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The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

Page 2 - The Perils of Proliferation: Terrorists Organizing Technologies Page 3 - Nuclear Affair in the North & South Korea Page 4 - The Changing Agenda Page 5 - Syria: Lost in Repartee Page 6 - ECOSOC: The Decisions of the Few, for the Good of Many Page 7 - From Theory of Analytical Hierarchy to Devaluation of Currency: ECOSOC Page 8 - Photographs

Day 2: Closing Issue

Message from Deputy Secretary General When we started off with BlissMUN 2012, our sole endeavour was to enrich the participants in all aspects. Today, after over a month of vigorous and tumultuous journey, we can safely declare that BlissMUN 2012 was one of the most notable MUN conferences in Delhi. If overlooking the minor logistical glitches, there were no shortcomings in the quality of debate and the enriching experience, that was promised. A special thanks to Siddharth Soni and Nishesh Bhasin for being there when we needed them the most.

The International Press Team

Head of International Press Twesh Mishra Editor Sonika Chandok Reporters Security Council Geetika Nagpal Aishwarya Chaurasia General Assembly Prashant Jha Anushri Saxena ECOSOC Dhruv Sood Charumati Haran Photographers Paritosh Anand Karan Chadha Tanmay Chakraborty


The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

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The Perils of Proliferation: Terrorists Organizing Technologies

mongst the most precarious challenges which the very existence of Human kind faces today, Global Terrorism tops the list. And one point to which the delegates present in the General Assembly’s meeting of UN held on September 28, 2012 agreed unanimously was need to restrict the proliferation of Ballistic missile technology amongst the non-state actors(focusing principally on Terrorist organizations). The perils which will be posed to the International community once terrorist organizati o n s manage to get hold of these terminal weapons’ know-hows is unthinkable. The concept of State backed terrorist organizations got once again flamed when Israel put direct accusations on Syria and Iran for helping flourish terrorist groups such as Hezbollah and Hamas. France voiced its conc e r n over the

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issue by quoting the instance of Hezbollah possessing the design of Chinese Cruise missiles. This incident has certainly forced countries to think over safeguarding not only their armaments and weapons but also the technologies involved in making them, as passing of either of them in to the hands of nonstate players is fatal. Representative of Arms Control Association

technologies being passed to the anti-social elements, the ideas of representative of Arms Control Association (ACA) appeared reasonable to curb the same. The representative of ACA advised all countries to safeguard not only their present war machineries but also the outdated MIRVs and weapons which can be duplicated by non-state actors if not secured. The repres e n t a ti v e also urged to secure the retransfer of end products of war or defence operations. The unmanned war vehicles should be designed with ultrasecurity so pointed out the need to recognise that it cannot be hijacked. Global Terrorist Groups in order to What makes the procurement of take action against them. The rep- Ballistic missiles by terrorist groups resentative said “the definition of more dangerous is the capability of a terrorist organization changes these missiles to carry out chemifrom nation to nation as Hamas is cal, biological and nuclear warfare an accepted organization in Iran”. which can prove lethal for exisUnited States of America blamed tence of the planet. Representapolitical corruption prevalent in tives of different countries must the country for the proliferation of work in an agreement to address war technologies amongst non- the issue so that the sense of security can be instilled. state players. Prashant Jha, Reporter, While delegates of all the countries General Assembly were involved mainly in counting Karan Chadha, Photographer the reasons and threats of Missiles


The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

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Nuclear Affair in the North & South Korea

he Korean peninsula has long suffered from the decisions made by the economically developed countries. The victorious allies of the Second World War first politically sliced it into two parts - Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea in the North and the Republic of Korea. A stark contrast in their ideologies, the north being communist and the south capitalist, differences were bound to happen that led to full-scale battle. The war stretching from 1950 to 1953 cost millions of innocent lives and a relentless exploitation of natural resources. Political scholars criticized the role of the then bipolar blocs of the United States of America and the USSR; let alone the vested interests of their functionaries - the NATO and the Warsaw Pact respectively in mounting up the tensions between the two states and thus reaffirming the division between the two. Despite bringing the war to an end, the peace treaty signed at Panmunjom could not reunify the Korean peninsula. While North Korea went ahead with becoming a nuclear-capable state with the help of Russia and China; concerns were raised citing its national instability and unpredictability. North Korea was also suspected of exporting nuclear-facilitating resources to other countries particularly the Middle East. Keeping the past timeline of North Korea in mind, it will not be wrong to say that North Korea is surrounded by hostile neighbors and becoming a nuclear state is only in the interest of it’s national security. Although, having declared that, it should not be complaining if South Korea also attempts at building their nuclear arsenal. Conclusively, any future prospects of solidarity and reunification between the two states seem slim as with their very first nuclear test in 2006, North Korea stands as a constant threat to its southern counter-

part. Moreover, presence of nuclear weapons in the any of the two states would only escalate the amount

of distress between them and worsen the present situation. It is important that enforced foreign intervention s is withdrawn immediately allowing the two for conducting rational talks and consequently zeroing in on mutually agreed resolutions. Anushri Saxena, Reporter, General Assembly Tanmay Chakraborty, Photographer

