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Contents Page 2 - Opinion Page 3 - Security Council Page 4 - Economic and Social Council Page 5 - From the website

Head of International Press Twesh Mishra Creative Editor Paritosh Anand USG International Press Shivani Bazaz

Reporters Amlan Das Priyanshi Chauhan Palak Nayyar Photographers Aman Agrawal Ankit Kumar Srivastava


O p in io n

Oil Issue progresses, Citizenship Queries yet to be Answered

Palak Nayyar opines, as the Sudanese neighbours make little progress regarding oil profits, at the same time analysing why other issues could not be ironed in the same way. Internal negotiations have finally bore fruit for both Sudan and South Sudan after their massive fallout at each other. In a mutual dialogue, both States are supposed to sign a deal where South Sudan can resume its oil production using Sudan’s pipelines. Although the details of the pact have not been clearly spelled out as of yet, but one can clearly see some progress. If the deal works out for the two Nations, it will be a major step towards stabilisation of two whole economies. South Sudan relies on oil for 98 per cent of its income and stopped exports in January after a dispute with Sudan because there was no agreement over transit fees. This arbitrary act actually pushed both the economies in a state of absolute desperation, resulting in terror activities of militia groups, forceful seizure of territory and a myriad of unresolved disputes henceforth. However, every issue could not be resolved in the round of talks. The dialogue failed to establish any agreement regarding conflict border areas and post secession citizenship crisis. The fraying relations between the two countries hasve had the maximum outbreak of panic on the civilians. The governments’ still haven’t

spelled out citizenship criteria, leading to millions of people internally displaced. Thousands of Sudanese have been forced out of South Sudan. While the momentum of the issue regarding oil seems under control, the citizenship crisis clearly craves for humanitarian aid. The flimsy state of affairs and rising discontentment could anytime instigate another internal war, with potentially disastrous results. Questions have also been raised, whether or not the State of Sudan should have seceded at all. Secession is supposed to be a solution to an otherwise intractable political situation. Regarding the very picture of Sudan, the twenty-two year long civil war killed nearly 2.5 million people. The blood-shed was massive, and the aftermaths were appalling. Evidently, the political scenario, along with social and economic, was worst case, but is amputation a cure for cancer? No issue can be resolved without internal satisfaction and equilibrium between the two parties, which in this case, is disastrously fragile, which is evident from the fact that none of them have been able to arrive at a firm resolution as to how to kick start the improvement of the deteriorating socio-economic situation of their respective countries. There is a counter argument for every territory dispute, but was the purpose of the whole act met? Did peace prevail? Did the secession succeed?

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Se cur it y C oun ci l

Limping Israel and a skeptical Iran Amlan J. Das reports as the discussion proceeds further, demand for a separate Palestine grows stronger, while Iran remains as doubtful as ever before The situation that prevails in the Middle East definitely concerns the world. The western powers might have seen an eradication of trouble and violence on their land since 1948, but a battle in the Middle East is on since the very time World War II ended. As the world superpowers sit alongside the troubled Arabic countries, discussing solutions to their prolonged crisis sit-

issue of the current situation inside the land of Israel, where even ambulances are attacked; hence a solution is not only must, but urgently required. Palestine on their part refuses to leave any stone unturned, and utilize this international platform to endure their position by stating that HAMAS would be soon accommodated with the PLO, which would signify an unified separation movement. The pressure already mounting on Israel was further enhanced when a country like Iran, which is considered quite adamant with their decisions, commented that the solution to the Palestinian issue should solely be handed upon the hands of Palestine and Israel should not intervene in it. This voice of Iran definitely diverted the focus of the international community present to another epicenter of strain, the Iranian nuclear issue. On being frisked about the same, a very adamant Iran replied that they are not developing any nuclear weapons; the nuclear projects which they have are all concerned with biological and medical purposes. This was probably not an answer that everybody would gulp down easily. The tiny country of Lebanon seemed very concerned with the developed nuclear research infrastructure of Iran, which definitely seemed more than enough for just medical research. To this Iran was very casual, they consider themselves to be a fast developing country and in pursuance of meeting the fast demands of the rising population and the need for development, they strengthened their nuclear infrastructure which they believe it shouldn’t be a source of any particular alarm.

uation; heated debate pops up, along with the expression of utter anguish by the troubled countries. Israel, a country which has consistently been on the receiving end complains that they have always looked for peaceful neighbors, but it is definitely a misfortune for them that they don’t have any. But what actually Israel tried to indicate using ‘peaceful neighbor ’ as a metaphor became clear, when they stated that, with HAMAS as an element in their vicinity, they could never adhere to the two state solution. But the surge has already developed against Israel. Just as the other countries, Lebanon believes that solution involving two states is practically impossible, unless Israel cooperates. India on the forehand brings about the

But as usual the United States has always been very skeptical about anything Iran said; hence this time too, they presented factual reports about the projects of Iran, where the amount of input clearly suggests usage of raw materials beyond what medical purposes demands. To this the Republic of Iran glued to their very old policy that they don’t accept any report presented by the west. The bottom line to end with is that, Palestine on one hand seems to have gathered much support for themselves while Israel on the other seems to have lost lots of ground. The Iranian attitude remains unaltered, with clouds of uncertainty still looming above their nuclear programs.

