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October 2011 Page 5 - The new age of impatience.

Page 2 - Eve Teasing still running rampant A Practical News Letter by Department of Journalism, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi

Page 4 - Who can Live Without the Internet

Youth and New Media There is little doubt that the new media has opened up huge possibilities for the Indian youth in recent years. Though the overall penetration of new media in the country has reached only ten per cent, it is Dr. Sunil Sondhi, Principal up to 80 per cent in the metropolises. Beginning with e-mail in the 90s, the use of new media has spread very rapidly in social interaction and entertainment. However, a large part of the potential remains untapped due to various constraints inherent in the Indian reality. The numbers of youth using the new media are growing very rapidly. But for the present we are talking of urban youth only. The overwhelming section of our youth, which lives in the rural areas, remains large untouched by the media, new or old. So when we talk of the role of new media in the country we should be little careful in arriving at any hasty conclusions. The same reservation applies when we speak of the role of new media in changing the lives of the people. The first and the biggest change that new media affords is economic by adding technology to the four traditional means of production – land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship. Here too, new media has till now played a limited role in unleashing the potential of Indian economy. The large unorganised sector still remains relatively untouched by the efficiencies that new media brings to the economies of nations. It seems that the biggest single change that new media has brought in India during the past decade is that it has ushered in transparency in governance. We are today a more transparent nation, and this is largely due to the Right to Information and the role of the new media in making that right effective. When we live in a borderless society, it will itself develop a common ethics because of the public pressure. Things are bound to change for the better in the coming years when the younger generation fully realises the potential of new media to transmit, store, and retrieve information in no time. The keypad opens up a world of information and knowledge which gives power to the user. I would like to very strongly urge the youth to use the power of new media for the good of the society of which they are an integral part and which impacts their lives. Immense power of new media should be used not just for social interaction and entertainment, but much more importantly for changing things for the better. Change must begin at home, in educational institutions, and in the neighbourhood. The new media has made it easier for the youth to make things happen. It is now up to them to make the change for the better.

Page 7 - F1 - India in the fast lane.

Social Networking - Karlo Duniya Mutthi Mein

Traversing down the memory lane, somewhere

countries, the government commands an absolute control over the media which results in the press around the year 2000, the world had begun to reap becoming the spokesperson and mouthpiece of the the real dividends of globalization. The explosion of government. In such political set ups, social media the dot com bubble in the United States happened to emerges as an unbiased, independent platform which be a major milestone in the history of the human helps people broadcast their views freely and hence race. During this time, the competition amongst vari- in case of a social movement it helps people to ous powerhouses driving express opprobrium openly the market rapidly intenand encourage others to sified and corporations voice opposition against began to post record injustice. profits. With phenomeIt’s pretty evident that social nal economic success media is a very powerful tool being achieved and with and in instances pertaining to an eye towards greater social movements it helps in growth, work hours communicating information, became lengthier and organizing protests, mobilizjobs became more chaling greater support by servlenging. It was at this ing as a base for free propapoint in time when congation of ideas, exposing govcerns were being raised ernment brutalities and over the future of the wrongdoings, providing a social wellness of the human race but just when platform for opprobrium and expression of independthings started ent opinions etc. But appearing blurred, it isn’t utilized in the what unleashed The birth of social networking sites like MySpace, Hi5, most positive way next happened to Bebo, Orkut, Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and a host of always. While social be the most domi- other such sites reiterated and reestablished the fact that net working sites nating and bizarre social interaction and communication are and will always were used as a byproduct of the be irreplaceable, irremovable and indelible aspects of the weapon by Tunisians dot com bubble life of humans during their prolonged stay on Earth. On one and Egyptians to which stormed the hand, de-regulation and globalization cornered people in peacefully topple dicentire world like a their offices and on the other hand social networking sites tatorial regimes, whirlwind. It was helped individuals in giving birth to another life of theirs on undemocratic forces time for retribution a platform popularly referred to as the virtual world. in England mis-utiand what resulted Features ranging from posting messages and content to lized them to organwere popular upris- sharing photos and videos became immensely popular ize crimes, spread ings in Tunisia, within no time. riots and looting. Egypt and Libya Every technology has along with popular its set of pros and anti-corruption movements in India and other parts of cons and social networking sites happen to be no the world. Social networking sites played a pivotal exception. The use of social networking websites in role in such movements. There is no denying that such an extensive way, proves that people don’t just even today, a world which claims to be a self appoint- use such sites as a substitute for physical interactions ed protector of democracy and liberty happens to with their friends and acquaintances. Saif Ahmad Khan, Journo, 1st Year indulge in widespread censoring of the press. In many

Bridging the Gap

‘Aakash’ is not the limit The Indian government has launched Aakash, the much awaited tablet PC in an attempt to bridge the digital divide

On July 22nd 2010, HRD minister Kapil Sibal announced that the Indian government would attempt to bridge the digital divide by means of a 35$ tablet PC. The following year, on October 5th 2011, Aakash was launched as an affordable tablet computer priced at a neat `1750 for Indian students. The dream of a technologically empowered nation did not seem far, the introduction of a cheaper alternative to traditional computing devices quashed skeptics and reinforced optimists. No doubt Aakash is a landmark for modern India but the journey to absolute technical finesse in the hands of the masses is far from over. The commercial variant of the tablet will be retailed under the brand name UbiSlate and will cost a relatively decent `3000. Those purchasing the commerical variant won’t be liable to the government subsidy but would be able to avail the facility of telephonic conversations, video chat and internet surfing via a GSM operator. With the launch of the Aakash tablet, several other schemes of the Indian Government wherein it was attempting to ensure a technologically enabled nation have come to the fore. BOSS or Bharat Operating System Solutions is a free Linux based operating system for India which has been avoiding the media glare. BOSS can be downloaded from it’s website and has variants other than a developer version ranging from ones for basic educational needs to advanced versions for servers and even for the Intel

atom processor. The Indian government and the populace must realize that the currently available resources would not be suffice to ensure equal opportunity for the masses in the years to come. The government needs to strive for enhancement in order to survive in the standards set by fellow nations. Constraints with Aakash like other government machinery are pertaining to distribution and questions being raised on the quality of products. As an introduction, 1 lakh tablets are being made available for over 25,000 higher education institutions in our country, a figure if calculated leads to just 4 tablets per institute in the first round. Further the question being raised on the 3 hour claimed battery backup is a major down slide. The lack of availability of proper distribution mechanisms has since time immemorial been instrumental in the fizzling out of government policies. Further the introduction on a cheap tablet does not ensure it’s proper utilization. The introduction of Aakash is certainly one of the most landmark steps in the future of India but we must ensure that this is not the only step that is undertaken. We in India are accustomed to an extremely lax attitude when the electronic development of our nation is considered. It is necessary that the Aakash tablet does not meet it’s end as the 2G spectrum and other attempts to technologically empower the nation.

If journalism is good, it is controversial, by its nature. Julian Assange

Twesh Mishra, Journo, 2nd Year Subhagata Bhattacharya, Journo,1st Year

2 October 2011 Eve Teasing Rampant Everywhere Stepping out of that doorway may not be as easy

ing feeling when they have to travel in congested buses or metro. Totally favoring the step taken to reserve coaches in metro for ladies, many are saved from degrading glares, lewd gestures and uncalled attention and they now feel safe to commute. Sexual harassment is now growing at an alarming rate, with innumerable cases going unheard of. Girls are too scared to report or as in most cases the

for Eve as it may be for Adam. Modernization is on every Indian’s mind and women empowerment is one of the main focuses of Indian society. However the audacity of eve teasing is still running rampant in the country, especially in the capital itself. While this may seem to be a fun bustle for the male members of our society, it’s almost as earth shattering and nerve racking for the females out there. Not exaggerating the facts, eve teasing and its impacts have not only been taking away their confidence and self-esteem but also the lives of many juvenile girls. The sounds of catcalling, wolf-whistling, humming of songs, and even uncouth comments are now familiar for the ears of those girls who go out in the city. This anarchy has not only put a fear in the minds of the young girls but even their parents are scared to send their girl child alone on the streets. The mindset of the people is such, that eve teasing is encouraged by the girls themselves when they wear western clothes or go out in the night. But the fact is that, even girls wearing traditional dresses are victims of this, and so are those who go out in Eve teasing is not only seen on streets but daylight. schools, colleges, malls, bus stops and even The blame goes to those boys who are not scared to pass suggestive remarks, feel a girl up in public institutes are not free from this social crime. places or even about out-and-out groping. We live in a society where believe it or not, both the offender zooms off, leaving no evidence behind girl and a boy are brought up with two different set except the poor girl who’ll have its inkling through of rules to lead a life. Censoring their girl’s move- the rest of her life. Eve teasing is not only seen on ments, putting different time restrictions is a patri- streets but schools, colleges, malls, bus stops and archy followed by almost all parents. even institutes are not free from this social crime. In spite of this, eve teasing has not been curbed but So what is the solution? Just sit back and take it as on the other hand has increased, making life more just another part of life, thinking that “boys will be difficult for the girls. Downright sexual harassment boys”? Ignore the cheap guys who sing “choli ke implies the level of male mentality which shows peeche kya hai” when you are on your way to colhow much they are frustrated never mind how edu- lege or “munni badnaam hui” as the latest pick up cated or intelligent they are. line? Or else lock your girls up in the houses to keep No wonder most girls feel that disgusting and sink- them away from public glares?