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The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

The Changing Agenda

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ay two of MUN saw further development in the agenda of the committee. The delegate of United States of America requested a moderated caucus to discuss the various solutions possible to point of contention between Palestine and Israel. Azerbaijan quoted Security Council resolution 456, 1979 which states that claims of Israel over occupied territories

ship of UN because it will be only then that it can get access to legal ratification. Syria started by saying that it is a pity that terrorism is supported in Syria, while in countries like USA, Portugal and France it is highly condemned and confronted. Further the UN security general reports that at the end of December 2011,135 Palestinian children were tortured, blindfolded and beaten. At this point Portugal said that it is shocked that Syria is speaking about human right violation when in its own country violation has reached its zenith. USA made a point that violence has happened both in Israel and Palestine. So all the blame should not go to Israel alone. Azerbaijan said that over 60% of Palestinian owned structure was demolare illegal and have got no legal validity. Israel must ished due to lack of law and order in the part of Syria. withdraw from the occupied land. It said that no so- UK again made a point that human rights are violated lution can be reached until Israel is ready to negotiate because of sensitivity of the area and not because of which it isn’t. Israel agreed to the fact that Israel is not either party. The moderated caucus ended with Syria allowing entry to Jerusalem because of the change in saying that it does not allow intervention of the west foreign policy of Palestine towards Israel. It said that to settle disputes because it believes that terrorist like it will negotiate only when Palestine is ready to have al-Qaida is funded by West. USA defended itself by bilateral agreement. United Kingdom said that Israeli stating that they fund only those people in Syria who government must recognise Palestine as an independ- wants an independent regime. ent state. Finally the committee agreed that creation Syria and USA raised the motion to discuss Economic of two states is the only possible solution. situation in state of Palestinian occupied territories. The moderated caucus was Azerbaijan said that Israeli government must recogfurther extended by Pales- nise Palestine as an independent state and let it detine to discuss the human cide its economic condition. Egypt said that Palestine right violation continuously has the potential of attaining economic stability in fugoing on in Palestine. The ture. To some extent Israel has got justice, its high delegate of Palestine began time that Palestine must get the same. Aishwarya Chaurasia, Reporter, Security Council by stating that their rights Paritosh Anand, Photographer can be protected only when it gets the member-

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The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

Syria: Lost in Repartee The Security Council on the second day was marked by an overflow of hypocrisy. Countries which themselves engage in human rights violation were seen blaming others of this defiance of international law. The committee saw Syria which has itself been accused by the Secretary General previously of torturing and reportedly executing prisoners and failing to pro-

tect civilians fleeing the war-ravaged country in record numbers, accusing Israel of human rights violation. Syria insisted that it was against the denial of inalienable and human rights to Palestinian refugees by Israel whereas its own civilians are denied the basic human rights. Further, the delegate of Syria insistently blamed and condemned Israel for the use of white phosphorus munitions by Israel in the Gaza War which is in direct insubordination of the Chemical Weapons Convention which has been ratified by Israel banning its use. This allegation brings into question the credibility of Syria to make this accusation when the U.N. chief himself

has accused the Syrian forces of indiscriminately shelling densely populated areas and especially urged President Bashar Assad's government to end the fighting. Israel was left speechless when Syria presented a UNHRC Report which stated that the white phosphorus shelling continued for hours and hence can’t be claimed to have been conducted for the purpose of creation of a smoke screen, as Israel had been vehemently claiming till present. Where on one hand, Syria remains woefully ignorant of the human rights violations in its own country, on the other hand, Portugal came out in support of the ‘extremist’ organisations in Syria. Syria claimed that the civilian rebel groups in their country were in fact extremist organisations which sought to spread anti-government feelings in the country. The open support of these organisations by Portugal led Syria to respond with the demand for the expulsion of Portugal from the council due to violation of Article 6 of the UN Charter. Portugal expressing distrust of Israel claimed that the complaints by Arabs in Israel against Israeli officers are not even registered. Furthermore, Arabs are punished harsher than Jews on committing the same crimes. Towards the culmination of the conference the committee tried to come to a consensus regarding the status of Palestine as a “state” and means to ensure economic stability in the Palestinian occupied territory. Geetika Nagpal, Reporter, Security Council Paritosh Anand, Photographer

