versa-

companies, tow-truck operators, the timber, construction and

tility, the Hino 500 Series remains the heavy- and

mining industries.’

extra-heavy-duty truck of choice for operators

around the world. With expansion from 10 to 17 models available,

The Crew Cab is well specified, with standard equipment including

the outstanding Hino 500 Series range continues to offer truck

air conditioning, electric windows, an audio system, cruise control

buyers total flexibility and choice. The all-new Hino 500 Series Wide

and hill start-assist on the manual model.

Cab boasts the most comprehensive active safety package of any Japanese truck in the heavy- and extra-heavy-duty truck category.

The Hino 1627 Crew Cab outperforms its direct competitor with a more powerful engine, fully automatic transmission, higher GVM

The Hino 500 Wide Cab range of heavy commercial trucks has

of 16 000 kg, a full air-braking system, a much bigger fuel tank, a

been increased to 14 with the addition of two 1627 Crew Cab

tighter turning circle and a far better grade ability.

derivatives, one with a 6-speed manual gearbox and the other with a 6-speed Allision automatic transmission. The Crew Cab provides

For more information on any Hino truck ranges, visit TWK Hino at the

seating for seven people, including the driver.

corner of Kotze and Brand Streets, Piet Retief.

‘The Hino 500 Wide Cab range, which was introduced to South

Sales team:

Africa at the end of 2017, has been well accepted in the market,

Japie Kuhn (071 600 6774) or

and now we can fill requirements in another niche segment with

Thinus Barnard (082 378 8092)

the arrival of the Crew Cab models,’ said Ernie Trautmann, the

Service department:

vice-president of Hino SA.

Jan van Vreden (082 339 1592)

Source: MotorPress

TWK AGRI // HINO

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Meet your Haval Team Hannes Smit Sales Manager // (082) 373 6185

GWM Steed 5 S/Cab Petrol 2.2 MPI Workhorse

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N DIE TWK G VA R EL

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THE 2020 D-MAX 250 AUTOMATICS ARE HERE!

THE TW K G

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THE 2020 ISUZU D-MAZ 250 AUTOMATIC RANGE

from:

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Offers are subject to the Credit Approval Terms and Conditions of Isuzu Finance - a product of Wesbank, a division of FirstRand Bank Ltd. On-the-Road & Registration Fees Excluded. T's & C's apply. Model/s Shown May Differ. E&OE. Offer/s valid until 31 May 2020.


TWK RADIUS

T

he number of cyclists on the road is increasing as cyclists prepare for coming races. Unfortunately, in South Africa, crashes involving cyclists are a common occurrence. Consequently, it is essential that drivers and cyclists should take preventative steps to avoid any collisions.

The managing director of MasterDrive, Eugene Herbert, says drivers tend to pay cyclists less regard, making them more vulnerable on the road. ‘Speed is a major factor in this problem. Collisions at speeds that exceed 45 km per hour give cyclists a less than 50% chance of survival. Even if a cyclist is hit at a slower speed, they face severe injuries.' Always look out for cyclists and for cars. You are creating a very dangerous situation if you pay attention only to other cars on the road.

‘There is an unfortunate belief that cyclists have less right to the road and should keep out of a motorist’s way. Part of keeping cyclists safe is to change attitudes towards them. Provided they follow the rules that apply to them, they are just as entitled to be on the road as you,’ says Herbert.

Spend some time brushing up on the laws that govern cyclists to learn what their responsibilities are in relation to vehicles. ‘In South Africa bicycles are considered legal vehicles and are bound by the same laws, and courtesy, as motor vehicles. If you know what rules govern cyclists, you will better understand how to interact with them in tricky situations such as at roundabouts.

‘Cyclists themselves should make an effort to understand the laws that apply to them. MasterDrive also advises everyone to know how drivers and cyclists should react when they encounter one another. If the right response does not occur, the cyclist can be ready to avoid a collision, regardless of the actions of the driver, or refuse to react on the basis of who has “right of way”. The ultimate goal should be to avoid any collision,’ advises Herbert.

Herbert provides some additional tips for drivers and cyclists: •

When making a right turn, remember there could be a cyclist next to you who needs to go straight. Double check that there are no cyclists before making the turn.

Do not underestimate the speed of a cyclist in the opposite lane coming towards you and risk quickly turning in front of them. A cyclist can move at up to 30 km per hour.

Give cyclists the internationally accepted 1,5 m of space when passing, and even more during wet weather. This is not only to avoid collisions, but to give them room should they fall or encounter their own obstacle.

Look for cyclists before opening your door and exiting your car.

Do not park or stop in cycle lanes – it puts cyclists in even more danger when they move around your vehicle.

Cyclists must never cycle two abreast when on the roads.

Source: MotorPress

TWK MOTORS

60


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TWK RADIUS

The Land Cruiser 200 serves as the flagship of the Land Cruiser range, providing the ultimate overlanding vehicle, with space, luxury and high-tech driver-support technologies to take you anywhere. Tech and entertainment

New colour line-up

Leveraging these credentials – and expanding on them for 2020 –

Six exterior colours are available. Sparkling Black Pearl has replaced

the LC 200 in VX-R guise has been outfitted with a 14-speaker JBL

Attitude Black (offering enhanced depth and pearlescent quali-

Premium sound system and a rear-seat entertainment (RSE) system.

ties), while Midnight Blue and Sunset Dune have been discontinued.