Wind of Change: Let’s Unite, Fight Abuse

The posters carefully pinned all over the college – on every floor and notice board, were not easy to overlook. Neither the message they conveyed was anything unheard of before. Since the college relocated to the Vasundhra Enclave campus, students have continually been adapting themselves to the new area that was destined to be neighboured by the Dallupura village and a government school. Quite expectantly girls could feel the glares at themselves while moving in and out of the college premises (sometimes even within the same). The constant hounding kept on mounting up and seemed to continue forever. Moreover, not only girls but some of the boys were also jeered at and in one case even beaten up. Everyone had seen these things happening or even been through it themselves yet somehow people were hesitant or perhaps, did not care enough to do something about it. Amidst this everyday affair, a small group of students realised the need of hour by approaching various teachers and the Principal who gladly rendered valuable assistance to them. Hence, accompanied with the approval of the college authorities these students got themselves busy with distributing pamphlets and putting up posters, spreading the word about unity and presenting everybody with an opportunity to come together and finally face the common problem which had been losing rebuttal due to a lack of solidarity.

With only three days given for promotion, it was unbelievable to see a large number of college students acknowledging their effort by attending the assembly on 8th September that was organised by the same lot of considerate students. An online group was also readily formed on the social networking site Facebook by the name Let’s Unite, Fight Abuse which proved to help reach out to more number of people. During the event around 250 to 300 students witnessed speeches by our honourable Principal Mr. Sunil Sondhi, Miss Geetanjli Chawla and Mr. S. K. Tiwari from the teaching staff. While Mr. Sondhi advised to be wary of one’s wardrobe Miss Chawla asked everyone to pay attention to their gesticulation i.e. how one carried oneself publicly. She also emphasised on the importance of moving around in groups and asked everyone to be aware of the geography of our area so as to take different, appropriate routes in time. As a result of this event, a sexual harassment cell that is associated with the University of Delhi has been reactivated in the college with six voluntary student representatives. It also offers a helpline to all the students to freely report about any misbehaviour faced by them or happening around them. It is never too late to take action and bring about a change but don’t even wait for too long else it may get way too late. Special acknowledgement to Rajat Rawat, Garima Pant, Garima Tiwari and Ashutosh Kant Prabhakar. Anushri Saxena, Journo, 2nd Year

The first and foremost duty is of the mothers, who inculcate the values and morals in their sons so that they respect women or not becomes an option for them. It’s not intentional, but following up on our traditions, India, since a long time has been a male dominated society and it will take a long time to change the mindset of people. Mothers should teach their sons to value women and treat them with respect as they would like their sisters and mothers or perhaps themselves to be treated. On the part of women, it’s a highly debatable point, whether or not they should react to humiliating comments and unruly behavior by men or should they ignore them completely. Girls, when alone should and must always carry some sort of weapon, perhaps a pepper spray or a knife and they should know how and when to use it. Never should one walk through a lonely or a dark road, as precaution is always better than cure. They should always avoid potential harassers and better not react when facing a large group. Speaking up is the only way that is going to help solve this major problem facing the society as a whole. Not only should the women be the ones to react and agitate, but it is the duty of our society and media to spread awareness concerning this ghastly glitch. There should be more lady police cells in every area, and women should report the crime without any fear or humiliation. The women rights organization helped to pass ‘The Delhi Prohibition of Eve-teasing Bill 1984” and there are lot of laws which sentence punishment to the guilty. Avoiding this issue is not the remedy, nor is eve teasing a joke. It’s a highly unethical and rampant problem, and without any ardent measures it cannot be resolved. The dignity of a woman comes at stake and what may seem like a minute of fun for a boy, becomes a lifetime of humiliation for the girl. Ridhima Shukla, Journo, 3rd Year

Know your rights, Let none infringe them Is being a girl a punishment? Does being a girl means losing her own self respect and still working for her family, for others? Does it means to spend her life in just four walls of her house? The questions above being asked are because of the IRRATIONAL and UNDESIRABLE behavior of men in and outside the homes which every second girl has to face daily in her routine life. That kind of unexpected behavior is known as Sexual Harassment. SEXUAL HARASSMENT is intimidation, bullying or coercion of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors. Sexual harassment could take place anywhere, at any time, by anyone and in any form. It could happen at public places, school, educational institutes, workplace, even at home. Sexual harassment can be verbal (comments about your body, spreading sexual rumors, sexual remarks or accusations, dirty jokes or stories), physical (grabbing, rubbing, flashing or mooning, touching, pinching in a sexual way, sexual assault) or visual (display of naked pictures or sex-related objects, obscene gestures). Often, sexual harassment incidents fall into the category of the "merely annoying." However, many situations can, and do, have life-altering effects particularly when they involve severe/chronic abuses, and/or retaliation against a victim who does not submit to the harassment, or who complains about it openly. Indeed, psychologists and social workers report that severe/chronic sexual harassment can have the same psychological effects as

rape or sexual assault. Sexual harassment is ILLEGAL. If a girl is being harassed then she need not to be afraid and should fight against it. She could opt for following steps: Say “No” Clearly: Tell the person who is harassing you that his/her behavior offends you. They may not realize how hurtful their behavior is and may need a clear message from you to stop. Complain to the Authority: File a written or verbal complaint to the highest authority like the principal, teacher, manager, boss or police specifying the whole situation with accurate time and date. File a Complaint With a Government Agency: In India there are not many laws regarding the same. Those found guilty can be punished under section 294 and section 509 of IPC. Recently, in 2006, Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill, 2006 was passed. According to India's constitution, sexual harassment infringes the fundamental right of a woman to gender equality under Article 14 of the Constitution of India and her right to life and live with dignity under Article 21 of the Constitution. Even after so many efforts of Government of India the cases for sexual harassment have seen no decline. The people for our help i.e. the cops and Government employees are now themselves seen as harassers in many cases. The provisions against sexual harassment contain several loopholes which can be exploited easily by the harasser in his favor. Clearly the provisions and laws need to be more comprehensive to provide justice to those who have been victims and protection to those who could be potential victims. Barkha Sethi, Journo, 1st Year

I think journalism is a great way to do public service, to have an impact on your community. Bob Schieffer

October 2011 Changing Face of Indian Cinema - Infotainment over Entertainment

In the early years of Indian Cinema a scene used to start with a middle aged woman dancing near a tree and then all of a sudden running inside her house giving some loud expressions on her face without any sound and BANG the movie ends. That is what we call History of Indian Cinema which has become 80 years old now. It has witnessed many changes over a period of time. From movies like Do-Bigha Zameen and Mother India to Peepli Live and Delhi Belly, from black and white to color and from mute to Dolby Digital. Today cinema is no longer seen as a vague source of entertainment. It has now become a mirror of the Indian society. Movies now are a part of personal creative imagination, and are based on real life issues resulting in them to be thought provoking. It is widely agreed that cinema and movies are the passions of every Indian. One can hear Bollywood songs in every second Tea-Shop; the fashion statement that a movie star portrays on a 70mm Screen has loads of Followers. The attraction and inspiration of cinema has been alike over the ages. From Manoj Kumar’s ’Desh Bhakti Mode’ where giving life for the nation was everything to Aamir Khan’s ‘Rang de basanti’ where characters had no hesitation in accepting that they don't like this country and want a serious change in society. The essence of patriotism can be instilled by

movies. And even the audience relates to them! Earlier what attracted audiences most was action and expression of characters, but now all what cinema believes in is ‘Visual Appeal’. Even the themes of the stories have changed. Cinema started with having mythology and Family based Drama’s, the story line used to kept simple which consist of two characters one good and another bad with loads of loud

desi songs, that is what entertainment meant to be. But now the story line is based on a particular theme or the theme is only for a particular character of the movie in

