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O p in io n

Religion prevailing beyond Rationality Twesh Mishra analyses the situations prevailing in Palestine and Israel, the conflict ridden erstwhile Ottoman Empire regions and suggests a plausible outcome to the prevailing deadlock Nearing to 115 years post the First Zionist Conference, it seems that the world has acceded to religion over rationality. Before pondering over concoctions that question the very existence and sustenance of Palestine, it is imperative to mention that the land we today call Israel has no historical existence.

Offspring of the pervasive Ottoman Empire, both Israel and Palestine are results of intentional diplomatic disturbances caused to satiate desires of Western Powers for dominance in the Middle East. A history lesson would be of no avail and it is necessary for the world to address the issue at hand. For the world community, territorial conflict between Israel and Palestine has magnified into a tussle for supremacy within the United Nations. While the Obama administration and its allied states are adamant to pump in myriad monetary and military supports for Israel; China, Russia and the Arab Nations are refusing to budge from their backing for a liberated Palestine. For the ‘citizens’ of Palestine, the dilemmas are multifarious, they are subsisting under an elected and recognised extremist Hamas in Gaza while the remaining portions of their territory (prominently West Bank) are regulated by the Palestinian Liberation Front. Constant fear of Israel’s military intervention and further the double edged sword of diplomatic tussle have been shredding humanity in the region. These relatively youthful nations have been subject to much scrutiny and interpretation from the world powers. The Two Nation theory as buttressed by world powers though seems plausible but would result in eventual

displacement of masses. This theory does not take into consideration means of resolving the rift between two antagonistic factions within Palestine. It is worth considering that Hamas had come into power after contesting an ‘election’ thereby suggesting mass support for a terror establishment within the territory. The brunt of McMahon–Hussein Correspondence has been borne by the Palestinian refugees who lost both homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Considering the statistics, the

number of Palestinians who fled or were expelled from Israel following its creation was estimated at 711,000. Offspring of these refugees eligible for registration and services provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), as of 2010 number 4.7 million people. It is of paramount prominence to understand that lip service and projected aid on behalf of the United Nations are irrelevant for these masses. While considering Three State theory which suggests that this region of the antediluvian Ottoman Empire be segregated into three administrative divisions is evidently incongruous. A predictable repercussion would be the eventual full circle where the two Arab States would be struggling with sustenance issues. It is noteworthy that Obama administration is the prime financer for these marginalised states, suggesting that they might never enjoy sovereignty which is of utmost importance. For the commonalities of these disturbed lands, the desire to subsist in peace prevails. A single state where truly secular governance overcomes would be an astute resolution. The international community needs to evolve from the shackles of religious dogma and instil a wiser outlook within the masses.

Al Jazeera


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O p in io n

How long will it take Palestine to Liberate?

Amlan J. Das talks about the internal differences between the two fractions of the Palestinian authorities, the recent UN vote and the confusing stand of the United States. As Mr. Barack Obama sits down on his desk for the second time, he probably might have a pile of priorities to decide upon. With the crisis still on in Syria, Iran and in far parts Afghanistan, the question remains, how significantly would he take up the issue of the liberation of Palestine as a separate state.

the reports in the international media might arm the US authorities to change their set of mind. A recent media report shows the heart awaking mistreatment of the Palestinians in the Israeli soil, where they are even made to use separate roads flunked with multiple check posts alongside disastrous living colonies. Such instances might seem concreting the demand of Palestine as a separate state, unless they want to keep themselves entangled with their own issues.

The situation is grim, there is HAMAS fighting it out with the Israelis in the Gaza Strip, while the PLO leaders in the West Bank discuss it out in the General Assembly for the recognition of Palestine as a quasi state.

Palestinians pulling out an UN stunt also indicates their probability of joining the International Criminal Court (ICC), where they could bring in war crime charges upon Israel. This is definitely not what Israel wants at this point of time, as supposedly even Mr. Obama too refuses prosecution of Americans by the ICC.