The rear-seat entertainment system comprises two 11,6 inch screens

Customers have the option of either black or beige interior trim on

(29 cm) with multimedia inputs located in the rear console (along

the VX-R grade.

with the four-zone climate control). Warranty and service The other specification items remain unchanged, and include a

Every Land Cruiser 200 is sold with a 9-services/90 000 km service

raft of comfort and convenience features along with Toyota Safety

plan, with intervals set at 10 000 km or 12 months. A 3-year/100 000

Sense. Safety Sense provides adaptive cruise control, lane-depar-

km warranty is included.

ture assist and blind-spot monitoring with rear cross-traffic alert. Model line-up and pricing The advanced multi-terrain system with crawl control and sur-

Land Cruiser 200 4.5D V8 GX-R*

– R 1 086 200

round-view cameras makes light work of any off-road terrain. The

Land Cruiser 200 4.5D V8 VX-R Black

– R 1 510 100

acclaimed KDSS suspension control and impressive approach and

Land Cruiser 200 4.5D V8 VX-R Beige

– R 1 510 100

departure angles have helped the Land Cruiser 200 earn the accolade of Master of Africa.

*The utilitarian GX-R grade continues unaltered.

Engine performance

Source: MotorPress

The LC 200 is powered by a 4,5-litre turbodiesel V8 engine, delivering 195 kW and 650 Nm from a low 1 600 rpm (up to 2 600 rpm), which is transmitted to all four wheels via a smooth and robust 6-speed automatic transmission.

Rear Seat Adjustment Buttons.

Rear seat entertainment.

TWK MOTORS

62


COROLLA QUEST FOR A LIFETIME OF GOODTIMES

CONTACT US (017) 826 2314

37 Church Street, Piet Retief

Motors & Bande Vehicles & Tyres

www.twktoyota.co.za


TWK RADIUS

Medical aid contributions are a huge financial burden to many South Africans. Adding an additional product that has a premium attached to it can seem like a tall order.

I

By Michael Clemente

recently had a client who initially laughed at the idea of gap

paid up front and then claimed from your gap cover as a refund.

cover because of their medical aid premium of R18 000 per

There are a lot of different gap-cover providers and options, and

month. They then needed a specialised back operation and

it is important to either do your homework or speak to a specialist

were shocked by the R16 000 co-payment attached to this type

like myself when making a choice. There are specific gap-cover

of procedure.

providers who link up with specific medical schemes with specific advantages like easy claiming, or gap-cover products designed to

Let me explain the value of gap cover attached to your medical

plug into shortfalls on specific medical schemes.

aid membership. If you have had a gap cover in place for a while, it is worth reviewWhen you look at your medical aid brochure you will see the term

ing it to find out if it is a good fit for your needs and the shortfalls on

100% cover. You may think that 100% means that the entire bill will

your medical aid.

be covered. This is not necessarily the case. So what is the trick? Another important area of focus is the waiting periods and excluThe 100% refers to the specific rate that the medical aid pays for

sions applicable to your gap-cover option of choice, as these differ

something. A medical aid and a hospital have contracts according

quite a lot.

to which the medical aid pays the hospital directly at this 100% rate for the services provided by the hospital. Examples of this would be

At TWK Agri Insurance we represent some of the top gap-cover

your accommodation in the hospital, whether it be in a general

providers and are therefore able to assist with comparisons in order

ward, in high care or in the ICU, and theatre fees.

to source the most suitable gap-cover solution for you as a private member or for the staff at your organisation.

So when does gap cover kick in? This is for providers who are not contracted to the applicable

If you are interested in gap cover, please let me know and a needs

medical aid rate and can charge private rates that exceed this

analysis will be done to establish and advise you on the most

100% cover. Examples of this would be a hospital’s casualty ward,

appropriate gap cover to cater for the potential shortfalls on your

which is a different entity from the hospital itself, or a specialist like

medical aid.

an anaesthetist or surgeon. For more information, contact Michael Clemente Another important area that you need your gap cover to insure is

013 590 7266

co-payments on specific procedures. This depends on the medical

076 182 7041

aid and the option involved. Examples would be co-payments on

mclemente@twkagri.com

advanced scans like MRIs or scopes like a gastroscopy. These are

TWK INSURANCE

64


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By Dr Lucy Kemp

Ground-hornbills were chosen as the Bird of the Year for 2020 by BirdLife South Africa. This will shine a much-needed spotlight on this enigmatic species.

O

ur largest protected areas are able to protect

ensure the eggs, their embryos and ensuing chicks are happy and

them from the mainly human-induced threats like

comfortable. The nest boxes that are provided, match all these

poisoning, persecution lead and trade. Within these

requirements and they are lightweight and long-lasting.

boundaries, the populations are thriving. This has led

to a misconception that the ground-hornbill in South Africa is ‘doing

Now, if a landowner or reserve sees that their resident group’s

just fine’, and that resources for conservation can be focused on

nesting tree has been knocked over by strong winds, or a fire, or by

other species in need.

an elephant, we can provide them with a new one before the next breeding season.

Sadly, however, this could not be further from the truth. Groundhornbills are now threatened with extinction across the board. In

Reintroducing groups back into landscapes and among people

South Africa, Swaziland and Namibia these charismatic birds are

In some areas, ground-hornbills have been locally extinct for over

now listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened

80 years. Over the years the team has finally worked out how to

Species, with just an estimated 400 family groups left in RSA. Over

reintroduce a slow-breeding, long-lived, cooperative breeding

the past 20 years, the Mabula Ground-Hornbill Project has been

species, and it is not a simple process. However, it has proven

developing conservation tools that can address the immediate

possible, with time, resources and patience.

issues that the remaining wild groups face, and then also assess how to best rebuild populations in areas where the birds are

Population modelling shows that the best way to grow the national

already extinct locally.

ground-hornbill population is to start new groups by adding a new breeding female, with her male army to keep her safe and fed,

It has been an incredible journey, albeit sometimes heartbreaking

that give the population a jump-start. Then we need to ensure

and frustrating, to find what will work, what hornbills will accept,

that that group has over 100 km2 habitat where all the threats we

and what all South Africans can really rally behind as a cause.

know of have been removed. These include any landowners still using poisoned bait for pest or problem-animal control, that no

Providing suitable nests

rodenticides are available to the birds, that people know about

Ground-hornbills just need a big, safe hollow to nest in, and will

them and have no fear that may make them hurt the birds, that

accept the best possible option they can find. These hollows are

drivers drive safely so that the birds are not lost to roadkill, that a

usually in large trees such as figs or baobabs, on cliffs, or even in

nest has been provided for them in a suitable place, and, most

earth banks, yet across the country, these are a limited commodity.

importantly, that the entire community surrounding a reintroduction site is on board to support their return.