Is Planting Trees Enough? Planting trees has clear social

the problem is dealt with by planting a couple of trees or and ecological benefits, but it whatever is worrying. is not a long-term solution to Someone need to tell them equipping our society and that a car trip avoided through economy to deal with climate use of public transport, walkchange. The danger is that we ing or cycling is worth any could actually think we're solv- amount of 'damage control' ing a problem. It makes us feel whether through tree planting or otherwise. It's simply not possible to plant enough trees to have a significant effect on global warming. The matter of fact is that they won’t last long. Even if the trees do survive, if we have climate The Delhi government running a plantation drive change and a 2C or 3C temperagood. It makes us feel warm ture rise, then how do we and fuzzy, like changing a cou- know those trees are not going ple of light bulbs. But the reali- to die early and break down ty is it's not going to have a sig- into methane and actually nificant effect. make the situation worse. I do not promote trees as the Apart from tree plantation, only solution to climate there are a lot of things to be change. What everyday people done. We should keep a check can do stop global warming is on our carbon emissions, to cut down on electricity and reduce our ecological footgasoline use, support renew- print, initiate rain water harable energy and yes, plant vesting, promote renewable trees. We can find pluses and sources of energy and ensure minuses to all the offset proper waste disposal. options, but the worst thing is In the end I would just like to to do nothing. say that ‘Telling people to plant I'm sure the people attending trees is like telling them to the G8 summit didn't need a drink more water to keep separate limo each to pick down rising sea levels’ Shakeb Wajeeh, Journo, 1st Year them up. But to then claim that

which the same character shows various shades of grey. Cinema today is no longer a mere means of ‘Entertainment’ rather this term is taken over by ‘Infotainment’. The idea of Infotainment is to reach out masses by providing them full-on entertainment with loads of information at the same time. It is no longer made for some special set of people of the society rather it is made for the mass audience so that one can easily relate to it. In between, a time came when most of the movies were based for a specific section of society with more specific themes and language. Now the basic idea of Film makers is to hit the mass audience even at grass-root level with whole "Mirch masala" and the stereotyped bollywood style. The purpose is not only entertainment but also to do equal justice with the theme and the motive of the movie. Movies used to be shot on elaborate sets in film studios but now with the increase in budget of films, movies are shot globally, so a person sitting on the couch gets to know about different places and cultures. And this is certainly not the end; the transformation is also seen in the field of comedy. Humor earlier was slapstick and was only meant for ‘Bone-Tickling’ but now cinema has got more exposure than ever and so do its humor. Comedy now is more Satirical and is meant for ‘Mind-Tickling’. There is no doubt that emotions on the silver screen are hardly noticeable now but the message they give is much closer to reality. If cinema shows what society is it also has the power to change what society thinks. Labhanshi Sharma, Journo, 1st Year

Falling Number of Tigers

India is slowly growing, growing and growing faster on the population curve. And so far, there is no such serious provision to stop the mounting curve. Even the economic development curve is going towards a steep rise, and same is the case with India’s literacy rate and other ‘important’ developing topics. But a curve is precipitously declining, and that curve is for the “rate of tigers”. The tigers in India were, at one time, considered to be among the most valued and healthy ones in the world. But now, if ever you walk past the Jim Corbett, you will hardly notice a tiger. And against my words, if you do get to see one, then consider that the ladyluck is with you. The word important was marked because conservation of tigers and other endangered species is not considered an issue here. In India, government is engaged in trying to deal with corruption, economy and oversea relationships but not the topic which is in grave danger due to its negligence. Flora and fauna of a country is considered to be her valuable assets but here, they are pathetically falling into danger due to India’s economic development. The Bengal tiger population of India has fallen to an estimated 40,000, and it is listed as an endangered species. The destruction of the tiger's forest habitat, trophy hunting, commercial hunting, and killing in order to protect domestic livestock have all been contributing factors in the decline of these magnificent animals. A major concerted conservation effort, known as Project Tiger, has been underway since 1973, initially spearheaded by Indira Gandhi. The fundamental accomplishment has been the establishment of over 25 well-monitored tiger reserves in reclaimed land where human development is categorically forbidden. The program has been credited with tripling the number of wild Bengal tigers from roughly 1,200 in 1973 to over 3,500 in the 1990s. However, a tiger census carried out in 2007, whose report was published on February 12, 2008, stated that the wild tiger population in India declined by 60% to approximately 1,411. It is noted in the report that the decrease of tiger population can be attributed directly to poaching We, the future of tomorrow, can make a revolutionary change in government’s scheme of things and put the ‘tiger issue’ at the peak of their plan. Together, we can stop the untold damage we have been doing to them, just because of our greed for power, prosperity and prestige. If at all, we are successful, we can create a revolution, an extraordinary uprising which can change the Indian perception towards tigers. And after all, Tiger is the national animal of India. If we do not act soon, the government would have to find a new national animal.


A recent campaign was started by actor Imran Khan

bend towards a non-conformist means of expressing themselves. Alcohol provides them with this outlet. in support of lowering the drinking age in the city of It has been proven that in countries like Greece, Italy Mumbai from 25 years to the age of 18. It leads us to and China a lower drinking age is directly proportionthe questions like ‘is it safe for the drinking age to be ate to lesser alcohol related problems than countries lowered?’ ‘Is the young India responsiwith a higher drinking age. This Choosing an electoral repre- can be due to peer pressure, the ble enough to handle hard drinks?’ In a country where 50% of the popula- sentative is a far greater forbidden fruit syndrome, societion is under 25 getting alcohol rarely responsibility than drinking, tal pressures etc. poses a problem. Bars and nightclubs The best way to thus prevent the then why is the age for regularly supply under 25’s with alcoVoting 18 and Drinking 25? rampant abuse of this law is to hol as most of their clientele is filled of lower the drinking age. This will this age group. make the consumption of alcohol public which can A major argument against this law is that a person is be easily monitored by the police, security guards allowed to vote by the age of 18. He/she is allowed etc. Also it no longer would be a forbidden fruit as to enlist in the military, and is also allowed to marry. the curiosity one associates with drinking alcohol will Therefore by making the legal drinking age 25, the no longer apply which in turn would further reduce lawmakers take a slightly hypocritical stand as electunderage alcohol related problems. It is therefore ing a government or marriage is definitely a bigger imperative to allow the youth of this country to responsibility in comparison to drinking alcohol. decide what is best for itself. Thus the drinking age Another major stumbling block towards this law is should definitely be lowered from the age of 25 to the social perception towards alcohol. Alcohol is 18. Shashank Nair, Journo, 1st Year seen as an evil in the society and teenagers tend to

The Second Innings of Life Today there are 77 million old people in India out of which many are living in old age homes and very small number of old citizens live in their own house. The official statistics reveal that large segments of the elderly in India are illiterate, out of work force, partially or totally dependent on others and suffering from health problems or physical disabilities. A review of the Indian government’s Five Year Plans shows very limited and inconsistent concern for the elderly. The only welfare measure for the elderly considered by the government until the Seventh Five Year Plan was the running of old age homes. The Eighth and Ninth Plans, however, incorporated fairly more specific and comprehensive welfare measures for the elderly such as provision of old age homes, day care centres, medicare and institutional services. However, the issue of older persons’ learning has not been given any importance in the government policies and programs. Apart from this NGO's and helpage India is working to provide aid to some old citizens. While playing the second innings of life they need love and care. Those hands had never shaken when they gave you help so why can’t your hands hold their shivering hands . There are many families exploiting the elderly just like a burden in this age of honor they work just to count few more days of life. Aysha Anam, Journo, 2nd Year

I still believe that if your aim is to change the world, journalism is a more immediate short-term weapon. Tom Stoppard


4 October 2011

Who can Live Without the Internet

The history of the Internet dates back to the 1950s and 1960s with the development of computers. The Internet was created by the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) & U.S. Department of Defense for scientific and military communications. The ARPANET was decommissioned in the year 1990 and later in 1995 the Internet went Commercial when National Science Foundation (NSF) Network was decommissioned, removing the last bit of restrictions over the commercial use of Internet. It is estimated that in 1993 the Internet carried only 1% of the information flowing through two-way telecommunication, by 2000 this figure had grown to 51%, and by 2007 more than 97% of all telecommunicated information was carried over the Internet. According to surveys conducted by the Internet world stats team, Internet was used only by about 16 million people in the year 1995 whereas now the numbers of users have grown to over 2000 million. India had just seen the introduction of the Internet in