It is however interesting to note that in spite of the five year economic blockade of the Gaza Strip, HAMAS is still not weakened and in turn giving Israel a bad name in the international forum. On the other hand, the disagreement of the PLO leaders with HAMAS with regards to certain issues might indicate the failure of the Two State solution. This probably might lead to a school of thought, which believes in a Three State Solution theory, practically which seems far more disturbing at this point of time.

Interestingly what both parts of Palestine want is undecided, as the Palestinian Authority admits to not knowing the location of its borders. The stand of United States seems surprisingly uncertain. Barack Obama was taped making speeches in support of the Two State theory, while US voted against Palestine in the GA plus Hilary Clinton commenting upon the vote results as ‘unfortunate and counterproductive’.

The last month saw the United Nations voting overwhelmingly for the recognition of the Palestinian Authority as a non member observer state of the body. The United States however voted against such a regulation stating that it is impossible to have a state that cannot define its own land. Added to this, Washington might also want to keep their hands as clean as possible and definitely expects another Egypt mediated cease fire. Though Obama might seem backing Israel for their non activeness in regards to the talking with HAMAS. But

The last four months have definitely seen some development. But only an unprecedented global movement can put an end to the decades of violence and injustice. This violence has killed over 1000 Israelis and over 6000 Palestinian civilians. Until the two fraction of Palestinian representation, Israel and the forever influencing United States do not come out of the uncertainly zone. This mess up would continue. It’s high time that decisions should be made concrete, international terms must be obliged and priorities be decided. The Middle East has seen enough of bloodshed and peace and cease fire is definitely well appreciated.

Al Jazeera


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Ge n er al As s em bl y

Sudan Unstable: Split Opinions on the Situation As committee focuses on role of international institutions in post secession development and securitisation, Palak Nayyar writes, as debate intensifies over Sudan and South Sudan’s take on the crisis. The ongoing dispute of Sudan and South Sudan over a number of contentious issues, border demarcation, oil revenue sharing and citizenship to name a few, most of them still stand unresolved. Despite a lot of deliberation by the countries in council, no firm solution to the problem seems to have emerged. However, with special emphasis on the role of international institutions on the same, various necessary opinions have come to light. Interference of the United Nations is seen as a positive step towards the initiation of the development and securitisation procedure in the two States. Although, it was also prominent in council that many important countries maintained that direct talks are more vital in the process of negotiation, and will play a greater role than any other foreign institution, under the belief that unless there is internal peace and clarity of issues, foreign aid of any kind shall not prove to be of considerable important. Also noteworthy is the fact that the issue of the oil dispute was raised prominently in council. An important statement regarding betterment of oil transportation was raised, which pointed directly to a possibility of economic stability. Sudan claims Abyei to be an illegally and forcefully acquired territory, thus implying an obvious bias in oil revenue -sharing . South Sudan also seeks financial aid from the eleven countries that promised the same in UNDP, but never reverted back. Countries in Council also believe that both the States need crucial technical support, which seems about right, majorly because, despite being fairly rich in oil resources, the States haven’t quite figured out how to make the optimum use of it. According to facts, 98% of the Sudanese economy constituted oil production, which is why it is high time the States solve their disputes regarding territory and citizenship and move into a peaceful agreement regarding oil revenue sharing to back their economies that are already moving towards disasters. The economies of both the countries are stake because the pile-up of the internal issues has grown even more complex for infant governments to handle. Citizenship, for instance, has put the entire Sudanese population into a major dilemma regarding their new nationality.

The cost of independence has to be compensated by putting forward sterner and realistic resolutions to help balance the stumbling Nations.