Luckily, the Mabula Ground-Hornbill Project and partners can provide these in the form of artificial nest boxes. Much research

This is already a big task, but these core groups then need to be

has been conducted on which materials work best for these nest

extended to accommodate 10 groups so that, with time, gene flow

boxes, and what micro-climate parameters need to be provided to

and dispersal will be sufficient for this new subpopulation to remain

TWK AGRI

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TWK RADIUS

sustainable through both the good times and the bad. This requires areas in South Africa that can therefore accommodate 1100 km2 of safe habitat, where ground-hornbills are protected by those around them. It is by no means a quick-fix solution, but is entirely possible if we all work together to make our landscapes safe again.

Custodian programme All ground-hornbills that live outside our largest protected areas can only be protected by those who share the land with them. As ground-hornbills have such strict territorial boundaries, the group you see near your home is YOUR group. There is national and provincial legislation that protects them, but it actually needs communities, landowners, farmers and managers to ensure the land they are responsible for is safe for ground-hornbills. This is an incredible opportunity for South Africans to take ownership of the conservation of an endangered, iconic and charismatic bird and become custodians. The Mabula Ground-Hornbill Project and their partners and collaborators, who make up the national task team for the species, will support and guide you to ensure you can do the best possible job.

This work can only continue its success with the invaluable support of ordinary citizens. We all have a responsibility to support the ongoing conservation of our wild places and the species in them, but the conservation of species on farmlands and unprotected areas is just as vital. ď Ž


TWK RADIUS

Could become bigger than medical marijuana industry.

T

he market for medicinal mushrooms is set for a magical future, with growth in the next five to seven years expected to match or even surpass the medical marijuana industry. Craig Fourie, a mushroom maven with over 24 years’ experience, says the growth will largely be driven by Ganoderma lucidum, aka

Reishi, and by Psilocybin-containing mushrooms.

Ganoderma lucidum, known as Lingzhi in China and Reishi in Japan, is an ancient species with the oldest known medicinal uses, and these include the support of cardiovascular health, the fighting of cancer cells and bacterial infections, viral protection, improved energy levels and brain function, the reduction of cholesterol and respiratory problems, the relief of allergies, and more. A quick search of ‘Ganoderma lucidum benefits’ on Google Scholar, the go-to place for peer-reviewed studies, present 11 500 articles.

Fourie says: “The greatest benefit of the Reishi mushroom is in its ability to improve immune function. A pre-clinical trial done on MG-LZ8, our Reishi extract, expressed a 43% increase in immune function over 48 hours, which is extraordinary. Our extract was sent to the Medical University in Louisville, Kentucky, and was analysed by the worlds’ leading expert in Glucan technologies – Dr. Vaclav Vetvicka, Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Director of Research, and Vice-Chair for Research.

“Among the many incredible findings, one that drew my immediate attention, was that the extract was found to be completely non-toxic in vitro and in vivo (in laboratory tests and in living systems). The implications of this opens a world of opportunity for this incredibly powerful extract.”

Fourie agrees, and adds that, after experiencing the effects of MG-LZ8, many of his customers become more aware of the food they eat and the medications they take. “It’s imperative that you care for your gut biome, and that if you really need to take medication, such as antibiotics, that you take a probiotic to rebuild your delicate gut flora.”

Psychedelic mushrooms have the potential to assist with depression treatment.

The medicinal Psilocybin mushrooms, aka ‘magic mushrooms’; in contrast to Reishi, are illegal in South Africa and many countries around the world, as they contain controlled substances such as psilocybin and psilocin. Based on research and trials already done by the likes of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, these same substances have shown potential to assist with the treatment of disorders like depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, cluster headaches etc., as well as in the treatment of addictions, like alcohol and smoking.

TWK AGRI

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TWK RADIUS

Psilocybin and psilocin represent a class of compounds with their

medicinal products like medicinal mushrooms, has massive scope.

primary effect on serotonin receptors, which include changes in

“For one, Mushroom Guru has succeeded in developing a very

perception and cognition. In the pharmacology literature, this class

concentrated extract from the Reishi mushroom, which has a

of drugs is called ‘hallucinogens’, even though they rarely cause

heightened medicinal activity that aids in modulating the immune

hallucinations (in the sense of seeing or hearing things that are not

system and provides very strong anti-inflammatory properties.”

there). Within other academic fields, the term ‘entheogen’, roughly meaning ‘spirit-facilitating’, is coming into prominence for this class

The future is all about scalable farming

of substances. Niche- and micro-farming operations like Mushroom Guru have International research has shown a constant increase in the global

grown in leaps and bounds in South Africa. Many of these,

demand for medicinal mushrooms in recent years, with a recent

including Mushroom Guru, have made their way to Laeveld

report indicating an expected compound annual growth rate

Agrochem’s award-winning Nisboere TV-programme on DStv’s VIA

(CAGR) of close to 13% for the period 2017 to 2023.

channel. The programme is currently recording its fifth season and will start airing early in 2020.