“When I took office, only high energy physicists had heard of the world-wide-web….now even my cat has its own page” Bill Clinton 1995 and by 1998 India already had 1,400,000 users whereas now there are about 100,000,000 users in the country, comprising about 5% of the total Internet using population world-wide. Earlier, it used to take nearly a

minute or even more to load a website but now it hardly takes a few seconds at times less. The uses of Internet has grown from simply checking mails, browsing for information; to listening to music, play games, watch videos, chat with friends or even making new friends, nowadays even shopping is possible through the internet apart from its

traditional use. Emergence of Social networking sites has been a major boon to the Internet as a whole as it not just created many new users of the web but also got people to stay connected, find long lost childhood friends and so on. Youngsters today cannot live without the Internet as it provides them a source of everything they need from chatting with friends to knowing about the latest happenings around the town and the new movie releases of the week. It’s just not possible for working professionals to live without the internet as whatever their work maybe will anyhow use the services of the Internet, in the form of sending mails, connecting to people globally for their work, whatever it maybe Internet provides the cheapest and most effective means to stay connected & communicate with people. As far as my view of the internet goes, I don’t think it would ever come to an end as there is something new in the world of technology every single day; the development of Internet is both an evolutionary and a revolutionary process. Subhagata Bhattacharya, Journo, 1st Year

Youth and Democracy he alone, who owns the youth, gains the future Adolf hitler

Youth, the forerunner of society is the most radical feature of any civilized nation. For a country which needed Rajiv Gandhi to realize the potential of this section of its populace, India has steadily achieved the tag of a youth powered nation. Today our nation is transiting to a future oriented setup where the availability and acceptability in the coming years is a deciding factor while voting for an electoral candidate. To be precise, democracy might never have reached the Indian shores if it were not for the young. Instigated by works on social equality by the likes of Marx and Lenin, it was the youth that took upon its shoulders to rid the country from the clutches of British India. Maulana Azad the youngest man to be elected the president of the Indian National Congress, India’s first Prime M i n i s t e r Jawaharlal Nehru and the firebrand Bhagat Singh were some of the young faces who heralded the Indian struggle for independence. To this date it is this section of society that has been the harbinger of change. The recent uprising against corruption led by 74 year old war veteran Anna Hazare would have been fruitless if it were not for the youth who vouched for his movement. A democratic procession which resulted in the partial forfeiture of the legislative has been the most compelling argument for youth forte driving the nation. When studied with a neutral bias, democracy in our country seems to have been ridiculed to the core. Over the past 60 years, youth which has con-

sistently comprised a majority of the electorates has been a neglected lot. Election manifestoes and policies were centred on basic amenities and religious appeasement policies. Today after considerable appeasement to other sections of society, political organizations have commenced concentrating on the future leaders of the nation. The emergence of young India is of such mammoth magnitudes that political parties are centring their manifestoes on this stratum of electorates. The Delhi University elections were a recent phenomenon where major political parties were at loggerheads to woo young voters. The clout of the

opinion of the youth is such that results of the Delhi University elections are considered as the oracle for the coming state elections. While considering the international scenario, the uprising against Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak in Egypt is another indication of the changing world scenario. A ‘status message’ on by a journalist was suffice to ignite the minds of thousands of protesters at Cairo’s Tahrir Square. A majority of the internet users belong to the youth and internet users in Egypt are no different. The use of new media coupled with

the physical dominance and revolutionary zeal was sufficed to counter the dictatorial regime of Mubarak. Coming back to Indian scenario, democracy is incomplete without the will of the masses and today the masses demand a younger leadership whom they can bank upon. Gone are the days when a set ideology was enough to brainwash young minds. The youth today is educated and adamant to react. The rise of literacy has further empowered the younger generation. Thoughts of social equality and the essence of democracy have finally seeped into the minds of young India. The Indian youth today refuses to be taken for a ride. The availability of the Right to Information is a powerful tool in the hands of the revolutionary young. Today the empowered and educated young are obdurate to fight for their rights. Schemes like MNREGA are highly appreciated whereas a bill such as the government version of the Lok Pal Bill is vehemently opposed. The youth today understands the value of a single vote and is obstinate to elect an eligible representative. In the coming years, youth and democracy will share an impermeable bond. The involvement of this section will multiply as political establishments would tend to cater to the needs of the future leaders. We as the future of India need to realise our potential as the harbingers of change and our ability to lead the nation to a positive direction. Twesh Mishra, Journo 2nd Year

Love on Net Finding a match is no more that hectic job The web provides you with copihe cyber space has provided ous alternatives, and in the conus with the grand prospect to get sumerist era you get a fine our love on net. All you need to opportunity to make a rational do is join a social networking choice. site, come in contact with the This online dating stuff is not a people having same interest (but product of Indian culture. Our of course different sex, depends nation is under the great influon your sexual orientation) and ence of the western lifestyle and finally if you get a perfect match love on net is the effect of the then get into a relationship. As same and it has got some flaws simple as that. also in its part. So finding a match is no more As mentioned earlier it’s an influthat hectic job to carry on. In ence of the western civilization, I short, all you need is a pc and will be here putting something access to net. And there you go about the same. In most of the my buddy, happily ever after. parts of the North America, peoThis contemporary era that’s ple not only engage in online standing on the mainstay of dating but also get married technicality, through net has given birth but this pace is to this popular also seen in culture of love the case of on net. This divorces. The trend is no rate at which doubts more people get well-known in married, on the youth. But the other hand people from break their other age bracket, are also not relations on a much higher note. left unmarked from its effect. This is so because what is preThis popular culture is emerging sented online perhaps is nothing in intensity and number. It has more than a bogus identity. The really got golden coins in its person you are in contact with is account leading to its success. sitting on the other side of the One of the plus points in respect box; you never know what the of easy accessibility has already real intentions are. been discussed above. In this case I think the Indian traApart from the easy accessibility ditional marriage system is far of the sites there are certain better. This form of marriage other factors that act as icing to records lesser number of break the cake. Eager to know what the ups. The one using the net is not other positive points are? Be a fool in any sense. The youth patient guys, for this you need to today is an intelligent species read more. with rational approach. They are We all are the sufferers of the all in sane to make out whether hectic schedule of this busy life to keep this love till net or have style. We always run out of time. to work on it in the real grounds. In this tangled life style, it really It’s all a matter that depends on becomes difficult to take time the level of maturity the person out for our beloved. But online possesses. dating acts as key to unlock this Every concept has two sides and problem. These sites aid you as a mostly one side over shadows time saver. Just a click and all set. the other. It entirely depends on Then another element that adds you dear that which side catches to the beauty of the show is the your eyes. Neha Vashist, Journo, 3rd Year availability of numerous options.


Online Relationships - Expanding Horizons

Friends , family and relatives are an important factor of life. We like to stay in touch with them and social networking sites are contributing extremely well in connecting with each other. Facebook , twitter, myspace and orkut are the most common sites used by the people. These sites have introduced us to a new world called “the virtual world”. Facebook has topped among all the social networking sites, having more than 800 million active users. The virtual world has bound people with itself, even in real world conversations include the topics of virtual world. For instance, one friend tease the other friend for getting more likes than him/her for an uploaded photo. Status updates render all the information of current happenings of our lives. Himani Vishnoi (19 yrs), student says, “ it has been a year since I am on facebook and I enjoy all the activities available on fb. I have around 200 friends on fb and I don’t know most of them personally, but with few of them I’ve become very friendly and know many things about them, like their interests, likes and dislikes .” People become good friends with each other through chatting, though they never meet each other. Such relationships are called online relationships. “It has been one an a half year and I am in an online relationship with Vineet . we are quite comfortable in our relationship, we chat with each other regularly for 5 to 6 hrs. Fortunately he is from Kerala and lives near my hometown Kochi , so we are making plans to meet each other and I would like to introduce him to my parents.” says Pooja (20yrs), pharmacy student. Internet and social networking sites also compliment real life relationships . Internet is cheaper than the mobile phones and hence to spend more time with each other real life couples have joined these sites too. Online relationships are converting into real life relationships as well. Bency Aniyan says , “I met my boyfriend Sijo on facebook. We chatted for six months and since we both lived in Delhi, we decided to meet. Then we kept on meeting each other. Now it’s been 4 years to our relationship.” Indeed online relationships are the latest trend to get a guy/girl of your choice , by being little aware and beware of the fake users on social networking sites you can enjoy an interpersonal communication with anyone you like.