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Se cur it y C oun ci l

Uncertainty shades, Execution becomes a Priority

Debate on the Israel-Palestine issue finally seems to fall in place as international community joins in to solve in the crisis. Amlan J. Das writes from the UNSC It is exactly the simulation of the age old Israel-Palestine conflict, as allegations pour in with support, shattering the Israeli counterparts. “It was this very Security Council which suggested the Right to Return and now Israel disagree to it”, Palestine yelled, which comes in as no surprise, as this has been on for last few decades. The economic blockage and the wall built by Israel in and around the Gaza strip have instigated enough of raised eyebrows around the world. With media reports suggesting the pitiful condition of the Palestinian settlements in Gaza, it was very evident that charge would definitely fall upon Israel The charged country though seem to be trying to justify their construction by lamenting it as an issue regarding the protection of its civilians from militant attacks, and not because of accused economic blockage. The world community simply doesn’t seem to buy it. The only relief for the state of Israel comes in form United States when mighty country accused Iran of supplying monetary aid to HAMAS to carry out attacks. But the echo of the refugee and blockage issue were strong enough to divert any other counter allegation off track. China has always been a factor of immense significance, all due to its non conventional outlook on the

international issues. They remain no different in this issue either. With a judgment of the Israeli Supreme Court, the Chinese tried to make a point on their agreement on the fact that Israel violated ‘Right to Freedom’; but the international community refused to accept any home land judgment for a universal interpretation. However, though not recognized, but this outbreak of Chinese did prove to jitter Israel on personal terms. Jerusalem, right from the time of the proclamation by Jesus has remained as a city of high audacity. As the issue of Jew state is being discussed at the international forum, the significance of this very city increases in folds. In one of their statement, Israel claimed East Jerusalem to be their part, and the whole of Jerusalem to be their capital. As expected, this was just way more than the threshold to instigate international anguish over the country. Though Israel tried saving themselves by stating that they do not agree to any international mandate relating to their country. But they ultimately had to succumb to the untold understanding of the international community. At the end of day, what it seems is that Palestine is taking forward its recognition at the general assembly to the next level, which is at the Security Council. There seems no significant bloc formation as majority of the international super tanks support the Two State Theory. No wonder, some actions on the behalf of the Palestinian authorities are excused, but to serve a better purpose, all concentration definitely falls on Israel.

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Eco no m ic a nd S oci a l Co unc il

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In a Fiscal Deficit Priyanshi Chauhan writes about the causes and impact of the fiscal deficit and looks beyond conventional arguments

and low revenues for high fiscal deficits in different countries. Argentina and Cameroon also highlighted the social causes like increasing crime rates, unexpected expenditure of the government due to calamities and property tax evasion because of people living in slums. India suggested that high fiscal deficits are caused due to unnecessary expenditures like that on social security and non productive activities and also due to current account deficits which it itself is facing. While discussing the impacts of fiscal deficit China suggested that high fiscal deficits lead to high aggregate demand which leads to price rise. There are however two flaws in this argument. Firstly, if some commodity is scarce and in short supply its prices can be checked by rationing and imposing price ceilings. Secondly, if the economy is in a state where output is constrained by supply rather than demand, then not just fiscal deficits but any other way of increasing demand, for e.g. private investment, will also be inflationary. India said that the worst impact of fiscal deficit was inflation. But that is not always the case because money that is created does not always chase the same goods; increase in output also increases with an increase in money stock. Also, with the creation of money economic variables also change which does not necessarily imply that increase in money stock leads to inflation.

The situation in the ECOSOC looks grim today. The countries are trying really hard to find a solution to the problem of high fiscal deficit but are following a narrow approach. They need to look at the problem in a broad manner. All the countries blamed high government expenditure

The common solution proposed was the reduction of government expenditure and increasing taxes on each and every citizen of the nation. There, however, are many problems to the proposed solutions. Levying more taxes and bringing more people under its ambit puts burden on the consumers and producers to pay taxes, thus creating uproar among the economically and socially backward sections of the society. Also, it is not possible for the government to cut all its expenditure as proposed by the USA. If the government expends more on profitable project, then that money will come back to it in the form of profits earned and the multiplier effects of the generated money will further boost the economy thus preventing fiscal deficits. As India points out, expenditure in productive activities will bring down the fiscal deficit without bringing down the government expenditure. Focusing on exports will also be a good solution for the country as it is running into a current account deficit as well.

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