Locally developed growing system gives ‘supernatural mushroom’ more potency

Corné Liebenberg, Laeveld Agrochem’s marketing director, says although the group’s focus is primarily on the commercial side

Fourie says there are many ways to grow Reishi mushrooms, yet

of agriculture, they also endeavour to get involved in niche-

he has chosen to explore methods that improve the natural

farming practices that offer the opportunity for ordinary people to

production of pharmacologically active ingredients within the

participate in, and which do not necessarily require a huge capital

mushroom. His company, Mushroom Guru, have been cultivating

outlay and farming space.

their uniquely grown Reishi mushrooms since 2013, and have developed an extraction method that improves the active

“Niche-farming is the answer to farming in South Africa and indeed

compounds found in the mushroom. Mushroom Guru’s MG-LZ8

worldwide, especially since climate change and its unpredictability

extract has been developed into four products – a capsule, skin

will increasingly hinder effective farming on a large scale. Niche-

serum, targeted therapy drops, and a honey sachet (see www.

farming normally involves greater scalability on a smaller area, and

mushroomguru.co.za).

I believe it will increasingly become a model for future farming,” Van Rooyen says.

“MG-LZ8 is the first pure and whole Reishi mushroom extract product in South Africa, and I believe it will soon be proven to be the most

Source: Dirk de Vynck │ Senior PR and Communications Manager Brand et al.

active medicinal mushroom extract in the world.” says Fourie.

Benefits extend to livestock industry and beyond

Mushroom Guru is looking at using MG-LZ8 in the livestock industry to create immune-boosting products. Fourie has already had success with relieving colic in horses, mastitis in cows (bacterial udder infection), tumours in dogs and even COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) in cats. Mushroom Guru is looking to pioneer the development and use of medicinal mushroom extracts in this industry through collaborative ventures.

The South African market for medicinal mushrooms is still in its infancy. And this, says Schalk van Rooyen – a natural scientist and technical consultant for Laeveld Agrochem in the field of botanical extractions, plant feeding and the alternative use of plants – contributes to a stigma towards mushrooms and the healing benefits they offer. “We see a similar stigma towards the medicinal use of herbs, although there is already a growing acceptance.”

Van Rooyen, who has many years’ experience in natural product chemistry from his time at the CSIR, says the market for natural,

Craig Fourie with the reishi mushrooms grown by Mushroom Guru.

69


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www.thegardener.co.za

The crisp morning air and longer nights is a sign that autumn has arrived in all its glory. To ensure a glorious winter and spring garden, there are many tasks to be performed in the garden. Trees and shrubs

Lawns

Contrary to belief, plants actually grow during winter, but adjust their

Start to cut the lawn shorter by setting the mower blades to the lowest

objectives by using energy to establish roots instead of flowers, fruit

setting. This will encourage growth before the harsh winter season.

or leaves. The soil temperature is still quite warm after the summer,

You still need to feed your lawn this time of the year for a lush, green

therefore newly planted trees and shrubs can easily establish their

autumn lawn.

roots. Where the soil temperature does not drop below freezing point, the roots will continue to grow throughout the winter, despite the fact

Trees and Shrubs

that they have few or no leaves at all. By planting trees and shrubs now

Untidy trees and shrubs may get a last light pruning. Don’t prune harshly

you can rest assured that the roots are well established by the time

as this will encourage new growth and the shoots will be damaged by

spring comes! Plants that are susceptible to frost, such as begonias and

the winter cold. It is extremely important not to prune winter-flowering

fuschias, should be planted in spring.

shrubs.

Bulbs

Irrigation

A wide variety of bulbs are now available in your favourite nursery or

Due to lower temperatures, there is a higher volume of water available

retailer. Bulbs require well-composted soil and lots of spare nutrition.

in the soil available to plants as evaporation decreases due to cooler

Narcissus and daffodils carry only one or two flowers per bulb, so it is

daytime temperatures. Furthermore, the shade in your garden will

advisable to plant the bulbs in dense groups for a spectacular display

change at the turn of the season, so take into account that summer

of colour. Plant ranunculus and anemone bulbs at two-week intervals

sunny areas may now become shady areas. Adapt to the changing

to ensure a long flower display during winter.

climate and gradually reduce watering. Too much water can cause root rot, but remember that new plantings should always remain moist.

Seedlings There are a wide variety of seedlings available this time of year.

Nutrition

Petunias bloom in a huge array of colours and flower for months on

With new plantings, it’s important to stimulate root development by

end. They will thrive in the hottest and driest parts of your garden.

applying a high-phosphate or 2.3.2 fertiliser. Fertilise your entire garden,

Pansies and violets are reliable and versatile and will do well in full sun

including your lawn, bulbs and seedlings, every four weeks with an

to semi shade. Plant them en masse for a cheerful display of colour.

organic fertiliser containing the three most important nutrient elements:

Primulas are easy to grow and can be planted in the shade. They

Nitrogen (N), Phosphate (P) and Potassium (K). Look for one that also

flower for extended periods and look spectacular in mass plantings.

contained many of the important microelements that plants require for

Cinerarias also grow well in the shade. Sweet peas, daisies, poppies,

healthy growth, such as Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Zinc

lobelias and Namaqualand daisies are all available now and can be

(Zn) and Barium (B) to name but a few. Zinc is especially important as it

easily established from seed. For long-lasting, vibrant colour, feed your

assists plants to resist the low temperature. 

flowering plants regularly with a fertiliser formulated for flowering plants.

Transplanting Autumn is the ideal

time to divide and replant perennials,

thereby ensuring

flowering in

summer.

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TWK RADIUS

Bone Meal is a source of Phosphorous which is essential for all living organisms. Plants must have phosphorous for normal healthy growth and maturity. It can be applied at planting. In pot plants and in the soil. It is a naturally slow release product. It is a must for healthy plants.

PREMIUM FERTILISER Plant Food can be used on in-door potted plants, out-door potted plants, soil-based plants, seedling trays and vegetable beds. It has all the essential macro and micro nutrients for plant growth and plant health.