I can't think of any job other than journalism where the newsmakers come to you. Bob Schieffer

Sakshi Khanagwal, Journo, 2nd year

October 2011 Changing Face of Media

Aadhar Card : A Drive to Unique Identity

A cause of concern, but not for panic

The business of selling words to readers and selling readers to advertisers, which has sustained their role in society, is falling apart. Gone are the days when people had fewer options for consuming news; getting the newspaper delivered to their door was the easiest but today the scenario has changed traditional media tools(NEWSPAPERS,MAGAZINES) around the world are struggling to survive while competing with websites and 24-hour news channels that offer news comparable more quickly. The world is becoming increasingly driven by technological advances and the news industry is transforming rapidly in unexpected ways. The newspaper/magazine reading demography has shrunk to only those who can’t or don’t want to stare at a screen, and that demography continues to shrink. More and more people are turning to social networks first to get the news. And popular bloggers are reaching incredible numbers of people. Today people don’t have to search deliberately for news, it comes to them. Widespread availability of the Internet by just pressing a key on the mobile phone, convenient and fast, allows users to multitask are all a contributing factors. The Internet has led to a whole new wave of interactivity that traditional media tools are unable to offer. This generation has become more outspoken and is looking to exchange and debate ideas, rather than just accept what news is given to them by the media. With print newspapers, the only interactivity readers have would be writing letters to the editor in hopes of getting them published. With the Internet, users can directly post comments on articles and electronically send in comments to the editor to generate discussion. When online users post their views on a topic, their ability to express their opinions make them feel like they are part of what shapes the presentation of news. Blogs, a form of interactivity, have had a significant role in attracting readers to go online – more and more Internet users are going online to post their thoughts on stories or events, giving them a feeling of power and the assurance that their voices are being heard. Of all the “old” media, newspapers have the most to lose from the internet. The newspapers itself is banking aggressively on the assumption that people will opt for the electronic version over the print copy. And maybe in future they will start their online subscription like the New York Times and Wall Street Journal. Also social networks have become a staple in the internet landscape as the social networking

phenomenon allows people to "put their lives online". The industry is facing a few key issues including decreasing revenues/circulation/readership, a secular shift. Internet is a medium that supposedly matches buyers with sellers and proves to advertisers that their money is well spent. Classified ads, in particular, are quickly shifting online. Rupert Murdoch, the Beaverbrook of our age, once described them as the industry's rivers of gold—but, as he said last year, “Sometimes rivers dry up.” There has been 27.2% decline in advertising from 2009. The usefulness of the press goes much wider than investigating abuses or even spreading general news; it lies in holding governments to account—trying them in the court of public opinion. The internet has expanded this court. Anyone looking for information has never been better equipped a keyboard and internet connection is all that’s needed. People no longer have to trust a handful of national papers or their local city paper. News-aggregation sites such as sources from around the world. Nobody should relish the demise of once-great titles. But the decline of newspapers will not be as harmful to society as some fear. HOWEVER ONE CANNOT IGNORE TRADITIONAL MEDIA Traditional media are instantly recognizable: Chances are, the average person can recognize city’s newspaper rather than the most popular blog in the area. Traditional media have been around longer than social media, and many have built recognizable and credible brands. Traditional media still reach vast audiences: As long as a traditional media outlet is still publishing or airing, chances are, it continues to reach a large enough audience to keep it viable. This is why many online stories take off only after traditional media talk about them. Social media feed on traditional media: Bloggers often write about what’s going on in traditional media, whether it’s a new TV ad or a story that ran recently in the news. If you land an interview in traditional media, you’re likely to catch the attention of social media as well. Furthermore, appearing in traditional media gives you something to post about in your own blog and in social networks. Traditional media gives exposure: Because traditional media are recognizable and often seen as credible, getting exposure through them gives you instant status and credibility as well. On the other hand, being interviewed on a blog or web TV may not have the same effect. Nupur Sharma, Journo, 2nd Year

Death of the Art of Banner Painting Magnificent, larger than life advertising has for long remained a signature component of popular cinema in India. Popular means of advertising films since the era beginning from the early 1930s were banner paintings either in the form of a collage or over-sized cutouts of actors and actresses being hung on the wall of the cinema hall. From the mid-1930s, there were various kinds of transitions in the art of film hoardings- the only form of film publicity available in that era, and quite popular. The hoarding artistes did roaring business till few years ago — painting film advertisement boards, cut-outs of politicians, Republic Day parade tableau vehicles, hoisting painted plywood pieces and cloth banners and danglers to announce many a programme. Today, they are struggling to make ends meet. Then technology took over and advertisers chose digital vinyl hoardings covered with thin polythene sheets, throwing many a talented artist out of work. Painting a hoarding was a collective job, with the master drawing the outline and giving finishing touches and his apprentices filling in the details. However, the preference of advertisers for computer and plastic technology has driven the helpers into despair. From the early days of Indian cinema, film publicity played an important role in creating a constituency that would respond to the charisma of the screen. Artists who created properties for stage plays and films were employed to write banners as the practice was called- that is, to create larger-than-life images on cloth that were displayed on theatres. Later on, banners gave way to hoardings, mounted on wooden frames that were displayed not only at theatres, but also in prominent urban spaces. The period from the 1920s to the 1990s was a time when Hindi cinema developed its own distinctive visual language and produced its most magnificent images. Film banners owe a great deal to important moments in modern Indian history: the moment of popular performances. Early banners- and hoardings- followed the visual grammar of the film and carried, along with the textual announcement of the film details, images of well-known actors. The banners were

influenced in other ways as well- especially in terms of the composition of visuals. Initially, these were offered as add-ons to early silent cinema- as producers and distributors attempted to woo and win their audience. There is a popular belief that Indian Cinema or Bollywood, as we popularly call it, is largely inspired by Hollywood. This may be in tems of storyline but not in terms of advertising of films. Hollywood posters switched from illustration to photography at an early stage and they also tended to use a lot more textual information. In India, by contrast, the focus remained on painted images for most of the 20th century, and that's what made Bollywood so special. Additionally, if you look at the way banners, billboards and cinema displays were created here -- that was such a unique system as well. In Hollywood, the studios commissioned designs which were reproduced everywhere in exactly the same way. But here, you had dozens of painters across the country, using publicity stills to create their own handmade versions. I don't know if there were many other countries that had a similar wealth and diversity of images. Given the importance of the ‘extra’ features in rendering a film attractive and inviting, hoardings came to feature- almost mandatorily as it were- the comic actor, the flamboyant dancer, the name of the music director…… In the 1980s, many commercial movie producers moved to photographic images, though sex and horror movies continued to use painted images with gruesome monsters and nubile nymphets. The result may have been some very pulpy and entertaining images, but unfortunately Bollywood's long tradition of hand-painted images seemed to have ended sordidly. When trends changed in this decade, veteran poster artists retired and the younger generation took to mass-produced photo-collages, and later, digital images. Then there were also those whose workshops churned out large banners and cinema displays which were, in turn, threatened by the introduction of vinyl in the 1990s. Today only a handful have survived across all of India. Ayushi Sareen, Journo, 2nd Year

The government of India has launched SMART ARD or AADHAR CARD, a 12 digit number that will be issued by the unique identification authority of India (UIDAI) to all residents of country. Since 2010, enrolment companies have initiated the Aadhar process which requires a huge investment of both cash and kind. The Indian government and UIDAI Authority are issuing Aadhar cards only to permanent residents of India. In my view, the Aadhar cards must also be issued to NRI’s (Non Resident Indian) as a proof of them being Indians. Any Indian citizen above 5 years of age is eligible for applying for the Aadhar card. The form for the Aadhar card is free of cost. Along with a duly filled form, one requires a photocopy of the address and a photo identity proof. Photostat machines have been installed at the enrolment centres itself for the convenience of those applying for the cards. The card will act as an identity proof that would comply to the standards of presently available technology. The issuing process involves 5 stages - document verification, biometric scanning of 10 fingerprints, biometric scanning of eyes, a photograph. The UID identifies individuals uniquely on the basis of demographic and biometric data; thereby giving a means to clearly establish identity for public and private agencies across the country. It would further facilitate lower costs for financial services. It is obligatory for banks in India to follow customer identification procedures prior to opening new bank accounts. The citizens of India have high hopes from the UID, but this is followed by complaints of miscommunication, unavailability of enrolment forms, misbehaviour of the volunteers and employees at centres issuing the cards, charging for forms which are meant to be free of cost, laxity on behalf of customer care executives who do not receive phone calls and huge rush. State governments are struggling to achieve the UID targets and last year Delhi government announced that all the residents of Delhi would be getting UIDs by the end of year 2011. But only 27 % of delhites have been registered for the UID card and only 15% have received them. UIDAI also provides the options for checking the status for UID card. The promise of the government was to provide UID cards to every individual after 90 days of registration but the number of complaints of not getting them even after 120 days of registration are rising. On the whole the UID card is an effective security authenticator and the government has introduced this concept in order to facilitate automated and electronic transactions thereby reducing the burden of workers at various organizations. But the number of complaints received during the procedure of obtaining a UID card is multiplying day by day. Irrespective of all odds, there is hope that the government would be able to provide the UID Cards by enhancing machinery and reducing complexity. Mishika Bangia, Journo, 1st Year