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Eco no m ic a nd S oci a l Co unc il


Plight Unheard: Euro Zone Crisis Priyanshi Chauhan writes about solutions proposed for the Euro zone crisis and their implications Crisis in the Euro zone was far from mellowing down as the world community was boggling with the intricacies of capitalist outlooks. Mother ship of the bourgeoisie, the United States of America, blamed Italy and Germany for breaking the 3% annual borrowing limit and therefore causing the present euro zone crisis and praised Spain for sticking to this deadline. It is notable that of the big economies, Germany and Italy were the first ones to break the deadline. France followed suite and Spain kept its nose clean until the 2008 financial crisis. Greece never stuck to its 3% target but manipulated its borrowing statistics to look good thereby acting as a catalyst for the euro zone crisis at first place.

however, suggested that more focus should be towards creation of better infrastructure which will be a stimulus for economic growth. The Obama Administration came up with an impractical solution to the problem. It suggested introduction of separate currencies for all the member countries. This

Slovakia correctly presented the risk of lending and condemned high borrowing practices while Switzerland did not want any type of expenditure amidst this crisis. This however sounds ridiculous. There is no possible way in which any country can cut down all its expenditure. Instead of suggesting zero expenditure Switzerland should suggest government expenditure for productive activities which brings down its deficit. As pointed out by Brazil, debt monetization or the printing of new currency may be inflationary but if used in a right manner, i.e. for productive purposes and profitable projects, debt monetization can help. As a solution to the existing crisis Ireland suggested introduction of more transparency into the entire system along with imposition of ceilings on the Union Budget. This will make sure that the government does not run into unwarranted debt and deficit does not exceed a certain proportion of their GDP. France laid emphasis on austerity measures and punishing the government for doing wrong. This however is not possible. Austerity measure will not solve this problem because reduced government spending would imply slower growth, which in turn means lower tax revenues to pay their bills. And this might create uproar among the citizens of a nation which will then contribute to the overall loss of confidence among businessmen and investors. India suggested that more focus should be laid on productive activities in the country and synchronization between fiscal and monetary policies would be beneficial. It also suggested imposition of new taxes. Brazil,

might look good on paper but is almost impossible to implement. Moreover, all economies are related, therefore creation of separate currencies will definitely help but the global scenario will more or less be the same. They however correctly made a point that if Spain and Italy cut down their expenditure, as suggested by many, fiscal deficit will worsen because of lack of employment. Germany also very well suggested that disintegration of the euro zone will not help but will create problems by currency appreciation thus making exports less competitive in the international market. Instead, Germany wants all the euro zone countries to make a plan and stick to their fiscal deficit deadlines which will ultimately help in controlling sustained fiscal deficit.

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Fro m t he w ebs i t e

Dozens of bodies found 'executed' in Syria The bodies of at least 80 young men and boys, all executed with a single gunshot to the head or neck, have been found in a river in the Syrian city of Aleppo, a watchdog and rebels said. The London-based Syrian

Observatory for Human Rights said at least 65 bodies were found in the Quweiq River, which separates the Bustan al-Qasr district from Ansari in the southwest of the city, but that the toll could rise significantly. A Free Syrian Army fighter at the scene said the death toll is higher, pointing out that many more bodies were still being dragged from the water, in a rebel-held area.

France to deport 'radical foreign imams' French Interior Minister Manuel Valls has said that Paris is set to deport a string of radical religious imams as part of a fight against "global jihadism". "Several radical foreign preachers will be expelled in the coming days," Valls told a Brussels conference called to tackle extremism in Europe on Tuesday, without identifying any of the individuals concerned. "I don't confuse this radical Islam with the Islam of France but there is a religious environment, there are Salafist groupings, who are involved in a political process, whose aim is to monopolise cultural associations, the schooling system," he added.

Rahul Gandhi: Another son rises on India Scion of Nehru-Gandhi family emerges as presumptive PM candidate, reinforcing India's penchant for dynastic politics. In a bid to infuse fresh vigour in the beleaguered party, the Indian National Congress Party announced last week that 42-year-old Rahul Gandhi would be its next vice-president. His mother Sonia Gandhi heads the party and also chairs the ruling government coalition led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. But given her reported frail health, its a certainty that Rahul Gandhi would be the face of the party and the prime ministerial candidate during the next elections scheduled for 2014.

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Day 1 Morning issue of the newsletter of MACMUN 2013

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