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The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

ECOSOC: The Decisions of the Few, for the Good of Many It was satisfying to see that today’s ECOSOC session was more focused on discussion of ground level issues affecting common man rather than high level international politics. Russia and USA agreed on the need for

ing of tariffs. At one time, India took active part in the movement of developing nations that alleged that WTO mandate of abolition of tariffs had not been followed through by developed nations So far, it appears

psychological counseling for victims. Australia was quick to raise the point that often the UN peacekeeping force itself is accused of human rights violations. There was also discussion about specific, necessary goods and making them more widely available during times of unrest. Unsurprisingly, oil prices, oil producing nations and political unrest in these nations were a concern common for all nations. Nigeria raised the issue of mistrust between nations, sometimes caused by terrorism, which harmed trade and cultural ties. Many nations agreed that there was a need for sharing of intelligence information. Technical issues like methods of quantitative risk assessment were also discussed. It is interesting to observe that the India has so far remained largely non-committal on the issue of high tariffs imposed by developed nations on products of developing nations. Neither has it strongly supported the African nations, LDCs and others in making the same demand. India’s economic reforms in the 1990s also included lower-

that India is eager to encourage collaboration with other nations while keeping such points aside. India is in a precarious political and economic situation at present. Its concerns about the preference of foreign investors for a stable environment are perfectly justified. Another important motion moved by the delegate of India was the revival of human and physical capital after terrorist attacks and natural disasters with special emphasis on employment. Thus, we observe in today’s session of the ECOSOC that old issues and rivalries are being put aside to take up new problems. Perhaps this can be attributed to the increasing globalization and to the governments’ realizing that they need each others’ support to take action on global issues. On the other hand, we observe that the failure of countries to coordinate their economic policies can lead to problems, even when they all share similar goals. The hard-earned money of millions of people, their hopes, their dreams and their ambitions – in essence, what people can make of their lives - depends on these decisions of their governments. Charumati Haran, Reporter, ECOSOC, Tanmay Chakraborty, Photographer

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The Commune Resolving, Reaffirming, Reassuring

From Theory of Analytical Hierarchy to Devaluation of Currency: ECOSOC In the fall of 1962, USA President John F. Kennedy got into a rift with USSR. President Nikita Khrushchev made unsuccessful attempts to overthrow the Cuban regime famously known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. The world was petrified that the two of the world’s

theory of Analytical Hierarchy along with the Delphi method put forward by the delegate of United States of America was severely criticized by the delegate of United Kingdom. United States of America defended the Social Nets policy of the Russian Federation even after the delegate of United Kingdom mentioned about its’ failure in countries like Georgia. Another sudden change of events, led to the formation of a block consisting of the African Union of Nations led by Nigeria who accused the wealthy developed countries of not backing them substantially and declaring unfair trade policies against them. Flabbergasted, by this statement The most powerful countries will indulge in a war that was French, English and American Ambassadors made exnever seen before. But for the betterment of the cruciating remarks stating that funds provided to the world the Cold War never turned hot. African Nations were lost due to their own follies. A USSR broke apart in 1991 and the Russian federation third of a day was over, but debates were still concentook over its seat in the Security Council still not losing trating on the problems rather than focusing on its relevance in world politics. USA was declared as meaningful solutions. the sole superpower but the tensions were still in- Just before the commencement of lunch session, evitable. some solutions were put forward like devaluating curTill the lapse of the session of Day One of the Eco- rencies and early warning systems. What was needed nomic and Social Council the Russian Federation, The was that countries leave aside their differences and People's Republic of China had a separate block from work on solutions collecthat of the United Kingdom and the United States, tively as one world comeach having their own allies. Both blocks expressed munity in order to tackle all their stance, alleged and defended the policies of upcoming impediments. Dhruv Sood, their respective countries citing examples like USSR Reporter, ECOSOC leaving nuke suitcases in Afghanistan and Syrian Tanmay Chakraborty, peace talks stalled by the Russian Federation. Photographer But today at Day Two, there was a remarkable change of events when allies reformulated their opinion. The

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The Commune Resolving, ReaďŹƒrming, Reassuring


The Commune