The New Age of Impatience Be good, don’t try to prove it

It’s the dawn of new age of impa-

tience with youth at its epicenter. Young minds, on which the heroes of the past counted upon, boast to be the future of the nation. The question is ‘Are they sufficiently capable, trained or dedicated to the causes they raise?’ There is certainly a void for doubts. Here, I would like to focus on young ‘Would be- Journalists’. With advent of new devices and technology, sharing instantly is possible. Social networking sites help us to share content in our mind with millions of people around the globe within seconds. Big powers come with big responsibilities. While using the advantage of sharing, we often neglect the responsibility part. Oftenly, those after big news or issues share things without knowledge of the subject, its background or its impact. To create a buzz and to get the ‘It’s different’ tag, people share things and make out conclusions without any analysis on their part. It’s ironic to see that those who are supposed to be helping others in building an opinion, do not even have any opinion of their own. They either share the popular belief, or the opinion of their parents or some influencing friends and personalities and sometimes, an extreme viewpoint to prove they think different. The problem remains that they do not think different, just pretend to be. In the age of learning ethics and morals, young journalists are seen bad mouthing about politicians, social activists, religious leaders and known personalities. It occurs to them an easy way of outbursting their anger and being in focus. Young writers have started to write to impress, rather to

express, which seems not a good sign. Nowadays, online sources are obsessed with news. However, with increasing competition, their standards are improving. Sources are growing more reliable and qualitatively better. But, using them as a soul source for news and facts gathering is not the need of time. Site visiting or studies of scenario or research in same or similar environment are very rare in online news and article writing. I have seen some of my friends writing about poverty alleviation, farmer suicides and rural development, while they haven’t seen a village in their life. While pointing fingers at a person or two, they do not hesitate in generalizing their statements against religions or groups of people, of which they have exactly no idea, exaggerating their freedom of speech. Youth is full of enthusiasm, innovation and zeal to break shackles of narrow mindedness.But, this by no way means disrespecting different religions, cultures and believes. We are blessed to be in a country where many legendary youths lived an inspiring life. Kartar Singh Sarabha, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Bhagat Singh and hundreds more while served for the cause of independence, had a great intellectual side. Their actions and deeds were backed by ideologies, justified logics and dedication. We must be open to critics or those who make counter points, not mere for modesty, but for self improvement. So let us make sure, when we’ll be sharing things next time, it’s not for the sake of sharing faster and more, but it is more reliable, credible and accurate content. Ankit Dwivedi, Journo, 2nd Year

Confrontation sometimes is the best kind of journalism as long you don't confront people just for the sake of a confrontation. Don hewitt


6 October 2011

Love Beyond Marriage, Live-in Relationship Ask a little girl about marriage and you’ll be surprised to know how much she has to tell. She has decided how would she get married,in what fairy land, what kind of dress she would wear, she is just confused about the boy. But the choice would of course keep on changing until she actually gets married. As she grows up, she dumps some impractical ideas and adopts some new ones, still living to the fact that she would get married some day. The point I am trying to make here is that the fact that the idea of the concept of committed a relationship known as marriage has been her instilled mind from the very beginning of her life and cannot be ignored. We in the Indian society have always been told that marriage holds much more importance than any other relationship, and a live-in relationship is a violation of this very thought. Live in relationships or cohabitation is a relationship where two people who are not married decide to live together. The whole debate about whether a live-in relationships is right or wrong is narrowed down to “We want it and that is what matters, why should we care about people who do not matter to us?” by the people who practice it. But such a relationship is built up on the pillars of money, individualism, liberty and not on commitment or sacrament.

Talking about the Indian scenario, although live in relationship has been legalized by the SC ,the idea is considered highly incorrigible by the masses. Mention it to your grandparents and you’ll know what I am talking about and this is not just because of the generation gap factor but due to various social and ethical reasons. Live in relationship is considered highly immoral from religious points of view. If a man and a woman are accepting each other’s wants and responsibilities, then they as well get married, instead of ruining the very concept of marriage. Such a form of relationship destroy the Indian family system. Generation today is becoming increasingly independent and they like to live according to their own views and needs but that does not mean that whatever they do may necessarily be correct. Such a concept took form because of highly promoted western culture and in some instances from the Indian media too. The making of ‘Salaam Namaste’ was undoubtedly a very bold step taken by the Indian film industry. Although it has become a common practice in sprawling metropolitans like Mumbai, it is not accepted in conservative societys of the Indian sub continent. Live in relationship is leading to threaten the concept of marriage. While married couples have a better financial,social and economic security, a partner may walk out from a live in relationship at any point of time if he/she realizes lack of compatibility. You need to adjust in both the cases to live together,so why not get married instead and when you have children,that child has both his/her parent’s name! Hansa Verma, Journo, 3rd year

Youth on the Forefront against Corruption In the morning of August 16, 2011,

Astronomy, Computers, Media, Politics, Sports to Social Issues, youth has taken over each job with responsibility. Over when Anna Hazare was arrested from the past few months the role of the Supreme Enclave housing in Mayur youth in the anti-corruption movement Vihar phase-1, thousands were waiting has also been immense. to greet him at the gate of Tihar Jail. A movement can become a phenomeMajority of these people were in the non when the roots of the problem can age group of 15-35. Even now with the be found and eradicated. In the case of image of the India Against Corruption corruption the roots are neither polititeam on the decline, the sentiment of cal nor judicial. The root is social. For the people has not changed. the movement of anti corruption to As a citizen, one always appreciates turn into a social movement the citizens India, a country whose tremendous of India need to beauty lies in its overthrow the culture and concept of diversity. ‘jugaad’. These Looking at negative values India’s history, are like an infecone feels proud tion. They spread of its rich culturfrom one person al heritage and to the other. its vast pool of However, the peolearning and ple who can still scholars it has remove this infecproduced. But tion from their this is only one systems are the side of the coin. youth. The other side shows “The youth is apt to invent than to So, it is not not a India in a state of judge, apt for execution than for question of supporting decay, be it in politics counsel, & more apt for new projects Anna or opposing the or society, art or culthan for settled business”. government, the vital ture. This is when a citquestion is to evolve a izen can see corruption system so that we can remove the virus surrounding each & every aspect of his of corruption from within. life. Corruption is not only at the higher As clichéd as this statement may sound, levels, but its seeds are sown in the lowest of all levels. For instance, bribing it has more meaning right now than anytime else. The youth is the future of a traffic police officer on-duty, when he the country and they must prepare to ‘Challans’ for a traffic violation, or paycarry the threshold of the country. They ing some extra money to go around the must do everything necessary to ensure usual scheme of things at any governa bright future for their coming generament office. tions. India is very fortunate to have around The youth should undertake an oath to 65% of its population under the age of never indulge in the malpractices of 35. The youth is a source of talent for corruption. the whole world. And it has the power Dipankar Gupta, Journo, 2nd Year to turn India from a developing nation Karan Dewan, Journo, 1st year to a developed one. From the field of

Pulitzer Prize : The honour of Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is a U.S. award for achievements in newspaper journalism, literature and musical composition. It was established by Hungarian-American publisher Joseph Pulitzer and is administered by Columbia University in New York City. Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. The 2009 Prize winners and finalists were announced April 20. The prize was established by Joseph Pulitzer, a journalist and newspaper publisher, who founded the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and bought the New York World. Pulitzer left money to Columbia University upon his death in 1911. A portion of his bequest was used to found the university's journalism school in 1912. The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded on June 4, 1917, and they are now announced each April. Recipients are chosen by an independent board.Pulitzer awards are the Nobel of Journalism, after its first

announcement in 1917. This award is an honour of Journalism and it’s Dimensions, and given in following categaries Journalism:

"Public Service "Breaking News Reporting "Investigative Reporting "Explanatory Reporting "Local Reporting "National Reporting "International Reporting "Feature Writing "Commentary "Criticism "Editorial Writing "Editorial Cartooning "Breaking News Photography "Feature Photography "Letters and Drama "Biography or Autobiography "Fiction "Drama "History "Poetry and General Non-Fiction

Rising Importance of Computers

Gone are the days when dog used to be a man’s best friend. Now, in fact, even man disqualifies for the dog’s place. Missing a tinge of recreation, wish to play a game or read your favourite book? Just plug in your computer system and you are only a click away from all that you desire. It is undoubtedly fascinating how computers have taken over the way we do a major chunk of our activities and how much easier it has made things for us. We can accomplish numerous tasks with the help of various softwares in no time. Only one decade down the twenty-first century and we are already defying the traditional tools for writing, reading and performing other such kind of chores. Instead of pen and paper, all we need is a keyboard. Man has never been as compatible with anything as he is with his computer. Make notes for yourself, tabular charts for school, manage pictures, and create presentations in a much more organized way through Microsoft Office. Not to mention multitasking which is very commonly done by everyone. Despite its wide utility, this increasing dependency on machines is sure to make space for long-lasting concerns. This includes health concerns – both mental and physical– developmental concerns, time-management concerns etc. One does not feel like moving around. The solution to almost all of his problems narrows down to his beloved desktop. And why would it not be, computers are designed and continually upgraded to keep up with our requirements. An average human spends ten hours in a day on his personal computer. This is more than the average requirement of sleep which is only eight hours. Some may also point out that due to this electronic phenomenon, human effort goes missing as we count on internet too often to find out even the minutest of information about anything. And in this process, we lose on the supposed magic of ‘personal-experience’. But, of course, this is VERY subjective as not everyone believes in magic but to move on and to go with the flow. Change is always opposed. Anyway, people cannot completely rely on computers and for the record, they do not. Humans created computers and after all, it is just a machine and is bound to be erroneous. Thus, human supervision would always be valuable. Hence, technological development is directly proportionate to human advancement. Using computers may not be as detrimental as it is perceived. However, the amount of time and the purpose for which a computer is used matter a lot. There are exercises and a list of right postures to counter eyes’ stress, body and especially neck pain. Yet, it is always recommended to make the most out of out available technology in the best possible way instead of just squandering our time away on nothing. Why take chances!