CONTACT US 71


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D

Deur Rene Wolfaardt

ie Sungazer-pelgrimstog in die Oos-Vrystaat poog om

In Paul Roux, ’n klein dorpie in die Oos-Vrystaat, het daar in 2016 'n

mense van die status van die sonkykerakkedis (Engels:

sirkelroete-pelgrimstog ontstaan. Hierdie roete bring die pelgrims

sungazer) bewus te maak. Hulle is endemies aan die

wat kom stap, fietsry of perdry terug in die natuur. Die pelgrim

Noord-Vrystaat en ’n klein populasie kom ook in die

ervaar die Oos-Vrystaat se ooptes met die wuiwende grasveld, vars

suidweste van Mpumalanga voor. Die sonkyker grawe ’n vlak gat

waterstrome en berge ... ja, die berge: die Vrystaatse berge asook

in sanderige/leemgrond op die hoëveld se oop graslande wat in

die Lesotho-berge. Op helder dae kan jy baie, baie ver sien en

’n goeie toestand en vars is. Daar is baie min akkedisspesies wat dit

dan lê die berge lae op lae ... Dit is ’n gesig waarvoor jy nie kan

doen, want die meeste van hulle is van rotse en berge afhanklik.

moeg raak nie. Dit bring ’n kalmte in jou gemoed wat jy net nie vir iemand kan beskryf nie.

Die akkedisse is deur die dag aktief en hulle dieet bestaan uit insekte, veral kewers. Die jong sonkykerakkedisse verkies sagter

Jy kan kies uit ’n hele paar roetes – die volroete, ’n weekroete, of ’n

en kleiner insekte soos miere. Gedurende die winter hiberneer

vierdag- of naweekroete. Jy kan kom fietsry oor vier dae, of jy kan

sonkykers en word nie gesien nie.

die Oos-Vrystaat te perd kom verken. Jy moet jou eie fiets voorsien, maar perde en ’n gids sal verskaf word. Slaap in ’n oop grot saam

Die sonkyker lê nie eiers soos ander reptiele nie, maar gee geboorte

met die perde en ervaar ’n sterrenaghemel wat die grootheid van

aan lewendige kleintjies. Gewoonlik is dit een kleintjie – hoogstens

die skepping weerspieël.

twee – en dit is ook net elke tweede jaar. Die sonkyker se habitat word teen ’n geweldige tempo vernietig, en derhalwe word hierdie

Pelgrims kan reël dat bagasie aangery word en dan stap jy net

akkedis as kwesbaar geklassifiseer. Indien hierdie vernietiging

met ’n dagsakkie en jou water. Ervaar die boeregasvryheid in

van hulle habitat nie gekeer word nie, kan hulle binnekort as ’n

die omgewing. Baie keer word jou kos vir jou voorgesit en ander

bedreigde spesie gelys word. Boere is baie keer die beskermhere

kere moet jy dit net self gaarmaak. Pelgrims kla gereeld dat hulle

wat die sonkyker help om te oorleef.

hopeloos te veel geëet het, maar wie wil nou honger ly?

Die sonkyker kan geïdentifiseer word aan die bruin kleur aan sy

Wanneer die pelgrims in Paul Roux arriveer, word hulle verwelkom

bokant, wat dan langs sy sye oorgaan na ’n aarbei/geel kleur en

en ontvang ’n inligtingsessie waar hulle “buffs” en paspoorte aan

die geel onderkant. Die sonkyker het stekelrige skubbe op die

hulle oorhandig word. Die pelgrims kuier heerlik by die Pink Tricycle

agterkant van sy kop en sy lyf, en sy stert het ook spirale van groot,

en word prettig vermaak deur Maggie Beeselaar ... die warm siel

stekelrige skubbe. Die kleintjies lyk baie dieselfde as die volwasse

van die pelgrimstog.

akkedisse, maar hulle het oranje-bruin kolle op hulle lyf. Kom bevry jou gemoed Dit is onwettig om die sonkyker aan te hou, en boetes van tot

... maak nuwe vriende of

R60 000 of 10 jaar tronkstraf kan opgelê word aan persone wat

bring jou eie groep en kom

sonkykers in hulle besit het.

geniet die warm kaggelvure of kuier langs ’n swembad of om

Een van TWK se direkteure, mnr. Heino Kusel, het saam met goeie

’n braaivleisvuur. Besoek gerus die

vriende die Sungazer-pelgrimstog te voet aangepak.

Sungazer-pelgrimstog webbladsy: www.sungazerpilgrimage.co.za

TWK AGRI

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Deur: Riaan Snyder

O

ns begin met die getroue palet en ’n stuk mat. Neem ’n paar stafies hout vanaf die palet en heg dit met twee vertikale houtstafies aanmekaar. Meet die lengtes van die rande om die stukkies hout in lengte gelyk te sny en merk dit ook op die houtstukke. Maak die oppervlak van die houtblad skoon en

skuur dit met 100 grein-skuurpapier gelyk, en smeer kleefmiddel (Genkem contact adhesive – beskikbaar by jou naaste handelstak) op die mat en die houtblad en versprei dit eweredig oor die oppervlaktes. Die mat se oppervlakte hoef slegs die blad te dek. Enige oortollige materiaal word ná die droogtyd met ’n matmes afgesny. Plak die mat nou op die houtblad en druk dit eweredig vas. Dit mag dalk nodig wees om konstante druk op die mat te plaas ten einde ’n eweredige binding te verseker (5 tot 10 minute lank behoort genoeg te wees).

Sny die voorafgemete houtstukke in die lengtes soos benodig en draai die raam met skroefies vas (die skroefies se grootte sal verskil, afhangende van die breedte van die rand/houtstuk wat jy vir die ontwerp gekies het). Begin ná 15 minute die raam aan die houtblad heg en met skroefies vasdraai (die mat sal binne hierdie tydperk reeds ten volle kleef en hanteerbaar wees). Vryf die raam met Woodoc se Gel Stain (beskikbaar by alle handelstakke) in. Enige ou lap of kwas met sintetiese hare sal voldoende wees vir hierdie taak. Laat dit dan vir 10 minute

Het jy genoeg gehad van daardie klein voetjies wat gereeld hulle modderbedekte vellies en stewels die huis insleep, of selfs van ’n man wat homself dag na dag in die modder en reën afsloof en wie se stewels dan die bewyse na binne dra? In hierdie uitgawe wys ons jou hoe om binne ’n halfuur ’n kreatiewe en praktiese manier te skep om jou modderspore in die huis in toom te hou.

droog word.