Any work of art that can be understood is the product of journalism. Tristan Tzara

Anushri Saxena, Journo, 2nd Year

October 2011

F1 - India in the Fast Lane Despite all odds, India hosted one of the most glamorous motor sports on the planet But this year, the festivities had lasted a little The Indian Capital got its’ first ever taste of ly because the changing governments kept his October festivities were the flavour of bit longer in the country as the whole of F1 on October 1 when the last year’s cham- playing a spoilsport; moreover lack of the month in India. The whole country India had been lighted up even after the fes- pion team Red Bull conducted its show car awareness leading to slack in sponsorships looked immersed in the joy and celebration tival of lights was over! This month the coun- street event at the Rajpath to mark a prel- made the matters worse and F1 became a try experienced a new high, the high ude to the Indian Grand Prix, leaving the distant dream. of speed! The high of music! And the huge crowd which gathered at the venue high of booze!! Because the ultimate asking for more. The Australian racer Daniel festival of speed, the most captivating, Ricciardo went full throttle in his Red Bull Positon Driver Team The Indian GP had created quite a buzz all around the the most pulsating, the most awaited 2006 model and showed his histrionics with 1 Sebastian vettel Red Bull-Renault the car, giving a world and had caught the imagination of the daredevil s p o r t i n g The sneak preview 2 Jenson Button McLaren-Mercedes drivers as well, as the speed demons, Schumi, Alonso, event, FORMULA 1, of what lies Hamilton, Webber, Vettel among others had already 3 Fernando Alonso Ferrari its ahead. made it public how much they wanted to vroom their made 4 Mark Webber Red Bull-Renault grand entry in With India monster cars to the podium in India. India on becoming a Jaypee Sports International Ltd. left no stone unturned to 5 Michael Schumacher Mercedes GP growing hub of make BIC a permanent destination on the F1 season cal- October 28 6 Nico Rosberg Mercedes GP major sporting endar. The BIC was prepared as the most challenging cir- and it lasted events after 7 Lewis hamilton McLaren-Mercedes cuit for the drivers, giving even the hardest circuits like till October 30! s u c c e s s f ully Monza, Spa, Silverstone and Suzuka a run for their 8 Jaime Alguersuari Toro Rosso-Ferrari Yes, the ultihosting world’s money. 9 Adrian Sutil Force India-Mercedes two most presA state of the art infrastructure was brought up in and mate fantasy of all speed junkies in India became a tigious sports galas, The Asian and The around the circuit. The BIC, which boasted of having a 10 Sergio Perez Sauber seating capacity of over 2 lacs, had an elaborate F1 village reality as India hosted its first ever F1 Commonwealth games, one would have behind the main grand stand with official team merchan- race in Greater Noida at the Buddh imagined that F1 was always around the cor- The race to the podium teed off in 1998 with dise which was put on sale. But the main attraction of the International Circuit (BIC) later in the ner. But with F1, India did not have it as easy Kolkata leading the way but later crashing destination was the ‘entertainment zone’ which had month, marking the 17th round of this as the other events because the seeds of the out due to monetary hurdles. Soon in 2003, been prepared to provide an insanely thrilling mixture of year’s F1 Championship which had fruit that we reaped were sown more than a Mercedes GPHyderabad was in the driver’s speed and music, where Queen of Pop, ‘Lady Gaga’ burnt Sebastian Vettel written all over it decade back and it took long years of careful seat but the then CM Chandrababu Naidu the stage at the opening ceremony of the Indian GP, owing to his phenomenal run in the nurturing and effort to actually bring the failed to win the vote bank. Finally it was championship so far. The Red Bull greatest motorsport of the world to India. Jaypee Sports International Ltd, the organisensuring a larger than life experience. champ was just a point away after the The inaugural Indian GP had been 13 yrs. in ers of Indian GP, who won the rights and at of long list of festivals that adorned the Japanese GP qualifier, to be crowned as the the making and had its share of pit stops and last Greater Noida saw the chequered flag, month, starting right away from ‘navratras’ F1 World Champion for the second time black flags. Initially the future of motorsport making F1 dream a reality. Gaurav Arora, Journo, 3rd Year to ‘Durga puja’ and ‘Dussehra’ till ‘Diwali’. consecutively. in the country looked quite uncertain main-




Ayushi Sareen, Journo, 2nd Year

Sticks and shackles Olympics are just around the corner but the condition of hockey is something you can be sorry about. The national game that earned 8 gold medals for the country failed to make it to the beijing olympics last year, for the first time in 80 years. The image of preparation for the London Olympics also does not seem to be is in the purest form of an accident waiting to happen. There are numerous factors that are responsible for its ill state. Infighting in the hockey controlling bodies continues to be one of them. The functioning of indian hockey has been severely hampered since 2009. Nothing changes in indian hockey except the guard and same thing happened when indian hockey federation (IHF) was de-recognised by Indian Olympic Association. Many say it was result of internal battle of power and politics. A new body Hockey India(HI) was formed which received the patronage of International Hockey Federation (IHF) at that time. But IHF went to the court of law to fight their cause. But ego satisfaction is normally a short cut that destroys everything in the long run,the same IHF has now warned,if not threatened, to jeopardise India's participation in london olympics if the dispute regarding the governance of the sport is not settled. Taking a serious note of this threat, finally, sports ministry has intervened and has indulged hockey federation to work out a formula for one governing body for the sport. With just 3 months left in sports mega event,meeting are still happening at the tortoise speed. Government is also responsible for the present critical situation of hockey in the country. Players dont are not fortunate to have even basic facilities like accommodation, shoes, astro-turf grounds, world class coaching facilities, financial support and rewards for their encouragement.

Everywhere it is cricket which is beating the drum. All the sources of media shows only cricket. Powerful politicians, glamour world, wealthy corporate world-everyone wants to associate with cricket in some form or another. The result is that hockey is not getting the proper expansion in India. Families are not interested getting their wards in this classical stick sport. The lack of monetary encouragement continues to be a big hurdle. Money is a big issue that gives cricket an edge over hockey. But recently a oasis of hope was seen in the form of victory in finals of asian championship. A totally young and fresh team won the tournament without the likes of Sandip Singh, Sardara Singh, Shivendra Singh, Tushar Khandekar and Arjun Halappa. It was a great achievement. The new coach Michael Mobbes did a fine job. But the next big thing is the olympics qualifiers which is probably the toughest tournament with teams like China, Spain, Korea, Malaysia, Japan, Canada in the competition. The recent show in asian championship final has given us an idea that a combined and dedicated effort can result in a splendid performance in London. But for this different government agencies like the Sports Authority of India, Hockey India, Indian Olympic Association, Sports Ministry, media and masses should come together to revive our national sport. The systems should not be allowed to break the momentum in the middle of the good ride. Government should declare handsome reward for olympics qualifying. Federations should start work at the war pace. Best facilities and occupied seats in a stadium is all a player needs to perform for his nation.the united effort can demolish the hurdles.Lets hope that the sticks break the shackles. Mohit Pasricha, Journo, 2nd Year