Al wat nou oorbly, is om daardie plekkie binne of buite die huis te kry om jou nuwe projek te plaas en jou huis vir ’n klein rukkie sonder modderspore te hou – dis nou as jou vierpotige kleindinge net wil saamwerk!

73


TWK RADIUS

T

WK Healthy Habits het ondersoek gaan instel nadat ’n voorstel ontvang is om TWK-werknemers wat tans werk toe stap, met fietse te help. ’n Definitiewe behoefte is onder ons personeel geïdentifiseer. Twee honderd bekostigbare fietse is beskikbaar gestel aan personeel wat belang gestel het. Hierdie inisiatief maak ’n groot verskil in die personeel se lewens, veral diegene wat voorheen nie vervoer gehad het nie en werk toe moes stap. Positiewe terugvoer is van oral

ontvang – weereens bevestiging dat TWK daarna streef om die werkgewer van keuse te wees.

TWK AGRI

74


Michael Mchunu | Pietermaritzburg

Joseph Ndlela | Underberg Q: What is your favourite food? A: Chicken & Beef.

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Chicken.

Q: What music do you listen to? A: Classic. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: ...

Q: What music do you listen to? A: Zulu Contemporary. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: Eish! Q: Why TWK? A: I like working with customers in agriculture and farming environment.

Q: Why TWK? A: There was a position available. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Merchandiser.

Ilma Filter Constantia Q: What is your favourite food? A: Lekker plaas skaapribbetjie. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Klassieke musiek. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: Daai woord kan ek nie hier bekend maak nie, die wat my ken weet watter woord ek daagliks baie gebruik! Q: Why TWK? A: TWK is ‘n maatskappy wat deur boere gestig is, en ek wat as plaaskind groot geword het, wil terug gee aan die stigters deur dienslewering en lojale positiewe gesindheid elke dag. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Administratiewe ontvangs klerk te Sylyn depot 1986.

Mbhekeni Madonsela Silo Auto Body Q: What is your favourite food? A: Meat and porridge. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Maskandi. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: I don’t quit!

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: General worker.

Mbuso Mathebula Piet Retief Hino

Kamila Mahabeer Greytown

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Burgers.

Q: What is your favourite food? A:Chicken curry and rice.

Q: What music do you listen to? A: Dolly Parton. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: “Ons maak ‘n plan”.

Q: What music do you listen to? A: R. Kelly - I belive I can fly. Q: What phrase or word do you use

most often?

A: I can do this!

Q: Why TWK? A: I chose TWK Toyota because they are the best in the motor industry and TWK Toyota was the most successful choice with regards to workmanship and training to be provided to a technician. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Technician.

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Floor worker.

Martha Nkonyane PR Mechanisation

Thalitha Shongwe Siding

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Pap en vleis. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Gospel. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: No time to waste, we need to work.

Q: Why TWK? A: It is the best place for me.

Q: Why TWK? A: Best company at the time compared to others.

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: I was at the paint shop.

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Cleaner.

Connie Vermaak Insurance

Mkhawuleni Ndaba Siding

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Bobotie.

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Beef and pap. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Gospel music. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: Everyday is a learning day.

Q: What music do you listen to? A: Country. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: “As ‘n mens kan lees, kan ’n mens vêr kom in die lewe.”

Q: Why TWK? A: I enjoy working for TWK. I have learned a lot over the years and got a lot of experience in different departments.

Q: Why TWK? Q: Why TWK? A: Ek glo TWK is ‘n A: I just like the company. maatskappy met ’n passie vir Q: What was your first position at sy mense en kliënte wat ‘n TWK? groot verskil maak in die omgewing. A: Forklift operator. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Teemaker en pos-uitdeler.

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Chicken and pap. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Gospel music. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: Learn until you die. Q: Why TWK? A: The company I like. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: General Worker.

Monette Thiele Timber Howick Q: What is your favourite food? A: Spare ribs. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Afrikaanse musiek. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: “Kyk in my oë en luister.” En dan ook, “Hallo skattie”. Q: Why TWK? A: Dit is ‘n uitstekende maatskappy om voor te werk. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Admin Klerk

Themba Nkwanyane Arrowfeeds

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Pap and pork. Q: What music do you listen to? A: R&B and Slows. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: Madara. Q: Why TWK? A: Because of the good relations I have with my fellow colleagues. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: General worker.


Ecki Kohlmeyer Timber

Trudie Meyer Finance

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Braaivleis. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Klassieke musiek.

Nwabisa Langa Ixopo Q: What is your favourite food? A: KFC.

Q: What is your favourite food? A: Braaivleis. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Afrikaans & Pop musiek.

Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: “Think before you act.” Q: Why TWK? A: Die geleentheid om by TWK te werk het oor my pad gekom en ek het die dit aangegryp. TWK is ‘n dinamiese maatskappy.

Q: What music do you listen to? A: Gospel. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: “That is it!”

Q: Why TWK? A: Daar was ‘n pos beskikbaar, ek het aansoek gedoen en het werk gekry.

Q: Why TWK? A: I love TWK.

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Krediteure.

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: General Worker.

Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Hout bemarking.

Egmont Meyer Finance Q: What is your favourite food? A: Seekos. Q: What music do you listen to? A: Afrikaans. Q: What phrase or word do you use most often? A: “Moenie aan ander doen wat jy nie aan jouself gedoen wil hê nie.” Q: Why TWK? A: Daardie jare was daar nog nie so baie werksgeleenthede soos nou nie. TWK was die beste instansie om by aansoek te doen en ek het die werk gekry. Q: What was your first position at TWK? A: Graan bemarking.

Executive Management Tinus Potgieter Constantia Dalene Mckelvey Trade Anton Lombard Bongiwe Mnikathi Catherine Smit Comas Nzimande Innocentia Nyide Linda Mlangeni Magdel Groenewald Mark Ellery Phuzukubona Xaba Sarika Seesha Jeremiah Ngobese

Trade

Executive Management

Ananias Mantoro Clemen Mabaleka Heino Hambrock Hendrika van der Merwe Kathleen de Villiers Innocent Ndhlovu Letty Slabbert Maurice Mashilo Mathew Nkosi Morné Klopper Msolwa Thwala Herry Mkhabela Mthethunzima Maphala Nicolene du Plessis Petrus Ignatuis Joubert Thabani Mathonsi Mbekezeli Mkhwanazi Wayne Muller

André Myburgh Debtors Yanica Stephansen Finance Mex Barnard Grain Dudu Mazibuko George Hasman Hlengi Nkosi Andries Molabe Mandla Nhlabathi Nelson Yende Goodman Nhleko Velaphi Simelane Zebron Mahlobo

Logistics Albert Nkosi Moses Hlatshwayo Paulus Mkhaliphi TWK Motors Florah Nkosi Gideon Groenewald Godfrey Tshabalala Maria Joubert Isuzu Motors Bheki Mokoena Dorah Thabethe Sipho Mbungela Wonderboy Sibeko

Timber Ntando Sambo PW Joubert Pieter Keeve TWK Motors

Insurance Chantell Grobler Finance Jobie Ridgard

Bhekizenzo Khumalo Beauty Dladla Patrick Mkhwanazi Patrick Fakude Zanele Msibi

Arrowfeeds Desmond Fruwirth

Silo Auto Body

Protea Tyres Stanley Olivier

Thoko Yende

Grain Vusumuzi Thwala

Isuzu Motors Lucky Nkosi

Gromor Elmone Nguenha Eres Nkosi Jack Ramoshaba Monde Mdinwa Nico Silubane Nicolas Mnyandu Nocoment Sibiya Mark Rhode Siyabonga Mjumgula Solomon Shelembe Thomas Khoza William Mokwena Reception Karien du Toit Zodwa Mtshale

Timber André Heselman Anelle van Deventer Braam Myburgh Cynthia Vundla Maureen Thwala Simon Hlatshwayo Tarryn Smith Constance Nkosi Arrowfeeds Sabelo Phiri Vusie Zikalala


TWK RADIUS

TWK Agri Classic

T

WK het die geleentheid gehad om die Agri Classic hierdie jaar weer by die Victoria-buiteklub te Pietermaritzburg aan te bied, en soos te vore was dit weereens ’n groot sukses. New Holland het as hoofborg ingestaan om hulle vennootskap met TWK in Pietermaritzburg bekend te stel.

Vroegoggend het die spelers nader begin staan om vir die dag se opwinding gereed te maak. Daar was 72 spelers wat deelgeneem het en die spanne het bestaan uit TWK-kliënte en verskaffers. TWK-personeel het ook waterpunte beman by van die afslaanpunte en seker gemaak dat die spelers op daardie warm dag iets te ete en iets koud het om te geniet.

Ná die gholfdag se verrigtinge het almal by die klubhuis bymekaar gekom vir ’n gesellige funksie en ete. Eddie Fivaz het die aand begin met ’n kort toespraak oor die finansiële jaar van 2019, waarna Lukas Coetzer langdienstoekennings aan die Suidstreek se TWK-personeel kon oorhandig. TJ Ndlela was die toppresteerder vir hierdie aand en hy het sy toekenning vir 35 jaar se dienslewering aan TWK ontvang.

Ná die langdiensprysuitdeling is die gholfdagpryse vir beste spanne en spelers uitgedeel, waarna TWK se eie liedjie en musiekvideo, Groen Genade, wat deur Jakobus Silver geskryf en opgevoer is, bekendgestel is. Na afloop van al die verrigtinge het die verskaffers, kliënte en TWK-personeel saam gekuier en hierdie dag op ’n positiewe noot afgesluit.

77

TWK AGRI


Café Welverdiend TWK RADIUS

Café

Welverdiend Bestanddele: •

Stywe mieliepap

1 gekapte ui

1 gekapte tamatie

1 pak wit sampioene (opgesny)

1 pak gekapte spek

1 k room

2 k cheddarkaas

Metode: 1.

Maak ’n pot lekker stywe mieliepap en laat effens afkoel

2.

Rol die mieliepap in balletjies so groot soos ’n frikkadel en pak dit in ’n oondskottel.

3.

Braai die uie, tamatie, sampioene en spek saam in ’n pan met botter tot gaar.

4.

Maak ’n gat in elke balletjie met jou duim en plaas die uiemengsel daarin.

5.

Gooi die room bo-oor en maak seker dat dit tussen al die balletjies ingaan.

6.

Bedek die hele bak met gerasperde kaas.

7.

Bak in die oond teen 180 °C vir ’n uur.

8.

Bedien warm.

Variasie: Vir variasie kan jy suikermielies by die pap inmeng voordat jy die balletjies maak.

CAFÉ WELVERDIEND

78


TWK RADIUS

Hierdie heerlike gesonde resep word natuurlik met stroop of heuning versoet. Dit kan volgens jou smaak aangepas word en lewer sowat 8 koppies granola – genoeg vir 16 porsies.

Bestanddele: •

4 k gerolde hawermout

1 ½ k rou neute en/of sade

1 t fyn seesout

½ t gemaalde kaneel

½ k klapperolie of olyfolie

½ k heuning of stroop

1 t vanielje-ekstrak

2/3 k gedroogte, opgekapte vrugte (bessies/perskes of sjokoladeknopies of klappervlokkies – indien verlang)

Metode: 1.