A Devil in the Gentleman’s Game A boy is playing his final match in a tennis tournament somewhere in Ahmadabad, his family wishes to see him play live as the match is being televised live on a national sports channel but soon they realise the vinegary truth that they would not be able to watch their boy play live as India is playing England in a one-day cricket match so the cricket channel is set in the precedence list in cable network and the national sports channel is not aired. Family settles with sixes and fours and decides to celebrate India’s win with their son’s victory. This all seems like something which is common in contemporary race of television and media but the despair or the problem for the cricket loving family who sacrifices their son’s match for the cricket match arises when they get to know that the match was fixed and every aspect, ups and downs of the game were decided before the match started. This is just a fictional and a hypothetical story but we can’t ignore the fixing angle which is referred to in the story. The gloomy side of the cricket is back this time but with a renovated name “spot fixing”. Welcome to this new category of fixing which is quite easy to comprehend, one has to just fix some fraction of the game or the game is fixed in parts. This reduces the risk of getting caught and then they make great money also off-course after slaying their ethics and character. There is a lot of debate and conjectures on, where it started from and who masterminds were behind this devil in the gentleman’s game. Lately the issue got surfaced in media, when three Pakistani cricketers Mohammad Asif, Salman Butt, Muhammad Aamer were accused of spot fixing in a test match against England. Later a case was filed in London court and a few weeks ago trials commenced. Majeed a bookie who is also an accuse in the entire episode made headlines by stating that he has got relations with many international cricketers including big Indian names like Yuvraj Singh and Harbhajan Singh. No doubt the effort by Majeed to drag the names of Indian cricket stars failed big time but certainly sowed the seeds of qualm in minds of fans and followers. A game which is like a religion in this country and in the neighbouring state of Pakistan must be respected by players. Those 11 men when in ground be it in blue, green or yellow jersey for their respective nations of India, Pakistan and Australia enjoy the stature of a deity. This following must get the respect which it deserves; the trust must not be broken even it requires stringent laws like life-long ban or capital punishment. A relation between a cricket, player and follower is based on mutual trust. Players’ authorities and every individual involved must strive for a clean honest patriotic and fair game. Then only whenever a cricketer will step out in the ground all hearts would pray for them without even a slight hint of scepticism that what they are watching after spending money and time is not a work of fiction and all the characters are not imaginary and resemblance to any cricket match is not co-incidental. Abhishek Choudhary, Journo, 3rd Year

In America the President reigns for four years, and Journalism governs forever and ever. Oscar Wilde


8 October 2011

Muammar Gaddafi Finally Loses Ground

The afternoon of 20th October 2011 rang abuzz with anticipated news.

Muammar Gaddafi, dictator leader of Libya since 1969 was assassinated by rebels at his home town of Sirte, the colonel’s last stronghold in the burning Libyan revolution. The year 2011 seems to be showering liberty on major autocratic states. The over throw of Zine el Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia which resulted in fuelling emotions for dissolution of Hosni Mubarak’s regime in Egypt followed by Gaddafi’s violent death in Libya has forced the world to start counting down the days of remaining 28 recognized autocratic regimes. Gaddafi became the de facto leader of the country on September 1, 1969 after leading a group of young Libyan military officers against King Idris I in a coup d'état. After the king had fled the country, the Libyan Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) headed by Gaddafi abolished the monarchy and the constitution and proclaimed the new Libyan Arab Republic with the motto "freedom, socialism, and unity". In 1977, Gaddafi renamed the Libyan state to Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, where Jamahiriya is a term coined by Gaddafi, usually translated as "state of the masses". Under Gaddafi, per capita income in the country rose to more than US $11,000, the fifth highest in Africa. The increase in prosperity was accompanied by a controversial foreign policy, with increased political repression at home. During the 1980s and 1990s, Gaddafi openly supported international terrorism as well as independence movements, including Nelson Mandela's African National Congress, the Palestinian Liberation Organization, the Irish Republican Army and the Polisario front, which led to a deterioration of Libya's foreign relations, culminating in the US bombing of Libya in 1986. After the 9/11 attacks, however, Gaddafi began to distance himself from terrorism, and during the 2000s, Libya's international relations were mostly normalized, the US rescinding its designation of Gaddafi's Libya as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. Gaddafi's final appearances as the leader of Libya on the international stage were his eccentric 100-minute speech to the United Nations on 23

September 2009, and his attendance at the G-8 summit in Italy in July 2010. Gaddafi’s internal policies were commendable, public education in the country was free and primary education compulsory for both boys and girls. Medical care was also available to the public at no cost. What failed Gaddafi were his international policies and his deep resentment towards any form of conflicting ideas. Gaddafi’s support for terror establishments and dictatorial regimes well out of his ambit was puzzling for other nations. Libya under his rule had been continuously charged with funding radicals for destabilizing nations. Such vague was the policy that in 1981 Gaddafi was found talking about assassinating new American president Ronald Reagan and in October 1981 when Egypt's President Anwar Sadat was assassinated; Gaddafi applauded the murder and remarked that it was a punishment. Libya was accused in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland which killed 270 and resulted in UN sanctions being imposed in 1992. These sanctions were waived in 2003 when Libya agreed to compensate the families of the victims with $2.7 billion in Libyan funds. Libya was even thought to be involved in attempting to radicalize Māoris against New Zealand. In Australia, there were several cases of attempted radicalisation of Australian Aborigines, with individuals receiving paramilitary training in Libya among several other instances where Libya was the home ground for international radicals. Gaddafi’s unaccountable expenses in destabilizing other nations resulted in unemployment and resentment amongst the populace of Libya. On the whole, the Libyan dictator dug his own grave, the very tactics adopted by him to grab power resulted in him relinquishing it and eventually being hunted down in the sewer pipes of his birth place by the very people Twesh Mishra, Journo, 2nd Year whom he once ruled.

Kashmir: Not Just an Issue "Bombay ka fashion aur kashmir ka mausam...kabhi bhi badal sakta hai."

The first thirty minutes after a person exits the Srinagar

international airport, a blurred scenario is presented in front of him. The scenic beauty and tourist attractions are immense, but the whole city has army men at every fifty to hundred meters. At present, Kashmir is as calm as any other place in India. But the losses of the people in Kashmir have been immense and a tourist needs to look behind the curtain to assess the current situation. After the formation of the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir, who was the reigning monarch faced a major dilemma, as to which country to accede to. In the month of August 1947, the Maharaja's forces fired upon demonstrations in favour of Kashmir joining Pakistan, burned whole villages and killed innocent people. This was followed by formation of rebel groups in Poonch district

which were aided by Pashtuns from Pakistan. The aim of this guerilla campaign was to frighten the Maharaja and force him into submission. However, the Maharaja sought Mountbatten's advice who asked him to seek help from the military forces in India. The Indian army drove out the insurgencies from Kashmir but in return a provisional accession to India was made which would be changed by a plebiscite after both the neighboring countries would with-

draw their forces from Kashmir. Abdul Satar (R) comes to Kashmir for two months in a year in search of work. Both the countries had problems interpreting that treaty and no effective withdrawal of forces was made. 1965, 1971 and 1999 saw wars between the two countries over Kashmir. Till date there has been no withdrawal of forces. "If Kashmir was not disturbed then till now it would have been the Switzerland of the world". Majority of the people in Kashmir have tourism as their basic form of livelihood. In 2010 the whole state was closed down for a period of four months. However, current the state of tourism has improved but not as it was prior to 1989. This is the year from which militancy started in Kashmir. Imtiyaz, who is the owner of a houseboat called 'New Sansouci' on Dal lake talks about how strong-willed the people of Kashmir have been. "The people here are very clean at heart. Even if they don't get food for days together, they wont turn to unlawful acts of stealing", he said when asked about the state of tourism in Kashmir. He added that season for tourists lasts for only five months in a year and rest of the year they have to look for alternative means of income. "This helplessness of the people is exactly what extremist groups like the 'Hooriyat' are capitalizing on". He says that if a person who has to feed a family of five, cant help but accept some money that the extremist group offers, just to throw a stone at a uniformed-man. This is what happened all through 2010. However, stone

pelting was replied by gunfire and more than 200 people lost their lives. Imtiyaz adds that majority of the people killed were aged between 15 to 21. The whole issue in Kashmir has resulted in people migrating to other parts of the country, in order to sustain their lives peacefully. However, some people choose to stay back to preserve their cultural heritage and their basic right. Shahnawaz, a horseman from the district of Pehelgam talks about his early life when he lost his parents to a bomb blast. For the past 12 years, from the age of thirteen he has been being a guide to tourists who sit on his horse and see the hills of Pahalgam. "I had got an opportunity to start my own carpet business in Daryaganj, New Delhi. I went there for a year but i came back as the terrorist activities reduced in the state". Shahnawaz proudly added that he had completed his schooling along with earning for his family of two sisters and a grandmother. The last two hours after a person enters the Srinagar international airport, the whole scenario in Kashmir becomes clear to him. To get in on a flight from Srinagar, a person has to go through four long rounds of security checks and baggage checking, both through x-ray and by hand. The idea is not to let any of the infiltration flow to the rest of the country. Both Shahnawaz and Imtiyaz had the same reply when asked what do they want for their state. They said that Kashmir should be left alone to its original inhabitants. At the end of the day they want to go to sleep knowing that tomorrow they get three square meals and do not get shot Dipankar Gupta, Journo, 2nd Year down.

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Macroscope - October 2011  
Macroscope - October 2011  

The October issue of the practical newsletter of the department of journalism