Voorverhit die oond tot 180 °C en voer ’n groot bakplaat met bakpapier.

2.

Meng die hawermout, neute en/of sade, sout en kaneel saam in ’n groot mengbak.

3.

Gooi die olie, heuning/stroop en vanielje by die mengsel en meng goed deur sodat al die hawermout en neute bedek is. Skep uit op die bakplaat en gebruik ’n groot houtlepel om dit egalig te versprei.

4.

Bak tot ligbruin vir ongeveer 21 tot 24 minute. Roer halfpad deur die baktyd. Die granola sal verder verhard soos dit afkoel.

5.

Laat dit vir ten minste 45 minute staan om heeltemal af te koel. Gooi dan die gedroogte vrugte of ander opsionele bestanddele bo-op indien verlang. Breek die granola in stukke met jou hande.

6.

Stoor die granola vir 1 tot 2 weke in ’n lugdigte houer by kamertemperatuur.

Die resep kan aangepas word om dit glutenvry te maak deur glutenvrye hawermout te gebruik. Vir ’n neutvrye opsie, gebruik sade soos sonneblom of pampoen in die plek van die neute. Indien jy geroosterde klapper wil byvoeg, roer dit eers halfpad deur die bakproses by die granola in. Granola is heerlik op sy eie of saam met melk, jogurt en vars vrugte, of selfs in ’n slaai vir ’n bietjie ekstra brosheid.

79


EVENTS

AT WELVERDIEND www.welverdiend.com

HOW CAN WE BE OF SERVICE?

TEAM BUILDING

We are now open to host team building events. Whether you coordinate your own team building actions or need us to coordinate them for you, let us help you grow and strengthen your team, effectively.

CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION Chantell Grobler  welverdiend@twkagri.com  (082) 370 4180

Welverdiend


s ble ca ies or

To find out more about our products and services, visit your nearest TWK Agri Trade branch.

ess cc da

an

In association with TWK Agri Trade, we now offer you electrical cables and accessories as well as technical advice and designs on electrical reticulation projects.

Handel Trade

Die draad het kleiner gate (75 mm) onder tot op die hoogte van 990 mm en dan groter gate (150 mm of 300 mm) tot by 2,4 m. Asook beskikbaar in 1,2 m hoog met vertikale spasieering van 75 mm.

Game King Veldspan®

• Die volgende is belangrik: • Die gebruik van droppers is opsioneel. • Dit is maklik en vinnig om op te rig. • Dit help om roofdiere te bekamp.

Verskaffers van kwaliteit versinkte draad en omheiningsmateriaal.

www.cwi-wire.co.za

|

TEL: 016-980-3111


TWK RADIUS

A

s we face a new year, we need to be very careful that we are not distracted. Proverbs 29:18 states in the KJV, ‘Where there is

no vision the people perish’. Once we are distracted, we tend to lose the vision, and then we end up going down cul-de-sacs, we lose heart and we start going in a downward spiral. I was once told by a man of God that we need to concentrate on the majors in our lives, and not the minors. There is a Latin quote that reads as follows: Aquila non captat muscas, which literally

means eagles do not chase insects. We leave the house birds to catch the insects and the eagles to fly up in the high places – their prey is not insects, but a much larger animal.

God is saying to you and me at the beginning of this year that we need to concentrate on the vision that He has given to us and not to busy ourselves with things that we can do nothing about. In fact, the New King James Version of Proverbs 29:18 says, ‘Where there is no revelation, the people cast off restraint …’. In other words, if you have lost your vision, then you have no more reason to get up in the morning. The issues that we are facing in our beloved country at this time, namely drought, and economic and political unrest, are of major consequence. However, these are things about which the average farmer can do nothing. Therefore, we need to stay the course, we need to concentrate on the vision that the good Lord has given to each of us individually.

Remember that every drought ends with rain, and every economic and political situation will balance itself out. Apart from concerted prayer, there is nothing that you and I, as ordinary people, can really do about it.

The pendulum will swing back again – it always does – but in the meantime, we need to keep the vision, we need to follow through, and we need to make sure that things on the farm are running as smoothly as possible. Keep the farm looking pristine, in spite of the situation, dip those cattle regularly, mend those fences, weed those fields, repair those roads and, even more importantly, love your family, respect your fellow man, and then the Lord Jesus Christ will do His part. Galatians 6:9 (NKJV) has become one of my favourite verses in the Bible. It says the following, ‘And let us not grow weary while doing good, for in due season we shall reap if we do not lose heart’. If there is one thing that agriculture has taught me, that is patience. The other important thing is to be consistent in whatever you put your hand to. Remember that Rome was not built in a day. Some of the greatest stockmen I have ever met are, without exception, patient and caring people. We must nurture and care for what God has put into our hands.

The Good Shepherd goes out and finds that one lost sheep. Some of us do not even know how many sheep we have, because we are so stressed out, worried, angry, about our circumstances, that we have lost our vision. Some crop farmers do not walk through their fields any longer – they have lost their vision, and so the bush pigs and weeds are having a field day.

May God bless you. I pray that 2020 will be a great year for you and your loved ones.

Angus Buchan

TWK AGRI

82


PLOEG IS 'N 7-LETTER-WOORD. En daardie 7-letter-woord is Willard. Wanneer die ryk aarde voorberei word vir saad wat sal ontkiem in voedsel vir die nasie, het jy 'n betroubare battery-vennoot nodig. Die krag van die tegnologie in elke WillardÂŽ Battery verseker dat Suid-Afrika se 12.5 miljoen hektaar landbougrond bly bewerk word.

Willard.

willard.co.za

Die kragwoord vir vooruitboer.


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TWK Radius │ Jun Jul Aug 2020  

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